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':ratiRDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1865
v •„ yet:terday applied to the court for two
Aolic clergymen, Rev. Fathers Wheelan
'.., ;14.1niiten, who had been chaplains at Au
atillte in the summer of saying, "
It I lniow myself full well that I am
accused ; that an all-seeing, an
° God knows my innocence, still I
encouragement from others not to
m ho the heavy burden which is placed
The court did not at once grant
..':request, but referred it to the War Depart
hat tag no doubt, however,that it would
• ceded to. The prisoner's health was still
gave rise to some discussion concern
coinfOrt While in the court-room
temporary adjournment of the sea-
Everything was decided by concluding
'.. • the court and give Wirz eonve
for lying down. A witness, Lieut.
• testified that he vast seen a man
,To approached within sit inches of the dead
to get water (the water within easy reach
,t..,ng muddy), shot by order of Wirz, who
~J:ed the action a very opprobrious name.
r,..niam Krouse, of the 7th Pennsylvania Ile
.ayes, saw Wirz knock a man down,with shut
fst epithets as in the first instance. The Judge
inoode, in order to prove that the authori
• - at Richmond bad knowledge of the condi
of Andersonville in May last, read a let
;;:,ftnin Howell Cobb, dated May 6,1861, Ma
rjo. in which he spoke of the prison being less
nail eighteen acres in extent, and having
de lve thousand prisoners in it. Cobb
„. m ed particularly anxious about prise
,u.•. escaping, and recommended that for
ilileati3llB be thrown up all around
prison and amply manned. He de
y.ccated any increase of the number of
r!soncrit, as the "approaching summer"
vo uld but en tail " a terrific increase of misery
red death," and proposed another stockade
' future arrivals, lie lauded Colonel Par
aw Csputin " whOse place it would
;itticutt to mi.' , Accompanying Cobb's
Inct was a medical report from his surgeon,
thlrWgo, also dated Macon, May 6th, 1861.
, a t.l, among other things, that the prison
were too much crowded for the promotion
,ven the continuance of their present
aith—an artfully worded expression, but
of meaning when read with the right key.
A:!er dose. documents a letter from Wirz to
N.io Turner, C. S. A., dated May 8,1864, was
lie stated that he found the prison in
coalition, and seems anxious that it
',llbuttl be enlarged, bewailing the want of tools
Qlltt later- Re also asks for promotion, and
r;vc, tie number of prisoners up to that
The number of dead,” lie says, "from
z !, April to the Bth of May, was 728, the
u. leaving 12,213 in the prison. A
t,u,r from Winder gives the number of
tsrds over these men as 1,1767. However ,
1!1.2 inert important document produced
• a letter from Acting Adjutant and
1::-pector General Chandler, dated Ander*
July 5,188-1, addresSed to Colonel IV
li.riiltan, Assistant Adjutant and Inspector.
4.;. , :10ra1 at Richmond. After describim , the
t'oltisl Le adverts to the marsh, and says that
imti been used as a sink ; was awfully filthy,
tsil would surely breed a pestilence if not
::I;ised out. Captain Wirz, be says, had tried
to remoly the evil by the construction of a
• with the lower end as a sink and . the
-upper 8-4 a bathing pond, but seemed destined
to Pb I.c cause of the want of tools, lumber,
tabor. General Chandler emuleranS, in
most unmeasured terms, the misery to
vhjoh the prisoners were subjected—raw,
rations, insufficient, shelter, &c. He had
rn twenty carted out dead the day before, as
e result of this horror, their hands in many
tufees mutilated with 1.1. - N.es to set rings off
ringers. In a supplemental report the same
to,r praises Wirz as one properly qualified
v - rhis position. The fault at the prison was,
:ecoraiug, to another letter from Chandler,
of Gen. Winder, who was characterized
a- it cum without feeling, and failed to impress
food and comforts for the prisoners when he
Lad the power. A letter from the Confederate
;rgeon, Gm. Moore, ascribed the fault in the
r.osrital to Dr. White, who (neglected to make
, l ukitions for medicines. All these dom•
of which we have given a summary,
sere captured documents. They were all
Sworn to as genuine by Capt. Selph. The court
the adjmnued until to-dap.
The ,:teatuto Minnetonka arrivol at this
tkrt yesterday, with Savannah dates to the
7:1:i. The most important news they furnish
An order by Major General Steedman, coin
zatdiug the department, ordering all the
except those who will receive special
nutb3, to give up their arms. His order has
made necessary by the discovery of a
rebellion-plot—a contemptible minia-
V:n, of the one Sherman squelched in that
•;tte. Although such a venture would be
even if carried se far as to diapute. our
~:ery, it will not have a chance this time.
•neral Stecdman , s discovery and action were
of vast mineral wealth, in Ari
are accumulating. New lodes, rich in
gold, and copper are being discovered
over the Territory. But there are difficul
t in the way of development. The Apaches
L rampant, and we read that the people of
Ii eott, the chief town, are on short rations—
"::m. a pound of bacon, flour, beans, or sugar
.1z , ale in the toan”—says a correspondent.
CLn. Mason ii in command of the troops of the
and when he gets hisplans to work,
ltiiian scourge may be removed and Ari•
zola onened to emigration and prosperifk.
Montana territory is rapidly filling up. Long
Thvans of pilgrims are arriving every day at
The agricultural interest is
,- i nF
up, and nt,, , nlehes” are beine; disco
7ered everywhf:re. The only difficulty now is
the Indian difficulty; but these red gentlemen,
who persistently haunt the Platte, are to be
t,kan Li hanii soon by General Conner, vide a
.I).9stell in another column. "Vroop6 urn DOW
= r,t•te from Sioux City to Virginia City, and
::....vnli•monthly escort will soon be given the
trea,ure, freight, which will have to move
GI et lI At plains and down the river.
3 ;rigadier Generel Fish has Just returned to
lua , l,ington, from a tour through portions of
states of North Carolina, Kentucky, and
2 .lou.ssee. He states that many oi Ale people
those iliStriet4 gre entirely dependent upon
Government for support, and but foe its
!<.l Duni surely perish, and that the freed
are in many eases inhumanly treated by
former musters, who still cling to the
.;t a that slavery is not dead but steepeth.
It has bean decidcd by the Secretary of the
':easury that all those appointed collectors
customs, and cannot take the oath, in con
;ueuce of having, in some way, joinad in the
lon, mill be allowed, without pay, to per
the duties of the oltlee until the session
[l. CengreBs, nu , ' running the risk of that
providing for the payment of their Sala•
The Memphis Bulterm, of the 22(1, says: It
• expected that the Cara On the Memphis and
lihrieslon Railroad will, on and after nest
:'..turdayi • run through to Corinth, front
Alienee it is Supposed there will be no ditlicul.
'Fin running as far as Itika. The completion
the road, even as far as Corinth, will bring
Memphis a large amount of trade that
etberwise go north.
The people of !texas, under the new order of
are looking forward to the coming year
• one of unexampled prosperity, although
u frontier' is nor; pestered by prowling In
parts of the interior infested with gus
t:lila-robbers, and the cotton crop much injured
Lc the worm. Some of the prominent men
' , we sent a delegate to Washington to interr
t" , •e for Jeff Davis.
The examination of the affairs of the Yir•
banks, by the commissioners appointed
1-1 11;e purpose by Governor Peirpont, shows
a I , ineetble condition of these institutions.
7"'lr resources in some cases consist of mil
]"'it. of rebel beinds, and only a few thousand
, t..%rs in speeie. An important report on the
1 0.Xet will shortly be issued.
ithn Ilcbbins, who had been a merchant in
- York for sixty-six years, died in that
a war dap, ago. He was very rich, and
many ways very eccentric. It is said he
ro . l* Was in a railroad ear or steamboat, and
1 4 `5111 not drink - Croton water until the last
1,1 1 , was taken from the street in which he
lle was eighty-Hvo years of age.
ThoEe who have found fault with Governor
i I.:because he granted " so malty pardons,"
~/ ght to know that while he, in one year, from
4 .` 4lll trY 1, WA, to. January 1, 18415, granted
tnany of them of soldiers
'''ed of offences committed in discharge of
.heir duty, the Governor of New 'York granted
e hundred and sixty-one.
Washington, according to her snperinten
of police,-is suffering under an nlarmi
~. crease of thefts, robberies, and burglaries.
Ili , says that many of the perpetrators of the
13,, ine4es find the rum-shops that keep open
4 " night olives of refuge and conveniences;
` l aying their plans.
i lnichel Chipman, Judge Advocate of the
Ali itary Commission trying Wirz, said yeater
'lhY, that the Government would also hold re
.l4lt=ible those officers higher in authority
than the present prisoner, who were impli
':ated in treating our soldiers so brutally.
I ' l ' l Y-five millions, nine hundred and sixty
,011-4 and dollars of the compound-interest
L t ,- F , have been printed by the Treasury De
to replace the game amount taken
• 4 ' . st the treasury and cancelled.
,' - ` 4 lebatri Young, according to the last Salt
'"'ke City Vedette we have received, has
. l,rinsed himself with openly denouncing the
' ,, erranent in the streets of his city. "Store
5 1) wrath against the day of wrath;" 6tc.'
'resident Johnson has sent a letter to Presi
th"q pumas, of San Salysidor, congratulating
Ttlit _ •
- orgamm. _ : •
• • . •
VOL. 9.-NO. 35.
that official on his accession to the Presidency,
and assuring his Government of the kindly
feelings of the United States.
Our Washington despatches give the names
of a number of regiments and batteries which
are to be discharged from the service of the
United States ; also, a statement of the amount
of prize woney to be distributed to those in
the naval 'service.
Barios, e4-President of Salvador, is now on
trial, with the likelihood of losing his life,
even though that be in violation of the agree
ment with Nicaragua when that country gave
some of our troops who arrived at Panama
on the 25th lilt., in route for San Francisco, are
said to nave "acted diogradefally )) on land
ing. The exact nature of their acts is not
All the country between the Atlantic and
Chattanooga is said to be a desolation. Ma
rietta, Georgia, is an instance. It Was a beau
tiful little town once, buti is now a mass of
Georgia is gradually coming back to quiet
and order. The people are fast taking the
oath, and the white troops are gradually
leaving. They have left Macon.
The various brigades of the Veteran Re
serve Corps non• stationed a%Washington, have
been discontinued by order of the War De
partment. . _
General Palmer, commanding in Kentucky,
has organized ten regiments of colored troops
in that State into a division, to be commanded
by Genera Brisbane.
Returns from California show that the Union
party bave carried the State. The vote was
light. The principal officers voted for were
candidates for the Legislature.
Preparations, it is presumed, for the trial Of
Davis are now making at Fortress Monroe.
Carroll Hail Building, inside the fortress, is
being fitted up for his quarters,
By the explosion of an ammunition train on
the Northwestern Railroad near Nashville, on
Thursday, several persons were killed and
nearly two hundred more or less injured.
Deers' is the champion billiard player of
America. Ile won the match at Buffalo yes
terday by thirty-six points. Ms average was
No disinterments can be made in the de
partment of North Carolina until the ISt of
December, and none in the other departments
until the Ist of October.
A tire in Toronto yesterday, destroyed a
Methodist church and. other valuable pro
perty. Loss $60,000.
General Connor is daily expected to have a
battle with the Reeky Monfitain Indians, He
has been hunting them for a long while.
'The insurrection in Panama is insignificant.
The combatants are said to number but three
Since the Ist of May, the rarymaster Gene
ral's Department has drawn from the trea
Twenty-five bales of cotton were shipped
from Alexandria, Va., to New York yesterday,
the first shipments in four years.
Callao, Peru, is menaced by a rebel fleet.
The revolution is as yet uncertain in its re
Competent soldiers are being rewarded with
el erkshipS in Washington.
There were, in 16G0,3,505 manufactories in the
Southern States for the sawing of lumber.
Twelve indictments have been found against
Edward B. Ketchum for larceny and forgery.
The Indians on the plains do not interfere
with the working of the overland telegraph.
Ex-Governor Page, of New Hampshire, died
yesterday at his residence in Haverhill.
On Thursday the First National Bank of Ore
gon was chartered.
General Longstreet is in Afissiasinrit
The stock market exhibited no new features
yesterday, except a slight falling off in some
of the Government loans. The old five-twen
ties are , still in nigh favor, and advancing.
Brendstufrs have been rather and and un
settled during the past week, bat close more
active and firm. Cotton is in demand at the
advance. Coal is also in good demand, and
prices are looking pp. Iron is firmly held at
full prices. Nayal stores have declined. Pe
troleum is in demand for shipment, and prices
have advanced. In provisions there is no
change to notice. Seeds are better. Whisky
is less active, and prices are unsettled. Wool
is in fair demand at former quotations.
THE NEW YORK DEMOCKATS.
Probably the severest rebuke that ever
one portion of the Democratic party admi
nistered to the other portion is contained
in the resolutions of the New York Demo
crats, at their State Convention at Albany,
on Thursday last. These resolutions are
not only antagonistic in style and doctrine
to the passionate language and pernicious
sentiments inflicted by JERNAUA.II S. BLACK
upon the recent Democratic Convention of
this State, and by such men as VALLAN
TUOILAY, upon the recent State Conven
tion of Ohio, but they are the sub
stantial sundering of all possible future
connection with such politicians and such
sentiments. BEN WOOD, FERNANDO WOOD,
SEYMOUR, the New York News, and the
New York World, can no more stand upon
the platform laid down by the Democrats
at Albany than VA.LLANDMITAM or BLACK
themselves; and if there is any consistency
or spirit in them, we expect to see a gene
ral revolt against doctrines so unusually
patriotic and sound. Let us trust that
this action is serious on the part of the
New York politicians. They have in
dulged in so many patriotic impulses,
and immediately regretted them, that we
patiently wait to ace how long the - present
one will last. Should they be true to what
they assert, their representatives will appear
in Washington, in December, and assist
President Jonieson and the Union party
in carrying out his policy of restoration and
reconstruction. If their sentiments are
genuine, and are intended to be made
practical, the Southern people will see that
there is no party in the free States that will
tolerate any resistance to the laws, and any
hesitation in accepting the remedies offered
by the Executive. These resolutions, it will
be perceived, cautiously avoid taking ground
against negro suffrage, while they protest
against forcing upon the Southern States
that or any other objectionable condition,
and go to the length of congratulating the
South upon having accepted the condition
in which they have been left by the war,
including the abandonment of slavery.
There is an emphatic assertion iu favor
of maintaining the public faith at all
hazards, and a double endorsement
of the much-reviled administration of
ANDREW JOHNSON. That a soldier should
be nominated upon such a platform, has
more consistency in it than the selection of
a soldier to stand upon the so-called Demo
cratic platform in this State. Whether
General SLocum will accept the New York
nomination, remains to be seen. His brave
comrades in arms will undoubtedly look
with suspicion upon this eleventh hour
manifestation, and we, of course, prefer to
trust the men who have at all times stood firm
and true. Taken as a whole, we accept the
utterances of the New York convention as
probably the strongest tribute that could be
paid to the consistency and courage of the
great Union party of the Republic.
LETTER FROM " OCCASIONAL.”
WAsTruceToN, September 8, 1865
The venerable Elijah P. Purdy, for more
than forty years a leader of the Democracy
of New York, never doubting the infalli
bility of his party, even when the blackest
turpitude was proven upon its leaders and
endorsed by the rank and file, told his
political friends the other day, in an
open letter, that they could do nothing until
they recovered power, and that to do this
everything must be sacrificed. The old
man was heart-broken at the exhibition of
frantic rage in the De,mocratic conventions
of Ohio and Pennsylvania, in which the
controlling elements were the bitter hatred
of-Jeremiah -S. Black in the latter, and
Clement C. Vallandigham in the former.
Because defeated parties like these
bad lost place, their party was forced to
countenance their dangerous and repulsive
sentiments, as if the, surer to continue the
as yet unbroken line of "Democratic
disaster on the day of election. It was un
der the influence of such counsel as that of
Mr. Purdy that the Democratic State Con
vention, just held in New York, has made
a vigorous effort to recover the ground so
madly lost in Ohio and Pennsylvania, and
to turn the current in another direction.
Bence the nomination of the brave Major
General Slocum for the leaning office to be
elected in November, on a platform some
what modified in its language and its de
nunciations. But the generosity of a dozen
men as brave as this soldier would not
save the Democracy now, The immediate
impediment of that party, in its aspirations
for ascendency, is the distrust of the
American people. It is not going too
far to say that acre is more doubt and
distrust of the Democratic leaders than of
the recent heads of the rebel army. This
would not be if they had not made the
occasion of peace the beginning of new
party war ; if, instead of uniting heartily
in support of the fpolicy of the President,
they had not relighted the'fires of faction
in the South, attempted to dictate a
change in the President's Cabinet, and
so scandalized the motives of the great
body of his supporters as to show that
they were incapable of rendering the de
mands of the country upon the services of
the people. But there is a method in this
madness. The Democratic leaders keenly
feel that they cannot correct their blunders
short of a long penitence, and they, there
fore, prefer to take the chances of success
in a continuance of opposition to every
thing President Johnson's Administration
may do. It is hard to conduct a campaign
on such a theory, but the leaders cannot
help themselves. Indeed, to do them jus
tice, they could not safely and respectably do
right. As was shown in Ohio and in lowa,
the moment an effort was made to give up
the bad doctrines of the past and to ad
vance to a new and manlier course, then
was division, and a ticket composed of the
conscientious supporters of what may be
styled the Copperhead ritual. The New
York World, indignant at these signs of
quarrel in a household already decimated
by vile associations and viler e x amples,
stigmatizes such recusants as Long and
Cony, in Ohio, as " The Phosphorous and
Vitriol Faction," a title even more offensive,
coming from their leading mouth-piece,
than any yet bestowed by their natural
party antagonists. And hence the straits
of these leaders for new issues. They
dare not oppose President Johnson's re
construction plan without proving them
selves false to their own pledges ; and if
they approve it, they only strengthen the
hands of the great organization that sup
ports him. It is even so with the financial
system. After three years of abuse of it,
they find that it is the most successful sys
tem on earth, and that the millions who
are interested in it behold in it the safe
custodian of their money, and the pledge
of a redeemable currency and the bulwark
of the Republic. They are now afraid to
maintain the feeblest assault upon the reve
nue system, and the national bank notes
and securities, lest these millions may de
tect their secret designs in favor of repu
diation Even when they nominate a
soldier like General Slocum, it is like saying
that they were hywerites in opposing
the war in which he fought. Driven in utter
despair by the absence of a good war-cry,
the Democratic leaders have finally settled
down upon " negro suffrage." They are,
indeed, to be commiserated. For, unless I
am greatly mistaken, it will turn out that
this, the last plank of their platform, will
not save them from sinking amid the re
joicing and laughter of the American
people, North and South. OCCASIONAL.
TILE ANDERSONVILLE ATROCITIES CIIARGA.-
BLE TO OTHERS BESIDE WHIZ,
THE 00VERN/CENT TO 'HOLD THEM ALSO
Another Order Mustering Out Troops.
INTERESTIND REPORT ABOUT THE FREEDMEN IN
NORTH CAROMNA,KENTUCKY. AND TENNESSEE.
A TRUE ESTIMATE OF THE PRESENT
[Special Despatches to The Press.]
WASHINOTON, Sept. 8,1885
How the Southern People Feel.
Notwithstanding a good deal of bitterness
exists among the politicians of the South, the
people are so absorbed in their sown coeeerns
and sufferings ethat they talk about no
thing but immediate assistance. On this
subject Northern benevolence cannot be
too active and quiet:. Whole districts in
Virginia. are net only destitute, but threat
ened with starvation. There is no meat,
and if it were not for the products of the
Soil and the fruits of the season they
Could not live. The wealthy and charitable
people, whose exertions were so visibly and
generally felt during the war in support of
the Union soldiers, and their families, should
at once organize, and out of their abund
aece, and from their experience, assist
the demoralized and disheartened south
ern people. While there is a strong feel
tug, which is more than general in the
South, against negro suffrage, there is, not
withstanding, an equally strong sentiment ,
amounting to a conviction that unless the
most thorough measures are adopted to pro
tect, educate, and otherwise benefit the freed
men, nothing will be done for those who
come to Washington asking to be re
stored to their rights. I take it for granted,
then, that, while Southern men will not
consent to negro suffrage, everything else
will be accorded freely to him. In gain.
ing thus much, therefore, a vast deal is
gained.-3: gather, also, that notwithstand
ing there is a disposition here and there to
create a feeling injavor of assuming the rebel
war and State debts, the fact that it is so re
pugnant to the loyal people of thc free States,
and especially to the friends of the Govern
ment, induces the candidates for office all
over:the South, with the exceptions referred
to, to take ground against it.—The reopen
ing of the Southern railroads and the re
storation of them to the hands of their
recent owners, is having a good effect in
the South ; already all the lines of travel are
being repaired, and wherever they are in run
ning Order, ire constantly occupied.—The
news from Alabama and Mississippi to the
effect that both Governors SHARKEY and PAR.
seats are doing better than was anticipated,
and will present a much more favorable re
port in a few weeks than they themselves
expected when they lett Washington,—
There is an immense amount`of cotton un
disposed cf in the South, and very large
operations are on foot for the purpose of
turning that which is on hand into gold.
Some Of the Cincinnati, Chicago, and New
York capitalists haverealizedenormotm sums.
Agents collecting this and other Southern
staples are at Jackson, Montgomery, Mobile,
and in the interior towns of South Carolina,
Georgia, and North Carolina.—ln Maryland—
especially the counties near Washington—
Governor Bradford, preparatory to the elec
tion which takes place in November next, has
appointed commissioners of registry, who
are taking down the names of all the loyal
citizens, and no person whosese name is not
upon this registration can vote. A good
deal of opposition is made to this registration
by Blexecsomeer BLAIR and his partisans. It
is now evident that if they could succeed it
would enable all the returned traitors to vote,
and lose Maryland to the Union cause. Fortu
nately, Gov. BRADFORD is not only heartily
himself against such tricks as this, but will be
succeeded by Gov. SIV.A.:TX, who is no less de
termincd in his devotion to his country. On
the whole I regard the lookout upon the South
as highly favorable,. considering the break
up of_ the whole social system, the re
moval of many of the vast elements of polities,
and the general decay and downfall of what
threatened to be the despotic crime of the age•
There is of course controversy and a good deal
of bad blood, but it is surprising how facts are
doing their appointed work, and how the
power of the Government and the fixed detera
mination of the North that there should be no
future rebellion, are inducing people to give
up as hopeless dreams any idea of restoring
what should long since have disappeared.
The Freedmexo , e Bureau.
Among the number of reports received by
Major Gen. How Ann, Corundssioner of Freed
men's Affairs, relating to business of his De
pertinent, is a communication from Brigadier
General Cr III . roz: F.-r, Assistant Commission or
for the States of North Carolina, Kentucky,
The Assistant Commissioner has just re
turned from a tour through portions of his dis
triCt, and gives an account Of the condition of
the Southern people in that locality. Many
are entirely dependent upon the Government
for subsistence, and but for its generosity
Great injustice is being dtme the frdednlen
in some localities. Mang wasters treat tixelr
PHILADELPHIA, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1865.
armor slaves with great inhumanity, and the
assistant commissioner has been compelled in
many eases to resort to extreme measure, tO
protect the inoffensive freedmen.,' General
Frsrr submits a report of the number of whites
end freedmen subsisted by the Government
on July 1, RM. From it we deduce that the
number subsisted at that date were 7,151 freed•
men, since 'reduced to 971, mcstly aged and
infirm. The white refugees, at the same date,
numbered 5,9139, and at the date of the report
they were reduced to 11. On the whole, the
report indicates a prosperous condition Of
reedmen's affairs in General Fl.sK't3 district.
The General also represents that it is la
mentable and astonishing with what tenacity
the unsubjugated cling to the old barbarism.
The freedmen's courts are crowded with ap
plicants for justice—scant and hard-earned
wages are withheld from the colored man, and
the crack of the whip and the jingle of the
shackles, in many localities, are as common as
in the days of Uncle Tom andi Torar. Bat the
right is steadily progressing. Tennessee and
Alabama will, without doubt, provide for the
negro's right to justice, at the approaching
sessions of their Legislatures.
He adds that there is a class of rum shops in
the city whose entire custom and support
comes from thieves and. desperadoes, who are
allowed to keep their dens open all night,
there being no law to prevent them. The
amount of robbery that is perpetrated upon
this community through these resorts, espe
cially those that keep open all night, is truly
Important Letter from President John.
The following, dated Jackson, Mississippi,
September 5, has reached here!
Governor Sitannirr publishes the following
"It is believed there can be organized in
each county a force of citizen militia to pre
serve order and enforce the civil authorities
of the State and of the United States,•whieh
would enable the Federal Government to re
duce the army, and withdraw, to a great ex_
tent, the forces from the State, thereby re
dueing the enormous expenses of the Govern
“If there was any danger from an organiza
tion of citizens for the purpose indicated, the
military are there to suppress, on the first ap
pearance; any move insurrectionary in its clia
mter, One groat object is to induce the pee'
ple to come far W 61.1 In defence of the State
and Federal Governments. General Washing
ton declared that the people, or the militia,
was the arm of the Constitution, or the arm of
the United States, and, as soon as it is practi
cable, the original detlgn of the Government
should be resumed under the principles of the
great charter of freedom, banded down. to the
people by the founder of the Republic: - The
people must be trusted with their Government,
and if trusted; my opinion is, that they will
act in good faith, and restore their former
constitutional relations with all the States
composing the Union. The main object of
Diajnr General Carl Sebum's mission to the
South was to aid, as much as practicable, in
carrying out the policy adopted by the Govern
ment for restoring the States to their former
relations with the Federal Government. It i 8
Loped such aid has been given. The proclama
tion authorizing the rcatoration of State
government, requires the military to aid the
Provisional Governor in the performance of
his duties as prescribed in the proclamation,
and in no manner to interfere or throw im
pediments in the way of the consummation of
the object of his appointment, at least without
advising the Government of the intended in
terference. Armaaw Jonicsozr,”
Post Office App►oint&oents.
Postmaster General liwzinisou to-day issued
orders making the following appointments:
Ilawann H. GOLDSMITH, route agent on the
line between Philadelphia and Belvid ere, New
Jersey, at a salary of eight hundred dollars
per annum; STEVENS 111. Born, agent on the
route between Gordonsville, Virginia, and
Selina, Alabama, at a salary of seven hundred
dollars per annum.
The following postmasters have been ap-
pointed At Chester Mills, Maryland, JAMES
li, ItonoAa 5 Valley Read, Randolph County,
West Virginia, L. D. CIIILICENVE llunteraville,
Pocahontas county, West Virginia, WILLIAM
Kawry ; Richie Court House. Richie county,
West Virginia, JAMES M. DAVIS; Eastville,
NOrthampton county, west Virginia, GEORGE
W. WIDGEON; Pine Bluff, Arkansas, HARRY
The following contracts have been awarded:
To EDWARD Ammonia:, for carrying the mail
from Johnsonville to Fenton, Tennessee, three
times a week, at a Compensation per annum
TO ELISHA Dtsxxy, for carrying the mail
from 'Knoxville to Cumberland Gap once a
week, at a salary of $750 per annum.
Findings or a Conrt•Martial Approved.
Major General Anoun has nppre,ed th find
tugs of and sentence of Lieutenant IV. W.
THOMAS, CO. I, 195th Ohio, nho was found gull.
ty of having disobeyed orders, and sentenced
to be dishonorably dismissed the service of
the United States.
The Secretary of the Treasury has decided
in the case of the recently appointed collector
of customs at Georgetown, South Carolina,
who could not take theprescribed oath hi con
sequence of having participated in the rebel
lion, that he and similar appointees may per
form the duties of the office without pay until
Congress assembles, they running the risk of
Congress providing for the payment of their
The Conference with the Indians.
The Secretary of the Interior is in receipt of
intelligence from General Coxwan, who was
appointed to negotiate with the Indians Of the
Southwest, with a view to the permanent es
tablishment of peace between the hostile
tribes and the Government. All the tribes of
Indians were not represented, and at the first
session of the council no important business
was transacted. It is expected that in a
couple of days the preliminaries will be ar
ranged, and the council will proceed to adopt
measures looking to the adjustment of all
difficulties. When all the tribes send in their
delegates, it is expected that over four hun
dred thousand Indians will be represented.
Senator WILSON reached Washington last
night in flue health and spirits, and will re
main for some time, arranging his business
preparatory to the coming session of Congress,
which he regards as the most important that
The New York IteßolutiOns.
The resolutions of the New York Demo
cratic State Convention are regarded here as
a very hold bid for Federal patronage, and a
full confession of repentance and repudiation
or all connection with the Woons and Sny
morns. It is a pity the good work had not
been. commenced two years ago.
"Bishop on Criminal Law."
National lawyers and students of politics
are greatly delighted with the new edition of
"Bishop on Criminal Law," just published,
because of its powerful chapters on " The
Trial of Jeff Davis," " Civil War," " - Treason,"
&e. These arguments shed a clear light of
ecientilie inquiry upon pending questions.
Troops to be Blustered Out.
The Secretary of War has ordered the imme
diate discharge cf the following regiments,
including all additions which have been made
thereto from recruits Or other sources:
Indiana--Eight companies of 93d, all of 146th,
152 d, 13th, 123 d, 124th, 129th Regiments of In
fantry, and 24th Battery.
Kentucky-54th Infantry and battalion of
Michigan—Battery L, Ist Light Artillery.
Massachusetts—Company I, 3d Heavy Artil
lery, still in service; Id Heavy Artillery.
NeW Hampshire-4th Infantry.
Nev York-61st, 99th, 100th, 192 d, 211, 47th, and
48th Infantry 6th, 14th, and 64th Battery, re
eently known as Company L, Artillery.
Ohio-22d, 191st, 192c1, and 196th Infantry;
Battery G,lst Light Artillery, and 6th Battery.
Pennsylvania-55th, 74th, 104th, 10 , 1 d, and 97th
Infantry; 6tb (consolidated with the 16th) Ca
valry, and Battery A,lndependent Artillery.
Vermont—lst Heavy Artillery.
Wisconsin-44th Infantry; Company B, Ist
Ready for Distribution.
The fourth anditor has decided that the fol
lowing prizes are ready for distribution :
Captor: Bienville—prize, Ann Sophia and
Pet. Captor: Princess Royal—prize, do. Cap
tor : San Jacinto and tenders—prize, Mail. Cap
tors: Sea Bird, Fox, Two Sisters, and Ariel—
prize, do. Captor: Honduras—prize, do. Cap
tor t Itssea—prizo s Carrie Mier. Captor: Hen
drick Hudson—prize, Fannie Mcßae. Captor =
Osage—prize, Volunteer. Captor: Champion
—prize, do. Captor: Chocta w—prlze, do. Cap
tor Fort Hindman—prize, do.
Receipts from Internal Revenge.
The receipts from this source yestentuß
umounted to $1,143,147.93.
Returned to. Duty.
lion. B. E. Feetice bas.returned from a, tOOP
through the Weatern States, and restuded 4 4he
duties of second auditor of the treasury.
The volume on manufactures, now beingpre
pared at the Genomal Land and Cenaus Offices
represents that there were in 1860 3,598 estab
lishments in the Southern States for the saw
tug of lumber, employing 13,*4 male and
Sfil female (slave) hantla, the total capital ins
vested being *13 3 437,080, the cost of raw mate
rial $7,241,131, annual cost of labor 113,864375, and
the annual value of, products amounting to
'Yesterday the Filet National Bans of Oregon
was ouartvresl by thg Comptroller of tile Gull
rency. The total national banks now doing
business is 1,64.
Orders were issued from the Wm-Depart
ment on Wednesday discontinuing the vari
ous brigades of Veteran Reserve Corps now
stationed here. The commanding officers,
have been ordered to their regiments, doing
away With a number of stairs and staff offleers,
which will have the effect of greatly reducing
the expenses of the garrison of Washington.
Colonel GILD, brevet brigadier, commanding
the Ist Brigade, goes to the eth Regiment, and
Colonel DE WITT, brevet brigadier, or the 2d
Brigade, to the 10th Regiment V. R. C.
The Payment, of Troops.
The Paymaster General's Department has
drawn from the United States treasury, since
the ISt of May, $193,54.6,095A.9 to pay off the
troops of the army.
A Cabinet meeting was held to-day, and all
visitors were excluded from the White House.
The First National Bank of the Pacific coast
has Just been autherized for Portland, Oregon.
Several diseharkka, soldiers have been ap
pointed to cleritshirls• in the Treasury Depart
[By Associated Press.l
' Tile Wirz Trial.
Colonel CHIPMAN, tile Judge Advocate to the
Winn Military Commission, said, toglay, that
while this atrocious criminal is responsible for
a great many crimes, there are others above.
And bigner than he that the Government will
seek to hold responsible foe greater crimes,
This was the theory of the Government, and
the purpose of introducing the recordevidence
this afternoon. Among those present today
at the trial were lion. Atvrann linNNAnn, M.
P., and L J. JIHININGS, correspondent of the
Crime in Washi
The superintendent of Metropolitan Police,
in an official report, says that theft, robberies,
and burglaries are alarmingly on the increase
in the District of Columbia, and that the dis
banding and paying off of the armies has left
here, and has drawn hither, large numbers of
desperate characters, who make a syste
matic business of robbing soldiers, stealing
The Postmaster General, to-day, made a con
tract with ROBERT Oniucx, of Winchester, for
conveying the mails from that town to Lees
burg, Melilla, and intermediate points, twice
aveek, at $525 per annum. The accepted bid
der in this case, is the Erst colored man to
whom - a contract for carrying the mails has
been awarded since the department WAS or
ganized. Of his own free will and accord,
Ending no line of stages en the above road, ho
came forward, with corn mendable enterprise
and industry, and tendered a proposal of the
Shipments of Cotton from Alexandria.
Yesterday about twenty-five bales of cotton
were shipped from Alexandria, Va., to New
York, by the New York steamship line, the
first cotton shipped from this section of the
country for four years, and about the fourth
shipment of the staple ever made from Alex•
The Mfssissippi Constitution.
The following has been addresied by the
previsional Governor of Ati,sissimA to the
Secretary of State:
JACKSON, 'Mississippi, Aug. SS, 186,5.
Hon. 'Wm. H. Seward, Secretary of mate:
SIR: 1 have the honor to lay before you a
Copy of the Constitution of miksissippi, as
amended, together with copies of the several
ordinances adopted, which I hope will be
Respectfully, W. L. SHARKEY,
Provisional Governor of Mississippi.
To this the Secretary of State replied:
To his Excellency, Was. L. Sharkey:
Sin; Your letter of August 28th, accompa
nied by a copy of the amended Constitution of
Mississippi, as adopted by the recent Con
ention of the State, has been received, and
will engage the early attention of the Presi
dent. I have the honor to be
Your obedient servant, IVx. H. SEavAnn.
THE CALIFORNIA ELECTION.
THE UNION PARTY CARRY THE STATE
SAN FRANCISCO, September 7.—The State
election yesterday passed off .quietly. The
principal counties return Union men to the
Legislature. This city elects seven People's
Independent Union members and seven Demo.
erats. The vote was 9,000 loss than last No.
veixiber. The result is regarded as unfavora
ble to J. 33. Felton and F. G. Phelos, both aspir
ing to succeed - Mr. McDougall in the United
States .-!-etinta, anti hoping to receive the dale.
gation from this city. Neither of them get
any votes here.
A despatch from New Westminster, B. C.,
says the telegraph is now completed three
hundred and seventy miles northward from
Preparations Being - node, it is Pre
sinned, for the Trial of Self Davis.
FORTRESS Mozraos, Sept. 7.—The Government
carpenters were set at work, a few days ago,
to convert the old telegraph office inside of
the fortress into quarters for Jeff Davis; but
yesterday orders were issued to stop that
work and prepare Carroll Hall building,which
is inside of Fortress Monroe. It is presimaed
that the trial of Jeff Davis will take place
here, and Ilene these preparations.
THE LAST RAILROAD " ACCIDENT."
EXPLOSION OP AN AMMUNITION TRAIN NEAR
NASHVILLE-SEVERAL PERSONS KILLED AND
,"Sk M , WUNDWED MO'E•. :•; 71,
Nesuvrts.r, Sept. B.—The explosion yester•
day on the Northwestern Railroad was a ter
rible airair. The train consisted of eight cars,
and there were nearly two hundred passengers
on board. The two foremost cars contained
po wdcr, shot, and shell, and it is supposed
that sparks from the locomotive communi.
cated through cracks in the ear, causing the
explosion. Seven persons were killed out
right, and nearly all received more or less
injury. All the cars 'were destroyed except
Terrible Explosion in New York—Two
Persons Killed and Three Wounded.
Nsw Yons, Sept. B.—The boiler of the Man
hattan Soap Company's manufastory, on Stone
Street, burst this afternoon, killing two per
sons and wounding three others. The building
was much damaged, ive also the one adjoining.
An lEVPIORIOn in Taunton, Mass.
TAUNTON, ItAss., Sept. S.—By the explosion
of a boiler at the Old Colony Iron Works, in
East Taunton, this morning, John. Powers, a
puddler, was instantly killed, Owen• Drum
dangerously scalded, and another workman
Organization of a Division of Colored
Troops in Kentneky.
LorrisvGJA, Sept. B.—Major General J. M.
Palmer has organized the ten regiments of
colored troops, now serving in the Department
of Kentucky, into one division of three bri
Brigadier General Joseph S. Brisbane has
been assigned to the command of the (IF - vision,
with Brevet Brigadier General J. F. Wade,
Co]. S. A. Porter, and Col. J. M. McCarthy for
brigade commanders. All the white troops in
the department are to be mustered out. Pal
mer and Brisbane are the only general officers
now on duly In Kentucky.
The Teleitraph Line to California—A
Battle with Indians Expected.
OMAHA, N. T., Sept. 7.—The overland tele.
graph line to California is in excellent work
ing order. There are no Indians on the route,.
and no further troubles from that source are
News is expected daily of a battle between
General Connor's forces and the Indians on or
near Big Horn river. a branch of the Yellow
Stone, in the Rocky Mountains.
Yrom San Salvador.
Nnw Yomr, Sept. S.—Advices from San .Sal
vador to August 28th have been received. The
Republic is tranquil. An autograph letter of
President Johnston to President Duenas is
published in the San Salvador papers. It is
dated July i'.oth, and, in reply to a letter to
President Lincoln, congratulates Duenas on.
his elevation to the Presidency Of San Salvo,'
dor, and assures him of the kindly feelings of
the tinted States towards their sister republic.
Fire in Toronto.
TOROZiro i C. W., Sept. S.—A large fire occur
roil here to-day, commencing
. in Dodge,
SMelds, & Co.'s grocery store, corner of George
and Temperance streets, which was entirely
destroyed ? together with Edwards , stationery
shop, several dwellings on Temperanee,atreet,
and the new Methodist church. Thek loss is
Death of Ex-Goversior Pace.
Hos Ton, Sept. S.—Xx-Governor aohn Page
died thin morning at Haverhill, IS. 11.
Twelve Indictments found Against
Nksll Yorew, Sept, Grand Jury cams
in to tho Court of General Sessions tO•day Mad
presented twelve indictments against Edward
8., _Ketchum for larceny and forgery. Ketchum
will soon beealledlupon toplead to the charges.
New TORN, Sept. a,--The mysterious box
story from Fortress Monroe proves to be a
hoax. The box really contained oarpentera ,
tools. as represented by those who shipped it.
New You, Sept. S.—The steamers Margaret
and R. L. Maboy collided toal#}Yt and were
TB TRIAL OF WOE.
IMPORTANT REBEL DOCUMENTS PRO
DUCED IN EVIDENCE YESTERDAY.
Letters from Surgeon Generals, Inspector Gene
rals, and Brigadier Generals.
THE PRISON ADMITTED BY THESE AUTHORITIES
TO BE A LAZAR•HOUSE AND A TOMB.
THE REBEL WAR DEPARTMENT WELL AWARE
OF ALL THE HORRORS IN MAY, '64,
THE EFFORTS OP WIRZ AND WINDER
FOR THE DISCOMFORT AND TEE COM
FORT OF TEE PRISONERS.
Wirz Discovers his Necessity for Reliance on a
Higher Power, and Asks for Clergymen.
WASHINGTON, 'Sept. B.—The Wirz trial wag
resumed this morning.
Judge Advocate Chipman read to the Com
mission the following letter from the prisoner ;
OLD CAPITAL PaiSox,
WASHINGTON ; D, C., Sept, 8,1865.
(Monet P. Chipman, .Ttidge Advocate:
You will, I hope, excuse my liberty to ad
dress you these lines, but not knowing to
whom to appeal I refer the matter to. you. I
am now a prisoner since the 7th day of May,
1865. I have been deprived of all the chances
to receive the consolations of religion even
necessary to anybody, and truly more so to a
man charged with crimes so heinous, so terri
ble, that the mere thought or them makes me
shudder. Although I know myself full well
that I am wrongfully accused, that an all-see
ing, all-knowing God knows my innocence,
stir; I need some encouragement front others
not to sink under the heavy burden which is
placed upon me. Under these circumstances
I most respectfully ask that permission be
granted to Rev. Fathers Wheel an and Il.s,mil-
LOn to visit me, and administer such spiritual
comfort as my unfortunate position requires.
They are both men of integrity, and win not
profit the Qv - Aston to ode to ao anything but
what their duties as ministers of the Gospel
will permit. Hoping that this, my humble re
quest. may be favorably received, and the per-.
respectfully missionbgr r a u n r t n e b d a ,
s a e i r n ian C t o l l u on t e l i v ,
Colonel Chipman said that the reverend lrart g Z e o n t -
Lumen mentioned were here as witumee for
the prosecution. They were Roman Catholic
chaplains at Andersonvillo in the summer of
1864. He did not think they would abuse the
privilege asked. The court certainly had no
objection to the request, but they had no pow
er to grant the permission, as the prisoner was
not in their custody. Colonel Chipman said
he would then refer the communication to the
War Department for its action thereon.
Major General Thomas remarked that, if the
prisoner was mere ill than he was yesterday,
it might be a question whether they could not
~•- e t along. better by granting a little respite.
lt might be desirable to have a days rest.
Assistant Judge Advocate Hosmer said, so
Ifir as cam fort was concerned, the primer was
as well off here as he would be in prison' , If he
was not able to sit up he could lie down. If he
was not able to lie down, but required medi
cal attendance all the time, of course, the trial
could not go on. This room, he repeated, has
more ventilation, and is certainly preferable
to the prison.
The court, in reply' to the suggestions of a
member, said it would not be proper to put on
the face of the paper an endorsement of the
approval of the court, but there was no doubt
the request would he granted.
Lieut. Prescott Tracy testified as to his ex
perience and observations as a prisoner at
Andersonville ; he, never saw Captain Wirz
shoot a man, but heard him give the order to
shoot a man named Robert A. Treshfish, or
Ne*.vcomer ; not knowing the rules, the latter
n )a e n n k t s t b o ei g n e g t ino
a t d 4r,
rink from the stream; the
he went within six inches
of the dead line, when -'Wirt helloed to the
sentinel, and asked why lie clidutt shoot the
d—d son of a —! the sentinel fired ; the ball
going into the top of the head and coming out
of the back of the neck, and the man died ;
this was in August, 1864; some men died from
the effects of being put in the stocks, and. from
the consequent exposure to the.stocks,
weather ; Cap.
tarn Wire never gave the prisoners a good
word • the witness having asked the prisoner
for Vetter rations, the latter replied he
" would race the witness into hell."
Cross-examined by Mr. Baker.—Nover knew
of a prayer-Meeting or the reading of the Bible
The witness was further interrogated, eour.-
eel wishing to show that the stocks were never
erected within the stockade. There was no
means of telling one day or one hour from an
other. all the watches having been taken away
by " our worthy friend."
Question. Do you mean to say you don't
know of a watch being-in the prison?
Assistant..ludge Advocate Hosmer objected
to thus resuming the examination in chief,
and the point was sustained.
William Krouse ' 7th Pennsylvania Reserves,
testified that he Saw Captain Wirz knock 'a
man down knew that a man who had been in
the stocks died the day after being relieved;
stated the particulars attending the shooting
of five men at as many different times; the
sentry said shoot the son of a b—h."
Colonel Chipman said he now proposed to
introduce some documentary evidence to
show that the Department at Richmond had
knowledge of the condition of the prison at
Andersonvillo in May last.
Captain C. M. Selpli, who was in the Confede
rate States army, and four years in the Adju-
Lent General's dud Inspector's Department,
identified the handwriting of General Howell
Cobb in the following letter, namely:
IIEADQUAICTERS GEORGIA RESERVES,
ALicox, Ga., May 5, 1865.
Genera S. COOper, Adjutant General, Rich
GENEItAL : Under your orders to inform my
self of the condition of the prison at ander
sonville, with a view of furnishing from the
reserve corps the necessery guard for its pro
tection and safetv,l made a visit there, and
have just returns a; and now submit the remit
of my examination. There are now in the
son about 12,000 prisoners, in an area of less
than eighteen acres, with a stockade around it
about fifteen feet high. I presume the charac
ter of the prison is well understood at Rich
mond, and therefore give no description of it.
The danger of the prisoners escaping is.nOt SO
great as I have supposed. With a guard of
twelve hundred men, four pieces of artillery,
and a cavalry conipany,. all apprehension
of escape would be quieted. I have ar
ranged to send two regiments of infantry
there within the next week,;which, with the
detached companies of Colonel Parson's regi
ment, will be an ample infantry force. Captain
Gamble's battery is there, but I would record
mend that it be returned to Florida, and Cap
tain Tiller's battery' sent in its place. The
reason mainly for this recommendation is that
Captain Gamble's battery is very well sum
plied with horses, and they are not needed at
Andersonville,whereas Captain Tiller's horses
have been so reduced that he is unable to
move his battery hi the field. The exchange
of these batteries would be of decided advan
tage to the service. I recommend the cavalry
company because its presence would have a
salutary effect in restraining the prisoners
from any attempt to escape, knowing the
means are at hand to pursue them, and in the
event of the escape of any considerable
number, the cavalry would De absolutely
necessary to their successful pursuit. I took
the liberty of making several suggestions
for rendering the prison more secure, and if
the tools could be bad, I would recommend
that the entire prison grounds should be sur
rounded by fortifications, which could be put
up by the troops, whose health would be pro
moted by the employment. The most
portant change is •the one suggested_ in the
accompanying report of my chief surgeon, Dr.
Eldridge, that is the erection of a hospital
building outside of the prison. Upon that
point there cannot be two opinions among in
telligent men. It ought to be done at once;
and such is the opinion of every sensible
man that has examined the prison. The
prisonis already too much crowded, and
no additional prisoners should be sent there
until it can be enlargedi. The effect of increas
ing the number within the present Area must
be a terrific increase of sickness and death
during the summer months. I understand
that an order has been given for enlarging the
prison. If it was possible to make. another
prison It would be much better, for I doubt
very much whether the water will be sufficient
for the accommodation of the increased num
ber of prisoners. The general management of
the prison under Colonel Parsons is good, and
he manifests a laudable desire to discharge his
duties in the most efficient manner. The duties
of the inside command• are admirably per
formed by Captain Wirz, whose place it would
be difficult to fill. I still think the rank of the
commanding officer of the post should be a
brigadier general. In view of the number of
troops that will be under his command, it
seems to Inc lie should have that superior rank
over those who may he ordered to report to
him. I take the liberty of enclosing a copy of
Dr. h'ldridge's report
I am, General, very respectfully, . ,
Maier General Commanding, /te.
Dr. Eldridge's. report is dated Macon, Ga.,
Nay ii, 1864, and is addressed to Major Lamar
Cobb, of the Georgia Reserve Corps. Speaking
of his visit tothe camp at Andersonville, tin
der instructions from General Cobb, be says
he found the prisoners, in his opinion,. too
roue)) crowded for the promotion, or even con
tinuance of their present health, particularly
during the approaching summer months. The
condition of,the Rene isle prisoners, on their
arrival, was such as to require more attention
to their diet and cleanliness than tothe actual
administration of medicines, very many of
them suffering from chronic diarainna, com
bined with the acorbutic disposition, with ex
treme emaciation as the conseqaenea. The '
hospital being within the enclosure, it has
been found impracticable to administer such
diet, and give them such attention as they re
quire, as unless constantly watohed snob diet
as is prepared for them is stolen and eaten by
the other prisoners. In ermsaqueneo of the
state of affairs generally, ho suggests various
improvements, and the writer pays a compli
ment to Dr. White's medical - aulnistration.
The following paper was also put in evi
ANDRRBOIivaa,34 Ga, May 8,1814.
MAJOR: I have the honer.to make the folicnii-.
ing report in regard to the Confederate States.
military prison at this post: I was assigned,
to the command of the prison by Colonel A.
'W. Persons the comumndaot of the post, on
the 27th of Dlaroh, 1861,haying reported to him
for duty by order of. General J. IL Winder,
commanding Confederate States prisoners, I
found the prison in abed condition, owing to
the want of tools. such as axes, spades, and
lumber, to erect proper buildings. The first
commandant of the post Captain W. S. Win.
der, and his sumsassor, Coionel A. :l W inc . b. P ris e i rs nh o cto us aile ,.
Lad left nothing untried to supply these so
important articles. Only two weeks ago re
caenidvewdeaxntetao' w aP o ad rk e e i4 u a tt e ag fr rteh C es
to have evoutking in the interior of the prison
completed in two weeks. The bakery, which
could not be completed for want of Inmber, is
now In operation. The necessity of enlarging
tke stockade la unavoidable. Isbell cow.-
mence as Soon as I can gather a sufficientnum.
ber of negroes. I would mostrespectfully ask
you to present to the authorities at Richmond
the impediment thrown in my way by having
the hospitals inside of the prison.
In conclusion allow me to make a few re
marks concerning myself: I am here in a
very unpleasant position, growing out of the
rank which I now hold, and siaggest the pro
priety of being promoted. Having the full
control of the prison, and, consequently, of
the dai]y prison guard, the orders which I
have to give are very often not obeyed with
the promptness the occasion requires,
am of opinion that it emanates from the re
luctance of obeying an officer who holds the
same rank as they do. My duties are mani
fold, and require all my time in daytime, and
very often part of the night, and I would
most respectfully ask that two commissioned
officers (lieutenants) would beassigned to me
I am, Major, most respectfully, your obedient
Captain commanding prison.
Major THOMAS WIIIINER, C. S. A.
The number of prisoners on the first day Or
April was seven thousand one hundred and
sixty. I received up to to-day, from various
ppints, five thousand seven hundred and
eighty-seven ; recaptured seven. Total, twelve
thousand nine 'hundred and fifty-four. The
number' . of dead from the flit of April to
eighth of May is seven hundred and twenty
eight, and escaped thirteen, leaving on hand
twelve thousand two hundred and thirteen. I
consequently lost six prisoners. I would also
call your attention to the danger of having our
present guard forces withdrawn, and their
place supplied by the reserve forces of Gov.
The following letter was also offered in evi
ANDERSONVILLE, Ga., July 21, 18.61.
[j 1. S. Cooper ! Adjutant and _lnspector
GENERAL; Your endorsement of the letter of
Lieutenant S. R. Davis, relating to the strength
of the guard at this post, contains a very sa
ve re censure, which ram sure would not have
been made if you had a clear comprehension
of this post—Of its wants, and its difficulties.
Reflect, for a moment. Twenty-nine thousand
two hundred and one prisoners of war, many
of them most desperate characters; a post a
mile long by a mile wide. The stockade for
prisoners within one hundred and sixty yards
of a mile in circumference; numerous avenues
leading to the post to be guarded; public pro
perty to be eared for; guards for working par
ties, and the ordinary camp groutids for the
troops, and you can form some estimate of the
number it would require for these purposes.
The following are the daily guards required,
and they cannot be reduced, but ought to be
increased Stockade, sixteen hundred yards
around, fifty-two posts, 10 supernumeraries,
168 enlisted. men, 2 commissioned oMcers,
Hospitals, two unmelosed, 1,735 patients and
attendants ; guard, 73. Twenty-three posts, 69
men, 4 supernumeraries, and 1 commissioned
officer. Pickets around the stockade, 206 ; this
picket is indispensable, to prevent escape by
tunnelling. Outlying pickets and railroad
bridge guard, 43 men and 6 commisSioned
officers. Guard with party cutting wood,
daily 100. Guard with working parties, 25
this not include accidental guards and
camp guards. Total, 513. Strength of guard
July 2, - 421, including the prisoners' guard de
tained here, from which dOilUOt 517 Sigk, daily
_and the artillery company, 12.6-970
You will observe that sineeLientenant Davis ,
report, the detained prisoners' guard have
been added to the strength of the guard. This
gives the most favorable report at this Post
and the duties required of it. You speak in
your endorsement of placing the prisoners'
properly. Ido not exactly comprehend what
is intended by it. I know of but one Way to
place them, and that is to put them into the
stockade, where they have between four or
five square yards to the man. This includes
streets and two acres of ground about the
Respectfully . , your obedient servant,
JOHN H. WINDER, Brigadier General
A letter tray also I'o4 in evidence from Ac
ting Adjutant and 'lnspector-General Chan=
dler, dated Andersonviile t July sth, 1854, ad
dressed to Colonel R. H. Chilton, Assistant Ad
jutant and Inspector-General at Richmond.
He gives en account of his inspections of the
prison for Federal prisoners of war, and post
AntlerSollyille. lie says that under the ores
sure of their necessities, they have dug nu
.lu erous wells within the enclosure, from
which they obtain an ample supply of water
to drink, of good quality, excepting the edges
of the stream. The soil is sandy and easily
drained, but from thirty to fifty yards on each
eicle of it the ground is a Minitlymarsh, totally
unfit for occupation, and. having been con
stantly used as a sink since the prison was
It is now M a shocking condition and cannot
fail to breed pestilence. An effort is made by
Captain W ire to 1111 UP the marsh and Censtruct
a sluice, the upper end to be used for bathing,
etc., the lower as a sink; but the difficulty of
I procuring lumber and tools very much retards
the work and threatens soon to stop it. No
shelter whatever, nor materials for construct
ing any, have been provided by the prison an
lhoritice, and the ground being entirely 441 . 0
of trees none is within reach of the prisoners,
nor has it been possible t for the overcrowded
state of the inclosure, to arrange the camp with
Each man has been permitted to protect
Mansell as best he can, by stretching his blan
ket, or whatever he may have, above him on
such sticks as he can procure. Of other abetter
there has been none. There is no medical
attendance withinthe stockade. Many--twenty
yesterday—are carried out daily who have
died from unknown causes, and whom the
medical officers have never seen. The dead
are hauled out daily by the wagon load s. and
buriedwithout coffins, their bands, in inithy
instances, being first mutilated with an axe in
the removal of any finger rings they may
have. Raw rations have to be issued to a very
large portion, who are entirely unprovided
with proper utensils, and furnished with so
limited a Supply of fuel that they are coin
pelled to dig with their hands, in the filthy
marsh before mentioned, for roots, &c. No
soap or clothing has ever been issued.
Alter inquiry, the writer is confident that,
by slight exertions, green corn and other anti
seorbuties could readily be Obtained.-The
Present hospital arrangements being only in
tended for the aecommodation of ten thou
sand men, are totally insufficient, both in cha
racter and extent; for the present needs, the
number of prisoners being now more than
three times as great. The number of eases re
quiting medical treatment is on an increased
ratio. It is impossible to state the number of
sick, many dying within the stockade, whom
the medical officers have never seen or heard
of till their remains are brought out for
interment. The transportation of the post is
also represented to be entirely insufficient,
and authority is needed by the quartermaster
to impress wagons and teams.
when not employed by the Government t are
kept diligently occupied, and instructions
given to the quartermaster in charge of trans
portation to afford every facility practicable
for transporting. - .lumber and supplies nem:
sary for the prisoners.
A supplemental report was made by the
same officer, in which he says that the conduct
of Wirz is entitled to commendation, and that
he is properly qualified for his position. Capt.
Wirz is recommended for prOtnotion. It am
pears, from other papers, that the Assistant
Secretary of War (Campbell) endorsed the re
ports, saying, "they show a condition of things
which calls for the interposition of the De.
pertinent ; the prison being a reproach to the
Confederates as a nation? ..e.c.
Judge Advocate Chipman offered in evidence
the report of the rebel Surgeon General Meo2o,
to show that the fault at the hospital was
owing to Dr. White, the latter having failed
to send his requisitions direct to the medical
purveyor- not having received supplies was
owing to his own neglect, Cf49.11e 1 Chandler.,
it appears from another document, suggeSted
the removal of General Winder as superinten
dent of the prisons, and the substitution of
some one who has feelings of humanity, and
who will not, like Winder, suffer the prison to
remain as it was in order that the excess of
prisoners may be removed by 'disease and
death. The discomfort and suffering are re
presented to be almost incredible, with
a frightful per centum of mortality, thus
showing a criminal indifference on the
part of these charged with their care
and comfort; Capt. Salph also swore to the
official character of other. rebel docu
ments which were offered in evidence, to show
that General Winder had power to make
pressments for the comfort of the prisoners.
This, Colonel Chipman said, concluded the
chapter for to-day.
The Witnesii i Capt. Selph, was CrOSS-Uftnlined
by Mr. Baker, and mentioned the name of. the
bureaus to which he sent extracts from Colo
nel Chandler's report; answers were received
from all; that he only recollected that the one
from. he Surgeon General's office was to the
effect that the hospital at Andersonville should
be placed. in the same condition as the hospi.
tabs for the Confederates.
The Commission adjourned at four o'clock
A State Convention to be Called—
, Indians Murdering People Within
Thirty Miles of Austin—The Cotton
NEW Yong, Sept. B.—The steamship Meteor
brings New Orleans advices of. September Ist.
The papers contain the following from Texas
Governor llsonliton has ordered the neces
q3ary steps to call a convention.
Ex-Governor liinrragli, of Texas, died at
.311onterey, August 4.
The Houston papers are tided wail notices
'of robberies.and burglaries. A band of despe
,radoesinncler one Frazier, are operating ex.
:tensively in. Goliad county. They had cap
tured a wagon train containing merchandise
valued at 160,000. The goods were taken to
'Golfed, put in store, and sold in open day by
The Indians . have come within thirty miles
of Austin, and higher up they are murdering
men, women, and children indiscriminately.
The capon, Orpp is seriously injured bythe
Ex-Senator Wightll has gone to Mexico.
Thoorenerable Judge Barnetb,firet President
of tho Republic of Texas,.lla.s consented to go
to WashingtOti to tßolte a4l , aPpeal ip behalf of
JeM Davis. The request. was inade by tacit,
nearly all of whom wore , giants when. Texas
A Houston letter,to the. true Delta says that
the opening . of,tlio POLti 9f Galveston Bas given
vigor and life to *Welty branch of trade, r
ton has been rollingtawough the streets to the
oars, and the er0W...,.d.d Oettou shede liay. o b e "'
Largo quantitigitOf fancy grogel'ies have aS.
rived, and founda s steloy sale. AN the troogs,
except a provost! guard of Gave hundred, have
left the city. 'the appointatent of. Goveattor
Hamilton gives onoral satisfaction..
year of waraltampio(l propprity ina the
State is looked forward to. Emigration from
the Nortk is solicited. The richest lands in
the State are in the market. The freedmen
gave some trouble by violating their con
tracts, leaving the planters at the catamence•
went of the picking season.
The Rebel general Longstreet,
NEW Yeas, Sept. B.—The Eutaw (Ala.) Whig
gays Gent3l3l LOagstroat passed through that
place last wee )r, to visit relatiVe in Mi881t•
TILE WAR, PRESS.
(PUBLIOI11 1 .11) 'WEEKLY.)
THs WAS Muse vitt .enl to stibSeeibera Wif
mall (per annum in aavance,) at 112 50
Five copies to 00
Ten copies 20 00
Larger NO* than Ten ttlll be charged at the tome
)2 ' o ‘ o , lie.oo per copy.
rj ' e ThOtiql must aticaye accompany The order, aunt
in no inetance can these term? be deviated from, a?
tkey afford very tittle more than the coot of paper.
Aar Postmaatere are requested to get ae agouti
for Tux WAn Palm.
ifie` To the getter-up of the Club of ten or twee?.
an extra Copy of the paper wilt be given.
DISAFFECTION . IN GEORGIA.
DISCOVERY OF A LATENT REBELLION.
Anus and Munitions of War being Secretly
Aistributed over the State
PROMPT ACTION OF GENERAL STEDMAN, THE
THE PEOPLE ORDERED TO• GIVE UP ALL ARMS.
BiOtOlig; Interference with Free Labor by
By the steamer Minnetonka, which arrived
at this port yesterday morning, from iksvan
nali, we have papers to the sth Thin b trio
first trip of the Minnetonka, which 13 intended.
to ply regularly between this city and. Sayan..
General Steadman, has issued the following
HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF GBOROTA,
OFFICE Or THE PROVOST MARSHAL GENERAL,
.AUGUSTA, Ga., Sept. 1, 1865.
PROVOST MARSHAL GENERAL'S ORDER, NO. 5.
—lnformation having been received at these
headquarterli that large numbers of Confede
rate and United States iiro-arms are 0411.
buted over the State in the hands of deSigii
ing persons ; and it appearing that the peace
of the State, the lives of the eitizeng, and the
security of property, are hereby greatly en
dangered,. it is ordered—
"int._ That within thirty days next hereafter,
all such arms of every description, together
with all ammunition and munitions of war
whatever, now In the hands of private persona,
in this State, be turned over to the nearest pro
second. That after the expiration of said
thirty days, al) assistant provost marshals
within this department are directed to Mid's
all such firearms and munitions of war found
in the hands of any one within their respective
district, and all persons found with such army
will be arrested and forwarded with the arms
to these headquarters.
Third, Assistant provost marshals are here
by authorized to grant permits to such per
sons as in their judgment, are entitled to them,
to retain private arms for sporting purposes,
using their utmost discretion to prevent im
proper persons from enjoying this privilege.
By command of
major General STREDDIAn
C. ii, OlVOSTo.sktou ? Brevet brig, Gen. and Vily
The Savannah Republican, commenting Ott
this order, says :
Major General Steelman, havin received
of a co lam paturs 4Uh .ote the in
terests of Gorhenste»t render it not advisable for
us to publish at this lime, lino wisely, we think,
ordered all arms and almond - ion to he turned
over to the provost marshals, except in cases
where responsible and orderly people have
received Special permits tO Main 011aarms,
STRIKE AMONG NEOGO tAROREREI
(From the Bavannah Republican, 6th.]
Yesterday morning, about seven o'clock, the
hour at which the stevedores and laborers
Commence their work on the wharves, in load
ing and dllobarging steamers and other yes
sets, a crowd of would-be independent negroes
concluded not to "let well enough alone," and
accordingly struck for higher wagesol emend
ing two dollars per day for their labor. The
demand was very justly, we think, treated
with as bold a reran]. from the employers
as the unjust and unreasonable request
deserved. It seems that a few ignorant 11$-
groes, who were receiving *1.50 per day for
their labor, succeeded in enticing about forty
colored laborers to join them in a strike, and,
upon finding that there was no prospect of
thelpeettutna being acceded to, they gathered
in a gang and threatened to shoot and kill
every man who was Willing to work for the
just compensation Of 81.50 per day. These
outrageous proceedings for a time Inter
fered with the important business on the
wbaves, but in a short time an officer ap
peared on the scene with a squad of
soldiers, and the turbulent leaders Were pm
vided with a military escort to the guard
house, where they will repose for a while,
until brought before the courts to answer to
the charge of lawlessness and disturbers of
peaee. The arrests OZtOrteaa SiPlitary In
fluence on the balance of the Misers, who
speedily dispersed when they witnessed the
fate of their foolish leaders. We should be
glad tol'bave an example made of just such
men as these strikers, for a favorable' oppor
tunity. is presented to teach ignorant negroes
that the law wilt not allow a man to demaipj
compensation for labor " of of armis,ll
NEwmgaN, N. C,, a opt, Robinsoni
loyal widow lady, living in Beaufort, N. C,,
having made application for the back rent of
a building occupied by the Government, a
decision recently arrived from Washington
ralteerse to her claim, on the ground that ikau
fort was a captured city, and that, therefote,
all property, including personal, in the town
is a lawful prize of war.
This decision will apply to all property and
persons in ipsurrectionwry states, which are
also conquered territory.
A Greet Number of Citizens Taking
the Oath—Dedeinttett Of Some Parte
of the State
NEW YORK, September B.—The Mobile DI.
bane says : The beautiful little town of Mari•
etta is still one mass of ruins, and the greater
part of those who ;Welt there in happiness
are now homeless and almost hopeless. 5 , 5 it
is with the entire section of the country from
the Atlantic to Chattanooga.
The Macon, Georgia, correspondent of the
Augusta Tranderipl says, judging front the
number who have taken the amnesty oath fa
that country, nearly the usual vote will be
polled at the coming election. Almost all the
white troops have been removed from Macon.
Thecaer has become compttratiVeiy quiet i lvith
few offences against the laws.
The Charleston flouter, of the Ist, says a
daily mail North was commenced on that day
by the Northeastern Railroad and Wilmington.
and Manchester road.
CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA.
RENI'OLUTION IN PETtti PROORTISSIIvG
Now Toxic, Sept. B.—The steamer Costa Rica,
from Aspinwall; has arrived r iVith dates to the
list ult. She brings , t 938,000 in gold.
Much needless excitement has prevailed at
Panama concerning the revolutionary move
mewl in the interior, 'which appears to result
The present avernMent party may be over
thrown, but there is no danger of an outbreak
occurring in the city. The contending parties
hayg but about three hundred men each, and
both appear afraid to fight.
Someexcitetnent has been caused by the Go
vernment appropriating a couple of American
vessls for transportation. The American Con•
sul had blundered into giving them papers to
trade on the east when they had no 414419
The steamer Arid arrived with troops for
San Francine, on the :sth ult. The conduct of
the troops on landing was disgraceful.
The Spaulding also arrived with troops
on the 30th,
From Central America the Only important
item is that Barios, ex-President of Salvador
is on trial with a likelihood of being convicted.
and in violation of the agreement not to
take his life, given to Nicaragua Wileg given
/Business is dull M Chili. Exchange on Lon
don at Valparaiso 453,4046 d.
The revolution in 'Peru is still progressing,
and the rebel fleet has entered COW% Mat
ing a reply from President Pezet to their ulti.
team before attacking the town.
sun it is not certain that the revolution will.
Exchange at LIM on London, 37d.
Some forty buildings were destrOYO4 by flea
in Guayaquil on the 27th ult.
Miss Adelaide Phillips is a passenger on UM
From Dedford, Penna.
BEDFORD, Sept. K.—John r. Reed, Jr., indiet4A
for the alleged murder of Jacob Crouse, has
been released on bail. Reed's counsel were
ready and anxious to go on with the trial, but
the prosecution refused to do so, and obtained
a postponereent. Mengel Roca, arrested for
treason, on the oath of a brother of Crouse,
and carried to Pittsburg, has been returned to
Billiard Match for file ekaniPlOseabilll.
Itoonzwrati, Sept. 7.—At the billiartt
match Bo the championship of America,
Decry woa by thirty•six points, Fob wade a
run of two hundred and seventy-six points.
There,was much elCClteMenti Fox Dying the
favor player. The winner's acarEgo we
slatesa hundred and ilfty.four.
NEW YORK CITA,
ARRIVAL OP THE CITY OP HAHO.I3IBBTER.
The steamship City of Manchoster, from
Liverpool August 24, has Her ad.
vices are anticipated.
Arrived, Steamer Ariel, fronyokspinws4
brings no news.
THE 61'00g SxOHANGE-45aciottr• noUtp.
22110017 $ es 5-2 o e....1073fi 201t0Aid eafailnHef... 49
90000 S6s 'Bl 10716 Wiet Miu - Vo• • 50,
70001T585 lyr of ni. 99 9 do oo
15000 Ty DI 7 8-101 d s.. 99M Y Centk, 92,
1000 Tenn State 78 • do ....,, gt
WOO do " • 79 Erie Ritibiny 87,
5010 do' •Mi 100 do
• ' .400 lib b
5000 Worth or 65.... 7A 106 Len Ain Te C 0... 36
10000 Missouri State 69,72 110 MI& Central R.. 110
300004) & Miss Cur.... 98
Markets by Tetefcratidu
BALTIMOILE, Sept. B.—. Float 11l dull; Rowan',
street superfine is quoted at etf.504180 2 , 1 4.
Wheat is steady ; the supply of prime quo its
tions is scarce. Cora is dull at 860. for yellow..,
and 88e for white. Oats are very dull at 420
oe, grroceries are very firm. Provi sions kre
firm; Bacon 62101411, vrtiglBo. - W44141.
Nsw Yo pr, Sept. 8.