The Montrose Democrat. (Montrose, Pa.) 1849-1876, November 25, 1862, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

4- Teforq.—sl,soper annum iri ATIVANCE
otherwise $3 will be charged-Land fifty cents, per annum
widen to arteontnee i at the option of the Poblinher, to pay
szp,eese of coac.ctioti. etc. ADVASCC paytnent Fteftrred:
AD VERTISEVENTS, will be inserteirat the
rate of slper egaare. of ea at leis, for the re,t three
weeks, and 13conta for each add i ti on al week — pay down.
Merchants, and others, who advertise by
the year, will be charged at the following rates, ail.;
Por one •g ran, or km one imam'. with anonym 66
each additional *pare, at the rate ........ 6
No credit given except to those of Icnosen responsibility.
DBALER in Dry Goods. Groceries. Umbrellas. *ante,
. Notions. Boots and Shoes. Shovels and Forks,
Stone Wars, Wooden Ware and Brooms. Iliad of NaSt-
Sation, Public Avenue.
Montrose, Pa., May 13, 1861.47
IA 3=
BANWERl3,—lltunuose, Ps. Saccesson to Post. Cooper
AL Cu. Office, Lattaups'oiw TainpLiLe-se.
I. $. s'coi.t.tra
*TTORNEYS and Counsellors Law,—Mcmtaxwe, Pa.
Ocoee in • pa' new building, over the Bank. •
WITH Dlt. „if TB ON TON, -
Xechanktal and Sfiygical Dentist. recently-of Binghamton,
X. Y. tender their services protessional servis to all who appre
ciate the •• Reformed Practice of-Physic;' careful and
salUfal operations - on 'Tel lt with the'most scientific and
approved styles of platew . Teeth' extracted without
pain Indult work eramtnt •
Jackson, June 14th. MVO. ys
CRGEON DENTlST.S.—kiontrose,
00111 co t Lathrops' new building. over
Bank-. All Dental Operations will be s ilt api as
performed in good ,style and wartanted.
%VOL'LD ANNOUNCE•to tlte'Public
that they have entered Into a partnership for-thee
Practico of-IffEDICINE.& Surecry,
and are prepared to attend to all COB '.lathe line of their
profession. Orlice—the one formerly occupied by Dr. J. C.
Olmstead, In DUNDAFF. . my 73m.
'JOHN :•.Al.. 7 171..:R;
v CSIIIONABIS TAlLOR...—Mont.m . ae. P. Shop
over I. N. Unhand'' , Grocery, oil Mah'-otreet,
Thanktal for past favor's, hF folicita a contlnuattee ,
lannwltin do nll work aatigfartorile. Cut- '
thuz dnise en.ehort notice.. arid warranted to tit.
1111.ontroac- Pa- July 2th, I&iL—tL. , •
I.IiSIITONABLE TAlLOlL—Montmse., P. Rtiop
In I'llrenit Work, over store of Dead. Watrynta
It Foster. All work warranted. a• to tit nhd
Cottitta done on short notice, In beat atyle. janlto
wASIIION ABLE TAlLOR,—)tontrose, Pa. ihop
11 near the Rapt i-t Meet ing'lloivie, on turnpike
treat. All orders filled prorinptly, In lint-rate stele.
Catt:a t done on spurt natter, and warranted to lit,
• - L. B. ISBELT
ErAing Clocks. Watches. and Jewelry at the
lb sh. irterrt not lee. and on reasonable torn. All
.or warranted. Shop in Chandler and J 0 0 ,111 0 .0
store. Molornosz. Pa. tir2A
of Main urea. Moutrioe. Pa. aug tf
c 0.
11f ANI.T.okeTt. RE!: or/Win* d SHOES.!Ninvinnsc,
ji P. shop over Tfleer %tore. All 'kind. , of work
made to order. and renntrin4 done nentlY, Sel . y
ABEL T1:111: ELL,
:sive Groceries. Fancy Goods, Jerwelry Perin- •d
eery. kc.—Agent for all the most popular PATENT a•
rl CINM-7ituntrusa. Pa.- aug tf
- DAVID C. -- .1NE8 7 . M. In.,
TT tvfxr; ioroted permanently if Sew Milford, Pa.
11. vi II attend oromptly taallcafb with which he may
he Neared. Office at Vold. Motel.
Maw idliford,July,l7.-111.
. -
OP VALE COLLEGE, have formed • copartnership
far the 'practice of Medicine andpirgery.and arc prepared
to attend t all heslo•iss faith( and punetrielly.that
may he invested to their care. on terms commensurate
'vitt, ;he times.
Diseases and deformities otttie.EYs =TOW 0 0eira•
lions. and all ourcital diseases.palirticularly.sttended to.
VMP'Olnee over Wehb's Store.
_Once hours from 8
sa. to 9 p.m. All sorts of country produce taken In pay-
Merit, at thS hir„tie4 rata., and CAM' NOT PLETLIMD.
Montrose, Pa..'May :th,l662.—tpf
wv. HAYDEN. •
P. -E. BRUSH, 31. D., •
'Ell:01 . 11.1.1g1171-1109 •
Willittead to the 'fain of his pioteealon promptly.
Ocoee at at. Lathrop+,
Pelts. Fox. Ming. irabgrit,._si l l g efil i firg ili ol
Fats. A good ngfortment of LentbeT and Boot., and .
Shoes constantly on'boud. Office, Tannery; d Shop on
Main Street. ~
Montrose. Feb.dttt. P. d. L. C. KEELE,6
Has Established =Agency in Montrose.
The 'Oldest Isliturairce Co.inthe
rim E rate• are arlow thane of -any good nomnstry in
Neir,Tit. or elpesrlsere. and its pirector r are among
the Ern s enor and integrity. ' •
rft ittzi arr. See'r. COPFIN..Pres.
Montrose, Julyls, '62. MLLIN GS. STR.urD, 441..
Of W oweelrairls..
mans Ist :ray' 1860. :61,481,819.21.
LIABILITIES. " 43,068.138.
- CDa■. Prraideut
11 F.lrth: Vice " '
I.lllltrm Smith, Seer
ioha McGet. 1.1. ••
rdiciev. I.sued and renewed. be tb4-andeniliaal, iL SI.
'Bac. urie dom'abose S'earlt'• ili r nel,:Nitrotrufte, Pa:
novit 7• ' BILLINGS STIBOL'D, Agent.
S. 33 mr rt...2..r
Ty AS just receired a lame stock' of new Storm fur
,-11 1. Coaxing:. Parlor. ['Mee and Shut' purporet, (or Wood
C•ial. with &love Pipe. Zinc. Ac.
II la assortment . ). atilect and drairataa, and will be sold
11 the moot favorable teethe for to
ran thl /Overt.
, New Milford. Oct. ?..'itta. - •
:Cfr AN TED-4 renneienade Denson or•Pitliet pen in
T every nea;:bhurlunni qo t. 41 J, EL. leutr ui .d., ouv .
Tart. nodal.° .1. R St.stlonro Inter :Alen SrLworr. Pow.
...DST.. °lire Tar lo a tile. Trknroa rent field: 1.1 in the
ler< reeled,' known f.rt dieenree of the throat, inner:or
Ana-rn. Alen :Or dieetherin. Cron!, Vitninnint , Crouch.
74v Iron and Sul:Amt. P ‘ wardere ntrentrtspen the . mil.
"-el' aid n; diere ion. and Wiry the hlooff, - I hart a
r:Ttrea pass ennutlsite; full riplanatiann. and
ester ane.kundred - tertimnnisl, (rook well known promi•
'lens ne%tene, which I will Beni
to an,' ant free hr 11 . 41 .
4. 11, Sl' A Pri.)llo. Chemist.
jnel—le• , t. 4143 excialfwv. N. Y.
Dandelion Coffee,
g /LIMIT bevetaii, One pnowd ailtbli•O4iiree will
ktaakt as lawirt as two pea 4441 , of onwrllneee. For
*lt TICZRZLL. she Simi, Seek oft Nth&
We Join Ourselveti to no Party that' Does not. Carry the Flag : and Keep Step -to the iitasio or the Whole Union.
1. -
,VOL. 19.
21se History of the •• ft4tteadess Compromise .
I —lt was Rejected by the Republicans in-
Cot:stress—lf Adopted, the Smith Would
• ;
Have Taken It-41. Would have Saved
the Uaioa and Previa' - "am Wa'r-4.itter.
, • • -:
from' ii-Sefteetoi Bigler, of Peaseiivasia.
Cumuli:LA-Sept. 27 ; 1862. -
1 Rott. Wm. BIIIiER Dear sir: The Hon.
L. W. Hall, at preaent the candidate •of
the Republicia
. party for the State Senate
in this distric4 In the course •of his ad
dress to the people on the evening -of the
22d itistant, stated that, "same Republi
can members of the - United States Setta;.e
i votee for the aritteriden -Compto
raise, and some voted against it, or
.iiords to that': effect. He also complained
that certain Senators -from the Cotton
States had withheld their voles on., the
Clark amendment, which: - the Critten
don Compromise was defeated.
T'Ais You were a Member of the United
States Senate at the time,: and • acted a
cotiipicuous part. in favor of that and oth,-,
ei la r .rta. of adjustment during - the
Memorable session of 1860 and 1864, and
tnust be very familiar with the. facts, we
respectfully request that • you tiirniA us,
fOr public use, a brief. history of the pro;,
clit..diogs of the Senate on the resoktitions
flitiiiliarlylmo<vn as the CrittendenCorn."
I.+oniise, and 'of the surroundinff, circum
its. T: Laoa'Aito, and others.
CLEA4FlELD,*ptember 29, 1862.
• Gmcriosturi-:-I am in receipt of your
limer, and with pleasure proceed-to cum . -
lily with your request. In doing' this, I
shall endeavor to be brief, though it must
Frye obvious that anything like a full Moto
: py of thepreceedings of the . United States
.sf.L•tiate on the resolutions familiarly known
as the . Crittenden-Compromise, and ' the
oiicurreneesiii;!itient thereto, sonnet be
compressed into a very short story. .
' i You can all bear.nie witness in The ad
4esses I have made t'! the people, Since
ti y rei ir.iiey from - the
.Senate, I. a not
sought. to press this subject e on..
shier:akin iii any party light ; I hive held
that the Governmekit and country must
bk saved, do in s atter whose folly and made
hi-Ss had imperiled them that we shout&
first extinguish the flames that are emi
seining our national fabric., and after-
Ward look up the incentliary Who app l ied
the torch hut, as the subject has been
bFought before the community by a dis
. tinguislied. member ,of the . Republican par
-6,, for pOrtisan ends, and statements made
it with the records, it ,is emi
nOtly proper that the factit-.—ot -least all
t i hntssential facti—shonld be given to the
• , .
ilt is not true that • some Repnblican
nienvbers ° of. the Senate 'supported the
"Crittenden COmpromise;" aioi someop.
ppsed it. They opposed it, throughout and
Wothout an exception. Their efforts to
defeat It - were in -the usual shape of post
pooementkr and amendments, and it was until within a few hours of the close
of the session that a direct vote was had
op the proposition itself. -..
On the litth of January, they. cast a u
nited vote against
its consideration,
oh the - 15th they did the same thing,, in
odder - to, consider thePac'fic Rail-road bill.
But first test vote was had on the
day- of,Tannik_r_y, on the motion of
31. r. Clark of New Haiiip . shire,to strike out
the Crittenden proposition, arid insert
certain resolutions of his own, the. only
object manifestly. being to deceit' ethe for
mer. The 'yeas and ottykun this vote were
as follows • .
Yeas—Messrs.: Anthony, Baker,Hing
hUm, Cameron, Cluttizi!er, clerk, . Colla-
Mer, Dixon, Doolittle, Dirkee, lessen,
deri, Foot, Fostei, Grimes, Hale, Harlan,
King, Seward, Sinamons,Sumner, Ten
Afek, Trumpall, Wade, *BD" son , and
ilson-25 ,
NAYS—Messrs. Bayard, Bigler, Bragg,
Bright., Clingtuan, Crittenden, Fitch,
Ireen, Lane, Latham, Mason Nicholson,
earce, Polk, Powell; . Pugh, 'Rice,'
14ury and Seba.stian-2.
So Mr. Clark's amendment prevailed, and
the Crittenden proposition was defeated.
On the announcement of this result the
whole subject was laid on-the table. •.
This is the vote on which : some *sir or
eight-Senators of the Cotton States with
held their votes, and of.this I shall speak
hereafter. •
true that within a few'hoitrs after
these proceedings, as- though alarmed a
bout the consequemts of what' had been
&ME, Senator Cameron moved a reconsid
ef-ation of 'the vote by which the Critten
den prel34itien had-been defeated •
I,This:snotion came up for consideration
on the lath, and to the amazement.of ev
erybody out in the secret,, Senator. Cain
tr6ii voted against his own motion, and
t4ashitted by every other Senator of his
p'arty. The vote is recorded on page 443
of Ist volume Congressional Globe, and
„is: as follow‘:'
I YeAS-15ftssrs. BaVard,.Bigler; Bright,
Bragg; Clingmatv, ' , Crittenden, - - Douglas,
Fitch, Green, Gwin, Hunter, Johits.on of
Arkansas. ..Johnson s 4 Tenne.see, Kenne
dy, Lane, .Latham, Mason, Nicholson,
l~i tree. olk, - Pugh, Rice, -.Sauls
bury, Sebastian stud Slidell-27
litts, Gainer's. Chandler. Chide; Collamer,
Dixen; Fesenden, Foot, Foiter,
"Grinosi, King,-Seward, Sinitdons,
Stunner, Ted Eyck, Iti ale, Wig,fall, Wilk
istlnuti ettnl ‘Vilutts- , -' 1 24. •
. 4500.00 C
This v.ite wlt.4 regarded by :many ag
the Criltendrn propot.i
-m, for the 11.•;1‘111 t 1111 i the ltepithiirati
afivr . lllll girlibermiqn amt. e0n . ...
htvi e ast-:t 11:41feei iitte against .
1-sktni: flrget upptAratice
• awl littatiwo of , veiterlyr- itatrtot,.
Crittetoleti on the- antiointe.ement;
044' ; hi , heart seemed full to a
vi.e. flawing v arith . .grief...4 and leis countenance
flare the unmistakable marks of , anguish
Mot despair: We.. motion of. Senator
cameron to reconaideritad iispired,
irith hoist, ion hopo'l, hat the. !suited.
vote of the 1t...10t/Mean I..4.littiors,against
tlix proposition, showed' toe , clizttly
flint hia efforts were vain.,
. . .
. . .
. -
~.. .
. .
~.. .
. ...1 , .. .
- .. :..
. .
' 1 • - ' ''-
1.- ,
: : ..
- .
-.' .
••• ..... :
'1 S ll4 .: . '
. _
.. . .
4 ...a..:..
. . , .
_ . .
• " .
.... .
-.... .
. . , .
. .. :__, -,• ' . . ..
. .
i '
: 0 C
. - 2:3'7' '...
. • . .. . •
MONTIIOSE, PA., TOSDA:I7,I•: NOV.. 25,1862.
The final vote 'Was taken directly on
agreeing to the Crittenden proposition on
the ad' of March, one day befoiv_the final
adjournment of 'Congress, and fa leeprded
on page 1,405 of the Congtessionialaiobe,
second part. On 'this vote eveiii:bbmo
crat dna every Southern Senator-;4nclu
ding Mi..Wfgfall, who voted-against the
reconsideration of -Mr. 'Clark's amend
ment—voted for the proposition,and every
Republican 4 against it. -
As for the Cotton State Senators, who
Withheld •their votes on the 16th of Jan
nary, 'that Mr. Clark's amendment,
might prevail,- hail) no apology to . make
for their mischievous and wicked cenditet
on that or any othet occasion, but if. they
are blame Worthy foc withholding their
foie.; and not sustaining the Crittenden
!imposition, what-shall we say of the Re
publican Senatori who, at the same time,
cast a solid-vote rhinst it,asi have shown,.
It was no half-way business. with them—
they aimed directly at its defeat. Some
of the Southern Senators, on' the ',other
hand, who lied withheld their votes on
the 16th—Messrs. Slidell, Hemphill and
of Arkansas—by the 18th had
repented their error, god 'east-their votes
to reconsider and revive, the compromise
proposition, but the Republicans persisted
in their liostilitV to . the end.' . • '
. NOr is it, true that the votes of the Cot. '
ton St'tte Senators, with- those of 'all the
I other SOuthern Senatorsi and those of all .
' - the Northern Democrats, could have say
-ed A; secured theCrittenden Compromise.
They could have given it a majority, but
everybody knows that 'the. Constitution
' requires a vote of two thirds - to submit a
mendments to- the Constitution for • the
rat Meat iOn of the States. These eould not
be had without eight or ten Republican
votes., But suppose the Constitution did
not so require, what could it have . availed
to have adopted a settlement by a mere
I party vote? It was a compromise tte.
• tween thnwo,sectiims that the exigency
required. The Republican was the
nant party in the..Nortl4 - and no compro
mise or adjustment could be successful,
either !tithe Senate or before the people,
without their active sup tort. They con.
stituted one'ol the - parties to the issue,
and it would have been folt; to haVe at. ,
tempted a 'settlement without heir sane
lion and 'support before the country.
When congress assembled in December
1861, it was obvious to every 'one who
was at all - willing to heed, the signs of -the
• times, that the peace of the country was
in; imminent peril; the.naturaiconsequence
- of a prolonged war of erinimation au& re- •
crimination between the extreme and irn
• practicable men .of the North and Soup).
fhe anxious inquiry was everywhere,'heard-
-"what 'ean be done to allay the agitation:
and save the unity and' peace ofour.coun:
try ?" Athong those who were willing to
make an effort to conipronfise and settle, I
regardless of sectional, party or personal'
considerations,consultation after consulta
tion 'was held. The first, great task was' I
to diScoverEhether it was possible to
'bring the Soutb.upto grotind on which
the North could stand. Many and various
*ere the propositions and suggestion's pro
But it was finally Concluded that
the proposition of the venerable Senator ;
from Kentucky (Crittenden) was most
likely to command the requesite support
in Congress and before the people. These
together with all others of a similar char
aeter, were referred to a select committee, '
' composed of the following Senators
Messrs. Crittenden,. Powell, Hunter,
-Se:avard, Toombs, Douglas, Collamer,
vif,Wade,'Bigler, Rice, Doolittle,Grimes,
--Eve Sotithern men, five R . ep_ublimus,and
three Northern Democrats. The Southern
and Republican Senators were recorded
as the:partieS of the iasne,andlience a role
wakiutcPpted . that no proposition stionld
e repOrted the Senate as a compromise
unless at received a majority of both 'sides. I
All the Southern Senatorsoctve 31r.Datis I
and Mr. ToOnbs;were known to.favor the
Crittenden proposition. On the 23d day
of December, this proposition came up for
consideratio'n,andit, became necessary for 4 .
Davis and Toombs to take their positions
in regard to it, and I shalt never forget-i
the substance of what both said, for I re
tbeir course as involving the fate
of the compromise... Mr. Davis said, "that
for'hitriself the proposition would be a bit-1 -
I ter. pill, for he held that ILis constituents
had an equal right with those of any-other
Senator to-go into the common tetfitories !
and occupy and enjoy them with whatev
er aright be their the time;
but nevertheless, in view, of the great
Istake involved; ,if the Republican .
side would `.go. for it; in good ;
faith, he would unite _with them."
3lr. Toombs expressed pearly. : the same
sentiments,, and declared that' Stare
would accept the proposition as a final set- I
tlement. .Mr. Toombs, also, in open Sen
ate, on thB 7th of January,-used the folio- ';
wing language: , '
,"But;althotigh - I insist *on . this perfect !
' equality in the - Territory, yet when it `was •
propos'ecl,as snow understand the senitor .
r from Kentucky . to propose, that the line,
4 sit' 36°..30' shall be extended,.neknnwledg- ;
' ing and protecting our. property on the
,south sideof that line, for the sake of
peace—permanent said to the r
cominittee of thirteen, total say here,• that
with . ot her satisfactory provisions. I would
swept it."—Page 270 cfir.g. Globe, Ist: .
In liddition to my . owe. testimony of
' what occurred in the •Cerninittee, of
teen, I. present ex t rates 'front speeches, of
Messrs: Douglas and Puob b4ariror direet
ly ow this point.
-On the :Pi.of January, in the course of
an elaboiate Speech; Mr. Douglas'used the
following language: -
"IfyOu of the RepUblitwi : side are not
willing to accept this nor The proposition
ul the Statue from Kentucky pray tell
'us wilatott Wil! du. I'address.:,the
ryloltypublicans atone, for the ,reason committee of , thirteen, a few days
ago.eiery member -from the, South,
ding those from the cotton Stites (Davis
and Toom - bs) expressed their reariineSsAo
accept: tile' proposition venera t le.
• friewl from Kentucky, a final , s:ettle-
pent of the Oontrovelsy,- if tendered and ;
. •
sustained by ; the "11:efinkilicati inembers.- 7 -
lience; the BOLE .. responsibility of our
disagreement, and ,the ONLY difficulty !
in the way of amicable adjustment is, whit
thl Republican party." --
I. These remarks; weremade, as well as I
I remember, bet* a very full Senate,in the
presence °final, if norquite all the Re-.
publican and hern Senatora; And no
lone dare to dispute the facts stated.
Mr. Pugh,. tn. the.course of a Very able
speech on the 2d ii . f . March, remarked • .
"Bay stippeselthat - Senator does prom
tee me irvote ithe' Crittenden proptiai-'
Lions; I have followed him three months;'
I have followed my honorable friend Trout
I Kentucky, [Crittenden] for three, iiionthis,
I 1 hive followed My - friend, the Sehator'of
Pennsylvania, [Bigler] for three months
II have voted ivithithem on all these prop
ositions, at t Limn when there were twelve
1010 Senators invtliirt chainher on 'Whose
vOtes we could rely; and what came of it
all ? Did we ever cret,a vote on the e ,
tenden ProTositiens? Never. Did we
! ever get a vote nit the Peace conference
• propositions? . Never.. Did .we ever get
a . vote on the bilipittroduted by the Sena
tor from Penny vania, to stilimit these
propositions to aivote of the people? No.
,They were not strong enough to displace
the Pacific "Wird:id bill,whielt,stood here
s and defied them in the Senate tbrl more
their a, month. • Tinily were not strong' en
ough to Set asideltlits plunder bill yoncall
a tat iff. They were not strong enough to'
beat a Tension bill one morning.. For 3
long months have-I- followed
_the Senator
end others,beggilig for a - vote on these
questions-; neveti-e:m get it—never;
and now I am to be &laded no further;
and r use that, word delusion certainly in
no engin(' sense to my friend.
'l.lle Crittetidim proposition has been
endorsed by the almost imatiiinotis vote of
OM legislature ofilientucky.' It has been
endorsed by the legislature of the noble,
old commonwealth of Virginia. It has
, been. petitioned for by a larger number of
electors (lithe T i nited - States, titan any
proposition that teas ever before Congres
I believe in my Nati, to day that it would
• carry an overwhidming majority 'of the
people of my state, aye sir,olnearly every
other state in thellinoin. Before the Sen
ators from Missis4ippi left this eliattibet, I
heard one . of them, who now hssunies, at
least, to be the .Prt,sident °tithe Southern
confederacy, pro Pose ac cept it and 'to,
maintain the Ifttien - if that proposition
could receivetheivote it ought to receive
from the other side of the chamber. There
fore, of your ;propositions, of all your
amendments, know ing•as I do, and know
ing that the historian will write it down,
at any time belilre the fitst of January, te a
two-thirds vote for the Crittenden resolu
tions in this chaniber would have saved
every the Union but South Caro
jinn. Georgia alma+ he here by her rep
reieritatives:• and Louisiana, also—these
two great States), which, at' least would
bare broken the iwhole Mute] of Seces
Mr. Douglas, at the same time,,said iii
"I can confirm the Senator's-declaration
that Senator Davis' hiniself, when on the
committee of thirteen, was readyat all
times to comprotnise - on the Crittenden
propositions. I go further, and 'say
that Mr. Toomblowas also ready-to do so.'
Itnt if this testimony were net . in eist.-
enee at all, do w 4 not . all know that the
great State of Vli•gioia endorsed this pro
position, and -su mated it to the other
states as a basis of final adjustment .and
permanent peace!? It was this basis on
which that state called for the Peace con
ference which as4embted soon thereafter.
It was endorsed by almost the unanim
ous vote t:d . the fegislature of
and subsequently by those of Tennessee
and North Carolina. • But it is useless to
add testimony. The Repriblicap members
of the Senate were against. the Crittenden
proposition, and the radicals of that body
were against anY and every adjustment.
When the peace Conference - had assembhi
and there was soine-hopeof a satisfactory
settlement,it is well known that Chandler,
Harlan, and others, urged their, respective
.Governors to send on impracticable fanat
ics as' commissioners, in order to defeat a
compromise. ! •
" In what I . have said I have not intended
to extenuate or letcuse the WICKED
NESS of the _secessionists. Bad and im
politic-as was the policy ( A lthe Northern
radicals, it furnished no sufficient excuse
for secession, rebellion and. war. ; but I
believed most sincerely then, as I do now,
that the acceptance of Mr. 'Crittenden's
proposition by ore-third of the Republic
ans in Gong,ress,at,the right time, would
have broken dowin secession in nearly all
the states now claiming to be out of the
Union; and it might have been accepted
without any sacrifice of honor or principle.
So far as.the comnion territory of the U.
States was concerned, it. proposed an equi
table partition, 'giving the North about
.000,000 sqiiare Miles and the South about
300,000 square Miles. No umpire. would
letwe in-km selected that would tiavegiveri
the North more. i It; then, it was a mate
rial-interest and tattle we were eonteriding
for, it. gave us a full share; if it 'was the
application ()fa principle the; Republicans
were Struggling {for, it allowed the appli
cation of their deletrine to three-fimtrtlis of
an estate that belonged' to all the states
and all the people. Itexpresstyexcluded
slavery from s gooioq square oula,t , of this
estate, and allosiged it to the remaining
But n o bne . cad misunderstamf the real
object or the I Republican orators in
paradint! the ftc that silt or eiglit.South
ern Senatorshatn, at one time, - withheld
their votes from the Crittenden • proposi
tion:- • It is - tii - shOw• that the-South, &tis
not for it atidAid not desire acoinproutisei
nnd hence the *politic:MS aretiot re
sponsible: for th . horrible consequences
of its 'failure. - Oa ' this point the - testi
mony is very conclusive, and I shall give
itat some - length, please or 'displease
whom it may. V Republionw choose to
take the
,responsibility of saying that they
were Against, the" pro position: and &term- -
ined to make tiolsettletnent;however we
may lenient, their policy,' no one' cOnid
Object to t hat-pOsit ton, as matter, of fact, ;
but they will forever fait tlisaiWy . the .
'world that the S'Oilth Was not fairly . tom ,
Maid to a settleinent on the basis of the
Crittenden *Prop4litioti, or that theNerth-•
ern Dernocrats w l auhl not have.compromis
ed on that, ground, had they possessed the
power to do so Trim aware that there
are plenty -of Republicans who would
still spurn to "'settle with the =South On
such cOnditions,•as •there are alio - radicid
fanatics who would not take than seeticinl
back into the Union even, eti• the condi
timui of the Constitution:, They certainly
can have no complaint
,my views
and sentiments: •', • •
The Reptihlientis,' it is true; "just
elected President,;,and-were about to take.
possession: of the government; but
the popular vote in 'the , several States
showed that - they were over amnionef
votes in thii:ininority' of the - 'electors'
the United .Staten:. Being Million in
the minority, if they' secured the aPplica:
tion. of their principles to three-fourths of
all the, territory, was that not enough?
Could they not on that beim boasted ofia
great triumph ? Fora tune these -.arg
uments and considerntion seemed to have
weight with- the more Moderate • and
conservative of the, Republictuu Senators.
Indeed .at one time I had strong, hopes pt'
settlement. .13iit the radicals rallied hi I
force; headed by Mr. Greeley lind the
current was 'soon changed. ‘ire were;
then met with. the .argument that the.'
people, in the election of Mr. Lincoln,.
decided to exclude slavery -froni all the
territory, lind'that members ofeCongreis
dare not attempt to reverse that decis
- •
We them determined to go a step-,
!further and endeavor to. overcome this !
obstacle ; and it was to this end atleel
consultation with Mr. Crittenden and
others, that I myself introduced a bill into.
,the Senate providing for taking the minim
of the people , of the several States, a the
I Crittenden preposition for the direction
of members of CongreSs in voting for or
ainst Submission for the latification
of the States, as an amendmeht to the
Constitution. This was an appeal to the
Isource of all political power, and, would
have relieved the members of WI serious
responsibility, the vote of the rePresent
ative Would'...baice been in accordance !
with the votes of his constituents, either
for or against-the proposition, The only ,I
objection made was that it was somewhat
irregula • r and. extraordinary. But, • the
satne men could not inak • e that objectidn
at present: T‘io many extraordinary
things :have since keen done, by their
chosen. agents. believed. with - the Sea
-1 ator of Ohio as I believe still, that .the
proposition would II:se carried a majority
in nearly all.the.Siates of the • Union, but
i it shared the fate of all other efforts for
I settlement:- Would to God, our country
was now in the condition it then was,
and that the people Could be allowed to
! settle • the controversy for __themselVes
under the eigliteen,_.menths'-vv-
perienceof war and carnage, and the count- i
tless sacrifices of ttational . strength and
Very truly, your obedient servant, -4
,W 31. BIG LER. •
, TION. 1 • Comnianding Ofrer.-1. Gentlemen,
- you will please - give your attention :
2. You will be kind enough to cast your
head and eyes to the right,
to observg the " immacul ate bosom"- or
the third gentleman from you;
3. Oblige me now by casting you visual
organs to the front. •
. 4. Allow me to suggest the propriety of
coming to an order arnis ?
5. Gentlemen, will you condescend to
order aims ? . •
6. Yoti. will confer a special favor by
coming to' 'ii support.
7. If meets your approbation, I beg
leave to propose that you carry arms.
8. Now, gentlemen, you.will please pr e.
sent arins.' ,
9. I shall consider. myself under an ever
lasting obligation,if yon will once more
obligelly. carrying arms.
1,0. lia l i . ving a just, and high appreciation
of your ntrinsic worth, es well ais your ez
alte in society, I humbly ut
that I ain not infringing upon your go od
nature When I requ,est you to trail arms.
IJ. Gtintlemen, for the last time; permit
Me to remark that it is my earnest desire
that yen should come to. a shoulder
arms. I ) i
12. If it is not too laborious, I Should
be delighted to see you change your'pOs
ition - 1,),t coming le a right face. -
*l3. To, conclude your arduous exercises,
I will stillfurther. trespass' upon your
well known affability by desipli d g you to
come to' l arine port.
14. Gentlemen ! soldiers ! blood-stained
heroes if con! , enial to your feeling 4 yen
may , ccinsider- yourselves dismissed. I
'beg to - remark, however, that should it
suit yonr convenience, you. will be kind
enough ito subject to be
again celled into line, which you will be
made aware of by the 'repeated • and
vigerona tapping of 'the" spirit Stirring
drum," ireQ( the chile, the first
vibration of that , sweet' instrument that
strikes the VI - kip:intim 'of your-ears is only
: precautionary. to - exclaim, iii
stentorian. voice : Sever the ranks ! march !
,c•a. country school teacher, prepar
ing for exhibition :of his school,fielectO
a class df pupils, and wrote down the ques
tions which be worth] put to them on ex
an-lin:won day, Theday - came, and all of
the young hopefuls but one. The pupils
took tbyir. places.ase had been arranged,
and all Vent on well until the question for
the absentee, when .thc. teacher asked: 1-
whom do you : believe?"
"Napoleon - Bonapart.e.'!
'"Yotf believe in :hula ,Ch - rist, do .yOu
not ?"
"Not the boy that lielievoi in him has
not co me to school to-41sy, for he's sick `a
bed." An explosion followed..
r'4l"l%fen are bo'rn With two qv; bet
with mie tongue ; in order that'they Aced
see twice as much as they say; but from
their (*duet,' one would suppose- th'ey _
were bOrn - with two tongues and-one eye,
for thoke talk the most whd have,obmerv
ed the ieamt, and. obtrude their remarks
upon everything who have omen - into-rio
thing. I . ' • ' , '
1 NO. 4'i. .
- NEW MAREET, Ky. Oct. 24, 1862.1
31Y DEAR RUH= —We have been On
a long and tedious inarch 77 -' a march with-
out tents, ;wagons, or camp. equippageiof
any kind; continually :moving from one
point to *nether; even required to keep
the strictest •witch.leet , r eshould. be at
tacked 'an likery defeated; as the
-enemy-were near in vastly superior nude
berm... It was on.this . trip that we were
compelled to retreat from- Lexington ,in
consequence of our 'defeat at Richmond,
Ky. The enemy hovered . close to our
'rear until within a few!milea ofLouisville,
Once, or twice getting close enetiglitti•Shell
the rear guard of.our regiment. At Sli4-, 1
byville a charge was made
_brick through
the town, and the rebels driven off. we
.arrived at Louisville almost entirely won I
out. We remained there but a few_days, I
and I was.kept very busy. securing snb-.I
• ..
sistence, stores, tfcc. A cavalry force,ofi
which we constituted a part then advanced
towards Bardstown, as far- as Salt river. I
We remained here roe or four days,npd
were again coinpelled to retreat; it being
reported that Bragg's whole army were ;
advancing on Louisville. To prevent this,
we -were compelled to burn three very fipe
' bridges. ' We arrived in Louisaille abOut
p. m, and found all wariexcitement.
Workmen were busy digging -entrench
ments, and from general appearances yeti
might have aupposed- there certainly
! would have been . a fight in less than.. 24
s s ,hOurs. Not knowing where to encamp
with the teama, I remained at the e&lge'of
• the city,.. rolled inyself in a blanket and
lay-down,,ouit pile of stones along The
pike. I Chose the stone on account of
then! being ICBs dirt there , than any °fifer
place near.. I slept quite:comfortably pn
my not very downy lied. We did not go
into - any regular "camp, but quartered in
vacant lots about the city- . ---each one ma
t king himself as comfmasble as possible on
'der the circumstances. Buell 's army fin
ally arrived and Put an end to all few of
an attack upon Louisville. There, was
[quite a large army eollected—think I
I would be sate in estimating it at,125,000.
i - When this army nioved,•we moved with
it. One portion took the road to Tayler
ville, the other to .Bardstown—we went
with the former. The cavalry was put
under the command of Capt. Gay, U.
S. army, who placed me with Q. M. Eck
els, in charge of the train, where I have
been ever sineeit . not very enviable Po
sition. The Cavalry, generally scouted in
'the advance, and encamped' 'there. ,We
were compel led- let all-the infantry, pass
every morning, Mid drive through to the
advance that night. We have hitched np
early in the morning and been compelled
t. ,- -•vait till after.snminwn hefnro'firiving
out otearup, frequently being compelled
to drive all night before overtaking our
commit& From Taylorsville u e went to'
Bloomlield, and fYom thence, we took the
road to Perryville. Bragg's army in the
meantime - had left Bardstown, .and were
.only.a feW herirs in advance of its. -Crit
tenden's. division, with which we united,
amain close - pumbit, la having gOne to
Bardstown from Louiffille. This was;on
the . 44 inst., and skirmishing was kept:up
all day quitebriskly. 'pie rebelii plabied
-two pieces of Artillery in a little town
called Texas; but retreated, losing
15 or 20 men in killed and wounded. I 'I
came up with.our forced late at night. All
the teams were ordered to the rear,..(ex
cept ammunition,) but they finally per
mitted our train to pass, Which must have
been within' li t miles of tlifi
• Eve)) , one spoke of the morrow's fight,
but I hardly thought it would amount; to
much, as the enemy seemed to be making
'every effort to escape. About .5 oichick
the next morning tbe,bidl opened with ar
tillery firing. was not in the fight-;—he
ing cOmPelled to remain in charge of the
tram.: I wanted to go up very much ; but
I knew that if I left withou,t orders,l I
would likely The court-martialed.' About
9- o'clock I rode forward about 11- miliS to
the rear-of one of our batteries, where it
was fully engaged -some 500 yards . dis
-Itant. The 2nd lichigan Cavalry, arined
with Colt's- revolving had been dis
mounted and sent out as
The rebels held the Woods, and. shot from
behind fenies and every conceivable place
I:of shelter. A Atissourtreginient wentito
II the reliefsf the,cavalry, and althOugh the
place was taken it was with considerable
loss on ear-side. I bad not been up long
before the ambulances ; began to bringfin
!!the wonnded to a farm house close hy.' r --
Then for the first time, rfolly realized oe
horrors of war. Some fifty or sixty must
,• have been hauled in while I 'remained
there. The house teas soon filled Slid the
balance were. placed in the yard. Some
1 - were very badly oqinded, and have most
likely since died. I noticed one Offieer
Iwho was shot through the entrails and
was dying when'brought in. It. :was tru:
,ly horribleth hear his groaris and his pit
; sous inquiries for a surgeon: I.was cern
; pelted to return to my train about noon,
'-and did pot' agaiMgat to • the battle-field
',that day.. The firing had nearly ceased,
and I supposed the fight was over. Alien 1
1 p. m. it again commenced and raged
I with perfect fury until long after darkl--
The roar of artillery and the sharp crack
of musketry was terrible. I, had nerr,
heard anything of the kind 'before. 'lt
seemed its ifevery gun thathad ever been:
cast was belching fOrth its loudest. Not
haying' been in the fight, I cannot gay
much, if aiiytling, or the movements iof
different parties.,. It is sufficient "to my_
r that all foitglit well. Those that were ;at
the battle ofShiloN• say that' both sides
, fought with more d,esjwation here than
there., Every one, however; speaks in the
higheit terms of the bravery shown bv-
F the,rebelg. All say. that they fought - bar'd
and Well. I atp told they made three mile
cessiire charges along the whole linistof
battle, determined to break through, but
were repulsed. - Our • centre and. right
Maintained their positicinS, but the 'left
r fell back jiver a mile, and the rebels hold
that'part of the field until next morning.
. 1 Gin. M'Cooll'eofnmaeiled here ,witlirnost !
,reereita, but
,they: . fought well—
; Gen;•Rosseau Mae was here. (I see Mate ;
liine has' writtefi 4.letter. Intim which; it
I might heinferied that the latter Oeneial
had'foright the "w alehimself. Tie
ALL Klima of:011
_DONE AT nut t onPrez 'Or anur,
Et loner a a Vt. AIL yr se;
Tam office of-the Montrose Denioorat
!has recently been supplied with 'a new andvitoic• variety
or type, etc, and'we ire tow preparettoprint pamphlets
letrealats, etc, ate., in **best style.catisWtaotted.
Hahtlbills, Posters, Proirsunni . es, and'
other kin& of Wort in thln line. dans wording to "Met
Business, Wedding, .and *Ball CARDsa
'lYeirtio!r-:orinted witAnesttessaad4esPlitek. . •
. .
Instices' and Constables' Blanks, Notes
itleeita, and ell other Ithuelu,"on hid/J. of pitted to orde
I tar- ;lob wmic and 111,16 b, to be paid flytclt.
. .
doubtless fought Well, but many
are equally deserving praise.) Generale
jaCkson Sand Tetrill wePe both killed o*
the field, and here I meat note a little hi , •
htimanitron thepart of the rebels, They
at one time hadpossessioti of Geri, Jack
son's body, which 'they rifled of etery%
thing valuable, even cutting the epattlette ,
and buttobs off his coat. Night .put - an
end to the - Work of deatfPanddestruction,
and our cavalry brigade returned
. to its
former camping ground, with bat small •
loss. All expected the,fight Wbe 'rate* ,
r ed" the next morning. None seemed : to
think that much had been gained during
the day. ' Some even supposed it to be 41
drawn shank; The sun 'rose 'clear And
bright the nest morning, but no enemy.
was to be seen; They bad quietly taken
their departure, having becomedisgusted
with the people of Kentucky.. They' left
the d—d Yankees, as they said; to do
the dirty work of burying their dead. I
rode -over the field, and-the sight was tru
ly horrible. Rebels and Unionists lay
side by side ak though both had fallen in
il hand to hand fight upon this pi4rt of the -
field Ole centre.) -I, should think-they
lay in about-equal numbers., I. have' cell
told that, the' rebels 'were hauling way
their deaden night. The dead wc r ly
ing almut in every conceivable pos t ion.
Some hdd been killed instantly; o f erg' .
had twisted themselves entirely on of
shape,'dduhtless to allay the pain. I Ea*,
a rebel who- had been hit fairly in Abe.
back with a six pound shot. I rode over
'to where our lett had, fought. Herter
fighting must' have been -terrible. Roes; -
es and men lay promiscuously over the
fields and through the woods. I counted
l'orty-three dead men lying in a cornfield
In a straight line ; just us they were form
ed in line of battle. -They were therejust -
long enough for the regiment to make a
stand. One of'ouiregiments Was station
ed here, and was forced to 'retire. We'
finind one of our -batteries that. they bad '.
taken from us the day before, but no liv
, ingrebels - near. They bad net taken time
to spike the guns, cut doii . tn the carriag
es; or even to destroy the ammunition in
the cessions;' All were taken to a plaee'of
- safetv. s We then passed on -through- the
, woods in the direction which the enemy
had taken. I cannot describe the sight.
, It' must be seen to be fully realizod. I un
derstood Capt. Kimmel 'of our regiment
counted:463 dead rebels in a space of 60
I acres. I Saw many - of both sides but did
' not count them. I rode down a narrow
lane. where dead and wounded men were
lying in almost every fence corner. We
passed on some two miles, and still dead
men lay-scattered through the woods
though in less munbers. We finally reach
ed a steep precipice,at the foot of which
.ran a fide stream o water. It trawthe
first we ;bad seen for days, and we had
suffered Severely for the want:thereot On
the fiat helow lay a pile of rebel guns, and .
I'4 dead 'rObels.'the hogs had commenced
to eat the 'dead bodies. ,There . - was some
thing so' inhuman in 'what
.I saw, that I
dismountekled, my. horse down the hill,
and drove the hogs from tbe.bodies. . We
-however lett, them ea we found them, and
I presume nothing could now be found'
but.their bones. ' From a couple 'of pri!.
oners hire taken, I, learned a rebel hospi
tal was within g short . distance. I, with
several others.started in search, and soon
found it. Some 400 rebel wounded were
placed in the_ house, barn and yard. IThe
surgeon in charge stated that a great ma
ny bad been ,hauled away—(all they could
move.) Some half-a•slosen doctors,were..
-busy amputating arms and legit, quite a
pile'of which lay under the table., This
was the only rebel hospital that I Visited,
but there •numerous others in thii.vicisti. •
ty - . One of the 'surgeons (truion) detao
ed to make report ,of tbe. - rebel hate, tt.
me they found onehospital is teltielt-theire
were estimated to'be 1400 wounded reb
'els. They estimated the total rebel loss
in killed and wounded at 6,000. The nett
day' we proceeded to. Harrodsburg, 8
mileil from Perryville: The former place
,reported one vast rebel-hcsital.--.
They certainly had been - Very. muckwors
ted pn the fight, and were retreating as
fist as possible. - At- llarrodsberg, Gen..
Gay captured 80 head of very fine cattle,
and the 12 rebel soldiers that were guard
ing them. These he turned over tome, I
being his commissary at niresent. From
here we proceed to Crab Orchard, thence •
to 'Stanford,
,thence to Springfield, and
from thence to this . place, 6 miles from
Lebanon.. - Gen. Bile! has arrived, and
quite a large army has passed or, I pre-'
_mime for Nashville,.Tenn. I cannot say
-. where we- will go, -but I think to East
Tennessee, Morgan was still in this State
st'tew days ago. Miny of the men who
jeined him lately aro leaving. him and.giv:-
big themselves up to our troop,. . .- - -
There are many bitter complaints that
Bragg was.allowed to go out of the state.
All think l i e should have: been caught,
and fiery many find fault with Gen. Buel.:
I have heard many gate serious 'remarks
Made, hbt cannot speak of thb truth there
of. It does seem to mu that with the force
at' his command, he. should have at least
captured the whole of l3ragg's army, let,
ting alone Kirby Smith and Morgan.
FRIDA-vi• Oct. 24th.--To-day eleven
months ago, we left Harrisburg for Ky.
Lean hardly realize we have been so long
froM home. Eleven monthiCago the Nor
thern Aeople generally believed that iii
moliths would close the , war. A yearhas
nearly passed, and te my 'mind the war
' has scarcely begfin. The rebels to-day
are_as strong - and powerful as when they
1 firt-t rebelled ; and doubtless stronger-and
i more powerful, as their troops are now
I better drilled and more enured to the ser
' vice. The North generally muppoiled that
1 when the Ist rebel army was defeated
they would be unable to raise another, or
if. not defeated would bo'compollea to
strrender fur want ofSubsistenee: If the'
I Northern people gill cling to such views.
1 they had better abandon them at once, for.
thus far the. Southern army has been sub
listed, and if it has not proved 'a mateh' ..
for ill on the-field of battle, -it certainly
has in the 'skillfulness and rapidity of . its*
retreats. Where is the spiny of the west
-to-day ? One year ago Gen:l3ael started
with his artily fretraoitisvillesotithward ;
idvaneed into the cotton Stites, but was . .
compelled to return. The rebel;anily had'