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THE SCRANTON TRIBUNE- THURSDAY. AUGUST 15, 1901
ruhllrtiM Tl.ltv, Kxpt Siimlir. by Th Trlh.
me PublUhine Company. t Kilty Cent. Month.
tlVV 5. HICHAM), Editor.
0. F. nYMIBK, III silicas Manager.
Ktw York Office I 1 Xaw8l. vnn.,jXNPi
Sols Agtnt for Foreign Advcrtlairn!.
Entered at the I'ostivfflrr t ?eranton,
fc.fci.nd Class Mall Matter.
Uhen apace will r"mlt. TV Tribune ,,,JA'
lad to rrir.t abort letter from III friends l.ear.
ii)R ?n current loplrn,
i... it. ...i ! Hiat thM
for publication, by the mil"'
the eon-lltlon precedent ,0, ,
sll contrllmtlona shall be '"''J11
mui re aignen,
fa I name, ami
certance is that
", editorial revision
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For cardi of thank", resolution of condolence
and almllar contributions In the nature of d
rtllng The Tribune maVes a charge ol 5 cents
tlatea tor Claslnd Advertising furnished on
HrRANTOX, AlVil'ST 1. 1WI.
The blpBst labor Joko of the ocRonn
appears to hnvo hern pprpplratcd by
the Pullman car porters, who have or
ganized for protection agdlnst the tta
THK CUNY'S flKiirei of our
neichbnr to the north, ons
the ChlcaRO Record-Herald,
recall thoe of our nelKhbnr
to the south, and with them a decade's
developments than which theie Is
nothing more curiously Interesting and
remarkable In recent history
CanarU's iniul,ttlon lnci eased by
only !'.T per cent. In the last ten years;
Mexico's inct eased by T.n per cent. In
the last five ears. Canada's total Is
approximately ."i.SOO.nrii'i. Mexico's Is 13,
f.Tft.Mo. Numbers alone rUc the south
ern country n power to command
reeopnltion. but they ate not Its
greatest claim tn re.pcit. ThotiRh all
other Spanl'li-Ametlcan countries still
seem to be desperately enlaced In
proving that the Spanish Indian blood
makes a people unlit for political nnd
industrial propresx, Mexico Rives pi oof
seemlnRly Incontestable, that this Is
In his last Inaugural President Diaz
said that theto whs nothlnB billllant to
chronicle In the history of his country
for the last twenty-five years, but he
added that "tho-e nations that deserve
to be called happy lu the only Intelllc
ihle sense of the word, far from being
without a history, hae a very glorious
and interesting one If besides being
peaceful and laborious they are also
progressive." Mexico undoubtedly be
longs to this das, and it has achleed
more true glory In the last decade than
In the preceding centuries of wars and
The first thing to note Is Its general
stability and the progress that Is tin-,
piled in sound finance, railway and
telegraph construction, business pro
perity, the final and complete substitu
tion of oider for anatchy. Hut there
are certain things that htniul out pre
eminently In the iccord which deserve
a more special notice.'
In 19(1 the public school system was
re-established and the authorities be
pan to enforce in earnest inmpulsoij
education law. Instruction is after
th best models, and Mexico today Is
doinc far more to escape fruin Illiter
acy than the southern l.atln and Slav
nations of Kuropc.
It was In the year ISM also that Inter-state
taxes were abolished. They
had been a great Impediment to trade,
but were a main source of state teve
nue, and their abolition Involved a
complete reconstruction of the system
of taxation, which could have been ac
complished only in a country of dif
fused Industries and welt-ordeied
The great drainage scheme fur the
rity of Mexico was completed In 195
at a cost of $ro,nnn,ftfto. rnnal and tun
nl ate some thlity-seven miles In
length, and both the eneigy Implied in
the undertaking and the cost speak for
the vitality of the countiy. The sam
may h talil of the Tehuantepec rail
way enterprise, with Its fifteen mil
lions of government money for port
Improvements. Mexico has certainly
The coterie that believes that Ad
miral Kvam, ihould be vindicated does
not seem to seriously rival Admiral
fehley's friends in the matter of lung
Tnlly One (or Chicago.
IF THERE Is one place In this
country which has been carica
tured abroad, and particularly
In England, that place is Chi
cago,. The rich pork packer of Chicago,-with
his grammailess tongue,
has figured In novels wherever the
American father was needed. The
rich Chicago girl, with her gaucherles
and rjer audacity, has been made the
contrast for the modest English maid
en trTa tiresome extent. Indeed, the
European novelist, tourist and ctltlc
find beautiful copy In Chicago, nnd
from Zangwell nnd Max O'ltell, all the
way down the list, they have had a
try at this popular target.
Vet It Is to Chicago, of all cities
on the face of the earth, that one of
the most priceless treasures of tho old
ivorld has come. This Is the famous
linguistic library of the late Prince
LoulsrLuelan Honaparte, who was the
greatest linguist of his times and, In
deed, of any times. He spoke the lan
guages of Europe -mrjre than thirty In
numbrrand had a general knowledge
pf hundreds of dUlects. Tho library
which he had been collecting for a
life-time, numbers 13,095 books, and
represents not only the period of his
jpulnce and power before the fall of
the Empire, but the prlco of self
denial and almoiit the necessaries of
existence during bis darker days. The
collection Includes also many books
the rarest known In the world. Its
philological Importance can scarcely
be conceived, nnd to think that after
vain attempts by the nibllothcriue.
National? of ParK the City of Lon
don Library, the Italian government
and other powerful rivals to secure It,
this collection should ' come to the
Tutted States, iind pal tlctllnrly tn Un
celebrated Newberry Library, of I'hl
ingo, Is n source of congratulation. It
Is to Chicago, not to London, Paris or
Hoston, that the great thinkers .be
yond the sens mint now come for n
study of their own languages nnd the
history of the words they use.
It will be ueless for the well mean
ing people who nre endeavoring to
solve the rare pioblem of the south to
hope for nny measure of success until
the average white citizen can be per
suaded to tcllnittlh the cherished Idea
that the only good ncgio In tho dead
F HANK I. IN
CAItTi:i!, on re-
from twenty yenis'
fill service as presi
dent of Wllllami college,
gives in his valedictory a frank state
ment of his opinion of the effect of
what some people legurd as the diver
sions of college life, and others, par
ticularly In the undergraduate win Id,
consider Its most Important puipose.
Or. Carter states that the demands on
the students' time by foot ball, base
ball, basket ball, track events, by mu
sical nnd dramatic associations, by In
tercollegiate debates, by "promenades'
a scholastic euphuism for dances
and bv the entertainments of the
iieek letter societies, leave a limited
amount of leisure for the nctual studlei
supposed to be the real purpose of col
lege life. If this Is true uf the Inland
college of Williams what may be in
feried of the more fashionable Institu
tions where these things arc tho
An exchange suggests that the evil
might be overcome by the inaugura
tion of colleges which give themselves
entirely to Intellectual training nnd
others devoted to physical work rind
still oth-'is to ,iclnl enjoyment. This
could scaicdy have been made save lu
a spirit of Jest, however. Physical ex
ctclse especially Is necessary for the
health of the student at college. With
out diversions of this natuie he would
soon bieak down. While a cut might
be made lu the social programme, the
field sports should be encouraged. It
is better that they be oveulone, as Is
usually the case, than that they should
The Investigation into the methods
of the officials who have been apprais
ing Japanese silks shows that 1'ucle
Sam does not propose to have bargain
counter rates adopted in the custom
Shelter for the Waiting Public.
V lUIASON of the lapld re
placement of hoiso cats by
tieetilc cats in llnglnnd ef
forts aie being made by the
corporations to dispose of the discarded
vehicles, but without much success.
The recent judgment by magistrates of
i.ngiano against ine o
Inrs as dwelling plan
Iise of them for that
Ji, . -,i,itnu .... v. 1....1
llngland agninst the occupation of the
es prevents any
purpose; but as
hi vehicles cm be boiiKht che,ipl, the
London Chronicle suggests that some
might veiy well be placed on many of
the commons and open spaces, vIhmo
they would make excellent shelteinl
seats. Oreat need of this kind of shel
ter Is often felt on the open spaces
Hut laige as the city of London Is
It Is not nearly as mm h In need of
public places of shelter fiom the ele
ments as is our own town of Kcr.mton,
which has so Increased of late In popu
rttlon as to elevate it to n city of the
second class. It has not a tingle place
of helter open to the general public
wheie any one can wait for the often
belated cars of the Ti.utlon company
or rest for a few minutes without hav
ing to ask permission Horn anyone
Hon. Jerry Simpson has lost caste ns
a Populist, He Is charged with having
assets to the extent of $100,000.
A Contrast in Presence of Alind
HE KOOL MAN who advised
he p,isMngers lu a West
iiester htrcet car to Jump
when a fuse burned out, and
who was the means of four pet sons
being .seriously injuied, Miould bo sent
to the penitentiary along with the oth
er fool w ho periodically yells "Flro"
In crowded places of amusement.
In htrnng contrast to such Idloiy Is
the lcmaikuhlc coolness (,f a patty of
athletes leturnlug from Hullfa.s on the
steamer Halifax this week. The ves
sel, stranded and last sinking, was
made the scene of merriment by this
dull of Philadelphia crlckeler.s who
joked and Ming college songs to aveit
the panic which most Inevitably would
have otherwise ensued. With a degiee
of coolness truly rematkable they kept
up the illusion of Indifference and un
concern thus reassuring the frightened
passengers when the bow of the ship
had completely dl-appe.tied lu the
water, the situation being doubly peril
ous and tetiible becauso of a dens"
fog. It Is such piesence of mind as
this which makes heroes.
Scranton people who return after a
visit to Huffalo may well be pardoned
for a look of disgust at our dirty
streets. There a force of men Is kept
continually employed In sweeping the
pavement which covers every thor-
oughfate. The streets aie absolutely
free from filth of nny kind. To be sine,
Huffalo has received a few millions for
the franchises enjoved by the stieet
car company and other coipnratlons,
which makes It possible to have clean
streets, but tho expense would not be
enormous If a few more men were kept
sw'eeplng tho pavements and crossings
of Scranton and removing the accumu
lation of loose dirt.
Mr. Guffey seems also In danger nf
becoming thr lctlm of enthusiastic
A duel, In which eggs' of registered
antiquity will be the weapons, Is the
promised event which is now exciting
Morrlstovvn, N". J., tho place of mill-
lnnalres and swelldom. It Is to be be
tween a real nnblemnn of 1rnnce and
a Jersey politician, They do funny
things In Jersey.
President Shaffer lias shown wis
dom In many of his methods, but at
least one grave mistake Is to be at
tributed to his Judgment In Issuing a,
circular advising the men to with
draw their savings from the banks.
Thero Is no one who will be so much
Injured by the withdrawal of snvings
r.n the worklngman himself, nnd
there Is no Interest which will be
ns little affected by It as tho trusts,
which President Shaffer wishes to
wreck. The man who has put away a
portion of his earnings, a little at a
time, will prnhably regret all the ic
tualnder of his life the day when he
takes them nut of safe-keeping. Lit
tle, Indeed, would he have tn replace,
when the present strenuous conditions
nre past. The situation during a
strike Is not conducive to a thrifty
preservation of dollars In n stocking or
elsewhere about tho famllly residence.
Speaking of elcctilc light maps, many
persons would like to know what hns.
become of the ordinance that directed
that the street lamps should be again
elevated to the position thnt made
them serviceable for street lighting
The most serious question that will
confront those who use the Marconi
system of wireless telegraphy will be
the problem of guarding against the
people who tap tho wireless ntmo.
The reiterated reports of a good
peach crop seemed a little tinged with
Irony while we continue to buy that
woolly fruit at the rate of twenty-five
cents a quart in this vicinity.
The powers would doubtless willing
ly adopt I'ncle Sam's Oklahoma land
lottery scheme In settling the affairs
at Pekln If our government would con
sent. Luck Is said to be against the deal
ers n. the Monte Carlo gambling hell.
This may be tftken as nn Indication
that tho "cappers" aie getting rloh.
New trouble Is In stoie for Oklahoma
In fotm of an oil i raze
What Happens When
Neu) Pope Is Named
Fr-tn the Neiv Ynrk Fun.
N 'I I IK i-leicr.th riiv aflrr the death nf t
pnpe. the cardinals meet in innclaie to
r tr, t bis mic.nr. Thr mrtt in the
in, in piltii, when, linked lip In a w't
mill- of mums exen ail ri ciliated hr laws
tinrlj m iPiiliiries old, they vole dail until
thi-i Miicrcd in c homing a pope The 1js
uewniliiir the mnclAp are many and minme.
The srncr.tl iiiure if the conclaie U set foith
The popo dies q imn a l.e l dead the uf
fli lal ot the papal leiitl leave tho palace; nowa
ill, tbev will simply lraic the iliimber of Hie
deid pope, (or It mint not bo forgotten that tho
pnpo i Mill, together ilb his nffli ial. a prison
er; n outside rf tho Vitiian th- ofllclals cannot
g'lixicpi iudmdtnth. 'Ilii' t.irdiuil i.imerlongo,
or clniubrrlilti. aniH'iHue to the people of the
court that his lndine is dead, and Ihen breaks
Willi a hiinnier the ling of the fl'bermin and
the seal of t lie dead ope. Iho dean of the
f.iircd lollege, the femur lardinil priest and
Iho neiiiiir .iiiliii.it ih aiou then take ilnise of
the .1'lnilhi-tritn n of Hie alfilrs ol Iho iliunh
and H'lul noli, e I., ill tho iirdlmls not In the
iim. Tlnc iiiditi.iU aie not summoned; tluy
none at onio without beirg i llled. For ten
ib.n fiiueril nei vices are held ill My lu SI. Peter's
thiirih, .Hid t(ien the body is placed in a tern
poiaiy idling plire.
The period of tin dia Is fheil bv law; hut It
Is not obllgalorv on the iiidititl to obey the
law In fiei, there are seonl things flved bv
the Ttoinan ceiemomal concerning the conclave
thai miv bo disregarded 'o the comlsie nnv
begin within ten dajs, or It maj not begin for
a grind dill more (han len das. It all depends.
Hut on I he appointed dav the cardinals gather
In st Peicr's, and Iho oirdlnal-dran citrbiites
the mass of the Ibdv (Jhost Vfler this the or
dlni1, in pro, e-on, singing "Venl. Creator
pllitir." man li tn the plai c of the conclave In
the pilioc. Thirc the dean reilles the piaier,
"Pons qui ennh." and the constitutions gov
erning th cuiulave .ire read and the cardinals
take oiih In obiv them Puring iho rest of the
die the lardmils receive Iheir friends; but vvlien
evening ionics the friends dr art and the tardm
nN are .lint up; the in.vlace begins.
The pope, whoe importance as aitual bishop
rf Ib-nie vis muib more apparent formerly
tlnn now, when his duties are 1 miuli more
varied than tho.e of an ordlnirv bishop, w is
chosen at first !y the people of the city. Then
grew up, llllle bv Utile, the reslriellon to the
lardlnils of the light of suffrage In choosing the
pope The It. mans for many vears retained the
right of objecting to the choice, 'erv much In
the same manner as the forbidding bans of mar
riage is now exercised," savs an Kngllsli stu
dent of the history of the conclaves. Then, after
the right of the people had bei oine obsolete, the
enipeior as-erted his right to a controlling voice
In the election; hut this right depended muih on
the chir.ietrr and residence of the emperor.
Three outside pnwrrs slill assert a right to In
terfere, nol slur the eleitinn by v cf a veto,
but during lb- lomlave, if thev train tint som
cardinal In whom the.' are opposed Is likely to
be rloitfd. The-e povveis are Frame, Austria
ami cpaiu, and not further ago ihui InII Spain
forlnde the eleitinn of Cardlnil lliu-llnlanl. The
fart tint outside powers ran communicate with
cardinals within the conclave rather combats
the vvidesptead belief that the conclavists are
shut iff from the world and relv wholly on di
vine giildanic in lheir use of the right to vote,
Tho cotu lave itself Is a creature ol growth.
In Its present form it seems tn have begun about
1211 and against the will of the cardimls, for
In that vear Innocent III. died at Perugia, and
the Pcrugians shut up the cardinals, who were
in that illy, ami would not let them nut until
they hut ihosen a new pope llonorlous III.
flrrgoiy j vvas elected In the same way, tha
Humana shutting up the cardinals until thev
had chosen him. In 1272 flrcgory X. was cho.en
In the ivnip manner. Onlv, In his cisp the
people of Viterbo removed the roof of the build
ing where the cardinals were shut up, to make
them decide more quli kly. The reason for shut
ting up the ordinals undoubtedly was to hasten
tho diction, the pnpe being In those diss the
teinpoial ruler of Hume, and, s all administra
tis was suspended at his death, naturally ths
people were interested in gelling a new ruler
is wrll as a new pope.
So tln conclave begins In the evening of the
eleventh day oiler the pontiff's death, or elm
at some other time. The door is ilosed and
loked with two ke.vs, one of which is kept by
the lardinal-camerlengn, the other bj the gover
nor cf the conclave, a prelate chosen bv the car
dinals. A turning box in built into tha door,
Ihroiigh which food Is passed; the kevs are kept
bv an outside giunl and by the chief master of
leretnnnlea on the Inside pielates of various
glides, i hinged Ivvhc en li iliv, watih ullde
that no leiters or mrssigis are brought In, and
in theniy nothing ian renli the conclavists from
the outside world. On the Inside the cardinal
dean and the cimerlingo make a tour of Inspec
tion pvery evening to see that all is sife.
are manv more persons In the conclavu
than the lardlnals. Kadi canlinal la entitled to
two servants, and a third If ha is veiy feebfe.
Then there are two saerlstins, two milters of
ceremonies, religious to hear confessions, one
seeretarv, who has one servant, three surgeons,
four barbers, on carpenter, ona mison, ant
leveral general servants. None of these i xf v
chosen (mm the household of any cardinsl, nor
Is a cardinal to bring with him anvhedy but
aoiuil reruntt who have been In his lervtee for
more thin a )rar, Tlie rule shout the number
of servants is said to lie Ignored, each rardlnsl
hiving three, and more If he wants thrin
The conclvve hiving ticRiin in ih" evening of
the eleventh daj, the catdmals go to 'their
' -crlls." Thetse are wooden booths arranged in
the largest hall of the conclave; there la ona
booth for esdi cardinal, the booths of thnss
rsrdlnals created by the pope Just dead are cov.
end Willi purple serge. Over the door of each
apartment Is placed the coat of amis of the oc
cupant. Whether or not a cardlnsl goes Into the
conclave, he has to pay for his cell, which cost
him about a ihousind dollais
In the morning the rsnllnil-dein sa.va a lo
mass of the Holy Ohost, at which sll the tsrdl
nils lecelvs- the communion. This Is said In the
Msllne or the Pauline chanel. Then a scrutlnlum
or vote Is taken Only the cardinals ire allowed
In the chapel at this time, but no cardinal can
be kept out A cardinal arriving late may be
admitted, but only a sick person may leave the
conclave after he Is once In. Kven an excom
municated cardinal mav vote,
Three cardinals, one from rich ordr, are cho
sen to act as tellers. In turn the cirdlnals ap
proach the vase on the altar, and, kneeling, rray
for guidance. Then thev take this oath! "I
tall upon Clod, who will be mj Judge, to wltns
that I choose the person whom before flod I
Judge oujht tn be elei td, snd that I will do
the same on the accession," and having sworn
they drop their ballots Into the. vase. The bil
lots are prepared thus: At one end the cardinal
writes his name; he then folds the billot so
tint his name shall not appear as the ballot is
evamined (list, and soils the fold, the name of
his candidate he wrlts In thee words: "t
choose for Supreme Pontiff the Most lleverend
" and seals this pirt of the ballot
When the cardinals present hive voted the tell
ers begin to count the ballots. The first teller,
a cardinal-bishop, takes out the ballots, opens
the first fold, and sees the nsme of the csndidile;
he passes It tf the leennd teller, a cardinal
priest, vhn nlro looks at it, and hands It to
the third teller, a cardinal-deacon, who reads
out the ratne of the candidate If it is found
that nn candidate has a two thirds vote, a second
billot is held at once All the cardinals are
obliged tn vote, but ate not obliged to change
their votes. Those who wlh to accede do so by
preparing their ballots as before, but writing on
the Inst fold: "I go over to ," while
lhoe who do not accede write: "I go over to
After all hivo voted on the accession, the
telhrs open the new billots and place each
alongside cf the billot first cat that has the
same seal; when an accession ballot is for th
same person ss the first ballot with the same
real, It Is not ccuitiledj but If a dlflerent name
Is found, the accession ballot is counted. Then
the votes of the two ballots are counted, snd
the result declared. If one csndidate his Just
two thirds of the voles, the bsllois are opened
entliel.v, so that the mine of eiih voter may
be seen; If the candidate has voted for hlmf
hi vote Is rot count.d, and so he lacks one of
an election. Then the ballets are burned, and a
second ballot Is taken In the afternoon.
one landidato has the ncicssny two
thirds of all the votes ,as, the crdinal-draoon
teller announces the name, the Junior rsnllival
deacon tings a bell, and the master of cere
monies and the secretary enter the chapel. Th-n
th" caidinil-dean and two other lardlnals ap
pioai h tho nnvly elei ted pope, and ask him If
he adept the eleitinn; d he does, all the tano
pies over the cardinals' seats .tie taken down, ex
icpt that over his seit The lanlliiat-dean then
aks the pope what name he will take, and the
sec retail- takes note of all that is happening.
Two cardinal deacons then lead the new pope
behind the high alnr, where he puts on Ihe
pontifical vestments; he then seats hlmsdf he
fore the high allar, and roolves ihe salutations
of all the cardinal", who Mas him on the foot,
the hand and the mouth. The cardinal earner
lengo t lull places the ring o! Ihe fisherman on
his finger, which the pope gives bai k, that hia
name mav be engraved on it. Then the senior
i ardlnal deacon, pieiedcd bv musicians and th
choir singing "Kcie Mccrdos Migniis," goes to
the halconv nnd aiinoiin'es Ihe election to the
people: "I announce tn veil a great jov. VVp
have as pope the most eminent and most never-
end , cardinal of the Holy Ttoman
church, who Ins taken the name of ."
The regulations pres(ribed tint it the cardinals
cannot mike a choice in three davs, thereafter
until they do thev shall have but one meal'. a
dav, and if they do not make a choice In five
davs thereafter, their mngle meal shall consist of
bread and wine or water. These were changed
liter, and no such rule holds good now. The
com lave which elected (Iregorv Ml. in lttl last,
ed fltlv divs The animals old not have to live
on bread and water or wine for those fifty days.
The September number of the Woman's Home
Companion contains ihiee notable stories "The
nominee of a Sunt," b.v -llobert Grant; "A
Thing Apirt," bv llobert C V. Mevcrs, and the
first part of a short novelette, "Love's recom
pense," bv Lewis E. MaiHravne Among the
feature artliles Clifton Johnson writes nnd illus
tistes "A School on the Irish nog-lands," and
Mabel Peuy Haskell tells how a woman is pre
sented at I lie couit of St. James. 'Ibere an
other chipter in iolonnl hl-torj- by I.andn
Knight. Vmong the household and fincv-vvork
artbles are "Menran Drawnwoik," "The noc in
Iinhroidery," and a suggestive page upon cook
ery. The cover is bv 11 I, V. Parkhurst, and the
great paintings include some of the modern
masters, Published by The Crowell V Kirkpat-
rick Co, Springfield. O.; cne dollar a car; ten
cents a copv; sample copy free.
The sale of thousands of copies of a ten-cent
magazine at one dollar apiece was a very curious
happening at the time nf the Chicago World's
Pair The Cosmopolitan prepared a World's fair
number, contributed tobv many famous writ
ers, and so thorough)!- illustrated that it sur
passed even the most expensive book which had
up tn that time been issued. In those davs the
niagarine was printed from two sets of pistes
onlj, and when these were worn out it was Im
possible, without a grcst loss of time, to put
further editions on the press. The newsdealers,
taking advantage of this condition, nled the
prlco of Ihe Cosmopolitan's World's Fair num
ber tn nne dollar a copy V few sales were even
made toward the close at the phenomenal figure
of five dollars, I'ndoubledly this happening Is
unique in the hlstorv of magarlne literature
The Cosmopolitan will endeavor tn repeat Its
fit success, with a Pan- American Faposition
number, which will be even more attractive, if
possible, than its World's fair predecessor. It
(s doubtful if anv book, selling at fortv times
the price of the magaine, will give any descrip
tion of the fair which will approach in interest
and artistic value the S-ptember Cosmopolitan.
General John A. Kason, the special plenlpo
tentlarv of the I'nited States to negotiate reel
proiitv treaties, writes a most Instrtictiir article
in the current Issue of I,oslle's Werklv, nn the
subject of "The Value of Reciprocity Treaties to
the I'nited Slates " Sjdney Adamson contri
butes a spirited drawing for the front page of
"The Evacuation of Pekln" bv the American
troops. Pages are devoted to photographs of
lively scenes during the hot summer dajs in snd
around New York and along the .Terser coast; tn
the drawing of the n.ono government farms In
Oklahoma ; the brilliant mid summer fete st New
port, to the prise photographs by amateurs, and
to the passing of Ciihraltar as an impregnable
SWORDS OF FAMOUS FIGHTERS.
It Is but seldom that the swords of fireat
nriuln'a fimous lislueis find their sy into
a public auction mom, but a few have been
thua ilUposcd of. Anion the items of more
than oidlnary interest put up a )cir or to
ago b.v a well known London auctioneer wai
tha sword supposed to have been ued by tho
lion Leaned rnrl of Cardigan at the battle of
Pallidal a. It changed handa at S's guineas.
V 11 rr icsult attended a sale of some l 111
inoie famous swords at the rooms of Mesi,
Christie. On tlut occasion the vvoid used by
Nelson, when a mate, tailed forth some spirited
bidding. Although It was only an onllnury
regulation weapon, of nn Intrinsic value, the
pin o vvas run up tn nn les than C0 guineas.
Miangrly enough, this was J3 more Hun
was irallied for a veiy valuable and artUtia
sword "ut had belongd to anoth-r famous
admiral, Ivrd Colllngwood, sold on the same
occasion. This bid been presented to him by
tho tlty of Imdon, Its golden hilt and scab
bard mounts, which were beautifully engraved
and chased, utne enriched with diamonds and
The pobl pillow -formeo. stlp had on one side
the armi of the city In colored enamels, sur
rounded with bnlllints, and on the other aide
the arms ol th recipient, with similar precious
surrounding!. Tin the knuckle bow, set In bril
liants on blue enimel, was the famous Inscrip
tion, "England expects every mm to do his
dutj," together with the migio word "TriUl-
Sir." This beautiful weapon vrn beutht on bt
half of Lady Meux for iW.
Her ladvahlp also sec ired th sword pre
sented to Lord C'olllnivvood by the cotporstlon
of Liverpool In recognition of the fame stirring
ilctorj. It was a very handsome weipon, gold
billed and mounted with enslaved bands. Die
price reallted was allilO.
Hie 'vud of Admiral Vlllencnve, command-er-ln
chief of the combined fleets ol frame and
Spain In the fight, brought b" giilmss. Thai o!
Hon IUtt.u.ir Illdalgn Clsneins, irar admli.il ol
the Spanish fleet, lotnminded unlv 115 guineas,
wlilcli wss, howevir i guineas nunc than the
highest bid for the sword nf the capialn of
th- Sinti Ann i. 'Ihesc- tlnce weapons were .ill
captured bv Ixird Colllngwood.
At tin- same time a very Intercstlnff and re
markable swoul handle of Indian agate wis sub
mitted tn public coiti;.tl'.lon. It bad tornuily
been the property of the notoilous 1lppov sahib,
and vvas Inlaid with five fine, large, old oriental
brilliants. It reallied the ml-slantul sum of
Tin- mitkrt value rf relics of lltilaln's great
naval and mllltarv l.rioes seems tn -hiit'iale
In a really evtraordlnary fashion. In the mon.h
of July, 15'H, theie was oflered bv public an
Hon in a London saleioom the awnid woin by
the gallant Nelson when h" first went to s l.
No adequate bid being forthcoming, It had to he
.withdrawn, a clrctitn'tame thsl contrasts
slrangrlv with the spirited contest (or the In
trinsically worthless weapon mentioned above.
SOUTH AMERICA'S TROUBLES.
If Venexueli and Colombia are tot careful
they will get Into trouble with cadi other one
of these davs -Chicago News.
Ml Is harmonious in South vmeriea so seldom
that If peace prevailed tlnoughoiit the countries
it would lie a matter of more than ordinary
note Tio.v Itecord.
The earth, as a whole, makes SA revolutions
tn a J car, but In some portions ol South and
f'eniral Ameilca thev usually beat that iccord
quite few Hoston lleiald.
The presidents of the South American republics
ought to fomi a union, and strike for their
rights. Aa it Is now, some non-union band la
liable to be put at woik on their Job without
,i moment's notice. Albany Ateus.
nice ructions aie In progress In tome part
of Latin America constantly. It is a wav the
people have of conducting national election!.
InAead of settling the mitter rpilellv at the
polls, the "nuts" start a revolution against the
"Ins," mid the "Ins" of course struggle despei
atelv tn kerp In Philadelphia Times.
It would seem ihat (Vlomhls, alter a war
of more than a .vear and a half, Is approidilng
the conditions which In Spanish I'ulu flnallv
overweighted the patience of this country and
which Mr. Patln thinks call for foreign in
terveption now New York Mall and Kxpre.
At Washington the rumpus between Venezuela
and Colombia, with Its i unifications and com
plications. Is not regarded with any degree of
alarm The viev taken Is that this is one of
the outbieaks that are frequent occurrences in
the smaller South American republiis and which
usually soon cahaust themselves. Albany Joui
My soul today
Is fir away.
Sailing the Vcsuvian bay;
My winged boat,
A bird afloat,
Swims round the puiple peaks remote.
Itound purple peaks
It sails; and seeks
fllue inlets In their crvetal creek",
Wheie high rocks throw,
Through deeps below,
A duplicated golden glow,
far, vague and dim
The mountains swim;
While on Vesuvius' mltv brim.
With outstretched hands,
The gray smoke stands
O'crlooking the volcanic lands.
Here Ischla smiles
O'er liquid miles;
And yonder, bluest of the isles,
Calm Capri waits.
Her sapphire gates
Beguiling to her bright estates,
I heed not, if
My rippling skiff
Float swift or slow from cliff to cliff
With dreamful ejes
My spirit lies
Under the walls of Patadise.
t'nder the walls.
Where swells and falls
The bay's deep breast at intervals,
At peace I lie,
Rlown soft I v bv,
A cloud upon the liquid sky.
The dav, so mild.
Is Heaven's own child,
With Earth and Ocean leconclled
The airs I feel
Aiound me steal
Are murmuring tn the murmuring keel.
Over the rail
My hand I trail
Within the shadow of the sail,
A cooling sense
A Joy intense.
Glides down my drowsy Indolence
With dreamful eyes
My srirlt lies
Where summer mugs and never dies
O'erveiled with vinesa,
Fhe glows and shines
Amorg her future oil and wines.
Her children, hid
The cliffs amid,
Are gamboling with the gamboling kidj
Or down the walls.
With tipsy calls,
Laugh on the locks like waterfalls.
The fisher's child,
With tresses wild.
L'nto the smooth, bright sand beguiled,
With glowing lips
Sings as she skips,
Or gazes at the far-off ships.
Yon deep baik goes
Where Trifne blows,
from lands of sun to lands of snowj-
This happier one.
Its course is lun
from lands of snow to lands ol sun,
O happy ship.
To rUe and din,
With the blue crystal at your llpl
O happy crew.
My heart with you
Sails, and rails, and sings anewt
Nn more, nn more
The worldly shore
t'pbrslds me with its loud uproar!
With dreamful evars
Mr srirlt lies
t'nder the walls of Paradise!
Thomas Duchtnin Held.
2 Always Bnsy Events
First Our Fall styles
of Celebratr-ti Korrcct
Shoes at M 00. They nre
displayed In our men's
window. They nre for
tho smart dresser who
wants to be Just a little
ahead of the other fellow.
Second The placlns on
sale of every man's Rus
set Shoo In our store, low
and hlffh cut, $1 nnd H
grades, They are dis
played In our men's win
dow. You can fret a pair
of them; perhaps the best
shoe you ever wore, for $2.
Lewis & Reilly,
Wholesale and Retail.
11A-110 Wyoming Ave
After 5 p. m. today no more new contestants
will bo received in
The Tribune's I
The Tribune's Educationnl Conlest has been open thirteen
weeks and has two and a half weeks to run. There is time
even yet for new contestants as is demonstrated by the fact that
last year two of the winners were only in three and four weeks
The eight special rewards are offered to the young men or
women who secure the largest number of points in the contest.
They are required to canvass for subscribers to The Tribune and
are credited with one point for every month's subscription se
cured, a year's subscription counting twelve points.
Two of the winners will secure four year scholarships, valued
at $i,ooo each, for the work of a few weeks. Why shouldn't
one of them be you ?
The Special Rewards:
Scholarship in Lafayette College $1,000
Scholarship in Swarthmore College 1,000
Scholarship in Stroudsburg Normal School 675
Three Scholarships in Scranton Business
College, $60 Each 180
Two Scholarships in Scranton Conserva
tory of riusic, $75 Each 150
Each contestant failing to secure one of these special rewards
will be given ten (io) percent, of all the money he or she turns in.
N. I) The first two scholarship do not Indud meals, hut the contestants securlnj
these will be Riven ten (10) per cent. o all the money he or she tums in to The
Tribune, to assist in pajing this evpense.
There are over two weeks yet ot the contest and it is not too
late for any energetic young man or woman to enter. Some of
last year's winners were only in three or four weeks.
Send n postal to The Tribune for full particular, including
handsomely illustrated booklet. Address,
Editor Educational Contest,
Tribune, Scranton, Pa.
THIRD NATIONAL BANK
Capital $200,000. Surplus $323,000
United States Depositary.
Special attention given to
BUSINESS, PERSONAL and SAV
INGS ACCOUNTS, whether large
Open Saturday evenings
from 8 to 9 o'clock.
W.M. Conseli, President
Henry Belin, Jr., Vice pres.
Wm. H. Peck. Cashier.
325-327 Peon Avenne,
City with a
First-Class Stock of
Merceread & Connell,
132 Wyoming Avenue.
icott h Co,
WE HAYE JUST OPENED
AN ELEGANT NEW LINE OF
Which are marked at quick,
selling prices, For Mid-Summer
or Early Fall Wear."
See This Line
From SI up to $4.50
We guarantee them to bo
at least Twenty-five Per
Cent. Lower than regular
126 Wyoming Ave
Succcmois to Machine Business at
Dickson Manufacturing Co,, Scranton
and Wilkes. Dane, Pa.
Stationary Knglncs, Boilers, Mining
P. J. HONAN,
319 Lackawanna Avenue.
Bingtiamlon Prlvata Training Sohoo'
Irr nervnui, tuekwrd anl Vtit Mut Phil.
drtn. Mitiual Trainins. Pft'llcl Culture,
JvMdlevvnrK, Mulc, Klnitreirltn, Aitlcul.
tion. Open eir round, Circular. Met
moderat. S. A. DOOLirn.E.
S3 Falrvievt Avcnut.