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• • . ' . , 44 WE JOIN OURSELVES TO No . PARTY : THAT DOES NOT CARRY THE FLAG AND SEEP. Vii`EP TO' THE NIVSIC or THE 'UNION: 9I. ,- - .
::.1. , .. - 11. sgerr,i4on;',.:rVOlisUer:
Starting a Newspaper.
THE obiquity of the printing press is 6ne of
'the characteristics of Abe age- Every corpor
ation nod company must have.* 'special. or
-grin to - 2advocate its peculiar advantages;
every village must be represented by an
"Advocate," or a " Watchman," 'or a
"Torchlight." What a. few years ago was
Confined exclusivelY to the cities; is now ex
tended to almost every village and town in the
country. The press is an indispensable re
quisite to advance the .character and interest
of any locality.: ,
It is a very easy matter for ti few individ
uals, interested in some enterprise; to convene
and' o the- ;. wind work" towards establish
ing an "organ;". blit to come-up promptly
with the "material aid" is widely different.
To promise five hundred subscribers, to-pro
duce by a mysterious method of addition a
thousand dollars to
_be made by . job-wori
and advertising, is easier than to hand over
two, thousand dollars.
New, the good citizens of Blowtown; watt
ing to , increase the =value - of " corner - lets"
and "beautiful suburban residences," deter-'
mined to establish a weekly paper. To ma
ture this design, innunierable meetings,were
held at the stores and such places
most convenient. At these theeting S4uire
Pussyman, Elder Blowhard, Squire Easy-and
slovA)Uncle Ultraman, and the Messrs Skin-
Ilia took the.most prominent part. The mat
ter was ptesCnted in every possible light.
Pussymaii thought the enle , prise, of vital 11mp
portance; one which would do great good
Without, much sacrifice on their part. Elder
Blowhard - urged that a Liress'be immediately
established ; it ough they should at first be
compelled- to make a little sacrifice, they
mould realize double the amount in six
tnonths,in the way Of a rise in property,—,
the name of their beautiful institution—the
Cornhill college—would be sounded abroad,
and Blowtown would be known afar off.
Fire Easy-and-slow saw he was far the
measure. • Uncle Ultranian thought a paper
would pay the bwiness men as they could ad
vertise 'at a small emit and receive a great .
benefit ; beside', if.. they could - once get the
"thing" agoing, they would shirk all respon-
Sibility on the individual embarking itibthe
enterprise, and lie couldn't back out, and if
there Was Any loss, it would .be the publish
er's: The Messrs. Skinflint said their motto
was "the greatest good at -the least cost,"
and that they believed a press would do the
thing. ' .
"For a press," was the verdict of the eiti
'zens of Blowtown. The neit thing was to
find-some one to engan ' e in the enter Prise
that. would control t h e paper and pax •the
town. : This was easily CcoMplishia. A
voung [ninth' who was 2t7 ding - college at
Blowtown, by flattery, it p emise and mis
representation was seduceil/from his studies
arid persuaded to assume the responsibilities
of editor, publisher and4rinter of dhe pro
spective paper, to appear under the title of
`"The Blowtown Scientific Investig,ator.:Sub
scription- papers were circulated and signed
by men, women andoya,,_so that in a short
time a tolerable list 'of names was prsented.
Bat then, ." what's in a name!" The flee
hundred name were.ma(le tip in about the
.tame style of "Kansas election returns." A
- few individuals subscribed for as many as fen
copies. This was considered by them a great
Our young editor now began to feel san
guine of, success. 'Such glowing pictures ,
wets presented to his,mind, and•such assur
ance- of .ultimate success, that he began to
look with contempt -on other papers, which'
were a reality and Dot-a utopian dream. lie
was induced to believe that the "Investiga
tor" would soon be"-The *first paper of the
country—that its subscription list would gol
up to thousands—that evervbody's children
would soonkattendingc,oihill college;' and
of course ever i y's_ parents Would take
the paper, to leant ow - their sons or daugh
ter§ progressed; tha Snizle would adorn and
enrich- the columns o the .new journal with
sparkling gems from eir ''classical" and
"gifted" pens. This was a bright picture to.'
be contemplated by an ambitious,entlAniastic
The city was immediately visited, and the
nemsaritnaterials purchased, for issuing a
country newspaper. In - due time the' press
and fixures arrived at Pla.wtown; when there
was a great hurrah, ..and' exclamations of
" what a people we are?" Every one patted
the editor on the shoulder, and said "good
fellow:" The amateur - publisher how set to work
in good earnest with his assistants, to " set up
them_ atter", for " Vo. No. 1." Expectation
was on. the rive, and for two - weeks the
conversation • of the printers, was mostly in
answering the 101:prevailing question s " When
will the - first number of the Investigator be
._ . .
After '. days of toil and nights of waking,"
the lOng-lookelfor parer appeared. If- was
a very-creditable slieet--with a flaming in
troddetory, replete witiv...ndjectives, full of
-002180 for the future, and
." done up" at
the, close ' wi9S- an eloquent quotation from
Shakespeare.. I was a triumph, of art-and
intellect among the people oßlowtown. The
.with unanimous voice, shouted
- "bravo!" and the . editor c nsidered himself
immortalized. He was the iubject of -discus
sion,iti. the "sewing -society," , the social cir
cle, and the barroom. - Old women with
daughters were all his true friends, (the edi
tor was single,) young misses even cast upon
him a. loving smile, young widows.sti old
raids greated him with the most' abounding
flattery. • •
' Many new names were added- to the sub-
scription list, and advertisements came rapid
ly ; in wiih_. a promise Of prompt payment.
• So — lbe -new enterprise- was fairly_underfull
'eail r 11,1 ti i a fair sky,Clear off-i ng and spanking
home. -A holler \number of 'subscribers
We're on. the book than had been anticipated,
. but few had paid-in -advance,
yet. there .Wns eve)" , assurance that the pay
• would ne'forthcoming when needed. With
full 'hope - our hero pursued hie prosperous
veyitge on the sea editorial, little dreaming
of *cloud Or storm iii the future.
" Monthepassed away . Novelty had with-
Arun its charm, while plain reality began to
present to. the publisher of the'! Investigator." '
the asperities -of-the enterprise. Bills were
cowing due,:and money must be had to meet
them. An alteinpt was made to,noll, - ~....
only a dollar here and there eould-he raised. -
Subscribe.ra began- With'one acApoidlto make
excuses, and fair promisei for the future. Still
hoping for that cnillenium of publishers,
when delinquent subscibers will pay their
bids, recourse was had to borrowing money
at three per eent. This was a rash eXpedient,
but the only alternative, as the tinny warm
friends of the press refused to do - better. lie
ipeated donna appeared in the *columns of the
"Investigator;'calling on delinquents to pay
up their arrearages;; but with little effect.
I)isaffection now began to creep in, and
whilom fribnds began to_"-weary of well do
ing." they c onld't lies why it needed. money
to carry on ft' small piper. A paper with
fire .4.zimired names on the list ought to live
without complaint. The Skinflinters thought
ttety *ern belt pufrarl • enough, and heaped
their maledictions on the editor for pro:tuning
to charge for editorial notices Pussyman
thought. his puff not quite sotgood as Sloiv
and-easy's. The politics of the paper began
to be denounced irt as many different ways
as there was political parties. Thus hun—
dreds of complaints were entered against
the hapless editor,, because he " dared call
By this time our hero finds himself in no
enviable posision-r-- z sans dollars, sans friends,
sans hope! He had bees charged ekothitant
prices for all that he received—high , rents,
outrageous bills tor boarding, &c. Amid in
cessant labor at the case and press,le had
failed to'rnake his paper as interesting as as
demanded. But no allowances were made;
inability as the excuse of 'exacting 'readers.
Snisles bad . written some -drl. trash for tile
farmers, on " gathering seed totn,' a subject
of which the afithor was profoundly ignorant.
Also, another article on the "topography ,of
a frOgspond," with "critical note.' concern
ing•the inhabitants thereof.
'the volume was half closed. A crisis in
business affairs had almost parayied trade;
moneyy Was scarce, and collettions'alrnost im
passible tote - made. The last s " bundle" of
paper had been. used while the paper mills
refused further credit until former supplies
were paid for. At this critical. juncture, iztur
almost disheartened' editor made a last effort
to collect ottstanding accounts. By this
ti . keditors ceased try
. be gentlemanly. If
nne pal - ip he did so by withdrawing fur
ther patron ge. . Some denied their accounts;
sail they never subscribed and %You'd not
pay. It was no use. - A sufficient sum of
money'eottld not be raised to pu:chase a fresh
supply of paper; so after a brilliant Usti , nding
existence of about six months; "the Blow
town scientiflo . Investigator" blowed up. ['
80 ended the magnificent farce. The editor
found himself two hundred dollars out, of
pocket, besides his six months, work: His
credit was likewise gone, and but fevi friends
remained. Slanderous tongues circulated all
manner off false reports in regard to the pa
per and the unfortunate proprietor. The of
no. FPO ea*. eseta G. r ...,,-
...r a.— ..t...t.,-, -.he.
the hungry' creditors, like a pack of %ravenous
wolves, rushed together, each one struggling
for the - greatest share of the spoil. And the
mr4 citizens said amen! It has cost us but
little and - done it great deal of good ! " Who
cares fur the crpensel"
V . ..titE•Cf' READINO IN "OLDEN Tl.uns."—ln
the . days of JaCk Cade, few could 'read, except
those who Were actually in orders, or educa
te 4 for that purpose; so that if a person was
Arraigned before a temporary judge for any
crime (the punishment whereof was death)
he might - pray his eittrgy ; that was, to bah
a Latin Bible 111 a Black Gothic, character,
delivered t. 6 biint and if he could read a
passage where the judge appointed, ' which
was generally in the Psalms, the ordinary or
'his tleputy,l who stood- near, said, degi t at
derieut, that is, he could read like a clerk or
a scholar, tid the criminal was actUritted as
being ama of learning, who might be use
ful to the. 1 -1-Ibli- ; if, however be could not
read be suffered death. This privilege was
granted' in all offences, except high treason
and sacrileire, until after the year 100; and it
was carried 'to sbbh an eatebt, that if a crim
inal was co damned at one assize, because he
could read, and was repteived to the sub.e
quent assize he might again claim thin bcrs
fir, either at, time, or even under the gallows
tree, and if be could then read, be was par
doned, of which there was an instance in the
reign of Qrreen Elizabeth.—Shakespeare a
INSTABILITY OF HCMAN GRRDEVIL—The in
stability of human grandeur•receives no more
striking illustration than is afforded by the
ove.ribruw of the great monarchies , which
ruled in Asia before
Christian era. In
heritors of the old glories of Assyrian
Baylonian empires, the Persian power spread
its. dominion from the isles of Greece to the
table-land of Thlbet—from the Caspian Sea
to the confines of India. The ruins of ancient
Persepolis tell -of the splendor and power of
the Magian: princes.. The remains of mighty
causeways, cut step by step on the Baklnyari
I Mountain., which divide the valley of the
Tigris froto the plains of Ispahan, and from
the natural ,defence on that side of the modern
Mos,lern en Aire of Persia; tell of the passage
of myriads, of busy feet, and the march of
heavy,,liodies •of soldiery in ancient time.,
where now even the 'caravanserai dare not
pass, and the Wild robbers of the hill gain a
precarious 'subsistence -by plundering the
plains, and by tending cattle, which
their only wealth. In short, here-is a coun
try, once the most powerful, groaning under
fans is and!despotic niters, while the few de-.
icesidants of that proud ancient race are sunk
Pruxrcns EsutrtnEs.—The Art of Printing
was practiced in Germany, Italy, and other
countries ae a genteel pastime, in the houses
of the etluated and wealthy,. who, however,
could not entirely dispense' with the aid' of
theArtisan 7 From this intermixing of /auks
arose the privilege of printers to wear arms—
to be an r
jar W omen ~than men,
and farmers less than those engaged in any
other occupation: Editors, reporters, printers,
and telegraph operators need no sleep at: all.
Lawyers can sleep as much as they 'choose,
and keep out of mischief..
ST"The politicians- 'hare thrown me
overboarcll said a disappointed politician,
"but I hare strength enough to ectio to the
sir ere is a rasa wholabors under the
delusion at " Hon."- . placed before a tastes
naruesta s for Aomst, - •
tentrose, csugtpteljanua Ceuntg, VC irAlltrAai rorni4, -Ortititr 2&, :1850.
, Story with a Moral
Ur. Bones, of the firm of Fossil, Bones &
Co.,was one of those remarkable money mak.
rsecr,whose uninterrupted success in trade
had 'heel ebb iitcriffol,atid afforded the Material
for the gossip of the _ towt for seven Sears.
Being of a familiar turn of 'Mind, be was.
frequently interrogated on the suitjeat, and be
invariably gave AA the secret of his success,
that he minded his own husines's.
A gentleman etMr. Bones 'on the Assan
pink bridge. lie was gating intently on the
dashing, foaming waters, as they fell (Net the
dam.- lie was evidently-in a * brown study.
Our friend ventured to disturbed his eogita.
s "Mr. Bones, tell me teow to make a thou
• 'Mr. Bones t' oldinued looking liitehtly at
the water. .
At last he venfured a reply :
you see Adt 'dam, my friend ?"
"I certainly do."
"Well, here yon may learn the secret of
_That water would waste a
way, and be or no practical use to any body,
but for the dam ; that dam turns it to good
account; Makes it perform some useful pur
pose,- and then suffers it .to pass along. That
large paper mill is kept in motion by this
economy. Many mouths are supplied in the
manufacture of the article of paper s and in
telligence is scattered broad cast over the
land on the sheets that are daily turned out ;
and io the different ptocesses through-which
it pdsms, tront3y is made. So it is in the liv
ing of hundreds of popple. They get enough
money; it passes through their hands every
day, and at the years end they,are no better
off. What's the reason I They want it darn;
their expenditures are increasing, and no
practical good is attained. They want them
dammed up;so that nothing will pass through
their hands without bringing something
back ; without accomplishing sonde useful
purpose. Dam up your expenses, and you'll
soon =bee enough, occasionally to spare a
little, just like that dam. Look at it, my
friend."—Trenton True American.
The way the Hollanders use Look-
A correspondent of the St Louis Demo
crat, writing from Holland, thus describes a
use of looking : glasses very prevalent there,
which very fastidious people might. think it
worth white to adopt in this country. We
have seen - some notice of this queer custom
before, but never so minute an account of it-:
L had not gone far in my rambles about
the city before I was brought to a stand by a
discovery: On both sides of the street, pros
jecting front the centre of ,ahnost every win
dow of the dwelling houses,. each at an angle
of 45. deg. with the window, were placed two
mirrors aoout a coot square, each in a ver
ticle position; One faCing up street and• the
Other down. f immediately set My Yankee
ingenuity to work to "guess" their object,
and was not long in discovering in these mir
rors plain indications that here, in this great
swamp of Europe, woman's heart is the same
as among vernant hills and more genial climes.
The mistress of the house seating-herself in
her parlor iti a particular spot before a win
dow with a book, needle or knitting work in
hand, has hut to lift her eyes into the twin'
look-glasses outside her window in order to
catch at a glance the whole panorama of the
street in both directions. There was also
another queer looking-glass arrangement
which, for a long time, puzzled me. The
puzzle grew out of the-peculiar positions and
various angles at which these mirrors, were
placed. I was about giving it up, when, ob
serving that their inclination was always to
watds -the front door, I saw the whole secret
as clear as light. The good lady. of the house
hearing tha door bell ring, darts a look into
this Curious mirror, and thereby knows in a
moment who stands at the door. Of course,
when the door servaht toines in he/ lady can
say whether she is at home or not. In all
the vides of Holland nearly every dwelling
house has prOjectino. 4rrn it. windows from
.:.wer 4 6 ten of these ugly-looking mirrors.
WArna,ts Foon.-- 7 Tell the first man'yott
meet that water is, on the wbole.more nutril
dour; than roast beef, and that common salt,
or bone ash, as much an edible 'as the white
of an egg, and it is probable that he will
throw anxious glances across the street to as
sure himself that your keeper' is at hand.
Make the same statement to the first man of
science you meet, and the chances are that he
will think you very ignorant of organic
chemistry or that you are playing with
paradox. Nevertheless, is demonstrated
true, and never would have worn the air of a
paradox, if men had' steadily conceived the
nature of an elementary substance. That it
is an i Merit that nourishes ; whatever we
find la the organism,as a constant and integ
ral element - either forming a part or its struc
ture, or one of the conditions of vital pro
cesses that, and that only, deserves the name
of aliment. If "to nourish the body" means
to sustain its force and repair its waste--if
food enters Into a living structure—and if all
the integral constituents of that structure are
derived from food—there can be nothing im
proper in designatink as nutritious those sub
stances whirl; have an enormous preponder
ance among the integral constituents. People
who think - it paradoxical to call water food,
will cease their surprise on learning that
water forms twc; . - - thirds of the living body.
FACTS I. HUMAN LIFE.—The number of
men is about equal to the number of women.
The average of human life is 32 years. One
quarter die before the age of seven, one half
before the age of 17. Of every 1000 persoris,
only one-reaches one hundred-years. Of every
100 only 6 reach 66, and not more than
one in 500 reaches the age of 80 years. There
are on earth, 1,000,000,000. Of these 33,
333,333 die every year, 91,824 die every day,
9780 every hour, and 60 every minute, or
one for every second.. These losses are abotit
balanced by an equal number of births. The
married are longer lived than the single, and
above all, those who observe a sober and
industrious coquet. Woman have More
chances vf life previous to the age of 50 years
than men, but fewer after. The number of
marriages is in proportion of 75 to 109.:.
//gr rat, is often poetically polite:, On
picking up and returning a lady's -parasol,-
which y6O been blown out of her .band, a
-gallant Irishman said : "Faith, Arflse,
if ye *as as strung as yet handsotn,bejabers,
a berriekinteetskilet have artatehe4 it from yet
Webster Matched by a Woman.
In the somewhat famous case of Mrs.
Bodgen'ti will, which was tried in the Su
preme Court some years ago, Mr. Webster ap
peared as onittsellor fOr the appellant. Mrs.
Greenough, laihs of Rev. William Greenough,
1 late of West N'ewton, a tall, atm' ightmireenly
looking woman, with a keen bltiok eye—a
woman of great self-possession and decision
ofcharacter—was called to. the stand as a
witness on the opposite side from Mr. Web
ster. Webster ' at a glance, bad the sagacity
to foresee that her testimony, if it contained
anything of importance,. would have great
weight with the court and jury.
,Ile,.there - -
' fore resolied, if pciSsible, to break her iir.
And whin she answered to the first question
puE to her, L'l beliexe," Webster roared. out .:
'•We don't want to hear what you believe ;
We *ant to bear what you know !" Mrs.
Greenough replied,—"That's jvit what I was
aboul to say, sir," and went on with her testi
niony. And _notwithstanding his repeated
efforts to disconcert her,
she pursued the even
teem of her.' way, until Webster, becoming
I quite fearful of the result, arose, apparently
io great-agitation, and drawing out his large
snuff box, thrust his thumb and finger to the
very bLt om, and s carry:ng the deep pinch to
both nostrils, drew it up with a gusto ; and
then extracting from his pocket a very large
,handkerchief, which flowed to his feet as he
brought it to the front, he blew his nose with
t'ort that sting distinct and loud through'
he rowded hall. -
ebster—"Mrs. Greenough, was Mrs.
Boden a neat woman 1" ' ..
Mrs. Greenough—"l cannot give you a full
itirortnation As to that; sit t she bad one very
Webster—" What's that, ma'm ?" •
Mts. Greenough—"Sbe took'snufr I"
The roar of the court house was such that
the future defender of. the Constitution sub
sided;:and neither rbsll nor spoke again ur.til
Mrs. Greenough had vacated her chair for an
other witness, having ample time to reflect
upon the inglorious history t f the men who
had a stone,throwti on his head by a wonian.
THE DEAD SEA.—The editor correspondent
of the Utica Iferahl graphically describes the
Dead Sea thus
"As I first looked over the Dead Sea I
thought it lovely. Its waters were beautifully
blue as those of the noble lakes of my own
native land. Not a tipple disturbed its fair
it seemed dreaming in the tranced
hush of the :hot noonday. Its translucent
craves Iwa.ly toyed with- the. - pebblylieach
that wound about its skirts in many-a grace
ful curve. Then it stretched endlessly away
between the- two frowning ramparts of-hills
mirroring on its glassy bosom the mountains
of Moab the mountains of Judea. I could
.. ••• I. .......1:...... •lAnt. alsta I.h._ a Imo. Its, ..n.• it..
quills sleeping, and smiled so sweetly on the
desolate wilds around Could be THAT fatal Sea
on whose every wave rode griin and ghastly
death; that ITS breath had blasted the plain
and blighted every speck of verdue on the
hills. But as I looked more intently over its
broad expanse, it seemed to assume a certain
unhealthful ; lurid Inter; and there came up
from it a hot, sickly midst, as if it were
seething in its rocky cauldron. Its rest ; too,
seemed troubled,- as if it were rather the stu
por of fever than the healthful hush of sleep.
Andithe translucetmy of its waters were de
ceptive, for whenever they touched the shore
' there remained a black and oily deposit.
Probably nature does not afford a more
deantate scene than that of the region of the
Dead Sea. It lies in 'a vast basin four thou
sand feet below the Mediterranean. It is
' bounded on the north by the plain ofierriee;
on the east its waves wash the base of the
calcined bills Of Moab; on the *est the litti,
1 ran mountains Of the Desert of Judea; while
its southern extremity touches the regions of
Arabia Pietro: The eye looks in i'ain for
any si g n or vestige of life. No living crea
ture inhabits its shore; -no fish swim in it;
no Lird dips its wing in its waters. One end
less range of barren hills meet you on
every ide.. There is no escape—no refuge
from the desdlaticti that begirts yoti. this
sea which' receives the lifer Jordan. has no
outlet. It remains a problem—an enigma to
science. ' 'Numerous efforts to explain - it have
beet] made; many adventu :. travelers
have lost their litres tp the atte lit; Mr.
Lynich ; whose survey is so imperfect, .ost his
firstasistant. Even the wild. Bedouin, w ose
home is the desert,. shuns it in his
wanderings. Its origin involves a wild and
fearful history. The shores it laved once
teemed with life. Its waves roll on the site
of the " Cities of the Plain. Deep down in
its accursed depths lies dead and damned
Gomorrah. And Sodom and the cities that
3inned are rotting too'l '
s THE PARTY THAT h AB SHAPED THE POLICY
OE THE COVNTRY.—II is a prominent fact in
the history of the legislation of-Congress, that
there is scarcely an act in the Federal statute
book, of great and general importance to the
interests of the country, that was not phi'ced
there by the Democracy; and an egtially im
portant fact thit nearly every prominent mea
sure of the Opposition to the Democracy,
which by a temporary_ ascendancy they were
enabled to put on the country, has been em
phatically repudiated and discarded by : the
Barristers have -rt luidicrotts habit of
identifying themselves with their clients by
speaking in the plural number. "Gentlemen
of the jury," said a luminary of the Western
circuit, "at the moment the policeman says he
saw us in the tap, I will prove that we were
_locked up in the station house, in a state of
lIEIGLIT OF' /MPUDENCE.—To go into a
printing' of ice, look over
. a compositor's
tioulder.and read his copy. to go into an
editor'S room, , rummage among his news
papers, and look over his shoulder to read
his manuscript. height ofJustice: To kick
such rascals out without ceremony.
E ir The following verdict was given and
written 'by the foreman of a coroner's jury at
t—"We are of A PiniOn that the Detest
met with her death from Violent infirmatioo•
in the Arm, produeo from Unoan Cauz.
nr "Mother, can't I go and have dry
daguerreotype taken l"
"No. mg • child, f Oen it isn't *ott!t
"Welt, therr,you might let me have a tooth'
palled ; T never go atrhere 1"
- tar Wish not o moor to live long] It to
If yola woild learn,—study: If you would
'become learned,—practice what you learn:
Zgr'Sentiments repeated by students at
the opening exercises• of the Susq'a County
Normal. School, which occur daily at a
quarter past 8 o'clock; a. in. The names of
those who - selected and repeated them f ac.
"This - World is but the . vestibule of an im
iiiortal life. Every action of - your life touches
oh initne,chord that will vibrate in eternity."
" Account it a good: `
virtue to bit ibis to.
govern the tongue. He possesses a god-like
quality, who can be silent, although 'he is in
the right."—ClarindaA. Tiffany.
"A man too careful of danger liveth in
continual tonneot, but a cheerful-expecter of
the best. bath a fountaiii of joy within him."
—Harriet Stephenr. •
" In the morning think of what you have
to do; and at night, askyourself what you
have done."—Priseilla g. S'cdtt: •
"There is nothing like courage in misfor
" Humanity is every where preached, and
pride practiced.—Adelaide Lyman.
"CoMpliments are doubtful indications of
esteeni."—lsadore C. McCollum.
"'Tis liberty alone dint gives the flower
of fleeting life its luster and perfume s and we
are weeds without iet—Jessie.W.Bissel.
"The 'true secret of living at peace with all
the world is to have a bumble opinion of our
`.'Faith is' like the tun's fair flower,
Which, midst the clouds that, shroud It, and
• the winds
Ihat wave it to and fro, and all the changes
Of air, and eartb, and sky, cloth rear its head,
And looketh up still steadfast to its God."
--Mary E. Fessenden.
"Let prayer be the key of the morning, and
the bole of the evening."—Maria M. Pickett.
"It is' not conviction of truth which does
men.good; it is moist consciousness of truth."
—Celia A. Abel
"Wit fs brushwood, judgment is-timber ;
the former makes the brighter flame, but the
latter gibes the more lasting heat."—E. L.
"Idea i a sbadatv -that Lapartash.,
fleeting as the wind,
Reading is an unremembered pastime; but a
writing is eternah"
at:very.hour is worth a least a good thought,
a good wish i , a good endeavor."—G. J.
-"The way to gain a good reptitation, is to
endeavor to be what you desire to appear."
"Ilow sweet to gale ttp through the Aar
lit heavens, and hold converse with die hill
ions of seraphic beings which throng the im•
mensiy of space-110mi E. Dowers.
"In is truly Wise,wito tan patiently endure
evil and rationally enjoy good."—Ophilia
"Trifles make perfection, I;iit perfection it
felf is no tritle."--Mieliael Angelo.—lTlmira
DO IT YOURSELF.
For the following valuable advice to
scholars we are indebted to_the "Connecticut
Common School Journal." We" hope out
readers will not only remember this advice,
but endeavor tic, at tluire the habit tit
*llia is here inculateit
Do not ask the t,cablier or sonic classmate
to solve that hard problem. Do tr Youttszt.y:
You might as well let them bat your dinner,
RS 'do .yott r sums' for you. It is in atudyiug
as in eating . ; be that does it gets the benefit,
and not he that sees it done. In almost any
school,' would give more for what the teacher
learns, than for what the best scholar learns;
simply because the, teacher is compelled to
solve all the problems, and answer all the
questions of the lazy boys.
Do not ask him to parse the difficult words,
or assist you in the:performance of any of
your studies. Do rr rot:118E1x. Never
'mind, though they look as dark as • Egypt.
Don't -ask even a bint from any one:, Try.
again. Eve • trial increases your sibility,tind
you will Email • succeed by dint of the very
wisdom and s ength gained in the effort
even though the problem at first Was beyond
your skill. It is the study and not the
answer that really. rewards your pains.
Look at that boy, tvlio has just succeeded,
after six hours of hard study, perhaps ; how
his large eyes light up with, proud jay* as he
marches to his class. He treads like -a
conqueror. And well may Last night
his lamp burned ; and this morning be' waktd
at 'dawn. Once or Mice In; titarly gott
up. lle bad tned his last thought; but a
new thought-strikes him; and he ponders the
last process. He tries - once more ; and tic
coeds 1 and now mark the air of conscious
strength with which he pronounces the de
"His poor, weak schoolmate, who gave up
that same problem, after his drat trial, how
looks up to him with something of wonder,
as a superior being. And be is his superior.
That problem lies there, a great gulf between
those boys who stood side by side yesterday.
That boy that did it, for hid:kelt has takett
stride upward, and, what is better still, has
gained strength to .take other and better ones.
The boy who waited to see others do it, has
lost both strength and courage,aud is already
loosing for'softie good excuse to give up
schnol and study foreten Remember; rid iv
"HE DIDN'T MEAN TO DE stasa."—A writer
in the Burlington Sentinel says that in one of
the back towns of a neighboring State, where
it is the custom for the district school teacher
to"board rolind,"the following indidetit oe,cdr
ed and is voucled for by the highest authori
ty : A year or two ago an allotment being
made in the usual manner fOr the benefit 'of
the school-mistress, it happened that the
proportion of one man was just two days sad
a half. The teacher Lit down to dinner on
the third dai,and was beginning t 6 ertt,irben
the man oribe Rouse addressed her as Tot
"Madam, I suppose your boarding time is
out when you have eaten half sdinnOf but
as don't want to he mean about it, you may
eat, if yon choose, about as much u usual."
ORIGIN or THE En:maws lons BOLL,"
AS APPLIED TO THE - ENGLISH NArrpx.—ln
the year 1712, there was found in the Cabinet
of fbe famous 'Sir Pokswirsb;l! satire in
manuscript, writthis by Jam Aibuthriocan
eminent physician; entitled :
Law is a Bottomless . Pit;
. OR TRIL
nAT I OhI r b 1011'S BULL.
It was founded upon, the history- of i the
-English, Du tot ,Austrian, and Spanish
nations while engaged In a war soon after
the death of Chales 11. of Spain; On account
of. his will, by,whie4l he settled tll9 emOessiph
of die Spanish crown npou - 2shillip of Bour
bon, Duke of Anjou, though his right had by
the most solemn renunciations been - tarred in
favor of ,the 4rvlsdi4lla tstiiirllji Of Austria.
The English and .11Dtit'ch; at firtil;cc,ingratulated
Ehillip upon his succession,, expecting, by so
doing, to disappoint the ambition of Louis
XIV., and, at the. saute time, to secure to
themsilves the privilege Of furnishing the
Spanish nation with wares and drapery t In
this they were disappointed. . . Tlieri3fore; as q
spite to Franbe and Spain, the English and
DutCh formed an alliance to procure
reasonable satisfaction to the House of Austria
fur its pretension to the Spanish tuccessiqn.
In - this satiric account, the King of Eng
land was named John Bull ; -Parliament, his
wife the catholic Church, mother ; the
Dutch nation, Nick- Frog ; Archduke "of
Austria, Esquire South ; Louis XIV, Louis
Baboon ; Phillip of Bourbon, Phillip Baboon;
Charles IL of Spain, Lord Stratts ; and the
war that followed thellliatiCe, a few reit.
Ever since the publication of this satire, it
has been customary for all nations• to speak
.of the English in the collective Dam's of John
Doesticks,in writing,his "Pluribtistgh" made
a, great improvement by changing it to Young
Wst. Pur, known after life, xs Erl ; ,of
Chatham, was born in , London 1708. His
intellectual faculties and powers of elocution
were very early distinguished. At the age
of 16 years be felt the effects - Of ptt hereditary
gout by which he was tortured the rest of
hislife. Through the interest of the Duchess
of Marlborough he obtained a seat in
ment before he was 21 years of age: His'
first repiesentation;wasin the 9th parliament,
when he represented Old Sarum. Intbe 10th
parlinittent he represented se,afortin the 11th
A Idbutotigh, ithd lir the 12th the city of Balt,
be was called up to
house of Peers, in 176 G.
The intention of the Duahesir in bringing
him thus early ititp pit:filament erns to oppose
Sir ftobert Walpole.
In 1746 hewas appointed vice treasurer of
He was appointed Secretary of State in
1756, but was deprived of the seals on the
9th pf Aptil, 1757. The complaints of the
peOple iiere so violent at. this that he was re
instated in -that position on the 29th oT June
in the "same year, but resigned on the sth of
Oct., 17611 The redibti of , his; resignation
was his having received the intelligence that
S.pait was about to enterinto an alliance with
France in a war Against England; ho wished
to commence hostilitiesljrst. Other members
of the departiiiefit thoug ht they 'had better
"think twice before they spoke once." There
fore lir. Pitt said, "L will not give them leave
to think. Thisis not the time. Let us crush
the whole house of Bourbon.; but if the
members of this board are - of different opinion,
this is the last time I shall mix into its coun
His•moit P'Pwerful effort i were delivered in
the house bf Lords in behalf of tfiti liiiierican
cause, and for his last effort, he came, aged
and infirm, leaning' , upon two friends, to
recapitulate the effects upon thetwo countries
of the American War: Ile - died in the year
TUE WONDERS OF LIOUT.—Not only does
light fly from the grand "ruler of the dg v,"
with a velocity which is a Million and a half
times, greater Oak' the- sped Or a ci:ni oh
balchut it darts from every reflecting sur
face with a like velocity, and reaches the
tendei structure of the eye so gently, that,' as
it falls upon the little Curtain of nerves which
is there spread to receive it, it imparts the
most pleasing sensations, and tells the story
of the pater world with a milmiteneisti of detail
tied a holiness of truth. Philosopheris OdbO
sought to weigh the sunbeam; they construct
ed a most delicate balance and suddenly let
in upon it a beam of light ; the lever of the
balance was so delicateiy hung that the flut
tering of a fly- would have dlattitised it,
Everything prepared, the grave iflei Wok
their places and with keen eyes watched the
result. The sunbeam that was to decide the
expesirnent had left the sun eight minutes
prior, to pass thecirdeal:lt had flown through
ninety-five millions of—miles_ cif-sflAte lh that
short measure of time, and it shot upon the
balance with unabated; velocity : but the
lever, moved hot ;' and the philoriophers were
PEPPER:—The pepper vine grows wild in
Cochin • China and various parts of India. It
is cultivated on the coast of Malabar, in tliti
peninsula of Malacca, in Siam, 'Sumatra,
Jail', Borneo, Philippines, and many other
places in the East. The pepper vine is a
perennial plant, with - a- round smooth stem,
swelling near the joints, braiteheil,.atid from
eight to twelve feet in length., The leavei
are stnoutli atld di dart greed Color,atteched
by stalks to the joints of the branches. The
flowers ate small and whitish, and are suol ;
needed by globular berries,which are of a"red
color when ripe. The vine begins tb bear
fruit in three or four years after planting :
The berries are gathered before perfectly ripe,
and upon being tried, lienomik black, and
wrinkled. The - dried berry is aboiit tis bite
Its a stnal pilot, aid' of a hot, pungent taste.
Oil is extracted from it, having medicinal
THE Sixt Brown Sequard,
in a recent lecture before tile ktlyal tone*, of
Physicians and Surgeons, Londoi, stated that
he had found a spot in the brain, not larger
than thellead of apie,which if merely touch
ed by A foreign body, produces death as
instantaneously as if the tad !Seed
Urea by'lightning, •
Gineox Only laid; . that the best and vilest
important Oft of efeit ffiati'm ethtiwtti,ob is
that whieii glietii
tlie,siticli a ever :used '.before: q plural
Profits fAISpIiS W- • -
.A- x"l. i ii Yron, en ep cou t y X" N
says that i tree of the Baldwin ; apple;
sledding on thviand of his 'brother, pit, :
duced-last year twelve barreht, (besides four"
of five bushels windfalls ,; that seld for $2,-
25 per b'airet ' The , yea: 1 50;11Oct by the-tin
was cointelee ly, s2l—quite equal - . t o an
acre of iikest i not . pr , ofit, ,,i. v. ,. ~ •• .
. io' eol,?3,Zetty, !tains . , mak4ll ,
the following e, ;mate, ;' which will be nearly'
correct in all g , apple , regions, allowipg for
softie variation lb ynpes. Otfe hiindina Visa,
planted on int here of , land, will cost at ad
average $25. The land should be kept lb 'a
state of cultivation, white they pre dOl6ili6 lit:
to bearing. About $25 expkitiled in care - and :
labor besides th - 6iiiPs taken from thelatiii;
will bilitg them into: bearing state. Whoa
an acre of treeslis in its pritee f it will aretpgai
400 bushels per annum, provided the lend is
sloba all Lime', end the 'tires . well menage& -
Average price, '66 cent' per linihiil. The
surplus apples lire rateable for all kinds of
stock, particularly winter store hogs. Sweet ;
ajiples are wort ' ilbotit as tbnch as . potatoes:
The "America Agricultnrist" says :
"A gentleman within our knowledge; bis
a small otthard in "the Hudson riviir, of lase
than - seven aerSs, which produce, from $506 '
to $7OO worth' of apples ribituilip.
_This i is. •
not one year a plenty and another-or two of
famine, !Alt is regular; steady;averagtx yield:
All this is , secu red by the simplest, proce*:
nameli: good-Mattagement" 8..8 . : Parsons;
in his- recent a dress before the Nevr .lliiirett
Horticultural .. ciety, states; , i'thiit iiithin is
few miles of hi residence, there is an diehard
of about twent acres, producing about $2 / I:KT - •
a 3tetii; the i•bg 'tables Between, the trees
ing the cost of ciilthettoti." Hill Penner; •of
Darby, Pa., so d $225 worth of earl). apples
from half an acre. Richard . J. Hand, of
Mendon, Monroe county,N. Y., sold in 1845.
s4oli wthtli of !Roxbury Russet Mitt Northerp
Spy apples from one acre of orchard. Hugh
Hatch, of Camden, N.. 1„ Obtitlned Trott! roar .
tre'is Of the teksbury Blush, 140 bttshell of
apples, or 35 bushels from each tree; of these,
go. basket (oft bout three pecks eacli sold
late hi the foll o wing spring for enii do llar per
basket. ExaMples almost beyond number
may be giveit,lwhertt single trees haieyielded
from five to ten dollars a iitif ift fru it, anti
many tostancei where twenty and thirty dol
lars have been obtained: An - acre of suet
would be e4uiil iti'any o f the preceding-Ht.:-
stanceq. If oite. trees of the - Rhode Island
.Greening will afford forty bushels of fruit, - ak
a qiiiitiii of k dollar pgr bushel, -which hoe'
often occured,forty such tied tin a acre rota
yield a drop worth s4oo.—ltilt titling one
quarter of thislamount . as a loci average for,
all seasons talk! with imperfect cultivation ;
$lOO would still tie .equal td the interest ott
$1,500 per acne. Now,this estimate is based
tipori the pric of good winter- apples titl• the
past 01114 , Mears in our most prodttetitt
districts.. Lena similar ciiiculatidn tie ilia&
with fruits rarer and of a titnie delfeldlie
character. ' .
the urns` is arhand for ; preparing these
useful Stores of rich and savory food ; a few
words will not! be out of Place in regard .
them. The l4s of hogs, short in the hook;
ail) the bqit, fdr batik ill Shii i rld be-chosen
in preference t. lank y
salted by t iiriMeision in a clean, picf.te, con- -
taining a buld.ougar and rialpeter, dissolved,
or they tidily be salted . by rtfbbltlg ground. se:.
lar Stilt °ter turning thetii
*h&y day, and gisio, them 'a good rubbing. '
- A little sugar•hnd ground black pepper added
to the• salt will much improve
.. the flavorlof
the meat. , It !requires about a month to salt,
hams by t 1.6 +et proasg, and dirge Weeks by
the dry systad. At tbieend of thii period,
they should hlr.hung up for a few days, .o
drip, and thieri l rith ready for smoking.
Much depetidslial thi kind. of material . used
tilt stitok 4 ,nt tti stture a- sweet •
flavor. W'a aver fuel Is used for this. Pur
pose, one condition should never be overlook
ed ; it should !be perfectly dry, or else it will
be liable td iiiiPart a bitter taste to the meat
Dry corn cobl, and some dry sweet bAy aria
superior to all other! agents the& *e have seen
employed for sMoking- beef and brims.
Mutton . Bar d flurry be prepared in the
Battle' rtfafiger (s those. of pork, and thwerd -
exceedingly palatable when the meat is good,
and care exerOisrd smoke! theta Slowly.—
Ilucitmilie at as Food,
m. Isidore Pierce has recently been mating
some investig4tiolis oil thickwheat,from which .
we 'condense itlid following interesting re
~ .. .
"FtlettWliel4. cakes aro equal to poor white
bread as regards the phosphates or bone-ma
terial, and nitrogenous principles which they
contain, and rate superior to bread in fatty
matters. The' generstl yield or litioksiiiierit
when cooked s aboilt three tithes the weight
of the flour whd, showing that each flour will
retain foity totfoity-One percent 'of, water.
Between ditTereht Whale:l or groind Midi
wheat therili a great dissirriilariti of compo
sition—one b tch containing seven tithes as
much niitiige - , twoty-fivti Entree khe:alohnt
of pliosplisitis rid it hundred tind fi fteen Li thee
as much fatly matte's as another : , The bran
is the richest 'onion of the bnekwheat, - but
cannot be dig ste4 till weak stottulcba... The
linest - qualiti, of bnckwhgat' flour, and the
white mill d 'st especially, are very snit:.
able for chi! ran and 'persona iti delicate
health, while he coarser varieties iiiiiiiire a
strong atomise. and much eireise kli. their
perfeet digest .11: ;,_
am going' to mate some soft
!" said NAO.-
ireataan td titit mottiii,tha other
Or Ma,- I
soap for the t)
full Miss of set
fiat notion in yOnr haw
hslyremiata i 8 init *bit t 11100
bstar Balmer ,'. I li,ittr-be wilt
kidgf tine :"
tit a good
well is the rem,.