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THE MONTROSE DEMOCRAT,
t S -PUBLISHED MU ESDAYSi BY
OFFICE ON rtlnuq AvENtTs,
TIIRBk noorts - ABort•ssl.m.'4 LIOTEL.
ppr annum !ADVANCE ;
otherwise 'SI will be-charged—and fifty cents per annum
adtt , td to &meows, at the °Mine °Ube Publisher, to pay
,xpensc or collection, etc. Ai:mutat paynient preferred.
ADVER ; rISEMENII3 I will be inserted at the
rate ofl.l periquare. of ten lines or leis, foi the fret three
er,eks, and 25 amts for oath additional weck—pay down.
3terchants, and others, *lto advertise by
the year, will be Charged at the foltowirig rah", Ili.;
' Per one :o:are. or r, one year. withehi<npu ,:... .i
aith additional equare, at the rale 41.
N. credit given except ko thefe of knowti pompon 811)111 ty
• BUSINESS CAI DS.
nitxrrrh-ovonran -iunikir °unman.
WM. H. COOl'Elt t CO.;
ANksßs,—Nivntrolm.. Pa. Succeseorsio Post..Conpet
co. three, I..ahrops'nevabuildin Turnpike-Ist.
31cCOLLUM & SEAT E
TTORNRYS and Canutellora at Law .+l.Lantmite; ra
Oftioe in Lathmpa' new building, overithoßank.
14".-17°w 1tAl tPta
1)11. E F. WILMO,
ItADLTATT. of the Allopathic and Bohiceopatblc Col
-1 I loge' of Medicine. —Great Bend, Pa. Office, corner
vf )lain aid nearly opposite the )51ethodiat
- Church. , • : aps64l*
• DR. WII.LIASI. W. WILEA
ECLECTIC PHYSICIAN @ SURGEON DENTIST.
WITH 11.1?. .11YROAT WHEA
Mechaniml and Surgical 'Dentist, re. , entivot Binghamton.
'N. V. tender their prohlssional services it) all who appre-
CialS the. "Reformed Practice of Phyarc;' carcral and
a ,orations OnMPeth! with the, most scientific and
spi.roved styles of platewak. Teeth extracted without
pain anti all work warranted..
.laclison.lone lath. ICAO. • i Y*
DR. H. SMITH & S?N, .. t .
S( l )l. 4 e r i ° n 7 l.' l ‘ l lF.l 7 '''ope r ' S - 1) :4 1171 t ir ,
the Bank. -‘ll Dental operations will - Be
'performed In rood wtyle and warranted. F___ ,
J. C. OLMSTEAD
DRS. OLMSTEAD &.''READ
xv9uLD ANNouNcE to The Public
v T.:that they him) entered into a partnership R.I. the
Pretice of MEDICINE & Surgery,
rl:tre prepared to attena.to all ratio in the line hf their
pyofessiuu. Oince—the one formerly occupied by
ulmstead, in DIDsZDAFF, • my ": ran.
1m t. N. Y.."};E:r,
P:o-i,iam and sargenn, Priendrrille. Pa. Off er,opposilt
thg . Jackson Ifoaxe.
TAT:. T.F.l:l' give particular atteution to the treatment
of a i.eaeq, of the Sett null Evil ; and iN rontlatint that
lib. knowledge of. and experience in that branch ofprar
twe will onshie him to offert a cure in the most iliflieult
For treating til,e.wet. of these orkiiina -no tee Vita
lie charged nnle,a the patient ia bihnifitted be the treat
IANI:PACTrfiEffS AND DEALERS in Its' taw and
.I American 'Marble fur Nluuunentn, licatlstOnes,
TaNSs, Manfli's. Sinks and Centre Tables. Also
ei-cter. in Marbleized Sktie for MmitTes.Centre-Tatile.,,&.e.
t a". t•thim a few door, cat of Seerleis lintel on Turnpike
st:ml, Montrose. P. ot4
W a .M. A. SNOIV't
USTIcII. OF TILE PEACE. -Groat Bond, Pn. 0111ce
eP on MANI rtrcot, opinw.ito tho IVextern House. nr4
T •4 1.\31111\.\131.$ TAILOI.--m0.01.0,4 , , pa. Slurp
Jf k : 41;1 • r 1. N. Bullard'nGrocerv,--on
Thankful for pa..t favor, e
- ple.l;zlne. himself to a‘, nll work nati,.tnetorilv. Cut
' trot Done on.allort nal re. and ti'armated to fit.
!It ..otro..e, Pa., .Tuly I:th,
TAlLOlL—liontroie. Ph. tiltop
l•trniN Block. over store of Rend. W/ftrous
•*o.ter. ork wnrraldetl, a. to tll and Ilnlsh.
.4.•1111g . dun,' OA ' , hurt untico. , ln best style. Jan
,101 IN GROVES,
near th e re.: Ilwr.r. 'on Turilidke
'tree!. All ofirrl.•ng filled pnimpfly. in Et-t-rale •tyle.
en , : ing don. , on Kbort notice, and warranted to Ct.
. _ . . -
L. B. ISBELL,
RS 'Cal. :11111 ewelry
, I, lu.rle-t ,11/.. 00 (a) r ,, 1, , 11,1 0 .,..1.•rzna - . Ali
wort; warrant.l, Sinn , in Chandt:. , r ntlJe.-ny'r ,
91r'11:0,1'., V. °CZ tf •
. rn co., •
CT) AIR lIANUFACTUILF:f fnrg
Maiti otreet. Stsattrore.. Pt. an , . a
t'. ci FOlZult4M,
ANIT A CTI TIER of 730 - 0.7. S cr• Montrone.
Pa. Shop over Trlere More. Ail kind. of work
mode to order. and repairing done neatly. je2 y ;.
rt EA T.EII in brum Meg,i,cluess Ci , flnif..lF , Dye
J rrnffe. GInAt,WATC. Paints, Vartljuh,
dow Gioccries. Pnncy (kinds. Jewelry .Perfu
-1.10•,. r, —Agent fox till the tiwq popular PATENT
7,IEDICTNEF,—Montrose. Pa. on^ tf
HAYDEN IMOTHERS i .
'WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
TRACY lIKYDEN. - NEW`
GEOUGt; HAYDEN, •
,P. E. .BRUSH, M. D.,
11ANANC; NOW LOCATED I'EIIMANENTLY, AT
tittend to the duties of his proressios proulptiy
°Mee at Lathrop" Hotel.
N - EW 'MILFORD, PA.,
IS THE PLACE TO RUY YOUR
CHEAP ran CASH, .
AND GET THE WORTH OF YOUR MONEY
Or . .2%Tcevv•••lircalrls...
CASH CANTAL, ONE MILLION DOLLARS.
ABSETTS let July' 1860, 51,481,819.27.
J. Miltonsmith, V.e.ey.. Martin, President.
u t i tuacGm, A L - L Y. Wilmarth. VS= **
- Pciittet burned Rod ren.ev:4.4. b 3 tbe to
uce dour S hort l:runtro , " l43 . -
nor t.l y BILLEIN6S Stly„011:711 1 ;'4 gent.
T 1 - 2,8 last receired a large stock of skew Si'exe%toi
XL Cooking, Parlor. 011ie , and Shortpurposer, for )13
or Coal. %dui litthe Pipe, Zinc... 44.
His amortinent 1, select and desiniVle, and will be sold
on the most itrorable terms . forteok, or to Prompt
Nona* Boyers_ ,
NairMiliutd. Oct. 2.5t1i;1M3. . ! •
A irEALTIn - bev . ernne. One pound of this Coffee will
11 mike AS much AS LAO poll Adi of attar Coffee. For
sale by ;ADEL TURRELL:.
1,/F. N7f;TILIITCIer, ].,'Graduate
. of tht; Allupatie and tionuropathie College* of Med
would returohl. flneere thank* to the people of Gt.
4-ed riclullyns t hthc Itbbral pahronage with
.whlcl, Aber inlet fu, fur Ulm, and ht ti pet by a Ist riet
z:ention to huaineueurederit a liberal share of_tlui public
untldeut.t. - 'Great Bend...Ung had, , 1881. -
oftsi4s foal Zca- MClLapi s csii,
V Shoo ?elle, Fox. blink. Meekest, and cal lAUde• oT
Pure. A toad assortment of Leather arid poop. and
Shoe„ eou.tautly ou baud. Ofhte.fl'aunery, &SholTon
ANEY, M. D.,- .
tr AviNG-1° ""dPo na&1144/.4i , New Milford. Pa„
wilt at 011.% trramptly Loan calla wltitylach he may
hr favored. Oatft at 'Puede lifgatt
New ititlord.Suly;i9,l6bl. " 1 ,
ABEL TITEIRELL --. •
ton, EUrnoopathic Ite Turtle,. "fotio!0 Extract, and sii , resi.
variety of LinimentfiT and Platters, acd an
i:24.lesr, varietr of Pa tt•fl 3fr.diFincr •
. . . L., ' •
We Join. 'Ourseives to 'no Party that Does not Carry the Flag - and Ileep St p to the Music_ of, the Whole.' , Unio
JILL CclitstuNicAlioNs ncistassa FOR vas . cott-mli
%mutt , U AIIbRESSED TO A. N. BrIZARn, WONTIPSX,
DUEQUELIAIIRA COUNTY, ?ENNA.
TEACH TOUR PUPILS TO =AUL
The primary Objtet that we should set
before us, in all Our labor in the school
room—the- thing we should bear continu
ally in mind, should be the cultiiration of
correct habits of thought in- our pupils. If
We have gained this, we have gained ev
erything; if we have, failed here,
made nearly - a total failure. The -'dis
tingnishing feature "Oftli'new, in contrast
with ; the old 'methods of instruction,: is,
that it sets the scholaf in search for the
refirson of things, and makes him Work by
the. ride . of common, sense, and apply the
principles which he himself has investiga
ted; 'rather than by formulas of which e
knows nothing, except that they will bring'
the answer. The one method trains the
child to work . like a machine, the other
trainrhim to make use of the powers, the
faculties of ,mind which cod has given
hint, and•to analyie the several processes
by which he seeks to ;arrive at correct re
sultS. -The one trains the'stanient to add, I
subtract, multiply and divide; the other I
also trains him to do this, but it 'trains
him `to - think Continually why he does it.
Do not train yeti'• pupils then, as Page's
Teacher did, to do things because "the'
rule says so," but so discipline them to
think, that they'coeld construct a rule for
themselves if all, the text-books were blot--
ted out of existence.
Accustom the child not to receive a
1 principle as true, Cl
it has been Troveif . -
;Ito, be so. Let hint even question the
[ statement you make hint, if he does it in
a proper spirit, and with a desire.to under
[stand the principles on which thbse state
merits arc founded. Let him even argue
with vOu, and if Is arguawnts• are un
souini, - or even ridiculous, 'do not think
theM unworthy of-your notice; but show
him their unsonitdeessi afu teach hint to
use better. It should be a source of pleas
ure to us when we see the disposition on
'the part of our pupils,. to- seek proot•of
I the correctness of our assertions; and the
true teacher will rejoice:at every such op-
Tportunity. of .strengthening the mental
[powers of his pupils. I our not speaking
['now of that pertness which delights in
; contradicting merely for the sake of being
[in the opposite—for the sooner this ,
checked the better for both teacher and
scholar—but 1 ant speaking of that dispo
sition to test your statements, that a child,
[ very anxious to know the reason of things,
will.often manifest. _
; a. 1.. REND
dint•uot only in the exact Sciences may l
you teach children to think ; the moral
and time physical furnish ayet wider range
foe the „cultivation if correct. habits of
vestigation, and reasoning_back t 6
es, —mid forward to results. There is hard- i
ly a recitation - in the natural sciencez42bmit
it opens up a field for awakening the mind: ,
and _sending it out to trace cause and et:
fect,;hrtt,the•teacher should not be
to lose. • • -
Does the text-book mention the fact,
that - the coast of Labrador has a. much
colder climate than exists at the same lat
ittidein Europe? You have an excellent i
opportunity to set them thinking howthe
Gulf - stream, and the cold =currents from
,the Arctic ocean, operate to produce this
diffe - name. Is the fact that there is a rain
fess region in Peru brought before them?
The trade winds,together with the known
laws respeting the condensation and .Con
-1 sequent falling of vapor, will enable them
to acconnt for it, and will so give an im
petus to their minds that will render their
piogress in study much more rapid. -
you hear one utter 4u ungranimatical sen
tence ? do not rest sat fitied with telling
him what-W r euld be correct, but take him
back to the principle. that he hinvviolated,
and-make him correct himself by it ; then
he will be - preparM to notice any similar
niistake, and to apply the same principle
tq it. , •
So also, in the repiiremi:ntswhich you
make Of him,give him the reasons, and;
so far as possitrle, make him understand
the utility of theiii. We too often require.
children to take our ipu. dizii, insvad of
controlling, them in accordance with the
I laws that God has inwrought into the ye
-texture of their souls.
phis method -of Acaching will require
time; it will require hard, long-continued,
and oft.repeated effoils; it is not a thing
Of Mushroom growth, and will not enable
you to make that display of facts acquired
that the other inethod will. But labor:
earnestly, patiently, perseveringly, and
when the harvest time &hall come, you
will not be without your sheaves, and be-.
neath every husk: Shall bq found the fall
golden. kernel, to reward your faithful
toili,your long and patient waiting.—C/in
ton Deria.ocrat. T. C. ff.
J., H. smurn.
' rDr. Johnson rarely read a book
Without thumbing, ti-istin,g, palling slid
crushing it into a state of ntter-dishieation,
.is though he had determined to extract
its essence as men do perfume from flow
ers, be crushing it to death ; so that those
who had the misfortune to lend hin“cfpl
lime scarcely recognized it as the same
(look after it had suffered the.torture I
his inquisition. • We . do not think the - ex
ample of, the great lexicographer in this
Particn:ar worthy • of imitation; mid to
ih o6e , who presume to follow it in regard
e,1t121 - to their own books or those.of their
friends, we • would suggest that they are
inlairness bound to write a folio 'dictiou
-1 :try before they presume to lay claim to
The privilege. The Chineie have.a feeling .
Of reverence almost amounting to a_relig
ions sentiment for even the slig,htest scraps
Of written or printed paper, and would
I count. it, if not a species of crinlinality, at
least as a sign 'Of•motal depravity, that any
one should wilfully injure a book.
Books should be handled carefully, ten
derly. It should be remembered that.sin
ews and cartileges composed of sewing
thread and. 'thin glue, will scarcely bear
' the ravages 'of time, much less rough and
careless treatment. ,Books that are worth
preserving, ought not to be Insitilaked_ or
disfigured; Those that are not worth pre
' Serving, *welt tai* be destroyed; but for
tunately, 'there are but few of the latter
taes:_ixtristmert d7q,zeffe,. •
4. P. L. C. 10EELLT
C _. . , T .
, ... i
„. . ~..
, . .
- _MONTROSE, PA.; TUESDAY, MAY 27,1
The !Richmond Whip,. which was op- '
posed to secession until the State of Vir
ginia joined the Southern Confederacy,
thus discourses on Northern conscrva- -
tism:' i _
' "Thepeople of the North are divided
into taro parties, in the present war; as in
peace that preceded it-L4he conservatives
and deStructives. • The latter are: our.old
enemies, the abolitioniSts, who are crazy
peopleff-honest, perhaps,sin their fanati
dam, but fit only for straight jackets. The
formeil ai•ci our old friends, who used to
declare - , that they loved us better than
themselves, and, that, before an army of
invasion should'march against the South,
it shoUld march over their dead bodies,—
I-It seems to be supposed. that they have
changed their character, and been merged
by the war into one seething cauldron of
red 'hot . abolitionism. This, however,
is. a great 'mistake.. The war has not
changed their character, but only, discov
ered it to the world. \ It has shown them
to bel the falsest, the . most treacherous, 1
and the most - hypocritical of mankind.—
But tn. conservative Money and conserva
tive.nien, it could not he carried on for a
singleidayi Conservative cities, have pp
videdlthe cash and the soldiers; conserv
ative 6 enerals have led their con
seryaism haS, in tine, proved - the most
fermi fable of our-menace. We are, not
aware of a single abolitionist general Who
occupies h prominent position in the Fed
eral hosts. McClellan,- Roseerans and
other are somewhat ultra in their conser
vatism; and MCCook, who said if he had
an allolitionist in ~his,ariny he would cut
off his ears, is the . Same- who proclaims,
`the South must he subdued or extermin
ated.l The conservatism of these Men 'is
still, however, conservatism, - only it 'does
not n i tem], as we formerly supposed, 'tire
• prese rvation i of ilic,Constitnthin and the
rights of the States, lint the conservatism
ofNOrthere commerce and manufactures,
at an'y' cost whatever to the Southat the
cost id• every life and hearthstone in its
limits—at the cost of converting its/whole
territory into one vast tie.tne of blood and
tearti. That is , what '-Northern-conserva-
Aism,niemil, and nothing else. It is, in a
word, the most detestable avarice-,,,a love
of money so passionate and-absorbing that
it would murder a while people to fill its
pockets. That. is Northern conservatism !
In what is.it4etter them abolitionism?"
We publish the above choice bit. of a
base because it. demonstrates that while
the Northern radicals are chargin , g
conservatives with giving aid and comfort
to-the enemy, the Secessionists, on the
otlatir haral, - denounce these same-conserv
ativOs as the most formidable of their en
The Northern conservatives are hated
by both the abolitionis'ts 'and the ;: e ee s .
sionists because they stand as a wall of
fire (around the Constitution to protect it
froM the treasonable assaults of eitheri,l
the: 7 l e rtvolutionary factions. The Seces
sionists cordially hate the conservatives
because their - loyalty to the Government
reinains unshaken, and because they are
thelmost potent _and active enemies - of
treason. The hatred of the abolitionists
for j conservatism. is equally, intense,• and
for !very much the same reason, because it
re+ts. every attempt to convert war for
they maintenance of constitutional govern
ntent into - an engine for its destruction.
• }Chen this rebellin was inaugurated. by
the DAvises, the To( Mbses, the 13enjamins_
and the Wigfalls of the South, they had
not the most remote reason to apprehend
the slightest infringement upon their Con
stitutional rights. The Republican party,
although in a minority of the popular vote
had obtained control of but one branch
of the Government; the Executive branch.
The Congress elected with Mr. Lincoln •
was a conservative Congress. The Sen
ate was Largely against the Republican
party. The Cabinet and foreign appoint
ments of the new-. President were subject
tolthe approval of the Senate. His was
the very cypher of a function. The vieto
ryl of the Republican • party would have
preyed a barren victory, and its fruits lim
ited to the patronage. under the. exclusive
control of the President and the Depart
ments. Moreover, the, CongresS w...hich
expired with the incoming President, thO.'
it ;defeated the Crittenden Compromise by
the joint efforts of the Republicans and
the secession conspirators, adopted an a
mendment to the Constitution protecting
each State in the right to regulate its do
mestic institutions, and also recommend
ed to the Northern Statds the repeal of
their unconstitutional personal liberty
laws. The South had nothing to fear from
the new Administration. glad the-South
ern Senators remained faithfully at their
posts, and the Southern Representatives
returned to Congress, the Republican par
ty would have peen powerless to carry
opt any of its offensive . doctrines, and at
tie end of four years i world have been
succeeded by:a Dem,oeratic -.Administra
i tion. But instead of confining their oppo
s!tion to the limits prescribed by the Con
sitution, the Southern—Senators went
home to inaugurate rebellion, and put I
1 their cause to the arbitrament of the
sword. They became traitors to the gov- I
tlitnent, and traitors to the Northern
onservatives * NO° stood by them so long
'ts they claimed nothing but their consti
tutional rights. They appealed to arms:
Without the slightest justification—they
deserted' their Northern friends to humble
themselves at , the feet of European des-
I pots -k--they. sought the indiscriminate a
basement of the Northern peopleand
they inaugurated the most causeless and
wicked revolt with which - the pages of
bistorkhave.eYer been stained: And now.
1 When.they are paying the penalty ditheir
treachery—when their power is, broken.
---when the)r pride is humbled -when
their rebel Congress, is a fugitive from
'their rebel Capital—When their-soldiers
gre scampering over the sacred soil of Vir
inia-and when the ruins of their proud
fabric of rebellion threaten-to crush- the
leader's who were instrumental in rearing
it, they find no cause , for, self ; abasement,
lbut fall to abusing the - Northern aonserv , ,
iatives for notimitatingtleir bad faith and'
itreachery to the best form of:Government
ever devised by human Sagacity.' . .
11 - The Northern aonservatives.wili outliye
the enmity of_rehels, and enjoy the sails
faction of compelling them to render obe
dience:t6 the Government-and the laws.
They will also outlive the amity of the
abolitionists and protect the Constitution
from - their treasonable schemes. -'Trey
will liVe to see the Union restored, the.
Constitution .maintained atvi treason in
• every shape - annihilated, or. - rendered im
potent for future evil.—Patrio/ ;1; Union:
... , ,
Seceding from Secotsion—lailitary In
terpretation of State Rights. , •
Ittiould have been difficult to predict,
at the, beginning of , . the retiellion, when
the theory of "State Rights" was used as
the leyer with which to precipitate the
Southern States out, of the Union, that
the selfsame doctrine might eVentnally
become one of the-instruments in bring-,
ing those States back intothe Uni,7n. But
there are already several unmistakable to
kens that the bane is also to prove thean
tidote, and none more marked than the
military interpretation which the doctrine
of " State Rights" has just, received in
North Carolina.. The 'facts of thisbter
; email , * developenient are relatedin 4n ar
ticle from the N'ewbern-newspaper, which
will be-found in another column. 3t ap
pears, that win_m that place was capinred
by Gen. Burnside, it was reported that
Mayor Respess, of Washington, N. C.
went to see the . General.. Mr. Respess
was hereupon arrested by agents of Davis
in the night, 'hurried off to Richmond in
Irons, and thrust into a d_ungeon. The"
outrage crented . intense excitement thre'-
out the state. Gov. Clark (who is n0t..2, - et
in prison) accordingly sent ap imperative
demand to the Richmond authorities that
the her son of itlC MaYor must be deliver-
ed up forthwith, otherwise North' Caroli
na would send a force to baelmip the de
mand of the Convention. This eineted i
his release. But the matter does not end
here. It seems that the rebel "President"
a few days since ordered Gov. Clark to
furnish all the means of transportation and
defence possible to aid him in the passage
to and through the Cotton Statesond al
-so, for additional troops:- Gov. Clark,
backed by the Convention, Wormed him
that he " had received all' iel id from N.
Carolina that ho could e • >eat, and that
hereafter,-no mol.e. tro 8 s would be per
mittato leave the State," and has order-.
ed all the
,North Carolina State troops
home. Ile further informed the Richmond
authorities that they could
.ase, the rail
! roads in retreating-homewards, but they
I would run their own risk or being inter:.
eepted by a Union
: force at any part of
the State. The source.through which this
intelligence comes leaves no doubt of the
sUbstantial.aCettraey of the whole transac=
'flails were an isolated case it might be I
traversed by the claim of somethingfoe- ,
culiar in the temper of the people of the
Old North State. But it is not an isola
ted case. It• is butt 'h short time since ,
a body of • South Carolina soldiery,
true to the State-rights traditions which
have -Of late been the "be all and end all"
of her politics, refused to leave the limits'
of the Suite in support of the Southern
pause, alleging, as the Atignsta (Ga.) con
t4tiono It st rep(Prt ed, that" they were en-
liked to serve the State Of South Caroli
nh,-:.lnd were willing to tight in her own
deffinee, but that they Would net go out
Of the State." The officers urged the stig
Ma. that would rest upoti them for relit-s
-ing to go where their country most need-
ed their services, and the reproach Alley'
would bring upon the State of South Car
olina, which had been forentost iu -the
work of resistance. Sheer appeals, how
ever, were unavailing, and the malcon
tents stubbornly refused-to leave the beim-.
daries of the State.
We are safe in predicting that 'there
- will be a steady developement of the State
Rights theory in the South, and that in
Proportion as the rebellion wanes, this
cardinal doctrine-Will'acquire new and pe
culiar poWer. If the rebels,yrould only
stick thithffilly to tlfe programme with
which they set out, the fabric of rebellion
would ere this have fallen to pieces of its
own weight. But the Richmond usurp
ers soon discovered that, though secession
might be a very useful.' aid to break up •kt
Government, it was a poor principle on
which tar-found a new one, and the. "Con
federacy" has for months been-such a -des
potism as, there are few parallels to. The
honest Southern devotees to State-Rights
are, them Selves beginning to discover and
deplore what they call the " great change
in Out Government." The end will be that
we-shall find this heresy a most import
ant atiiillary in the rehabilitation of the
Union. As the Confederate cause experi
eneeS new reverses,_ it will -become very
convenient to back determinedly on
the "ireserved rights" of the States. The
first gtep; in many cases,- will not be ley
' ally to theiinion,.but State Rights versos
The Conffideracy. State Rights will be
the middle term that will let.them down
from rebellion to re-union'. :'The logical
outworking of secession is to siwede froin
seeession. It is -interestin g to sec how the
Moral laws thus vindicate themselves—
how vaulting ambition doth eterleap itself,
and fall on the other Y. Times,
' Marriage of Blood Relatives. * •
The state or Massachusetts desired, a
few years since, to ascertain the number
1 of idiots in .the state, with aiview to make
lar'rangements for 'their welfare, as well as
). to establish thd statistics of the case.. The
I legislature sent out a. commission of inqui- -
4ry, and the report lies, before us. One
Hpassage, page 90, gives " the statistics Of
' seventeen families, the heads .of which,
1 being blood relatives,intermarried,"which
lite bad '.occasion to inquire , about in the
1 discharge of his commission. . - . Nincty T five
1 ehil4ren were the issue of these seventeen
marriages: Of ( tile :.9§ ' children, i • Was' a
dWarf, - 1 vas deaf, 12 were scrofulous and
pany, - and 44 were 'idiots. Nature i3peakS
1 plain enough here; and - no considerations
of sentiment, custom, or' prejudice. should
drown her Voice. .. - - - -. .
Ur' Letters from liilton Head inform
us that the Government is now feeding at
least s,ooo'negroes at a daily expense of
alpout *lO,OOO 'per day- 7 or at•the rate. of
4tp,650,000 a year!
• ' The W i nd of Cienori Balls.
.-- -i ' . l`lia times haitti been,
That when the brains were out tho;man would die, -
And there an nd; but now, they doe again,
With twenty n ortal murders on their crowns,
: And ptiticu a om our stools.','
So-with,th superstitions of sailors and
soldiers. , .. 'Thy haVe more. lives than cats.
The, brain s Ihave been knOcked out of
this one man times, but here it-comes a
body ; ergO,
cd by the triin
says the slull
The wind (
which Is, tha
• The air di.a
This is pig
from Fort Dt
pilot htu > se
that ball at
falls dead in the canimnidel
9 wound i's feund upon his
: nys the ioldiel, he:ivaii kill
. of the balls. Non sequitur;
if a cannon ba,l never.. hurts
many masons, the' first of
there is no such thing.
-placed by the ball ;closes in
it, but bas.ne lateral cf
jved in varion4 ways, but is .
d cavil or.qUestion, by the
rn every severe cannonade.
the dispatch! just received
I 'nelson. l
says "shot struek the.
, f the St. 'mix., passing thro'
'he two pilots 1 logs, without
". Why did ilot the wind of
east bark hiS stills ?
' The tact is hat military surgery abounds
in cases whi h proves that .cannon balls
pass in grazilig conflict with all Parts,ot a
mans body, land never (14 the •slightest
harm, except to the parts ; ritually struck.
They have Sina'shed Orel* bats and' bel
nfets, razino the hair; tbeyi have -cut oil'
ears ylose t the skull; Lulls to the side ;
one thigh close to the othjer ; and yet the
adjacent parts are left as Sound as ever.
Au instaiice is given (4a hear shot
striking a link ot marching • in9n in the
flank, taking. °tithe right leg of the first,
of the third and of the Mb man,. passing
of course latwcen the legi of the others,
and yet the left legs of alp wounded men
were uninjured, and the other men knew
nothing abeitit it. ' , According to the wind,
theory, the r legs should have been bad
ly 'injured. •
Mit how account-for. the death of men
in action. w ose skins are unbroken, sava
by the wilt ITheory
Easily, :tl; thus : The 'vital iuternal or
gans float, its it were,in a yielding medi
um. Pres4your hand On the pit of a
in stom iph slowly and—you may dis
place the organ without any pain or inju
ry; but plant a swift blow there with
your fist, abd you double the man up with
pain; perhaps kill hiM outrightl. but
there will not •be the slightest' outward
mark ; II nee in boiing, a bkiw below
.the belt is ndeed foul.
'Press hifititupon a mates left side,
the elasticity of the ribs, - .aidiid by. the \e
lastic cartilages at each - end, allows great
depression, to be Made--4consequently the
Mart and units to be pushed aside; and
yet everything counes back- to its place
without pain or injury : but a swift -blow
over the svne part withhit club, or a fall
from a iiolse npon some hard - substance,
may fracture the ribs, ;drive the' sharp,
brqken po nt.s through ;the membranes,
or liven p, ralyze the heart and kill the
man outright, without 16a-ving a blemish
on the "skin. ,
- Standing: oneein the bow Of a vessel,
as she bor e r down upon the hostile bat
tery, my ye caught the first flash •.of a
cannon, and quicker than One could wink
twice, thelball came crushing through the
bulworks,land smote doWn a comrade, be
fore my- ear caught thefreport, }i_rhiehs he
alas 1 was;too far gonetb hear. A twelve
pound sh4t struck 'him full Upon the pel
vis; but tieing partly spent in Splintering
the wood its force - was further bro
ken by his body, and it. fell to the
deck wit him. No blood was drawn,
but the internal parts ;were so \ smashed
that her Was hardly goti,down to the cock
pit alive:-) _ . . •
, Soldieq . and-sailors hate. other super
stitions a • out spent balls. The old • iSol
diers lov to retail t4tuto the - recruit,
upon NO m he looks doWn as sophomores
do upon reshmen, or 4s- our regular off
icers upo4 the volunteers, and with a
little reaon, few of them ever having
seen any and kluting,t for , the Mexican
war was ut a poor so rtt of dress campaign,
against. a poor weak criemv, in the whole
of whichherd was less blood shed than
in a Napleonic skirMA'sb. - The old sol
dier, I sajr, will tell Fon of_ the greenhorn,
who, seeing a•spent ball just moving on
the gromk-tried to stop it:with his foot,
but had lt cut clean o`, - instanter; The
fabt is-a ganhon ball partly spent ricochets
and roll with just 'the- sane force 'as
though it. had been :rolled by a man's
band; an - no more. • The %force depends'
upon its 'eight and telocity,
Mortawounds however,, without any
,bloodshedor.breach of the Ain` are not
:commonly made by spent balls,; ' but by
those haying great ve oeity; and accord
ing to My theory they should-be more fre
quent by smooth bore i than by rifled can..,
The 1):,11s rotate swiftly or the axis as
they fly, nd in diredtions according to
the force acting upori them as they leave
the gun. l' - ,
NoW dike a.V.-poull shot and hold
t i .
before a' nan's thigh, lop the outside, or
before his ribs, in such wise that' if you '
push it ftwariVand he stands firm, the
bail will I ass, by reason of his flesh yield:
' ing, one ueh . ; tliat is by being pressed in--
, wards one inch. Thd ball will. thus have
moved through a sp4ce before occupied
1 by flesh, kus bone, because it' passed slow
', lv, or tht parts yield fl, tind 'no - harm - is
clone: 1 tit if that .imite man is standing
firmly,. itnd that same l':-pound - shot,
' rushing tkwift as lightning strikes hint in
till' sam direction iti may•roll 'over the
skin - Wit out breaking • it,"lint neverthe
less, dn. h it' inward. with such ;sudden
ito paralyze fill vital action, - • and
I even cr h the bone.; • . -
- love' - thunderholt . could not strike a
maa..de d more suddenly, or leave less
Sometynes it is found. - the internal
parts aie . rupturedj marked, and even
pummel d to a dally; though Ater° were
no otttw rd marks. IGenerall7, however,
the dia loratiorfshOws ittielt, plainly on
the surface in a ahoi.t, time after death.
War has real. to `ors ; enough'; and a
moving annon baltis a :fearful missile ;.
but we #hould get rid of all surierstitions
about iti 1
C . •
I NO. -22.
NEW YORK POLITICS.
Daniel S. Dickinson, the Brenk-
inridgi3 Democrat of the State of New
-York•, was last year elected to lucratiyp
State office upon a Union ticket. The
ion party at that time ignOred.evo7 par
ty question, Sand went befoie the people
upon the single idea of a vigorous
cation of the war. Upon such a plutforinl
the ticket was successful by pearly a•linn-, 1
dred thousand majority. 3lr.Dickinsoh,
and those Union Democrats who ac(6.1.1
witli-him then ;were_ entirely -grilling to
keep up their organization as long as the
war lasted, but it seems that!theiritepnb- I
lican colleagues, as is usual with that par
ty everywhere, desired to gii.e it an aho•
iition coating. That is, as in Pennsyhiia- - •
nia, the Republicans of NeNir - York - defre
creation to regard them as the *at. party,
when their designs • are4in3ply t7F effect
abolitiovism,• and, all who are , not prepitr
ed to assist them in their operation are=of
course to be termed "sympmhizers with I
Mr. - Dickinson very nicely• exposes
these.gamesters, id a letter;- from wlicelt .
we select. the following extraet.: I/ i i
"Soon after the issue of certain le,sOlu
tions by a Republican - committee, ronStst- ,
ing of Mr. Draper and others, recomtn4pd- - ;
ink strict Repnblicap organization, action, I
ttc., a .` Republican member of Assetntlyl in- i
vited toe to meet a numbler of gentlemen i
for the purpose of consultation,: touckfitg.
the continuation of the, Union mormitent.!
from last autumn, and J went there adeor- 1-
dingly. The meeting' rwaS.Contposedi of
both Democrats and Republicans, !atidl
-more of the latter than . the former.. The
sentiment seemed unanimous that the La
ion of last fall should be- continued, tipon
the same broad and generous--prinetples
and basis as illen, until the close of
war; and I was requested,. -urged to peti
brief address, to be signed by niemberS of '
the Legislature who concurred: in 1 this
.view, for the purpose of calling a fate 1
Convention: Time address was to enibody
the-sentiment Of the Union Convention of
last fall—lwas to avoid all
lmiking; and to recommend that. - a l. the
Union men, irrespective. of present pOliti=
cal designation or shades of opinion i sl auld
nnite.in furtherance of a common object. i
. I consented to write the desired address:
I. did write it; and at a subsequent ;Sitni
lar meeting it was entirely and cordially
approved,. and was put in type f 0 con
venience, and the proof partially correct
ed, though.it was not published.- I-heard
that proof slips- were issued to . nietifbers
of the Legislattire, though I had no Ifgen
cy in it and no personal knowledgelcon-.
cerniug it. , I soon after leirned thaV,Some
•of those who begged me most persistent
ly to pen this address; and who')tnost
'loudly, approved it wheri I produced it s
were engaged in draWing .and shading, a
doctrinal platform—seeing how faiftbey
could depart from the. Republican creed•
without missing it, and. low neari;they,
f could come to " the Democratic pldiform
without hitting it—and not being tin ad- .
raker of this mode of treating subj4Cts-at
nnitime,'and - espeCially at this, I t(lek no
Nailer thought Concerning it." -i!
Utilizing Trifling Things, 1:
It is surprising to what an extentiseem
ingly useless articles are utilized to the
inainifacturing arts.- Ye will
few examplea - to illustrate this point!:
The proSsiate of potash is made in large
quantities in Cineinnati.frOm.hoofs,j i horns
and, other refuse of slaughter grunt+:#.
Cow hair taken from hides in tanneries
is employed for making plastering Mortar
to give it a sort . of fibl.ons quality. 1!
Sawdust is daily-sbld for sprinkling the
-floorS of markets and various publiC
beg; it is also used for
,packing- ie for
The rays of worn-out shirtingqcalico
dressess a 74- the waste of cotton factories.
are employed-to make news paper.
• The parings of skins and hides abd. the
ears of cows,calveii and are cArefully
collected and converted into glue. V .
fromfiner qualities of gelatine are made
from ivd%y rapsing—the bones and tendons
Bones converted'into charcoal by roast
ing in retorts are afterwards employed for
purifying the white sugar with wbjeli we
sweeten our coffee, &c.
The ammonia' obtained from* the distil
lation of coal in making '
gas is ei4loyed
for saturating orchil and cudbear in mak
ing the beautiful lilac colors that ae dyed
on silk and fine woolen goods. .
• Carbonic acid obtained in the d .
Lion of coaltar is employed with Other acids
to prodrice beautiful-yellow colors':oit silk
and wool. ,
.... . . . ,
The shavings of cedar wood used in ma
kino• pencils are distilled to obtain the
Otto of cedar wood. . .
Brass filings and old brass kettles are
remelted and employed to make the brass
NVork ofprintinglitesses, ptimps,Ae.
,Old horse-shoe nails are einpldyed to
make the famous steel and twistlnirrels of
Coal tar bnimid and_made - int:o lamp.--
blapk. used for printing inlc,cOmmon black
paint and blacking for shoe*, 4ke. k_
The cast off gauze dresses of Parisian
belles are purclia . Sed.for . a mere afing and
sent to the West India `lsland s; where
they perforth a second duty of deOrating
the sable daughters of the tropico. -
Oyste r _shells are burned iu kilns. aMi
afterwards nsed,inmaking cement,. .
W'''lhe Brooklyn Eagle -pertinently
remarks that ain . truth,tlut nc, party' men
are about the only ones who are troubling
'themselves about party qUestions;"
That is truo,not onl,y now but generally
as it is the habitual Inn pay,,,y' man who
is always hatching up solfewl party.
"rhe Chicago Tribuile saYs- , that If
the new constitution be 'adopted, Illinois
Will be secured to the Deinimr;a4 for the.
next thirty Pears: Negro immigration,
zegro votmg, add office holding 2re to. be
prohibited - rlbenee;the 'fears of
nue and its party. ' :•• •
JOB PRINTING. of ALL KINDS
DONE AT TUEE - OFFICE OF 711 E
ri MINEO C 3EL .A. f r ,
AND AT "LIVE AND LET Wile' PRICES
- TIM office of the Montrose Dernocrnl
bag recently beim supplied with a new and , choice a er;et
of type. eta., sad We &renew lrefared . topprint ramphitt e
102=lall, etc., ate., in the beat 101 e, on hurt notice..
Handbill% • Poi3ters, 'Programmes, and
:othr kinds of work in this line. done stemma ord, r
Thisineks, Wedding, and Ball CAnns
Tickets, ate., printed wlthiscancsa acd dtepatch.
Justices' and Constables' Blauks, N ot (~
•Decde, and all other Menke, un baud, or priottd
rirJob work and Blanks, tobr ps4d for or 1.1-ultyci
_WHAT • IS LOST HT =DOLING.
We begin to realize how much
lost' to the Union cause by the elqlnge
McClellan's - programme, after he reacj., , ,,i
the :seat-of war. The Poston ibirtrthor,
Republican paper, presents the case ole4:- :
ly in the following paragraph :.• •
• How far the plan on which Gen. \l,•
Clellan has-been compelled to pr , . -ecd
Virginia; is inferierto that which he j•r.--
posel to:exeiiute, is shown by the•regtili..
It is well known that the Gefielid proceed
ed to the peninsula, with the escpectatioi
that the naval- forces. won hi co-oper - ate ill
both the York and James rivers, and•tl,at.
WThrvell'i army would -also a4si-4
cutting Off the retreat of the. rebels. ti , um:
still tffeet. to Aleny ,that any important
change in the scheme Was made; ba;:. tluo
4 . , a matter ... Web does not- rcpt up;alc,u •
jetture 'or upon any slender authority.
The fact that.a change; destruetil e
the whole Scheme . Of operations, was nia , Te,
is known, and will.one day appear in e' i
deuce Satisfactory to every one. Th , • -
suit is, that instead a the capture t.i' na
entire .army—a .result that was morally
certain tinder the original plan, s , k soon
the rebels suffered themselves tobe dran
into the peninsula—we have a p 1 in
to the ,enemy indifed, but nod,
pable of being pushed to his annihilation,
as under the original scheme. The .Ta:i,(
EmPr was not attempted - by our naval
ces until, to be feared, the atte;upt
I can become of little consequence. 3.17.
1 . Dowell's army is lost-for the , ktneral 31:1!-•
poses- of the campaign, while - Banks .an•!
Freniont are not in a - position to sui•;•::,
tbe want, even if their slender fbrees-an.i
line of operation permitted:
The Albany Aryug• remarks:—Ml);.v. -
ell's army. 'is lost to the campaitpi; at:
theyebel army is saved from cliptnre.----
The - infinite mischief of the interferen,!e
hardly all embraced in' this pre , .m:mt ssl-
tenee.. The. rebel army in it, :etroa!
Wastes . the country .it abandons, and
stroys the - property of the inhabitam
We lose - this much ; . anh we lose all th,
time that the war is prdtratited t , h,, r.•
treating forces falling hack to.tlit, mo-m
-tain -ranges of the gulf States...
Long ago, we heard that 31cClellan
deposited 'With a cOntidential "fickil,La7
WashinittOn his policy Of the wln , l e :::r:
so that tf he should fill in battle, or 1' •
deposed by the cabal at Washington, ti ,•
means of• Vindicating his reputation wo , i! !
'be Still left. The campaign of the 311-i--
sippi, the .coast expedition, and the' rap.
tare of the forts, as well the canipai ,, n
Yorktown', .rere all laid' but m advanc,
much as they have since eventliated i!!
111caelfitti liiny be coMptillej to la , : •
conrse - totthis statement, iti order to
dieute the character-of his strategy in ,Iv
of its-most critical and hazardous poin:,
As it is, he and his army came within
ace,of destruction oti Sunday, the 4th
of May. s The e•hapl or is-a curious and - ~
novel one iii Americati' history, it: all
admit when it is fully made known. ~
Noraki at the National Capital
The Washington correspondent ofiir — -
Chicago Tribune, the leading organ of t 1 L.
Republicans at the West, thus testilits
the corruption of
. its Rea,' it„y,•
who . declare that to expose public stalin
is ifeasen •
"The tone of morality here is com•i;:,3-
ably lowerihan it ever has been bei;,r.•.
This is admitted on all hands, and eau 1,.•
prov,ed- 4 ,0r rather needs no proof, for IL,
air is heavy with public and private guilt:
A few years ago a high Austrian
whose peculations were discovered, aplicd
a lancet to his owe , veins, and snot her
.similarly 'situatedbanged)thuself. Theri:
is no such sense'of shame here.: An V I', i' -
oner ' s jury in, Washington would
verdict of insanity for such conduct, an.l
verdict would be - accepted in good fait
The Southerners as a class, had very
sense of honor so far as the public trea , : , -
ry is concerned. 'Floyd was an exolkti-: ,
—almost' a solitarY.exception to_ he
When they held the power here there A v;t..
.comparatively little thieVing;and
was discovered it, Was pl•otriptlY
and denounced. There has been a chati „ ,..
dreadful change for the worse. Ti:,:
frauds and attempted fraud. 4 in - the treaz
ury, in one channel' and another, crone
fast„and from such unexpc.cteitquartor , ,,
Mat one is..bewihiered in contemplatin:.:
them. Yet nobody has been brought'
and . nobody seeilfs to think i:
possible'that.anybody should be broil ;:f !I 7,
to justice. "Oh, those rascally, contr3.3-
ors ! ”-says some honest 'ltalian the.rm:ll
districts. For every dollar wrougthry
taken by a contrantor, five have bcti: t,il.•
by py blie eervantt
The Union as it Was.
The radical men and newspapers ar.
boldly getting their faces . against the
Union. They havesonie concealed,
haps because indefinite, idea of what sort
of government they propose to establi , l ,
but they do but explain. - The Chica ! ,, ,
Tribune pronounces agahist the Union
it was, and in - favor of 'the:Union as it t.
be.' . The.enemies Of the- Union-, North
and SiAth, are uniting tbra vigorous
final struggle against it.. The true•Uni , t
Savers, theeonstitutional men of the - c.:‘
thin, are rallying to the, support. •of ti.•
Old Union' ligamst enemies on both side
The Shibboletliby which to ktint- p:,t
riot now is, "'are you for the. liti4ql-. , !
Washington, the Old Union, OA! Ameli
can Union, one- and ,indivisible ?"
Man hesitates; prevaricates, or ; explain•
before - he says yes to that queStion, set
him down as a disunionist.
'The New York Sun (rep;) says : .
tremendous reaction against the 11E17111,1i
can paity, as lately coustitutued,
be in progress throughout the.eniire Gcr
man population of • the Northwest: s lt
lowa the 'Democrats are looking for tit,roi
funds of German votes,where they acre
had them hefore,and Minnesota,-Missour
Michigan, and even in Ohio,. the. chant:
of sentiment is astonishing. '
rirJobn Cochrane, who made a dun,
of Himself by ltdvoeating, the idea of ant
ifig.the negroes,:has been rejeeted by ti
Senate as a Brigadier General. '