The Scranton tribune. (Scranton, Pa.) 1891-1910, December 09, 1902, Image 1

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Winers' Testlmontj Rcaardlno Con
ditions at Independent Golllerles
Is Uncontroverted.
Miners' Stdc Since the Henrlngs Wore
Resumed Has Devoted Its Atten
tion Almost Wholly to Attacks on
Coxo Bros. & Co. and G. B. Markle
& Co., Yot Neither Company Has
Any of Its lawyers Present to
Make Defense Damaging Evidence
Against Companies in General Also
Goes Unquestioned Only Two Big
Companies Represented by Out-of-Town
One of the principal reasons Hit- in
dependent oporntois advanced for not
consenting to a settlement out or court,
was that they wanted vindication.
They claimed they could show, anil
would show, to the commission and
world at liirtro Hint the miners' alle
gations against them were unfounded;
that the wattes puid were better than
irecived by other classes of labor from
which the saint' amount of skill, ex
perience and muscle were required, and
that, all in all the mine worker ought
to lie pretty well content with his lot.
Kvcr since the hearings were re
sumed, last Wednesday, the miners'
lawyers have been whacking away at
the independents, but the latter,
'"""' "' ''. - . .. or
no utlemnt at Htrikinrr back or even
d( finding themselves. Coxo Bros. &
Co., a qunsi-independent concern, was
attacked for three days, but did not
ven have a lawyer present. Part of
Friday, all of Saturday and all of yes
terday the minors pound hot shot Into
George U. Markle & Co., but the two
lawyers recorded as the representu-
iivu r m ,.. .,r,.i niw ,
Philndelphin, and George It. Bedford,
of Wilkes-Darre, remained away ami
left the miners free rein to put in any
kind of testimony they saw fit, and
allow "this testimony to go on the rec
ord and to the commission und public
without being controverted, explained
or qualified by cross-examination.
Damaging Charge.
The very last bit of testimony put in
yesterday afternoon was a most dam-
aging 'charge against the defendant j
company and the companies' side In !
general, but it was allowed to go un- !
challenged. As is generally known, the
operators have claimed all along that
Hm nv.i 1 1 tl 1 t it ..! i-ti.i.iii,.-. . ..,l-l....i. 1
r.,, Xn .'. the witty, old Irish miner who
--- 13, " . ... u-i- t i, L,n.lll.l.ivi;i, (lull
their own employes, and that they
stoou ready to guarantee them fair and
against and ofttimes discharged. Tluj
last witness, yesterday, Cliarles Hel
ferty, of Jeddo. president of the Jeddo
local of the l.mltcd Mine 'orkers. con
cluded a iccital of the unsatisfactory
working of the local adjustment plan 1
at the Markle & Co. mines, and then
was asked by Atormv MiCarthv: I
iiuw iiiiiny men were on ttie griev
nneo committee from the Markle X- Co.
"Thirteen," In- ansueieil.
"I low manv of these men are now
voikliig for Markle .i Co.'.'"
"Xdt OMi'"
The miners' attorney miv ii..v win
lit "vl!HHe.1l!,, t,M i,,.!.,,,. ,,
rut operators fur a f..w days mure I
The attorneys for the hi rnnuum., i, '
. -..-...- .... Mill. Illllll-
idly' by and evlm-e no num.. i,,,. in. ...!
st In the proceedings, in fact, Mr.
AVrilvirton, ,if the Reading, an 1 Mr.
tiuwnii. of tho Lehigh Valley, are thu
inly out-of-town counsel ror the com
panies In attendance. J. H. Torrey. of
Ihif. city, local R-iirosentatlvi) of tit,-.
aei.nmn' aim iiimsiiu eoinjillliy, UIU a
little cioj-s-exainliilng timing the di.y,
but being unacquainted with the dr
t.iils liuil to cnnlhie himself to KOmr
iilltle.i, and veiv low of tho.-e.
General Wilson Protested.
Homo testimony legnidimv the in.
creased prleo of foodstuffs was being
Interlarded, yesterday afternoon, iu ac
commodate a wltnei.n who wantcl to
get away, and Mr. Hums, of counsel
for the local Independent operators, In
cros-s-oxninlnliig happened in rarer u,
tho president ns "Teddy" Roosewit,
General Wilson jumped in his feet,
and in tones of mixed linger and sur
prlso called out:
"ilv. Chairman, l must vlrurously
protest against the president of the
Prilted Ktutes being referred 0 In ths
maimer iu tile presence of this coin
mission." "The objection Is well taken, General
Wilson," said Chairman Gray In vcrv
ley tones.
Mr. Hums mumbled something about'
Mm profcident referring to himself as
"Teddy." ami tho Incident closed.
At the opening of .vehterday's uesslou, 0,-ay, on behalf of the com.
mission announced that It desiicd the
companies to present whatever testi
mony in the way of statistics they may
h.tvo ni hand, that thu commission may
cxuitiliiii it and dptermlno whether or
not it Is satisfactory, and if not, how
It Is to bo supplemented or annexed, it
Is time, ho said, the commission had
gotten down to an examination of this
sort of ii'ttlniimy und he hoped tlm
companies would have It filed without
inuth further delay,
.Major Wmrcn slated that the Potm.
jjlviuila and Hllhddr companies, which
T.l..... ...l ,,...i . . ...
just treatment. Tho miners' eonleii-! , ,' , .. ' ,,
tion is that tho companies do not ,iv() "fing almost continuous y by his
up to this agreement and that it Is : m,,1l5' ilIld witty answers He was es
usually the case that the men who rep-1 THL'ln ly tmni ,ecau? UW'IS a" u"'
resent the employes on the grievance "onsc-lous on hU part. He was very
emmittet.-s are always discriminated w'r .u al! r,,r UK ",own v,pw 0l lho
.ua V-
hav v.
lit? represents
mplclcd some of
them In at once.
dld tlds tit the
altci'iHimi soyMon.
M'in. , "some ot the
statistics" pr
Rim rod ijjwheso two c
panics made a cyllnd. JA package two
feet long unci it foot utfi&i half In vit-
Would Requires Tw''Honths,
ft. 11.1. .1,11 . -l I
dent operators stilted thSgjs clients
bad some b-.eoo accounts l s'JKure un
and to tubulate the static, -. in the
manner suggested by the commission
on Saturday would require another two
months. The companies, -he said, had
token averages and were willing to
submit their pay rolls to 'the experts
of the miners to have the averages ver
ified. Not only were there general
;i venules, lie cxnlninod but thonVeragOS
! , every man's wages. The commission
I "' Saturday, asked to have the wages
i. lun.-Jiin. u inr 1'itti ui (i i iihvui nm.-
tables showing how ninny men earned
less than $10, how many earned less
than $9.(10 and so on ilown'thu scale. To
change the tabulations now, to conform
t the commissioners' wishes, Mr.
Reynolds averred would be a stupend
ous task.
Judge Gray said the companies
might put In what statistics they have
prepared, the commission would then
suggest what more If any, Information
along these lines was desired.
The intention of the miners to con
tinue the examination of the Markle &
Co., men and the absence of the Markle
& Co., attorneys, was called to the at
tention of the commission by Mr. Tor
rey. Mr. Dickson was 111 In Philadel
phia, he explained and Mr. Hertford
was kept away by pressing business.
In view of this, Mr. Torrey said, It
would hardly be proper to examine the
Markle & Co., witnesses.
Mr. Darrow protested that the min
ers should not bo put to the expense of
keeping a lot of witness here because
of the absence of lawyers, and insisted
cm proceeding with the programmed
I ... " . . . .
examinations. Judge Gray wanted to
know if Mr. Torrey could not conduct
tbe cross-examinations for Markle &
Co. Mr. Torrey said he was not ac
quainted with the conditions in that re
gion, and would not want to attempt
it, even with authority. Judge Gray II...I I..-. n.. .t..t,i til, ITl.
, .'"VA, " -, ,. "V Z T,7iL7i -i , tw
inedford. Mr. Torrey called Mr. Bed-
ford by 'phone and learned that it was
impossible for him to come up. Judge
Gray stated that tho hearings were in
terrupted enough without hnvlng them
prolonged by .the absence of lawyers,
and directed that the examination be
proceeded with.
Cost of Living'.
Seven witnesses were put on to tefi
more ubout the conditions at Markle &
Co.'s collieries and two Seranton men,:
J. W. Rlttelihouse, of the Retail Groc
ers' association and John II. Hughes, of
Armour & Co., to give figures regard
ing the increased cost of living now
as compared with 1900.
The llrst witness was James Gal-
was on tho stand Saturday and who,
it will bo remembered, was "half-killed
miittev was cuneerned.
To Mr. Harrow's iiucstiou as to the
burial fund provided by Markle & Co.,
the witness explained that It was cus
tomary in the old days, fur the mine to
' L'lnfi tW.M'V frn tltit all i v M'lwiM ii inn n
T V , , ' '" ' ,
1llle,u' , n ' P" "'"
c';ulsl,lt, ,to '1cillh ,llfl(1 "
PIIJI 1IUIII HJI HH Vlll,T II 111 11 ( t IKMt UI4 0
ow wlio was
money with
which his funeral expenses might be
paid and the men made up a collection
to dot ray the expense. They then de
cided to thtabllsh a burial fund and
asked George Markl" to contribute
something to It. Mr. Murkle agreed lo
donate ?.'0 lo the expense of burying
I each man who was killed, providing
not more than eight men quit work on
. . . ., ........ . .... it
u,t "t,y m UK Kl """; im wa" Bttus"
factory and continued In operation lor
several years, when one day
a man
was terribly crushed beneath a fall and
the other men all went out for the day.
Tho company then reduced its contil
butltiu to the burial fund to J-Ni, and it
remained ,-u this llgure until four and
u' half years ago, when It was put back
at i.'0.
Size of Sllne Car.
The- witness also told of bogus mill
ers' certificates having been issued ainl
how an Hungarian who claimed to
have bought a certificate for SI was
killed one day by firing a charge where
th roof was bad, after being warned
that he was risking his life.
The wltnests also told of how the size
of the mine car has grown continually
ami that ho never saw a mlno inspec
tor about a hi east or working unless it
was after an accident of a furious nn
tui'rt had taken place,
.Mr. Reynolds took the witness for
"Vou stated a spcclllc instance," be
gan -Mr. Reynolds, "of accident result
ing Iu death being attributable to per
sonal Ignorance on the part of the
miner. Xow, I want to ask"
"I stated what?" 'interrupted Mr.
"1 ray you told of a miner loMng his
life becaufco of Ignorance"
"I stated nothing of tlm kind. What
I said was that he didn't know."
At which tho rlpplo of laughter, that
almost continuously uccompanled Mr.
Gallagher's story, swelled Into a mighty
V.'ll vc.
Regarding the issuance of minors'
certificates to incompetent miners, as
testified lo by tho witness cm direct
examination, Mr. Reynolds adduced the
fact that the men who issued them
wore miners.
Tho witness admitted that when the
si.o of tho car was Increased, "just
lifter Hiiyos' election," tho prico was
Increased, but lie maintained Unit tho
size has been fjtndually but surely
growing' without any corresponding in
creaao In wages, He knew this, bo-
....I.-.. ' TJ.-. ni.ntil Ir.i.t tl.ri .1 .-.- r.,,. 1 .1 n rr-
cause when tho new car was first In
troduced lie could barely put it tcti
I'ool plank In It, while now it will easily
contain an elevcn-fiiol plank.
"Now, In the Fifth district, where
you work" Mr. Jluynolds started to
"PlfthV Vnu mean Seventh," Inter
rupted the witness.
"Xo, the Fifth," Insisted the lawyer.
"1 work In the Seventh district," de
clared the witness with equal Insist
ence. Attorney McCarthy explained: "The
witness la referring to the United Mlno
Workers' Seventh district."
"Oh, 1 see," said Mr, Reynolds. "I
mean tho Fifth Inspection district."
"Aw! I don't know anything about
that, sure," declared Air. Gallagher.
Cause of Accldonts.
Mr. Reynolds read from a report of
the chief of tho bureau of mines In
which Chief Roderick says that 03 per
cent, of the accidents in anthracite
mine. are attributable to imprudence,
neglect or carelessness on the part ot
the victim. He asked the witness if he
concurred In this opinion, Mr. Galla
gher replied that he would not agree
with this opinion. He would admit thnt
i good per coinage- of accidents were
not altogether unavoidable, hut they
were due to lack of knowledge, on the
part of the victim, rather than to care
lessness or anything of that kind.
Mr. Reynolds nskfd If It was not
dangerous to carry n, "brattice'1 In u
"dog hole," and If it was not a com
mon thing for miners to do this. The
witness averred thnt it could be done
Frank Hen, of Jeddo, who was on the
stand Saturday at adjournment, was
also re-called and examined by Mr.
McCarthy. Ho explained how It was
possible to safely "carry a brattice In
ti dog hole," to contradict Mr. Rey
nolds' contention that this was danger
ous, and then proceeded to deny that
CO per cent, of the accidents In mines
are due to negligence, carelessness or ences In tho last year have shown to
ignorance on the part of the miner, as those who are charged with the respon
clalmed by the chief of the bureau of nihilities of this work the fact that tho
mines. As an Indication that tho mine great mass of the. American people ate.
car has expansive tendencies. lie told hi sympathy with the organization and its
that once when a. new stylo of car was . wolk- Thl" Kreat Industrial question has
Introduced It was necessary to widen ' !, Zr"
the roads by cutting away timbers to
tfl 11. llllWllKll.
The witness next told that he was
one of tho thirteen men at the Jeddo
IContlnuetl on Paac ".
rhe Celebrated Austrian Surgeon
Treats a Nnrnhpr nt niinriw
Cases Returns Christmas.
By Inclusive Wire from The Associated l"ie. .
Philadelphia, Pa., Dec. 3. Professor
Adolph Lorenz, the celebrated Austrian
surgeon, arrived here from Haltlmore
to-night, accompanied by his assistant,
Dr. Mueller. Professor I.urenz will re
main here until Friday. He Is the
guest of the JefTnron .Medical college.
To-morrow he will treat a number of
charity cases and Wednesday will be
devoted to the treatment of private
cases. Thursday he will conduct a
clinic at Jefferson college. Twenty pa
tients will be submitted to liim and he
will operate upon as many of them as
time and strength will permit.
Professor I.urensc stated that since his (
nrilval in this country he has per
formed mm e than one hundred opera
lion!', all, he said,, were uniformly suc
cessful. From this city Professor Lor
enz will go lo Xew York and Hoston,
returning to his native country about
Christmas. He will stop on route In
London, where he expects to remain a
The case of Uolita Armour, of Chi
cago, Trofe.'-sor Lorenz said, would not
require further attention unit! spring.
Then he will either return to this
country or the child will be taken to
All Amendments Adopted Save tho
One Prcncrlbing- an Educational
Test Tax on Immigrants.
My i:.ulus.Ue Wire Hun Tlic A$ocmU'iI l'iff.
AVaslilngton, Doc. S. Tlm stmate to
day mlunu-d all the commltteu aniond
ments to the immigration bill, with the
exception of one prescribing; an edu
cational test, and also Uio action of the
committee in striking out Section M,
prohibiting the saluof intoxicants with
in tho capltol building, and then laid
aside the bill until tomorrow, to pass a
number of unobjected pension bills.
Tho amendment fixing a three-dollar
a huid tax on each Immigrant coming
into tlm United States furnished tin.
principal topic lor debate, Mr. Galllu
ger Insisted that there was less ncec-s.
slty tor it now than there was u. year
ago, but it was adopted without divis
ion, A new amendment was added, de
signed to stop tha alleged perjury on
the- .part of persons seeking admission
to the United States, mid the commit,
too amendment making the head tax a
Hen cm tho property of tho transpor
lutlou llnis brlnelnjr Immigrants to thu
United States was stricken out. ,n
amendment also was atsreed to, ex.
ijuptlug from the tax aliens In transit
through tho United States and aliens
once admitted and who have paid th-t
Will Destroy Infecfed Cattle.
Ity Inclusive Wfrv fi'uin 'fli .UiueUtuI 'fe-.i.
Washington, Deo. S. Tho teci-ytary of
agriculture has sent instructions to Dr,
Salmon, of thu bureau of uninuil Indm
try, who Is at prewmt superintending thu
work of lighting tho fool and mouth ills.
eaBo cpldcmlo Iu Now Hiiglaud, to desiruy
all animals infected.
Steamship Arrivals.
Uy Ilsiluhe Wlic flora Tlm AHoeiatJ I'm...
New York, Dec, S.llroinen Arrived:
Frk'deiieh tier Gii'su, Xew York. Gibral
tarArrived: Aller, New Yuri- lor Uuno.i
and Naples. Cherbourg-Arrived: Kulsur
Withehu dor Cirosse, Xuw York via Ply.
mouth for Iluiiiburr. LlzurdlMsstil:
Potsdam. Now Yoik for Ituttetdaiu.
First Annual Meeting ot the Indus
trial Department Is Held In
New york.
In the Address of Welcome He Ex
tends Congratulations to Those In
terested in the Work Alfred Mos
ely's Remarks He Discusses tho
Labor Situation Is for Shorter
Hours, but Declares Against the
Boycott and Pavors Freedom, that
Will Enable Man to Sell His Labor
Where He Desires The Address of
Charles Francis Adams.
!)y Kxeliiiiic Wiie rem 'I lie As-vciJleil hw.
Xew York, Dec. S. The llrst annual
meeting of the Industrial department
of the Xatlonal Civic. Federation was
begun here to-day. Senator Hanna
called the session to order and made
an address of welcome In which he
In extending welcome to you, I also
wlm to extend congratulations. I am
rl.'iil tr hn nlili. trt k.iv I lint nlli evneri-
J ))oop,e ,. lhu ,.,lUl!d stntM. Ntl mor
important question claims their attention
than this one which seeks to btlng about
a better relationship between capital and
labor. Tho object of this meeting today,
and for the several days for which wu
are to meet, Is to discuss in every phnsu
of this question, all mutters of interest
which will tend .to the improvement of
these cunilltions, as affecting these two
great factors, and which shall Interest to
a larger extent the people of this coun
try to join with us In this work.
Mayor Low made an addiess of wel
come on behalf of the city.
Among those present were: John C
Mllburn. of riuffnlo: Ulshop Henry C.
Potter, Cornelius X, Bliss, President
Kliot. of Harvard; Archbishop Ireland.
Oscar S. Straus, James A. Chambers,
of Pittsburg; Theodore J. Shaffer,
James O'Connoll, James M. Lynch,
Henry White, John Mitchell, Charles
H. Taylor, jr., president of the Ameri
can Publishers' association; Fied T.
Towne, president of the National
Founders' association; Charles II.
Castle, president or the National Stone
manufacturers; A. Heverly Smith,
United States Llthographlcal associa
tion: William Maiion, president of the
Amalgamated Street Railway associa
tion; ex-Seimtor Thomas W. Palmer,
of Michigan; John Graham Rrooks,
Cambridge; Alfred Mosely und John A.
Hobart, liugland.
Alfred Mosely's Address.
Alfred Mosely explained how he came
to bring a delegation of Hritlsh work
Ingmen to America. When iu South
Africa he had found that American en
gineers had succeeded in mining oper
ations whore Hritlsh engineers had
failed, and a later visit to the United
States had convinced him that Ameri
can business methods were In advance
of those, of the old country.
As to shorter hours Mr. Mosely was
of the opinion that to 'secure the eight
hour day the movement must bo uni
versal. Restrictions of output ho said
could not he permitted. The speaker
declared himself against boycott) in
favor of the freedom of man to sell his
labor to whom he desired and the or
ganization of both capital and labor.
At the afternoon session Archbishop
Irolund made an address In which ho
paid the year now almost gone had con
firmed the originators of tho Civic Fed
oration In their conviction that they
were engaged iu salutary wink, that of
striving to bring together, face to face,
capital and labor, so that the one
would undcrsuind the rights of thu
other, so that the one would be willing
to perform its own duty toward the
other, and that in this manner Indus
trial peace should be made to reign
over thu country.
Mr, Carpenter, of Dayton, Ohio, spoko
on "labor bureaus In largo Industrial
centers," The time would come, he
said, when onpltnl would be organized
along the same lines of labor and until
then the labor problem could not bo
setttled, Jo spoko at length In favor
of a labor department In Industrial cor
poratloiiH to which questions between
employer and employe could he re
ferred. Favors Compulsory Arbitration.
G. (.', Hykes, of Chicago, former secre
tary of the Stroct Railway commission
of that city, speaking1 on the subject of
arbitration, said:
"I am opposed to the Idea of cuni
pulsory arbitration as .minus to Indus
try generally. I think it is contrary to
right Ideas and to American Ideas, In
that It Is likely to lend to harm und to
utasn.itlon, but ti differential between
the public service corporation und the
ordinary Industrial corporation. The
publlo has a right lo demand uninter
rupted, straightway service. To that
cud, it has a light to insist that right
reasonably be done to provent strikes
and lockouis. Companies, in accepting
grants, should b requited to submit all
labor disputes to arbitration. The saino
argument applies as well to tlm light
ing, telephono and water companies in
t lie municipal fields, and to railroad
and telegraph companies in tho na
tional fold,
"It ought to be no more possible, to
have thu street car service of a great
city like Now York or , Chicago, St..
Louis or Xow Orleans, Interfered with
by labor troubles than U would bu to
have thu lire department out of action
for onti week or two weeks because the
men were un a strike."
Charles Francis Adams was then In
troduced. He said:
Speech of Charles Francis Adams.
There Is, hi Massachusetts, nrnl bus
been for over thirty j iiiih, a board of
railroad cninmlBsloners. In the history of
that board Micro wu ono Important, but
now quite forgotten, incident, from which
ii highly suggestive lesson may ho drawn.
It occurred twenty-five years ago. Thu
Mrisuchtisotts railroad commission Wtis
organized In ISO, cm the theory that, hi
adjusting matters of difference between
the community and Its iiillroud corpora
tions, nrbltrary power w.n a hindrance
rather than a help: for tho reason that,
Iu America, force was In the long run
less effective in producing results than
Investigation, and subsequent well-conidd-ered
reciunmendatloris based thereon. The
appeal was Iu every case to be made to
loasoti and public opinion, ami not to
thu sheriff or the soldier. Accordingly, In
tho event of differences between the cor
porations and their employes-even thoro
resulting In strikes and "tie-ups" tlm
cornmlssloiiprs hud no executive power.
II was their duty, In n general way, to
tnke ofllelal cognizance of the fact when
tho community was sustaining an Injury
or an Inconvenience, and to Investigate
the cames thereof. Having so Investi
gated the board was empowered lo lo
cate the responsibility for the Injury nntl
Inconvenience, and to make its recom
mendations accordingly: but those rec
ommendations hail merely a moral force.
They could be addressed to the parties
concerned, and could maxe public opinion,
only. Their effect, greater or less, was
measured by tho Justice and good seme
Impressed upon them. The commission
ers moreover disavowed any wish to be
clothed with larger powers.
This theory was soon put lo a tet.
At f o'clock In the afternoon of the 12th
of February, 1S77. all tbe locomotive en
gineers and firemen in the employ of the
RcKton and Maine Railroad company
stopped work In a,body, abandoning their
trains. The movo was not altogether
unexpected; but the operation of tho road
was seriously Interfered with. The com
missioners did not. nt llrst Intervene,
neither party calling upon them. Indeed,
both parties were unwilling so lo do;
for each was apprehensive, apparently,
of adverse notion. During several days,
accordingly, the commissioners preserved
an attitude of silent observation. After
the lapse of a reasonable period, how
ever, the board concluded that it was
plainly time to recognize the fact that
tho public was suffering serious Incon
venience; for then, as It still Is, tho
Huston and Maine railroad was one of
the principal arteries !' Eastern New
Knglanil. The president and directors of
the company and the employes of t lie?
Brotherhood of Locomotive Riigiiiccrs
were accordingly notified that the board
proposed to take a hand in the bad
ness. This It at once proceeded to do.
An Investigation was Instituted. Roth
parties appeared for, w Ithout confessing
Itself In the wrung, neither party could
well help so doing and professed a per
fect willingness to submit their cases.
No suggestion of u reuillnes to abide by
any decision that might tie given was
either asked Tor or given: but tho board
proceeded to hear witnesses, and to elielt
the facts. The Inquliy was continued
through three days; und, on the 21st ot
February, the report of the board was
made public, appearing In full In all the
newspapers of that date. In it the com
niNsioners, after carefully and Judicially
setting forth tho essential facts of the
ease from the o.videne.t submitted to them,
plneed the resiwinslblllty for tho "troublo
where tho weight of the cvltleiico s-howetl
it bclonned; and thereupon proceeded to
make such reeommenilatioiis as in Its
judgment tho exigencies called for. The
effect was Immediate. An aulhonUo rec
ord was before tbe community, and pub
lic opinion, crystallizing, made Itself de
cisively felt.
Compulsory Inquiry Only.
It Is not necessary for me to enter fur
ther into the history and mollis of that
particular struggle. My present object Is
merely to call attention t" what was
then done, and done successfully, as con
stituting tho nearest practical approach
coiidsteiil with our American political
and social system to what Is known as
"CompuNory Arbitration." It was com
pulsory iuciiilry only; and an appeal
thereon to tho reason, and sent-e of right,
of all concerned, and un enlightened pub
llo opinion.
Here, then, Is a system. Under It a
public tribunal Is provided; Unit tribunal
takes otliclal cognizance or what li notor
ious: and. when either tho peaeo or the
business of the community sustains pro
hldlce, or is gravely Jeopardized, it be
comes Its duly to intervene, n inter
venes only for the purpose of obtaining
the Information necessary to enable it,
to form a clear. Judicial opinion. It
then set the facts before the euinmiuilt.v,
and malms Us recommendation. It lo
cates remonslblllty. There It stops, for
It can compel obedience on neither side.
Now, let us apply this proposed system
to the conditions which, for tlm hist
eight months hav exl.ted In tin anthra
cite coal region. Lot us assume that pro
vision by law existed under which tho
executive, either national or stute, was
empowered and directed to appoint such
a board pro lino vice, calling it imo ex
istence to meet a sudden enierneacy. Thu
chance's, I submit, are tit least nine out
of ten that. If such a machinery had ex
Ifted and had boon employed
either by the governor of Ppimylvanla
or Win ii'resldent of the United States, a
practical solution of tin dlfllcult.v which,
for the last eight months, has burnsi-cd
tho country would huvo been reached.
Tin community began to sustain urav
prejudice at an early stage of the
troubles. The lesiiltblg Injur;- became
moro and more flagrant as the weeks
passed by. The continuance of such
conditions not only was injurious to pli
cate. Interests, bin, as wo all know, tlm
public peace Itself was Involved. Under
snub elreiiinMancos, experience -diows that
neither party will, for obvious reasons,
..---..I ...ti... ...ill III..MI 4 k 1..MI K1 nil llf.lnitllkf-
voiuuiaiiiy tun oi'"ii wu. u. v,.,,tt,r- (
rlon to Intervene; fur such action Is
looked upon us a confession of Weak, j
lies., ltoth will look at It askance. It i
must rest,, therefore, In tbe dlsi'rotloti of i
tho executive t'i decide whether a oasn ,
lias arista which calls for public initia
tive: the public being a- third puny in
the oimtruvers.v. That It Is such. It Is
inpo.HlbU to deny. It. therefore, bus
rights and tuton-as-a standing In court.
It having been decided hi the exciolse of
a s-oiind discretion, that eltoumsiaiiccs
calls for this third party to act, th"
executive ulvus uutlco to all ctinei rip d
that, at the proper time ami place, it Is
proposed to iiittr upon an im-sllguinii,
If both parties, or cither of them, see III
ihcn to appear and submit the facts,
tluv.0 facts become public piopertv. If
one party appears, thu other ubs-onis ii.
self at Its peril. Should neither party
appear, producing aulhciiiio documents,
and putting la a case, the board would
proceed to enlighten Itself through all
other accessible means, lu behalf of thu
third party to thu controvcisy, of whluh
It Is tin) representative, It should be cm.
powered to summon wltne-ses und lo
onforoH tho production of doemnents.
Racing competed Its liivcMtlKalluu, It
wouid then make' lis recommendations
ileliiiltuly, nntl. -if It knows its bmjuos,
('iiicUoly locating . i evponslblllty v.luru
the uvldeiico shows It belong,. A pruc.
Ileal solution of thu tumble, Mich us
would naturally commend Itself to the
Judgment of an unprejudiced tiibunnl,
would bo pointed out. A solution of that
sort always exists. This report would bo
transmitted to the appointing power,
whether president or governor, lie would
then, hi his turn, make such illiwlllun
of It as ho saw lit, either communicating
It to thu parties, or submitting It to cou
gress, or lho legislature, for action. uO
ways with such enforcing or qualifying
recommendations ns might commend
themselves lo his judgment. Thu report
o taado would carry with I In; public, and
with thu parties cuneerned, exactly that
degree of Weight Its Judicial character
and reasoning might Impart to It that
and nothing more. It could not be en
forced by any governmental process.
There would bo neither sheriff, nor posre
coinltnlus, nor military force, behind It.
Hut, If well-remioned and rnlr. It would
carry with It thu moral weight of an
enlightened public opinion. What the
country has needed Is light tbe posses
sion, If not of urnll'puted facts, nt least
of nn authentic statement of the facts
In dispute. In tho United States, public
opinion lias Iu such enses a very sum
mary, as welt as effective way of en
forcing Its own process. What Is want
ed. Is not force, but light and guidance.
Willi us thu llnal appeal must always
be to reason.
Fatal Head-on Smash-up on. Penn
sylvania Railroad near
Jly Ku'liitlie Whc from The Ane'iti'd I'll'.-"".
Youngstown, Ohio, Dec. S. Two
trainmen were killed and two injured
by a head-on collision between a pas
senger train and local freight on the
Pennsylvania road in the western part
of the city to-nlglit. The dead;
JOHN PILMKn, Asht,nbula, engineer of
the passenger train.
FRANK" SMITH. Ashtabula, Inakcmun of
lho passenger train.
The injured:
(icorgt McKlnley, New Castle, Pa., con
ductor of the passenger train; arm
ami shoulder Injnrrd.
Albert C. Kaiser, engineer of the freight
train, body badly bruised.
None of tho passengers were hurt.
The local freight crow had been ordered
to send a flag out to warn the passen
ger train, but failed to do so In time.
He Makes Several Comments Upon
the Manner in Which Chinese Ex
clusion Is Enforced There.
By K.U'ltejhe Win fioni The A5ueiati'J I'lt'M.
Honolulu, Dec. Ii, via San Francisco,
Dec. 4. The territorial senate today re
ceived a report of its special commit
tee on the department of public works
approving the message of Governor
Dole, In which ho asked for the re
moval of Superintendent Boyd and
made grave charges against him. This,
with the removal of Auditor Austin,
already accomplished, is thought to
complete the removals of officials as a
result of the recent scandals.
Chinese Minister Wu Tlng-faug ar
rived lu Honolulu last night as a
through passenger to China on the
steamship Hong Kong Mam. While
here he met many of the locally promi
nent Chinese and hud some so ere com
ments to make on the way the exclus
ion act Is enforced here.
Remains Taken to First Unitarian
Chinch, Portland, Where the Ob
sequies Will Be Held Today.
lit K.eelusiU' Hire noiii The .V'tuii.iieil Pit..
Portland, Me., Dec. S, Thu funeral
train bearing the body of former
Speaker Thomas Itrncketi Reed arrived
here at I'.'.St) p. m. Tho body was taken
to the Unitarian church, where it
will remain until after tho funeral at L'
p. in, tomorrow.
The trip from Washington was with
out especial Incident.
in compliance with the wishes of Mrs.
Reed, tho funeral services tomorrow
will bo without any attempt at display.
It Is doubtful If there will be mtislo
other than selections by tho organist.
The Rev. John Cat roll Perkins, tho pas.
wr. will olllclate. The burial will be at
UvefLTCeu cemetery.
All public ofllecs. including the local
ami federal buildings, will bo closed.
The Oillcials Recorclsof the Riders at
11.1 lAllll.l I Will- lit. Ill 'I lie AIAUUI I'lMj.
Nec Yoik, Dec. li. The scores at mid
night III the M..(ln)s' bicycle race were:
Ilii.ioa-Dar'r.itteu wi.ii
.MeUnrUiiid-.Muya ,
KtiUsoii.MtilMIl ,
Ijeilell-flodoll r.M.i;
Newklrk-Jaeob.'ioii i,u
UuMPiVI'iirvllle ...,.. ttd.ii
l.eainler.l''loyd Krebs ,,,,,.,,, j'.ij.i;
Guugultz-Kuscr ...,..,., i'.'t.J
Darolity-Franz Krubs ni-j.,-,
KoetM.n-Pear.suii hit.;
(iitlviii-t'.oot ' lit j
Duerlllugcr-lleltcr isi.j
The pic.luuit record for the ilt&t twci,-ty-four
hours is 6W.J.
Cornelius Vnuderbllt 111.
By Eicluihc Whe from The Aio:it4 I'rtii.
New York, Dec. S. Cornelius Vander
bill Is 111 of typhoid fever at his huiuu In
this city. Ilo has boon confined to his
bed for a week and his physicians liavu
diagnosed thu disease as typhoid fever.
At thu house. It was mid today that tho
patient was comfortable anil that no com
plication:! hud developed,
Premier Ballour Reports That an
Ultimatum Has Been Sent
to Venezuela.
British Government Fully Prepared
to Unite with Germany in Collec
tion of Debts Statement of Pro
cedure Made by the Premier iii
Commons For the Past Two Years
England Has Had Grave Cause foa
Complaint on Various Occasions of!
Unjustifiable Interference by Ven
ezuelan Government of the Rights
of British Subjects.
By Kxcluiire IVIii from The Associated Pre.
Loudon, Dec. S. Premier Balfour an
nounced In the House of Commons to
day that an ultimatum had been sent
to Venezuela.
In the event of a satisfactory reply
not being received, the Hritlsh and Ger
man governments would take measures
to enforce their claims against that
Mr. JLSalfour, when questioned on tho
Venezuelan situation by the Liberal
leader, Sir Henry Cainpbell-Banner-lniui,
"For the past two years we have had
grave cause for complaint on various
occasions of unjustifiable Interference
by the Venezuelan government with the
liberty and property of British subjects.
No efforts have been spared by thu
British government to obtain an amic
able settlement of these cases, but In
none of them have tsatlsfactory explan
ations been forthcoming. Latterly tho
representations of the British minister
have been practically unnoticed. There
art; also cases In which Britisli sub
jects and companies have large claims.
"We have been acting in conjunction
with tho German government, which
also has large claims against Vene
zuela. A final communication has been
made to tho Venezuelan government by
tho British minister and the German
charge d'affaires. If no satisfactory re
ply is received the governments have
decided to take such measures as may
be necessary to enforce their claims."
Replying to a. supplementary question
Air. Balfour said that he understood the
communication lo Venezuela was
neither joint nor identical.
joint; note, says Berlin-.
German-British Demand Presented
at Caracas Yesterday.
Ily I'Acluve Whe from The Associated Pici.
Dcrlin. Dec. S. The German-British
Ultimatum to Venezuela was presented
at u o'clock yesterday afternoon at
The Murderer of Adam Strunk is
Again in Stroudsburg Jail.
K) Inclusive Wire from The .Uwciited I'imi.
Stroudsburg. Pa., Dee. S, Charles
Grcthcr, the notorious murderer, who
broke jail yesterday has been caught
near .Spraguevllle, this county. His was
located by some boys and when dis
covered took refuge In a barn.
lie was captured after a desperate
tight, This is the second time that
Grether has broken jail,
Dan Patch. Sells for $00,000.
Sir Kxclunbi Wire from The Airociiteil PrMi.
Minneapolis. Minn., Deo. S.-M. W. Sav
age, of tills city, has bought Dan Patch,
the famous unbeaten pacer, Horn M. K,
Sturgcs, of New York, for JGO.OOi). M. ij.
Mcllenry, who has driven the hoio
many a fast mile ami scored In 1.5'" i
with him, has signed n contract with
Mr. Havugo to handlo tho horse for the
racing seasons of lirtMiXH. The racer In
in bo brought, here. The prtco Is said to
be the highest over paid for a pacer.
Blown to Atoms by Powder Explosion
by Uxetuihe Wile from The- .Uwthtcd Picm.
Wilmington, Del., Dec. 8, An explosion
of jituvder iu tlic Uaglcy yuid of thu Du
pout Powder works on the Braudywino
creek today Instantly killed William M--Diiwell,
aged 87 years, an employe. Ilr
wan blown to atoms. No one else was
Injured. The shock was plainly felt In
Wilmington. ,
' i m i ii
Corpoxutions Chartered,
by i:.uluive Wire Horn Tho AoeUttd 1'iest.
llarrisburg, Doc. 8. Charters were is
sued by tho stato department today to
lho following corporations: Tho Morris,
on Silk Manufacturing company, Heron
ion; capital, Tho KIIruui Hilk
Throwing company, Scranton; capital,
. Pension Granted,
ly l:,i-ir4te Wire from The At-wl dod l're..,
Washington, Dec. S. Stewart Moliuutdi,
of Ashley, has been grautiii a pension
of Si:'.
Local data for Dec. S, 1502; - -
lllllbtst ti'mpcruture' ,...,., i'; degrees
Lowest temperature .,,,....,,. 13 degrees
Riilailvu humidity;
S a. m. , IS per cent,
S p. nt 41 cer cent.
lltt.tS.lttltthtlat I4 llillllc. AHilarl tt ta-.
t tVWl'4lAIV)l ml Mi' IMO CtmVU 9 Jf, A
l I'acu.
t-f4-f-f-f-i . i
Waslilnqtou. Dec. 8. Forecast 4i
for Tuesday and Wednesday; Kaat- 4
orn Pennsylvania Pair, continued 4.
com Tuesuay; weanesasy, rotr, .
not quite so cold; light northwest -
winds becoming variable. .1
- VI.. 1, 1