The press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1857-1880, October 27, 1857, Image 1

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    ; -, !7',T-11 - E. - P,ItES.S,
PUBLISUD DAILY = „(00A'ki:'N.X0p0TED,)
'''BY 101{N . W
owning; NY; 417 CHESNUT STREET,
- DA
Tirscin _Onto ,rsi W,Ox> pikyoblo to the oorrlois.
Mailed totiobsortbere out of the Ottiat Biz DOLLI.IB
Docctior vox Elm Mosirao; innriably is whims for the ,
time erdired.-.• g
""' PitSdd i
; _gote4 to jobuiribers out of the City, at Taxes Dot.-
, rail ahnoiti is advent*. '
~ I., W itivr Payee will be fent to 13obsertbere .by
nistl,lper esteem, le advance,) et 22'00
Three Ooplol, 44 . •
lf • 44 ' •
' , 609
Vire Cop*, " ,3 00
Teri lioplee, " ' " ' ' 12 00
Trauty Caplet', " " (to one address)._ 20 00
'flinty - MOW oi• over,' " . (to addresi of each '
23brorltibr),Akoh: - ."., '. i ... ',' 100
, Voi , aoololl a, Tirenty-One 'or over we will Ind s*
Cars, Copy;to the 'getter...up a the Chab. • - . ~
Itr , POrtionetere are.requested to sot as Agents for
Too Wrancur Pelee. , , .. ,
ogri7it.TAlTooo 7MOWTO, TO MOBS 1
TiIMIVENKIX PAM 7e published from the Olty.of,
Philadelphia, every Betuider , ,, - , , _ ,
le ; midi:toted upon 'Thitional, Principles ' , and, will
up 4014 the tights of the States., I, Pill resist hinatl
cleat Ini'erer„t ehepe and .be r ,gexoted censer('
stive „dietritiee,
_se the tree fotuidatiiMOl public pros-
Deriti and 'Maid' Sushi sv Weekly4ournal hes
lootheenSeeileS In the United Mites, and - it Is la - gra.
WY this want that THE WEEKLY PR.P.S3 le published'
,TUR W EEKLY. RAW! Sle printed: excellent white
paper', clop', nockpe, and In, Torte ftrol t ,,fog,
J 4 Notable, till, the Noire of • the - day thorrespondence
Wit the 041 , 113r1d hag IXeir ; . DOecisitib
geocoj itiperfew ot . the" ?silk)* "ifeiyets ; . I,iterevy re:
Astra; 'Nfisdellitiemie Belebtions; the progress of Agri.
odlture,bi *Mite various departments, Re., Bw.
irr , Terms, invariably is advance.
Talk WEEKLY PRESS will be sent to
auliseribera, by mall, at' - • • $2 00 per annum.
Twenty Qopies, when sent to one ad- ,
,dreas, - ,-20, 00 4, ,
tientY 13/mlea, over ,, to address of ,
each ariesorilode eneh, - - - ,29 , .s
Vor - i•Olub - of ' Twonty-enei 'oier 'w , e will send an
extract:my to the getter-up of the Club ' .
, Poist liaaterehre onneated to sat as Agents' foe- TRU
L I will esteem it a goat fever ifmy political-and pet'•
ionsl friends, and all otheta who desire a Orel clue
Weekly Newspaper, will exert themtaelves to give TfLti
TrREILLY PRESS a laige arm/lotion In their respective
Editor and ra:epiletar..
rublleation Ogee oT TILE WEEKLY PRESS, No. 41!
Chestnut Street, Phgadelphia.
Embrace all the points necomary to
. .
And all the details and nicer eleganelei which impart,
Gentlemen are invited to call and examine:
'.. 'ort2s-6na - - 430 CHESTNUT Street.
.11r , ,",, .PO/1.18/110 Er "•
'Richard Litio*Sheil,M.q.; Edited, Wilt a Memoir and
Notes, by R. SheltonMsolienale,'D: Q. L. ; Sixth Edi
tire, with Portrait and fac=simile letter. •In Swots
- Prices 2. '
J. 0. Lockhart, James Hogg, and Dr. Magian., Edited,
with Memoirs am! Notes, by Dr. It. SheltonMackensie.
' Third Edition: 'ln 6 volumes, with portraits and fac
similes. Price $5. - •
MAGINCPS MISCELLANIES. - The Miscellaneous Writ
togs of the late Dr. sloginn. •Edited, with a Memoir
and,Notes, by, Dr, R. Shelton Maokensie. Complete
' &volumes, with Portrait. Price, per vol., cloth, St•
•:',llyi eMealls Bon; Wm; Henry Curran; with Notee and Ad
- '- by Dr. It. Shelton Mackenzie, ends. Portrait
da Steed and faa-stmile.• Third Edition. 12ne0., cloth.
Aortal Story, bolos the grist of Lady Morgan'. Novels
and Ibantanees. With an Introduction and Notes, by
Dr. R. Shelton Mackenzie. • 2r..voiss., 12m0., cloth.
*s; Price $2. t‘• i i s ';• " • •
BARRINGTOILIS SHETORES. Personal notelet' of-his
Own Time. ByStr Jousts Barrington, with Mlustra
times by Darley. Prattle Edition. "With Memoir by
Dr. Ailsekensio. ,12u50., cloth. Price $1.25. •, • „
MOOKE'S 'LIP" OP SILERIDAN, Memoirs of the
;Life of the, Bled Hon. Richard Brineley Sheridan.
B -Thomas Moore with Portrait' and fanalealle.
Sixth Edition: • 2 vo te,, 12alo. cloth. Price $2. '
•BITS OF , BLARNEY : By DrAt. Shelton Mackenzie.
Third Edition. • 12tu0., cloth. Price $l,
By Major General Sir W. F. P Napier, from the au-
Jut 'revised edition, with fifty-five Maps and
•; Plans, five Portraits on Steel, and a complete Index,
-6,v015.,12t00. cloth, Price $1 60.
" • APIER'S pENINSULAR ;WAR: . Complete la 1 vol.,
Oro. Prices 2 60. „
TIIE FOREST. By J. V. 'Huntington; author, of “Lady
": Alice," " Alban," ere. 1 vol., /2mo. Second SM..
• " 141641'26 "
-ALBAN; or; The History of a'ioung Puritan. By J.
2v015., 12m0., cloth. Price $2.
Altr NAIR, kIYTIL and A.Reastheate, ;
.° bidet' to gratify the wiehes or our Atnootann
!Undo the boolt-tntYing Public to fin p 0 Ow:
librati p s at the usual low prices we intend tO,preinet
arVe' .4.lmekato
- • ittlinnalue of from tents/ to PM' ein at
01m - ImPtlttelkaul, leek at our valuable steskjand molest
Eg ltde rli tret iTtl ytit' eau nothcying - at ohm' re ' r,ey ' ery . par .
chaser gets his books at the mud priee,and very many
orijA gat; 'n4011145, aprisont Worth having, att2l-8m
MSTS, an the CUSTOM ROME Avenue, baie al
ways for' sale rare and. scarce 80-Dim.' Gentienien
-Worms are invited to call and judge as to prices and ra
Lmr.and miscellaneous books Purchased in small
or largo_ qv.,ntlt!es. Becht, continually receiving from
se24-th to Bm*
ltois 489 CNEBTNUT Street. N. 11.:—No eontlee
flea-10th spy pther, house in the City. au.l.4m
tUatrlys, 3iweirg,
Manufacturers of
Under their - Inipeaton, on the presaisei- exelnalvely
Ultima and fitningera are invited to vhdt oar mane
.constantly on hard a orplenillei stoat of Rapidan
Waite., of all the oalatrated =km
Matinees, lirsoelets,' Breaches, Ear• Hinge,
Dings, and all other articles in the Diamond line.
Drawingn of NEW DESIGNS Will be made free of
" chive for those wishing work made to order.
A beautiful assortment of all the new styles of Yin.
sachaa Mande, /Stone and SWI Cameo;
Pearl, Coral, Carbuncle, Marva/40,
- ; Lon ko. -
Bionzo and .101:111a orpoia3, of newest otyloo,
and of ouperlor quality. sold twtewly '
AND Diroirrini; Or wATOOI,II,
00stust Pagosamyr. Auotring PENDONOT
•AMES, E. CALDWELL • & C 0 4,, •
• '
.Importers of IWatches.and Vino Jevolm Matteotti
ion of Sterling and Standard sliver Ten Sete, Parks and
apooos, iota ogentelor the sale of CharleelfrOdishara'a
new limbs Gold Medal London Timekeepers all the
`Rises on hand, prices $2OO, $215, and $3OO.
• ..English and OW7O Watches it the lowlat Prleaa. -
Rich faahlonablaJeweirg,
lihetlield and American PistedlVares.
Al • 341101.4070/1111 AND 1111.0111110
No: 304 Chestnut Street, above Third, (up statro,)
• Philadelphia
Constantly on hand and for sale to the Trade,
LADLES, dco, ico. •
'" Gilding and pliting on all 'clods of raetsl. le2ly
- . - —OISTABLINIED 1812,) •
A largo satortment of SILVER WASP, of evary de.
eaription,oonatantly on hand, or made to order to match
a#7 YlLitern datired. ,
i',unpnr , tars ,Sholleld and Birmingham Imported
;ware. . seBo-d&wly
:121RANCIS P..DIISOSQ; & SON, •late of
Dubosq, Canow k Co., - Wholesale KANT/PAO
,ITRIIII3 OY JEWELBY,BOI, 011148TNUT street, Phila
puxots P. Dtmostl. Duadeq.
andl: 8m
Oeming Alact)ince.
,WELISTER, & Co., beg respectfully to introduce
tliernseive tol.the public as the manufacturers of , the
adapted to thanorsotoriug or family purposes,
'Tree from the objections which have been tined
against those already known in this market' THIS
THEM: ALL; and will he sure' to' commend 'itself, upon
eAarallialloli,,to families, tailors, saddlers, shosinskers
find seamstresses. Those in rant of A GOOD ARTICLE ' ,
that will make a handsome look-ditch, work MUTH
or (lATHER indeed ' that will give entire satisfaction
needafter 'Um, hale teen need for years, are lurltoit to
. east, oar rdoms, 011ESTNUT Street.
j '- • HUNT, WEBSTER, & CO.
•Newing of every deseription executed In the best pos
pibletnanner, and OR reasonable terms. Samples of nor
work ,pent,by mail to any part of the United *States.
, '..tngie gm.
irr'eale. '
og.,:sile:--THE STOCK *MID VlX
tv•Tun OtirtentOr Shop, In (Thalia; aboye
•Shlppen ottote o Fourth stmt. • Ingnlrs on the
lavngees. 044-8 E
VPR: 44:x:+ pt — m k s ,
i r,: 444lllMetTnlo P itTrottle e ti, N w o eerst 1 1 ° 1 0 1t 6
lky 116 fast--tide yard. Apply on the prenilees 00174%,
v 'PART •Ny OF AWLICKT-1:1 1.149,
' 4 le Airilliii; 'l3; IC colsio, or 'BINTB Alf)) 0111 4 1 7 1 flit
--f_ . - ••• r
, - '-poit..ioNtiFilis; ci c iaiii bit; 18 , 51.!'
4 Bided , Prapbsalevirffilkeriectivetit OM Offiele bmtil
1141610th day of NOVENBRIV kit, - WO Velodk; fol.
04 tteAting ot-ther tollowlngl4hirlea itztd:Lanpp fO.
JirßApt,three yesrov,: , ; •,", . .' , ,-,.',. , ~.,..,...4.,t•paudingr, foot of •kroh Moot; Oa
iifhlfiiin9P77. l,e ,t 4, e 4 4monc4gplicefqber.Blo,
' ,114ilotAlitiehrt tibi, At iiif MO dOlOyao
;"*PProt!olieborßyikil be*ulred. , %.:. ,:-.,. , ',-. tP. ~,
.. -,1:.-;.i..1, , O;tO.,.TROMPOOIfiVi io .. ~
'l o .l . th AAn ZAI , OAAAnbaIOAOA of Matkota,
", . ~‘ \ \ '., \ . ; . '--'., t ' i , + i ~- ,0.“:1 : M. ,•% '
. ' f--..f ! , "11,c1 ' .
. ' '‘,
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VOL. I-NO. 75.
Legal Notices
' The South Weetern Saving Fund andlluilding
elation ror. John Creighton. , Lev. Fac.,,March Tom;
1857. - No. 768.
The Auditor appointed by the Oourt to dtstritnito the
fond arising front a sale snider above writ of the follow
hig real estate—via: All that certain lot or piece or
ground, with the buildings and improvements thereon
erected, situate on the north side of William Street, at
time distance of one hundred and eighteen toot eastward
from the east side of Schuylkill Fourth Street, io the
City of Philadelphia, containing in fronton said William
street sixteen feet,'and in length or depth that breadth
seventy-ohe feet six inches—will attend to the duties
°this. appointment at his office, No. 704 Waahington
Squared ((south side) on Monday, November 2d, at four
o'clock P. lit, when and where all persons are required
to present their clakne, or be debarred from coming in
upon said fond. - _
-. _Matthew Semple to use of E. Wi ; Morrison vs John
Vogel,. District Court, June term, 1857. ;No. 638. Test.
Ye. to Lehigh county
The Auditor appointed by the Court to distribute tbo
fund arising from the sale of personal property under
above Writ, will attend to'the duties of his appointment
on Tuesday, November 3d, 1858, at 4 o'clock P. 11., at
his ollice,l7o. 704 Washington Square, in the city of
Philadelphia, when and where all persons are required
to present their claims, or be debarred from coming in
upon said fund. A. MURRAY STEWART,
0022-dlOtss Auditor.
for the City and County of yhiladelphia.
SAW* of WILLIME 13; DANIELS, dace:alien. . Sur
prooceidings: id partition.
To:Gordon. Daniels, 'John 0. Daniels, Endly Fisk,
Gilbert W. Etch, Marietta Barnen r Charles Barnes, Ben
jamin M; Daniels, Anitip Daniels, loaules Daniels, and
Deforest Daniels, anit all other prone bilttlrestO in
the above estate..
NOTIONIe herebigiven' that in ,pursuanee of a writ
of partition, issued from the Orphane court, of
delphia,countpi in The 'share Mate; ah locoed will be
hold lay the Sheriff, on the premises , iu eald writ de
scribed, for the Purpose of 'making a parittion , or valua
tion of , the same, on FRIDAY, the , 3Dth ,day of Onto
her, A, p. 1.887, at: 10 o'clock A. M., when and where
attend if yon coo proper.
11E0.11E11}1E, Sheriff.
Sheriff's , Oct. 20,1857. , ocZiten •
The following Charter of Incorporation will be
granted by . the Court on MONDAY, the 7th day of
DECEMBER, A: D. 1051, at 10 o'clock A. M., if no
entltelentreason,be shown to the contrary, to Wit:
ocl3 20 27*
comma on 1857 —lB5B.
The Winter course of Instruction in this Department
will commence on TUESDAY, November 3d, and be
continued as follows :
at 4 P. M. _ .
Professor B. 0. KENDALL, MONDAY and TIMIS
DAY, at Er P. Id-
6 P. IL
at 4 P. M. -
The Legates' will be amply illustrated by Models,
Drawings, and &specimens,
The Lectures will bo continued until the and
The Courses may be attended either singly or to-'
For any one Conn°
For the four Course.
For Tickets, apply to FREDERICK DICK, Ja"niter nt
the University—North Building. And for Information ,
respecting the studies, to
Dean of the Fact;key.
West , Ilittenhourie *genre,
%oo 26•d8t
'This Institution has been re-opened for the Autum
nal Beaton, under the Supervision' of the Rev. JAMBS
W. ROBINS, A. M., as Principal.
"The _Episcopal Academy, present' peculiar (aniline'',
both for the moral and Intellectual trod sting; cud for the
physical development of the youth committed to Its care.
o paLs willbo spared to perfect the pupils In the va
rious studies width, from time to time, they may pur
sue; while It will be the aim of the Principal, both in.
his instruction and la his daily Intercourse with the
boys to lay the foundations of an upright, manly, and'
religious character.
The rooms of the Academy Building are numerous,
lofty, and well ventilated ; and the pupils during recess
enjoy the Advantages of an enclosed play-ground and an:
ample Gymnasium.
Boys able to'reati, 'and 'rot less than eight years Of,
age, are received as s een as they have begun to write ;
and cipher, and are candtteted through the vedette
cleans of the Academy with a rapidity proportioned te"
their AWRY- The loweattethisa. (A) is ioompied iai
- Opening, -Beading, Wrltleg, Arithinetlo, matVasogtvt-',
phy; ,the highe s t clue ,in the „branches ummtly.
studied in ,the Freshman year of,* collegiate course.,
The studies of the Intermediate 'claSses are suited to the
various ages Mod abilities of the puplia.
The Tuition Fee for those in Class A is sixty dollars
per SUM= ,• for all others seventy-live dollars per an
num; payable half-yearly in advance. Besides this fee,
there are no other charges; the French Language,
Fuel, and the use of the Gymnasium being included in
the price above mentioned.
Bops not studying" the Greek and, Latin Languages
have extra lessons iu lien of classical. The school time
not spent under Instruction is employed by the pupils
in study under the superintendence of a teacher, and
in a spacious apartment arranged for that purpose. The
Institution is inspected monthly by a committee of the
Bowl of Trustees, and visited from time, to time by the
Bishop of the Diocese.
Applications for admission may be mule to the Prin
cipal daily during the week (except on Saturday), be
tween the hours of h A. ht. and 28. Al.
ac 8-tu,th,sat-tf
_BST B. R. Smiregii, MOTOR.
The AntinAl Session will begin on TUESDAY, Sep.
tember I.
Circulars ' mayhe obtained at the Book Store of N.
HOOKER, S. W. corner EIGHTH and CHESTNUT, or
of the hector,' Poet Wilco, Falls of Schuylkill, Phile
delphis. • anl7-0m
N_ persons, male and female, to gain a share of this
world's goods and comforts as
'Noe.l4B and 150 SIXTH Street, near RAGE,
will re-open on MONDAY, SEPTEMBER let, for fallt
and winter Studies, embracing a knowledge of
by simplified methods, In a ehort time
THE LEIDY'S take pleasure in saying, that during
the_ put year a large number of persens acquired a ,
BUSINESS EDlMATlON;euabling many to secure pro
fitable situations, and others to prosecute their business
operations silecessfnlli; " " au22,-Bm.
and CHESTNUT Streets, Second and Third Stories.
Esih Student hem Individual instruction from compe
tent and attentive Teachers, under the immediate
supervision of the Principal.
One of the Best Penmen in the Country has cherge of
the Writing Department. '
- Please militia see Specimens and get a Catalogue of
Tents, ke. oca-y
No Seminar y whatever is iron like a private family.
The course or study is extensive and thorough. Pro
fessor Saunders will receive a few more pupils under
fourteen years , of :age into his fatolly: En Lire of
Messrs. J. B. Silver and Mathew Newkirk, or 001. J. W.
Forney, Editor of this Paper, whose sone or wards are
now member' or hie tandly. ' eeptl44l'
YOUNG DIEN AND BOTH, N. B. corner 7,1011111
and BUTTONWOOD streak. Professors of the highest
qualifications employed. Oatalogues containing full
partlaulark, pupils , names, testimonials, &a., can be
had on application.
an2s-2m P. DONLEATY LONG, Principal.
eitttantega , at taw
LAW, Williarorport,Lycotaing county, Pa, will pay
particular attention to Securing and Collecting claims,
in Lyeoming and adjoining counties,
Ron, J. O. Knox,
Supremo Bench, Philadelphia.
David Jayne & Son, Phila.Norcross & Shasta, PhDs
knapach, hood & C0 ., 1 Smith, Shantz & Co.,
will attend with punctuality, and to the beat of his
ability, to all bualneei entrusted to bin care, ocl4bn
No. 28 Camp Street, New errleems.
aarintexass Ia PHMIDSLPUIA
Caleb Oope & Co., 188 Market street.
Smith, Murphy k Co., 97 Market etreet,
Wm. 11. Brown & 0..008 Market street.*
T LAW. Sotitheist Omer of =GUTH and
(WET Strwith, IPhiltdo ' gni -17
AIAL LAW, CENTIttI street, Pottsville, Pa. arelk-17
gromuttegion ,fficrtbants.
48 North NRONT and 44 WATER Street, Philmielphia.
CIONSTANy-LY iracrama
On consignment from the interior of Pennsylvania,
where our new Cleaning Mill is now In general nee.
Also, TIMOTAY AND RED TOY always on
hand. soli-tf
lORCIIIANTs and Ilealore in Foreign and Ame
rican HANDWAHN and CUTLERY, Nos. 23, 25 and 23
North FIRTH Otreetdiait side above Commerce street,
" ant-tr
oaeNT and Importer of .lIAVANA fI'AGABS,
(M y) US Wont street. beconB story. ," ou:1711
This irsluable inventton— being 'the best insoblnelor
snatesfaotoring NetvieasboeS ever 0ffev74. 1 49 tll9.APlert
okapi:Alio-4s no oftered for sale ou favorable terms.
No Otooticitovodi' Wien to pelting ti WO Zolet
MOW INIMPIOMiatt 'etbak taken' for large part of the
purrharkai " ,,, ALVAN VILNYI49; '
0092.10 E Sd WYLLIAK tftreet, Now York.
Cljt Vrus.
The ethics of jurisprudence teach that the
punishment which the law—actually represent
ing the voice and concurrent opinion of So
ciety—inflicts upon offenders, is not to be con
sidered as Vengeance. tinder the Mosaic
dispensation, the principle was Au eye for an
eye, and a tooth for a tooth ;" but the Chris
tian code, as laid down by the Highest and
Holiest, contents itself with less than this.
Humanizing and merciful, even in its justice,
it is based upon the dictum,: ~V ongeance is
vane, i4nith the Lord, and I will repay!"
A crime is committed. the criminal is dis
covered, the adMinistrators of the law which
ho violated have to sentende him' to . .such
penalty as the law provides. In some cases,
the punishment is arbitrary—a fixed penalty
for an ascertained effenee. In other cases, a
certain latitude is permitted to the judge, who
is permitted to mote out to the offender such a
#egive, of ( punishment as_ he may believe the
.circumstances of tho:casolor the .character of
the criminal may warrant. For example, when
particular offence has prevailed in any par
ticular locality, and the, crimp is brought home
to the perpetiiiter, the judge usually inflicts a
severer Punishnient than he would give if the
offence liad boon solitary. And thus, also, if
the offender have erred before, it is usual to
make the penalty much heavier than if it were
his entrance into crime. Thus, circumstances
and character do materially influence the qua
lity and the quantity of the punishment in
flicted by, or rather under, that great bulwark
of civilization and social order which is called
The Law.
The punishments thus inflicted have a dou
ble purpose. First, to protect Society, by
holding out to offenders the, living certainty
that breaches of the oodo which rules and re
gulates it meet with punishment; in a word,
by subjecting crime to such severe treatment,
'to deter people from committing It. Second
ly, to endeavor to reform the offender himself,
by showing him that ho cannot break the law
with impunity.
Such general principles as these aro applica
ble in a vast majority of cases—applicable, in
very truth, in nearly all imaginable cases.
/jut there are excepti one, Of, course, and ono
of them is, where not an individual only is the
offender, but where men are banded together
for purposes which the law declareS to be bad.
Such an extreme case is that of the insurrec-
tionary Sepoys in Hindostan.
There may be some little difficulty in pro
perly designating them. The impulsive and
eloquent gentlemen 'who lately held a "mass
meeting" (In a small room) at Now York,
for the purpose of expressing their warm sym
pathy with the Sepoys who had revolted, went
to the length of speaking of them as fe patri
otic" heroes. As they are not likely to suc
ceed, we dare say that they will be considered
as rebels and traitors. If they were to wrest
Hintlostan from the English, the affair would
Ito wholly different, of course. As the epi
gram,smartly and truly says—
Treason loth noror prosper. What's the reason?
Why, when it does, no man dare call ft Treason.
The whole tenor of the latest news from In
dia gives assurance of the ultimate and com
plete success of the British, and that at no dis
tant day; That news reaches down to the
middle of September,' at which time the rein
forcements lbons England had b egun to arrive.
Before the present month is ended, there will
lie in British India a larger'European force
than has , occupied
~ jt place ,jt ,flr;t came
under 'the :sway, nominally,- of the East
India Company, but actually of the So
vereign of' England. Before such a force,
the numerical superiority of the Hindoos must
count as little. It cannot resist such a com
bination of discipline, arms, science, and de
termined will as is now arrayed against it.
'The Sepoys, if
,ever they had a chance, threw
it away by not making a simultaneous move
ment at the first, or rather carrying out that
which they did make, at first. Then, when
the British were surprised, taken-aback by the
sudden and unexpected ' revolt, when they
were in a fearful minority, was the time for
following up, with a war of extermination,
what they had commenced. Instead of this,
they concentrated themselves within Delhi,
Cawnporo, and other strongholds, virtually
shutting themselves up, until the'period when
an irresistible British force should be assem
bled to defeat them. That defeat, every thing
assures us, ivill not bo long delayed.
Here, however, arises the question—how
shall these Sepoys be punished?
It is generally admitted, by the English
themselves, that exemplary punishment
sto be inflicted. The difficulty is how to
punish, not hundreds, not thousands,
but millions of offenders. Recognised
ringleaders among the revolted Sepoys aro
few. The Cruel misdeeds which wore com
mitted—we moan, more particularly, the mal-
treatment of women and children—were
,literally don's enmasse, and who can distinguish
the offenders? 'A hundred, or alien a thou
sand, of the rebels may be put to death, but
this number, great as it is, bears no kind of
proportion to the immense numerical amount
of the entire body. Where so many are
ounishable, how many shall be punished, and
what shall the punishment be
We have said that the general English fool
ing is, that the punishment shall bo great—if
possible, even appalling—something which
w ill strike terror, nut only now, but in the
conning time, deep into the hearts of millions
yeit unborn. In corroboration of the uni
yefrsality of this feeling, wo may state that,
having read the reported sermons delivered in
London, by over fifty preachers, of all de
nominations, ou the recent Day for General
Fast and National Humiliation, we were com
pelled to notice the unanimity with which they
all declared that the offences against common
humanity, committed by the Sepoys, must not
go unpunished. Difference there may be, and
there is, upon points of doctrine and disci
pline, but upon this'point they all agreed.
Very significant is that agreement—it indi
cates the popular feeling of the English.
The Times newspaper, that great organ
which adroitly follows public opinion, oven
while it most appears to lead it, expresses it
self in the samo'way, only a little more deci
ded, as might bo expected from a layman. In
a leading article, Oct. 13th, it says :
4, Theorists an criminal jurleprudenoc have speou
latcd on the necessity of discouraging crime, and
on the duty of reforming criminals. The national
indignation against the Indian mutineers may,
perhaps, revive the ancient belief that it was the
first purpose of punishment to punish, and that re
tributive justieepriparlly consists in simple retri
bution. The culprits of Cawnpore might almost be
, trusted to the mercies of a jury of Quaker
It is to be hoped that no man would forgive the mur
derers of women. It is certain that no English
woman would ho content with the escape of the
wretches who slaughtered and mutilated stool
fending children. The stern satisfaction of right
eous vengeance, wholly unmixed with any desire
for the benefit of the criminals, will be but remotely
connected with the desire of security against future
revolts., The death of the ringleaders and ofall
actual sharers in the outrages,ithe lifelong slave
later of the ordin . ary culptits under the whip of a
negro overseer, w ill be demanded, by a more sacred
and primitive instinct ofjustice thou any which is
likely to be discussed at Birmingham."
The closing sentence indicates what, at the
very least, will bo done. Nor,looking at the
enormities which have been committed, will it
be said that such a doom Is not fully merited.
Yet, here arises a double difficulty—to dis
tinguish the actually guilty from those who
merely went with the crowd, and to prevent
Punishment degenerating into Vengeance.
Dr. Hall, of the Journal of Health, gives a
groat deal of excellent, oOmmon•sense odvieo to all
kinds of people, the invalid, the healthy, those
suffering under an neoumuls, ton of disorders, those
sinking under a groat weight of doctors,' .to.,
To hie "consumptive friends," he says—",you
wont air, not phyme ; you want pare air, not medi.
oaten air • you want. nutrition, But& as plenty of
Anent and road will give, and, they alone ; physics
has no nutriment; gaspings 'for air cannot cure
you; monkey oapersin ,a symposium cannot cure
yon;. and stimulants eannot cure yon. If you
L want to get well, go in for bee/ and out-door air,
and do not be delided into the grave by adver
4looments and unreliable certifiers."
The condition of the city of New York;
financially and socially, is a revolting,
reality. It IS to us a source of grief
and alarm, rather than satisfaction. Thu
best part of the Now York journals
comment upon this spectacle with great
indignation. How thankful we of Phila
delphia should he when contrasting our let
with that of the great commercial metropolis 1
As evidences of the wide-spread demoralizai,
Jolt of New York, take the following extract
rom Saturday's Journal of Commerce:
ROTTEN' CITY ACCOINTS.—Wo hope everybody!
has • road, marked, and inwardly digested'—if it
is possible of digestion—the Investigating Coms,
tnittees, expose of the mysteries end miseries of our
financial department.
"The most numerous and grievous sins of this
department are these of omission. It is perpetual
ly omitting to do something which it ought to do;
It omits to keep an account of the fire loan bonds
and mortgages—or of the surety bonds, Which part
ties give for the faithful discharge of their official
duties—or of the outstanding assessment bond&-4
or of the unpaid taxes lodged with the clerk of
arrears fOr collection—and generally, it "omits
to maintain that surveillance over all its ens
ployoes which wouldprevent, to a great ext
tent, the commission of (rands, like those revealed
by the committee's report. fetus of those inL
stances of omission would int'amusing, if •they were
not exasperating to us as tax-payers. For exereple,
with regard o that mystery of mysteries, the fire
Loan stook , tee' committee cannot tell by the
hocks, whether the stock aratmits to $11,69.9.77 , ,
or $15,500; and, 'in fedt, they believe that this
enigmatical Stook wag' pald off long ago. To find
out the truth, it will he necessary to grope among
the rubbish of the office through alpened of twenty
years. Then, again' ' 'there were ever s.2Bo;poci
worth of assessments Afloat to ineet a deficiency
that does not exist. Could carelessness go furs
ther ?
" As for the deficiencies in returns made by Deli
lectors to the Bureau of Arrears, it is impossible to
say whether they are proofs of fraud or neglecd.
The fact having been ascertained, however, that in
the lest three years, in 000 instances, theeellectors
acknowledged that they had received money
which they omitted to mention in the returns--
there is reason 'to believe that a largo amount (no
body can guess how mush) of the unpaid taxes
($2,030,070.27) and the unpaid essessments ($4,757.
959.01) have been pocketed in this way. The
helplessness of the department is ouch, in the
opinion of the committee, that no ono in it, not
oven the clerk of arrears himself, has the most
remote idea of the amount for which this bureau
should be held responsible.' Errors to the extent
of .nearly $03,000 were detested in' the footings of
returns from collectors of assessments en street
openings and repairs. These fuels indicate a
wretched state of things, which demands the Im
mediate and earnest attention of the Common
Council. Lot the dust be shaken out of the musty
records, which the committee have not had time to
examine, and lot us know the full extent of these
misreotiogs, embezzlements, and defalcations, if,
indeed, it is possible to trace them all, amid the
darkness and disorder of the Department. The
charges already found against collectors of public
moneys amount to over $130,000. What wonder
that our backs are broken with taxes, when the
collections are thus conjured away!"
The next picture of the aeries Mho follow
ing, contained in an article in the New York
Evening Post of the same day :
"Caine IN New Yunt4.—The Mayor's proposal
the other day, that the city should enter into &co
venant with the rogues and support them comforter
lily, upon condition of net being plundered by them,
naturally diesels our attention to the increasing
frequency of crime in our metropolis.
" It is much to he regretted that no statistical
returns era preserved that would enable us to com
pare the condition of Now York. as to mime, with
that pf a groat European a apital. Au impression
extols that homicide IS not merely comparatively
but absolutely greater in New York than in London
or Paris.' An eminent lawyer, who has given touch
attention to the subject of the police of the eityj
estimates the number of dead bodies taken annually
front the waters surrounding New York to be four
hundred. Vie trust that this is en overestimate;
for subtitle and accident, it wolud seem, would he
entliely Inadequate to account for this fearful ag. ,
gregetion of violent death.
What we want is not a return of arrests and in.
dlettnents, for in our lax system of administrative
justice vast numbers of offenders are not indicted,
tier oven arrested; and still loss do wo expect in
formation from the number of judioial convictions
for homicide, for scarcely any one isconvieted; but
an accurate statement of those dead from poison
or violence might enable us to say whether our op.
prehensions are unduly exaggerated, or whether
Now York is sinking to the condition of a Turkish
or Asiatic city, anosing the protection which
civilization and law used to extend over the weak
the unwary, and the peaceful.
"Let us look over our criminal record or this put
wook. On Saturday night lust; a respectable man
and his wife, quietly returning from mnrket, in
one of our most public avenues, aro mot by three
young men one of whom commences his proceed
loge by striking the woman. and on her husband's
turning to protect her he is stabbed by tho young
ruffian, and falls dead at the foot of his wife. On
Sunday night a young man named Dodd dies from
a fractured jaw, having been attacked in Broadway
and moreilessly beaten and kicked by a band of
ruffians. On Tuesday morning a loan named Mc-
Dermott WAS knocked down by a num tinned with a
cart-rung, and dies in the hospital. On Wednesday
morning a little boy of eleven years of age, who
had clambered into a milk earl, was thrown by
its owner on to the pavement, and then kinked to
death. On Wednesday night a man named Arm
strong was stabbed In the abdomen, and now lies
mortally wounded, it is said, in the New York
Hospital. On Thursday night a citizen of the
Fifth ward was idiot with a pistol in an affray
which originated at a political meeting in the
Sixth ward. On Friday a man named John Ri
ley tiled from the effects of Injuries inflicted by a
gang of unknown rowdies, as ho was passing quiet
ly to hie home in Thirty-second street.
"These are tho occurrences of live days—all of
them brutal in the highest degree; four of them
manslaughter at least, and ono of them certainly,
and another probably, aro murders. Yet, wo may
nay it without doubt or hesitation, no ono will be
punished. Thera will be no conviction for the
murder, at least. The innocent have boon killed ;
the feelings of a wife and family cruelly outraged;
note which would disgrace Indian Sepoys have
been perpetrated ; and yet such is the administra
tion of our criminal laws, through its cumbrous
and mismanaged machinery, and ouch the porver
city and wrong : handedness of jurors, as axempli
fled in Canceled ease, that ovary ono has the gloo
my oonviotion that the administration of police jus
floe will give us neither rotrihution for the past
nor seounty for the future."
Whilo NVO do not second the harsh construe
tion - put upon Mayor Woon's suggestions by
the Evening Post, Nve certainly cannot endorse
the language and remedies of that functiona
ry's late message, which we arc not surprised
to see has been severely criticised by the New
York press. We cannot find any reason in ap.
peals to the poor against the rich, or in re
commendations to support, from the public
funds of a debt-ridden and tax-burdened city
by new taxes, a population capable of such
excesses as the above. The precedent is full
of danger.
SUSPENDED RAILROADS.—Within the last thirty
days, the following railroad companies aro reported
as having either gone to protest on their floating
debt, suspended, or made an assignment of their
Names. Total Liabilities.
New York and Erie 038,000,000
Illinois Central "4 000,000
Philadelphia and Reading 20,000,000
Michigan Central 14,000,000
Michigan Southern 10,000,000
Cleveland and Toledo 7,500,000
Milwaukee sal M isslssippt 7,000,000
Ls Crosse and Milwaukee 14,000,000
Cleveland and Pittaburgh 0,060,000
Delaware, Lackawanna, end Western 10,000,000
Chicago, St Paul, and Fond du Lae 5,000,000
North Pennsylvania 6,000 000
Cumberland Coal Company 6,000,000
Huntingdon and Broad Top 1,200,000
Steubenville and Indiana* 6,000,000
Last Thursday was to liavo been the day
for the celebration of the nuptials of Miss Hannah
C—, n lady of superior refinement and ability, of
the vicinity of Baltimore, and Mr. V— B—, of
Now York, a gentleman of reputed ability es a
scholar and poet. The invitations had been
gotten up in tine gilt, and sent to tho several
friends, inviting them to the marriage. On the
Tuesday preceding the appointed day, the bride
to he remarked to her intended that something
seemed to tell her that she would never become
the bride of her choice ; that oho would soon wed
the realities of eternity. The groom replied to
her with levity, to dispel her gloom; but on the
following day, Wednesday, she felt so indisposed
as to take to her bed, from which time her strength
and faculties began seemingly to wane till Thurs
day morning, at 10 o'clock—the hour appointed
for the nuptials—when she breathed her lamt,witli
out having evinced the slightest bodily pain from
the first hour of her illness.
Tho Virginia New School Presbyterian Sy
nod, which has just closed Its session at Washington,
adopted the report of its committee recommending
the withdrawal from the General Assembly in
consequence of the action of that body on the sla
very. question. The vote stood—yeas 30, nays .t
Messrs. Sunderland and Haskell, of Washington.
a nd Dunning, of Baltimore, being the dissentients.
Tho Synod also adopted resolutions approving as
a whole the resolutions adopted by a portionof the
church which lately suet in Ithlunond, pledging
itself to cordially en-operate in the organization of
the United Synod of the Presbyterian Church to
meet at Knoxville, Tennessee, on the first Thurs
day of April.
The trotting match between the Taylor and
Dalton horses, Doctor and Broker, at Bridgeport,
Conn„ on Friday last. was won by the Dalton
horse, in ono hour, thirty-two minutes and thirty
six seconds. The Taylor horse broke badly during
the race, and on the last homestretch ran by the
other, coming in a neck ahead. Ins running, how
ever, disqualified him from taking the puree, and the
judges decided in favor of Broker. The two kept
very near together during the whole race, and di
vided the half miles about equally. Their first
halt mile was made in 1:45 ; their last In 1:43;
while the least time was 1:39, and the longest 2:01.
Mr. Dalton stopped his hone three times for rest,
but the other kept on the traek from the start to
the close.
We prordse4,, some limo since, to give a
detailed acc i rniut.of the operations of the New
York Clearing house, which we now do, ex
tracting It front. g . number of the New York
ladepeintentyiissued some months ago:
” What then Is chi New Ydrk clearing house 0 3 4
et eery simple labs-saving machine. It dells Its
muscat of figure!, epeedily nrcomplishes great results,
alfeetlng to same extent, the monetary intereste of the
Union, as this 'elts is the great money heart of the
conntry. To many :peraone It may look complicated,
but it is not, The clearing house is the channel
through which daily flows the la east Part of the nes.
tiVe capital of New York, It is, in other words, the •
medium through l wltfclr tho exchanges of the banks are
made and settled., In order to give a clear ides of what
it is, noose teterliftion of the former mode of making
exchanges Is neusweary. Long ago, there was but one
bank in the oity,ef New York, It wan known an " The
Dank," and le noirlinou n an the Dank of New York,
an institution that{ though old and venerabla, lisa
passed through nuns it sewn of itommercial trouble,
always sustaining a high character and credit. ulnae
"The Bank fleet 'opened its doors In 1784 In duo
course of time Other banks were establiahed, each of
whom received /,be Mile and cheeks of the other. This
made it neceinmey'rer them to exchange and keep stated
accounts with oath other. ' Threw accounts Were
,usuelly settled 'mop is each, week. This system wee
continued until the year 1863, when there were fifty
seven banks doing businesa in the city of New York.
In the month of A.eigust of that year the laai - Were
required by law 1,0, publish a weekly statement of thole
Minot. The 'ffsbeallon of this statement ham Itedu
f great surfeit' tebeth the hanks and the pia°, Ait
pen as ably law Arent into operation great efforts were
made by the bank' to make 66 strong statements as pos
sible, and to this eat they daily drew from each other
their 'Abutted in coin. This became very Merkel',
and It ocaupleslmeet of the time of the principal afters
of the banks to attend to the exchanges and nottleniente
'With °ebb dther,'and The portera were kept on the run
with exchanges ne, drafts for balances, and coin was
carted met carried aal over the city day after day, at no
email risk; yet, when the day's work was ended, the
banks wore no nearer a settlement than when they be.
gnu. This could not continue long in this Inventive
age, Soon piker the weekly•statement law wont tutu
operation, the aiseciatiou known fie the Now York
Oleariag house AisociatiOn was organittel by the
hanks. On the 11th of October, 1853, the exchanges
and settlement, `14411.6 fur the first Ruse made at the
clearing Imam by the fifty-two banks which formed the
association, Each of these bauke sent two clerks to
the clearing house; one was termed the settling clerk,
the other the tilled° Clerk. Tho settling clerk brought
with him n statemeot upon which was entered the en.
tire receipts of the bank ho represented, or the bills
and checks upon each of the ether hanka lea made up
at the elm of thilinese Of the previous day, also in the
second column the. amounts added In each cane to the
exchanges of the taint- receipts of the morning; these
two columns were united In a third column, the total
of which represented the amount sent to the clearing
boost, for exchange; he also brought a ticket, directing
the clearing hoes', to credit his hank si ith such total
amount. The fourth column of his statement Wan
blank, uponwhleh wm entered the amounts received by
hint from other banks. The Kneel° clerk brought a
statement upon whirls wail entered the mount of the
items for each bank brought by hint to he exchanged,
with a columu in bleak, headed "Iteoeived by." The
exchanges were bound together In package., with a slip
upon the top of each upon which was entered each
Item Inclosal. The footings of these slips, of course,
agreed with the limonite entered both upon his state
meat and that of the settling clerk. The packages
were arranged 'tithe order iu which they were to he
delivered, one for ends bent. The clearing house
room ix 110 feet long and 24 feet wide; It contains two
counters, one on each' side of the room, four foot Min
the gide walls' these aro joined by e soini-circular
counter at the lower end, and form a continuous coun
ter, which le divided toy iron mils Into spaces, each ogle
of which is occupied by a bank. The banks are num
bered In the order of age, the oldeet being known as
No, 1. and their desks ere arranged In like numerical
order upon the counter. The exchanges are made at
10 o'clock A If , at which hour the clerks are craned
to their statiens by The manager—the settling clerk'',
upon the inner side, and the wide clerka upon the
outer side of the counter. At a signal given by the
manager, precisely at IO o'clock, the specie clerks
move to the desk next an their right, delivering their
exchanges to the settling clerks, and receiving upon
their statement, the Initiate of the nettling clerks in
each case an a receipt for the amount left with thous ;
and thus they pus from desk to desk until they have
made the circuit of the counter and returned to their
desks, having delivered their exchanges, and having re
vels ed a reeelpt for each. Tho delivery occupies from
five to seven nilatitea, during, which the settling Clarke
have etch received and receipted for. the entire ex
changes sent against their lank. Those exchanges arc
then entered upon their statements, end the *mount
which they have received ascertained, and the differ
ence between the amounts brought and those mcoi red.
Thin being done, the specie clerks return to their
harden so ith the exchanges, taking a statement of the
molt of the exchange. The settling clerks then pro.
pare a debit ticket for the clearlug house, showing the
amount which they have received and the resulting
balance, either for or against their bank, If their work
be correct, the aggregate amount charged to the banks
on the proof sheet of the clearing house will exactly
equal the amount credited them, and the balances
which have become' duo to the clearing helots from
these banks who kale receives' a larger amount of ex
changes than they brought, will be equal to the in
debtedness or the clearing house to such banks as are
credited with n larger amount than they aro debited,
and then a proof Itruade. This result has always been '
obtained, and the dtperence of a cent cannot be found
on the books of the clearing house. In the work of ono
hundred clerks, who have to enter and add morn
than one hundred and fifty amounts upon their
statements, Some errors are of course made, but
by rapid and slimily methods. not necessary to be des
cribed, are alwaysheurgl oat. The 'reef being arrived
at, the eettlinvhielltreturn to their tanks/end carry,
-tritlrtlrota litneVraMerVeault of the etchalege. It Will be
seen that by this promise fifty balanoes are In each
case concentrated Into one, which Is settled daily at one
o'clock At every annual meeting or the association
one of the (mote is elected an a specie depository.
The Dank of America has anted in that capacity Once
the organlmtion of the aseornation. In that bank the
ameociates deposit such imments In coin as they choose,
for which they receive certificates In smut of lire hun
dred, ono thousand, live thousand, and ten thou
nand dollar'', which certify that the Bank of America
has received mums front the depositor to be hold to trust
as a special &petit. payable, iu coin or presentation,
only to the order of the hankpresenting the certificate,
that bank being a member of the association. Either
colt or dim certificates are used by the banks for the
mutant of their balances at the clearing heath.
The fractional sums legs than five hundred dollars,
are paid to bank notes 011 d coin to' the exact amount
due. In like currency the clearing house pays ate
indebtedness to the creditor banks. The certificating
are never endorsed until they aro presonted at
the Dank of America for payment, and aro never after
wards issued. They slave the labor and risk of the
transportation of cola to and front the clearing house;
and ll' lost or stolen could not be peed, as RIO' only
pass from the hanks to the clearln house, and in re
turn to the banks The Bank o America holds for
the associates for thin purpose about six millions of
dollara in Coin. Daily at one o'clock P. DI., the specie
clerks of the debtor bnnke pay et the clearing house
their balances, receiving the receipts of the manager or
hie assistant therefor, and at half-past one o'clock, the
debtor banks hiving all paid their balances as they are
required to do before that time, the spool° clerks of the
creditor banka receive and receipt for the amounts duo
them and at two o'clock 11., the day's routine of the
clearing house is ended. The exchange,' average per
day onwards of twenty-live million, of dollars, and aro
nettled by the payment of an average balance of one mil
lion of dollars. For the year ending
Oct. let, 1851, the exchanges were $5,760,44,087 00
. 0 " 1855 6,407,912,098 38
1856 6.906,213,328 38
The proof sheet forms the basin of the books kept at
the clearing house, %filch aro so arranged as to show
till the transactiona of the limits with the clearing
house and from there a very correct estimate' of the
condition and managemeut of the lanke can if. formed,
Theme books are only shown to the officere of batiks
belonging to the association. Since the otganisation of
the association, four banks have been expelled from the
clearing house, their management and unnound con
dition being clearly indicated by Its books. Thdy have
all been closed, as banks cannot do lewdness unless
they belong to the Association, or exchange through
some bank that is a member. In tho case of the four
batiks expelled, the remelt has shown that the estimate
formed In each Cll/30, of their condition, was a true 4100.
Two banks have been admitted Into the Association
mince Its organisation, and both of them during thu
past year. A bank In not admitted until its capital in
wholly paid. nor until after examination by a committee
of the A sariciation, they are natisfied that it is in sound
condition, end prudently conducted. The careful reader
will perceive that the direct advaetages of tho eystem,
such an the economy of tune, the closing of twenty•fivo
hundred accounts on bank legers, oho greater security,
A c., important tie they must be admitted to be, are but
small in comparison with the indirect benefits resulting
from this mode of exchanging. By it the banks are made
pet lectly Independent of 011611 other, and reguiato their
business by the mm !moat of their exchanges through the
clearing house, yet nil can ascertain the position of
their associates day by day, which, under the Cornier
syetpm could nut be known, it also impones salutary
cheek,' upon tho banks, preventing unsafe expansions,
and compels them to hold lit all times a nufilcieut
amount of COlll to meet their balances promptly. It
ImM-ought 1100 bank officers together, made them no.
quainted with each other, and promoted n spirit of
harmony and united action. The association being
soluntary, the restrictions aro self-impesed, any bank
being free to withdraw from the clearing house at
'demure. upon duo notice being glean, and all, largo
and email, have an equal voice in its management. The
association appolitte or elects annually, four committees,
to whom the government or the association In rerened,
They'conalat of &clearinghouse or executive committee,
a committee 011 (141111101106, a committee on suspensious,
and a sown{ Urn of arbritration ; also a ehairmau and
secretary. The business el the clearing house Is con
ducted by a manager, assietan t manager, and two clerks.
A special policeman is also employed and stationed at
the clearing house. The expenses are small, and aro
divided among the basks in proportion to their
The editor of the Horicon (Wis.) is in ee
stitsiee. What a happy fellow ho must be ! Only
listen to him : "An exeltunge says that editors
aro, as a general thing, not overstocked with
worldly goods. Humbug. Hero we are, editor of
a country paper, fairly rolling in wealth. We
have a good, office, a double-baroled rifle, seven
suits of clothes, throe kittens, a Newfoundland
pup, two good watchers, thirteen day and two
night shirts. carpets on our floors, a pretty wife,
own ono corner lot, have ninety-throe cents in
cash, are out of debt, and have no rich relatives.
If we are not wealthy it is a pity. Hurrah for
hurrah ! Who cares for cash ?
The Fredericksburg (Vu.) News gives us
the adventures of a hundred-dollar bill, and the
good it accomplished. A merchant of that oily
went to Caroline Court on a certain occasion
with a $lOO note of a certain denomination.
Shortly titter be got on the green he paid it over
to a farmer. The farmer soon discharged an in
debtedness to earns ono clan, and thus the note
kept on its mission of liquidation until near the
heel of the evening, when at was again paid back
to the same merchant who took it there, and ho
brought it back to Fredericksburg ! Having the
curiosity to trace its workings, he found that
$l,OOO worth of debts had been paid by that $lOO
note on a single day!
A Toronto, Canada, lawyer has been put
into a vary unpleasant position by recant develop
ments. A man had been brought to trial under
circumstances which showed his guilt, and was
liable to a sentenoo of fourteen years' imprison
ment. The lawyer went to the man's wife, and
induced her to part with the littlo furniture she
had to secure his fee for defending her husband.
He took away with him a clock and looking-gloss,
tied up her bedstead and superintended its re
moval, and otherwise disgraced himself,
Mr. John Mngway, of Salem county, N.
whilo endeavoring to catch a colt running loose
in a field. had ono of his hands entangled in its
mane in such a manner that, upon the colt spring
ing away from him, one of bin thumbs was out
nearly off. No extra attention was paid to the
wound until within a few days, when he was seized
with a violent pain, which increased, and termi
nated his life on Sunday afternoon. No was About
forty years of age.
[O'er The Press.]
It would be a curious as well as an interesting
task to trace the effect Widish the discovery of
America has produced upon English literature,
and, if eonduoted In a spirit of proper philo
sophy, might educe conclusions of a very sur
prising nature. Without going further into this
view of the subject, however, wo desire to call
attention bore to the earliest mention we can find
in English poetry of that great emigration woes
the Atlantic which has given to the English tongue
'a fro4h)onso of immortality, by converting an in
sular language,into that of a continent. The first
petition' notice of the discovery of America that
occurs in English literature Is contained in Run
tol's Interlude, printed by Wynkyn do Word°,
about 1510:
Within Msa yore
Westwarde be found° now linden
That we auver bawl° telt of before this," &o
The discoveries of Oolumbus, however, were not
soon followed up by English colonisation, and we
thereforo need not look for any very clear allusion
flier* in English poetry, until tho beginning of the
Seventeenth century,' when the Massaohusetts and
Virginia imtuparties , were about Waking , their fa
mous settlements. But then a bard, indeed, ORO
to lhO rescue. In ?Cahoot prvton's Qdo
the Virginia Voyage, published in 1619, there
breathos a spirit worthy of the occasion. From
its many splondid verses we cite the following :
You brave herolquo winds,
Wortligyour Country's name,
That lloisonr still pursue,
On, and subdue;
Whilst loitering tilnda
Lucke here at home, with shame
And cheerfully at ilea
Smote you still Wino, J .
To got the Pearl and Gold,
And ours to hold
Partlt'a only Paradise.
In kenning of the shore,
(Thank. to God Bret given,)
0 you, the happloat men,
Ile frolic then'
Let cannons roar,
Frlghting the wide Remo.
And to rOgiona for,
duck limit! bring ye forth
As those from whom We came
And plant Our name
Under that Star,
Not known unto our North.
And u there plenty grow.
Of Laurel everywhere—
AroLto's snored tree—
You It may ac e
A' poets' brutes
To crown, that may sing there.
Seine of the lines here quoted seem almost to rim
to the dignity of' prophecy; but the whole piece
mast be read to be justly valued. Wo bad in
tended dwelling for a moment on other, kindred
passages; to have compared the " still•vezt Ber
l:noodles" of Shakspeare with Marvoll's beautiful
Whore the remote Bermuda' ride
lu Oucan's botunu unespiod,
And to have pointed out souse of Waller's Ameri
can experiences in his verse ; but our limits warn
us to bring this paper to nu abrupt conclusion.
W. S.
From the New York Daily Timex of the 28th.]
Arrival of the Brie "Ocean Bird" from San
fitan—Decree of Expulsionagainst Fortigss
ers—Martiner, elected President—Great De
fensive Preparations. for the Reception of
IValier.--Dssposition of Me Prssent Force sn
Nical'agua—Return of Col. Schlessinger-- , -
His Statement and Defence.
Set JUAN DEL NORTE, Sept. 29, 1857.
By the brig Ocean Bird, which leaves this port
to-day, I have an opportunity of sending you the
latest DORI from this region.
The Americans iu Nicaragua have been expelled
from the country by a decree of Martinez and Je
rez, issued in Monagua in the fore part of this
month The decree ordered the expulsion of all
those who served in the ranks of Walker, and not
only those, but nearly every American in the own s.
try. including many honest and industrious mon',
wto have been driven Cut at three or four days:
notice, leaving their property and interests be.
bind. The Amerloan flag aotrlally affords no pro.
tootion to our countrymen hero. Col. 'Jasper, the
only American living in Granada, or in that part
of the State, claimed tobe an Englishman in or.
der to have security and protection. It is a humi
liating reflection to an American, that, while old.
tens of petty German and Italian States live here
In perfect seeurlty as to life and property, the broad
banner of the Stars actually affords 110110 at aU to
its subjects. '
Many of the persons who have been banished the
country are known'to be of worthy, honest diame
ter, and not to have boon engaged in tho service of
Gen. Walker. But this ample thou little with the
potty chiefs who rule in Nicaragua, and who are
prompted to this course only by a blind hatred of
our nation and people in general.
If an American remonstrates against any abuse,
or threatens to complain to his Government, ho is
only answered with the trite sneer that the United
States never protects her citizens ahsoad. The
least our Government can (IN is to send an envoy
to protect the few Americans here, and to open
the deers of this new Japan to all such honest men
as may wish to enter and carry on any peaceful
A report has reached me that our special envoy.
Mr. Wm. Carey Jones, had been sent out of Costa
Rica by order of President Mora, he being looked
upon as possessing fillibustering tendencies. It is
quite probable that the animosity those people feel
towards us may have led them to commit this im
prudent act.
Tho elution in Nicaragua was to have taken
place on the 26th inst., anti Martinez has probably
boon elected. Martinez is a man of little educa
tion, but of a stern, unyielding character, and dis
plays more largely than any ono else the general
animosity to Americana.
It is expected in the interior that Walker will
again invade Nicaragua, and groat preparations
aro being made to receive him. A decree has been
published, forbidding all natives of the country to
leave, and ordering all able-bodied anon, between
fifteen and sixty, to hold themselves in readiness
to take up arms in case of an invasion.
I do not believe that a force under ten thousand
men would he sufficient to maintain Walker in the
country. if a smaller force is brought, it will only
be for their speedy destruction. Lot it bo remoup
bored that over four thousand men were lost by
Walker when fighting against the Central Ameri
can States—seattored, disunited. How much
greater now must be the expenditure of blood be
fore conquest will perch upon tho arms of the
fillibuster chief! Let not young and inexperienced
men calculate too easily upon what the game will
cost, and find their mistake only when UM too late,
as did the thousands of poor fellows whose bones,
picked by vultures and gnawed by dogs, lie
bleached and sunburned on the soil of Nicaragua.
Among the passengers by the Ocean Bird, to
day, is Colonel Louis Sohleasinger—he of Costa
Rican memory. lie, it is said. intends to publish
shortly an aocount of the Nicaraguan revolution,
and somo foots with regard to the Santa Rosa
affair. Be is, it is also said, charged with negoti
ations, relative to the transit, by the Nicaraguan
Government. I , TICARAG VA.
Colonel &Messinger has just returned from Ni
caragua, and has furnished us with some important
information upon the present condition of &hilts in
that country.
This gentleman, it is known, was an officer under
Welker and commanded at Santa kola.
Colonel Schlossinger is n Hungarian, end was in
the army under Kossuth. After the capitulation
of Comorn, at which he was present, ho came to
the United States with Governor tijhaly, and
shortly afterwards joined the expedition to Cuba,
under Lopez. lie was captured in the mountains
of Cuba, having lived a week on roots ; and after
the garroting of Lopez, ho was condemned to be
sent to Ceuta, in Africa. lie escaped, however,
from his confinement there, and returned to the
United States, and soon after got himself Into
difficulty in Nicaragua,
Colonel Schlessinger reports that, st the election
held in Nicaragua on the 20th ult., General Marti•
nez was elected by an overwhelming vote. Ile wee
the joint candidate of the Legialatiets and Demo•
crate. Martinez is a Irian of liberal principles, and
of undoubted decision and bravery, and popular
with the masses.
There were but few Americans expelled from
Nicaragua and Costa Rioa under the late deems,
Thoso expelled were parties friendly to Walker,
and who would rush to his aid should ho return
with a military expedition. A free passage was
given to the expelled to San Juan.
In rotation to the defensive preparations against
another fillibustering invasion, Col. Sehlessinger
reports that an order had boon issued by the Nita
moan Government, calling upon all the male po
pulation, between sixteen and fifty years, to arm
themselves and be ready for active service at a mo
ment's warning In this connection the subjoined
information is interesting and important.
The present forma of Nicaragua, in active ser
vice, with their disposition, and the number of guns
at their disposal. is 2,000 MOH, and 26 guns.
An army of 1,0110 mon can bo put in motion at
any point in Nicaragua in three days. Perseus
well acquainted with the feeling of the native
population deny, most emphatically, that Walker
has is sympathizer in the whole country. It is not
true that General Mods and Colonel Raymunda
Solva were sent, as prisoners, to cork on the roads
at Matagalpa, They wore both banished from the
To the Editor of the Now York Times.
New YORK, Saturday, Oct. 21, 1857.
There are sometimes, by a strange coincidence,
a combination of circumstances which makes it an
easy task for the base calumniator to bias the pub
lic mind against the victim he chooses. Often
again, those higher in power or position, for the
mpurpose of covering their own infamy, and escap
mg the deserts ri ot' their criminality, succeed in
l.oding with unmerited contempt those whom ac
cident may have associated with them as their
h ubordinates. Unscrupulous speculators also, fear
ing that their prey may escape their grasp if the
truth be told, combine with the first named to
destroy the good reputation, and even the honor of
individuals. Such, almost, has been my fate. I
say almost, because when chance spares, amid
thousands of dangers human life, in a country
where the press is free, the opportunity ie offered
to the Individual assailed , to justify his conduct.
First It was asserted that I cowardly left the
battle-held at Santa Rosa; and next that I was in
concert with the enemy and consequently a trill.'
ter. Both th ese martial:is afa rale, and are as
bean as the inventor o! thorn. It would bo too
long a task to intrude upon the columns of a news
paper volumnious facts to prove the contrary.
will shortly publish my Memoirs of Niesragsra• In
them I will submit my acts to thejudgment of the im•
partial. Meantime, I may be allowed to assert that
I will prove that I did more at Santa Rosa than any
other commander, tinder similar circumstances,
could have done, and that I wits paid for it by the
blackest ingratitude. It is true I abandoned
Walker, but never did I part with the glorious
principles of freedom and true Democracy. For
these I fought and became an exile from Hungary .
In 1848; for the same principles I bled in Cubs,
and suffered In the dungeons of Ceuta; I shall
prove that the standard of Walker in Nicaragua
was ono of personal ambition, based upon no prin.
eiples et' honor oriustfce ; that Walker did not in
tend to Ameriosnum that country, nor did he ever
dream of annexation; that his whole aim was to
become the founder of a military confederacy, qe
spotio' In its origin, tyrannical In progress, and in
tended to be united with the Southern States or
Califor n ia as a 'separate confederacy.
I here speak of Walker's political faith in April,
1858. Cireamstances may have foreed him to aban
don these night-mare visions, but these were then
his plans. I expect Innumerable asasUants in my
present position before the public, but truth will
enable me to brave the storm.
I will never allow that it may be mid that
Hungarian did forego his political principles—or
Still worse, that he became a traitor. It Is to my
self, to idy eodntry, to my frionda and numerous
acquaintances, that I owe it to defend what all
men hold dear, and though with unequal weapowl,
I will fight the battle of jostles against falsehood,.
The public, I know, most have been influenced
by the publications of these incessant calumnies,
but I shall beg them to suspend their final sen
tence until they have read the defence. I wiU
call it defence—though more properly I should call
it a statement of the truth, which will be published
shortly. Loots SenLasSraciast.
[Prom the Loodon,Times.l
The long-expected interview between the sove
reigns of France and Russia has now taken place.
The details have been read• by those of us who tan
feel an interest in anything which does not
concern the position of our Indian Empire.
Brilliara equipages, tine uniforms, visits to the
opera, and dinners on a magnificent seals have
delighted the assembled guests at Stuttgart; hut
the meeting itself, though held just fifty years
after Tilsit and on the anniversary of Erfurt,
will• hardly recall, except by contrast, those
celebrated interviews. If anything wore required
to prove the advance which Europe has made
in intelligence and political morality, it is the
small results which follow from the schemes and
purposes of even the most powerful rulers. We
cannot help feeling that the more the world at
large learns, and thinks, and acts, the less becomes
the influence of the individual statesman. In so
cieties where knowledge is confined to a few and
freedom possessed by none, a master spirit may
else op end change the course of a nation's desti
nies. The warrior, the orator, the theorist, stands
high above his fellows, moulds their habits, directs
their inetinets, and descends to posterity with a
vast reputation. But ea communities advance such
commanding eminence becomes more difficult, and
well-nigh impossible. The light is too great fur
any man's torah sensibly to augment It ; the tide
is too broad and strong to be diverted into a
new channel by any man's efrort. Kings be
come merely the representatives of their sub
jects' nationality—Ministers the administrators
of their countrymen's policy, and the interpreters
of their wishes. In England. where this principle
has been longest and most fully at work, power hea
descended (coin the Crown to the Cabinet, from
the Cabinet to Parliament, until the real de
bating and resolving on great measures seem at
last to have settled in the people at large.
The nation is its own house of Commons, and
the House of Commons its own Prime Minister.
And it is well for the peace and security of the
world that it should be tea The more . great pol/-
Veal ante depend on the united opinion of large
bodies, thelessliable will be the machine of Sate to
be influenced by the errors, the caprices, or the
criminal indiriatials. What has been going on in
England has had its counterpart on the continent of
Europe. In spite of socialist outbreaks and despotic
roaetions,in epithet' subverted constitutions and,een
sor-guarded pretties, the people of France and Ger
many are in no small degree the arbiters of their
own fortunes. They read, and talk, and think, and
mingle in all tho concerns of life, even though the
Cambers be closed, and the pram gives but an un
certain sound. They have the book of history
open, and may learn what have been the conse
quences of former wars, whether of religion, or
national hatred, or royal ambition. They have
also before their eyes the results of forty years of
peace. Railways uniting their great cities, steam
boats on thole navigable rivers, ports on the Ger
man ocean or the - hlediterraneen,ldoubling their
tonnage, and growing up into first-rate cities,
cotton rectories and silk factories dotted about
over whole provinces—these are the objects which
meet them on every side. There are old men
*along them, whoae lives must have been divided
into tore parted' as netlike each tether as the death's
head profile is from the living profile on meiliseval
carvings. Such men may wall compare the year of
Tilsit With the year bf Stuttgart. ' Their punt and
prime of manhood were pawed amid calamities of
which their grandchildren have often heard the
story. On both sides of the Rhine they may furnish
the cottage legends of invading armiee extending
ferscorets of miles and carrying off everything in
their way; of uncultivated fields, ruined villages,
whole populations of women and young boys—the
only leavings of the conisription--eoting mouldy
bread and boiled nettles for want of better food,
and pursuing every traveller with a dismal wail of
supplication. In each country they may preserve
a vivid recollection of military rule—the hoatile
garrisons, with their strange language and lawless
habits, the fierce commandants ever hanging and
shooting for breach of regulations, the insecurity
of female honor, the paralysis of all honest °zee
tien,. the mutual suspicion, the enepension of
social intercourse , the treachery, and the moral
degradation of that gloomy time. They may
remember their captured capitals, the blowing
up of their bridges, the spoliation of their
museums, and all the other humiliations of the
conquered. With such memories will Tilsit and
Erfurt be emaciated by the eontemporariee of the
old King who has been the host at Stuttgart.
When we compare the lot of the present genera
tion with all that has been suffered by the mon
who are now passing away, we feel that there is
little fear that Europe should be unable to judge
between good and evil.
It is therefore not to be wondered at, that a
meeting of potentates should, in the present day,
have a diminished importance. The nations •of
Europe are able to express their opinions, though
not in constitutional forms; and the most striking
feet of the age is the plain and unconcealed predi
lection of the continental nations for peace. France,
in 1855, was found, to the astonishment of the
world, to have no appetite for glory. The exploits
before Sebastopol created actually less enthie-iasui
at Paris than among many distant and uncon
cerned nations. As for Germany, it is pretty cer
tain that she will never undertake any but a
purely defensive war. Peace, then, being for the
future the probable condition of Europe, the
schemes of sovereigns must be bounded by a very
diminished sphere. They may agree to support cer
tain ministers. in certain petty States, to repress or
encourage certain ideas, to tighten or relax a pass
port system, to inertias° or lessen customs and duties
in common; but beyond their own subjeetsjand the
subjects of some weak States, their influence wilt
be but limited; and oven where they rule their
power is, in the present state of Europe, not com
plete. France and Germany, and even Russia,
must move in obedience to laws over which no
man, or body of men, has control. The highest
deliberations of Kings and statesmen must now re
late only to matters of arrangement and detail.
boat Wave, Captain Germain, while going out on
a cruise, early Monday morning, discovered a
sloop outside of the Hook, with her sails lowered
and ono anchor down ; it had been blowing agate
the previous night, and the tug ran down for the
sloop to see if she wanted a tow. No one appeared
when she was hailed, and they boarded her. The
boat was gone, and as the sloop was in au exposed
situation, Captain G. assumed that the crew were
either drowned or had abandoned the vessel, and
acoordingly took her in charge, and towed her to
the city. The sloop was the Brandywine. Captain
John L. Cures, and is .owned by J. F. tlauze
and Clarkson Ogden, of Wilmington, Del. She was
loaded with 2,40 bushels of wheat, front James
River, Va.. bound to New York. Captain Corns
states that, in attempting to enter the bay, on Mon
day night, while it was blowing heavy, his ves
sel streak on the east end of Romer shoal;
that she afterwards went off, and he made an
effort to beat her in, when, in consequence of the
blow and a head tido, lie could make no headway;
he accordingly determined to let go his anchor, and
pull ashore at the point of Sandy Rook to report
his situation by telegraph. and request a tug to be
sent to his assistance. Raving lowered his sails
into the lazy lines and anchored the vowel, he took
the man and boy, all the crow ho had, and palled
ashore about daylight in the morning Re had
scarcely reached the lighthouse and told his story,
when to his amazement, he saw o steam-tug make
fast to his sloop and lug her off. lie followed as
soon as he could to the city and claimed his vessel,
thanking the kind steamboat captain for his atten
tions to his vessel iu his absence; but be soon
learned that the vessel and cargo were claimed for
salvage. A statement of the facts has been made,
in opposition to the claim of the steam-tug. Capt.
Cures says his sloop was found before she wits lost.—
..Yew ho,L Times, Saturday.
Drowned and a Mother Probably.---A most mel
ancholy event occurred in this city last night,
which has resulted iu the death of two little chil
dren, and probably of their mother. This morn
ing the bodies of two children, girls—one about
two-and-a-half years, the other about fifteen
months old—were found in the water at the foot of
Brown's mill race. The bodies had not, apparent-
ly, been in the water many hours. Coroner Quin
proceeded to investigate the affair. A woman who
resided on Emmett street came and said they were
her sister's children We ascertained that her
sister was the wife of a man named Robert Gray,
who rosiaes on White street and is employed on
the paper mills at the Lower Nails. About noon
G ray wa s found, and stated that he had a quarrel
with his wife last evening, beat her, clutched her
by the throat, and put her out of doors. tine went
away with the children, and he says ho has not
soon her since. The conclusion is that the woman
is dead ; that she tither fell into the race with her
children accidentally, or threw them in, and then
followed—a aulelde. Her sister thinks she proba
bly started for her house on Emmett street, when
she was turned out of doom; and, if so, the might
have tumidentally fallen into the nee. There can
be no doubt but the mother of these children per
ished with them.—Rochester Union, Oct. 21.
Wm. K Richardson, of Miamisburg, Ohio,
on Monday, went into the United States Hotel, at
Cincinnati, called for a glass of brandy, pourod in
fifteen grains of morphine, drank the mixture, and
soon died.
The rumor that the Blue Ridge (Va.) tun
nel le too truaß to admit the pular dean is eon
*cnicz' roi < . •
Chureolxiodente for Tl 7 yip ;ham '
oiled Le folioed.; rides: _
Ivory communication mut W We
. .?"91 that
[LIMO of the writer. Lo order to lasers someisise to
the sylevaphy p bat aea thie at a dui Anil to
. ,
written ultui.
We IbMi be greatly obliged to gontloullede romiS
viola tea other States tor costrlbelisiiiitiitallt Ail ea"
rout airs or the day In their pat** II it the
reamer of Ile ourroendtag totioLly, W torosic
population, and any lolbstnatioa that 'aline
to Uto grovel reader
The intelligence bas reached Chicago of
the total wreck of the Canadian steamer Reis' draf t
Captain Patterson. And - the loss of all but two ef
those on board. The Reindeer 7113 between-OW
port and Montreal. She eleered from Chimp en
Friday, the 10th iastant, LIMO bubstarat
wheat consigned to parties L Montreal. Oe Mar
day night, when of wheat Point an Bosh* on
the Michigan shore, she was met by • berev7 014
and Captain Patterson finding that else wield me
weather it, hoisted all sail sad beaded for the
shore. The moment she toothed the must 4•
commenced going to pieces, and owing to the dhl•
tame from the beach and violence of the se x only
two persons succeeded in reaching the Lai.
Those are supposed to be firemen. Ail the others
were lost. It is thought the steamer had bokfev,
if any, passes ens on board. The GOWN 111511
crew numbered about twenty-two men. Tie
Reindeer was an old boat, both in age and model.
She was rated at shout one Inedred and Illy tails
British; equal to about two handfed Alearieso•
Her value probably did not tweed twenty thou
sand dollars.
A summary of the failures and suspensions
In this country since the first of Augiut makes the
whole number 952, of which 413 were in New
York, 133 in Pennsylvania, 120 in /daseashesettil,
49 in Ohio, 7 in Kentucky, 3 in Indianal. in Wash
ington city, 5 in Minnesota, 45 in Minot; ti in
Maryland, 21 in lowa, 23 in .34iialigna, 18 in Min
snarl, 23 in New Jersey, 6 in Rhode Island„ 34 in
Wisconsin, and 58 in other States. The total Us.
binds* of all these are estimated at ninety ndl
lions of dollars.
John Hagan, an extensive merehas In Kw
Odes= for forty years, died near Perla Oil gitil surf
alt. lie participated in the battle of New
The present site of the St. (311/144111 Beta- is the
fanner cotton-yard of John Henn, and theetat
of Washington, which adorned the ritice t t rire
St. Charles, and which was destroyed by •
which consumed the banding few years scions
the gift of 33r. Hagan.
The laraelitea of Cleveland have held,*
public meeting, presided over by E. H. Pelmelds,
to remonstrate against the invidious diatilseti=
drawn to the prejudice of the Jaws, in the resent
treaty between the United States sad Swit=r
land. By that instrument Jews are minded five
sae rights and privileges aecordod to other citi
zens of the United States. A memorial on the
subject is to be addressed to the President.
The yearly meeting of the denomin' stint' of
Friends, known as the Hieksitea, eocuasseed in
Baltimore an Saturday morning, is dm 'pains
meeting-home on West Lombard arrest, sad its
two sessions which they held were very mobarotady
attended. In addition to the mambas of theimei
ely from Maryland, thins are many oboes fret
the States of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Virginia,
and a few from Ohio.
The north range of worbhope of the Ohio
penitentiary, at filo'limbos, wan destroyed Wire
on Friday night. The Ohio tool soropsof *Asp,
Hayden's blacksmith shop, Hall, limo, Co.'s
cooper shop, the State shoe and taller sininsh -
Day's wood type lasonfactonr. WWI eidattaly de
stroyed Tbo loss to contractors will be about
$50.000, in addition to the loss to the State.
Wo learn from Palmy' s:, Mo., that a einal
murder was eermuitted in that town on the 15th
inst. Jaccionllng, &worthy and Melly rutpaeted
German, was killed by a man named Thee. Skim
non. The latter is said to be respectably, exam
ted, but for a long time be has been intearpeeste
and of worthless habits. The account does lesdlMY
whether the murderer was arrested or not.
A man by the name of Samuel Wardell, a
resident of Cecil county, Md., a PAL= trade,
dropped dead in Barre de Grace, pa ' , Mot
Ile bad jatt reached hie boatdiag koala,
_At* be
complained of a slight headache, aud. la algal
alert minutes fell to the jeer and artaally ix-
Mississippi is to be added to Abe Net of
States which have prohibited the eirealathea,ot"
beak - notes of a less denomination. than ire dmg.-
lan. A law to this *feet goes into °petition tits
first day of November. Mks applies Se
bank-notes, as there is no bank of iseste_M
. . pp .
The clipper ship Divadnangbt mailed trots
New York on Sato day - for LlvirpoW, *hi Pave
hundred and forty ieen err—tho Lurid akimbo,
ever takon ins sal ins vessel from thug In
Europe. Mott of the B oston sad New York poetess
now take out s gomilr number of omigrantr, who,
alarmed at the bard tunes, return home,
A man named Shnettle, a ticket mind, was
killed on the St. Peal Railway, at Chicago. we
Friday ellen:l4pm. The wheels at three authes over him before the train etmlil be iftipsd.
Both at his ley ware est eff, one serut theist,
and the other jut below the knee.
During the whole of the revalsion in 7247,
the number of failures reported in lqirw Todlutive
about are bandred. but the Mums somber the
bankrupt law in lfitt showed that ire thaused
took the benefit of that stet, showi
amounting to about fifty millions of
The Barak. Courier learns bykshWabe
Chizage. that Jaali 0. Banns in gaiety
to the charge of stealing letters from the Chicago
post office, and that the witnesses rebpmaied on
the part of the prosecution hare been notified that
they need not attend the trial.
Another attempt to burn the town or
Mich., was detected OD Thursday night weak. A
powder-can and a train of powder were towed ei.a
oealed in the store of Captain Coon, and ea' the
following Monday the unlit building was partially
blown up.
New York is wild with crime. Between
Saturday and Sunday nights,. th ere were any
number of riots, mutinies, highway rubberier,
arsons, larcenies, deaths by Tiolenee, mysterious
disappearances, and a long catalogue of minor
In the City Court of Brooklyn, on Satnrdey,
a jury rendered a verdict of $7,250 in favor of F.
Meyers against the city of Brooklyn, for damages
sustained by Meyers being thrown out of a wagon
on Flashing avenue, where the city hai neglected
to keep it in repair.
A man named Drew was killed bat week on
the Shreveport and Vicksburg railroad by Anne.
tine R. Coleman, formerly of this Stale. Drew
used insulting language and rushed on Coleman
with a chair, when the latter discharged his shot.
gun, killing Drew instantly.
Col. Benton nsed to talk about gold flowing
up the Missouri river, but it is now coming down.
Nearly dna hundred thousand dollars armed at
St. Louis on the steamer Col. Creasman on Mon
day, to pay old bills and purchase goods.
Hon. James B. Ring, a prominent citizen of
Ohio, of Virginia birth, died a few days ago.- Ho
was a member of the State Constitutional COnvaii•
and of the State Board of Equalisation, and
tsetse of Miami rnirer.,ity.
Capt. L. C. Gliddon, of the schooner Silas
Wright, from Savannah, (arrived at New York en
Saturday,) was found dead in his berth. His dis
ease was similar to Georgia fever. He was twenty
eight years old and a native of Rockland, Maine.
Grave charges of corruption are made
against the Toronto City Connell of last year.
Fraudulent operations to the amount of same
$55,000 have been expceed by recent investiga
Mr. Edward Young was shot and instantly
killed near Ja.;kion, Va., on Saturday last. Tho
guu was fired by Mr. John Linkenhoger, of Jaok
-5011. The shooting was, of course, purely acci
Mrs. Broaddus, wife of the Rey. John A.
Broaddus, of Charlottesville, died at the residence
of her father, Dr. (leaner Harrison, at the Uni
versity of Virginia, on Wednesday last.
The terry-boat Newport Bell, destroyed by
Ere on Saturday morning opposite Cincinnati, was
valued at ;513,000, on which thoto was 6.1)0 in
Pleasant M. Coleman, conv:cted of the mnr
der of Mrs. Bagby, at tho last term of the Logan
Circuit Court, was hung on Friday afternoon lett,
at Russotrille, Ky.
Two hundred and eighty head of cattle
passed through Toledo last week, which had been
driven a long journey from Texas through Kansas
and Missouri. on their way to New York.
Commander Arthur Sinclair, now at the
Portsmouth (Val station, has received orders to
take charge of the sloop-of-war Vandals, Sitting
out at Portsmouth, N. 11.
The Washington Mao* of Saturday everting
says • -Disorder D on the increase in this atty.
On Thursday night a third 'can had hiapooke;
Dr. Hampton, a physician hi Chicago, com
mitted suicide last week in consequence of pecu
niary troubles. He leaves a widow and six chil
Twenty bodies have been taken from the
smoking ruins of the late disastrous eonAagratiou
in Chicago, and others are still miming.
Rev. John W. Mears has resigned the pas
torship of the Presbyterian chnreh of Elkton, Md.
R. M. Stewart, Governor elect of Missouri,
was inaugurated on the 22d inst.
Heartrending Altair
At this late time we stop the press to announce
an occurrence most painful in character. Oar
particulars are front James Jeffreys, Esq., magis
trate, and Mr. Wm. M. Kerr, the acting officer.
In a fit of anger, one John Fee, living on Bulloeles
Creek, in York district, a few days since shot his
some cattle and hogs, and on Sunday, the
15th instant, ho set fire to his dwelling, which was
locked, and the key afterwards found on his per
son, in which his three motherless children, aged
front five to fourteen years, are supposed to have
It seems a peace warrant had been issued against
hint on complaint of a neighbor: that when an
officer went to arrest him be was seen to be fortified
(as it were) in one of his barns, armed with a gun,
and swearing to shoot any whom would approach
him. There were sixty or seventy persona leaving
the house when Mr. Kerr arnred, who he sum
moned to accompany him to the barn, but theory
was, "he will shoot somebody." go, they refused,
with the exception of John "daftness and brother,
when they got to the barn, stratagem had to be re
sorted to, which was effectual in smearing him.
The prisoner stated that the children were at a
certain house. which was known to be Insierreet.
Ile then said he had last seen them at "the
s p r i n g," but the presumption Ls they have per
ished in the flames. - . •
The poor apology of intemperance, we learn,
cannot bowled in this instance. !skis neat* be
A morose man, one not giren to the soft and easy
impulses of nature; an 'DAISY I°. 014 1=10 be
came so to his nearest and dearest n We
forbear comment, as the matter tenet undeige
dieial investigation, but we regret 444,- in the
seine paper we hare boasted of an empty fall, we
have to announce a tragedy so thrilling in its de
tail. May He who watches even the sperhnea
fall bare eared the little ones; IS Oar
York Dislist (3. C.) Ckelpar,