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THE ONLY SCRANTON PAPER RECEIVING THE COMPLETE NEWS SERVICE OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS, THE GREATEST NEWS AGENCY IN THE WORLD.
SCRANTON, PA., MONDAY MORNING, MAY 12, 1002.
m Vtiwlfl BBIM - a jiftSC
THE AWFUL WORK
OF MONT PELEE
rtow St. Pierre, Martinique, Was
Destroyed bu a Volatile
SURVIVORS TELL OF
The Most Terrible Disaster of
Modem Times Nearly 40,000
People Boasted by Hot Lava A
Fiery Flood One Half Mile Wide
Travels Five Miles in Three Min
utes Sweeping Everything Before
it 450 Survivors Arrive at Fort
ile France Ten Miles from the
Scene of the Disaster The Work
fij Exclusive Wiie from The Aoclalod I'rcsi.
Castries, St. Lucia, . V. I., May 10.
Mont Pelee, n volcanic mountain
pome ten miles north of St. Picric, the
commercial capital of Martlnlciue, is
the mountain width made a f.ilnt hhovv
f eruption fifty yeats ajjo. On -May
3 last It began to tlnow out deno
clouds of smoke. At midnight tho
same day flames, accompanied with
rumbling noises, lighted the s-ky over
an Immense nre.i. causing widespread
terror. May A hoi ashes covered the
whole city tjuarter of St. Pierre an
inch thick, and made Mont Pelee in
vilblo. At noon .May " u stream of burning
lava rushed 1.100 feet down the moun
tain bide, lollowing the dry bed of a
torrent and reached the sea, five miles
from the mountain, in three minutes.
In its rush the lieiy flood swept over
it breath of about half a mile.
As the lava, rushed Into th tea the
latter receded three hundred feet all
along the wes,t coast, vcturnlng with
Ki-eat strength. A big wae covered
the whole seafront of St. Pierre, but
doing little damage ashore or afloat.
The terror striken Inhabitants rush
ed for the hills in their night' clothes,
screaming, shouting and walling mad
with terror. The Plissono family es
caped to St. Lucia In a small steamer.
Thirty-five persons, mostly women
and children, arrived here In the fore
noon of the 6th, and furnished the
above details. The men remained at
Martinique. The same afternoon later
telegraphic communication was Inter
rupted with both the island of Martini
que and St. Vincent. During the after
noon of the 8th the British steamer
Iloddum. which had left St. Lucia at
midnight on the 7th for Martinique,
crawled slowly Into the Castries har
bor, unrecognizable, gray with ashes,
her rigging dismantled and sails and
awning hanging about, torn and
Captain "Whntter reported that hav
ing just cast anchor off St. Pierre at 8
a. m. In fine weather, succeeding an
awful thunderstorm during the night,
he was talking to the ship's agent,
Joseph Plissono, who was In a boat
alongside, when he saw a tremendous
cloud of smoke and cinders rushing
with terrific rapidity over the town
and, completely, In an instant, en
veloping the former in a sheet of flame
and raining on board. The agent had
just time to climb on board when his
boat disappeared. Several of the
crew of the Ttoddnm were aulckly
scorched to death. Uv suDerhuman
efforts, having steam up, the cable was
slipped, and the steamer backed away
from the shore, and nine hours later,
managed to reach Castries. Ten of tho
Itoddam's men were lying dead, con
torted and burned out of human sem
blance, among the black cinders which
covered the ship's deck to a depth of
six inches. Two more of the crew
have since died,
A Brave Captain,
The survivors of the Roddam's crew
were loud In their praise of the heroic
conduct of their captain in steering his
vessel out of danger with his own
hands, which were badly burned by the
rain of lira which kept falling on the
ship for miles after she got under way.
Beyond burns all over his body, tho
captain Is safe, as Is also the ship's
agent, though ha Is badly scorched, Mr.
Plissono Is believed to be tho sole sur
vivor of the forty thousand In habitants
of St. Pierre who remained theie, tor
tho town and all the shipping In port
have been utterly destroyed, the "West
Indian and Panama Telegraph com
pany's repairing steamer Orappler go
ing first, then tho Quebec liner lto
raima. Captain Muggah, of the latter,
waved his hand In farewell to tho ltoil
dam as his o.ssel sunk with it teniae
Tlio JJrltlKli joyul mall steamer Ksk,
which called off Martinique at 10 p. m,
last night, reports standing otf-shoin
tlvu miles, sounding her whistle and
sending up rockets. The Kslt sent a
boat ushorc, but it could not laud on
account or the terilile heat, which was
accompanied by loud explosions. Not
a living soul appealed ushore after tho
boat had waited for two limns. Flie
and ashes fell all over the steamer.
In the iitturnoou, a Fiench coasting
steamer arrived hero fiom Vort du
France, seeking assistance, as ull thn
country was burnt up. tho stock was
dying, all the plantations weio charred,
the counliy people weie Hocking Into
the towns, and fuinlno was feared. Tio
steamer was loaded with food of nil
sorts, and was bent back to Martinique
ut 7 p. m. The captain nf this vessel
reported that some thirty people left St.
Pierre by the C o'clock boat Thursday
morning for Fort do France, and, con
sequently wero saved.
Fort de France, Island of Mai Unique,
May U. Advices received here to-day
from the vicinity of St Pierre (ten miles
from here) contain further details of
tho terrible volcanic upheaval which
resulted In tho utter destruction of that
town and the death or nearly all Its In
habitants. The crater of Mont Pelee had been
wearing its "smoke cap" since tho third
of May; but, there was nothing until
last Monday to Indicate that there was
tho slightest danger. On that day a
stream or boiling lava burst through
the top of the crater and plunged Into
the valley of the river Blanche, over
whelming the Qucrln sugar works and
killing twenty-three work people and
tho son of the' proprietor. A commis
sion was appointed by tho governor to
Investigate the outbreak and It teturn
ed a reassuring report on Wednesday
evening. Hut nbout 8 o'clock on
Thursday morning a shower of fire
lushed down on St. Pierre and the coast
from Lo Cat-bet, which had a popula
tion of six thousand, to Le Pecheur
which had a population of four thous
and, burning up everything In Its path.
Throughout Thursday the heat In tho
vicinity of St. Pierre was so intense
and the stream of (lowing lava was so
unremitting that It was Impossible to
approach the town duilng the early
part of the day. As evening approach
ed the French cruiser Suchet, after a
heroic battle with the heat, suffoca
tion and sulphur fumes, succeeded in
making a dash towaids the shore, Hear
ing the land close enough for her to
take olf thirty survivors of the disaster,
all of whom were horribly burned and
mutilated. St. Pierre xt the time was
an absolute, smoking waste, concealing
30,000 corpses, whose decomposition ne
cessitated in some cases, instantly com
pleting their creation, which was only
paitially accomplished by the lava.
The inhabitants of Fort de France
were panic stricken, the morning of the
disaster, when the sky suddenly black
ened and it was daik us at midnight.
The sea shrank back thirty yards, and
hot rain began to fall, while gravel, tho
sl.e of walnuts, poured down on tho
town. This lasted about fifteen min
utes. Experience of Survivors.
The four hundred and fifty sur Ivors
who wero brought here yesterday from
St. Pierre by the French cable repair
ship Pouyer Guentier came from the
I town of LePecheur, where, surround
' ed on all sides by flowing lava, they
were fairly roasted to death and ex
pected momentarily to be engulfed.
The worl; of relief is progressing here
on the most extensive scale possible,
but in anticipation of disturbances the
treasuiy building and warehouses are
guarded by troops.
The latest reports lecelved hero
showed that lava continues to pom
down the slopes of the mountain, slowly
engulfing the whole north side of the
island, while fresh crevices are contin
The Eruption Continues.
St. Thomas, D. AV. I May 11. Ad
vices lecelved here from the island of
Dominica to-day say that boats arriv
ing there report that many persons
weie drowned while crossing from
Dominica from the island of Martin
ique, where some of the outparlshes
have been inundated. The eruption of
Mont Pelee (Martinique) continues.
The lava Is progressing northward. The
whole northern region Is now a rocky
waFte, denuded of vegetation.
Reports from the Island of St. Vin
cent say that up to the afternoon of
Friday last over 200 deaths had oc
curred there owing to the volcanic out
break in that Island. Definite news,
however, Is lacking. Many estates
were destroyed nnd steam and ashes
belched forth from 7 in the morning
until 9:30 at night. The eruption Is now
invisible at Kingston. Huge dust
clouds were blown eastward. Great
distress prevails at St. Vincent, where
there are many injured persons. It Is
believed that about 500 persons have
lost their lives at St. Vincent. The ma
jority of the corpses are still unburled.
The British royal mall steamer Solent
has gone from, Barbadoes to Martinique
with supplies and doctors.
Fiom the Island of Trinidad, tho
British royal mall steamer Kennet has
gone to Fort de France.
The British second class cruiser In
defatigable Is on her way from Trini
dad to St. Vincent with stores for tho
relief of tho sufferers there.
It Is reported here that Fort do
France, Martinique, Is threatened.
Great tension prevails everywhere
throughout the West Indies.
A Xake Disappears.
A dispatch just received here from
the isluml of Dominica, B. V. I., bays
tlmt.ii man who has Just returned from
the boiling lake district of that Island,
wont within a bundled yards of the
lake and louud that tho water had dls
appeaied and that from a v.-nt ten feet
in dhmoter, In tho center, w as u ris
ing oliiinu of steam to a helgth of
thirty left, ui'tmu spreading Into tho
iilniosphuie, Thai district, otherwise,
was apiMieutly unchanged, but the sul
phur gases weio very suing.
The Tow-n a Heap of Ruins.
Pails, May II. The minister of mar
ine, M. Oe LuhiMrian, today lecelved a
cable dispatch from thu commander of
the Fiench it ulcer Suchet, dated Fort
do France, Martinique, siylug that ho
conducted a search at St. Pierre yester
day. The captain leports Unit tho
town Is now a mcie heap of smoking
ruins, under which the victims aiu
burled. Tho Suchet was able to con
vey some of thu Inhabitants of Lo Pre
cheur lo Fort de France, but could not
reach tho northernmost part of the is
land, on account of the dense ruin of
The cuplulu of the Suchet further ie
ported that the Mount Pelee volcano
still had u threatening aspect yester
day afternoon. Subterranean rum
blings were still heaid, Hashes of (lame
frequently came from the volcano and
stones wero tin own out with Immense
.force. A dlsputch received ut the co
lonial ofllco here today from Fort de
Franco says there Is no doubt .that
Governor Mouttet nnd the commander
of the troops at St. Pierre, Coloncd
Daln, arc dead.
Other dispatches confirm the reports
thnt tho American and English consuls
and their families perished.
M. Bloch, Inspector of finance, and M.
Labarthe, the colonial minister's secre
tary, who' have been dispatched by tho
government to Martinique, sailed from
Brest today, on board Ihc French
cruiser, D'Assas, which carries money,
provisions nnd other stores for the re
lief of the Martinique sufferrs.
A French cable official, who went to
St. Pierre, rciwrts thnt tho company's
ofllco has bceft burned to ushes and
that there Is no trace of the staff. This
official adds thnt the cremation of thu
bodies of thn victims has begun and
i that the cable Steamer Payer Guertier
I tu ,.firi,snrtlltr s' vonnlr tho northern
The waves of lava arc still reported
to bo flowing northward. They have
extended oven to Le Carbet.
The candidates for election to the
French cljamber or deputies who per
ished at St. Pierre, were MM. Percin
. and Leclerc.
The colonial minister has organized
' n roller distribution committee, consist
ing of himself and M. Decrnls, former
colonial minister, the colonial members
of the chamber of deputies, the colonial
I senators and a number of commercial
j mem The first meeting of this commlt-
tee will be hold Tuesday.
I The British mbassador, Sir Edmund
J. Monson, called at the Elysee Palace
this afternoon and communicated per
sonally the sympathy of King Edward.
The Island Laid Waste.
Paris, May It. The Temps today, re-
1 ICIIillfe W lll Vll.Ol.1 ULUUH V -.. -.......,
"We believe from the information re
ceived here from the Islands of Martin
ique (meaning doubtless, the official
despatches,) that the disaster surpas-
i ses all that Imagination can conceive.
i The whole northeastern portion of the
(island is laid waste. Three laige
communities, exclusive of St. Pierre,
have been destroyed. The victims com-
' prise two candidates for today's bal
lotnge for members of tho chamber of
'A despatch received today fiom Fort
do France, Marntinlque says:
"All the hills surrounding; Le Carbet
and Le Pecheur (near St. Picire,) are
covered with refugees to the number
of about 5,000, who are being taken
away gradually. In tho meanwhile,
provisions are being conveyed to them.
"Of the 30 persons who were original
ly rescued by the French cruiser fc'u het,
the majority were fearfully burned
and nine died while on their way lb" the
"The corpses which arc heaped In the
ruins of St. Pierre are not only com
pletely naked but are frightfully mutil
ated." President Loubet has contributed 20,
000 francs and the cabinet has donated
5,000 francs to tho fund being raised
here for the sufferers by the St. Pierre
Movement for Belief.
Xew York, May 11. It was an
nounced tonight that a meeting of tho
members of the chumber of commerce
will be held Wednesday, at which ac
tion will be taken looking toward tho
relief of the survivors of the calamity
that has swept St. Pierre and sur
rounding localities. Morris K. Jessup
will preside, and It Is the Intention to
name a committee to solicit subscrip
tions. Just what nature the aid
rendered will assume has not yet been
decided, but it Is probable, It Is said,
that the work of relief will largely as
sume a charter similar to that rendered
by the chamber of commerce follow
ing the disaster at Galveston, Texas
and the the work wll be confined to
members of the chamber with such
business men as may care to assist.
TRAGEDY AT SOMERSET.
The Flobert Rifle Besponsible for
the Death of a Boy.
By Exclusive Wire from The Associated l'rcj.
Somerset, Pa May 11. Dowees Mc
Kelvey, aged It years, a son of one of
the most prominent families of Somer
set lies dead at his home and another
boy named Brlckcr aged 15, Is serious
ly Injured as the lesult of a tragedy
which occurred here ut 7.30 this even
ing. The two boys were out with a flobert
rltle, shooting at birds and other ob
jects. McKelvey had tho gun and In
some way It was accidentally discharg
ed, the bullet striking young Brlcker
in the mouth, ploughing Its way clear
through tho neck and coming out at
tho back of the neck. McKelvey, see
ing this, ran to his homo. Ho hastened
up stalls with the gun, placed the
muzzle to his forehead and discharged
the weapon. He was found lying on
tho floor, the gun beside him. Physicians
wer quickly summoned but at !)
o'clock he died. While Brlcker's
wound Is serious it will probably not
AN AIRSHIP EXPLODES.
Two Aeronauts Ate Killed in an
Accident at Paris.
Of Kwliuhe M'lr? from The Auoclated Ptm.
I'arlJ, Jtjy 12. The uli.lilp Ulon,jiiiir lo Sen ir
Auii-iuto Soeio, Hid HrJ7.lU.in airoiuut, nuiju an
ascfiulon this mcrninir.
The .illlilp exploit. (i, .nit (ho tun iicioruuia
who ucru on hoanl wue l.lllcil.
No Sunday Base Ball at Cleveland,
lh i:cluilo Wiie fiom The ,oejtfi l'iu,
(Ion-land, 0., Mjv II, There j no altunit
In il.iy j gjino u( professional has? hall lure to.
djy hy the Clevrljml American league twin.
The 1'Jse lull people ileiiileil not lo oppo' the
khcrln'rf determination to Mop imy otlcmpt .it 4
(.aine ami I'r-.Mnil Mlfovle, ot the local nam,
alil tint in difoior.ic 10 the com I lxfoiu whom
(he uiuunicnt frr an injunction uoa mioV, ami
ulilili lias not )it leiiiiutJ a (led. Ion, no game
would tu tljcd.
World's Bicycle Record Broken, '
Uy J.'U'lushe Wh from The .Woiiatdi 'ic..
I'jiU, Jlay II, -In tho l)UUe (ontet heU
at I he I'arc ilea Princes today, Turn Linton, the
llnulUli 'ijclUt, luoke tho u 01 Id's ucord for lii
Unco com red In una hour on a bio do. lie lode
fccvcnty-oiie kilometre 'and SOS metres in thU
time. Hob, the German 'culbt, w tug lain
behind Linton, and Harry KILcr, the American,
WAR ON THE
The Government's Bill Is Filed in
United States 'Circuit
Gourt ol Illinois.
THE POINTS MADE
AGAINST THE "BIG SIX"
United States Court Asked to Issue
an Injunction Against the Pack
ing Companies A Case That Will
Be Recorded in History Among
Celebrated Legal Contests as the
United States Against Swift & Co.,
hy KvcluslU' Wire from The Associated Prcsi.
Washington, May 11.. The attorney
Beneial at i"i o'clock yesterday afternoon
made public the petltiorf of the depart
ment of justice againstAhe Beef Trust,
which was tiled at thd same time In
tho circuit court of the'tUnlted States
for the Northern disttlct of Illinois.
Tho case will be recorded In history
amonrcelebrated legal contests, as the
United States of America against Swift
& Co. and others. The petition, in part,
Is as follows:
In tho Circuit court ot Hie Milted Mute? for
thu Noithern district of Illinois. Northern dils
Ion. The United StJtc-s of Amcilca, n?cnt, ivvift
&. Co. and othcis.
To the honoiablc the judges of the Circuit court
n( the United stales of America, for Ihc Xoith-
liii distiicl of Illinois,, Northern diiislon, bit-
tins ill equity.
Your petitioner, the United Mites ot Ameiici,
by S. II. Bethca, its attorney for the Northern
dKtiict of Illinois, actlrg by and under the direc
tion of Philander C. Kno, its attorney gmjral,
brum's this Us bill of complaint, against. Swift.
I; Co., the Hammond Facl.wg company, the
Cudahy Pjckinsr company and Armour k Co.,
corporation organized and existing under and
ti.v wrtue of the laws ut the Mote of Illinois;
tho Armour Packing company, the O. II. Ham
mond compiny, behwarrechild k Sulzberger, cor
pomtions orsnniird and cutting under and by
Wrtue, repccthel.v, of the laws of the slates of
New Jersey, Michigan and New York; Nelson
Morris, Eduard Morris and Ira X. Morris, t
pailuera under the nitnet Nelson Morris & Co.,
dniii business at Chicago, 'III, ; ' liist SI. Lou If,
111., and South St. Jotcph, Mo.; J. Officii Ar
mour, Putrid. A.' Valentine, Cabin M. Favorite,
Arthur Mcekei, Thomas .T. Conncrs, Charles F.
Lanttdon, Michael Cudahy, Edward A. Cudaliy,
Patrick. Cudahy, Albert 1". Dorchcrt, Gustauia V.
.Swift, Louis 1'. fcwift, Law rem e A. Caiton, I).
I.dwin Hartwcll, .l(.o P. Lwrun, Frank E.
VngH, Louis Pfael7cr, William Ruascll, Albert
II. Veeihr nnd Henry Vecder, citizens, respect
iclv, of the state of Illinois losiding at Chicago;
Kdwin ('. fcwift, a citltn of the state of Maya-ilm-etts,
icsidiiiR ut lioslon, and Ferdinand Kulz
herirer and W. H. .Noje.-., citiwnH nf the state of
New Yoik, lauding .it the Uty of New York, in
that state, and or. information and belief, si
letted and ropcctfully thous to jour honors.
The Points Made.
The points against the "Biff Six" by
the attorney ure in brief as follows:
That they are guilty of iolatlng the federal
law known as "An net to pioteet trade and com
merce against unlawful icstraints and mon
opolies." That they are engaged in a conspliacy to ic
strain competition by diiecting theii pmchasing
ugents to tcfraln from bidding against one nil
othei, thus compelling the owners of Ihe stoclc
to part Hli it at lower prices than If the bid
ding weio ically competitive.
'that their agents bid up by agreement the
prices of live stock for a few da , at a time,
to show fktltlouo figures in tha maikct reports,
thereby misleading- owners of lle stock and in
ducing them to ship it to stock jurdj controlled
by the tiut rather than to oilier point", pio
ducing glutted markets and enabling the trust
to obtain thu Jho stotk at its own prices.
'Hint he member, of tho truit aie in a con
spliacy arbitrarily lo raise, lower, and cstablMi
pi ices and to maintain uniform prices, which are
determined by tnist icpresentatlu-s at secret
Meetings, notifications of their decisions being
comejed among other methods by means of
secret codes and ciphers.
That members u! the timt, besides ictiicttng
the M'lantltics ot meats to be Hupped to various
distributing points, hate estibllshetl unllorm
111I03 tor governing eledits, and that they notlty
0110 another ot dealers' delinquencies, keep 'black
lists" 'of such delinquents and refuse to sell meats
That they are in a conspiracy with dhers rail
road companies, wheiebj, thtougli rebates end
oilier devices, they are enabled to obtain unlaw
fill tun-.portntlon rates to the disadvantage ct
competitors or would-be competitors.
That they havo established abnormal, luneison
ablo and arbltraiy icgulalions for tho conduct of
their business, ami that the oltences iccltid me
ull to tho manifest Injury of Iho people of tho
United .States and in dcliance of law,
THE LEDGER COA1 ABTIOIE.
Hy leluslve Who from The Associated I'rest.
Philadelphia, May ll.Tho Ledger in its coal
uithlo tomorrow will sa.v 1
The imthiai itu eoal tiadc has been to an ex
lint ulkclcd during the past vreek by the tin.
icrtaliitic'9 surrounding tho ucgotlatlon'a between
lint operators ami coal miners. The (ompaules
have Uen lather spaiiug in their deliveries of
eoal, and the muveinint to imiket lu not kept
up with tho demand, 'there is an Idea In some
ipiaiters thai thry havo been blocking up at vail
mil placet, though this U dcnltd. Iho totll out
put tu tho close cf April, with n partial csif.
male for tha lattir month, approximates for tho
fmir month about 1(J,!XW,0U0 tons by all the com.
panics, a dein-as of over J,000,iKM tons tout
paied vviih tho mst (cur lucutlis ot luul. Time
has Wen a good movement of eoal ioaslivle,
but 114 a genera! thing the demand, with thu
uppioaih cf warmer weather, Is falling nir, The
stiikc ut the mines will now slop tho shipment
of oal for 1111 ludellnltu period, awaiting thu
result of further n.-gothtlon.
lly Kxiluihc Wiie from The Atsoclattd Prcji.
New York, May 11, Anlvcds Mc,iincrs Noor
dam, ItutUrdaiu and lloulogm Sur Mor. piawla
Point Passed: Meanui- Kensington, Antwerp toy
New York, Llmpool Aiiivnl: Steamer Urn.
In I J, New, Yolk ill (iiecnstowii, Olhraltarr-Ar-lived;
'htcanur .Iv'alsfiln Maria Theiesia. Ne.v
York for Naples and llmoa (and prmcedod).'
i;ueeniowi-!-aiKu; steamer Laiiipiula, fioni
Llvcipool, New" York, blcllj Passed: Strainer
Kronprlnz Wilhclin, New Yorlc fur Pljmoulh,
Cherbourg and Ilmucii.
Landslide in Borne. '
0y Inclusive VUte from The Associated Pu.
Home, May II. Thirteen peisons were killed in
a landslide ut Marola, pruvliuv ot Kmilla, today.
ELKIN.WINS AT WILKES-BABRE
The Watros Candidates for Delegates
By Exclusive Who from The A-wclitcd Press.
Wllkcn-Haiio, May 11. At tho llc
publlcan prlmnrles In this district last
nlllht, the Wiitrcs candidates for stato
delegates, Hon, Charles A. Miner and
Hon, Morgan B. Williams, wero de
feated by Dr. A. 0. Fell, the county
chairman, and Dr. A. H. Morgan, who
nre unpledged, but opposed to Watres.
The voto may bo changed by tho oill
clal count on Monday. It Is: Klkln,
1,H6: Watres, 1,047; Fell, 1,160; Morgan,
1, f78; Miner, 1.57S; William, 1.G40.
The Democrats of the Second legisla
tive district held their convention yes
terday, electing1 tho following delegates
without opposition: J. F. Ollhoolcy, of
Avoca; E. J. La France, of West Wyo
ming; Leonard Mitchell, of Dallas, and
Albert Smith, of Shlckshlnny.
A. New Era In the Study of the
Mysteries of the Stellar Uni
verse Is Promised.
Dy Excluilv e Wire from The Associated Press.
Pittsburg, May 11. A new era In tho
study of tho mysteries of tho stellar
universe Is promised by tho use of the
Improved curved plate camera, the first
of which kind ever made has just been
completed at the Brashear works In
this city, after six months' work on
Its construction. It has been tested,
and will be shipped to the Philadelphia,
observatory at once.
The system of using curved plates In
stead of tho ordinary flat ones was- per
fected by Prof. Wadsworth, one of
Trof. Brashear's assistants, who has
been working on It for abou(. three
years. It Is estimated by astronomers
that It will take between 4,001) and 5,000
plates to photograph the entire heavens,
as against some 30,000 plates, required
to obtain the same results by means of
the flat plates.
Prof. Brasear, speaking of the instru
ment and its test, said:
Heretofore flat plates have been satisfactory and
they have been able to get a picturo of tho stars
covering ten degrees square of the heavens.
The new cameras havo a beautiful field of nearly
20 degrees on a circular plate, covering an area
of 6(0 square degrees, against 100 of the flit
Plate, and every star is so perfect that it i.in
be readily measured. In the part nf the heavens
photographed on one of these plate there are
fifty stare visible to the naked rye, and n that
part nf the sky where stars are fewest. On each
one of the plates cxpostd on Friday night and
Saturday morning there arc r.ot lest than 86,000
stars shown and several minute nebulae.
The night the camera was tested was excep
tionally clear and at 9.21 o'clock double ranrca
No. 1 was ret on the star ihcta bootes ar.d
grrided for one. and one half hours by the aid nt
the driving clock constructed for that purpose.
This clock has lo move thr telescopic cameras
and their mountings, weighing about .1 ton, and
such is the precision of the anpiratus that the
image of a star no larger than the point of a
pin Is held steadily upon the photographic plate
at one exact point.
After exposing the great curved plate camera
to the sky for :in hour and a half a plrtc was
placed in camera No. 2 and the (enter of the
plate set on another star in the same (onstclU
iion and exposed tor two and one-fourth hours,
ending at l.tO o'clock. The plates were devel
oped on Saturday. They are the first large curved
plates ever used lit astronomical photography.
PREPARING THE PAYROLL
All Miners at Wilkes-Barre Collieries
Will Havo Their Cash
By Inclusive Who from Tho Associated Press.
Wilkes-Barre, Pa., May 11. Tho
clerks employed at the various offices
In this city wero hastily summoned from
their horneti this morning and put to
work on the payrolls. It Is reported
that all tho employes at the mines in
this region will be paid In full not
later than Thursday and that when
they receive their envelopes they will
be told that they are no longer In tho
employ of the company. Tho mlneis,
however, do not appear to fear a lock
out. They say If the Hazleton con
vention should decide not to continue
tho strike there will be no troublo
for all hands to get their old places
The district superintendents of the
coal companies refuse to talk about
the matter beyond the fact that cler
ical forces wero quite busy at present.
Tho sentiment, as It exists at present
In the Wyoming valley, Is decidedly In
favor of continuing the strike nnd It
is thought the delegates who will be
elected tomorrow from the United
Mino Workers assemblies of this sec
tion will bo Instructed to continue the
strike in tho absence of any conces
sions from the operators.
Nearly all the Roman Catholic
clergy of the Scranton dloceso spoko
upon the strike today and their ic
marks were ull of tho same tenor. It
was claimed that a strike would be a
great calamity to the people of the
anthracite region and that the Hassle
tlon convention should go about its
work deliberately and with the full
knowledge of the great responsibilities
that rested with It. All the speakers
deploied the grasping spirit of thn
age and the tendency to get rich quick
at the expense of labor. The occupa
tion of mining, It was claimed was
a very dangerous ouu and that the
claims of tho m.in who toll In the
bowels of the earth weie worthy of
cousldeiatloii at tlio hands of their em
nluyeia, Clara Taylor in Jail,
fly I'xi luslve Wim fiom 'tlio Asoclatnl Press.
Washington, May 11,-Unllul .States ,mba,il.
dor Yon ilvitt, at lUmc, tabled ho Mate de,
pjltiiunt today to tho cttect Hut fmuul Pen.
sou has informed him of the an est of LUra
Tujlor, the woman thingcd wjtli the uhduuiJ:i
of her niece, Margaict Talor, and.of hir lodge
ment; In'jail at iarr Itemo, .
Deaths of a Day,
lly i:cluihe Who frorn The Asocjtcd I'len.
Philadelphia, Miy ji.-(ieneiiil Collis died at
II. 14 tonight. His three (hildien, two soiii and
4 daughter, weie at his bedidc at the time-.
Milwaukee, May 11. Lieutenant Governor Jcse
Stone, of Wisconsin, died at his homo at Water.
WEEK IN CONGRESS
KILLED WITH A CLEAVEB.
Fiendish Murder in the Atlantic
By i:cUr.lve Wire from The Associated Press.
Bridgeport, Conn,, May 11. Lawrence
Btessano, a fireman In the Atlantic ho
tel, crept Into tho meat room this
morning and split tho skull of Michael
Thomas, tho chef, with a meat cleaver.
Ho then took a lurge butcher knife and
slashed the body,-cutting off the nose
and ears, gouging out tho eyes and
cutting strip after strip of flesh off the
victim. When tho upper part of tho
body was unrecognizable, Bressano
jumped on It and danced fiom the head
to tho feet until thu arrival of the po
lice wrto wero attracted by the fren
zied yells of the murderer, pressano
turned his attention to his would be
capturers and was not subdued until
one policeman broke it club over his
head, and another knocked him sense
less to the ground with the brass buck
le of a belt.
Bressano at police headquarters ac
knowledged the murder and said he felt
better for having committed It. It Is
believed that trouble over a woman led
him to kill his fellow workman. He
will be given a preliminary trial to
morrow. MINERS LOCKED OUT
Individual Coal Operators Anticipa
ted the Action of Their Men. Ac
tion of Lehigh Valley Company.
lly Ecluivo Wire from The Associated Priss.
Hazleton, Pa.. May 11. Anticipating
the action of their employes two of the
individual coal companies In this region
have practically locked out their men.
The stop was taken last night when
Coxe Brothers & company, operating
the Beaver Meadow colliery and Cal
vin Pardee, Sons & company, owners of
the Latttmer mines notified their em
ployes that they need not report for
work until ordered to do bo.
This order does not apply 'to engi
neers, firemen and pump runners whose
services are necessary to keep tho
mines free from water. These com
panies It Is believed expect a long strug
gle, and this belief Is strengthened by
the fact that at Lattlmer work has been
suspended on the rebuilding of a. fan
house that was burned last week and
whose reconstruction was neceh&ary to
prevent the accumulation of gushes In
one part of the slope.
The Lehigh Valley Coal company an
nounced to-day that they will give em
ployment to all men who leport for
Meetings of the United Mine Workers'
locals were held In most of the mining
villages In the Hnzlelon district to-day
and- delegates were elected to the con
vention which meets here on Wednes
day. It Is Impossible to ascertain the
attitude of the locals on the strike
question. Tho meetings were secret and
the delegates wero ordered not to di
vulge their Instructions until they get
into the convention.
The district headquarters of the Unit
ed Mine Workers here were closed this
afternoon and the leaders who have just
arrived home from Scranton wero out
among the men explaining the exact
condition of affalis. Seventy-seven per
cent, of tho men employed In the var
ious collieries in this (the Lehigh) val
ley are organized and operations
throughout the legion will bo tied up
until Wednesday at least.
It was reported to-day that an ef
foit will be made to start up the
Cranberry breaker, operated by A. Par
dee X: company, with non-union strip
ping men so that all the coal that was
not sent to the surface on Saturday
may bo piepared for the market. A
poll of the btrlpplng men to-d.iy how
ever, would Indicate that this would
be dinicult to do If attempted. Thes-e
men say that they will continue at
work at the steam shovels, but under
110 condition would they take the placo
of tho strikers at the mines,
Samuel Nedrey, a representative of
tho American Fedeiation of L-ibor
who arrived heit to-night, said that the
Federation would render all possible aid
to the mlneis In their struggle.
TO BE ARBITEATED.
Street Car Difficulty at Detroit Will
Soon Be Settled.
Dy Uwluiite Wire fiom The Assoclatid Prew.
Petiult, Jlay 11. After a teflon which lasted
fiom midnight until I o'cloik this nioinln,'. Iho
tliet lalhoad cmploHi ut thl city resolved 10
t-uhnilt the dispute with llii- lietiolt I'nllui Hall
way, over lite ir diiuand for a ial-o in vv iges
Horn 81 Kills per Lour to SS teuta pel hum, tu
aibltriliou. Tho company nfiwd the lake de
inanded, and bftcinl the una iuUud .1 rata' 10
M'i cents, pel- horn nnd aln olkuul tu iibinlt
thu entire quest ion to iiibltrallou,
The dispute i to l- nihiliatul and .sclttl.'cl
within tin da;
NO FAITH IN OBATORS.
Bibhop Hoban Believes They Are
Not the Men to Settle Strikes,
liv 1 sclu.lw Wiie fiom The A-totUM Press.
Wilkiidliiie, Pa., Miy II,-III. Iti-v, IIMiop
llob.ui, ol hwanton, conducted (Oiinruutlou mi
viica ai M, Vluitnl'a chuiih, i'ljmoulli, tndij,
llo advLtil lire ilitmis lo be taiclul in tliooiiu,'
Iho deligati-i n the llnl. loir ( onv I'trlliin.
Ho thought it wi.uld 1'J a gou idea not to
stud oraKw or nun who ion who the murium,
out question befolu u hcailug, but mill honest
in tlulr dealing!., who will listen to b.itli bides
and after due lon.Ideuticui draw a Just con
Killed by a Pitched Ball.
toy I'xtlualvo Mre from The Associated Press.
Wat 1'het.tcr. Pa., May ll.-Wultci- h. M.vlej,
ton of Miles llylei, of UdvvanUdalc, near
Wllkevllarrc, Pa., a Junior pupil of the Kormil
bchool of Hits city, died this afternoon from in
Juries lecelved In being struck by a pitched ball
in a ba.se ball game here ycittrday. The ball lilt
.Mylra behind the left ear and felled him to the
ground, He was 13 years of age.
Vote on the Philippines Bill Man
Be Reached This Week
in the Senate.
OTHER BILLS THAT
WILL BE CONSIDERED
The Appropriation Bills Will Re
ceive Attention Mr, Foraker Will
Speak Upon Philippines Measurt.
District of Columbia Day In tho
fly Inclusive Wire from 'lire Associated I'rrM.
Washington, May 11. Senator Raw
lins, senior member of the senate com
mittee on tho Philippines, today ex
pressed tho opinion that a vote could
be leached on the Philippine govern
ment bill towards the end of tho pres
ent week. Other members of tho com
mittee think tho date of the voto may
be postponed until some time next
week, but none of them place tho voto
later than the 21th Inst., two weeks
hence. They say that whenever tho
debate Is exhausted, they will agree to
vote, but that they object to naming a
date for a vote until they are quite cer
tain that there Is nothing moio to say
pertinent to the subject.
Tho consideration of the bill this
week will be Interspersed with the con
sideration or appropriation bills, Mon
day being set apart for the fortlllcation
bill and Tuesday for tho agricultural
bill. Neither of the.se measures will
consume 11 great time, and on Tuesday
It is expected there will ho time left
for the consideration of tho Philippine
Senator Foraker has given notice of
:t .speech on the Philippine subject 0)1
Monday, and Senator Stewart will
speak Tuesday, both In support of thu
pending bill. Senator Spooner also
probably will be heard on the bill dui
lng the week. Among the opponents of -
the bill still to bo heard are Senators
Clay and Money. It Is probable that
considerable debate will grpw out of
the speeches of Senators Foraker and
Spooner. Senator Lodge has given no
tice that on Tuesday he will move to
meet at 11 o'clock each day to facilitate
discussion of the Philippine bill.
Tomorrow Is District of Columbia
Day in the house. Special orders havo
been made for the consideration of sev
eral bills, to follow the disposition of
district business. They include the bill
to authorize the issue of passports to
lesidents of our insular possessions;
the Adams bill for the reorganization
of the consular service, and a day for
the consideration of war claims. The
conference report on the omnibus
elnlms bill will also be considered this
week. Such time as remains will be
devoted to the naval appropriation bilL
WAITEE ACCUSED OF THEFT.
Had Three Thousand Dollars Worth
of Diamonds in His Shoe. '
lly Inclusive W lie from The Associated Press.
Atlantic City, X. .?.. Mny 11. Three
thousand dollars worth of diamonds
hidden in a servant's shoe were u
covcred bv the local oolice tonight
lor Airs. Dr. .7. Keys, of Brooklyn, X.
Y., a guest at 11 beach front hotel.
Henry Brooklns. 11 colored waiter was
taken Into custody nnd bound over for
Dr. and .Mrs. Keys alter dinner last
evening left the dining room for their
apartments, Mrs. Keys forgetting her
cab.i containing the Jewels and money
In the dining room. Shu had taken
them thete with her for safety. Fif
teen minutes ol.ibsed before she
thoucli of her nrectous stones. Rho
then hunted to her table but the dia
monds weie gone. The pollen nrreslra
the man who waited upon them
searched his room "and found the Jewell
hidden In his shoe.
KOSHER BUTCHEHS PROTEST.
They Attempt to Force Down tin
Price of Meats.
By Kxcluslve Wile Iron. 'Iho Awicluled Prc.
,Vcv Yoik, M.iv II, I'iflteii hundred retail
hoshiT luiUbiiN nf tin- Last side met today tu
cna-hhr the ndvanic in piiees of inert by th
wholoilo ko-lier butcheis, In an attempt tn
foice down the pilco tnday'ri meeting decld"it
that the retail Jhops should bo closed all illy
tuiuoriow- and Tuctday, und that no meat i-houhl
be biiughl from Iho vvholenalera n Iho.so da.v.
Tim iuiitlu nf 11 continuance nf tho rtus"il
In buv melt will be dkeussed ut a meeting t
l held Tuesday night.
The Young' Queen Now on the Boat)
Ilv Lxiluslve Wirejtrom The Aaoclatd Pre.
'Iho Hague, May 11. The bulletins issued it
rattle Iajo, lanterning the condition of Quen
Wilhilurliii, havo been reduced to onu a doy,
and it U ojieelcd that they IU toon cease
The niaittd Improvement In her majt' ion
ill I Ion luiitlnucs, and the constant attention of
her pli.wlcbn.s U no longer necessary,
1,01 al data for Jlay 11, 1002:
IIL'ht'st timprratuie ,..,,., 00 degrett
Lowest tempeiatuio ,,,,,,,,...,...,,,. 07 degjecf
8 a. in, ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,. SI per rentf
8 p. in. .,,,..,.,,..,,,,.......,., 31 per rfat
Precipitation, '.'1 hours ended 8 p. in., none,
-f i -H
-f Waihlnston, May It. l'orccast for Mm.
4- day and Tuesday: Laitenr IVnmjivanla
4- fair Monday; wuimcr in couth portion: 4.
4- Tuesday, fair and warmer; light to freli
4- wind, mostly southeast. -f1
t -H- t f . t t t f f
KT ' M- Xa '&&&.
2 . - 1 . ' "LX. '