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NEW SERIES VOL. 1, NO. 6.
SUN BURY, NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY, PA., SATURDAY, MAY 0, 1848.
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Law Book, Theological and Claitic al Book,
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Philadelphia, April J, 1848 y
POUTER fe E1TG-LISE,
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mmt Demlere ! Seeds,
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Pbilad. April 1, 148
OLXYE?. & MOLA1T,
IsirOBTtBS AMD OlALlB IM
ZEPHT1 WORSTED, CAiSSES, PATTERNS,
Cottons, Needles, Pins, Sewing Silk,
Steel Bead. Bag Clasp. Steel Tassels, Steel
Pure Ring, Purse Clasp. Plain and Shaded
Pun Twist, Trimmings,
Fancy Good, etc.
Cheap for Cash to Wholesale Dealers, at the
Flew Thread and Needle Store.
Ho. Forth forth Nn. 178 Chestnut Street:
April 8, 1848
fust PBtumi ptauro roars.
P1HE SUBSCRIBER ha been appointed agent
- I for the sale of CONRAD MEVER'S CELE
BRATED PREMIUM ROSE WOOD PIANOS,
' at this place Tbea Piauo have a plain, ma
aire and beautiful exterior finish, and, for depth
'4 f tone, and elegance of workmanship, ara not
atirnataed bv any in the Uaited State
These instrument ara highly approved of by
the most em i bent Professors and Composer of
Music tn this and other cities
For qnalitie of tone, touch and keeping ia
ton upon Concert pitch, I bey cannot be sue pas
ed by either American or European Pianos.
Sufflce it to say that Madam Castellan, W. V
: Wal'aee. Vieug Temps, and his sister, th eel.
; brated Pianist, and many others of the most die
tinquisbed performers, bare given these instru
mente preference over all othere
They have also received the firat notice of Iba
three laat Exhibitions, and the last Silver Medal
by the Franklin Institute in 1843, was awarded
to them, which, with other premium from the
earn aaarre, nay o seen at the ware-room no.
63 wrath Fourth st.
-. i rxAnotber Silver Medal was awarded to C.
Meyer, by the Frabklin Institute, Oct. 1849 for
the best riano in in eaniDition.
' . Again at the exhibition of the Franklin Insti
tut. 0t. 1848, the first premium and medal waa
warded to C. Meyer for his Pianos, although it
' had been awarded at the exhibition ef the year
I a before, on the ground that be had made (till great
or improvenMnts in his Instrument within th
newt 19 Baoatne.
Again at ths last exhibition of the Franklin
'.- Institute, 1841. a not bar Premium waa awarded
oC. Meyer, for the swat Piano in th exhibit 100
At Boetoa. at their leal exhibition, Sept. 1847,
C. Mever received the iret silver Medal and Di
atleeaw. for the beat saner Piano in th exhibition
: . The Piano will be sold at th tnanafaetn
rw'f Uwet Pbihsdalphia prieea, If awt aaitaatbiag
t Joaeer. reread ar reejaeats can ana exam
. eaef for theomaelvee, at the reeidenee of the sob
. WrtbSW. 1 II. B. MAOSKK.
tonbury, April 8, 1848
THE CAPTURED FLAG.
A TALK OF THE MOW TEVEDIAH WAR.
BY NED BVNTLINE.
'Caramba ! Quelnsolencia!' These words
were uttered by a lovely woman, whose
flushed cheek, flashing eye and knitted brow,
spoke even more than words of the indig
nation which filled her heart.
She was the young wife of Commodore
Coe, the commander of the small navy of
Montevideo. The lady was Spanish by
birth, as well as in feeling, and the cause of
her anger was the si sent of a ship which
had been for two days standing off and on
before the harbor, using every signal of in
suit and defiance to induce the vessel of
Coe to come out and fight him. This the
latter could not do, for two reasons. The
first was illness, which confined him to his
cot -the second, that he had not one third
of a crew not even men enough to work
At the moment when she uttered the
words which commence this sketch, Brown
the commander of the Buenoes Ayrean
ship, had hoisted a flar at his gaff, whereon
was embroidered, in Targe legible letters,
the inscription; Coe the Coward!' This
was more than his noble, fiery wife could
stand for well she knew her husband's
truth and valor. After gazing one instant
at the (tag, she raised her jeweled hand, and
taking therefrom a diamond of great value
she cried to the officers and men who stood
around her on the deck :
'I will give this diamond to any man who
will bring me yonder flag !'
For a moment there was no response.
The men looked at their officers, the offi
cers glanced at each other, but volunteers
for service so desperate seemed scarce.
'What ! is there not one of all of you
who dare the trial? Is my husband's ship
indeed manned with cowards V exclaimed
the lady, while her beautiful lip curled
with scorn and her flashing eye gleamed
with the fire of contempt.
A young officer, an Englishman, who
had been lately appointed, stepped forward
and modestly said :
I was only waiting for my seniors to
speak, Senora. Had any one of them vol
unteered, I should have begged to accompa
ny him. As it is, I pledge myself to bring
you yonder flag before the sun rises again,
or to die! But I ask not your jewel as a
prize for my success one tress of your
glossy hair shall be my reward,'
You shall have both, brave boy !' repli
ed the young lady and her cold look of
scorn changed into a sweet smile as she
asked his name.
'It is Frank Bennett, Senora,' replied the
young man and he blushed beneath her
He was slim, but well formed looked i
very young, but in his dark blue eye and
compressed lip, an observer could read one
whose manhood was not made by years
The sun was sett ins behind a bank of
slowly rising clouds, which threatened
darkness and storm. The moment that his
services were accepted, young Bennett turn
ed to the crew, and as he glanced among
them, said : 'I want six men to man the
whale boat which hangs at the after da
Struck by his gallantry, nearly one half
of the crew started forward. INow that
they had a leader volunteers were plenty.
Bennett glanced his eye over them, and in
a few moments choose six by name, men
whom he knew to be both daring and firm
They were Americans.
'Go sharpen your cutlasses,' said he : I
shall not have a pistol or musket in -the
boat. If we fight, it must be steel to steel
and breast to breast for we succeed or
Those men answered only with a look
They were of that class whose motto is
Deeds not words.' 1 hey hurried below,
to obey his orders, while others proceeded
by his directions to mume the oars ol the
boat, to put sails, water, ccc, in it.
One halt hour later the sky was covered
with clouds, and darkness had set in. Ben
nett had been careful to take the compass
course of the enemy's ship when the last
light of the dying day gave opportunity,
and by this alone he hoped to find her.
At this time the lady was on deck, standing
by the binnacle light, regarding the prepa
rations of the little party who were about
to shove off. At the moment when the
boat's crew cried out that all was ready for
a start, the young leader came all to the
oifHo nf tha Konnpu. onn falrinav fpAiti his nArlr
a miniature, he handed it and a letter to her
'If I am not on board at sunrise, lady,
please send that minature to the direction
of the letter.
The lady looked at the picture. It was
the likeness of a young and beautiful girl
A tear filled the Senora's eye.
Ynu need not cro said she. 'INO VOU
love, perchance are beloved. Your life is
precious. I will not expose it. This is-
'Mv only sister whom I almost adore!
intemiDted the vouth 'but one who would
scorn me if I played the coward or dis
honored my name, bend that letter and
likeness to her if I fall. Farewell till to
morrow or forever !'
The lady was about to answer, and a-
train tor entreat him to stay but ere she
could speak he was over the bulwarks and
the boat had shoved off.
The night was pitchy dark. A calm
was on the sea and in the air, but It was
Kentous of a storm. A small binnacle
it and compass had been placed tn the
Max, and by these Frank shaped hit course,
hitnaelf taking the tiller and steering.'
Give way cheerily, men ! a long,
strong and steadv null ! said he. in a low
tone, as he left the ship's aide and he soon
felt, by the trembling of the frail boat, that
his directions were obeyed.
Outright into the offing he pulled, re-
clniida lrDrirce hi.
eye fixed steadily on his compass, until he
1.. ;e.i " l t.-j !. ji ?
anew, li ine vessel iiau remained nove to as
she was at sunset, that he must be very
near her. But he looked in vain to see her
dark hull loom up in the gloom he looked
in vain to see a light which might guide.
Admiral Brown was to old a fox to be
showing his position by lights.
At this moment, when he was complete-
ly at a loss which way to steer, the dark
clouds which had been gathering over him,
burst with a long vivid flash of lightning
and a peal of deafening thunder. He heard
not the thunder, he heeded not the rising
storm. That flash of lightning had showed
im the vessel, not one cable's length from
Steady, boys! steady!' he whispered,
hen the thunder ceased I shall pull di
rectly under her stern, and get on deck by
the carved work and netting on her quar
The men rowed slowly and silently on,
and as he had marked well her position,
the young officer in a moment found him
self close under the vessels stern. At this
instant another flash of lightning illumina
ted sky and water and then, as he glanced
up at the gaff", where the flag had been hoist
ed, he saw that it was not there ! It had
been hauled down.
He paused thought for a moment what
could be done and then formed his reso
'I shall go on board alone, men,' said he
'keep the boat where she is. If that flag
where 1 think it is, in the admiral's cab
. I will have it. If I am not back in
ve minutes, and you hear an alarm, shove
off, send back to our ship, and tell them
that Frank Bennett died like a man. You
must be cautious ; reef the foresail, for the
storm will be down upon us in less than
All this was whispered to the men, whose
heads were bent forward to hear their or
ders which they dared not disobey, much
as they wished to share their leader's peril.
springing lightly lrom the boat, Frank,
caught the quarter netting with his hands,
and noiselessly ascended to the bulwarks.
He could hear the regular tramp of the offi
cer of the deck, who having already had
every thing reefed down for the blow, had
uuiiuug iu uu uui ui pace me uecK aul u
as bo dark that he could not see him.
A second more and the brave boy. was
down on the deck and at the cabin door
hich stood slightly ajar. He peeped in
through the narrow crack and saw the red
faced old Admiral seatpd at his round ta
ble, with two of his officers by his side, en
gaged over the contents of a square bottle
Inch looked like that usually found to
A glance at the settee just to the left of
this table showed the object of the enter
prise. The flag for which he had periled
his life lay there, where it had been care
lessly thrown after it was hauled down.
I he young ollicer did not pause long to
consider what to do, but quietly walked
into the cabin and taking off his cap bowed
very politely to the officers, and as he step
ped toward the flag, said in a calm and
courteous tone to the Admiral
I have come to borrow this banner, sir,
to wear to morrow, if vou please.'
Who the devil are you? What does
this mean,' cried Brown, as he and his offi
cers sprang to their feet.
'J am Midshipman Bennett, sir, of the
Montevidean service !' replied Frank, who
had now seized the flag 'and I mean to
carry this flag to Commodore Coe !'
As he said this he bounded to the cabin
door, followed closely by a bullet from
Brown's pistols, which grazed his ear, and
ere the alarm became general he stood u
pon the taffrail of the vessel.
'Look out for me below V he shouted,
and Aung himself into the sea, without
moment's hesitation, nis boat's crew re
cognized his voice ; he was caught in a mo
ment and dragged into the boat, while a
volley of pistol balls were sent down at
random by those who were above.
The storm had now broken, and the wind
began to come in with fierce and fitful
'Up forsail! Be in a hurry, lads! up
foresail, and let her slide !' cried the young
hero, as soon rs he could draw breath after
The crew did so, and the next moment
the little boat was flying in toward the har
bor, before the blast, like a glad sea bird
winging its way to its young one's nest
The enemy opened a harmless random
fire of grape shot in their direction, but if
only served to tell the anxious watchers on
board of (Joe's vessel that something had oc
curred. The latter therefore at once show
ed lights, and enabled Frank to make
straight course to her.
But it was but an half hour after the
first gun had been fired by Brown's vessel
that the boat of the young adventurer round
ed to alongside of his own craft.
'Have you captured the flag? cried the
benora, as ISennett bounded over the side.
The only answer she received was the
banner, wet as from the water, and cut in
two places by the balls which had been fi
red at its captor.
The lights of the vessel gleamed not half
so bright as did that lady's eyes when she
caught the noble youth in her arms, and
kissed him again and again.
When ia iron like a bad note 1 ' When it is
forged. Wheq is it like 8 stone thrown into
the air f When it is cast. When is it like
part of it public house 1 When it's bar. When
would it do to make sausages oft When it
pig iron. ,
LiftA compulsory Journey over ft pre
carious road,' on which the more ' luggage
you have the more lightly you travel,
am excitiwo scewe awd debate on stA.
VERY, IN THE V. . SENATE.
PROTBCTION or PaOPIRTT IN THE DISTRICT Of
Agreeably to notice, Mr. HALE asked
leave to introduce a bill relating to riots and
unlawful assemblies in the District of Colum
bia. Mr. HALE. I wish to make a single re
mark, in order to call the attention of the
Senate to the necessity of adopting the legis
lation proposed by this bill. The bill itself
is nearly an abstract of a similar law now in
force in the adjoining State of Maryland ; and
also in many other States of the Union. The
necessity for the passage of the bill will be
apparent to the Senate from facts which are
probably notorious to every member of the
body. Within the present week large and
riotous assemblages of people have taken
place in this district, and have not only
threatened to carry into execution schemes
tterly subversive to all law, with respect to
the rights of property, but have actually car
ried these threats into execution, after hav
ing been addressed, upheld, and countenan
ced by men of station in society, whose char
acter might have led us to suppose that they
would have taken a different course, and giv
en wiser councils to those whom they addres
sed. Mr. HALE. I beg the indulgence of the
Senate for a few moments. Though 1 did
not exactly anticpate this discussion, yet I do
not regfot it. Belore 1 proceed further, as
the honorable Senator from Mississippi has
said, that it has been asserted, and he thinks
on good authority, that a Senator of the Uni
ted States connived at this kidnapping of
slaves, I ask him if he refers to me 1
Mr. FOOT. I did.
Mr. HALE. 1 take occasion thrn to sny,
that the statement that I have given the
slightest countenance to the procedure, is
entirely without the least foundation in truth.
I have had nothing to do with the occur
rence, directly or indirectly, and 1 demand of
the honorable Senator to state the ground
upon which he has made his allegation.
Mr. FOOT. It has been stated to me and
certainly believed it, and believing it I de
nounced it. 1 did not make the charge di-
reclly. My remarks were hypothetical. I
am glad to hear the Senator say that he has
had no connection with the movement, but
whether hp had or not, some of his brethren
in the great cause in which he was engaged
no doubt had much to do with it.
Mr. HALE. The sneer of the gentleman
iloes not affect me. I recognize every mem
ber of the human family as a brother, and if
it was done by human beings it wu done
by my brethren. Once for all I utterly deny
either by counsel, by silence, or by speech,
or in any way or manner, having any know-
ledge, cognizance, or suspicion of what was
done or might ba done until 1 heard of this
occurrence as other Senators have heard of it.
And I challenge any one who entertaines a
different opinion to proof, here, now, and for
Mr. BUTLER Allow mo to ask one ques
tion with perfect good temper. The Senator
.1 ; r .. . l. ...... t,r.mn f 1 i
but I ask him whether he would vote for a
bill properly drawn, inflicting punishment on
persons inveigling slaves from the District of
Columbia 1 -
Mr. HALE. Certainly not, and why! Be
cause I do not believe that slavery should
Mr. CALHOUN- (In his seat,) He wish
es to arm the robbers, and disarm the people
of the District.
Mr. HALE. The honorable Senator is
larmed at my temerity,
Mr. CALHOUN (In his seat,) I did not
use lho word, but did not think it worth
while to correct the Senator.
Mr. HALE. The Senator did not use that 1
Mr. CALHOUN. No. I said brazen or
something like that.
Mr. HALE. The meaning was the same.
It was brazen then ! that I should introduce
a bill for the protection of property in this
District a bill perfectly harmless, but which
he has construed into an attack upon the in
stitutions of the South. I ask the Senator
and the country wherein consists the teme
rity 1 I suppose it consists in the section of
the country from which it comes He says
that we seem to think that the South has lost
all feeling. Ah ! There is the temerity. The
bill comes from the wrong aide of a certain
parallel1 Why, did the honorable Senator
from South Carolina imagine that we of the
North, with our faces bowed down to the
earth, and with our backs to the sun, had re
ceived the lash so long that we dared no
look upl Did he suppose that we dared not
ask that the protection of the law should be
thrown around property in the District to'
which we come to legislate t
I desire no war upon the institution of
slavery in the sense in which the Senator un
derstands the term. I will never be a party
to any encroachments upon rights guarantied
by the constitution and the law not at all.
I wish uo war but a war of reason of persu
asion of argument; a war that should look
to convincing the understanding, subduing the
affections and moving the sympathies of the
heart. Thai is the only war in which I would
engage. . But it is said that the time has come
that the crisis ha come, and that the South
must meet ftU oandor aod honesty,
then, let me say, that there . could not be a
better platform on whioh to meet the que,
tiop, than that presented by the principles of
this bill.-. There could not be a betjer occa
aien than this to appeal to tha country. Lot
the tocsin sound. Let the word go forth.
Let the free North be told that their craven
representatives on the floor of the Senate, are
not at liberty even to claim the pretention of
the rights of property ! Th9 right of speech
was sacrificed long ago. But now is it to be
proclaimed, that we cannot even introduce a
bill looking to the execution of the plainest
provisions of the constitution, and the clear
est principles of justice for the protection of
personal rights, because gentlemen choose to
construe it into an attack upon that particu
lar institution 1
I ask again, what is it that has produced
this strife, called up these denunciations, ex
cited all this invective which has been pour
ed upon me as if 1 were guilty of all the
crimes in the docalogue ! I call upon the
Senate and the country to take notice of it.
I ask on what do gentlemen of the South re
ly for the protection of any institutions on
which they place any value. It will bo ans
wered upon the constitution and the law.
Well, thep, if the safe guards of the constitu
tion are rendered inadequate to the protection
of one specie of property, hiw can it be sup
posed that there will be protection foranyl It
is because I desire to maintain in all their
strength and utility, the safe guards of the
constitution, that 1 have introduced this bill
for the protection of property in this District.
And here let mo tell the Senator from Ala
bama, that he will have my full co-operation
in any measure to prevent kidnapping. I
shall expect him to redeem his p!edge. A
gain ; I am shocked to hear the honorable
Senator from South Carolina denounce this
bill as a measure calculated to repress those
citizens from the expression of their just in
Mr. CALHOUN-Mf the Senator will allow
me, I will explain. 1 said no such thing.
But I will take this occasion to say that I
would just as soon argue with a maniac from
bedlam, as with the Senator from New Hamp
shire, on this subject.
Several senators. "Order order."
Mr. CALHOUN. I do not intend to cor
rect his statements. A man who says tha1
the people of this District have no right in
their slaves ; and that it is no robbery to take
their property from them, is not entitled to
be regarded as in possession of his reason.
Mr. HALE. It is extremely novel mode
of terminating a controversy by charitably
throwing the mantle of maniacal irresponsi
bility over one's antagonist ! But the honor
able Senator puts words into my mouth which
I never used. I did not say that the owners
had no property in their slaves. I said that
the institution exists, but I have not given
any opinion upon ths point to which the Sen
atoi has alluded. I have never said anything
from which the sentiment which he imputes
to me could be inferred. It docs not become
me, 1 know, to measure arms with the hon
orable Senator from South Carolina, more
particularly since he has been to magnani
mous as to give notice that he will not con
descend to argue with me. But there is more
than one man in this country, who has, whe
ther justly or unjustly, long since arrived at
the conclusion, that if 1 am a maniac, on the
subject of slavery, I am not a monomaniac,
for I am not alone in my madness. But, sir, I
am not responsible here or elsewhere for the
excitement that his followed the introduction
of this subject. I intended simply to give no
tice of a bill calculated to meet the exigency.
The honorable Senator from Florida culls
upon me for proof of the necessity of this le
gislation, and says that no violence has been
committed iu this District. I don't know
what he calls violence.
Mr. FOOTE. The Senator seems to sup
pose that I wished to decoy him to tho State
of Mississippi. I have attempted no such
thing. I have thought of no such thing. I
have openly challenged hhn to present him
self there or any where uttering such lan
guage and breathing such an incendiary spi
rit as he has manifested in this body, and 1
have said that just punishment would be in
flicted upon him for his enormous criminali
ty. I have said farther that if necessary, I
would aid in the intlictionof the punishment.
My opinion is, that enlightened men would
sanction that punishment. But says the Sen
ator that would be assassination ! I think
not. I am sure that the Senator is an enemy
to the constitutions of his country an enemy
of one of the institutions of his country
which is solemcly guaranteed by the organic
law of the land and in so far he is a law-
But, says the Senator, victims have been
made and there are victims ready. I am
sure that he would never be a victim. I have
never deplored the death of such victims and
I never shall deplore it. Such officious in
termeddlina deserved its fate. I believe no
good man who is not a maniao, as the Sena
tor from New Hampshire is apprehended to
be, can have any sympathy for those who
lawlessly interfere with the rights of others.
He, however, will never be a victim ! He
is one of those gusty decluimers a windy
Mr. CRITTENDEN If the , gentlemen
will allow me, I rise to' a question of order.
Gentlemen have evidently become excited,
and I hear on all sides language that is not
becoming.' f call the gentleman to order for
his personal reference to the Senator from
Mr. FOOTE. I only said in reply to the
remarks of the Senator from New Hamp
shiro 1 !; V
Mr. CRITTENDEN. did not hear what
the Senator from New Hampshire said, but
the illusion of the gentleman from Mississip
pi, foon aider te be contrary to the rule of
Mr. FOOTE. I am aware of that. But
such a scene has never occurred In the Sen
ate such a deadly assailment of the rights
of the country:
Mr. JOHNSON, of Maryland. Has the
chair decided t
Mr. FOOTE Let my words be taken
The PRESIDING OFFICER. In the opin
ion of the Chair, tho gentleman from Missis
sippi is not in order.
Mr. FOOTE .What portion of my remarks
is not in order 1
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The gentle
man is aware that the question of order is
Mr. WESTCOTT. I ask whether the
words objected to are not, according to the
rule, to be reduced to writing 1
Mr. FOOTE. I pass it over. But the
Senator from New Hampshire has said, that
if I would visit that Slate, I would be treated
to an argument. Why, I would not argue
with him ! What right have they of New
Hampshire to argue upon this point 1 It is
not a matter with which they stand in the
Mr. D3UGLAS. I have listened to this
debate with a good deal of interest. But
while I have seen considerable excitement
exhibited on the part ot a few gentlemen a-
round me, I confess that I have not been a-
ble to work myself into any thing like a pas
sion. I think that probably the Senator from
New Hampshire has done much to accom
plish his object. His bill is a very harmless
thing in itself; but being brought forward
at this time and under the present circum
stances, it has created a good deal of excite
ment among gentlemen on this siie of the
Mr. CALHOUN, (in his seat.) Not the
bill the occurrence.
Mr. DOUGLAS. On the occurrence I de
sire to say a word. In the first place, I must
congratulate the Senator from New Hamp
shire on the great triumph which he has a
chieved. He stands very prominently before
the American people, and is, I believe, the
only man who has a national nomination for
tho Presidency. I firmly believe that on this
floor to-day, by the aid of the Senator from
South Carolina, and the Senators from Missis
sippi he has more than doubled his vote at
the presidential election, and every men in
this chamber from a free State knows it ! I
looked on with amazement for a time, to see
whether there could be an understanding be
tween the Senator from New Hampshire and
his southern friends, calculated to give him
encouragement, strength and power in the
contest. A few such exciting scenes sufficed
to eend that Senator here. I mean no disres
pect to him personally, but I say with his
sentiments, with his principles, he could nev
er have represented a free State of this Union
on this floor, but for the aid of southren
speeches. It is the speeches of southren men
representing slave Stales going to an extreme;
breathing a fanaticism as wild and as reck
less as that of the Senator from New Ilamp
shire, which creates abolitionism in the north
The extremes meet. It is no other than
southern Senators acting in concert, and yet
without design, that produce abolition.
Mr. CALHOUN. Does the gentleman pre
tend to say, that myself and southren gentle
men who act with me upon this occasion, are
fanatics 1 Have we dono any thing more
than defend our rights, encroached upon at
the north 1 Am I to understand the Senator
that we make abolition votes by defending
our rights 1 If so, 1 thank him for the infor
mation, and do not care how many sueh votes
Mr. DOUGLAS. Well, I will say to the
Senator from South Carolina, and every other
Senator from the tho South, that far be it
from me to entertain the thought, that thay
design to create abolitionists in the North, or
elsewhere. Far be it from me to impute any
such design ! Yet I assort that such is the
only inevitable effect of their conduct.
Mr. CALHOUN (in his seat.) We are
only defending ourselves.
Mr. DOUGLAS No, they are not defend
ing themselves ! They suffer thernsclves.to
become excited upon this qnpsiion to dis
cuss it with a degree of heat, and give it an
importance, which makes it heard and felt
throughout the Union. It is thus that aboli
tion derives its vitality. My friend from
Mississippi, Mr. Foote, in his zeal and ex
citement this morning, made a remark in
the invitation which he t 'ended to the Sena
tor from New Hampshire tu visit Mississippi,
which is worth ten thousand votes to the
Senator, and I am confident that that Senator
would not allow my fu'end to relract that re
mark for ten thousand votes !
Mr. CAMERON. I rise merely to defend
my own State that great State which I have
the honor to present on a single point which
has been alluded to by the distinguished Sen
ator from South Carolina, Mr. Calhoun
That the Senator has done injustice to Penn
sylvania, (unintentionally, doubtless,) in com
paring a recent law of her's with an act of
the late Legislature of New York. I he New
York statute, it is said, make it a penal of
fence for any of her citizens' to aid in the ar-
rest or restoration of fugitive slaves to their
owners. The law of Pennsylvania hi a wide
ly different affair. Her act of 1826 made it
the duty of the State officer to aid in the ar
rest of slaves; which act, as has been stated
by the Colleague of the Senator, was rendered
auU by the decision of the courts. The last
act, therefore, ' merely .declaratory one
setting forth the fact that those officers were
not required by tha State laws to render such
aid. Ths) duty of the citizen remains un
changed, and is in no way affected r
No attempt has ten made by Pennsylvs.
nia to interfere, in any way, with the power
or authority of the general government, nor
the duty of the ci'izcns to that government.
The marshal or his deputy can call to his aid
a sufficient posse at any time, when it may
be necessary to sustain the laws of the Union;
and no act in the history of Pennsylvania can
be pointed to, which will show that she lias,
iu a single instance, been wanting in a due
regard for the guarantees of the constitution)
and the compromises under it. Nor will she
ever be. The Senator alluded, also, to a dis
turbance in Carlisle. Undue importance has
been attached to that affair, the persons con
cerned in it were tried, and those found guil
ty were properly, and I may add, severely
punished. They are still incarcerated with
in the walls of a penitentiary. As to the
death of a citizen lrom another State, I tun
positively assured that he was the victim of
disease, and that his death was not at all at- -tributable
to this disturbance.
Pennsylvania has no sympathy with the
ultra abolitionists. She has within her bor
ders no fanatics as a body. She may have
and doubtless has, a few individuals who
join in these movements of the ultra aboli
tionists; but they have no aid of countenance
from the great body of her intelligent people.
A very few men honest and well-meaningi
no doubt sympathize with the Senator from
Now Hampshire in doctrine and feeling but
the masses of the people are entirely willing
to leave the domestic institutions of other
States where they properly belong in their
own hand.4. They feel that they have no
right whatever, under the constitution, to in
terfere with' them. What they claim for
themselves, th?y cheerfully accord to others
the right to regulate their own affairs.
They are opposed to slavery in the abstract,;
and have long since abolished it within their
own borders. They are willing, as they
should be, to let other States act for them
selves in this and other domestic matters.
1 am not surprised at the feeling evinced
upon this subject by southern Senators. I
is natural, and not to be wondered at. We
have seen a vessel come within sight of this
capitol, upon which floats the proud flag.
which, I trust, will ever remain as the em
blem of our happy Union, and in the dead of
night decoy and carry off nearly a hundreds
negroes, the property of citizens of tho Dis
trict. They feel that if such a state of things
is tolerated here, in the very presence of
the government, to them the guarantees' fcf
the constitution are utterly useless the safe
guards and compromises upon i which they,
have been rplying are only mockery.' I rfiffer,
in tolo from, the Senator from Illinois, with
regard to the effect of the agitation of tWs,
question. If anybody is injured by it, it must
be thi Senator of New Hampshire, and his
friends. Nor do I believe that this body
should be deterred from discussing any ques
tion, from a fear of ita effect upon the presi-j
dency. The South, as well as the North,
have interests which they value infinitely
above the mere question as to who shall . fllf .
the presidential chair. And why slall they,
therefore, not be excited 1 In the excitement,
growing out of the recent outrage, to which I.
have alluded, the Senator from New Kamfi
shire has gravely introduced a bill, purport
ing to be a bill to protect the property of cit
izens of this District , but, rightly, viewed it
is a bill calculated to encourage similar out
rages. What could have induced hirn to. in
troduce such a measure at this moment of
excitement 1 He has brought forward thia
question to-day, as he does often, for his own
amusement. It can do no good, except per
haps to extend his popularity.' ,
Mr. HALE. I call the gentleman te 0rdr.
The PRESIDING OFFICER. Will the
Senator reduce to writing his point of order..
Mr. HALE Certainly. The words are
thse : '-The gentleman from New Hamp
shire has introduced this measure.-as he ha
innnv others, for his amusement.'! ..
The PRESIDING OFFICER. In the opin-
ion of the Chair the Senator is not out of or-
Mr. HALE. I must take an appeal from
Tha question being put upon the appeal ;
the decision of the Chair was sustained ayes
23, noes 5.' ,
Mr. CAME HON The bill itself is wholly,
uncalled for. No citizen of the District has -called
for it ; and it would be unjust to force,
uport them a law for which they had not ask
edto say nothing of the inapplicability of
its provisions tn ths circunistHndes" of the
District. Whenever any such measure ieJ
needed, the people of the District "will ,aek
for it ; and when (it is properly digested by
the committee through which they are re.
presented here, it will receive ths due con
sideration of Congress. ,
But I rose only for the purpose of SuiJ'
my State- right on a point or two" on which,
her position seemed to be misapprehended
not to discus this question' at length. Sh.
needs no vindication at my hands. Her citi
zens are ar.titelligent and reflecting people,'
strongly attached to the confederacy under
which they have prospered so greatly. They,
will abide by the constitution to Lbe last.
An occasional excitement may ffr moment
have misled a fow of her citizen; but it ha,
ever been only momentary, -and has pa4ei
away with the occasion. Much of the roeM,
exojtement on this subject , may be fairlartd.
tributable to the far-famed Wilmot P
That is now numbered among thV J
that are passed, and ita result wi '
forgotten. Famous m' U was' Speja,,
there ar none now in Peouay J J
tor lonttnvatton set w