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SCRANTON, PA., MAY 14, 1S96.
PHILANTHROPIES AND CHARITIE
MRS. C. D. SIMPSON, Editor.
The Ladle Managing This Paper Arc Willing CCI C.WAHO SOAP
to Vouch lor the Superior Qualities of CUr- W AOl OV7f
lor the Kitchen and Laundry. Manufactured by THE SCRAJiTON SOAP WORKS, Limited, and
SOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS.
A Few of the Causes That
SUTEKIXU HUMANITY'S IMUKXD
The Many Societies That Help the I'oor,
the Weak and I n fortunate-Associations
of All CrceJs-Work Among
All Classes and Its Progress.
ASSOCIATED CHARITIES OF SCRANTON
The Associated Chat-UK's of Soui'.tm
Wuorgnnizd November 2-1. lsM, as a
buriYu of Information Ht.d Instruction
for tlii- various dim i table organizations
and !iidi tduals of the city.
Tin- objects of tlv ussoe.ation ate:
To secure the coneurient iinil har
monious notion of the different eonrl
tiiB nf Sernnlon In order to raise tho
needy above tin1 tied of relief, prevent
begging und Imposition, and diminish
pauperism; to encourage thrift, self
dependence, and Industry tnrough
friendly intercourse, advice and sym
pathy, nnrt to aid tin- poor to help them
Bflvcs; to prevent children from glow
ing up as paupers; to aid In tho dirlu
Blon of knowledge on subjects connect
ed wit li the relief of the poor; and, to
accomplish these objects, it is d signed:
First To provide Hint the case of ev
ery applicant for relief sdiall lie thiir,
Second To plnoo the results of such
Investl't-ttinn Ht Hie disposal of the sec
retary of I lie poor bonrd. of charitable
societies und agencies and of private,
persohs of benevolence.
Third -To ohtHln employmc nt, if pos
sible; If not. to olitnin, so fur as neces
sary, sultalde assistance for every de
serving applicant from public authori
ties, charitable ugenoles or benevolent
FourthTo make all relief, either by
alms or charitable work, conditional
upon good conduct and progress.
Fifth To send to each poor family,
under advice of proper authorities, a
Sixth To hold public meetings and
print lor distribution.
Tills society, which for two yours has
been trying to do the work of so large a
city nt the cost and with the employes
that are used In the work of a much
smaller pine?, has hud Its agents con
stantly working umong tho poor, sick
und unfortunate, trying to keep the
vast throng from becoming chronic
charges. It has been successful to a
certuin extent In keeping many children
from becoming beggurs and from be
coming contaminated by the many
vices to which they are subjected.
over fifteen hundred homes have been
visited where a small contribution from
charity, or perhaps sympathy alone,
has given new hope and energy. In
many cases able-bodied men were
found depending on what their children
brought home from the so-called chari
table people, who, without knowing
their circumstances, gave, and by giv
ing Injured Instead of helped the case.
in all cases, as far as possible, work
lias been obtained and good accom
plished by preventing children and
adults from living on charity. Many
families have been lifted above the need
of taking aid and have become self-dependent,
and upon Inquiry we have
found that they are grateful and happy
In having been assisted and taught to
l'erhnps there has never been a pe
riod when so mnny really deserving
families have had to nsk assistance as
In the past two years, owing to lack
of wurk and other social and business
conditions; and It Is presumed there are
many of wliom we do not know who are
keeping up the struggle unaided.
One of the objects of the board Is to
get kind and prudent persons to take
a friendly Interest in unfortunate fnm
illes.not to give them alms, but, with
kindness, to take a friendly interest in
the home life and needs of the house
hold, thereby becoming a great help to
them in the truest sense. There are
ramMes this year In Scranton who are
discouraged as never before on nccount
of having so little work. A friend's ad
vice and help In such homes, many of
which, on account of dirt and dilapida
tion, ought not to he Inhabited at all,
would be invaluable.
Many cases have Improved. Many
have come to the board for advice only,
and not for aid at formerly. Volunteer
visitors are neeo also money for a
wood-yard, wayfa. J lodge, etc.
A district nurse has been employed
the past winter by the board, whoso
work among the poor and sick cannot
be estimated in figures. The society io
developing slowly but surely al.ing
those lines which from time to time be
come apparent needs in our peculiar
and diiilcult social surroundings.
MRS. W. B. DUUGAN.
THE SCRANTON RESCUE MISSION.
On Thursday, January 14, is2, a
meeting- was called by Colonel H. H.
WAIT. WAIT. Ill
OPENING OF ,
ABOUT MAY 15.
Cor. of "'
llai'lcy, of New York city, to secure a
committee who should have in charge
the organizing of a Kescue Mission i-i
Scrur.ton. This committee leased a
building r.t 111 Franklin avenue, and
the Scranton Kescue Mission opened its
do.-ra or the night of February 11, iMl.
The first superintendent was Mr.
Dews, who died two days after tne
otietilng of the mission. Mr. Gecrge
Graff, of New York city, then took
charge of the work, remaining but six
weeks, after which Mr. W. K. Bf Ider
vvolf was called and carried on an ef
fective work for six months. He then
returned to Princeton to finish his col
lege course, and on September 21, 1SU2,
Mr. G. G. Sanborn, nf Chicago, took up
the work anil has been in charge ever
since that time.
The object of the mission Is to hove
an i pen door whore the gospel of Jesus
Christ is preached every night In the
year, anil where men and women, most
of thein in n-churcbgoers, can be
brought under Christian Influences.
The hearty singing of sweet . gosi el
hymns attracts many passers-by to the
meetings. Meetings have been held ev
ery nbfht since the opening of the mis
sion. The power of Christ to save men
is told every nliiht b those who have
been saved. We have great reason to
praise God fur what has been accom
plished ihruiigli the- Influence of the
Rescue .Mission. Among th first Con
veils of the in'sslon was Joseph Phlpps,
a colored man. After bis convtrrs on be
spent t woyi avs In Chicago at the Moody
institute pro using for Christian work,
::nd Is now in Africa, a missionary tin-,
tier th? Presbyterian Board of Foreign
M I Melons.
When u convert has lived a consl-t nt
Christian life for one year be takes
iluave of tne meeting that evening and
a.1 the close of the meeting we have a
sociHliiiiieiind serve light tefreshments.
celebrated nine anniversaries lust
year. Some of the converts celebrated
ihelr third. a:id two their fourth anni
versaries. The experiences ale similar
each year, some vu-y plcaru'it and some
very se.d ones, but ufter all we believe
that Hod has set the seal of his ap
proval upon the work of the Scranton
MHS. CHOUGH O. SAN HORN.
HOME FOR THE TRIENDLESS.
It Is so many years since the Incep
tion of this great charity, and so much
has already been written concerning the
work it is doing for the friendless wo
men and children of our city, It scarce
ly seems possible that anything new
can be added.
Almost twenty-live years ago, women
of ability and insight and a love for
Christ in their hearts, took upon their
shoulders the noble work of providing
a Home foraged and destitute women,
and a shelter for homeless children,
which their sisters of today are privi
leged to continue.
The citizens of Scranton have most
generously nnd cheerfully maintained
the work, evincing an Interest and sym
pathy with all its details most satisfac
tory to the workers.
The life of the Home resembles that
of a large Christian family. The chief
manager hus general supervision of the
household, while tho matron cares for
the comfort of the Inmates, superin
tends the servants and attends to the
various duties that usually devolve up
on the mother of a family.
The Inmates are taught the precepts
of the Protestant religion, care being
taken that no sectarian peculiarities
shall bo Inculcated. To this end the
Hoard of Managers are composed of wo
men representing all the Evangelical
denominations of the city.
The last Tuesday of every month a
religious service is held at the Home,
conducted by different pastors of the
city. , .
Many of the young women, of Scran
ton have endeared themselves to the
old ladles by reading to them and in
various other pleasant ways, perhaps
the climax being reached when "after
noon tea" is served them In their own
little sitting room. Every Sabbath
afternoon a member of the Board spends
an hour in reading to them.
Many of these aged women have
passed through sad trials; most of them
have reached the Home through strange
vicissitudes and almost universally
their hearts are full of gratitude toward
By far the largest number of the Soci
ety's beneficiaries are little children,
those who are old enough to attend the
public schools, and as a rule their con
duct both there and elsewhere compares
favorably with average children.
They are taught habits of industry
nnd as far as possible assist In the ordi
nary work of the household. For those
too young to attend school a kinder
garten has been established in the
Home. This has proved a most valu
able adjunct to the work.
Perhaps no feature has been pro
ductive of more good than the
placing of these homeless children
in families. So far as possible the man
agers watch over their -Indentured chil
dren. Some are now grown to man
hood and womanhood, quite a number
are married and several are engaged in
business for themselves.
Since the Act of 18S3 giving societies
the power to remove children from neg
ligent or cruel parents, a laree number
have been received and placed In homes.
It usually being better to remove them
as soon as possible from the vicinity of
The number of deserted children is
On December 31, 181)6, there were
thirty-seven children In the Home who
had been abandoned by one or both
At present the Home Is crowded, par
tlcularly the dormitories, but the pros
pects for n new building In the
near future are exceedingly promising.
Two of our prominent citizens have
labored faithfully In Its Interests, and
It is expected that work will be com
menced on the new building- within a
In the years that have passed great
blessings have been showered upon the
work. The managers are full of faith
that Scranton's generous citizens will
never see the work of "The Home" lan
guish for lack of funds.
The present oflicers are: Mrs. J. A.
Robertson, president; Mrs. C. P. Mat
thews, vice president; Mrs. John Cen
ter, chief manager; Mrs. W. D. Ken
nedy, recording secretary; Mrs. C. B,
Penman, corresponding secretary; Mrs.
p. R. Taylor, treasurer.
Tho Hoard nf Managers are: Mrs. K.
H. Hippie. Mrs. H. O. Brooks, Mrs. F.
H. Gerloek, Airs. Cora Merrltleld, Mrs.
d. L. Dickson. Airs. B. M. Winton, Mrs.
W. H. Perkiim, iMrs. N. V. Leet, Mrs.
K. S. Moffat. Miss Jennie Reynolds,
Mrs. K. VV. Mason. Mrs. U. Scott.
Mrs. D. LungstiitT, Mrs. J. R. Fordhaitt,
Mrs. A. K. Hum, Mrs. K. F. Chamber
lain. Mrs. H. VV. Mice. Mrs. J. I Stelle,
Mrs, James U Connell, Mrs. Charles
Sehlnger, Mrs, Luther Keller, Mrs. H.
M. Streeter Mrs. A. Hendrlck, Mrs.
W. W. Watson.
. Different committees nrtrln charge of
special departments of tho work.
Uvery Thursday forenoon the ezecu-
tlve board are In session to receive and
discharge Inmates, while the first Fri
day of each month the entire board
meet for the transaction of general
AMELIA M. KENNEDY.
GREEN RIDGE INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL
Not least among Scranton's many
enterprises for the assistance and ele
vation of the people may be classed
the Green Hidge Industrial School.
This Institution was established by
Miss Frances Snyder, who with her sis
ter, for several years conducted tine of
the best private schools of Scranton.
It Is u non-sectarian school for girls
where they are taught to sew and are
brought under many influences which
conduce to a higher standard of living.
Through the kindness of Miss Sander
son's Association hall was secured free
of rent, and here for two years tho
school held Its weekly sessions. ITpon
the sale of this building, for church
purposes, the directors of the Green
Klde library kindly allowed the BChroi
the use of the library building. Two
years ago a kitchen gurden was added
to the school, and here under the ef
ficient management of two teachers
the children are Instructed for a year
and then passed into the sewing school
ptovlded they have reached the age of
10 years; here they begin on what is
culled "the first model," this being a
square of patchwork on which they ac
quire the art of "overhandlng." When
this Is successfully accomplished they
pass on to the "second model," this Jje
lng pieces of muslin on which they
learn to "run" and "backstitch," to
"hem" and to "overcast." After the
child can do these stitches to the satis
faction of the inspectors of the work
she is taught to cut und make six gar
ments for a large doll, these garments
being made precisely as the child's own
garment.! would be made. At the end
of the term the child whose work Is
considered the best, in all particulars,
receives the doll as a prize.
After this child has completed the
doll's outfit she Is put to work on similar
garments for herself, receiving them as
they are finished. Two ladies have
charge of the cutting-out table and in
struct the children how to cut the gar
ments correctly. A visiting committee
looks after the absentees and a child ab
sent two Saturdays In succession with
out a reasonable excuse is considered to
have forfeited her place. Hy means of
this visiting committee the teachers and
scholars are brought In closer touch
nnd much assistance in other direc
tions than that afforded by the school
work is often given. A supply com
mittee Cevotes one afternoon In the
week to the preparation of the work
and purchases nil supplies needed In
the school. A finance committee col
lects the yearly dues of the members
and It Is these dues together with occa
sional, and In some Instances yearly,
donations which constitute the sinews
cf war und enable the board of man
agers to defray the necessary expenses
connected with the running of the
school. As the membership fee is only
50 cents a year It Is within the power
of many to assist the work and thus
help an enterprise which is doing much
good among growing girls. The
school has just completed its fifth year
of successful work and those having Its
Interest at heart look forward to the
time when It may have a building of
Us own and Its usefulness be extended
on broader lines than those vv'hlch have
marked Its Infancy.
EMILY C. ROBINSON.
JAIL WORK IN LACKAWANNA COUNTY.
After laboring for the past three
years, in a general way, among the
tempted women of our city, the work
within the Inst three months has been
among the women Incarcerated within
the county Jail. In that time I have
been led to say so often, "Why, oh why,
is this branch of work in the vineyard
Sitting in church on Sunday morn
ings and looking over the assembly of
representative women, I have some
times wondered how many of them
have ever spent one hour one single
hour of their lives in digging- out
from the debris of superstition, rebel
lion, lying, theft, swearing, drinking
and sometimes murder, these misguid
ed, imprisoned sisters of ours prison
ers often to the chain of circumstances
that they cannot break without our
help, and they will sink lower each day
If we do not throw out the life-line.
Jean Ingclow says, "What If she did
strive to mend and none of you be
lieved her Btrlfe; what If this sinner
wept and none of you comforted her? I
feel there Is no sin in the category of
crimes that carries with it such a trail
I am glad, oh so glad, there Is a way to
really rescue from a life of shame these
women, nnd that Is to love them. I
have found it very difficult to .separate
the sin from the sinner, but there Is no
other way. Talfourd said In delivering
his final charge to the jury, "What the
masses want Is not kindness, but sym
pathy." 1 believe this to be the magic
key to success in the work. Life in
Scranton does not differ materially
from that In New York nnd other larga
cities. In Washington, with principal
ities and powers, sin Is rampant. It
Is so often said, "There is no use; they
never stand, so few are rescued; the
same women are returned to Imprison
ment from time to time." This very
argument Is accusative. May it not
be for the very reason of our Inactivity
In the matter? Are we guiltless, then,
of the blood of our sister In the gutter?
Is It none of our business that she lies
groveling there? The prostrate condi
tion of the fallen cries aloud for help.
There has been a religious service
held In the county jail every Sundny
for the past five or six years, with very
encouraging results. A number have
promised to loud a better life; some
have said the tlrst religious services
they have ever attended were In. the
Lackawanna county Jail. It Is be
lieved there have been a number of
conversions in connection with these
services. A separate corridor Is ul
lotted the women. They are in charge
of a matron who was appointed about
a year since.
A large per cent, of all committments
Is for drunkenness. It Is useless simply
to agree that Intemperance Is a great
evil and should be crushed. Unless
our belief Is exemplified by our actions
It is wore than useless. Every genera
tion makes reform more difficult. It
mutters not what may be our uentl
meiits, the question Is, What are tve
KLIJ4ABKTH H. HOWELL.
WOMAN'S KEELEY LEAGUE.
The Woman's) Keley League was or
ganized by Mrs. Ida H. Co'.e on Novem
ber 24. 1895. Our molto Is "Not Willing
That Any Shout? Perlh." is Is a . tem
perance society, pleeged to vhe work of
prevention, cure and extinction of the
drink traffic. We are firm believers
that drunkenness is a disease and can
be cured by Dr. Keeley's remedies. We
have a cure fund, from which we ad
vance the money for persons who wish
to be cured and have not the means. It
Is simply a loan. The benetlteJ aie ex
pected to repay according to their
means. The league has since organlzi
f iim for two men and has a third
which It hopes to help soon. '
vur uncial wortv Is to provide lectures
and entertainment for the graduate!
bo they may feel that they have a place
stnd thelr evenings Instead of in
the saloons. This social work is quite
a success. It goes far toward holding
tne weak. Of cour.e. as in all such
work, we meet with ingratitude, but we
hope to persevere with God's grace. If
it is but one soul saved and one home
happy we feel it is a great deal to be
thankful for. At the Scranton Insti
tute they claim !Ki per cent, cured
The oflicers of the league are: Presi
dent. Mrs. C. H. Van I'uskirk; vice
presbknt. Mrs. C. P. Ball; secnta y,
Miss Knthcrine Mahcr; treasurer, Mrs.
O. J. Lyons.
KATHARINE MA HE It.
ORAL SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF.
The Late Emma Garrett Wjs the Found
cr of This institution.
' Aristotle declared deaf mutes to lie
Incapable of Instruction, and the pr.et
Lucretius endorsed his opinion as late
as ft) 11. C.
Cnder the laws of Lyctirgus they
were exposed to die, and the ancient
Romans threw the deaf Infants int the
Tiber. L'nder these condlt'ons parents
would occaslonu'ly hide away their d' af
children and give them some Instruc
tion of their own, to-which they would
of course respond In some form and
top it t'l-nriiirlly berao to dawn upon
the minds of some of the parents that
they were not Idiots; that ignorance
upon the part of the authorities and not
mental'deflciency In their victims mad
The latter half of tho eighteenth cen
tury rcconied Isolated cases of deaf per
sons who were being educated accord
ing to the knowledge of tome teachers,
and it is known that schools for the
deaf were carried on In the monasteries.
As late as the present century the pa
gans of India and other Asiatic coun
tries were still In the hnblt of killing
their deaf infants. In this country of
modern civilization the deaf and dumb,
or, to speak more correctly, the deaf
mutes, have always been ob ets of more
or less sympathy. Thoughtful, philan
thropic people have In times past
adopted various methods and means by
which these unfortunates could com
municate their thoughts to others.
Modern experience proves that the
method of teaching the deaf to use the
organs of speech through Imitation of
those who talk Is at present the best
method. Miss Emma Garrett, thi
founder of the Pennsylvania Oral
MISS EMMA GARRETT.
School, was a thoroughly educated wo
man of great energy and wonderful ca
pacity for work. She was a student in
the Boston Schoolof Oratory during the
winter of 1S77-7R and made a special
study of the mechanism of speech and
the .teaching of speech to the deaf.
Her life in Scranton, while compara
tively brief, was noted for Its earnest
ness, activity and usefulness. Nearly
seven years of tireless, self-sacrificing
work was wrought among us. Her ef
forts In behalf of the deaf Impressed
her friends most forcefully with the
idea that few women possessed such
marked ability to awaken the dormant
Ideas and powers of expression in the
The patience nnd nffectlon displayed
toward her children was something be
yond ordinary comprehension and of
these the Pennsylvania Oral School
stands as a monument. The first in
struction of the deaf In this part of the
state wns in the yenr UK, when the
sign method was taught to a clnss of
eight children by Rev. J. M. Koehler, of
the Episcopal church, In a room pro
vided by the board of control. The
large proportion of deaf In this locality
and the possibility of providing an edu
cation for them was a question worthy
the attention of Mr. Henry Belln, jr..
Judge Hand, Mr. W. T. Smith and other
prominent men o our city. Before
taking any steps to establish a school
In this section Mr. Belln, at the fugges
tlon of Mr. A. Sidney Riddle, of Phila
delphia, visited Miss Emma Garrett's
school and there saw for the first time
tho pure oral system of teaching th?
deaf. So Impressed wns he with the
superiority of this system over the slcn
method, that upon bis return a pure
oral school took the place of the sign
On the 10th of September. 1SSH, Ml-s
Mary Allen, of Chester, a former stu
dent of Miss Garrett's, was appointed
teacher. The school opened In a small
wootlen structure built by the Method
ists and used as a church in the pioneer
days of Methodism. Very 11: tK prog
ress was made during the first year. At
the beginning of the term, September,
1884. Miss Garrett was induced to come
to Scranton. The small class j r. vlous
ly under instruction began to drop out
one by one, und it became necessary to
canvnss the country and by rersonal
appeal bring In tho afflicted ones of the
poor. Many a tiresome ride was taken
Into the rural districts and often amid
squalor und filth did she lind her sub
ject. In one family four unfortunates
were found. Nearly every call made a
demand upon her purse, and inn
amount she contributed to her mlss'on
in life will never be known. It was no
easy thing to keep these children ;n
school after you had secured them. Ob
stacles of every conceivable form were
placed in her path, and often from most
untxpoctnd quarters, but a woman or
such courage was not daunted by these
seemingly mountainous tJifflcult'ts, nnd
it Is not surprising that the work hits
reached such ' magnificent propor
tions. During the winter cf 1?S MIr Maty
Garret!, now principal of the home for
the training In speech of deaf children
before they are of school age, bnunrbt
sevetnl M-ht lars here and gave uu exhi
bition of the oral system of training.
The result was most satisfactory. In
INWi Ihe board of control appropriated
$1,000 for the mnlntenanc." of the school.
In the meantime Its friends were at
work, The lute John B. Smith, of Dun
more, gave a valuable plot of ground
In North Park. MIsk Emma Garrett
enlisted the co-operation of Lieutenant
Governor Watres, coupled with that el
MR 0QGKASH RANGE
Ranges .flil?' '
$5 to SI 50
members of the board and the support
given by the Philadelphia members of
tho legislature, won the appropriations
In tho state senate nnd gave Scranton
the Oral School In spite of the desperate
protests from the Pennsylvania Insti
tution for the Deaf and Dumb. They
doubtless rrallz'-d that this new method
would supercede the old. In 1SS9 our
school received a medal from the Paris
exposition. In 1S30 Miss Garrett vis
ited the oral schools for the deaf In
seven countries of Europe.
In 1891 Bhe resigned her position at
Scranton and became the founder of
'the School for Infants nt Philadelphia.
The Pennsylvania Oral School would
not have been located here had It not
been for her courageous efforts.
The obstacles In her path were many.
Being a woman of great wisdom and
discretion, It was displayed In her re
fraining from any doctrinal teaching
In the Oral School, maintaining that
tho children should be left to choose
for themselves, when once the window
of understanding had been opened so
as to enable them to Judge. Further
more, it wns a state institution and
children of nil classes and creeds were
Many who criticised her might well
have tnken her life and character as nn
example. M'hat she suffered under
misrepresentation Is known to but few
of her friends.
Her memory is sacred to those with
whom she was most closelv nssoclted,
and her purity of life and character was
an Inspiration to others.
FRANCES T. VAIL.
ST. VINCENT SOCIETY,, '
Tbe Ladies' Auxiliary ol St. Vincent de
Paul Society of Scranton.
Amidst all the rush of business and
the energy consumed In keeping
abreast with this uge of progress, it is
a happiness to note that God's poor are
not neglected. Philanthropy Is n nolde
trait In every character, but when the
motive of working for the poor, the
weak, the lowly and the disinherited is
accompanied by a higher and the holler
incentive of Christian charity we can
not but admire the result. Tho harsh
ness of our people has been the theme
of the ribald within every quarter of
our land, but before we join the chorus
i of condemnation, let us examine the
work of our city s charities. Let us in
quire Into the work of those who love
to sweeten sorrow by the bnlm of hu
man kindness, who give from their
abundance or from their little to those
less fortunate than themselves. Cer
tain It is that we experience the cheer
ing effects of the helping hand, the
willing heart and the generous soul of
organized charity. Nor is this all. In
stend of the spasmodic though com
mendable results of Individual endeav
or we find nn organized effort to help
the 'nfedy in every walk of life.
Before dealing with the pnrtlctilar
work of the Ladles' Auxiliary cf St. Vin
cent de Paul of Scrnnton, we cannot re
frain from a word of praise for the As
sociated Charities. - The current report
for last year shows an amount of work
which for magnitude nnd practicability
will compare favorably with most cities
having twice our population. But the
notable and especially admirable fea
ture of this great work Is found In Its
thoroughness. Every case Is thorough
ly Investigated und only the deserving
are given assistance. That this fact Is
well known by all the "charity repeat
ers" Is evident. They may make pri
vate appeals, but when ordered to the
"public charity" they bid you a nervous
"Good morning," und are seen no more.
In a word, the Associated Charities
have accomplished a work Hint enn be
appreciated only by those whose duties
bring them hi dully contact with the
poor and needy.
The woik of the Ladles' Auxiliary of
St. Vincent de Paul, though more cir
cumscribed In Its activity, is none the
less thoroughly representative of the
spirit of universnl charity. This branch
has Us headquarters In the chapel of
St. Thomas' college nnd special efi'm ts
nre mntle during the long winter months
to alleviate the hardships of tho poor.
In the disbursements of funds, cloth
ing, etc., no distinction Is ninde in re
gard to creed. True to the examples of
their founders, St. Vincent de Paul ami
Madame de Gondy, they recognize in
every unfortunate one of God's crea
tures needing assistance. Strictly
speaking, the intention of the founders
was to have the societies mailt up ex
clusively of men, but with the change
of national conditions, came new de
mands, and hence the Ladles' Auxiliary
was organized to help the society
proper. The need of much assistance
is evident from the fact that women
more readily acquire a knowledge of
uelghborlng destitution and thus are
Only Stoves and Ranges with
Hypocaust Oven Ventilation.
better qualified to recommend the de
serving to the attention of the society.
One evening a week may not seem
much to devote to the consideration of
the poor, but when you consider that
the comforts of home are left to discuss
visits to the abodes of want and desti
tution, to map out work for the follow
ing week, there seems much to admire
Those less active In the work of charity
are urged to contribute something to
the common store house; business men
catch the spirit from these willing
workers and generous contributions re
sult. In fact, every member feels It a
duty to work In season and out of sea
son for the noble cause. The reward
for such disinterested generosity is
found in the consciousness of work
well done. In the feeling of sweet and
holy joy that follows from placing one's
shoulder to another's cross. Like oth
er Cyrinlans, they feel the approval
from above for self-imposed tasks, and
go on In the noble work without the
Too often those whose means allow
them all the comforts and even the lux
uries of life, nre apt to forget the beg
gar by the wayside. How much more
so will they forget the mnny whose na
tural pride and high spirit enable them
to bear want and even destitution In
silence. Too much ennnot be said In
praise of those Christian women,
young and old, who visit the homes ot
the deserving poor nnd like ministering
angels speak words of comfort and
consolation, and nt tho same time fur
nish the wherewithal to keep soul and
body together. Let the good work go
on. May these few words serve to in
duce othertt to Imitate the noble ex
ample of those good ladies actively en
gaged in the great work. May tho
work of taking care of Christ's chosen
ones, the poor, continue on the same
noble lines set down by St. Vincent de
Paul, and surely a rich reward Is in
store for those who lend a helping hand
to the needy. Be not like the rich robed
(lends of old who gave stones when
bread was asked for, but, animated by
true Christian charity "give to the poor
and lend to tho Lord."
LACKAWANNA HOSPITAL TRAINING
SCHOOL FOR NURSES.
The training school was established
In April, WA. Applications for admis
sion should be made to the superintend
ent nt the hot-pital. After giving neces
sary certificates as to hinhh. chai actor
and education, an applicant must enter
the school as a probationer for one or
two moi.ths. During that time she will
work In the wards under the direction
of the mote experienced nurses, and
also go through examinations In read
ing, writing and arithmetic. Her fit
ness for the work will during this time
bo ascertained, and If she proves satis
factory site will be accepted as a nurse
and will now wear the uniform of the
Gradually her responsibility grows
greater nnd more is expected, of the
nurse. During her two years' stiy In
the school, she will serve about llio
nights of twelve hours night duty nnd
the rest of the time on day duty in the
surgical, medical and obstetrical vvaids.
She will also have about six weeks
duty in tin operating room and one
month In the hospital diet kitchen,
cooking for the very sick patients.
While in the schotd. the nurses nre
given two lectin- s n week bv the medi
cal staff and classes are h-!d each week
by the superintendent. All the nurses
v ill pass a final examination nnd re
ceive a diploma signed by the examining
board. The work while inlet- training
Is very bard mid wearing, but the regu
lar and systematic life makes It possi
ble to stand It, nnd often a nurse vvlM
leave the hnsoltul stronger than she
was when entering.
Most of the nurses take up private
nursing ufter leaving the school nnd
find to their surprise that t tltlng caie
of one patient outside is bard--r wo:k
tlvtn to care for six In the hosi lt:il.
Where in the bn-j ltal plie has regular
hours for rest, she now has hurd'v any
time away from tl o s ck-ioom. The ef
fort to lie always calm nnd ch-erful,
the anxiety over the patient, the Ions
hours nnd the Irregular rest undermine
her heallh in n very short time. Rec
ords show that a mil-Si doing private
nur.dng hnn never been able to nand
the work more limn ten years.
May we then ask of the public tho
consideration for Ihe trained nnrs
which she so much needs and so well
deserves-. HL1H K. KUAH.MEit.
A CHILDREN'S WARD.
Who docs hot love children? There
must be something very unnatural In
of Flour in
7 Days in
Out of Door
the construction of a man or woman
who cannot be attracted to or inter
ested In little children. Their" very
innocence, naturalness and helpless
ness draw 19 to them and make ua
care for and love them. If this be tru '
of children who enjoy the greatest Of
all blessings, health, how much more '
should we feel for and wish to be a ,
blessing to the less fortunate little
ones, those who He day after day suf
fering from disease or deformity.
Childhood Implies or suggests health.
happiness, vlffor.and exuUej-ant spirits,
oui nuii inaiiy nine ones never Know
the joys of such a childhood, but are
doomed to weary beds of pain. Per
haps the little one has met with some
serious accidents or disease has over
taken It, or may be It Is tho victim of
some hereditary trouble. Whatever
the case may be, it is sad Indeed.
Where comforts and luxuries abound
and everything can be done that Is
suggested for the welfare of the little
sufferer it is hard enough.
But do we give much thought to
those who have not even the neces
sltics.much less the comforts of life,
who are obliged to see their little ones
suffer and waste away and feel how
helpless they are to provide aid. Even,
perhaps, If they have medical or Bur-.
gical attendance the child may need
careful nursing, nourishing diet, etc.,
which the parents are unable to pro
cure for lack of means. You muy sajr.
Why do they not send the child to the
hospital? Did you not know there Is
no children's ward provided? True,
there nre some children there now and
have been the greater part of the time,
but they occupy places in the men's
and women's wards; and, while they
are being helped back to health, still
It Is hardly the proper place for chil
dren to be.
In the first place, they are occupying;
space that Is meant for adult patients;
next, the environments are not those
with which we should wish to surround
little sick children. Imagine In a char
ity hospital, such as the Lackawanna,
a severe accident case being brought
In, perhaps from a mine explosion or
something similar. The patient, suf
fering indescribable agony, may be
placed In a lied adjoining or very near
the one occupied by a little child.
Think how the moans and groans
would affect a strong man or woman.
I wonder how tho little child, weak
and nervous from its own suffering,
must feel! Then, perhaps, as does
sometimes happen, the accident case
dies In view of these little patients.
What a shock It would be for us who
are well and strong to witness such a
sight. Can you picture anything more
distressing for a child to bear? These
thoughts are not pleasant to dwell on
and It must be unnecessary to cite any
more reasons why a children's ward Is
needed in our city.
The Lackawanna hospital Is doing a
grand and noble work, but It Is much
handicapped for lack of room. What Is
more needed than a children's ward?
Only one charity hospital in this
large and growing city, and practi
cally no place in It for the sick arid
suffering children. It was a sweet
tiling for those young girls to do a
short time ago when they held a fair
nnd entertainment nt n private resi
dence nnd realized a handsome amount
of money for some missionary or char
itable work. The thought suggests lr
self that other circles of girls might
form themselves Into a society and do
similar work for this new undertaking.
What could be more lovely than to
see girls and boys who are blest with
health and vigor working for the poor
little unfortunate ones who are around
them? Some have nlrendv been at
work: two Sunday schools in the city
sent in handsome contributions a short
time ugo; others also havebecome In
terested anil have sent In their contrib
utions, nnd only a few days ago two
ladies nsked permission of the direct
ors to go among their friends and so
licit for the children's ward. The per
mission was t-eadily granted and In a
very short, time the ladies returned
nnd placed 27i In Miss Kraemer'i
hands. They found their frlend3 more
than willing to contribute to such a
worthy cause. If any think It is not
worthy, let them visit the Lackawanna
hospital and see the dear little chil
dren who are there receiving rare anil
t'-entment, und who while suffering
pain an still patient and wear 'bright,
smiling laces. We, who are In health
and In the enjoyment i f many bless
ings beside, may draw a lesson In
cheerfulness, patient, endurance and
contentment from these little suffer
ers. After u visit to the hospital we
are sure nn one will fall to see the tie
cesslly of a children's ward.
. u .iju.. BERTHA E. FULTON. ,jt