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UTET MOM ►oE IRE I
THE REBELS STILL FLYING:
TEE 1321TTLE NEAR, WEST raw.
Fo ra.Zi Mono; May B.—By the
'teanter front Yorktown, I learn that Gen.
McClellan had advanced 12 miles beyond
Williamsburg, and has had several skirm
ishes with the enemy, ranting them with
heavy loss. 4
The embarkation of troops for West
Point is progressing with rapidity.
A heavy battlo-to4 place on Wednes
.day afternoon, between the troops of Gene.
Franklin and Sedgwick and the rebels un
der Gen. Lee, who were endeavoring to
make their way to Richmond. It is said
to have been 'the severest battle on the
The. rebels were totally routed ..and
flanked, 'being driven beck towards the
force under Gen Johnston, on the Chick
The, whole number of United Staten
treopskilled and wounded was 300. The
enemy were driven back by, our, gun
boats with great slaughter. The enemy
had not less than 30,000'men, while our
whole force at the" time was not over 20,-.
000, only that number having-landed.
A. terrific bombardment of SewalPs
Point and Cranny Island took place on,
Thursday last; the enemy were baillay
ent-iip, but the federal force . received no
Norfolk is.„ptobably eyscnateci Barn
&lac is said to be near Weldon, an.
rebellion seerns'to be shunt used 1 \ tip in
Virginia by, McClellan's "Quaker Army."
Congress has given "-Little Mac." a vote
of thanks for his greet and bloodies victo
BAtrntons; Illafiet.—The following i.
farnished by the special correspondent of
the:lP/Z . o4.ra 71, dated Yorktown, yesterday:
At twelve o_elock to-dap; as I close my
letter, the latest intelligence received from
rite field of battle, is tliat Oviersi MeCM-
ian has comb up %rah thli 'enemy abont
, three miles beyond Williainsburg, and, af•
ter a pretty severe skirmish With his rear,
Las agait4ut him - to flight acr o ss the
A large additional number of 'prisoners
hare - been taken, including' deserters, who
report that they bare had' nothing to. eat
but a few hard biscuits, for fortr•eight
hours, and when brought in they fell down
in a state of exhaustion.
Ileary cannonading e 6 ould be beard by
'slw boats corning dawn the river caliy
hia morning. Nettling as to the results
sis a see rt ain
There is no doubi but that the army; of
Lee, Johnston and Magruder is in a state
of utter demoralintion, and, tinder tbera
pid pursuit of lien. McClellan, is fleeing
with great - precipitation and witiTt the
intt-tition of making a stand anywhere;
and unless thi,T reach Richmond. in boars,
by way of the James river, will cortaiiily
b.: intercepted and captured by the forces
ianded and , landing at West Point:
On Monday, tic rebels took about 80
of our men -pri,4oners, and captured one.of
the Ventisylvartia batteries, but before. tlit;
close of the duy this battery teas re-cap
tared, and one of the - enemy's taken.
I just learn that the r,eb'els had de,,troy
ed ail the bridges across the Chickahom- I
iny, And that General McClellan is resting``
his army on this side. -.
Dispatches From Gem fficOlellan.
WASITINGTON, Wednesday, May 7.
The enemy have evacnated
Lurch ,and lied to watda Richmond. Our
.arznyis following thuln up vigorously.
The Little of Monday was very severe,
flad the foss of the rebels.proes to' have
been very, large. _
WILLIJLIBBLIttiti, Vi., May 6.,
nos. E. M. SrAyrox:
I have the pleasure to announce the
ne3o pa tion of this place as the result of
the bard fought action of yesterday. •
The effect bf liancock's brilliant engage.
rzwnt of yesterday afternoon was to turn
the left.ot their line of.worlis.
lle was strongly reinforced, and' the
enemy abandoned the entire position
during the night, leaving all his sick and
wounded inlonr hands. his loss
ay was very : Severe.
We have some 300 uninjured .prison
ersoind more than a thousand wounded.
Their loss in killed is heavy. The vieto
ry it complete. I have sent cavaly in
The conduct of our men has been ex
eellent, with scarcely an exception.
•The enetny's works are very extensive,
and ox'ceedingly Strout;, both ire respeet
o'p, , sition and the works themselv'es.
less . washeavy in hooker's Division,
b:u, very' little on other parts et the
a .; tneock' success was witted with' 'a'
loss of nottiver twenty killed and woun
The weather is ' 4 ,700 t i to•dtiV, hut there
is great gettiug Zip food, 'on
account of the roads. Very- 'few waf., , ori
}:arc yet vonie,tzp. .
We have other t.nttles to fight before
reavhinz I . Zichknoutl.
i Seri' hutre -, proves our- victory more
contplete. • ._
enenq's ioss•is great especialy in
I have jt . i.c.t heard of tive more of their
guns 'l,citig raptured. .
Prisoners arv. nonlitantly arriving.
Details From #7llllamsbargb,
11'itzumsnur.6, Mny G.
The enemy evacuated this place and
their works in fi out last , night, the rear
ps:duz ti'ronzli about 0 o'clock.
fi o'eloc s lGen: McClellan and escort
er.tered the town alia tank pritieSSioll.
About one hundred and fifty of tht . ene
niv's wounded were left behind, - without
any rations, medicine or surgeons, 'They
al.so left a'number of theirsdead unburied.
:AA or our wounded in yesterday's engage
ment were left benind.
Co?. Dwight of the Excelsior ilrilade,
wild Wai severelv• wouucied and taken
"priSOTierOvaS also left.
in the engagement yesterday the eue
mti• suffered terribly.,
(4en. Rickets was killed.
. The Pnetny had a fu!cc- here yesterday
of 60 0 000 men and•o44y~ decided to evacu
ate after the brilliant bayonet • charge of
, Tile town •is very . pleasantly located,
and a majority of the white inhabitanti§
are remaining: -
The number ottlie enemy flow in. our
hands will reach about - 2,900, including
the wounded. .---- • •
M"lt is reported that the Suprring
Court has proaowed the array rata "uti
TSB 11 1 14/30/410N or irourcyonsr.
B.wrixottr e , May if .7—Yorktown aas
evacuated"- entirely - by the rebels' at half
past two o'clock on the tuorning'of the
4th. 'During all the 'preceding day. and
night they. kept up a heavy firing. on our
batteries, all along oar lines to corer their
retreat. Qur :pickets pressed their posi.
tion on the ntoreing of the 4th, and'enter.
ed their abandoned entrenchments.: , .
, We captured a rebel gunner in the act
-of firing his *Oa. Ile said ho was cle
last isshabitaut of Yorktown. He had been
firing the gun a i l night. ;I entered the re
bell works at. 4 AL M. Not a white man,
woman or child Was to be seen. Articles
, of clothing, stores, and officers' camp fur
niture lay scattered everywhere. None
of the tents or henna were destroyed.
The retreat of the rebels appears to
hare been precipitate. • They commenoed
dismounting and parrying attack their guns
to Williamsburg four days aso: Wagons
have been engaged in transporting their
ammunition, proviiiems 'and camp equip.
page for over a ;week past. Their sulk
and wounded, numbering overt we thous
and five hundred, were Bent to Richmond
ten dayi ago.
The rebel soldiers and,negroes were at
work on their entrenchnients until two o'.
Book this morning, when their rear guard
ordered then to cease, ; and take up the
march to Williamsburg. ; In the house of
Mrs. Nelson, 'where General Magruder
had slept the night before the evacuation,
I found several open letters lying unfold
ed on a table. Two we'le addressed to
General McClellan, ono to "the
kee who cotnes," and" one.to " Abe Lin
coln.° The following are the contents of
one tulikreased to General McClellan t
"Oen: McClellan—YoU will be surpris
ed to hear of one. departure it this stage
of the game, leaving youtin possession . of
this wOrthliss town, but the fact 'is, we
have other engagements to attenirl to, and
we can't wait any longer. -Our 'boys are
gettin, sick of this d---=d place , and the
hocFiital likewise, so - good-b ye tbr.a little
Adjnimkt TEBAY ‘ C.'S. A. M."
As sum as the evacuation of Yorktown
became known in the camps, the bands of
the different reginients cOmnfeneed ' play
.aniidst ebeerink by the soldiers. The
fol!owiiig order was sent.to divisions and
brig:l(l4e, at 7 a, m. from Gen. McClellan :.
"CoMmanilantteof , regiments
to march,- with tiro days rations,
with the' utmost despavh. Losio not to
At about 8 a. m. the troops began to
march-l-the First Regular Cavalry and
four batteries of artillerylleading. Tents
were s ruck, -knapsaeksi strapped, and
within an hour after the Order was given,
the tri•loPa were marching on bev'ond
Yorktown. The gunboats ascended the
river to eat of the retreat of the enemy.
They go to West Point.
Desp'FAches fr9ra Gen. McClellan.
QttartersArmy ofthe Potomac,
May 4—O'clock, A. M.
To the lion. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of
War . ' •
We have the enemy's irantptrts, their
gaits, aMmunition, camp equipprige,
and hold the entire linb of hi* works,
which the engineers report as being very
Lhave throWn all my cavalry and horse
artillery' in pursuit, supportei by infantry.
move t..neral Fraiildin's-Dh-ision, and
as nulel t more as. I can, by water, np to
West Ppipt to-day. !No time shall be lost.
Onr giMboats have gone ittiTork river.
I orn4tea to state that GI - inlet-ster is al
so in otir possession. • I shall pursue the
enemy to the wall. • •
,llC.ssitrtvG•tote, May. 5.--:-The &Honing
despatch has been received at the- War
Depart 16ent : •
- ,llcatllQuaes, army, Mahe Potomac,
1 1I.iv 4-7 P. M.
To the llon. E. M. Stant,:n, Secretary of
'War: 4 •
Our davalr.y and horse artillery came up
with the enemy's rear-guard ht their en
rencimients, about two tidies this side of
The Temy's rear is
,strimg.,but. I have
force enough up there to lanstver all pur
'We have thus tar seventy-one -heavy
guns, ao.large amounts of tents'and am
All aforg:the lines thelf*orks prove to
have been most formidable ? anti I :Minas;
fully satisfied of the correctness of the
course I have pursued.
The success is brilliant, you may
Test assured that its efrixt* will - be - of the
greatest iinpoilanee, •
There shall.belnck delay jn• following up
The vebets have been gnilty of the most
lnr , leicitts and barbarous c.ftmiinet in pla
eing torpedoes Withitt the 'abandoned
works, near wells, near springs, near flag
staffs, magazines and telegraph offices, iii
catTet,bag's, barrels Of 'flonr,
Fortunately, we liave.inot, lost many
in . en in this manner. • Spine four or five
have been killed, and
,perhaps a dozen
wounded, I shall make the pcisotrers re
move tiremsat their urn
Signed, • B. 3.IcCrELLA,..
'NEArt WrixiAlrgutTAG,_ . May 4; Pa 11.
The advance of the forces untlee.com
mand alGen:Stonemat, 'With Op view of
aseerta'ning the position :of the enemy,.
reaebea this place; which is .?.-1 miles from
.Williambhurg, about two o'clock this af
ternoon, on the road front Yorktown.
• The country in most instances wae laid
desohite 2 and .but feZv of the houses along I
the-road were oeeupied.
emerging from a `corner of, the
woods, - we came in view of illiarnsbnrg I
,cneiny's earthwors. At the Same
time no guns were visible On the enemy's
works; but a regiment of cavalry-could be
seen approaching about a mile off, in line j
of battle. - 1 -
Capt. Gibson s !reserve: natter) , was
then ordered in front to open upon the
the approaching cavalry, While a portionl
of the sixth U. S. eavatry were deployed
as skirmishers-to the right j and left, s The
tire from the battery was very effective on
the enemy's cavalry, but they never
changed their conrSe. About two hund
red yards to:theright of Gibson's battery
was an, earthwork whieh'had all the ap
.pearance of being deserte4 when alt of a
sudden our troops were opened . upon
a deadly lire frota.artillery ;posted behind
the works. • • •
At the'same time the relief cavalry con-. 1,
tinned ,advancing, until they were cheek;
ed by a, charge made by a portion of the
First and, Sixth cavalry, which •.was per,
formed in the most admirable 'manner. In
more instnneekthan one it Was a liatid-to
batid eneMinter with the enemy's cavalry,
but strange to relate, none or 'our men
were taken priscinere., while - we captu red about tiatrfsyc of,the *toy, wog
G. B. MCCLI:LLAN,
whom is Capt. Frank Le% of - the . Third
Florida Infantry. "
The rebel , cavalry
.was forced by, cam
men. to abandon their position, but the
want of infantry prevented our men from
advancing on the enemy's works. It be
ing evident' that it was inclose to attempt
further operations, the troops fell- bank
about two hundred-yards, to await the al.
rival of infantry.
Gen. Ilaitoock's brigade soon after, at%
rived, but.it was deemed adViiable to de
fer- further operations until tomorrow.
We have information that the enemy
are still en tho retreat beyond Williams
burg. The rearguard of the enemy is ve
ry strong, as was shown to-day.
Lirn..—Monday tnorning.—lt cam:
inenced raining this morning; and has coo
tinned heavily up to this time.
We occupy Williamsburg early this
morning. From thence our course will
-depend upon that taken by the enemy.
Fortifications at YorktotArn.
The fortifications are of a most Omni !
dable'character, and in looking at them,
the surprise is that the rebels- over -eracn
ated so strong a foothold. It is !Orally a
fortrosi, at least a mile in circumference,
and in which one Would be likelk to feel
as Much at,honte as at Fortress gonroe.—
Upon. the outer works were placed some
fifty guns of the heaviest calibre, but, if
one may judge by the result, the poor
est manufacture. Thirty-two and wry
four pounder/4, and one hundred pound co
lutuluadic are mounted on the parapets,
extending from the Tork river westward
toward the James, but all of them spiked,
saving the bursted ones, which are so. ef
leeway .‘pilid as not to admit of arty fur
Turn 'which way yen will, and there it
abundant evidence that so far as provis•
ions - aro concerned, the rebela are well
supplied;. more, however, than .0.111 be said
of their 'uniform, either in , numbers or
quality. There is abundant ammunition
strewn around, and -shells and shot are
found not only in the immediate vicinity
or the guns, but in the magazines and
the 'rebel fortifications hare the appear
ance of having been built a year ago, Its
they aro time worn, and in many places
washed away 1 the rains.
On Thun.day Jeff. Davis and Gen. Leo
paid a viva to Yorktown.
. Then and there.a conversation was had'
with Generals Magruder and Johnston,,
the latter being in con mand of the army, 1
Magruder having devolved the. command
On lohn - ston genie- ten days° before. The
operations o a f Gen. McClellan
idiscussed, And his preparations for the
coming siege minutely inspected. The re
i suit was that an evacuation Wai oidered
l hr j,ifi Davk on e .it the objections to
1 bolding the place bei 11.; the cooperation
of the gtm-boats on the York river . . The
I determination ivendt.krfully excited Gen.
I Magi-114er, which was participated in by
Ithe soldiers , and a genera) dt•moralization ,
ensued. The order was supreme, howev-,
?r, and during Friday the evacuation corn
During;Saturi-lay; and until after
night, the rebels kept up a vigorous fire
along their whole line, and on Sunday
about two o'clock, a. in., the retreat be
gan.. When or where it will end, remains
to be seon.
The latest we have from the Peninsula, -
is a rumor received from Yorktown at
Fortress MOtiroe, yesterday, to the effect
that the rebels had left the direct line of
retreat to Richmond, and had crossed the
Chiekahomy, dpstrOying the bridges in
'thcir rear. The movement has been in
&lced, pohniq, by the knowledge (hat
Gen:MeClellan has thrown a large force
in their rear from West Point, at the head
of ttavigation on the York river.
An Abolition Mob Well Punished.
In thelCourt of Quarter SessiOns of the
county ofemnberland, at -the. April term;
Richard Oswald, A. .1. Kaufman, jr.,.mid
Levi Eberly, all of Mechanicsburg, were
found guilty aff lined each 320 and costs,
for mobbing John Kennedy. An action
. for damages was. also brought by Kenedy
against the shine parties and sonic others,
and the Jury awarded said Kennedy a
judgment for 3h00,00. Th e offence was
:is- follows: One Mr. Aivey, a 1:119 - er in
Hagerstown, Maryland, was arrested by
military power, in June last, nn suspicion
of disloyatty,,and brought to 'Mechanics
burg, en route to Fort Latizyette. This
Kennedy, who claimed to 'be a Union man,
`seeing Alvey in Custody, denounced such
arrest as-an outrage, and denounced the
-abolitionists as having been the cause of
the war, 4te. This enraged the fanatics,
and they seized . him and after giving him
4 mock trial, released him. Spon'after.he
was again arrested by The inrL, and an
attempt was made to compel him to take
the oath of allegiance. This he refused to
do, told was finally releaSed. - prosecu
ted the mob, with the above result.-$OOO
' damages, e6O fine and costs: Good!
A Strike - in the Coal Xines.
Wp regreito hear that the colliers of
several of the S - ehuylkill County mines :ire
on a strike, and, in their excitement ,have
forgottewthe dictates of prudence and
good sense by committing nets of violence.
The State authorities have been called
upon to furnish troops to gm.-11 the dis
turbance, and immediately steps were ta
ken fur the organization of volunteer coiT
panics for the same purpose.
'Since the foregoing was in type, we
learn that the difficultv ig,s4ttled;and . the
troops have returned home. -
-Death. of Capt.-R. SST. Derby.
Henry W. Derby Esq., formerly a mag
istrate in Scranton, anti since the break
ing out of the War, a Captain in the Vok
unteer service, died. at his. residence in
Dunmore, Inzerne, county, on' Tuesday
morning-LA last week., Ire w:is attached
believe to Gen. Negley's DiVisinn in Ten
nesseg,tnd had been for suit time siek
in camp. lle returned to his funily in a
precarious condition 'about three weeks
since and lingered, failing, until Tuesday,
He Was buried on Tburadafir ith pa,
• arJames 13. Burnett; the Republican
candidate fur re-election to the 'came of
Mayor of Elizabeth, N. J., was defeated
by the election of Dr. P. 11. Grier, the
Demodratic candidate—the result Show
ing a gain -of nine • hundred and• forty
votes for the Democrats since last year.
rive of the seven' metnbers of the city
council elected are Democrats.
—At the Borough election in Scranton
on Friday • last, the Democrats elected
their ticket by 200.majiirity:
_ —Lieut. Samuel B. Todd, a Rebel broth
er bt Mrs. Lincoln,-whose cruelty to the
Union prisoners confined in Richmond
lifter the battle of Bull Ran bad become
rverbild, WU. kilted ai the buck of
.*:1 Oitttofit - J titip-t4t,
J., 44litarreoN, -Slit"
eraisdly, Wig,. /.9;1:-.7W;r's:
Jots W. Foasitit, in hit let
ter to the Press of the let inet. furnishes
to with - this vieco pf information
"Let mi hope that the spirit which ani
mates the Republicans of New York will
-be emulated by the Republicans of renn
ark-anis. I hat-elan learned that: in the
diotriet represented by Mr. Grow the
Speaker of the noose, this Is the almost
unanimous feeling of the friends of the ad
mintstration.'and I am happy to add 'that
&matt* Wilmot cordially sustains , the
, If by the aboie, Forney intends to State
that the Republicans of this district favor
a-Union tnioroment, no more outrapons
falsehood could be manufactured. In no
part of the State or•country have the: Re
publican politicians labored harder to
keep up a strict party contest than
in the counties of Bradford, Suiquelirn
na and Tioga, which constitute
trict. Last year they foyer:lll'a straight
party movement into the field in each of
-these counties; and rejected with insult an
offer from the Demobrats for a Union my
on the basis of a vigorous prosecution of
the war for the restoration of the-Union.
In Wilmot's own county-rwhere they
felt certain that the new district would be
abolition-.the, Chicago Platform was Alia
iitictly re•atlirmed. Grow labored hard .
:,fOr weeks,—using every artifice in his
power, such as - falsehood, bribery by
means ofprom'ses of patronage, threat,
,be., to force his Republican friends to re-
pudiate the UniOn sentiment. • , !
There has not been, and is not, in the
district, a Republican politician in Ever
of:anything. but a party organization! to I
divide tholoilices; and =whenever a few of I
the honest rank ainl filo exhibited a dis,
position to sq,pend party issues, he was
quickly attended to, and silenced, if prissi.
That David Wilmot can favota "Un
ion" movement is not true or - possibh.—
The man who could %%Tao . a letter to the
- disunion meeting at Cooper Institute, in
New York City, heartily endorsing their
suicidal po:iey, ic, as pointedly declared by
llon. Montgomery Blair, Lincoln's PO4t
Master General, an advocate of secession
and disunion, holding views identical with
those of .101 . , Davis. It may
: he that in
Democratic and doubtful portions of 0:e
State, Wilmot may advertise himself mis a
"Union'' man, wit - h a t'll•R gain„ votes
for Senator; but the truth, is thatile is a
bitter party,man—an abolition-disunionist
of the Wendell Phillips and Sumner school,
--or ait P. M. Geperal Blair says, "an.ad
vocate of Jeff. Davis' doctrine of seeept
sion." Grow, the entertainer of Wendell
Phillips,_is a chip of the same block ; and
the politicians of their party in this 're
gion are not fitr, if any, behind them.
"We join ourselves to no party that dOes
rot carry the flag and keep step to the
of the Union."
So wrote RCITUS CHOATE, in speaking
Ito and for those Union•lming Whigs Who .
I could not fillow their party into the ern
braceofthe sectional, and, as he prophet
ically thought, 'disunion-tendency party
-formed in the North, 'For several years
this sentiment has
,floated from the head
lof theDuatocrwr, and been advocated] in
I its columns,..to the great Annoyance ollall
iopen and covert foes of the Federal KniOn
' of Thirti-Fciur States, under the ConSti.
tution of the Patriot Fathers. No mere
,appropriate motto could be adopted ftn
ithe present tinies. No party that adopts
i disunion for the sake of abolition; 'or for
i any other purpose, as does David Wilmot
and his coworkers, can be joined by true
Union men. All loyal American citizens
must maintain the Union under the. C4n.:
ttithtion. That's the only basis fora real
1 Union party. `Opposed to these are tWo
1 ext remes, represented
_by Jeff Davis and
I l Dave Wilmot, .whieh; =thrall). enough,
meet, on the common dogma of secession,
las declared by-P. M. Gen. Blair in his ret
-1 ter repudiating the call.lin. the Cooper In.
stitute meeting, which Wilmot - endorsed.
------ --.0. 4111,41•.--:- . ----- .
' New • Medical . Firm.—As ma y be
seen -by . their card, Drs. Patrick and
Gardnerhave entered into a partnership
in the medicine mid surgery business. Dr:
Patrick is well-known to the public; -Dr.
Gardner is recent graduate from the rale
College medical department. The firm
will dOubtless be favored' With a liberal
share of business by the disease-strieken
and bone-breaking million.. _
Serbia •Aceident.—On .WedneSday 'o r f_
last week •a, pair of horses belonging. to,
Mr. 'James Tyler, ran away, throwing
him from the carraige, seriously fracturing
or breaking his thigh bmie. The horses
ran from the lower part of town, to the
vicinity of the free, school house, wliee
they were stopped; having become disen
gaged from the carraige• near .the ylaCe
from whence they took flight. '
3. R. DeWitt has just received: a large
and desirable stock of. New Goods, and
locates attention. to them through the
newspapers. The people. who. desire to
`!get the worth of their money," will tap
fail to give him a call, and note prices add
and quality .before purchasing elsewherF:•
-With a choice Supply of Goods, and an
obliging and gentlematily dealer,bone can
but-make desirable selections. '--
--The Governor has ordered- s. special
,election, for the ' r d strictcomposed of Irucks' and Lehigh, to supply
a vacancy occasioned by the death ,ef
Cooper. The else:tide will occur -on , tke
24th instant. , •
lama nowitom let won
• - 'Vain or listssinvo42*.t.,
Wall Aprtt 216101%,
My inclinations, to address a few
: lines to
yocan regard to 'vote in opposition to
the bill which recently passed Congress,
abolishingalavery in the Distriet of Coinni
bia. I regret it because tbo soli of s
presentative ithold not make it necessary
for him to appear In the, public preits; but
as the bill parsed 'under the pressure of
the previous question;-which cuts off de,
bate, I am in a measure forced; to pursue
this-course of informing myconstituents'
of tny 'reasons for voting against the bill;
I might add ona other motive 'for trout.
ling you, nod that is --chargei made in
private-letters from my district-4.lpress
ion ofthepress in and out of the State.as
to a violation 01* the pledges 1-inade be
fore my election. TOP saved the trouble;
of separate answers,
and' to sapply you
with what 1 should bare said, M . debate,
if I could have had the oppartimity, I
ern obliged to adopt,' the present plan.
I voted against the . hilt tor, 'abolishing
slavery - in the District of Calninbis ; and
it hi my purpose to vote against any other
bill ntolishing alarery any *here, with;
ant theoonsbut ot the people in' the State
where it lcrists. And in doing .thia,
will violate no pledge that I ever anuni
ed, either by word or iinplioatien, an the
remotest degree. -
When you did me the honor to elect
me to the 37th Congress, you imp - osed
upon me the ibllon ing 'obligations and I
am free to say that they (idly and- cordi
ally met my . own approbation : . •
-They. were toaid and assist, to the ex
tent of my power, to . put down...the re
bellion anal crush out an unholy and wick
ed insurrection ;. to vote to raise armies
and the necessary means to support them;
to stand by the government. is the crisis,
then and now pending and do all I could
for its restoration..
These were fife obligations :imposed
upon mu by both the political par ties of
my district, and, which I have :faithfully
and honorably discharged. But I. did
not then consent, and will not i . now; to
become an abolitionist, • It is thavnsition
thst I will assume, et least while Ilave
reason and judgment left. To become an
abolitionist would be to reverse the whole
course of My public life ; and to, give the
' lie to those doctrines which I have publi
fcly- proclaimed for a period Of thirty
1 Tito doctrines of Wendell Phillips and
his associates are as abhorrent and mon
strous as those of .eft. Davis and his clip
! (Orators. 'Both the open and. avowed
-advocates of the clestritction. of pitch a
government as the ivo - 1d never-before saw,
and both' deserviv the' same.. intlnny-=
With neither of them have I any affinity;
and no human, being can say that I 'ever
IVendell Phillips has proclaimed within
the-last s tivo months to a, -
encc in this eity . that he had been ag
for the last ni n eteen years in attempt
ing to overthrow and destroy the Union ;-
and he received, , on the- utteranee, of this
unmitigated treason, rounds of apPlause!
Has Jeff. This and his band of .traitors
done anything worse ? Now the idea
that I should follow in the wake of any
such leadership ought to ha. preposterous
_with you, who have known me so - many
years. No, ham a Union man, and -
stand by the constitotion while.l'hare the
strength ,ta do so, and light - manfully
against the tatuttical schemes of abolition
fanaticism north, as well as the bloMired
doctrines of secession north or south
But 1,-eome to the rpiestion whether i t
be true that I have falsifiLld my pledges ?
Let my recorded, votes speak for me, and
let unprejudiced men be my jtal;et - . I
have umformily voted for all appropriat
ions that have pOsed Congress, and there
amount to smite seven hundred millions of
dollars. I voted for the necessary tax
bills to raise these enormous 'sums of
Money., I i otcd to put in the :liehl an
army of six hundred thousand ;men.
voted for all 'resold:ions expresSing the
sentiments of the House as to the pro--
piety 'of crushing out the accursed rebel
in the leaders and restoring
government. I have upon alt occasions,
as I conceived, pursued a conservative
course; and at teMpted at all times,. to void
any 'interference with exciting sectional
qnesions, regarding the imitation ot them
44 grave, and I may say insurmountable
objects to the restoration of the 7 Unioti
and the suppression of the rebellion:
And who can entertain a doubt of the
.It is my candid opinion that the passage
of the slavery abolition bill wai more dis
asterOus than to havie added fifty-thou
sand men ,to the - ranks of the rebels.—
llow ? it may be asked. By exemplify-
in the act, what they have • eniformily
eliargdd upon ; us, and which -we -have 1
stoutly denied, that it wits a war to em
•ancipate negio e s; in place of restoring
the Union; by bolding out to. our army
an issue of emancipation when. -the "proc
lamation of the, executive, which called
them to the field, was to suppress the
rebellion' and protect the persons and I
property of loyal men everywhere. ' If the
effect of the passage, of the 'bill is caleu- -
hued to prolong the war—to weaken and
demoralize the federal army and strength
en the rebel cause, then indeed I should
have acted in direct opposition, hot only
to my pledges, but for the best interests
of the country in giving it tmy stig putt.'
In my opioiOn this was not the time,
nor the occasion to agitate, the slavery
question. More momentous issues are
upon' our hands: • We have a government
to save, and the`homeS of thirty irnillions
of people to protect. Life or death of the
great Republic • should be the , air-absorb
ing Inestion,--aud that alone, tiff it. be solv
ed. Never, shied the 'sun first :dawned
upon the - globe, was : there so solemn—so,
responsible a poSitMn as the one now nu
copied by the'peciple Of this country. No
effort.ot whit+ the human heart 'and the
human frame • is capable. of exercising
should be omitted to rescue from ruin and
overthrow the United States of)Attlerica.
Butt one thought should oecapy. the pub
lic mind, and dne impulse stove the - public'
heart- how 'is the government to; be say-.
ed? This, and nOt, negro 'abolition; should,
.agitate the - Congress—tlie nation—the
people. We Would inothe the feelings of
our loyal brethren of Maryland, Kentnor
ky,Virginia, Tennessee and Missouri, rath
er than harroW them up, arid drhte theiti
to deeds of-madness by sayer legislation
which .have a tendency to create distrust
for, if not the deltruction of; their social ,
customs and local laws. • Their _ions are
fighting side by side -with. ourtt,of the
north on the same battle:field, and many
of thent.ocenpyite same grave ! Amidst
these 'terrible scenes, honor. and ;Police,
nay' the cortenoti decencies of lifer forbid'
that therreceiveinsult from that over*:
tatai whieb Ahoy ire - pawing oat, their
rb terdirsittEu Wee indeed oat of
flkthe negro gni".
itoo 44 -s gall* Pot
of eites',"647."wert. in mourning over
0 1 . 1 041: 01 111 1 010WOf Port Doneloott 'amid
igeringtillld4of - Oli Ridge sad Pitiably%
(Landing, et the eery :time negro manta.
i lpation oodifettetl the debates or Congress:
Was theism* opott - the bloody fields the
i i safety of the action or-the froodei of the
Lnegro? .Iftheibitter were the issue, then
It was all •rigbt4o pass the bill; ft the•tsr.
Mer, thettibe -subject Should have. been
scouted .freini.the halls of Congress. At
lall•events, expediency and a-dtiS regard
for the üblic)interests demanded a cease-
lion of hostility)o against the institutions of
the border states, as they were marshalled
nuttier-the national,bnnuer. - But suppose
the nation in , rOposo---the great battle of '
freedom stion-+the Stites re-united and
the leaders of the , rebellion hung or in ex
were not roe people of the District of
C, untitted•to a voice in a. matter
affected ) heir so much t 'Are the
e)eventrfive thousnnd people of the Dts
triet to be treated as of no account? Are
they dumb mutes, Mere stupid thing`; to
retlect• the whinis and caprices of abolition
'fanatics?' I" proposed •en amend mint to
he bill submitting the Measure to , them,
to be decided by their- votes. It fell as
Mitt r oftainnie • "
I would • hare . gone so Car as to have'
waived the very; grare conAtitutional gees= 1
hetherunder the terms of the deeds
Veeliidon of tbe•Distriet, by the states of
irgieia and lgaryland, for the purposes,
National yapttol; slavery in it could
1.)41 abolished withoet their consent ? if the
people of the District had determined to
rid themselves ifthe unnatural and repul
-Again, I am Apposed to the-appropria
tion of nsoneycif the national treasury
to pay for the fceodom of slaves, either in
.the..Distriet • or any of the States where it
xists. I asstinie that every loyal man is
in facer* of Maintaining the national credit. •
Ifso, to'meet the interest otr the - immense
i3ebt already incurred, and dist which
trust be 'unavoidably-added twit, will give
fug taxation td eur,heart'S content, with
tett putting oh iheidditional burs:hen of
the emunetpation Otelaves. Secession and
bolition together have already made half
of ihobusinesamen'orthe north bankrupt,
and put endless'exletions upon the people
in the -way of eXcises and taxes; •and as-
Sinning that the war were to end in six
))trellis ; may Eta:a finativism
khould make it ihterninable,) twenty gen-1
rations of peace and prosperity 'will not
Once! it. It is enough-in either event.
without the addition ofmillions for eman- .
kip:Won. •. • • ' •
I Another objectiest to the 'bill that.
the owner of ). ! layes!is compelled to accept
the amount awarded by commissioners,
.shall in ne one 'ease exceed three
bemired dollars,) amid which might.itot bo
a unseal of -Owl value of the stare. No
111311'6 property nhoisld he taken from him
compulsortproeess- in violation of the
great murpurcOita principle of our consti
tution, the right of trial by jury. And
ghat the slave shall be a competent
ness as to' the h?yalty of bia master, is a
fiv ere "*hied t4trikea tho mind with as.
onislnneot and Alarm.
The lbreeoing reasons., . part;rukirte, in.
need the to east my vole against the - bill.l
niter the -seiniti state of fliers I would du
phe same thing again. " It is among the .
ossibilities thati I Wan but I hare 1
an abiding elm-slit:lion that a very large I
majority of the People whom I. represent I
ll,rattty and approve the vote. It may
kid will' probably . .(:rente . a gulf brtweeni
tits and very matirwhe catit their votes
for me, lint while they " may thus differ
with me, they einttiot impugn my motives,
or allege that. I thaVeby word, action or
decipveit t hem. ,
[At one time I entertained the o: inton that
t j he conservative[lfition men of all parties
Could :have ttioyo indiarmony, at least *un-
01 tire fact became Manifest that we still
find a national existence. And :I enter
mined this up to the titne that Congress
decided upon the abolition nmeastmhi. It is
very apparent nOwrihat union, and bar-
Amy cannot exist.l A very - considerable:
timber of .eonServative republiiains • in
congress voted for time abolition bill with.
extreme relnetatice.[ They yielded to what'
they supposed Were the imperative,
thands of party and now an entering
Wedge is made lily the:Paste - me of the Dis;
Bill, which, will lead to more . and
to' ore fanatical legislation, until all (tripe is
e'ndeti,„lttul parties [ntst necessarily
sytne their old Positions: This is indeed
'4 fixed fleet. - 1 [ • 1
1 It seems to -Me that while cannon are
booming, linen title field's of sanguinary war ff
almost under the .eaves of .the Capitol ;"
and while time bodici of :mail:lied, bleed
. ing, dying soldiers are bOrecalong the ar
ep that the xvinteids of the living should
he dressed, and the Ladies of the dead be
interred, in the lobetive of abolition bar
rangees and songs of emancipation.. The
sblettin cortege should be Spared time tren
+able otitbiirittS - of suchdemented and
efazy fanatics aslWeedellPhillips and his
kindred fiillowers. - -
I The District bill is already. succeeded
14 projects of law on the files of Congress,
tit allow negroeslto he employed in the
mail service o'f the United States; togive
them the rights !of );uffea g e in the Pis
thet ; to allow them to - enter the jury
bb;, and to holdl office._; The next step
it 111 be a •compulsOry. abolition in the
States by a ilecr4e,ef Ceingreas
And is this the mode and manner of.;
sappressittg the ire.hellion and retKoTim g
t(to government I'
'ls this the doctrine
Which is to nerve the arm and give tour
age amid hope. to he'soldiers who are do
nig battle in the sacred cause of the coun
try ? Can it be possible that good can
etune of it ? • I' eatittot give ,my aid or
eannte.nance to any 'such - wild s and iejn - -
clivities schemes ;land it* such a course sip
aictes me from nten Who have given nte
tl err sepport, while ft regret that they
.d ffer with me, so mast it be.
1 :tin willing it i onfiscate undereonctitn
mat forms, all proPeriy. that a rebel in .
armaagainst thelgovernment 'may have,
anti whether be loxen, or borseS Or
'slaves," it matters; not; but the property .
'or loyal inen I will far to' protect.
,w ill main tail r i the objects, which inaug.
uoted wait. will sustain the
gilvernment irEer3/ censtitutional
ore to put dow)t rebellion anti =punish
pietism); but: I 'NMI not lend myself to
ppunoteabolitien schemes, thereby weak
eling and destroying it forever. I profess
LI be a patriotiii] man, ; (if I ant ,not I am
"Mistaken in myself,)[therefbre it is with
Me a matter eouseience. If therefare,
the wild doCtrinis, oriabolition are to be
a party test as itlnov? . .sepins .to be, and
the negro setup [against the constitution,
inust stand, lull er‘r,htive done, by, the
later- I eatinntittnd will not consent to
y6ld the lire' prtneiPle - -of ttie Republic.
It:* true that thiim vote of the Rouse visas
echopirstiiel7 mien ielipposition. to the
41: but I dunk.** thirtrniee nays rep.
* I . *' lo o4l* wbb lan% taririve,
sad a° Amite are that ibe umber Aral
be fear fold *teased .ini the 38th, Coe
gnaw fere betimes this end that period
of thee, the vest tribunal of the sover
eign peopio - irili bare 'Med. the ques
tion whether abolition orltho tamstitutioa
Li king. -
Yourobeilient.serys tati -
lis u~u~ 73. W ucar.
Democratic Patriot m.
• Of.all acts of !)artisan[ beitintlts which
the history of the countrtaffords, there is
no single act which, is - en, Shamefiil and
dialionorithle is the att mint of the 'Repub._
litmn press 4o hymn Oft loyalty of the
Dernocraey of the country. There never
had been a parallel in the - history of free
governments of- a surreiider, of partisan
feeling .so great and so gitticroin, as that
of the Democracy • of the country,, open.
the breaking out of the
Peeling, aye knowing, to;a moral certain
tithat if their advice be4n followed, the
Union would bare been l preserved with
honor, and without War, !yeti when war
Caine, with s a patriotism and devotion to
Country unparalleled, all party fe‘elingand
Itrite were eeinparativeNsuspended, and
those who had . been, in part,friends, pro.
nounced enemies, means and supplies am
limited in amount were given to the ger ,
eminent, and with clams:ol. alacrity , they
rushed to arms by the hriliared thousands
side by side with their -political opponepts
whom they believed to bill in part respon
sible for the war..,
Democrats are in every company, and
Detnoeratic officers have fed on every hat- .
tle-field of the war. Inthied,'. whole corn
patties and rq, , iinents,cotila'n none other.
but Donn Craig, and without Demcidratic
soldiers the al Capitol ir Onld to-day be
the head quarters of JeffiDaVis, and tho
United Statqof America:- would be only
known to history.
This is the glorious Deinneratic . reZorti;
and, while we point with pride to the his
tory oldie party, Vont the days of Thos.
Jefferson to-the present tune; we'believC
there is no one' period of its history which
will present . So bright a page to the admi-,
ring patriot, as that on %quell is recorded
the self-sacrificing patriottsrn of the Dem
ocracy in,this hour oft lief connt ry' peril.
- And haw has thisitecii frequitt ed on be.
half of their political opiaments? They
have nether received :tor asked
cal . favor.. But thry harti : askc.l for jus
tice, and have btlen repaid 1:y. base in
gratitude. Their' ; lo y alty is • impugned,
their patriotism Anpeaelled . , and . insult
beiped Upon 'insult; even . - the gov
ernment, under th e ir °went:: adminis
tering has been givim.over to the rapacity_
of plunderers mid peettlat4rs.
When the hi:itory ortheicivirrevolution
now going on, is writteni posterity - will
nut know which most to Woudet; at, 'the
magnanimity of the Detiller:ley thus . de
votedly stistaining their •itiilitteal oppo
nents, or thesnr+fiduc c s.o f .t h e
the Welke, the Frertiont4 and tl o herles.
of speculators ;and petailators in their -
trains, who saw, in, the tiontent -of
thmal peril and Corfu rly the ol
portninty to pillage the tr:::ti.ury.
- • ---, wt.
TREASON AND BLAVREITZ‘. . :
Pram the New rod: Observe.
: While rejoicing in the with
which,the North.have•rallied to-the de
fence of oar beloved Union and Castitu- •
lion against Southern (limn - dm:hits, we
are pained to know, that there are' in the-
North -a. hand equail: 4mm-frivolous, -
men, who have. pT yesrsi Waged a hitter
war against the Pall:A4'll;4 - our libertier v .
denouncing it as a "covetiant with death
and an• agreement, with hull." Re*cent
events have conspired tki make these
men less bold and arrogant in their
declarations, and have als/) caused many, ,
who I;.rinerty abhorred t i beir. dete,4:thiu
duet rincs, ta:regard theta!
'once. But the virus is - - there,
cloven taint is only - concea!led. show
that the spirit of deadly f)ostility to' our
Government still animate 4 - them, let me
give you s feW 'extracts fijom one' of their '
chief apost les.
At a Convention, held is Albany, "Feb,
7th and Bth, Parke... Pill4bury made - an
address occupying live cool tins of therAmi
•Slavery Standard, from : Which I take they
)IdlOwing sentences, illustrating the . spirit
of the opinions and diietrines of these- .
arch-t raitors: ".:
"I do not Wish to see tots uovernment,
'prolonged another . day in Kis present Trim , .
On the contrary, lhavelnien - for= twenty
years laboring- to overtbrciw the present
* **la do noti misjudge the
Constitution, w s hatever rimy :Inive been
its true character, it, was never so mita'
an engine of cruelty an a l - oft crime „as it if
at the present hour.. It FlienlK to-tae the
present Administration hi, on one hand.
the weakest, and on the either hand the
wickedest, we - have ever it;.d Mr.. liuc
•banan's Administ ration - is; under ititi..ite•
obligations to it for casting its wickedness •
and inibeeility so far into the shade.l .
"I annot join in the O ltiot.s Iso
often bear` mi to the hopefulness of the
signs of the times: Ido rot, 'want to see
- hopefulness. tam not rejtdeed at tidings
of victory too the Northern arms. "would
tar rather see' defeat (l)., i* * * re
joiceiwdefeat- and disaster rather than in
victory, because I do niit • believe the
North is inany . conditio'n" o improve any
great success which may omits.
I think the abolitionists fail Suffleiently to
recognize one greatlata ' and that is the
.persistent, determined, I God defying,
- heaven-praVoking impenitence of Abe
'North. *, * Ilolding*se opinions,. I
tin not desire stieeess - .tol the No thern •
army. **".* I say, let Us
.have .all its
disasters and all its defeat,,lE the- condit
.of the pour slaves is ndt to he chatv
ed " •
1 - •
' Alte thlese - .the words and . sentiracuts 4
a loyal citizen ? Out anal cold ',louder.)
„and trait orons.sentimeets fuld a respeese
anywhere except in the heirts of traitors
and rebelit against t he- helit: I:Prernment
.tlie world lids ever seen ? i l Are, Ow melt
holding,such views to,moulti the opinions
and rule the Minds of onr Union loving
. Without:quoting more Of his views on
this let us give a 14 ogle extra ct .
which, while perfectly ch4ayterititic, st.
most _make- one shudder 4t, the impious
blasphemy that eotild'trayesty the words
of Inspiration-by &Scribing the execution
of a finatie andyrimittal ini the touching
latu;tuage that rtmcgo the death of the
:Sou of God . ; 1 • •
~, 10 1 1 6 Brown, like it,nlighty angel,
came down.fromheayen aod if the.
era had.pormitted would have ound. that
dragon Of Secessiort) for althousand • mil
lenial years and -forever: Yine-seised the
first, grandest hero of the nineteenth cen
tury, and hung him upon: a cross—the .
sunlimeat, s aa well as thesaddest,spectacla
since upon Calvary, that coiled the 'very
heavens ut sackcloth and darkness'., John
Brown taught as theliay bat the pe_9ll,
would not. learn. htul, - tho very OW
144 lie* itOd pointed OtVie road. but