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THE SCIUNTON TBIBUNE-MONDAY, MARCH iO, 1902
The Total Damage Will Amount to
Some Millions of Dollars, Aside
from tho Losses Occasioned by the
Suspension of Work Way the D.,
L. & W. Board for Today Is Made
Up largest Generators Ever Built
Aro Being Dollvered to New York
One of tho moat disastrous Hoods In
tho history of nnthracltc mining In
Pennsylvania has cnused an almost
total suspension of shipments from the
Lackawanna, Wyoming nnd Lehigh
jgloriH. Tho Lehigh river, which did
00 much damage to the lines of the
Lehigh Valley nnd the Central Railroad
of New Jersey last December, went on
a rampage again, and iulte eclipsed Its
December record. All tho highway
bridges between White Haven nnd
Maueh Chunk, a distance of thirty
miles, are reported swept away or
weakened; luckily It so happens tbat
nlong a stretch where a Jersey Ccntrnl
bridge is out the Lehigh Valley has one
standing and vice-versa. This will fa
cilitate repairs, but at best it will be a
week before either road is shipping
much coal. The Schuylkill region has
suffered from flooded collieries, nnd
there have been washouts along branch
lines of the Reading, but the main lino
Is open, and the company has about
twenty-six collieries In operation. A
Tow of the collieries drowned out had
lust recovered enough from the Decem
ber Hood to start shipping again. In
tho Wyoming region the Susquehanna
river roso over thirty-to(feot, cover
ing the Hat between Wllkes-Barrc and
Plymouth, and submerging the bridges.
The Lackawanna railroad had its
bridge ucross the Delaware at Kaston
curried away, and tho Delaware and
Hudson Is finding trouble In getting
coal forward, owing to a bridge being
clown on the Erie, between Middletown
Some of tho rivers In the anthracite
region mny have risen higher In past
floods, but it is safe to say that they
have never caused so much loss. It is
quite likely that the total damage to
railroads and mines will amount to
some millions of dollars. Aside fiom
the great amount of direct damage to
railroads from broken bridges and
washouts, there is the loss due to the
suspension of trnfllc. As for tho mines,
tho expense of pumping out the flooded
workings will be great, shipments in
some cases must bo suspended for
weeks, and on top of these losses is tho
expense, in some cases the heaviest
Item or all, of getting the flooded mines
In good working fchnpe again. Men who
have been connected with the anthra
cite railroads for lorty years do not re
member a worse suspension of &hip
iwnts from weather cause alone.
t'rescnt indications are that there will
m no reduction of price on April 1, and
current prices m.iy prevail until May.
It is also evident that the matter of
labor tioubles at the collieries will not
be settled promptly if the United Mine
Workers persist in tho demands made
at the Indianapolis convention. Con
sidering the damage done to mines and
railroads recently the great producing
companies are not likely to submit to
requests for higher wages nor look with
favor upon demands for an eight-hour
day and u minimum wage scale. The
chances are, however, if John Mitchell
can hold the rank and file of his fol
lowers in line, that there will bo no
strike. lingineeilng and Mining Jour
nal Forming Educational Classes.
The employes of the Lackawanna
railroad shops departments are organ
izing clubs for tho study of electrical
nnd mechanical subjects, nnd regular
meetings are now being held, at which
Instructors are engaged to give prac
tical lectures and demonstrations.
The class in electrical study met last
Friday evening and received their first
course of study from 12. D. Williamson,
of the electrical department of the In
ternational Text Book company, who
luib been engaged ns Instructor. An
other meeting will be held next Satur
, day evening.
The car foremen have also organized
n mechanical drawing class, under the
direction of Chief Draughtsman J. D.
Murray, and will hold their first meet
ing during tho coming week.
In view of tho general use to which
electricity is being put in railway equip
ment, these classes are of much import
ance, nnd will prove of great benefit to
the mechanics who take ndvantuge of
them. In the plans for the now Rail
road Young Men's Christian association
building special thought Is being given
for the equipment of rooms for this
nnd other Instruction work for Dela
ware, Lackawanna and Western em
D., 3d. & W. Board for Today.
The following is tho make-up of the
Delaware, Lackawanna and Western
board for today:
su.mw, MAKCII I),
Kxlras Hast 8 p. m,, Van Woriner; 10 p. m
J. II. Masters, II, Gllligan'h crew; 11 p. m., Ho.
MONDAY, MARCH 10.
IMras Hasta a. ni Hobokcn, Booth; o a, in.,
Iloliokcn, W, J, Moslcr; 10 a, in,, William Hoar,
M. It. McLano's crew; 11 a, in,, ,. o. Ham
mitt; 1 p. in., 1). llaggcily; 2 p. iu Hobokn,
' Nugent; 5 p. in., II, Coslar, .1, II, Hush's crew;
t 1. m., Iloliokcn, 11. rinneity.
Summits, Ktc 10 a. in,, A. 1'rounfclkcr; ii p.
m., Thompson; 0 p. in,, J. llemilgun; s f m.,
Pushers-fl o. m., Wldncr; 7 n. in., rinnerly; 8
. m Houscr; 11.45 a. in., Morau; 0 p. in., O,
Bartholomew; 10 p. m., tamping,
Helpers 7 a. in., Oalfney; 7 a. in., Singer; 10
a. in., J. II, SwarU; 0.15 p. in., Latllmer; S.'M
p. in., Mcflovcrn.
Katioi West 1 p. m., John Oahagan; 2 p. in.,
Jt. Castucr; I p. m., O. Kingtley; 11 p. in., J, J,
II, Ollllgan will run A. deirlty's crew J1.C0 p,
in., March V, one trip,
ff You Could Look
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A.. If l..,.un..l 1 ..-l!l JL. DI..J
MI10VIU1M fVVt full! HV UIVWI
tfLOOD WAS DISASTROUS TO THE
K. Oinlfj will ran ptck-up 0 a. in. March 10,
until further notice.
Brakcman Frank Oaffney will report at Super
intendent's office 10.80 a. ra. March 10.
This and That.
Local union, No. 1331, United Mine
Workers of America, will hold a spe
cial meeting this evening nt Oolden's
hall, corner of Luzerne street nnd nail
road avenue. All memberB aro request
ed to bo present. By order of the presi
dent, J. J. Jones; T. M. Morgan, secre
A committee of mine workers from
the Avondato nnd llallotcnd collieries
of tho Delaware, Lackawanna and
Western company are expected to make
a calt on Superintendent It. A. Phillips
tomorrow, when an effort wilt bo made
to effect a mutual settlement regarding
the hours to bo worked by tho firemen
Tho Burns Fire Brick company, of
Wllllamsport, Pa., Intends building a
dust plant near Lock Huven, In tho
spring, nnd is receiving bids for three
nine-foot clay grinding pnns, etc. It Is
the intention of tho company to build
an clght-mllc standard gauge railroad
from Look Haven to Its mines in the
Scottno district. The Wllllamsport brick
plant will also bo enlarged. Another
pan and a boiler and engine will bo pur
chased. Tho Wesllnghouso Electric and Manu
facturing company, of Pittsburg, Pa., Is
delivering to tho Manhattan Elevated
railroad In New York city the largest
electric generators ever made. Each
will have S.OOO horse-power, nnd with
each Is a pair of 12,000 horse-power
Allls-Chalmers Corliss engines. The
shafts are hollow, of Bethlehem nickel
steel thirty-seven Inches In diameter In
the center nnd thirty-four Inches In the
bearing, with a sixteen inch bore". Each
shaft weighs over 60,000 pounds.
Tho Sharon Foundry company has
organized with a capital of $230,000, and
will build a largo foundry between
South Sharon and Wheatland, Pa.
Bobcrt Bcntlcy, W. J. and Frank
Hitchcock, pig iron manufacturers in
tho Mnhoning valley, are interested.
The new concern will manufacture blast
furnaco and rolling mill machinery, in
got molds and iron and steel castings.
The officers are Joseph IMddoll, presi
dent, and Thomas Kennedy, secretary
NO CHARGES PREFERRED.
Patrolman McMullen's Action Up
held by His Superiors.
There have as yet been no charges
preferred against Patrolman McMul
len, who arrested two married couples
la the central city last Thursday morn
ing, and tho police are inclined to the
belief that there will bo none preferred,
when the caso is sifted down by the
attorney for tho parties who were nr
icstetl. Tho department sustains Patrolman
MrMullen in his action. It is an unwrit
ten law in tho police department that
women found on tho streets after mid
night when unaccompanied by escorts
shall bo arrested for street walking ex
cept they are able to give a satisfac
tory account of themselves to tho of
ficer who accosts them.
Mrs. O'Dowd and Mrs. Crandall, tho
two women arrested by Patrolman lie
Mullen, were seen by him coming out
of "Koxy" Jones' saloon and this in
itself because of tho saloon's reputa
tion according to the police authorities,
justified him in arresting them and in
seriously questioning their story that
they were looking for a hotel.
THORNTON INSURANCE CASES.
Will Likely Occupy Two More Days
in United States Court.
Discussions on the admissibility of
evidence occupied most of tho single
session of United States circuit court
Saturday. Tho direct examination of
the plaintiff was concluded at 11 o'clock
and Mr. Lenahan then began tho cross
examination. The hour or less at his
disposal was consumed with efforts
to make ground for the inference that
the plaintiff's claim that the furniture
and library were worth nearly $7,000
is an exaggeration.
When Judge Archbald adjourned
court at noon it was until 10 o'clock this
morning. The Insurance cases, how
ever, are not to go on until 2 o'clock.
It is likely they will take up two more
W. C. T. U. Will Meet at Dunmore
on March 13.
The W. C. T. U. of Lackawanna coun
ty will hold' their mid-year convention
March 13, In the Dunmore M. E. church.
Rev. Dr. Whalen, of Carbondale, will
be the speaker of the evening. The
state president of the Loyal Temper
ance Legion will also be present and
speak on that branch.
A fine programme for tho day has
been carefully arranged and the meet
ing promises to be one of the best
ever held by the union. The public Is
cordially Invited to be present and par
ticipate in the discussions.
NOVEL CASE PROM DINGMANS.
Man Arrested on Charge of Violating
Liquor Laws on Election Day.
Special to the Scranton Tribune.
Stroudsburg, Pa., March 9. A novel
case, the outcome of which is awaited
with much interest, is that in which
Constable Person, of Dingmans, Plko
cqunty, was recently arrested for an
alleged violation of the liquor law, and
at a hearing before 'Squire Frazler was
hold for court, the defendant furnish
ing the requisite ball.
Person was nrrested on complaint of
George Jagger, who alleges that on
election day, contrury to law, Person
offered him a drink from a bottle. Per
son asserts tho complaint was prompted
TROUBLE IN IRELAND.
United Irish Leaguers Arrested for
Raising a Disturbance.
Dy Eiclmlve Wire from The AssorUteil l'teu,
Dublin, March 9. The.bellef that the
United Irish League Is about to bo
proclaimed caused great excitement at
Kllrush, county Clare, today, and tho
arrest ot two men named Crowley and
Eustace, who were charged with
moonlighting and firing Into tho house
of a woman who had purchased huy
from a farmer who was under the ban
of the league.
Yesterday a man named O'Donnell
wa8 arrested and sentenced to one
month in prison for trying to prevent
this farmer from selling hay,
Big Coal Deposits.
0 Exclurire Wire from tht AuucUted Pits.
Uontral, Que., March . -Cornelius Shields,
general manager ot tho Dominion Coal com
pany itated today that borliijs mide by the
company near Butler's lake, a B., bad revealed
the present of a coal deposit estimated to con
tain ouna bUlloa too) ot bituminous coal.
PACTS ABOUT MINING OF ANTHRACITE.
Taken from thd Third Part of tho
United States Geological Survey
Now Passing Through tho Press.
Description of tho Pennsylvania
Anthracite Coal Plold Was Pro
pared by H. H. Stoek, of This City,
Editor of Mines and Minerals Sizo
of tho Different Districts.
The good or tho bad condition of tho
Pennsylvania anthracite coal mining
Industry affects happily or unhappily
the lives of hundreds of thousands of
our people through nil grades of so
ciety, from the coal picker to tho mil
lionaire capitalist; nnd tho discussion
of this great industry is of correspond
ing lntcrest.Tlie third part of the twen
ty-second annual report of tho United i
btntes geological survey, now passing
through the press, contains tho de
scription of "The Pennsylvania An
thracite Coal Field," by Mr. H. II.
Stoek, Editor of Mines and Minerals of
Speaking brondly, the anthracite coal
field, consisting of long, narrow, up
land valleys and located In cast-central
Pennsylvania, mny be said to be bound- ;
ed on the west by the Susquehanna
river, on the north by the north branch
of the Susquehanna, nnd on the east by
the Deluwnre and Lehigh rivers. The
anthracite region lies mainly within
Lackawanna, Luzerne. Carbon, Schuyl
kill and Northumberland counties,
though 'the measures overlap into
Wayne, Susquehanna, Wyoming, Sulli
van, Columbia, Dauphin and Lebanon.
Of the total anthracite territory, only
about 484 square miles aro underlain by
workable coal measures; nor Is thU
productive area continuous, but con
sists of detached basins..
FOUtt MAIN DIVISIONS.
Of tile four main geographic divis
ions, the northern basin, including the
Wyoming and Lackawanna valleys,
contains 176 square miles. Tho eastern
middle basin has a total coal area of
about 31! square miles. The southern
basin extends 70 miles from Maueh
Chunk on the Lehigh river west to
Dauphin on tho Susquehunna, and con
tains 1SI square miles. The western
middle basin contains 04 square miles.
This anthracite coal field is divided
for trade and labor purposes into the
Wyoming region, or labor district No.
1; the Lehigh region, or labor district
No. 7; and the Schuylkill regions, or
labor district No. 0.
It is probable that only a very small
part of the coal measures originally
deposited in this region lias escaped
erosion. In the report of the coal waste
commission (Hnrrisburg), Mr. D. W.
Smith estimates the original contents
of tho anthracite coal field before min
ing began at more than 10,500 million
tons, and he thinks that this amount j
ot coal represents not more- than o per
cent., probably about 2 per cent., and
possibly only 1 per cent, of the vast
original coal deposit before erosion
took place. The coal beds vary in thick
ness from mere traces of coal to the !0
or l!0 feet of the mammoth bed. In tho
Wyoming basin of the northern field
Sl.S per cent, of the total coal may be
considered marketable; in the eastern
middle field, 75 to 77 per cent.; in the
southern field, 72 per cent.; in the west
ern middle Held, 75 per cent.
DEVELOPMENT OF FIELD.
Tho development of the anthracite
coal field may bo briefly suggested by
tho following chronology: 1762, anthra
cite discovered in Wyoming valley by
Connecticut settlers. 17GD, Obadlah
Goro first burned anthracite In his
blacksmith forge. 1S02, anthracite first
burned in a grate in Philadelphia. 1S12,
anthracite llrst successfully used In an
Iron furnace at Philadelphia. 1823,
first cargo of anthracite shipped around
Cape Cod to Boston. 1S20-1840, period
of canals and navigation companies.
1810-1001, period of railroad exploita
tion. 1855, anthracite leads charcoal
in manufacture of pig Iron. 1887, im
portant development of lake and west
ern trade. 1900, large number of .Indi
vidual collieries bought up by rail
roads. After a protracted contest with the
railroads, the individual operators con
solidated their Interests In 1890 with
the Pennsylvania Coal company and in
corporated a railway for themselves;
whereupon, In January, 1901, the Penn
sylvania Coal company was bought by
Messrs. Plerpont Morgan & Co., at an
Increase of 7G2 per cent, upon the par
value of the stock; this property was
then immediately sold to tho Erie rail
road; and thus the contest was closed.
Tho mining 13 by "stripping," where
the coal outcrop can be easily reached
and by tho room nnd pillar system for
underground work. Slopes nnd shafts
are the prevailing form of mine open
ing. Anthracite is universally mined
with hand rotary drills and by the use
of black blasting powder, dynamite or
giant powder being sometimes used.
The reports of the bureau of mines
give 39.3 tops of anthracite mined ns
tho approximate result per keg used,
ns against 282 tons, per keg of powder,
of bituminous coal mined during tho
same period. Tho coal Is not undercut
as a general rule, and mining machines
havo never been applied successfully to
tho anthracite Held, Ventilation Is uni
versally by rotary fans, and fire-damp
exists in a number of mines in such
quantities as to render it necessary to
work them entirely by tho uso of safety
lamps. Every known form of haulage
mule hnuluge, rope haulage, locomotive
haulage Is to be found In the anthra
cite mines, thero 'being in 1000, S32 en
gines of various kinds, and 15.70S mules
for hauling coal,
Unllko bituminous coal, anthracite
must be broken, sorted to sizes, and
havo the Impurities picked out, before
it can be marketed, Tho coal is broken
by toothed rolls, and screened in circu
lar or horlzontul screens, the slate be
ing picked out by machinery or by
boys and old men,
Somo years ngo tho anthracite miners
were mainly American, English, Welsh
and Irish; but nt present a greut many
nationalities are represented In the an
thracite fields. The percentage of na
tionalities are about as follows. Amer
ican. 21; Irish, 16; English, 6; Welsh, 9
a little over 51 per cent Polish, 27;
Hungarian, 6; Italian, 3; Germun, t;
.and Austrlun, Slavonic, Scotch and
Llthuniana qver 1 per cent each. In
1893 the amount of employes inside tho
mines was 92,223; of outside employees,
48,433, a total of 140,656.
INCREASE OF PRODUCTION.
Tho production of the coal in the an
thraclte Held by decennial periods since
18S0 has been In round numbers! 1880,
28,700,000 tons, Valued at $42,300,000!
1890, 4G.60O.OOO tons, valued nt $00,400,000:
1900, C7.4OO.O0O tons, valued nt $80,000,
000. Concentration of Interests in the
nnlhrncite coal fields hns been tho pol
icy for tho past few years In connection
with tho mining and preparation of
coal, ns well as In the ownership of
Largo central plants ure rapidly re
placing Isolated smaller plants. One
largo breaker now does the work for
merly done by a number of small ones.
A single tubular boiler plant has re
placed possibly half a dozen scattered
individual plnnts ot old-fashioned cyl
indrical boilers, and mammoth central
pumping .plnnts or drainage tunnels
nre now draining whole basins, whore
formerly n large number of small plants
were doing the work. This concentra
tion naturally tends to better manage
ment, nnd to a saving In fixed expenses
nnd In labor. These economies have re
sulted from the Increase of cnpltal nnd
labor required to produce anthracite
without a corresponding increase In de
mand for It.
In 1880, coal royalties were from 20
to 23 cents per ton for prepared sizes,
tho sizes below chestnut being neglect
ed or thrown away; now royalties are
23 cents for pea coal, abo';t 10 to 12'i
cents for small sizes below pea. and
from 40 to 50 cents for prepared sizes
nbove pea. In 1877, the average num
ber of days worked per year wnsr 205;
1897, It was 152. The cost of opening
n colliery In 1887 was $100,000; now It is
from $400,000 to $500,000. Owing to re
quirements of cleaning, about 14 per
cent, of tho coal product which was
formerly saleable must now be thrown
upon the dump.
AVERAGE AT THE BREAKERS.
In 1S87, the average dally breaker
output was GOO tons; In 1897, the aver
age of all breakers was 880 tons. In
1880, 88 per cent, of the coal sold was of
the size which sold at a profit: In 1897,
on y 70 per cent. In 1S77, 38 per cent,
of all coal mined was grate and larger
sizes not requiring preparation for sale;
In 1887, only 20 per cent.; In 1897, 15 per
cent. Tho selling price of prepared
sizes- at tide water was $3.20 In 1877,
$3.67 in 1SS7, and $3.40 in 1897. Deeper
workings, heavier machinery, greater
costs in many ways of mining, have
greatly increased cost of preparation.
Nevertheless, pessimists to the con
trary, says Mr. Stoek, the anthracite
Industry, with an invested capital ot
some $700,000,000, with natural annual
profits of from $85,000,000 to $100,000,000,
with a freight traffic worth $10,000,000
per year to the carriers, cannot be rap
idly wiped out of existence.
SOPRANO'S DOMESTIC TRIALS.
Wedded, Deserted, Divorced, Remar
ried. All Within a Year.
By Kxclulp Wire from The .Moclalcd l'rcs;.
Fargo, N. D., March 9. Married, de
serted, divorced and remarried within
twelve months is the busy record of
Jennie Llnd Lewis, of Lowell, Mass.,
who attained wide reputation as a
soprano and was a member of several
Last t-piing shu married Dr. E. H.
Evans, of Fargo, but was unable to ac
company him West on account of the
illness of her father. In July sho eamo
here, and two weeks later, it is alleged-,
was deserted for a dining-room girl,
Belle Quackenbush, with whom, it is
claimed, Dr. Evans had been infat
uated Later Mrs. Evans secured a position
as soloist in Plymouth church, Minne
apolis, and early in February secured
a divorce, and lias been married to Dr.
S. T. Satterthwaite, a local capitalist,
who was Dr. Evans' most intimate
friend and in whose home Dr. and Mrs.
Evans spent their brief honeymoon. Her
present husband was very kind in Mrs.
Evans' hour of trouble, and the senti
ment developed into something more
than urdent friendship.
The. former husband Is now clerking
in a Chicago drug store.
BOOTH TARKINGTON'S CHANCES
Friends Claim His Nomination for
the Legislature Is Assured.
By Exclusive Wire from The Associated Press.
Indianapolis, March 9. The friends
and supporters of Booth Tarklngton,
the author ot "The Gentleman From
Indiana," who is standing for the Re
publican nomination for the legislature,
are congratulating themselves on what
they claim Is tho auspicious outlook for
His friends claim that the colored
voters of the city, of whom there are
between 5,000 and 0,000, have deter
mined to support him. The support is
eald to come from Tnrklngton's kind
ness to the colored people.
AUSTRALIAN MINE TRICKS.
Cutoness Amusingly Shown in Ef
forts to Defraud.
from the London Mail,
In a recent case in which a certain
mine manager was sentenced to two
years' Imprisonment at Brisbane for
obtaining money by false pretences,
amusing particulars of the method In
which mining should not be conducted
wero given In the following letter,
which was found locked In the prison
er's safe and which was read In court:
"I am pestered with visitors, all
watching progress, and my presence
both nt drill and shaft Is absolutely
necessary. For Instance, tho shuft in
which we obtained that splendid re
turn of gold you know It was com
pulsory that the ground should 'cavo
In' well, thnt made It imperative that
I. should do the work myself, and nfter
tho small-sized timber had been put In
over night I made the remark that the
ground was running, and was afraid
It might 'cavo in.'
"It did because I wont down in the
middle of tho night and knocked every
prop out. Then down It came, nnd
what a beautiful mess It did look next
morning! Tho men said It was not
safe to work in exactly what I want
ed. I had to 'salt' tho mine, nnd to do
it carefully, but did It, uud did it well,
too. I cpulto understand your anxiety,
but tho moves were mado with diplo
macy, and wo wero fully protected.
Mind, old man, tho mine la a payable
one without salting, but actual returns
would not have moved tho market.
"Now, today I got tho biggest shock
of all. S 's brother came. I was
working on the wush and was In a
deuce of a fix. Hut I professed to be
glad to see him and invited him to tako
a dishful and wash it. lie did so.
Meantime I made a clay pill, put a
grain of gold In It, and put It Into my
mouth. When ho handed me the dish I
promptly did a sneering lit and tho pill
accidentally fell Into tho dish, and you
ought to have seen his face when ho
washed It! lie behaved like a school
boy, shook hands with mo and gener
ally played the fool. I Invited hlra to
try another tflsn. But no, he was 'more
than satisfied, had tuken the dirt him
self and had washed it.' I Impressed
upon him tho utmost secrecy, with the
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bottle, of tlili wonderful medicine and pamphlet of valuable medical advice absolutely tree, pontpald, by elmply Bonding tholr
full post otlleo address to tho DR. DAVID KENNEDY CORPORATION, Rondout, N. Y and montlon having neen this
generous offer In this paper. The editor guarantees tho gcnulncncn of thin liberal offor. Dr, David Kcnnody'o Favorlto Rem
cdv is sold by all druggists at $1.00 a bottle, or G bottles $5.00, lc3s than ono cent a dose.
result ns a matter of course that he
promptly rode Into town, wired his
brothers and told every one he met, and
put them all into a fever. From this
you will gather that I am pulling the
THE RUSSIAN SOLDIER.
Dull Routine and Poor Faro of His
Kiom Pearson's Magazine,
The .newly-llcdgcd Russian soldier,
when his corners have been knocked
off. Is drafted into a regiment and pre
pared for the severe training he will
soon bo forced to undergo in camp. If
he is In the cavalry, ho will have to rise
at 1 in the morning to look to his horse;
if in the Infantry Iip must be out and
about by G a. m., cleaning and mending
his clothes as the llrst duly of (he day.
Early morning inspection is followed
by a call to prayers, and then the sol
dier, hungry enough by now, eats his
morning bluck broad and rusks and
drinks his tea, in preparation for the
real work of the day.
Every morning and every night the
Russian boldier is summoned to pray
ers. Tho services are as much a part
of the everyday routine as breakfast
and supper. No other army observes
so many religious ceremonies.
With drilling and riding, gymnas
tics, fencing and shooting, according
to his regiment, the soldier works
hard until the time for dinner arrives,
between 11 and 12. Afterward, until 2
o'clock, he may sleep or rest. Two
hours' drilling Is followed by tea. Be
tween G and 7 the illiterates of the
regiment study the arts of reading and
writing In large classes, for in every
regiment they form a goodly company.
Tho teaching is undertaken by offi
cers, and considering the simplicity of
their pupils, their duties are hardly
enviable. At 7 o'clock comes supper;
at 9, the men are again summoned to
prayers, and afterward may seek their
hard and by no means luxurious beds.
The Russian soldier's diet Is largely
vegetarian. Favorite dishes include
"stche" a cabbage soup potatoes,
peas, beans, macaroni and various
kinds of porridges, eaten with onions
and lard. Only half a pound of .meat
Is allowed each man dally, and the
Russian pound Is 10 per cent, less than
In this country. Mushrooms nre con
sumed in great quantities when In sea
son. Three pounds of black rye bread
aro Included in the dally rations; and
If any is left over, the men are at
liberty to sell the remains. As the sol
dier's bread is very nourishing nnd
purer than tho ordinary baker's, tho
extra rations sell well. In tho way of
drink, beer Is too great a luxury for
Ivan Ivanovltch, so he quenches his
thirst with "qvas," a cheap substitute,
made from fermented black bread, and
very wholesome. On high days, the
soldiers are regaled with vodka, often
at their ofUcers' expense.
QUEER MARINE CRAFT.
From Casslci's Magazine.
Being so well able to build vessels of
foreisn typo suggests the query why
the Chinese should continuo to build
Junks',' Here, again, is another exam
ple of oillcial restrictions cramping
natural enterprise. Tho shipping
cleared out of Hong Kong in 1SDD
amounted to li7,97C vessels, of which
22,501 wero junks. Now, forclgn-bullt
vessels can trade only to tho "open"
port'j, but thero aro numberless other
centers of trade In China to which
junks can ply. Theso pay customs
dues, assessed by the locnl hoppo, and
varying with his degree of rapacity
and tho astuteness of tho skipper or
ship owner, Hut tho dues aro Invar
iably higher for vessels of foreign
type. Customs passes may be obtained
at tho port of departure and are re
cognized by tho oltlclala of tho Imperial
marine customs, who have no power to
levy duties on cargo carried in nativo
When clearing at the Hong Kong
harbor ofllco a junk pays a fee and re
ceives a paper on which are stated tho
nuture of the curgo and tho nllege'd
destination, and a recommendation to
the- crew to succor any distressed sea
men they may meet, and to carry no
stinkpots. Thero aro no load-line regu
lations, tho number of pasbengers nnd
crew Is Immaterial, the food question
tho business of tho master, no sldo
lights It costs oil to burn them no
vexatious rules und regulations what
ever, and this tho Chinamen deurly
love, for then he cuu economize to his
heart's content. On the rivers steum
boats aro permitted to stop only at
certain stations, yet passengers will
travel twenty miles in a direction op-
JbHbu'LE JKmLwIBbILLt flGmHBBBPv
which Imperils tho patient's health.
"Do you doalro to urinate often? Aro
you compelled to get up frequently during
"Do you have pains In the small ot tho
"Docs your urine stain linen?"
"Is there a scalding pain In passing It?"
"Is It difficult to hold the urlno back?"
"Are you troubled with vital weak
nesses?" If the answer Is "Yes" to any of thoso
questions your kidneys or bladder aro dis
eased. Mr. J. E. Palmatccr of Athens, N. Y.,
writes: My llttlo granddaughter had
eczema the worst way: sho was a mass of
sores: my wife gavo her Favorite Remedy,
and tho sores disappeared entirely nnd her
skin to-day In smooth and clear. Mr. Pal
matccr says lie was also cured of kidney
and bladder trouble by Favorite Remedy.
Thanks to "FAVORITE REMEDY."
Mls3 Anna .1. Almcs of 320 Sopcr St.,
Elm.'ra, N. Y., says hat she raised blood
and phlegm with every breath, and was
completely broken dojvn In health until
sho used "FAVORITE REMEDY." which
stopped her cough and restored her health
She says it Is tho greatest medicine ever
RAILROAD TIME TABLES.
Delaware, Lackawanna and Western.
In Kffect Nov. 3, 1001.
Tralm leaie Scranton for New York At 1.40.
3.15. 11.U3. 7.60 and 10.03 .a. m.; VJ.45. S.40, 3.S.)
p. m. Tor New York and Philadelphia 7.60,
10.03 a. in., anil 12.45 and .".CU p. in. Tor Tohy
linnna At 0.10 p. in. 1'or Buffalo 1.13, 0.22 and
! (10 a. in. ; 1.53. 0.50 and 11.83 p. ni. Tor Bine
hamton and uay station 10.20 a. m. and 1.10
p. in. For Uswepo, fcjr.iuisc jnd Utlca 1.15 and
(122 a. in.; 1.55 p. in. thwego, Syraiu-c and
Utlca train at C.22 a. m. daily, except Sunday.
Po Montrose U.00 a. ni. ; 1.10 and 0 60 p. m.
Nlrholwn accommodation 4.00 nnd (1.15 p. ni.
Ulootmburg Division For Northumberland, at
(U5 and 10.03 .1. m. ; 1.55 and 0.10 p. m. For
Plymouth, at S.10 ,i. in.; 3.10 and O.OO p. m
Sunday Trains For New York, 1.40, 3.15, 6 05
and 10.03 a. in,; 3.40. 3.3:1 p. ni. For llurtalo
1.15 and 0.22 a. m.; 1.55, ( 50 and 11.35 p. m.
For lllnghamlon and way stations 10.20 a. m.
niconwburs Division Leave bcranton, 10.03 a.
in. and CIO p. in.
New Jersey Central.
In Meet ,ov. 17, 1(01.
Stations in New York, lout of Liberty street
and Eolith lVri), N. It.
Trains loavo tn'rjntn'i for New York, I'liiliclcl
phia, K.tstin, Ilcthlrhrm, .Mlcnln'wi, .Maui.li
Chunk, Whit' linen, Ashley Jiid WilkesHaric at
7,;,0 j. ni., 1 . in. and 4 p. in. Sunday, 2.10 p. in.
Qi.ul.cr City Fpici Icnm S'i.mton at 7.30
a. ni., throuRh Milid vestibule tiaii: with Pullman
nuflct Parlor C.us, for Philadelphia, with only
one change of cam for llalllinori', Washington,
D. C, anil nil principal points south and el.
For Avocj, Pitlston and Milkcs-liairc, 1 p. m,
and 4 p. in. Sunday, 2.10 p. m.
Tor Lons Hunch, Ocean tlroic, etc., 7.30 a.
in. and 1 p. m.
For Heading. Lcbimn and'Hairisburg, li Al
'cnloun, at 7..10 a. in. and 1 p. in. Sunday, 2.10
For I'ottMillc at 7.30 a. m. and 1 p. in.
For latca and tickeU apply tu agent at station.
C. SI. UUKT, Con. I'oc.. Afft.
3. S. SWISUUII.
DM. l'avs. Agt Scranton.
Delaware and Hudson.
In Kffect November 21. lf01.
Trains for C'aibondalo leave Scranton at C.20,
8.00, S.53, 10.1.! a. in.; 12.00, 1.2'). 2.31, 3.52,
6.20, 0.25, 7.57, 0.13, 11.20 p. in.; 1.31 a, ni.
For lloneadale 0.20, 10.1a. in.; 2.31 and 5.23
For Wilkoa-tJarrc 0.38. 7.49, S.41. 0.3S, 10.43
a. in.; 12.03, 1.42, 2.1S, 3.2S, 1.27, 0.10, 7. IS,
10.41, 11.30 p. in.
For L. V. II. 11. Points 0.SS, 0.3S a. m.; 2.18,
4.27 and 11.50 p. in.
For Pennsj lvanla It. It. Points 0.33, 0.33 a.
m. ; 1.42. 3.2S and 4.27 p. in.
For Albany and all points north 0.20 a. m.
and 3.52 p. m.
For Carbondale S.60, 11.33 a. m.j 2.34, 3.52,
5.52 ami 11.17 p. in.
For Wilkcs-liarrc 0.3S a. m.; 12.03, 1.53, 3.23,
0.32 and 0.17 p. m.
For Albany and points north 3.62 p. m.
For llonesdalc 8.50 a. m. and 3.52 p. ra.
W. L. I'llYOIt. D. 1. A., Scranton. IM.
Lehigh Valley Railroad.
In Kffect, Nov. 3, 1001.
Trains le.ivo Scianton.
Fc Philadelphia and New York via D. & If.
It. It., at 0.38 and 0.3S a. m.. and 2.13, 4.27
(lilack Diamond Kxpresa), and 11.3'J p. m. Sun
days. 1). & 11. H. !. 1.53, 8.27 p. in.
For Whlto Haven, liaileton and'piincipal polnls
!n the coal regions, via D. Is II. It. it., 8.S8, 2.18
and 4.27 p. ni. For 1'ottsvillc, 0.38 u. m 2.13
For Bethlehem, Easton, Heading, Ilarrlshurg,
and principal intermediate stations, via D. k II.
It. H 0.33, 0.3S a. in.; 2.18, 4.27 (Black Dia
mond Kpress), 11.30 p. in. Sundays, I), i: II.
H. II., 11.38 a, in.: 1.5S S.27 p. in.
For Tunkhannock, Tovvanda, Klmlra, Ithaca,
Geneva and principal intermediate stations, via
D., b. and W. It. 11., 8.10 a. in. and 3.50 p. m.
For Ccncva, ltochcster, llullalo, Niagara Falls,
Chicago and all points west, via D, k II, It. 11 ,
7,18, 12.0J a. in.; 1.42, 3.23 (Black Diamond Ex
press), 7.4S, 10.41, 11.30 p. in. hundajs, D. Jc II.
It. II., 12.03, S.27 p. ni.
Pullman parlor and sleeping or bolilgli Valley
I'jrlor cars on nil trains between Wllkes-Ilafie
und New York, Philadelphia, Buffalo and Suspen
ltOM.l.N II. WILBUR, Cen. Supt., 20 Cortland
street. New York.
C1IAIII.KS S. I.Ki:. Cen. Pass. Agt., 20 Cortland
street, Nov; York.
A. W. NONKMACIIKR, Div. Tass. Agt., South
For tickets and Pullman reservations apply to
city tliket oilice, CO Public Sijuare, Wilhcs-Durre,
Schedule In Etfcct June 2, 1001.
Trains leave Scranton: 0.3S a, 111,, week ihis,
tliroush vestibule train fiom Wllkea-narre. Fall
man bullet parlor car and coaches to Philadel
phia, via I'oltivlllu; stops ai principal interme
diate stations. Alo mniiecia for aunbiir), liar
ri.buii,', Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington und
lor Pittsburg and Ibe wist.
U.33 a 111., week das, for fvmbury, Uarrisburir,
Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington and 1'ltU
liurir and tho west,
1.42 11. in,, week days (Sundays, 1.53 11. in.),
for Sunhiiry, Uarrisburir, Philadelphia, Baltimore,
Wahliu;on and I'ltitburs und tho west.
3,28 p. in., vvcek davs, throUKh ve.tlbule train
from Wllkes-Batrc. Pullman buflct parlor car
and coat he tu Philadelphia via I'ottsvlllo. Stops
at principal intermediate station).
4.27 p. in,, week Ujys, tor P.ailoton, bunbury,
HarrUb inr, Philadelphia and Plttoburir.
J. 11. ItllTUUINbON. Hen. llcr.
J. 11. WOOf), Pen. 1'aa. Agt.
poslte to their route In order to eutch
11 steamer, In preference to trusting
theniHelves and their belongings to na
tive cruft. Were ull disabilities ro
uioved we should soon see the ulo
turesque but antiquated junlt disap
pear, Chnklr Pnslia Liberated.
Dy Kicluslic Wire from The Associated Pictt.
Constantinople, March u. fieneral Chakir I'J.'lu,,
u brother of the late grand tiller, who was re
cently arrested by order ot tho sultan uud other
officers tskeu into custody with him, lute lecn
TRY THIS TEST.
Put some urine in glass tumbler and KS
it stand 24 hours. If It has a sediment or,
If It Is palo or discolored, milky or cloudy,
Gtrlmry or ropy, your kidneys or bladder
arc In a bad condition. Dr. David Ken
nedy's Favorlto Remedy speedily curort
ouich dangerous symptoms ns pain In tlio
back, Inability to hold urine, frequent do
sire to urinate, especially at night, and all
tho unpleasant and dangerous effects om
the Bystcm produced by, tho uoo qff
whisky, wino or beer.
William F. Bndcr of Drlggs av. and GtTV
st,, Brooklyn, says that he contractu!
rheumatism after a severe cold; nothing
would Btvo him relief until ho took Dr.
David Kennedy's Favorite Remedy, Two
largo bottles cured him. Ho says botli
his sister and her rhlld werp restored tc
health by "FAVORITE REMEDY."
Remember, Dr. David Konncdy'o Fa
vorlto Remedy is absolutely harmless.
It Is absolutely and purely vegetable
It contains no nnrcotlcs or minerals In
any form, no dangerous stimulants, no
mercury or poisons. . ... ....
Children and invalids can tako it wlthv
It Is n blessing In old age.
It will cure any case of kidney, liver,
bladder or blood disease.
not constipate. It acts as & laxative
WeOifer.toYieU About 5 Per Cent.,
(Total Issus, $1,030,000)
Butte Electric & Power Co.,
5 per cent. 1st Mortgage Slnklnjr
Fund Gold Bonds.
Denomination, ft.OOO. 'Maturing 1 to 30 years.
Rudolph Kleybolte & Co.,
1 NASSAU ST., NEW YORK CITT.
485 to 455 On
N. Ninth Btroot,
Telephons Call, 2333.
ic mm co.
Booms 1 aud2, Com'itb BTd'g.
rUnlng and Blasting
Ur&t at Mooslo and Iluih halt Woriu, j
LAPLIN RAND I'OWDUR CO3
ORANOE GUN POWDER
aQeotrlo liattsrls. EleatrloISxploxUri,
exploding blusti, Safety Vausul
Reuauno Chemical Go.'s
New York, Ontario and Western.
In direct Tuesday. Kept. 17, 1C01,
Leave Le.no Aritva
Trains fvrantou. Carbondale. Cadosla.
i, 1 , 10,W)a. 111, 11.10 a. 111, l.oup. m.
v,.' j 0.10 p. m. Ar. Caibondalod.Wp. m.
Leavo Leave Arrive
Trains Cadosla. Cailmndalc, Scranton,
Ko. 0 , 7(X)a, in. 7.40a. 11,.
Qu 2.13p.m. 4.00 p. 111. 4.41) 11. jib
" SUNDAlb QM,Y, :vOIU'l BOUNP,
Leave Le.no Arrive,
Trains Sci-aiiton, t'arbondalp. Cadosla.
v' 0 8.S0a. 111. tMQfl. iu. 10.45a. 111,
So a 7.00 p. in. Ar. C'arboifdale 7,10 p. in.
" bOUTU BOUND.
Leave Leave Arrive
Trains Cadosia. Caibomlilc. Scranton.
in C -M " 7- m.
No.' 10 ....... 4.30 p. III. 0-00 p. in. 6.15 p. m.
Train Noj. ,1 on week daj, and U on Sundaii,
moke main line connections for New York city,
lilddletown, Walton, Norwich, Oneida, Osvvega
end all points west, , , ,
1'or further information ccn-ult ticket agents.
J. (i. ANDKItbON', O. P A., New York.
3, K. Wl-XSII, T. 1'. A.t Scranton, Pa.
Erie Railroad, Wyoming Division.
Trains tor New York, New burgh and Intcrme.
diatc points leave Scranton t follows: 7.20 a.
la,; i.'i-'i p. in.
Arrivals 10. W a. in. from Middletown. Hones
dale. Haw ley and Intermediate points. t.20 p. 111.
Irom New York, Ncwburgh and Intermedial
uolnts. No bundav trains.
F.. TfsMA,'ij&, J-afe.. .