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PUBLISHED WEEKLY IN THE CITY OF READING, BERKS COUNTY, PA.---TERMS: $1,50 A YEAR IN ADVANCE.
J. LAWRENCE GETZ, EDITOR.]
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY SLURRING
Ole g, Nara-Wad corner of Penn and i bfifth street, ad
' pintas' the Parmere' Beta. of Reading.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION
$1,50 a year, payable in advance.
1,00 for in moatha, In advance.
To ln.csa: Pour copies for $3, in advance.
Ten copies for rd,
ihr Atipapera diccorainntti at the .rpfralion of the
tiler paid jar.
RATES OF ADVERTISING IN THE GAZETTE
It. St. lmo. Smo. Sum. ly
Square, 5 lines, orless, 50 50 75 2.00 3.00 5.01)
" 10 " 201,00 1,25 3,00 5,00 8,00
2 - 4 .• 1,00 2,00 2,50 5,00 8,00 15,00
3 fog 30 0 1,50 3,00 3,75 7,50 12,00 20,00
[Larger Advertisements in proportion.]
Executors' and Administrators' Notices, 6 insertions 62,00
Auditors' Notices sod Legal Notices. 3 r
Special Notices, as reading matter, 10 eta. a line for one
Ur Marriage notices 25 cents each. Deaths will be
ire All Obituary Notices, Resolutions of Beneficial and
other Private Association., will be charged for, as adver
tisemeute, at the above rates.
Advertisements for Religions. Charitable and Ma
rational objects, one half the above.ratea
413- All advertising will be considered payable in cash,
on the first insertion.
Yearly advertisers shall have the privilege (1 desired)
of renewing their advertisements every aims isnabv — but
Not atener. Any additional renewals, or advertising ex
ceeding the anniqut contracted for, will be charged extra
at imolai' the rates above specified for transient adver
Yearly advertisers will be charged the same rates as
transient advertisers for all matters not relating strictly
PRINTING OF EVERY DESCRIPTION
Eruented in a superior manner, at the very lowast prices.
Our resort rent of JOB TYPE is large and Oishionable, and
our Work speaks for Well.
BLAMES OF ALL KINDS,
Including Paaninginan and PAPER DIXON MORTOAQESI
AKTICLES Or ACISSZKENT, LEASES, and a variety of
Rome& MINH% kept constantly for sale, or printed to
RICHMOND L. JONES,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
OFFICE WITH J. GLANCY JONES, ESQ.,
Rant Pena Square, south side, Reading.
April 15,11363-3 mo
JESSE G. HAWLEY,
ATTORNEY AT 1, W,
TTAS REMOVED HIS OFFICE TO NORTH
ja Sixth Street, opposite the Keystone House, !tending.
NEWTON D. STRONG,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
OFFICE IN COURT STREET, NEAR FIFTH
IZesAllag, PA. [Marchl4,lB63-3mo
301 EN SALMON.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
OFFICES WITH A. B. WANNER. NORTH
JP Sixth Street. (above the Court Honse,) Reading, Pa.
Febroary 21,1663-1 g
VLLiklit IL LEVINGOOD, ATTORNEY AT
i r l um, bee removed hie ogee to the north side of
Court street first door below inn*. [des 211-tf
ATTORNEY AT LAW—HAS REMOVED HIS
cis. to the Office lately occupied by the Hon. David
rbia, deceased, in Sixth street, opposite the Court
Hosea raprll 14
ATTORNEY AT LAW—OFFICE IN NORTH
Sixth street, corner of gout alley. Eau 12,-4
XVIIOLESALE AND RETAIL DNALNR IN
Foreign and Domestic DRY GOODB, No. 2.5 Soot
eon street, Reading, Pa. [March 10, 1860.
United States Bounty, Beek Pay and
COURT STREET, NEAR SIXTH.
'AVING BEEN ENGAGED IN COLLECT
ing claims aiming the Government, I feel confident
that all who have heretofore employed me will cheerfully
endorse my prompt/wee charges are
modersteaue no charge wade until obtained.
WILLIAM U. LIVINOOOD,
act IS-tf] Attorney at Law, Court St., Reading, Pa.
CAN NOW OBTAIN THEIR $lOO BOUNTY
from the 11 & Government, by application to
ABABA K. STAUFFEM,
March 7.4(J Collection Otbee, Gann Street, Reading.
ASA M. HART,
CLate Hart &. Mayor')
DEALER IN FOREIGN AND AMERICAN
DRY GOODS, CURPSTINGS, Wholesale and Re
all, at Phtleulelphia prices. Sign of the Golden Bee Hive,
No. 14 East Penn Square. D4)1'111741'
P. Bushong & sons,
AIANITFACTURERS OF BURNING FLUID,
eamoute, Deodorized and Draggiots• alcohol; also,
- no Oil, which they will sell at the lowest Vfholesale
prices, at Reading, Pa.
Air Orders respectfaUy solicited.
DR: T. YARDLEY BROWN,
GRADUATE OF PENNSYLVANIA
, Dental College. Teeth extracted by Fran
i lAA 's cis' Blectro Magnetic process, with Clarke's
- improvement. With this method teeth are
atranttel with much lees pain than the usual way. Ito
extra charge. Office in Fifth street, opposite the Presbyte
rian Church. repel 2-ly
Dr. G. M. MILLER.
SURGEON DENTIST, FROM THE
College of Dental Surgery, Philadelphia.
Office : At his residence in Main street,
Ma. Teeth extracted ender the int mien of Ether, or
by the Blectro.Magnetie Machine, without extra charge.
War- Ito has also Patent and other MEDICINES for sale
at bin offici. [may 31
Fourth Street, above Penn, Reading.
3/sectary 24. 38113-tf
BOUNTIES & BACK PAY.
A PPLICATIONS PROMPTLY ATTENDED
to. Terms moderate and no charge until obtained.
A. O. GIEEMN. Attorney at Law.
Jan 31-6moi Office In Court Meet, Reading.
AND PENSION CLAIMS
PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO BY
A. K. STALOPFM.R,
Attorney at Law, WUce In Court Street,
Jan 31-U) BEADING, PA.
WATCHES, GOLD AND SILVER,
CLOCKS AND JEWELRY.
A RELIABLE IN QUALITY AND AT LOW
71 - ICOIS. WATCH REPAIRING.—Watehes put in per
rarer order and every one warranted for one year.
21 North Fifth Street, Beading, Pe.
F. P. HELLER,
WATCHMAKER, JE WELER,
AND MAMIE, IN
WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY,
SPOONB, BPEOTACLE B , GOLD PENS, &c.,
Sign of the lc BUJ WATCH," go. OaX Ea Penn
Street, above Sixth, north side, Reading, Pa.
Seery article warranted to be what it IR NOM for
Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, des., repaired with particular
attention, and guaranteed. 1161.1.41
A PREMIUM WILL BE PAID ON
ars:m.32N OLD ESIX-417.101rt.
EXCHANGE AND .BANKING OFFICE
G. W. GOODRICH,
' BALTIMORE LOCK HOSPITAL
i'ESTABLISHED AS A REFUGE FROM QUACKERY.
The Only Place Where a Cure Caabe
DR. JOHNSTON HAS DISCOVERED THE
moat Certain, Speedy and only Effectual Remedy in
the World for all Private Diseases, Weakness of the Rack
or Limbs, Strictures, Affections of the Kidneys and Blad
der, Involuntary Discharges, Impotency, General Debili
ty, Nervousneee, Dyspepsia. Languor, Low Spirits, Confu
sion of Ideas, Palpitation eche Heart,limidity, Trembling,
DiIIIDOSS of Sight or Giddiness, Diseitee of the Head,
Throat, None or Skin, Affections of the Liver, Lunge,
Stomach or Bowels—those Terrible Disorders arising from
the Solitary Habits of Youth—those BRCRIST and solitary
practices more fatal to their eating than the sung of Symms
to the Mariners of Ulysses blighting their most brilliant
hopes or anticipations, rendering marrisga, &c., impossible.
&politely. who have become the victims of Solitary Vice,
that dreadful and destructive habit which annually sweeps
to an untimely grave thousands of Young lien of the most
exalted talents and brilliant intellect, who might other
wise have entranced listening Senates, with the thunders
of eloquence or waked to ecstasy the living lyre, may call
with fell confidence.
Married Perrone, or YoutigMen couramplatingmarriage,
being aware of physioal weakness, organic debility, defor
mities, &a., speedily Cured.
Ile who places himself under the care of Dr. J. may re
ligiously confide in his honor as a gentleman, and confi
dently rely upon hi. skill as a Physician.
Immediately Cured, and Full Vigor Restored.
This Distressing Affection—which renders Lilo miserable
and marriage impossible—Os the penalty paid by the vic
tims of Improper indulgences. Young persons are too apt
to commit excesses from not being aware of the dreadful
consequences that may ensue. Now, who that understands
the subject will pretend to deny that the posse of procrea
tion is lost sooner by those falling into impaper heats
than by the prudent? Besides being deprived the pleas
ure of healthy °framing, the most serious and destructive
eymptoMs to both body and mind arise. The system be
come! Deranged, the Physical and Mental Functions
Weakened, Loss of Procreative Power, Nervous Irritabill-
Hy, Dyspepsia, Palpitation of the Heart, Indigestion, Con.
stittitional Debility, a Wasting of the Frame, Cough, Con- '
aumption, Decay end Death.
Ofiloe.No. 7 South Prederiok Street,
Left hand side got.- front -Baltimore street. a few doors
from the corner. Fall not to observe name and number.
Letters b e paid and contain a stamp. The Doctor's
Diplomas hang in hie office.
No Mercury or Nauseous , Drupe.
Member of the !loyal College of Surgeons, London, Gratin
ate from one of the most eminent Colleges in the United
States, and the greater part of whose life bas been spent in
the hospitals of London, Paris, Philadelphia and else
where, has effected some of the moat astonishing ewes that
were ever known; many troubled with ringlhg in the head
and ears when asleep, great nervotisnese, being alarmed at
sudden sound., bashfulness, with frequent blushing, at
tended sometime, with derangement of mind, were cured
TARE PAILTICIMAR NOTICE.
Dr. J. addreases all those who have injured themselvee
by improper indulgence and solitary habits, which rule
both body and mind, unfitting them for either business,
study, society or marriage.
Yemen are some of the sad and melancholy effects produc
ed by early habits of youth, viz: Weakness of the Back and
Limbs, Pains in the Head, Dimness of Sight, Low of Mus
cular Power, Palpitation of the Heart, Dyepepsy, Nervous
Irritability, Derangement of the Digestive Functions, Gen
era,“l filitiptoms of Consumption, Sm.
inENTALLT.—The fearful effects on the mind are much to
be dreaded—Loft of Memory, Confusion of Ideals, Depress.
SOU of Spirits, AIM Porehoditign, Aversion to Society, Self-
Distrust, Love of Solitude, Timidity, de., are some of the
THoussneos of petioles of all age. can now judge what is
the cause of their declining health, losing their vigor, be
coming weak, pale, nervous and emaciated, having a Mo
gular appearance about the eyes, cough and symptoms of
V 017170 MEN
Who have injured themselves by a certain practice indul
ged in when alone, a habit frequently learned from evil
companions, or at school, the effects of which are nightly
felt, even when asleep, and if not cured =adore marriage
impossible, and destroys both mind and body, should ap-
ply immediately, .
What a pity that a young man, the hope of Me country,
the darling of his prrents, should be snatched from all
prospects and enjoyments of life, by the consequence of
deviating from the path of nature and indulging in a cer
tain secret habit. Such persons MOST, before contemplat
relleetthat a sound Mind and body are the most necessary
requisites to promote connubial happiness. Indeed, with
out these the journey through lite becomes a weary pil
grimage; the; prospect hearty darkens to the viva , ; the
mind becomes shadowed with despair and Ailed with the
melancholy reflection that the happiness of another be
comes blighted with our own.
DISEASE or ZYMLPRI7DENCE.
When the misguided sad imprudent yotivy of pleasure
Ands that he has imbibed the needs of this painful disease,
it too often happens that an ill-timed sense of shame, or
dread of discovery, deters him from applying to those who,
from education and respectability, can alone befriend him,
delaying till the constitutional symptoms of this horrid dis
ease make their appearance, imith . ulcerated sore throat,
diseased neat, nocturnal pains in the bead and limbs, dim
neSS of eight, deafness, nodes on toe shin-bones and arms,
blotches on the head, face and extremities, progressing
with frightful rapidity, till at last the palate of the month
sir the bones of the nose fall in, and the victim of this aw
ful disease becomes a horrid object of commiseration, till
death puts a period to his dreadful sufferings, by sending
him to '• that Undiscovered Country from whence no trav
It is a melancholy fad that thousands fall victims to
this terrible disease, owing to the unskillfulness of ignor
ant pretenders, who, by the non of that Deadly Poison,
Mercury. rein the constitution and make the reeidue of
Trust not your lives, or health, to the care of many Un
learned and worthless Pretenders, deal:tate of knowledge,
name or character, who copy Dr. Johnston's advertise
manta or style themselves, in the newspapers, regularly
Educated Physicians, incapable of Curing, they keep you
trifling month after month taking heir Sltby and poison
one compounds, or an long 014 the meatiest tee can be Ob.
tabled, and in despair, leave yon with ruined health to
sigh over your own galling disappointment.
Dr. Johnston is the only Physician advertising.
His credentials or diplomas always hang in his office.
His remedies or treatment are unknown to all others,
prepared from a life spent in the great hospitals of Europe,
the first in the country and a more extensive Private Prac
tice than say caner Physician in the world.
zorpozzoszbnarir OF WIZ
The many thousands cured at thin Institution year alter
year, and the numerous important Surgical Operations
performed by Dr. Johnston, witnessed by the reporters of
the "Spa,""clipper," and many other papers, notices of
which have appeared again and again before the
besides his standing as a gentleman of character and re
sponsibility, is a sufficient guarantee to the afflicted.
Skin Diseases Speedily Cured.
la- No letters received unless post-paid and containing
a stamp to be used on the reply. Persons writing should
state age, and send portion of advertisement describing
ZOMBI' M. .70211.514)711, M. D.,
Of the Baltimore Lock Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland.
ON THE inntornalar PLAN.
CITY OF NEW YORK.
Single Rooms Fifty Cents per Day
City Hall Square, corner Frankfort at.,
(OPPOSITE CITY HALL.)
EALS AS THEY MAY BE ORDERED IN
the spacious refectory. There is a Barber's Shop and
ate Boom attnebed to the Hotel.
W Beware of 11112itiBlte. mad FIA - CEMEN who say we
Jan Li ly]
(LATE WHITS SWAN.)
Pace Street, above Third, Philadelphia.
rlililS ESTABLI3RNI ENT OFFERS GREAT
inducements, not only on account of reduced ratserof
board, hat from ita central location to the avenuecof trade,
as well ac the conveniences afforded by the !several
Passenger hallways musufingpast and contiguous to it, by
which guento can pans to and from the Hotel, should they
be preferred to the regular Omnibus v.:mm.lml whit the
Roane. 1 nut determined to devote my whole attention to
the comfort and convenience of my guests.
40r Terme, St :a8 per day.
D C. SIEGRIST, Proprietor,
Formerly from Eagle Hotel, Lebanon, Pa.
T. V_ RHOADS. Clerk. (march 15-tf
OF-10J z.Vt. :,c1
IHE SUBSCRIBER respectfully announces to
the public that he has recently enlarged his BREVE.
to a coradiderable extent, and introduced steam-power,
sad le now ready to eupply all demands for
For home and distant consumption. llis stock of Malt
Liquors, warranted to keep in all climates, le as follows:
BROWN STOUT, PORTER, BOTTLING ALE, DRAUGHT
ALE AND LAGER BEER.
jun(' 19-tt FREDERICK LAUER.
N.B.—Aliberal per tentage will be allowed to Agana
Corner of X'Hth and Spruce Streets.
sank 1 a. HUM O NOM.
Yes a battle's a very floe thing, while you're fighting,
The same ups and dewpd are so very exciting.
But a sombre eight is a battle-tleld,
To the sad survivor's sorrowing eye,
Whoa Moue who scorned buy or yield,
In one promiscuous carnage lie;
When the cannon's roar
In heard no more,
And the thick dun smoke has rolled away,
.And the victor comes for the last survey,
Of the well-fought field of yesterday !
Were I a boy, with a boy'a heart-beat
At glimpse of her passing adown the street
Of a room where eh° had enter'd and gone,
Or a page her hand had written on—
Would all be with me as it was before?
Oh no, never t no, no, never;
Never any more.
Were I a man, with a man's pulse throb
Breath hard and fierce, held down like a sob,
Dumb, yet hearing her lighteet word,
Blind, moth only her garments Wired
Would I pour my lifelike wine on her floor?
No, no, never! never, never I
Never any more.
Orey and wilberd, wrinkled and neared,
I have gone through the 'are and come one onacarrq,
With the image of manhood upon me yet,
No shame to remember, no wish to forget;
lint could she rekindle the pangs I bore?—
Oh no, never! thank God, never !
Never any more.
Old and wrinkled, wither'd and grey—
And yet if her light step paee'd to-day,
I should see her face all faces among,
And say—" Heaven love thee, whom I loved long I
Thou hest toed the key of my heart's door,
Lost It ever, and forever
Ay, for evermore."
Bright are thine eyes. my pretty little maid,
As diamonds sunk in jet ;
Brown Is thy cheek, as shadows in the glade
By eve for lovers set.
Lissome and smooth thy fair-moulded chap
Which gossamer mnslins press,
As clouds around the .Tungtran's summit drape
Her snows with mute caress.
Sometimes s thrill shoots through the sweet repose
In which thou art enchained,
And like the dash of Summer lightning glows
Thy cheek with azure veined.
Say! doat thou, then, a song of spirits hear,
• Inaudibld to me;
Or, 911 his throne in Dreamland's moonlit sphere,
Thy young heart's monarch see
Say! if the black braids of the silken hair
In which thy face is noosed
Are but a witchingly devised snare
To pinion souls seduced!
For—that thy doe eyes bait no ambuscade
Could I bat fondly trast—
I'd kneel so low to thee, 0 piety maid,
My brow should kiss the duet.
Csits i.nb Sietrim
It is a cypress-grove in Louisiana, near the
banks of the wide and turbid Mississippi. The
full moon hangs silently in the dark blue east,
and her pale beams mingle strangely with the
red, Hashing light of a hundred camp-fires.
Groups of black figures stand and move about
long lines of snowy tents, and the warm firelight
and the cold moonlight glitter upon the arms
and equipments of the officers.
Songs and laughter, and boasts of future deeds
of prowess go up to the still heavens. The sol
diers play cards by their fires, and the officers
drink wine in their tents. The sentinels thread
their lonely beats, weary but watchful, through
tangled copses and poisonous swamps.
In rude sheds, near the camps, great, half
naked, half-barbaroas negroes whistle and sing
as they groom horses, that neigh, and stamp, and
paw the earth, as if impatient to mingle in the
carnival to come.
Over all, majestically floats a strange and un
familiar flag—three broad bars of blood and
snow, with seven lonesome stars upon its union.
The swarthy, sinewy eohliers toast the - flag in
full bumpers, and promise each other great vic
tories to be won beneath its folds.
But I know that ere long, many of these gay
braves pine in a cold Northern prison ; others,
happier, lie dead in the cypress grove; and the
broad barred flag is trailed in the mire of the
poisonous swamps, lost and forgotten.
B. TRENCH, Proprietor.
The sun lies bright and warm in the little
New-England kitchen. The clean pans and pails
on the pine shelves glitter like silverware. A
soft breeze. swings the lilac-boughs at the open
window, making a dancing shadow upon the
table and the floury kneading-board. All the
air is full of the pleasant smell of blossoms in the
garden and clover-fields beyond. The thruthes
and robins are singing their loudest., and great
white clouds float listlessly about in Lhe fresh,
sparkling blue of the sky.
The old mother, in her neat calico gown and
white cap. embraces her son at the kitchen-door.
He is going away from her—her son, her only
child; but she neither weeps nor complains.
She admires his trim, straight figure, so well
set off by his blue uniform and shining army
buttons. She tenderly caresses his brown curls,
clustering under the jaunty fatigue-cap, and
kisses his white forehead with her withered lips,
as she bids him go to fight for his country and
Poor old mother ! She sees her eon return, in
her hopes and dream, an officer and a great
man. She sees him welcomed by a shouting
host, with music and banners, and longs for the
No triumphs flush that haughty brow,
No proud exulting look is there.
Ma eagle glance is humbled now.
As earthward, in anxious care
It seeks the form whose stalwart pride
But yesterday raornzas by hie side!
♦nd there It lies eu yonder bank
Of cone., which themselves bad breath
But gamer mora—not cold and dank,
With other dews than those of death I
Powerless as it had neer been born.
The hand that clasped his pester more I
And there are widows wandering there,
That roam the blood besprinkled plain,
And listen in their dumb despair
For sounds they ne'er may hear again!
Ono word, however, Taint or low,
Ay, e'en a groan—were music now!
And this is glory r—Fame!
SATURDAY MORNING, MAY 2, 1863.
day, so that she may unloose her tears, and cry,
"This is my son!" It is for this 44 controls
her womanly heart, full to overflowing. It is for
this she will wait, and watch, and pray, through
many a long day and weary night.
The boy receives her last kiss—her farewell
blessing. He buttons his smart jacket with
youthful pride, and marches away to join his
comrades who await him.
The mother looks after the trim, straight figure,
disappearing down the green lane. Then she
returns, tranquilly, to her duties, praying that
God may spare her long enough to see her boy
acknowledged the hero and savior of his country.
But I know (hat that poor lad shall give up his
life on a field of gore and death. The cannon
wheels shall pass over his body, and nobody can
tell how he died, or where he sleeps ; and the
old mother shall watch, and wait, and pray, in
The cathedral is dim and misty with the smoke
of the censers and the tapers. The air shudders
with the bass of the great organ, and the voices
of the choir roll in mighty waves through nave
and chancel. The priests, robed in stole, and
alb, and maniple, chant responses in solemn,
ringing Latin, and the tall windows of stained
glass cast colored figures of saints and cherubinf
over the whole.
On a raised platform, covered with black and
studded with rows of shining tapers, lies the clay
of one who gave up his heart's blood to serve the
land he had adopted for his home. The coffin is
of rosewood, with splendid silver mountings.
Upon its lid repose the w hero's trusty sword--his
epaulets—his pnmed hat. The white, and scar—
let, and starry blue of our bhnner sweep grace—
fully over the end of that narrow bed wherein
•the soldier sleeps.
The mourners, sailed and banded with sable
crape, sit about the platform with heavy hearts
and bowed heads. lie was so young, so brave,
NO generous, so full of talent and manhood.
Why should he, among so ninny less worthy, be
chosen for a victim? Ills death has made him
glorious, but his life would have made him
Yet death cares little for the yearnings and
thoughts that come too late. The great bell of
the cathedral tolls ponderously above ; the organ
moans and wails below ; the choir's voices ring
among the arches and pillars; "Iriserere!" chant
the priests, and the mourners sob in heavy sor—
row. But I know that the soldier rests well
after the battle, and his soul, looking down,
smiles calmly upon the pageant and grief that
announces his arising to a happier, truer, nobler
life, beyond the valley of shallows.
By the bow-window of the sittiug-room of a
pleasant country-house a lady is sewing. She is
very lovely, with her large dark eyes, and heavy
waves of chestnut hair, and sad, sweet smile.
But she is pale and thoughtful. Her baby lies
asleep in a cradle beside her. She pauses some
times in her work to look, at the child. From
him she glances toward a picture that hangs
above the mantle piece it is a portrait of a sol
dier; a grave, handsome man wearing the
shoulder-straps of a colonel.
The lady traces a resemblance between the
Chubby face in the cradle and the dignified face
of the picture, and her large eyes glisten with
gathering tears. Then she opens and reads a
letter, which is blurred and worn with much
reading already, and sighs and whispers, "God's
will be done!" and resumes her sewing,
The baby awakens, and she hastens to take
from the cradle, to perform the sweetest, holiest
office of maternity. Sitting in a low rocking
chair, bending down lovingly over the little one
that nestles at her white bosom, regarding her
with one satisfied, complacent eye, she makes a
picture like those that Rembrandt loved to paint.
Some one stands at the bow-window, admiring
this picture from the portico without. His long
shadow falls across the sunshine on the flowered
carpet, and startles the mother. As she hastily
arises, the window is thrust open. Baby, alarm
ed at first, looks around sad laughs, crying,
In a moment the fair lady sinks, almost
swooning with joy, into the arms of a tall, dig
nified man in the uniform of a coloneL Ile is
thin, pale and lame, but happily recovering, and
re assures her by the warmth of his kisses and
These two stand long holding each other close,
with the chubby child crowing and laughing be
tween them. It is the fairest picture of all.
It is the field of battle ; but the battle is done.
The sun goes down in a bank of crimson clouds,
flaming and hot, and as ho goes, looks sadly
upon the picture.
There is a wreck of guns, and wagons, and
equipage, broken, splintered by shot and shell,
overturned and destroyed. There is a sorrier
wreck, too, of men and horses, piled here and
there together, in every terrible attitude that
death and agony can invent.
The smoke from the cannon and musketry still
badge, heavy and sulphurous, over the low
shrubs of a marshy spot on the field. The rank
vegetable life in the swamp contrasts sharply
with the death around. The broad, bright green
leaves are splashed and spattered with purple I
drops. From the holes, half full of stagnant
water, under the trampled bushes, stare upward, '
the ghastly unclosed eyes of dead men.
As the night comes on, and the soft dews
freshen the tainted air, the wounded revive a
little, and the field rings with a horrible chorus
of moans and cries. The great, yellow moon
comes up, vague and misshapen, from a broken
rack of cloud and mist, and the torches of the
surgeons and the burial parties begin to flicker
redly hither and thither.
Here, on a shattered caisson, sits an old man,
with a face etc= and grim as that of Count
Uplift() in.the torre del fame. His foot and ankle
are crushed by the fragment of a shell, but he
does not care for the wound. Rio only son lies
before him, The boy's head, with iLB sunny,
golden tresses, reels on the old man's knee. Ilia
white face is peaceful and smiling, as if in sleep.
The night-wind waves the long white hair on
the old mane temples, and the pale moon lights
up his grim face. Ills dark-blue eyes are fired
stonily upon the lad's bared chest, white as a
girl's, but with a small red spot, true and round,
near the heart, whence the blood no longer oozes.
The mesas and cries of the wounded arise every
where on the breeze, but no sound escapes the
firm lips of the father watching by his dead son.
Tribute to the Late Gen. Wm. R. Terrill.
It will hereafter be our privilege and our duty
faithfully to cherish the fame of those martyr—
patriots who have sacrificed themselves that the
nation might live. There was a modest and
high-smiled hero who laid down his life on the
battle-field of Perryville, and whose career de
serves to be held in loving memory. It is right
that the purity of nature, the earnestness of
principle and the endearing character of young
Tannin, should be declared beyond the circle of
his friends, for he now belongs to the nation in
whose cause he so calmly and bravely died.
Tried by the sternest and most painful tests, he
was found faithful among the faithless, bravest
among the brave. This young soldier was no
common man, for it is unfortunately a rare thing
to find a life so entirely and yet gracefully sub
ordinated to the highest principles of religious
duty. Even now, when our noblest and bravest
are falling like the leaves in Autumn, iL is not
intrusion to set forth for public consideration
the facts of a life so worthy in its continuance
and saonoble in its close.
Born at Covington, Va., April 21, 1824, young
TERRILL went to West Pointers a Cadet iu 1849,
and graduated into the Third Artillery in 1852.
He was Acting Assistant Professor of Mathema
tics at the Military Academy in 1855 2 6, and
served against the Seminoles in Florida during
the Winter of 1856, and the Summer of 1857.
From 1858 to April, Mil, be was an assistant
on the Coast Survey, and as such was employed
in the oftice, in the Hudson River triangulation,
and as chief of a party in the triangulation of
Charlotte Harbor, Fla. In .; this capacity, his
good judgment, industry and success amid many
difficulties, secured for him the high esteem of
his chief, and of the many others who knew how
well he discharged his duty.
It was while he was thus employed that the
baleful fires of secession blazed out, confusing
the weak and alluring the faithless. Be it re
membered, to the holier of ten. TERRILL, that
he never wavered from his patriotic duty ; and
though his heart was torn by the menace of a
father's curse, and the powerful betteechings of
family pleading, lie held fast to what he felt was
his sworn duty. Our fierce declaimers against
the treason of those Southern army officers who
resigned to enter the Confederate service, little
realize the powerful motives at work where the
ties of kindred, of home, of State, of all early
associations, were drawn with intense energy to
lead away from an allegiance too easily declared
forfeit. It woe a terrible ordeal, those were truly
moral heroes who defied all adjurations ayyd pas
sionate persuasions, and held with sine, heart
to a sworn allegiance against all appeals of con
sanguinity and early friendship. It was not that
the tender and, awtul voices of his child-home
had lost their sway in TERRILL'S heart, for that
was gentle and loving; bat that he bowed him
self humbly before the greater claims of plighted
faith and patriotic duty. His nature and his life
were truly religious, and this it was which held
him firmly at his post. Noble and generous na
tures will honor him more for this religious loy
alty, maintained at the cost of the dearest human
ties, than even for the calm trust and brave
patience which glorified his death.
lie commanded temporarily the Twent.yfonrth
Pennsylvania Volunteers at Washington Arsenal,
1861 ; was Acting Inspector-General of
the Washington Department, in June, 1861 ; was
appointed Captain Fifth Artillery, and command
ed Battery 11, Fifth Artillery, after July 1, 1851 ;
was commandant of Artillery at the Camp of
Instruction, near Louisville, in November ; was
Chief of Artillery of the Second Division of the
Army of Ohio, from December, 1861, to June,
186,.; was Gen. Nersox's Chief of Artillery for
the defence of Cincinnati ; was ordered to Lex
ington, arid assisted in withdrawing our troops
from that phase; was appointed Brigadier-Hen
evil early in September; was engaged in the
1 defence of Louisville, and marching thence with
his brigade was mortally wounded Oct. 3, 1862,
at the battle of Chaplin's Hills or Perryville.
Ile was a truly skillful artillerist, and won
solid titles to professional distinction by the
singular efficiency which he gave to his battery
in a short time. In the great and sanguinary
battle of April 7, near Pittsburgh Landing, his
services were very important, and even essential
to saving the day. Gen. NkiLSON'S report says t
"This (TEkum's) battery was a host in itself.
It consists of four 12-pounder brass guns, and
two Parrott gnus. Its fire was terrific. It was
handled superbly. Wherever Capt. T. turned
his battery, silence followed on the part of the
It is hardly needful here to recall the details
of the battle of Perryville. TERIAL'S brigade
of raw troops was crushed by an overwhelming
concentration of BRAGG'S forces. While he, with
sublime but vain courage, was striving to stay
the disorderly retreat, a piece of a shell struck
him near the heart, Inflicting a wound which
ston proved fatal. He knew the deficiency of
training in his brigade, and the evening before
the fatal battle, remarked that he expected to
have to sacrifice his life in consequence. To the
Chaplain's admonition that he should prepare
for coming death, he replied, " I have been pre
pared to die for a long time." If to live a right
and religious life is to be prepared, he was indeed
TERRILL was of good stature and well forme . d.
His hair was flaxen and waving, his eyes a ten
der blue, his complexion rich, and his whole ex
pression kind and gentle, but downright and de
cided. He had a winning frankness of manner,
a steady cheerfulness under all circumstances,
and a native cordiality which made it easy to like
him. His private life was exemplary ; of his
domestic life we may not speak, except to say
that he was married to a daughter of the late
Major W. S. Henry, of the 3rd Regiment U. S.
Many friends will cherish his memory all the
more tenderly because his kindred disavow him,
and because he died amid the wreck of an inco
herent brigade, which he strove by hopeless And
fruitless daring to reinstate. Could he have
fallen directing the terrific fires of his splendid
battery, it would have seemed kinder; but sol
diers of duty such as he, die not for dramatic
effect; they accept in patience the work assign
ed, dying unhonored martyrs if need be, well
knowing that our Heavenly Father reads the
inmost heart and gives eternal benediction to the
.self denying and sincere. God be thanked for
each noble soul which thus strengthens our faith
in human nature, and let ue not, amid the con
fusions of to-day, forget the sanctities of human
ity which are now passing into history and which
future generations of the good and wise will prize
above all price. R B. 11.
BIAIR ON FREEDOM DF Tits Passs.—Mr. F. P.
Blair, father of the Postmaster General and of
the Missouri Congressman, was a Democrat and
a gallant champion of popular freedom. Had he
not been snob he could not have retained the
confidence of Gen. Jackson. While he edited
the Globe and was battling with wonderful power
and energy against the ideas now controlling the
Government, lie said
UNDER NO POSSIBLE EMERMINOY, NOT EVEN IN
INSURRECTION, OR AMID TIIE TERRORS OP
CIVIL WAR, can this Government ,justify ofcial
interference with the freedom of speech or of the press,
ANY MORE THAN IT CAN WITH TRH FREEDOM OF THE
BALLOT. The licentiousness of the tongue and of
the pen iB a MINOR EVIL COMPARED WITH THE
LICENTIOUSNESS OF ARBITRARY POWER.
t a r 11 OM IL%NILTON," talking of husbands,
says—" I want him to be submissive, but I don't
want him to look so." Very likely; but isn't it
rather too much to ask? To be hen-peCked and
yet to carry himself like a cock-of-the-walk is
more than is quite possible to any male biped,
with or without feathers. That's so, my dear.
[VOL. 2.-WHOLE NO. 1966
JOINT RESOLUTIONS ON THE
STATE OF THE COUNTRY.
We publish below the joint resolutions which
were passed by the lower House at Harrisburg,
just prior to the adjournment of the Legislature.
They are at once dignified and truthful in their
tone, and breathe such an air of lofty, unselfish
patriotism as at once to distinguish them as the
sentiments of the Democratic party, which ever
has been and still is the true Union party of the
country. They are unalterably opposed to any
dissolution of the Union. They are equally op
posed to the subversion of the Constitution and
a consequent change of ottr Republican form of
government to a centralised Despotism. By
moderation, wisdom, firmness and justice, they
hope for the destruCtiomof rebellion in the South,
and at thelame time the overthrow of Abolition
ism at the North, which in its madness has done
so much to encourage and unite the people of
the South, and which now has.the boldness to de
clare we must have a stronger Government,"
and that the Union shall not be restored under
the Constitution. Through the defeat of the
radicals of both sections, the Democracy hope
for a return of peace and Union. . 4
Resolved by the Senate and House of Represeitla
lives of the Commonwealth of rennvivania in Gen
ital Assembly met, That as our institutions are
assailed by an armed rebellion on ow.e side, which
is being met by the sword, and on the other by
unconstitutional acts of Congress and startling
usurpations of power by the Executive, which
we have seen by experiment can be corrected by
the ballot box, policy as well as principle re—
quires that our people shall await the process of
reform which is slow but sure : awl refrain from
all unlawful and unconstitutional acts, which
have already brought terrible calamities upon
the country, - whilst they ill yoke the aid of all
patriotic men to assist in averting the evils that
threaten our free institutions.
Second, That this General Assembly declares
that this State has ever been, is now, and will
remain in futtire, devotedly true to the Constitu-
Lion of the United States and to the Federal
Government established by it, and is determined
to maintain them with her utmost power Against
both domestic and foreign foes, and to this end
we declare that all possible constitutional efforts
should be made to suppress thelpresent rebellion
Third_ That this General Assembly recognizes
a manifest difference between the administration
of the government and the government itself—
the one is transitory, limited in duration to that
period of time for which the officers elected by
the people are charged with the conduct of the
same ; the other is permanent, intended by its
founders to endure forever.
Fourth. That this General Assembly, in the
exercise of its right to differ with the Federal
Executive, enters its solemn protest against the
proclamation of the President of the United
States, dated the first day of January, one thou
sand eight hundred and sixtp-threc, by which
he assumes to emancipate slaves in certain
States, holding the same to be unwise, unconsti
tutiooal and void.
Fifth, That, thin Cleneral Aosembly t on behalf
of the people of this Commonwealth, declares its
determined opposition to a system of emancipa
tion by the States upon compensation to be made
out of the treasury of the United States, as
burthensome upon the people, unjust in its very
nature, and wholly without warraut of the Con—
Sixth. Thai this General Assembly declares
that the power which has recently been assumed
by the President of the United States, whereby
under the guise of wintery necessity he has pro
claimed and extended martial law over States
where war did not exist, and has suspended the
writ of habeas corpus, is unwarranted by the
Constitution, and its tendency is to teiordinate
civil to military authority, and to subvert our
system of free government..
Seventh. That this General Assembly deems it
proper further to declare that it, together with
all the truly loyal people of the State, would hail
with pleasure and delight any manifestation of a
desire on the part of the seceded States to return
to their allegiance to the government of the
Union, and would in such event cordially and
earnestly co-operate with them in the restoration
of peace and procurement of such proper guar—
antees as would give security to all their interests
Eighth. That the soldiers composing our armies
merit the warmest thanks of the nation. Their
country called, and nobly did they respond.
Living, they shall know a nation's gratitude ;
wounded, a nation's care ; and dying, they shall
live in our memories, and monuments shot be
raised to teach posterity to honor the patriots
and heroes who offered their lives at their corm—
try's altar. Their widows and orphans shall be
adopted by the nation, to be watched over and
cared foe as objects truly worthy a nation's
Noah. That Pennsylvania will adhere to the
Constitution and the Union as the best, it may be
the last, hope of popular freedom, and for all
wrongs which may have been committed or evils
which may exist, will seek redress, under the
Constitution and within the Union, by the peace
ful but powerful agency of the suffrage of a free
a Tenth. That this General Assembly hails with
pleasure and hope the manifestations of censer
vatilve sentiment among the people of the Northern
States in their late elections, and regard the
same as the earnest of a good purpose upon their
fart to co-operate with all other loyal citizens in
giving security to the rights bf every section and
maintaining the Union and the Constitution as
they were ordained by the founders of the Re—
Eleventh. That in the judgment of this General
Assembly, whenever it becomes practicable to
obtain a convention of all or of three-fourths of
the States, such a body should be convened for
the purpose of proposing such amendments to
the Federal Constitution as experience has prov
ed to be necessary to maintain that instrument
in the epirit and meaning intended by its found
ers and to provide against future convulsions
'Twelfth. That this General Assembly condemns
and denounces the faults of the administration
and the encroachments of the Abolitionists ; it
does also most thoroughly condemn and denounce
the heresy of secession as unwarranted by the
Constitution and destructive alike of the security
and perpetuity of the Government and of the
peace and liberty of the people ; and it does
hereby most solemnly declare that the people of
this State are unalterably opposed to any division
of the Union, and will persistently exert their
whole influence anti power under the Constitution
to rnsipthin and defend it.
Thirteenth. That the laws of this Statesaust be'
maintained and enforced, and that it is the duty
of the conetituted authorities of the State to see
to it that, by all constitutional means, this indis
pensable end shall be attained.
• Fourteenth. That, copies of these resolutions be
forwarded to the President of the United States,
to the Governors of the several States acknowl
edging the Federal authority, and to our Nen
tors and Representatives in Congress.
Mr BRIGADIER GENERAL JAMES COOPER, for
merly United States Senator from Pennsylvania,
and a brother•in-law of Judge Smyser, of Nor—
ristown, died at Columbus, Ohio, a few days ago.
For several years past be had been a resident of
Frederick, Maryland, where he was engaged in
the practice of the law when the rebellion broke
PERSECUTION FOR OPINION'S
It is a well established fact that at the recent
elections in New Hampshire and Connecticut,
the Republican soldiers were sent home to vote,
while the Democratic soldiers were kept on duty.
A Lieutenant of one of the New Hampshire com
panies sent home, however, voted the Democrat
ic ticket. The fact was pro - mptly made known
to the authorities at Washington, when the fol—
lowing order was at once issued, viz :
WAR DEPARTMENT, ADJUTANT CI WIRRAL'S OFFICE, t
WANDINOTON, Marchl3, 1963.
SPECIAL ORDERS, No. IW. (Extract.)
34. By direction of the President the following
officers are hereby dismissed front the service of
the United States: Lieutenant A. J. Edgerly,
4th New Hampshire Volunteers, for circulating
" Copperhead Pickets" end doing all in his power to
promote the success of the rebel cause in his State.
By order of the Secretary of War. .
L. THOMAS, Adjutant General.
To the Governor of New Hampshire.
The Boston Post, in publishing the above Or—
der, expressed a doubt of its genuineness ; which
drew from the officer dismissed the following
letter of explanation ;
From the Boston Poet
MANCEIUSTMR, N. H., March 28, 1863
Messrs. Editors of the Post : I saw in your issue
of today the order dismissing Lieut. A. J. Ed-
gerly, of the 4th New Hampshire Volunteers,
front the service of the United States, for '‘ cir
culating Copperhead tickets," together with
your comments thereon, in which you say you
cannot believe it true that the President of the
United States would stoop so low as to dismiss
au officer for'voting the Democratic ticket or even
circulating tickets, when it is a notorious fact
that the Administration bad their officers and
men brought from all parts of the country not
only to vote, but to use all theirintluence to have
others do the same, and for the same party.
Why I write this is to show to you that the or-
der is genuine, altuc”gl, I have not been official
ly notified of it, but have seen the original copy
in the State Depurtmeut at Concord, and shall
probably get a copy when the printed one is
I do not wonder that you are loth to believe it
true, for many of the leading Republicans here,
those who believe the dismissal merited if the
charge is true, do not believe they would stoop
to the low party slang phrases at the War De—.
partment in their "Orders;" but such are the
words used in the order, word for word, as pub—
lished in the Democrat, at Concord. I shall send
you a copy of a certificate given me by the
Moderator of the ward in which I voted, (Ward.
Six,) and be is one of the mostinfluential men of
the Republican party, and one of the editors of
the American in this city, which goes to show the
first part of the charge is false, and as for the
other I am at a loss to know what is meant by
" the rebel cause in his State," unless 'tie the
Abolition cause, and every man who ever knew
me or ever heard mo express my political opin
ions, knows I never did anything to help that,
but. have voted the Democratic ticket since 1850,
with the exception of last March, when 1 was in
Florida with my Regiment.
The facts are these : 1 simply went to the
polls and deposited my ballot, as I considered I
had a perfect right to do, not thinking that
when I took a commission in the United States
army I forfeited the dearest right of an American
freeman, the right to Mrelaß the elective fran•
Wee according to the dictates of his own judg
ment and conscience, and I do not regret the set,
and should do so again to-morrow should the
opportunity occur. You will pardon me for the
freedom I have taken in writing this to you, not
for publication, only to show that the " order"
is not .‘ bogus." Yours most truly, •
A. J. EDGERLY,
• Late Lieut. 4th N. If. Vole.
MANcTIESTEIt, N. IL, March QB, 1.43C3
This shows that I am Moderator in Ward Six
in this city. That on the day of our annual
election, March 10th, Lieut. A. J. Edgerly , came
into the Ward room, presented his vote arid im
mediately retired. He did not remain in the
room over five minutes. I did not see him dis
tribute votes in the room, and I was so situated
that I could have seen him had he been engaged
in circulating them in the Ward room.
JAMMB 0. ADAM,
Moderator of Ward Six, Manchester, N.
The dismissed Lieutenant has thus proved, by
a Republican officer of the election, that he took
no part in the election, except to vote. As he
was not restored, after this proof, it is clear that
hie only offence consisted in voting the Demo
cratic ticket. Therefore, the President brands
him as a Copperhead and a promoter of the
rebel cause Democrats, that is what Mr. Lin
coin thinks of you, and yet you are asked to give
his administration an unqualified support, and
to believe him honest and patriotic in all his
motives. The above order is not only an act of
gross tyranny, violative of the Constitution and
the principles of the Government, but a mean
and foolish one, and conclusively proves that
neither the President or Secretary of War at all
comprehend the duties of their Altlective posi—
tions. The Lycoming Casette, which has here
tofore been somewhat afflicted with administra
tion sympathies, well remarks: Passing over
this official evidence that. a military officer may
not vote as his conscience prompts, further than
to ask if an officer is dismissed because of his
political opinions, why not dismiss all the pri—
vate soldiers of the same pay ? we come to the
remark that it is the MIA time in the history of
this nation that any official has stooped to the
use, in a government document, of the low po
litical slang phrases in vogue. The term " Cop
perheads" may be tolerated on the stump, to
designate the political party now in the majority:
but we submit the question to the judgment of
the public, whether it is not out of place when
incorporated, "by the direction of the Presi
dent," into a State paper?
Tire CONSCRIPTION. -A Washington dispatch
to the New York Herald says:
"There is reason to believe that the execution
of the Conscription net mill be indefinitely post.
pond. - I.t was adopted as a measure of precau
tion to meet emergencies. The opinion has been
openly expressed, by the highest authorities of
the Government, that the armies already in the
field are amply Mackie, and that all that will
be necessary will be to fill up the depleted regi—
ments by recruiting."
kW - GOVERNOR TOD, of Ohio, was arrested
hint week by the Sheriff of Fairfield county, on
the charge of kidnapping Dr. Olds, last fall, and
having him confined in Fort Lafayette some
months. The Governor was brought up on a
writ of habeas corpus and admitted to bail, thus
proving that, although the wit is suspended in
regard to Democrats, übolitiolkists when they
get into trouble do not hesitate to take advantage
Cinnatituous" REJEETBD.I.4II Washington,
the Willards leased their hotel before the passage
of the legal tender act. Rent wee tendered in
paper, whioh the Willards refused to accept, and
they have brought suit for the fulfilment of the
contract by payment in gold..