Pennsylvania telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1864-1864, August 09, 1864, Image 2

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11,11:1111113P VEG. ph.
FOB Mann',
Abraham .:Mincoln,
OF i=o6m
Andrew Johnon,
or nomoretre
Meeting of the Legislature.
Both fiotieei of the tiigiSlatitre assembled at
T 2, Id., 401434 y, hying been called together
in actuate°. of the time fixed for their meeting,
by the extraordinary events whiehtave lately
takelit i ldnee on the southern border and the
soutb:orn tier of counties of the State. Per
haps:atno period in the history of the Com
mon Wealth, if, we may except the time when
rebellion was precipitated by the firing upon
Fort.filumter, has the Legislature of the State
assembled under oireurnStances of greater
Importance Within e month past it has been
demi*strated that almost our entire border
on the south is vulnerable to. invasion, and
that vat any time the people of the State in.
that region are in danger of the robbery, the
rapine, the incendiarisni and the assassina
tions of the foe. Such a Condition of alLirs
is frightful in the extreme, and hence, in the
hope of having devised some means or organ
ization by which our fellow citizens in the
Cumberland Valley will be at once protected
in their ,lives and property, Gov Curtin has
called the Legislature, to the action of which
the people will look with the utmost solici
Peallivarda f has the means within herself,.
to pret‘ct, her citizens from every outrage.
All that we need, is their proper organization—
s prompt and thorough discipline of the men
capable of military service, and there will be
an end to invalon and a truce in the outrages
to wigfllf oar southern border counties have
beematteated during the war. It will require
no elabOrtite;diacussion to arrive at the legis
latioif ;Itec'efisay to:elect this organization.
A li4UoPracticaisregislation is all that is re
quired: :A la* which every man can -Undei
stanfV'irill *eat the;requirement; arid the
least delair l ioaible in its passage, will con
vincelljwimople of the Commonwealth that
her savants are really in-earnest 111 providing
for tliiii-faifety. All the legislation necessary
on thisiailiject can be enacted in a week, if
the practical men of both Houses set them
selves zealously to work. May we not hope
that the business on hand will receive this
earnest attention.
The Inference Between. the Value . at
Greenba.ehe and Rebel raper Money.
The i tnitqr symPathizei in the -north, has
beeikable to do the National Government a
great lur, by holding up to_the view of the
sordid and the ignorant, what they call the
depreciation of the national credit. For in
stance; ba-Wall street, New York, where spec
tdation.'ontrides_ patriotism, and where all is
a ohntiuttgiold blooded - effort to: 4 tmake
money, e'en if civilization, freedom and
religion suffer, a dollar greenback is quoted
as worth forty cents in gold. While these
quotations are thus daily made, the outside
holdth Of large quantitielt of gold never are
able a And purchasers for the coin at that
priceitmong the Nwe York brokers.: But as
a contrast to this thipreciation, let us see what
Jeff Dazris' notes are worth in the rebel con
fedenikly. It takes twenty dollars in Bich
niondizi cover the value of a greenback ; so
that even in Richmond, where faith in the
credit and glory of the confederacy amounts
to a religion, .upon the gold standard, Jeff
notes are not worth more than two cents on
the dollar. And-even for these two cents the
traitors have no collateral to offer as security.
According to this value, too, a rebel soldier
gets ablaut sixteen cents a month out of which
to clotii and fee 4 his family.: 'These are facts
to which the sleek-mouthed dough-faces of
the north never refer. , • " ' • -
AIM= DAHLGREN, the gallant father - of
the lamentid' Col. Dahlgren who was killed
while making a raid on Aichinond, and whose
body waesubjected to every description of
barbarclusindignity, his been .able at length
to espoee the falsity of the order dad to have
been found on the person of young Dahlgren
for the assassination of - the rebel' Xiithorities
and the. brining of Rich - Mond. N o one in
the liiorth helleved the storl,ror regarded it
as anything` elsethan a mean- and malicious
falsehbod. 'The chivalrous character, the re
tinement, the gentle nature, all the antece
denti 'Of the - gallant young soldier, forbade.
the possibility of.-the:eiistence of such a doc
tunent: It has remained for his father, Admi
ral Dahlgren, to trace the cowardly forgery to
its source, and proclaim it to the world. He
has anoceeeded is obtaining a photolitho copy
of the. docanient referred to, and he has as
certained beyond doubt that it is not in the.
hand Biting of his son. .
A &Vinson Wrrnour s STATE—Orie of
the most curious documents that we have
seen lateky, is "A Proclamation by Isham
G. Ham, ..00Vermar of .Tennessee," printed
in the Atlanta, (Ga.,), .Appeal, appoint
ing an election in the 11th Congressional
District of Tennessee; to till a vacancy caused
by the death of Hori;David 1 Cuiiin. Polls
are to be opened not only-iv! the district, but
wherever there are Tennessecioldiers.. Inas
much as Harris has been an eidle:fecan, Ten
neon*. for a Tom time, and woad not dare
set his foot on its soil except clandeatinely,
this proclamation may be styled "the height
of the vidionloni.l!
Er-Pmaresarr Booming; is des° "bd 17;
the copperhead organs as bein gas "active and
vigorong,as he Was years : lV-7 NO doubt
of it;!-partionlarly in sympathizing with' the
men ; who are now battling to destroy . the
= . rs_:GOVER OWS HESS :-.
Hmuussuao, August 9, 1864. .
lb the Senate and Home of Representatives of the
Ornmenwealar of Pennsylvania: .
Gsgmanns,„: - I have called you - together in
advance of yilir artorlined seek" for the pui-
Pose of taileiet seiiee *action for the defence of
rho Statte. l Prourthe commencement of the
present tebelllcn, - Penturylvania has done her
whole duty to the Government. Lying as her
southern counties do, la the immediate vicinity
of the border, and thus exposed to sudden lova
'ion, a selfish policy would have led her to re
tain a sufficient part of her military force for
her own defence. In so doing, she would have
tailed-in-ber duty-to the whole_conntry..- Not
only would her men have been withheld from
the field of• general operations, but' the loans
and taxation which would have. become nieces
vary; would have to a large extent diminislurd
the ability of her people to comply with the pe
cuniary demands of the United States. She
would also have necessarily interfered with aei
hampered all the military action cf the Govern.
meat and made herself to some extent, respon
@Me, for any failures and shortcominga••that
may have occurred. In pursuance of the policy
thus 'deliberately adopted, this State has stead
ily devoted her men to the general service.—
, From the beginning she has always been among
the first to respond to the calls of the United
States, as is shown by her history from the
three months' men and the Reserve Corps to
the present moment. Thus faithfully fulfdling
'all her own obligations, she has a right to be
defended by the national force, es cart-'of a
common country. Any other view would be
absurd and unjust. She of course cannot com
plain when she suffers by the necessary contin-
Aencies of war. The reflections that have In
too many quarters been made upon the people
of her southern counties are most unfounded.
They were invaded in 1862, when a UnIOTI ar
my much superior to any force of the rebels - ,
(and 'on which they had of course a right to re
ly,) ma's' lying in their immediate vicinity and
north• of the Potomac. They were again invad
ed in 1868, after the defeat of the Union forces
under Milroy, at Winchester, and they'have
again 'suffered in 1864, after the defeat of the
Union forces under Crook and Averill. How
could:hn egricoltural people in an open country
be expected to rise suddenly and beat back llCE
tile forces which had defeated organized veteran
a 7111 les of the Government?
It is of course expected that the inhabitants
of an Invaded country will do what is- in their
power to resist the invaders, and 'the facts
hereinafter stated will show, I think, -that the
people of these counties have not failed- in this
duty. If Pennsylvania, by reason of het goo
graphical position, Las required to be defended
by the national force, it has only been against
the common enemy. It has never been neces
sary to weaken the army in the field by send
tug heavy detachments of veterans to save her
ditieeirom being devastated by small bands of,
rtiffiaris, composed of their awn inhabitants.
'Nor -have her people been disposed to sneer at
tire grettt messes of law-abiding citizens in any
other State who have required such protection.
Yet when a brutal enemy, pursuing a defeated
body of Union forces, crosses our border and
burns a defenceless town, this horrid barbarity,
instead of firing the hearts of all the people of
oar common country, Is actually in some quar
ters made the occasion of mocks and gibes at
the unfortunate sufferers, thousand's of whom
have been rendered houseless. And these
heartlees scoffs proceed from the very men who,
when the State authorities,. foreseeing the dan
ger were taking precautionary measures, -ridi
culed the idea of there being any danger, sneered
at the exertions to prepare for meeting it, and
succeeded to some extent in thwarting their
efforts to raise forces. These men are them-
Selves morally responsible fin the calamity
over which they now chuckle and rub their
hands. - ,
nin!gbt'llive been hoped—nay, we had s
right to expect—that the people of the loyal.
States engaged in a common effort to-preserve
their Government gaff all that is dear-to free—
men, would have forgotten, at. least ,for the
time, their Wretched•local jealousies, and sym
pathized with all their loyal fellow citizens,
wherever resident within the borders of our
common country. It should. be remembered
that the original source of thii present Rebel
lion was in such jealousies encouraged for
wicked purposes by unscrupulous , politicians.
Tbd menwho for any purpose now continue, to
'encourage them, ought to be held as public
enemies—enemies of our union and our peace,
and should be treated as such. Common feel-
Inge—common sympathise—are the !Answery
foundations of a common free government.
I am proud to say that the people of Penn
sylvania feel every blow at any of her sister
States, as an assault upon themselves, and give
to them all that hearty good will, the express
ion of which is sometimes more important
under the infliction of calamity than mere ma
terial aid. ' - • •
It is unnecessary to refer to the approach of
the rebel army up the Shenandoah Valley on
the third day of July lait=to the defeat - of (len.
Wallace on the • Monocacy, their approich to
and the threatening Of the Capital, or to their
destruction of property and pillage of the - ctinn - -
ties of Maryland 'lying on the border. These
°tents have passed into historynpd the respon
sibilities will be setAled by ihe judgment of the
At that time, a call was made upon Pennsyl
vania for be mustered• into the
service of the United States and "to serve for
one hundred days in the States of Pennsylva
nia'and Maryland and at Washington and its
vicinity." Noterithstanding the embarris
ments which complicated the orders for their
organization and ; muster, six- regiments -were
enlisted and organized and a battalion of six
companies- The regiments were withdrawn
from, the State, the last leaving the 29th day
of July.
I desired that at least part of this force
should be confined in their service to the States
of Pennsilvaida and Marylifid, and made such
an application to the War Department, as the
proposition did their approbation it
was rejected and the:general order changed 'to
include the States named and Washington and
its vicinity., ..
No part of the rebel army , at that time had
come within the .State. The people of • the
border counties were warned and • removed
their stock, and at Ohambersburg and York
were organized and armed for their own. pro
tection. I was not officially informed of the
movements of the Federal armiesand of course
niit of the strategy of their commanders, but it
-was stated in- the newspapers that the rebel
army, was eleseiv pursued alter it bad crossed
the Potomac and was retiring up GI eValley et the
Shennrshnth. Repeated enccesees of our troops
were aleo announced- and the people of .this•
State had just cause to believe that quite euf
ficient Federal fortelad beset thrown forward
fir it; orotf ction upon the line of the P•tomac,
On Friday, the 29th of July, the rebel bri
gades of Johnston and M'Causland, consist
,of- from 2,500 to 3,000 mounted men,with
six guns, crossed the Potomac at Clear Spring
Ford. They commenced crossing at 10 o'clock,
a. M., and marched directly on Meroersbarg.
There were but 45 men picketed in that di
rection, under the commend, Lientenant
M'Lean, 11. Z. A., ad as the enemy succeed
ed in, ctittifig the lelegreith:conimunication,
whialk - finiftlitat,"point. had ".to pass west, by,
.way 01 Redford; no information, could be seat .
to. Gen. Coucl,,by telegraph,' wlm was thefi at
ChtunbefeblAt =The veal of .6oluinn
reached Chamber:shun at 3. -0 9 1 4 0- 4,
Saturday; the 30th.". - ,.. • -
. The-rebel - brigadesm,thitsnd'J'ackilian,
numbering about 3;090-ipotintedmen„croitiu-343.
the Pet9Mll). at .the his tinus 4t or
. I ke.g'....W.illiams7.ot3llo2M39loBolnffith&
vanced 6it — Efigerstown—the main body moved
on the road leading from Williamsport, to
Greencastle. Another rebel column of in
fantry and artillery crossed the Potomac sigr
ultaneously at Slieppardstown, and Anovid ,
towards • Leitersbtirg.- Gen. Averill, Who :
commanded a force ~ redneed to ab0ut.2,600
men, was atHageridown, - and being threat
ened in front - by Vaughn and Jackson, on,
his right by Dl'Causland and Johnston. who
also threatened his rear, and on his left.lfy
the column which crossed at Sheppardstown,
he therefore fell back upon Greencastle.
Gen. Merin, it is understood, was under
the orders of Gen. Hunter, but was kept as
fully advised by Gen. Couch as was possible,
of the enemy's movements on his 'rigift and
to his rear. Gen. Couch was in Chambers
burg, where his entire force consisted of 60
infantry, 45 cavalry, and a section of a bat
tery Q artiiier ~_in all,-less. than 150 men..
The six companies of na . en - enlisted for one
hands il days rifintifffiCin the Plate, and. tan
atimpanies or.criValiihrid, under . orders ; from
Washington am inofficiallylnformed)
joined'General Averill. -'The town of Chain
ormsburpwas held until' day:light, by the small
force under General Couch; during - which time.
the Government stores and train`were Saved.
Two batteries were then planted by the enemy
commanding the town, and it was invested by
the whcile command of Johnson and • M'Criut
land. At 7 o'clock, A. six companies of
dismounted men, -commanded by Sweeny, eil-'
tend the town, followed by mounted men un
der Gilmore. The main force was in line of
battle—a demand was made. for 100,000 dollars
in gold, or 500,000 dollars in Government
funds, as ransom, and. a number of citizens
were arrested and held as hostages for its pay
ment. No offer of money was made by the
citizens of the town, and even if they had, any
intention of paying a ransom, no =time was
allowed, as the rebels commenced immediately
to burn and pillage the town, disregarding the
appeals of women and children, the aged and
tefirm, and even the bodies of .the dead were
not protected from' tbelr It would
have been vain for all the citizens of the town,
if armed, to have attempted, in. connection
With General Couch's small force, to defend it,
General Couch withdrew his command, and did
not himself leave until the enemy were ache
ally in the town. General Averill's command
being within nine miles of Chambersburg, it
was hoped would arrive in time to save the
town, and efforts were made daring the night
to communicate with him. In the mean time,
the twill force of General Couch held .the.eri
emy at bay. General Averill marched. on
Chamberaburg, hut did not arrive until after
• the town was burned and the enemy had re.'
tir• d. He purarted..aud overtook them at
ill'Oonnellsburg, in Felton county, in time to
save that piece from pillage and destruction.
Tie, promptly engaged and defeated them,
driving them to Hancock and across the Po
tOmac. • . •
I commend the toruieless and ruined people
of Chamborsburg to the liberal benevolence of
the Legislature, .and suggest that -a suitable
appropriation ba made for their relief. Similar
otidrity has been ,heretofore exercised in the.
case of an accidental and destructive. fire at
Pittsburg, and I cannot doubt the disposition .
of the Legislature on the present occasion. --
Orethe fifth day of this month a large rebel
army was in Marylaud and at various potation
the Potomac as far west as New Creek, and as
there was no adequate force within the. State 1 '
deemed it my defy on that day to call for
Thirty Thousand,Volunteer Militia, for domes
tic protection. They will be armed, transport,
ed and supplied by the United States, but, if
no provision is made for their payment, it will
be necessary, should you approve my action, to
make an appropriation for that purpose. •
Feeling it to be the _duty :of: the General
Goternment to afford full votection• to :the
people of Pennsylvania and. Maryland by the
defence of the line of the Potomac, .1. milted
with Governor Bradford in the following letter
to. the President, dated July 21st, a. D. :UM:,
-" Exzeurin Dierernteri,,n,
ANNAPOLIS, July 21, 186 t
Hid Excellency, ABRAILIN LINCOLN , PferAdentOf
the United States—
Sue: The repeated enids'across the Potomac
river made by portions of the rebel arniy, Ind
the extent of the damage they have succeeded
so frequently in inflicting, have moat inju
riously affected the people of lleferyland and
Pennsylvania, in the neighborhood lif—that
river, and many' orthero, it is belleiVed;:na the
only security against such losses future
are seemly considering the propriety bi aban
doning their present bcmes and tomltfns safety
at the North.
It seems to us that: kametelyin this section.
al aspect of the carte, but in its national rela
tions, the semirity of this boider ,line bet Ween
the loyal and rebellious States is an object jus
tifying and requiring a disposition of a portion
of the National force with an especial vieveto
'its defence. The Potomac River, can only tie
crossed in its ordinary slate of water at some
five, or six fords, and we propose to enlist from
our respective states a volunteer force Wit
shall be sufficient with the aid of the feirtificd•
Lions *hich the force itself can speedili con
istxuct to effectually guard them all.
We ask the Government that the recrnitsiii
'raised shall be credited to the quota 3 of Our'
several states on the call last made; ithd be'
armed; equipped and supplied as other ;MIMI :
teem in the service.
, We are aware that as a general rule . - *ell
founded objections exist to the eulistment . of.a
iorda to be exclusively used for home or logal
defence,but we regard such a service as we -now
suggest as an exceptional case,•and the Coln
plete protection of this part of our frpritiii .is
of admitted national importance. •
Soon after the outbreak of this•rebellion the
importance of a special defence of the region
bordering on the upper Potomac was recog
nized by the Government, and the Hon. Fran=
cis Thomas of Maryland was authorized hy
to *se three regiments with a view to the pro,
tection of the counties on either side Of thief
river. These regiments .were raised butt trig'
subsequent exigencies of the service requirid
their employment elsewhere, and • they Itteret.'
fore e.fford at present no particular secruity'
that region beyond other troops in' e serVice.
Tbe necessity, ae we think, for some sucli , :p&
cutter provision has now become so .ollirous
that we would, with great respect, but Most
,earnestly urge upon-Your-Excellency thrkeipe.
diency of acceding to the suggestions we have
made,and we will immediately set ahout•raising
the forces required, and we have no dotibt they
will be promptly procured. '
We have the honor to-be,- - •
with great respect,•
your obedient servants, •
(Signed) • --- A. W: BRADFORD,
• • A: G. CURTIN.
The following letter froM the Assistant Ad.+: ,
intaut General, dated August 'lst, a.. D. 1864;
Is the. only reply 'received by - me - up. tta
Wpp. PRPAITAign,
WILEHINGTON, D. Q., Anguot Ist,
BIS FICCILLENCY, the Governor of - Penneylvouis,
Ilatrisberg, Penes:
SIB:-I have the honor 'to noknoiledge tbe l
receipt of the joint letter.friiia';vdiirself and .the
Governor of Maryland, dated July; 2lsti 1864,
asking authority to raise a volunteer force
.your respective States, to be exclusively-used
for hOme or local defence, and for guarding the,
fords of the Potomac: — • •
In reply, I am 'directed by the" Eecieitiry:Or
War to =St form you that "the propoiiiithi hgi
been Nay considered; and ilia the
isked`fcitteannot be glinted:
rig teditioffliNV- Mr'
gess, approved February 13, 1862, as prom!
gated in General Orders No. 15, series of 1862
trom this office.
:lijave the honor to remain, sir,
" Very respectfully,
,; . r Your obedient servant, Ma
- ' Aealetant Adjutant Genelel.
-"—Bietildi letter lent,HU, Excellency, the.
OrmrniT4'. ,3 :Prolanq , (Ns ewe. • - •
tlitreasontiteii for the refusal sot
oil/AN:proposition, can be made consistent
'frith the-enilittnent of men fur one hundred
days to serve in Pennsylvania , ifaryland and
at Washington and vicinity, it is hard to per
ceive. • r . - .
On tho suggestion made by citizens of the
bolder count ear communication
dated 22d Ju1y,.1864, was made py Major Gen.
Couch to the Secretary of War: (Copy.)
_ —Rawer* *Bask- Thrain.firtsonstratura,
Haunssusa, Pa., July. 22, 1864.
Zen. &AIN WS/Alto : sr, SicreAry of War:
Sur. :—Dioriqg the recent raid into Maryland,
the citizenslifFhambersburg turned out wit)),
a determination to stand by the few eordiers
pre sent,•aull hohFthe torsaAgathatarlycavalrY
force that might assault it. 600 citizms of
York, irrespective of party, volunteered, were
aimed, and
,tvenf down to the 'Northern' Cen
tral railroad to guard thithridges or hold their
town. This is stated in order to show you
that the ' trJrder citizens" are beginning to
realize that by united action they 'have the
strength to protect, themeelies against an or
(Unary raiding party., Enclosed, I invite your
attention to a letter addressed to the Governor,
together with his-endorsement - upon the sub
ject of forming a special corps from the six bor
der counties most exposed. If 10,000 men• can
thus be organized, its existence would be a
protection. and give confidence.
I sin infermedAattukgeneral sentiment of. I
the people in question. in favor of something
aping done at once, andvis ri;militaty measure,-
think it 4111 be of "ttiskelitial servit d te'the
eial Government, 'and recommend that, the
'far DeptutmenVencourage,the movement by
authorizing the lostiforissue'of uniforms, prc-'
vided the :laic iroiffltiettion is enacted.
•It is believed that the new militia law of
thiii Stat 3 will practically prove of no -value,
excepting that an enrollmeut will probably be
made. I am sir,, -
Very reupeotfully,
• Your obedient servant,
[Signed,], D. N. COUCH.
Majer General Oomd'g Dept.
- HEADQVAITSRB, Dn . ! F.usousaarufa,
HARRIBBIIRO, Aug. 4, 1864.
A true copy respectfully furnished for the in
forinaticst of Es Excellency-Governor A. G.i4
;•: 4 41i0. S. SQUII,LTZB,
" Assistant Adjulani General
• -
O a the-same;dity- I 'approVeil- in writing of
the prop?iitiiiii;and exprctt,ll4*y.opinioii that
the LegisAttgeovonlil Act occor
dance witb;;lt at le - adjcitirtierieisioii on the lam furnirihed with an offi
cial eopy of .the foll Owing reply, dated August
4:1864; to the proposition of •Geti..Ccutch.
n - p 39
WASHLNOTON, D. C., Aug. 1"; 1864.
Major General D. N. Coosa,
• -COMMamjing, &0., Harrisburg, Pa..
Gina.:-1 have the honor to - acknowledge t
G he
receipt of your s lettet of t,lie 22d of July, rela
tive to the . United. Stites pinviding uniforms
fol.' a "Special Carps" of militia from certain
border counties of : Pennsylvania. '•
1100144 tail directed to inform you that
the eabject• hes'Wu carefully noneitiered by the
Secretary of; War, who cannot- siinctiou the
Issue of the :clothing in question.' -
I am, general/ I T . •
• Very respectfully, ..
; • - Your edredlint:aorvatit,
Assistant Adjutaut (> eneiai
; llEADOtelrems Den-amen or tits
pnl Harrisburg ; August 6th, 1864.
true copy reepedifelly ferrdehed for the in
-tribe .pf His Excellency, C,loverupr A. G.
Assistant Adjutant General, '
• In each of the three. yew's, 1862, 1863 and
4864, it has been found "necessary to call the
State militia for the defence of the. State, and
this hattbelt*•detno:iiitki"Ltheiernent and stasis-
Mace of the General Government. From the
want of organization, we ,have been obliged to
rely', exclusively 011G:1e - volunteer militia, and
With few exceptions to 'organize them anew for
`each occasion. Thil has' caused confusion
and a loss of valuable'time, and halt raulted in
sending to the field bodies of men in a great
measure undisciplined: The militia bill passed
at the last session is I think for ordinary times
the best militia litueme have ever had; but under
,thet: existing extraordinary circumstances `it
keine to require modfficationi. -I suggest that
the assessors be directed to make an immediate
,euroilment, classifying the militia as may be
_thought best ;,that the officers be appointed by
Abe , Governor, on the: recommendation, ap
proved by.bitn, ot!it t ,board of examination,•emn.
,posed of three Major, Generals for each division ;
of. whom the Major .General of the division
sball be one, tie , other two to be
4 the Governor , Irian adjoining divisions, or
'in: ouch other mode as the .Legislature may
Think fit ; that in all cases the officere shall be
" preference from officers and men
.who hive been in Service, aratehall have been
heMbiably 6 dhicliterged by the 110filted States, and
ihni effectual provision be made for' drafting_
`the militia-when required. The Mottnimenda
lion la appointments lenrade to avoid .
the angry dissensionerand, too - Oftivi;tpolitical
jenlousies which divide:- military Organizations
'by the election of officers, and to semi the
services of the Mese deserving and competent
. The election of officerale the volunteer for-
V•oliii the fi eld has been tiiiiiiiirtirioriti it)
I - 1
'di service), while promotions by senloilty; - -and
appointments of meritorious privitee - Ihtts - pfo-
Jiuced harmony and stimulated to faithiliktees.
In the enlistment of ttew organisations the
Oleo adopted of granting authority to officers
to:recruit companies boa been found to be the
b-,st policy. 1 also recommend that the Gov
erner be authorised to form (either by the Re
« pMr.ce of VoisinMere:or by=draftin such parts
''ct the State as he_mirileem expedient) a spe
clideorps of militia - to consist in due propor
,dea of Cavalry, Artillery' and Infantry, to he
kept up to the full number of fifteen regiments
to be styled "Minute - Men, Who shall be sworn
and' mastered into the service of the State
for three years—whorshall'aseemble for drill at
*ich times and,places ashe, may, siirect, -who
0141 be clothed,' armed and `c qui pped by ' the
IState; and paftlieheir asteuittled'for drill. or cal,
led iut.efseriftte, tofiliiiiti shall at all'itoles be
liablelebe ioalled--hito inffiledfilfe'lervice for
the defence of "the State iriditendently of the
'remainder Off •tbie militia. ' - • .... .• 3 • .
'"''As this face would be subject to sudden Calle;
Tihe larger part"of it should he organize in the
. critics lying on our extreme- herder, and es
the people-of .countiee- have more per-
Aohal interest in their protection, the --recom
=vadat-Jo* made to authorize the Governor
to diolgradethe parts-of the State in whibh it
should be Mised and to save the time and ex-.
pause of transporting troops. from remote parts
of then State aud:thasubsisience and pay hr go-
Ang tolnd from the bOrder.
kw, of mert,so ommized, is IS--
11C.iried;.4 ef4tit'frAfilltisrent , salds, asi d : incur
st : lntm • -The - eXpWilleiszfd clottdrirsParinlifl . 'Mad:
,Mg : sach a (me, cpaupt
. • aid, filt.AW:Qiut4'.o4llatt.cao-4:12i4-
- direottlibilopproziguse- eithw
't;~>i c;a't-~t
:r.71a~u.; ... [__.:
ent of pay and subsistence.
The State should provide at least six four
gun batterle3 of field artillery with all the
modern improvements.
The suggestion has been frequently made by
unreflecting persons that the State should raise
a:force - and keepitpermanently in the field for
her defence. Alert from other considerations,
0 Is to be obONVed: that the expenses of such
a measure would ba quite beyond the present
abllity-of the State.
To raise and maintain an army of fifteen
regiments would involve an annual expenditure
of more than fifteen millions of dollar', and
any smaller force would be inadequate. The
plan which 1 have above proposed would, 1
think, give to the State efficient protection, and
if the Legislature should think fit to adopt it,
the expense can be-readily provided for by loan
or otherwise.
, Having.= organised forea_under the control
of the imithififitiee of the State, and, ,mustered
into service far domestic protection, we would
not, as heretofore, Irma time in arranging for
diosportation and supplies with the National
tiovernment, when it became necessary to call
thilleid. When thoroughly organized;
It should be in all its appointments an army
which could 'be increased by draft made from
our enrolled and classified citizens. _ -
The plea which I have above suggested is the
result of reflection and experience which I have
had during !helmet three years,and I have felt it
to be my duty to submit it for your consideration.
Of the purpose of providing for the effectual de
fence of the State, I of course cannot doubt your
approval. If the Legislature should prefer the
adoption of any other
,plan more efficient, and
economical, than the one which I have herein
proposed, it will give me pleasure to co operate
heartily in carrying it into effect.
In accordance with the act of May 4, 1864, I
have appointed for the Eastern Armies Col. F.
Jordan as Agent at Washington, and Lieut. Col.
James Gilliland as Assistant Agent at that place;
and also for the South Western Armies Lieut.
Col. James Chamberlin as Agent at Nashville.
These Agents - are now actively engaged
in the perforinstice of their' duties, and
It is desirable that -our
_people should
be aware that a part of them consists in
the gratuitous eillectlOn of ali r claims by Penn
sylvania volunteers or their legal tepresenta
tivea in the State and National Governments.
Volunteers having claims on either of these
governmeetts.can have them collected through
thew. agents without expense, and thus be
rescued trona the extortions to which it is feared
they have sometimes heretofore beenaubjected.
Having received information from the agents
of the State that our sick and wounded were
enffering greatly from the want 6f comforts
and even - necersaries, I have been recently
compelled to call on the people to contribute
supplies mainly in kind for their relief, ant it
gives me pleasure to say that this appeal has
been cheerfully responded to, salaam been all
my former appeals to the same end.
It seems impossible to exhaust the liberality
of our generous people when the Well being of
our brave volunteers re in question. in my
special messige of 80th April last, I stated the
circhmetanceenttending the advance by banks
and other _corporations, of funds for the pay
merit of the militia called out in 1863. In
'consequence the Legislature passed the act of
4th May, 1864. authorising a loan for the pur
pose cf refunding, with interest, the amount
thus advanced, in case Congress should fail to
make the necessary appropriation at its then
current session. I regret to say that Congress
adjourned without making such appropriation.
The balance in the Treasury being found suf
ficient to re-imburse the funds so advanced,
without unduly diminishing the Sinking Fund,
I have deemed it advisable not to advertise for
proposals for the loan, and recommend the pas
sage of an aCt - directing the payment to be
made cut of the moneys in the Treasury.
.As the omission of Congress to act on this
subject involved an unprecedented disregard of
the good faith of the National authorities, I
recommend that the Legislature take mea
nt* for . to curing an Sppropriatkln at the next
session Of Congress.
Tlw Revenue Bill passed at the last session
has teen found ‘to be defective in several points,
andlrrecornrnend a careful and immediate re
vision of it.
The Bounty Bill passed at the last session is
foruid to he defective and unjust in many of its
provisions, and from the manner in which it is
administered in some parts of the State, op
pressive on the people. I therefore recommend
a careful revision of it.
As the present session has been called for the
consideration of matters otvital public Impor
tance, I commend them to your earnest and
exclusive attention.
J3O Eel-eon:lp4.
Mayland and Pennsylvania Free from
They ake. - oTeAiiken by Averill
He is Reported to Have Defeated Them and
Captured all Their Artillery, and Five
Hundred Prisoners.
To :Major General Biz, lino York
Major General Sheridan has been assigned,
temporarily, to the command of - the forces in
the Middle Military Division, consisting of
the Departmente.of •Washington, the •Middle
Department and the Department of the Sus
quehe,nna and Northwest Virginia. He trans
mite the following:
"Rutrzzes Fanny, Aug. 8-4.10 P. M. .
"TO Major Gen. H. W. Halleck, chief of de:
"Brig. Gen. Kelley reports that a scout has
just", arrived at New Creek, and reports that
General Averill overtook the enemy near
Modrfielde yesterday, and attacked him, cap ,
turipk all his artillery, and five hundred ppi
oneAs. Nothing official has been received
from Gen. Meth], however.
; •"P. H. SHERMAN,
.- • "Major General Canamaxiding."
• - Secretary of War.
• ,
Rebis and Sympatilizeri from Canada tobe
the Raiders.
Thor Youx, -Aug. 9.
Ilp.mcirs are rife of a rebel raid on the city
Cif Anffide; by secessionists and sympathizers
-tio Canada. The details are not kno wn,
derstood that the Government has been
ed of it. The military, of this city
haii been_ beld„, an for soy outbreak
! - _ _.
Prom Port Royal.
Arrival of the Charleston Prisoners at
New York.
Destruction of Bridge; and Capture of a
Railroad Train, and a quantity of Arm
Nsw YORK, Aug. 9.
The steamships Fulton, Sidon and Wash
ington arrived at this port this morning.—
Their news has been anticipated.
The steamship Fulton, from Port Royal via
Fortress Monroe, arrived hare to-day. She
brings exchanged Union prisoners from
Gen. Birney had made a raid in Florida de
stroying several bridges, capturing a locomo
tive and several cars, and a quantity of small
arms. We now hold Bald win and Camp
A. blockade runner run into Charleston on
Wednesday night.
Our released officers report that since they
had been confined in Charleston, five block
ade runners had run in.
The firing on Charleston and Fort Sumter
Admiral Farragut's Attack upon Mobile
Our Fleet Passes Forts Morgan
The Union Monitor Tecumseh
\ urrender of the Rebel Ram Tennessee.
S ,
The Enemy's Fleet Scattered.
One Vessel Captured—Another
Capture of the . Rebel Admiral Buchanan.
To Major General Dix, New York:
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8-9 P. M.—The follow
ing announcement of the successful operations
against Mobile appears in the Richmond Sen
tinel of this morning, and was transmitted by
General Butler to the President, and received
at 7 P. M. August 8:
August 8-3 P. M.
rns Excellency Abraham Lincoln, President:
The following is the official report, ham s
from the Richmond Sentinel of August Bth.
B. F. BUTLER, Major General.
"Mons, Aug. 6.—Hon. J. A. Seddon, Sec
retary of War: Seventeen of the enemy's
eels—fourteen ships and three iron-dada—r .
passed Fort Morgan this morning.
"The Tecumseh, a monitor, was sitoAt by
Fort Morgan. .
The Tennessee surrendered, after ' a &spa.
rate engagement with the enemy's r Aeet. Ad
miral Buchanan lost a leg and /a a prisoner.
The Selma was captured, and tae Gaines was
beached near the hospital.
The Morgan is safe, and swill t r y t o run up
to-nioht. The enemy's 9,est h as approachea
the city. A. monitor ll►s been eng ag i ng Fort
Powell all day. D. H. HOMY,
Major General.
Secretary of War.
August 4tb, by Rev. G. J. Martz, Mr. Monty Esranss
to Miss Griqua= Hza41.1 , , allot Dauphin county, Pa.
At 2 o'clock, this (Tuesday) morning, Alarm Basrput,
daughter of E. J. and Annie E. Jones, (Pine street, be.
tween Second and Third,) in the 7th year of hrr age,
The friends and relatives of the family are invited to
attend the funeral, to-morrow, (WA:Mead/kW at 2 o'clock,
r. N., without further notice.
'ME good will and fixtures of an old and
AL well established Restaurant. For further partieular9
address [sup-Atli J. W. F., Harrisburg, Y. O.
ILBOY Three years old, named FFIA.NKI,DI
SPOTTS, left.his home, in Mulberry street, near
sod, this morning, about nine o'clock. Has black
eyes, light hair; had on when he left home a re 4 shirt
with white body, a light straw hat trimmed with white
ribbon. Any information concern ing him will be thank
fully received, if left at the abovenamed place. sneak .
10TOLEN, on the Bth inst, from the livery
la stable or the subscriber, in Harrisburg, a ROAM
MARS, 9 years old 111% hands high, small star on fang
black mane and tall; white mark on right hind pasture;
shows the white of her eyes when working or moving her
head ; always paces when under the saddle . Also, •
BUGGY, painted black, striped white, letter 8, on both
side panels, leather cushion and top, -Also, a sat of
HARNESS. $4O reward will be paid for the return of the
Mare, Bogey and Harness, or for such information as will
lead to their recovery, and the arrest of the thief.
ang9-dtf F. B. SWARTZ.
A WHITE GIRL, who tindqatinds the
duties of housekeeping. Apply at No. 6 Locus.
street, near Front. at0r9414
_ .
Wanted. )
SE:Mtlron Moulders and' Wood. 'Work
agle Works
Wanted ) To Parchkus
A CONVENIENT Dwelling", with six or
AL. eight rooms, located within four squalwor .Market
street, north. Andress post office box 2241, with
amiption and price. loge-dat.
ic h rater as will give miles a/billing to Mosel
rara chance to !make thOIIIIY. The Sabra' must be sold to
aieseiry lowa elehos; liamplee harnitbed and a I war.
*mod equal to nuatploo. Tor full particular* WO=
G. B. !Marfa
aurkllo* P. O. Boa 87, Readin& Nona.
, • ' LOST.
ON the
night of the 27th of Itily; 1864 La
the care from Baltimore to Horriaborg; or to pour
ing from that. ears to the cars for Ytttabmg,. a, mon
round Jet ler Bing with a Diatorsui Cron. The War
will be liberally reworded by leaving the Ear Ring at MIS
Ofko, and IQ WO Oder a pent tox-or upon its water.
• 1184411*
and Gaines.
Official Gazette.
W. ch, moon