Newspaper Page Text
Glorious Victory at Pittsburg Landing'.
We are now able to present our read
ter with .a connected summary of the
ptinci;ial events in the giant battle fought
at Pittsburg ,Landing Smulay = and
Monday A,?lBth anti 7th- 7 -not less,remark
able for the braVeryofistr - troops and the
admirable conduct *four Generals, than
for the . .great results - which must ensue
front it. .
The concentration of the Rebel army
at Cerintlisecms to have been determined
upotcon several grounds. - It is at the june-.
tion of .two important railroads—the
MeMphis and Charleston and the Mobile
and Ohio; it cOnurnmicates directly with
Memphis ; it covers New Orleans; it of
fers great facilities for the • transportation
and collection ofsupplies; -it is near the
Svcs - tiers of Tennessee, Alabama and Mis
sissippi ; and the hilly nature of - the apt.-
rounding country residers works of defence
easy of construction. Here the. Rebel
generals had concentrated an army of
from seventy to eighty thousand men ;
and here it,- •seemed 7 their determination
to await the attack of Grant and Buell,
in the hope that, behind their entrench
ments, they could defeat the Union Gen
< erals, and perhaps retrieve the fortunes of
of the war..
But finding Grant's- command, .of Me
- Clernand's - - Sherman's and Hutibures
Divisions, at Pittsburg Landing,thetemp;
tation was very strong to march - upon
then and overpower them, andif possible,
driYe them into the- river before knell's
expected reinthreements could arrive.—
• To_ this end,. the Rebel General, . John
- stun, moved forward in two coltinima,each
about thirty thonand stron, the lett one
directed-upon Purdy, a small town on the
Corinth and Columbus Railroad, and the
other on Hamburg a village a short dis
tance towards to-t , Northeast. Between
these two lay Pittsburg Landing, on the
•,Tenii - ozsee ; mid thus their plans were laid
to enclose Grant's Army on both flanks,
and make a Western Ball's Bluff.
Heir generalship was excellent, as
their fighting was -afterwards proved to
be, - yet both were defeated, and • their for
tunes are ten times as desperate as be•
Our troops occupied the field just be
yond Pittsburg Landing, on a line of!
from two tb three miles, hardly expect
irg the Rebel attack, but ready, upon
Buell's arrival, to advance upon Corinth. I
At day break of Sunday, the 6th, how-1
, ever. the Rebels were discovered- in ad
vance.on'our left, when Gei(eral Prentiss
sent three hundred men to drive in what
he supposed to be thciriiivanced pickets,
but whatin - reality was their vanguard ;
and thus the battle began. Prentiss wft-c,
for the time, overpowered by the storm
gralie-and (~ : mister which opened
npiin him. Grant formed his lines with
-11cUlernand on tlre la, W. T. Sherman .
in the centre, and Iluriburt on the right.
The tactics of the Rebel general Were
soon obvious: he made-a strong. effort to I
-pierce the Union centre,designintr, as soon I
as the wings were attracted to its support, !
.to throw masses upon both tanks, and
push grant into the_ri% cr.
The eNai:t'details of the battle tactics !
on either ltle cannot be riven until`' we
receive fuller reports. The struggle was
tremendmis and acubtfql,from nine n'eock ;
on Sunday morning until night. gate in
. the all UllOOll was the critical time fur
_oar arms. Bael's reinforcements, mom
, entarily expected, had not arrived ; the 1
Men were-worn out, faint and . hungry ;
the losses had been 'very great ; through-I
.out the day / fhey had been contending
-against treinendous,oddS, 35,000 to CO,-
000, and their retreat was endangered. if
• Under this appalling array - of‘eircum=
itanees, the noble lenders did not blanch
for an instant. Colimel Webster ; Chief
of Grant's staff,with remarkable activity .. Proclamation o f - the President.
and'energy, got a inumber of heavy guns, It Lag Pleased" Almighty God - 6 venal
to bear upon their right,an . d did gyeat expert- li sfe'sighalvietories_to the land and naval
tion upon their' ranks, while the gun boats i forces ettgaged)trsuppressing an internal
Tyler and Lexington, poured to their rebellion, and-at the same time to- ayert
-shells with tremendous_effeet. Thus, the from.oiir Country tile dangers
mattes stood on Sunday night.; it • was I interve4tion and invasion. - • • ,1
evident that a second battle was to be i i ~ r.
i At. is, tuereiore, recommended -to the
fought the next day ; and that fresh troops
• e. people ilf the United States, that at 'their
'would decide it, by establishing some-I
rest wdekly assemblages in their wens
thing like an equality in numbers. Jan /
tented:Oar:es of public worhip ; which
- then came the weleorne intelligence that I shall °Our after-the notice bf -this
.proe i i
13:1-211 was on the npposite side of the T en. llanlatiort shall have been received, th Y
nessecin force, and that,a strong colnmn escially acknowledgeand tender tha -
was-also coming uti the river from . Sayan- Ito Our Heavenly Pather for therm in ii-.
nab. sable blessings-,that they then and here
- - The troops who had fought, so nobly ; i mplore spiritual otisoiationi,in ral f of
and yet had been miableogainst ovmpow. I nll who ihave been- brOnght into iation
eti ' i g- " t i mtibers ' t° aelli t re " 3 "-let"Y, rested I by the t‘snalties and calamities o sedition
on their arms atiring, the night, whin :th a civil war, and that they rev rentlylins
Buell got. his fresh troops across the 1 iver 1 co k e t hi'e No n ,
guidance for er Nation
- and into l'c'siftc"i : 1 " awaited the - ' l a"- ;'al einin6ls, so that they new speedily re-
At - last it- came , " 1 " 1 with it the b a tt le i snit in the restoration . of p . 6e, ~Itartneny
, begun anew.' .v"li'tee rei"lbreea - the Cnnt# tiniiiv throughout our borders,- and
right ; Wilscni took post on the left, sup' I - hasten tie estisblishment ~ flraternal rein
ported by Nelsoir. Tile trash troops bore I tions anion , * all the con fries of the earth.
the brunt of the 'battle of Monday, while i : .e
I - ABRAI AM LINCOLN.
the veterans of the day before, who had Itaihington;•Apri - 10,1962. ' - • I '
"already won laurels at Fort Denelson; . t . ' „...... F ,.... 7 ......—:: ,
although-worn out with ilitigue, also "1 President Line and Slavery In the
complished Wonder - S.l The Rebels Tought I MAI Of Columbia: " r
desperately, as if the fate of their .cause I • ,• . IL . .
was at stake. -I In 110 eelebr ted Speech ai l VieepOri,
Like the battle of Sunday,-the renewed I ' ' ''' ''''' 1 Li milt r referring to
Illincoson leo , /Ir. L milt ,
fight , swaved letclorards .eel forwards-' a • s'"les: 4 of *titerrogatories proposed toj
now a thitmleriimadvanee of solid Rebel l',""n• i .)Y "i.- 1. • 61 ; 1 0 1 s; said : • . - I . -
musses, and Unoewith the crashing of thel'lrnie
ir one is in regard to the...al:ill
-I.7ilioe artillery, dissipating anti scatter- I two ot - layery rtr the Distract of Columbia,
-. inrz.thein , like chaff before the wind.— i lii relat z ton to this I have my mind very
Buell, when he perceiv'ed their successful [ distiytly maile,up. I should be exceed
rolviTnee-at-a point on their left, threw re-1 itigly . gliid to see slavery abolished in the
• giment _atter regiment of feesli troops up - on i District' of
w Celutubia. I believe
fh m (1,,
em , el e e ~.,:.,,.! o„d-wia Thomas, I CongreSs possesses .the constitute:Mal
ina most N. , pelts-mit! style ; lie was at once ; power ti l 9 abolish it. , Yet as a in - ember, of
nal 1)K-in:mien one , ster of the p os i t i on ,” i Corigri.t.4s, I shodld not, with , rni present
*- •At length,- ist lila bast tiee o'clek, Gene- ; *iew , ' . be iu - fnvor l ,of eudeavoring to alio!.
ral Grant rithie -, ,ttrthe ;left, foinid the tis lll4 ay.o l ' in the District of Ceinmhial
Rebel troops wavering, an d di v idi iie: ifi s ltteless Itl wotildbii upon these eeeditions;
-- bodyguard into tiv i `e partS, he sent • them l•First,tlifit the abolition should be-gradual. •
. to head live reginietes, which he led ir.-i Second, pat if should he on, a Vote of the
person • ill - -nil impetuous and d ec i s i ve I niajority of qualifiedyoters in the District
charge. With a succession of yells ' which:laud , tli4d that a Compensation. should be
addrttii. the thtsonanee of the battle; made to unwilling owners:': i'"- -. ,
they moved forward at the. point of time Ii publishing the above, time - Oiseinnitti .
Enquirer says :. l- I ,vollet, : and the panlest ruck • Rebel host I
. Zed in dientay towards Corinth, persued I - 'the bill now-before the Senate violates
by tile' tava i ry, and thus the day was ,at leas( two of these three co.nditiems. 7 -
oure. .. .. . lit propdses immediate instead.of gr.i-dual
..____................------- • - I abolition;- and proposes such abolition ;
. . . 1 - i
. - oanture of Islandlio. 1.0. - .: , 1
„ult. ioutlNfereuee to the„ still oflthe:Pitel
" ~' trict. We take it' fur granted .Ithat.-,the
-, • .
with the last nieuti‘led
Washingtou, April 9.—The - followingi hill earaili e , i
was received at the Navy Department l dition. 1 1t.,•- however, eertalulyr violates.
: from Commodore Foote at Island No'. dr). the other two." -'t 1 : 11 . . . • -
1 lion. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the The Louisville 'Journal,. which- paperl
Navy :—I 'have 'to inform the Dopart-1 first rettived theeitireet ft om)lsir,Livcolns ;
- Meta thatirince I- meet the - telegram last 1 speech; remarks that the .4 s .resident, 101
night announcing the surrender to- me of I order telbe - consistent; will - have Ito.. veto
island N. 10, yoSseesion has been .takenlthe hilfjf it, passe-s, ShOuld he dn. 80, he
a both the Island' and 4he wOrks . upon I would receive the thanks of everv l nolo...
1 .4-Teetuessee.shore by the gun bOite and al And patriotic ,_ T .
troops. kinder the - command of Gen 'Bu
ford. __ • ' • -.
Seventeen:. and' three hundred
-and sixtyeight-privetesi besides-one bun
dred of their sieki one hundred men Cm
plosodlon board the transportS, are in stir
hands, nneonditienally prisoners of war,
• I haV ; e caused# hasty exainiustien to
be made of time batteries and Mtinif
ions of war captured.. There are eldved
earthwocksWitli.-seventy - heavy • cannon,-
1 varying in ;caliber from 32 to 100 poUnd
! ers.riad." 1 --
The magazines are well supplied ' with
;-powder-and there are-large .quantities of
• shot, shells andothers munitions of war,
and also great, quantities, of provisions
Four steamers, afloat have fallen intel our
hands,Ond two fatliers, with the Rebel
gun &At Grampus, are sunk, but- ' will be.
! easily faiSed. '. •
t Theifloating battery -of sixteen heavy
! guns, urged adrift by the Rebels, is Said
to belying on the Missouri shore, belOw
New Madrid. 1 .. • - -
• The: enemy upon the mainland- appear
to hav6 fled with great precipitation atter
dark list- night, leaving, in many cases,
half prepared meals• in their- qUartern.—
Therekeems to have been.no concert of
action'etween the Rebels • upon • the . ;
land and those occupying the shore, !but
1 -the latter fled,ilean p
nw the former to their
fate. 4 •
Thee works, erected with the highest
engineering skill, a r e of great strength,
land with their natural advantagnes,wetild
' have been impregnable, if defendedl; by
men fighting in arbetter.eause. - !
A combined attack by the 'naval and
land-foreei would have taken - place; this
afteriutori, or to morrow morning, had not
; . the Rebels so hastily abandoned' this
I stronghold. To, mature these plena of
attack hafi absolutely required the twenty
; three days of ureparatitln
ilnotit r er Great Victory in tho Mat.
Sr; oms, April B.—ln • response to
serenqc Ilalleck said that
Beauregard, with an . immense army.
vanceii from Corinth and attacked the
combined forces of Generals Grant mul
• The battle began at . daybreak yeater
day,mid continued till late in the after
nooni i!ritli terrible loss on both Sides;
We 'have gained a Complete vietory,and
driven the enemy back within his fortifi
Ge4ral Handel; also announced his de !
parttird. for the field to.morroitmorifing.
Loresvitax,April B.—qhe Nashville Pa.;
(riot, o this morning, says'i . A gentleman
who left the neighborhood of the Confed
'crate alriny of, the West-, lase Thursday,
report that Beauregard left Corinth l on
that d: with his command, fur Purdy,
Tenn, te, and Sidney Johnson, left Whir
a forcekon the same day, for the same des-'
dilation, via Itamburg. , •
It was expected that they - would:bring
on a b(ittle on Friday or Saturday, if their
march vas not impeded by -rain.
. Official advices from Gem Grant's cone
mand . say the enemy attacked our' forces
;.t-rit Lion rg, Tennessee,. yesterday,, but
Were repulsed with heavy loss.
• 'The particulars of the I;latt!Charc
Yet been recei%',ed.
CHIC`AGO, April. B.—A pnvate Aespatob
reeeied in this city tonight from one of
Gen. runt's Staff, says:—"WE HJPE
1 , 011G1T4 AND WON THE HARDEST BATTLE .
ETES 13I1GITT ON THIS CONTINENT."' The
de_spateli is dated Pittsburg.
Cixebni - Art, Apyil o S.--A despatch ( . 1!4- .
ed Nashville, April:7, says.: —General Thn
mont is just now bringing in two -: steam
boats haled with meat, weighing 180,-
000 pounds, captured by Colonel Hazird,
.tifty miles zbove here on the Cumberland
Yesterday Colonel Duffield, at --ltur
fresbor4, Captured a mail direct from
Corinth; with upwards of one . , hundred
and fift§ letters,many containing valuable
inform:Om regarding the -strength .and
position of the enemy. -
Front'. these letters Gen.Dninont has
learnea that'a number of pies arel
"Na.slivitie and Edgdeld, and -bas had
them arrested. . 1-
a. 3., GEREITt3OIII - - Editor:
e - 06-,14 i 2
The iiipublical vs. The President
"Wecdistinctly expieis our conviction
that thesman who is oppose&to the entire
trepirsr out of slavery from the soil of the
United States, is either a fool or a traitor."
. „ .
haveno purpose, directly or indirect
ly; to interfere with the institution of
slavery in the States, where it exists. I
believe I have do lawful right to do'se,
and I:have no Ind/air/ion to do so."—Abra
Which, if e,ithet, or above talks. like .a
'fool or traitor V Certainly the la z tter does
ilar'Sniiry abolition journals make a
great - leaching ever the _fact that three
Southern Senators Voted for the gradual
emancipation resolution of the President.
'Let there be as many "snakes" concealed
in the scheme as a Sumner or r.. Lovejoy
may, hope for; yet it settles. three points
very distinctly; viz:
That the Federal Govern:vie:lT,
neither bas. nor'claims, any right to.med
dle with the laws of slavery in any - State,
•Seciond, It estinctly and . unequivocally
declares that to each State alone belongs
the exclusive right to the entire control
of the slave question, in the respective
Tliirdi It commends a gradual, while it
repudiates a andcleit plan of emancipation,
—which latter has become so popular with
one shade-of Republicans.
-For one, we are pleased to see that the
Republicans have Ro eagerly and unwit
tingly put their foot into the trap, imd if
this does not restrain -them from further .
attempts-to invade constitutional rights,it
will convince the doubting that such lea.
ders net trustworthy. . ,
A fottr - th point .deelared—that when a
state wants to get rid of slaves, the worth
will buy them, we do not "approve._ If ail
the South want to . aboliskslavery;we will
comniend them for it, slid ryfer_to onr own
:lean example for imitation; but we- are
not,to be taxed. heavily to. buy up their
negroes, nor will wit have them turned out
lOose among ni. - They must be kept I
the. South, or sent or the continent, wit re
the Government liill'be free from the, .
far The continued triumph of eUm
ion - army must convince the most anguine
rebels that their cause is hopes . They
:have no cheering ray to guide lent except
i 'the miserable unfounded pr ise held out .
to them by those malicioi 'filtellers, the
abolition politicians, who assert that near
Waif the North sympat .zes with, and will
aid them if possible These falsehoods
must be the direct 'nstightion of Satan,
and are calculated . encourage -Jeff Davis.
But armed rebel 'on, abolition treachery,
and even tophet itself, combined, cannot
prevent the-co tinned snecesstill execution
of MCClella s plans for the presersvion
of the -T.• N.
• o officers of the - Teacher.?
tote w it'd do well to see that we are per-
Thitt.a to print their reports the spie .
w k-that others papers are tarnished with
t em. After our last issue Was in type,.
lie report of.the meeting held five weeks
since, was kindly put into 'our box at the'
Postoffice. Of course we could not stop
the-press for-it; and we dislike the prac
ticeof taking such repotts from' exchanges
ra week old. We suggeSt that the,Teath
ers endeavor to report their proceedings'
within .a week after each meeting and be
certain 04 such papers_as are expected
to print theta,
,have a copy in due season..
experience of several yeirs has -shown
us that copy intended for us, when allowed
to go the rounds through other printers'
bands, generally reaches us; if ever, at an
inconvenient, or `too late' an Dour for pub
cThe bill for the' immediate aboli
tion of slave-yitohe District ofeoltimbia
passed the Rouse - on Friday by. a vote of
93 to 39. h. now goes to the ,President. I
It frees two or three thousand slaves at an
expense of $1,1C0,000.- It is designed by
.its mast ardent.advoeates.as anmenteriag
wedge" for the instant abolition of shivery
every where, and is therefore intended to
produce a marked effect on the South.
The Senate bill making negro• mail car
riers is the first •isteu towards placing all
colors upon an equality. 'lf. Republican
itim was only designed, originally, to stop
the spread of slavery, its author would
not_now be able to recognize his work.— , :
The honest. mass cannot keep in. sight of
their party ; so rapidly do the dark shades
The legisiatuin adjourned on Fri
day. The apportionment.bill, aspassed
makes a district -of. Luzerue and
Susquehanna. The abolition Senate didn't
restore the tonnage lax.• The most :open
and shameless corruption was proved to
have been used to procure the repeal, last
year. Monerztow prevents its restoration.
1 The measures known ag.the ". damns
' tie!' bill," in the Ohio'Legislature, itnpos:
mg a penalty-for the use of profane lan
guage, enmenp on its final passage, when
Mr. Dresser -(Dein.) offered to amend it
as follows: "Any person offending
against the provisions of this Act, who is
!,now, hereafter - may be; a" mndidate for
1 trnitd•States.Scnator i shall, in adition to
the fine inarknied this aot, &rick:ill the
right to such office. As 443
q',u4lifyßen: Wade; ,l !'?k4o - ,. 14 .4e,.t ) in -
• Puce it on - Record.
They iontroie Republiqui .
contains the following editorial item,wilich
.•. .--- • •
Abe copy entire :
thelienefit of such drirelere - lis
the- lifontme' DESIOCRAT,. , pro distifietly
express - oar - conviction that:the man-.who,
in the face of existing fact4,ls opposed to
the entire wiping out of slavery_ . from the
-soil - of the United States; is either a fool
or a traitor." .
'WU likeieitive.in opPontent."spea'lc Out
_"distinct," even if be'cannot be decent.--,
We-are - poi , fully informed . the.
; trite which ii - to 'be=mado :Wei Of !Ad Ite-'
publican party—entire and unconditional
ebolition, and those who intend to bang
party must square up to the -dee- I
trine or be eel 'down on the black list.=
Heretofore 'many good men of that party
have andeaVoredto keep fully np to, 'the
standard, and thought:if they went in for.
abolishing slavery in-the District of Col
umbia,.and fer:confiScating the property
of the rebels, including slayes,They- were
1- fully patriotic. They honestly . believed
that the loyal man of.the South was en-,
titled to constitutional
hold his slaves under State s daWs included.
These men also..perhapi trusted that all
the States_ would, at some 'period take
steps to emancipate their shires,and were
even willingl6. give reasonable aid
_them for that purpose. Bat these., poor
fellows are brought up with it jerk, and
told that they are either' "fools
: or trai
t.ors:" 'What's to be done? The coniti
..tution forbids any interference with State
affairs; and the President endorses the
constitution. Why,:dci as, the new party
idol says; 4 4ramnle the constitution, under
• foot"—if not 'you're a traitor ! We com
mend: the consideration of this subject, to
the mass ofitepublicans. , You deny be
ing abolLionists—but your • party organ
says that 111 that case you are "fools •or
traitors." Whit.4l horn of thedilemtna will
you take ?' We, hope many of you can
fairly retuso to take either—bet in that
case you must hint that. ono or both of
your organ's titlos belong,if to any, to the
. author only: _
" Landon Eulogizes John Erma.
. Let those who deny that the Rev, Geo.
LandOn, Senator from this district;
ilorsts, - old John Brown, read his speech
of 'March. 12th, 1862, in the sen i qe.—
We quote -
"The charge is that the abolitionists
sung songs to his (Brown's) memory.—
I. never did, because I have not the ability
to sing, but it' I had I would at least have
joined in chorus. With regard. to
John tiro .11-I have only to Itav thnt.
I. At • i
many figs fie may hare miala keq
inan ; it for all that, his nanie will live
when he name•of the Governor why hung
him s forgottehln rottenness; anitas the
on gies down lower and loWer, the mem•
o y ofthe other will rise•higher and high- I
• r as a man, though•offallability, yet of
heroism, of manhood and philanthropy"
It is admitted;. but not asserted that he
m ay haneleen mistaken . but. no disapprov
al is hinted. Take the failure to do so,.
and the•pointed approval in the first and
_last lines, and-Abero is,butono conclusion
to be arrivedati, to. wit: that .11r. Landon .
fully endorses the,intention, and acts of
old Brown: What respect - it was 'that
Bown Was "mistaken," we are left to Ai.
fer ; but lie was mistaken if he thought the
-cower - My abolitionists who - .wished him
success would risk their own carcasses to
save their pitiable victim:
rte" The Craig, Miemscope is n neat
instrument,simplified and adapted , to pop
ular use ; magnitying one hundred .dianie,
tern, or about ten thousand tittles.
It is very convenient for examining mi
nute insects, and objects too small' to be
seen with - the naked eye. It .will be sent
by mail on receipt of $2,38,-, by itenry
Craig, 182, Centre-14., New York.-
arlmpohant news may be expected
from Yorktown. Aprotracted serge, like,
that when' :the British: under Cornwallis.
were surrendered to Waihington, in 17:81,
may ensile, and the country will hopefilly
await the result. Much hard fighting is
to be done, for McClellan has an enemy in
his front of perhaps 140,000 men with-'5OO
-cannon, not to speak -of the satanie foe'in
his rear, who are telling Jeff Davis that
Mac. doesn't want to hurt him. All loyal
people hope that McClellan tnay strike- the
great blow where Washington did..
The •NewbUrypert herald; `a Republi
can paper, says
Wendell Philips. has been -mobbed in
Cincinnati for declaring himself a 'distill-.
ionist.. 'There was no demand for a mob
in Cineinnati-_- , there never is anywhere;
but for the life ottis we- can't see; Wily
the Government, that fills the prisons with
political offenders, should allow this - man
tb be at large, advocating treason !over
the land. He makes no secret of his
_views,' but Aleelares them in Roston and
New York; and in Washington tinder the
very nose. of the President. If it! can't
take cure of such a man, it should, open
the doors of Fort - Warren to Bticknerand
Carron and all other rebels great or small. -
The N. Y. Commerical Advertiser, also
a Republican paper says : -- •
Suppose Mr. Vallandigliani or, Mr.
Voorhees - should plumply say in' ai loyal
City like Cincimiati-,--the blood of whose I
sons has flowed like-water in this war I
against disunion—that they were' open
advocates of disunion, would not, .the I
iople be justified in viiidieating their
loyalty At .once, and,
.in, punishing the . I
traitors? Would these. who, now. lament
Philips pitiable flight, Shed tears for
V. and V, afore midi • We think "not.—
Mit where is the line to bee - drawn ? May
an abolitionist insult the memory ,of . our
fathers, and liiing , twir,Vnion into- disre
pute with 'MS blasphemous raving; and
still go unchecked and "tiOnprianiio 7--
Is there no lettre cachet. order of
• arrest for this
,cluss of traitors:" There
Would be reason, and justice., if dose
eratit braWiens wore made..to ikeep
patty With : some oar State .prisoners:-.--,
But leasi:of all : should WO: hope or, wish
to see syinpatliy.for the fate of any.! inan
`why prOclaims midst • of a national
Calamity his id, enriSeation 'the mad
spirit :that' has•_ loaded'. the tiatio4,-,
444 : Aqg 40004 of.. graves along
. "Never Saw the Loo4", ' —But bare,you
kept the record ; • t
Hear wlett the recoid, eitys ot's, sonic . of
the spring st!asout,t in Sumehonßa county '
-sinee . ;
1/10.0', April l&t'At this date the earli4
Jetivei on the tree!' in tAhe oraiiirds, • nod
hi the- fore - cuff; were utterly halt growiiL
appletrees in bloom, but the fruit was all
frosts late 'in MaY--no spells in
Atnumn thiii - sideof the 'Hudson Itivgr---;
grain crops not very , abandant„,
• • 18$4,Iday ltro-Grounir envereit,Withr
new snow—at night frogs heard. •
--- 1830;: fieldecovered with
Antlw,-tirofept.deep in the woods=-bay
$2O per ton, Corn $1 per bushel. '
.1837.—Wet all through-11v. and .Venr
cold—largo crops. •of hay, winter: grain .
buckwheatand oats, . but corn not so good.
- .1830.—Snow all gone April I—fiirmers
plowing—frogs peepmg - and- robins and
bluebirds in great numbers—Most. of far
, mom finished sowing,spring whcat.by the
oth instant --cu rs very small OM,. 45th of
• June. .-
1840, iliarch3,-.—Frogit peeping,: birds
'sinng, but was very cold, -and wet . ;
backward spring. . • •• 5.
1841.:—Coldi and ' wet all through the
month of May; frost every clear night.nn
til tbo.:2otb ; a very. ...warm' Junel corn
very forward 'the Ist of July; summer
dry ;grasitsitiall ; n o Aost in Autumn
until October. - . ,
1842.—May. 20th, at night, very cola ;
fruit mostly killedsby frost; leaves . .killed
on the trees, and :standing water froze
quite thick' ; May colder than April ; -the
crops in autumn pretty fair..
1844, May I.—Pastures in 4ri4igeivater
uncommonly forward; a full ; , supply for
young cattle; It 1., cry forward spring and
ti rich autumn liUmst. .
..1846.—1n March the greatest!, flood in
the Susquehanna River that has everbeen,
in 50 years. May 10th, a • lovely :spring,
very early, hay but five dollais per ton ;
June 200, : corn very-forward. ' -
1844—January.lst; warm as summer ;
farmers plOwing; February loth,- robins
and blue birds singing.; March 7th, a. se
vere snow storm, a perfect litirrislitne for
thirty hours ; a cold backward spring.
1854.—April 13th, snow fell 14 ' inches
deep ; snow . stormon the 15th and seven
teenthalso ; at the close of the storm snow
full three feet feet deeti,in the woods ; a
fruitful season and a rich. harvest in aut
1855.—April Ist, snow at least 18 inch
es-deep in the•wood - s; no particular me
ord of the,summer. -
1856.=-April Ist, mercury at ,stinrise
. stood I- deg. below Zero ; snow about two
feeet dtep m the woods.
4857.--Ft.b . ruary 19th, robins and blue
birds singing.; 2,4 th, frogs peeping; 25th,
mercury stood GO above zero at noon,and
48 above zero at a o'clock in the evening.
March 2d, a severe snow storm; 13th
mercury at sunrise stood at 4 deg., below
Zero ; April - 211, only six deg. above zero
in the morning at sunrise; 21st, snow.- in
the woods-at least three 6.! , ..t deep; 'May
7th, some ohlspow, - drift* treasured ts
inches deep; a fruitful season follow - 8i and
even corn in abundance.
•1858:—April Ist, the groun dit cl e ar of
snow and frost; farmers now sowing their
•1859.—May 4th, warm and . dry; sth,
corn and potatoes planted in gardens ;
June sth, very - eold,with squalls of ;
on the morning of the 6th, the - Armenia
Mountain in .Tioga county white . with
11()IV j (the writer witnessed it) a very
poor corn season ; and the garden crops
generally badly'stinta ; the bean crop a
total failure. •
1800.-- -, April Ist, many have already
planted peas in their gardens; • some are
now SOWiTlg spring wheat.
- 18111.—April 17th at noon the mercury-:
stood in the slindo at 82r above zero;
24th at innrioe, ice in buckets out of doors
thick as window glass ; a warm autumn,-,
and-plenty pf corn, but few apples. -
1862.=-April Ist, the ground mostly
covered with old snow and ice;. in the
woods on the north sides of the hills, the
snow in many places at least 18 inches
deep, and some fence drills more than four
feet deep; robins and bluebirds begin to
appear, but no frogs peeping of course;
April sth, now a fair prospect of a very
rich, sweet, spring harvest being' gull
- ered from the !PrestO. As for the futuVe,
we are. kept in suspense until the seasons
in their .alternate changes. shall be, devel
oped from.time to time by the Book of
Providence. • ' J. W. P., Sen.
Erie Railtray,--We Nam' . thit "the
buSinesS of • the -Erie. Railway hr never
been -in a more prosperous condition than
since it came ender the . managernent of the
present Superintendent, -Charles. Minot.
Mr. Minot is a g entleman , a thorough busi
neis man, aitd ono who• works for, the in
terests of the stock-holders; rather than to
-fill his pockets, or those of favorites, - by
robbing the company. .' We expect, soon
to pubihiii a titne tathe of the road and its
connections. -This will be . a convenience ,
to our business men and the travelling
- public . who prefer going over this route;
and Will be a compliance with oft-repeated
requests to do so. • . . '•
To Buildirs.—The undersigned;
mitte, will receive proposals till May'3d,
for buildiUg a SCHOPL HOUSE, near
Milton Hunter's in Eridgewuter." Speci
fications can be seen brcalling upon - .1, T.
langdon.. - .IORX DEANS,
April 41,13. CLIAELESSEROUT.
Post'Oftice Ohange,-The. name. of the
Post Office iflileshoppen," Wyoming Co:,
Pa., has been 'changed to ".SterliiigAlk;".
and persons sending communications will
do well to take due notice thereof.. 'rhoSe
who writeio friends from " - that vicinity
should mention the Change, so that:eriors
may le avoided.,
ouitivatton of Sorthuin.—=lf_Farfilers
of the vicinity will take sufficient 'interest
in the eultivatiori of, SOrgimm; I will; fur
nish seed; gratis, and directionk for eulti-.
vation; .and rieethat a mill and apparatus .
is provided for Manufamnring, which can
be done itt, 20 cents per gallon.. The yield
'is friar . ' .200 •!to Ohms. per -acre;
good molasses - (or its equivalent in Sitgar)
worth 50 1 to Orcents per gallon: , who
woald to tiry.it, will pleatic:givii . me
their names and the (+Minim thotwill'cul
3lontrosei- April oth, 1802.. -
.• . •.• •
`Pay the Printer groodly nether - Of
our patrons are expected to pay up their
little bills ibrsubsoription, ad ruPtislag and
job work, during Aptl 0 0 AWit, no, }Mall
surna - due
.ore *Hy while
in the ailigrogatoOhey . ,ip an'd
desirable amount fop the: publisher, We
aepetiole seed Nile aik reapeatfal
der of the eqictunt due, -and all eeell.svill
greatljr tibilah3sitadig the feede.,. : Let
all our friends see that they & s uet
Taps us by neglect,
Teadiode de..—The met.
litationeof ttliebere for thlit county will
be heldes folhmvs: , Two or three town
:Ships "hive bees put together in a few in-'
'stanoes'in order put
may allle heid heforelt: is , time for the
sututneirechogihi iiicoetiheece. All wish
ing,to be exiheimht maitt•be.. on hand to
commence with the class at the appointed
time. Fich teacher must bring a,reader,
one sheet - foolls-cap paper, pen-and - ink.—
It is expected', thekteachers will be ezp_m
ined'eat y fit thitteivmships where 3114 y in
tend to teach.l- None' will be granted
private examihation - unlesa an attendance
at the 'public finiuieetjon was impossible,
and not then except; in strict 'conformity
with-the law ;!and 411-eartificates.will .n °L.
be renewed:. 1 4 Telteliers holding ; certifi
catei marked es lore-art 3in otthography,
_Writing, need itot - apply, un
less 'they Info* they have improved, for if
I they have not, certificates will be refused
Teaehers meat itsprove . as well as
ested, are eareestly invited to attend.--
By lvitnessiti . tbe examination-,or teach
ers yon "
wall be much better prepared to
select and etnidoy those that will teach
tiie best schools.
The directors will also pleasehave their
annual district reports ready ,(and correct
ly filled up) at the time-of examinations.
" 19--Grent Fiend and Boro', Boro'
school house, a a. In• . .
21—Lathrop do ßrooklyn, Brooklyn
Centre schoo lhouse, 10 a. m.
", 22--liarford, Village school house,
• 9a. m.
": 23—GibSon, - Gibson Hill , school
house, 9 m.. -
24--fierrick, Dundaff and Clifford,
City schobl houseo a. m. •
" 25—Lenin, Glenwood school house,
0 a. m.: ,
" 26=-3lontrose dk.Bridgewater,lMOnt
rose schol4lhouse, 9 a. in.
, " 28- - --Dimock, Center school-house, 9
" - 29--Springtille,Villageschoolhonse
‘ .,9 a. i
" 30—Auburn, uentor school house,
10 a m
May 1---Rusb; Snyder school house, 10
", 2—Jesstip,, Bolles school house, 9
". 5--Liberty Brookdale school house;
10 a. m. . 1 •
" 6—Sjltet Lake, Brackney school
house. 0 as m.
" 7--Choorut, - Clark school house,
" 8--Apolason, Fiiendsville and Mid
dletown, Friend!rille school house,
9 3. M..
" o—Forest Lake, Church near S.
Towne's, R; A. - En.
A. N. BULLARD,
April 2, 1862. County Supt.
' - Slegcoffiterktoin i
We Lave full; tlitrtieulari of the ad Vance •
from Fortress . 410nroe to Yorktown, and .
of the preliminary, skirmishing, which.fina
ly settled downt int o regular siege opera
trawl befurg, time' eity.—Gen. McClellan
and staff' arrived at Fortress - Monroe on
Wednesday ; Ow Friday the 4th inst.,
having been lited upon for the advance,
aboitt daylight) on that day the army .
- struck tents and commenced . the march.
The advance On :the first day reached .
.Cotilr.neysville :Without encountering the
enemy -in . any force- On Saturday, the
50, rain-storin commenced, which put
the •roadmi in a hiwrible condition, but our
troops pushed qn with enthusiasm; anx.
ions tt reach- the • scene of operations.—
About 10 o'clock on the sth the first gun
was fired from 'the . rebel Works, Ind it was
I soon-answered by our batteries., which lost
no time in getting into position, and OUR
line of battle Wax immediately forined.
The fight was parried On- entirely by the
artillery,• :twisted by Ilerdan's Bhitrp
*theaters-, Which, did. excellent 'service in
picking off the rebel 'artillerists at long
ranges, with tWeir telescopic rifles. Sev
eral of the - rebelguns were silenced dur
ing the day, and on the morning of the oth
(Sunday) the enemy -commenced dvacua
ting some of their works on the right, our
artillery and rifle prsotiCe proving too
munch for themn : i In the meantime; Ship
about eight miles frem Yorktown
•omf.the river, had-been abandoned by the
rebels,under the-pressing influence . of our
• gun-boats. In land forces,. mi
nd the fortifim*tions there fell
handl, thomighf the', rebels succeeded in
saving their artillery.-- This point afforded.
a fine place.at Which to land siege sup
plies for. operations against Yorktown and
- the advantage ;teas at once Piked; •On
Monday', very little Was-done eteept to re
connoitre the enemy's = position, which as
before - stated, • Was - found to be a very
strong one. • •
lavestigatioa Committee at Work.
There came gear being a small skirmish
a few (lays ago.;in the west end -uf the
Capitol; a porter went to the door of
committee roor and left .a demijohn of
whisky; holding some four or five gallons.
The officer in urge said it must...be a
mistake, but tho poter insisted be was
right. The offi'ceir called in 'some friends
and. a committee' was soon at-workinvesti
gating the col:guts,. A falqirable - report
was soon made, by a majority, but the
minority' thoitglit they inust have more
evidence. npon,the subject, and. called in
.some friends , tol add to the 'committee.
About this timd the' porter mnlie his up
.pearance again and dcmatid'ed , the jug,;
' committee refitkd to surrender porter
became wild in demands, and threat
• ned thtW*: On them at once, unless an
unconditional surrender was-made; com
mittee concludoid, that as there was not
enought left to anake . a light for, to accede
to' the demands, the ',ones explaining
Oath was for Mr. Jilin. s Military Com
mittee of the laitse, and the mistake was
his in leaving it, at the wrong "room:
,of the District: of
Coltnabia heti fbund .two . bills ''of
nrent against-, Morace Greeley .for .nn at
aclonatie ppon.the Marshal of the District.
in the Colinas Of the New Yrirk.nibune:
There .•iniestigating committees-1-
Van Wyck's; 'lloinerus and gole'r—have.
unanimously i l londemned Fre:node as
guilty ••)of extreragamee, inefficiency and
neglect of dtityj in 'Missouri, , ',.•-•
Givon.—Theivillainone traitor ; John C,
ilreekinridge hi reported to have how UP
ken. prisoner,- pe shatild be hung,
1104 Nev' Turk .Trihutie pre:nom:cos
AO prop:v(4l4k Oniveraely Intl:dud. upon
ly the rtentOrmio "Conventions end
gutt.the Witr,ihell he ba n d noted
tor' the oreetorOtlon of the • Upton,' and
Jot to odlefronehlee State4"-it "iokool girl
suggestion." mayitound implement
.14 the patriota Of the Tribune atomp„irlio
.beveleWred ad icing and ga , to
:kayo , . the : 1 ;7.0y01ut.i 6 , b4(aye
: 6, 4 1624 with
ittiOnn; less tPli.Pilit of Ott,
ley of blood end talituntro,
TeitThOnsim - d Rd Oniwitted.
aIIokOVAIM GAP, Va:, April 2. .
• sr . A..-#11.• force- ,or seven reglinents.of
infntry, .t ivo '
regiments of cavalry,
threelbettetlea , were throu'il .across the
ItipPahantniek to.eut off Colonel Geary's
command at White Plains. - Jiy n forced -
'march' they.'reached Ssleny within
Miles Of•tho •Thtion: 'bawl, last,. evening, -
with the .intention of -attacking
Geary's command' in tWO.coltitnns, Cutting
off: his - retreat, and - then- seizing • this
formidnltle'gap to intercept Ott- pregress -
of '.ieeOnitracting the — SI ip
Railroad.: Thu attack was to be made et ,
day.lireak• ` this: ,, moruing. Their lIIDVe.
- ments were made, secretly, with the in
tentions of making a dash and cutting the
Union cOmman`dto.plecee. -
Colonel Geary becanie apprised of their
presence and.desums, awl • moved his
whole Command,. off quietly during the
night, and... battled • with the_ mountain •
rands, wailing streams Ind rivers of mod
ftit : .five miles, awl by.. daylight occupied
this Gap, where he prepared for a residute -
and most determined stand in- the Menu- •
•taiet' Mira: The' movement was moat
iinportant one, -frustrating •dc r to
accomplish avictory by the-destructigm
of a mtich-ifreadM command, tri revive
the drooping . , feelings of- the Rebels in -
Virginia. ,The calls were
. .beated in the
evening, :arid the. amp firesdeft • buriting ,
'as usual, after the command marched. •
The, chagrin 'Of; the frustrated Rebell
forces can be better Imagined than de
scribed, in finding thmnselves Oat
manmavred. Although in midi stipeticr.
force they had not the temerity to follow.
and attempt an entrance into the rugged
defiles here -It is supped - they returned .
at once to their original position path . of
the Rappahannock. - :- -
- One of the 'Union scouts ryas
and three of the Reheli, Were taken pris
-api)ears from the official deSpatches
e . ceeivegl. at the
-Navy Department,' that
When our IbriTs renohed Newbern, they
4nptured nine merchant vesiels with their
gargoe9, consisting; in the - aggregate, of
About 4000 Auirrolit of rosin, ag gregate,
es - tar,
Oitch, oil and shinglei!, nine bales of cot
COnnecticut election' last 'week
resulted in the reeleCtion'of Iluckitighatn,
the Republican Governor, and a majority
of Ow legislature. - Majority 3 to 5,00.!}.
1;1. I, .
OHIO BULL Thre4;ens WAR !
UNCLE Mil STANDS FILM
Pc) 11:Le. List.
- • -so Dour TUX, mai 'Or
6itttcltbtrg, '-icscubailin, & il
Trig CgliTAlrl ItNE IY
has put ts on our hoard. and we bare lately laid in a
stoat. which enables us to offer, to oar CIIIIIOIIIOTS. 00 0 (1`
013 equally as good terms as fonnerly, considering the :at
Montrose, Sutra C ounty, Pd.,-
Susquehanna.- Depot, pa. •
OUR FALL AND WINTER STOCK
Is Ccomroleete, - .
WearedeterminOdnot to be outdone. either in prices or
gealltiet;—and we will endeavOr to give GUT . clatCrlattli
all possible satbibtetlou..
CLMTHIN - G;
In this branch our stock Ls complete, and will be sold
lower, and more tastefully finished than any ore-hos - re
eatatfitsbMent, or any four-horse concern - this ride of N.
York City, is able to offer or produce. We can a,sure tbe
public that we constantly employ the best-cutters and
workmen to make up our stock. • -;
SlM:laments made to order - •
- WOn the shortest notice.
tfrA flood Flt.waminted or no sale.
A Great Stoctc contaritly kept, and 'old lower Thai t4to
loweit at -
&It/ tll b: I . ft, 110,1 1 11b . 411111
. Montrose, January lit, 180. ,
. . NATRONA COAL - OIL.
wAnarilEatiCaFKPLOSty. and equal to
Why buy an expkwive Oil. rriu:n ales cents more per
gallon will famish you with & pert. cIPILT
- WO only by •
SALT MASUPACTURINO COMPANY.'
U.seetr 6.1 862. • k ly,
* L. UNWLEST. Principal.
TISPAM° TERM of this prosperous Insthotion
cis outrootiosi oplVeshiesilsy,.Vebruary 2eth. and
..,0,..1iw00,4, 31 0.0.40Tu1ti0. as heretofore. For'
• • 'V DU DOG; - - - h. tiAIIRATT.Tres.
lOS. , .
MIAOW the sulaserlher to Artrat:sotriet Imo: In Februao
IV last, otle NOTS dated Febraarr; 1861. • tlayahla in - .
r i l
111:1Inthata or bearer, bar Stiii; alio atm NOTE dated July
Ilk im, Phil to J . latalley_ue bearer, fur dad. 1 iI3VO
St a :the ave namodhotes : and 1417 title liadlnit er buy.
each no ea will plow emeteber that I will not pay
wale, Wild St - ALONZO WALTER.
..r.3l4a.zsy cams -
xnelandiTioland and Scotland.
RRAILIIII SEWS lIIZVS DRAM. In rums Ooze'
S. pound and apwarde; payable In all e principal
Sown of .11nal Vi
an Ireland and Scotland.for oak by
)1•10-11 • . WM. COOPER. a ONAillrrd iass.;
) oe, r -a,