The Scranton tribune. (Scranton, Pa.) 1891-1910, April 29, 1896, Page 11, Image 11

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Topics of Interest to All Members of
the Ceitle Sex. .
Carefally Selected Recipes. Suggestions
a to the Car of iho noma and
Other Matters Entering lato "
Womaa's Widening Sphere.
"Complaint appears," says the Chl-cagoTlmes-Herald,
"not ony In the
United States but In France and Eng
land that with adoption of the bicycle,
golf, tennis, tha rltle and the sword for
fencing by women a new type of the sex.
Is appearing. It Is the grown-up tom
boy, the adult hoyden. Such a. .com
plaint ought not to be permitted to
endure. Athletics ought to be as sal
utary for women as for men. The open
air Is as natural atmosphere for. the
one sex as for the other. Judicious
muscular development is as wholesome
for one-half the human species a for
I he other half. There Is no more rea
Hon why healthful exercise, even If ac
quired In the form of H!ort. should
make women unwomanly than that the
fame exercise should make men ruf
l'ans. The woman hoyden Is only the
effeminate modulation of the male
rowdy. Neither Is a legitimate product
of fresh air, genuine sport or enliven
ing recreation. indeed, for women,
athletic exercise within metes and
bounds cannot be too earnestly recom
mended. Society having done Its 'best
to place her for by far the greater
portion of her life In nulet and seclu
sion. Bhe Is liable to become Inert be
cause of foreordained Inaction, and to
degenerate Into llubblness for lack of
reasonable employment of her natural
force. Conventionality conspires with
nurses, mothers, doctors, preachers and
teachers from her cradle to send her to
her grave without any more of physical
development than she Is likely to wrest
from her environment In spite of Its
restraints. Woman Is physically
strongest In those countries In which
conventionality Impinges least on her
personal liberty, and the greatest
boon nature elves to her sex, mother
hood, she enjoys to the highest degree
where she has liberty of flesh air, free
dom of personal Inclination, and a much
larger measure of physical activity
than she gets In countries where.for the
present, Intellectual and social progress
are deemed higher by -women them
selves than a rounded-out and Bym
metrical development of body and
ii jr ii
"Athletics In women s colleges are al
most unknown as yet.Indulgence In vig
orous pastimes is reluctant on the part
of most women students, and is even
viewed askance .by too large a propor
tion of their professional guides. Mens
Sana In corpore sano is not yet fully
understood In woman's education. The
bicycle, the ball, the racket, even the
toll If properly used, like good wine.
In moderation, must be good for normul
women. Instead of Inciting to hoyden-
ishuess, these animating expedients
should prove for their bodies what logic,
music, mathematics and poetry are for
the mind. Woman being physically
more plastic than mnn, she should find
in scientific gymnastics only the sculp
tor's dexterity and deftness. In ath
letics she ought to be able to correct
natural or acquired defects and to ap
proximate more nearly to the Ideal fem
inine model. According to multifarious
tradition, Venus found aquatics a pro
ducer and preserver of supreme beauty.
whose first and always indispensable
requisite is health. Diana was not the
less feminine for her skill In archery,
and Juno was more majestic by reason
of her ease with the reins. Of course
a refined woman will mount a wheel
In a reflned way, and a coarse woman
will show her coarseness In her dis
mounting. Correct sensibility is not a
universal quality in either man or wo
man, and it Is not to be greatly -In
creased or diminished by physical ex
ercise unusual for women except by the
exertion of the Individual will. ITob
ably a graceful woman will acquire, If
thoughtful, new grace by Indulgence In
moderate and modest sport, and an un
couth woman, In all probability, will be
coarsened by Indulgences throwing her
In novel and possibly, if she be a weak
woman, demoralizing familiarity with
promiscuous herds of men, none of
whom may have any Interest In safe
guarding her dignity, and many of
whom will not be disposed to respect
what all right-minded men consider the
delicacy of her sex
"Let women take all the physical ex
ercise they can that is good for their
health. Though a few may go to ex
cess and some Invite or tolerate a lack
of deference, an entire sex . not to be
punished for the folly or crossness of
a minority. Painting Is not to be aban
doned because of the existence of color
blindness nor music be left to perish be
cause deafness Is In the world. Every
exercise which tends to make woman
more healthful ought to make her more
amiable. To be alert should mean for
her to be more attractive and more ef
flcienl. Instead of losing womanliness
by athletics she should increase there
by Its charms."
The fact that drunkenness has of late
years decreased among men Is general
ly admitted, nnrl ft tins laii r Inmilnr
whether the use of intoxicants may not
nave increased during the same period
niiiuiiK women, a lew years ago
savs the Tlmca-HcriiM "ih .inhi r.t
reSDeCtable U-Omnn ftrlnlrlnir an Intnvl
cant at the public table of an American
hotel was unknown. Today it la so
common as almost to have ceased
causing surprise. At almost any first
class restaurant women, apparently
rational anq refined, take the cocktail
wnicn a lew years ago they knew noth
ing about, with as little embarrass
ment as their men companions; nor is
It as rare as It should be that women
will Order and drink cocktails even
when unaccompanied by men. The
latest prase of the Increase of lntoxl
pants among women Is found In the
fashionable candy establishments,
where, under various names, small
quantities of Intoxicating liquors are
mixed for the accommodation of a con
stantly enlarging demand. One of the
strongest arguments commonly used In
promotion of extension of suffrage to
women is that their Influence would
be cast In favor of conservative social
legislation, especially in relation to In
toxicants. All women inheriting Euro
pean Ideas about wine and beer see no
evil in their moderate use. if Ameri
can women, to the manner born, be
come themselves a tippling sex what
will remain, after awhile, of the force
of this argument? American physl
elans are largely responsible for the in
creased use of all kinds of liquor among
American women. They prescribe
stimulants In a large number of cases
of Invalidism among women, with tha
inevitable result that, whether snlutar
or not for the sick, the habit grows
among the healthful. It Is not a long
step from hops to corn, from the brew
to the still. It would surely be a melun
eholy phenomenon of the closing decade
or the century if intemperance, declin
ing among Intelligent American men,
should have made substantial and gen
eral advance among intelligent Ameri
can women.
The Jeanne d'Arc Home for French;
Swlsa and Belgian Girls was opened in
New Tork last week.' A picture of
Jeanne d'Arc, Jn her battle garb, draped
in the Frencn colors, nangs in the front
parlor. A statuette of Jeanne In
bronse, with two- white- roses at the
feet and the French and American flags
Intermingled above, stands on the man
tel. The house was presented by Miss
Catharine Theresa Smith in memory
of her mother, who was a French wo
man, as a home for French girls wno
are strangers in this country. - The
furniture -was obtained with the pro-
eeds of a fair, which was held under
the auspices of the Brothers of Mercy
for that purpose last December. French,
Swiss and Belgian girls who are catno
lies will be first received. Ji mere is
room Protestant girls will be received
as far as convenient There will be
clean, homelike surroundings for twen
ty-five girls, who will be expected to
pay $3.50 a week if they have the
means. For 15 cents a French girl ran
get her Sunday dinner there among her
own countrywomen. It Is expected to
furnish an opportunity aiso ior appli
cation for French servants. Nursery
maids and housemaids will form the
majority of the girls, who regard It as
home, though governesses may perhaps
find It convenient.
Vo less a nersonase than Sally Joy
White, well known In the world of bet
ters, considers the dishcloth the ple
beian dishcloth. If you please an ob
ject worthy of economical attention.
She observes: "It Is an economy al
ways to have the kitchen linen of the
neatest and nicest. Not necessarily tne
most expeslVe, but the choicest In ev
ery sense of the term. Cast-off towels
don't mnke the best dishtowels or even
dishcloths. You should get one dozen
dishcloths, and for these nothing Is bet
ter than Turkish toweling. Hem your
dishcloths; you will have more respect
for them if they are nicely finished.
and if you have a servant she will give
them better treatment. Then you win
want a doxen glass towels, a dosen tin
towels, have a doxen crash towels for
the hands, and a half doxen crash rol
ler towels. In case there Is a servant
to be considered you will want three
kitchen tablecloths and half a doxen
napkins. These may be of the halt
bleached damask which wears so well,
and which launders to a snowy white
In time." All of which is most wise
and practical advice to young house
Harriet Hubbard Ayer says In the
New York Journal that the leaBt of
fensive of all pigmentary discoloratlons
is lentigo, or freckles, certainly tnese
brown, oval-shaped spots dotted about
the face and hands are not pretty.
They do not look unclean, but they are
disagreeable and unpleasant. Freckles
are divided Into two classes. The first
iiBlsts of summer freckles, which
usually fall to the lot of fair-skinned,
light or auburn haired girls, and are
produced almost Instantly on exposure
to strong light, disappearing In a little
while if the subject remains within
doors or in the shade. The other form
of fr'-'-ies is called cold or winter
freck. i'hese never disappear ex
cept through external agencies, and
then only with the cuticle Itself. For
everyday or summer freckles the best
treatment is aa follows: f requent
bathing with pure soap and water, the
use of the scrubbing brush, and a dry
friction of the skin, carried to an ex
tent a litfle short of irritation. The ad
vantage of friction is not only that It
assists In cleaning the skin, but excites
cutaneous circulation. There are many
simple remedies which will hasten the
cure. The most effective of these to be
used In connection with the scrubbing
and dry friction are a cream or pomade
to use at night, Just before retiring,
and a wash to be used during the day.
The cream is made as follows:
I-anollne 6 grammes
Sweet almond oil 5 grummet
Sulphur (precipitated) 5 grammes
iixi'ie or zinc ."& grammes
Viulet extract H grummes
1'luce the sulphur and zinc first In the
mortar, then add the almond oil a little
at a time until a smooth paste Is form
ed; next add the lanollne and finally
the violet perfume.- Put in ointment
boxes and keep closed. This pomade
Is easily absorbed by the skin, and is
excellent, not only In the treatment of
freckles, but also for any of the lighter
skin eruptions which frequently annoy
girls between the ages of 14 and 18. In
the morning wash the ointment care
fully out of the skin and apply the fol
lowing lotion. Itepeat the application
of the lotion several times through the
LIqkor of potassa 1 fluid ounce
Distilled water 19 ounces
Mix, pour into a bottle and keep closely
Rhubarb, says the Sun. should be added
to the dully bill of fare during the early
spring. It is a healthful fruit and very
much valued for Its medicinal uualities.
The skin is said to contain the nutritions
properties and the flavor, so the stalks
BhouM be pulled and used when young and
tenuer, oetore tne outer sitin becomes
tough and stringy and it is necessary to
peel them. Rhubarb Is an excellent tonic,
and delicious and appetizing dishes may
be made with it. Always use granite,
earthen, or porcelain vessels for cooking
rhubarb, as the acid of the fruit will be
affected by tin or Iron ware. The leaves
should be cut from the stulks as soon bs
they are pulled, and It should be kept In
a cool place,
unuoaru may be canned and kept In
reudlness for shortcakes and many kinds
of desserts during another winter. Khu-
tiaru Jelly made for winter use should not
be put up until late in the season, when
the rhubarb is older. To make this Jelly,
wash the stalks and cut into small pieces.
Put them Into a preserving kettle with
water enough to cover them partly, and
boll until they are a soft mass.' Strain
turn to the. Deserving kettle. Whim the
juice has boned ten minutes add one
poll no or not sugar ror eacn pint oi juice
and the juice of one lemon to three pints
of the liquid Jelly. Boll fifteen minutes
longer or until it will jelly, and then
turn into tumblers. When the Jelly be
comes cold cover the glass with papers,
and keep them In a dark place.
Sulced rhubarb is excellent to serve with
meats. Slice the rhubarb, Into Inoh pieces
and weigh it. Put the fruit Into a poroe-lain-llneil
kettle, place It ever the back of
the lire where it will be heated and the
sugar dissolved, and adil a few whole
cloves and some stick cinnamon. Cook
slowly .until It is almost as thik as jam.
Turn Into glasses and, when It Is cold,
Perhaps the most wholesome way to
maKe rnunarD sauce is tnus: cut rhu
barb In pieces about an Inch In length,
Wash them and put the fruit Into n puree
lain or earthen pudding dish. To one
quart of cut fruit, use one cup of granu
lated sugar, a small half cup of water,
and a little grated orange or lemon peel
ing to suit the taste. Cover the dish with a
plate and bake in a slow oven from two
and a half to three hours. The fruit
should remain whole and the sauce be a
tine color.
Another way of cooking rhubarb Is to
make a rich syrup of granulated sugar and
a little water. Cook in it a few straws cut
from the yellow part of orange peel. Cut
the rhuburb In two-inch lengths and drop
enough of the pieces Into the syrup at
one time to make a single layer. Cook
them until they are clear and tender, then
drain out and place them In a glass dish.
Repeat until all the rhuburb la cooked.
Pour the syrup that remains over the
cooked fruit and serve cold.
Rhubarb slump Is much nicer than the
name would indicate. To make It, sift Into
a bowl One pint of flour, a saltspoonful of
salt, and one and ose-half teaspoonfuls
of baking powder, with the lingers rub
Into the dry ingredients one tablespoonful
of butter and the yolk of one egg. Then
add milk enough to make a batter thick
enouKh to Just roll. Shoe rhubarb enough
to till two-thirds of a pudding dish. Scat
ter over this halt a cup of seedless raisins
arid the same amount of granuluted sugar.
Over this spread the rolled dough, make
an opening to allow the steam to escape,
and place In a moderate oven. Cover the
dish for the first fifteen minutes, then
remove the cover and finish baking. Serve
hot in the dish used for baking, accompa
nied with a hard sauce.
A favorite dish In New England Is called
rhubarb fool. Wash and slice the rh'ubaib
thin, and put It into a porcelain kettle,
with only water enough to keep the fruit
from burning, Cover and stew slowly un
til the rhubarb Is tender,, then rub through
a colander, measure, and return to the
lire. To one pint of fruit put one ad one
half cups of sugar and one teaspoonful
of butter. When the mixture becomes
hot, pour it- over the well-beaten yolks
of three eggs and beat very hard. Menu-,
while have the white of the eggs beaten
stiff and stir them into the mixture. Turn
It Into a dish and serve very cold.
A delicious pudding Is rhubarb schollopa.
Butter it pudding dish and cover '.the bot
tom with a few fine bread-crumbs and
then with a layer of rhubarb that; has Immii
cut into thin 'pieces.- 8Jb,ttre; .rhu,
bnrb thickly witn sugar an .MiitKrat
in er onuige peel. Cover this with a
second Isyer of bread crumbs and over
the crumb put a few bits of butter, Con-
tlnue to lilt the dish In this way to the top.
The top layer should be crumbs. Bake
the pudding IB a slow oven until the
rhubarb is thoroughly cooked all through
and the top browned. It Is to be served
hot .
Another pudding may be made of rhu
barb with stale piece of bread. Cover
the bottom of a buttered pudding dish with
thin slices of buttered bread. Cover these
with rhubarb cut into small pieces. Sprin
kle generously with sugar and Scatter a
few raisins here aad there. Then put an
other layer of broad and butter and re
peat until the dish Is t?.-d. Cover and
bake half an hour; remove the cover an!
bake lifteen minutes longer. Serve the
pudding hot, with a rich liquid sauce. An
old-fashioned dessert Is rhubarb shortcake
and it is greatly liked by many. Wash
the rhubarb am cut It in nalf-lnen pieces.
Put them Into a granite" saucepan, and to
each pound of fruit allow half
a pound of sugar and a gill
on the back part of the range until the
of water. Cover the. pan and place It
sugar Is melted, then place the pan where
the rhubarb will simmer, but not boil,
until It Is tender. The rhubarb cooked In
this way should retain Its shape. A little
corn starch or arrowroot may be moist
ened and added to the etewed rhubarb if
the juice seems too thin. To make the
cake part, mix together one pint of flour,
one and one-half teaspoonfuls of baking
powder, one tablesuoonful of sugar, and
one-fourth of a teaspoonful of salt. With
the lingers rub into the dry Ingredients
two heaping tablespoonfuls of butter and
gradually stir In a scant cup of milk.
Dredge a moulding board with flour and
roll the dough out to an inch In thickness
and the site of a breakfast plate. Place
it on buttered tins and bake in a hot oven
about lifteen minutes. When the cakes
are done spilt them with a sharp knife
around the edge and break apart. Butter
the lower piece and spread thickly with
the prepared rhubarb. Place- the uppr
im4 nf thn pake on the too and cover with
the remaining fruit. Like all shortcakes
It Is much better If It can be served Im
mediately. Another of our grandmothers' recipes Is
rhubarb tapioca. Wash one large cupful
of pearl tapioca and soak It in three pints
of water four hours. Butter" a pudding
dish and cover the bottom with a thick
laver of cut rhubarb. Urate a little orange
peel over It ami sprinKie tnicaiy wim su
gar. Turn over this half of the soaked
tapioca and dot with tiny bits of butter.
Put on another layer of rhubarb and
finish with the tapioca. Bake one hour
in a moderate oven. It should be eaten
warm with sweetened cream.
To make rhubarb jelly for a dessert:
Soak one box of gelatine in a large cup of
cold water one hour. Take one dozen
stalks of rhubarb and cut it into small
pieces. Wash and put them Into a graniio
or porcelain saucepan with one pound of
sugar. Cover and cook fifteen minutes.
Adil the soaked gelatine and stir until It
is dissolved and remove from the fire ami
strain into the liquid Jelly the Juice of a
small orange. Turn Into a mould and set
In a cow place to Harden, serve wr.u
whipped cream.
To make rhubarb pie: Chop or slice
very thin enough rhubarb to make a good
pint. .Mix together one and a half cups of
granulated sugar, two teaspoonfuls of
flour, two beaten eggs, and a slight grat
ing of lemon peel. Stir with the cut rhu
barb. Line pie plates with rich pie crust
and lill with rhubarb mixture. Cover with
an upper crust. Bake the pies In a moder
ately quiCK oven at nrsi una men reuiice
the heat. Or this recipe may be followed:
Cut the rhubarb Into small pieces, put it
Into a saucepan with a very little water,
and stew slowly until soft. Moisten a
little cornstarch In water and add to the
fruit. For each pie add one well-beaten
egg anl a piece of butter the size of a
walnut. Line deep pie plates with rich
mists and till them with the DreDared rhu
barb. I .ay narrow strips of the paste
crosswise over tne pie and oaae in a mou
erate oven.
Rhubarb pies with two crusts are orton
made without adding the egg. Fill '.he
lined plate with the cut rhubarb and scat
ter a few raisins among It. Add sugar and
a grating of lemon peel before putting
over tne upper crust.
Bacon and Liver Stew. Pour boiling
water over a beef or calf liver, let stand
one-half hour, then cut the liver with
deep gushes. Insert thin slices of bacon In
these cuts and fasten In with toothpicks.
Have three or four slices of bacon In the
pot over a hot tire, frying with an onion
cut tine; when fried to a crisp put the liver
in, cover tigntiy, let cook aoout ten min
utes, turnlnc often, then dredse well
with flour, pour boiling water over till the
liver Is covered, put on the top of the
stove where it will cook slowly. Cook
three hours; a nice brown gravy will be
done with tne liver.
Yellow Cake. One cut) of granulated su
gar, one-half cup butter, yolks of live
eggs, one-half cup of milk, two and one-
hair cups or nour, one teaspooniui oi nag
Inir Dowder. flavor.
A Cheese Sandwich. Pound together to
a smooth paste one part of fresh butter
and two parts of Parmesan cheese, with
made mustard to taste. Butter some thin
slices of bread with this mixture and lay
on half their number thin slices of chicken.
ham or other kind of meat desired. Press
the cheese spread on the above, and cut
Into neat, narrow sannwicnes.
How to Cook Codfish. A new and most
excellent dish of coiltlsh. invented or dis
covered by Miss Bedford, of the r -k
School of Cookery, is prepared In the fol
lowing way. - As I have not the exact for
mula 1 can only give It to you as it came
to me: Tuke a good-sized piece of the
llsh, freshen and soften it by soaking in
cola water and take out the bones. ' Par
boil the fish in milk and season it with
white pepper and a dash of paprika. Take
from the milk, break into Hakes and put
into a saucepan with the juice of one
onion and a large piece of butter, and heat
until a light brown at the edges. Add to
the fish a cupful of the meats of boiled
walnuts, thicken the flour In which It was
boiled slightly and brown In the oven.
Maraschino Punch. For lunches which
have llirhter courses than dinners llauid
appetizers are appropriate, and the varl-
mi "ariungemeniw or liquors wun
orange or grupe fruits are considered de
lleiniis. One of these Is known as mara
schino punch, and Is prepared In the fol
lowing manner: Select as many large
oranges as the number of guests requires,
and prepare them by giving each one a
transverse cut anout nair an men irom
tti o too. The Interior and Mils sliced
part alno are then nicely scooped out and
the pulp is pressed Into a sieve until thn
Juice Is all extracted. This Is sweetened to
taste and weakened with a little water
until a strong orangeade Is made. Into
this is nnaliy poureu a sumcieni quantity
nf maraschino to flavor the mixture agree
ably, and the empty oranges are filled
with It. Two straws are then prettily tied
to the tons by narrow ribbons drawn
through two punctures. These ribbons
must match the other decorations of the
table, and harmonize as well with the col
or of the oranges themselves. When the
cap Is fitted again they are ready for
serving. They may be prevented from
upsetting and spilling the contents by be
ing put in paper cases upon small aeoor
ated plates. Philadelphia Record.
The woman whose eyes are tired all the
time should bathe them frequently in salt
water. A teaspoonful of salt, to half a
gluss of water, applied with soft lineu
cloth. Bathe the first thing on rising, but
do not rub the ball of the eye harshly, as
that Is said to flatten It and destroy the
sight. Once or twice during the day, and
on retiring, will improve the eyes materi
ally. Salt water will not make the eyes
smart unless mere is some toreign sua
stance in the water or salt.
A torpid liver Is one of the concomitants
of spring. Some people find great relief
from the "gone" feeling experienced on
rising In the morning, and caused by s
torpid liver, by drinking the juice of one
lemon In a glass of cool water, in which Is
Just a sprinkle of liver. An orange eaten
Derore leaving tne room is anoiner remedy
Hull baths are nronounced good for nerv-
oua and worn-out people. Put a table-
spoonful of kitchen salt, or two or three,
as your skin will stand It, Into a quart ol
hot. water. Use a flannel cloth, a good.
big one, which half wring out of the salt
water, and then rub yourself for dear life.
It Is very Invigorating for some, and there
are others who can't stand It at all. The
only way to find out is to test It. If you
feel Urea and exhausted after it, lessen the
salt. If that ooes not nip you, stop it en
Why is it that a poor tired woman has
the rabies every time anybody suggests
that she rest live minutes every hour by
lying down on a couch? Physicians Buy
that it Is one of the very best ways In the
world for a woman to keep up her
strength, and that she can accomplish
twice as much work if she will only take
moderate care of horself. Have a couch
In the kitchen. If you can, and drop
nown wun yuur eyen eiuseu gnu limOS TC-
laxeu.- wasningion mar,
. Plaster of Paris figures and 'busts are
apt to become soiled and discolored. The
nest way to clean tnem is to make a strong
solution of saleratus In water, stand the
figures In It, and throw the water ovei
them. Places badly soiled may be rubbed
with a soft cloth. Rinse In clean ulm.
tus water and let them dry without wlp-
Fine china or colored' class mav hm neat'
ly mended by painting the edges with the
white of an egg lightly beaten, dipping
the edge in finely powdered unslacked
-time, and quickly pressing the two edges
tugriiier turn iiuiumfr nrmiyi ror a row
moments, i ne lime will Slacken and hard
en very quickly.
Save your white cotton rags. They will
make pretty rugs for the bathrooms. Cut
them Into narrow strips, sew the strips
together, and wind them Into balls, and
when you have enough prepared have
them woven with a blue warp the size
reaulred. Put a blue cotton frince at
each end.
During the swing renovatlnr. If aa old
wall paper Is to be removed, before going
to work close the doors and windows
tightly, place an old boiler or tub In the
room, and Hl it with boiling water. Tne
steam will moisten the paper, and the
worn may oe uone quicker ana more eas
ily. Dissolve a tablespoonful of turpentine In
two quarts of hot Water and use for
washinr class dishes or globes. It will
give them a lustre.
Turpentine win remove paint irom wool
len or silk fabrics. Saturate the spot
with spirits of turpentine and allow It to
remain for hours. Rub the cloth between
the fingers and the paint will crumble
off without Injuring the goods.
it is not known that rats cannot resist
sunflower seeds. A trap baited with these
seeds is the most effectual method of
catching them.
Shoes that have become stiff and uncom
fortable by being worn in the rain or that
have been lying unused for some time
may be made soft and pliable by vaseline
weii-ruDDed in wun a cloth ana ruooea on
with a dry cloth.
If cayenne Deuner Is strewn In the kitch
en storeroom It will keep ants and cock
roaches away. A cloth wet with cayenne
in solution and stuffed into a mouse hole
will prevent the Intrusion of thes trouble
some visitors.
When packing away ermine furs for the
summer, place some pieces of white wax
in witn them to Keep mem irom growing
yellow. Put them in a cotton bag that
has been colored with bluing, or use dark
blue paper.
A nound of coDDeras. which can be
bought tor a few cents, dissolved In a gal-
ion or Dolling water, is excellent 10 ciearwo
a sink or closet. Remember the copperas
Is poisonous. 'New York Sun.
Expenses of the lulled States Are Enor-
mous-The People All Called t oon to
Pay Liberally for Many Things.
Wellman, In Pittsburg; News.
If you want to get an Idea of the
vaatneBs of this country, consult some
of the appropriation bills recently
passed by congress. Take, for example,
the sundry civil bill, a measure In which
appropriations for all sorts of purposes
not otherwise classified are dumped, as
Its title would Indicate. Some of the
Items In this bill will give the reader an
idea of the vastness of the country and
also of the almost endless responsibil
ities of the government For Instance.
here Is an appropriation of J13.500 ror
relief of the native Inhabitants of Alas
ka, the poor children of nature, who
would starve If Uncle Sam did not help
them out. Resides this we spend 30,000
a year for educating those natives ana
$5,000 In the experiment of raising; rein
deer for their use. one of the surpris
ing Items of the bill is 1577,000 for arti
ficial limbs and appliances for disabled
soldiers. The appropriation for tms
purpose last year was only $132,000. but
Chairman Cannon of the appropriation
committee of the House explains ti..-t
the maimed veterans are entitled to re
newal of their artificial limbs every
third year, and that this Is the year
when most of them get a new outfit.
It must be a pretty big- country in
which It costs $810,000 a year to pay the
salaries of the custodlansand Janitors of
public buildings. No ' wonder Uncle
Ham Is poor when he is In the Janitor
business to that extent. Why, It costs
$52,000 a year to keep the public parks
and grounds In this city In good trim,
and none of the money Is wasted either.
This Is exclusive of the Capitol grounds,
which takes $ more. To ugnt tne
Capitol one year costs $21,000 and to
keep it In repair $25,000. ThP White
House is almost as expensive. Its "ex
penses" are put down at $30,uoo a year
and lighting at $15,000.
Uncle Bam spends a good deal of his
money for printing and engraving;. The
appropriation for the coming fiscal year
for engraving and printing, which
means for the manufacture of money,
securities, revenue stamps, etc., is $1,-
100,000. In addition to this it costs con
slderably more than $1,000 a week for
the distinctive paper used for the print
ing of government securities. For pub
lic printing- and binding, which means
the government printing office, the ap
propriation is $3,110,000, or $10,000 for
every working day,
It costs the government $125,000 a year
to enforce the Chinese exclusion act and
$100,000 to enforce the alien contract la
bor law.
The United States has a great many
separate establishments of which the
people do not hear much, but all of
which have to be supported, and the
aggregate cost Is a very pretty sum,
Not a few of these concerns are appro
priated for in other bills, but the follow
ing appear in the sundry civil:
The coast and geodetic survey, which
triangulates the coasts and mountains,
costs $3!io,ouo a year.
The fish commission, which Intro
duces food fishes to waters of all parts
of the country, requires $340,000 a year.
The geological survey, which makes
scientific examinations of the country,
cannot get along with less than $447,000.
Homes for disabled volunteer soldiers
cost $2,467,000 a year and in addition to
this appropriation $725,000 Is given In
aid of homes for soldiers and sailors In
states and territories,
The Inter-State Commerce commis
sion, which will amount to something
under recent decisions of the Supreme
court, requires $2Z5,ouo a year.
The life saving service, one of the
most admirable branches of the gov
ernment. Is supported on $1,537,000 a
year, while the lighthouse establish
ment including beacons and fog sig
nals, eats up $3,042,ooo,
The revenue cutter service, which
comprises a fleet of vessels for the pro
tection of the coasts against smuggling,
costs $990,000 a year.
The Imorovemnts of rivers and har
bors already authorised by law require
found In this hodge podge budget are
tne iouowing:
For publication of records of the re
hnlllnn 11 IK AAA
For suppressing counterfeiting and
tuner crimes, tiw.wu.
For the Washington monument, $11
Kfin. .
For tbe Yellowstone National park
For headstones, etc., In national
cemeteries, $220,000.
For fuel, lights and water for public
buildings. $900,000.
For furniture for public buildings.
For Chirkamauga and Chattanooa
nark. 175.000.
For recoinage of gold coins. $5,000; for
rei-oinage or. suver coins, $100,000. .
For the astrophyslcal observatory,
Rmlthsnnlnn InatttuH nn 41 ft AAA
For taret range at Jefferson barracks,
These Items give a good Idea of the
multiplicity of the demands which are
mn rift nnnn T Tm ,1 o Sam'
An appropriation which will please
many people is izo.uw to defray the ex-
pennes ui a Hcienunc commission to
i re
port tne Desi means or preserving
lorests or me united states.
It is indeed a great country and
great government.
Chronie Rheumatism Cured.
Dr. B. H. Hettinger. Indianapolis, Ind.
says: "For several months after snraln
Ing my ankle I was severely afflicted
witn Kneumausm. i nnaliy tried Det-
ptiAn'a 'Mvatln din' fnp PhAiiMatlom
and In 4 days could walk without my
cane; two bottles cured me sound and
well. I take great pleasure In recom
mending the 'Mystic Cure' to all who
are afflicted with Rheumatism." Sold
oy can Lorens, uruggist, 418 Lacka
wanna avenue, ucranton. .
When you- think of the Nlckef Plats'
Road it brings to mind that delicious
meal you had In the Dining Car, and
the line service and Low Rates, and
you wonder why people will travel via
any other line,
Competition for tbe Tii-PIte Trade
Betweei Amerkt aid Kales.
The Falllat Oft or the Tla-Wste Trade
Wales attributed to the V'area
eoaable itessaads of tha
Tne well known editor of the Ameri
can Artisan is now on a vlalt In Car
diff and Is the guest of the editor-in-chief
of the Western Mail. He was in
terviewed by one of the reporters or
that paper on the tin plate situation,
which Is as follows:
How Is it that the tin Dlate trade
with America has seriously fallen off
of late?"
Because vour manufacturers do not
compete with ours now," replied Mr.
Stern. "You used to contend In Wales
some years ago that tin plates could
not be-made successfully in America,
but, as a matter of fact, we are mak
ing tin platea now and In competition
with Wales."
And how has this change in position
of things come about?"
I claim that the workmen of wales
are responsible for It. and. Indirectly;
the masters, for allowing the workmen
to dictate to them. The tin plate trade
was once considered Indigenous to
Wales, and never should have been
transplanted, but now It has gone, and
not only America, but Spain. France
and Germany are In keen competition
with Wales. The Welsh workmen are
acting very unwisely, and how they
tolerate such a lot of agitators as those
who now lead them by the nose is a
matter of surprise to me. They have
been preaching for years In favor of re
striction of make, but I have yet to
hear of the first valid reason for sup
posing that restriction of make will
prevent competition. Nine-tenths of
the machinery we use In America Is
Welsh machinery. The labor agitators
here will not permit the men to make
more than thirty-six boxes to the turn.
But in America the workmen turn out
nearly twice as many boxes with the
same machinery In eight hours and are
receiving double the amount of wages,
Sometimes we have Welsh workmen
and sometimes American workmen,
and the minimum quantity turned out
is fifty-six boxes. In some places tne
average Is as high as sixty and sixty-
four boxes per turn. As we get aouDie
the auantlty of work turned out that
you do here. It naturally follows that
the cost of production the wqrk being
done by tne same kind of macninery
as you have here would be very much
'Then vou think restriction of out
put Is a delusion and a snare?"
'The restriction or output mignt nave
affected the prices when Wales had a
monopoly. But Wales has no monopo
ly now. If you did not make a box In
twenty years It would not affect us In
'Does your observation of the present
state of the Welsh trade enable you to
suggest a remedy ?
'If you can make tinplate cheaper
here than In America we would buy
them, but the way in which the men
carry on things here makes It Impos
sible for Welsh manufacturers to com
pete with us. My suggestion Is that
the masters shall endeavor to educate
the workmen and show thorn that the
restriction of the make has been their
curse. The workmen do not control the
mills In America. Every year the
amalgamated association nf the rep
resentatives of the masters and men
holds a meeting and there is a confer
ence, which lasts sometimes one day,
sometimes a week. There are some hot
fights at these conferences, but eventu
ally a sliding scale Is settled upon, and
they all stick to it. The American
workman has got the Interest of his
employer at heart, but with you In
Wales it seems to me the workmen are
Jealous If their masters make a dollar.
"Then you think there ought to be
a better feeling existing between mas
ters and workmen here?"
"The workmen and the masters
should certainly work more in unison.
and the men should not allow them
selves to be led away by such a set of
agitators as those now at their head,
If trade across the water got anything
like as bad as the tinplate trade Is here,
and if men carried on things with such
a high hand, the masters would starve
them out and get rid of the agitators.
And I may say here that the masters
in Wales will never get any satlsfac
tton as long as the present agitators are
at the head of the workmen. Another
thing responsible for the tinplate trade
being driven from this district is the
Jealousy that exists between the mas
ters themselves. My suggestion Is that
Welsh tinplate manufacturers should
now try to make tinplates as cheaply
as possible, and the workmen should
assist them in doing this and not allow
themselves to be misled by ignorant
"Are the American plate of as good
Quality as the Welsh plates?"
"There Is no question about quality,
We get our materials from the same
place as you do yours, and if you can
not make tinplate more cheaply than
your competitors In America and on
the continent you may as well not make
them at all."
Mr. Stern also said he did not under
stand why the Welsh manufacturer did
not encourage the use of tin-plates for
roofs which could be made Impervious
to water and storm proof. They used
millions of boxes of tin every year
In America for this purpose, and
why could it not be done here,
A suggestion which he had made
In this direction the other day was
commented upon al the Swan
sea Exchange, and a very prominent
builder made the statement that he had
Investigated the matter and found that
the difference in the cost between slate
roofing and tin-plate roofing was as be
tween 7d. and HVfcd. Slate would, of
course, last longer than tin for roof
ing purposes, but then the difference In
the price made up for any shortcoming
of that kind. . The walls and rafters
need not be so substantial to hold a
tin-plate roof as a slate roof, and this
would, of course, be a great advantage
in its favor. In America the tin-plates
used for roofing purposes were covered
with red oxide of iron paint, and this
would preserve them and keep out the
"Tln-platlng Is also used for a variety
of other purposes In America." con
tlnued Mr. Stern, "and I would advise
that Welsh manufacturers should look
out for new markets. By the bye. In
order that tin-plate roofing should be
satisfactory, the plates would have to
be fixed on the lock-seam principle, and
not by driving a few nails Into them
"I understood that the tin-plate In
dustry Is not in a very healthy condl
tion in America just now?"
"That is so, and the reason of It Is
that a great many manufacturers have
accepted bonuses In the shape of land
or cash from land syndicates, and are
obliged to keep their works going
wneiner iney pay or not. The land
syndicates get a handsome revenue
from the rentals of houses built In prox
lmlty to the works. The syndicate svs
tern, however, cannot last, and It has
virtually orougnt about a crises al
The only Welsh Radical member of par
liament who In unblessed with superflu
ous modesty is Mr. Rills Jnnea (IrllHth
the member for Anglesey. He is an old
presiaent oi ins i;amDriage union, a bar
rister of the same standing on the North
Wales circuit, and a frequent speaker at
meetings of the literary caucus. Yet he
nan not openeu ni mourn in parliament.
Mr. Thomas Darllnirton. whn vlalteA
Bcranton in 1894 and delivered a Welsh
speech at the. laurel Hill park eisteddfod
n in tan oi ism, win lane up nis resi
dence at Aberystwlth In June nxt
Though he is a master of a vigorous and
idiomatic Welsh style and ran speak
Welsh with but little of tbe liedlaita of
the Saxon, 1t Is curious that he has never
lived in Wales. He was born In the border
county of Shropshire, and was led to
take aa interest in Welsh matters through
his friendship wih an eld Welsh farmer
la the parish.
Two Welsh blshoiui tiava umuml mm
members of a choir at national elstedd-
louau. tne oisoop or uangor Is tbe for
tunate posseesor of a fine baritone voice,
which Is probably the most sonorous or
gan on the episcopal bench, and he ap
peared among the bassers at the Brecon
National Eisteddfod. The Roman Cath.
olic Vicar Apostolic of Wales the Bishop
of Ascalon In partlbus who Is a brother
or Hir tiers Mfwty-n. and to the
elder branch of Lord Mostyn'a family,
also appeared at the Carnarvon eisteddfod
as a lenor In the Birkenhead Male choir.
"Abwvdvn." writes "Another Welsh
man," "Is a favorite word with the bards.
Professor Rhys years ago In the days
when he had not yet learned pfidence
and discretion made aa onslaught oil the
bards, which the sons ot Ceridwen re
sented as hotly as they do the Iconoclas.n
of Professor Morris Jones. They avenged
themselves by hurling 'englyition, at the
professor, and the concluding couplet has
stuck in popular memory ever since. Pro
fessor itnys, oe it noted, was at one
time a schoolmaster at Rhosybol, in An
glesia: ttnys uacn o Rhosybol,
llyll abwydyn hoilvwLodol.
It Is significant that the learned principal
has not entered, the held In defence of his
distinguished pupil.
Mrs. Ceirioff Huches is housekeener to
Lord Rendel's brother, at Newcastle-on-
Tyne, and lives close to Ernest Rhys' ta
The Rev. W. A. Edwards the nromoter
of the "Church Reform" meeting, la the
only son of the Rev. William Edwards,
rector or Lianuow, and is, tiiererore, the
nephew of tbe Bishop of St. Asaph. Mr.
Edwards was educated at Llandovery and
t'owbrldge schools and Jesus college, tlx-
lorn, ne is oareiy years or age, an-i
possesses more than his share of the fam
ily good looks and fluency of tongue. He
was very popular at oxrord and is cer
tain to be heard of In the Welsh church.
He Is married to the daughter of a 'soulre
in tne vaie or iiiamorgan.
Mr. William Jones, "of Oxford." has not
severed his connection with that seat of
learning on the election to the house of
commons. Twice or three times a week
he tourneys to the city on the Isls. and
Instructs the students of Somervlile Hall
on the beauties of English. French. Ger
man ana Italian literature, so engrossed
Indeed is the versatile rentleainn In this
fascinating work that he is in danger of
iorgemng tne true functions or a mem
ber ot parliament. Certain it Is that.
though the house has been sitting for
several months and several Welsh ques
tions have been discussed, the member for
North Carnarvonshire has contributed
nothing to the wisdom, amusement or in-
iormation ot tne nouse,
The Hon. Slinasbv Bethnll. clerk to the
house of lords. Just deceased, boasted in
a Velsh name. The Bethells are supposed
to nave written tneir names originally
au linens.
At the Wrexham eisteddfod on flood
Friday not one of the three presidents
could boast of Welsh blood. Two were
Englishmen and the third was a German,
yet the trio are said to be good Welsh
Political parties In the narlsh of t.landv-
sui are known as Long Horns and Short
Horns. All the members of the new parish
councils are long Horns, and it is expect
ed that some ripping good bull tights will
tune piuee.
A lurae eacle has -been filnviilni? the
farmers cf South Pembrokeshire recently.
It has carrledway a lamb and
parties hjii been organized, but, like
the Llbflratlonist, the unwelcome visitor
is sun ut lurge.
The news that the nrlnea at Wales will
visit Alierstwlth struck terror Into the
hearts of the county police. This feelltiif
found vent in an atiueal bv the men In he
SUUUlled W'th new clothes for the neeaalnn
It is understood that the Glamorgan uiil-
lonn is tne stanuarii or tneir guadv ne.
sires, with the single exception that the
front plate on the helmet will, as usual,
bear a fac simile of the rountv seal, whl.-h
gives a prominent position to an outline
or tne iiuuuiugs or tne university college,
of Wales.
Old sights are changed, there is no doubt,
mm, ui tneir glory is not gone.
Some nooks and corners are found out
Kor poets' eyes to dwell upon.
He who retirement seeks may yet
Some charming little spots secure,
Whereon the sun of life may set
In splendour monarchs could endure.
The tilctureealie Is not destroyed.
Though marred In some respects, wc
And spirits, by Its charms decoyed,
Oft hither come from far and near.
Romantic scenery abounds
As in the Idle days of yore,
And here and there are lovely grounds,
Where one might bide for evermore.
Beauty and grandeur aye will dwell
Within the range of Aberdare
As long as men can feel and spell
Its vales and hills have everywhere.
Majestic oaks still spread their limbs.
Display the strength that men admire,
And when no cloud the cornllelds dims
They flame up with poetic tire!
Yea, truly Aberdare affords
To weary men a neaceful rest
Rich groves wherein Dame Nature hoards
neaun-giving germs tor every guest,
And What Is Better Still, a Good, Kind
One of the ladles In waiting on Queen
Victoria, in a letter to a friend in this
country, tells an amusing story of the
queens kindness and tact. During her
Biay at usnorne castle an Irish nurse
came with her little charges, the chll
dren of the duke of U., to visit the chil
dren oi tne frlncess of Battenbers-.
While they were at tea In the nursery
the queen entered unexpectedly. Irish
Nelly stood up, pale and trembling. The
queen presently saw tier, andt said,
"The children do credit to your care
of them."
On this Nelly fell on her knees in a
frenzy or embarrassment, crying out:
"ies, o yueen; no, o Queen!" bend
Ing her head with each sentence. "It's
from the County Cork I came, an' little
does me father know I do be acquaint
ed this day wid the great queen of the
The children hurst Intr. nhrlcVu nf
laughter, but the queen, checking the
smile that rose to her own lips, shook
her head at them, gently bade the wo
mand rise, and sent her upon an er
rand until Bhe should recover her wits,
Tbe early biographies of Victoria de
scribe her as Imperious In manner and
fully conscious of the gulf that sepa
rated her from the rest of mankind
The Duke of Wellington, after an au
dience with his youthful sovereign,
once shrugged his shoulders as he came
out, saying with a laugh
"How the little lady does love to
But the officials that surround her at
court now In her old age represent her
as kind and considerate of the feelings
and comfort of her poorest servant or
neighbor, and apparently forgetful, In
her attention to the great questions of
the day, of her own exalted rank.
The great queen ruling for more than
half a century over a large portion of
the globe Is taught by years, like the
ordinary woman, to feel that all men,
rulers and ruled, stand on one level as
children of the sama Father. Youth's
Nature's Crestlon to Enable Peopto to
Find North snd South.
The "compass plant" Is one of the
oddest creations of the vegetable king
dom. It derives its name from the fact
that Its leaves always point directly
north and south. So, If you are out on
a Western prairie and lose your way,
Just look for one of the plants and re
member that they always point in the
directions Indicated.
HotanlBts call this curious plant
"Helphlum Laclnlatum." It Is unpre
tentious In appearance and bears yellow
flowers that are not unlike field daisies.
It has a remarkably thin leaf, so thin
as to be noticeable even to the untutored
eye. The "compass plant" Is really a
Western flower, and Is Indigenous to
the prairies of that section, New York
Uniformed colored porters are In
charge of day coaches to show all atten
tion to the passengers on the Nickel
Plate Road
Lots ot women suffer constantly,
and seldom utter complaint.
Good men rarely know the pa la ,
endured by the women of their owm.
household, or the efforts they make to
appear cheerful and happy whea they
ought to be in bed,-their sufferiaf is
really so great.
Our habits of life and dren tall
sadly upon women's ,
delicate organiza
ought to
be told
the danger
lies, for
whole fn-1
ture may I
upon that
and how tol
overcome it.
There is no'
need of our de-l
scribing the ex
periences of
inch women 1
here, they are '
too well known by those who have nf
fered, but we will impress upon every
one that these are the never-failins;
symptoms of serious womb trouble,
and unless relieved at once, a life will
be forfeited.
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com
pound never fails to relieve the distress
Ing troubles above referred to i it has
held the faith of the women of America -for
twenty years.
It gives tone to the womb, strength
ens the muscles, banishes backache
and relieves all pains incident to
women's diseases.
A Story of Slow Not to Hear a Play Fitted '
to Fashionable Requirements.
From the New York Evening Sun.
Leaving the street outside, he en
tered the luxurious reception room of
Mildred Frothingham s ancestral home
on One Hundred and Sixteenth street.
Aa the time waned on apace Algernon
de Mongmorongcy grew steadily more .
Impatient. Twice did he importune the
maid servant to convey a message to
her lady. At 7.68 p. m. he sent up this
"The show begins at 8 p. m."
At 8.13 another missive was dis
patched. It ran thus:
"The show Is on; are you?"
To these came answers of uniform
courtesy and encouragement. Noting
the status of his chloride of gold chron
ometer at 8.19, he heaved a saffron sigh
and muttered cheerily:
"I wouldn't have had Job's Job for 19."
Mildred Frothlrighum. effulgently
gowned In a supiemtt creation of anti
toxin blue and carmine frappe, ap
peared upon the threshold of the front
parlor Just as Algernon de Mongmor
ongcy was striving to put his thoughts
In words of fitting fervor at 8.20 p. m.
Smiling sweetly as a newborn sunflsh,
Bh advanced to greet him, and he,
mile and nuaklng, clung to the piano
for support, ' i : - ., - i
"lui)u evening, dear," Bhe said, de
murely, "did I keep you waiting?"
"Oh, my no!" he returned, weakly.
Tying a rug about, his neck, he
climbed up the portiere and fainted on
the celling.
Like the boy In the swimming-hole,
the last act of "The Fatal Lard" was
drawing to its close. A handsome
young couple nervously entered the
well-appointed theater Just in time to
get a programme and see the curtain
fall. In a contiguous oyster palace,
soon afterward, she said:
"Wasn't it too good of you to take me
to the play; I enjoyed It so much!"
Swallowing a robust btvalve,shell and
all, he replied gracefully:
"And so did I, but I should like to
have heard at least one remark from
the actors. It we had only been a little
earlier "
"yes," she Interrupted, "but the horse
cars were so slow. Next time we go
we'll have a cab, won't we, dear?"
"Certainly," he answered, "or a
Rising, he staggered through the
plate glass window and was lost In the
haze of night. At her request the pro
prietor hung up SL20 for the oysters.
As a Food It Is Essy to Digest and Benefi
cial in Certain Forms of Disease.
From the Albany Cultivator.
Probably most people consider honey
as the equal In value for food of any
sweet sauce no better, no worse. All
should know that It possesses one
great superiority ease of digestion.
The nectar of flowers Is almost wholly
cane sugar. The secretions added by
the bees change this to grape sugar,
and so prepare It that It is almost
ready for assimilation without any ef
fort on the part of the stomach; In
fact, Professor A. J. Cook once styled
honey "digested nectar." It will be
readily seen that honey Is a very desir
able food for those with weakened di
gestive powers. If a person is very
tired, "too exhausted to eat," it is as
tontshlng how a few tastes of honey
will act alniout like magic. Almost no
effort is required to make It ready for
assimilation. Persons suffering from
some forms of kidney trouble will find
that honey Is a much more beneficial
fond for them than Ib cane sugar.
In eating comb honey many strive to
eject every particle of wax, fearing
that, as wax Is indigestible, nightmare
and other troublesome consequences
will follow an Indulgence In warm bis
cuit and honey. It is true that bread is
more easily digested than warm bis
cuit, as the latter Is inclined to "pack"
in chewing, but it may surprise some to
know that comb honey is really an aid
to the digestion of hot bread or biscuit.
The philosophy of tbe matter 1b that the
Hakes of wax prevent the "packing"
while the honey readily dissolves out,
leaving passages for the gastrlo Juice
to enter the mass of food. The flakes
of wax are indigestible, that Is true, but
when warmed are perfectly smooth
and soft, and will not injure the most
delicate membrane; in fact, they act
as a gentle stimulant, and are bene
ficial in some forms of alimentary diffi
culties. The unpleasant symptoms
from which some Buffer after eating
honey may often be removed by drink
ing a little milk.
The St. Denis
Broadway and Eleventh St., New York,
Opp. CJrace Church. -European Plan.
Rooms fi.oo a Day snd Upwards.
Ini modest snd unobtrusive wsy there1 are
fw better conducted hotel la the metropolis
than the St. Donis.
The great popularity it has acquired caa
rendlly be traced to Its unique loration, its
Domelike atmosphere, the peculiar excellence
ut its oulelue sad service, and its vary mader
te prices.
k-LA,, . trie
Vi lYi 1 -s
V I If
ii . v f f ii a
l 1
, l
r y