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., H. B. MASSER, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
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SI ' jFamfljt JlctospapriyiOrtiotrti t0 DoHtfts, JLftcraturc, IHorairtj?, jForrtnn nntt Domestic ilclus, Scfcnte anlr the arts, ajirfcuUurr, Jfcttrutts, amusements, Set.
NEW SERIES VOL. , NO. l8.
SUNBURY, NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY, PA., SATURDAY, JUNE 16, 1849.
OLD SERIES VOL
9, NO. 38.
T1 A 1VI
. a n
J 1 jL
lorn ; ' : . "'
TERMS OF THE AMERICAN.
TUB AMKR1CAN it published every Saturday nt TWe
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No paper discontinued until all nrrciiriiiri-. tin mini.
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lerent aitverlim-menu weekly.
iy larger Advertisements, 'us per agreement.
H. B. MASSES,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Business sllendcd lo in the ('.oiintic, of Nor
tiand srlatid, Union, Lycoming end Columbia.
Refer to I
' P. ex. A. FnvouiiT,
J, owr.it & Bahiior,
Somsrs &. 8hoiiohass, 'Ai7u.
Rktrolus, Mcr AnLiKii ft. Co.
' Bpumsn, 'Jonu ft. Co.,
CKotiriK J. vi:.vi:it i i:mvi n. iTrt.r.n.
S corse Wearer iV. o.,
COPE lYlANTjr ACTUREHS & SHIP
Ao. 19 .V, Water St., and II N. Wharves,
HAVE .'"iiUnllllv on Imnil. n (r'ninil nswirlmiMil of
M .n.. Iln Hop", 'hirnil II ""', ll:ili:m U"'. Iliili' II """
end Twine. Tnu' Line., f.ir I'mnil Itmit.. Itnvv nml Slftrn
Line., for iht. Hemp anil t'olt-in Seme Twine. Linen mid
Totton t'lirpet t'hinn, t'nM'.n Vnrn. t'uniile Wielc. Ae.
drain Hue l.inen nml t'otlon, Tnr, I'ileli. Ho.in, nnd
Oukinn, lleil Conl.. Vloii'li l.im-5. lUillem, 'i'rneeft, Ate., nil
of wiiieh ihey will ili.i. of on mwoniiMe term..
HofH'.or liny Pie or Dewription, Atiule to rnT, nt
. I'hilsdrlpliia, Fell. HI, f 1!). 1y.
peiYiTy & cooriTn,
For the sale of Fish nnd Provisions.
.Vo. 9 JX)llTJl W1I.1RVES,
Philailrljiliiii, May .'illi.
(.'oil nml Dun Fish,
JA.MKS COOl'I'.R. llKl'A CAMKRON.
;. . ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Scliujllilll County, Pa.,
WILL collect numim, nttoml to lilijjnleil rases,
and act n iiircnls iu llio niiinnenient of
lEatiitca, Ac. I'itkoiih ilririn;r their vcrviccs, mnj
n!fort llio following (,'ciitlenien:
''" ..' ( '(rilll.Al)KI.PIIIA.
Dnvid". tlnwil, ; lsn.e l(. Dnvi.. fJideon fl. Werteolt,
Ilenrr While. ' Kninei. .. Iluek, Wnl. H. Itciit. l'.wi.,
rhaa. '.ilMioli.. I1. J'"'l Cook, I1., I). II. Ilrcwuter, I in),
C. Thutiiwot: Jojh K(.
. I I NEW YOUK.
lon.M.nw'. II. Orhmrfl, II. u. iil-n Hoffman,
itmi. ilnine. .MonriM. Iln. Klv.-inl t'mti..
Hon. Aliikitt ltwrenee, IIoston.JoIhi Aiki-i, Kwi, Niwell.
ALEXANDER G. CATTELL,
HfCCEMOtl TO JAM KS M. IIOJ.TON, DDCD.
COMMISSION 6- FOIiirjKDIXG MER
CHANT, Fir ike sale of Grain, Flunr, Seeds, Iron, Lum
1 S. 13 North. Wharves,
Oooda CrwrS.iJ with rare, to nil points on the
Schuylkill, Lilian, SuKiiuchunna , and Juniuta
C??'Snlt, Piaster, !rimliitoiic8. ftc, for ealo at
the lowest price.
Philadelphia, June t, 1849. ly
' ItiO Maukkt Smr.ET, Piiilauki.I'iiia.
Iwfortcrt of. Frcuchy English and German
Fancy and Stable Stationery.
VrAFEKS. S'lins Wax, Ink, Draft and Hack-
Binimoir Doanls, Tnc, IrAKtumls, Doini
noe,iittKitt' nnd other Steel Pens, Ivorr and
Uone Ftflilr-rn, Papeterie, Ciold and Silver Pencil
i ( 'awi, ftrii-Utl llounl; Whiitman'i DrAwinff P.v
lw., Kuve1oM, Hond'a nnd Amolu'e ivlclirutetl
llnke lfw Muktti( Linen, I'orlfolioB.Disnoeli'il Mupi'
auil(tiKinM,CWuuunn, Cunln, (iold Pens, Ac.
U'litudiljiiiia, June S, 1X VJ 3m
FeurtU Sir. , lie Ar1' '""
mie v....t,;n nil n'smigement of Ms
-I wen known hotel, (which is h.! th Very
.centre of fcuaiiWM.) having h.' M iu
no the lands of the su.Wril.ers, thi-y hf ff lv V
at.it that it istlicir pur, to render it worthy of
the liberal rmtrouacc with which it has l.een here
nofore sustained, and ho, hy unremithng atteii
lion, to deserve the patrnnaoe of their rrierils,
who may visit the city on business or pleasure.
U. & J. McKIUBlN.
' Formerly of the Exihange Hotel, Pituburjt.
' ' May 5, 1849. 4t
. i ;
DK. J. 11. MASSE 11 has rcmoveo m
ollice. to tho ollice formerly oc.
copied hv H. U. Miwscr.as the printing
. i:.-;.f".l, . Smilnirv American, uaik
1. 1 1 1 . ... " - j
of H. Mawrs Htore.
ou0-, Fdfc 24 l849e-
. TJVEV MAN HtS OWN PATENT
r ..l.r,licrs of the "SCIENTI
lv I . ..'m'.ii-av Laws favoured us with
, a Phamphlel containing the Patent Laws of
V . T. - . .k..r iv it I. il l t he forms neoe.
. m Ration that is to instruct
Addre- MliNN A W),
March 10, 14
J , n.. -ill ,n,.iinuo to receive and w
- - - :i M in Miiittiiirv. ill'."-
rmuiaiXe . Tna vVw of the Vuuch
KSm the scenery .djut-
na,i"w. .... , h. , ,,, ,
tEFTKAIT CAUTKIl SOS.
This celebrated pioco of poetry, to which
o much attention has been called of Into,
we give below. Laugh while you carl.
Near Springfield Mountain there did dwrll.
A comely youth I knew him well,
Letlennnt Unrter'a only aon,
Hia father's pride, nigh twenty one.
One day thin young man tli-id go,
Down to the meailowa for to mow.
lie didn't mow half dow n the field,
When ft pesky snrpcut hit hia heeld.
And when he felt the vnrment hjle,
He ruiscd hia arytlie, with nil hiamisht.
And fetched such a dendly Wow,
Aa quickly Iniil the crcetur low.
He took the anrprnt in tils hand,
nd atraihtwny went to Molly Brand.
Say ina; Molly, Molly, here you see,
The pirrn anrient what hit mc.
Now Molly had a rosey lip,
With which she did the pizon sip.
Hut Molly had a rotten tooth
And quickly pizeu'd were they holh.
They laid them down upon the Im.iI,
Where they hoth quickly di-i-ed.
Their hudies were all speckled o'er,
With the colors which the anriiciit Isire.
When this ybung man Rave up the ghost,
To Ahrn'ma hosom he went post,
A cryiiirr loud aa up he went,
till ! cruel, cruel sa-nr-pent.
THE THREE DEAF MEN".
liefure the deaf squire of the village
DcnfplaiiitilVauiiiiiiona deuf defendant,
And having charired him with the pillage
Of sundry cheeses, makes an end on 'I.
Not at all moved with such such grave charges,
The other on his part engages
In his defence, and much enlarges
1'pon an old account for wages,
The justice then with solemn face,
Decided : "As I have understood
The merits of this knotty ease,
I must maintain the marriage good;
And iu this view I shall persist,
The case is without costs dismissed."
THE (TIAItACTER OF AAttON 1111111.
BY WILLIAM WALLACE.
If Rlennerli asset had been the only per
son ruined by Burr, in tho prosecution of
his enterprizes, charity would suggest a
burial of our remembrance of the exile's
desolation. But the victims of Burr are
to be numbered by hundreds. The base
and the peaks of society, alike show the
scatching marks of his fiery visitation.
lie cherished no friendship he return
ed unhonorcd the drafts of gratitude; he
kindled by the fireside of hospitality the
flame of lust, and felt little pleasure in bid
ding adieu to the Lares of his host, until
the dearest that flourished in their shadows
were sacrificed. The man's whole being
centered on the pivot of selfishness. But
for the affection he manifested towards his
daughter, his sole moral merits seem to
have been courage and coolness ; and yet
clustering as were the laurels which they
wedded to his brow his baser passions so
predominated that he held it more glorious
to seduce a womanf than to glitter in the
field of letters, to scale the steeps of philo
sophy, or to wave a banner victoriously in
He courted the man to corrupt his wife
the statesman to profit hy his influence
the millionaire to obtain his money
and the world to gratify his desires. He
was the more dangerous from the possession
of an intellect, massive, piercing, brilliant,
united to frame at once handsome and vig
orous. His mind was but the keen and
resistless weapon with which his passions
hewed a way to conquest. I hat weapon
Was I'rotettii. But few could escape its
ever chano-i.ig attack. If the victim came
fuUv under the sraze of an eye whose
sham li"ht rese mbled lightening imprison
ed and forever pi'ayjng in a cloud as black
as nieht he was lost. Burr's conversation
was irresislably fascinating his had swept
over every chord of the human heart. He
strewed the rosy path oi me nappy witn
flowers of a still brighter hue : he arched
.... ! .t.L
the troubled sky ol tnc aesixinning wun me
rainbow ot nope; ne conjurea up ueiure
the wrapt visions ot the avaricious, moun
tains Ot goiu ; anu 10 me aspiring, j"i'
n, nut the shadowy vistas of siory.
Thus he 6tood, ormed. unprincipled, ruia
less and terrible. Hie want ot lortune
alone prevented his presenting in one lurid,
dreadful and overwhelming mass, thai evu
which he accomplished buttoosuccessiuiiy
in many details. Chance contined lo vai-
1 ...... f.hmnar!IVP V lllimilie H irillin:.!.
I L - - 1
'7'. -".'--,-,- .. I.. . AX'
Wlncn only waueu iur a release iu un-
It may be askea . n not uis v. u..
the battle fields of hia Cunry " yZ
memberea!" iutwwni i
l; j.;.. trait. Nr. matter
111,11 was a icu. . "8
7 IZ ' "2anv nprsnns who will doubt
the real patriotism 6f one who was ready
ll 1 1 1 r IT aic limn i
to forswear tin allegiance, wuo T"
on so mucn u at u ------
even bis exploits against tyranny as less
glorious than the moral destruction 01 a nu-
A. ere is expected to subdue; but With
Burr the winter of time brought no snow.
lava nf passion. At four score
and six, the crater wore a glow as ardent as
at twenl v. His faculties mocked at a cen.
ill. . m I., ihe soothinz calm
of iVlijion, to fiwblc the barbie which has
MIUlli" '"o ' . P . .
been tossed by the storms of life, to prepare
for a worthy entrance into the sea of an
other world. Burr died as he lived prac
tically an atheist. Age should bring re
spect ; Burr died as he had lived, without,
the respect of the good. His hoary hairs
went down to the grave floating on the
breeze of infamy.
In cunning, an Togo; in lust, a Tarqttin;
in patience, a Cataline: in pleasure, a Sy
barite ; in gratitude, a Malay ; and in am
bition, a Napoleon. He affords the world
a powerful example of powerful intellect,
destitute of virtue. His portrait would
fitly appear in a circle of Dante's Inferno.
Let no one accuse me of stepping with
unsanctified feel through the solemn vaults
of the sepulchre. Aaron Burr belongs to
History. Such wat the lot he chose.
He seduced the wife and dniifihter of the
man who ;ave him shelter after the duel
tllis own assertion.
Ho wished to claim his rights as a British
subject, when in London : Lord Liverpool re
jected llio offer with contempt
MTRI.MK.M AD DIGERTIOX.
Tiie Cinciiinulti Nonpareil has quite) a
sensible article, on eating and drinking, in the
course of which the editor gives some facts
in relutiuu to various articles of food. TIib
1 low in table of the amount of liiilrinus
matter iu different grains is well worth pre
servation for reference : '
100 lbs Wheat
contain 85 lbs nutriment.
Greens and turnips 8
It will bo seen from the above that meat
is not tho most nutritious food, as is generally
supposed. Tho laboring man often thinks
ho cannot perform a day's work without
meat ; but the fact is that it is not half as nu
tritious as wheat, corn, rye, or beans. Meat
is more stimulating than vegetables, and does
not maintain so true an equilibrium in the
system. Uniformity in our footings and habits
is desirable that is, we should be constant
ly in good health and spirits. It seems,
therefore, that meat is not favorable to this
stale, and should be gradually dispensed
That will bo eoceded to be the best food
which supplies tho greatest amount of nutri
tion with the least effort of tho digestive or
gans, lo uetermino tins, we will give tno
resultsof a long course of experiment which
Dr. Beaumont conducted with a soldier who
had been wounded, and tho wound so
healed as lo leave an opening into the sto
mach through which the operation of diges
tion could be observed.
Bread and milk digested in 2 hours.
Codfish 2 "
Turkey " 21 "
Goose, wild, 2i "
Hash 24 "
Oysters and crackers " 3 "
Beef, fresh, roasted, " 3i "
" " broiled, 2 '
boiled, " 3i
Pork recently salted, " 4 J "
Mutton " 4 "
Eggs, hard, boiled, " 3J "
" soft, boiled, ' " 3 "
Sausages, " 3J "
Fowls, 4 "
Bread, with coffee, " 4 "
ltice 1 "
Tapioca " 2 "
Barley " 2 "
Milk ' 2 "
Pigs' feel " 1 "
Tripe ' 1 '
Trout " 14 "
Soup, bean, " 3 "
barley, 14 "
' Mutton, 31 "
Beans ' 24 "
Bread, wheal, 31 "
corn, " 31 "
Cake, corn, " 3 "
Turnips l 34 "
Potatoes, boiled, " 34 "
roasted, 24 "
Cabbage ' 24"
Eroin tho above table, it will bo seen that
it requires more effort to digest animal than
vegetable food ; whilo the latter furnishes
Jouble the nutriment of tho former. Com-
mon gensP therefore, settles tho question of
I.. ... .
I A lnrnn nt rml.l urnrth nmirlv ,iltffn mm.
. "-r-si -i m v-
ijroa dollars was picked up the oilier day at
I a mine near Dalton, Georgia, by a poor la-
f Xnother lump yet larger, has been
found at the same place.
. . TZT ' . .
Chamber's I hdlllbursh) Journal says, that
AmMica !' ,h? f the ki"ST'
No douW 01 tnat but whatmust it then be
. .i.ii. i
M the leUow. thai don't worn
Camphor Cigars-a new contrivance of the
Pari. chemits, have been imported in Phihv
I . . , . .1
".- - ----
G rattan one day came to his son, and
pushing him until he was awakened, "Come,"
said he. "get up ; recollect it is the early
bird thai catches the worm" Serves the
worm righl," said the witty .lumberer, "for
I . , I 1 II
bein abroad so early."
TREATMENT OF THE HOLELA.
Snlphnr a Cholera Specific.
As any thing relating to tho treatment of
cholera is interesting at the present moment,
we copy from tho Chicago Journal llio sub
joined letter, written by a physician of high
standing nt Chicago, who appears to believe
that a specific for tho cholera has been dis
covered in the use of sulphur. A correspon
dent of the Albany Atlas, in referring to the
letter of Dr. Herrick, observes, that "sulphur,
it is said, has long been employed in cholera
by practitioners of the homtrpathic school, in
accordance with directions to that elfi'i't in
their book," but he justly adds, that this
ought not to prejudice llio public against its
use. Dr. Blancy, mentioned in Ihe letter, is
a man of science and research :
Dear Sir: In compliance with Ihe request
of my friend, Dr. J. A. Bird, 1 have made
tho following brief synopsis of a letter from
him, sent to mo for publication in the North
Western. Medical and Snrpral Journal which,
together with the few additional remarks
which 1 have made, yon will please publish;
in order that the members of tho medical
profession nnd our citizens generally may
have tho means of testing, and the benefits
to be derived, from what is supposed to be a
new discovered remedy for the cholera.
Tho facts slated in the letter referred to
above are brie'ly ns follows:
About six months since, Dr. Bi'd and my
self were led into conversation upon the ef
fects of atmospheric influences in producing
epidemics, from reading nn articlo from a
German chemist, in our periodicals, in which
it was contended, that influenza, depended
upon the presence of Oionc, and that tho se
verity nnd number of attacks, as shown by
chemical analysis, was always in proportion
to the amount of this substance in the atmo
sphere. Taking this statement iu connection
with the fact, that cholera is generally pre
ceded by influenzas, as shown by its history,
we were led to the conclusion, that both dis
eases might be dependant upon the same in
fluence, modified in degree according to the
greater or less quantity of this deleterious
agent present in the atmosphere nt the lime.
The next step in the investigation, was to
determine what agent would counteract the
influence and destroy the deleterious proper
ties of oioiif. The accurato chemical know
ledge of Dr. Bird, enable him lo sugcest at
onco the well known substance sulphur as
possessing the properties of acting upon it in
such a manner as to neutralize its influence.
In searching for farts to support this conclu
sion, it was found that the cholera never had
prevailed in tho vicinity of sulphur springs,
or in situations where this substance abounds ;
hence the conclusion, that sulphur might be,
and piobably was the antidote fur cholera.
In ono of our Medical Journals, an article
appeared describing the method of detecting
o:onc in the atmosphere, thus supplying the
means of determining whether or not it was
present at the very lime when cholera was
beginning to make its appearance amongst
us. Dr. Bird's experiments, ns well ns Ihoso
mado subsequently by himself, nnd by Drs.
Bird, Blnney and myself from day to day,
since that time, shows that ocone is present
in our atmosphere, and that the amount is in
proportion to Ihe severity of the disease from
time to time.
About a week since Dr. Bird determined
to try the effects of sulphur tqwin himself nnd
others troubled as nearly all have been more
or less of late, with uneasy sensations, slight
nains. &c. iu the dhicstivu organs. The re
suit was entirely satisfactory, so much so
that Dr. Bird camo immediately to my of
fice, and requested me ns a friend, to test its
eflicacy in my practice, but to say nothing to
others with regard to the ingredients used
until faots should justify its public announce
ment as a discovery. Tho beneficial effects
resulting from its use in my practice was
such as to convince me at once of its utility
in the class of cases described nbove. Du
ring the last few days Drs. Biid, Blancy nnd
myself have continued to uso this apparent
simple remedy, to the exclusion of all oWiers
n cases of choleric symptoms. Tho result
has been wonderful. All premonitory symp
toms, such as pain, a sense of fulness, unnatu
ral movements, slight diarrhea, &c, have
uniformly yielded at once to a dose of three
to four grains of sulphur.
In cases where either cramps, or diarrhea
or vomiting have bo"ii present, and in fact
where all these symptoms have existed iu
conjunction, tho use of sulphur, in the above
named doses, every three or four hours, has
had the effect to ameliorate the patient's
condition at once, and when used, iu a few
hours, to dissipate choleric symptoms. So
far as its efficacy has been tested in the worst
stages of collapse, most satisfactory results
I have been obtained. In two or three
of the kind the effect of the remedy has been
to bring back pulsa to the wrist, restore
warmth to tho surface, and stop tho profuse
. , ,... ,. .J,,.
'"'.....,.B. . ul.,, u.o lc,uu,
nbtaiiiBil ao far. havn lieen nurh to eon.
Vince all of ., who have administered it,
ancj witnessed its effects, that If any remedy
deserves the appellation, this is a specific for
It having been determined to make this
public statement, it is expected in return
lhat n0 hagty conclusions will be made, ei
ther for or against what appears to be a pro
I position to accomplish much by very simple
I means. Although the results so far as ob-
I tamed, in a short time, and by a lew mdi-
viduals, seem to justify our conclusions, it is
honed lhat physicians will continue to de-
peud on what they consider the most efficient
practice in bad cases of cholera, until they
shall have tested the matter themselves; and '
formed their own conclusions; and also, that
whatever may be the confidence of individ
uals in this or any other remedy, they will
not depend upon their own judgment in any
case, even of slight symptoms, whenever it is
possible to consult their physician.
ft is suggested by Dr. Bird, that a combi
nation cf powdered charcoal, one part to four
of sulphur, has seemed lo make the remedy
more efficient. W. B. IlEiiaii-K,
Ed, N. W. Mid. If Sur. Jour.
We publish this professional stntemcnt
simply to bring it before members of the Fa
culty who might not otherwise seo it ; hold
ing it to be at all times unsafe for the unini
tiated to confide in any novel suggestions on
so important a subject, from any source, how
ever respectable, without reference to per
sonal medical advice. Tho discovery may
be valuable, but we recommend to others
what we should practice omsclvcs in case of
an attack, to call in the services of a compe
tent physician, iu whom confidence is repo
sed, and follow his directions implicitly.
We doubt not that the suggestions of tho let
ter will claim the early nnd impartial atten
tion of the medical fraternity iu this city,
and if they are indeed of value, will be
promptly recommended for general adoption.
In the meantime it would in our judgment,
bo erring on the other side to withhold any
farther information which we may receive
on tho subject. Wo therefore subjoin the
following extract from the Hnffala Courier of
Facts having reference to this discovery
will go farther with an intelligent public
than any thing else the press can lay before
it, and we give from an informant, whom we
know to be a person of character and good
judgment, the following statement.
Our informant was by chance in Chicago,
Fridav. May 25. when Dr. Bird first admin-
I.toro.1 hi. rnmoflv m wram ntii.nkpil wiih
- ' - '
the cholera. These cases were persons living
twelve miles out of the citv. Irish laborers on
the Chicago and Galena railroad. In coin-
pany with Dr. Bird and Dr. Herrick and three
other physicians, he visited them for the pur-
pose of seeing the effect of tho experiment,
On arriving at the station, it was found
that one of the five patients was already dead,
Of those livin". ono was a man. two were
women, ami llie remaining one a cluid lour
or five years of nge. Tho man was pro
nounced by tho physicians to be in a collap
sed state., Whether the remainder were or
not, our informant is not positive. In the
language of physicians, the man had "no
pulse," that is to say, his pulse was hardly
perceptible. 11m women were vomiting
nd purging excessively.
Dr. Bird immediately administered the
pills. In the course of ten minutes he gave
ono of tho women three of them. The limi
ted time uflbrded to the visiters prevented a
fair observation of the effects of the medi
cine. Their stay was limited to three quar
ters of an hour, the time being the afternoon.
Upon the arrival of the cars in Chicago tho
next morning, the patients were all reported
doing well, with the fairest prospect of re
The next day the remedy was tried ttpon
two cases in Chicago, and both recovered
from the attack.
On Sunday or Monday, a telegraphic des
patch was transmitted to New Orleans, ad
vising of tho nature of the lemedy, and re
questing that it should be tried upon some of
the cases in that city, which were in the
most advanced stages of the disease.
A reply was received the next day, to the
effect that it had been tried, ns our inform
ant understood, upon persons in tho collapsed
state, and that the treatment "had the de
The opinion or recommendation of Dr.
Bird is that in any locality where tho disease
is prevalent, it is a proper precaution to take
one of the pills in the morning, and for those
attacked, to take one every two hours until
relief is found
We annex the material portion of a com
municution from a correspondent of tho N. Y.
Commercial commenting upon the alleged
I was reminded of some remarks I lately
mt with in a work of the celebrated Dr
Dewees, touching its eflicacy in tho case of
epidemic diseases. It ail epiueinics are ui-
tributable to the presence, in excess of o:o
in the atmosphere, the facts which I quote
below will alford still farther testimony in
favor of the theory advanced by the Chicago
Dr. Dewees writes as follows, alludin.
more particularly to the uso of sulphur in the
case of epidemic measles:
"There is a curious circumstance mention
ed by Dr.Tourtual, a Dutch physician, which
if proved to bo a fact, will be highly micros.
Una iu the history and treatment of measels.
Ho states that at a period when measles
were epidemic, all tho children who were
under treatment withsulpher for itch, escaped
the disease j and that those who were taking
sulphur for the whooping cough enjoyed the
same immunity. Also he saya that many
children who were taking a mixture of sul
phur and camphor, and to whom those medi
caments were applied by frictions, were not
attacked by measles, while those who were
not subjected to this medicine were aftocted."
A MoHSTaous Snak a. Messrs Isaao Wol
. i t- ,1 rv. i ..f n:. :n..t...n.
verlil ana vnnsuy iaic, m luiiiiiiifcuaio, .n
this State, while out gunning on the 5th ult.,
captured a Black Snake, which measured 21
feet S inches in length, and it is supposed
be about 3 feet in circumference.
H tioKE,i wago Roite from sasta
FE TO TIIE PACIFIC.
The road he took ho describes as being ex
cellent, except five or six miles, though over
a true desert. It may bo taken for six months
in the year, but impassable in summer. It is
a great gold district, rich mines having been
discovered in the mountains, but so destitute
of water that even a mining population can
scarcely occupy it. The distances of the
whole rmito from Independence, Missouri,
to ine racino are given as totiows :
To Santa Fe,
Rio Grande left,
Crossing of Colorad
776 miles, 77S
248 " ' 1033
363 " 1396
205 " 1682
13 11 1695
28 " 1771
47 " 1818
52 " 1370
Tho report sums up tho description as fol
If 1 had continued on the most direct route
to San Diego, tho distance would havo been
rather under 1100 miles, (about 1800 miles
from Independence, Missouri, by Santa Fo )
The constant tenor of your letters of in.
st ruction made it almost a point of honor to
bring wagons through to the Pacific; and so
I was retarded in making and finding a road
for them. From this road, any that may
follow will have various advantages. The
breaking tho track, often through thickets of
mezquite nnd other thorny bushes although
worked on by pioneers, was so laborious that
I habitually relieved tho front wagons about
every linur: but a team on a linn, open prai
rie, labors much less, if on a beaten track.
Much of the difficult ground on thcGila, con
sisting of light porous clay, becomes a good
beaten road. My lournaland sketch indicate
- - I
some points whore tho road mnv be shorten.
ed ; but, between Ojo dn Vaca and the
point of leaving the San Pedro river, it is pro-
i . . .
bablo that between 60 and 100 miles may
bo saved, and somo bad road avoided, It is
only necessary for a small experienced party,
well provided with water, (with Indian
guides, if practicable,) to exploro the prairie
and discover the watering places. The direct
distance is about 160 miles
The worst road is on the Hio Grande, op
posite the upper middle part of the Jornada
del Muerte. It may probably be uvoided
by coining the Jornada road half way down
or more, and then crossing to the west side.
1 nave reason to believe that there are gaps
in the mountains, and opposite where my
road becomes good. This assumes that the
great highway will pass as far north as Santa
Fe, which may not bo the case.
Tho country from the Kio Grande, to Tucson
is covered with grama grass, on which ani
mals, moderately worked, will fatten in win
An emigrant company may leave Indepen'
dence, Missouri, from Juno 10, to late in All-
trust, or Van Buren, Arkansas, late. It will
subsist a short time on buffaloes, and be able
to lay up much of the meat, dried or sailed
In New Mexico it may rest, make repairs, and
obtain supplies particularly of mules, sheep
and cattle which, in that grazing country.
will be found cheap ; it may pass through set
tlemenls for 250 miles; and they will be
much extended in the rich river bottoms to
the south, when the Indians shall bo subdued.
I brought to California both beeves and
sheep; ine latter aid pernaps, mo pest re
quiring little water: they gave no trouble
two or three men can guard and drive n
thousand. At Tucson, or at the Pimo vil
lages, fresh snnnlies may bo obtained. The
Pimos and Maranopas, 28.000 or 20,000 in
number, wonderfully honest and friendly to
st rangers, raise corn and wheat, which they
grind and sell cheaply for bleached domestic
summer clothing of all sorts, showy cotton
handkerchiefs, and white hoads. They also
have a few mules and cattle. 1 gave some
breeding sheep. Oxen will not do veil for
draught, their feet become tender; and west
of the Pimos, their food is not found sullicietit
or suitable ; mules require no shoes, I catch.
ed a laroje (inautity on the Gila, having used
Undoubtedly, tho fine bottom land of the
ColoW( if not of the Gila, will soon be set-
tied; then all difficulty will be removed.
The crossing is about 100 miles from the
mouth, and about bu above tide, for six
months iu the year, the river is raid to be
navigable by steamboats for 350 niilcs; its
bottoms are wide and rich; and sugar, un
doubtedly may be grown. In winter, it is
fordable at the crossing ; but 1 think it has
at least as much water aa the Missouri at the
same season, and may bo navigable by stea
mers to the mouth of the Gila at all seasons.
Frekoox or Speech.- A colored lecturer,
named Douclass. who has been lionized for
several years by the New England Anti-
Slavery Society, last week made a speech he-
fore a large assembly in lioston, in which be
denounced the lamented Worth as a "legal-
ized murderer." To the credit of the audt.
ence, however, snch language w as not gener
ally approved, even though ft was uttered iu
Boston. This was not the only intemperate
language used on that occasion. Burleigh
called General Taylor "the chief murderer
ot the nation," aud many ol the speakers as
I sAiln.1 ihn Church fmrrtHlv
i iiese assaults
provoked some of the members to defend the
Church, and the meeting became quite noisy,
to I some oi tne speakers continuing meir reiuurais
I amid a slorni of hisses. .
From (he Ner YoT Observer.
THE HAVAOES OF THE BE&TROVER'
A TALC OF Tal'TH
During a brief term of missionary service;
in which 1 engaged some years since, 1 met
with a family whoso history, and especially
an incident in it( affords another striking ex
ample of the degrading Influence of intoxica
ting drinks. Upon entering their wretched
abode, I perceived at once that I was in a
The hovels of the intern
pcrate have an aspect too well known to
need description. Upon engaged in conver
sation with the different members of the
family, I found that with one exception they
were all suffering from the effects of recent
indulgence. Tho father, a man quite ad
vanced in years, and a son who was just in
the prime of life, were too far gone to make
a sensible reply to my questions, and when
they volunteered a remark it was humiliating
to listen to it. A daughter-in-law, who had
an infant in her arms, showed by her idiotio
stare that she too was besotted with rum.
The mother nlono did not give" the evidence
of recent indulgence : but even she, as I af-
terwards learned, had long been addicted 10
the degrading vice. Finding Very soon that
1 could not benefit them by tarrying, I left it
Tlln 0l1b' nnu wlin wag ln a condition to pro.
fit by a religions conversation was altogether
averse to entering into it. Of two neighbors
one of whom was an elder in the Presbyte
rian church, I learned the following particu
Several years before, the father of the)
family was the owner of a large farm situa
ted in the vicinty of his present abode, and
was prospering in the world. Like multitudo
of others, he became addicted to intemper
ance, and his farm was no longer able to
yield him Rupport, and afford the means of
gratifying his unnatural appetite. It was
mortgaged, and the money thusobtained was
. p e. . ,
"Pp, llr rum- B00n 11 occame necessary io
sell the farm. and the balance, some hundreds
f dollars above mortgage, being paid in
ready money, was in a short time expended
for that which was fast ruining his estate,
himself and his family. He had now become
a confirmed and degrading drunkard, living1
only for the gratification of his vicious thirst
for strong drink. His wife, too, once his bo
Bom friend, became his bosom companion in
his debauchery. Nor did his influence end
here, He not only taught his children by hi
example, to court tho vice, but he compelled
them to drink. Unlike most parents who
are drunkards themselves, he seemed desi
rous to render thein as degraded as himself.
One only out of a large family, broke through
his father's influence, and he became a res
pected member of society. The rest, male
and female, fell under the influence of the
destroyer. Incredible as it may appear one
of his children actually died of intemperance
a miserable drunkard, at the age of twelve
years. While ho was in a dying condition
the father sent for a supply of tho poison
which was causing his death, and when hJ
breathed his last the family Was in a state of
beastly intoxication. His body remained Upon
the bed, iu the same state In which he died,
for a day or two, and nothing was done, nof
were they able to do anything to prepare it
for burial. A neighbor, accidentally having
prepared a coflin, placed tho remains of the
child in it, and the family started for tho
place ofbnrial which was more than a mile
distant, taking with them the jug of rum.
Arriving at the grave-yard, they found that
no grave was dug. Obtaining tools, they
went to work to prepare one, stopping fre
quently to make a drain upon the jug. This
was soon exhausted, when one of the number
was despatched for a fresh supply. Again
they commenced digging, and they dug and
drank, and drank and dug, until a grave was
opened, into which the coffin was placed,
and having hurriedly filled it up, they all re
turned in state of intoxication to their misera
Such facts show how completely the de
mon of inlempernnco not only blights the
fairest prospects, and brings ruin and disgrace?
upon families, but also roots up and tramples
upon all tender sensibilities and affections of
the heart. Under its influence fathers, end
mothers too, become monsters, and losing all
sympathy for their own flesh, and blood, can
revel in debauchery around the dying bed
and lifeless remains, and on the grave of
their offspring. It is worse than brutalizing
in its hellish influence.
FROM THE FAR WEST
We have advices by express from Salt
Lake to the 15th of April.
New and extraordinary discoveries of gold
had been made in the mountains near Salt
Luke. There seems to be ho limit to the de
posits of the precious metal in our far-west
An expedition from Salt Lake had bean
fallen in with', whose object it was to hurry
forward the Mormon emigrants, in order that
they might take advantage of the recent and
wonderful discoveries of gold in that region.
I Ibis information Induced many of the emi-
giants to abandon their wagons and other
I cumbersome property, including provisions,
- 1 and push ahead with mules.
The people settled in Ihe Great Basin are
very anxious for the establishment of a terri-
I torial Government, and intended to send
I Mr. Burnbyson as a dolegate to Washington,
- 1 in order that their necessities and wishes
- l 1 . . .
i may ue presscu upon tne attention ol Uingresa.
The settlement of Mormons at Salt Lake
I is represented to be very prosperous.
i a mormon, named Lyman Wright, hat
I been repudiated by the chuich for heiesy.