Newspaper Page Text
THE SCRANTON TRIBUNE-TUESDAY, JULY 16, 1001.
(Sc Scranton CriBune
Pnli1lhM Dillv, Vaccp n-ly. by The Tnl
line Publishing Cnnipiny. t Fifty Cent a Montli.
livv s. niciiAnn, r.nor.
O. V IlVXUEI., niiilnrd ManlR'f.
New Yetk Office i l.W N'j'hii M.
. S VREKI-AND.
Bole Auent for Fnrtlgn A'hirtlsinc
Entered t thf Postnfflte at Ncrsnton, Pi is
Second Class Mill Matter.
htn spare will permit. The Tribune is ala)
Sld to ptli.t Klinrt lrtlrm ftftm Its friends !"
Init on rmient topic, hit lis tiilc 1 thit ln
trnwt re signer!, for puhliratlmi. y lh writer s
real nsme, uml the ronilltlon prererlent to
eeptanre is that all eenttlliutlons shall bo sul.jsct
to editorial illon
TUB FMT RATE KrtU AnVT.tiTlMSn
The lrllc,n table shows the rrlce per Inch
fli lnerton, rpace, to he used within one jean
f ttnn of l&lrllncnnl
I J'ipcr J nci'llncl
Ini thm .VO Inches
Vor r.iril of think", resolutions ef eon.I"lrneft
fifl similar rootiilnitlon In the niture of in
srrtuinir The Itllmno mil.es a cliuce of J cents
li.itr lor Claiflrl AdcertHna: furnished on
prRANTO.V, jri.Y Ifi, 1101.
While the matter Is ponding In eouit
It l manifestly linlivnrniis to try "gov
rnmnt bv Injunction" In the news
papers. Tho nnlv pinrtlr.ll effect of
nrufpdpot intPtpfti'ltlon otiM b to
Mi,on tho rpcpoot for law which 1R
At the h,if.o of orderly finvoinmrnt In
the present ctpo f.ilr warning has been
given no to .irt.i uhlrh contravene the
law; unil It I a poor compliment to
the sulking c-ir bulldets to hpsuiik!
that thoy Intend to Ignore this warn
ing Hi do mMhliiK which would bring
them within tho pale of contempt pio-iM-Tillns'i
Labor Vs. Labor.
-Hi: POSITION taken by
Pi evident Shaffer, of the
AmalpTtii.itf'l association, In
hlsnf(!rttlation! and brMk
with the representatives of the man
ngoment of the I'nlted States Stocl
rorpotatlon tho .ittlttuU upon whlih
thf- confrenro f-plit was that the non
union woikers In the orpointlon's
mllld had no ilfihta which were en
titled to teapot. As the Philadelphia
North American, yellow though It be.
fnyp. In thit Inst.im-e with unexpected
"Piej-idfnt Shaffer delivered nn ulti
mituni that the tiust must leao Its
men no freedom of action No tiust
magnate could have been more dicta
torial. He had nothing to offer In
Justification of his extiaordlnaiy de
mandnot a grievance because of pay
or hours or disci Imlnatlon against
union labor Appaiently his sol pur
pose, was to create nn absolute monop
oly of the right to labor in the trust's
mills a monopoly far more effective
find far moie dangerous to individual
rights than that exercised by Mr.
Morgan and his associates In the steel
Industry. It was as if the latter had
asked the United States government
to prohibit the manufactute and use
of any hut th Steel tiust's products.
What President Shaffer demanded was
that the trust pass a prohibitory law
against all workmen who saw 1U to
remain outside of his association. The
light of labor to oiganize was never
called Into question by either side.
The crux of the controversy was the
right of President Phaffer to impose
his own labor oiganizatlon, not upon
the Pteel trust, but upon the laborers
More and more the spirit shown by
TreHdent Shaffer is coming to be the
spirit at the bark of the labor move
ment In Ameilca a civil war among
the men who toil, with the non-unlon-Ist
hounded as a pailah and lestraints
of ,law and oidei Ignored in the ef
fort to club him Into the union or Into
his giae. Theie Is today ten times
more bitterness among union strikers
for the non-unlonlst. whose right to
lie and work In peace is grounded In
the foundations of American liberty,
than there is for the employer at whom
the strike Is nominally leveled. Very
rarely Is the employei s personal lib
erty menaced He Is fieo to come and
go when he will. No on tells the
storekeepers they musn't till his orders
for goods. No one put sties him to his
home or pickets the approaches to his
office. In many cases the employer
personally Is well liked by the strik
ers. They honor him as a man and In
cooler moments recognize In him a
friend, and their sttlke against him is
laigMy Pickwickian and piofessional.
Not so with the "scab" He arouses
In them the fierce passion of hatted
and a thirst for revenge. Though
they hae laid down the tools that he
Is using and voluntarily abandoned
the employimnt he is glad to secure'
In order to support himself and family,
their ftroelty tow aid him Is often un
governlble. the negro slave was not
more suhjuot to cruelty and abuse.
Thtrcjjcan be sooner or later only
one re&jilt to' this course of policy
'nauguiSited prjmarily by the men who
found tjades unionism an easy vehicle
m whlti to ride to prominence and
power, fit .-will drive Into the union
fold thousands of men whose Becret
iMTipath,ies are opposed to such Intol
irance.JJt will forfeit the sympathy of
thinking neutrals, and when the fuiore
fbbs, thre will be a corresponding re
ctlon. ijabor cannot fight capital and
labor bitfh The contract Is too much.
The United States transport Warren,
nhlch has beep for some time In Alas
unn wattrs and Is now on Its way to
SanFrafclbco, will have on board home
thirty .peut Indian children bound
fromi Unalaska Island to the Indian
Bchool tt Carlisle. They and their
parents jhave for 'years had mission
training;; The Incident marks "a far
cry" frOtn the times when the poet
Campbell' wrote of "the wolf's long
howl from Unalaska's shore" as the"
only characteristic of that portion of
the world then known to civilization.
The Pan-American officials aro
again having tiouble with their Mid
way. ThP' concesslonalteH Insist upon
ihowingon Sunday. The. exposition
tuthorlttcs station euards around tho
placci where ticket are offered for
Mle and refuse to let the, people buy.
The concessionaires lialm they nre
being discriminated against because
the exposition officials permit the
tower elevators, tlt electric launches,
the wheel chain- and the gondolas to
tun on Sundays, while their shows are
closed. They declare that next Sun
day will ee an' open Midway from
one end to tho other. Hetter that than
a good Lord, good devil compromise.
The vacation schools nre teported to
be again making good times for the
children of the poor In dlvets cosmo
politan cities, blending Instruction with
recreation, ndvniulng physical, mental
and moral health In the ilsing genera
tions. When will Scranton arouse to
Its own welfare sufficiently to start
and suppoit them?
Tlio American Consular Service.
ISHOP I'OTTnil'H scathing
remarks on the American
'Onsitl.il' service followed
close upon the exhaustive
article In the Wot Id's Work for May,
which gave the fullest proof that tho
set vice which the bishop and some
other Americans think so poorly of Is
by Kuropean government considered
more efficient tlfan their own the ptac
tlctl pi oof thereof ljlng In their In
structions to their consuls In dlers
plates to pattern after It. Of course
theie n room for Improvement. Whete
that Improvement has need to begin Is
told once more In this slgnlllcnnt para
giaph fiom the Philadelphia Press:
"Mr. Stowe, who has leslgned his
office ns consul general In Cape Town,
South Africa, Is another victim of the
Insufficient pay allowed by congtess to
our consuls. Mi. Stowe Is conceded to
be one of the most efficient ofllteis In
the service, but he cannot live In South
Africa, particularly in war times, on a
salary of $3,00(1 a ear and suppoit a.
family, and thus he has been obliged to
gle up tho office. Good men cannot be
kept In the consular set vice for any
length of time, and their efficiency de
rends a great deal on their expeilence,
unles congress provides sufficient re
muneration for the services required."
The moan patslmonlousness of this
government's dealings with all of its
iepi(s,entatlves abioad under the mis
erable makeshift plea of "tepuhlican
simplicity 'while congress squanders
millions and billions of dollais on
"liver and harbor Improvements"
where there are no harbors, and no
livers but muddy creeks, and In other
wah at home has long been a dis
grace to the nation. It Is high time
that our consuls and diplomatic agents
In foielsn countties were decently paid.
In April, May and June 25.373 orients
were made In New York city 20.047
males and 5,326 females. Of the 25,373
arrested, 11.923 were born In the United
States. 3.S.-1S weie Iilsh, 1.707 Germans,
429 Kngllh, l,fifl! Italians, 2 Mexicans,
20 Chinese, and Finns. Of tho total
number ni rested S.S39 weie maided
and 16,534 single. Kvldently In mar
riage theie Is yet some saving grace.
Danger of a Timber Famine.
THE DANGKR of a timber
famine unless more careful
methods of reforestratlon
aie soon introduced was
the theme of nn instiucthe lec
ture deliveied In I-ondon tecently
by a German expert, Dr. Schllch.
In Europe thirteen countries are
are impoiters of timber and only live
are exporters. The Impoits exceed
the exports by over 2,fi00,oro tons a year.
In the British Isles Impoits have
grown during the la3t thirty-four yea is
at an average rate of 133.000 tons, and
the pilce has mounted et more tapldly.
Gtermany, though It has extensive
forests of its own, supporting by woik
done In them about a million people
and three times as many by woik In
connection with them, Is also a large
Importer. Dr. Schlich calculates that
the consumption of timber in the four
chief consuming countties of Europe
at the present rate of lnciease, will
ptobahly have risen In a few years
from fourteen to twenty cubic feet per
Among the exporting countries the
forest area Is extensive In Kussta, and
especially in Finland, but from a vari
ety of causes Is not capable of veiy
great expansion, so the supply of tim
ber may not improbably begin before
long to fall off In Scandinavia the
limit of productivity seems to have
been already 1 cached.
But Europe, It may be said, Is not
the world Dr. Schlich accordingly
passes other regions In levlew. Some
of them aie importers, but their de
mand is far exceeded by the export of
the rest, the balance on that side
amounting to 2.255,000 tons, or less by
3VS.O0O tons than the European deficit.
This, however, Is made up by Imports
from surh countries as Madagascar.
Plam and Java, which do not figure in
the tabulated return. It Is clear, then,
that the supply,, even at the ptesent
time, can baiely keep pace with the
demand, and the limit of the former
has been very nearly reached. China,
If It becomes prosperous, Is more likely
to import 'timber than to export It,
for she has little of her own, and there
are no other large visible reserves.
The United States hltheito has been
a large exporter, the average value
of timber sold exceeding that bought
during the last fifteen years hy over
$12,000,000. But Dr. Schlich maintains
that, notwithstanding tho vast area
covered by forest and the piotectlve
measures nowi adopted, tho United
States could not long support a greatly
incieaslng demand. Tho position in
Canada is still worse. Tho wasto has
been pioportlonately greater In tho
past, and measures to check It nie only
In the germ. Dr. Schlich theieforo
concludes that, so far ns conlfcious
wood Is concerned, tho dangCNof de
ficient supply is already almost at
There Is only one way to guard
against It; and that Is by scientific
care of trees already grown and hy
systematlo reforestratlon. So far ns
the United States Is concerned, pro
gress in this direction, if not
rapid, Is steady. The advance
ment, effective July 1, of tho
division of forestry Into a buieui,
with more than double last year's ap
propriatlon, Jdiows that congress at
last recognizes the nructlcal value of
the work which this branch of the
United Btates department of agricul
ture has been doing. The change from
a division to ft bureau, and the latger
appropriation, will make possible both
an Improved office organization and
moie extended field woik.
Field work, tho bureau announces,
hns been going on during the last year
from Maine to California, and from
Georgia to Washington. It "Includes
tho study of foiest conditions and
foiest problems nil over the country,
tho giving of advice to owners of
forests lands, nnd the supervising of
conservative lumbetlng operations
which Illustrate forest management on
business ptlnclples. This woik can now
he gieatly extended. Private owners
of some three million acres have ap
plied for this advice, which In every
case requires personal examination,
and about 177,000 acres have been put
under management. This land is In
many tracts, large and small, and Is
owned by Individuals, clubs, and cor
porations. Several state governments
have also asked thp aid of the bureau.
Hut the greatest demand Is that of the
department of the Interior of the Na
tional government which has asked for
working plans for all the Forest Re
serves, with the enoimous total area
of about 47 million acres."
The result of thewotk of the forestry
division has been to turn practical
forestry In the United States from ft
doubtful experiment Into an assured
success. Special studies of some of the
most Important trees, commercially,
have been made, from which can be
calculated their probable future yield.
Cheap methods of harvesting the pres
ent lumber ciop without Injuring the
productivity of the foiest have been
put in operation. Such concerns ns
the Great Northern Paper company
and the Deilng Harvester company
have been led to undertake conserva
tive management of their forest prop
erties, Meanwhile, the work of tree
planting, paitlcularly in the almost
treeless western states of the plains,
has been furtheied; the relation of the
forest to the volume of streams, ero
sion, evaporation, nnd irrigation have
been studied: matters connected with
irrigation and water supply have heen
Investigated; hopeful pi ogress has been
made in the direction of regulating
grazing in the western reserves In a
manner fair both to the important own
ers and to those w ho look to the re
serves as a souiee of continuous supply
of wood andwnter; and studies of
forest fires were conducted with a
view of leduclng the great yearly loss
which has been estimated at $50,000,
000. Slowly but surely this patient but
effective work will tell.
On July 23 there will sail on the army
transport Thomas, hound from San
Francisco to Manila, 540 of the 1,000
Ameilcan teachers called for by Pro
fessor Atkinson, superintendent of edu
cation In the Philippine Islands. There
nie 370 men and 170 women In the party.
lepiesenting every state nnd territory
In tho Union. Colonel Claience Ed
vvaids, chief of the Insular Bureau of
the War Office, has sent Invitations to
the leading educational institutions of
the country to recommend teachers
competent for the work, to complete
the entire number of one thousand at
as early a date as Is possible.
The appearance of a Japanese-English
paper in New York, with its arti
cles pilnted in both languages, edited
by a young Japanese graduate of Col
umbia college. Is another nnd fruitful
ly suggestive sign of the way In which
the two countries are drawing ever
nearer to each other. The newspaper
Is called "Japan and America." Its
edltoi's name if Hajime Hoshl. An
other incident w 01 thy of note is the
lnciease by Japan of its consular force
in New York city, owing to the rapid
growth of commercial intetests with
Paris has been again making a gen
eral and festive celebration of her na
tion il holiday, the 14th of July Al
though she included an evenlnc dls-
play of fiieworks, she dispensed again
with the firecracker, large and small,
the toy pistol, and other enginery of
maiming, killing, and property destruc
tion. The experience of the stranded Ep
worth Leaguers, who were fleeced by
pickpockets at Colorado Springs, shows
that it Is well when In the wild west
to keep one s hand on one's pocketbook
even on a "personally conducted"
Tho announcement that a quarter of
a million In dU3t has Just arrived from
the Klondike gold fields shows that
the Pacific steamship press agents are
not all dead yet.
Ohio has Just produced a new Bryan
party. There Is probably not a state
in the Union, however, where a Bryan
party would be less dangerous than In
SONG Or THE SHOVEL.
The friends I hae are dciming fritnds,
And I rcne them well I ween,
The hand) that hold me are honrat handa
He they eer to gnarled and lean:
Oh, Miih and post lion arf naught to me
If proud, they muit earn my norn ,
For I set them free, under (iol'i decree,
wven the world waa newly born.
A-awUh, a swish 'tl the song I sins
With a truer tone than than the trumpet's ring,
Or the 10II of drum, or the shrill of fl(e
A-snlsh, a-snish, '(Is the tale of Life.
I hrlng to the peasant his homely food,
'lo the prime his viands ami wine,
The glittering stones and the saffron gold
I wreat liom the grudging mine;
Hut little I care for these tawdry things,
And my kindliest gift to toll
Is the Joy that wings and the health'that springs
lioin the gia-p of the grateful soil,
A tuish, a swish, 'tis the song I slug
With a trtsc r tone than the trumpet's ting,
Or tU:joll of drum, or the shiill of fife 1
Aswiih, a swish 'tla a tale of Life.
O, well for the world fhit hukv voice
f.iowa louder fiom day to daj j
O, ill frr the kingdom that melts me down
To I1.10111 in the deadly fray, ,
Ard wor to the ruler who hearcie groan
Keith burden el grieous wrong,
For ntten, alone, have I wrecked a throne
With the shrill of my angiy songi
A-wth, a swish 'til the thjrre I sing
With 1 truer tone than the trumpet's ring,
Or tlie roll of drum, or the shrill of file
A-swlshri-swiah 'tl a tale ct Life.
John A. Foote, In Georgetown College Journal.
of Htiman Nature
Threatened to Tell His rather.
Among old record of rojal vlaltn to the Ernrr.
aid Island there is a ruriou story of that pild In
1700 by tho then Puke of Clarence, who became
ifterward William the Fourth, to th neighbor
hood of Cork, lelatei the Iuidon fully Mail.
He w i at tint time 1 tub lieutenant in the
nvty, and the ship on which he served touched
.11 (JueenAtown, then known as Coic. While,
there III lcoval Hlthness utajed for some clavi
with fimlly named Pfnroe, the head of
which w-aa an evteeme.t gentleman and (Juiker.
Ho did his best to entertain th duke In a man.
ner befitting hit rank and etatlon. and among
other awldultlei the old Quaker aln-a)s sat up
to receive him on hl return home from the
convivial pirtles which the neighboring 'squirca
wrri unly too glad to' Oiler him.
The Duke of Clarnce, at was the fashion at
that time, had a liking (or old port, and wa
nol squeamish at the quantity consumed. Ai a
lesult he ieeral times returned tn his host's
houo in n state which botdered on elation It
la recorded that his host ued the gentlest re
proof toward him in these words!
"Friend William, thou art late again tonight,
und I fear me thou art not too sober. If thou
nlot not amend I shilt have to write to thy (a.
thcr, friend fitorgc, at Windsor."
What Puzzled a Cuban Boy.
"I was stopping for a few weeks with an
American friend on his sugir plantation In
Cuba," said a eongiesi-maa who recently vis
ited the (land, "and one diy as I was riding
out alone I came aitos one of the wagons load
ed with cane btoken down In the Held A hind
wheel had come off, and the driver of the oien,
who was .1 boy about Pi jears old. was taking
things as cool as Ice, not een having unhitched
" 'wlitn did it harpen?" I asked, as I got
" 'Hours ago, tenor,' he replied,
"'And Invent jou reported to the overseer?'
" 'No, sonor.'
" 'Dut why hive jou wasted all this time when
theie iv need ef hurry?'
"'Will the senor tell me,' h replied, as ho
larlly scratched his head, 'what has happened to
" 'Whj, a wheel has come off, of course.'
" 'Then I will go up to the mill and report.
I should have done so long ago, but I wasn't
" '.'ure of what, you doltt'
"'Of wl ether the wheel had come off the
wagon, or the ww had come oil the wheel.' "
A Man of Many Parts.
When Joeph Ramsey, Jr. the newly elected
preMdent of the Wabash Railroad, was superin
tendent of the rituburg Southern, a small road
tn the coal district, a millionilre coal miner
of Pittsburg heard of his ability, and decided
that Iiimsey would be Just the nun to take
charge of a road which lie was then projecting,
relates tho Jew ork rimes. Walton went oer
to the tniall town where Icamsey nude his
headquarters in oidcr to offer him the position.
At the office he was told that Mr Ramsey was
out somewhere In the jards, so the "coal king"
went out to look for him The first man he
ran across was a grimy mechanic who was at
work underneath an engine.
"Where's Mr Ramses V inquired Walton.
"I'm Ramey," replied the mm, and then,
climbing out from under the locomotive, he ex
plained laughingly tTut there was "something
wrong with a bolt of the engine, and as the
engineer didn't know how to fix it I took a hand
at It mjsrlf" That nude Wilton desire Ram
sey's service more than ever, and indirectly
was tho cauae of llanuej's rapid adtanie
mint. Clover Retort of Miss Russell.
Lillian Ruell his neier made any greit
fame for vivacity on the stage, but this has
not been from any want of a feeling for the
humorous side of thlncs, and she his often
flashed out a caustic bit of reply when an
opening was presented, saw the Chlcigo Jour
nal "Sot long ago she was a guest at a ban
quet ghen to a certain Ruvlan noble, a small
gathering, and the noble and Lillian happened
to be placed side by side. He was a rather
bumptious fellow, with a supercilious sniff at
etrrjtlung American. In his estimation, Amer
icins are little better thin savages. He founfl
fault with the various dishes served, went near
to declaring the cooking outrageous, and made
himself generally digreeahle.
'is it possible jou eat that stuff t" he asked,
when some hothouo corn was served.
"Why, in my countrj, we feed that to thu
"Help vourself. count," e-ald Lillian quietly,
sliding the dish toward him. He is believed to
Preaching and Practicinp.
Re.- Callus M 'cherts is one of the wittiest
and Jolliest V divines In Kansas, a man who
believe that 6millng Is a part of a Christian
duty, and who pon-tts in looking it the bright
side of things, relates the Chicago Chronicle,
ecd!css to say, he relishes a Joke, even at h
own expense. In jears agone he studied law
and was admitted to the Ros county bar and
practiced for many .veirs. It was on a recent
vlit here he fell In with 1 number ef his former
comrades and naturally they fell to talking ovor
"Caslu," cne cf them asked at last, "how
did jou ever come to give up the law- and
enter the nilnlstrv'' '
"Well, bojs'," he answeied, his ejes twinkling,
"I'll tell jcii. .ou know I was a mighty poor
lawjer and had hard work to get along. I
stood it for a good many jears and flnilly came
to the conclusion -hit it was a good deal easier
to preach than to practice."
She Changed Her Mind.
Three jears ago Joshua C. Freeman, of Ko.
komo, lnd , wanted to marry Nora B. Hast,
and threatened to enlist in the army if the
"L'nlist," she said, "the country needs jou
worse than I do. l'erhips when jou return I
will marrj jou."
freeman enlisted and recently returned Irom
the Philippines, fly chance ha met Miss Kast
'You said 'perhips,' " was his greeting to
"I meant jes," was her rcplj', "if you re
Squire Pe Haven mauled them and the bride
groom departed at once for Fort Sheridan to
offer his serWces to the government again. On
the way he tecelved a telegram eijing:
"You need not re enlist if jou do not want
His return i3 expected. Kanas City Times.
Knew the Bird.
At a recent examination In Railey, a class
of infants was being, questioned on natural his
tory. "What bird Is it," aked the inspector, "that
is found in Africa, and, although it has wings,
'cannot flj 1"
The class was unable to answer this very
Thinking to encourage them, the Inspector of
fered a sixpence to the little boy or girl who
could tell him. After a brief hesitation, a little
girl of 4 jears put out her hand
"Well, my little dear," said the Inspector,
"what is Itf"
"Please, sir, a dead 'nn I" London Answers.
No Value Left.
Clergjmen sometimes get answers they do
not expect, even from children,
One of them was questioning a Sunday school
class about the man who fell among thieves
on the way (10m .lerusalem to .lerltho. Dring
lng tlie story tn a point, he asked!
"Now, why did the priest and Lev lto pass
hy on this other side!"
A scholar held out his hand.
"Well, my boy, why did tho priest and
Le.vlte pass by on the other side?"
"I know," said tlie ltd, "because the man
was already robbed "London Answers.
His Little Scheme.
"I understand he attended the sale of wine
from King Edwards' cellars. How much did
"Only onu bottlcl Why, it scon't last any
time at sll "
at "The wine won't, but the bottle will, and It
has the royal crest upon It, Besides, there's no
limit to the amount of wine that can ty poured
from a single bottle If there ire insonabl
intermissions." Chicago Post,
"DOING" THE MOSaUITO.
From the New York Tribune.
For centuries the human race his regarded
the mosquito u an Inevitable affliction. Only re
cently has the Idea been conceived that this
Insect Is a removable nuisance. It now remains
for soma man ta write his name Imperishably
upon the scroll of fame by discovering a practic
able wiy to exterminate the pest. If John D.
Rockefeller's recently founded Institute of Re
search could, by bending Its energies In this
direction for a jear or two, give to the world a
thorough exterminator ef mosquitoes it Is almost
certain that even the anarchists and socialists
would forgive the Slandird Oil magnate for
using his brains to make money. And when it
is considered how many ol the beautiful spots
upon the earth sre made slmost unfit for habita
tion by the presence of mosquitoes, few will
think that research along this line is beneath the
dignity of the most scientific,
this mosquito plague can be best and
most-thoroug'Jy abated has been punllng the
public ever since the committee appointed at
the time of the Spanish sr to Inveitlgite the
prevalence of malaria teported that the mos
quito was the real cause of the extensive spresd
of the dlseave among the soldiers The Ides has
crept northward along the Atlantic cosst, filling
the people with interest, and Is now resulting in
numerous experiments being made at Hartford,
Conn.; East Orange, N. .1., and st Trenton by
the state authorities In the use of crude petro
leum oil for the extermination of the pests.
Petroleum his been found to he the cheapest
and mot enectlve meins of ridding infevted dis
tricts of the mosquito. F.xperlments under the
supervision ef the board ef health have recently
been made at Hartford In sprinkling liberally
with oil the low marshy areas which border on
the Connecticut river on the east side ot that
city, with the result that there has been com
parative freedom from mosquitoes this summer.
The experiments have heen so euccessful that
they will probably be repealed next j-esr on an
The experiments now being tried In Tientftn
will, It is hoped, decide as to what particular
breeds of the mosquito are most active In dis
seminating disease-hearing germs. In fact, so
widespread has been the awakening of th public
'nterest In the idea that this snnoying affliction
can be banished thit hoards of health In many
parts of the country are enlisting in an active
cru'ade against the Insect, in almost every
case wheie petroleum has been used an imme
diate scarcity of mosquitoes foltows. The method
most generally emptojed and most commonly
successful consists of throwing liberal quantities
of crude petroleum on the- surface of stagnant
pools and other sheets of water where the mos
quitoes breed This forms an ollv film on the
surface and destroj-s sll mosquito larvae in pro
cess of growth The oil is found highly effica
cious in lessening the prevalence of the Insects,
and since the mot fertlle.breedlng places are
generally at some distance Mm habitations, little
objection to its use Is found.
KNOWLEDGE IN BRIEF.
In Bavaria only S per cent, ot the army re
cruits have sound teeth
A German phj'lclan, Dr. Bruhacher, declares
that 72.3 per cent, of djspeptics have unsound
Tasmania in proportion to Its srea, is the
richest of Australasia's colonies in mineral
At the German universities there were lat
winter 31,363 6tudents; at the French, 20,001
Oxford undergraduates who do not dine in
the college halls will be fined $ for each
In Oxfordshire. England, the superstition pre
vails that the arrival ol a German band in a
village portends rain.
Our ostiich farms are profitable. Birds are
worth 10O apiece and a good specimen jields
about $2.V worth of feathers at a plucking.
Few women consider that they carry some 40
or 50 miles of hilr on their head; the fair
haired may even have to dress 70 miles of threads
of gold everj' morning.
The oldest known weapon was the club. The
cluhs of the lake dnellers of Switzerland, stud
ded with stones In default of nall, and thus
making formidable weapons, have been recov
ered from their habitations.
The. population of Belgium, according to of
ficial figures, reached 6,7H,532 on December 31,
lSCKl, of which total 3,362. 13'5 were miles,
2,13,351 spoke Flemish only. 2,153,072 spoke
French only, and 7O0,P)7 bath languages.
The greatest river is the Amazon. It Is navi
gable tor ocean steamers for 2,000 from its
mouth, At parts of its course one bank cannot
be seen from the other; tne observer seems to
be looking out upon a sea of fresh water
The population of Idaho has incressed S2 per
cent since 1MO, tint of Montana 70 per cent ,
North Dakota 67, Wjomlng 1, and Washington
15. Nevada is the only state which shows an
actual decrease in its population since 1SD0.
Last j ear the markets of ew York pild
ss revenue into th city treas.iry $255,000 from
rents, exclusive of $15,000 collected from stalls
and privileges in Wallibout market, Brnokljn,
and $3,000 from market cellar rents, a total of
more than $300,000.
Glagow University conferred 120 honorary de
grees of doctor of liws on the occasion of its
four hundred and fiftieth annlversarj-. Among
the American recipients were Professor William
O Farlow, ef Harvard. Professor Thomas D
Sej-mour of Yale, and Professor Paul- Haupt ot
The Roman pen, or stvlus, was an iron Im
plement, sharp at one end like an awl and flat
at the other like a paper cutter. It was used for
writing on tablets of wood or ivory covered
with wax. The sharp end was employed for
writing and the flat tor erasing or correcting
what was written.
Among the British newpapers there aie now
160 Advertisers, 150 Tlmees, 111 Newses, 123
Gaieties, 120 Chronicles, 110 Herald", 101 Jour
nals, 94 Expresses, 70 Guardians, 63 Observers.
15 Standards and 12 Mercurjs. There are 10
Free Presses, 35 Telegraphs, 31 Malls, 30 Posts,
20 Independents, 23 Couriers and as many Ex
aminers snd 22 Echoes.
The first labor day Japan ever knew was
observed In Tokio on April 3 last. The cele
bration was proposed and managed bv the Niroku
Shinpo, a newspaper, ". friend of the labor
ing man " Scarcely tex dajs had passed after
the first announcement of the Niroku' under
taking when more than 50,000 laborers eagerly
secured their tickets of admittance to the pic
nic. The four states in which there were no Prohi
bition votes cast at last year's general election
were South Carolina, In which the dispensary
sjvtem of llqunr selling by the state exists;
Wjoming, the pioneer American constituency
to adopt woman suffrage; Nevada, the onlv state
which is losing Us population, and Mississippi,
in which the proportion of voters is less to
the populstlon thsn In sny other state
The South Includes one fourth of the total
area and one third of the population of the
I'nited States Its cotton and cottonseed slone
gave It an income last year of $315,000,000 the
largest value of any single crop In the world.
Its corn and lumber products brought in the
snug sum of $300,000,000 Moreocer, the South
raises SO per cent, ol all American tobacco,
mines 20 per cent of all its coal, produces 13
per cent, of its Iron, has SO per cent of its
totsl railroad mileage, and a steadily Increasing
percentage of its manufacturing.
Low in cut. Low in price. High
In quality. Ladies' from 75c. up.
Gentlemen'6 from $1,26 up.
Lewis & Reilly
Wholesale and Retail,
ENTRIES CLOSE AUGUST 15.
After August 1 5 no more new contestants
will be received in
This action is taken for the purpose of protecting legitimate
contestants and preventing the possibility of any speculator from
entering the last day or two and purchasing a $1,000 scholarship
by presenting the names of his fn'ends as new subscribers and
paying for them himself. While nothing of this sort was attempted
last year, the close of the contest demonstrated that it would have
taken much less than $1,000 to have purchased the first special
reward, as the winning contestant had onlv secured for The
Tribune less than &400 in new subscriptions. The Tribune desires
to protect tne contestants that are working so nobly for it and will
use its best endeavor to have every feature of tlie contest perfectly
fair, and it wishes it distinctly understood that the rewards of
fered are in no sense for sale, but will positively go to the con
testants who secure the largest number of points, which will be
credited only for new and legitimate subscribers.
The Special Rewards:
Scholarship in Lafayette College $1,000
Scholarship in Swarthmore College 1,000
Scholarship in Stroudsburg Normal School 675
Three Scholarships in Scranton Business
College, $60 Each 180
Two Scholarships in Scranton Conserva
tory of riusic, $75 Each 150
Each contestant failing to secure one of these special rewards
will be given ten (10) percent, of all the money he or she turns in.
K. D The first two scholarships do net indud meals, but the contestants securing
these will be given ten (10) per rent. n all the money he or she turns in to The
Tribune, to assist in pajing this expense.
There are seven weeks yet ot the contest and it is not too
late for any ,energetic young man or woman to enter. Some of
last year's winners were only in three or four weeks.
Send a postal to The Tribune for full particulars, including
handsomely illustrated booklet. Address,
Editor Educational Contest,
Tribune, Scranton, Pa-
Capital $200,003. Surplus 5525,030.
United States Depositary.
Special attention given to
BUSINESS, PERSONAL and SAV
INGS Accounts, whether large
Open Saturday evenings
from S to 9 o'clock.
Wm. Connell, President
Henry Beds', Jr., Vice Pres.
Wm. H. Peck, Cashier.
325-327 Pena Ayenus
A Second-Class -City
First-Class Stock of
Mercereaii & Connell,
132 Wyoming Avenue,
Gflft I II
Hot Slimmer weather make tho
Neeileee Shirt imperative to the vacation-taker
and home-stayer alike, who
desire to enjoy comfort, style and
neatness; these are embodied in our
Newest patterns, latest styles, per
fect fitting, best workmanship. New
lines of the celebrated "Monarch"
Shirts Just opened, including all the
Scotch Gineham Shirts, Fine Percale
Shirts, all at the ery lowest market
prices, ranging from $1.00 upward.
The Celular Linen Mesh Shirt has
attained great popularity as a Sum
mer Shirt, owing to its ventilating
mesh, making the lightest and coolest
"King" Waist and
Blouses for Boys
Acknowledged the best and most per
fect Boys' Waist on the market.
Mothers that have tried them will have
no other waist. Made of fine Percale,
Madras Cloth, Oxford Cheviot, etc.
"Mother's Friend" Waist
Also full lino of this popular Watet
in good assortment of patterns.
Successors to Machine Business of
Dickson Manufacturing Co., Scranton
and Wllkes-Barre, Pa.
Stationary Engines, Boilers, Mining