The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, December 18, 1857, Image 2

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46 Evig- - ,, drijrol2RN !IV -PRESS
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' 7 :ll ° 4i. 417 4:IFF,EITpI3I`BEAT, ,
expressly, fgt. _ • •
plete ' sitatMary olwhitt has tr aos- ,
•- 84.le,'ala the Atlantic+ Stales, sh!oe„
P h i I. ,4•nit. !. ' 4:1
461 of the last steamer for
, in,tTorig- mappers;
JiltAMPO'dire4T „
r;i T t l o i rt it l O P o l l E cit l k • gitttitiAT
'Pi.0r....--t-Lord BACON ; Poruitsr and
the IDalifornians ; Public Entertainments ;
sage of . GOV., Svercrorr ; Very Late dud, Into,
resting from Kanstia.; Ton Reasons why every,
Democrat shoat vote, against the admission
of E alms unless, the ' w,holo Constitution is
submitted._ to the .People; The President's
Message; The-Kansas Conititution ;
.The Po
sition ot trAtKEEC-api DouGLAB ; The Utah
:Expedition; The Double Murder In Lancaster
county; Havana Correspondence; U. S. Court;
Genertri:News ; The Courts:
ireb,We make• no apology for publiehiet
I. l aPet . ; thie nforaing, so filled with the liatisas
quelitiini; 'IC% the, eiciting topic of the day,
and therefore ought to be acceptable to all
claSaca:of.readera. .
ROBEIiiJ. WAXER ; wrote, probably, the
most: forcible letter' In favof
. of Jitliff, By
cnaii:ta 185q.,:1411'etyleand its 'facia made
a profound:iMpreasion on the public mind.J It
was tfinslale4 146 - '',oerniantind French, and
thdian, and Welsh. Be
wrote liientia :if lie felt that tipon the issue,
deped, did: Ore: in*sq!'vatio4:of4lie",trniop. The
pri*lPle which inspired his eloquence-wait the:
principle of ptipular sovereignty, which he re- 7
gariledae-the eureka, protection againsta
*lentil l ir l i43ogtapliicikl ',.paity. This-masterly
May. was published • in' nearly every Demo
cratic paper • ofithtf Union, and gave to Mr.
AF4tfa anew Iwild s epon the confidence and
the-affections of - his countrymen. -
• To-dah--,-Irowever, wo another letter
froin-Roanar d. Wamrsa, being nothing more
nor less than hisletter of resignation as Go
vernor - At this hour of writing
wo have ito tune and no room to' say more
thrui that •It - is equal_ to his fame, and nobly
consistent With his record as a statesman who
alwiys follorrs.the" right, no matter at what
hazard to himself, No citizen can read what
be has say, without feeling convinced that
he ia- Sincere' and 'patriotic, and the array of
facts and arguments 'which he presents will
go far:th establish, on enduring foundations,
the injtititiOe and 'oppression of the rule of the
minority in Krirsas. There •is not a Demo
crat--:not rt:-Republican—not an American,
who>yllinot realize in tylp•stateiminliko 'pro
duction the palpable' Outrages which the Le
oomph:oil Cchivintioli has sought to practice
upon the peoPle 'of Kansas. ' ' '- • - '
Thal:One:4a temper of Governor WALKER'S,
letter is not the least part of its merits. Ile
addresses the President as a friend and a com
patriot, and 'never- for a moment fails in re
spect4Ohe Chief Magistrate of the Republic.
'iNre "gli'c' the whole pr Gov. Wawa:it's
lettrir, tiy. telegraph, correoted Carefully by a
copy received' last night, by mail, from Go
vernor W: ' ' '
Asa Most appropriate companion of Gover
nor Wararaa's_letter, wo this morning print
the message. of Acting-Governor Fasimmen
P. STANTON_ to' the Legislature' of Kansas.
This - calm; considerate, and conciliatory state
paper will be perused with intense interest;
and 'notthe leas so because it bears out all, and
more than all, our apprehensions as to the
ruleand-1:11in • polisiof.the minority in Kan
sas. Mr. STANTON IS a native of the South.
and • has served with great distinction, and
for . mtMy years, as a representative in
Congress from Tennessee. He was one of the
ablest defenders of President Powt's Admin
istration, and while Mr. BUCHANAN and Mr.
WADHEit were in his Cabinet, was their earnest
and devoted champion. His clear and 'com
prehensive message dissipates a thousand.falla
cies, and places the cause of the majority in
Kansas on enduring foundations. s HE is THE
OF Govrovoa Tramcses :romp-Y.
The President' pointedly asserts that the
whole' Constitution of Kansas should have
been .submitted, by the Convention, to, the
people, beeautie,t'as he well remarks, that it
the only true principle. The bogus Conven
tion of Kansas did not look at the principle;
they doubted „whether that .would 'suit -thrill
policy, and hence they. took the trick; thus
violating the cardinal policy of the Demo
cratic party. Their defenders here 'admit that
our PrirMiplis have been thus broken down ;
but they.-exclaim: What matters that l it will
only be for a time ; let the wrong be done,
sanction it for a brief period, admit Kansas as a
State, and then the people may at once do them
selves the justice which it would net be politic
for Congress now to do them. True, gentle
men,the error will be a brief one, and truth,
though'erushed to earth, will rise again; but
it has not been thus that the Democracy of the
North , or' South beim hitherto been taught
to act. — They have inherited the spirit of
their fathers, with whom, as Mr. Srommits of
Geoigia well said; (February 17, 1854,) in re
ply to-the same Republican argument, "The
_was not so mnelt the amount ot
taxation; it was not the small duty 'on tea ;
that Was far from being oppressive; but it was
the prfacipto on which it was placed; it was
the prilielPle asserted and maintained in the
44 preamble," that our fathers resisted by arms.
.And Mr. WErtorca well 'said, on some occa
sion; "That the American Revolution was
fought against a preamble." And Mr. &s
-almi:a then added "It is, in vindication of
that new principle, then established for the first
time in the history of our Government, in the,
year 1850, the middle of the Nineteenth cen
tury, that we, the friends •of the Nebraska
bill, whe t ther from the North or the South,
now call upon this House and the country to
carry out in good faith, • and giVe effect to
the Writ and intent of those important mea.
sures of territorial legislation." On February
18, 1854, Senator BROTMEAD said: "The
question at present, (vO.: the question in
volved in the Kansas-Nebraska bill,) is
of no practical importance whatever. It
is only 'important as establishing a perma
nent rule."' It was for a principle, then, that
the Country was agitated by the Compromise
measures of 1850;, and it was to , aPply that
principie n allhotigh then of. no' practical im
portance,-that the Missouri Compromise was
repealed •and,:the Karma's-Nebraska bill was
passed. 134 then; reply the friends of the
bogus Convention, yon, Messrs. WALKER and
Devotes, are agitators; you might let the little
fraud: - and wrong, and violation of principle
pass foi.the present, ibwiil afterwards be cor
rected by thn people ; why, then, do you agi
tate it
_. That, is exactly what the Re
publicans said to
_the Democracy in 1850
and 7854; They said the country was
then quiet; truly the Missouri Compromise
was a . violation of an abstract Principle, but it
was so old; it was so venerable, that the wrong
had become a compact, and . sacred. What
was our reply then ? It was thts, that the acts
of 1850 established the principle; 'that the
Missouri Compromise was in conflict with that
principle, anti that,"eld and Sacred as it was, it
should be repealed, and it was repo'altid, and
that, to4;l.iy'ilie'Demoeracy of- the North;
simplybeca4'si it Wins' notin accordance teak a
principle; and when • these same' Republi
cans said a If, then; slavery can not be practical
ly established in Kansai, why do the South re
quire, ilia compromise 'repealed ? • Peciume,,
gnaw eitiK the Opals, If inelatei principli;
and tie Dertioeracy of. the. North and South
united and maintained that abstract principle.
What, thotifiragitatbMidiall again follow our
attempt to 'standby the principles of our party ?
Let lir. - Simentas,Tol.:4leorgh, aniwer such
men. no auk, (Feb.
remains for nie trisiarsonietbing about
the great excitement IVA is said this
Measure williprodtica. -Well; sit, Who raises
any ateitemett ittiw Whence rlokthe oppo-
Often 4'0,414 That ate tact tearienc; for It I
The "North (now the Democracy) is to be ex
cited, and about what 1
~ Why, because Congress by this bill re.
cognises the territorial principle established
in 1850. And what is the harm or mischief to
bei done ? Why, nothing but extending to
the .freemen of Kansas and Nebraska 'that
privilege which ought to be the birthright of
every American citizen, td. `have . a voice. in
forming the institutions and passing the laws
under which he is to live. Who, then, is to
these who deny to their fellow-eitizens the
pacity for self-government."'
' That was then the answer of a Southern De
niocrat to the objection of a Northern Republi
'nap. Certain Democrats are now so much afraid
of ! our agitation for a principle, that they ex
claim, Oh! ;yen are•dititracting the party in the
,0 0 1 1 1. 1 4,94 . 0. Find*: ..Who,are.the men in our
party whom it will distract ? Why, our asser
tion of thetiaido' principle In 1850 and 1851
dhdractod a great many other Democrats—aye,
seine of them among the veterans of. the par
but did this ' now-denounced Senator
Douglas:and the Young Guard faint or falter
be‘ause of that? '
1.. Did we then' tear to insist on the principle
because it:might agitate, and even distract the
I Party'? Far froin it; and to,the Democrats,
who then feared to be just, Id.„W. H. WITTE
wellroplied : . •' . .` ' '
' 4 Gentlemen assert that by the adoption of
this measure you will divide and‘ distract the
Democratic party. I ask them to remember
that the, history of that party clearly attests
that its purpose and function is one of trial
and difficulty. It was cradled in storm and
reared amid tribulation. It has ever been the
advance -guard of all 'those great measures of
progreas that have made our country powerful
and glorious. It was created for thatpurPose,
and whenever danger has threatened, from
traitors at home or foes abroad, it has always,
in `the hour of peril, been called upon to
exercise its highest and holiest function.
I care not If, to promote a groat prin
ciple„ it distract the party for a time..
' When its highest attribute shall have
been exereised, and its highest mission per
' formed, it will then, by the involuntary tribute
of a 111'eo people, be knit together in bonds
so strong and irresistible, that the forces of
all the factions and isms, placing Abolitionism
at the bead, cannot break them.
,'They must
remember that the Democratic,party is nol one
of expediency; and if it be now called upon, by
the enactment of this bill, to make sacrifices
at the present moment, in order that great good
may flow from its principle in time to come,
I repeat, tis the solemn duty of every Demo
era, be he in or out of Congress, to make
such sacrifice, with a patriotism and chivalry
which becomes a true national man. Ido not
therefore fear the result. lam ready to go
before the people and meet this question. It
requires bat little intelligence to comprehend
aproposition so simple as the one embraced
in this act. To the people I submit it, con
scious that their instinctive perception of
man's, right to self-government will carry
it safely through the storm of partisan agita-
Sob, and load them to a just conclusion as
to its merits."
To these sound views we then bore and we
now bear assent, and we commend their
application now to every Democrat, be he
in or onkel Congress. '
But these friends of expediency further
object, that even if the Democratic party do
now carry out their principles and pledges,
yet the Republicans will not be at peace,
that they wilt again refuse to vote, and
where then they ask is the security that their
objections will cease? That also is a Re
publican argument, and was urged by them
against_the Democratic party: Mr. SUMNER
urged it in 1854, and on February 23, 1854,
'tr. TOOMBS, of Georgia, thus replied to it
Sir; there is another story of ancienthistory
by which the gentleman might have profited.
krainister onee'came to the Roman Senate
to sue for peace. They asked him, what se
curity do you offer us that if we grant you
this peace it will last and be observed 1' He
replied,' grant us a just peace, on fur terms,
and it will be durable and permanent; but
give us an•unjust one, and it will not last long.'
"You should stand upon a broad, national
principle—then you will have peace. The
great pacification of 1850 adopted this basis,
and if that be carried out, wo shell have a per
manent peace."
.That was then Mr. Toomns's reply to the
objection of the Republican, Citar.Les SUM
'(ER, and we adopt and re-assert it in an
over to the expediency Democrats who now
follow:him, and who seek for peace through a
temporary expediency, instead of basing it on
m eternal principle.
But again, say those gentlemen, we have
now the power to settle this question—not on
principle, to be sure, but to settle it, whether
on .principle, or against principle. Perhaps
you have the power, gentlemen, but to that
Republican, argument, lot Mr. Toonns .again
reply, as he did in 1854: "The Sena
tor from Massachusetts, not contented with
Perverting the history of his own country, mis
applies even the ancient and Ihmillar story of
TREMISTOELES and Anis-rim.
'I Tuamoroonsh Wished to take an unjust ad
vantage of the enemies of Athens, or those who
were expected shortly to become so. Forget-.
jut of justice and right, he desired the Athe
nialts, under prOspect of advantage, to destroy
the fleets of their friends and allies.
cc The scheme was referred by the Athenians
to AR/STIDES. He said, True, you can do it ;
you have got the power; but, Athenians,lt is
safest. ,
4 ! We, continued Mr. Toosins, appeal to the
true and honest men of the North, as Ants - rims
lid to the Athenians ; gentlemen, you can do
thiS, for you have the physical power, bat it is
atijust. We said that In 1850; and in spite
of !the Senator from Massachusetts, and all
his coadjutors here, the free North, th e
honest North, took the same course which the
honest Athenians did under the advice of
ARISTIDES. They said : is unjust, and we
will not do It.' " Democrats of the North,
these were the sentiments of an holiest and
high-minded Southron in 1861. You fol
lowed him then. You then scorned the petty
by-ways of policy and a time-serving expe
liency, and walked in the broad highway of
principle and justice. Will you not do so now?
Will you not walk in tko old ways, the tried
wags, the ways in which you and your fathers
have trod? Will you take the advice of the TllE
susrocLEs in our party, who advise you to take
in unjust advantage of the enemies of the
Democratic. party, anti who, w forgetful of jus
titM and right, desire you, under prospect of
advantage, to destroy even your enemies ?"
True, you can do it ; you have got the power;
but; Democrats, it would be unjust." In 1850,
in 1851, the free North, the honest North,
pursued the same course which the honest
Athenians did under the advice of ARISTIDES
—they said then, awl in 1857 they will say
again, (C It Is unjust, and we will not do IL"
Many of our readers will thank us for in
forming them that the Christmas number of
cc Household Words," (moat of which will be
written by CIURLES Droxens himself,) will
contain ci The Perils of Certain English Pri
soners, and their Treasure in Women, Children,
Silver, and Jewels." It will occupy thirty
six octavo pages, or the amount of a regular
.), I "umber and a Half. Of course, Mr. T. IL
PETERSON will reprint and republish it, the
day after a copy reaches Philadelphia. Ile
has a very taking way as regards DICKENS'
The Pittsburgh Daily Union is making
up a list of papers, with evident satisfaction,
that have taken grouted in favor of allowing
congress to compel the peoplo of Kansas to
accept the minority Lecompton Constitution.
The Union omits itself In this list, which is
wise, 'considering that it was one of the first to
take, ground against this minority Constitu
Mr' The announcement of a series of Leo
turps, on the Philosophy of the Bible, by
Professor Tawas, will attract general atten
Om. It is an Interesting subject, and wil
bo ably treated. "
bo continued this, morning Some of the most
valuable pictures will be included.
The sale of elegant books, suitable for Christmas
presence, will be continued this evening, at the
auction rooms. See Thomas & Sons' advertise•
on Wednesday evening next includes several pro•
perties by order of the Orphans' Court ; aloe,
property In Coates street. All to bo sold without
reserve. 800 advertisement under auction head.
The Splendid 71CUI Marble Store, erected fur
Henry Norn, Zpd:, 28 North Third street, by Mr. Itu
bineam, the eminent builder, to so nearly ready for occu
pation, that we find it advortleed In THE NW, of this
day, to be rented. It has a frontage of thirty, a depth
of one hundred and forty.seren, and a side extent•of
1014 r-four feet, and is one of the most handsome and
convenient storm; in the city.
Pire.—The alarm of fire about five o'clock yes
terday thanking was caused by the partial burning or the
lumber-yard of Mx. Moholoon, at Seventh street and
Harrlott , e lane, which woe net on fire, and damaged to
the unapt of about fifty
ortir, i 4
Governor Wntker , s, Letter—lntelligence Irons
Kansas—Treasury Notes;/ec., Sze.,
[Correspondence or The Preee.)
In another column will be found the letter of re
signatloa sent to 'Mr. Buchanan by Governor
Walker. Regard for the harmony of the Demo
erotic party at the 'same time that be stood firmly
aeon the ground of popular sovereignty, induced
Governor Walker, after consultation with friends
from every section, to pursue this course. The
Administration had last night an extraordinary
Cabinet council, to take into grave consideration
the present aspect of Kanms affairs, and to deter
mine upon some fair mode of adjustment. I tun
inclined to the'bellef, however, that they will re
ply to Governor Walker's letter, sustaining, with
whatever of argument et their command the pool-
Alen which on this vexed question they are under
stood to assume.
Mr. Dexter has just arrived hero from Kansas.
This gentleman Is known all through the Territory
as an indomitable National Democrat. Ho reports
that not only-all the press of Kansas, even pro
slavery papers, excepting always the Lord Prost
dent's pot organ, are in opposition to the Lecomp
ton contrivance, sad that ninety-aine-hundrodtbs
of the people are of the same way of think ing. Na
tional Democrats, ho says, will be thunderstruck
when they learn that the Administration, contrary
to their expectations, favor what they determin
edly set their face against. Col. Hazard, of
Kiekapoo, which gave 600 majority for the Demo
cratic tieket,is with Gov. Walker, and opposed to
the Imeompton Constitution. So are his constitu
ents, with very rare exceptions.
A Democratic Senator in the State Legislature
of Wisconsin, informs mo that the Democratic
members of the Senate, and of the House compos
ing that body, have had an understanding for
some time, that previous to the opening of their
sessions they will meet in caucus, and pass resolu•
tions of approbation of the course of Walker,
Stanton, Douglas, and Tun Prizes. I give you
his words as ho gave them to me. Furthermore,
ho states that there is not a single litBsentient.
Ron. John Mohnen'', of the Chester district, was
ono of the first from Pennsylvania, in the last
House of Representatives, to raise hie voice in
favor of the nomination and election of Mr. Du.
chases. You know how becworkad during the
last campaign for the success of our cause. Now
his prepares himself for continued advocacy of the
groat principle that the 'will of the majority, as
fairly expressed, shall prevail, end will speak in
the, HOW on the first opportunity, in opposition to
the Leeompton Constitution.
Mr. Hunter, from the Finance Committee of the
Senate, reported a bill to-day, authorizing the
issuance of treasury notes to make up the deficit
in the revenues of the country for the ordinary
expenditures of the Government. It is very
lengthy, but in its main features is as I have
heretofore stated it.
An old gentleman, who was sojourning in Eu
rope, during the last Presidential campaign, for the
benefit of his health, says that of all the documents
which were gent to hint favoring the object of his
desire—the election of Mr. Buchanan—none wore
snore grateful than the speeches of a young Phila
delphia lawyer, named Dougherty.
The decease of the lato lion. J. G. Montgomery,
from the Luzerno district, was announced this
morning in the House by ;lon. Paul Leidy, his
successor. The remarks, both of Mr. Leidy end
Colonel Florence, who seconded the resolutions,
were appropriate, and touching in their expression
of sorrow for their loss and the loss of their beloved
State, Pennsylvania.
Acting Commissioner Mix bee received a letter
from Brigham Young, dated October 7, 1857. Ho
" I improve the opportimity by first succeeding
mail via Panama to inform you that I forwarded
my report anti accompanying papers for the quar
ter ending September, 1857, by the hands of the
Hon. S. hi. Bernhisel, our delegate to Congress,
who accepted a very courteous invitation from
Captain Van Vliet, U. S. A., to arose the plains
with him en route to Washington, and notwith
standing the quarter wee not quite ended, I deem
ed that cours• all the more proper from the fact
that the mail to this Territory fromlndependance,
klo., had been stopped by the Post Office Depart
ment, and it was not known how soon the mail from
California might, also, be stopped.
" I have also the honor to inform you that Dr.
Garland Hurt, a United States Indian agent, in
this superintendency, saw fit to leave the field of
his official duty, on the 26th of September last, In
company with some Indians, whom it is said ho
hired to escort him to the United States troops,
and without having made any report to me of his
wiebes and designs, or of the disposition ho had
made of the affairs of his agency.
"Such an ocortsionless and unwise movement on
his part, altogether needlessly exposing himself
to archness, hardship, and danger, I did ail in my
power, upon the earliest intimation of his plans, to
prevent, as will be seen by a letter addressed to
him, (a copy of which I enclose,) but which, un
fortunately, did not reach his place of residence
until a few hours after his departure.
"Trusting that my official course, as above indi
cated, wilt meet tho cordial approval of your judg
went, I have the honor to be, very respectfully.,
Darartxv YOUNG,
"Gov. and cx off. Supt. Indian Affairs, U. T.
Non-Arrival of the Canada.
lisi,ishx, Poo. 17.—11 o'clock, P. 11.—Tho
steamship Canada has not yet been bignalled below.
The weather is calm, but aightly hazy.
The Pacific Railroad—Nominations Confirmed
The Resignation of Governor Walker.
WASIIMITON, Deo, 17.—ThO following named
Senators compose the committee to whom was ro.
ferred that part of the President's Message rela
tive to the railroad to the Pacific , : Messrs, G win
of California, Douglas of Illinois, Bright of Indi
ana, Davis of 316eissippi, Bunter of Virginia, Se
ward of New York, Bell of Tennessee, Foot of
Vermont, and Iverson of Georgia.
In Executive Session to-day, the Senate con
firmed M. B. Lamar of Texas, as Minister to Con
tral America, and Austin It.. Smith as Naval
Agent in California.
The nomination of Judge Clifford to supply the
vacancy on the Supreme Bench was warmly deba
ted by the Senate, and then referred to the Com
mittee on the Judiciary.
Governor Walker has printed his letter re
signing the Governorship' of Karoae, designing to
supply the press with copies. Some of his friends
confidently assort that the President will refuse to
accept the resignation, so that by returning the let
ter to him, it will not appear on the public or.
ehieves. It is also further said by his friends, that
they anticipate the President will dismiss him.
U. S. Supreme Court
WAsitiaoros, Deo. 17.—The Supreme Court to
day was occupied with ease No. 15, (before re
ported.) The argument for the plaintiff was con
tinued, and the argument for the defendant was
Lnter from Kansas
Sr. lAMB, Dee. 17.—Tho Rciiii6/icon has re
eeived Kansas dates to the 10th inst. The Legis
lature bad done nothing toward carrying out the
recommendations or acting Governor Stanton's
The election returns from Kickapoo have boon
declared fraudulent by the Committee of Investi
gation, and the Republican members admitted to
their scats in the House.
John Calhoun, the President of the Constitu
Lionel Convention, had been nominated for (lover
nor by the Democratic Convention, but he do
Mined, and Frank Marshall was nominated in
stead. W. G. Matthews was nominated for Limit
31r. Carr was nominated fur Congress ; Distrio
Attorney Weir wits offered the nomination, bu
Gem Denver, the newly appointed noting Gov
ernor, had not yot arrived in the Territory.
Nothing wan yot known an to the chernelor or
the intelligence brought by the lost inmonger
from Utah.
Sr. Loris, Dee. 17.—The Ketone letters to the
Demorrat say that an attempt 13 being made along
the border counties of Missouri to form companies
of voters, to control the election to bo hold in the
Territory on the 21st inst.
At, a mass convontion hold nt LccomPton on the
7th inst., resolutions were passed, endorsing the
proceedings of the delegate convention, hold at
Lawrence on the 2d, and pledging themselves in
dividually and collectively to opporo to the ut
most the Constitution adopted at Lccompton, and
to resist every attempt made to put into operation
a Stale Ciovornment under the some.
The Death Wnrrnnt.
PITT:MUM:IIp Doc. 17.—Tho Governor has issued
warrants for the execution of the McKeesport
murdorors, Henry Fibs and Charlotte Jones, to
take place on the 12th of February, 1858; also of
Monroe Stewart (who, by the confession of Char
lotte Jones, to exonerated from complicity in the
murder) to tako place a fortnight later,
On the War toWsz;hinnton
13ALTPf0.111:, Dco. 17.—110 n J. C. Breckinridge,
Vice President of the United States; Senator Mal
lury of Florida, General Gonzales, and Dr. Smith,
of New Orleans, came upto this oily in the Nor
folk boat. Thoy are on their route to Washington,
Meeting at New York—Au
NEW YORK, Deo. 17.—An immense Democratic
meeting congregated in the City Park this evening,
to respond favorably to the views expressed in the
message of Mr. Buchanan. Hon, Biehard Schell
presided. Tho speakers' platform broke down
while Mr. Scholl was speaking, and great excite.
ment ensued among the crowd. Fortunately no
person was injured. The mooting then proceeded
to the vicinity of the City Mall, from the steps of
which they aro being addressed.
The Southern Banks
AUGUSTA, Dec. 17.—The Legislature of limit!'
Carolina has refused to legalize - the suspension of
specie payments by the banks. The Georgia Le
gislature has done nothing yet.
The Governor of Florida has directed tho tax
collectors to receive the ordinary currency in pay
ment of taxes duo tho State.
Rain commenced falling hero last night, and
there is every prospect of a deluge similar to that
of last Week.
Pirrimunon, Deo. 17.--Flour dull ; no 811i09 from
first hands; pilau is still unohangod ; wheat dull ;
80a00o for red and ivhito ; rye 550 ; corn 40c ; oats
300. Nothing doing in provisions; whiskey, raw,
BALTIMOTIE, De 36. 17.—Flour is firm. Whiskey
21022 e. Exchange on Now York 41 por cont. pro
CHARLESTON, December 17.—Sales of 400 ba
les of Cotton to-day, and for the week, 0,000
Tho market oloses with an advancing ton•
deny; sales Di for middling. Canny bags aro
selling at 11 coats for time.
Hon. Robert J. Walker's Resignation
of the Governorship of Kansas.
WAtutleavott, Dee. 17.—The following Is the
letter of lion. Robert J. Walker, resigning the
office of Governor of Kansas: "
WASITINOTON City, Dec. 150807.
Hon. Lewts Vass, Secretary or State: •
resign tho aloe of Governor of the Ter
ritory of Kansas. I have been most reluctantly
forced to this conclusion, after anxious and
careful consideration of my duly to the country,
to the people of Kansas, to the President of the
United States, end to myself, The grounds as
sumed by the President, in his late message to
Congress, nod in recent instructions, in connection
with the events now transpiring hero and In
Kansas, admonish me, that as Governor of that
Territory, it will no longer ho in my power to pre
serve the peace or promote the public welfare.
Attila earnest solicitation of the Prosident.after
repeated refusals, the lost being in writing I
finally accepted this onto°, upon his letter ehow(ng
the danger and diffieultica of the Kansas question.
and the necessity of my undertaking the task of
adjustment. Under these circumstances, notwith
standing the grout sacrifices to me, personal, pe.
lineal, and pecuniary, I felt that I could no more
refuse such a call from my country, thro ug h h oc
Chief Magistrate, than a soldier in battle, who is
ordered to command a forlorn hope. accepted,
however, on the express condition that I should
advocate the submission of the Constitution to the
vote of the people, for ratification or rejection.
These views were clearly understood by the Presi
dent and all hie Cabinet. They were dietinctly
sot forth in my letter of acceptance of this office,
on the 26th of March last, end reiterated ill my
inaugural address on the 27th of May last, as fol
lows: " Indeed, r cannot doubt that the Con
vention, after having frained a State Constitu
tion, wilt submit it for ratification or rejection
by a majority of the then actual bona fide
resident settlers of Mittens. With theca views
well known to tho President and Cabinet,
and approved by them. I accepted the appoint
ment of Governor of Kamm My instructions from
the President, through the Secretary of State, un
der date of the thirtieth of March lust, senat e
the regular Legislature of the Territory, in
assembling a Convention to form a Cenotitatlon;'
and they express the opinion of the President,
that when such a Constitution shall be submit
ted to the people of the Territory, they must
be protected in the exercise of their right of vo
ting for or against that instrument •, and the
fair expression of the popular will must not
be interrupted by fraud or violence.' I
repeat, then, as my dear conviction, 'thin
unless the Convention eithruit the Constitution
to the vote of all the actual resident set.
tiers in Kansas, and the election be fairly-and
justly condueied, the Constitution will lee. find
ought to be, rejected by Congress." This inalrieiral,
most distinctly asserted that it was not the gime
tion of slavery merely, (which I believed to lie of
little practical importauee then in Its application
to Kansas,) hut the entire Constitution which
should be submitted to the people for ratifica
tion or rejection. These were my words on that'
subject in my Inaugural : "It Is net momiy, shall
slavery exist in or disappear from Kansas, but
shall the great principles of self-government end
State sovereignty be maintained or subverted." In
that inaugural I proceed further to clay, that the
people " may by 11 subsequent vote defeat the rati
fication of the Constitution." I designate this us
a "great constitutional right," and add "that
the Convention is the servant, and not the master,
of the people."
In my official despatch to you of the second of
Juno last, a copy of that inaugural address was
transmitted to you for the further information .of
the President and his Cabinet. No exception was
over taken to any portion of that names. On the
contrary, it is distinctly admitted by the Presi.
dent in his message, with commendable frank
ness, that my instructions in favor of tho submis•
sion of the Constitution to the vote of the peciPle
were "general and unqualified. " By that
inaugural, and subsequent addresses, I was
pledged to the people of Kansas to oppose, by alt
"lawful means," the adoption of any Constitution
which was not fairly and fully submitted to their
veto for ratification or rejection These pledges
cannot recall or violate without personal dishonor,
and the abandonment of fundamental principles,
and therefore it is impossible for me to support
what is called the Leeompton Constitution, he
cause it is not submitted to the vote of the people
for ratification or rejection.
I have over uniformly maintained the principle
that sovereignty is vested exclusively in the people
of each State, and that it performs its first and high
est function in forming a State Government and
State Constitution. This highest act of sore.
reignty, in my judgment, can only be performed
by the people themselves, and cannot be delegated
to Conventions or other Intermediate bodies. In
deed, the whole doctrine of the sovereignty of
Conventions, as distinct from that of the people—
of conventional or delegated sovereignty, as con.
tradistinguished from Slate or popular sovereignty
—has ever been discarded by me, and was never
hoard of, to my knowledge, during the great
canvass of 1856. Indeed, this is the great
principle of State Ilene and State sovereignty
maintained in the Virglnin and Kentucky re
solutions of 1708 and 1700, sustained by the
people in the great political revolution of
IRO, and embraced in that amendment to the
Pectoral Constitutien, adopted under the au
spices of Mr. Jefferson, declaring that " the pose
ers not delegated to the United States by the
Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States,
are reserved to the States respectively, or to the,
people." The reservation to " the States" is as
separate States, in exercising the power(' granted
by their State Constitutions; and the reser
ration to "the people" is to the people of
the several States, admitted or inchoate, in
exercising their sovereign right of framing
or amending their State Constitution This view
was set forth in my printed address, delivered at
Ketches, Mississippi, in January, 183:1, against
nullification; which tipeeeli received the cotnplt
mentary sanction of the great and good Madison,
the principal founder of eta Constitution, us shown
by a letter of lion. Charles J. Ingersoll, of Phila'-
delphia ' as published in the Globe, at Wnishiagtoni'
in 1836. What adds much to the ("roe of tide
opinion is the statement then made by Mr.
Madison that these were also the views of Mr.
Jefferson. By this clam of the Federal Constitu•
lion, tho sovereignty of tho " people" of each State
is early reserved, and eipeelally their own ex
clusive sovereign right to form, in all its entirety,
their own State Constitution.
I shall not enter fully into the argument of thle
question ut this period, but will merely btate that
this is the position I have ever occupied, and my
reasons for entertaining this opinion arc clearly
and distinctly ect forth in the printed pamphlet,
published over my signature, on the Eith of June,
1838, and then extensively circulated, from which
I quote as follows : Under our confederate ayb•
tent, sovereignty is that highest political power
which, at Its pleasure, creates ilovernmente, and
delegates authority to them. Sus oreignty grants
powers, but not sovereign powers; otherwise it
might extinguibb itself by tanking the creature of
its will the equal or superior of its creator. So
vereignty makes Constitutions, and through
them establishes Governments. It delegates
certain powers to these Governments, dis
tributing the exercise of the granted power
among the legislative, executive, and Judi•
cis,' departments. The Constitution is not
sovereign, because it is created by sovereignty;
the Government is not sovereign for the same tea
sel], much less any department of that Govern
ment. Raving defined sovereignty, eve must not
confound the power with its source or exercise.
That is, sovereignty is ono thing; where it resides
or how it is to be exercised, is another. Under the
system of European despotism, sovereignty was
claimed to reside in Kings and Emperors, under
the sacrilegious idea of the 'divine right of
Ki»gs;'..and the blasphemous doctrine was, that
Sovereigns, in legitimate succession—although
stained with crimes and blackened with infamy—
were clothed by Deity with absolute power to
rule their subjects, who held nothing but privi
leges granted by the Crown. Such were the
absurd and impious dogmas le which the peo
ple of Europe, with few exceptions, have been
compelled to submit by the bayonet—sustained by
the mere putout authority of ignorance and super
stition. Under this theory, the people were mete
ciphers, and crowned beads sub-deities—the sole
representatives on earth of the governing power of
the Almighty. Our doctrine is just the reverse,
making the people the only BOUM of sovereign
power. But what people? With tut 'sovereignty
testa exclusively with the people of each State.'
By the Revolution, each colony, outing for itself
alone, separated from Great Britain, and sanction
ed the Declaration or independence. Each colony
having thus become a State, and each adopting for
itself its separate State Government, soled for
itself alone under the old Continental Congress.
Each State acted for Geoff alone in acceding
to the Articles of Confederation in 1778, and each
State soled for itself alone in framing end ratify
ing each tor Itself the Constitution of tho United
. .
States. Sovereignty, then, with us, rests ex
elusively with the people of each State. The Con
stitution of the tlnitod Stotts Is not sovereign, for
It was created by the States, each exercising for
itself that highest political power called sovereign
ty For the Mho reason the Government of the
United States is not sovereign, nor does it cxer•
eise any sovereign powers. It exorcises only
" delegated powers, ' 83 declared by the Con.
atitution, and those powers only which are
granted by that Instrument. Delegated powers
aro not sovereign powers, but are powers
granted by sovereignty. Sovereignty being
thls highest political power, cannot ho dele
gated. It is indivisible. It is a unit, incapable of
partition. Hence the great error el supposing that
sovereignty is divided between the States and the
United States. The Constitution of the United
States in the supremo law,' and obligatory as such.
But a law is not sovereignty, but an act of sover
eignty. All laws imply law-makers, and in this
ease those who framed and ratified thin ' supremo
law,' wore those sovereignties called the States,
each soling exclusively for itself, uncontrolled by
any sister States,exeept by the moral force of its In
nuance and example. The (loverninent of the United
States, possessing, as we have shown, no sover
eignty, but only delegated powers, to them alone
it must look for the exercise of all constitutional
authority in Territories, as well as States;
for there is not a single power granted by the
Constitution to this (lovernment, in a 'Yerri.
tory, which is not granted in a State, except the
power to admit new States into the Union, which,
as shown by the Madison Papers, the framers of
the Constitution, as first demonstrated in my first
Texas letter, refused to limit to our then existing
" In the Territories then, as well as the States,
Congress possesses no sovereignty and con exercise
only the powers delegated by the Constitution,
and all the powers not thus granted we dormant
or reserved Insects, belonging in common territory
to all the States as en-espial, joint tenants there
of thathighest political power called sovereignty."
It will be perceived that this loots inn that 44 sove
reignty makes Constitutions," that "sovereignty
rests exclusively with the people of each State," that
" sovereignty cannot be delegated ;" that " it is in
alienable, indivisible," a " unit incapable of parti
tion," are doctrines ever regarded by me as fun
damental principles of public liberty, and of the
Federal Constitution. It will be S3Oll that those
views. which I havo over entortained, wore not
framed to suit any emergency in Kansas, but were
my life-long principles, and were published and
promulgated by me in nn elaborate argument over
my own signature, twelve months before my de
parture to that Territory, and when I never
thought of going to Kansas. These rights I have
over regarded as fully secured to the people of "all
the Territories" in adopting their State Constitu
tion by the Kansas and Nebraska bill. Such is
the construction given to that act by Congress, in
passing the Minnesota bill, so justly applauded by
the President. Such is the construction of this
Kansas not by its distinguished nuthor, not only in
his late most able argument, but in addresses made
and published by him long antecedent to that date,
showing that this sovereign power of the people in
acting upon a State Constitution is not confined to
the question of slavery, but includes all other sub
*to ombraoed in ouch en Instrument. Indocd)
believe the Kansas and Nebraska bill would have
violated the rights of sovereignty reserved to the
people of onoh State by the Federal Constitution,
if it had deprived them, or Congress should now
deprive them, of the right of voting for or against
their State Constitution.
The President, in his message, thinks that the
rights secured by this bill to the people, In sating
upon their State Constitution, are con fi ned to the
slavery question ; but I think, as shown in my
address, before quoted, that " sovereignty is the
Power that makes Constitutions and Govern
ments," and that not only the slavery clause in a
State Constitution, but all others, must be sub
The President thinks that sovereignty can
be delegated, at least in part. I think sove
reignty cannot be delegated at all. The President
believes that sovereignty is divisible between Con
ventions and the people, to be exercised by the
former on all subjects but slavery, and by the lat
ter only on that question. Whereon, I think that
sovereignty is inalienable," " indivisible," " a
- unit Incapable of partition," and that it cannot
be delegated in whole or in part. It will not be
denied that sovereignty is the only power that can
make a State Constitution, and that it rests exclu
sively with the people; and if it is Inalienable,
and cannot be delegated, as I have shown,
then it eon only be exercised by the peo•
pie themselves. Under our Government, we know
no sovereigns but the people. Conventions
are composed of "delegates"—they are more
agents or trustees, exemising not a sovereign
but a delegated power, and the people are the
prineipals. The power delegated to such Conroe-
lions can properly only extend to the framing of
the Constitution ; but its ratification or rejection
can only be performed by the power whore sove
reignty alone rests—namely, the people themselves.
We moat not eonfounil sovereign with delegated
powers. i The provisional authority of a Conven
tion to frame a Constitution and submit it to the
people is a delegated power; but sovereignty alone,
which rests exclusively with the people, can ratify
and put in fordo that Constitution. And this is the
true doctrine of popular sovereignty ; and I know
of no such thing, nor dons the leedoral Constitution
recognise it, as delegated or conventional sore•
nliqi nt t .
o ,:mideut, in n sort' laud passage of his able mes
sage, gives utiansm °ratite reasons why the people, and
not Conventions, should decide the question of slavery
In framing a State Constitution. Ile says, very truly,
that from the necessary division of the inchoate State
into districts a majority of the delegates may think one
way and the people another; and that the delegates (on
wan the case in Names) may \joints their pledges, ne
fail to execute the will of the people. And why dces net
this reasoning apply with equal force to all other great
quentions embodied In the State Constitution' and 'thy
should the question of almery alone es crride and ex
tinguish the doctrine of popular sovereignty and the
debt of self-government' Moot fortunately, this is no
sectional question, for It belongs alike to the States ad
mitted, or Inchoate, of the South as nt the North It
is not a question of slavery, but of State rights and of
State and popular sovereignly; nod myobjectiona to the
Lecompton Constitution ale equally strong., n hether
Karim., under its provisionn, should be made n flee or
a slave State My objections are based upon a viola
tion of the right of self-goeoroment, and of State and
popular sovereignty, and of forcing any Constitution
upon the people against their will, whether it e•
cognised freedom or slavery. lodeed, the drat
question millet' the people ought to decide, in forming
a Government for an inchoate Slate, is whether they
will change or not from a Territorial to a State
Government Now, as no one, who with ins denies
'Federal or Territorial sovereignty, m 111 contend that a
Territorial Leghlattne la sovereign, or represents sove
reignty, or that sushi a Legislatuie, a mere creation
of Congress, can transfer sovereignty, which it does not
penmen, toe Territorial Convention, This change from
a Territorial to a State Government can only be made
by the power cohere sovereignty restm —namely, the peo
ple. Vet a State Government is foamed upon the people
of Kansas by the Lecompton Constitution, tit - tether
they will or not, for they con only vote for the Consti
tution, end not againnt it But besides the change from
a Territorial to a State liovernment, which the people
atone here the right to make in framing a State
Constitution, there are many momentous question.;
minuted to that instrument. It involves all the
powers Of State Government. There hi the bill
of rights, the Magna Chorea of the libertien of a free
people, the legislative, executive lard judicial func•
Lions, thu taxing potter, the elective franchise, the
greet question of education, the meted relations
of husband and wife, parent and child, guardian
and wail, and all the righta affecting life, liberty. and
property, There is alsh the qiiention of State dotal, of
banks, end paper Tenney, and n further tit. y mhall be
permitted or prohibited. Ac ell fiee gm eminent, as
stated by Ale. Jefferson, in the Declaration of lode.
',epitome i depends upon the consent of the governed,''
how can tbe known whether the people would tosent
to the Constitution uniems it IS submitted to their vole
fur ratification or rejection ?
lint if acquiescence can be pretended in any case,
mrely it cannot be in that of Kansan, where so many of
the delegates violated their pledge to submit the Consti
tution itself tea vote of the people, where the dele
gates who signed the Constitution represented sem cely
one-tenth the people, and where nearly one-ball of the
counties of the Territory were chaff anchised, and (by no
fault of theirs) did not, and could not. give a single
vote at the election for,delegatee to the Convention.
I have heretoforedimemmed this subject mainly on the
question that Conventions are not sovereign, and can
not rightfully make a State Constitution, it intent is,
submission to the vote of the people, tar ratification
or rejection, Yet, Surely, even those oho differ with
me on this point must concede, especially under the
Kansas•Nebramka bill, tt is only such Conventions
can bo called sovereign no hive been truly elected
by the people, and represent their will. On reference,
however ' to my mitre.. of the 16th of September last,
on the tax qualification, (a copy of which was home
rnediately transmitted to you for the information of the
Prealdent and Cabinet ' ) Di , evident that the Lecompton
Convention wen not such a bu , lr. ?lint Convention had
vital. not technical defects, In the very mithatance of Dm
organimtion tinder the territorial law, which could only
be cured, in any judgment, as get forth in my inaugural
and other addreibms, by the aubmlsmion of the Conatitu
lion, for ran/kapott or rejection by the people
On reference to the territorial law meter which the
Contention woe assembled, thirty-four regularly organ
lard counties were named an election districts for (tele
gateis to the Convention, In each and all of them
counties it was required by lace that a centein should bo
taken and the voters registered; and n hen this wan
completed, that delegates to the Convention ghoul,' lie
apportioned accordingly. In nineteen of theme coon.
ten there was no census, anti therefore there could
he no Hitch apportionment there of delegatea, teamed
upon RUCII eetISMI. Anti in fifteen of theme rouotlee
there oils' no registry of voter. Tbeee fifteen counties,
Including ninny of the oldest organized counties or the
Territory, neer entirely 4We:1,110118M, and did not give,
and by no fault of their own, could not give, a estuary
vote fur delegaten to the Convention,
Thin result. wan superinduced by the fn, t that the
Territorial keel/dater° appointed ,tll the sherifts
sad Probate Jtglgen In all these counties, In whom was
assigned the duty, by law, of conking thin Cer/A129 and
registry. These officers were political partisann,
nenttng from the views anti opinions of the pm pia of
these counties, An proved by the election et October
last. These °Dicers, from want of fund., at they allege,
neglected or refused to take any cense% make nay
registry In therm routine., ant therefore they were en•
tire), disfranchised, and could not and did not glie
single vote at the election for delegates to the Constt•
tutional Commotion, And here I wish in all Attention
to the distinction, which will appear in my ire agora]
witless, in reference to those counties a hero the vote,.
were fairly regintererband did not vote.
In mach counties, where a full and flee opportunity
MI given to register and solo, and they tot not eheose
to exercise thatprivilege, the question is very - different
from those counties miners there ens no census or rents
try, and no Cole was given or cushi lie gin en, however
anxious the people might be to participate in the elec
tion of delegates to the ettiortintlon. Nor could it he
said these counties acquiesced, for wherever they en
deavored by a subsequent reams or fegistry of their
own to oupply this defect ...shined by the precious
neglect of the Territorial idiwers, the delegates thus
chosen were rejected by the Convention I repeat,
that in nineteen counties out of this ty.four, there
wan no ecnltie In fifteen ...ninth, out of thirty tour
there was no regrotry, and, not A solitary vole was
given or scold he given fit delegates to the Cons en
lion in any one ot theme counties Surely, then, it can•
not he visit that such a Convention, chose,. hy scan ce•
ly more than one-tenth of the present voters el Kansas,
represented the people of that Territory, and resist
rightfully impose a Constitution upon them without
their consent. These nineteen counties, in which there
was no census, constituted a innjurrry of the counties
of the Territory, and there fifteen conntlea, in which
there wag no registry, gave a south larger sole at the
October eleetiOn. el en mith the mix-ruonthm Ntialtneas
lion, than the whole rote given to the delegates who
signed the Lecompton Constitution on the 7th :Coven,
ter last If, then, sovereignty can be delegated, and
Cenrefillone, an ouch. are inn ereign, 'a hull I deny,
sorely it must be only in hudi cases us when soda Con•
ventions are chosen by the people, which ae have seen
was not the case as regards the late Let:utopian Cotiveus
lion It wart for this, among other reasons, that its toy
Inaugural and other addresses I Insisted list the
Constitution should be submitted to the people by the
Conveution, an the only means of curing tins rani de.
feet In its organisation. It was, therefore, among
other reasons when, an you know, the organisation of
the nu-called Topeka Slate Germ nment, and, an a c on-
SeqUeneo , an inevitable chit oar and conflict smile tire
troops must have ensued, theme results mere prevented
by my assuring, not the Abolitionists, as ham been ere
toneously stated—fur my address was nut to them, but
the people of Kansas—that in my judgment the Court,•
lotion would be submitted fairly and freely for ratiliea•
lion or rejection by their vote, and that if this was not
done, I would unite with them, (the people,) ne I now
to. in it fur opposition fi to such n procedure.
The power and responsibility being devolved ex
ilusively upon rte by the President of umng the Federal
army in Kansas to aupprerm inintrreLtion, the alter..
five wee diatinetly presented to rue by the questioor
dropounded at Topeka, of arresting revolution by the
aughter of the people, or of preventing it, together
irith that civil ear which Must have extended through
gut the Union, by the solemn assurance then gla en,
that the right of tire people to frame their own governs
Isent, so tar ILA my power extended, should he main
tained. But for this assurance, it ix a conceded fact,
that the Topeka State tiovernment then assembled In
Legislative be.sion would base been put into innoerhate
Banal operation, and that a sanguinary eoltiri un filth
Um Federal army and civil war mune. have ensued, ea.
tending, it is feared, throughout the Union
Indeed, the whole hit e. of en inaugural adds can
sated in the Alarming intelligence ellielf had reeelle.l
Vaehington city of the perilous and incipient rebellion
Gn Kanseet Thin rectiOn ens rendered still mers,
formidable on my reaching the Territory Ly the near
approach of the assembling of the ref obit immix Stale
Legislature, and the srry numerous 1,1499 eons entmn9
Iv which it tons sustained. In truth, I trot to choose
between Arresting that insurrection, at. Mister er cost of
American blood, by the Federal neniy, or to prevent the
entsstrophe, as I did, by my pledgee to the 1,00.
Ike of the eserlien of my power to obtain a fair elec•
ton, and the suloniesion of the Constitution to the
vide of the people fee ratification or releetion
-My inaugural and other addresses were, therefore,
really in the natio.• of proclamations, (so often i , anctt
hp Preehlenta and Governors,) with n view to prevent
as they dirt in this care, civil war and insurrection.
XnW, by my oath of office, 1 tone !MIMI to support the
ermatitution of the United States, which I hare shown,
in my judgment, reqdred the sninnission of the Con-
Mint ion to the vote of the people. I was sworn AND Is.
"Wee care" that the Kansas and Nebraska bill "should
hi faithfully executed," which bill, in my judgment, as
heretofore stated, required that the Constitution should
be submitted to the vote of the people, nod I wee thee
fore OnlyrerforMing a solemn duty, When, KC flovertinr
of the Territory, to whose people my first obligations
rare due, I erelearored to Recur° to them these
milts. The idea entertained by some that I
should see the Federal Conflitution and the Kan.
eax•Nehrivikit bill overthrown And diaregerded, and
that, playing the part of n mute in a pantomime of ruin,
I eltould Acquiesce by my silence in such a result, esp. ,
clity where ouch acquiescence inf elf cd, as An immedi
ate consequence, a di...tattling and sanguinary civil war,
seams to me to be Moat proporte. oils. Not a drop of
blowflies been shed by the Fmleral troops In Kan.a4
lißering my administration. But resurrection and cif it
weir, extending, I forte, throughout the country, were
alms prevented by the course pursued by me on those
( the whole people, abandoning les do
lmnary violence, were induced by me In go, for the tired
time, into A general And p
These important reoulte constitute a sufficient conso
lation for nil the unjust assaults made upon me oil this
collect. Ido not understand that throe tumult, hose
receit ed the slightest countenance Irma the Prect.
dent; en the contrary, his message clearly indicate, on
approval of My roar up to tho present moot unlettic
nniellitTerence about the no-called faicompton Couetitn•
lion. Inasmuch, !mires er, no thin difletence in upon a
vital question, inVOI, ing practical remits and new in.
street ON, it Is certainly much more respectful to the
President on,my part to resign the race of Gosernor,
and give bun opportunity of filling it, ea in hla right
under the Constitution, with one who concurs cc Ith him
iu his present opinions, rather than go to Kansas
and force him to remove one by dirmbedience to has
inotructlonn. Thin latter sours°, In my judgment,
would be incompatible with proper respect, for
the Chief Illagiotiate of the Union, hiconoistent with
the rules of moral rectitude or propriety, and could be
adopted with 110 other view than to force the President
to remove MO trout office, Filch u course, it Is alleged,
would present me to the public as a wittiest martyr in
the defence of the great principle of self-government ;
but to go to Nausea with any such purpose, or wills a
certain knowledge that such &result mutt follow, would
be alike unjust and improper, My only alternative,
then, in that of a respectful resignation, In the hope
that Kansas and our bolos NI country may be shielded
flow that civil war with which I fear both are thteat•
coed, by any attempt to force the so.calleil Lecompten
Cloustitutlon upon the people of Kansan,
state it rei a fact. based on a long and Intimate as
sociation with the 'people of Hamm, Met eta over-
svhelining majority of that people are opposed to that
instrument. and in; letters State that but one out of
twenty of the press of Kan-as Histains it Boma op
pose it because so many counties were lissfranchised and
Unrepresented in the Convention. Some, who are op
posed to paper money, bromine it authorizes a hank
. 01
enormous capital for Rails" nearly unlimited In :Is
lassie,, and in the denomination of its notes, from one
trailer up and down Some because of what they con
sider a Know Nothing clanks, by requiring that the
tioverner shall have been twenty years a citizen of the
nutted States. Bonus because the elective franchise
is not free, as they cannot vote against the Constitu•
tion, but only on the single issue, whether any more
slaves may be Imported, said then only upon that issue
by voting for the Constitution to calitli they are op
posed. They regard this us but a mockery of the elec
tive franchise, unit a perilous sporting with the sacred
nights of the people. Boom oppose becaliso the Con
stitution dminietly reeognises and adopts the (Word
front in apportioning legislative members for Johnson
county, upon the fraudulent end lielitionS enloee, , no
falsely celled, froth that pleeinct, which retOgnition
of that fraud in Ahe Constitution is abhorrent to the
moral sense of tile people, Others Oppose because, 111-
theligh in Other cases the presidents of Conventions
11009 been authorized to Issue writs of election to the
regular Territorial or Slate oftictrs with usual judges,
with the established precincts and adjudication of
returns, in this ease unprecedented and vies-regal
powers are given to the president ol the Convention to
make the preciootA, lime judges, and to decide finally
upon the ',lions. From the grant of these (tonsils! and
enormous powers, and from other retool a connected
pith the fraudulent returns of Oxford and McGhee, an
Oren, helloing majority of the people of Kansa hare no
faith in the Validity of these returns, and therefeie will
not vote. Indeed, disguise it nn ne may to ouraelyee,
under the influence of the present excitement, the facts
will demonstrate •hat any attempt by Congrms to force
tide Constitution open the people of Kansan will he an
effort to substitute the will of a small minority for that
of an overwhelming majority of the people of Kama.;
that it n ill not nettle the Ktin,liilllieStiOnOT P10M11146 the
'sane; that it nil' I fear, be attended by civil rear, en.
tending, peihaps, throughout the Union; thus bringing
this question back again upon Coogreaa and before the
people In its 100,t dun„ erode and alarming aspect.
®The President lakes a different view of the slit..lent in
bin me.. Age; moil, from the event. occurring In Kansas
as well no here, it in evident that the question is passing
front theories Into practice, and that, an Governor of
Nan.a.. I should be compelled to carry out new instruc
llollP, differing. on a vital onention, from those received
at the date of my appointment Soch instructions I
could nut execute, consistently with any views of the
Federal Constitution, 01 the Kansas and Nebraska bill,
or with my pledges to the people of Kansan. Under
there circumstances, ph slim native in left mu lint to re
sign the Oka of Governor of the Territory of Karigitel
No one can mute deeply regret than myself this ne
ceioit) ; but it ark, (rain no i bongo of opinion on my
part. On the contrary, I should most cheerfully have
retained to Natoms to carry out my original instruc
tion., and thus preserve the peace of the Territory, and
finally settle the Kansas question by redeeming my
pledges to the people. It is not my intention to
dismiss, at thin time, the peculiar circumstances
and uneXpeeted events which hove modified the
(minims uI the Pi eaident upon a point Ha vital as
the cubmission of the Constitution for vilification or re.
_ .
jection by the vote of this people, Mitch km do I desire
any controversy with the President on this subject ,
ye•t, liosever widely toy views may differ from those en
tertn,nvd by bnol on ln)ri einoedlon —sue,. whrctr I nitre
held ail my life, awl which, as involving fundamental
principles of public liberty and on the Constitution, are
unchangeable —yet, tin regards all those great Democra
tic measures which, I tru.t, well cob/02100 the policy
of his Administration in other respects, it will gnu me
pleasure, as a private citizen, to yield my cordial
I hare sand that the stately question, as a radical
had disappeared from Kansas long before my
arrival there, and the question at eelf.eovernincut had
been substituted in its place. On some future occasion
I shall dirslpato the delusion Omit has prerJelcd upon
thin subject, and allow, that after three yearn' capon-
went, when I arrirel In Kenai there were lasi than
tars, hundred slates there, and the number conatontly
diedumliing ; that, at moved by the official ',orris of
Congress. published and authenticated by those dni
tinguitheit Southern statesmen, John C Calhoun and
Jellergon Dart,, the a Intel climatic, even of Eastern NRE•
sets, It colder than that of New Cngl Ind that the pro
slavery Territorial Convention of Kansan, rontolidated
with the pro-slict ery Territorial Legislature, oaths 4th
of January, 1857, nearly fly,. ',Mottos before toe arrit at
there, did distinctly abandon the shicary.issue, be-
ClUtie, as set lorth by one of their number, it the pro
slavery party was in a'nmall and admitted minority,"
it awl the co,peration of the free-State Democrats was
invited, as the only hope of StIeCNR, not to make Kansas
R stare State, which tea; conceded to lie iinpotsible, but
trilinake it a conservative Democratic Dee State." Even
as late as the ail of July, 1857, when the Democratic
Territorial Convention assembled a t Leey,widon, in
reimequericc of the !nos of climate awl the well known
trill 01 the iraiple, ROW contended that slavery could
he established there Not was it until my Southern op.
ponents interfered in the anent of liantaa, and hy ite•
minciation, menace, and otherwise, aided at a critical
period by several Federal elhee-holders of Kansa+, in
el oiling the sort eyor,generel, (the president of the
Contention I with his immente patronage, onto acing
many hundred employees, intervened, and, of I believe,
without the knowledge or approliation of the presi
dent of the United States, produced the calm.
ordinary paper called the Lecompten Constitution
Yet this not of intervention by Federal °Ricers to de
feat the hill of the people scenic to be sustained
by my opponents; whilst my inter, cation, as it is
calls t, Lr obedience to my duty and oath of oftice to
support the Federal Constitution, and to take care that
our organic law should be fairly executed, by endeavor
ing to secure to the people of Kangas their rights ander
that act, is denounced and calmoniated It is still
more extraordinary, that the hypothetical remark,
made by me ng regarde climate In Ito connectionwith ate
Influence upon the question of slavery in Hernias, after
that lame had been abandoned there, which views mete
State, and pro-slavery Democrats, Co an to present
the confiscation of the sitiall number of shires then
held in Kansas, have been denounced be many distin
guished Southern Seuatonr, ho, when Ate NOIOOL4 and
Nebraska bill win pending 111 Congress, and alien soch
remarks from them, If Mer, might affect Southern emi
gration, were then loudest in proclainitng that, be
coo,' of its climate, NRII9 ra Mild never become a slave
State. Indeed, it seems that all persons, in and out of
Kansas, ti bather in public or prix ate life, tiny publish
what opinion• they pleaiie in regard to these spie , tions,
except the Governor of that Territory, who hint no lit
tie potter and no patronsge.
And now lie pleased to express to the Pre,elent niy
deep regret as regards our unfortunate difference of
opinion in relation to the (.Crompton Constitution, and
to say to him, that as infallibility flora not belong titl
MAO, !mire., exalted in intellect, purity of intention,
or position, yet if he has committed any errors in this
respect, may they be orerritlel by a superintending
ProVidence, fur line perpetuation of our Cnton, and tine
advancement of the bettor and interest of our helot eit
In now thsw,loing my °SIMI I.olMeetion with your
department t leg litre to tooter my thanks toe your
constant coin ',if and kindness
31061. rerprelf ully, your ob t ~err't,
U S. e1rIT(11.. II'AMIIKG7 O,, r.
December 17, 11'.i7
613\ A TE rr
Mr (into, of California, iret.ented a memorial
signed by a large number of tho citicena of Cali•
fornia and Now Mexico, praying for the establish
ment of the territorial tlerernment of Arizona, and
subsequently introduced a bill for that purpose.
On his motion, a Moot committee of nine were
ordered to consider co ninth of the Pre:blent's
messago no refer, to the Pacific Railroad and sub.
sequently introduced Is bill for its construction.
fin notion of Mr of Lottiaiana, a :elect
cotnutittee of limo nee appointed to examine into
the condition of the banking u-tociatiena of the
Nitric!. of Columbia, and the authority by which
such corporations a,unio to transact the business
of banking. Alto, what further leg islation is ne
ee,atry to regulate and control such banks
(In motion of Mr. linwann (N. Y), re•olittion
woe adopted calling upon the President f , r copies
of any corre , .ondence which may hare taken
place between the Departments and the Britiah
and French residents on the subject of claims for
alleged losses by the bombardment .d'llro) town
(In !notion of Mr Tat' at Li, (Illinois,) the cre
dential; of Mes.ra Bright and Fitch. of Indiana,
together with the prote c t against their right to
hold their seats, ole , were referred to the Judi
eiary Committee.
Mr. IVII.soN (51tisi) gave polio of his intee•
lion to introduce a bill granting to the citizens o
Washington and tieorgotown, District o f Colombia
a million acres of public lands for the support o
their echo•ts
Mr. Prim (Ohio) introduced n bill to improve
navigation at the frills of the Ohio river
Mr. CLAY (Ala.) Introduced a bill to repeal all
151NCA allowing, Codling bounties.
Mr. WATER (Cll ), from the Committee en
Finance, reported a bill providing for the issue o
Coked States Treasury notes. . .
Air. HUNTER asked Its immediate Collitideratioll,
and ca u sed to he read a communication from the
Secretary of the Treasury. in which it is stated
that in the as arehowc. at New York there is mer
chandise to the amount of twenty-eight millions
of dollars, on which the duties to he paid are esti
mated at more than six millions of dollars There
is note in the treasury, subject to draft, Nis than
six millions at dollars, end the excess el expendi
tures Is daily reducing this amount. Therefore,
authority should forthwith he given to issue twenty
editions of treasury notes.
Mr. mare It said this bill corresponded with
that of 1817, with the exception that there was no
provision for funding the debt, nod the other diffe
rence is as to the mode of paying the interest
The bill was rend It authorizes the President
to entice such aunts to bo !strum! /13 the exigenoios of
the piddie service may regoire, hot not to exceed
at any time the ntnount of inertly millions of dol-
Mrs, nor to be of a Ices denomination than fifty dol
tars; the notes to be paid and redeemed after the
expiration of one year from the dates et such
note , ; from which dates, until they shell be re
speetively redeemed, they =ball boar such rates of
interest as shall be expressed in said note., which
rate' of interest upon the fiat issue (which shalt
not exceed six million of dollars) shall bo fixed by
the Secretary of the Treasury, with the approbation
of the President, but in micas° to exceed sic per
centum per annum. The residue shall be raised,
the whole or part, after a public advertisement of
not lees then thirty days, as the Secretory of the
Treo-tiry may direct, by exchanging them at their
par a rthlo fur specie to bidders, who shall agree to
make the exchange at the lowest rate of interest,
not exceeding six per centum,, per emanate Pio•
vidod, that after the maturity of the said notes
interest thereon shall cease. at the expiration of
sixty days' notice of readiness to pay and redeem
the came; which notice may nt any time be gin en
by the Stamtary of the Treasury. Payment or
redemption on each notes shall bawd° to the lau•
ful holders thereof, respectively, upon their pre
sentment et the Treasury, and shall include the
principal of each note, and the Interest which
may hostile thereon. The faith of the United States
is to be solemnly pledged for the redemption of
these notes. No notes shall be pledged, hypothe
cates!, sold, or disposed of in any way, for any par
polo whatever, either directly or indirectly, for
any 811111 less than the amount of such notes, in
eluding the principal and interest. The notes
shall be transferred by no assignment endorsed
thereon by the persons, to whose order the same
shall be made payable, accompanied by the de
livery of a notice that they have been so assigned
The notes are to be reached by the proper pincers,
in payment of all debts and taxes levied by the au
thority of the United Slat, s, and payment of pub•
lie lands ; and on every such payment credit stint!
bo given to the amount of the principal and inte
rest due on such notes, on the day when they shall
have been received by such officers Authority is
given to parchrve the said notes at the proper
amount of the principal and interest at any time
The remainder of the bill relate, to detail= p r o.
vides penalties for forgery, and appropriates $20.-
000 to carry it into effect.
Objection being made to the immediate consid
eration of the bill, Mr. IlunrEn gave notice that
ho would call it up to.morro w .
Before proceeding to the election of minter, Mr.
don \ son, of Arkansas, offered a proposition that
the person elected should receive the contract on
condition that Congress should have the right to
repeal or modify al the existing laws relative to
the public printing., and that no loss or damage to
the person by reMOll of such modification or repeal
shalt he allowed as constituting any claim against
Congrev. The proposition was agreed to.
The balloting was then proceeded With Mr
Harris, of the Union, received 28 votes; George
Weston, 18 ; scattering, 3. Mr. Harris was
declared elected
Mr. DuenLAS, before the result wan announced,
said that he had declined to vote fur reasons satis
factory to himself.
Mr. Foot introduced a bill granting a homestead
of HO acres to actual settlers.
Mr. NV,Lsos presented the resolutions of the
Legislature of Massachusetts, inking that the Btata
be reimbursed for money advanced to the United
Stoles during the war of 1812.
After spending some time in executive session
the Senate adjourned.
Note.—On aecount of the omission of a word in
the telegraph copy, the paaltlon of Mr. Douglas
in his reply to Mr. Green, in the Senate on Wed
nesday, is mie•etatcd. 04 one point Mr. I) raid—
" Firer/y-11e did not regard it as a fatal objec
tion that there Inv no enabling act in advance."
Mr. Leidy announced the death of John G
Montgomery, member of Congreat from the dit.
triet of Penneylvania, representing the eountie.
of Luzerne, Montour, Wyoming, and Columbia
Mr. Florenc.o pronounced a eulogy on the cha
racter of the deemed.
The usual reselutions or respect were passed,
when the Now Adjourned.
Corre•rondenee or The Prev j
Ptvraat non, December 10, 1857.
Since the President has assumed a position, or at
least shown a decided inclination, in favor of ad•
milting Kansas with the Lecompton Constitution,
it may be gratifying and encouraging to you to
know that nine-tenths of the Deniocraoy here ap
prove of th e manly and dignified enure pursued
by your journal. My individual sentiments are of
little weight, but you have my cordial endorse
ment and earnest hope for the ultimate success of
the great principle you advocate with an much zeal
and ability.
But I write to anatro you that the nin*es of our
stem and sturdy Democrats are with you, in sym
pathy and feeling, in your gallant maintenance of
one of the cardinal doctrines of our creed. Let
this fact strengthen and sustain you. We are too
firmly wedded to the doctrine of a pop,l a r Ace,.
rrigitiy" to permit out affections to be alienated,
eitnply because the Republicans are paying court
to that dogma. It was our battle-cry in past cam
paigns, and it was an effective one; and surely we
should not Abandon or restrict It now, because it in
likely to inure to the benefit of our opponents, by
giving them an opportnnity to vote down the Cal
houn Constitution. If this new idea prevails,
popular sovereignty will mean : "Let the majority
rule" r! they up re with y 0,,; if not, take away
their right.
We do not anticipate any serious embarrassment
to our party en account of this question; and no
shall sincerely regret it Should any be occasioned,
for we have the most exalted admiration for Mr.
Buchanan. At the same time, we feel that you are
doing noble service in defence of a glorious prin
ciple, and it in but Just to acknowledge our appre-
Malian thereof.
EILIE courTr.
iCerresponieuce et Th. Pre-e
WATERrORD, Pei , Dec 7, 1E57.
Although a granger to you, I take the liberty
of addressing you out of the regular order of busi•
ness, and of expressing my feelings of deep grati
fication at the stand you have taken in defence of
what I deem truo Democratic principles.
Notwithstanding whatever any hot-headed fa
natics may say or do. the Democracy, as a great
party, will sustain you in the position you have
assumed against the principle of the Kansas Cal
houn Convention, and In favor of the great prin
ciple "the will of the majority shall prevail "
I speak from personal knowledge when I say
that the Democracy of this region highly approve
of your course ; and we have, too, the fullest confi
dence in the wisdom end patriotism of one Chief
Executive, James Buchanan. We believe be will
adopt the. ensue policy, opposition journals and
politicinte to the contrary notwithstanding. We
repose the utmost trust in his sagacity as a states
man, and his honesty en a man, and believe that,
through hie egeney, all difficulties in Kansas will
be speedily and amicably settled.
In conclusion, let me say—if I do not lire your
patience before you got through with this fetter—
that The P,r,+ eeerli an influence here that is
surp r ising, considetiog the short time that it hoe
been establi.dictl While Democrats look upon it
as the paper of the age, the opposition accord you
the cooed of honesty in your belief, and the charac
ter of the true gentleman.
ERIK, Dee. 15, 1831
Without any acquaintance, other than through
the columns of your able end truly Detnorrator
paper, Tug Pitesc, I have felt it a duty to extend
to you toy hearty congratulations upon your fear
le:4=t, independent, and unanswerable defence of
p f /til in n e r i . i so w ir o ei nty
occupy ." the front ranks in the pre
sent unexpected contest for the integrity of that
corner-stone in the citadel of our liberties should
be strengthened by the assursnee that their labors
are appreciated and applauded. Amongst those
teen yourself and Senator Douglas must ever hold
a distinguished position.
}leery Democrat who labored conscientiously
during the last Presidential campaign in behalf
of that first of principles in the history and insti
tutions of oureountry, must tremble for the future
of his party and country at the present insidious at
tack upon the most cherished article of a free
man's faith.
To sustain the proposed plan of.sebmitting the
Lerompton Constitution to the voters of Kansas
would require of the Democratic patty the most
unequivocal desertion of its principles and pledges.
A party that would rrcat, even, to demand of its
members ungealiJicri stultification, must goon "go
down " before the contempt and execrations of an
intelligent and free people.
Our only safety as a nation and as a party,
North and South, lies in the frank and fearless
avowal and practi:e of what we know to be right.
The doctrine of expediency, in too many in
stances, is but the fellow of that other precept of
error, that " the end justifies the nietsul," under
which any conceivable crime against God or man
may be committed with impunity.
As a people, we can never be happy at home and
respected abroad, if we wilfully suerve from these
examples of wisdom and patriotism that fill to a
glorious repletion the history of the past
Expediency was a rare word, and a rarer "rule
of action", with ❑ten whose "principles and
hearts" resisted to the death the right to " take
a penny," 1 c , rier,e it involved " the right to take
a pound."
Having been honored by the Democracy of Erie
county with a position as a etandard•bearer at the
State election of the fall of 18:10, I feel some print
lege in speaking what I know to be their almost
unanimouss entiments.
leorreeiontleoce of The New I
Cif LISLE, December, 15 1557
The Democracy of old mother Cumberland
are sure you are light,and say to you go ahead.
We are almost a unit, for I have heard but
one man in our county advocate the Calhoun
Su indle.
How any one pretending to he a Democrat
and the friend of self-government can advo
cate this horrid outrage of forcing upon the
icemen of Kansas a Constitution tepudiated
by the MASS of her citizens, is a new phase
of Democracy, which, to the old-fashioned
Democrats of Cumberland, is an inexplicable
Why, in Pennsylvania we me so tirmly wed
ded to this great principle, that we have
recently amended our Constitution so as to
prevent the Legislature from ever dividing a
county isithout submitting it to a vote of the
citerams, and our Legislature in 1857 passed An
act preventing oar courts from dividing town
ships until they ordered an election, and the
majority had voted for such division. We
protest against this new-light Democracy of
forcing a Constitution upon freemen, contrary
to their wishes, and against their solemn
molest. This mode of submission is an ins.
provement upon that adopted by the Emperor
of France in submitting his election to the peo_
pie. They might vote for or against him, but
for no other. Under the Lecompton Consti
tution all must vote for the Constitution. No
one is permitted to sote against it. It is all
buzzard and no turkey. We consider the
sanction of this attempted swindle by Con
gress contrary to the organic act, the Cin
cinnati platform, the nesident's Inaugaral,
his instructions to Governor Walker, and all
Governor Walker's speeches and proclama
tions to the people of Kansas, tinder the in
structions given him by the President. We
concur with the President in expressing our
deep regret that the Convention did not sub
mit their %elk to a vote of their constituents,
and cannot doubt that a Democratic Congress
Hill vindicate the great Democratic principle
of mor-gorernment, by rejecting the work of
dema"ognes And aristocrats whn hold t h is peo
ple to bo too ignorant or too stupid to form
their (inn Govidnment.
['rho w riter of this ma•sterly letter is , 6 an
old friend, A gentlentAn of high position, wilt)
hav voted the Democratic ticket For thirty
years, mid ao other:l
(Cerro•roolonco of 'Mc Pres. 1
WILLI . I , I9PORT, Dec. It, 18:17
At the rizl: of being eqeemed by you im
pertinent in ad(11 0.4 ng, you, personally un
known fig You urn, I lee! nv though I cannot
refrain hom joining with hosts of Democrats
thionghout the country, in the evpression of
my regaid for the bold stand you have taken
in defence of the (loch ine of , • , ,popnlar Sore.
AV an humble member of the party mho has
contrihured whatever of influence or talent I
may possess for the establishment of this great
principle against fearful odds, and having seen
our etforts crowned with entire success in the
elevation of Mr. Buchanan to the Presidential
chair, I am not willing to see it frittered
away nor suspended, like a
of a 'lc'
bating club, whenever it suit anybody's
Depend upon it, sir, the Democracy of Ly
coming county are with you on thil oquestion
to a man, and if need be, they will speak out
at the proper time in a manner that will not
be misundei,tuod.
I hale yet to find a single loan in our party,
and I ha' c eon) erNed with ,cores of them,
wlm dares expresv any opinion in opposition
to the sic , x of Judge .dily p e t;
1,14 you
t i .Inco i common
Now, qr,
frre,lain in an unknown friend,
I pray excioe,"
And belioe Inc your friend and well fisher,
(CorreToudente of The l're, J
DELAWARE COUNTY, I'A., Dee. Li, 12k37
SIR: I have the pleasure to intot in you that,
in this county, your eow.e upon the Kansas
kmle is fully sustained. You occupy unques
tionable Democratic ground, and advocate
substantial Democratic doctrine; for what was
sound doctrine last year should be good this.
Vacillation impairs the usefulness of great
principles. I know of no disposition to find
fault with the President; but, beyond the pe
culiar notions of the South, Ns is a great na
tion, where it is understood public, opinion
should be all-powerful. If we yield prineip'e
for expediency ,1 lade, we will soon be called
upon t 9 yield more,. The Democracy of the
North has not interfered with the peculiar in
stitutions of_ the fiouth, nor is it disposed to
do so; nor will it complain, if, upon a fair
test, slavery be carried into Kansas. But let
the question be fairly tried. Apart from the
violence awl cheat which have been so dis
graceful to all in Kansas, let the people them
selves be protected, and have a chance in de
ciding their own institutions. •
The speech of Senator Douglas, powerful
and convincing as it is, only speak; the senti
ments of the masses, and they swallow all of it.
As for your own course, and that of Tnr.
Pusss,let the large circulation it has obtained
in this county, which is daily increasing,
(Correspondence of the Pi e...s
Ngw Tuns, De l , 17, 1657-5.20 P. M.
There is a positive stagnation in the money market
today—mom than I have yet seen. and a complete
absence of that class of borrowers who alone can tasks
saleable paper. If they were to come oat, they could
set money on their own terms, and be thanked for
taking it, but they " heed not the yoke of the
tharmer," from a distract, perhaps, In the 110154,111 of
his Meduction. In the meantime, the street to flooded
with produce bills, bet no Ortf, will tench them at say
price, and thus shipping orders are almost reduced to
]tie thought that door will touch /.4., at which Slit*
it scenid seem profitable to export ; but I v ry much
doubt if even they the money will be forthcoming to
buy the hill, siren with a bill of lading attached. Here
is our great hiteh, and I do not eee any proepeet of
mediate improvement. Jr Tory one is stroll, and every
one is selfish, and every one is wafting to wee some one
else cross the bridge first. with • half resolution to fol
low in coo. ell shoed be r ‘ yht, This spr,rehension
arises partly from a fear of the bents here, and partly
from from a fear of WO news from the other side. The
absence of th. expected news from Bahia.' lads to the
be.itaVon and torpor,nnd except at the Stock F.xchange,
ills, is positives' nothing doing. Foreign exchange is
waste inactive; bills on London are nominally study at
former quotations; but only tee signatures of one or
two fa•orite houses ere bought, remitters thinktng tt
safer to send the specie
Another attempt woo made last evening to revive tin
filming. Steamship Company. ander the SOspistl of
Cel Stebbias A report was read by Str. J L White;
and it is said that the uew cewiptrey will here their
etremere ready by the:lath or jaotiry.
It is said that the country banks are not returning
the certificates of currency so quietly so ran anticipa
ted The amount now held hers emceed, 14,000,000, of
which the Bonk of Commerce b. 1.600,000, and the
Shoe and Leather Rank, 11,300,fa1. It la sold
in the street that All the tacks will moon de
Aare dividends of greater or less extent. Emma have
done Co already. as I have noted. and the others are to
follow before New Tears Tb•B la eal:efs•tery for the
etockbe•ldern, but I cannot see what good it will do Lay
one eke F. nspen.ten aryl im-olvency often coulee.) to
the fortunes of those echo practice thi ae elpedients
The clearing house settlement w,s Clearings $13,-
231,29, 11; balance $993.502 12 The sub-treasury re
ceived 132.,235 57; ;aid 6311,343 13. and has a balance
or 51 0.91 396 71 The customs receipts were OCO
The Stockmarket ass lively at a marked adeamee is
prices Hank shares were mach in demand The Lea-
nrovetnent nes well sustained all day, sal at the Seecai
Board the market Wail firm, storing for Readiser at 63%;
Erie, ITti ; Nen Yolk Central. ; Miehigsn Southern.
28 , Chic and R 1., 761. ; Galena and Chirsigo, 75X, and
Panama. PI ft to earl that the Erie and Illinois Cen
teal nese loans are progressing very favorably.
20 Rending R
10 do 5314
200 do - 536;
50 Mi Southern R
676 do
:30 Mi &KI Prof 3134
2.5 Panama R 51
'll5 I.lsl 1 Cht 11 SSti
100 do be° 76 .
50 do blO 7514
",t id Cles Es Tot 11b30 13h
1003 do 43%
250 Chi tc RI R 77
46 do 766;
100 LaCros 1 1111 1030 1034
80 do 1034
N Catoteed R 76%
100 do 1.10 76%
100 do 160 77
Till 1141INCTS. •
8000 32ig,ouri $4 19
4000 Ind State 2ti 65
1000 Brooklyn City Co 01
FOOD 111 Central Bd /4' '
5000 3111 - en 0 pot Ist
Ilk Skg Cd Con Co 83X
40 National Rank 9.0 t,
160 Senna Coat Co 66%
05 do 67
:0 D016.11d Col Co 10;
100 Coto( efi'd Coal 34
A F.rießß 030175
130 do 115,
100 do 830 11
10 do 174;
50 do 8317;
2 0 0 Radar:on Riser It 19
;0 Radom Railroad 75,
40 do 7.%
ARVISS —The market is very quiet; Isles of Fehr and
Pearls at SA.
Coerce —After the auction tale yesterday, 2,000 bags
Rio sold at the advance, and thin morning some 7SO lags
hate been taken at 931 alo%e, fully sustaining the Im
provement of the sale by auction.
Carrots—The market, rending further kortgo adricea
per Canada; at Halifax, has been dell and maritally at
our quotations. Yesterday the sales were 600 bales
Frogs, e.—The demand for Western Canal Amu is
very moderate, and prices are Se lower on common
brands. Emir in the day sales were reported at a de-
Owe of 10c SiT Md, but al the close little. if any, mold
be had at our inelde figures The arrivals are large. ex
reeling 35,000 bbls, which gives buyers - the advantage.
The Inquiry is mainly fo- the home trade.
Sales of 7,000 hbls at $4 30trf 1 45 for comma togood
state ,$1 57.41-1, 10 for extra do, ; 30n14 50 roc super
fine Indiana and 31irhigsn; $4 68056.50 for extra do;
ssi*s 45 for common to goat extra Ohio 15 45w
SA FS for good to choke Ito; SA 40w57."1 for dt. Laois
brands, awl $S 30057 60 for extra Ilennetnee
Canadian Floor is without important change, the de
mand is light. Sales 600 bbls at 61 30a$1 Ss fee super
fine, and S 4 7Sas6 So for extra brands.
Southern flour 'reeky offered, and is doll and lover—
the ormale are liberal. Sales of TOO bbls at $546.*X1
for mixed to good brands and $5.25a6.55 for the better
grades. Rye dour is lower, and is dull. Sales of 103
Ulm at $3 usl 25. Cora meal is plenty at 5:1 trialgt
for Jersey. Mirkoheet flour Aleut,: at Vet? 12X
(3 um —The demand for Wheat is limited. and the
market it unchanged, the urinals light; the demand Is
mainly her milling: sales of 1.000 burl, at Si 16a$1 20
for Southern red; $l. tiaSl 53 for white do; $1.40 for
white Kentucky.
Bre is ranch lower and is Fierily; .44(4 of 1.,000 bosh
at iNstiSc. Oats are plants and heavy; aisles of
State and Ifeatern al 114 -Igo Barley is h e sry at TOai
gOc Barley Malt is lower; sales of 1,600 bo,h at 90e,
Corn n without math change, the demand is quits
, alex of IY OM bu•h at:Anne,. for 'Southern and
Jerre) yellow, aml for aVe,tern mixed. Other
kings are nominal
11111eas are quiet, the clerk a mock reijeced by tha
recent activity sr d less plentiful taints, yet there is
still a very large and bordenwone supply on the market,
which creates hoariness The isles are Dot Important
this morning. The sleek is ASS POO
LUATIIII..—HemIock continues in fair demeal at 2-t
for prime Dgeool Ayres middle and light weights. Oak
is quiet, hut firm
litot.ausns —Mom is doing; several hundred bhia
bare changed bands at 18a24s for Cuba. and re ter
Porto Rioo—the sales are P. 50 hhdr, terw.thirls Calm.
New Orleans is not active at Zifyit for prime
rem - Isle:is —A heavy market for Pork. The arrivals
are fair and the demand very light—e vies ell:7 bbto at
fl 3 2adi is SS for country so-? city Mess, and 113 Srlai
1 $l4 for do Prose
Reef is besry sod is freei
•t $.5 7.54 ZS for country
slo , sf 1. 15 (or rers,ked AI
fli SO for ei Ira do Pmne
offered —4.llez of 140 Able
Prime. $O6lO fee de 11eee,
Weitera .lles3, and 113 7I
Mess re . 1194:4 stpPer.l.4
. .
Bed U►ms are ingsetire at 5130115:5 BKOn is is
demand and is nominal at Str9t4e Cot Meit-ii
are ,deady—rale. of small lots at tat Y far abordiert,
lot 9a9N.e for flame,
Lard is spat,, loot, and it plenty—sal. of :LOOO bbl,
at 9n9le Dree.ed flogs are more plenty, tool
loner and heesy —sales it Ban%
Rutter Is abundant and is beary. Sales of Etate at
13rr20 rents, and Ohoo at 10,16conts. Cheese ions hat-
Reel rtquoat at 15.18 cants.
Rico is quiet Out steady. We quote at 13e:5.3.1S
100 Ms
TILLuW —Bolder. are Erm. Sales of 7lNfb Aa at 11
rent, rash
r —The demand is belt, hist torte» a» ftrrt
Sales et .0t) ht.!, at L 1 cent&
DE , 5.M acct 17—Evening —There to no change in
the Breadituffs market to-day. hut holders gene
rally are more anxious to realise, and the only
sales of Flour that haat been made public are TN
bbls Western extra at $5 25; 350 bbls gwi do at
$5 50; 600 bbts Ohio extra family, on terms kept
secret, and 240 Ws good superfine at $5, at which
figures holders are anxious sellers The Real de
mand is al-c quite moderate at the above prices
for cowman brands and extras. and ;5 75af0 75 per
bbl for extra family and fancy brands. according
to brand and quality. Corn meal i= not very
plenty. and Penn=ylvania is held at $3 per bbl.
In Bye flour. nothing doing. bolder* are asking
$4 but there is tittle or no demand for the article
Wheats are more plenty, and dull al I Wall:so
for red and 1205 e for white, the latter for prime
lots, nhich is rather scarce Corn in without de
mand, and holders are free sellers at 571.5 , 5 c
good and prime dry Delaware. but there is very
little taken at these rates; some damp lots hare
been sold at afloat and :;00 bushels old
Peint=ylvania at 0 5 c in store. Oat= are without
change. and in fair request at 3... e for prime
Southern Rye is unsettled. and the distillers ars
only offering 75e per hu-hel to-day. Nothing doing
in (211eleill OD Bark In Colton nothing worthy of
remark, and the market for best was very quiet.
flroeeries sell more freely. The only feature to
day season auction sale of Rio Coffee, embracing
2,20 n bags, at from 01 to Ito per lb, al and 90 days,
and 4 moo. Pros isions are dull and unsettled:
a small busines , doing. Seeds are unchanged. and
Clover is , elling as wanted at $5 2545 37S per
hu=bel. Whiskey is dull at 22!a23: for bbls. and
21a21.1c for drudges.
'From lt , e New Cork rxrrp;s
'BOLD Iln111.F31" or A 311V•ti TIT ST0111:-1 , e , t
0/ de t 'L 'et Itc , otcre if in,'t eltitertole •i
Pro;, -, —A day or two since. Kate Connery. a
woman 29 yea! , of age. called at the jewelry store
of Marquis Ja.:.obs, to. 52 Oliver street tinder
pretence of wishing to get a small job d-ne. but
being unable to agree on the price she left.
Early on Tuen.lay evening this woman again
entered the store of Mr. Jacobs. followed immedi
ately at terunrds by two men, giving their names
As John Stuart and Tholll3sllliii3M.l. The latter.
without delay, seized from under the counter a box
containing eight gold watches worth *3434). eleven
silver watches valued 3t 51.0, gold and silver
chairs. breast pins, ear and anger rings. Ac .
worth .tii
e(t iinal in t
c i , ; tny
:' r ) and n }masks. with which he
nit. his confederates. -
Me'. Sarni) Jacob - . who was alone in the store
at the time. gave the alarm and followed in pur
suit of the fugitives till she lost sight of them.
She then returned to the store, and. receiving
information shortly afterwards that the woman
('ornery lived at 24 Oak street, communicated
the fact to Officers Templeton and Jewett. of
the 4th precinct, in order that they might make
an effort to arrest her and her accomplices
The of icers went to Kate's house forthwith. but
not finding her in, thorou g hly searched the premi.
roe. Nothing was discov ered, however. and the
officers wisely concluded to lie in wait till she
should arrive They accordingly took a position
in a retired opt, and after remaining , softie two
hours. they Sae' Kate Connery approaching through
the alley-way
The officers jurot.c.l front their biding places. and
arr,ting the Trotuau, searched her on the spot
Nuthing was bind on her, but while the search
we, geing en, the I tisoner, who h a d two of t h e
etelen titter watches concealed under her dre-e,
dropped them en the pavement, when they were
zecured be the officers While the search w
going on , z.tuart and Williams, her ac,nmp'ices in
the robbery, came in through the alley-way. and
were also arrested by Officers Templeton and
Jew itt.
On R:arching the men, the aficers b-•und in the;r
tv , -eioon nix gold and eight sliver watches. g. Id
chair=, breastpins, keys. rings • do . all of which
property war identified by Mr. Ja..,b3 as rorri o n,
Cl that stolen from him by the trironerr. who
were alqo positively identified by Mr. Jacobi
as the rersonrs who entere I the store and ran El
with the jewelry. The aceu'ed were tekea be
fore Jwctice Osborn at the Tombo, and fully com
mitted to prison for trial, in default of 51.00') bail
aha l . of the !avant( pad , •Air rhilad4.
pt., ('lli Pool. fur Lererpoot —The Shore n ame d
teasel lett Almowl-street wharf at one o'clock yester
day •fterneon tow of the stemn-tng AlafriCAL Th e
following Heine eocaprtae her cargo: 13,311 bashes
wheat i.l bulk, 4,8.50 buabent wheat is bags, 4,44 a boy
corn, 0,143 barrels flour. 65 hbis bark. 10 items sad
117 14,11 closereetd, and I barrel nodze, and 30 pai