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THE SCRANTON TMBUNI-FllIDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1902
l'liblllhcl Dully Except Sunday, by Tht Tribune
rublUhlag Compny,ftt I'llty Centt ft Month.
mvy e. ntcHAnn
o. r. BYxnioi:
ICnlorad it tbt Foitofflc t Scrnnttm, a Hacond
Clasa Mill Mutter.
When apce rrlll permit, Thn Trlbunn li
Ifrnr lnd to ptlnt ahortletturs from It
frlendt lienttng on enrrrnt toplc, but lt
rulo U thut tlifaemriat liaalgnntli for pub.
llontlnn, by the writer' rent nnmrt mill
(ho condition-prflfledent In ncccptnnce la
Hint nil contribution ilinll be aiibjert to
THE FLAT KATE FOR ADVJERIISINO.
Th following tablrt aliowa th price per lucb each
Insertion, space to be uvit w llbln on yen
fpMtiiau SiTiiiiTira i
50 Incite ... i
loo " .
ISO " , . . ,
MX) " . . . .
rorcntof thanks, rfiolnl Ion of condolence, and
almllar eofltrlliufloin In trie nature of Rdvortlnliir,
'I be Tribune makei ft charge off, renin ft lino,
It N not Ilkuly tliut the aioiitoe ilor
tiino will penult tin Pulled Suites to
p.iy Vi'iicziicIh's liliK
AHf'HJlIOT of iPCllirlMK Inkl
it l volliitf hy m.iulrtnei v.
'Tho l,tl iK:H;itllro rorHld
iiutl it bill to lnltodure vot
ing tii.itluiU's In !,rtiinylv!iiiln, liui ill
mensuiG i ulliipspd. In it'l lit the
pKili.ilillltv ol" n wliuIfK.ilf tln-eslilns
over in the iu-t siv nuviths or tlie
wholu Mibld't of linlluL ii-lurm, ilmtlil
los mcluilltiB trio sniggi-mon of votltlK
llltu'hlru's. kjIiim eMl.it ts Tiom a U'tlei
fioin Uin.ho'-lci. X. Y.. pi luted In the
Chlwiso Iti'i'oiil-lIi'itiM, may llu" In
fniiiiintr nliie. Illinois too, U lookinjj
Into till-, matter.
"A l tin1 l.'i'-t liumli'ip.il eltvliuii heM
In Hoilies!?!-. the Miin --ifiil candidate
for mayor was elected by a into phlr
nllty of invent -two Uw out of a total
of over :;;:,ono, and yet uitliiu halt an
limir after the puIN closed th: icult
was known to a leiiuint, ul'.ile de
spite the i'lo'i,iH'-i.i of i lie vole tluie
was not so niiicli a an Intimation ol a
contest on the p.nt ot the defeated
1'iiiididatc. Hochester linil n-ed the vof
iiiH inathlne, and theie was no ohunce
to 'ko lieiilnd Hi" icttnn-.' If the old
paper ballots hail been used then" would
undoubtedly have been enough o!d
and uiiti Iced ballots to t'oini the husls
lor n contest with all Iti aitelidanL ev
peiibe and anxiety, ltochesler'.s exp. i
ienco with the uiachlne duilns the last
tie elections !us hpn so .sati-t'jctory
that city olliolals, pollllciauK and the
public jjcneially a'tvc It pi.icllcally
unanimous approval, and th"i.i is no rti
Fhe to so back to the old :-yMtm.
"The machine which is u.s;d in tills
city is olten dei-ciibed as a mechanical
Australian ballot. IL insures "-eciecy to
the otor, is simple uni easy to opeiiUe,
it never mu)tes mistakes It noc onlv
records but alo founts the votes as
they ate made, and It piL'-er.'.r the tab
ulated usulis of ihe pteclnct vote to
the judges the Instant the polls ate de
clared closed, All that is Iet to do in
oider to i;et the result of th election
is to add msil'iiei the IlKi'ieis fiom each
leecinct in the i.suil or dHtiict or city,
as the cae may bf. 'I'liu machine is
known as the Vnlltd Plate." Standard
oting maolilne, and is made in James
town, X. y.
'The familiar cali legist er e( n
eeryheie in .stores is the ont:lvance
which best illustrates the natiue or tno
toting machine. The piinciple is veiy
much the same, a set of pointer or lev
els a locking device and a moch'inisni
lor computation beln used, but, of
coui.-e, the voting: machine is much
more complicated than tin; oilier.
i no face of the machine, as It Is
pies-eiited to tho voter, who standi be
foie it, is about four feet squat e, and
its depth is ten inches. It Is supported
on tour hteel less, which Ininp,- the top
ut' it about six feet above the Jloor.
"A movable curtain is lump In front
of the, machine, Jio it 11 united that It ie
malns open while no one Is u"1iib II,
but Is pulled shut automatically as s-oon
ns the voter conies to it. The lltst thing
the voter does Is to teach up to a lover
at the top of the machine arid pull It
to the light. The effect It both to cjose
the curtain and to unlock the mechan
ism so that one ballot for each office,
and one only, Is cum. The voter then
llnda himself facing- the front of the ma
chine on which are rows of small num
bered polntei.s. Kach candidate to bo
oted for is vepiesented by one of these
polnteis, and each political pany has
its candidates' niiineh placed In a unv
horizontally ucros-s the machine, The
different candidates for the same olllce
therefoie luivo their names one be
neath the other In the pei psndlcuinr col
unuis. At tfui left of each party low Is
ft;knob,, oil which Is the name of the.
ji.'trtyailil a symbol or emblem to lep.
tWlieii the voter wiiuts to -wite u
slfaliiht, patty llokot, the first thins he
Jmi tcl'dcr, after ho has moved the lever
thgt unloekh the keys, Is to preys the
knob wlIdi lepiesents his pailiciilar
party to the tight until It lings a bell.
This movement turns downwnrd mery
one of the little pointers that rrpiesent
the. candidates of the party and places
them In a votlns position. It does not
legister the vote, lion over, as It Is only
n preliminary gelling Into no.sltlou. To
coijiplelo the vote and register and
count It all the voter needs to Tlo then
la "to .seize tliu oiiglnal luver wltklt mi.
IrmJieJ the keys mill closed Iho puiluln,
unit push It h.n. in Us old pltire. Willi
thai the curtain opens the vote Is ic
jorded and the keys' me le-loekecl, pie
limlnitr ,U the appeatancu of another
man rctfuV to cxetche his Wrfht of suf
frae, ''Ft Is nut much more illifituit to split
a ticket than to voe Htialfciil. To .ipllt
the voter must ilul ptcss the ki.ob u-p-resenting
one of the nolltUnl parties.
lir convenience he will use thy knob
f tho party from v, hlci he chooses
most oi Ills candidates but that Is not
rsstntltjl. Any ouu ot the kiioh.s wjll
do. He thfii tlnd.s all the little point
is treely inovtble ind at his servli'i;
to nrraiiffo any way he sees tit. He can
replace ni many of tho polnteis tepie
senllnt? eandldntes on his ticket ni he
ehoosefl, Hum ttiklnrr. his vole! utu.v
from litem, nml he can turn downward
the polnieiK for citiidUlntoH' to cone
spondlnff uiricos on the olhei- llokels
If he has made a uilctttho nnil pre??ed
the wroiiR party knob at the start, lie
can adjust the machine o ns to Vote
iitralght for nn entirely dlfTetenl ticket
IT he chooor.?, All this moving- of Hi
pointers has no effect whatover on the
k Klrtetimr mid counllng appatatus.
Tln voter can take plenty of ttrne and
make sure that hl ticket Is fixed up'
the way he wants it. When nil Is icady
he 1 evi 1 .-es the lever nt the top ot the
machine, und steps out of the booth
with his imllnls counted before he
"The machine also piovlde? for the
wishes of the voter who wants to vole
for son." man who Is not u legular
cnndlt'nto on any one or the tickets.
Inikftl, If It did not do this It would
not be permittee; by luw ns the right
to vote fin whom he pleases, legiml
kss ot pnity liekels. Is guarnnlted each
man by the constitution. At the top of
Hi- machine it seiles of little slides,
one for mi eh olllce to be lllled. To vote
for men whose, names are not on the
ticket these slides may be opened and
the name writ ten on a slip of paper
underneath. When he pulls the curtain
lever the paper moves forvvaul so that
no succeeding voter can see what name
Win written on It. Anuthcr pio'IIon
of this machine is foi 'yes' and 'no'
votes for questions of bond issue, pub
lic policy, or iiitythlnt,- else that Is sub
mitted to ballot.
"Til" voting- can be done with great
rapidity. It taken only a second to un
lock lite ke.vboaid and no longer to
hick it again, and a second Is ample lor
pressing a knob If a stiaight pai ty
ticket is voted. Fifteen seconds for
each voter is (onsldctcd ample for
straight vote-. For splits a. Utile longer
is recitilroil, hut inside of a minute the
ordinal. v man can fix his entire ballot.
"The Having- (-fleet by the machine Is
also ver.v Bioni. Theie hip none of the
heavy pi luting- bills to be met, and the
eleilca! vvoik ot the election i-s gieatly
1 educed. It is estimated that In tluee
ycais otlug machines will save enough
money to the c-ltv to pay for their in
itial tost The Voting is absolutely safe,
as the ballots can never be tampeied
with. TI10 identity of each vote is lost
in tho totals, which are all the machine
keeps. Theie i nothing to tamper with
and no chunee lor eiior. The cog:
wheels move with lelentless aicumej,
hiuI give- ceitain lesults,
"At tho piesc-r.t time about 400 ma
chines ate In n-e In the-cnuutrj. Most
of then-, are in Xew Yoil; stale, al
though tliy are being- tiled In Indiana,
Wisconsin and Connecticut."
ii. the eves ot the financier, the silver
d )llar begins to look enough like thlt ty
cents to start .Mr. Biynn again on the
An Important flatter.
UHF131T10D Willi the squab
bling of factional politics, some
citizens of I'ittsburg- atu med
itating a uon-partipan cam
paign for recoidet.ship next spiiug-. One
ol their number. James Francis Buike,
propos"? that ill lily representative tax
payers, including: business, profession
al, leligiotis and labor interests, get
together in response to public call and
ballot secietly, each time eliminating
the lowest candidate, until some poison
shall receive a majority of all the votes
cast' tills man to be- supported at the
piimaiy election by all the inteiesta
leplesetltod, fused temporal ily for the
purpose of seeming- primarily a business-like
and progiessivo city adminis
tration, without special legatd to party
The plan Is attractive In theoiy and
might under exceptional conditions
work temporarily tor the public advan
tage. Its great defect is that it lacks
cohesive (piaHtics We have se'en in
Now Yotk how fusion at the polls spells
contrition afterward, because- it Iran be
hind it no disciplined party organiza
tion. In Pittsburg or Hcuiilon theie
would be another difficulty arising from
the fact that the- second class city
scheme of government is in some le
spoctR Incxtiloably Involved with legis
lative uffahs ut ITanisbuig-, which are
emphatically on u political and parti
san basis. The man does not live who
could succeed In giving a satisfactory
administration as recorder of either
city without In sonic measure showing
partisan nlllllntlous, cither at home or
in connection with legislative activities.
Conditions beyond his control would
force him Into lclutloiishipa political
and partisan In tlioir beating,
Hy means of a Munding committee of
citizens, falily divided among the per
manent political parties; operating
through thi-i-e put ties to secuip tire
nomination, in the primaries of each, of
the best available men tor city and
ward olliees; and exoielslng through
investigation and publicity a steady in
iluenee In behalf of upright and pro
gressive government, it would be pos
sible gradually to In lug about an Im
proved condition In municipal affairs
without Intel fining- with party organi
zations', nut spasms of leputed rion
parilsnpshlp occur i lug at intervals pre
sent little prospect of genuine better
ment ami tend at length lather to dls
murage titan to encouiuge the
assertion of tire best el vie Itrlluences.
In our own i Ity the appio-ielilng
choice of a iccnrder calls for piactliul
i.tthei than theotetleal Intelligence, One
of thlee patties the Itcpublican, Oem
ocrallc or Labor will ill) the olllce
and use it to turther paill.-au iih well
as public ends. Candidates among tln-so
panics nro ulriMtly anuouncliig: thnm
soHoiS or h-Miifc discussed by their
li lends. Tho Hepubllcap ptliiuny, In
deed, has alieady been called, Only
llfri-eu days remain in which candidates
wishing to enter it may icgister. Only
forty-one days separate us from (he
primary election itself. Itenlly, excluding
.Sundays, only thirteen days oic avail
able fur Hie decision" as to who, among
Uepubllcatis, shall be available for thin
manifestly Important ofllce, vvltoe oc
cupant I lnuull) a general manager
for- thu e-ity.
The matter deserves serious alterttlon.
In the raid of gambling dens In New
York, the polieu do not seem to be able
to catch anything but dens.
on Labor Unions
Till! Tltllll'N'i: ha tecclveil from
Piesldenl JJIIot of Itaivnid univer
sity a complete' and correct copy of
his ideally delivered itildiess upon
"Labor fliloiis fiom the laluenlor'a Point
ot View" which has caused much ills
mission and some ciltlclsni among labor
leadci.s. Heeogiilzlng that the views upon
tills subject ot America's foremost edu
cator have. Instructive' value, wo give be
law what T)r. Rllot said, omitting only
It Is iiiittunl for one whose piof'-sslou
Is education to sympathize with other ef
loils to uplltt tho nieo, to make Iho lot
of average mankind moie HiitlsfyliiR and
happier. That being the ultimate oblect
of education ItHclf, an educator necessar
ily sjmpathlzes Willi other broad of
foils to produce the sumo lesiill that ho
seeks. Among these must bo counted the
woik of the laboi unions. They heartily
believe that their work lends to uplltt
the kihoilng classes. They heartily be
lieve that oven when thev engage In In
dustrial vvaifare their oblect Is to lulsc
thflr class, though nt pioeul Hucillioc.
This belief Is their strength.
Work tho Basis of Civilization.
It t, however, eleai thai education Is
mil the pilmaiv Instirimeatallty of civil
ization. The pilmiuy lastrumeulalit.V Is
vvoik. regtilur, dally vvotk On Unit must
bo founded all other Instrumentalities for
uplifting mankind. This clearlv appeals
m llie hlsloiy or our race, mo savage
people, no nomad tilbe. can bo lifted into
(ivIIUutlon until it adopts as a habit
regular, dally, settled vvotk. The same Is
line Willi eveiy Individual. Uducatlon,
theicfore. Is u secondary instrumentality,
habltunl labor coming first. Hence the
Importance! of humane conditions of tho
dully labo- by which the millions are sup
per lod-tho dally labor which foims tho
groundwoik of the civilization of the peo
ple. And now. what air lltiinuue conditions
of employment'.' I mil going lo try to
state wim t I think to bo the humnnn con
ditions of employment, basing my do
llnciillon on my own experience of uni
Humane Conditions of Employment.
The fhst of these humane conditions X
conceive lo be n. ilslnir vvuco thai is a
wage which gradually It need not be
lapldly lnct eases with the laborer's in
ei eased experience, attainments and age.
This condition means for the laborer
hope, expectancy, lecognltlim of met it,
and gradwillv inci easing reward of uieilt,
it seems to me that this Using wage,
should be regarded as an essential con
dition of satisfactory employment.
The second untveis.illy desltuble (ondl
tlon Is steady employment, after ade
quate probation. I have never seen aw
hesitation on tho prut of young men in
incepting a leasonnbl" piohatioii, and ev
eiy Intelligent pcison wants sleade vvoik.
Yet that method of steady employment
after adequate probation can h.udlv be
raid to ovist in the ordinary industries of
tlie civ llized nations, it applies dismissal
onlv foi cause for plainly visible, indis
putable cause, it also Implies, on the
part of the employer, a peifeet le.idhiesa
to deal Justly and lulily with complaints.
I believe steady employment to be the
sound condition for national human de
velopment in all walks of life. It is the
steady Job which develops fine human
cnaracler, anil, on the oilier hand, spas
modic employment Is a veiy unfavorable
tondltloii for tho development ol char
acter. It may seem stiange to you even
to mention such a loasonablo opportunity
for tho development of character ns
steady work among conditions of employ
ment. We ccrtninlv are not accustomed
lo that view. Bui Is it not, after all. tho
only latlonal view of human, conditions
A third humane condition of employ
ment I hold to be eneouiagemenl lor the
making of a permanent home. That Is
just what tho university conditions of em
ployment encouiage. 'r lie malting 01 a
permanent homo iiunns that the noma
cteator has opportunity to form local at
tachments, to evince public spirit, and
lo win for hlmselt local reputation among
his neighbors. Neighborhood reputation
is the most revv.iiding kind of leputntion.
These aids to the development of char
acter and these sotu-ces of happiness the
normal workman loses completely. Theio
foiv a waiideilng, unattached condition
for labor is always unhappy and inex
pedient, whether we legatd the inteiests
of the individual or the Interests of so
ciety. Satisfaction of Pride in Work.
Fotuth among humane conditions to
serve geneiously and proudly tho estab
lishment or institution with which the
laboier ha been connected. That is a
high privilege for any human being. It
takes him out of himself, and gives him
a. happy motive lor fidelity and zeal.
You observe that this opportunity cannot
bo had unless employment Is steady and
the home- pmmaneiit. It is one of tho
deep, permanent satisfactions of human
life; 1 should not call any conditions
of emploj merit humane which made thin
satisfaction unattainable by tho humblest
The ilftli light condition of employment
Is the pension on disability. The civil or
industrial pension was almost unknown In
our countjj,' until within twenty years,
so far as 1 know; it was Ihsi introduced
as a s.v stematle- light by Haivanl uni
versity; but in the course of tho last ton
eai.s some larso Indusltlnl establish
ments liavo adopted in good measuru this
humane- condition of employment. It
gil-es secuilty and dignity to the laboiei,
It gives throughout lilo relief fiom ono
gieut anxiety; it rivets also that publlo
consideiatlon which, hi our counlrv as
much as In unv ciiuntty, goes with a
steady Job and n self-respecting thong!,
humble or unobserved career.
Now these aic five conditions of hu
mane employment width I believe to tiu
not incoteticai or iiinciini, mil peneeriv
capable of realization. They nio teallzed
in Harvard university today. , They uio
lenllzed In other huge services, both In
Kuiopi! and lids countiy. lint I think
we- shall havo to eoiifos.'i at own thai
tlicsfl nro not tho common conditions of
employment in thoso laigo American In
dustries which icnulm the seiviec of
multitudes of conipniiitlvulv unskilled la
borers, I ventuic to .say that ten years
ago no largo Ameiican Industry lecog
nized these piiuclplts thtoughoiit its ser
vices. Thai Is, no largo American Indiis
tiy lecognlzed all of them, or cvon a ma
jor Itv of them, and et all those hunvuio
conditions of employment aic founded on
potfecllv well-known physiial habits, nor
mal desires and moial qualities of man
kind. Humane Conditions Not Common.
Today the laigo soi vices in which these,
pilnclples aiu adopted aio fovv in ntim
bor In our country, I remnmbor homing
mi eminent uiilioad piesldont say, ton
eam ago, that theio was only one ntle
on which uiilioad service could bo con
ducted, arid Hint was the irilo ot instant
dismissal, Instant dismissal character
izes many employments today. Then is
a very common tin in of hcivIch known to
us all In which, though dismissal is not
instant, there may bo mutual dismissal
nt a vveok'a notice. That Is tho tenure
in domestic service all over our countiy,
Now, that condition ol employment seems
to niu Inhuman, and 1 helievo that domes
tic sei vice will newer bo vvoll organized
among us (inmocintH until that tuudu
montui condition ot the set vice is
Another seiious difficulty with Ameri
can employment is that It Is spasmodic.
In almost nil the largo hoi vices it is not
steady, but spasmodic first a lush, und
then an ubsolute stop. Again, in most
Ameiican luduslilch not all, I urn happy
to say complaints ate not listened to, or,
If listened p, aio made ground for dis
missal. That Is piotmindly umeasonablo
as a method of ndmlulstintlnn, and is an
abundant somen of blttmness and discon
tent. Also, thuto aio no pensions except
In fow lino seivlees, which aio begin
ning to llliistiato In oar- countiy tho
piopor conditions of employment, More
over, wages aio tluctuatlng,
I'nder such i ircuinstauces, then, theio
havo giovvu UP among us-copied in a
good moasui'o from Ihuopo lalmr unions,
Tircy buvu grown, havo taken on new
foi ms, havo become mnio and moie ag
gressive, and urn likely to uxtend con
stantly their fields ot opeiation. Against
them aiu aiuiuged tho employers, and
sometimes tho non-union men. Whosn
fault is this Coi'ditlou of lndustil.il strife?
It is cleaily the mull of both patties, Hut
It seems to mo that tho employers may
Juatlv bo held moie accountable than tiro
emploj cd. On tho whole, the situation
ot the cmployeis is generally mote com
fot table, their education biiporlor, their
intelligence gu.ater. Under thoso dim.
initios and with these Jitstllicatlon.s. li.
bor unions huvo been oisoinlzed and havo
stiuggied with more and moto success
toward their lemolo good.
Our Obligations to labor Unions.
Ifofoiu 1 take up tho points ut which t
find labor unions to bo Ill-advised, let
mo admit, ns all persons must who havo
studied their history, that tho industrial
community as a whole is under many
ohllfmllous lo the unions. They have, ns
a matter of fact, mitigated many evils.
I hey have reduced what used to be the
umcasoiiablo number of bonis In n day's
vvoik. They have Impioved health condi
tions in fuelotles and mines, und havo
procured the legislation which has en
forced better health conditions. They
liavo prevented young .children from
vvorhlng In factniles, ami they have email
clpateil employes In many Industiles fiom
the company stoic, Jloreovur. thev hold
In cheek combined capital: and combined
cnllol Is, from llie democratic point ot
Mow, a foimldablo ol!oichy, and one
which tlie Ameiican community is ills
t notly nfrald of. Tho labor unions hold
that ollg.'itchy in check. The nigimieiit
commonly used In Justification of tho oi
ganlzntlons of laboreis in unions Is u
sound one capital Is effectively com
bined In cerlnlu Industries, and thcierote
lnboieis must effectively combine In those
IndUBiilvs. That nigntiii-nt Is unanswer
able. The great combinations of capital
tiro very formidable lo unskilled laborers
much mom foimldablc than to Ilia av
erage man In tiro community nt laigo,
and Ihcv nie siirilelelitly foimldablo to
us till. ; think, too. that we all believe
Hint the labor union Is going to liiHt. Thu
facilities for uniting multitudes of men In
ono oirtanlzallon, for communicating on
the Instant with all branches ot the or
ganization, for bringing masses of men
together for u common purpose, have In
creased wolidei fully even within the last
ten years. These facilities tho labor load
oi a know how to use us well ns Iho
flnanclciM'do, and we may bo quite smo
that the labor union with these now fa
cilities Is going to manifest more and
moie power in ilush times; in dull times
Importance of Frank Discussion.
In view of this situation It Is manifestly
Important to discuss frankly and pub-
nuiy any laoor unroll doctrines or piuc
tlees which seem dangerous to society or
hurtful to the men who adopt them.
The first of these evils is tho close limit
put on the number ot apprentices lu shops
or factoiles or mines. Tills seems lo me,
and I think to every American teacher, h
strange Interference witli a fundamental
democintlo doctrine, It was Napoleon
who gave It a very compact expiesslon
"Kveiy career is open to talent." Now
that Is a fundamental Ameiican doctrine,
ono -that wo ull thought evciy one of us
heartily believed In. Tho labor union un
dertakes lo close tho trade which It rep
resents from young Arnct leans. It pic
scribes, for example, to a. great printing
office, wlieio hundreds of men nro em
ployed, that only mi Inslgnlllcant number
of apprentices shrill be allowed. I have
read many constitutions of trades unions
und I havo never failed to find In thorn
this disposition lo limit education for tho
trade. It seems to bo the common labor
union doctrine that the- youth nio lo be
kept out of tho nude. It Is the exclusion
of the newcomer for the piotection of tlio
I need not point out tiow Inconsistent
this is with all practices in higher edu
cation. A Kiouri of eminent lawvcis. lor
Instance, dovoto themselves to ediicatliic;
young lawyers. A group of dentists de
vote themselves nt pecuniaiy sactillce to
tinlnlng ns many young dentists as they
can get together, with the result that the
voting men Immediately begin to compote
In pi notice with their teachers. AH
tluough tho higher education rims this
conception of using a talent for teaching
to Increase the number ot men well
taught. It is tho same spirit which unl.es
tho physician or smgeon nlwavs give lo
the community any medical or mugic.il
discovery ho may have made.
Tl Is the disposition among liberally
educated" men to piovidu cvoiy facility
for entt.anco to the learned and scientific
mofessions. The snlilt of the educated
class Is to further lo the utmost eveiy
process of education which admits to the
class, while the phil of the labor union
seems to be the exclusive spiiit; It tiles
to protect the possessor of a Undo against
tlie new aspii.int.
Evil of Limiting Labor's Output.
Another pernicious doctrine hold by
many unions is tlie doctiino of limiting
the output or day's pioduct of the indi
vidual kiboicr. This doctiine seems to be
based upon the opinion that tlioto is a.
doiinite. amount of demand lor tho pro
duct of any Industiy. and if that demand
Is KatUUed by ti portion of tlie laborers in
that industry, there must bo another
poitlon who get no work who can got no
work. If one hundred thousand lnboiers
satisfy tlie demand, when ono bundled
and fifty thousand aio in tlie trade, the
lemainirig fifty thousand wll starve. Gen
erosity teaches that tlie ono hundred
Continued on Pjge 5.1
We have now in stock the finest display
of these goods ever made in Scranton.
Mahogany sets in the Colonial and Na
poleon post bed styles. They are ele
Dressers and" Chiffoniers in beautifully
finished Mahogany; Colonial and Louis
We Invite Inspection Whether You Are Going to Buy nt Once or Not,
Hill & Connel
! W l
At last tlie beautiful snow is here.
The Always Busy Shoe Stores arc
always here to protect your feet
and make your heart glad.
Child's Happy Rubber p
Boots, sizes 8 to 104. . . J DL
Youth's Happy Rubber d f 'J gj
Boots, sizes 11 to 2. . . . P I D
Boys' Happy Rubbor ! -t sf
Boots, sizes 3 to 6 4? l0J
Men's Good Qunltty CAr
Ladies' Good Quality )e?r
Children's and Misses' 'le-
Men's Felt Boots and (1 f CA
Overs P 1 0J
Men's Woonsocket d? 'J EJ
Rubber Boots ?'
Every department teeming with
good sense Holiday Goods.
LEWIS & REILLY
Wholesale and Kotnll.
lit and 116 Wyoming Avenue.
Comploto Footwear Outflttcis.
. . . t te at . . . p. p. p. t p. p. p. p.
PATENT FLOUR g
Mill & Grain Co
Scranton and Olyphnnt.
M '4 ' "A H J 'A A'A-A,"A' "4 '
0 who 4 A m For a ol
If m , vl Christinas P
I A Wants bVh Prcsent I I
fas jse . zmmm.
I inO"v rm-
Twenty Christmas Presents
To Be Given by Tlie Scranton Tribune to flic Children of
Scranton and Northeastern Pennsylvania.
One Present $20.00 in Gold $20.00
One Present 10.00 in Oo!d .... 10.00
Ono Prcsent 5.00 In Oold s.oo
Two Presents 2.50 Each s.oo
Five Presents 1.00 Each 5.00
Ten Presents 50c Each 5.00
Tim TRIBUNE'S SECOND ANNUAL
Junior Educational Contest
A Contest in Word-Building--Who
Can Make the Most Words Out of flic Letters In
THIS IS much easier than last year's contest, and twenty of the
brightest boys and girls will seenre Chrismas Gifts in cash for
making tlie largest number of words out of these letters. It is
lots of fun to think of the words and hunt them up in the dictionary, and
besides it will help ycu with your spelling. You vill be surprised at the
number of different ways these twelve letters can be used.
Rules of the Contest.
Presents will be given to the boys or girls, whose parents or guard
ians are subscribers to THE TRIBUNE, building the largest number of
words out of tho letters contained in "The Home Paper."
No letter must be used any more times than they appear In these
three words. As an example, only one "A" cou!d be used, but there
might be two "H's" or three "E's."
Only words defined in the MAIN PORTION of "Webster's Inter-:
national Dictionary" (edition of 1893) will be allowed. Any dictionary
can be used, but in judging the contest THE TRIBUNE will debar all
words not found in Webster's. ;
Proper names, or any other words appearing in the "Appendix" will
not be allowed.
Obsolete words 'are admitted if defined In the dictionary.
Words spelled two or more ways can be used but once.
Words with two or more definitions can be used but once.
No single letters counted as words except "A" and t'O."
How to Write Your List.
Write on' one side of the paper only.
Write very plainly ; if possible, use ?. typewriter.
Place the words alphabetically.
Write your name, age, address and number of words at the top
of your list. (
Write ihe name of parent or guardian with whom you live ant
Who is a regular subscriber to THE TRIBUNE. '
Fold the list DO NOT ROLL.
CONTEST CLOSES SATURDAY. DECEMBER 20TII at 5 P. M.
All letters of inquiry for information will be promptly answered. Ad
dress your list of vords, or any question you wish answered, to
HENRY BELIN, JR.,
Ccneral Agent for the Wyoming District tor
Uininj, Blastin?, Pportlng, Fmol.clcsa nJ U19
Rcpauno Chemical Company'
Safety Fuse, Capi anil Hiplodcrs. Itcoiu 101 Cod.
cell Building .Scra.iton.
JOHN 1) SMITH it SON Plymouth
H W. MULLIQAN WilLcs Barrj
You can look like
this if you come to
He can fix you up
ACKA WANNA AVE.
Do You Want
a Good Education?
Not a iliort course, nor in eajj course,
nor a cheap courrc, but the best education
to be had. Ku other education is Kortb
cpendin: time and money on. It you do,
urito tor a catalogue of
which oftcrs thorough preparation in tin
Diflnceriiis and Chemical Professions aa well
o tlii; regular Colleje courses.
STATE NORMAL SCHOOL,
EAST SXROUDSBUBG, PA.
Regular State Nornml Couises and
Special Departments of Music, Kloou.
tlon, Ait, DiuuInK, Stenography am)
Typewriting; strong College I'icpaia'.
Hoarding expenses $3 SO per Tfcelt,
Pupils admitted nt any time. Winter
Term opens Dec. 29tli. Wrlto for cata.
E. L. KEMP, A. M,,
Booms 1 and 3
MINING AND BLASTING
Slide it Mooslc anil Hublidile WorVa.
Eafltu & Rand Powder Co.'a
OKANGE GUN POWDER
Ulcctrle lUttcrlo, Ulcitiic Exploders, Kx.
plodluj BUsta, batety l'ue.
BEPAUNO CHEMIOAI. CO.'B