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TIIE . CAPITAL.
Navy ind Army Ch anges—Resumption of
Recruiting—The Work of Retrench
meat in the bepartmenta—The Presi
deist and iiitecretailes linjoying
atim from Business.
ray Ttieerseb to the Pittsburgh Gazette.)
WASHINGTON, April 28, 1889.
: • /Altatgtattn *Art.
Tile migration of Rear -Admiral Joe.
Ann, as Chief otthe Bureau of Yiids
and Docks, la accepted, to take effect on
the l t et Of May next, and he will then as
imam theituthte-of- President. of the per
man/int-Copt, Acwrin seseionjn the Navy
Can. Daniel Ammen, by direction of
the President, has been appointed Chief
lafthe Bureau of Docke and . Yards, to
take effect on the Jet of May.
(ion. Sherman has issued '
an order for
the resumption of recruiting, to be con
ktucted under the directibn of regimental
commanders; the general service to be
.00nducted a t York, Cincinnati. St.
Louis and San Francisco; the depots
for collectibn , and instruction of
recruits being Governor's Island,
New York Harbor, Newport Bar
'raki, Kentucky, Fdrt Leavenworth,
Kansas, and Benicia, .California; Gen
*rid Superintendents to report direct to
the Adjutant General of the , army, and
receive all ' orders -from him. The fol.'
loWing details are made, the officers
tctielieve the officers now In
charge of the superintendencies and de
pots: Brevet Brigadier General J. V.
D. Reeve, at New York city; Brevet
Btigadier General T. H. Neil; at the Da
kat.Governor's'. Island,- New Yottr.
Harbor; Brevet Brigadier General J. B.
Rlddoo,fbr aesignmeng Brevet Brigadier
'Genera Sidney Burbank, at Cincinnati;
Brevet Brigadier General EL W. Weasels,
in charge of Depot at Newport Barracks,
- I CeettickYl Wbvet Brigadier General. T.
.Troilenbarg. ',for; assignment; Brevet
Major Gi3nral W. Hoffman, at St. Lents;
likevA Brigadier General W. H. Sidell,
in charge of Depot at Fort Leavenworth,
_Brevet Lientenat Colonel T. M.
Anderson, for assignment; Brevet Major
General Abner Doubleday, at,San Fran.
csco; Brevet Colonel M. hbdony, at the
Depot , at Betties, California. Carlisle
Barracks, Pennsylvania, and Fort Leav
enworth, Kansas, are named as Depots
ibr the cella:Alm' and- instruction• of cav
alry and artillerY'recniltS.
The work of redlning ~ the force in
th bureaud of the Treasury Department
is progressing. About Ave hundred
clerks will be dismissed, but it is announ
ced no appointmeritiCan be made at pres
ent to Mt the vacancies, it being the de
sire of the Secretary to have the force re
dewed as low **possible, inorder toProp
*Hy conduct the halftime of the,Depart
ment with the least possible expense.
The work of diminishing the force in the
Postoffice Department continues. Twenty
clerks were removed to-day. fa
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS.
The statement that the House Commit
tee Of Foreign'Affstirs has made arrange
ments to visit St. Homing°, and other
islands of the gulf, is pronminc.ed by the
Chairman without any foundation what
ever. The Committee has been in session
seventeen days, taking testimony relative
Its the affairs of the American legation
Id Paraguay, tmd , tvill meet in the An
tumn for the purpose.of taking the testi
mony of members of Brazilian legation,
Officers of the Atlantic Squadron and
Others who have been summoned, which
it is suppcsed can be done in ten days.
FCRFEITURE 'OF PREEMPTION.
lite Secretary of the Interior has deci
ded an actual change of residence, or
ttbandonmeM of land entered under the
ontestead het for bore than six months
any one time, works a forfeiture there.
Of to the government.
00 ON'A. CRUISE; •
• President Grant, accompained by Sec
retal7 Boris and others, contemplate a
short cruise down_the Potomac river to
morrow, in the United States Steamer
Tiaipoosa, now at the Washington Navy
BI i r VENt r E , AITOINTUENTS.
Since the 4th of March, one hundred
And nineteen Assessors aucl one hundred
slid twenty:two Collectors of Internal
Revenue have been appointed.
tßr-Telegrapti to the Vittibiarstkossateq
XEY WEST ,) April 28.—The govern.
ixtent has r vpeelnutree that ed '
c, tion haa,aailed for Cuba under the escort
of a steamer, an d war vessels have been
-dispatched to. tercept it. , - On receipt of
—.:Tater Information, .the Admiral "sailed .
early Sunday rooming on a tag boat.
There is an exciting rumor in clrcula
ilea that a conflict has taken place be
tween a monitor and Spanish men of
-war, and -oncc of the /attar, • sunk and
The insurgents have reappeared in the
vicinity efiElagna. La Grande - and again
destroyed the. rail road.
train Nnevf tas to the 26th are
' received. General Lesca keit there, last
week on tihrrethrn to 'Pnerte'Prhicipe.
Fridaybe had,reaehed San, Antonio,
`•tirlthotit'fting 8 Abet. Generale Linens
and niiibillzed colored troops, marched
` Atom Nuevitakou the 2sd of February to
Puerto , Principe; 'Four -thousand > men
:Are actively engagbd , in making tempor
ary repairs on the railroad betweeen Nu-
Etta and PuerloPriricipe, in order that
°Visions may be transported to the lit
point before the rainy season seta in.
7.1!) is reported the insurgents are, dls
laatistled with Gen. griesade, bi3causii he
- 'is always organizing and never fighting.
The insurgents still hold Napoleon
Asangb prisoner. They have also ar
,lzstad an . American, named, Rohert
Stevens, fortondemning the detention of
Atango. • •
A A government tug boat has brought
'lnto Nuevitas as prize 'a schooner with a
crew of five men onboard, but no cargo.
- Ds* from - Santiago to 23,j state the
'.' , ..imerican brig . Germania wiut wrecked
oft The cargo, consisting of
'munitions of war, was nearly all lost.
1., ',GREAT BRITAIN.
tar reteesph to the Pittsburgh Gazette.]
Cparr 4 April 28.—A. :dinner Was given
her last night in honor of Warred - and
Cos ello, the released Fenians, on"the coo.
caslort kit their ' r: departhre for America.
The MaYor was present and made an in
flammatory speech, warmly eulogizing
the, guests of the evening. - He was fol.
lowed ilr a similar strain by othert. The
building In which the banquet took place
was surrounded by a large crowd of
friends and sympathizers, who 'during
the evening formed a procession and par.
aded the streets with bands and torches.
The proceedings - were marked by much
euthualasm and' excitement, and some
distiller. ' • ' - - 1
MADRID, April 28.--in the Cortes yes
terday one of the. Republican members
made a speech, in which he advocated
athelatiCat.ptificiplab. 'arid alluded to
Christian religion in tero26.of disrespect.
Re was interrupted by Rivera, Presi•
dent of the Cortes, who declared the
Deputy could not be permitted to con
tinue his remarks, The Republicans,
indignant at the decision of the President.
withdrew froni-the chamber. They sub
sequently returned to their seats and
proposed a vote of censure against the
President, A. stormy debate followed
and terminated in the withdrawal of
the resolution. An amendment to the
Constitution, in favor of maintaining the
present unity of the Catholic religion
and worship in Spain, was rejeettftd.
BertuSr, Aprll2B.;At the aittink of the
Prussian Diet to-day, Count Bismarck,
in reply to an inquiry, said the oonyen
tiod'made with the United States for the
protection of emigrants on shipboard
had so far failed of any practical results,
owing to obstacles in the way of estab
lishing an international tribnnal for the
adjudication of cases of complaint aria.
Ing under the treaty.
lassos, April 28.—The mail steamer
from Rio has arrived. The al
lied. forces in Paraguay were making
preparatiorts for a final attack upon Pres
dent Lopez, and expected to be ready
to attack the interior before the end of
Convention of Boards of Trade—Reduc.
tion of Tolle on Grain.
City Telegraph to the Pittsburgh Gazette.]
Cinema°, April 28.—A Commercial
Convention composed of delegates from
the Boards of Trade of Milwaukee, Os
wego, Chicago, Buffalo, Detroit and To
ledovand the New York Grain Exchange,
met here yesteiday morning, the Presi
dent of the Chicago Board of Trade pre
siding. Hon. Mr. Bennett, of Buffalo,
spoke in reference to the granting of Na
tional aid to the Vrie canal. and remov
ing it from State politics. The question
of the Passibility of procuring a reduc
tion of the canal tolls on grain was die--
cussed, and the appointment of a
Committee to go to , Albany was
stronsly • urged. Several New York
members declared that no heavy reduc
tion could be seCured r so long as the
great New York roads were so powerinl.
Others claimed that rates must be re
duced, not only on the canal, but at Buf
falo, Chicago and Milwaukee on the
Northweatern'road, and that it would
take very close figuring to cut the rates
downso as to compare favorably with
those by the new route via New Orleans.
The necessity of lower rates was admit
ted, but there was ncedecision as to how
to lower them.
At th ri'ght session re3olutions were
passed fur th 3 appointment of COMMIE.
sionere to visit Albany and the Mana
gers of, the Northwestern Road at New
York, and another to consult with the
elevator andiinsarance men, to see what
could' be done to lower their rates.
A resolution was also passed recom•
mending that the Boards of Trade repre
sented consider the most feasible means
.of securing water communication from
the lakes to the ocean for vessels of the
largest size, and to report the same at
the next meeting of the National Board
National ConranSon at Newark, - N. J.
[By Telegraph to the Pittsburgh Gazette.)
NEWARK, N. J., April 2i.—The Third,
session of the Natfenzi Sunday School
Convention met in the' First Baptist
durch this morning. A large number
of delegates from Sunday School orgatil
t atiorus throughout the
~Onion were pre
sent. The Oorivention was called to or
der by Edward Eggleston, of Chicago,
and ,Arnoi Shikle, of Kentucky was
made temporary ehalrman,•and
Clay Trumbull, of Connecticut, Secre
tary. An address of welcome was de
livered b; Gtzt zit Runyon, of Newark.
Committees were appointed; and the
Convention' finally, organized with Mr.
George H. Stuart, of. Philadelphia as
permanent President, and a Vice Presi
' dent from each ,State. Rev. fr. C. Trum
bull, J. H. Vincent. of New York, and
B. F. Jacobs, of Chicago, f3ecretaries.
On motion: of E. D, Jones, of St.
Louis • the greetings of the Conven
tion were extended to the Convention of
Sunday School Workers'in London.
sin T g im in a g ft ynhonO p e roe o d m in gt'shpHome w
Little , Wanderens at Philadelphia.
A delegation - .,from the British Pio
_vinees was intivrlnced by the Chairman
in a speech of welcome, to- which Rev.'
F. H. Marling and Alex. Sather/and, of
Toronto, responded. •
Rev.lllr. Henry, of the Irish Baptist
linion; : atated the progress of evangeli
zation there: •
The afternoon was occupied In hming
reports from Societies. ,
Session—The church ;was
crowded. The subject of the , relation of
Sunday work to Demo Instrcia.
tion was discussed .with animation
Rev. 0. Trumbull; of Contlealfitits
T. Millei,of Cinannati, A.., Butheiland o
of Canada, and C. M. Martin, of Chicago.
A resolution was adopted to hold open
air meetings 'to-morrow. •
To-morrow morning Rev. r lenry Ward
Beecher will ;peak on the mission '
of Sunday Whools, and in the a ft ernoon
the ConVentfog will divide into aLx sec
tions to disown special 'Subjects._
PITTSB URGH, fii
The Philadelphia: Post Denentees It as
an Infaniews Lx--11-tatement by J:llus.
LB? Telegraph zoibe Pittabuni Gasette.3
Parr.enstram, April 28.—1 n a two
column editorial, under he caption'of
”Tho Pest and its Enemi the
John D. StobktOni this mo i rkting denoun
ces the Whittle expose published in' the
New York Sun, wean infansous lie, and a
deliberate conspiracy to injure the Poet,
and R:'Young. If Young had
ready tmed the Sun tor-libel, he (gteci
tont) would. The kistor3 , of the 4bet
tram The beginning Is given. Charles
McClintock, former . ..or:tanager, was ele
vated tothat position Mr. Young,
nfident* heafteisr etraYed•
Re borrowed , money from t e Post, and
toed "by dexterity left with debts unpaid.
The /tat, after offering..xtratedlnary
sums for admittance t he Associated
Press monopoly, and repeitedly denied
the privilege, resolved to have news.
Amos • L Cummings, :then night
editor of the Tribune was employ
ed to furnish the A ssociated Press
news. This was unknown to Mr.
Young, who, on disoovering discon
tinued the arrangement. Cummings
was afterwards dismissed from: the
bune by Mr Young, 'and subsequently
becamenight editor of the Sun, in which
capacity be offered to -furnish the Post
with Associate' Press ••tIeNVII.` The , offer
was declined, and hence his revenge.
The Prietlid borrowed money; but gave
collateral. Some haa been repaid. Never
used a dollar as subsidy ur a gi ft . No
bargains were ever made with. Senator
Cameron, Galusha A. Grow, Mr. Brew
ster Or any one else. The Pot is inde
pendent 'of these gentlemen or Mr.
Young. They were creditor s but not
masters., He (Stockton) is alone respon•
Bible for every - opinion' put forth. The
article sayer R. Sypher,another of itre
. 00nspiratofe, Was educated by , .sbnon
Cameron, whom he now repays . by abuse
and ingratitude. Charles A. Dana - 'was
told that the scandal would be werth"
twenty thousand dollars to the &in. Ile
accordingly sold his reputation as a
gentleManand *journalist." - The article
closes With the express determination to
pursue an independent and fearless
LETTER V&0.11 ma. YOUNG.
The Evening Pau publishea the follow
ing letter from Mr. J: Runell Young:
To the Editor of the. Evening /UV: I
thank you for the spirit of your comments
on ins -recent : publlcatiMut In the Sun
If thelatter alternative proVes true, the
wholepress will receive from this case a
shock to its influence, a stain upon its
character, the effects of which may
counterbalance many years of the up
right and •honorable labor, of others in
the service, of the public. I It will cer
tainly now be more necessary than ever
for all.members of the press, who wish
to save it from disgrace, to Join, not In
merely denouncing the imposter
now expbsed, but in keeping the
rest of the profession entirely above
all kindred suspicions. I' am con
tent to accept the judgment on what I
have written. I take the fullest responsi
bility, and do not write this in any way
to escape. from It, Mr. Stockton sayk:
"With an ariangement made with an
editor of the
.Tribune, (whose name is
given,) for news, Mr. Young -had noth
ing to do. He may have Suspected It:
he was nevcr informed of it by me. It
was by Mr. Young's. direct, influence that
this matter was stopped." I remember
writing many. of those letters. Ido not
remember wilting others. I haVe not
keen them. The person to whom they
were written hid been my school-mate
and friend. The friendship was broken
by his misconduct in a business interest
in which he had been placed by my in
fluence. When he left it I was menaced
by this publication. I was told a small
sum of money could suppress itr My
reply was that I had written many things
which I' did not care to see printed,
My bank book, to my wife,' my
diary, my correspondence generally,
could not be made public without annoy-
Ince. . I .ha :Written , notion , * widen
could snake Um lose the respg, of any
o ne who knouts me. Of course I am
senNble of the error of ever having bad
this eerreePetdent. For that mistake
cannot m3te Sufficient explanation. For
twenty live years I had locked upon
him as a friend, when I anould - have
known 'that-ha - war merely a 41440- I
gave him confidence, persona.' seseele
, Hon geneous bounty and Charity, when
to him charity was precious. I should
merely have tossed him the crun the and
bones hoot, Amy, table. That was m 9
blunder. • There are men who h old in
our social economy the same rem anon
which vermin hold in nature. Iri %vet
the same distinction has finally o.
into the press. When any scoundrel. use
private letters to sell, he may finds at VI
ket in, a, New York newspaper.., t"
will' not ' only' have them prited,
but so dexterously arranged, and
clipped, and , - illuminated, and
wanted on, that'matters which were not
in his mind, and elrcunastance,s which
never ekisted;:dill'be I:cadet() appear as
his life, and speech, and thought. The
simplest transaction in bus iness will be
amenities of life, will beheld as glossing
conspiracy end :Intrigue.- If there are
phrases which., have uo '.nteattifig, a
meaning can be inVented, add NYRE an
editor jnirenlopiand fortilkwithlhispen,
there lir nolitnitlei ChM Invention. / do
baileys salts *ir ,libel, mks general
thingilWf I batregiven the - editor of this
print an oppertunity explain.and, de.
rend 'flillflrailaiiction Mitt private. °or
reistitidentse, before is jury of his °min
trymen. lievicu.dvne tills" , have to say t here'le nothing in these let
ters which 'I cannot explain, whenever
an po4nation is proper. ,It la not..vro.
per nore , and 'now. -This -publlcaticin"la
part of it resolute determined effort to
drive 4e trom•ta Tribune and the press
of this city. It Is only the culmination'
of, a conspiracy whim, has longbeenen
genderild: • I am satisfied it htts taken
this shape. It has brought to me unex
pected and precious of friend
ship, and from no men more warmly, I
am Proad t 4 *e4.9.. than the generous' And
noble gentlollVM with Whom I am ease:
' dated 1. business. lam respec4tully,
your ob • client servant,
JNO. RUSSELL YOUNG.
The Expreli publishes a special dis
patch from Philadelphia, saying Attorney
General Brewateritpublishee a card deny
ing that he was ever fleeced by Young or
the Morning reit.
The Philadelphia /bBt, to.day,. in a
lengthy article, . signed J. D. Stockton,
Editor, says:; Certain sums of money
la ere forwarded from gentfemen who
took an interest in the Post, some of
Which has been repaid, while for all notes
were given and endorsed, and legal inte
rest paid;. but not one dollar has ever
teen received by that paper as a subsidy
or, gift. No bargain was ever made with
Cameron, or Grow, or Brewster, or any
other ,Inan;. that neitki.er Cameron, nor
his son, ever ,attempt,CC to dictate the
policy of the paper, Or; aakpd him (Stook..
ton) to ; a4VW.ate a indasure or .oppose.
Defaulting Clerk Arrelited -- pigeon
Sheeting. Match Off—The 'Elevator
Legislative Hotel Bill.
/By Telegraph to the Pittsburgh Gratette,)
• NEw YORK, Apr/1 28,: . 1869.'
Wm. Livingston, formerly delivery
clerk at the retail store of A. T. Stewart
6t Co., Whet last August absconded, a de
fanner for 14,600, was arrested on Twits
day and arraigned to-day at the . Jeffer
eon; Market Police Court. -JAyingston
implicates Peter S:Ctirtis, a bookkeeper,
as an accomplice, and oat's' to turn
State's evidence to 'Save himself. Both
were committed for examination.
The great pigeon shooting maven,
which was to ImVe _taken place at Du
ixila track, on Eighth avenue and One
Hundred and - Firriv-ifinth street, this
afternoon, for two thousand dollars, , be
tweet John Taylor, of Jersey City, 'and
John Tucker, of Providence, R. 1., was
prevented by Henry Bergh, the. Presi
dent of the Society for the prevention of
cruelty to animals.
Messrs. • Jno. A. ,Pool & re.
ported in the- dispatches es losing con
siderable money by the defalcation of
Peck, the elevator man, state that they
did not lose a dollar thereby.
Among the items of the Supply Bill
now before the Legislature is a bill for
the entertainment, at the 'Metropolitan
Hotel of the Committee on Privileges
and Elections of the Assembly, amount
ing to $4,639.32. About half the earn was
charged for the use of two parlors from
January 29th, to April 6th, about forty
dollars a day. The balance was chief!y
for brandy, whisky and cigars, carriages,
and theatre and opera tickets.
S. S. IcHommedieu, President, D. Mc-
Laren, Superintendent, and Stanley Mat
thews, Solicitor of the Cincinnati, Ham
ilton and Dayton Railroad---Company,
have been in the ,city for ivevends
past and to day. conciwied . and sig m a.
contract with the `Erie Company, for a ,
• resumption of bnainelar on a satitintetory
heals. The Erie Company scrums the
exclusive use of the broad gauge track
of the Cincinnati. Hamilton and Dayton
Company for a fixed animal sum fdr its
fixed business, the latter Company run.
ning all trains. for an additional com
pensation. The contract is for ten years.
A contract has also, been concluded and
signed here to-day between the Cincin
nati. Hamilton and Dayton Railroad
Company and the Cincinnati, Banda*"
and Cleveland Company fbr a mutual
exchange of business on satisfactory
— RICHMOND,. VA„
Conservative State Convention—No, Nom-
(By Telegraph to the Pittsburgh Gazette.)
Rioniiorin, April 28.—The Conserva
tive State (kmvention met to-day. Two
hundred delegates,• representing fifty
counties, were present. R. T. Daniel
was chosen President. - The Conservative
candidates nominated in 1887 have all
sent In their resignations. It is under
stood no nominations will be made 'and
the Conservative party will oast its Vete
in the election for . Waiker, the Conserve
tive' Republican candidate.
After recess a majority report, signed
by nine of the Committee on Business,
was read, of which the following is an
First.' Accepting the resignation of the
C'"nserystive candidates and compli
mentinahena for the zeal they displayed
in the cause. 'Second. Urging the Con
servatiVe voters to consolidate to defeat
the obnoilous provisions of the Consti
tution and to elect prober persons :to the
state Legislature. While expressing
hostility to the objectionable features of
the -Constitution, .this; ; ;Convention - - still,
declines to make any. recommendation
to voters regarding their suffrage .on the.
Constitution expurgated of ancsh-Jabjeo
tionable features , feeling that the v oters
will act for the best interest - of .thelitate.
The report id sighed by Brildrill4 Ed—
moods, Ould, Payette - McMullin Cam
eron, Morley, aqd otborid
made a speech in its: favor,- explaining
that It was compromise,- of different,
opinion', and left the conservative voters':
free to vote for , or ag ainst negronuffrilge ,
against the ; Constitution as. a whole, or
for it is expurgated. 'lt waa a course of
action to.gin at the nece ssities and oh..
outdetances of the nines: ' -
A minority , report; +signed by three of
'be COMMittee. wits read. It 'advocated
;‘- lie control of the State by the whit-arse%
r i affirms .the princdples annenneed• by
the last Conservative Convention, asserts
; ho t \ this; Convention has •no .right to
_ a be t - :Won the ,same c anft; odglit to -follow,
the , IXewilerahlp of th e •,qandlditteii lhen
z om i ), ,:,ntteil.
• t expresses a doubtl even
if awe, : i vlittiga l ted Cdnatitntion WO adopt
ed, whe. Ooneervativeßepnblloan elect,
then Oongresei w orld not ettltippui
nose adi, idiom! terms on the people I,of .
Ebb s s te w . 'The law which requires Vin:
Stunt itt i i 'opt the Fifteenth Amendment
r a h / coin ', ! lag Into tbe.Uniou is affirmed
to'be arises? stitutionnl. They prefer, the
. e o u f
t w b b y lte n tn eg e r e mi to ,. tr it r n es 4 pe ca n n .
On the white p
-eople of the State to Vole
down the g.
both reports an the; Mr. Good out
the A to,
triolgetoneieetay., " portede minority re-
Itu or tiOn th .
id the Convention ad.;
t i n a epee° chiefly direotetkagalast
ble rho defeated a‘ k ;
live picas of the
parried until tarn°. rrPIT. • -
t Only representa
• -At -the morainal se*. on resolution
THE BUTLER. H4)MICIDE.
Court opOned at 83i:o'clock.
Mrs. McCandless took her seat. Miss
Mary's seat i blocked the passage between
her mother,;and the - jury so that witness
es could not pass back' and forth to the
stand, and the young lady is not in it this
morning. . -
EVIDENCE FOR DEFENCE ?
Mr. Thoinpaon offered a diaarata of
Mr. grahatn'a house. .
to the jury.l He went over and called
attention to. each article in the carpet
She nnon. produced and identified
the wadding taken from prisoner ' s- gun
, , .
on MOnday morning after the , murder.
Capt. Ziegler, sworn—ls shown, a frag
ment Of paPer; says it is printed in non
pariel; is a printer; professes to_ be ac
quainted with type. The pa p er given in
by Squlrifil lain p risoner' sgEvery, scrap
of paPer foci id in sack Is ex
' amlned by witness and - all found to be in
different types from the•wad 'found by
Ctinrad Donble. I Witness examined the
wadding taken from the gun by Squish
Shannon:and thinks Ma from a New
:York PaPer. [Examined the bloOdy wad.]
It appears to, be ascrapof,the Pittsburgh
.Dispatch; he finds none of the other scraps
printed withthe same kind of type.
Cross.exetnined--Finchi a' difference in
the' type between' that on the wad and
that used in he Dispatch of February 2.
1861: the oarillel lines are the same, and
the three I's;! but this !anomie, for these
things are generally the same in all offi
ces; the scrap is lealifaced, and the pa
per fat faced:When the , form is . Made up
and goes to press, every copy of that is
sue lain the same type. •
Samuel Sughea, sworn.—ls a printei;
has been for ten years; is foreman in the
office of the American 'Citisen, arid has
been for seven years; Understands type.
[Examines the bloOdy wad.] It is non
pareil type; there is a lean and fat faced
nonpareil; the wad is lean faced.. [Ex
amines all the other scraps.] Gives the
-same account of scraps which has already
been given by, Capt. Zeigler.. [Exaniines
the wad taken out of the gun by 'Squire
Shannon.) It is nonpareil and bourgoise.
[Compares this with the largest scrap
found in prisoner's sack.] Thinks the
type the same, in both. The paper is the
same; the style.of• printing Is New York
style; the - manner of setting the adver
tisements as well as advertisements in
dicate that these are scraps of the New
York T. ibune.'
Cross-exatnination elicits nothing.
Prank Eastman, sworn—ls Clerk of
the Court of Butler county; hss been
since September, 1868; has hail charge of
the papers in thiq case; has • still charge'
of them; the finding of the inquest came
into his possession before the bill of in
dictment. . [ldentified a paper as the se
-tura otthe inquest, put into hiscustedy
by the prosecuting *moray.] asked
to state the number of depositions it Cop
talued, and tames of witnesses. Com
monwealth:Objects. Proposition sUbmit
ted in writing. •
o,urt ruled 'that the paper must in*
identified by the Squire who took the
ire Shann on re-called—Was one•of
the magistrates who held the inquest.
Commonwealth object, and Squire
Samuel Riddle called—'Was one of the
Justices. Wrote diawn the depositions.
[Ennmerates- them.) . . Cannot recollect
whether he wrote Wm: English's; knows
his own hand-writing. (Is shown the
paper.] Recogenes Wm. English's dep
osition; .thinks he, wrote Wm. English's
name for him.. Thls Is the mark; ex
peers he made his mark. Witneser r:
turned this pardeto - tlie Clerk of Abe Court. He recognized Dan. , Graham's
Interrogated by the Court—Was a Jus
tice of the Peace,' had been sent 'for to
assist Squire Shannon; did the writing
and admmistered the oaths. The head
ing of this paper he did not write; all
other, portions of, the paper are in his
writing,,except i.the signatures. Was a
Justice of the Peace in that toWnshiv.
Returned all these depositions' ' parts
of the finding of the inquest. Was no
Coroner ln the 'county at that time that
witness knew of, Squire Shannon is a
Jostice of the Peace. Lives two and a
half miles from Mr. McCandless:
Crossexamined—itiquire Shannon ex
amined the witnesses and this witness
administered the oaths to them all. The
oath administered to Wm. English was
the same as aduilnistered to other wit
nesees: Was "sworn to tell the truth
lakstween the commonwealth and Taylor
Hackenberry.- The inquest had closed 1
its finding% signed and issued a warrant,
before- Wm. English was summoned.
Hie examination , was no part of the pro
ceedings of the. inquest. Can nut re
member if Wm.:: English :was . cross-ex.'
attained. Witness wrote down all that
.the witnesses intid;,made them stop, and
,waited on them; stopped and waited until
understoOd them, and got irright; his
ecolleotton is bid and 'will hot say now'
that he *rote doWn one-half of aft they
said; doea not think.he could rernerober
all theY said, not even after refreshing his
memo by looking over the 'written test simony. "
. Direct resumed—Wrote ilewnethe depo
eitiODS as givenln. by the witnesses, and'
believes he tank - diem correofty;, read
'them' over td !witnesses,' ,before they
signed' therm: thinks *ftnessea tinder.
stood what he read to them;' took &orm
what they , said ebrreptly; felt it his duty
to be particular; !I Waited on - witnesses
until they felt that:therhad said what
was right. Thet , depositiOna Were tree
and Tolentary; no.nne nule.animeations
to_witnesses; jar as it penenrsted:the
thing itself he Wrote,doWn ; all that:they
' Cr o astexttinini 4 d - 4Thitiktittilliiiii Eng:"
Rah' said ' nothing in' his examination
which did 'not relate tb the matter in
- hand; 'Thinks be' - wrote dOwn *very
thlng-the tvitneakes said, after they were
sworn,,. His =Ornery, ;has fallediin the'
last few yesrs, dud. ihegets puzzled. It
alWaYs hag teen; his *Met that Ite.wrote
doWn all .4.4, teathinow. He recellepts
the le4er ?
IIL direst-RecnllOota ' what hiraryo
oulidiegkekt4atiout the' letter on the in
Cotribionliesith will •not •nertnit
&BS 4o repeat what' ahe did say.-
- Ititerrogatbd b:y, COurt---He and Squire
Shannon examined these,: witnesses to
Iteeitthey, should sormnit ithe prirmer
for trial. , 'lt watt in their! efficial eapaci
ty. Witness issued the warrant; .thinks
it was not signed, by Squire Shannon.
Wm, English was sworn in the ordinary
Mr. Thompson read is r ropositkon to,
offer the deposition of Wm. English in
evidence, on the groun. that he is out of
thejurisdictiOn of the (court, and cannot
Here followed an argu ent es to wheth,-
' er Wm. English's testihiony was taken
upon the inquest. -The - proposition was
changed, and the deposition stated to
have been taken before the examining
Commonsvealt hobjects, on the ground
ofiliegality of the whole proeeeding, and
because '7Tm. English is living and
should - have been produced. - '
Coati suggests that prisoner'S counser
prove - that in. English is-beyond its
jurisdiction.'"'James Eng/fak, sworn-Is acquainted
with. Wns. English, who is his brother's
son; William • is between thirteen and
fourteen - years otd, or perhaps a little
more.- Was living with hieilither, John
English, last-fall,ln aria county. John
English and • hi* family left.tide
State; removed from the State
last , November; Went intending to
to remainaway permanently; went first
to Douglass county, Kansas; removed
from there to Newton county, Misonri;
was there at the last accounts. None of
the family have been in Pennsylvania.
since. Wm. did not go,with thefainily.
—went beforethemp startedin the night;
the father and other children lett ten.
days after, his mother went with him.
They are all together now. John intend:-
ed moving about the-25th or 26th of Oc- -
tober, but waited until after the No-,
vember term of Court. He intended
appearing before Court. He postponed_
his 'removal, to allow himself time
to . attend.. - Court here; they, had
been subpoenaed to attend' 'this trial.
William and his mother started in the
night, became they had heard there was
a processin the Sheriff's hands to detain
then% They started at night- to•avold ,
the Process in the Sheriff's hands. This
was the only reason they left before the I
rest of the family.
Cross.exatnined—lt is-some tiniesince
witness has had a letterrfrom,hriebnither.
It, is six weeks. William hap not been
particularly Mentioned: -• Thinker, frOm
this, that bets with his parephs, Calou- I
hates William is with them,because he has
not been especially mentioned. If he
(William) was not at home his father
would: mention it. One of the- girls
wrote after they had got to 'Kansas that
mother and William had joined thein. -
.D. Graham, recalled—la the grand
father of William English.. Does not
know. where he is. When last heard
trona he was in Kansas. -Believes-it was
in Douglass county. Understood- the
family left there and went to Newton
county, Missouri. Had a letter from his'
daughter, William's • mother, who said
they had arrived in Missouri, Witness
gives the names of the fandly.l Has no
knowledge of any of the family being
back in Pennsylvania since, they left.
Last time he saw William English lie
was in his father'b house in this county.
'Plaintiff's counsel. offers. Simi process,
return of sheriff, the affidavit of defend- -
ant, and order of the Court „by which
they bad sought to detain thesearilheises,
and renews the. proposal to' offer Win.
English's deposition as evidence.
C. McCandless opened
was the aumnnt.
Claimed that as there no Cor rg oner in
the county. the Justices were e.r.ellielo•
Coroner, and represented therommon
wealth. He read authorities- to prove
that depositions taken before him are
competent evidence. He recalled the •
motion, before the opening of the case,.
for its continuance on thegroand of the
absence of this Win. English. and his.
mother, in the hope of beingable to pro--
cure their attendance.
court cautioned counsel not.to say any--
thing about the contents of the deport'.
thin sought to be Introduced. _ • •
Mr. MeJunkin rSplied;and waned that
this deposition, wag, not taken before the-
Coroher, or any one who legally repre
sented the Coroner; that theduties of the
Justices, as Coroner, had ceased before
this examination. 'He called the depo
sition paper without form, without le
gality, without regularitya" The Com
monwealth laid no hand in getting it up..
dcc. He argued that the admission
of such loose papers would- be abundant-,
lv productive of most fearful results.
Mr. Thompson followed t and admitted
that this was out of the usual course, but
insisted that fearful results might be pre--
vented by the reception et tlie testimony.
He urged the. equity of itareceptien. and
appealed to the discretion or the Court.
to strain the rules of law, if necessary, in.
favor of truth, justice and mercy._ He.
offered the testimony as that taken before.
the magistrate in a preliminary examin
ation, to determine whether the;prisoner
should be committed for trial, d.
argued that, as examining magistrates,
?Squires Riddle and ShannonrepresentecE
the Commonwealth. He read from,
Rusael on Crime, 2d Vol. Page 'BBi.
showing that the Commonsiealth could
bring.such testimony, and. claimed .UIA
justice demands that the prisoner should
have equal liberty, that he should have
as moon facility in proving Ida Innocence
as his accusers have for proving his guilt.
Mr. Thompson's argument was, partic
ularly able and conclusive, when backed
by the authorities he read, :He argued.
that when the , equity is, so .evident, the
Court should give the priminer the bene
fit of all legal doubts, as well as- doubts
of fact. He dwelt upon the effort* the
defense had made to detain these wit
nesses,and the evidence of their escape
'and caled upon the Court to -wipe:out
now a relic of barbarism *ldol% gives ; to. ,
the Conemonwealth more freedom in in,
trodncidg testimony than that alloWed to -.
the prisoner. •He reminded the:Court, of
the time when a person charged; with.
a Murder was not allowed bbuneel .and
-was pronounced guiltyuntil pawned,
himself innocent. , • •
, , • AFTERNOON SEAION.
Court opened at two o'cloCk. "Mrs.
McCandless not in her seat.Lßrisciner
looka hopeful, and smiles at. remarks. of
MaTenkin 'began bin aroinient
against the reception of Wm. English's
deposition. Two minutes rifler Zdra.lll,c,
Candles* came forward' and took ,her
'Seat. Mr. MoJunkin argned that Squire
Riddle was acting on pis Dent private 'ao. •
()mint, and not as a magistrate.- - Recited • ,
authorities and took the Court" lack t o
the-old British law, s.nd the dark-ages.
He argued that it wr i eald be an, absurdity
to admit this deppsitiort, and..that the
Court ' ldat not, and 'dare not, admit it."
Mr. Thompson/ follovilid,. ; closely on
testing the taolnt -and, reading further
authority. He, argued that such testi
mony could be admitted in. miell'easen s
where a dollar,or thekprice of a horse or
ox was at stake, and ought to be where&
man's life is involved;
Judge McGulfin addiessed counsel at
(ConUnned on Eighth P ',IA'
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