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-'Ift0"- 1 responsible
L.v.uJ from on postofflc to
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j,,, sk.KKE-SST HERALD.
w Uis care wiU be at
I, Soaierset Pa.
.,-i-v v -ji-KKEEY.
' . ... i- T.I. AW.
j, Biuclt-u "UUI-
f . ! ".( I'LL.
Hon- I4ow, oppiUs Court
1 boiucrket, Pa.
1 boiuelset. Pa.
.Tti.roa.i'H'iw-i.uou u bu,uit,ii eii--'
' , J1-m.-.iuciclnaitUjoiiiiiH
iSIINE HAV. A. I O. HAY.
-V K. UHL,
OTUSUJ kUrllU U ail U - ,
. ciu. uvaiiue ou coueo-
iS 0. KI.MMUL,
A i i ou-M. 1 -AT-LA W,
vat ' U:un euirusuxl lo bis
wci ana uojoiuii;6 cuuU. witu
........ :i v t m.. lit! AllUll CruMI
feiuiilfuUi uruuerv Blore.
i L I'UUii,
Al i uiCs i. 1-AT-LA V
i&iUK -t, Pa.
s Xiiiiiiiiotii Biock, up ..re. tn-
fcuUird, uilteiMiumrl,an(l all
L'iSijaN. L. C COLBOKS.
ijwiS & COLiiOfUS",
Alluli 1 1 -Ai'-LJk. W,
.-ti euuuta lo oar cure will be
.ijUiiiauiiy ;iciiuwl u- uoileo
ii a..!utirU Ucuiorii anU nOjoin
turvc.iu said cuuvcyaiir-iii
Ijactoe in Somerset Hud adjoininy
-a. DUiuna euUUkted Ul tlim Will
iCfiLcId. W. ii. UL'PPKI
AlluKA ti S-A1-UA W,
-SAitsKiUukU-d lo thtir care will be
VU iMU.xiiKliy llended lo. Ulliee
Uuw kirai, opsxjtau; AimnnioUl
- t-Nau..uai liaiit.
--i..iwu 4ivtu w tue care of Hie
" K. u Luilutli. Oi Cl.iOlUC UlMAWk.
S.lAKOTljcKs, il. 1).,
'i-t i.r.jp,iv)iiaj b-rviuc vu Hie ciU-
ji il. L0LT11ER,
'i-txrW rear of Jjra .tore.
i S. iUMiiELL,
I'MtM.ioiiil wr icetotbe eltl-
0.11 luuud al bi of-
W.1.Lj.Lt' 111 lit i.:i.Trv 1
', '-'"r!JtJ"a to tiie prenervaUou
' --uii:wi mm liiiitruxl.
-.'''-'t.TiiiUxHi u!acur- Ullice
i:vi t-NolAtta. liaue. Pa.
UUTiYE MUTUAL FIRE
-W., l;tRLlN, PA.
x,""llK- insure Town and
-i"y. Write for i u formation.
JA J. J. ZORN,
"Uu Ui: iJfc tn-u Ivlurni.htHl
uu " l,,lu-ru iiiiprovt-tuuu
",iJ.,..'',' Uk Uuaif uwui i.l Joliu
: 7 ""J U..i.-4 fcuiu. The pub-
"-ker and Embalmer.
A GOOD HEARSE.
- r.uiii vo rnntraU furo-
2ESET . . pa.
VOL. XLYIII. NO. 29.
and I cm afraid I have in
herited it. I do nnt fp1
well ; I have a cough ; my
lungs are sore; am losing
flesh. What shall I do?
Your doctor says take care cf
yourself sisd take plaia cod -liver
oil, but you can't take it. Only
the strong, healthy person can
take it, and thev can't taJro it-
long. It is so rich it upsets the
Eiomaca. jtsut yea can take
It is very palatable cji easily
digested. If von will tzlzs rJ.-rit
of fresh air, tnd ezerci;e, and
curl's i.IHUL:on ctcadiiy,.
there is very little doubt about
There arc hypephosphites in it ;
they givo ctrength and tone up the
nervous system -while the cod-liver
oil feeds and nourishes.
sot. rd ji.oo. all crui-istv.
SCCTT U UOW'.E. Cnmisu, Ntw York.
First llioil Bant
ocpoatTa ncccivr in iaroc .mdsmali
AMOUNT. PATABLC ON 0l0
ACCOUNT, or MCKCHtNTt. riRllIM,
STOCK DEALERS. AND OTHERS SOLICITED
-DISCOUNTS DAILY. -BOAIU
CHAf. O. N.TI.L, OHO. K. HCt'LL,
JAMlf U. PIMiH, W. H. MlLLLKl
JOHN K- WC'IT. P.OHT. H. t.'L LL,
EDWAP.P M ULL. : : PRESIDENT
VALKXTIN'K HAY, : VICE PREMHENT.
HAttVEY M. BEHRLEY, tLSHlEB.
Th. fnnrts and Rec-urit!e of this banK are w
eurely protw.twl in a eeicumiea ,okliss hik
GUAKliin)rtAFii. Toe ouly aafe wade abw
Jacob D Swank,
Watchmaker and Jeweler,
Next Doer West of Lutheran Church,
Somerset, - Pa.
I Am Now
prepared to supply the public
with Clocks, Watches, and Jew
elry of all descriptions, as Cheap
as the Cheapest.
All work guaranteed. Look at my
stock before making your
J. D. SWANK.
KEFFERS HEW SHOE STORE!
KEN S BOYS'. WOMEN'S, GIRLS' ind CHILDREN'S
SHOES, OXrORDS and SLIPPERS.
Black and Tan. Latest Styles and Shapes
Adjoining Mrs. A. E. Uhl, South-east
comer of square.
X TROE mark
i -j, Oesichs
'r'rrfi ' copyrights ac
F!-ni. taken throuifh Mann a Cu. receira
rrtoi aotiM. without chanre. la UW
MUNN & Co.36,Ewu,,"T- New York
Get r.n Education
Tb. beat outfit in life. bel mthol
CENTRAL STATE SORHAL SCHOOL
LOCK UAVLS ' ll.t. C.J. I'A.
Rtirme frn:t7, ri ood liSMT,
rr.Klrm .pyrt. in Uoor.Wrr ." urniD
Kum, b.cli-ia. ltt.l-i:UM. trf.-oao
h...iri !U.-s Hfe"i St.t. i4 t"
tfmit lo 1'.it..a u TcnUr e Mirm
ti.trorti-x.H.T-l n Mwic.M-fwJW
ntlnr. S-nd r illotrld .
jDu lUKi. rk L r.
rv-,'l . m-.t riif'Jv r:l
s J : -r . .... .--.u vi.iuitv.B
!kmu'. 'i tlu.r::, i!.r.. j -: i
r ja :i cr d;i.i:i i" ' , is I. t
ft. ' W
I , h ir.:io.;:: .? v.i:li "
YiJiWAt 50 YEARS
K 1; i isC'.i'.'S r ot. c:i tii S-
r;T6NCA5D r-v. CO.
r r--r ."l- rvi r I ' , .
'iy Jdf n B r.-ir-n y
Gol u k,ce forevermore ;
I-ove we Him, and Him adore
In the Cnrist-cbild bora of yore.
Irf-t jour live ring ont Ui praixe;
Like a ctilme 11 ia linger nwayi :
Swevt a carols be jour day.
lirtiiiliml with holinuw,
Iel j our daily d?eda coufemi
In w I.iim' name ye Mvk to bleu.
Tuis is what the carols menu ;
'bat tbef-hlme rung clear between ;
VS'liat the bounteous evereiwn.
Harriet McEwen KimbtU,
In Union Signal.
BY JENNIE M. I1IXOHAM. '
No refpouse from the man who sat
moping by the stove with bis feet on
the Htove-hearth and his old hat pulled
down to hi eyes.
".Say, daddy T
The o!d hat moved a little.
".Sa-y, daddy!" and this was a very
persuasive "nay," not at all like the in
quiring ones before, "did you know
about it that to-morrow's Christmas?"
lie shook his head slowly.
"Oh, it is it is, truly. I've kept count
for ever an' ever so many days, since
'fore Thankgivin'. An' Mr. Patrick
knows, I guess, an' he brought home a
Christmas tree this very morning. I
a'.en it, daddy; now don't you believe
The child wss sitting ou a stool by
bis side. She rested her hand on bis
knee with a little caress that somehow
appealed to him, even in his dull, des
ponding condition. Such a little hand,
too. How thin and claw-like it grew!
Somehow llecky didn't seem to grow
like other girls. Terbaps she was built
small some children are.
She left ber stool and came and stood
by bis side and reached up her arms to
put them about his neck. "Daddy, I
love you. D'ye s'pose I'll get a dolly,
a wax dolly, in my stockirtr. to-morrow?
It's Christmas. A ax r'olly
with curly hair, and she'll open and
shut her eyes, a wax dolly, and it's in
the pretty store window. 'Twould be
easy to find it, daddy just as easy as
easy as anything. Oh, I could find it
for you if the storeman couldn't. Just
think hoc I wake up early when we
have muffins for breakfast. Oh, I'll
wake up o much earlier when it's
Christmas, an' I won't cry a bit if we
don't have mullins never any more.
Ob, dollies are nicer with yaller hair,
an' they'll go aleep. Just think, dad
dy, go asleep, like as if it was a live
baby. You'd ne' er know when you
sue it going as'cep that it wasn't a live
baby; you'd never guess it, daddy."
She had talked so fast she was quite
out of breath now, and laid her head
against his shoulder. The cheeks which
had been pale were rosy enough now,
and the eyes, just a moment before dull
uud sunken, were very bright How
could be have thought that she was
sick? He put bis arm around her and
held her close. It was a little burden,
a very little one. Who would dare to
say that he didn't lve his Becky?
Love her! He'd lay out the first fellow
who dared to say It- It luul been said,
be was sure of that. Some fellow in
the saloon had said it when be bad not
been in a condition to defend himself.
He would like to hear him say it now.
He did not need to feel in his pock
ea to know that they were empty.
Saturday night's wages were gone, and
he had lost two days since. The pros
pect for the doll was not promising.
Just then the little bead nestled on
his shoulder, and the arms tightened
about his neck. It was an irresistible
kind of suasion. He muttered some
thing between bis shut teeth which
Becky could not understand. He un
claspfd her arms, put her down oa the
stool aud went out on the street.
He strode hastily along the thorough
fares busy places they were full of
people aud bundles and grocery boys
and market men.
How dead a man may be to the world
when bis appetite rules him! He would
not have known that It was Christmas
eve, or cared, save for Becky. She
wouldn't let a man forget iU He was
glad there was ouly one who wanted a
doll. There used to lie four. Frail
children like their mother. She bad
bieu washing all dy aud would be
tired and fretful wbeu she came home.
Sne might scold about the extravagance
of the doll. It was extravagant espe
c a"y when a man had no money.
He turned his step toward the plow
factory litre be used to be foreman,
and where he was now a day laborer,
a id threatened with dismissal.
It was six o'clock. The taen were
1 "iving. A bright light shone from the
oflioe. His employer was there alone.
This employe did not know bow a man
m!ht feel who had to face a cannon'B
mouth, but was sure it could not take
more pluck than be needed just that
He was a fool to be here, anyhow.
He would go down to the corner and
stay with the boys till Becky was abed.
He would not turn beggar for anybody
not fr B -'ky.
Not fof Becky? Jim little Becky,
who had stayed alone day after da),
without brother or sister, in the deso
late rooms, who bad grown more and
more frail with every month, who
would laugh out so heartily and clap
her little hands in a frenzy of joy when
Christmas morning should bring her
the wax dolly? It was worth some
thing to hear Becky's laugh it was so
seldom heard nowadays.
He felt the arms tightening around
his neck and the light pressure of the
little bead aga'nst bis shoulder. He
turned the knob of the ofilce door aud
walked in hastily before his courage
Mr. Chester, of Cheater & Son, was
looking over his mail and did not turn
around until that was done. Then he
frowned and nodded lightly, "Robin
son." "I came," begau Robinson, and then
It seemed not just the best way to be
gin. "I thought I would come, as it's
Christmas to-morrow, to see if if there
is anything due."
Mr. Chester shook his head and look
"You know better than I, Robinson,
there isn't a cent due you. If you bad
been at work this week instead of"
I don't ask no charity, sir," broke in
Robinson, sharply. "I ain't a beggar
yet. I'm coming to work day after to
morrow steady, and reckoned maybe
you'd overdraw for me with Christmas
coming to-morrow. A man can bear
poverty for himself, but the child she
can't understand it,"
"How many children have you now?"
Mr. Chester was a kind man. He
thought of his own children and the
bundles in the pockets of his greatcoat
homeward bound. Should the coming
of the Christ-cbild bring no gladness to
Robinson's little girl? He opened the
money -drawer and took out some
"Robinson, will a dollar answer?"
"Very well, very well, sir; and I'm
He took the dollar and went out into
the snowy winter night. He turned up
the gay avenue with its tramping of
busy people. The bright window of
the toy -store was on the corner. He
went in with the throng and really be
gan to catch the infectious Christmas
spirit. He found "the doll with yaller
hair that would go to sleep." It cost
a dollar. He paid for it, took his bun
dle and hurried away. He really felt
quite like a Santa Claus.
He would not go home till Becky was
asleep, aud then he would fix up a sur
prise for her. At the head no, on sec
ond thought at the foot of her little
cot, he would have the doll suspended,
ready to be swung iuto her arm: with
the first awakening.
Meantime, he would take a stroll
down the side streets. After all, a fel
low could have bitter thoughts on a
Christmas eve. The "might have been"
of his life was something be wanted to
forget If only one could have the ex
hilaration cf alcohol without the after
clap of gloom and unsteady hand and
He was married on Christmas eve)
now that he thought of it. He had a
little home tltrn. The mother of those
babies be used to love was au overwork
ed, spiritless washerwoman now, and
Becky only was left. There had been
a fearful going downhill fearful. Bet
ter for all of them to be dead and in
their graves. 'Twas a miserable world,
even on a Christmas eve.
"Hello, old boy Itobinson!"
Robinson looked up as he received a
friendly grasp of the arm.
"Exactly. G lad to see you. Haven't
seen you since when was it? sine
our little game?" They were in front
of the saloon. "Come in," taking Rob
inson's arm. "Christmas eve, you
kr.ow. 'Christmas ecmes but once a
year.' Have a glass of good cheer with
me. I owe you something on the
If be hesitated, it Mas only a mo
ment. What had he to lose? He went
in. After the glass was emptied he sat
down in a corner with the boys. The
old craving was uncontrollable now.
To resist it was like fighting a Niagara
current He listened to the tuink of
glasses and voices and laughter like a
man dreaming. He could throttle that
barkeeper and satisfy his thirst if so
many were not around. Ha put his
hand in his pocket from very force of
habit. Then he rememU red the bun
die in the pocket of his overcoat It
would bring him a dollar, perhaps.
He jumped up and called the bartender
aside. The bartender was very oblig
ing about those things. He said: "It
would bring fifty c nts easy being
second handed so."
"All right Give me fifty ceuts'
The landlord dealt it out Robinson
didn't remember so very much what
happened later. A man insulted him
and be fought it out with him. Fought
it out to his complete satisfaction.
So nebody who was stronger than be
seized bitu and carried him out
Christmas day he awoke with a stiff,
bruised, sick feeling, and found him
self where bad that bureau gone, and
Bocky's cot and the torn wall-paper?
He jumped up with an oath on his
lips. He was a prisoner.
Becky awoke early Christmas morn
ing, just as she had said she would. It
would have been belter if she bad slept
late, or perhaps never wakened to an
other Christmas day. She began gayly
with a bunting about, and continued
quite dismally with a season of tears.
Becky's mother made muffins for
breakfast, but tbey were not as com
forting as one might have supposed.
They had muffins nearly every week.
Christmas came only after one had
waited and waited through days and
weeks, and daddy had "most promis
ed" to bring ber a wax doll. Her
mother sighed heavily.
"We could starve to death for all
your father would care; much less buy
ing Christmas things: so it's no use to
But still little Becky with her empty
stocking raited her muffins with tears,
and could not be comforted.
"Don't cry, Becky, and I'll buy you
a tart for dinner, there's a dear. You
can have them to eat while I'm wash
ing dishes, and Maggie Murphy may
come in to play with you. Won't that
be nice for Christmas?"
Becky thought it would, and lifted
her tear-stained face from ber arms. It
was an old face for a child, pinched
and old, and she was only seven.
The mother was gone all day, and
Becky and Maggie played at borne.
They played they were fairies snow
fairies, and they went outdoors and
covered their heads nd shoulders with
the pretty Cakes of snow. The only
drawback to thir fuu was that the
fairy covering would melt as soon as
they came by the fire, aud so they
stayed outdoors as long as possible.
At night Becky's mother brought
her some cake from the fine house
where she bad been working, but her
throat was sore and she couldn't eat it
It grew worse the sore throat oh! it
ached so, and mother had to bold her
every minute. The child had no con
stitution, the doctor said. She went
into a delirium and talked incessantly
about her doll and begged daddy to
And then thers came a day when
ha asked for nothing, when it was
ESTA-BILISHED d 827.
WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER 27. 1899.
said she would never, never waken to
"Six months in the penitentiary for
drunkenness and assault" This was
He had begun to work it out He
had solemn days shut In with his con
science. Some nights he was smother
ed by the pressure of little arms about
his neck. It was enough to drive a
man insane. It sought relief in reso
lutions. One of these days wouldn't
he buy a doll for Becky ? Wouldu't he
be the best father a girl ever had ?
Wouldn't he feed and clothe and edu
cate her fit to be a lady? It crazed
him to think that even now she might
be suffering with hunger or cold.
One day the chaplain came and call
ed him aside. He had a special mes
sage for him. The griod chaplain gave
it as gently as he could as gently as
such hard words could be spoken.
The great strong fellow did not wail
or groan or faint. He turned away
with a face like a statue and went back
to bis work.
All this was several years ago. Peo
ple sometimes wonder why Robinson is
such an intense temperance man; why
he fights the saloon business with all
his might; why be makes temperance
speeches at every opportunity with sen
tences like thunderbolts. People won
der that such a morose -looking man
s'lould be so tender to children to the
childreu of drunkards. It is said be
has been known to stop little girls on
the street and cover their chilled hands
with warm mittens, and their frost-bitten
feet with Kbocs. They would not
wonder if he had told them bis story
a be has told it to me. Union Signal.
The Chinese Lily.
Once upon a time there lived in Chi
na two orphan brothers. . The elder
brother, not satisfied with having in
herited the larger share of the parental
estate, seized the most valuable part of
the younger's, leaving him but a few
acres of rocky, unfruitful soil.
Theyouuger brother bore the greedi
ness of the elder oue until he was
finally overcome with poverty and
hunger. Then, in great despair, he
threw himself upon the ground, and
lay there sobbing aud bewailing his
Suddenly he heard a sweet voice
calling his name. Opening his eyes
he saw a fairy bending over him, who
bide him arise, saying :
"Thy patience and forbearance have
bieu noticed, aud now great shall be
thy reward. Thou sbalt fiud riches
and fame beneath the soil where thy
head but a moment ago rested. To
reach the treasure will be no easy task,
bat be patient and oresevering. Rest
not until tbou hast found that which
shall cause thee to be honored and lov
e 1 for a thousand generations."
Then the fairy vanished, and the
youug man rubbed bis eyes and looked
about him. His rocky ground was still
there, and he was jubilant with a new
born courage aud hope. With resolute
will he applied himself to the task of
finding the buried treasure.
For many days he dug faithfully,
and finally he found a llower-bulb.
Believing in the fairy's promise be
planted the bulb and nourished it until
from it there grew a flower more deli
cately sweet aud fair thau had ever
b.'fore been seen.
Hundreds of people came to see the
new flower. Other bulb spruug from
its roots, and the youug man's name
and his bulb-patch soon became fa
mous. Riches and honor came to hiru
because, strange a it may seem, the
flower would not grow in any other
part of China, aud thousands came U
buy from him.
He named his treasure the "Sbuey
Seen Fab," or "Flower of the Water
Fairy" a name that it has eversiuce
borue, though in common parlance it
is known simply as the ''Chinese lily."
Difference in Bootblacks.
"Did you ever notice the difference
between the darky aud Italian boot
blacks?" said a man about town lo a
Chicsgo Inter Oceau reporter. "I sa
darkies aud Italians, because most of
t to 'shining' in Chicago is done by out
or the other. The darkies do the work
in barber shops and shoe stores and the
Italians run most of the 'parlors.'
"Now, you watch a darky, and if he'
alone he'll talk to his customer. If
there's two of them they'll chatter to
gether like magpies. And the darky ia
so full of music and dance that he's
got to put them into his work. He'll
put in all sorts of fantastic motions
and beat out a rude kiud of tin, as if
he were picking a banjo or cutting a
pigeonwing. When he brushes you
he'll beat you with the wbisp broom iu
the same way.
"Go into one f the Italian 'parlors
and it's as still as a grave. There may
be a dozen bootblacks, but not oue of
them will speak to you or to a com
piuion. Tbey do their work steadily
aud rapidly, but it's work, and noth
ing els. Same way with their brush
ing you. It's as d liferent as a watch
service from a cake walk."
Rev. John Reid, of Great Falls,
Mont, recommended Ely's Cream
Bilni to me. I can einphstnize his
statement, "It is a positive cure for
catarrh if used as directed." Rev.
Francis W. Poole, Pastor Central Pres.
Church, Helena, Mont
After using Ely's Cream Balm six
weeks I believe myself cured of catarrh.
Joseph Stewart, Grand Ave., Buffalo,
The Balm does not irritate' or cause
sneezing. Sold by druggists at 50 eta.
or mailed by Ely Brothers, 50 Warren
St, New York.
That Hatefal OirL
Ella When I refused Fred he aaid I
had sent him to his death. ' - :
Stella But he has since proposed to
me and I have accepted him.
Ella Then he meant a living death.
San Fxancisco Examiner. . .
"Better do it thau wLsb it done."
Better cure catarrh by taking Cood'a
Saraapariila than complain because
you sulfer trom it
The Smallest Republics in the World.
There is a number of small republics
in the world about which so little is
known that not one person iu a thou
sand could tell you anything about
them, yet each is a little kingdom in
itself, with a President and Council to
govern state affairs and its own pecu
liar trials and troubles to worry the
people. As regards imputation, the
smallest republic in the world is that
of Tavolara, an island about five miles
long, with a width of little more than
half a mile, situated about a dozen
miles to the northeast of Sardinia.
The total population of the whole of
the republic di.es not exceed sixty, but
th'ey elect a President every six years
aud a Council of six members, all of
whom serve the State without pay.
The women of this island go to the
polls and vote with the men, and ever
since it became a republic in KV" all
public business has been transacted
without turmoil, the elections taking
place without any high party feeling
or undue excitement
In 1S.50 King Charles Albert of Sar
dinia granted the island of Tavolara to
a family of the name of Bartoleoui,
but in less than half a century the in
habitants threw otr the yoke of the
monarchy and took to themselves the
right to be governed by themselves.
This little war did not alarm the world,
and was quiU a peaceful one. King
Paul I. reigned uutil and on his
death-bed requested that none of bis
kin should succeed to the throne, and
as no one claimed the honor four years
later the people decided to draw up a
constitution, and Tavolara has been a
very successful little republic since.
Twelve years ago its independence
was recognized by Italy, and, it is to be
presumed, other powers would have
recognized it also if they had known of
itsexistence. The inhabitants live prin
cioally by fishing and raising fruits
and vegetables. Tbey fear no sudden
invasion, for they dispense with any
army or navrf-; and, presumably, in case
of need, would rely upon their entire
population to uphold the freedom of
The small half-French and half-Spanish
republic of Andorra, which lies in
an almost inaccessible valley of the
Eastern Pyrenees, possesses a charter
of right dating from Charlemagne in
7i0. ' There is but one way of getting
to Andorra from France, aud that is by
the River Bolira. To reach it from
Spain you have to be carried dowu by
mule over oue of the most dangerous
footpaths In Europe. There are six
parishes in the republic and the whole
contains about 0,000 people, the terri
tory covering an area of lis square
miles. The republic is governed by a
General Council of twenty-four mem
bers, each parish sending four, and of
this Council the Syndic, or President,
U chosen for life by the Council. The
Syndic being President of the Repub
lic, receives a salary of $l- a year aud
the members of the Council are paid
$7 00. The republic is rather hamper
ed, for, while it elects its own officers,
collects its own taxes and looks after its
own army of 1,100 men, it has to pay
to France 90 fraucs a year for the free
importation of corn into the country,
and is forced to import it from Frauce.
Twelve months ago Andorra bought a
big gnu from Krupp and planted it al
most in theceutreof the republic, rii?ht
between Spain and France. Europe
should tremble, for when that gun is
fired either Frauce or Spain will be hit,
for the republic is but seventeen miles
across and the gun carries twenty miles.
Very few people have heard of thi
existence of the republic of Goust,
which is situated- on the flat top of a
mountain in the Basses Pyrenees, south
of France. It has but an area of one
and a quarter miles, and a population
of 140, so that, as regards size, it can
fairly claim to be the smallest republic
in the wo'Id. It is an older republic
thau the United States, having been in
existence since 1UIS, and erjoys the dis
tinction of being recognized by both J
Spain and Frame. The President is
elected from an elder college consisting
of twelve peasants, who are chosen ev
ery twelve years by the people. The
President Is also tax-collector, assess r
and judge. If, however, bU decisions
are displeasing to the people, they ap
eal to the Bishop of Laruns, in the
Spanish parish down the mountain
side, and what the Bishop says is law.
Goust is certainly a unique place, for it
has do church or clergyman, the t:
pie worshiping iu churches beyond the
limits of their country. Neither have
they any burial ground, and when a
death occurs among them the body is
slid down to a cemetery in the valley
below. In this valley, too, all the ba
tisms and marriages take place.
The republic of San Marina, iu Cen
tral Italy, is perhaps the best-known of
these tiny republics. Its territory cov
ers aUiut thirty-three square miles and
the population nuintters about 8,500
souls. This miniature State was found
ed in the fourth century by St. Marinus,
who, having embraced Chistianity, fled
here to escape the persecutions under
Diocletian. The capital, San Marino,
is on the crest of a mountain over 2,000
feet bigh, and has a population of 1,200.
It is oue of the most picturesqe places
in the world, being perched on perpen
The republic is governed by a Legis
lature, Senate of sixty members, elect
ed for life. From this body is elected
the Council of twelve, which, with
legal adviser, decides all questions.
Two captains regent, elected every six
months, represeut the State, which has
also its Home Secretary, its Minister of
Foreign Affairs, its Chancellor or the
Exchequer, its army of 9-V) men, aud a
regular budget. San Marino is proud
of ber antiquity, and has many curious
customs. By treaty with Italy the re
public receives a certain proportion of
the Italian customs revenue, but exacts
no customs ou ber borders. She also
agrees not to grow tobacco, but is al
lowed to import it duty free.
In order to avoid copyright difficul
ties there la no printing-press in San
Marino, and when the mail arrives at
Borgbo a bell is rung, and those inhab
itants who have their dwellings up on
the cliffs have to descend to get their
letters, for, owing to the primitive state
of affairs, the postman never ascends
the rock. Another curious fact is that
the comissary or Judge and the physi
cian must both be strangers, and are
paid out of the public purse.
The Earest Bocks in the World.
That Q.-en Victoria possesses the larg
est bound book ever made is perhaps
an itena of iuterest. It weighs sixty
three jHiuuds aud is eighteen iuchts
The most valuable, l'k in the world
is the Hebraic Bible. At the Vatican,
in 1512, the Jews tried to buy it of Pope
Julius II. for its weight iu gold. It is
so large and heavy th.tt two men cau
hardly lite it, aud it would have
brougfctf 100,000 if the Pope had con
sented to part with it
The smallest book in the world is not
much larger than a man's thumb nail.
It was made in Italy. It is four-tenths
of au iuch long, aud about a quarter of
au inch wide. It contains 2iw pagt-s,
each having nine lines aud from Do to
100 letters. The text is a letter before
uupublished written by the fatuous
inventor of the pendulum cleek to
Madame Christine of Lorraine iu V'V.
The next smallest book is au edition
of Dante's "Divine Comedy,, and it is
a little less than an inch wide, with
type so small that it takes a microscope
to read the letters.
When it is finished the official his
tory of our War of the Rebellion will
tie the costliest book in the world. It
i being issued by the Government of
the United States, and at a cost up to
date of about $2,000,000. It will con
sist of 112 volumes, iucludiugan index,
aud an atlas, which contains ITS pla'.t s
and maps illustrating the important
battles of the war, campaign, routes of
inarch, plans of forts, aud photographs
of interesting scenes, places and per
sons. The most volumiuous encyclopedia
work iu the world is in the Berlin
Anthropological Museum. It is in
12 volumes in Chinese. It embraces
literature, philosophy, astronomy, uat
ural science and industries. Each voi-
uuie has 100 to lo!) pages. Originally,
only one hundred copies were printed,
and (hose were not put on sale. Hut
recently a new edition was put forth,
which sellsat t'-MH) for the set It
splendidiy illustrated with maps a
1 lie laitnh Lilivmc: I1UIDI J i
country was owued by the historiau, f
H. H. Bancroft. It consisted of 50,- f
000 volumes, valued at 5200,000.
The highest price ever paid for a
single volume was o0,00!. It was for
..ll.ir,. nu.l iO.;..l. tl'.,.. itKuuntuil t
iriiuiu i.iivTi, - .ti ,t.Liit.u ,
to King Henry Mil by Pope Leo . .
The missal was accompanied bv a dic-
ument making King Henry the de-1
fender of the faith. It is now in the
possession of the German Government. J
a ...i.i.i. i.. .....:.. tr
v dtuauio sua Murm-ijl'i. ii uvv s ,
most vaiuahie oue in inn country, h i
s.-....w' .. .... or' ......
It is a manuscript measuring 13 inches
by inches ; it has lnt pages of vel
lum, and is bound in red morocco. It
was made for Galeazzo Sforza by the
great Florentine artist, Franceses'
lhppo Lippi. 1
Iroti nails are studded all over the
covers of aset of missals owned by Mrs.
Samuel Bowne Duryea, of Brooklyn,
who paid $t00 .'or the set It contaius
the full musical score used in a Euro-
ean monastery it is a ch ir book.
It was supposed that only l wo copies
of Washington's first essay in autlior-
snip existed, oui wuniu tae nasi itw
years, or In 1S07, a third copy came to
I i .r t mi.i1 i- ia tkii ij1i . ual Kit a irt. lit!
"b" iv..-.!-... "j -"--
man who makes a hobby of colb-ctiug
Washingtouiaus; he qui.e willingly j t-,, waa .ui-rues called "December
paid tlWK). The buyer is bel'eved to be mrtUs," as denoting a s-asou of un
Heury Havemeyer. ,millied license and jollity. Among
Tarring the Sheep's Nose-
After the sheep are shorn their noses
should lie rubbed with some tar l repel
the fly which lays the egg that haicties
iuto a grub aud enters the he id. It is
very little trouble to tar all the s ieps'
noses in a Hock if you only know bow.
Put a little suit over th iur, rmd in
their anxiety to get al the suH the
sheep will tar their own noses et ft du
ally, aud will very likely rub their tar
red noses ou the sides and sliou. ders of
other sheep. This is why it is best to
shear the sheep before tarriiig them.
Speaking about tarring sheep r minds
us of the English farmer who ft d- out
lo his farm one summer duy with a
bow I of tar aud some salt, taKmg his
little boy with him for a p eas n ' ri le.
The old farmer thought it a ;.x d oc
casion to impress some who.e u e ad
vice ou tiie juvenile mind, so n igau
iu the stereotyped way to et'aim
against the danger from keep.ng bad
company and at every her. tenet? would
add the injunction, ''Mark me, iuy
lad," sometimes varhsl wit;i ".Ntiri
me well." This comiuued uutil the
boy astonished the farmer with the
protest, "If I mark, you um- h more,
there'll be no tar for the sheep." Every
time he had beeu told lo "uuirk me"
he had obeyed literally by putting some
of the tar on the back of ilie farmer's
coat. Boston Cultivator.
As a cure for rheu natism Chamber
lain's Paiu Balm is gaining a wide
reputation. D. B. Joiinstou of Rich
mond, lud., has beeu troubled with
that ailment since 1H.12. In sr. making
of it he says: "I never found any
thing that would relieve me until I
used Chamberlain's Pain Ka'ai. It
acts like magic with me. 'My foot, was
swollen and pa;nijg ine very much,
but one good application of Paiu Balm
relieved me. For sale by ail drujj-jists.
The salmon canneries nt Sjid Jose,
Cal., were so busy and so short of iiauds
last month that the local se tool ooard
decided to postpone I be opening of the
schools for two weeks in order to allow
of the employment of the pupi's during
My son has been troubled for years
with chronic diarrhoea. Sometime
ago I persuaded him to take some of
Chamberlain's Colic, Cbaleru and
Diarrhoea Remedy. After Us'rjg two
bottles of the 25-cent size be was cured.
I give this testimonial, hoping some
one similarly afflicted may read it and
be benefited. Thomas C. Rower Glen
coe, Ohio. For sale by all drufi9t-.
WHOLE NO. 252G.
ASTJB.E CURE FOR CROUP.
Twenty-fiTe Years' Constant Use
Without a Failure.
The firt indication of croup is hoarse
ness, and in a child subject to that dis
eti'e it may be taken as a sure sign of
the approach of a i atta'-k. 1- !lo ing
thU bo;irsen-s is a peculiar rough
cough. If Chamberlain's Cough Rem
edy is given as soon as Hie child be
comes hoarse, or even after therroupy
cough appears, it will prevent th' at
tai k. It is used in many thousands of
homes i:i this broad laud and never
disappoints the anxious mothers. We
have yet to learn of a single instance
in which it has not proved effectual.
No other preparation can show such a
record twenty-five years' constant use
without a failure. For sale by all
Chri&t-ius in Other Lacds.
Tiie festival of Yule was a feature de
rived from Norse mythology, the word
Yule being derived from a Norse word
for wheel. Ii the Edda the sum is
styled farahliel i, fairor shining wheel 1,
and a remnant of his worship under
the image of a tire-wheel survived iu
Europe as late at least as H2:'. The
inhabitants of the viiUire of Konz, ou
the Moselle, were iu the habit, on St.
John's eve, of takfug a great whe-l
wrapped iu straw to the top of a iieil -boring
eminence, and making it roll
down the hill, filming all the way; if
it reached the Moselle la-fore being ex
tinctagood vintage was anticipated.
In the greenery with which-, we .till
djck our houses and temples of wor
rtliip, and in the Christmas trees laden
with gifts, we perhaps see a relic of th'j
HymlKils hy which our heathen fore
fathers signilied ll.eir faith in i:.e -lower
of the returning suu to clothe tl.e
earth again with greeu and bung new
fruit ' the tree; aud tiie f.unieiity
jtill, or lately, eateu on Curi.itaias eve
or morning, iu mauy pares of England,
nevus to be a iicji-riug memory of the
otforiugs paid to liuldaor Brchta, the
divine mother, the Northern Ceres, or
pt-rsouiii -ation :f fruitf jluess, to whom
ttiey I. siked for lie w stores of graiu.
" burning of the l ule log (oriuie
il-los') testifies to t
worship of the sun
the use of fire iu the
, , a . . I
I.l. .i. .!.. I n uur u.r tunoa i.wiril
. a ' .
in,, rt !-.. ruimr.u tli.it huvilPTIilwi1iiii-ll
" , , .. . ,, .
Ui os, toe oin oouijujr .as jueiue: m-
ii.f d, and uothit: else, from oue end
t' ttie other, at Christmas tide includ
ing the whole 12 days and ofien taking
. . 1 1 .
" , . , . . , . '
11114, IIH.r.4.. I,- II M'l I.l IV MIMltlflll.I 111. Ill
, . . '. . , -,,
.1 . r ...f I. .ti li.ii.a r. . I ruixl u-iMi
, , , . ,. . ,
iKkijC lvv'.riil mi-. tin. cnitrchi-
... , , , , . ,
wi: i .'i-'r.r'in u,'-r-
carried about the
s r -v:s wim every
hearth the Yule
J-il-Lfity. O.i every
j X 'fc . .a i 1 1 v&o w-w tiui'kia.ivii au ht.v
jnony, aud made to blaza merrily w ith
. leaps of wood and brush piled upon
. I.. .'..-. litrlir mul i-'it.r f.'i thi. umiim
... . . . .
. ...-.ii i
red into the laiq'let upon A hue
t-ilver platter wit a flourish cf music.
This was followed by the wai-ssil bowl
tilled wilti sliced and sweetened wiue
or ale, and bissiug w:tii roasted apples
.r.d toast, and to which crabs were
t. ("ten added. Vlic:i ttie cloth was re-
luoved aud this dish was borne in by
,i,a i,,,.' ,
acclamations and other
j .leuionstratioin of joy arose, and good
The pericd covered bv Christmas-
ne nutii rous persouags wan p.vauled
over the carnivals of the time were
Uld Father ChrL-tmas, the Abbot of
Unreason, the Prince of Christmas,
tue Lord of Misrule aud Master of
i-vels. It was the duty of these per
hous to take the lead in all the sports,
processions and masquerades, and oc
imuv the chief seats at the feasts, in a
household book of ail old English iam
ily is found this direction: "My lords
u-eth and accuslometh Jerly to gjf
iiiui which is ordered to be Master of
ii'Vt-1, yerly in my lords house In
i'liristmas for the over-seyings and or-
"ering of liis lordship Playes, Inter-
lui'-K uIkI I r sings that is plaid before
liis lordships in his house on the sixth
i iyts ti ('ri.-teiimuss and they have
in reward for that cause yerly, sxs."
Tie Arkansas Razar-Sack.
A lean, ill-favored Arkansaw hazel
splitter, which hadn't enough Meat on
U's hams to make the tilling for a rail
road sandwich uor fat euough in his
entile systeu to grease a skillet, hap
pened lo bi rooting for grub worms
near a t:tl 1 in which a shapely Klsjs
xrker was tilling bis interior with
HUcculent alfalfa.. Tue Kansas hog be
gan t lauh and ncik-i derisive re-
nialks uhjut the Arkansaw swiue, but
tue had-splitter simply observed, as
lie ramiucfi his rooter iuto the subsoil
and dug up another grub: "You may
J.-.ugh and snicker at my appearauce
now, my 1 fast, but 1 will be uer.;
doing LustQess a j ear from now, while,
if I am uot mist ikeu, when that mill
I see coming with a kuife gets here ha
won't do a thing to you."
Moral, according to the Topeka Mail
Poverty seems to have some ad van
tages after all. Melon Growers' Month
ly. Whetler'a Nerve Vitalizer is the
world's creat nerve builder. It cures
i he worst clscs of ept!epy, nervous
prostration, St Vitus' Dance and all
vbe ltsner ills, cires to stay cured.
I'.rstn's Cough BVs.Htn is double th?
usual el f..r 2" cents doso is small
and warrauted to cure. For sale at (iar
jnau's Drug Store, Berlin, Pa., and
Mountain & Sou's Drug Store, Con
An Elephant on His Hindi.
Her Father Do yoo think, sir, that
you cau support a woman of such ex
tra vugant ti.stes as my daughter?
Her Adorer I d .
Ikr Father Theu fake her and be
5 happy. I can't
Th Saltor ajil th rixarahea.
Old sailor siU a tliey wamlir
arouud the water front these days and
note the disappearance of the fa.uoi:
old flsurvbeail, vthit-b. used to le the
fl. lisiit of every clipper ship's crew.
Tbey wore hiie wooden Images of al
most everything Imaginable, but tiie
feirale for;u predominated. Many lirf
crebrads were to represent th? fair
one after whom tin? sliip was named,
and there is aa oUl sea yarn atout a
sailor who fell In love with the lian..!
souie wooilen female which nkirr.ed
Lis ship. He used to slip down the
"dolphin striker" and hang on there,
while the ship bowed and lurched,
talking love to the figurehead. Finally,
according to forecastle tradition, tht?
figure sneoxisl, aud the sailor, who wa-
known as "lively Mike,'" because he
was the ugliest man that ever set foot
oa a ship's deck, nearly fell iuto the
sea. He recovered his senses and sai.l.
-Did you speak V
"No, I didn't speak," returned the
figure. "I Just sneezed to attract your
attention. You're kuowu as "Lovely
Mike. ain't you? You're a married
man, aiu't you? Aud your wife has to
take In washing both when you're at
home and when you're away. tceause
she cau never get a cent out of you.
Mr. Farmer, just climb back to the
forecastle and dou't ln-ther any more
This rather curt interview is alleged
to have worki-d a marked change la
Mike, and when he got home he astou
Ishcd his wife by giving her a couple
of dollars. Baltimore News.
! lib I'otiuialna.
Ia the United States ii.sh poisoning Is
most frequently due to decomposition
In canned fish. The most prominent
symptoms nre nausea, vomiting and
purging. Sometimes there Is a scarla
tinous rali. which may cover the
vvlole lx.ly. The 'vr.ter has stu!lsl
two oi'.t'.irea'is of this kind of tish poi
soning. In both instances canned salm
on was t!n cause of the trouble. Al
though a lUseussion of the treatment of
food poisoning is foreign to t! is paper,
the writer must call atteutiou to the
danger la the administration of opt
ates iu cases of poisoning with canned
Vomiting and purging are efforts on
the part of nature to remove the -s
n and slio il.l Ik assisted by the stoiu
r.e.i tubi' aud by Irrigation of the colon.
In .:ie cf the cases seen by the writer
l::rge doses of morphine had Ix-eu ad
ministered in order to check the vom
iting and purging and to relieve the
pain. Ia this case death resulted. The
danger of arresting the elimination of
the poison m all cases cf f.md ois. '.
lug o:u:not Le tin emphatically cou
deiiif.cd. Victor C. Vaughau iu Pop
ular Science Monthly.
"Al.v;t:t S.'nf kegs ind barrels of ca
pers, a small. so:ir terry resembling la
color ar..l siiae a green pea. are an
nua'.lv imported into the United States
from S;::iii and France, said a wbolc-
s:;lo tlei-.lcr iu all sorts of foreign con
diments la New York to the writer re
cently. "Capers grow ou a hush, and
are ext'-usivcly used by all classes cf
cooks Jt this country for garuishiug
salad if.i! making a sauce which is
r.si:;;I!y s'-.-veJ with boiled mutton and
other nil :.ts. There are four sizes of
The sr.;al!cst are commercially
s ru upareils and the three oth
srs called cupucines. cajioies
and KiirUm-s. Tl.e smallest capers are
the most desirable and bring the most
money. Very few cn;ers are imported
in glass-. They are shippo.l to America
hi kegs a::.l barrels, hoi, ling from 15 to
lo g:::io:.s of the berries iu brine or
viue-,'ar. The work of lsttling the ca
pers is done by tin wholesale dealers."
Bride(TT-oo-- Frit.-. 1 In.! iitcret !oa.
A queer case of cr.n"'il.;'.tism is re
ported as !:!v:::g recent:.'.- l.iKen piace
in the Solo:::o:i islands. The Jeanneti
took fr:n Noumea a Kanaka who had
acted as orderly to the Immigration of
fice there end was on his honeymoon
with his v.ife, intending to land at
Ao'.-.i, v.!:e:e his wife's tribe lives. He.
however, ma le l!:e mistake of disem
barking aiitoa.g the wrong tri'u; en I
was at once seized by tho natives, over
powered, killed and eateu.
The widow wr.s provided by the tribe
with a second husba-id. Loudon Mail.
First Hons Ia r rod i.e.
A liussian correspondent sends us
details of a very interesting and ar.r.:-
ing ta!. told by a Uussian veterinary
sr.rgi on who was seut into the Urr.l
li.t.-iet to buy horses and hay for tlio
r-cKsauts of t'u famine stricken prov
inces, lie bad to do mostly with the
uatives (kirghir.ii. who are half sav
age, but who. nevertheless, were found
t.j be extremely holiest and absolutely
trustworthy ia all buying and selling.
Kou:e cf them even o'ering to give
bortes for the starving peasants.
Ouiti a differvtit story has the sur
geon to tell of tin Ural Cossacks, who
did their levil best to cheat him bi
the must ban f..eed manner and on
whom no reliance was to be placed.
And yet these Cossacks are very re
ligious and so simple In certain re
spects that a swindler succeeded in
selling them quite a niuu'ier of tickets
for paradise! The veterinary surgeon
F3W severe! of these tickets, which
were marked -Fin t rows" and sold at
25 rubles, back seats bringing consid
erably les.;. Commercial Intelligence.
The Ttistate of 11 in Life.
r.'.irers What's v.re-ig today? You
F.lunVrs- I'll never f rgiv? myself. I
l.tckiii a caller cut of my house lass
-Huh! I kV'-.M mr.sy a one. Youns
fellow. I supi'-' :"
"No: pr--t toi l.'.'e ?.r.p."
-Well, these old codgf-rs have no
btislntss co;m':g round spar:!-:;
rour-g girls. I Meted out one of that
fort but week.
"Yes. b::t I've found out that this
man wasn't after my daughter: be
was nfter my irother In law." New
A rroper Qneslloa.
"And clothes." argued the missionary
further, "are a.-, cheap s dirtl"
The tr"p:- heathen did rot concer.l
"Yes; hut an they as hyg!-nic?" fal
tered this simple child of the fo:itt.
Her health was quite perfect now.
aid there was no telling what niig!:t
not Ik the effect of corsets and skirts
which do not hang from the shoulders,
to say nothing of the veils with deU
In them. Detroit Journal.
"Woman's work is never dne.
qu;d the syn; pathetic citizen.
"That's right." answered Mr. M.ck
ton earuestly. "I have observed It in
Henrietta's case. Woman's work is
never done. There Is always enough
of It left over to keep her husband
busy from the time he gets through
his dinner till he's o tired he has to
go to bed." Washington Star.
"Mary Prim doesn't distribute tracts
"No. I met her the tther day. and
she snielled d.-eadfully of peppermint."
"From tracts or extracts, eh?"
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
The driest of all fishes Is, perlisps.
t!w river ec!. yet. according to on aiial
yls by a Ceruun chemist ' per
co'it rf'bs substance Is water. Salmon
copies no-t. with 1.J Pr cenL II
rtprsc::d oysters are four-fifth rater.
A - r : 3 -nm c fl n t e tl .
You luivei'l ary srlodi-ss toh-c-co.
you." a..:.ed toe :una:l yor.a
-Lots t-.i it." said tl.e natter of fa. t
pero.i behlal -h- counter. prc itciuz t
box of sautY -Uow uiucU 1j ;a