The Montrose Democrat. (Montrose, Pa.) 1849-1876, July 27, 1854, Image 1

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    cease & Dag,
- - From Peters'
ni Nit ! the eweet and heti
• Let no rude recent break the
aer lofty rock and tree, and 10%
Deep stillness reigns—a- quie
.The last sweet bird hath ceaSo
And fl u ttered.down into its peaceful
The balmy breeze scarce wakes a fitful
Among the 'trees • that shade \the •
breast. \ •
• 'l\ •
This is the hour for dot& to, luild come
The loVed and lost—we feel- their
"here—, • • •
, •
Not as in days gone - by„ - •a transient tint
To be.allayed,. perchance; by doubt o
. . 1!•
No, for within. th,e •spirits"Tapt recesses
Each dear one liath a sacred Once as .
Alike when joys surround, when Ueda,'
To them we turn-a soothing balm 'tot'
No parting Pangs disturb that blissful
No careless word ean Sever the brig!'
That links the heart to them it loves in.
• . Where Hopo still WhisPnrs,•ll, Ye . 24
• arain I
• itevolntionary - Adventit
The leadinf , events of the Wi r of id
ence arc familiar to every Au hl ierin;
ny incident*, Nll of interelt Find' ad i
vet iymain to be disclosed. There a
yet living who remember the followii
- ' TheSinerican authorities f4und ni
ficulty in disposing of their prisouers. i
- - had no posts regularly fitted fOr the p
and they could suggest no better m
securing' them,. than to place them 't
guard in .a thickly settled part of the e l
where the inhabitant were .most del
hostile to the English. The . tOva;of -li
ter in Pennsylvania, was ono of those 1
iA ' for thiS purpose. The prise ners-wel
fined in barracks,. encloged wi;th - a Sbi
and - vigilan argil a rded But ;in spite 1
precautions, they often disappeared in
accountable manner and nothing was
ot them till They had resumed ;their ph
the Brititth army. Many"' and vari lin-,
- the conjectures, as to the means of In
. CA:ie; the 'officers inquired and snvest gt,
v,il 4; til,.! country was explored to no pu
a' s ...soldiers shook - their beads, and told .
tune-tellers pedlers,, and such Clntractei
had : been sent at intervals, and stindrY
Itiore credulous could think of nc ! thin
supernatural .agency; but %vlictlier m
spirit was-the conspiritor, the : mvsterr
intl , roken. : . •,- ~ ,
:When this became known: to Washin,,ret,
. he sent General 11a.7.en to take this 4,-,jlomiH
.bk Charge. -This energetic — eflieer, rirtli , es-
" hausting all . r. - •:sources, resorted to strait' • etli
lie was convinced _ a
hundred . that, as the. nearest l itish
post .was- more than midred . utiles. \.l -,titn4
I ,
the prisoners must be aided by Amt.4ansi,
but where. the - suspieion should fall, li4 c i f ould
• not even conjecture; the reproach of To kil4
being almost unknown in that region. lla\-1.
ing been trained to meet 'exigencies c r i tliiii.
.kintl; in a distinguished career as col() e iii
the British army, Lis plan was `formed at
once - , and he communicated it to an o eerof.
his own, upon whose talent lie . - relied t 41,4
successful execution. .This was Captai 1 ~el t .
whose age and ability fully- justified Elie. il4k4
1i0n... . - 11'. ,I .
'The secret plan concerted between i Km
was this. It waS - to -be given out th. t 44 1 .
was absent on furlough: or conind. • tl!e p •
meantime, was to a.sSume the . dress or. Iriitf
ish prisoner,. and; haying providoll n sell
.with:informatiOn and 'd story of Ihis
. c. )11.%4
was to be thrown into the-.Larry-Where he,
might gain the confidence of the 'soldie ~laiid.•
join them in a . plan of.escape.l •llos • 1 . 01li, !
Captain - Lee sustai tied- It IS part in es - tf..4,
from the . fact that when he had rdisapp,et,r4(4
and plaeed : himself amongthe- Prisonefs, - ,h ,
~. . a;.
own officers and soldiers saw him . - ci , cry• J!
without the least 'suspicion.- The pitq,
whom I am indebted for most of theSe ta•tic4
ulars was the lutandent .of the prsoner:,nct,
• familiar with Lee; but though .:cc.itopelle , tof_
'se e hini with
in the discharge ,of his. dutOe'i
never penetrated the disguise.. , Well ilt.' FtVltti;
for Lee that his disguise was -solconipl 4.— t i
Hail his associates - suspected hisl'pur .4 fOl,
be oily them, his history wotildlitve be t n -tu 7
bt:44•41 in the proverb, ."dea . d . Men , t.. 1 - no.
tales.' - • - 1 - .
For many days he remained in .this
.niaking no discoyeries :whatever,
thought he perceived, at diffeteut iintes,
bf intelligence hetwcen the - prisolier4.att
old Woman. who was. allowed torbriln . 4l .
for'sale . witilinthe enclosure. She was . lfit
to be deaf and half-witted, and was thlf.N.l
no object of. suspicion. It was known .1
her son ltdsd-been disgraced• and puit4esj
the .American army, but she had nei'pr'
trayed any malice on that'account; •altd
one dreamed that she could haVe fetal
power to do injury if she possessed, th'
. 41,, watched her closely; buti `saw
to confirm his suspicions. iler dWelling
about . a mile distant, in a wildlretrehtLw
she shared.her Miserable (ptartera v.with! a ;
and eat,, the former orwhichinchinted g 4.
over her manaion;while-the latter encouk4
.i.nperstition s fears which were-equally •tkl.
al in' keeping fiSitent away, . 1 - t .
• Quo dark, s.-Wriny*.ttioht in a tumn,
lying awake
. at roidni._44, - •medi tiug tot'.
enterprise he had uneertaken, • hicii Itliq
in the beginnin ,-, it had ie(StonUnerided. 1
to his romanticdispositieiti,lad now- i los „,...
its. charms. It was .one of .tIA)Se ' teitnpeSts,
Which. in our climate sc., often hailg it )ot - t t i . 'the
path of the departing year.: Ilis tom, etnions
blepti soundly, but the Wind, 'Which :Aookihe
building to its foundation and
.iltreW h. t .l.:p:. v
I, l , lagi..s' of rain against the ;windovi_,' .1(
ed With the state of his mind, ito .ke p 4i ill
wakeful. All at
. 0 1 1 w tl.t . e .door wa, g ntly
opened, and a ‘ figure MON k•Si SI iii•llti . k . ' ,i 2,, the
room. It was : too datic to'obsi,ive:iCs pm ions.
mirrowly,.but .he .could see that 'itistotiped
towards 'one of the sleeper, who I, trri 44d r
rose; nexit, apProached Imu and-1 ,- ...ilied_
bird .oii tI . e bli , )lll , lert. Lee innaolabi ly [Ott:
e '; . l up; th / l e figure then alk‘wCil a sliiglir l i g.ll; i nti r
from a ,da,r.k libterit- 1. , , p , te,., . 0 yer lifrs il i ac" , F. 1.11,1
as he did so, witkpe t t,l ihtpatie.4ti :, y i t f ? t th e
- triati- , —ltlit'oornt; :' it I %et , - ,,, :t !IriV.l I . !,; ifrit:!
that thi:. waz ilk: optii.;/ - I;‘,uie.y. 1 , . .44.:i1- 4 1.4.—.
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our of
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efµl yes
union, l
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fear, r\,,
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g l ued
r ion
, I I Intict
ut Int-
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k clamp,
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cli di -
rpos.e t
ins 1
iti err.
ked i
4 for
of tfi l e
1)W fl
if; v,
Tile-unknown whispered4o him
place till another Man Whs 'culled
that, moment some noiseldistnib&
makinia, sign to Lee tofollow, hi
lently ent . of the roots, .i '
They; found tbe door 4 the house **red,
and 4 stnall,part!of the fence retnoVell, 'Oleic
they passed out without,Molestation ti the Sen
try had ietirell to 'a .Jiel er•wherellielthch he
•ediddgnard his!, - post it out suite iii,
the. rain'i but' Lee saw
his con44tor'S put
thetn.elve s'in pi!eparatiolt to silee liini n if he
sh6ul happen t 9 address them. Jut With
out , e I feuee appeared'. a stooping! fi4ure
.{ 1-
wrapped; in
_a red cloak, nil Supportihg itself
with a large stick, milk I Ice. p&cdived at.
once' coup} be nb other t Mit the did fruit we-
Man. But the Most pro ound sileiicei we's abL
served ;- 4 man came out of-a thicket at a lit
tle.distanee, audieined t tetn, the twliblo 'par
,moved•on under theguidancelof the. old,
womah. At firSt, they frequently Istopped to
il'sten, licit havity , 1 Bard the • sentinbh; 'en
"all'S W 11" they seemed! reassured, alid mew-.
\ f
ett, ‘ with more c4fideuceltlian before.{ • '.
. They Soon came near o her cottage,lundt'zr
an 'oviTt4 a nging liarik i . w lere• a. • 1.,, , tit liOit i
was shining olitl from . a ,little, ivirnCow Upon'
the: wet in` \ drouping Loughs that hung,icar,
it. Theldoeedelve l ,- thein'' graciouslV,.:and
- they . cfitered." .. table was spread with some
coarse prOvisionti' ion it, and nI large jug,.
which one of pie so i 1 was about to seize,
when: the nuin .wlio Co acted Nit) withheld
him..., 1` No," said- he, " W i ' must first proCeed
to business.", Ile then wei to . a rmall elos
,et,•froM-Whieh lie retunrfd• w, Ii ivlia t scented , ,
' to haYe! been, originally,-nßible,. (ho' now it
was-worn to a mahogany color an, spherical
forin.' r 1 4 (hile they were doing ills,. cc had
tilli , tq e i xaminethis comPanionSl, 0
ile 0 , -I, o m
was: • ihrge,quiet ! lOOking soldier; the.ot., .t.
U sh( rt, stout main, with-much the -aspect (
i villaind: They ;examine4 him In turn; and
l Le - ell:id been obliged :former Y to piinish
the shorter soldier severely, he feltisome mis
giv w
ings! when the fellos eye rested upon
Lint. i . Tlifeir • conductor' Was a midde-aged,
11AI-sit' lotlin:, - . .., matt,, idiom Lee itad het er
. een before. ' 1 •
, .
As' tie time was to\ be lost, theirt guide .e.x
plaine,d'jtki, them in a few !words, that before
' Ile 5401113 suntiertalle his dangerouslenteriirise;
he should require of them J.() swear limn the
'..ieripiiireS, not to-make the least - atteml",4 .to
escape, acid never *to r'ereal the cirilutitstatices
'or ageat..s'.la the proceeding, whaNver might .
befall thein. ! The soldiers, lioWevir; ',insisted
{,n deferring thistnessure, till they] had'forni
ed sonic Slight, acquaintance. with tie contents
Of the jug, and expressed their -4.;!iiiinents On
the subjeet-ratherbyj action than titords. In'
this theyjweri!. jailed by Lee, who by, this
time had begun to c(!)ntemplateLthe danger of.
his enterpriseon a stay and unpleasant .pOint
Of view. - if li . t; were to ,be compel eti l tio , ae-
Company ;his. Party to Neiv YeJrk, I is' ili s lgiiis. ,
• Would a r t 'Once' be detected, and it, as certain
that he would be lint)ged as a si i ;yt' IL! had
supposed,j , eftdelnithAlutt . liti shoUld have no
tlitlietilty-iin ci;etiping at any montpt.; but 1n.,.
-saw that Itheir conductor had preared arins'.
fur thei4Whieh_ di+ were to tise in taking
the life ofititylone wliti'should atten 4 pt to leaVe
them—±aild then the Oath._ Ile! 'night possi
bly haVe 'released Itinisd i
f from tS.Obligatiens,
when it becaine-neessary .for•the Mterests, of
his country; ibut no honorablelu4 can bear
to be' driven to . an emergency, iii . ! , ilia lie
rimst viollite!an oath, however reluctantly it
wa. taken. -Ile felt. that there waS up retreat
ing, wherk m
liere,eae..a heavy Shock, as if
something falling again S t -the sides. ofthe hotise;
their piadticed ear atoneedetedted the alarm
~u n.; aiiditheir conductor, throwingilOn:llithe
ne j iehadheld:a. r '0,1,e
''ol(1 Biblei w/ 'll ll `
impatie . ntl- in his baud, directed tlf,:t party to
follow -hitt id . CiOSA.I order, .
and iMmediatelv.,
quitted ; -th •. honse, 'taking with hint his ditri:
'lantern: V .
They 'tent on With grent•iliSlintJ.ll, 1)1 . 1t,i1Ot
Without difficulty. 50inetimes tiniii , footinp . ,
ivOtild gi %e. way on some sandy batik or giip
pery field;!and wlien their path led ' thro'ithe
. woods, the wet boughs dashed heaOly intheir•
,feted;. Lee-felt lie Might have. 11 klserted !!! his
precious, companions !while they NS'ere in . I.liiS
hurry and,-alarm . ; bitt . 6 felt, that; as yet; he •
hall 1118&.! no- diScoverws, ' • and I,l"elier • dan
gerous 14 situation -Was, he cOuld,not bear to
c'knifes.s ;tit it he had riot nerve to ear•l`y liithrg'..
On heWkint, therefore, for two' or three kliirs,
and:l as beginning t 0
,Sink with:fatigue, When
the .1) iking . ota dog brought the' party, toy a
StaUd.. F Their conductor gave, a low - Whistle,
WhiCh -waft: : answered at no,great (list:ince, and
a figure ctune forward pin the .darkne,ss, Who
ivhispeie4ll to their !guide, and then led the.
way up - td - a buildi lig, ! which seianed by ,the
shadowy outline, totbe a large stone barn.—
, They entered it, and:were severallyl phteed . in
. small nooks where tiKiy. could fedi that the ,
hay was all around.them, except ou the! side
of the wall. ShortrY, after sonte- ,rovisiOns
were brought to-thenl . with thk - !!sa e silence,
.it waS signified ,t 0 them that th .i,• were to
_remain <I/nice:tied thrOugh the
. wh If:: of i the,
coining day. l , 1-
1 !i ,
.: ' •
!. Threuie; the crevreein the wall.,
discoyer, l iis the : day hame. on that
was attached 'to a small farm-house.
. .
so near the lionseth4 he could ow.
converSaiion which .'n'inS carried on
doOr.. rk....i4,;-clear, and
i ident from the lorsAlnen -who oe
ga:lloped,up tr.; the &Nor, that the' ,Co l
farmqt gave, short
. •
ieplie.s . asjf Unwilling to be taken
labor;' but, the otiler inmat4 o
%r(re eager in their 'qiiestions, arid,.
ant•;_werg, : Lee gatherici that., the
which he and - his - .e:Oinpanions h.
were as ;IF,: ever.
• The rileit niglit,*.b • 'enail' was
resurruitt tireir-rnareli ; . and explain(
that, a.:4 waS not \ 'them'. in.
spifacy and was accidentally aloei
churl in their eselilk?; 1.14 should
i)recaution7 to keep hint before theril
potion, tlitmgli . the . .arrangetneut Ic l
hlf.leSseig4 the ehanc.4.s in favor
cape. He: 01.).trvetl . *from the direct
stab that t l liev mum in a a
tovvar \ is the iJelaware; but they carat ot'irs( so. Often, that *lie could . not
at Iwhat they tu, strip
er.l lle endearore4, whut a n y pe
jest appeartil; to fix it in'his . .tneniu
as tlte darkness would Permit, and
.I)etter than, 4..0u1(1 have l , uc a ex watt
axing the agiiiatitAg, state in %%Inch * li
• .•
For ,sevort I*. nights theywwent l
nY:ooler,, delivered 6ver,
frottuititau•ti. r 1:1 1 / 4 -: 1.. 1 !
. _
a Oill
I --T
-o Acoei) Ins
uiood 'si-
... . ---
. .
O • '
!gather i trout their whispering mersatt
'they w+re, regularly emphoyedOn Occasions
;like fief prqtlt„ and - w'ell Jew:tided by, the
:British [for their setvieeS. ' Their clinFloyment
.'nls ful!, of danger', and though . they seemed
like dlsperatti men,' he - could, observe that
they uLiverretuittc4l their precautimi. They
:were concealed by day in tarns, l Cellers and.
'mites tftade•for .the purpose, and sindlar re
treats . and one day Was passed in a tomb,the
, dimensious of which' had been'enlarged and
!the iimhifes, if there ha& . been a-nlf; ',banish e d
to makit room for theiving. 11.1 e. burying
iground i were a favorite retreat; apdton more
;occasions than one they were Obliged to re
sort to tiuperititiousalar ns to retOove ham-.
ders'up,kii their . path ; ti eir sucCess ti'ully.jus
tified the experiment,'-an , unplCasantly. situ
was, in the p ospettlflsokm being
[,. a ghost-himself,. he coup not a'Ntd latteoftg -
I :It the 4.xpedition with nihich ohl rr4l„Young
. tied frail . ' the -fancied apparitioUs tinder clouds
of night, wishing to meet such enemies', like
Ajax, in the face of day. i'- i! t - • •
-Thottgb, the distance to the peleWare was
not "Teat, they had now-bcen - tivelve, days on
'tin! trail, and such was the 't igil4ii6i and sit:
. k perstmyn prevailing throughout tutt ;
that. th r ‘ht - almost despaired' of ...fleeti,ng their
objeet.' r The conductor gpew iMPatient i and
!Lees edmpanions, at least one oh them be
. 1 ,!
teanie flocious. There was, as:we nave said,
-somothi;not unpletisant to him in ththe'glanceS .
.. ,
of this fellow towards 'hini, whielt became
more mid:more fierce 'as they- Went on;; but
it did nit appear Whether it Were burng to
et rcums;ttauces. or actual snspicion.l I. so . hap
pened that,, on the .twelfth night!, Lee! _was
'placed iia . a.barn, \ ullil.. tl:e rest of th e 'tarty
Acittla.ll themselves in the celhur i l of a little
stone church, Where they could l tidltand act'
with nOrt freedom, both because the, solitude
of the church was not :often diStUrtedHvcil
"th' -. '''l6l.l3th —Mid be.--
I m
him IvlNt . t , he' eaut. " 1 meati,l'! 'Said he,
.1 that, wt arc botiortd with the !conipany of
Captain !ice, of the rebel army, i TN.! rascal
• ' [•
once,piniished me, and I never 11°1S - took
In had a debt of that kiwi ito pay.
...S;ow.d sf.: all have-my reven e " 1; :: .•
:flu Oilietri Lasteiled b.; COipte,Sli l tLeli'dis(nust
at bis fetecity, saVine.,--tli:11. if, :ei_he shid,t Girl
coinpanibn was iin.Xiii..ficaii Officer,: all they
had tt (11V-was to watch Lim chisi:lk They
said t ::its, as he had come among them tulip , .
vited, be!tnust go with ihem to S`qw-1 - 611.,
and take the consequences ; but 1 Incantimf,it
was. tite4 illterez.t nut to ieetil to Su:*et hint,
°them:is:4 he might give in alaritt,l whereas it
.was evidl.ntly his intenqn to gyvio)..thiftn
till they \vete ready to ettibark tUr Ntiw-York.
lire oth4 i)ersisted -in saying
,14.: would
have hiseven i ge with his own ;laud, upon
which this; Conductor, Orawinz A pistol de
clared. tolhim that if he saw the leastitittempt
toinjurelCaptain Lee; or any 4oialu4t which
would lOd Aim to 'suspect that ;his ';',lisguise .
was discklvered, lie ' would- thattnoinetit shoot
hint throfigh the hea.d.!: The soldier` put his,
hand up tis . knife with an '4nuittotts scowl
upon his itonditctOr, but seeing • ihitellie had
to do witksOme one Adm-was likely o be as
'r , ood as.ilis word, lie restrained iti4niielf and
began tolairange some rubbish ti.'ll s4rve him
ifor is led .i Tice ' other soldier followed Lis
!example and their snide withdreW, 'docking
! I
the door 4ftcr him. i
. .
The rick t they 'wenton as usind, bat
tle, manner of their conductor ghowo.l that
there wastno more danger than before in
:fact, the party, that they were
'nett not ftLr, from the Delaware, and hoped to
reach it bifOre midnight. They 'occaSionally
Nara tlielreport l i of a musket, wln i chiseemed
to indicate that some movementl waif*
fnt in the kaintry, Thus reamed, they quick:
cned theiristeps,.and it was not ()llfi t
, befurc
they saw .gleam of broad .clear litilit befOre.
Ilion; sucll as is* reflected from cahni-,, waters
t;,ll3 , darkest night. TheY 'moved up
Cu it •with . thep silence; there.
_Were various:
emotions their breasts; Lee was hoping
for an opportunity to escape from fail. tenter
prise^ which was !iTowing too seriOns,.!.and the
principal objects which were already an
swered ; the others were anxitiu r s. seine
accident late happened to the iboat c
which thot depended for : crossing flto stream..
When they came to the bank there were
no traces, of a boat on the waters.!, iTheir con
ductor stead still for a moment Jn• dismay;
iiit,•recolle'pting himself he said it prifsi
ble it might have, heen secured *Ayer down
the. stream, and, forgetting every'thing •-ei5C;,
he directe&the larger soldier Co FaCcOmpany
him; and giving a pistol to the other,heWhis-
Pered., 44 It' the yehel officer attiunPiStO betray
us, 'shoot - bin if not, you will not,_ for your
own sake, Make any noise to shOwFwhere we .
aro." In the same instant thev dePitOcd,and
.I.A;ewas -left alone with 'the rullian.
I' could
the barn
lie was
rhear the
ibout \ the
it was ir,v,
.asionali v.
intry 1i r :1 -,
' till kith
( ? 11 libui
the house
rota their
[Klaus by
lle had befOio 'suspected thatl. thet fellow
knew - him, and now doubts were e.hanged to
tbrtainty ati.once. • Dark as it was, itiseenied
aS•it fire thitgred from his eves, now }hat Ite
ftilt that revenge was in his power.l :Lee was
ai braveasany Officer in the • army, 'I)
u, he
-%Nlas tmartned, and thou7ll he was stron7, his
adversary Was still more poWerful. IWhile l u
sfOod, - uncertain what to do, the felroW seem
.ed enjoying l the :prospect of ,revenge; as lie
hi Oked upon- hint with isteady
the officer good apoaraneo untnoyed, the
s*eat rolled! in. heavy drops frem
lie soon took his resolution, and siiirang - t+.l
ott his adv4sary: with the intention wrest
ing the pist4l front his hand l', but tilt! Other
was upon- his guard, and aimed', with such
ptheision, that,. had the pistol been Aharged
with a bu11 t :.,4, that, moment would lia}-e been
Ira l;nt it . sEleinetl'iltat the eonducjor
trusted to Lis
render thCl . l/ . *3 of tgegi unpetestriT, and 'had.
t*refore lothled them only Witfr'powder ; as
it was, the lock threw t t ! ec to' the grumpl;
bt4 furtutiatelv :14 the4cauw diooil4 the pis ,
-, I
• 1 - • !
tip I.A.:e
heir C6n
titecl with
ltake the
- his "0:-
(1, of the,
rec:t lifte
ged . tlittir
uliar .cal:-
'as well
ticeeot , d
1- ill this
b . 1 111 rnit i tl ACulln 7 185 1
rint p an „ -
i bl. it feW Where Lee coutl reach it,. and as
ilis adven4iry stooped, nab was.- d aiVini,. his
linife fr6tn,his bosom,' Led, was rib e to give .
litilta stunning blow. He immedititely threw
liimsd'ftipoi the hssassin', and - 'a longi and
',llloody strit , rnie began ; they we.ef so nearly'l7 . .F `'-'''', .
AMU:lied it strength and- nth antagf.,. that nei
ther daredinuelench his held for , to - sake of
rasping the knife ; tile 'Wood gu IA from
4 tiir mouths, and the combat w mid : Have,
ended in favor or the ass ssin when
t , •tept; and voices. were bettid advaz sing, and
• they formai themselves in the hand ()fa party
• iticountryinen,. 'Who Were 'mined fo Abe; ocen,
lon,, and scour tfie banks Of the .riv-
• 4 >
e. '.They, Were forcibly:Om apart Lugo ex-.
listed and . breathless, Pint nei her could
,Brake any ;explanation, and they. submitted
'quietly; tolbe disposal of 3leir'cappre.l '• • I
It- The 'party of armed , Ountryniti4, tilougli.
dice haul; succeeded 'in their attNpt, and,
! • ,- t
were sufficiently triumpinint on tlt bee;asiiin,;
, .. , ... ! ~! ,
Were•soretyl perplexed .to: ueleritik le tit - AV t o
(ispose - of their prisOners.
o After;slmedisetts- ,
n, one of them se
propoa to W, dirt
s ;the d e -
.....: , , . , i om an ,
ciston..updri the wisdom judgit ent of the
nearest magistrate:They accort ugly 0 . 9 -
ileeded with their prisoners to lit mansion,
;i014.1 called , - .)ii him to rise sand attevi 'to bus
j4ess. A Window was bakfly throlaitup,and
the justicd put forth his night caked head, •
t 1 .i i
o at a there wrath tha4 beetim i hiS digni- •
L• orderedi them off; nind ;in requi , 11. for their'
Cn'llino. hiui.out of be injthe cold generous
ly a itled Ithem in the . wa.,rmest p ace which
then occurred to his ima3ina•tion. nowever
P • i
qmstanee was in %mu ; hq was coplioied to -
-il'-q-'; and iii soon as the . prir' onens w!„ re brought
bi.:fore Min; be Ordered them tor bt taken in
.'' '
irons to. the prison at. Philadelphia -.Lee im
i L
pti)Ved ill 4 iopportunity to take tial . Old - gen=
tl:...trnt aside, and told hilt' \who l'-; was and
Wlhy he wids thus disguisea ; the j isti'ee only
i'lrelrupte4:, him with the keasiom 1 inquiry,.
611cst dotie :."- )Vhett by had flu d, the
nnigistrzitY told hint that" his stor y was very
well innule; ; and told in a inanfter ery -'credi
bible to his' addresA, and' that he, Mould tonld give
W all the. a;,eight hick!scemed
,ItO 'ret i tti re.
~• 1 1. of .1..0 remonstranegs :were itnavailing.-
. As soli:as they were fz'orly lodg e d in prig-
11 - •
on, Lee pr„Ovailed oil the Inilor Co dory;:, butt.
f' Gell..l...hiCohl, illfOrlilipg him of Ihi S condi...,
t'ion. The Geti e.rnl received itas htiwg, dress-
ftits n. in the tinornii ;,r., and; ilinnedintely sent
tjhe of lkisqtiids to the, jail.} That ociee'r could
nht , - htlieve'lds eves when he Saw CAptnin Lee.
~ ,
nis uniforn - i,worn out whip he assuined it,was.
Mw hanL , lng . in rags aborit him,.a 4 d ;he had
irk been- s'haved fur dfortnight ; • Lle wished;
Ory natutilly, to improlai Insappqt,ritnee he- .
ittyo preAeuting himself before. 'Orel Secret:try
of War 1;. , 1it the orders were • peremptory totj
bfiiig hil Ois he was. Thlo, Genera 4 h, ~ , ,I -a
' . 1:(1. full well; his . laughter waShal-dl l yexeeel,
''t by the:report of his, own envoi'; and
• , li d hi n d. did he late,ili that:dry.' ' \ .
,„ .
s. - tif- th 4; Stole! Central i Coin
. . .. 'Wilted. I ! -
or PENNkr-, - -A:al : .. •
- s-L.-Th e `lrate, ce9tral Corn--
' v the Demoeratte Conven
. s. at Ifarrisbuq, in IklarCh
• , cir duty to address
'. ;of pOliticial i attains.
't oeraticiparty and
.., celyi knOW at
1 1 If haVe, l for
). hing elec
ts . changes
4•••tt -e, tar
!' ers -
To Tilt: I )6e,
001 which- ';ts. , etlible
It t, have, itholiEr,lit-it
l'iteOpi{Olents of the Dt i *
' .•'•.;ff.Detnoer!titic policy (wq kt,,
ails moini. , '!it. by What to:cid! ti •
iqirposes:e9nnected with thciappro: k
tiMi, made itnother Of thoge! suddet !
°fiat tituci Which have so often lienst.(&.
Mthed. the ; is,litie:il character of ili •
[ •ir -le,
aii,d , ji , ..,-.ati , )lolthe peoph...i They have r•
through their wlleh,t list (}(public,. linetrsities.
i_tne ] z'lter the other their iiiinciph-shake been
, c.'l.?;lidettined!by die public yoice ant abandon
etll by tlietiklves. A Nitf,ional 11cul4,fabout
Wlich •theiio.nce dirt:mem:id revolt' ion, is an'
'I . . ; '..,
" irt , § , , l et ( n,t i
ea „ he tudepep.,!lent Tieastu•v, ,
Whiell they de ounced so peredy,. - ilo 1,-,,v
0 . '.1:-,ilenied : to be the sarest and le, t nit; e' of
keeping mid distursiiii . iNe publicJ entics.
rtlior,ltanki•upt Law , is' delivered ver, with
thor full Cthisent, to the itfarnv• it des'erves.
Ny i e'hear tt , ..j more from tin:in abort exptinz
iri;,- the veto power fro m the / cras s tution.—:
*the thun4'rs.of alarm 'ag:iin , ,,-t the Tinexatron
o r fllT(Sxas are silent.
~Theirl- e x, i erati'ms of the
- ?Oxican War and the barro State,i f Califor
niii, are 10. hinger - }leant "Ti •'• tariff_ of
1'142" is erased from the•-•§anners . lid' oMit- '
tO in their speeches, :They *q. m"-! to be
- i
a4bam z 'exr(t i t certainly : they ought to' be) of
t4irpredietions that the country ovould be
'roped anil.the tr,,:tAttry I.4ltkrtipt 14- the tar
"itrOf 18-16 I 'Even the Galpliitis o the last
a(iininiqration have .retited ,to,' he quiet
shftdes of cibscurity, content to Hr' fz e Oath•
pltinder iii - silenee, , witlOut defe ding the
~, . , .
:tn,cf.:t b
ns y Ivineit tt, was acquired.
'illt ini , :rld ',naturally be supposed, relit sueli
ti ii owftrkl Oretan. , ,tances di:a these
Avip . ' tid ce:fild their war upli the j): ttrol. the
p( O pie; wlOt their t'ormerly - avowirl prinei %
. I.l24'li.atid nltiasure.s were A,litts :that dotted,--:-
M le!' keepitig the countryi in a domination
fot -s) inan,' years, by contending "for , areas-,
uhis and vtOws which they' tat•tly: admit
toribe eitheit4lse• or hopelei,s,, it would 'seem
thitt dissolittioiCwas. the otily thin/ left, for
taigas. -1 - Ititi the ttatural enemies • qt . •republi-.
ei)!lsm and equality can M.:ver be - die. The
• infirested 'anti 'ambitionsi dernag , )gue 'will:
utli4Al. quit Ids; trade. Thelt can tiideast• Bret
lo4.l•9lliceliby•Stirring'uinstrife a 4,0!,, , ,. T he
~ ,..
, i -ki!tl e , amid tins they seen). ready to do, -as
FO'ing evtits abundantly ?verify. • -:' •
rilNre . do riot deny that the Masses pf the par
ty.,;oppo.,•7edito,us tire.honest, • outidi and true •
110xt e d cinema, who desire nothiu, but that ,
thWhonor and interests, of their co' MIT may
1)4 - 4 prottu4(l••- and. perpetaated. :I ;is; their
siti4re prejudices against tote Dent )(lacy,' or
-„-,..1 , , , ..
Itiotr long h t obits of olp(klietice to pa •ty tliscip
liite whit 11 them wheire .they ; are; but .
.conlideidlv trust that the time, 11tas .nti•w•
eoine L wit,* they will break •the itrammels
which have - !heretofore bound them i • and join
the:•Demoet•ittie party •in a-'cOrdial rapport of
th'Odaws and the Constitution.
lrredomi, to the ,InSt Pre identitl election,
th;?orgaiks,i 'orators mind Ilmders ofhe phrty,
eallin W
k. itself hig,lltrid- exhausted. their
list of party doctrines. Every issue?: had been
se,(tled against them. iDliti they ate seldOnt
at.. 41 loss toilsome tempi) -aq subto fuge, and'
on;•:1Itat octitision'theyvhe,ook themselvts to. a
rrt4ilt thgrejiiitable expedient, , Theme, Ozerted'
al[ iheir poser awl ittfittende to exc.te•the an
gi#,.liatred mid jealousforithe eat oh,es'and
i i
mitOralize4U, voters against; the Doo i ociatie
patty and
.im, candidates. . Immetlititely.upOn- '
(:Gil. .11eri:O's tiotoihatio4, they. I(IO . Ooune- i
(241)kini as 4 .big-M o l trote4mit, ulti),. 406., , 1
teotth.l p , ..e his powq to prevellt '''' atho- 1 I
• *
lies fri In - having '!heir L itelt rights. pt..reStric- '
tton in the .Const i ttutiOn of New, liampilfire
twaiast this sect pf peopk., - was charged, o_n 1
him ' a high 0141.01 otienee.'2Certilikiatf;is
froni: ( r atholicS MI his Own neighborhood i do- .
clariO ! r.that he was la!rstile to them . floOded
the entry—and' the sanctity, of the Post
vas violate 4 for the purpose of cireula
ting ticse documents long with the religious.
papeysl read by p(.154.0t . of that .faith. . On,. the
otheritand, Gen. ' , 4.4.:4, 'was held up as a Man
for . Whom CatholieS, a tore all others, nought
to•vOt. If he w'z' L t+ n t a mder of that
Lithufeli himself, itL'Was urged that his farnily
vert4 i:ilitl that his d 'ughter bad, 'mid; his
consent, gone: into; tec, event. Never before
was St; bold and sham i eless au effort made to
rouse feli , Tions Preju&es for political par
poses. i Sensible c Men of all Parties, Sects'nnd.
classes:, were.deeplY orended at this uublifsh
! ing,sy44em of endeavoring to carry an '4lec
tion hy sectarian appeals.
,• f•:till more humiliatiing than this, if - passible,
Was ille flattery beStoWed upon their adopted
felloWritizens. l''ioni the aged and distill-.
•••ruisheld soldier who We; their candidate; for,
PreSitibm c down IV tit most obscure . and in 7
efficient t;i th . 4sPbrik q's and write‘rs,.• all pro
fessed 'fa becomind• 'zeal fOr the ri , eltts of for-•
. L ,
_ L . 1 .., ,
op:tiers. Accordmg t? their statements made
then,i .111 persons 'if forpigforeignbirth hail been or
were about to be grca l tllyjnisused by theilfe
moktraby--,--aud thl . wore urged, it . xltortedlAnd
waited to t :u4 nilite4 but their true . friendS,
the INlhigs.ltVeh l the dialect spoken-1 , 37114-,
fignellS was I)kriNA Ito as being superior to '
the . vernacular.''angnnge Which 'the native
born Jitizen use , The " rich Irish brogue".
music to ,
was music o theirn It/s and the" sweet: ~ : er,-
man accent" was '• ‘object of extraVagant,
Thee facts, fe 1
17 ouri riecollection.
that Ille same pop
this i?ectariani
cy,losii than two
that Sax theth lay,i
:rdepted citizens fi
cans, have recentli ,es
proscription agaiinst n
burnt 1t whatever i rOLti
1 I
to be n. close. alliain,‘e
b _
olindt asscciationlWhi
\ el
liwn 1 4. rconsciencei s
the newly electidi;Alt9
this . itiketrine of piOscr
,t . ~
,:!.• .
mere - itonticat
Whigileaders mat be
That , 4 is a hearth _ 's :
ic:tl itle of religious Pr
tbenf4llves do not i:tit
doubt.[ Ascertaityid fd
otnalib it perfectly fiPp:
to':tiep.u.- if thevefm l
~ . .. , . _... ,
'woOtagai It flatter fill
. chataiions or 14
eitizenr.- t. ,
It Imo; be ask,4 h
I? •
cy mebt the issue; thu
' E t - t • .- tb •% 'ri
.}.IN .t.s le . , .',.,1(..
and anti-repubbeapldc
of p(Otlar rights, IV t
the.'filee of reason'mil
to thoiconseience Oflth
. ,
ling d religious
. anlipi
se - :lpproved or'eni:lorsd
al people in this ii c 1
They - Who-think•sd i l'in
short s igh tedi tuletlil.
racy 'asked no Itio):e t i
Prote4ants,iand niM '0
chang+htheir gronAd,
Cominon and Const i ttut
citizen; of Ivitateveir e l
happi:a to I.)Z . Tlttsh.,
' thb, ilkni6cratic par
) i '''• of this_ ,-
n. , .n..1, , L.,,0N
\Ail no sect or,llts
(.4,11 3 ,6
Tj fey no.
-or cl:ist4, G
all; a
t have tv
just ii Lts o;
lie ccnstitution .
eiplo ?f equality m
6untriv native bon
fougliticand bled fit
wbU:ll.[ no AtMftik
from fellow mu .
ybr,3 to+, -aone---ibis,l
. .
moertiOy. From th
look ithkwn calmly
. 1
Xle 'of ihose who ecil
principles. \ Ours ii
try-r liberty until
can only flourish itiA.
- permitted to worshtp as they think right.;
We nre fully per:Al:idol that the people-of
this Suite are true and Will reinain true to
the pHiciples of c •ij 'ttal religious liberty,
whit 4.lwere estalklilieil . b \ , the .resolution.—
-Their Whole history from thetirst settlement(4' this prov.ince down to the vote, at the last
Presidential eleetioh, is caleulat4 to inspire
every : rplectintx malt. with conlidet in ;their
,rood sti t use.and patriotism.. How nitTli and.
why thr principles 1 universal toleration . are'
and ought to bc
_valued, afidp9t be forced s by
argunipt on thisp int. .The history of the ,
.world for two cents ries is replete with incl..'
dents . demonstratin , the wisdom of this doe-,
• ;
trine. • - . .
. .
Religious toleratipitAnay be looked .ups n
as the fruitful-patent of the infant colonit
and the rights of conseienci and' of,worshili-.
Pod. aceordin4 t6-its dictates, inta;V -,, be
considered the corner stone of. our tepliblit:taU
institutions. The. Multi - in.'s and Catholics of
-England and Ilitgat'ets of France tied ft:Ont
the persecutions ufint l oterance at
horn to the wilds pt . this Wester World', in
order i that they 'Might enjoy- that liberty here
Which ‘ras.,l=Aq.ekl, them in the land of their
.This latid_l4o been the land above.
all ot Itor of 61i o d'A m a d political toleration—a
toleration of all sects and . creeds so- nitwit in
harmony- with our ri'_ipuhlican. institution._ It
;spare that here-and there at the early settle-
.of the- coh , nieA, a contrary spirit Was
• ..
sometimes tunnifestil, - -but it . - ztaditally sub
sided and the heaven born pralciplespromAl
ga(ed,hy Lor , l'l3altiltstore, in Nfaryland,ltoger
WU Hams. in Rhode ibstand, And Willi:ll,n Ptinui
in 'i.)4linsvlvariia, have kad their " - ,healthrtil
.swa:o r in the - i;olicy thig country, being
mrafted in the constitution' of the general gojt-,
ernintit, and in lilk" constitutions - of the.sev-;-
oral - Siat es. ~Thit
once persecuted in" - . New England,"And
prettchersArd''DisSi, , nterS_lrotn . 1.1(6
Established Englislil.Church,
in' Virginh
but Who would darelitow _avOW
stnpatlty With su.h . intylerence! - "Who
would have had the hardihood. 'now' ' pro-,_ .
'pose ah amendm' the constituttongthe
Ustiou or Of any of that - a 'person
born - in forei , zn.lamP prolcl.- - sing 1111 . Y par
- - It
Ltd i e
i 6
with a secret and oath
1 , _lt proposes tc . ) punish
ake. ln 'Philadelphia
or has bc.ldly declared
ption. That this is, a
Vre on the part of the
I [tempt to make a polit
vjudiees, in Which they
tticipate, ;no.; one ican
1 '
Acts,, past and preet?nt,
:rent; that these sone
d secure totes 'bti it,
t. - Catholisf . Mal be the
is-of our a pted fellow
NN7•11;lil the Demciera
s. preent.c.4l AVt.:.all
:fricl. :ill the ( theffalse,
etrinet , iil thoz ellOnie.s.
le power of
. thith; by
tk - argument appealin
Nople, . This: ttriiirt--
Oil ical elements:caintot
11.,bY a free „anil, Ober
-4 in this/cottntrY.—
ust b - - 1 , , c redulousi,and
In IE/62; the. - - Dettioc
tad•equal justice, fOr
hen the Whigs have
we will demand . ] but
opal, right for.i)ted
talons belief they may
s ever been the tirit2d
y, as it has ever been
ernment.- -They - bave
:• . 7 of reOple as such.—
ttliar rights itt.:My 'tied
sought to maintain; the
.to bestow distinction
d of individual 'Merit.
le law—the great tirin 7
i the peophe of ithiss
d those offoreign mirth
lii . y
, l ull
ticular religiOs faith, ha helexclud l ed from
the rights, ptivileg,es !nil nranunitiea n
of a
American citizen ! 'fbitink-s to the spirit of the
age and an overrulingiand ever wise. Provi
dence, the idea of the i rights ,of conscience
has eventually prevailed and been permanent
ly established, and peace hie been introduced
aindlic , men under the sanction of otir gov
ernment, and laws, on subjects whielt had
long led to cruel' and
,ilobtly war. 1
We are not defendi l nm' the- tenettslof any
particular sect, but the / rights of all to enjoy
their, own peculiar vied ,s without inoltation,,
without proscriptionland rierse.eution. • In
this lies the safety of all, for the powerful of
to-day may be the teak of' to-morrow.=
The same' oppressions indr,rue!ties, visited by
al dominant religious sect upon their ;weaker
brethren of opposite religious views, May, be
returned upon, themselves with a ten fold fury
in the ebbs and flows il.f party and political
fdeling, if such fplestions are to betelerated
a all in'political disetissions. The - plaisoned
mike may be return&l to the lips of those
who would ftace otherl, to think thehemlock.
Wil feel right sure, that the adversitiel, of the
fast in, the history of 'mankind, will not be
(t t
-t upon the good sense of the Atberican
pkple, and that all religious persuasionsmay
be permitted to carry tut the pure arid holy
niiHon of propagating, the gospel and diffus:
in a sound morality iimulig men. ]
flJet not then, fen+ citizens, the senled
untains of religious controversy belopened
to deluge with bitter -,. ters this Lapp coun
tiv- Letnot then th unmitigated vils of
, j 1
religious feuds be s tered broad cst over
thi• l land, tu be more ldathesome than the lice
and frogs of Egypt. Let `us not be ilivided
i'n political matters, by reason of a diversity
of sentiment on relig,tous subjects, where no
differences can exist in the' eye of the law on
such subjeCts, and where all sects aia creeds
aie'alike protected.. %Let us live together in
amity and lore with, no sectarian biobted or
intolerant views ripen sup jects about! which
rued never could and never — can think alike;
each conceding to the other the right to con
sult his owniconscience i3Olatters of religion,
beeauqe such voncessiorfsecure his OUJII right
to` do likewise. I ' '
Let us avoid tlkicontracted view of human
ri& .ts, which denies the privileges of citizens
to tit .qc who have been born on foreign soil.
how fe • of us, but earl trice ancestors, not
, remote, w to first Saw the light of day beyond
the blue wa ers of the . ektlantic. And how it
grati s upon t • Ainencan ear to hear it iin
'Jounced as has ce'cfittlY been done by the
• new Mayor.of Phi • delphia ' that a distinction,
maiked and mauifes is toAie made among
the people of that city x by, reason of ine
quality in intelligetiot true worth, but, by
1 ason,of the aceiii / int of b th. The adopted
citizen "is no longclr to be con 'dered an equal
lint' an infeririV He can pa -tit, taxes, en
rich byl, his goer his adopted cou try,land, - If
need lie , (11 fend her flag, her honor, ier int&-
ests, on the field of battle, tut he must ', of en
joy tile emoluments of office, must not c`•( cl l .
riiqositionq of public !lusts, or even exerc'se
the right of suffrage ex'o;pt through prOtract
01 years and much tritadation. lie has i east•
his lot among us, made his home in ottiiiiilst,..
i s identified with us in feeling and interest,
and by all the ties which the love of country
can entwine around the human' heart, but
vet according to this modern doctrine,qe•
belongs to a proscribed ? degraded caste. '
We have for long, long years invited the
oppressed of every clinic to our • sho, ex
tended to them the hand of fellowship res ofll.l-
ed them theprotection of the bioad shield of
our constitution, to secure them iii the irights
and immunities of Ainerrean citizens; but . all
thislis notv to be changed, a new standard is
to be erected, outside of and beyond the con
stittnion, and stronger and higher than the
fundarnentAl law of the land. The 1 great
charter is to be treated ns a dead letter,; so far
as it recognizi the eqhnlity before the law
of adopted with native born citizens, and a
power alien
-to the constitution and laws of
the land is to be hereafter the rule of action.
Itl was assigned as ainong the -reasons of
declaring our independence,'and bkaking off
our allegiance to the `British crown, that
George 'IL had endeavOred to prevent'the
population of these. States, that he had ob:
strutted the laws for thertaturalization of
foreigners, and that het had refused to pass
laws to encourage their Migration hither.
If such were considered among the reasons
sufficient to risk a doubtful] and bloody war,
dhow much greater ningnitude are' those
now presented for the consideration of alllib
e 1 mindiA. men. The offence of Georgeilll.
was at least an open one: Ife had refused, to
pass . ws to enconrage the emigiation offer-' eigneN. But the new policy is a species Of
"deception., nworthy of the American charac- •
ter. We lei •e our constitution as it is,. We
make no alters ion tin our naturalization laws, ,
%ye invite on the lith of these guarantees,to,l
he seen and read o' nil litii, that they should
leave their homes, ren, mice allegiance to their
native land, and swear legiance'to our own
government, when melt) , 'that the induce-,
malts thus held '-
out are ire • eunningdevices
intended to deceive. For it i not proposed
lirthose who adhere to the stage dogma,
eFlunCikaed by the new Mayor of P ladelphia,
fp change the settled poliey of this D ` tion, by
alteriw o r the conditions on which the ople
~. , \ • , receive d
or outer countries are to e lnd
adopted as citizens, but a much more clang.
ous and unjust gr,outul is"assumed. Its prac
tical Nl . Ol king:, aro to be retrospective. It pro
poses. to take froin citizens the civil rights'
vi o hicli they have aireaay acquired under .the
e ustitution, by organizing , n power,,to sitt
vert that instruinent. It is Au. attempt to set
tle a policy not recognized in`nnv law of this
cbuniry, that hemafter. no Man Zorn Out of
tile cOutt3 a shall hold civil office\under the
,„, • ,, 'ov eminent '-'=- - -no matter that he, 4*- come
heie lt ion 111. f ilLh.,of the la - Ws of the binil
no matter how :good; his eliameter.; • ho \ ef
flctivel hi, abilitteb ;116v thorough ids edisink
wan ; or bow numerous his virtues—no 'mat
t i how devoted his attaelimenni to, the icon
•b tUtiell ; nor how orth4dox his religion'.' "no.
flitter though' he has, suffered 'and bhid for
14 s Adopted country. Willisult we tiro to
have aa politieal commummr—gwe lima not
lioten to, thetr 41dvico nor 'employ dim in , the
p1u41 . 10 service: The - standartiref lione , ty and
eiipuoitylk to be overloolol—and the oir
eonl:Ammo of 144, Aria bfrtbaJone must de
oldo'whii,shall fill the oaf ea` of the go,vern-
. .. ._ . . . . . , . .
rut, .
• Mere is a Oi4ratichiseinetit:pfilto luUsi.4-. -
trxious: eleitieter. • Tlie . .ulielp . nn d . sotlittoit.
I; ws w . eri, ptssed limier , the itiluti nistration - of
the C : hicsr Adams in t lie height or the itts - ole".ntie
' IctierA aoulittation. But - they were • laws,:
Volume 11, ,alanibtr 311.
while here is a similar policy without: the
sanction of law, secret in its ope.rationss and
tyrannical unjust and cruel, in It& results.'
is in effmt, an adminiqration ef the alien law.
of . black cockade feileralk,-*ithont
courage to place it on the. statute:hoc& Iti
spirit, -essence and design are the same
The Constitutioin of the United. States, awe
therizes Congress to peas uniform lairs of nat
tunlization. • It also prOvides that- Congress
shall make no lair resm.,ting an establishment
of religion or prohibitink the free. exercise
-thereof; and that no religions test shall ever
he iegired as a qualification fotany cake or
public trust under the United States. -
The constitution of kennsylvania is eats
more emphatic.- It declares thakitil men
have a natural and indefiiaiibie right to wining
Almighty God
.according to the >dichttes 0f.. .
their own conscienc,that norman can, of. '
right, be compelled to ntteitkerect,, or sup
port any place
_of worship, or to maintain hay
again`st his conient—that no !suchen
authority can, in any case whatever, control
or interfere with the rikhts" of conscience.--
that no, preference shal lever be given bylaw,
to any religious establishments- or mod of
worship—and that no person who acknowl
edges the being of a Gr i d and. a future state
of rewards and punishments, shall, op account
of his religions sentiments, be ,disqualified . , to
hold any office or place-of trust or profit un
der this Commonwviltli. • -
. •
Such was the fabric-.Orgp • verum ent elected.
by the patriots of the revolution, who' -widers
stood what liberty, true liberty, :Mont, and
who periled "their By** their fortunes, and
their sacred honor," in Its Maintenance. . Are
we to do away' with thi r s,riobleleituie of our
govmment by indirecJon, and establish a,
.test' , not. known to our constitution and laws,
hut antagonis tical to - can
only, leOd - pOlitteal and feligiotts: intoler
tut 'treating
.the question as ote . merely of
)01 . 1ey,; . mithout regard `to cOnatitntionazight,
- as not this liberal featuire of our government
thus early commenced, and' 'sanctionadAy'
.time, been attended with the happiest naidtti
In the developemeat - Of. the iesoureit':and
strengthening the arin,lof the . nations Why
should. this: liberal policy he, ntioy rudely. Mid
harshlY.broken up anditbandonedfor Why
- should- we be less generous no* when.. libel*
and progressive jdeaa in - all other reakieeta*
.warmly eberUed as peienliarly . Ainerietin
We are aware that we may be pointed to the
vices and excesses ignorant,
tute, population, who .conic. into - our country
Lin some respects for ,the proper
enjoyment of its institutions. : 1 We are free tO
admit that .individnals.abnse the .brmings )
our overnment,- but this - is true of .nll.--.407
eve as.well as foreign and surely is no rear
son for changing the policy Tof- the goveriti
ment, for Imposing. new conditionsupon
adopted citizens, or fOr punishing ihe . jirst
equally with the unjust. . - 1 . •
Indeed it is difficult,l - when examining _tins
subject to sac who are the most benefitted by
am inilus of foreign population. Our -0,111
history would show that much of our prd6-
ve r ity and-Japid advance to national grent
a .cs, has been accelerated by the talents, en
erg; and productive inustry of thase, of for
eign ..rth.• The debt f gratitude is at least
not all . their,side. ve we forgotten the
distinguis ed aid of adopted citizent aridf4r
eigners in in revolutionary struggle-al, Have
We. forgotten _ to chivalrous • service*: of. La
Farette,llontgo .. ery, Delialb, Koscinge r eand
others like them br of less renown, horr
iled i
life and proper in- our'; belAlf, :,
.314 in
behalf of the cause of 'betty and'
publican ideas? Did , r ex, net #s'lE' their
,lives and shed their. blood: -r-that. caws and'
.for this .people? . flare not; the •
--w labors and.,
'toils of the adopted citizens,- have` poured
into this country in' al steady and constant
stream,made much of 'rur- previous ancalti
, vated ands : bloom and blossom. as the
Have they not felled the forest,- subdued _the
rude and unbroken soil 4 constructed ourTail
'roads and canals, and largely eitendesroUr_
internal ow:Dim:fee and the bounds of-cujtare
and civilization ! Are there not ha , . found
- among them as well as among : .'
native- born
citizens, men of exalted! worth, brilliant lA.',
wits, towering',:genins, who --have given Us'
their valuable serNices, in all the - useful and'
ennobling pursuits and-Professions of life l and
from amongwhom the Irani.% of our -girths*.
statesmen and orators have been adorned.=
Is it wise, that all .thesef and such ..aio these',
shall bedisfranehinct, proscribed on atiContit
of their foreign birth, and persecutedfor their
religious ropinions ? have we nothing to lose
by such a policy? , .1
.* But hew - is this policy to be administered!
, How is this . new test toibe applied! and by
whom ? ISecretly and Without warning, by
secret, midnight political associations, bound
together by extra judi'al oaths, todo :that
which can be nothing lso . in effect, morally,
than conStructive - treal n
to the government.
They thus attempt' to cfe, under the cloids or.
the night; and by secret political Combina
tions what they would be nsharned to pro :
pose in the light of clay:and before ther world. -
Secret 'political . socifties, fellow citizens,
however commendable in design at the out
start, must soon degenerate into engines of
tyranny_ and outrage.' i The Jacobin clubs of
the French revolution,: Iheaded by Dintim,
`Murat and , itobespierie, made • the nation
tremble for iis txistence,%,while France became
drunken` horrid crirnes, assassination and -_
..tird'er.' l'What 'protection eta the ma ss of
, ~
I", eeabict citizens have against their secret
eon . ils land • insldieus attneks? 'Conspira
cies a see-ret combinations against the
body po % . c, or the - poli ical righta. of large
classes of c*. zens,are ea odiouit in the eye of,
the infiralist, , - - conspirieies against 'the pri-,'
vide rights oft. , - citizen are - odioul in the
eye of the law. ene offence is - pollard and
the other penal, Itu, there, is little if any dif
ference in the , grade fi criminalitY. Both
are founded: in selfislin - and disregard of
the rightsiif others. .-
We have heard much in . ys gone by
Pennsylvania, front large bodi • 'of our, •peci.
pie, li', opposition to secret socie i'' ,- °fill pure.
Iv 'Clittiblir - and benevolent cha .. er• hav- '
ins: political policy . .
mo ; or Inlrpeite ) , li• e n .„....-
HoW much more should kind' Qv 'tioti ex
tend'-to secret inisoeiational"or pOliti-
Oril :purposes aloi*-sodl for
_political purpo.
ses having for theit\ob*t,the • dis&uichiae
atent oil"account of their religiou s' views of a
portion of our eitirieric\ . •.(' '- '• ' " - -
• - Secret societies Aimed for 'prrtio- •
ses, the greit and good : Washington. warned
119 against in Ida farewell address to - hits Colin:
trynien. Haw well lie portrays \ -kheit'Ortiti in -
the. following , 'paragraph l -,- \..:, ~ -