Newspaper Page Text
TUESDAY, MAY 31, 1884
'Age - Wq can take no notice of anonymous comma
niCationS. We do not return rejected manuscripts.
Jar Voluntary correspondence is solicited from all
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military and naval departments. When used, it
will be paid for.
The Strategy of General Grant.
For three long years the Army waited for
a leader. It has not waited in vain. Ge
neral GRAN'i stands head and shoulders
above all other commanders who have dis
tinguished themselves in the War, and,.
judged not only by his successes, but by
the means he has used to obtain them,
must unquestionably be recognized as one
of the great soldiers - of the age: The
country is astonished, and it has good
reason to be, at the Masterly develcip
ment of the campaign in - Virginia. EVery
day brings new proof of the somkelness
and brilliancy of the plan, and the energy
of its execution. No American general
has ever thano3uvred an immense.. army
with the ease and skill with which GRANT •
has handled the forces in Virginia, It has;
been-well said that lie controls the Arinly • ,
of the Potomac almost as easily as if it .
were a brigade. The history of. the carn.
paign, thus far, conclusively shows GRANT
to be not only the hardest fighter; but- the
finest strategist of the war.
On the 4th of May General GRANT Placed
Ins whole army on the south bank of the 1
Rapidan, sixty miles on a direct line - . froin
Richmond, and in the same week hurled
his entire forces against the enemy. This
was a terrible .reconnoissance in force,
which settled at once the questionof vela=
live strength; tested the spirit of the army,
and justified Ga.4.lT in moving with the
rapidity, daring, and confidence - .which
have marked - his subsequent - operations.
A campaign that does not begin with s.
great battle is not likely to end With a
victory, and GRI.NT displayed the genius
of a gi•eat soldier in taking the Offensive at
once. The enemy, after these fierce battles,
were compelled to retire to the strOnger .
position 'at Spottsylvania. It waS there
that General GRANT began those brilliant
and sound combinations which have given
us more confidence in his milittu - y skill than
all his other victories combined. He re
fused to hurl his troops upon the' strong
works at Spottsylvania, but by a sudden
movenient forced LEE to choose between
the surrender of 'his lines of comiuunica
lion or retreat. LEE fell back - to the South
Anna, and GRANT again declined to attack
the enemy in his chosen . position, and
fortifications upon which the best engineer
ing ability of the South has - spent two
years, at least, of labor. While the enemy
spread-their lines, liken, vast fan, between
him and Richmond, and Vainly awaited an .
attack, GRANT, on Thursday night, re
crossed the North Anna, moved southerly
on LEE'S right:fiank, with his own. right se'
curely protected by the river,: crossed the -
PainunkeY at Hanovertown ; and is now
again confronted by LEE, - who was forced
to' leave ids- chosen position -. and throw
hiffself between our army and Richmond,
upon the line of the Chickahominy. All
this was done by GRANT without wasting
either men or time. It is the result of pure
What then is done? Three weeks ago
he was sixty miles from Richmond, with
three rivers to cross, and the best army, of
the rebellion before him, resolved to dis
pute every foot of ground. Now, without
losing a wagon, without once severing
his communication with Washington or
leaving it unprotected, without any loss
Which is not exceeded by the lciss of
the enemy, he stands, or rather moves,
- within fifteen miles of the rebel capital,
and has driven LEE to a position which he
would gladly have fought a hard battle
every day of the month to avoid. Such a
campaign is > unprecedented in Virginia.
When General MCCLELLAN advanced up
the Peninsula he 4itet with little opposition.
Beyond the Rapidan no commander has ever
led the A.rmy of the Potomac ten ,milemi
Our fighting has been clone in what we
may call the front of Washington. Even
in offensive movements the necessity of
caution has been so extreme that the army
seemed actually always on the defensive.
GRANT, by a less expensive and tedious
route than the Peninsula, has placed the
war directly before Richmond, and
relieved all Northern Virginia of every
thing but the annoyance of the guerillas.
Ms movement is absolutely and effi
ciently offensive, and when we remember
that he controls the Peninsular advance,
and consider the important part which
General BUTLER Will take in - move-
mentsr which will now be strictly co
operative, it is almost impossible to - con
gratulate the country too much upon the
glorious progress of the greatest of all our
campaigns. The two great armies of
MEADE arid BUTLER are virtually under
one practical direction; Richmond is at
tacked, as it'never was before, from two
sides, and General LEE'S forces are, in
effect, no longer an army, but a garrison.
The severest battles are, yet to be fought,
but We are positive that GRANT will not at
tempt to take Richmond by storm,. nor by
a whole summer's siege. If his future
progress is to be proportionate to his past,
that city should certainly be our own be
fore July. •
That the charges against General Bon,En
were untrue is admitted by the journal in
which they first appeared. The Evening
Post, of yesterday, in reference to its state
ments that BUTLER had lost thesrouncl he
had gained by refusing to entrench, against
the urgent advice of GILMORE, editorially
General Butler addressed a letter on' this mat
ter to General Gilmore, asking : ' Did you -or do
you authorize the statement that Gilmore advised
Butler to make his (my) position secure by en
trenchments against sorties or any movements of
the enemy to oust Us from them when before Fort
Darling, and that 1 answered that I would not
pause for defensive preparation V To which the
reply of General Gilmore, acopy of which lies be
fore us, is, ' I never advised you as stated. I sent a
staff officer to you in regard to certain changes in
the line, but there was not time to make those
changes, even if they had been ordered'
The Evening Post may have had excellent
reasons- for believing its correspondent to
be well informed, but the .public reasons
for presuming him to be in error were so
many that General BUTLER Scarcely needed
a defence: General GuaronE,..however, has
TICE SECRETARY OF WAR has hacl many
defenders; even if he has been "the best
abused man of the war." But the only
defence he needs is a plain statement of
the work he has done and is doing. FroM
the New York Times we quote the follow
ing suggestive paragraphs :
"Secretary Stanton has been the best abused man
of the war. Many of the disasters have been
fathered upon him, and very few of the victories
have been put to his credit by the public estimation.
Withoulikdiscussing the exact value of his services
to the country, it is worth while to consider occa
sionally one grand fact which is almost forgotten
by the public, and yet which must redound In his
tory especially to the credit of his administration.
We mean the wonderful organization by which our
immense armies aro kept constantly supplied with
food, clothing, ammunition, and weapons.
"We had in the Secretary's despatch, received on
Tuesday, a brief record of a single week's adminis
tration under the War Department. Within eight
days after the great brittle of Spottsylvanis. Court
House several thousand—probably some twenty-five
thousand—veteran troops were forwarded to Gen.
Grant, and during -the same time rations sufficient
for his whole immense army were supplied him.
Twenty— thousand sick and wounded were trans
ported from the field of battle to the Washington
hospitals and placed under surgical care. Over
eight thousand prisoners were conveyed from the
field to prison depots, and a vast amount of artillery
and weapons, won 'from the enemy, were brought
away. Several thousand fresh cavalry horses were
forwarded to the Army of the Potomac ; and many
thousands of reinforcements, with arms and ample
supplies, were sent to the other armies in the field.
During the same week a fresh army of thirty thou
sand volunteers was mustered into service, clothed,
armed, equipped, and transported to their respective
"We submit that no military department, not
even Napoleon's, when lie commanded the resources
of most of Europel ever showed a better week's
"Now, wherever individually the credit of this
masterly organization may lie, historically it will
be ascribed to the War Department. ' History will
show that during a great war millions of men were
armed, equipped, fed, and transported with a silent
regularity and promptness to which only the longest
experience in military organifiation can usually at
tain ; and for this the nation has reason to be devout
A.VY articles intended for thc.grcat Sanitary Fair
may ho sent to Mrs. J. W. Forney, the chairman of
the Committee on Labor, Revenue; and'lndime, at
the residence 618 Washiagton Square.
The Conventions at Cleveland.
A number of our fellow-citizens will as
semble to-clay in the city of - Cleveland,
Ohio. They propose to discuss the ques
tion of the Presidency. We arc somewhat
at a loss for a general term to express our
idea of this Convention ; but perhaps we
can find none more felicitous than a line
displayed in large type by the World
" Grand Rally of the Radicals against LiN
COLN !" These gentlemen should thank
the editorial Copperhead for giving them a
phrase that has the merit of adaptability,
and, we should think, acceptability. Our
own misfortune is, that we cannot see which
of these Conventions can be called " The
_Grand Rally." We have before us no %Os
than three distilibt calls, which may be
hurriedly summed up
call signed by "The People's Pro
visional Committee," which declares that
"the one-term principle should be inflexi
bly adhered to in the approaching elec
lions, and that Baltimore is too near Wash
ington to be a proper place for holding a
Convention." Therefore, in Older that
people may be away from the evil influ
ences of Washington, these gentlemen pro
pose assembling in the purer atmosphere of
Cleveland. Senator BROWN, of Allisouri,
heads tins call. Ex-Governor IVILLTA - Ar F.
JOYINSTON and WILLIAM MORMS DAVIS,
formerly a member of Congress from this
State, are the only names of note from
11. A call addressed "To the Radical
Men of the Nation," demanding the imme
diate extinction of slavery negro suffrage,
and a division of the lands of the rebels
among the slaves.' This call concludes
"Men of God ! men of humanity ! lovers
of justice ! patriots and freemen ! one and
all, rally !" It is hardly necessary to say
after this quotation that Rev. GEORGE B.
CHEEVER is the principal signer. Mr.
FREDERICK DouGLAss will be a prominent
member. Pennsylvania, has not the honor
of being represented.
111. A third call is addressed "To the
People," and is quite brief and " con
servative." It speaks about violating State
andindividual rights, and favors an amend
ment to: the Constitution abolishing slavery,
It is presumed this Convention will place
General GRANT in nomination. Mr. Jorrx
CocnitAKE,, formerly a brigadier general,
we believe, is the principal' signer to titis
can. Pennsylvania is again denied the
merit of a representative.
These are the three "Conventions" that
meet to-day in Cleveland. The four or five
names we recognize are the names of good
men, and we trust they may have pleasant
quarters at Cleveland and a safe return
home. We do not know how many ladies
will be admitted, but we should not
be surprised if the,re was a large delegation
in attendance. Mrs. E. CADY <STAI TON
has signed her name to the call, and will
take an active part, if she is admitted.
This seems to be the only embarrassing
question before our friends at Cleveland.
It is possible General FIIEMONT will be
nominated by one or two Conventions, and
General GItANT by the other, and it is also
possilile that no nomination will be made,
but an adjournment effected to Baltimore,
to await the action of the Union Convey.
lion. The New 'York World has a great
deal of'sympathy for this movement, and
it assures us that it "affords to the masses
of the Republican party their only oppor
tunity for freedom of political action re
specting the Presidency." We admire the
instinct of the World in its elaborate praise
of these men, but at the same time there
are men with names signed to this call who
would have blushed not many weeks ago
to - find no voice approving their course but
the voice of a Copperhead. They may
We anticipate no important results from
the meeting of these Conventions. Like
Mr. Micawber, they meet at Cleveland in
the hope that something may turn sup.
They have no distinct principle an which
to array themselves against Mr.
Out President holds the advance sentiment
of the radical theories of the age, and these
discontented men are reduced to nothing
but extravagant and foolish declamation.
If they ask the abolition of slaVery, they
find slavery abolished by the man they
affect to hate. They find that this man has
not only freed the negro but armed him
and raised him as near an equality as it is
possible for the member of arace so crushed
and degraded to be. Above all, they see
that behind this man the country stands,
that the country loves and trusts him, and,
believing he ltas been sent. by God to direct
the destinies of this nation, they . propose to
continue him in his high office until the
work is done. If the gentlemen who meet
at Cleveland look at this question coolly,
and with common sense, they will accept
this truth",, and, quietly returning to their
homes, - prepare to meet the common enemy
in the coming campaign. Gentlemen, this
cause is too precious to be weakened by
these quarrels over men. Our choice is
ABRAHAM LriccoLN, but if another can be
found, let another be taken. Our faith is
inscribed upon the banner, and we shall
follow the captain, whoever. he may be,
that can lead us on to victory.
The Sanitary Fair.
A week 'longer and it will really open.
The great Fair is coming so near that we
speak of it as we do of next Sunday's ser
mon. On Tuesday, then, the • doors will
open,- and Mr. WELSH will give his ten
thousand friends a private view. In the
meantime the w.orkmen are busy and ex
cited. The noisiest spot in the . consolidated
city is Logan Square. The sedate inhabi
tants of that shady retreat are in a condi
tion of. despair. ;They feel that they have
made' a. great sacrifice; that they are deeply
injured. - Their trees are boxed up and
hidden away, their deer have been spirited
off to other pastures, and an unsightly
medley of brick and; lumber and stone is
all that can be seen. The workmen have
nearly Xmished their work, and the com
mittees are arranging , to decorate the
tables. The women are in a state of de
lightful excitement. They hover around
this unsightly square . at all hours of the
day, and disappear into the mysterious re
cesses that still baffle the ingenuity and en
terprise of our reporters. Mr. CLAGITORN
and Mt. lffmtarsoN are getting their pic
tures ready, and as • every picture will be
hung in the lxst light, the artists-have no
reason to be jealous'or unhappy. We have
great hopes for this Art Department Think
of a picture gallery five hundred feet long,
and in this gallery all the finest pictures in
our private collections! Such a display has
never been seen before, and may never be
seen again. This will be one of the most at
tractive Sensations of all, for in our parlors
and galleries there are many gems of art un
known to the student. Bring them forth from
dusty walls, and let them see the sunshine
and the brightness of many thousands of
Beautiful is art, but more beautiful is na-J
tUre. Nature is now decking herself with
all the glory of May, and out of her beauty
we shall have a contribution to our Sani
tary Fair. The- Garden will be anattrac
tion of great beauty. many conserva
tories around our city, and we bit V -e sonic
of the finest in the country, will contribute
their rarest plants to the Garden of the
Fair. We shall have all the wholesome
loveliness of ..;16 r own May fields com-
Inning with t s •licit and luscious fruits and
flowers of the Equator. In this May month
the flowers may greet the sunshine without.
fear of frost or blight, and thus we may:
stroll and saunter through gardens that
might have overhung Babylon, burdening
the Euphrates with their fragrance. Those'
who have charge of the Garden say that no
attraction in the Fair will' excel their pecu
liar display; and that even now enough
contributions have been promised to Maim
it one of the most magnifieent.horticultural
exhibitions the country has ever known.
Thus, with pictures and .. flowers 'Stich
abundance, we May all-:be happy at the
We shall have the guaint,, and curious,
did useful, as well as the beautiful. The
Curiosity Shop will be filled with all the rare
old treasures now hidden in the dust li
braries and garrets. The Pennsylvania
Kitchen will welcome as fresh and merry
groups as those that laughed. the weary,
night away around high blazing fires, in
earlier and purer days. The Post Office will
contain letters for all who may choose to
call, and anxious inquirers will find more
charming attendants than 311'. WALBORN
has succeded in obtaining. Mr. Crams is
arranging the types for his Daily Pare, and
finds his books filling with subscribers, and
Mr. LELAND finds himself, as the editor of
the new publication, the most popular man
in the. City.. Happy Mr. LELAND—and Imp
py thousands—who have - written their
rhymes, and. expect to find themselves in
glaring print during the Fair ! Justice will
at length be done to the injured multitude
- whose geniuS now suffers from the bad taste
and venality of newspaper men. Jiappy Mr.
LELAND and may he haVe ft speedy re
covery from the embarrassments of his trying
position. But why dwell upon all these at
tractions ? Me must not anticipate too
clogely, for we may betray sonic of the
mysterieS that should not be revealed
until the opening day.. Another week;
and we shall be within those uninviting
walls, and in the midst of-all`their gorgebus
"less and wealth. - Let our friends iMprove
that week, and much goodmay be *Om
plished that otherwise would be left nndone.
OUR readers will remember that last year,
during the draft excitement, no argument
of the Copperheads was more vehemently
published than the argument against the
exemption clause in the conscription act. It
was said to oppress the poor man and
screen the wealthy. Now, when a propo
sition is made to repeal this "odious law,"
the Copperheads cry out against it as a vio
lation of civil liberty. One journal says
"it is the one feature of the law that makes
it anything - like a < fair and equitable mea
sure, and equalizes its burdens on rich and
poor." This shameless inconsistency is
characteristic of these men, but can any
thing lib more disgraceful ?
TEE 'London Times . begins to use threat
ening language towards - the .German Pow
ers, but in a very quiet way. It is evident
ly feeling public opinion We have dime
IV hat we could to avert the evils which we
foresee, and shall, we trust, hold our power
inreser'Ue'fn the. day—not, as we apprehend,
very distant—when it may be employed
efficiently towards undoing a great injus
tice, and restoring yeSpect for public law,
now arrogantly trampled under foot."
Tin' - World assures us that "tile Cleve
land Convention is to procure a true ex
pression of the spontaneous sentiments of
the people." This is very kind and clever
conduct on the part of a Copperhead. to
wards Radicals, but will the Torid tell us
what the Chitago Convention is to be ?
THE Copperhead newspapers are still
harping upon Mr. SEWARD. That states
man has been fortunate enough to keep the
country out of a war with foreign Powers.
Such a war wmild be the recognition of
treason, and therefore the chagrin of these
gentlemen at Mr. S.EWARD'S success.
Ii the - Sanitary Fair of St. Louis the
contest in sword voting lies bet Ween HAN
cocr. and McCnEnnarr. Hatccoonis 'ahead,
and will!" probably
should give,her sword to Gen. MEADE.
THE Democracyare diseuSsing the pro
priety , of-poStponing.their Convention until -
September. - They have not found a candi
date as yet, and by waiting a little longer
something may.turn up.
SOME foolish rhymer writes a number of
stanzas addressed to GARIBALDI, in which
he says, "Fanatic vile! despised by all—
the world shall glory in thy fall," The
next curiosity will probably be a satire on
WASHINGTON, :111C1 a eulogy on BEEEDICT
ARNOLD and JEFFERSON DAVIS.
WHILE the New York TIMM is so busily
engaged in proving that there have been no
great generals but those graduated at West
Point, will it tell us where CLESAR, and
FREDERICK, and MARLBOROD - GH graduated?
The Clei , eland Convention.
[From the Washington Chronicle.]
The most encouraging- aspect of the present peri
od, after the steady progress of our arms, is the con
'fidence of the great body of the loyal people in Mr.
Lincoln, If it were otherwise—if he were not the
undoubted choict 'of the great - Union party for re
election—a most damaging element would be added
to the other . embarrassments of the Government,
The country would be convulsed by an internecine
war between common friends, on the subject of the
succession,and the Executive would feel itselfutterly
disheartened by the fact that it had lost the confidence
of its former partisans. He who looks over the list
of delegates to the Union National Convention
which, is; to meet at Baltimore one week from to
morrow, must see that it is to be . a body of rare and
distidg - uished character, experience, and patriotism.
That catalogue is alone sufficient to .attest the fact
that the delegates hnve, in most cases, been se
lected outside of party management of selfish
combinations. THE CONVENTION OF THE 7TH
OF JUNE - 1.5. THE ONLY CONVENTION CALLED
IN THIRTY YEARS WITHOUT REFERENCE. TO
PARTY ANTECEDENTS AND PARTY PLATFORMS.
For . evidence of which observe a few of
the very many of - the leading men, who are to
act in it : Daniel S. Dickenson, of- New York, and
.TOhn A. Andre*, of , Massachusetts ; David Tod, of
Ohio, and Bbbert.' J. Breckinridge, of Kentucky—
the Whig and the Democrat—the slave-holder
and the AbolitiOnist--.the adopted citizen and
the repentant` he in this
grand council, In happy oblivion of past dif
ferences, add in a patriotic - postponement of
still existing political affinities. There - may be
small politicians in this Convention, but they will
be shamed Into irretrievable obscurity and silence
by the patriots who consent to take part in it. THE
BOND THAT UNITES THESE PATRIOTS IS
LOVE OF COUNTRY. To prove this love, they
'are ready to give up, all lesser considerations, and,
first of all, to give up party. To save their coun
try they will slay 'slavery and all its accesso
ries. To save their country they will approve every
act that an- honest Administration and Congress
may declare to be necessary to 'that salvation. Oh
s6rve andremeniber, that although this Convention
is called to nominate a President and Vice Presi
dentfor four years from the 4th of March, 1865, its
first great duty is to the Republic. On this sublime
inspiration the people acted when they elected
their representatives to it. Therefore, they
have chosen their wisest and their most un
selfish citizens. And yet, in the State and. district
Conventions, called to appoint delegates, these dele
gates have, with very few exceptions, been instruct
ed to support Abraham Lincoln as the. Union candi
date for re-election to the Presidency. We would
not profane our great - cause by discussing the
shameless accusation that such instructions have
proceeded from management or from patronage.
No general A.dminktration in our recollection 'has
been so indifferent to party details as the present.
To many this indifference has been classified among
its gravest offences. And certainly Mr: LIIICOIR can'
not be charged with having used his own vast pow
ers to re-elect himself. - Can 'any body suppose that
such patriots as we have named, nearly all strangers•'
to Mr. Lincoln, would have been whipped in by any
party manipulations to go for any man for Presl-;
dent, to piens& him alone, - or that they would,' at
their time of life, enter any party convention, save
at the call of the noblest impulses that ever thrilled
the heart or nerved the arm 9_ The controlling
minds - of .the Baltimore Union Convention have
long since rejected- Offices and honors, and
have only come •from venerated private life to
dedicate themselves to the service of a
"country now 'assailed by the bitterest enmities of
civilization and Christianity. Most happily for that
country; most auspicious for our future, it is, that
such men will meet to give us a ruler tor four years,
during which-the destinies of the country and the
hopes of freedom in that future will be irrevocably
decided. Patriots like these, independent of every
thing but a. passionate desire to defend and perpetu
ate the Republic, cannot bo accused of any worship
ofmen, and will not hesitate to sacrifice any ambi
tion or, to postpone any inclination to secure that
groat end. -
Another convention, antagonistic to, and assu
ming to control the body of which wo have been
writing, congregates in the city of Cleveland, Ohio,
to-morrow, Tuesday, the 31st day of May. The gen
tlemen whO have called this meeting - are (at least
some of them)well-knovin and patriotic characters.
We do 'not question their motives. We hope they
have* goodof their country at heart. - But it Is a
fact that cannot be ignored, that the enemies of the
Government aro as much interested in the Clove- -
land Convention as those who have immedi
ate charge of it. The unity of the citizens
who have 'responded to the call for the National
Union Convention, to meat at Baltimore on the Vth"
of June, has appalled the enemies of the Republic.
They expected divisions in our political household.
They expected to see Mr. Lincoln assailed by his
own friends in Congress. They counted with a logi
cal certainty upon the factions sure to grow out of
every such convention as this. Disappointed in
these apprehensions, they hail the Cleveland Con
vention as, the best weapon by which to open a path-
Way to the election of an enemy of the Union to the
To secure this result it may be observed that -
all the; Copperhead papers have become suddenly
enamored of General Fremont and the Cleveland
Convention. They think that that ConVention
will be a sort of nominating congreSs for Balti
more, Land that if the Cleveland nominees aro
rejected at Baltimore, dissension and disaster
will be inevitable: But we think the Copper
heads Rill be as surely mistaken by the issue
of the Cleveland Convention as the, authors, al
it. The men who will go to that asseffiblage
aro intelligent and radically loyal. :They are
not the 'creatures of General Fremont; or of - any
other general. If they profess to possess anything,
THE PRESS.-PRILADELPITIA.: TUESDAY. MAY 3L 1864:
it is principle. Of all others, they aro the very last
to divido the Union party so as to help to divide the
Union itself; and that the latter would follow the
former is as true as that the sun follows tile dawn.
Wo notice that the call of this convention is so nar
row as to bo resolved Into the mere Idea of oars
TERM. No great principle is sot forth as the
chief inspiration, and no practical attack
is made upon the Administration of the Go
vernment. Ono term may answer for a time
of ponce, but not now, when a change of mon
may necessitate a change of Government. In the
newspaper which is dedicated to the Cleveland Con
vention, end to General Fremont as the preferred
candidate for that body (The New Nation), reported
to lie conducted by a member of the staff of that
most expensive and exaggerated chieftain, we notice
nothing that is not hostility to the Government. It
seems to have been written by a foreigner ore Copper
head. itis nreservoir of calumny upon Mr. Lincoln.
We have seen no word of approvaloven of any offi
cer of tho army, and it is as bitter as tho World,
and as jesuitical as the Intelligencer, In its. com
ments upon the men who stand by tho Government.
Like the call for the Cleveland* Convention, the
New Nation seems to 'have no principle except
hostility to ➢lr. Lincoln and his policy.- Wo
have read its - attacks upon extravagant ex
penditures, of arbitrary arrests, of military fail
ures, and of base surrenders to foreign Powers:
But we see no recommended remedy for all those
diseases but the nomination of General Fre
mont for President.. And is General Fromont, then,
to run as a candidate against-diTr. Lincoln on the
platform of hostility to extravagant expenditures
and military failures 1 The General is a Monte
Cristo in more than one respect, and as generous
and as unselfish as that horo of the French novelist,
bat we aro scarcely willing to believe that, because
he Is not in the service at the present, he is ready
to make himself the type of military progress,
and to run for President only to elect Gene
ral McClellan or some- one else of the same
school. The men who will moat at Cleveland to
morrow are regarded by the Oopperheads„ as meet
ing for mischief, and some of them may themsolveS
think so.' But they do not. They meet to expoliate—
to separate and to get rid of each other at the earli
est possible moment. Mr. Lincoln may be among
the weakest and the worst of men, but the delegates
to Cleveland will soon discover -that the people do
not think so. And when they adjourn, and realize
that they must take him or a violent enemy of their
country, they will be as warmly in his support as
we believe theta to be against the rebellion.
THE CLEVELAND CONVENTION.
Several Hundred Delegates Assembled.
FREMONT, BUTLER', - AND GRANT, TO
ADVICE OF WENDELL PHILLIPS
FREMONT THE PROBABLE CANDIDATE
Principles :of tAieOdical Germani.
THE INTENDED I'LATFORII
CLEVELAND, May 30-11 R. M.—Judging from
the number of delegates already hore, and those re
ported on the way, the Convention to-Morrow will
be composed of several hundred delegates. There.
are many Missourians in attendance, but the dele
gation from Illinois, lowa, Arkansas, Ohio, and
Pennsylvania are also large. Michigan, Wiscon
sin, LMinnesota, Kansas, New York; New Jersey,
and Massachusetts are represented,butnot largely.
Apparently none but the War Democrats will at
tend from New York, and Will favor the nomination
of Grant or 'Fremont. They argue that a victory
in Virginia next month will secure the endorsement
of this ticket at Chicago.
On the other hand, the Fremont men say they
want a man whose political record is well defined
and known to his country, and who has positive
strength. This they claim for their candidate, and
profess to believehe is:likely to be endorsed at Chi
cago. The indications are that Grant's name will
be withdrawn and Fremont nominated without op
position. Several are named for Vico President—
among them Gen. Cochrane, George W. Cass, B.
Gratz Brown, Gen. Log,ab, Ger:Andrew, and Gen.
Comptroller Robinson, of New York, has written
a letter strongly favoring the nomination of Grant.
Parker Pillsbury brings a letter from Wendell
Phillips, expressing regret at his inability to attend
the Convention, and complaining that the Adminis
tration is a failure, because it, has weighed treasure,
blood, and civil liberty against slavery, and up to
the present moment has decided to exha.ust them all
before it uses freedom heartily as & means of battle.
That if Mr. Lincoln is re-elected he will pursue•
the same policy and obey the same Cabinet. Ho
deprecates- Louisiana reconstruction experiments,
and contends that the only plan of reconstruction is,
within twenty years, to admit. the blacks to citi
zenship and use them with tishites as a basis of
States. He closes by favoring the nomination of
Fremont or Butler—Fremont being his first choice.
Among the delegates here areAeneralMeKinstry,
Ex-Governor W. F. Johnston Of Pennsylvania, Col.
Zagony, Major Haskell, Ed. Gilbert, Parker Pills
bury, Joseph Thompson, A. g Calvin, General
Cochrane, George M. Hopkins, Colonel Mose, and
ri number of ptominerif Germans frop Elie West:
[Special Despatch to The PiOgS
TERSONWEL OF TEE ti TION.
CLEVELAND, May 30.—From present signs the
Convention will not be a . great one. General Sohn
Cochrane; General Melrinstry, Colonel Leonidas
askell, Major Zagony (of FremoilVs body-guard),
ex-Governor William F. Sohnstoft, Hon. William
Snethem of Maryland, and other prominent men,
arc here. Horace Greeley and ,Senafor B. Grata
Brown are 'expected. An entire military ticket is
speculated. Grant for _President, and Fremont for
Vice President, or the reverse. • General Cochrane
is strongly for Grant.
The following gives the substance of the German
resolutions, which may form the bone of to-mor
row's platform to the Germans who will participate,
provided that the Convention laysthe foundations
of a real, well-defined party, to be called the Liberty
party, and is not merely a demonstration against
the Baltimore Convention : '
J. C. Fremorft, the first choice for President ; after
him some one as radical and h-oneSt;
The principles affirmed are these:
Ist. Personal liberty.
2d. Liberty of the press.
Bd. Free speech in all districts where martial law
has not been proclaimed.
4th. Slavery to be wiped. out in every feature;
legal equality without distinction of color; confisca
tion and homestead division of rebel estates.
sth. States rights and sovereignty to be subordi
6th. The Monroe Doctrine intact.
7th. A National Swiss militia . syStem.
6th. The lights of labor in relation to capital and
wages to be maintained.
9th. Protection of immigration.
10th. - Costs of the war to be Paid by its alders and
abetters, and the rebel leaders to be excluded from
nth. Guaranteed responsibility of the President
12th. The one-term principle, and participation of
the people in convention.
Arrival of Sick and Wounlled
Ponxnre..s Mownon, may 28.---Upwards of two
hundred sick arrived to-day from Bermuda. Hun
dred, on the steamer Express, and wore received at
Hampton Hospital. The mail boat John A. War
ner, Captain Cone, has arrived from Bermnda Hun
dred, and reports no fighting to-day.
The following is a list of the wounded, per steamer
Monitor, from Bermuda Hundred, and admitted
into the McClellan. Hospital : Peter Kimble, 59th
Penna. ; Samuel Hutton, R. S. Everett, and John
Smoke, 97th Penna:,- Thomas °lune . and John S.
Vielley,llth Penna. ; A: W. Thomas, 76th Penna.
NF AV. ORLEANS AND HAVANA.
Louisiana 'Delegates to the Baltimore
Convention—The War in St. Domingo.
NEW YORE, May. 30.—The steamer Cassandra,
from New Orleans on the 21st, arriyr this morning,
also the steamer Havana, from Orleans on the
21st, and Havana on the 20th, and ti7e steamer _Mer
rimac, from New Orleans on the W. r '•
Among the passengers-are-Mesigrs, , BUllitt,Plunr
ley, Bonzand, Thomas, Willspaugh, and Talliaferro,
delegates to the Baltimore Convention • Captain
Shipley, A. G. Hibbs, and others.
The advices from Havana mention4he capture of
Monte Cristo by the Spanish in St. ,Domingo..'
The New Orleans papers contain no news.
The Commercial Adverfiser publishes a rumor from
Washington that Congress will postpone the dis
cussion of the tariff bill till next- winter, and con
tinue the present additional rates.
Kohnstamm, the perpetrator of frauds on the Go
vernment, has been sentenced to Sing Sing prison
for ton years.
2'llE PIIIATE FLORIDA-7-A PHILA-DEtrILLA. BARE
BURNED-TAB FLORIDA.AT • MARTINIQUE.
We learn by way of Havana that the pirate
Florida landed at Martinique: on the .4h of May,
with the crew of a bark supposed to:be the David
Lapsley, of and for Philadelphia, which she had
captured and bUrned atsea.
BANK STATEMENT, .
Tho following is a statement of the ,condition of
the banks of New York city, fOr the ifeek ending
Nay 30 t ,
Decrease of Loans ~ $ L643,477
Decrease of Specie 118,610
Decrease of Circulation 120,643
Dec:vase of Deposits 1;840,188
Arrived, brigs Maria Louisa, Montevideo.; George
A Double Mamieide iU Baltimore.
Bevrisronn, May SO.—This afternoon an intoxi
cated man, named James Riley, fired a pistol at
Davis E. Sandford, of the Eastern Shore of Mary
land Volunteers, from ,the effects of will c h he died
in a few minutes. Anumbor of citizens and soldiers
pursued Riley, and fired upon him, killing him in
stonily. The affair created considerable excitement
in the western section of the city, wherelt occurred.
NOVELS IN PRESS.—Measrs. T. B. Peterson &
Brothers announce that they wilt'. publish. on
Juno_ 11th two now works by A)opulti authors :
"The Bridal Eve" by Mrs. Southworth; , and "Self
:so-ince," by the author of "Margaret Maitland."
ENGLISR ricromAss.--Frotek Mi. 3: .I".Eromorp
403 Chestnut street, wo have the Illustrated London
News, and Illustrated News of the World, of May 14th,
and the News of the World of ono day's later date.
'THE GERMAN PLATFpRM
NEW. YORK QTY.
NEW Yoml,lYlay 30, 1864
CONVICTION OF KOHIISTAItrat
ADVICES FROM ALL OUR ARMIES
DESPATCH FROM LIEUT. GEN. GRANT
^ • • u • • :);• ; • ; •
SEVERE CAVALRY ENOAOEMENT ON SATURDAY
THE ENEMY DRIVEN, LEAVING THEIR
KILLED AND WOUNDED
GENERAL SMITH'S FORCES TRANSFERRED TO THE
ARMY OF TILE POTOMAC.
REORGANIZATION OF THE WEST MIS-
GEN. CANBY IN COMMAND.
DESPATCH PROM GEN. SHERMAN,
GREAT VICTORY BY MaPHERSON'S CORPS
2,500 Rebel Killed and Wounded and 300
Prisoners in our floods
UNION LOSS ONLY THREE HUNDRED
REBEL ATTACKS ON UNION GUNBOATS
FORREST REPORTED IN MISSISSIPPI WITH FIF
TEEN THOUSAND MEN.
Buford Beported Moving* on Paducah.
THE FIRST OFFICIAL GAZETTE
WASHINGTON, May 30.
Major General Dix, New York:
A despatch from General Grant has just been re
ceived. It Is dated yesterday, May 29th, at Hano
ver Town, and says :
" The army has successfully crossed over the
Pamunkey, and now occupies a front about three
south of the river.
,‘ Yesterday two divisions of our cavalry had a se
vere engagement with the enemy, south of 1-fawes ,
Store, driving him about a mile upon what appears
to be his new line. We will find out all about it to
" Our loss in the cavalry engagement was 350
killed;and wounded; of whom but 44 are ascer
tained to have been killed.
We have driven. - the enemy. Most of their
killed and many of their .wounded fell into out .
Another official despatch, dated yesterday after
noon, at 2 o'clock, details the movements of the
several corps then in progress, but up to that time
there was no engagement.
Earlier despatches from headquarters had been
sent, but failed to reach Washington.
Secretary of War.
THE SECOND OFFICIAL GAZETTE
- WASITINGTO - N, May 30, 9.20 A. DI
To illojor Geleral Di; New York:
No official despatches from the Army of the Po
tomac have been received since my telegram - of Sa
A :telegram from Geriattl Sherman, dated near
DailtiE, 29th, 7.30 A. DI., reports that on Saturday
an engagenient took place between the enemy and
General McPherson's corps, in which the rebels
were driven back with a loss to them of 2,300
killed and wounded left in our hands, and about
300 prisoners, AlePhersonis loss being not over 300
in all. EDWIN M. STANTON,
THE LATEST OFFIOIAL GAZETTE
WASHINGTON, May 30, 10 P. M
Majar General Dix, Ness York: .
No intelligence later than has heretofore been
transmitted to you has been received by this De
partment from - Gen. Grant or Gen. Sherman.
A portion of Gen. Butler's force at Bermuda Hun
tired, not required for defensive operations there,
has been transferred, under command of Gen.
Smith, to the" Army of the Potomac, and is sup
posed by this time to have formed a junction.
No change in the command of the Department of
Virginia has been made. General Butler remains
n.bsi zroprxrulturfr or Virginia and
North Carolina, and continues at the head of his
force in the field. Despatches from General Canby
have been received,to-day. lie is actively engaged
in resupplying the troops brought back by General
Steele and General Banks, and organizing the
fortes of the West Mississippi Division, which now
comprehends the Departments of Missouri, Arkan
sas, and Louisiana. Generals Rosecrans, Steele,
and Banks remain in command of their respective
Departments, under the order of General Canby, as
division commander, his military relation being the
same as that formerly exercised by General Grant,
and now exercised by General Sherman in the De
partments of the Ohio, the Cumberland, and Ten
nessee. EDWIN M. STANTON,
THE REINFORCEMENT OF GEN. GRANT'S
FORTRESS MONROE, ➢lay 29.—The 18th Army
Corps and some regiments of the 10th Corps are
coming down the James river.
Ten steamers, loaded with troops, have already
passed here, and gone up the York river.
THE SHENANDOAH IrALLEY-A SHCCESS-
FUL SKIRMISHING PARTY
NEW Yona - , May 30.—A special to the Herald,
from Martinsburg, Virginia, to-day, says a scout
sent out by General Kelley, by order of General
Sigel, has returned, being entirely successful in the
operations, and giving important information.
Thirty-six prisoners and eighty-five horses were
captured, with forty head of cattle.
The notorious Major Triplet is reported among
the prisoners. -
NO FIGHTING RECENTLY AT BERMUDA
FORTRESS MONROE, May 29.--Col. Du Hon was
erroneously reported yesterday as having been shot
in the neck. His wound is a fracture of the jaw,
which is painful but not dangerous.
There is no news that can be published from Ber
muda Hundred. There has been no fighting for the
last few days in front.
Died, in Hampton Hospital, 28th instant, Charles
Hurt, 97th Pennsylvania.
NEW Irons, May 30.—The Commercial Advertiser
publishes a. letter from Butler's army, written on
the 28th, which says an expedition of some rnagni
trade is about starting, but its destination remains a
secret. Two or three days will culminate events.
Caine, May 30.—The steamer Graham has ar
rived with Memphis dates of the 27th. On the morn
ing,of the 25th the gunboat Curlew was attacked at
Gaines , Landing, fifty miles beickv Napoleon, by a
rebel battery of ten guns, 18 and 24-pounders. The
fire was 'returned, and a brisk engagement ensued
for half an hour, when' the rebels were driven off.
The steamer Belle St. Louis, from Memphis, has
arrived With 343 bales of cotton for St. Louis, and
one days later news.
Scattered bands are roving about the country
committing depredations. They hung four Union
men at Union City on the 27th instant.
The United States hospital-boat Thomas, in
charge of Dr. E. H. Harris, has arrived from Red
river with about 200, men, wounded in the engage
ment at Yellow Bayou. Nineteen boats had arrived
at. Vicksburg with Gen. A. J. Smith's command.
The steamer Longworth 'was fired into on Wed
nesday last by it - rebel battery of six guns, but the
boat was beyond range, and passed without redelv,
ing any injury. The steamer Silly List was also
fired into the same evening, by the same battery, and
her pilot was badly wounded.
THE COTTON MARKET
There is considerable activity in the cotton mar-,
liet. Prices are firm, and all offering is taken at
advanced rates. Middling to strict, 77@SO ; good,
81@S2; fair, 83.
THE REBEL FORREST IN MISSISSIPPI
Forrest, with 15,000 men, is reported to have been
at Tupelo, Mississippi, on the 20th Instant, engaged
In moving forake to Corinth, intending to repair the
railroad to Saokson.
Portions of his command have within a few days
mado their appearance in the vicinity of Union
RUMORED ATTACK. ON PADUCAH
Much excitement existed yesterday at Paducah
of various rumors of the approach
of Buford with a force estimated at from 600 to 1,000.
The force is said to have been atMayfield yesterday.
The military authorities are prepared to repel any
attack attempted. It is not likely they will allow
the enemy to remain in the vicinity in any force.
Markets by Telegraph.
Sr. Lone, May 30.—F1our firm and upward; single
extra, 5.75@7; double extra, $7.2507.60. Wheat Steady
and firm; 'good, 8;1.60©1.65; choice, $email@example.com. Corn
firm and active; mixed, 51.26; choice whito,sl.2B. Oats
steady, at 93(gf96c. Rye firm, at $1.35. Whisky active,
et 51.2.5. Cotton stiff; low middlings, 90c; receipts 357
NEW MAP OP VIRGINIA.—WO have received from
Messrs. William S. and Alfred .ffartlen a map of
Virginia, just published. It is printed at the Coast
Survey office, under the direction of Hon. A. D.
Bache, and has official warrant for Its correctness.
It is by far the best war map we nave soon.
LAMB PORTIvir. SPRING SALE OP BOOTS,
SHOES, BROGANS, STRAW Goons, TRAVELLING
BAGS, LEATHER CUTTINGS, sc.—The early atten
tion of purchasers is requested to tho largo assort
ment of boots, shoos, brogans, Sliakor hoods, palm
hats, Leghorn hats, traveling bags, &e., embracing
samples of 1,100 packages of tirst-class seasonable
goods, of city and EnStern manufacture, to be ne
reMpterily sold, by catalogue, on four months' cre
dit, commencing this morning, at 10 o'clock, bi - Sohn
Co., aurtkoneet's; Nos. 232 and 2,31 'Mar
Six hundred and thirty-five rebel privates and
twenty-two officers arrived yesterday from Port
Royal, on board the steamer Dictator. Tho officers
wore taken from the vessel and committed to the
Old Capitol, but tho Dictator was ordered to proceed
to Point Lookout, and there unload the remainder
of the prisoners.
Secesh fema to sympathizers hereabouts made quite
a demonstration in favor of their friends, and con
tributed to their creature comforts quantities of pies
and other refreshments.
AS the steamer was approaching the wharf several
tried to escape by jumping overboard. One of the
number was shot by the guard, and this intimidated
the rest. It was necessary to procure a filo of sot.
diors in the afternoon, as the negroes engaged to
carry them their rations feared hodlly injury. •
A largo delegation of officers, principallyfrom the
East, wore ordered to report at Annapolis. Amongst
the number wore three chaplains, they having ar
rived hero - without orders, and being neither wound
ed nor sick.
The following Pennsylvania officers haVe reported
to Surgeon Thomas Antis°ll sinco last report :
Lieut. Patrick Scarly, 13th Pa. Cavalry; Captain
Richard Fitzgerald, 17th Pa. Cavalry (the last
named was ordered to report at Annapolis); Assis
tant Surgeon George W. Saylor, 1113th Pa.; • Lieut.
John lungerich, 121st Pa.
Belonging to the 7th New Jersey : Captain W. R.
Hillyer and Lieut.-J. If. Livingston.
The Captain General of Cuba announces the ar
rival of Senor ARGUELLES at Havana by the steamer
Eagle, in custody of the Simnish agent. The Cap
tain General, in his letter, returns his thanks to Mr.
Saw Ann for the service he has rondered to humani
ty by furnishing the medium through which a
great number of men will obtain their einancipa
tion, whom the escape of Artoom.Lus would have
reduced to slavery. The Captain General adds
that simply the presence of ARGUELLES, on his re
turn to this island, has already, and in a few
minutes, given liberty to eighty-six human beings.
This afternoon about 1,000 contrabands, two-thirds
of them children, arrived here from the neighbor
hood of the recent battle-field, bringing with them
bedding, and huge bundles Of clothing. They
branched off in various parts of the city to seek for
homes. _ , '
The subscriptions to the lic4oloan,reported at the
Treasury Department, amount to nearly X 1,500,000.
XXXVIIItI CONGRESS--lst SESSION.
CALIFONNIA LA - ND CLAIMS.
The bill to expedite the title to land claims in Califor
nia was called up, and, after discussion during the
whole of the morning hoar, Wag laid over.
The tax bill then came up.
T. AX ON BULLION
Mr. COYNESS moved, in lieu of the tax of five per
cent. on gold and silver produced from the quartz
mines, beds of rivers, SEc., the following, which was
On bullion in lump, ingot, bar, or otherwise, a duty
of one-half of one percent. ad valorem, to be paid by the
assayer of the same, who shall stamp the product of the
assay for the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, under
direction of the Secretary of the Treasury ; and every and
211 sales, transfers, exchanges, transportation, and ex
portation of gold or silver, assayed at any mint of the
United States, or by anyprivate assayer, unless stamped
as prescribed by general regulations as aforesaid, is
hereby declared unlawful t . and every person or corpo
ration who shall sell, transfer to, transport, exchange,
export, or deal in the same, shall he sdbject to a penalty
of one thousand dollars for each offence, and to a fine not
exceeding that sum, and to imprisonment for a term not
exceeding two years, nor less than six months.
No jeweler, worker, or artificer in gold and silver
shall use either of those metals, except it shall have
first been stamped as aforesaid as required by this acl,
and every violation of this section shall subject the of
fender to the penalties contained herein. No person or
corporation shall take, transport, cause to
ed, export, or cause to be exported frOM the United
States any gold or silvdr in its gatnral state, nneoined,
OY linassaY3d and Illigamped as aforestid, and for
MAY 14,51ation of this provision every offender shall be
subject to the penalties contained herein.
TAXATION OF BANKING, ETC.
Mr. SHERMAN offered an amendinent to the clause in
the tax bill, relative to banking, as a substitute for the
Finance Committee's amendment. It provides for a tax
of one twenty-fourth of one per cent. per month on the
average amount of deposits, one twenty-fonrth of one
per cent. per month upon average amount or capital
stock, and olia-Ilfth of one per cent: per month on circa
lation, on banking ingitutions, Ste., other than those or
ganized under the National Banking Law.
Mr. HENDRICKS did not tee anything tOinstify the
Secretary in attempting to strike down the State banks.
As far as Indiana was concerned, her people and tae
people of the West would prefer the notes of her. State
Bank to the issue of Secretary Chase, and yet the cir
culation of that bank has been reduced from rive mil
lion eight hundred thousand to two- million fear hun
dred thousand dollars.
Mr. SEERA!AN argued in favor of legislating State
bank circulation out of existence during the existence
of the present state of Ihe Government. Ho held that to
allow the State banks to inflate their currency was a di
rect blow at the very vitals of the Government. He
held that the National bank circulation was adequate
for all purposes, and was founded upon public faith.
At half past four, on motion of Mr. F.USENDEN, the
Senate took a recess until seven P. DI.
THE TAX BILL RESUMED.
Secretary of War
Mr. CLARKE moved various amendments in order to
retain the present official heads in the revenue bureau,
assessors, etc, without the requisite of new bonds,
which were adopted.
Mr. CLARKE offered an amendment, as follows:
That on tobacco manufactured in the leaf, with all the
stems in, and not having been stripped, budded, or
sweetened, 25 cents. On stripped tobacco, as cavendish,
that hag been sweetened, including fine cut, 35 cents
The consideration of this amendment was postponed,
several Senators desiring to speak upon it.
Mr. SHERM..A.N'S amendment 'in reterenc , to banks
conSldered. He modifier] a. tax on circula
tion to one-sixth of , .--'eut. per mouth instead of
Mr. lIENDIIIG%S opposed the amendment of MI.
Sherman. lie considered it improper in a revenue bill
to strike at any particular interest of the States, as this
bill did—striking with this amendment. The currency of
the West had heretofore been so good that there was
but little difference in-exchange. He was opposed to
driving from the channels of trade a currency in which
the people of the West had confidence, and substituting
a currency l in which they had less confidence. This was
arbitrary egislatiou ; as when our currency approaches
the gold value, the value of our bonds, though now
above par, depends upon our ability to pay the Interest
on them. When there was no demand for bonds, and
hard times came, what was the value of the currency?
Mr. POWELL said what he had at first predicted in
regard to the system of paper currency had been fnl-
Biked, and none of the financial tinkering of Secretary
Chase could relieve us from the effects of his odious
system of paper currency. 'lt was rotten at the very
core, and would result in injury to any Government
that adopted it. Secretary Chase, in his financial mea
sures,-seems determined on adopting exploded notions,
and discarding all the sound and recognized principles
of currency. Ile denounced the system as the very
worst species of wild-cat banking.
At 10 P. M. the Senate adjourned.
Secretary of War
On motion of Mr. PENDLETON, the select committee
on the subject of admitting members of the Cabinet to
seats on the floor of the Honse was continued during
the present Congress. -
On motion of Mr. DAVIS, of New York, the; Commit
tee on the District of Columbia were instructed to in
quire into the condition of the Washington National
Monument Society, the amount collected ail sums ex
pended, and its affairs generally.
The House reEum ed the consideration of the following,
heretofore submitted by 31r. Rollins, of Missouri.
:Ifßesolved, That; prompted - bya just patriotism, we
are in favor of an earnest and successful prosecution of
the war, and that wewill give a warm and hearty sup
port to all those measures which will be most effective
apeedily overcoming the rebellion, and in securing a
restoration of peace, and which may not substantially
infringe the Constitution, or tend to subvert the trite
theory and character of the Government; and we hereby
reiterate that the present deplorable civil war has been
forced upon the country by the disunionists now in re
volt against the constitutional Government; that in the
progress of the war, Congress, banishing all feelings of
mere passion or resentment, will recollect only its duty
to the whole country. This war is not waged on our
part in any spirit of oppression, nor for any purpose of
overthrowing or interfering with the rights or estab
lished institutions of those States, but to defend and
maintain the supremacy of the-Constitution, and to pre
serve the Union with all the dignity, equality, and
rights of the several States unimpaired, and that as soon
as these objects are accomplished the war ought to
Mr.ROLLINS, of Missouri, said his resolution em
braced the main features of the one offered Mr. Crit
tenden, and adopted with only two dissenting , voices,
at the commencement of the Thirty-seventh Congress.
He believed the principlewasnght at that time, and was
right now. It was the platform upon which he stood
at the beginning, and upon which every patriot could
safely stand, and afforded a rallying point for all the
friends of the Union and constitutional liberty. If there
eras ever a time for unity of action to preserve our
happy form of Government, it was now. We should
rise above all mere party considerations It was idle for
us to underrate the warlike qualities of the Southern
people; these have been exhibited on many a well
fought geld. They have asserted their valor,and wrung
from us the acknowledment of a steady devotion to the
canoe in which they are engaged. If we can boast of
our Generals McClellan, Sherman Thomas, and Han
cock, they can boast of their Lee, Johnston, Hill, Long
street, and Ewell. We cannot expect peace, until the
rebel armies are overcome, and then we must arrange
terms and conditions, as other nations have done, in
order to secure lasting repose. We should conduct this
war in the spirit enunciated in his resolution.
If the policy declared in the Crittenden proposition
-had been adhered to, we should now be near the end of
the rebellion We should have carried the Constitution
and olive branch in one hand, and the sword in- the
other; but by departing from that-policy, we had made
a cause for the rebels, and united them in unbroken
phalanx. No punishment was too severe for the an
thors and leaders of this causeless rebellion, but we
should discriminate between them and those who had
been misled, and abandon all confiscation and legalized
plunder schemes, which would establish serfdom in the
South, creating a necessity for standing armies to keep
the peace and prevent revolt. 'Some had gone so far as
to seek to elevate the negro to the level of the white
man, while others would degrade the white race in the
scale- of being, and make them hewers of wood and
drawers of water to the servile race. Ho could regard
such persons only as madmen. -
Mr. FERNANDO WOOD unsnecesiftilly sought to
amend the resolution. The opportunity for thatpurpose
. having been excluded by the previous question, he
moved that the resolution be laid upon the table, which
was disagreed to—yeas 27, nays 114.
Mr. MORRILL, of Vermont, moved to refer the rose
lui ion to the select committee on the rebellious States.
. _ .
Mr. COX, of Ohio, haped the House would, take a di
rect vote ou the passage of the resolution, and not
by such a disposition of it.
The House then, by a Tote of 87 yeas to 67 nays, re
ferred the resolution to the Committee on the Rebellious
APPROPRIATION FOR COMMERCIAL WORKS.
Mr. WASHBURNE, of. Illinois, under a suspension of
the rules, reported a bill from the Committee on Com
merce, appropriating tic 250,0130 for the repair and preser
vation of works for the benefit ofnommerce on the lakes,
and $lOO,OOO for similar purposes on the seaboard.
Mr. SCHENCK, of-Ohio,. moveda suspension of the
rules in order to report a bill providing for the summary
punishment of guerillas. Commanding generals or
commanders of departments are authorized to carry
into execution all sentences against guerillas and per
sons guilty of arson, burglary, rape, and for violation
of the laws and customs of war, and spies, mutineers,
The Houk° refused to suspend the rules—yeas 79, nays
42—two-thirds not voting therefor:
Blair (W Va),
Clark, A W
Eldridge, • -
WASHINGTON, May 30, 1864
ARRIVAL OF FRIBONRRS AT WASHINGTON.
OPPICRILS OILDEItIM TO ANNAPOLIS
COZiTIZABANDS FROM BATTLE-FIN,LD
THE 10-40 LOAN
SEATS FOR CABINET OFFICERS
THE WASHINGTON MONUMENT
PUNISHMENT OF GUERILLAS
Kellogg (N Y),
Miller (N Y),
Morris (N Y)
Joh usoil (Ohio),
Mr. ENGLISH, from Committee on Pnbllc Lands, re
ported a bill,which was passed. extending for five years
the time fixed In the act of Juno, 1854, for commencing
the construction of the Marquette and Ontonagon Rail
road, in Michigan, for which public lands were at that
The HOlllierenumed the consideration of the Kentucky
contested election MSC, hlcliienry against Yeaman.
Mr. HARDING, of Kentncky, said while he would
vote for his colleague to retain his seat, he did not wish
to be understood as giving countenance to military in
terference with the freedom of elections.
Mr. YEAMAN, the sitting member, controverted the
position of the couteMant that he (Mr. Yenman) owed
his election to military interference, and spoke of the
contestant as having, with hod taste. resnrrected all the
political trash in the history of Kentucky to support his
(the contestant's) claim.
The House, by a veto of 06 yeas to 26 naps, adoPte6
the resolution declaring Mr. • Yearnan entitled to retain
HETIEL SOLDINRS IN UNION HOSPITALS.
On motion of Mr. COLE, of California, it was Re
solved, That the Committee on Military Affairs be
instructed to inquire by .what authority and under
whose direction rebels aro interspersed with the
national soldiers throughout the various hospi
tals of this city, and 54 to the comparative treat
ment of the rebel and Union soldiers iu the bosMtats;
Rettolred further, That the same - committee - be in
structed to inquire whether or not persons lately in the
rebel army are employed in places of trust and
profit by the United States Government at. Giesboro'
Point, and if so, by whose authority, how many, and
in what capacity they are employed ; and resolved
further, That the same committee be instructed to
inquire whether any disloyal persons are employed
as clerks in I buy of the Departments of the Govern
ment, and if so, who are responsible for such em
ployment, and that the committee' have authority to
send for persons and papers, to compel the attendance
of witnesses, and to report the facts to this House at any
Mr. LAP:EAR, of Pennsylvania, offered a long pre
amble concluding with a resolution that the Preside«.
be required to adopt measures for a suspension of hos
tilities between the North and South and an armistice,
in order that, in the meantime, a. convention maybe
called of all the States, with a view to the restoration
of the Union with their constitutional rights.
Objection was made to the itsolation, when Mr. La
zenr moved a suspension of the rules, pending which
the House adjourned.
ARRIVAL OF THE CITY OF BALTIMORE
THE CONFERENCE ADJOURNED WITHOUT ACTION
ILLNESS OF' THE POPE
FRANCE AND THE MONROE DOCTRINE
Rebel Cruisers from Neutral Ports.
Nrw YORK, May 30.—The steamer City of Balti
more has arrived, from Liverpool on the 18th, via
Queenstown on the nth.
The Kangaroo arrived out on the 16th
The news is meagre and unimportant.
The Parliamentary Whitesuntide recess conti
The weather was splendid for the crops.
The schooner Samuel 'Martin had reached Liver
pool direct from Charleston, with cotton.
The Conference held a three hours' session on the
17th, all the members being present.
The Daily News says they can hardly be said to
have advanced a single step, and the prospect of an
agreement was as distant as ever.
Isio common basis of discussion has yet been
agreed upon. The Germans repudiated altogether
the treaty engagements. The Conference had ad
journed till May 28, When more than half the time
fixed for a truce will have expired.
The Daily Telegraph says that France advocates a
prolonged suspension of hostilities, if necessary.
The Danish advice's- continue to charge the Ger
mans with plundering and confiscating after the ar
mistice had been declared.
La France denies the rumors of probable ministe
rial changes in France.
The protracted trial of La Pommercals, for poi
soning, had resulted in a 'verdict of guilty, and be
had been sentenced to death.
The 13011rsO was Steady, tisf ; 80e,
ANCE A.ND THE tNITED sTATEs—tar. 1tEX1C.2.31
The Paris correspondent of the London Morning
Post writes as follows :
" Your readers have been frequently informed of
the determination of the Emperor Napoleon to ob
serve the strictest neutrality in the policy of the
French Government towards Washington. Of this
determination Mr. Dayton, the American minister,
has had many proofs fr6m time to time. On a late
occasion I drew attention to certain representations
made by the United States minister to M. Drouyn
de Piluys, concerning the building of vessels-of
war in a French port, supposed to be intended for
the use of the Southern cause. The Minister of
State, in a late debate in the Legislative Chambers,
thus refers to the fact :
"'Later in that year the United States minister
made an application to M. Drouyn de l'Huys, al
leging his reasons for supposing that these vessels
were intended for the use of the Confederates. An
inquiry was instituted, and as the explanations of
the builders were not thought clear enough, the au
thorization was withdrawn. Soon after the builders
declared that they were intended for Sweden ; but,
as the exactitude of that declaration was not suffi
ciently demonstrated, the Government gave orders,
only ten days ago, that the ships would not leave
France till their destination was clearly established.
Such, gentlemen, has been the plain and unequivo
cal conduct of the Government in this particular
" This assertion is interesting - , as showing how up
to the present day the policy of France towards
America remains the same, although its sympathy
may be for the cause of the South. In all that may
take place on this question, France will follow Eng
land. If a recognition of the South were to occur in
England, France would immediately echo such a
In the Corps Legislatif, Rouher has given his
reason for believing that the American Government
would not interfere in the settlement of the Mexican
question, and he concluded his remarks as follows :
"The Monroe doctrine enibodies the principle that
every countr3..i.i...id be its own master at home.
Weli, is not Mexico at home Why -talk 13J:wk.-of-a
sovereign placed under the suzerainty of France 7
Such language is only calculated to irritate. The
Emperorfilaximilian is sovereign by popular elec
tion. Why then shouldnot the - United States respect
his crown ? The - United States will derive greater
benefit than any other country from the prosperity of
Mexico. American enterprise will find abundant
occupation in the Mexican seas, and instead of in
dulging apprehensions of war between the two coun
tries, it would he wiser to examine what are the con
ditions required in the future for a closer intimacy
between America and Mexico.?;
The London Daily News says the cotton question
is becoming one of serious interest, as there is a
general disposition to believe that the war in the
United States is approaching a final issue, and the
restoration of peace will simply end in the reopen
ing of the greatest cotton market in the world.
The News shows that unless the greatest prudence
is exercised the sudden influx of an artificially
scarce commodity, and the consequent heavy fall in
prices, may prove most disastrous.
A Rome letter in the London Times, dated May
Sth, says :
" The Pope has had another attack, and that un
expectedly. On SundaY last he administered the
sacrament of confirmation to a brother of the ex
iling of Naples, and while preparing to make him
an address he was observed gradually;to become
weaker and weaker, and at last to sink so far as to
rest his head on a table close at hand. Recovering
shortly after, he withdrew, and sent for his medical
attendant, who found that his Holiness was suffer
ing from a rather strong fever and an increased ir
ritation of the wound in his leg. The fever con
tinued for several days. Though the Pope recovered
rapidly from the attack which he had a month or
two since, it must not be forgotten by thostrlvho are
preparing for the future that he is menaced con
tinually by indisposition, and that any moment the
chair of St. Peter may be vacant."
LIVERPOOL, May 18.—The political news is quite
LONDON, May 19, 3 P. M.—The rate of discount of
the Bank of England is 8 per cent.
BERLIN, May 19.—The Crown Prince of Prussia
has been appointed to command the 2d Army Corps.
Marshal yonWrangel has been raised to the rank
It is asserted, upon good authority, that Prince
Frederick Charles, of Prussia, Las been appointed
commander-in-chief in the Duchies.
SToewnorm, 11lay 19.—Count Manderstrom, min
ister of foreign affairs has stated that on the 18th of
April ho sent secret instructions to Gen. Wacht
moister, in London, and that these despatches were
opened in Germany.
LONDON, May 10.—The Herald says the unsatis
factory progress of the Conference, and the doubt
entertained of an equitable adjustment of the Dana
German question, induced salqs by some parties,
which had the effect of creating a heaviness through
out several departments of the stock exchange.
The Spanish aggressions in Peru excite conside
rable comment, and the official documents are
printed in full, but they contain no later news.
Intelligence from St. Domingo announces further
Spanish successes. The city of San Ohristobal has
been taken from the rebels, and two barks laden
with materials for the insurrectionists have been
captured : by the Spaniards.
LONDON, May B.—Arrived from Philadelphia, ship
Acadian, at Antwerp.-
Ship La IVlarie, f4o - 111. New York for Havre, at Payal,
leaky, has been condemned.
Ship Dione, from Liverpool for San Francisco, aban
doned at sea; crew saved.
LIVERPOOL COTTON MARKET.—SaIes of Cotton
for the last three day 5,1.7,000 bales; market dull bat
unchanged; sales to spculators and exporters, 5,000
STATE OF TRADE.—The advices from Manchester
are unfavorable, the holidays having checked basi-
Breadstuffs still declining.
LIVERPOOL BREADSTUFF MARKET. —Wakefield,
Nash, & Co., and Richardson, Spence, &. Co., report
Flour slightly declined on all qualities.
Wheat very dull, and declined 2d.
Mixed Corn dull at 236.
LIVERPOOL - PROVISION MARKET.—Beef inactive.
Pork quiet. Bacon still declining. Lard irregular and
still declining. Tallow dull and easier. Butter no
LIVERPOOL PRODUCE MARKET.—Ashes quiet and
steady. Sugar firm. Coffee steady. Rice quiet• Rosin
inactive. bpirits Turpentine quiet. PetroMuln firm
and quiet; refilled 28 3d.
LONDON MARKETS.—Vikent - Flour de
clining. Sugar quiet and steady. 'lea firm. Tallow
AMERICAN SECURITIES. Central shares
3C©33 per cent .discount • Erie duggig.
LATEST MARKETS:—Cottou—Sales ou day of sailing
of steamer, 5,000 bales ; market quiet. Sales ins:pecu
lators, 3,000 bales. Breadstuds very dull. Provisions
inactive. Produce quiet.. Consols, 91,V@ , 91X. lilingis
Central shares 31®29 discount; Erie &QM. Bank rate
reduced to S per cent.
ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMER REDAR
NEW YORK, May 30.—The Kedar, froutLiverpool
on the 17th and Queenstown on the 18th, has ar
rived. Her news is anticipated, but she brings a few
additional items to the City of Baltimore's news.
The weather in England was brilliant for crops.
Rollins (N ),
A large number of shipowning firms in Liverpool
have united in a memorial to the House of Com
mons, setting forth the dangers to which British
shipping may be exposed under a state of affairs
which permits a belligerent to construct and send to
sea vessels-of-war from a neutral port, as in !the
case of the Alabama, &c., and praying that mea
suresmay be adopted by the BritishiGovernment, in
conjunction with that of the United States and
other Powers, to prevent such a state of things.
This memorial agrees in- substance with a petition
which the same persons sent to Earl Russell in
"To the Honorable the Commons of the United .141:12,7
dam of Great Britain and- Ireland in Parliament
• assembled: .
" The petition of the undersigned shipowners of Li
That your petitioners, who are deeply interested in
British shbjping ? (and many of whom memorialized Earl
Russell, libr Majesty's principal Secretary for Foreign
Affairs, to this same effect on the 9th of Jane, ISU),
view with dismay the probable future consuences of.
a state of affairs which permits a foreign, belligerent to
construct in and send to sen from BritV.l.porks vessels- .
of-war, in contravention of the provisions. of the exist
t That the immediate offect.of placing at the disposal
of that foreign. belligerent a very antallnruxtber of steam'
cruisers has bees to paralyze thb o o temnkllo %aria@ of
Prnyn. . -
Steele (Di Y),
White, Ca- •
TEE KENTUCKY ELECTION CASE
MR, TEAMAN RETAINS HIS SEAT
THE COTTON QUESTION
powerful maritime and naval nation,inflicting within a
few months losses direct and indirect on its ahltiownizur
and mercantile interests which years of peace mayprove
inadequate to retneve
Tlutt your petitioners cannot shut their eyes to the
probability that in any future war between England and
a foreign Power, however insignificant in naval strength.
the example now set by subjects of her Majesty while -
England is neutral may be followed by citizens of other
countries, neutral when England is belligerent.
"That the experience of late events has proved to the
conviction of your petitioners that the possession by a
belligerent of swift steam cruisers, under no necessity,
actual or conventional, to visit the pos.dbly bke r kaded
Lowe ports of that belligerent, but able to obtain all re
quisite supplies from neutrals, will become a weapon of
offence against which no preponderance of naval
strength can effectually guard,aud the severity of which
will be felt in the ratio of the shipping and mercantile
wealth of the nation against whose mercantile marine
the efforts of those steam cruisers may be directed.
" That the effect of future war with any Power thus
enabled to purchase, prepare, and relit vessels of war in
neutral ports will inevitably be to transfer to neutral
flags that portion of the sea carrying trade of the world
which is now enjoyed by your petitioners and by other
"That over and above the chances of pecuniary loon
to themselves, your petitioners share in the regret with
which a law-regarding cominnnity must naturally look
on successful attempts to evade the provisioni of an act
of Parliament passed for a single and simple purpOse.
but which has been believed to not give the executive
all the powers needed for its effective execution. •
That if the existing law be found insufficient for the
purpose, your petitioners would respectfully urge upon
your honorable Rouse the expoiiency of sanctioning the
introduction of such amendments in the foreign enttst
m en I act as may have the effect of giving greater power
to the executive to prevent the construction in British
ports of ships destined for the use of belligerents; and
yi urpetitioners would furthersuggest to your honorable
llonse the importance of endeavoring, through her Ka
ieidy's Government, to secure the assent of the Govern
ments of the United States of America and of other
foreign countries to the adoption of similar regulations
in those countries also.
"And your petitionere, as in duty bound, will ever
Benjamin C. Nicholson Thomas Chilton. Joseph
ITubback, 'Finlay, Campbell. & Co., John Campbell,
Gibbs. Brinh., & Co., T. & J. Br..kieling, S. H.
Graves, J. Baines & Co.. Cropper, Ferguson, & Co.,
T. & J. Harrison, J. Browne & Co., 'Aikin, Ran
kin, Gilmour, & Co., liathbone Brothers: & Co., G.
11. Fletchor & Co., Joseph Steel, T. H. IsraitY & Co.,
Nelson, Alexander, & Co., W. J. Myers, Son, & Co.,
Richard Nicholson & Son, Lumnort & Holt, Jardeo
Moss & co., - Alfred Holt, Imrie & Thompson,
Kendallißrothers, James Poole & Co., Jones. Pal
mer, & Co., C. T. Bowring & Co., J. Prowse &
CO., - Robert Girvin & Co., W. B. Boddie, Potter Bro
thers, Cotesworth, Lyne, &Go., Charles vowie & Co.,
Partiswoz th & Jardine, NVillis & Co.. W. T. Jacob, L.
11. Mclntyre & Co., Charles Moore & Go: Henry Moore
A cigar-shaped steamer of great power was being
built on the Thames for Mr. Winans.
The Danish fleet had reached Copenhagen in an
NAVAL ACTIVITY IN AUSTRIA.
Austria shows great activity in naval matters
THE DANISH CONFERENCE.
The Daily News suspects the action of Elt.Sia in
the Conference, and suspects a holy alliance be
tween Russia, Austria, and Prussia. There is to be
a meeting of the Emperors of Austria and Russia.
The French Ministers of State had recently de
clared in the Chamber that vessels suspected of
being built for the Confederates would not be per
mitted to leave France till their destination was
M. Router had also shown that the American GO
vernment was not antagonistic to the adjustment of
the Mexican question, and had argued, on the con
trary, that it was the interest of America to see the
Government of Maximilian prosperously esta
Great Strength of the Constitutional
Government—What Maximilian Will
[Special Despatch to the Pittsburg CommerciaL
WAsircsoToN, May 29.—Semiofficial news has
been received up to the 13th of April from Monte.
rey, the seat of the Constitutional Government of
Mexico. Notwithstanding the efforts of the Mar
quis of Montholon, minister of the French Em
peror, the disagreenient existing between the
French and their Mexican allies continued to in
crease daily, and the enmity between Archbishop
Labastida and General Bazaine did not Seem likely
to end in an amicable adjustment. The news that
several despatches had been intercepted from Gen.
Bazaine, in which he shows the greatest disgust
with these allies, is confirmed: , The resources of the
National Government were increasing daily. Gen.
Parfieris Diaz has 75,000 men under his command in
the State of Oazuca ; Gen. Uraga, 12,000 men in
; Colonel Espinola, 3,000 men in the State of
l‘lielmahan ; and Gen. Gonzales Ortega, 5,000 in
Zeacatras. These forces are all in movement, and,
fltliv prepared fir action, -
The Irregular troopi, as well as the numerous
guerillas, that harassed the enemy in every direc
tion, are not counted in the above. The Government
has also in Monterey the Guanajuato division, un
der command of Doblado ; the division of Dunanjo,
under Genera' Patoni, and two brigades from the
State of Tamaulapas. Many battalions are being
organized in Nuevo, Leon, and Caehiula, which, in
a short time, will be ready for the campaign. The
French and their allies, instead of gaining, any ad
vantages lately, had been round in the States of
Lobasco, Chiapas, Campeche, Oaxaca, Salisco, and
Ttunaulipis, and their communications are frequent
The War Democrats for the Baltimore.
(From the Syracuse Daily Tenrnals.l
At a conference of leading - War Democrats, held at
Albany last winter, believing , that a more efficient
and thorough organization of the War Democratic
wing of the Union party would lead to the strength
enin,g.of the organization and the accomplishing of
much good to the Union cause and to the country, it
was resolved that a State committee of three from
each judicial district should be appointed to effect
the desired purpose. The committee was accord
ingly named, (comprising the names of many effi
cient and distinguished Union men and reliable
War Democrats), which met at the St. Charles
Hotel in this 'city last evening for organization.
After consultation it was resolved to adjourn until
Saturday morning at 9 o'clock, when the committee
proceeded to organize, by electing Hon. George A.
Brandreth, of Westchester, chairman, and E. C.
Pa g e. of New York, secretary.
The meeting was very enthusiastic, and the mem
bers were unammonS in their warm expressions of
cleyotion to the organization, principles, and pur e -
and their ir at support ref th
The mention of the names, during . the discus
sion, of Secretary Stanton, ( whose ability,
energy, and devotion to the country were warm
ly eulogized.) Generals Grant, Hancock, Dix.
lififler, and - :Sickies ;- Darner Ly- -
rnan Tremain, Jas. T. Brady, Brough of Ohio, Con
ness of California, Johnson of Tennessee, Forney of
Pennsylvania, and other eminent soldiers and lead
ing War Democrats, met with repeated applause.
and a decided preference expressed for the renomi
nation of President Lincoln as the standard-bearer
of the Unionists in the coming political campaign.
CHESTNUT-STREET THEATRE.—To-morrow night
Mr. Harry Pearson, now well known to Philadel
phia as an admirable actor, takes his farewell bene
fit, and makes his last appearance in this city. Mr.
Pearson offers a capital bill, and deserves a capital
AMATEUR PERFORMANCES.—This evening, at
Handel and Haydn Hall, some young gentlemen
will give a literary and musical soiree in aid of the
Sanitary Commission. Part of the performance
- will be dramatic; consisting of the trial scene from
"The Merchant of - Venice," a scene from "Julius
Cresar," the whole of Parry's comedietta of "P.
P., or, the Man and the Tiger," and "Pyramus and
Thi.the," from "The Midsummer's Night Dream."
Tickets are on sale at Mr. Gould's music store,
SALE OF VERY RICH Bonnarmix GLASS WARE,
BISQUET FIGURES, Sce.—Messrs. Thomas Birch .5c
Son will sell this morning, at 10 o'clock, at their
salesrooms, No. 914 Chestnut street, an invoice of
Very rich Bohemian glass vases, colognes, bisquet
figures, meerschaum pipes and tubes ; all just
ended per steamer Bremen. The attention of deal
ers and others is called to the sale.
THE GREAT CENTRAL FAlR.—Among the liberal
contributions made to the coming Sanitary Fair,
we are pleased to notice that the agent for the
Florence Sewing Machine Company, in this city,
No. 630 Chestnut street, has contributed of their in
imitable machines to the amount of three hundred
dollars, and a cash contribution of one hundred dol
lars. Thousands of these superb machines are now
in use in this city. Every one sold is warranted to
give satisfaction, or the money is refunded to pur
NEW NOVELTIES FOR LADIES AlcD AIISSES.—•
Messrs. Wood & Cary, N 0.725 Chestnut street, have
just received cases of the exquisite new "Pot
Pourrim Turbans for misses and ladies. These are
the newest things out for covering the ladies' heads.
Their stylish English Walking Hats are also com
manding much attention.
THE GREAT CENTRAL FAIR.—The great local
event of the time is the coming opening of the Sani
tary Fair. - Among other peculiarities of the in.sti
tution, the lady attendants are to wear a uniform
dress, consisting of a black body, with a white skirt,
or one of black throughout. This, with an appro
priate badge or rosette, will be exceedingly neat
and becoming. The gentlemen who are on the va
rious committees will not wear any uniform styles
of dress ; but the hope has been expressed in influ
ential quarters that all will procure their suits at
the Brown Stone Clothing Hall of Rockhill 3; Wil
son, Nos. 603 and 605 Chestnut street, above Sixth.
By this means a general elegance of appearance
will be secured:
THE HISTORY OF THT. INTELLECTUAL DEVELOP•
NENT OF OUR PEOPLE, SOCIAL ADVANCEMENT, &C.,
is in no wise more aptly illustrated than in the es
tcnsive patronage bestowed by them on the assidu
ous enterprise of Mr. Granville Stokes, the proprie
tor of the Metropolitan Clothing Store, No. 609
Chestnut street. Glanville Stokes is a synonym of
liberality and enterprise, and the perspicacity and
refined tastes of the public fully sustain him in his
persistent efforts to please.
" CELANGE or Base."--141ilitary talk rings with.
the term "change of base." The counterfeiter,
when he "shoves his eueer,?lmight be called chang
ing his base. The tipler, when he joins the tempe
rance society, changes his base habits for better;
and when we throw off our bad-fitting clothing and
henceforward patronize Charles Stokes & Co:,
under the COntinental, we also change .our base
PUBLIC SPEAKERS, ➢IILITaPY OFFICERS, and
Singers can use Brown's Bronchial Troches, freely
for relieving Cough, Irritation of the Throat, and
giving power and flexibility to the voice ; contain
ing no deleterious drug to prevent their free- aso, if
A DECYPTIVfi MALADY.—So insidious are the
first approaches of Consumption that thousands re
main unconscious of its presence until it has brought
them to the verge of the grave. An immediate re
sort to Dr. Jaynels,M7pectorant, upon the first ap
pearance of Cough, Pain or Soreness of the Throat
or Chest, would very generally preclude a fatal re
suit; or, in case' these symptoms indicated the pre
sence of latent - consumption, would tend to subdue
the violence of the disease, and thus materially
assist in prolonging the life of the patient. Use the
Expectorant, therefore, when you take cold, and
thus prevent the necessity for its use in more dan
Prepared and sold at No. 242 Chestnut st. my9-3-2t
TAE GREAT CENTRAL FAIR.---It is to be expected ,
that all our eltisans whose hearts are in the mod
cause will do what they can for the benefit of thp
Sanitary Fair. For this reason we advise our reads
ers to hay their coal at W. W. Alter, 9Us.North
Ninth street, as by doing so they will saw a hand
some amount to contribute for patriotic rareoSed.
0081413, EITNIONS, 1.1¢17118T . 7,D NAILS, Ener.e.nonn
Jora^re, and all dlseasea of the feet, cured without
pain or. inoonvenlenoe to.tfae patient, by Bra.
rie &Barnett, ,Surgeos. Oldropodlsta, 091 Chestnut
_street. to ptoksfelaw and surgeons " of tho