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W.TES OF .ADVERTISING.
lour lines or less constitute half a square. Ten linea
or more than four, constitute a square.
0 0.1 ,one day— $0.26 One sq., oneday.---46 0 . 6 t.
0 one Wee& 1.00 " one week.—... 1.26
one mouth., 2.00 " One month... 3.00
threetuonths. 5.00 " throe months. 5.00
ic six months— . 4.00 I , nix months.— B.o*
one year-- . 6.00 ci one 10.00
f r-r- ownnom notices inserted in the Local. oor.tutiti or
flor rimas and deaths, Fuse Inrrs tea was for each
wertion merekintsand Others advertiiingbYthe fear
te, re will be odered. •
irr naroberof insertions must bedesignatedon ti e
-p n an iages and Deaths will be inserted at the same
ite r a s molar advartisemente,
B o oko, etationerp, &c.
BOOKS.---,School Directora s
kj Teachers PiMAU, Scholars, and others in want of
s c cool Soars; School Stationery, &c., will Soda complete
~,,o r tment at B. M. PDXJ,OCK, & SOWS , BOOR STORE,
Square, Harrisburg, uoinprildng in part tie tollow
usuEßS.—lilanffey's, Parker's, Cobb's hatgell's
oPSLLING BOOKS.—McGuffey's,. Cobb's, Webster's,
corn's, Spey's. Combry' l.
gliGl.ll3ll diuith's, Wood
t ags% Stonteith t s, Tuthill's Hart's,. Welk?.
mes, !Mud% PinnocVs, doldsmith's said
ARITIIourT-1011.--kireeraleare, Stoddard's, itmerson'si
pikes, Rose's, COburn's, Smith and Doke% Davie's.
ALaBBRAR.-45treeilears, Davie's, Day's, Ray's,
OTIONAMA4B.—.Waricer'D Scholl, Cobb* Winfir 3
Worceiases Comprehensive, Worcester's Primary web-
Mer's Primary, Webster's High School, Webater's ,
NATURAL r a lL oBoPing£l.--Oometoek's, Parker's,
elm's, The Am wi th groat mitt, of others CID ai
say tine be found at my ADM. Also, a nompletwassori.
meat of School Stationery, embracing in the win le a com
plete outfit for school purposes. Any book.not in the store.
procured at one days notice.
113.. c o untry Merchants sopplied at wholesale rates.
ALMANAOB.--dolur Baer and goteri Alatutte Inc sale al
B. M. POLLOCK /k. BOWS BOOK STORM, Harrisburg.
arr Wholesale and Retail. myl
j lj5T RECEIVED
BUSEFFEB , 'S BOOKSTORE,
OE VARIOUS Sun An PRICES,
Which, for beauty and we, cannot be excelled.
REMEMBER THE PLACE,
NO. NI MA arr STREET. nukt2
N E W B 0 0K 8 I
/ iIEIT RECEIVED
. 4 138 AL AND.SAY,” by . the author of " Wide, Wide
? 1 1
World Dollars an d Cents," Fco,
'i 1118 TORY OR MDTRODlSM,”byAllterens, LL.D.
For sale at SCHEFFNRS' BOOKSTORE,
ap 9 No. 18 Marks.. at. .
, A LARGD AND anaiNDID ABSOirMENT OF
BICHLY.GILT AND -ORNAMENTAL
Of various Designs and Colors, for 8 eents,
TISSUE PAPER AND CUT PLY PAPER,
At [my24] SCBEFFER'S- BOOKSTORE.
WALL PAPER! WALL _PAPER
/ant received, our Spring Stock of WALL PAPER,
BORDERS, RUM SCREENS, & 0., &a. Itis the largest
and hest 'elected assortment in the city, rangingin price
11*m-six le) cents up to one dollar and &quarter. ($1.25.)
Ah we.pnrokase very low for eesh, We are 149444 to
sell et as low rates; if not lower, than can be had else.
where. .If:pnrchaSers will call and examine, we feel
confident' that we "'an:please them in respect to price
and quality. E. M POLLOCK & SON,
Below Jones' House, Market Square.
LETTER, NUN P._iPERS,
Pens, Holders, Pencils, Envelopes , Sealing W. of
the beat quality, at lorr *lees, direct -friim the manu
notr3o SCHEPPER'S CHEAP BOOKSTORE
tAW BOOKS ! LAW BOoKB !—A
LI general assortment of LAW BOOKS, all the State
Reports and Standard Elementary Works, with many of
the eta English Reports, scarce and rare, together with
s. large assortment of second-band LAW %WU% at very
low prices, at the oat price Bookstore of
E. N. POLLOCK & SON,
Market Square, Harrisburg.
AN ARRIVAL OF
APPROPRIATE TO THE SEASON!
SILK LINEN PAPER
PANS! FANS!! PANS!!!
ANOTOZA APO OPLIKOLD LOP OP
SPLICED FISHING RODS:
Trout Flies, Gut and Hair Snoods, Orem Lines, Silk
and Hair Plaited Lines, and a general assortment of
A asses TAIIP7T Or .
Which we will sell as cheap as the cheapest!
sllyer nod Leaded Sword Hickory Fancy
Candi! Canes! Owen! Canes! Cogs!
KELLER'S DRUG AND FANCY STORE,
- NO. 91 PLAZIKT , ..I3TRIZAT,
Boiith side, One door east of Fourth street je9.
lot J. 11 AIL R; 8
WORKER' IN . TIN,
81INET IRON,AN D
Second .Strut,.-below: Chestnnt,
HAIM (SR UWE-, PA.
Is prepared to-fill orders for 'any article M hie branch of
business - and if not on hand, be -will make to order on
eirwi em 444. -
METALLIC ROO MG, of Tin or fifilealifted Iron,
Constantly on hand.
Also, rip and Sheet-Iron Ware, Spouting, tco.
He hopes, by strict attention to the wants of hie mudo.
smith to merit and nrocire a generous share of public pot.
11 1 011140.
117 . Very promise strictly fulfilled.
B. J. RARRIB,
Becond Street, below Chestnut.
MAOHNItEL, (Nos. 1, 2 and 3.)
SALBION, (very superior.)
1111.10, (Mess and very flue.)
EUCERING, (extra large.)
1300011. . . . .
SMOKED HERRING, (antra Digby3
SARDINES AND ANCHOVIES.
Of the above we haoo Mackerel in Thule, half, quarter
and eighth blob. Herring in whole and. half . bble.
'The entire let new—DIRECT FROM TMC FIBRICRIES,
will evil amid the lowest market rates,
nefl4 " WM. DOOR, Jn., & CO.
RHOS [ECK & Ho., CIIARLBS HEISIECK,
GIESLER It CO
MUMM & CO '3,
In store ant for sale by
JOHN H. ZIEGLER,
73 Market street,
HICKORY WOOD! I .—A. SUPERIOR LOT
just received, and for sale in quantities to suit pnr
duwers. l y JAMES 1#1..W HEELER
Also, OAK. AND PINE constantly on . hand at the
lOr ip at prices. decd.
1141.1.1. LY ,BI.I3LES, from le to 4 0 1 ‘ ) ;
- 46 e ntanilhindsomely tamed, printed on good paper,
with elegant Clear, new type_oota
main fleilnitßlliVE4 Cheap Book tire.
pRANpERBIES I 1 1-A. SPLENDID LOT
UPI raelplT y _
FOR a,' superior and cheap TABLE o r
BALADOIL go to
MIAMI DRUGS STORE.
THE - Fruit .Grouerer ,
it• geHRPIFICRVI Booketera.
SPEItM CANDLES.—A Inge supply
sags wit. Dom. Js.. & Co.
YELLER'S DRUG STORE is the placmi
to Ma the beet amortenent or Porte
F I S 11111
WM. DOME. & CO
.'. 7 p4,. '. 7, • - i&-;24 9- ~- : ----7---- --_-, - ,_-_-" --7 .- - - ..
. ' ' -'-= -' " ' ' -- • - V..'ilii'-:ip------4- r- - - - -- -
. . .
. . .
. . . .___.•_..
, 4 • .
. . 1
. . - .
7 --• +, r II r l' 7 E. . . .
. . . . _
.. . .
. . .
T o THE PUBLIC!
gotrTH SECOND STREET,'
BELOW PRATT'S ROLLING MILL,
OARRISBURG,'PA . .,
Where he has conatantli on hand
!AIMS VALLEY BROKEN, EGG, STOVE AND
WILKESDARRE STEAMBOAT, BROKEN, STOVE
AND NUT COAL,
ALL OF THE BEST QUALITY.
It will be delivered to consumers clean, and full
weig4t , yareanted.
1J CONSUMBES GIPS Anc. A CALL TOR YOUR
ra - Orders left at my house, in Walnut street, near
Fifth; or at Brubaker% North street; J. Ti. Speen+,
Market Square; Wm. Bostick's, corner. of Second and
South etreets, and John. Lingle's, Second and . Milberry
streets, winreeeive prompt attention, •
33 , 18-dem •JOHN TILL.
C 0 A L
.! C 0 A LII
ONLY YARD IN TOWN THAT DELIVERS
O A.L .11'Y T
P A TENT WEIGH CARTS!
NOW IS TAE TIME
For every family to get in their supply of Coal for the
winter—weighed at their door by the Patent Weigh
Carts. The accuracy of these Carts no one disputes, and
they llern get out of orderi as is frequently the case of
the Platform Scales; besides, the consumer has the
satisfaction, of proving, the weight of his Ooal at .his
1 have a large supply of Coal on hand, eang.tting of
S. M. CO.'S USERS VALLEY COAL all sizes •
LYIIENS VALLEY do . " "
.WILKESBARRE do. •
BITUMINOUS BROAD TOP do.
. All Coal of the best quality mined, and delivered free
from all impurities, at the lowest rates, by the boat or
car load, single, half:or.third of tune,. and trt Oa WWI,
JAMES M. WHEELER.
Harrisburg, September 24, 1860.--eep2s
P T .0 W
PAT.ENT WEIGH CARTS.
FM' the convenience of my numerous up town diatom..
era, - I haventtabliahed, in connection with my old yard,
a Branch Coal YAM 014108itetiglitt,atreet t in a line with
the Pennsylvania canal, baying the office formerly occu
pied by btr. R. Harris, Where consumers of Coal in that
vicinity and - Verbeketewn can receive their. Coal by the
• P &TENT- WRIGH
WITHOUT EXTRA. CHARGE FOR HAULING,
And to guy quantity they may desire, as low as can be
FIVE THOUSAND TONS COAL ON HAND,
Of LTHENS.VALLEY. and WILHESBARRE, all dam
[Er Willing to maintain fait - priest, but unwilling
to be undersold by any parties.
Au goal foam:tip and delivered Clean ,and free
from all impurities, and the best article mined.
...Area...either 'Yard will be Promptly filled,
nd all Coal dellieredbyuye-renenet_iazeiali Carts.
Coal sold by. Boat, Car load, single, half or third of
tons, and by the bushel.
JAMES M. WHEELER.
narrialsim Oetoll4f 13, 158d,-50.15
EYKENS VALLEY NUT COAL
POT Salo AT TWODOLLASE PER TOR.
All Coal delivered , by PATENT WE MIT CARTS
J &MRS M. WILHELM
IE7 Ooaldellvered from both yards. noll
H 51.13 L LPS HELMBOLD'S
HELME4II O DiS HELMBiLLEPS
H. ELM Heimos HELMBOLIPS
HELMBOLD'S HELM BOLD'S i
HELHHOLD 9 8 lIELMBOLDIO
Extract Socha, Extraat.ilacho,
Extra tt Buchn, Extract Suchn,
Extract Buena, Extract icuchd,
Extract Mahn, Extract Buena,
Extract Bunn, Extract -Buclut,
Extract littaltt, Extract Bnaina,
&tract Bach% EStri(ct 11194 1 11
FOR SECRET AND DELICATE DISORDERS..
FOR SECA ET . AND DE'LICATE DISORDERS.
BO R SEC RST AND .D ELIC.ATE .0 ISO ADE AS •
Pttß SECR ET AND" DELICATE DISORDERS.
'SECRETFOR AND D Also EDERs.
FOR SECRET AiND DELICATE DISORDERS..
MA SECRET AND D.SLICATE _DISORDERS..
A Positive and Specific fiernedy.
A -PasitiVe and specific R-Inedy.
A Positive and Speaks H.-medy
A Positive and Specific 'l , ftinedy.
A Pecitiye and iiircific ReniedYi
A Pod ive and Specific Remedy.
A Positive and Specific Eemedy.
FOR DISEASES tIP TEE .
BLADDER, GRAVEL ! lUD VR.Y.S, DROPSY,
BLADDER GRAVEL, RION.EYS, DROPSY,
BLADDER: GRaVEL, KIDNEYS,. DROPSY,
BLADDER, GP AYEL, KID VEY; DROPSY,
BLADDER, GRAVEL, KIDNPYS, DROPSY,
BLADDER, GRAVEL, EPP NEYS ' DROPSY ,
BLADDER, GRIIVEL, KIDNEYS, DROPSY,
OMANI W 1 .441. 4 11 47 .e*,
ORGASM WEIXN e9B,
0RGA1.,1 , 0 WdAlifeßelS,
And all Diseases of Ocanen argosy,
And ail Dia• oses of Sexual I , rgans,
And all DiseaS,S of Sexual Organs,
And all Diseosea of Sexual Organs,
And all Diseases of Sexual Organs,
And all Diseases of Se.coai Organs,
Exempts], Exposures, and Imprnienciei in Life.
Excesses. Exposures, and Impmdenenes in Life.
Exaesses, Exposure-, and Ympindencies in Life.
BSOtligeS, Ex. o.nres, and linerndeneies in Life.
Exe.sses ; Exposnrce, ana fnaptscluneies. in Life.
Easeeses,'Expo.amP, ma 4 impi-tC.efialea hi Life.
From whatever on+ se orlfeeting,nrei whether emetin g in
' MALE OR SE PIMA.
Females. take no more Pills ! They are of no avail for
Complaints incl&nt to *he sex.' Use .
Holesbablis Kitrast Kuehn_ is A MitiHeins which is per.
pleassot in 4tll
TASTE AND ODOR,
Bat immediate in its actin. giving Health and Vigor to
the Nrarite, Bloom to the Pallid. Cheek, and restoring the
patient to a porlPot etts.t., of
itrALrfl AND PURITY.
Ileimbnld's extract Due.tt iR prapAred according to
Pharmacy and Chemiptry, and is prcs-ribed and used by
THE MOST EMI". - E:NT PHYSICIANS.
Delay no Leger. . Pmeure Vie remedy at once.
Price per soul«, or oiz for $5.
Di.palo#l3slo.ll Tenthety4t Philadelphia-
BEWARE OF lINPRINAPLEB DEALERS
Trying to Dalin off *their own or ether rttielesdt MC=
on the repute, ion at.tailli , si hy •
HELM tp HAP EXTiIACT BUOHU,
The Original sou only (lumbar.
We desire to run on the
MERIT OF OLUR ARTICLE!
Thair`sts w.rtninet —is sold at much ion Weiland corn.
missions, C o nsequently [baying a much bettor profit.
WE 'DEPT CO vIPETITION
Take its other.
Sold hi JOHN WYErI, Druggist, corium of Market and
ANA As i t t jr,!#ITGII/OTS BrEKTIVITE.R.E.
DUPER/0B FLAVORING EXTRACTS
put received and for giiip Iv •• • '
ie 9 YWM. D0V1C 4 .11.. dp CO.
HARRISBURG, PA., MONDAY, JANUARY 28, 1861.
Etc áintt Rim
MONDAY MORNING, JAN. 28, 1861
THE NATIONAL CRISIS,
THE DANGER OF DELAY.
From the Baltimore Exchange
The announcement of. the secession of South
Carolina, though the measure bad been gener
ally anticipated, created , everywhere the most ' .
intense excitement and anxiety; while the news
of the passage of a similar 'ordinance by the
Georgia Convention has at comparatively
little 'attention. Bo rapid has 'been the march'
of political affairs, that what were regarded
few weeks since as impossible events, have
become now -the familiar tratunictions-of- Aviv
past ; and WO are actually living amid- a condi
tion of things which a few 'months ago we
would have shuddered to conteinplite as among
the contingences of the future. :Secession is
now looked on as an every day occurrence, and
the, final destruction of this. confederacy is
regarded by the majority of the people ae a not
improbable result of the present dissensions..
if any sufficient premonition could have-been
given a year. ago, of the inevitable approach of
a.doom.stp fearful as that which threatens us,
there is' nothing which men would -not have
done.to avert it. They :would have assembled
together to every <piercer of the land, and amid
mutual protestations of i devotien to the Repub
lic, they would. have pledged, es did their, fath
ers before them, their liVes, their fortunes,
and their sacred honor, to uphold it. There is,
we believe no saCrifice they , would , not have
made to prevent, the dissolution, of the Union,
if they had realized, before it became so immi
nent„the extent of the dancer in which they
Were so soon to be involved. But the storm
came, and the blind could' not, and, the incre
dulous would not, recognize its 'dread signifi
cance. We took occasion to observe, , many
wooks ago, that the pending revolution was
Unfortunately always in advance'of the conser
vative people'who might. otherwise .control it,
and subsequently events , have.proved the truth
Of ,our remarks, •in this State,; fps instance,
the idea of a Southern Convention was not hs
toned to until the moment had„ passed when
such an assembly could-he convened; the sug
gestion of a 'Border State Convention as only
been favorably heard now that, the -'separate
action of Virginia has nearly rendered the plan
impracticable; and the;meeting of our own Le
gislature his been opposed until the periodhas
arrived when'it is almost Useless to summon
the Legislature to meet in special session for
any other purpose than to provide for, a State
Convention. Never 11,0 to the exigency of - the
occasion ourselves, we . have permitted days and ,
weeks to elapse witheut taking one step to ad
vance the - cause we hive at heart; and Congress,
to whiek we looked for some Settlement, has
imitated our inaction, and 'underrating. the ;
magnitude of the peril that theatent the tiaooll,
has scarcely made one' earnest and honest effort
to turn back the tide of reVolution.
Under thead circumstances, it was but' natu
ral that a movement as serious as tint, which
was inaugurated' in the 'South, should is,t4ter
streogth from haw to hour: _and
therefore, no reason to be surprised at the
hostile attitude which so many of the Southern
States haye assumed towards the Federal Gov
ernment; hoWever much we may lament it.—
The North' has, heretofore, refused to make
any concession, and five States have already
announced their withdrawal from the Union,
and if the North shall still decline to recede a
hair's breadth from the unconstitutional peal
lieu it has taken, all the other -States between
the Gulf and the Ohio have plainly intimated
'their intention to secede. That they will re
solutely and speedily carry their determination
into effect, unless-some compromise is offered,
is beyond all doubt; and it is equally certain
that they will resist, to 'all extremities, any
attempt on the part of the Northlo coerce them.
'Such is the present situation of the Republic,
and not only is it one of dire peril, but it is
one which becomes more hopeless every moment
that a satisfactory' adjustment is delayed.—
Indeed, it may be questioned whether the issue
now befell) the country is AS altogether dif
ferent.frOn; thitmhich wattdiscessed ono month
ago; and whether the reconstruction, rather_
than the predervation of the Unien, is not the
only Matter which the people , are called on to
consider_ If this is so,
,theu it is, evident that
the work of compromise becomes hourly more
difficUlt. It will be a troublesome task to induce
The States which have already seceded to renew
their former relations with the Federal Govern
nient. It will be a still harder matter, if all
the slave States renounce their, connection
with the 'North, to persuade them to resume it
—and it. will be almost impossible, if a South
ern ettnfederaoy is formed, to re-establish the
Union as it exists at present. When fourteen
or fifteen Southern States shall not only have
separated from the North, but ehall have formed
a Union' and set up a government for them
selves, they will , not readilybe prevailed upon
to retrace their steps. They may be persuaded
now, if the North will meet. them in a conciliatory
spirit, to abandon the measures they have taken
for the 'urination of a new Cenfederapy in the
South; but when a new nation announces its
existence, and when its President and Congress
are fairly inaugurated, all hope of the recon
struction of the Union, on its present basis.
within any definite period, may be regarded as
delusive. This, tieverthelees, is the result to
which we are rapidly , tending. If Congress
etinnot,. within a very brief period; settle the
dispute between the North and the South, the
controversy will be inevitably settled by the
disruption of the Union and the downfall of
the Republic. What settlement the one section
ought to propose and the other accept, we eeed
scarcely say; for 'we have discussed these ques
tions repeatedly, and in all, their bearings.—
We have commented on the aggressive position
of the North, and hays. earnestly vindicated
the rights of the South, and inthie community,
as elsewhere, argument on either side has been
well nigh exhausted. 'We have, therefore, for
some days, abstained from thei further discus
obit of political affairs, in the expectatienthat
some decisive action would be taken by Con
gress which would bring the. present complica
tions the nearer, one way or other, tnan ad
justment. In this the public' has been disap
pointed, and it'can now etily,await anxiously
the issue of events,
in the full conviction that,
with every day's delay on the part of Congress
to effect an adjustment between the , slave and
free States, the'fina;l' destruction of the Repub
lie draws nearer and nearer.
TUB LOUISIANA. SNOESSION;OBNINANCE
EATON ROUQZ, Jan. 25.—The folloiting le the
ordinance of secession, sto reported by the
etimmittee of fifteen, to the Convention. It
will probably puts to-ForrAW
A.N ORD/NANCE* WWII* the Union• between the
State of l i oaiiiir" . 1 0 Wavle States united with her
under the Compact entitled the Constitution of the
limited States at America.
We, the people. of : the State of Louisiana,. in
convention assembled, do.-4•olnre and ordain,-
and it is hereby deolaretiantordained, thatthe
ordipallett.PacSed by-,its November. 22d; 1777;
whereby the Constitution pf the 'United States
of AZIMIO6, and the amendments to said Con
stitutinn, were adopted, and all laws and ordi
nances by which Louisiana became a member
of the Federal Union, he, and the same are
hereby, repealed and abrogated, and the union
now subsisting between Louisiana and other
States, under the name of the United States of
America, is hereby. dissolved.
And we further declare and ordain that the
State of Lo.tisiana-hereby resumes the rights
and powers heretofore delegated to the Govern
ment of the United States of America, and her
citizens are absolved from allegiance to said
.tketi we further declare' and ordain that all
rights acquired and vested under the Constitu
tion of the United States, or any act of Congress
er treaty, or any law of this State, not incom
patible with this ordinance, shall remain in
force and have the came effeet 84 if thin mil
nonce had not been passed.
The following resolution was•alsoreferred to
the Convention wilt the ordinance:
Rented, That we, the peqplo of Louisiana,
recognize the free navigation of the Mississippi
river audits tributaries by all friendly States
- Also, thnt we recognize the right of egress and
ingress of the mouth of the Mississippi river
by all friendly States and powers, and do
hereby declare our willingness to enter into
stipulations to guarantee the execution of these
- There is some prospect of the Convention
adjourning to New Orleans.
LETTER : FROM MAJOR ANDERSON
Major Anderson having received an invite-.
tion to attend .a Masonic festival at Albany,
New York, sent the following reply:
Foam SUMPTER, January 16.
"Permit me to express the gratification your
Union-loving sentiments have given me. The
time is at hand when all who :love the. glorious
Union,, under whose flag the country has won
the admiration of the civilized world, shall
Show themselves good and true men. Our fel
low:countrymen iu•this region have determined
1111§Q flag, I• tryst'in God that wis
dom and „forbearance may-be given by Him to
our. rulers, and that this severance may not be
cemented in. blood.'
"Regretting that it will not be permitted me
to be , with you oil the 80th, Istat, ebteerely
"Major United States Army."
IMPORTANT ARMY INTELLIGENCE.
Gem Scott has issued .o rders to the following
I. Officers on leave of absence who have
been absent from. duty for a period of. eight
months; will immediately proceed to join their
respective companies or stations. Officers ab
sent for a lessperiod, but whose leave of ab
sence exceeds eight months, will, in like man
ner, return to:duty at the expiration of that
number of months.
IL Officers , absent on account of sickness,
will present thernselves.to a medical officer of
the army for examination, who in his report—
forwarcled to army headquarters for decision
a minute history of the oase, dis
tinctly stating whether the officer can, without.
injury to his health, travel to his- station;
Wale-16er the station is , in st section of oofintry
likely to refer(' his restoration to health ; and,
also, - whether proper medical etthntion, - In
every- respect, can there be rendered.
A DISCOVERY THAT WILL PUT AN END TO
Chloride of nitrogen will, it is . said,
soon be utilized as an implement of war. Its
employment would be likely, we should conjea.
ture, to put an end to all war. Mr. Isbam
Boggs, of England, in announcing his discov
ery, makes mention of a•system of ballooning
advocated by Mr. James. Mr. Baggs proposes
to carry up his composition in balloons, and
drop it from the air in the midst of armies and
fortresses. "The very mention of this com
pound," he goes on to say, "as a proposed ele
ment in modern warfare, may possibly provoke
a smite among chemists, who know that the
most•aceomptisbed among their number would
scarcely dare =to experiment with it in quanti
ties larger than a grain of mustard seed, and,
even then, only at a respectful dikance, and
wider guaid at the moment of its detonation.
"And yet not one of the chemists will be
bold enough to deny that, with.the two or three
chemically clean carboys of , tide terrible com
pound present in a -city 'or fortress, however
strong, -the slightest cutting of phosphorus, or
a alaglaArop of oilier oil, coming , iti contact
with it, would in One :instant decide the fite - of
the place and its inhabitants." Mr. Beggs
then proceeded affirm that he " can 11191111-
fact ure this deadly. material with perfect, safety,
and in any required quantity, and that it may
be safely conveyed to its destination by James '
system of , balloons."
THE REVENUE CUTTERS
The following is a list - of the United Staters
revenue cutters. They are all sailing vessels,
schooner rigged, except the Harriet Lane,
which is a steamer :
Duane, Captain Evans, stationed at Norfolk,
Va.. and almcst a new vessel.
Philip Allen, Captain Sands, stationed at
Baltimore, Md., and almost a new vessel.
Forward. Captain Nones, stationed at liTil
minaton, Del., an old vessel, and carries two
- Harriet Lane, Captain Faunae, stationed at
New York, is a new ship, propelled by steam,
carries four 24-pound Dahlgreen side guns,
with a long 32 pound pivot gun forward, and
a full crew.
Ames Campbell, Captain Clarke, OM/atoned
at New. London, Conn., nearly new, carries one
32-pound pivot gun,,and is pierced for four
iforrff, csptain Whitcomb, stationed at Bos
ton, is an old- vessel, and carries two 12-pound
Caleb Cushing, Captain Walden, stationed at
Portland, Me., hullln good condition, is pierc
for four aids guns, and amid , carry a. pivot
gun, but only has ono 12-pounder on board.
Jackson, Captain Carson, stationed at East
port, Me., hull good, carries two 12-pound
guns and a good name.
ADDRESS TO THE PROPLS OP VIRGINIA. PROM
The following is the address to the people, of
Virginia, adopted by the two Senators and
eight of the thirteen of , the Representatives in
Congress. The paper was not presented to
Hon. Wm. Smith, he being detained in Virginia
To the .People of Virginia :—We deem it our
duty, as- your 4epresentatives at Washington,
to lay, before you, such information as we may
possess in regard to the . probable action of.
Congress in the present alarming condition of
the Country. •
At'the beginning or this seamen, now more
titan &elf -offer, cOmmittees 'were appointed in
both Ilottees• of Congress to consider the state
of-=the Union. Neither committee hati been
able toagree upon any mode of settlement of
the pending issues between the North` and the
South. - •
The republican members in both committees
rejected propositions acknowledging the right
Of property in slaves, or recommending the
division of the territories between the slave
holding and non-slaveholding States by a geo
In the Senate the propositions commonly
known as Mr. Crittenden's were voted against
by every republican Senator; and the House, on
a vote by yeas- and nays, refused to consider
certain propositions moved by Mr. Etheridge, '
which were even /eB6 favereble to the South
than Mv. Crittenden's.
,A resolution giving a pledge to sustain the
President in the use of force against seceding
States was adopted in the House of Represen
tatives by a large majority: and in the Senate
every republican voted to substitute for Mr.
Crittenden's propositions resolutions offered
by Mr. Clark, of New. Hamrshire, declaring
that no new concessions, guarantees oramend
meats to the Constitution were necessary;' that
the demands of the South were unrwonabley
and that the remedy for the present danger
was simply to enforce the laws—in other words,
coercion and war.
In this state of facts our duty is to warn you
that it is vain to hope for any measures of
conciliation or adjustment from Congress which
you could accept, We are also satisfied that
the republican party designs, by civil 'war
alone, to coerce the Southern States, under the
pretext of enforcing the laws, unless it shall
hecome speedily apparent that the seceding
Siates are so numerous, determined and united
as to make such an attempt hopeless.
We are confirmed in these conclusions . by
our general intercourse here, by the speeches
of the Republion leaden here and elsewhere,
by the recent refusals of the Legislatures of
Vermont, Ohio and Pennsylvania to repeal
their obnoxious personal liberty laws, by the
action of the Illinois Legislature on resolutions
approving the Crittenden propositions, and by
the adoption of resolutions in the . New York
and - Massachusetts Legislatures, (doubtless to
be followed by others,) offering men•and money
for the war of coercion.
We have thus placed before you the facts
.and conclusions which have become manifest
to us from this post of observation where you
have plated us. There is nothing to be hoped
from Congress; the remedy is with you alone,
when you assemble in sovereign convention.
We conclude by expressing our solemn con
. viCtiOn that prompt o.ltti decided action by •the
people of Virginia in convention will afford the
surest means, under the providence of God, of
averting an impending civil war, and preserving
th . 4 hope of re constructing a Union already
PRESENTIIBNY .02 THERON. JOHN B. FLOYD AND
BAILEY AND RUSSELL-A DRAFT DISHONORED
—PROSPECT 'OP A COMPROMISE, &c.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 25.—Among the -distin
gnished persons who have been summoned to
testify before the grand jury during this week
are Hon. Jacob Thompson and Col. Drinkard,
chief clerk of, the. War Department . . Messrs.
Russell and Bailey_have also been before the
grand jury. e , ,
The postmaster at Milwaukie has refused to
honor a draft of the Postoffice Department for
Some four or Ave 1110Ottgad dollars. Of course
he will be removed.
A treasury draft in favor of the navy agent
at Pensacola,, Florida,
for a large sum, which
was On the point of being issued, has , been
eonntermandhd. • ' - = •
There seems to be a vague or general im
presston that something favorable to compro
mise is progressing. But as the Republicans
are doggedly determined that, slavery shall not
be recognized south or Ber deg. 30 min., a main
point in controversy, they will exhattat every
effort to prevent a reference of the whole mat
ter to the people of the States for decision.
I hear reliably that the Hon. John B. Floyd,
late Secretary of War, -was presented to-day by
the grand jury of this district for alleged mal
feasance in office, and for being accessory wit h
Bunnell and Bailey in the abstraction of the
Indian trust fund bonds from the Interior De
partment. I hear also that Bailey was presented
for the tarCeny of the bonds and Russell aa ac
cessory. The action or-the grand jury has been
limited in their cases to presentments. Whether
indictments are to follow depends, it is said by
lawyers, on the District Attorney and court.
COMMINIONZBB PROM NEW YQEZ
On Thursday, in the New York Legislature,
a message was received from Governor Mor
gan; accompanying the resolutions -of the
Legislature- of Virginia, • which.. appoint, hitr
delegates from that State to meet, the. represen
tatives of such •other; States- as; May see fit to
send similar ,delegations, at Washington, on the
4tti, of February: •Governor Morgan urges
upon the legislators -the propriety-and duty of
accepting this peace offering from the old Do
minion, and appointing similar representatives,
and .admonishes them that it is the part of
statesmen and true -patriots to leave untried DO
honorable effort to preserve the peace ELM/ one
ness of the Union. This message caused con
siderable debate id both Houses, and its further
consideration woo adjourned to a future day.
CONDITION OF AFFAIRS AT FORT SUMPTER
A letter from Copt. Doubleday, dal edat Fort
Sumpter, Jan 19 and 20, denies the report of
mutiny among the trarrieon, tald States that the
command is in cheerful spirits. and prepared
to defend the fort to the last if attacked, and
contradicts the report in the Charleston papers
about the eonditicin of 'the troops, tko. He
writes that mortars have been plant& onCum
nnngs' Point, the nearest land to Fort Sumpter,
by South Carolina troops. and that two steamers
watched the fort all the night of the 19th.
WILL EMIL iiND RECOGNIZE A BOUTNERN CON-
The news from Toronto, Canada, that the
British Government intends to acknowledge
the independence of the, Southern Confederacy,
as soon as it is regularly organized and makes
application in 'dtie diplomatic form, creates a
profound sensation in gew York. The Express
The journal which makes this announcement
—the Toronto Leader—ishiah official authority,
and of its correctness in this case, the most in
telligent of our people here do not appear to
have any doubt.
The general Convention of the cotton States,
it will be remembered, assembles at Montgom
ery, Ala., On thg 4th of February—a month in
advance of Lincoln's inauguravion. The pro
gramme is to organize a provisional Govern
ment at onoe, (with President,• Vice President,
Sto.,) and then dispatch ambassadors to England
and France for recognition as an independent
power, so as to be ready for consequences,
whatever they may be, under the Republican
regime; by March 4th.
The 'cautions and very diplomatic speech of
the British-Premier, at the Southampton din
ner, on the,9th, strbnaly adverse to "coercion"
—now unquestionably means much. in thii
conneotiowand the meaning may be interven
tion—(besides recognition)—in ease we go to
worlecotting one another's throats, and blowing
one• anether!s'brains cut. ,
THE POLICE EEIZIDIRS IN NEW YORK
The New - . Yes% polite are tarrying things
al high' hand,. and, in their anxiety to do
something for their 'onfintry, are trespassing
upon the rights Of Lptivate'eitiaena in a manner
whioltisabsolutely o t uirageons.. The five hun.
diced ntualeetil &died •on Wednesday evening on
board-tot the Schooner Caspian, turn out to be
destined to Savanilla, South America, and not,
PUBLISHED EVERY WANING;
BY 0 - 13 ARRETT & CO
TIN DAILY PATRIOT AND Thrum will be served to int
Isenberg residing in the Borough for SIX °ewes ran weii
payable-to the Carrier. Mail rebeeribere, rove • Dos.
kiss Pill allsll/f.
?no fifnitaLv will be published as heretofore,
weekly during the session of the Legislature, and Once •
week 'the remainder of the year, for two do l lars, Id a
'ranee, or three dollars at the expiration of the year.
Connected with this establishment la an extensive
JOB °pylon, containing a variety /if plain bud fund type, unequalled by any establishment in the interior of
the State, for which the patronage of the public is ac.
as the ignorant policemen, who thought u Sa
vanilla" must mean Savannah, Ga., supposed.
The property, of course, had to be restored by
the general superintendent, on Thursday, with
an humble apology,
A posse of police boarded the_ steamer
Montgomery, as she was about starting
Thursday evening for Savannah, for the purpose
of examining the ogigh,t shipped by Adduts'
Express Company. Captain .Berry notified aka
officers that he was about to start, and having
cut the fasts, he started the engine, and they
had to scramble ashore in a hurry to avoid
being carried off.
The following dispatch has been redelVgd iip
H. B. Cromwell & Co., of New York, owners
of the steamship Monticello, from their Savan
dlll. 24, 1801,—The seizure. a
arms from the Monticello causes exeitemiutt"
here. Can you get them back ? We fear
pignmndiggpEkL OP T P'ERpON 41.*Nwn
BosTex. Jan. 25.—The Anti-slavery Seciety
has re-elebted_all.itit old tamers:
In the Legislature a bill was introduced em
powering the' Governor to plan the military
of the county,, on the application of ,twelye
citizens, on duty for the suppression of, inolis
opposed to free speech—referred. •-• • •
Wendell Phillips and others - appearad'beftrie
the legislative committee on the personal lib
erty bill, and remonstrated against its repeal.
The bill will nevertheleis undoubtedly be. re
The dragoon corps of West Point, Which was
ordered a few days ago to repair to the Na
tional Capital, is on its way thither by this
time, They take six pieces of tattuve r of Whieh
four are formidable field pieres, and two are
howitzers, and seventy-eight splendid horses.
Two or three self-authorized. naval officers
have been investigating, by debate, the proba
ble feeling of the soldiers of the army and the
sailors of the navy about the crisis, with the
following result: Of about 17,000 army Rol
diem, 8,000 have no feelings whatever on the
matter;.s,ooo, chiefly. Irish, would desert, if
they could do so conveniently, sooner thin go
South on a hostile errand"- and 2,ooo.'straight*
Yankees go in for fighting. In the navy, 5;000
blue jackets, at least, are " men at any
price." The marines obey all. orders without
comment. The morale of the army iseuperior
to that of the navy.
It has been ascertained; that the brig Dol-'
plan and the corvette. Germantown, now Air
Norfolk, could be fitted out for commission in
three weeks. Orders- are expected , bo• get them
ready for sea. '
The Annapolis midshipmen have been denied
their usual vacation this year, as-eironnkstances
might necessitate! their-speedy trainfer to men
of•War.—N. Y. World.
A motion to strike out .0,000. and insert
$3.000 as the annual luta for the s f spp,ort of'
the poor of: chsrleston, was Spposed.,hy
Alien,' 'Witt ssid
The transient poor of thisvity are vagrants:
They come here and stay till they ara.o4.,'and
then. gcrelsewhere. The city has, no. rig& .to
r.. 7. • Nr
ers.' They stay here to vote at eiecticitui;;
change their clothes and vote; waslttheir faces
and vote over again; we should not care for
them. The people called transient poor art/-
generally the vioious. We should purge our;
selves of them. If you refuse to maintain
them, they will go into the country and work
out the scriptural injunction, and gain their
bread by the sweat of their brow:
Theamendmemt was-finally lost.
GEOLIGICAL DEFINITIONB.—Many terms in•
general use among scientific men, and usually
employed in agricultural works arc Assam to
young readers. For their sakes we-will explain'
some of them ; and shall not be• angry if old
men profit by the cm:dant - Wort.
Soil.—The surface earth, of whatover
dients it may he coMposed. It may he a clay
soil, a sand soil, a calcareous soil, as the tine
face is composed of clay, or sand, or clay
strongly mimed with- lime, etch-
Subsoil.—The- earth lying below the ordinary
depth to which the plow: or spade penetrates.
Sometimes it has hardened by the running of
tae plow over it for a BMA of yeftts Mei it is
called pan as• hard-pan, clay pan,'ete. It' is
sometimes of the same nature 'as the top-soil.
as in clay-lands ; in others it is a different
earth ; as when a coarse gravel underlies Yelp
table mold, or when clay lies beneath Sandy
Subsoil Plowing.--In ordinary plowing; the
share runs from five to seven inches deep. ".A
plow has been constructed (called the 01.1b1301l
plow) to follow in the furrow and break up
from six to eight inches - deeper—so that 'the
whole plowing penetrates from ten to sixteen
Subsoil Plow.—A plow having a narrow
double share, or a small share on each side Of
the coulter, and no m-uld-board.." it is designed
to break up and sofren, the salmon, but 'not tit
bring it up to the top .
MOld.—lt soil in which decayed vegetable
matter largely predominates over earth Thus,
leaf- mold is soil principally composed of rotten
leaves ; dung-mold, of dung reduced to a &La
powdery matter; heath-mold, a black vegetable
soil found in heath-lands ; peat-mold, forest
mold, gardenrmold, etc.
Loam—Clay, or any of the primitive earths,
reduced to a mellow, friable state by the In
termixture of sand, or vegetable matter, is called
loam. Clay lands well manured with saw",
dung, or muck, are tura9d, geneeallY; 4, IL
Argillaccous.—From the Latin (argilliceoui,)
soil principally composed of clay. •
Alumina or Alumine.—Generally employed Co
signify pure clay. It is, ChemiCally speaking,
a metallic oxide ; atunitnium is the metallic beim,
and is an elementary substance.
It is generally known that'the diamond is pure
carbon, (charcoal is carbon in ati impurc,state,)
but it is not, generally, known that the ruby and
the sapphire, " two of the most beautiful gems
with which we are acquainted, are composed
almost solely of alumina," or pure clay, in a,
Siliciotis.—An earth composed largely atlases.
Sider or silicia is considered to be a primitive.
earth constituting flint, and containing moat
kinds of sands, and stindsLonee r CEO. Chiqat
of. porcelain ware is formed from silloia ,autt!
alumina united, i e. from silioious sand anti
areil into the
igien of ;
wi lge: e r m: enters t A r e r u g s: L e
clay: imeston e s ° tr an s
marl becomes calcareous, for tultrl is meekly clay
and carbonate of lime.
speakingalluvium or al
luvial soil, hi aSoll formed' by nausea yet 14
existence. Thus a boticen-litid is formed by
the waslief IL river. It is asnally a;mixturauft ,
decayed Tegstittkle matter - anti sand. ' ' -
Dituvial.—A dilAvial soil o,r depot& is ,int o ,
formed by oawie no longer in existence. This
a deposit by a deluge is termeddiactitbr "The''
word iaderived.from the Latin Viltaitins)dig
nifying a deluge. •
The terms argillaceous, 'oalcitreons,
cious, allevial awl diluvial are constantly
LAW OF AtAB4AOFEIIStiTS
AUNiY lid D likVY
THE CHARLESTON , PAUPERS%