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pOB ny JOHN W, FORNEY.
g m , ill SOKIH FOURTH STREET.
Tl l DAILY PRES*.
irirEtvs OBXTS run Week, payable to the Carrier.
Z to Subscribers oat of the City at S.X Iduui
55 Fooh Dom,ars for Bioht Moxtbs,
? *" sbPoL u«s for Six bioxtbs— Invariably In ad
for the time ordered.
’ THE Tltr-WEEKLY PRESS,
jlailed to Subscribers out of the City at I'hreb Dol-
(I } l „ntjHTT, PA.—This delightful and popular place
J" „ t eß ort, located directly on the line of the
of .Xenia Railroad, on the summit of the Allegheny
?«' n 'L n 3, twenty-three hntidred feet above the levol of
® Man, will be open for gneats from the 10 th of June
, ihelOtb of October. Since last season the grounds
••been greatly improved and beantifled, mid a num-
Cottages have been erected for the accommoda-
? r °of families, rendering Oreseon one of the most
mnntic and attractive plaoeß in the State. The furni
f® I, being thorougtdy renovated. The seeker of
iI««iro ami the sufferer from heat and disease will find
.i.Mtions here in a ftrst-olass Livery Stablo, Billiard
Slhloi, Tenpin Alleys, Baths, &o, ( together with the
1 ~,jt air and water, and the most magnificent mountain
to be fotmd in the country. ...
IC frirket3 good f° r the round trip from Philadelphia,
from Pittsburg, 83.05,
fnrther tnfonnatioa, address
yor mrtae. Q, W. MULLIN',
Oresson Springs, Cambria 00., Pa,
fi SCBOOUEY’S MOUNTAIN SPRINGS, NEW
ivKCEY,—the above popular Hotel la now ready for
TiebUMMER SEASON, haring bean thoroughly set in
order tor the accommodation of rlsltors to Schooley’s
r OBBBTO ROVE is a most oapacions House, de
r.-hifiiUy located, with wido-spreading towns, and com
miildlsg a view of scenery nnsurpaased in attraction and
i “«ti" and offers to visitors a auiet retreat irom the
fnmioii’and bnstle of city life. t
Having no exorbitant tent to pay, the proprietor of the
FOREST GROVE HOUSE will accommodate families
Jjj vijitors at os low a rate as a strict regard to the re.
wctaMHty of the House will afford, The moderate
rhsrat'S of this House, as compared with the neighboring
i nnrdius houses, is a loaturo which must commend itself
‘.,‘r attention of families who do not desire to pay ox*
- !‘L t .„ a ,itly for a lew weeks’ reoreation, TERMS—
Sven doluabs per week.
6 Visitors to the FOREST GIIO-VB HOUSE wilt enjoy
air, pleasant drive., finest scenery, and: the purest of
chalybeate waters, whi’at its accessibility to the cities
renders it among the most desirable of Inland resorts.
1 All communications addressed to the undersigned will
awei with prompt attention. ■ ■ ,■
jjSS-emlm P, MATHEWS, Proprietor
fH AT ■
W LONG BRANOn, MONMOUTH 00., N. 3.
Address J. H. A I. W. COOPER,
OCEAN HOUSE, OArE ISUAND, N. J.,
I. now onen for the reception of visitors.
S,®.6w* ISRAEL LAMING, Proprietor.
(Keo r^„PPOsUe‘ a he:Un«ed mates Hotel,)
SAMOEU ADAMS, Proprietor.
EMnner 60 “»•*•
Abo, Carriages to Hlro. _
BOAfdsrS ftCCOQUIIOuBtOu OH tII6 most rOQBOQ&olfl
ieW ' 3m
Oj ATLANTIC CITY,
SITUATED ON KENTUCKY AVENUE,
Opposite the Bnrf House.
ter Terns to suit the times. ,
jeJO-lkn EDWARD DOVER. Proprietor
nIA-SIPBi HOUSE, ATIiAN TIG
H ottY. Hi J.
BY DAVID SOATTKBGOOD.
ANEW PBIVATE BOARDING HODSK, beautifol-
I f situated at the foot of Pennsylvania Avenue.
Now open for visitors for the season. je2o-2m
E. LEE, Proprietor.
This Bouse having been thoroughly renovated and en
tu-eedi Is new open ter permanent and transient boarders.
Che MANSION HOUSE Is convenient to depot, churches,
md test office. The bathing grounds are unsurpassed
on the Island, The Bar is conducted by Sir. EBIEt,, of
Philadelphia, who will keep superior wines, liquors, and
choice brands of cigars. je2o-2m
Eagle hotel, atlantio
OITY, is now cron, with »
LARGE ADDITION OF ROOMS.
Board 87 per weak, bathing dresses included. Je2a-2m
COTTAGE RETREAT, ATLANTIC
CITY, is now open and ready for Boarders, A few
choice Bioms can be obtained by applying soon. The
Proprietor furnishes bis table with fresh milk from his
sows, and fresh vegetables from his farm. ; ■
Also, about four hundred desirable Cottage and Hotel
Sots for sale by M, McOLEES,
6<mHE ALHAMBRA,” ATLANTIC
I CITY.” N. J.) a splendid new house, southwest
somer of ATLANTIC nod MASSACHUSETTS Avensea,
be open for visitors on and after June 29th. The rooms
End table of “ The Alhambra ” are unsurpassed by any
on tho Island. There is a spacious 100 Oroam and Be
freshment Saloon attached to the house. Terms moderate.
1 0. DUBOIS & S. J. YOUNG,
BEDLOE’S hotel, atlantio
OITY, N. I— At the terminus of the railroad, on
Use left, bey-nd the depot This House Is now open for
Boarders and Transput Visitors, and offers accommoda
tions equal to any Hotel in Atlantio Oity. Charges mo
ternie. Childreu and servants half price.
eCtT Parties should keep thoir seats until the carß ar
rive in front of the hotel, je2o-2ra
fIHESTER COUNTY HOUSE.—This
\J private Boardins Bourns, «ur„er os YORK and
PACIFIC) Avenue, Atlantio Oltv, convenient to the
fteach, with a beautiful view of the Ocean, ia now open
lor the season. Tho accommodations are equal to any
Others on the Island, Prices moderate,
js2o.2m J. KEIM, Proprietor.
SEA BATHING. —“The Clarendon,”
(formerly Virginia House,) VIRGINIA AVENUE,
ATLANTIO OITY, is now open for the accommodation
Of Boarders. This House is situated Immediately on the
Beach, and from evory room affords a fine view of the
tea. [ju2o-2m] JAMES JEW KINS, «■ D.
SEA BATHING.- UNITED STATES
HOTEL, LONG BRANCH, N J., Is now open.
Situated only fifty yards from the seashore, central of the
Slaw,house fronting the ocean 600 feet; two hours
from New York. Steamer leaves .Murray street twice
dally, 8 A, 11. and 4 P, JSI, -. thence by the R. and D. B.
Railroad. Address B. A. SHOEMAKER.
Communication from Philadelphia ia by the Oamdon
xnl Amboy Railroad, by the 6 A. M. and 2 P. M. trains.
O TOP MOUNTAIN !lUUSE -A romantic spot for a
UEBIIMCN OK on one'of the MmirUain Tops
of Pennsylvania, reached daily by the Pennsylvania
Central, and the Broad Top Mountain Railroad’from
Huntingdon, The House ie one of the finest in the in
terior of the State, handsomely Tarnished, with all the re
writes for comfort and convenience—pure air, doli
oione spring water, romantic scenery, and everything to
Kitors and Invigorate health. Telegraph station and a
dally mall, so that daily communication may be had with
Tho Pennsylvania Bailroad will furnish eicnraion
tickets through the season. Persons leaving Philadel
phia In the morning can take tea at the Mountain Hours
She same evening,
The subscriber has kindly bean allowed to refer to the
following gentlemen, residents of Philadelphia, who have
been patrons of the Mountain Mouse ,*
Wm, Onmmings, Eeq,, David P. Moore, Esq.,
Band. Oastner, Es»!., Thos. Oarstairs, Ksq.,
Hon. Henry D. Moore, Lewis T. Wattson, Esq.,
John McOanles, Esq,, G. Albert Lewie, Esq.,
John Hartman, Esq . | Bichard D. Wood, Esq.
TsaMS Modebatb, For farther Information, address
JOSEPH BIOBBISON. Proprietor.
jel2*tf , Btoad-Tcp City, Hnntioßdoo county, Pa.
J 3 OWEKB’ HOTEL,
Nos. 17 and 19 PARK BOW,
(OPPOSITE TBH ASTO* HODS*,)
TERMS 81,60 PER DAY.
Thie popular Hotel has lately bean thoroughly reflo
ated and reftumißhad, and now posbbbbbb ail the ronnl
" The patronage of Philadelphians and the travelling
Bubllo, desiring the best accomodations and moderate
charges, Is respectfully solicited. :
Je2-8m H. L. POWERS, Proprietor.
JL NEW YORK,
BROADWAY AND TWELFTH STREET,
BrsAJCS OS TWELFTH STBBBT, .
Conducted on the
house is now open for the accommodation of
families and transient Guests. .
GEO. W. HUNT, 1
Late of the Brevoort House, > Proprietors.
OHAS. W. NASH, )
A CARD.—THE UNDERSIGNEDj
late of the GIBAP.D HOUSE, Philadelphia, have
leesrf, for a term of jears, WILLARD’S HOTEL, in;
Washington. They lake thl« ocoaeion to retnm to their
?“ Wends and customers many thanks for past favors,
■no beg to assure them that they will be most happ7 to
Bee them in their new (luarters.'
_ SYKES, OHADWIOK, & 00.
wissntoTOsr, Jnivlfl. 1801. an23-ly
STATIONERY & FANCY GOODS.
Martin a quayles
***■ STATIONERY, tot, and fancy goods
XHI P 0 B JVM ,
Ho. 10S6 WALNUT STBBHT,
BBI.OW BLITBMTH, _L_ ___
fjOAL.—THE UND ERSI ON E D
beg leave to inform their friends and the tmblio
limy have removed their LEHIGH GOAL DEPOT
IS BOB RN*BTRKET WHABF, on the Delaware, te
arl b north we fit corner of EIGHTH and WILLOW
LitiiSnS'iS? the J iut f, nil t 0 keep the beat quality of
loo?.* H COAL, from the moat approved mines, at the
‘•west prices. Your patronage la reßpeottnUy soiioited.
jos. Walton & co„
Office, 112 South SEOOND Street.
EIGHTH and WILLOW.. mhl-tf
fjABINET FURNITURE AND 33IL
Moore & campion,
„ No ' 201 South SEOOND Street,
noalil'» on witli their ext naive Cabinet Business, .Are
w ®»nnfaetnring a superior article of
kwina?® . no „ < '. 0,1 hanii a 10,1 supply, flniabad with the
FhlcW. 4 Oam PION’S IMPROVED CUSHIONS,
who have used them to be
5 t i a ‘* ti ' Bt "I finish of these Tablea the manu
re Unlo., t 0 nomerrua patrons throughout
union, who are familiar with the character of thoir
-- ml, fti26-0:n
Worm an & ely, no. 130 pegg
2ABH B om t iSH^ , “ 0 i tarer * P f »•*“* CAST-STEEL
HiTlON 3 KntpV ’wrSW* lately, patented COMBI-
Bni SPOON, especially
***«n<M f ™ Fishermen, Seafaring Afea,
JVfoeU® dinn± <*« Workman ear.
K« the best onSiL, Is warranted te
!* toteaded tl ENGLISH-OAST-STEEL, and
S» bilerb r f ? n^K" e f ' , > by ita exoeUence and cheapness,
tthioh thar u oUetT now to the market, and
,BTt “ «" *‘*® n «^*
VOL. 6-NO. 2.
"Dargains in dry goods.
-*-r The following lots will be sold at a great sacrifice
to close them out—viz:
lets Black Silk ana Wool Challies at 18c, worth
Five pieces Barege Angle at 4c, worth 100.
Five pieces plain Baroge at 12}£o,
Also, a iargo lot of Shetland Shawls, at very low prices,
splendid for travelling or at watering places.
At JOHH H. STOKES’,
702 ABOH Street.
Tweeds and c assimeres.
1,600 yards heavy Oassimores, just opened.
A!so, 1,000 yards all. wool Tweeds,' 62 to 78 cents.
Sommer and Fait Oassimeres, a full stock.
Men’s and Boys’ wear, our stock is complete.
•Bloaebed and Brown Shirtings.
Bleached and Brown Sheetings.
Ootton Flannelß, Botnet, ail wool, and Saojue do,
Cotton Goods, at lowest market rates.
HONIY-COMB QUILTS. *
Marseilles and Lancaster Quilts.
Bathing Flannels, Mosquito Nets.
Linen Table Damasks and Napkins.
Cheap lots of 4-4 heavy Irish Linens.
CLOSING OUT. .<
Silk Mantles, Thin Busters, Lace Goods.
Boys’ Summer Clothing.
Thin Dress Goods, Black Tamartines.
. Ohallies, Mohairs, Mozambiques, &c.
COOPER & OONARD,
jy3l-tf S. E. corner NINTH and MARKE t sts.
O During July *nd Angnst we will sell Summer Bress
Goods, such as Lawnß, Organdies, Bareges, and their
fabrics, at very low prices to clear the stock.
Tne assortments are still fair, and the goods of this
102 4 CHESTNUT STREET.
Invites the special attention of Ladies who in
tend spending the summer ont of town to a very
large assortment of MADE-UP GOODS just re
SLEEVES, SETS, HANDKERCHIEFS, ‘
<£c., in every variety of material.
Also, a large assortment of MUSLIMS, suitable
for GARIBALDIS, &0., togolher with every va
riety of WHITE GOODS, LINENS, LACES,
EMBROIDERIES, HANDKEROH’FS, VEILS
So . ■ : : ;
Just opened per latest arrivals front Europe
an invoice of very beautiful and entirely new
PUFFED FRENCH CAMBRIC, for
GARIBALDI’S, MODE: GRENADINE VEILS,
and SWISS COLLARETTE RUFFLING for
trimming thin Dresses, etc—a new and very de
sirable article. Also, an invoice of
1024 CHESTNUT STREET
TAS. K. CAMPBELL Os Oo.:
If 727 CHESTNUT STREET,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL,
Very choice Goods of recent importation.
Black Silk Checked Grenadine, extra anatity.
Foulard Silks, elegant styles and fine quality.
Black Bilks, best brandß.
Broche Barege, Hernanis and Mozambique*.
8-4 Paris Til d’Chevre.
Poil d’Ohevre, all wool filling.
Grenadine Veilß, in mode and other Bhades,
WHITE GOODS AND LINENS
In great variety, at extremely low prioOß.
rj-OOD MUSLINS BY THE PIECE.
x3T Now York Mills Shirting.
Wamsnttas, 'Williamsrille, Whitorocka,
Sheeting, Mnslins, first qnalitr.
EYBK & LANDEEIi,
FOTJETH and AIIOH.
o.OOD FLANNELS, UNBHEINKA-
VjT BLB.—Wolah and Baxoni Flannels.
Ballard Yale Flannels.
Magenta Colored Sackings.
EYBE 4 LiNDBIjXj)
FOURTH and ARCH.
H STEEL & SON,
• So. 718 North TENTH St, nhovo COATES.
Are now closing out their entire stock of
JACONET AND CAMBRIC LAWNS,
TRAVELLING MIXTUBE3, end
SUMMER DRESS GOODS,
Of all kinds, ftt EXTRAORDINARY LOW PRICES.
LACE GOODS BKDUCBD.
#25 Lace Mantles reduced to SIS.
820 Laoe Montlos reduced to 810.
*lB Lace Mantles reduced to 88.
£lB Lace Mantles reduced to £7.
*l2 Lace Mantles reduced to £5.
£lO Lace Mantles reduced to 554.
38 Laee Pointes reduced to $3,
£l2 Lace Pointes reduced to $5.
£lB Lace Pointes reduced to £B.
£25 Lace Pointes reduced to 312.
SILK COATS AND BACQUE3.
Closing out UNDER COST PRICES
■\TEW SPRING PRINTS,
il CHOICE BTTLSB.
ALL TWELVE AND A HALE CENTS.
A Urge lot beet styles and fast colors at 10c.
... „ _ OOWPKBTHWAIT A 00.,
aanlD-tf It. VT. oor, SIOIXTE and
il GOODS, Ao.—Just opened, a general assortment
of desirable French and Scotch Noedlo-worked Bands,
Edgings, Insertings, Handkerchiefs, Collars, Sleeves, etc.,
at very low prices.
A full line of ail descriptions of White Goods for Ladies’
wear, of the most approved makes.
BBEFPABD, VAN HABLINGEN, A ABBISON,
je4 1008 OHESTCTDT Street.
p 003) BLACK D8J833 SILKS.
V3T Heayy-corded Dress Silks.
Glossy Black Dress Silks.
Widows’Silks, without gloss.
ETBE & LANDKiiti,
FOURTH and ARCH.
THE UNDERSIGNED, SUOCES
SOBS to OHAFFKES, STOUT, Si CO., hare THIS
DAT formed a copartnership, under the firm of STOUT
& ATKINSON, for the purpose of conducting the
"Wholesale Dry Goods business, and have taken the store,
No, 623 MARKET Street.
TVTOTICE.—ME. WM. K. HEMP
JLI HIXiXi’S interest in onr honse ceased on tbe 31et
TWKLLS & 00.,
118 NOETH WHABVES.
mHB COPARTNERSHIP heretofore
J_ existing tinder the firm of SIEGED, BAIBD, &
00., is this day dissolved.
TO. 8. BAIBD,
Joss 30. jyl-8w
OF LIMITED PARTNER
JL3> SHIP. —The snhsorlbers hereby give notice that
they have entered Into a limited partnership, agreeably
to the provisions of the several laws of the Common
wealth of Pennsylvania relating to limited partnerships.
That the name of the firm under which said partner
ship is to be conducted is BIEGEB, WIEST, & EB
That the general nature of the business Intended to be
transacted is the Importing and Jobbing of Dry Goods.
That the nameß of the General and Special Partners,
all of whom reside in the city of Philadelphia, are
JACOB BIEGEL, General Partner, residing at 627
North Sixth street; JOHN WIEST, General Partner,
residing at 822 New street; D. B. ERVIN, General
Partner, residing at 1515 Girard ayonne; HENRY S.
FIS'IEIt, General Partner, residing at 410 North Third
street: JOSIAH RIEGEL, General. Partner, residing
at 416 North Third street; PETER SIEGEP., Special
Partner, residing at 717 North Eighth street; WI. B.'
BAIRD, Special Partner, residing at the Continental
That the aggregate amount of the capital contributed
by* the Special Partners to the common stock is One
Hundred Thousand Dollars, of which Fifty Thousand
Dollars in cash has been so contributed by Peter Sieger,
Special Partner, and Fifty Thousand Dollars in cash has
been so contributed by Wm. S. Baird, Special Partner,
That the said partnership is to commence on the first
day of July, A. B. 1882, and Is to terminate on the firßt
day of January, 1865.
D. B. EBVIN,
HENBT S. FIBTEB,
- JOSIAH BIEGEB,
jyl-ew WM. S. BAIBD, 5 s
rpo FAMILIES RESIDING
■ in the
We are prepared, as heretofore, to supply Families at
their country residences with every description of
FINE GROCERIES, TEAS, &a„ &0.
je2l-tf 00BNEJ5 ELEVENTH AND YIN® STS.
X V 160 Bbls New Largo No. 8 Mackerel.
160 Half Bbls “ « «
In store and and for sale by ‘
MURPHY & KOONB,
jel4.tr Ho. 146 North WHABYSS.
MACKEREL, HERRING, SHAD,
LvJL &0., i-o.
2,600 Bbls Mass. Nos. 1,2, and 3 Mackerel, late
caught fat flah, in assorted packages.
2,000 Bbls New Eastpor,!, Fortune Bay, and Halifax
Herring. . ■ . ■ ' >*'..■ ■"'
2,600 Boxes Lnbeo, Scaled, and No. 1 Herring.
ISO Bbls New Mess Shad.
260 Boxes Herkimer County Cheese, So.
In store and for sale by
MTJBPHY A KOONB,
jel4-tf No. 146 North WHABVES.
LATOUR OLIVE 01L.—463 baskets
LATOUB OLIYB OIL, just received, and for sale
by JADBETOBB A LAYBBGNE, 202 and 204 South
CAUTION.—Having seen a spnrions article of Oil
branded “J. Latonr,” we caution the pnbiio against
.pnrchaßlng the same, as the genuine J. Latour Oilcan
be procured only from ns. 1 , i
myl3-tf 202 and 204 South FRONT Street
CkRAIN PlPE.—Stona Ware Dram
mJ Pipe from 2to 12-inch bore. 2-inch bord, 260 per
yard; 3-fnch bore, 800 per yard; 4-inch bore, 400 per
yard; 6-inch bore, 600 per yard; 6-inch bore, 650 per
yard. Every variety of connections, bends, traps, 1 and
hoppers. We are bow prepared to twniab pipe to any
mantity, and on liberal terms to dealers and those pur
chasing to large quantities. _ _
ORNAMENTAL CHIMNEY TOPS.—Vitriaod Terra
Jotta Chimney Tops, plain and ornamental deeigns, war
ranted to stand the action of coal gas or the weather in
snv climate. ’ - • . •
GARDEN YASEB, —A great variety of omamenta
carden Vases, to Terra Cotta classical designs, all sizes,
wd warranted to stand, the weather.
Philadelphia Terra Cotta Works, Offlce and Wars
looms * 1010 CHESTNUT Street,
*ie™tf B. A. HABBIBOM.
ICKER’S AND FAHNESTOCK’S
jyl6 No. 107 Bouth WATER Street.
RETAIL DRY GOODS.
CHESTNUT and EIGHTH Streets,
E. M. NEEDLES
PURE WHITE FRENCH PLAID
ORGANDIES. - jyl
D, B. EBYIN,
H. B. EISTEB,
GROCERIES AND FRO VISIONS.
A year ago, certain lectures on the Science
of Language, before the Royal Institution of
Great Britain, excited as much attention
among the fashionable as well as the literary
circles of London as did Sir Humphrey Da.
vy’s celebrated lectures on Chemistry, in the
same place, at the commencement of the pre
sent century. At first thought, such a subject
.as Comparative Philology would not seem at
tractive and popular,—-for the history of lan
guages and the nature of human speech are
apparently" “caviare to the general,”—but
Max Muller, the lecturer, was well known to
have mastered his subject. His style as a
.writer is singularly clear and captivating, and, :
only a few months before, he had stood a
contest at Oxford University, of which he is
a member, for the professorship of Oriental
languages, in which he was. defeated,—partly
by the superior influence of his opponent, and 1
partly by, a series of recommendations from
The Times,, so strongly imperative that many
persons voted against Max Muller, to. show
their dislike to being dictated to by a newspa
per. • With all its power, the advocacy of The
Tnnes has sometimes injured those whom it
appeared desirous of serving.
The Lectures were published, as a hook, soon
after delivery, and ME Charles Scribner,: a
New Foik publisher of no small taste and j udg
ment, has republished them, in a handsome
post Bvo. volume of 416 pages, printed at the
Riverside press. We have no intention-of re
viewing this work; a daily journal has no
space for such a criticism, in these times of
war news and political speculation, but we
shall draw attention to some of its statements,
curious or interesting, and, perhaps, induce
some of our readers to peruse the book itself.
First, let us more particularly mention who
and what its author is.
Frederic-Max Muller, now in his thirty-ninth
year, was born in Dessau, in North Germany,
a thriving town on the Elbe, sixty-seven miles
southwest of Berlin, as LippincoWsGazetteer
very exactly informs us. Of this town, Men
delsohn, the great musical composer, was also
a native. His father was a German poet.
Max Muller was educated at the University of
Leipsic, where, under the tuition of Hermann
Brockhaus, he devoted himself almost exclu
sively to the study of Sanskrit. In 1844-45,
he extended this course of study at Berlin,
under Professors Bopp and Schelling, noted
orientalists. In 1545, being then in his 22d
year, Muller went to Paris to procure materi
als for an edition of the “ Rigveda,” with the
commentary of Siiyanacarya. In the follow
ing year, recommended to tho East India
Company, by the late 11. H. Wilson, Boden
Professor of Sanskrit, in the University of
Oxford, ho proceeded to London, and thence
to Oxford, where his work was published at
the expense of the East India Company,
1849-54, in Unco volumes. In 1850, he was
appointed Deputy Tayloriau Professor of
Literary Hißtory and"'Comparative Grammar
in the University of Oxford, and in 1851 ad
mitted an honorary member of the University,
and also nominated honorary member of the
University of Munich. In 1851 ho was elected
Professor of Modem European Languages—
the chair, indeed, having been expressly
created for him. Among Max Muller’s works,
the most noticeable, besides the “Rigveda,”
are translations from the Sanskrit; a treatise
“On tho Comparative Philology of the Indo-
European Languages in its bearing on the
Early Civilisation of Mankind,” (which gained
the Volney prize in 1849;) “Buddhism and
Buddhist-Pilgrims « History of Sanskrit
Literature,” ana cumriwi<>»» to Tuum-pw ■
riodicals. He is probably the best Oriental
scholar in Europe, and writes.the English lan
guage with as much ease, elegance, expres
sion, and force, as if he had known it even
from infancy. We new proceed to point out
some notabilia in Muller’s Lectures,. .
’Without actually counting the number of
words in some dictionary accepted as correct,
no one can tell how many words the English
language possesses. Dr. Worcester claims to
give 22,000 words and meanings not given in
any other English dictionary. Knowles, (fa
ther of Sheridan Knowles, the dramatist,)
published a Dictionary in 1835, in which he
stated the number of words, given by him, at
90,000 —or 20.000 more than given by Dr.
Johnson, and 55,000 moie than by either
Sheridan or Walker. It may be assumed,
that including compounds and the variations
caused by grammatical rales, there cannot be
less than 125,000 words in the English lan
J. W. STOUT,
T. T. ATKINSON.
■ On tills point Mas Muller says, “ Thomme
rel stated the number of words in the Dic-
tionaries of Robertson and Webster as 48,566.
Todd’s edition of Johnson, however, is said
,to contain 58,000 words , and the later editions
of Webster hare reached the Dumber of 70,000,
counting the participles of, the present and
perfect as independent vocables, Fiiigel esti
mated the number of words in his own Dic
tionary at 94,464, of which 65,085 are simple,
29,379 compound. This was in 1843, and he
then expressed a hope that in his next edition
the number of words would far exceed 100,000.
This is the number fixed upon by Mr. Marsh
as the minimum of the copia vocabulorum in
English! ; -
Add to this total such of the slang a 3 has
been engrafted upon our ordinance, and the
words, now nearly obsolete, which still turn
up in old authors, and we may fairly coun
-125,000 words in the English language, being
nearly thrice as many as the Chinese have.
Against this, put the fact that the vocabulary
of the ancient sages of Egypt, as least as far
as is known to us from the hieroglyphic in
scriptions, is estimated by Bunsen to amount
to about 685 words; in Sharpe’s “ Egyptian
Hieroglyphics,” in IS6I, the number of hiero
glyphic groups amounts to 2030. Yet, it may
be presumed, the Egyptians even with this
paucity of words found no difficulty in ex
pressing themselves ?
The curious thing is that, with some 125,000
. English words, people can get on with very
few. Mr. D’Orsey, a philologist of ability,
records that a country clergyman in England
told him that some of the laborers in his pa
rish had not 300 words in their vocabulary.
On the average, the children of persons with
ordinary education do not use more than 200
words, until the age of ten. Max Muller says:
“A well-educated person in England, who has
SATURDAY, AUGUST 2, 1862.
Curiosities of Our Language.*
been at a public school and at the University,
who reads his .Bible, his Sbakspeare, The
Times, and all the books of Mudie’s Library
[t. c. nineteen-twentieths of all the books pub
lished in England], seldom uses more than
8,000 or 4,000 words in actual conversation.
Accurate thinkers and_ close reasoners, who
avoid vague and general expressions, and
wait till they find the word that exactly
fits/their meaning, employ a larger stock;
and eloquent speakers may rise to a
command of 10,000. Shakspeare, who dis
played a greater variety of expression than
probably any writer in any language, produced
all his plays with about 15,000 words. Mil
ton’s works are built up with 8,000; and the
Old Testament says all that it has to say with
The history of particular words has exer
cised Max Muller greatly. Some of them are
eccentric and amusißg enough. Let us men
tion a few. The word cat (the German kalze)
is supposed to be an imitation of the sound
made by a cat spitting. But, we are told,
if the spitting were expressed by the sibi
lant, that sibilant does not exist in the Latin
caius, nor in cat, or killen, nor in the German
hater. "The Sanskrit mtijara, cat, might
seem to imitate the purring of the cat; but
it Is derived from the root mrij, to clean,
mar jar a meaning the animal that always
Who can perceive any relationship between
words so dissimilar in spelling and meaning as
Lectured on tlio Science of Language. By Max '
Mfllleri M. A., Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford; ]
: Corresponding Member of the Imperial Institute of i
France,. From* the second , London edition, revised.
1 vol. poet Bvo, pp. 416. New York: Charles Scribner.
Philadelphia; J. B, Lippinoott A Co.
PHILADELPHIA, SATURDAY, AUGUST 2, 1862.
thunder, tender, and thin ? Max Muller says
“ Thunder is clearly the same as the Latin.
iomtru . The root is tan, to stretch. Prom
this root tan, we have in Greek lottos, our
tone, tone being produced by* the stretching
and vibratfog of cords. In Sanskrit, the
sound thunder is expressed by the same root
tan, but in the derivatives tanyu, tanyaiu,
and tanayilnu, thundering, we perceive no
trace of the rumbling noise which we imagined
we perceived in the Latin ionitru and the Eng
lish thunder. The very same root tan, to stretch,
yields some derivatives which are anything
but rough and noisy; The English tender, the
French tendre, the Latin tener are derived
from it. Like tenuis, the Sanscrit lanu, the
English thin, lever meant originally what "was
extended over a larger surface, then thin, then
delicate. The relationship between tender,
thin,' and thunder would be hard to establish if
the original conception of thunder had really
been its rumbling noise. ' . r .
Again: —The Latin word homo , the French
I’homme, which has been reduced to on in on
dit, is derived from the game root which we
have in humus, the soil, humilis, humble.
Homo, therefore, would express the Idea of a
being made of the dust of the Catth. Mortal
comes from the Sanskrit Marta, he who dies.
.Man from the . Sanskrit Ma.' To treasure
means to think, as derivative. From this the
Sanskrit maim, originally thinker, then manj
the Gothic man, and the German matiiii
The common contraction Sir, may be traced
back t O-Sienr, contraction of Seigneur, modifi
cation of Senior, older, a Latin translation of
the German Elder, which was a title of honor
—still used in Mdennan, and in what is origi
nally the same, the English Earl, the Norse
Jarl, a corruption of the Anglo-Saxon Ealdor.
For the benefit of the fair sex, we shall show
how the word Madam has been formed. Ma
dam and Sir are Norman words,imposed on
the Anglo-Saxons by their Norman con
querors. The Norman Madam is traced to
the French Madame, a contraction of the
Latin Mea domina, my mistress. Domina
was changed into domna, donna, and dame,
and the same word Dame was also used as a
masculine in the sense of Lord, as a corrup
tion of Domino, Domno, and Donnb. The
French exclamation Dame ! simply means
Lord! Dame-Diev, in old- French, is Lord
God. A derivative of Domina, mistress, was
dominicella, which became Demoiselle . and
The pronunciation of words has much
changed in the course of time. The word
mercan-file in England is disfigured in Ame
rica as mercan-fecZ. Rome, China; lilac, and
gold were pronounced Roome, Chaney , layloc,
and gootd in the last century. When an Irish
washerwoman talks of “ a raking pot of tay
and gets laughed at, she might cite the autho
rity (did she but know it) of Pope, who has
Where thou, great Anna, whom these realms obey,
Bust sometimes counsel take and sometimes tea
the last word being pronounced tay, as by the
The tendency of a language is to deteriorate,
we fear. The French of Cornielle, Moliere,
Racine, and Voltaire would seem rather stiff
ana ronu»i-m-Erance, at the present time. In
what is called King James’ "translation of tile
Bible, in 1611, are now 888 obsolete words—
or nearly one-fifteenth of all the words in the
Bible. Every year, the English language be
comes less stately. Bus and cab are natural
contractions of omnibus and cabriolet. In this
country, vulgar words soon become common.
We can have no opinion of the man who would
write “ Mrs. Cunningham’s bogus baby,” or
(despite its pretended Greek derivation) sub
stitute the abominable skedaddle for run away.
Bushwhacker and Secesh are frightful words
created during the present war, and worthy of
base companionship with skedaddle. Any one
wilfully using such vile words should he tried
Jjy_3-d cumhead court-martial of school-mas-•
ters, imprisoned'ni a , -V— anrl
lowed no stronger drink than an infusion of
orthography, which is easily marie by steeping
two leaves of Worcester or Webster in a quart
of iced water, and filtering it through char
The literature in which bad-spelling is, a
substitute for hunivr has greatly injured the
language." In this, ThacKeray" aif«r-j>rpres3<>r ■
Lowell, highly educated men, have much to
answer for. It is possible to write in a
familiar manlier without running into vul
garity, "and we should be glad to see our
young writers aim at perspicuous expression
and eschew- the abomination, so full of pre
tence, of “ fine-writing —for nothing is
harder reading. A man cannot put h's
thoughts, if he have any, into language tco
plain. Good writing, like good speaking,
consists in simplicity and force -of diction,
and not in inflated, curiously balanced, j>r
elaborately constructed sentences.. The best
writing is hut a degree above the best cai
versatiom—and that, only because the wriler
has a little more time to select his words tin
the speaker has. f
U. S. Army Hospital at "West Philadelphia.
The ; United Stales Army'General Ho3piti at
'West Philadelphia is, in all respects, the most »m
-pieteand extensive in the Union. Its looatita is
close to the intersection of Forty-fourth and Pine
streets, being the very highest position in the pity.
It isupon an eminence affording a fine view <t the
surrounding, country, and, at the same time[ pos
sessing all that could he wished for in a santary
There are 28 wards, 167 feet long by 24jwide,;
each of which will accommodate 70 patients. These
wards are in two rows of 14 each, 20 feet apart,
and communicating with each other, and wih the
central or medical building by means of tro cor
ridors parallel to each other, 775 feet longjwhich
are used for dining halls. Connected with oalh cor
ridor, at the eastern end, are large buUdijgs fo*
kitchens, store-rooms, laundry, &c. There Ire .also
separate buildings for baggage, knapsacks, So., and
for guard barracks, besides numerous otjer out
buildings. There are 150 hospital tents [on the
ground,'which will accommodate 900 additional pa-,
tients; also separate buildings for the looking,
laundry, dining-rooms, So,, of those occupying the
The whole establishment covers twelve sores, and
will he enclosed with a fence 14 feet high.! i
The wards are all on the first floor, heiiji, in fact,
a series of one-story buildings, ventilated in the
most approved manner. ? The number cf patients
that can be conveniently accommodated" at present
is 2,860. : ." . .i
The hospital is under the charge of Ijr. Isaac I.
Hayes, commander of the late Arctic Expedition,
assisted by Dr. E. C. Iddinga. The iffioers and
attendants of each ward are a non-resicfent or con
sulting surgeon, who makes his visits every morning
at- half past 10 o’clock ; a resident asastant sur
geon, a .medical oadet, a Sister of Clarity, (ma
tron,) a ward-master, and a sufficient number of
.nurses. . ■ [■
The kind attentions of the Sisters of jCharity are
highly appreciated by the gallant mep who have
bled for their country, and no praise is tod high for
this exemplary and excellent association of benevo
lent ladies, self-dedicated to the holiest principles
of practical philanthropy. They arej indeed, far
above all praise,—nor do they covet,it.
The non-resident acting Burgeons are Joseph
Leidy, A. Stille, Thomas Stewardsenl'jß. A. Smith,
F. W. Lewis, W. F. Atlee, C. P. Tttfc, R. A. F.
Penrose, J. De Costa, H. West, William S.-Halsey,
D.H.Agnew, James V. Hutchinson,®. L. Hodge;
John H. Paekarard, Elisha Crowell, f Frank West,
Casper Wistar, Robert E. Rodgers, and Edward
Page.. , ; \ ~.
The resident acting assistant surgeons are:, J. A.
Buchanan, N. Hickman, D. McMurtrie, L. K.
Baldwin, Wm. C. Dixon, Geo. B. Dick, M: S:
Perry, M. Dampen, W. 11. Matlock']® C. Heilner,
J. Iv. Cassel. ‘ f
The medical cadetsi are:" GeprgeKnorr, F. A.
Koffer, L. Eakin, C. T. Lowndes, W. B. Trull, John
M Dickson, James Williams, W. R. Santee, J J. W.
Cadwell, Benjamin Hammil, F. W. Saunders.
The, peculiar advantages which constitute the
superiority of this hospital may bo summed up In
a few words: It has been built for the speeific
purposes to which it is applied, and is well adapted
for such purposes. It is removed from the closo
air and constant tumult of the crowded city, and
Ib located in a pleasant and salubrious place. It
belongs to the Government, and is not merely
renjted, like other hospitals. It is intended to be a
permanent institution. Ttiscapable of being very
greatly enlargedindeed, it will[speedily be ex
tended. Itis only one story high, all through, there
by having the chances of fire greatly reduced, with
the certainty, in the event of such a palaimtyj of
having the invalids readily removable. Its ventila
tion is of the very firßt order. Lastly, its'situa
tion removes the patients from the temptations of
the city, which; in many cases, have been found
most injurious to those who have lately risen from
a si ok bed.
Dr. Isaac I. Hayes, the adventurous gentle
man who undertook the latest Arctic Expedition,
(and must not be confounded with Dr. Hayes, of the
army, who was lately retired from the service,) has
this institution in charge, and his skill, humanity,
and great administrative power are happily united
to, produce that systematic discipline which is as
necessary in a hospital as in the battle-field itself.
OUR ARMX CORRESPONDENCE.
LETTER FROM FORTRESS MONROE.
[Special Correspondence of The Press.)
Fortress Monboe, July ,31,1862,
At this moment, when the public appetite needs
solid food, and daily seeks it in- each journal, such
trifling details as can be offered from this plaoe
breed only disappointment. What boots i|. to
know that the steamer Baltimore has arrived from
Washington with military supplies, or that the tug
Telegraph has reached here from Baltimore, after
being repaired ? What boots it either to know that
it rains after a daily stow of 98 to 105 degrees in
the shade ? .c The w,harf at Old Point is perhaps the
busiest spot for its size on this continent. A
steamer arrives' from somewhere almost every five
- minutes. Each one blows off steam, and a most
unearthly din is created from ;early morning until
dark. This,.added to the steam of vessels depart
ing, forms aB accompaniment to the unloading and
lpading of a vast amount of stores; the rushing to
.and fro of -passenger;soldiers and officers, and
the shouts of gang inspectors and transportation
masters. • "Boats from the various Peninsular army
stations dapy:-Arrive without news, the; Norfolk
packets likewise,and theß altimoro boat comes every
mornfng with returned troops from furloughs, and
, adies visting relatives, or seeking the sick and
wounded, It departswith joyous veterans, elated at
the thought of a short visit to their homes, and with
tearful women, who take long, lingering looks at
the mon they may never see again. Sad are the
heart histories of war! Their number is countless.
I have but just parted from a simple-hearted soul
who came seeking her wounded boy, at Harrison’s
Landing. She had no pas 3 to go there, and re
mained here days without tidings of him. News
finally came, yesterday, from a soldier sho met,
that he was better. She dried her tears, /and
imagined him once more at home, sunburned and
bright-eyed, with the halo of honorable battles
arofradhim. Another boat came. Ska went as
usual to inquire, “Do you know Corporal Arthur
Fadden, at Harrison’s Landing"?” “ Arthur Fad
don'? Jlo is .on board in a box, ” was the reply.
Poor sctal'. . \
Theiteamer B. S, Spaulding, from your city; ar
rived id-day, with stores. A feature of the mo
ment Bes in four soldiers with their heads shaved,
who are going to prison at the Rip Rap 3 for aban
doniag their companies during the late fights. One
slipped on a steamboat as a hospital steward, and
the < thers but recently showed themselves at Har
rison '» Landing. They are under escort of a squad
of splendid Duryea Zouaves. We are hourly wait
ing tie arrival of the steamer Louisiana with the
last If the present series of exchanged wounded
prisoners from Richmond. A stoppage has been
laid i>y the rebels upon the exchange of more
owing to the demur of our Government at deliver
ing jup Political prisoners in exchange for military
prisoners,, as required by the rebel Government:
No hesitation should be used. The demand should
he immediately complied with, notwithstanding its
impppriety. We have yet 5,000 sickand wounded
in Bjchmond prisons, with miserable fare, no change
of Nothing, no new bandages, and deficient attend
ant?. Of these, the chief rebel surgeon says 1,000
wiiidio. No time.should bo lost. Etiquetto should
notbo considered. The reliof of one groaning man
Is; worth all the etiquette, and.all the political
trators in creation.
-'jhe steamer Georgia hero this morning,
wiji 130 exchanged rebel prisoners, from Washing
ton, on their way up the James river, under charge
ofpaptain Higgins and Lieut. Miller. The officers’
mines aio Colonel Reynolds, 29th Mississippi Regi
jriwt; Captain Monighan, 6th .Louisiana; Lieut.
GlumeT, Wheat’s Battalion; Lieut. Mosby, Vir
giiia Cavalry; Capt. Bryant and Lieut. Caywood,
Corps ; Lieut. Plaster, 2d Virginia Cavalry;
Ifleut. Thompson, 24th Virginia Cavalry ; Lieut.
James, Ilth Virginia Cavalry. N. ■
I LETTER FROM NORFOLK.
[Special Correspondence of The Press.]
% ■ : V ■' Norfolk, July 30,1862.
Cumberland careening in the distance
spot of the Monitor and Merriniao; the Eip-S«, fJi _
seeming, afar off, but an island of loose roeks ; the
batteries of Scwall’s'Point, erected by rebels, who
were shelled out by Onion cannon, and, as the city
is approached, innumerable piles, driven in the
-jcjyer by the Confederate authorities as obstruc
tions to Union Teasels. Between these, in the Centre
of the channel, a space eighty feet wide is now
open, revealing, an ion gf the huge
stakes rising above ; the water. TEis~to-wn;Tmu -
exception of a little life exhibited on the main
street, may be called a city of silence. The stores
on that highway are half of them closed, and their
yellow shutters, begrimed with dirt, bespeak
hopeless bankruptcy. On the by-streets, dwelling
after dwelling may be seen with doors and windows
hermetically sealed; grass on the brick pavement
in front; moss in the interstices of its black
ened stone steps; a pall of gloom over
shadowing the dingy brick. wails, and its
garden, overgrown with grfisa and stalwart weeds.
The heads of these, houses have joined the rebel
army, while the fornale members have fled to slave-
State localities, in many directions. A few steps
from Main street reveals a tall, showy lodge of
I. 0. of 0. F., indeed, who have gone to fight for
—they know not what. Its portals, blinds, and
basement stores are also shut, and: farther on a sad
little church, of blackened brick, lend 3 the sanc
tion of religion to the general deoay. Its name is
St. Paul’s; date of erection, 1719. Its yard lias
evidently been subjected to an earthquake. Gray,
old gravestones of last century lean towards each
other in gloomy fellowship,Andtombs of crumbling
brick, destitute of slabs, axe embowered by weep
ing willows and tangling weeds. An organ faintly
sounds. I enter. A lady organist is practising,
while a little negro is pumping at the bellows. The
dim, gray walls are stained with trickling rain,
the windows soiled, the pews of sombre walnut.
Heaven should be bright, indeed, to atone for this
gloomy gateway !
Around and within this town are marshes, which
the lot-owners have lacked the enterprise to fill.
Though nominally salt, the water is but Brackish,
and, in addition to crops of mosquitoes and of frogs,
breeds sufficient malaria to warrant the posting of
an order, by the military Governor, that their pro
prietors should fiE them up. No response comes.
The proprietors are in the rebel army, and the
muddy marshes still fester in the sun. Pour addi
tional orders have recently been posted on the
street walls. I will cite :
“ Civilians are strictly prohibited to carry wea
pons, either openly or concealed, upon penalty of
“No trader wiU in future he allowed to sell any
greater quantity than ; one pound of tea and one
half bushel of salt, to any purchaser whatever, un
'less upon a written permission from these head
This is to prevent smuggling supplies to Rich
“ All passes for fishing or other use of boats are
hereby revoked. Holders of such prsses will re
turn them to the provost marshal’s office at once,
when theywi 1 be renewed, if deemed expedient.”
This is .to prevent letter oarrying.
“ Assemblages in the street, for purposes of poli
tical discussion, being provocative of civil disturb
ance, are positively forbidden; and the exhibition
of badges and flags being indicative of disloyal sen
timent, will not be tolerated. Parents will be held
responsible for the conduct of their children in this
particular.” . .. ■ .
Theae are all signed Brigadier General Military
Governor Egbert Jj. Vide.
A word upon this gentleman. Grave charges
exist against him by Union men of a carolo33noss
of their interests, and an undue partiality towards
Secessionists. They assert that he neglects the
duties of his position, and spends much time in
trifling talk with Secession inhabitants of the place,
both male and female, who visit him daily by
soores. To many of these he has granted passes to
the North without requiring an oath of allegiance,
when Union men of humbler social grade have had
difficulty in obtaining them. He broke up, not long
ago, a Union Association; numbering over six hun
dred members, ' under plea that it gave offence to
the Secessionists and led to quarrels; and also re
fused to muster in three hundred Union recruits
raised by Col. Watson, and authorized by both Go
vernor Pierpont and the Secretary of War, without
vouchsafing a reason. Prom a charity fund of
$1,500, intended for Union people, he is said to
have distributed, last week, a portion to needy Se
cessionists. A Union man, disorderly under the in
fluence: of liquor, ho has punished by imprison-:
•mont, while a Secessionist of a loading family,
amenable for a similar cause to the same retribu
tion, he has dismissed with a reprimand.
Information has been repeatedly given him of
the carrying of privato mails to Eichmond, The
route has been indicated, and a mode pointed out
for the arrest of offenders. Ho gave no ear, and
the recent apprehension of Stevens and Williams,
engaged in that pursuit, was entirely through the
enterprise of Colonel Saunders, of the 19th Wis
consin; who, as officer of the day, gavo the subject
especial attention. Those men are now in prison ;
hutfparßaro entertained of tboir dismissal. . Great
• complaint is made of the currency. Bills of Nor
folk banks are worth iittle or nothing at the North,
and but slightly more at heme, where many refuse
them. General Viele is required to request these
banks to redeem their bills, at least in part, with
specie or treasury notes, that business men may
purchase goods. If they cannot do so, they should
acknowledge the faot and confess their weakness,
that men may know their standing. General
Viele does not comply. It may be remarked
that wealthy Secessionists, who are intimate with
the bank" directors, betray no lack of specie, and
have abundance for their needs. As a corollary to
all this, "Union men, of whom - their are five thou
sand in Norfolk and the neighborhood, who have
taken the oath of allegiance, are said universally to
condemn him, while the Secessionists invariably
pronounce him a “ gentleman.”
General Viele is universally esteemed among his
acquaintances as a man of polished manners, and a
good fellow. He findsamong Secessionists persons
of similar attributes; and naturally entertains
towards them a kindly feeling. Both he and his
wife receive and return their visits. -Unionists
here do not enlist their attention, because they are
of- a different social circle, and not because, as is
asserted, Viele and his wife are. Secessionists at
heart. These manifestations of good fellowship
iriay be allowable in private individuals, but it is
doubtful whether, in his official position, General
Viele has a right to display them. His intercourse
"with the enemies of his country should bo strictly
of a business nature, arid distinctly conducted, and,
moreover, there is no reason why he should not
enforce a : universal taking of the oath, or request
refusers to depart within the rebel lines. Our
nation is now struggling for existence, and unarmed
enemies among us constantly betray the move
ments of pur troops. To guard against this, it is
but fair that those who persistently acknowledge
themselves inimical should leave. They cannot
complain. The Confederate Government has treated
Unionists in precisely the same way, much to their
pecuniary loss. It is said that General Viele has
been ordered by the War Department to parry out
this policy, but remonstrates against it. The harm
it may do will be to send the few dozen Seces
sionists yet unen listed into the rebel army, but it
Cannot make enmity more determined-than it
already exists. , Leniency merely creates a per
sonal regard for the official who exorcises it, but
does not conciliate Secessionists in the slightest de
gree towards the Government he represents. They
ssy that if thus coerced into an oath, they will not
consider it binding. Very good ; but it debars
them, on pain of being shot, from aiding the ene
my, and they , will be careful to refrain from
The powerful steamer Dirigo, now lying at this
place, with an apparatus attached for raising
sunken objects, will proceed immediately to Hatte
ras Inlet, to raise various sunken property, lost
during the Burnside expedition. The commander
is Captain L. B. Pratt.
The propellers Wasp and Emily are being rapidly
repaired here, with a view to joining the Aroostook
propeller, which already runs between Norfolk and
Currituck, to connect with a daily line from Roan
oke and Ncwbern, North Carolina.
The Petersburg Railroad has been put in good
order as far as Suffolk, and a new locomotive, tho
“ United States Government,’’.came rattling over
it yesterday for the first time. The tracks are
rusty, and have been long guiltless of wheel-grease.
BATTLE OF THE CACHE, ARKANSAS.
400 Against 2,000.--“ Terrible Carnage”-
Col. Hovey in Command-. Official Report.
HEADQUARTERS 2d BRIGADE, GEE. StbEI.E’S
BIYISIOX, A. S. W., July 7.1662.
Catt. : Pursuant to orders, I directed Col. Harris,
with parts of four companies of his Begiment, the 11th
Wisconsin Infantry, and parts of fonr companies of the
33d Diihois Infantry, and one small steel gun of the Ist
Indiana Cavalry, in all a little less than four hundred
men, to make a reconnoissanoe In advance of our lines.
He fell in with the rebel pickets at Hill’s plantation, and
fired on them. Passing the forks of the road at this
place towards Bayou Boyiew, he had proceeded but a
short distance when I overtook and turned him back,
with instructions to hasten down the De 3 Arc road, and
if possible rescue a prisoner just captured. He marched
rapidly for half a mile, and fell into an ambush. The
woods swarmed with rebels, and the firing was terrific.
I have since learned that over two thousand Texastro-ps
were hero drawn up in line of battlo. Capt. Miller led
our advance, and waß immediately followed by First
Lieut. Cheesebro, both of whose companies were de
ployed as skirmishers. These companies began the fight.
The little cannon was planted ri short distance to the left
of the road and opened fire. _T.herebAl advance fell back
- on the main line, which was concealed by thick underbrush
fromourmen. Col. Harris pushed on his advance until
they came within range when suddenly the enemy began
amurderors-fire. r Onr force thus fiercely and unexpect
edly assailed was ordered to fall back, and in executing .
this order fell into some little confusion. The Bangers
charged. Bere Colonel Harris was severely wounded,'
but stiil kept his horse and, though fainting, fonght. I
bad now reached the field. The rebels, a full regiment
strong, wore charging at a galiop on the little steel gun ,
which was left with Lieut. Benneman and odb man. All
others were gone. Captain Potter with his company
here came to the rescue, aided in limbering up and with
stood the. charge of cavalry till iheguu had fairly gained
- tha.rc;ad, when it wasbaken in charge by Lieut. Par-'
tryfio- tc yr^-ir; , V^‘‘aairiour , "-»«uiidc-d. \
infau&v'mto the oornfielar“®feie“ffctsLbßate, and die I;
victory, came charging np the road at fall speed,'Sharin'
great force in pursuit, the infantry fired. The rebel
I column hesitated, but moved on. Another volley, and'
the ground was covered with their, dead. Bideriess
horses rushed wildly in all directions; ' The Bangers wa
vered and; halted. The third fire completed their demo
ralization and overthrow. They left as suddenly as they
came, and in great disorder.
It was now certain that we had engaged alargeforce
of well-armed men; how large, it was impossible to tell,
—y-aLdidi know their Strategy, or have any but the most
imperfect'ldea' or the topography of the adjacent grounds.
It seemed prudent, therefore, to hold the position already
chosen and which had proved to'Wo a good one, and wait
events. I soon discovered a large cavalry force filing
past, in front cf my position, brit just beyond musket
range... When fully in front, they halted, and ordered a
charge. 1 could distinctly hear the order—“ Charge,
charge on the cornfield!” but for some reason ho charge
was made. The column was again put in motion,'with
the intent, as I supposed. to gain my rear aad cut off
communication and reinforcements. Fortunately, the
force which had been ordered back' from the first onset
was how in position, to check this movement, and again
the rebels were forced to retreat. •
Hardly had this movement failed, when I was apprised
of an attempt to turn my left, and immediately despatched
Captain Elliott and bis company to thwart it. Baring
these shiftings of positions I conld plainly see them
caring for their dead and wounded, and; removing them,:
hut to what extent-I have no means of telling. .They
now formed on their original line of battle, and I.moved
.upon them,' extending my line till it became merely a line
of skirmishers, to prevent being flanked, so great was the
disproportion of the forces No men could behave more
handsomely thsn did the ‘Wisconsin 11th, on my right,
and the Illinois 3Sd;~on my left, while; Lieut. Benneman,
with hie gun, supported by as large, an .infantry force as
Icould spare, held the centre. The rebels gave; way,
and, while driving them from the field, I heard a shont in
the rear, and before fuiiy comprehending what it meant,
Lieutenant Colonel Wood, of the Ist Indiana Cavalry,
with one battalion and two more steel gnOB, came can
tering np. It wail the work of a moment for Lieutenant
Baker to unlimber his pieceß and get in position: The
woods were soon alive with shot and shell. The retreat
became a rout. Onr cavalry, ied by Major Clendenning,
charged vigorously, and the day was ours.
Already one hundred and ■ ten (110) of the enemy’s
dead have been found, while their prisoners, and the offi
cer in charge of tho flag of truce, speak of the “ terrible
carnage,” and estimate their dead at more than two
hundred, and their wounded, at a, still greater number..
Their loss in dead was, undoubtedly, much greater than
the one hundred and ten whose bodies were found. I
have been unable to ascertain the number of their, wound
ed, or to make a reliable estimate; Dor have l a report of
the prisoners taken. A large number of horses were
captursd, and many left dead on the field. Sixty-six
were counted within an area of half a mile square.
Onr loss was seven killed, and fifty-seven wounded.
The rebel force—TexßS troops—engaged in the "fight
could not have been far from two thousand (2,000) men,
and was supported; by a Btili larger; reserve force, all
under the command of Gen. Bust;
The loyal force was less than four hundred (400), in
creased just at the close by a cavalry force of abont two
Where officers and men so uniformly behaved well, I
can almost say heroically, it is, perhaps, invidious to par
ticularize ; and yet I may be pardoned for calling atten
tion to the gallant conduct of Col. Harris and Capt. Mil
ler, of the 11th Wisconsin; Mej: Clendenning, of the Ist
Indiana Cavalry, and Capt. L, H. Potter, of the 83d Illi
nois. Surgeon H. P. Strong was on the field throughout
the action, and his services deserve recognition.
Later in the afternoon, reinforcements came up, and
General Benton pursued the fieeing foe five or six miles
towards Bes Arc, killing Beveral and taking prisoners.
All along the route, be found the houses filled with the
dead and wounded; curb stones were wet with blood,
and in one case, even the water of the well was crimson
with gore. General Benton’s force consisted of the Sth
Indiana, Colonel Shunk ; a section of Manter’s battery,
Ist Missouri Light Artillery, Lieutenant Schofield; part
of the 11th Wisconein. Major P’att; one howitzer from
Bowen’s Battalion; the 13th Illinois Cavalry, Colonel
Bell, and a battalion of the 6th Illinois Cavalry under
Major Apperson. - .
After the battle, and while the Wounded were being
collected and cared for, another body of rebels appeared
on the Bajou Be View road and drove in our pickets. I
immediately sent Lieutenant Colonel Wood, of the 11th
Wisconsin, with a force of infantry, and the Ist Indiana
Cavalry, to pnrsuo and capture them. He proceeded to
Bayou Be View, shelled the rebels from their camp, and
prevented the hurnirig ' ef the bridge, on which faggots
had already been piled.’ By this‘time, .it was dark, and
; .the forces rested. . - v " • ' -
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
O. H HOVEY, Colonel Commanding.
To Captain J. W. Padduok, A. A. General,;
News from Nassau, N. P.
By the arrival of the British echooner Mary Harris at
New York, we have Nassaupapers to the 19th of July.
The Bahama Herald of that date . has the following:
The schooner Artyle arrived on Thursday; morning
from Port Boyal. 'We have understood she liasbrougbt
Southern papers to the 6th: Inst.i and that” they contain
intelligence to the effect that a most signal defeat of fee
Federal army had taken place before Eichmond; that
the Southerners had succeeded in -completely routing
them, and that; had they not been protected by their
gunboats, a complete victory would have been obtained.
As it was, a very laiga number of prisoners' were taken
(report says ten thousand ) and a great s number killed;
We also hear that Gen. McClellan Is mortally wounded.
ekolish cAncons eh route south.
The Bteamcr Columbia (Leslie, master,) arrived on
Wednesday, from Plymouth, England, with a cargo to
Hv Adderly & Co. On the following day the steamer
Dispatch, from Liverpool, with a cargo to the same firm,
On the Bame day the ship Boscee also arrived from Liver
pool, with coal and salt to Saunders & Son, and yesterday
the brigantine Wild Pigeon (Johnson, master,) arrived
from New York, with a oargo to Messrs. Sawyer &
Menendtz. ■■■ ■
CAPTURING BRITISH VESSELS.
In relation to the capture of the schooner Agnes, the
Herald says: . '
“ The capturo of vessels in eur wntora hits been of late
of Buch frequent occurrence that it. is usolcsb for ns to
comment further on the subject, sufficient having been
already said. We suppose it wilt acme time bo put a stop
to—most likely at the cost of the capturera.”
A LOSING SPECULATION.—A few months since
acme of the Secesh prisoners in Fort Warren deposited
their funds, consisting of gold l coin,^with the Antler at
that post for safe keeping. Thinking, no doubt, that he
could turn a penny,'as gold was eight"per cent, premium,
be brought it to the city, and disposed -of: it to a broker
at that rate. A day or two-since the-prisoners, having
beennotiiled of their release, made demand,on the antler
for their fends. The'sutler, after trying' in vain to in
cl ucetbemto take treasury notes, was under the necessl
ty’of repurchasing theTgoldlafca pramtum of. eighteen per
cent., by which nice little financial operation he is seve
ral hundred dollars out of pocket.
IMPORTANT FROM NEW ORLEANS.
Rebel Account of the Arkansas’ Doings—Na
val Attack near Pascagoula—How General
Butler Deals with Guerillas—Correspond
ence with theßebel General Buggies. ■
MOVEMENTS AND FEiNS OF THE ENEMY.-
New Orleans, July 25.— 8 y the arrival of the Ken-
Bington on Tuesday flight, from Vicksburg on Sunday
Bight, I learn that an attempt to cut out the Arkansas
from under the rebel batteries was to be made that night.
Commodore Fanagut says he wilt have the ram, if he
loses every vessel in his fleet in the attempt, and he will
accomplish his purpose, if brilliant daring and indomi
table energy are good for the work. Iu this connection
we have to mourn the loss of Captain Glynn and five of
his men, of the 4th Wisconsin Begiment. They were of
the lend force sent to assist in capturing the Arkansas
before she should leave Yaroo City.
.The intention of the ram was evidently to rundown
to New Orleans, if possible, and knock the few war ves
sels we have here into a cocked hat, and then a move
ment would have been madefrom Camp Moore, and yory
likely a rising in the city. Such a combined movement
might result in.our being “gobbled;” but the city
would be laid in ashes firßt.
We hear that Megruder has arrived at Camp Moore,
and_ taken command, probably with the intention of col
liding aii the-forces he can with which to attack .this
city. Bet him come oh; ho wili find General Phelps pre
pared to receive him at the magnificent line of entrench
ments which “lord lovell” left to the army of the
Gulf. I think there is no doubt but what the rebels are
rebuilding the bridge at Pass Manchac which the 12th
Maine Begiment, with Captain Buchanan, of the gun
boat Grey Cloud, destroyed a few weeks since. Within
a few days there will be an expedition up there to recon
noitre, and if the bridge is being rebuilt to again de
stroy it. .
NAVAL ATTACK HEAR PASCAGOULA,
-.Copt- Buchanan, now of the gunboat Grey Cloud, but
formerly, of the Now London, in which ho, with Oapt,
Beo<J,' gained the acknowledgment from other naval offl
,cere of haying done more aervics in the war than any
other two officers in the navy, haa been off on what he
calls.a “pj rootiog” expedition over to* Pascagoula and
other .points on the Sound. Last: Thursday, 1 the Grey
Clond and the New Condon arrived off Pascagoula. The
draught of water of the New London was too groat to ad
mit of her going np to the town, so Oapt. Beed was
obliged to lay off at anchor. Oapt. Buchanan pushed on
up to the town, and, landing his men, destroyed the
office of the telegraph to Mobile. The operator, sus
pecting the design, escaped with most of the apparatus
before the Grey Cloud arrived, but Captain Buchanan
fixed his wireß and ether property in such a manner
that the apparatus won’t be of much account. He
then tried to go up the Patcagoula river, but found
that the Tehels had driven down piles and suok flat
boats as an obstruction. He fastened on to oneof the
piles and endeavored to pull it up, but couldn’t do it. He
then tried to edge in between the piles, buttbatbeing t: no
go,” be manned a launch with sixty marines, whom he
had borrowed from the supply-ship Potomac, at Ship
Island, and started up the river to cat the cable in another
place, so as to more effectually stop coromnaication with
Mobile. As he was drawing near the land he saw a crowd
of women scatter and run, and in an instant he received
the concealed fire of about sixty mnekets. His man
dropped in the boat, and by that means probably saved
many Jives. Ton of the men were wounded, one, itisfeared,
mortally. The fire was returned by the marines, and
three rebel men and one woman were killed. Capt. Bu
chanan then returned to the Grey Cloud with his men.
He was informed that the people had sent off for two
hundred soldiers and some field artillery: go he Informed
the inhabitants of Pascagoula that he should lay off the
town until the next morning, and if he was fired upon he
would shell and destroy the place He was not further
molested. On returning to New Orleans he stopped Sa
turday at CoviDgton, and on going ashorefonnd the place
entirely deserted, apparently, but he received information
that behind a grocery store there was finite a little force
of rebel soldiers concealed, and wailing to dash out upon
our force and “gobble” them. Captain Buchanan af
fected to think that there was nobody in the place, and
withdrew his men to the gunboat, and then let fly two
five-second shells at the grocery, and immediately there
was a stampede of the most surprised and frightened mon
that one often sees.
The rebels are raising the gone from the rebel gunboats
sunk in the rivers across the lake, and are erecting bat
teries to defend themselves against invasion.
; HOW JiOTLER DEALS WITH GUERILLAS.
On Saturday, Mr. Thomas Burbank camß down to the
city and appealed to Gen. Butler for protection, and ask
ed him to devise some plan by which the guerillas might
be prevented from mutdering bis brother and the other
Union men that have been taken from their homes. The
General told Mr. Burbank to name a half dozen men in
the parish who represent the influence and wealth of the
district, and who are noted for their stroag Secessionism.
Be named them, and, on Snnday, accompanied by-Capt.
Clark’s company of the 28tli Massachusetts, he went up
on a boat to the parish of St. John the Baptist, and ar
rested Messrs. Deslonde, (a brother-in-law of Slidell and
Beauregard,} P. A. St. Martin, -—Girard, Malsin Mar
million, B. Gondrey, and G. Luminais. They were
brought to this city, and confined as hostages for the
Union men in the hands of guerillas. They have since
been released, by giving their parole not to leave New
Orleans, and to be forthcoming at Gen Batter’s order,
and by furnishing very strong lecnrity.
PERPLEXITY OP THE NEGRO QUESTION,
t -Thenegroonestionis getting to be very pressing apd
important here. Just beyond Gen. Phelps’ lineß there
are five or six hundred collected, and the owners orecon-
Btantly applying to have them returned. Unless thß
masters have taken the oath of allegiance Gen. Batter
won’t even listen to them.' The people here are very
much exercised in the matter of the negroes, and are be
coming a good deal alarmed. A well-known citizen, who
lives just above Carrollton, called on Gen. Butler a few
days Bince, and begged that something might be done to
secure his family from the dangers which he apprehended
from the great numbers of blacks in his neighborhood.
He said be was afraid of a night attack, and he was
alarmed for the safety of his young lady daughters. The
General assured him that there was no danger; and that,
in case of any outrage being committed by the negroes, his
bayonets should be as ready for them as for armed traitors.
The darkeys, with their passion for imitation of any
thing like “ pomp and circumstance,” have formed them
selves into a kind of battalionrand march to their work
in a manner which they think an unquestionable im
provement on Hardee, From thr ir manceovres the resi
dents of Carrollton are fully convinced that- they'are
heiDg regnlariy>drilled in battalion movements and the
manna], and stories to that effect are freely circulated *
hut it Is entirely a mistake, and arises from the fact that
I have related above.-~One of the most important ob-
Asctsjsf Got. Shepley’s mission to Washington is to try
of conduct tor n«-~- s i« K tj ;OJ j eo ] >lr6 Eom9 j tcia te e |2»-
CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN 'aauhiect.
tbs rebeXj' guerilla, gbit.' a
- Headquarters,' First District,
Department Mississippi and Bast Louisiana,
Tangipaho, La., July 21,1862.
To Major' General Butler * Commanding United Slates
forces, New Orleans* La.:
General : The bearers of this note, Lieut. Ooloael
Charles Jones, volunteer aid-de-camp, and First Lieut
Alexander Barrow, Confederate States army, are charged
with delivering to you, under a flag of truce, a commu
nication concerning prisoners of war, which will, I trust,
receive your earliest consideration. . I have to request
that these gentlemen be permitted to retnro by the best
practicable means and under proper protection. lam,
general, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Brigadier General, commanding department.
. - . ; Headquarters, First District, ;
Department East; Louisiana and Mississippi,
; - Tangipaho, La., Julv 15,1882.
To Major General Butler, Commanding United States
forces. New Orleans, La.;
General r.I have received petitions from officers of
the Ist Begiment Louisiana Partisan Bangers touching
the case of Henry Castle, a private of Company H, of
that regiment, and also an application respecting Thomas
C. Pennington, a private of Captain Wilson Tate’s com
pany, of the same regiment, and I deem it expedient to
request your early consideration of the subject.lt ap
pears that Private Castle was captured by a detachment
of Federal troops in the vicinity of Baton Rouge, on or
about tbe 7th of the present month, and Private Penning
ton on or about the 28th day of June: that they were
taken to New Orleans, and are now held either there or
at ono of the forts in tbe vicinity, in close confinement,
with the threat that they rto to be tried and executed as
members of a military organization not sanctioned by the
laws of civilized warfare. It is to be observed that the
first great law of nature, the right of selF-defence, is
inherent in communities as well as individuals. No
law condemns the individual who slays the robber
or assassin: end no Just law can condemn a com
munity for using all its power to resist the invader and
drive him from their soil. ■ The exercise ef thia right,
go universally Tecegnized, becomes an Imperative duty
when the invader, as has been the case with the Federal
troops in this district,_disregardg those rules of warfare
recognized and respected by all civilized nations, and
adopts that code which has heretofore been confined to
the rudest savages. Tbe proof of thi* is unfortunately
too abundant in the vicinity of Baton Rouge. It is at
tested by helpless women and children flying from their
burning homes, and'by desolation of plantations, by the
plunder of private property, and the wanton destruction
of growing crops. Such acts are crimes against humanity,
and justify all men in taking up arms against their per
petrators.! Their dependence of nations has rarely been
achieved by regular armies. Our own Revolution—that
Revolution which successfully established the great prin
ciple for which the Confederate States are now contend
ing, “ that all governments derive their just powers from
the consent of the governed, 3 ’ was mainly fought eut by
men who left the plough at the newa of tho enemy’s ap
proach, and returned to itwhen he had been driven back.
It may be conceded that in Europe, where the Govern
ments mainly rely upon large standing armies, which are
as much as possible disconnected with the people, and
where the policy is to prevent the people from bearing
arms under almost any circumstances, some very absurd
refinements on this subject have been asserted, and, to
some extent, tolerated. But such doctrines have never
been recognized on .this continent. The United States
especially have repudiated them. r -
The various revolutions which have agitated the Cen
tral and South American States have been conducted by
the people, frequently without organization and without
leaders other than those chosen upon the spur of the oc
casion, to direct a single enterprise. And to recur to the
Revolution of our forefathers, the history of that im
mortal struggle abounds with instances where the hardy
yeoman—as at Lexington and Banker Hill—-were tike the
clansmen of Roderick Dhu, called by a concerted signal
to some “Limerick mead, 3 ? and there select their officers
upon the very field of battle. But whatever difference
of opinion may exigt on this point it has never been
claimed, even by the most Btringent advocates of legiti
macy, that one belligerent has any right to complain of
the Dame or form which the other may choose to give to
its military organization. The right'to adopt these to
the peculiar serrico required has been universally con
ceded ; so far, indeed, has this practice been carried in
naval warfare that privateersmen, “the militia of the
teas, 33 with charters as broad as the ocean’s bounds, are
recognized as legitimate among belligerents. And now,
tnd&cd. .the extraordinary spectacle is presented to the
contemplation creryn*™.-a this boasted nineteenth
century of the Christian world, of a nawjra
bo civilized, in violation of its constitutional obligations,
inaugurating deliberately servile war by stimulating the
half-civilized African to raise his hand against Ma mas
ter and benefactor, and thus make war upon the Anglo-
Saxon race—war on human nature. This with the
Federal Government is legitimate warfare; but
the defence of their firesides by Southern citi
zens is treason and murder. In military organi
zations, the Polish Lancers, French Zouaves, and
British corps of scouts and guides in the late East Indian
war are caseß in. point. The. Confederate States claim
and have exorcised thiß undoubted right. The formation
of companies, battalions, and regiments, of partisan ran
gers* has been specially authorized by an aolof Con
gress. The officers of this corps are commissioned. The
men are regularly mustered into service, receive pay,
rations, and equipments, from the Government, and are
entitled to the same privileges, and governed by the same
regulations, as all other troops, in the Confederate ser
vice. It is asked, therefore, what pretext can be offered
bv the enemy for subjecting the members of this corps to
a different treatment from that extended to other prison
ers of war? Certainly no such distinction can be recog
nized or tolerated by -us • The v Government, having
called these men into service, is bound by every obli
gation of good faith to protect them to the extent
.of its power; and.if ,found necessary for their pro
tection, as* weU SB for that of numerous
zens, who have been subjected to outrages unparalleled
in 1 civilized warfare, will nothesitate, I feel constramw
to declare, ic rcßoi t to retaliation,.even to . the extent
’ sanctioned by the Jewieh law—and Tor an eye, a
tooth for a tooth, and life for Hfe I,await an answer
containing ah explicit declaration of the intentions of the
United States Government respecting these prisoners. 1
Brigadier General Commanding District.
To which General Butier repUed as follows:
Headqojmers, Department op tiih Gulf, >
NKU OELEAS3, La.i Jnly 33,1862, 5
General : It is the intention of the United States Go
vernment to let these men go oh their parole, end one of
them has been gone more than a week.
I have the honor to bo yonr obedient servant,
- BENJAMIN F. BUTLEB,
i Major General Commanding.
Brigadier General Boggles, commanding at Tangipaho.
MAINE AT WORK— Nearly one hundred towns in
Maine have already furnished their fall quota of the
THE WAR PRESS,
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Advertisements inserted at the usual rate*. H*
lines constitute a square.
FROM KEY WEST AND THE 6ULF.
The JSassau Traitors—New Orleans i a Dan
iter—Gallant Action oil the Mississippi—The
Houghton Attacked by Land Batteries an#
Key West, July 22.
I heard yesterday, indirectly, that our Government had
ordered that no more goods should be cleared at any port
in the United Btates, that were consigned to H. Alderly Set
Co., of Nassau. If this report is true the order will avail
nothing. If Government desire to do the thing properly,,
they had better order at; once that no cargoes of any de
scription shall be cleared for Nassau,no matter ■whom'
they are consigned to, for although H. Alderly & 00. are
the worst of the rascals of Nassau, still they are all'in
league, and would assist each other in any way, in order
to give aid and comfort to our enemies.
The United States steamer Octerora, Commander D.
D. Porter, sailed this morning at daylighc. Prom con
versation with her officers, who are in every way compe
tent to judge, I am convinced they are fully of the
opinion that neither the Mississippi river nor No«? O
rleans wili long remain in our possession. This opinion
fully coincides with my own, which I have formed from
constant reports Poaching me regarding the manner Ja
which affaire are going on in and around New Orleans,
and upon the river above; all of which reports are fully
confirmed by the officers of the Octorora. To suppose
.that a defeat of the rebels at Richmond is going to end
*ms war is simply absurd. Already extensive prepara
tions are made by the reeds to fall back on the line oE
the-Mississippi river, and fortify themselves in such a
manner that no fleets or armies can attack them, with
any hope of success, without "great expenditure of men
and money. ■ ,
I hear it predicted by officers high in rank, and of great
experience, that four weeks more will see ns excluded!
from Ibe Mississippi river, and that in six weeks the re
bels will either have destroyed New Orleans, or our fleet
and army have been expelled from it.
If there is good ground for such a prediction—and I
earfrom all I hear that Ibere is—who is to be response*
ble forit ? It is the policy of the rebels to drive us from
the Mississippi If possible j they will use every means ts
accomplish it, .for they must have uninterrupted commu
nication with Texas 1 as I said in one of my former letters,
they derive the greater part of their supplies now through
that State. The following may he set down'as the port*
through which supplies are received: -
Matamoroe, Galveston, Sabine Pass.: .through Atcha
falayu bay into Bed river, Mobile, Sk Marks. St. Joseph*.
St. Andrews, and along (he entire coast of Florida,
The blockade to the eastward of St. Andrews can ba
termed effective, but not to a degree that will afiow.no
cargoes to be run. There are a thousand points onthe
coast of Florida that a cargo could be landed,’ away from
any of the blockaded ports,’and I have no doubt it isdone
every day in the week. )How is it to be prevented 1
I learned yesterday of a very gallant action on the part
of Acting Master. N. Graham, United States Navy, now
commanding the United States -bark Houghton, which
deserves more than a passing notice. The Houghton
was loaded with , stores for the bomb flotilla, and was
being towed np the Mississippi river by one of the river
tow-boats. The rebels had constructed three batteries
on the banks of the river, at a point that all vessels had
to pass close to. Each battery had two field guns, with
the usual Dffinbcr of artillerists. As the Houghton ap
proached Ihev made ready to receive her, and permitted
her to pass the lower and come opposite the centre bat
tery, when all six guns opened at once, sending six iron
pills through the bark; Captain Graham immediately
slowed down, keeping just headway enough to Btem tha
current and opened his battery in return. The first
shell he fired exploded under one cf the enemy’s guns,
throwing it high into tbe air, and killing five men. Ho
continued his fire in the most spirited and accurateman
ner, silencing entirely all the enemy’s guns, and driving
the rebels away into the woods. He was again attacked
at another point higher up the river, by a field piece and
riflemen, and again stopped and drove the enemy away
entirely before proceeding up the river. Captain Gra
ham is an active, energetic fellow, and just the man for
Weekly Review of the Philadelphia Markets.
Business has’been inactive during the paßt week, and
for most of the leading articles of produce prices exhibit
little or no change. Breadstuff's are taken moderately
at fully former rates. The receipts continue light. Coed
is firmer. Coffee, Sugar, and Molasses are in good de
mand, and prices rather higher. Cotton is scarce and
has again advanced. Drugs and Dyes are unsettled.
Foreign Fruit of all kinds is scarce, but domestic is ar
riving more freely. No change in Hemp or Hides. In
the Iron market there is afirm feeling, and more inquiry
for pig and manufactured. Lead has again advanced.
Lumber meets a fair inquiry at quotations. Naval Store*
are better. In Oils there is some improvement. Provi
sions are steady without much activity.' Bice and Salt
are firm. Cloverseed is in better demand. Flaxseed it
wanted. Tallow, Teas, and Tobacco are unchanged.
Wool commands foil prices. There has been less doing
in Dry Goods; ihe high ratea now current for cotton
fabrics checking business, which has been light this
P* The Fleur marketis firm but quiet, the demand both for
shipment and home use having fa'ien off very materially,
and|prices are unchanged; sales comprise 708,000 bbla
at ®487)4®5 for superfine; $5.37)4 ®5.62)4 for extra;
55.60tt6.75 for common and good extra family; and sB®
$7 W bbl for fancy lots, aa in quality. The receipts and
stocks are fight, and the sales moderate within the above
range of prices. Bye Fiour is scarce, and selling in a
small way at $3.25®3 37)4 about 600 bbls Penns. Com
Meal sold at $3 tr’’ bbl. Brandywine Is held at $3.30.
- WHEAT.—The receipts are moderate and prices firm,
■with sales of 40,000 bus at 127fflt30c for old, and ISO®
133 c for new Penna. and Western red, and 125®145c for
white; the latter for Kentucky Bye is better, and
Penna. is selling on arrival at 75®78c. Com continues
in. good request, and further sales of 20,000 bus yellow
were made at 63®65c, in store apd afloat. Oats are
steady at 42)4c f° r Delaware, and 44e for Penna.; some
holders ask more. .New Southern is coming in and sell
ing Bt 35®37e, measure.
PROVISIONS.—Tbo market is quiet; sales of Meet
Pork at. $10.75®11.25, and sB®9 for country and city
packed prime. Mess Beef aeils in a email way, at $l2
for country, and $13.50®15 cash for city-packed Dried
Beef is dull. Bacon.—There is a steady demand for
hams, with sales of plain and fancy-cured at 7)4a9kc:
sides at 606 c for Western and city-packed; and shoul
ders at 4*4)4 e, cash and time. Green)Meats The re
ceipts are light; sales of pickled hams, at 606)10; do.
n dry salt, at 55£®5 j4c ; eide3 at s®sXc; and shoo!
ders at 3)4 ®3)(c, cash ana Ehort time.
LABD.—The stock iB reduced, and the prices have*®"
..vanced; pales 1,000 tea and bbis at 9®9Kc, sad if”
jtefie at 9j409)4c. , ■ ;
bas eeD Tsnr IP®
Bellinp at of solid-packed at lOOJW
: IRON.—There is &•:. **B*'***,
prices are well maintained; Bales' of 4 000 __ *
cite mostly at $24, 6mos , for No. 1; No. 2 at S— ; anu
No. 3 and White Iron at $20021, 6 mis: In Scotch Pig
nothing doing. Biooms ora steady. The mills through
out the country are generally well supplied with orders.
LEAD is in better demand, and 1,500 Pigs Galena sold
at $7, cash- , :
COPPEB.—Prices are steady for Sheathing, lint with
out sales to any extent. Yellow Metal has advanced,
and is held at $23 for Sheets, on time.
BABlv.—The stock is light, and it is steady at last
week’s figures; small sales of first No. lat $33 ton.
BEESWAX is scarce, and prime yellow in demand at
36c V lb.
CANDLES.—Adamantine ara held rather higher, in
consequence of the advance in raw material; sales at
35)4®17)4c, on usual terms. Prices of Sperm and Tal
low Canales a'e unchanged.
COFFEE —There is a firm feeling in Ihe market, and
eomebo’dersbave advanced their quotations )(®)4e 4? 1
to; sales of 1,500 bags, including Bio, at 22ffl2i?(c"; Ls
guayra at 23®23)(c; Triage at 20)4c; and Cub., at 24c,
caib and time.
COAL —There is more activity in the market, and
free shipments are making from Richmond for the South,
and the supply of the East. Tbe rates of freight and
toll, by canal and railroad, will be advanced 20c ton,
on tbe Ist proximo. . ■
COTTON.—The market is nearly bare of stock, but
tbe tendency of prices has been downward. Sales of 200
bales low and good middlings, at 43®47c cash; at tha
close prices are better, ‘
DBUGS AND DYES —There has been more doing,
partly on speculation, and prices generally ara better,
including Aebes and Sulphate of Quinine, all of which
, FISH are dull, and for Mackerel we’ reduce our fig
ures, Sales of No. lfromstorß at 5808.2-5, and $6®6.25
for old No 2, Bnd large new 3s at $6 per bbl. Pickled
Herring are scarce and selling at $1,5Qa>2,50 per bbl.
FBUIT.—The market is bare of Oranges and Lemon*.
.A few raisins sold at $3.25 per box. Pineapples sell at
S6®7 per 100. Domestic Fruit is more abundant, and
Green Apples sell at $1.50®2.50 per bbl., ae to quality.
Dried Apples are nomiual at 3)4®6e. A few Green
reaches fold at 51.50®2.50 per basket. Berries ara
abundant and low.
FREIGHTS to Liverpool are steady at 83 6d for Floor,
T2«l4d for Grain, and 30036 s for wefeht. To San
Francisco the asking rates are 30®32Xc 4? foot West
India freights are firm at 40®42c for Sugar, and SS.oOffl
3.75 for Molasses from Cuba. The Boston packets are
getting 250 for Floor, and Gate for Grain, Colliorsare
GINBF KG is scarce, with a sale of clarified to note oa
GUANO.—The season has not yet opened, and tha
HEMP is Tery ciuiet. A sale of American was made
at 8100, cash. "
. HIDES are firm, with eales of Brazil at 17 0, on time,
and the stock light.
HAT is selling atss®7sc for new and old.
HOPS are selling in a small way at 18ra20c for first
sort Faetern end 'Western.
LEATHER has been Tery active, and prices are well
maintained and firm, with large sales at fall rates.
LUMBER.—There is a fair business doing for tho
season, with sales of White Pine shinning Boards at
514®16, and Yellow sap do at 513®14 thensand feet.
Two cargoes Eastern Baths sold at 81.25a1.30 thou
MOLASSES.—There is a moderate inquiry and holders
are firm at the recent advance; eales of 400 lihds clayed
Cuba at 26c, and Muscovado at 28®34c, on usual credit.
NAVAL STORES.—The stocks of all kinds are very
light, and there is not much doing Usales of common and
No. 2 Rosin at sl2ffll4 hbl. Tar and Pitch are
scarce and remain as la;t quoted. Spirits of Turpentine
sells in a small way at §1.95®1.97 & gallon, cash, which,
is an advance. '
OILS.—The upward tendency noted last week in Firh
Oils still continues; sales of crude whale at 64®65c,/fid
winter at 72®75c. Lard Oil is held higher; sales ofNo.
T winter at 72®75c, cash and time. Btoseed Oiliss/arce,
and selling in lots at S3eß4c. In Petroleum there has
been a fair trade doing; sales of crude at 9®lo/Jc, and
refined at 26®30c, as to quality. '
PLASTER is in good request, with further sales of
soft at 82.50 ton.
BlOE.—There is very little Carolina here; a sale of
Rangoon was made at 6f®6Xc.
SEEDS.—There is very littleOloverseed coming in;
sales at 55.25a0 00 V bushel. Flaxsoed is scarce and
much Wanted by the crushers at 52®2.25 bushel,
SUGAR There is a fair inquiry, both for refining and
the supply of the trade; the market is quite firm; Bales
of 1,800 hhds Cuba at 88 X ®9X«> and Porto Step at Off®
SPIRITS —Holders of foreign are firm in their views,
and the market is quiet. New England Rum is selling at
47®50c. Whisky is dull, ana prices nominal; sales of
Ohio at' 31«32e; Pennsylvania at 30c, hhds at 30c, and
drudge at 290 gallon. ’
TOBAOOO —We notice some sales of Pennsylvania
seedlearatl2ffll4o. In Kentucky leaf no" sales. Manu
factured continues very high,, :
TALLOW is held firmly, at IOJfoWXc for city-ren
derwi, and P&'olOc, cash, for country.
WOOL.— There! s no; falling off to the activity noted
for some time past, and the tendency of prices Is still up
ward, with sales.of 150,000 fts., including medium and
fine at 55®57Xc cash for low grades, and foreign at 33®
ME. WASHBURNE TO THE GERMANS.—-On
Wednesday evening Hon. B. B. Washbnrne. of
delivered an address to the,German Committee or new
York. He said: Yourbrave German Generals, SigeU
Max Weber, WilUcb, and others, we i ni™ t r» a “|
glory or the Germans on all the battle-fields of tnft
country. The German common soldier Is honoring Him
self, and maktog.a great name for his countrymen, by
his persistent courage, his endurance, and his aevotm
to his adopted country.. I have, spoken of the politieM
principles of the Germans. They are. men who Toy*
liberty and hate slavery everywhere. Their efforts in
overthrowing the elave Democracy, and in the electiott
of ft BeirabHcan President, entitle thenar to the gratefnl
thanks of, all lovers of the country. *
to the fullest extent, their claims upon l the
and the country, and it has afforded me pleaaore to lend
my feeble influence in their behalf. r * • :
sTTiniDE FROM DISAPPOINTMENT.— Mary Ma
: herian totoresUng girl, at Buffalo, committed sniddeou
Friday, by drowning herself in a mill flume, uanse, dis
appointment to love., ■ ■ - -*l
NOT! A SUBJECT FOR JOKING.—The Poughkeep
sie Emit notes the elopement of Joseph Pint, seventeen
years old, with Molvina. Gaines, fifteen years otd,,hoth.of
Poughkeepsie. So it appears that, ill spite of Oil opposi
tion, Melvtoa Gaines her Hat.