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THE SCRANTON TRIBUNE- SATURDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1900.
I j .1
le cratrfon $ri6tme
7,tVY B. ntCUAKI), KJIlor.
O. F. BYXUKK, llutlncM AlnnftRpr.
fc.vr York Office! 1M Ntt ,;KIjANn,
Bote Jttnt Qf VorclgnJViluttlsIng.
Entered tt the Potlonicr- t ScMnton, Pa., a
Seconel-CUM 1111 Matter.
When .pice Kill permit, The Tribune I wa3ns
clad to print short letter-, Irom Its frlen.lt oar.
ft on current topic, hut H rule It Hut I heje
mint be tlgned. for publication, by the writer t
real name! and the condition precede it to ae
teptancc In that nil contribution elinll be nuu
Jcct to editorial revision. .
SCRANTON, OCTODEn 13, 1900.
rreil.lent-WII.UAM MiKtSM'.Y. .,.
Vlce'l-resident-l HUODOlti: ItOOSKVKl.T.
ConRrewmcn-i.t-I.awt - OAMJ81IA A. OltOW,
, uoiiKiir if. rncniii:nnii. .;,
Auditor Ocncral-E.Ml. HAKUnSDhliall.
IwlRp-tlKOItm: M. WATSON.
Micrltr-JOIIK II. FKIXOttS.
Trcasiircr-J. A. SCKASTO.V.
UWrlct Atorncv-WIM.IAM It. M.WIS.
1'rollionolnrj JOII.V COl'IXAM'. ,
Olcik of Court! THOMAS I. IAMM.S.
Itrerrtlcr ul IleeiN I'.llll. IIONN.
KorMci- nt Mills W. K. I1I.CK. ,.,
Jure Coniirilssloncr-KDWAItl) II. 8TUIIGL.8.
Kiist I)itrlct-TIIOMAS .1. KKYNOMW.
Second DMrlet .IOIIJC SCIir.tT.lt, -IK.
Third IH.lrl.t-rilWAllI) .IAMI'", J".
Fourth Ultrict-1. A. 1'IIIMllN.
"If there is any one who believes
the gold stnntlaid Is n, good thing,
or that it must be maintained, I
warn him not to cast his vote for
me, because I promise him it will
not be maintained in this country
longer than I am able to get rid of
it. Wiliam Jennings Bryan in a
Speech at Knoxvillp, Tenn., Deliv
ered Sept. 16, 1806.
"The party stands where It did in
1896 on the money question." Will
iam Jennings Bryan, Zanesvllle, O.,
September 4, 1000.
Half a Loaf Better Than No Bread
THAT A SPKEDY settlement
of the strike may be effect
ed has been, f i om the begin
ning, the earnest hope of
every person lesltlent In the territory
of conflict a hope founded, It Is tiuo,
latgoly on self-interest, yet stimulated
by the knowledge that an early settle
ment Is needed most of all by the nvn
now Idle and by their families.
The ten per cent, offer made by the
companies gave impetus to this hope
but the bulletin of results of yester
day's delibeiatlons by the miners' con
vention dispels It. In a. situation such
as is presented in the anthracite cr.al
Holds today it' Is vain to expect one side
to do all the yielding. Mutual con
cession has been the tule of every suc
cessful settlement and It must pievnll
in this instance if the long recourse of
utter exhaustion Is to bo nvcriod, with
the awful consequences it Implies.
The industrious minor, seeing wint.-r
coming on and no provision made, will
consult his own best'inteiest by favor
ing an catly resumption of the mines.
Increase of his wages, now offered, Is
more important than a struggle over
non-essentials. 'The community le
jolees that this offer of an increase has
been made to him but It is a question
how far public opinion will sustain him
in holding out for improbable conces
sions at a cost infinitely in excess of
their utmost possible value.
Ex-Ptcsidont Harrison Is nob In poll
tics this year as a campaign orator
but he Is perfectly willing that all
should read his former romatks con
cerning Candidate Bryan.
The Legislative Ticket.
TIE COMING session of the
will have a degiee of inter
est and Importance for the
people of Scranton and Lackawanna
county far beyond the oidlnary. Al
ready we are assured that the city of
Scranton will pass into a new class
necessitating practically a reconstiuc
tlon of Its municipal government, and
lequlrlng virtually a complete over
hauling of the municipal act under
which second eliu-s city governments
are now constituted, It Is evident that
this laborious and Indicate bask will
call for especial ability and faithful
ness on this part of the representatives
to bo elected from this community, anil
that lb will be desirable, If not Impeia
ttve, that the men thus elected shall
bo in political sympathy with the dom
inant lnlluences at Harrisbuig.
Hut the ieeonshuetlon of the second
Jclaas city uct Is only one of the many
important themes of legislative action
vital in their local applications which
mill come before the next general ns
jpembly. Tho question of jeapport'ion
(ment Is likely to rulse, uml it Is vital.
Should the census return put the popu
lation of our county beyond 150,000,
questions growing out of the transition
from the fee to the salaiy system of
county official administration may
arise, and these will bo Important, Our
charitable. institutions two yeais ago,
in common with others throughout tho
state, were reduced In their uppropjla
tlpns to meet the exigencies of scanty
revenues, This year the financial con
"djtjlon'.of the commonwealth exhibits
signs of. marked improvement, lio
celpts from "existing revenue laws, by
reason'of unexpected prospeijty among
pur people, are Increasing at a rale ex
ceeding the most sungulne anticipa
tions. Thus it Is apparent that the op
portunity may be near for tie reallza
tlonoMong defeuod Incicases in the
state's apptoprlatlons for ctlppled local
charities, and this, likewise, Is a mut
ter of vital Importance.
Jn selecting their nominees In the
four districts of this county, the lto
publlcan voters evidently gave eue
heed to these consldeiatlons, for they
ImYo chosen In every iustuncc ulvrt
land aggressive men, full of energy, tJt
peilencctl In public attaint, and Well
'qualified to uphold the piestlge of the
community. Their Republicanism la
unquestioned! their ability to work to
gether hnrmonlouflly In conceded. By
their election the community will bo
nssuicd of a representation nt the state
rnpltal In keeping with Its Industrial,
commerclul and political Importance.
Street fairs continue to hold their
own, though, like lightning, they Sel
dom visit the same locality more than
once. County agricultural societies
certainly have cause for complaint that
these aggregations of nomads and
fakirs, who were formerly known as
circus aide shows, are 'now allowed to
travel under the misleading title of
Sixteen to One.
IN NO CA'SB probably has Mr.
Bryan's "divine ratio" been more
effectively paraphrased than by
a correspondent of the New York
Malt and Express, who gives sixteen
reasons why McKlnley should be re
elected to one why Bryan should be
elected. The reasons nre as follows:
Itecauic he liai made the country proupcrom.
llcenuc he itjnelt tor honesty in every tense
of the word.
llrrniKe he In the poor man'a friend at well at
the rlih nlin's.
Ilccause ho It no dreamer and hit Imagina
tl.m docit not run riot.
Ilecausp he knows no North, no South, no East,
no West, but belleicR In our country, not In
pirte, but In lit entirety.
lluui-c he hai been tried In the furnace of
cxpirimcc and not found wantlnir.
Ilr.auvp he 1 opposed to- any act which will
discredit the honor and IntcRrlty of the nation.
He. ittfo he faiort the free and unlimited coin
aco vl cold.
llccaute he doe not falor the free and unlim
ited coIiiikc of slhcr.
Hcmihc he is opposed to the Iniquitous In
Ilciniie he belleies tint protection has made
the count rj pnwporom and will continue to.
Ile.nuoe he bcllers that free trade Is desir
able where the clrciiimtaneci warrant.
IIccjipi! he Ins already tilled the office with
dlRiiitv .mil li.n deniinded and commanded the
respect o all other mllon.
llei.iuse he is n true American In cicry sense
of the word.
Ilcc ailsc he bellcici tint trusts 'might to be,
anil will be, controlled wheneier and whcreier
they rxlit, and nhenccr and wbercier their acts
are illeRal and opprissbe.
Because he Is the nation's choice.
Tho one solitary reason advanced In
behalf of Bryan is: "Because he Is a
citizen of tho United States and, as
The worst exploit yet chronicled of
tho camera fiend occurred on Pike's
Peak this week where the party of 200
tourists caught In the blizzard and
found by the relief train nearly dead
from exposure, were compelled by the
crow to go back to tho Peak and be
photographed. Two of the subjects had
been dilven lnsnne by the experience
in the snow and It is safe to presume
that anything they could have done
to the camera man would have been
entirely justified by the circumstances.
Penalty of Oppression.
THE ACT disfranchising the
negro In North Carolina is
al, as well-known jurists
have contended, because it disfran
chises only the descendants of a par
ticular race. But it will probably
stand in that state as it has in South
Carolina and in Mississippi, because it
has active support of the dominant
race In those states and is regarded
with appaient Indifference throughout
the country. The outrage to civil
lights of these new constitutions and
the nets of fraud and violence on thex
negro as a citizen that preceded them
do not kindle the fiery indignation
which finally burned up slavery. That
was too sore and Inevitable an oppres
sion to bo left to its own punishment
by the moral law of society, though
the dominant race bore and Is still
bearing that punishment in the taint of
biutality and terror it fixed on society
where it existed; In the coarsening of
the dominant race through Its relations
with an Inferior held In subjection, and
the sickening dread of servile outbreak
which always underlay the superficial
grace and glitter of southern society.
The same penalty ofsoclety's moral
law is following this latter violation of
the negro's civil rights and equality
under the law. It Is coming through
constant degradation of the race de
nied the right to natural and healthy
civil development, and the constant In
crease of the danger to society which
comes from relapse of a part of It to
savagery and bestiality. That Is com
ing to North Carolina which came to
the gulf states with extreme oppres
sion of the negroes there, and made the
white race pay for political domination
the price of social Insecurity and econ
omic dislocation. An exodus of negroes
from the state has begun already.
North Carolina newspapers say that
farmers cannot get laborers to harvest
their crops, and the Star of Zlon, an
official organ of tho African Methodist
church, says that a definite and deter
mined mlgiabory movement has begun,
which will take the most energetic and
industrious of the negroes out of the
An exodus like this occurred In the
states of the lower Mississippi some
years ago, provoked moe by physlcnl
violence than by denial of civil ilght-s.
It transferred the best negro popular
tlon of those states to Indian Terri
tory, Western Kansas and Nebraska,
where they have piospered Industrially
In nn atmosphere of political equality.
It left the remaining negro population
mote bestial and degraded, and In
creased the frequency of horrid lawless
acts and lawless punishments, The
Southern people explain the increase
of lynching among t.hem by the degen
eiatloti of the negro race since It es
caped the restraints of slavery, How
far is this due to the fact that the
restraints, of slavery prevented escape
of the better pait, leaving constantly
lower di'egs of humanity to be a bur
den and a menace? It Is only In com
munities wheie the negro Is treated as
a brute that wo hear of his reversion
to bestiality. Here there has been con
stant sifting out of the better sort for
migration North and West, leaving
In view of tho spectaclu presented by
these states that are cursed with a
sodden mass of humanity continually
sinking lower under the oppiebslon
Unit has dilven out their more Intelli
gent associates, It beems surprising
that even political hatred for the col
oied voter could pionipt another state
to enter upon a cause that) Is certain to
produce melancholy results.
"Neither In the Philippines nor else
where will tho caUBC of human liberty
look for Its champion to a party whose
only nope of obtaining power lies In
the suppression of human rights and In
nn organized conspiracy to nullify the
guaranties with which the constitu
tion endeavors to surround tho citizen.
From thousands of polling places In
this election, In which the Democratic
pnrty In so much concerned about 'the
consent of the governed,' the negro
citizen will be excluded by laws so
contrived as to keep out the negro Re
publican while admitting the white
Domoirat, though both present them
selves with similar qualifications, ex
cept as to color. The party which will
not allow the constitution to follow
the flag through the Carollnas, through
Mississippi and Texas, has no occasion
to distress itself about the constitu
tion's Journey 4,000 miles across tho
ocean." New York Republican. Plat
form. It Is not Btrnnge that Sir Thomas
Llpton should continue to make pork
the basis of certain business venturos.
Sir Thomas practically got his first
start by tho means of pork. 'Then,
however, his Investment was smaller
but none the less lively. It will bo re
membered that the first time ho became
known to fame lb was by means of pig,
a clean, white, freshly groomed speci
men, elaborately decorated with pink
ribbon and driven through the streets
of London by a pink clad Individual.
The pig bore the inscription: "I am
going to Llpton's pink tea," and natur
ally throngs of people followed the
strange group and found that the des
tination was a little house where pink
arrayed attendants served wonderful
brands of tea to all who called. Later
these tea houses were established all
over London and from this small be
ginning rose the Llpton fortune, colossal
in Its magnitude. Now Sir Thomns
Llpton is again dealing In pork to the
extent of controlling the entire product.
The fact that children and youths are
seldom seen with club feet now-a-days
Is recalled by a surgical operation In
Philadelphia this week, where a child
whoso deformity was almost unparal
leled Is now likely to become as useful
a member of society as any of his little
playmates, his feet having been
straightened and Incased In plaster of
parls. Tho operation is delicate and
difficult but that It Is so often success
ful Is amply attested by the absence of
such disfiguration from the younger
generation. There Is no doubt that few
of the men and women whose mis
shapen fedt make them objects of com
miseration as their toilsome progress
along the street is so often beheld,
might have been relieved of a life-long
infirmity in childhood had surgery been
as advanced In its strides as today.
The woman socialist of Chicago who
says she lost her position as stenog
rapher because she wrote a socialistic
book and wore a Bryan button is prob
ably exaggerating matters as far as
the latter indictment is concerned. But
as her employer was a Republican and
one of tho commissioners at Lincoln
park it is not at all unlikely that a
stenographer less distinguished for so
cialistic views might do just as satis
factory work. As to wearing a Bryan
button, such a label mlghb not be a
mark of inefficiency, but only of poor
Bryan says that the present pros
perity of tho country is due to "an un
usual and unnatural stimulation." Is
it not better to continue the party in
power capable of producing unusual
stimulation rather than change for one
which produces unusual stagnation?
While Mr. Bryan Is hurling anathe
mas at the tyrannical army, why Is it
that he has nothing to say about the
growing navy of the republic? It was
the latter that opened the Philippines
to American settlement.
TOLD BY THE STABS.
Dally Horoscope'Drnwn by Ajucchua,
The Tribune Astrologer.
Astrolabe cast 4.00 a. nt., for Saturday, Oct. 13,
A child born on this day will notice that too
much charity wanders in out of the way placia
and ncer reaches home.
Even if the tcenei of the ancient fable arc
not enacted to the letter, tho individual who en
deaora to plriie e erj bod j- will haic his hand
It Is seldom that a man with a literary wife
knows tho taste of good home-inadc bread.
Many a man who imaKlnes that he could settle
the Chinese question apd dlilde up the territory
would robably Ret stuck If appointed without
assistance on a sewer lew.
The shirt waUt man ami net waist woman hue
jicldtd.to the autumnal elements.
The man with no small lces Is liable to be
come criminally restless.
It Is impossible for ou to get something for
nothing unless somo one, Is the loser.
Nothing succeeds like success, except a bluff.
t -f 1 1 -r -f
-t- REPUBLICAN -f
f Oklahoma, -f
-f Depositors. -f
Banks. 1S91. is)g. -f
f National 0U7 2,553 -f
-f State and 1'rliata UU 5,311 -f
-f Salnes CHI 1,201 -f
-f Total 2,100 0,0.17 -f
-f Increase in No. of depositors., G,ii07 -f
-f Panks. Amount'of Deposits, -f
-ft- 1891. 1899. -f
-f National ? 10,19I 817,691 -f
-f .State and I'rhatc K.M7 1,110,5.17 -f
rVuliit; 17K.S70 G'tl.SlS -f
-f Total .,..$ C&2,570 $ 2,515,010 -f
-f liuriaso In deposit! ,.$ 1.8Ji,l70 -f
f Oregon. -f
-f tlanka. Depositors. -f
ISO I. 1S99. -f
-f National 0,177 11,559 -f
Statu and Private 020 . 1,813 -f
Total ,. 7,097 13,374
Increase in No. of depositor!,. 0,375 -f
Banks. Amount ol Deposits.
-f 1S9I. J899.
-f National f 1,05.1,502 ? 1,075,010
-f Mate and I'rlwte lOD.'iei 581,550 -f
Total .., 2,110,053 5,250,500
f Increase 'In dipojlts ..,,,.,,,. f 3,100,013
Some Facts as to the Personal Life, Manners and Traits
of the Filipino Leader.
Ily Murat HaUtcud,
DON EMILIO AnUI.VAt.DO Y FAMV, who de
clared himself In Aiwiwt, 1808, "President
of the Itcvolutlonary (lovcrnmcnl of the
Philippines nnd Clcnorat-ln-Clilc! of Its
Army," wa the first of the Philippine Insurgents
to emergo from obscurity. '
He Is about .12 jcars of .aire, slight and not
tall, short nnd slender, nnmllltary In appearance,
dresslnir habitually In a singlc-brenstcd white
coat, closely buttoned, his white trouwrs show
ing thinness of llmbt.
He often wears a badge that glitters and cu
ries a little stick, article of decoration of which
he is said to be fond and aln. Hit ejes arc
cunning, and his best feature. There Is a hint
of the unimial ns he glnncct and changes
quickly from docility to a skirp glare, with a
suggestion of wild animal Intensity. His feet
arc lad like, lilt hands like bird's feet, delicate
with knotted Joints, but small, his nails promi
nent: his hair black, tblik, toarse and perpen
dicular, with a fine glow of ltttllty. Ills otce
is low, with the softness so modulated that It
it almost feminine, but that between wordt
changes and the tone become subtle with a
shidc of menace In It, though It Is lowered.
1113 PKHSONAI, CHAiMGTERISTICS.
One personally Interested In what he Is sa Injr,
if seeking a favor or trjlng to get llu- exact
idea tho chieftain had, would feel that the
drawling; reply would be In the nrgathc, no mat
ter what was asked. Tho words uttered by hlin
arc often blurred Bllghtly, from a habit of pro
truding tho tongue just a little. This does not
look i.nakey, but appears to be a token of hesi
tation, and it shades the low-spoken words into
indistinctness. His bands are nioicd frequently
and hastily at he speaks, not in a shaky, ner
vous way, but with a flutter.
In his own apartments he moves in gliding
steps, his foot-falls cat-like. There Is no ques
tion he fully bcliecs In himself, and he is treated
with the deference that the Asiatic gives his
superior officer. In this there is a touch of the
nbject. He has a tendency to exact ceremony.
As tho door of his prhnte room opens for htm
to enter tho reception room he Is announced as
"General Agulnaldo." It Is altogether agreeable
to him to be addressed as "Your Excellency."
The ladles of his family pass from room to room,
little regarding callers They nre good looking
and well dressed in highly coloicd and flowing
robes, silky and light, with touches of lace on
their bosoms and a flash of rings on their hands.
They were not seeking attention or ashling ob
servation; seemed to be on nn errand to speak
with the general before ho became engaged in
THE HOMC OK THE 1'ILIPINO.
They were graceful and composed. There was
a tinkle of music in the bouse, not obtrusive,
rather distant, a faiutness In it, and it was a
hint of the musical character of the people.
Tho bouse was pointed out as the one with a
conspicuous roof of reddish tile like the roofs
in the villages of France. It was of two stories
and there were four rooms and a hall on each
Btory. The street ran north nnd south; the
house was on the west side, and there was no
other habitation directly adjoining. There were
many trees that seemed to bale grown up in
their own way, profuse in giecnery.
The day was Aug. 27th, and sultry, the power
of the sun trjing. There was very little stir in
the air. The village bad hut one street, and
there were so mony trees tint all tho houses
were not visible. I should think they were scat
tered along for nearly bill a mile. On the side
of the house fronting tho ttreet in the second
story there were three rooms. The general study
was north of the reception room. The ladies bad
the room south of tho reception apartnunt, and
that seemed to be the place for the treasures
of the house.
The entrance to the house from the street was
at the center of the structure nnd there was a
turn of the stairs at the half-way place of the
second story. There were two military guirds to
pass before approaching the general at tho out
er door and tho turn of tho stairway, where the
platform was not crowded with four armed men.
There were perhaps twentj-fhe' natives neir,
armed with the famous Mauser. The swords of
the officers appeared to be too large for them.
The general appearance of the Kiliplnos about
the general was tint of the Japinese, more close
ly than any other race. As a rule they were not
quite as large as the Japinese, but of (lie same
color, make-up, get-up and stjle, with the cockey
air that the Japinese military man refuses to
part with. It would be unfair to cill this a
stmt, but it Is distinctly a pose, and is believed
to be tho correct military attitude. It is confi
dent enough, nnd as a descriptive phrase, self
respect is hardly equal to the demand. A con
ceit of pride is better. There was an atmos
phere of the enjojment of importance, and the
evident presence of great expectations.
DIFFICULT TO APPROACH IT.
The name of the village was Dacoor, and it
was chosen for the headquarters of the policial
because tho water of the Day of Manih, spreading
eastward from the back of tho house, is too
shallow for launches for a considerable distance,
Indeed not deep enough one hundred jards from
the shore to float a canoe with n man in it. The
landing of pjsicngcrs is assisted by natives who
wade. Two of them carry a heavy man without
letting his feet get wet. There were rows of
stones in tip water, stepping stones. It was a
spot sure to bo free from surprise visits. A
ferry boat could not get within half a mile of
the shore. A church stands near, lare, dingy
with age, battered with cannon shot. Once It
would have been called stately, but was greatly
marred by shells from the Spanish fleet before
the Americans came. It was a spot favored by
tho insurgents, who wanted to take a peep at
misty Manila, across tho bay, nearly 'ten miles
away tho outlines of the great city, showing the
churche's and other prominent structures with a
background of faint blue mountains, too distant
to make clear the grten tint that reminded Ad
miral Dewey of the ranges about Montpclier, that
give his native state Its name.
SCJME HISTORY OF Till', PIIIMPPINKS.
So Interwoven art! tho American expe.lcnces
in the Philippines with the various pmcicdlngs
of Agulnaldo, from his first appearamu in tlie
character of ono sworn to obedience of all com
mands from nil American officers and offering
fervent tributes of admiration for Americans
gcneially, volunteering to say that all his
friends wanted to bo annived to Anu'ilea, on
through the bloody drama that closed with his
ui.v stcrlous disappearance.
The history of Agulnaldo's varieties connected
with the causes and consequences that followed,
Is the story of the most memorable vears of tho
Philippine). Wo of the United States have had
two wars there, and Don l'inlllo Agulnaldo y
Famy played a part in both. In tho first he oa
turned to bo our "all" wronged by tho ab
fciilo of recognition; and in tho second he was
tho invisible leader of the insurgents that
graduated in Spanish wars to meet in battle
the Americans who destroyed the Spanish gov
ernment in hostile array.
The reason for this second war Is wholly the
pretensions of Agulnaldo, that cimo m suddenly
after his humble complacency, his solicitude fot
favors, his unqualified oaths that ho would be
obedient to tho American admiral and to all
American chlefc and the change, sudden, extra
ordinary and vain-glorious, to a character of
such pompous temerity of assurance, that II th
Americans had been defeated, and by military
force compelled to surrender, they ionic! not
have accepted the tcrnn that would have been
insisted upon by tho Dictator without humilia
tion. He passed from one who begged favors to the
elevation of a haughty Asiatic niomrch about
as quickly as ho could change ids clothes or Ills
HIS ATTITUDE TO AMERICANS.
iThere Is abundant proof of selfish nnd treach
erous conduct belaud this tiansfornution Irom
lljde to Jetjll, Tbere are those who dispute
that Agulnaldo himself was responsible for tho
dlllercnce, and that it grew, out of the influence
of his tec ret Intrigued with the Spaniards that
are still denied but self evident. For an Ameri
can to assert that the fault of the hostile atti
tude of Agulnaldo, alter ho knew tha American
troops were coming, and his malicious combat
toward them when they did come for one who
accepts tho contention that the wrong was with
tho American administration or Its military icp
mentatives, must be declared tho offemo ol b.'lng
wlllfully or negligently mUlntormcd.
More than a jear two jears before our -.,ar
villi bpaln toiniiie m e'd, there had been an Insur
rrction against the Spaniards In (he Philippines,
and till vvai continued with stealer cna.-y ljy
the natives, after Aaruln.ildo's departure by de
portation, lilt exumplo In taking a ''cash
bribe," it Consul Williams states, stimulated
others to go and do likewise.
When the Spanish-American war became Im
minent, Agulnaldo, with a few friends, made a
trip to Singapore, tttectlng great mystery, lilt
actual errand was to meet an Englishman,
Cray, and the American consul at Singapore.
At tho consul had not been lntormcd of Wilde
man't experience- with Agonclllo, he wat quite
moved by Ihc appearance of the native "supreme
chief," nd rushed In to take him In hind and
helped Mm to "eo-opentlon" with Admiral
Dewey. Thlt lasted until the consul received
ttcrn admonition from the state department that
he nifst stop making political promises to In
surgrnts. It Is to thlt episode at Singapore, and
the effusion of the American consul there, like
wise a temporary enthusiasm on the part ol Mr,
Wlldeman at Hong Kong, and a alight aberra
tion after some time by Mr. Williams at Manila
that we owe those fragments of consulir cor
respondence that reflected their untutored leal,
which was promptly and effectually denounced,
and further examples of it forbidden by the
SOSlE MATTERS OF HISTORY.
A few letters written and wordt spoken at
this time the enemies of the United States In
our midst quote incessintly as authority. If
each of the consuls had deliberately, of his own
account, "recognized" Agulnaldo as a "govern
ment," as was his constant affirmation of desire,
they would iJniply hive exceeded their author
ity. There would hive been no treaty.
It is n circumstance of interest in this assv
elation that In the letters of Mr. Wlldeman to
the state department .ahcut the dishonorable
proposition (hat Agonclllo made coming from
Agulnaldo the gun contract with a bribe in it
for the United States the name of Agulnaldo
was not mentioned, and therefore he wasn't Iden
tified at the state department right away as
that particular rascal. If he had been, ft warn
ing addressed to tho American consuls to beware
of such person might have saved some trouble,
but anyone determined to take part against his
country and aid tnd comfort enemies, could
find some excuse.
There never was a poorer one than the gar
bled clippings from the writings of Mr. Trait,
a Cleveland appointment, and such extracts as
may be so colored and distorted as to disguise
truth in the letters of Consult Wlldeman and
Williams, whoso experience as consuls was very
brief before they were thrown into the whirl
of the excitements of our Asiatic complications
suddenly nnd unexpectedly. Tint upon the whole
they did extremely well, for it only takes an
hcrest reading of what they wrote to convict
Agulnaldo and his "compatriots" as Impostors
Intriguing with the Spaniards in winton 'lostlllty
to Americans, a determined and persevering
lasistenco upon hostile proceedings ngilnst the
American troops, and flmlly the outright net ol
war that caused the terrible punishment of the
DEMOCRATIC OUTRVOE UPON TRUTH.
There never was a greater outrage upon truth
than to apply the term "perfidy," as Dryanltes
habitually do, to the conduct of President Mc
Klnley in this association. He was a whole
hearted American all the time, and generous all
through, offered everything to the Filipinos for
peace except such recognition of Atruinaldo as
would help to place him in the position to re
sume tyronny spoliation, corruption and every
form of sordid and vindictive oppression, begin
ning where the Spaniards left off.
Point by point these propositions aie made
good by reports, the veracity and perfect au
thenticity of which arc sustained, so that con
tradiction is as Irrational as It is unpatriotic.
Tho spirit of contention as against the adminis
tration of President McKlnley nnd the conduct
of tho officers and men of the American army
and navy is that of reckless partisan combatants.
It will not stand the hammer or bear the light.
Tho story of our first war in the Philippines,
tho episode with Spain, is a short one. Admiral
Dewey was ordered to take the fleet under hit
cemmand at Hong Kong be had been four
mentbs on the Asiatic station find the Spanish
fleet and destroy it.
A week later he had obeyed orders.
There were fourteen Spanish gunboats that were
not caucht in .the American fire of May 1st.
Fach carried a three-inch rifle and from two to
four machine gams. The three-inch rifles were
adapted for the destruction of merchantmen, ana
the machine guns were good at close quarters.
Tho gunboats were well suited to the annihila
tion of our Asiatic commerce.
One reason for remaining at Manila was to
ovcr-awo tho Spanish gunboats "In retreat," and
it was done so effectively that they have never
been heard from, and are almost forgotten.
THE BELiTTLEHS OF AMERICA.
The belittlcrs of America those who have a
crank passion for bitterness against their own
country, wail over it that Dewey didn't take
flight after his victory. If he had done so, the
American flag would have been a signal for the
destruction of any merchant vessel on tho Pacific
ocean, remote from the American snore.
International law would have compelled Dewey,
had he left the harbor and arsenal he conquered,
to take one of three routes to America. There
wasn't a spot he could go to in the Pacific
ocean away from Manila where he could have
been at rest for even a week. Ho could only
call at a port to stay long enough to get coal
to go to the next port. He could have made
choice between going to San Francisco, which
woulci have been to take the Asiatic squadron
out of Asiatic waters altogether, or be might
have chosen the route home, that he did finally,
and have been at disadvantage off the Spanish
coast, av hero all her fleets might have been 'gath
ered to meet him; or ho could have taken the
lonu route around Africa.
In either case he would be running away and
putting himself hors du combat. It would have
been equally disastrous nnd disgraceful to have
done tills. It isn't to be thought of by any ex
cept those degenerates who accept tho Malay
view of what we have done in the Philippines
and who want our country to humble itself In
repentaneo and set up a protectorate for a ty
ranny that would be worse for the Filipino in
habitant,? than that of Spain.
AOUINALDO'S INDIVIDUAL ENTERPRISE.
There are no "people," in tho organlied,pollt.
cat sense, in the Philippine islands, of the native
races, and never have been. Agulnaldo's 'gov
ernment was not a political organism, It was
an individual enterprise, not of the people or for
tho people, not for tho inhabitants of the- Islands
but for the impostor and adventurer who had
success in poisoning the minds of the Filipinos
who were full of Joyous recognition of Americans
as their liberators. Those he did not pervert ho
succeeded by a blackmail banditti that raided
Manila itself for ii venue, Those robbed did not
daro complain, being threatened with tin hoi
rors of vengeance "when the Americans wero
The American consul, Williams, was obliged to
abandon Ids official duties before the war broke
out, and was on the llaltlmore in the battle.
After that found the natives In a state ol thanks
git lug, ill.plavlns extreme admiration and the
fondest gratitude toward Americans. He was
lionet by a multitude who learned that he was
tho United States consul this was at Cavlte,
and ho had such a reception that he could hard
ly get to his boat to return to headquarters on
the ship of war where he was a guest.
There were many demonstrations of this sort.
Tho merchants ol Manila, who had been com
pelled to take refuge in Hong Kong, eagerly
made application to become citizen of the
At that very time Agulnaldo didn't want to
go back to his own lountry without a "con
tract" with Admiral Dewey, who didn't glie the
Tagal permission to go aboard tlie dispatch boat
when lie was compelled by his own eoplo to
take tlie mission, as he had assumed to be a
president, having appointed himself, to return.
Agoncillo declares In his "notes" that Admiral
Dewey had "ordered" the commander ol the
McCullough to find Agulnaldo and bring him to
Cavlte, This was a gratuitous falsehood, meant
to convy the very delusion that hit taken pos
session of the Democratlo party, that this enemy
of their country has been wronged and must he
consoled and protected. They are the belicvcis
ol falsehood, and the penalty is condemnation.
BEFORE AND AFTER.
From the Rochester Democrat and Chronicle. ,
There Is nothing caller tlian carrying a state
before election by an estimated majority, tnd
the Democrats are now triumphantly carrying,
by that method, all the ilttet they need to give
Mr. Mr) an a tremendous majority In tho elec
Four )cars ago the Democrats, about a week
before the election, carried the country tor fir an
In the nunc way. The estimates nuoted below
,wcre sent out by the Democratic national com
mittee on Oct. 27, 1800. Tho actual results tro
here printed, with the Democratlo estimates for
purpose! of comparison!
"Illinois will give Bryan at least 30,000 plural
ity." McKlnlcy'a plurality In Illinois wat over
"Rryan will carry Michigan by not lest than
30,000." McKlnley't plurality In Michigan wat
"Minnesota will give Rran 23,000."-Mlnne-lota
gave McKlnley over 53,1100.
"In New York Br an will have 60,000. Mc
Klnley carried New York by over 200,000.
"There will bo a swreplng Democratic victory
In Indiana," McKlnley carried Indiana by over
"Bryan will carry Iowa by a large majority."
McKlnley carried California by 1,022 plurality.
"North Dakota will be for llran by 3,000."
McKlnley carried North Dakota by over 5,000.
"Bryan will be 40,000 votes abend In Ken
tucky." McKlnley carried Kentucky by a small
"Democrat! arc hopeful In Connecticut, though
Republicans are full of bluff and bluster. A de
cided surprise awaits the Republicans in this
late." McKlnley wat 61,000 votes ahead in
Democratic advance estimates ol election re
mit! arc exactly at accurate and valuable now
at they were four jears ago,
INVITATION IN AUTUMN.
Sylvia, where shall we fare,
In this limo of the burning bough,
On thlt morning of the amethyst air,
And the low, late robin's vowT
Prythce, where shall we fare?
The hill-paths call and rail,
And j on know the lure, my sw-cctt
Over the meadow-wall
Is the track for a truant's feet,
Where the forest shadows fall.
la the answer "yea" or "nay"?
No fairer the nenuphars
Of the bland Egyptian day
Than our purpling aster-stars,
To guide on the upland wayl
Just Love and oit and II
Never another one
Under the kindly sky
And the old benignant mint
Just Love and ou and It
-Clinton Scollard, In the Saturday Evening Post.
Ladles know, all admit they know, how much
Ihey save when they can buy Edwin C. Burt's
Shoes at. t3 60 per pair, in turns and welts,
patent leather and kid tlpa, button and lace.
Styles they all admire.
Shoes for all the walks ol life.
Now open for business at
our mew store, 132 Wyo
We are proud of our store
now, and feel justified in
doing a little talking, but we
prefer to have our friends do
the talking for us,
A cordial invitation is ex
tended to all to call and see us.
MERCEREAU k CONNELL
Jewelers and Silversmiths.
When the dofetor
A man of my figure,
He says to himself,
What will do him most good
To eat less
He knows, however,
That habits of life
When once fixed
Are seldom changed,
Consequently, the doctor,
In my case at least,
lM itjto packet rontalnlnc Til Birixi T ttrxu In a paper carton (without iltu) tt now (or Hi tiMM
drag ttortt-roit nvt cn. rhu lu -prirel ort 1 loUiulot Cor th. poor and ui economic!. Ono etona
of the Ar-ccnt canon ( U) toliuleu con t UkI Lit nuil by tendliur (ortr-clgnt mum to lie Kim Cuuof
OeiiiMi, Mo. M Sprue Street, Wow York-or u tinjU oirlou (iu Taiuuu) will U nol for cut.
Fall mi Winter
icn aM Children
Our lines are com
plete in all the stand
ard and celebrated
makes usually car
ried by us, and which
have stood the test
of years, as to fit,
quality and general
in this class of goods,
put the prices up .
but our purchases
were made in antici
pation of this so that
our prices will Com
pare favorably with,
prices when goods'
were at their lowesc.
Early buying will
mean a saving of 25
per cent, and it will ,
pay you to anticipate
your wants in any
thing you are likely
to need in the line of
If you haven't the proper offlcs aujM
piles. Come In and give us a trial.
We have the largest and most com
plete line of office supplies In North
If It's a good thin?, we have It. Wtf
make a specialty of visiting cards and
Stationers and Engravers,
Hotel Jcrmyn Building.
With writing a prescription
That gives me relief
While my habits remain as the
Of late I have noticed
That my physician,
Instead of the long prescription,
Writes but two words,
And that the remedy I get
Is rather more convenient
The two words are
'Jf,s- -s ).' -"
r e.v. -v
1 ,cr t