Daily evening bulletin. (Philadelphia, Pa.) 1856-1870, January 29, 1866, Image 1

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    Mff PEACOCK. Editor,
puirr.rs'Frm) EVERY EVENING, •
(Sundays excepted) at .
"'XsICI.; 329 Cheitirat Street, Philadelphia
Evening Bulletin Association."
The Burman:el is served to subscribers in the cit 7 at
as cents pe! Week,•ptiyable to the carriers, Or is 00 per
B6..TER--033. the' 28th tuatara, 2.fra. Magi:Wane
_Baxter, relicklof- Schuyler Baxter, in the 88th year of
• .-,Frmeralform the residence of her grandson James
- W. T. Scott, 41 North Seventeenth street, on Wednes
.day afternoon, 31st instant. at 2 'clock.
HOFFMAN—At -Cape Palmas, West Coast Africa,
on November 25th, 1865, Rev. Cadwalader Colder'
Noffman,, Misatonary of the Protestant Episcopal
Church', ''.and - . Rector of-St. -. Mark's, Cape 'Palm.% in
the 46th year of his age. ,
' 11111 , 1'611 AV.I-On the 26th instant. Robert
shall, son of the late Thomas ,ani Maria J. liinshall;
the,l9th year of bla age. •
- ..-Therelatives and friends of the famfty are invited
tR attend ,the- funeral, without further notice.from the
residence ofGeorge W. Ithavrn, near the Fox Chase.'
on Tuesday, 30th instant, at 12 o'clock... To -proceed to
..-ICedar Rill Cemetery, Frankford. _ ;
..,,• ,i,SMEDLEY—On the evening of the 26th 'natant, Phi-
Grciedley, in her 68th' year.
Funeral to take place - from the residence of her son,
Isaac -Yarnell, Edg3nont. Delaware county, Pa., on
yoortivlay3lstfustant, at 11 o'clock, A. M. Carriages
will be at Glen Mills Station, West Chester and Phila.
.delphia Rain:gad, on:the arrival of the A. M. Train
from the city . , Her relatives 'and friends who cannot
attend the funeral, are invited to meet at her late re
-side? !,'231 Jacoby.stzeet,on Third day. 80th instant at
o'clock, P. M.. previous to removal.
WILSON—On the - afternoon of Saturday, the 27tn.
instant, Mr. Joseph T. Wilson, in the 62d year of his
The relatives and friends of the family are respect!
fully invited to .attend the funeral from his late rest
-dence, No., 961 Nokth Tenth street, on Wednesday , ,
morning, Jhe 31st instant, at 10 o clock. Services it 4
Third Presbyterian Caurcb, Fourth and Pine. r** ;
VT Green Watered Moreens. „-
64 and 5-4 Green Baize,
White Cloth for Sacks.
' White Evening Silks.:
EYRE & LANDELL, Fourth and Arch
IaZHOWARD HOSPITA_L, Nos. 1616 and 1520
Lombard street, Dispensary Department. He&
atment and , medicines ituncdshed gratuitously
sthe poor. se2,l
E - SPECThI NOTICE.--PamenzzegrA, Jana .
ary . 11366.—The "Old Guard," as an organi
is in no way connected with the Hibernia Fire
Engine Company,lslo. L. By order of the Company. ;
-- JAMES PAGE, President.
_____' ROBERT TEMPEST, Vic Pres't.
AttestlOl'M IL DOWN - LNG, Se&y. . it/
TION connected with no Fire Company, but'
..taoiwithatanding, all members of the Old Hibernia,'
-No. I. Iti
NOTICE.—The Ananal Meeting of the BIRD
so office, 410 Walnut street, on Wednesday, Pelr
_limy 7th, at 11 o'clock A. M.
STATE 0 F PENNSYLVANIA, Jan.:nth, 180.
The Annual • Meeting , of tbe. Stockholders will be
held at the Company's 011ice.9 and 5 EXCELANGE
iIITILDING, on MONDAY, February Mir, MK at 12
;tio'ciock noon. - W/Lbi A M HARPER,
teture, by Rev. WM. BUTLER. D. D., late Mis
sdonz Rebellion on personal reminiscences, of the
4Sepoyin India. at the SPRING GARDEN
STET M. E. CHURCH, corner of Twentieth and
Snring Garden Streets, on MONDAY EVENING,
January 29th, at 7.f,i o'clock.
Tickets 50 cents. For sale at Perkinpine & Higgins'
Se N. Fourth street; Tract Depository, U 9 N. Sixth et.
And at the door. Ja.2.5-4trp'
- Dpef.mber 21st, 1865.
The Loan of this Company, due April let, 1888, lute
-rest payable quarterly, at the rate of six per cent. per
This Loan is secured by a mortgage on all the Com
aiany's Coal Lands, Canals, and Blackwater Navigation
In the Lehigh river,and all their Itailroads,constructed
and to be constructed, between Mauch Chunk and
Wilkesharre, and branch roads' connected therewith,
and the franchise of the Company relating thereto.
Apply to SOLOMON ErFfRPMERD, Treasurer,
de2l-rpta ' 122 South Second street.
_ad. , friendly to the poor Whites and Blacks of the
' Sonth, and to the work of education among them,will
be held at the rooms of the YOUNG MEWS C
TIA.N.ASSOCIA.TION,No. 1210 GanSTNIIT street,on
TUESDAY EVENING next, Nth inst., at V' o'clock,
- • - to devise ways and means to relieve the suffering in
Georgia, which State has been assumed by Permsyl
xania and West Jersey as their portion or the work.
' All friendly to , the movement are invited to be pres
ent. By order of the Finance Committee,
P. S.—Gentlemen - recently from the South are ex
pected to make statements regarding the, destitution
existing there.
SONS .OF ST. GEORGE.—At 'a Quarterly
Meeting of The Society of the Sons of St. George,
-established at Philadelphia for the advice and assist
ance of Englishmen in distress, held January 13d,
3 13 65, the following gentlemen were elected officers for
ensuing year, viz :
Taxestraga—JOSEP a PILLING.
ISAAC 31137 P,
Its Secretary
Facts and Fancies.
The 2Tu2f, in a disquisition upon American
humor, declares that there are neither people
in America to make or to appreciate really humorous things. Turf was always the
Igreenest of things.
Why is a sick speculator in '‘Venango
county like modern Egypt? Because he is
Illinois lands. • •
The proprietors of an hotel in Cincinnati
-.quarreled about a lady boarder and one was
killed. One what ?
The musicians at the Grand Opera In
Paris are on a strike. It first broke out
aniong the drummer& ,
A gay young mutton butcher got off. a
- pretty good thing in one.of, our markets on
:Saturday. Seeing a suspicious looking fel
low reconnoitering his stall, evidently with
felonious intent, he sung out: "Quit eyeing'
,that lamb, or I'll lanim yer eye!"
Theiatest French fashions say that the
_long:White kid gloves have been seen once
or twice, butf beside their, real" uglivies.,
-they would be so- expensive'rthat-, there is
pause in adobting them. How could they
'la adopted without paws?
A son of. Mr. Rankin t at.Waterville, Me.,
;has been committed to`jail on the 'charge of
setting fire to his father's house which was
defor last week. There's Rank-fingrati4
- tu you!
"-The address of the Fenian Council says :
"we have reached a point from which we
-can see the goal clearly." There appears
to be a transposition of two 'vowels in the
- vvord goal..
, -
An ice bridge formed last week across the
rapids above Niagara Falls on which people
crossed from side to side. A nice bridge
A child was born on board the Liverpoo;
steamer NOva Scotia during her recent pas;
-sae this Port.. Is that what is Meant when
the steamers advertise "a few extra berthS
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Some of the members of the United
States Senate have taken it into their
heads that; Mr. J.l `l3...McOullogh, the
reporter of the Associated Press in that
body, was not impartial in his reports of
the ~proceedings. The other day several
Senators rapped him:over the_ knuckles
in a tribunal where he had no appeal;
but he has fallen back upon his reserved
rights, and he defends himself in a field
where he is a home' aild'ivhere he can
deal as telling-blows as he was compelled
to take in the Seniite, - chamber. In short,
he has gone into'priiit with his defence,
and without expressing any opinion as to;
whether the charges laid to his account
are just or unjust, we are free to say that
Mr. McCullogh has rather the best of
the controversy , ,thin Ur. He insists
that the'real motive ter — the - complaint
made against hitrLivas disappointedlove
of appearing in print I npen the part of
certain membericho'setorations he had
honestly.condensed. He confesses the ,
condensation'' the' speeches "cu=
riously rutin but he denies the charge
of partiality or misrepresentation. Every
rEporter for the press has had just such
experience as that described , by this, nar 7
rator'of senatorial 'sayings and doings;
and it is amazing how much more par 7
donable an ill prepared long report of a
speech is in the eyes of many orators
than a correctly given cOndensation of
the' same address. • Some portions of Mr.
McCullogh's defence are so amusing
that we cannot refrain from making an
extract or two from it. For instance:
"To arise in a seat and proceed to abuse
the repOrter of the Associated Press, or any
other reporter, or anybody else, in fact, is
one of the blessed privileges of a Senator, of
which I would be sorry to deprive any
member of • the Senate even if I had the
power. - And whethei the Senator thus
speaking be from the 'rock-ribbed coast of
Maine,' as was the_case before the holidays
or 'from the golden sands of California,
by which this happy, if not original figure
of speech was "completed by Mr. Conness
yesterday, la a naatter of indifference to me,
"But now that Senators have availed them.
selves of this privilege, in abusing me,
trust that it will not be considered impertiL
nent if I try—not to assuage this wrath, no
to apologise for omissions or commissions
but to explain the whys and wherefores o
these assaults.
"Mr Conness further stated or intimated
that there were parties at work toaecure the
suppression of all notice of him and his
Senatoriallabora Thw samaxemark made
by any other person than a United States
Senator would be a lie. Qf the self-conceit
with. which the .remark is. Pregnant—the
thought that, as reporter of the Associated
Press I would single Mr. Conness out for
‘suppression'—l say nothing, belieting it
appoint that will appear to best advantage
when but delicately hinted at.
"Lastly, Mr. Conness said I had, as cor- ,
respondent of the Cincinnati Commercial,
published a slanderous and vituperative
article about him a-year ago. In reply to
this,,l have only to, state that the Senate is
not the plice to seeks redress of a grievance
of this kind. I have never permitted my
opinion Gf men or ineasures toinfluence my
reports of the Senate proceedings, and I
lyould be as far from' injuring Mr. Conness
as a reporter as I would be from qualifying
or retracting what I have said of him or any
one else as a correspondent.
"Secondly, up jumps the newly fledged
Senator from Nevada, Mr. Ste Wart, to enter
his protest against my reports. I can best
reply to his remarks by relating an occur
rence of Saturday last.
"Mr. Stewart sent word to the Reporters'
Gallery that he wanted to see me, and I
immediately called on him in the reception
room of the Senate. 'Look here,' said he.
'hbw, is it that you did - notreport my speech
yesterday ?' 1 felt a little diffident about
telling him the exact cause, and remarked;
so as not to hurt his feelings, that I had
been obliged to report a debate between
MesSrs. Wade and Doolittle so fully that I
hlidnlt room to more than mention his effort.
'How is it,' said he, 'that you report some
more than others?' Here was a point
blank question, and I gave him this point
blank answer : 'Because some men are of
more importance than others. , ..For instance,
Mr. Wade and Mr. Doolittle are representa
tive men in the Senate—they speak for their
respective parties.' . Mr. Stewart didn't like
this, but really , l couldn't help it. 'Well;
now, look there, saidle, and I.looked. 'I
am determined that what I say must be
reported, and I don't want to make' any
fuss in.the Senate or any trouble with the
reporters. *lf I obrnixtence a fight I am
bound to carry it through. They tell you
that out in Nevada.' Never. 'hating been
in Nevada, I couldn't say hotf,this was; but
he continued : 'I don't want any trouble
with you, and I don'tslippose you want any
trouble either.' ' I
'Of course I. did not,' but nevertheless I
said to the Honorable Senator that' I was
not responsible to, the Senate for what I re.
ported or failed lo report; that I was ezh.,
ployed by the Associated Press, and got my
instructions from its ~agent. 'Well,' said
he, 'do they tell'you not to report what I
say?' I told him assuredly, not. In fact,t,
had serious doubts, though I did not men.
tion them,. whether the Associated Press, as
a corporation knew of the existence of the
Honorable Senator.
'The Senatorial idea of the Associated Presti
is that it is a Boswellhm machine for noting'
with scrupulous exactness, the sayings antj
doings of each particular - Jelinsonian, for
the;benefit.of constituencies '
of State'Leghilathies, when , session, for
theillipensation 'of Senatorial 'honors.' 'My
idea is _that it is an association for informing
threading publia Of- what transpires in
Congress of general importance. I shall so
regard-It until othervilse ordered, 'notwith=
standing the 'trouble' threatened by Mr„
Stewart,, or the e.frorts of him or anybody' '
else to browbeat'or intimidate me." - -1
- We repeat that we offer .no opinion as
to the: justness of the charges laid
against the senatorial reporter, the -
Associated Press; , but he had laid down
some principles that every' - newspaper
conductor will: endorse. There are too
many public men who conceive the
press to be marelya puffing =chine;
contrived for < their owns ; special -:uses:.
The managers \ of newspapers - take a
different view of the matter, and as their
bminess is to spread intelligence pefore
the public in a full or a condensed form
as in their judgment its importance
merits, it is not wonderful that there are
occasional collisions between the reprer .
sentattves of conflicting interests. UnlesS
a speaker is not absolutely misreported;
he is unwise to quarrel with the re*
porter. The pen, is as powerful
,as the
tongue', -aAd 'Mr. 'MeCullogh has Shown
that the scribe can take his own Part
even in a - contest with potent, grave and
reverend Senators.
Railways and• Transportation.
The cosmopolitan, character of British
commercial enterprise is well illustrated in
the history of her colonial conquests, and
her- penetration into wild and unknown
lands for a new field or source of traffic.
First iteshe among the nations of the globe
in ability to make an army and navy sub.i
sidiary to the industry of a people: tendr-,
ally and quite naturally with the Anaerican;
the vast resources of his own country oc
cupy his attention, on all. sides are calls for
development, but the British merchant
viewahis island home but as the centre of a
trade whose circumference is the World. It
is held•that-lenity is ,out of place in bank-,
ing; so commerce like - Credit,' is without
mercy. Hence outside., British trade has
repeated everywhere the usurpations of
India and China, modified, of course, by
circumstances, but invariably at the cost of
the people brought under its drag net.
One great feature in the economic,craft of
Great Britain is that her capital can wait., is
not unduly hasty for returns. Her long
games make a great contrast with American
impatience of results which in financial
matters seem like rapacity in comparison.
English capital was early brought to aid in
the construction in American railways, yet
such agencies of transportation were as a
whole unprofitable to the investors until the
breaking out of the. rebellion. That the
cautious English capitalists knew that our
railway capital will not bring in immediate
profits is clear, and the interesting question
now is when and how the returns on capital
were looked tor.
Herbert Spencer contends that a railway
in a region where it does not: pay expenses
is not wanted, and that the building of such
a road is a misapplication of capital. Our
American experience, however, shows that
a non-dividend paying road may serve its
purpose as well as a dividend paying one,
whether the purpose be to develop the re
sources of one locality or to divert the trade
and business of one point to another.
Hence we do not think that for themselves
there has been any misapplication of capital
by the English investors in American rail
ways, and as such enterprises are now
attaining a magnitude which dwarfs all
former operations ? it becomes important to
consider—What is the English Railway
Policy in the United States?
"America belongs to Europe," recently
wrote Dunartine, once called the "poet
statesman," now the servile literary adula
tor of Louis Napoleon. This was said in
defence of Louis Napoleon's interference in
Mexico, and Lamartine with all his vaga
ries has a keen insight in the driftings of
European politics which constantly assume
a nearer connection with the interests of
trade. The feelings evoked in Europe by,
the rebellion was but a different expression
of the same idea.
England, is pre-eminently a manufac
turing country, having but a limited area
for growth and natural resources, except.
cepting the unquestionably great
concentration of wealth below the surfaCe
of her soil. Hence, she must go outside of
herself for products and markets for her
manufactures. The United States is pre
eminently a country of growth and material,
and of her horde consumption, scarcely 9
per cent. is of foreign origin or manipula l
tion, and one-half of her imports are in
dispensable and unavoidable. England
has interests in the United States,
which imperatively call for closer con
nection. She now connects with tbe United
States by the port of New York, and ulti.
ruately Norfolk may be the second English
itepot in the United States. To aid in
eking the whole territory of the American
Union more or less tributary to English
interests, it is necessary to cheapen the
transit to the seaboard of United States pro
ducts for transportation, and also to cheapen
the distribution of her fabrics from the port
of New York throughout the country.
'American m anti facturin g corpora tions show
by their dividends profits approaching or
sxceeding 100 per cent. for the year 1865..
Here there is certainly sufficient margin for.
the foreign manufacturer to get in his goods,'
his less cost for production compensating in'
some degree for the difference between the
internal revenue tax and the customs
Sir Morton Peto, the head and front of the
Anglo-American railway movement, great
as a railway statesman, but unquestionably,
greater as a daring operator, has certainly
masked his policy well, excepting so far as
his progress has rendered his purpose'evi
dent. His ostentatious visit to the "United
States, was a well conceived piece of diplo
macy, a capital prelude to the introduction
of his more mature plans, and the manner
in Which he has made some railway officials
Subservient to his purposes is no discredit to
big ability, however much it mey reflect on
1 The Atlantic and Great Western Railway
Company was incorporated as the Mead
ville Railroad Company, May 20th, 1857,
and little evidence at its birth of the
great pretensions by which it at present in'
eludes the three most populous and most
productive States of the American Union in
its. corporate franchises. Its inception
shows -to what purposes an apparently
unimportant Pennsylvania charter can be
applied. Originally authorized to construct
a. road from near - Meadville to Erie, and
ii•om Erie to the Mercer county coal, fields,:
the company, without regard to its char l
tered routes, built its road across the
nerthlvest corner of the State, and
formed part of a through route to
New York' with a six feet gauge.;
The act of incorporation--provided for its
connection with other Pennsylvania roads,
hitt its difference of gauge interfered there,
with, if it did not entirely prevent such con
ndction. By act of May 10, 1859, the name
ofj the Meadville Railroad was changed to
that of the Atlantic and Great Western
Railroad. Company of Pennsylvania. It is
now not only of Pennsylvania, but also of
New York, and Ohio, and—what . next?:
Its alleged consolidated capital;
partly — ntisubscribed, now consists of
860,000,000. halfin shares and half in mort
gage bonds, which is to provide for the
completion of its, entire line. Sir, - Morton
Pato, at a meeting of .the stock and. bond;
holders, Nov. 24, 1865, expressly said that
"no more money would be reqiiired." The
system included in this consolidated capita/
enibraces no :construction of reads east'of
the Alleghenies. This system has for the
termini of its main line. Salamanca,in New
York, and Dayton, in Ohio, crossing Erie,
Crawford, Mercer and Warren counties,
Pennsylvania, 388 miles. ' course of.con
strnction are 100 miles of extension,viz:From
Randolph (18 miles west , of Salamanca) to
Buffalo 70 miles, and New Lisbon, Ohio,
branch from Niles to New. Lisbon 30 miles:
There are besides the Franklin branch from
Meadville to Oil City 32 miles and Silver
Creek coal branch west of Akron, Ohio, 6
lEast of the Alleghenies the system of
easinge and consolidating is proceeding,
though apparently there is no provision for
building the necessary links to work its
combination of roads from Pittsburgh and
Franklin to. New York.
Ite present Pennsylvania plans are in
consequence of a dissolution of its arrange
ment with the lEzje read, and are to serve
ihe same :end as when the Erie road was'
used, excepting with .the addition of facili-,
ties to manipulate theAnthracitecoal fields.
The Erie road was usedby the Atlantic and
Great Western, until the former could no'
longer endure its grasp. The encroa.alti.ng
propensities, of the Atlantic and Great
Western are well shown in the series of pro
positions made to the Erie road in Septem
ber last, and promptly refused by it. One
proposition was that all the Erie road not a
continuation of the Atlantic and Great
Western's route should be treated as branch
road. Proposition 15 is an excellent speci-
Men of how the Atlantic and Great Western
talks after it makes its allies its tool& vizi:
"15th. The Erie Company shall at once
proceed t'o complete its double track between
Salamanca and NeW York, and the Atlantic.
and Great Western shall do the same as soon
as it may be considered necessary."
From this the Catawissa Company can
learn a good lesson, especially after Sec. IV
of its contract with the Atlantic and Great'
Western is re -read.
Mr. J. W. Garrett, President of the Bahl
moze and Ohio Railroad Company, in a
speech delivered at Baltimore, Dec.l3th—the
occasion being his re-election, announced
the' alliance of his road with the Atlantic
and Great Western, The motive to this is
hostility to the Pennsylvania Central. Too
puny himself to strike, he seeks the aid of
the higher capacity of Sir Morton Peto. He
is, not exactly like the Bourbons, he can
forget some things, if he has not the faculty
of blotting them out. His speech is pro
fusely patriotic, and therefore in happy con
trast with his remarks uttered at tne Eutaw
House, Baltimore, in the troubled secession
days of It6l. Then his present words about
the "Union and the Constitution" would
have bad some merit in them. But then he
declined as President to carry troops over
his road from Baltimore to Washington or
from the western terminus of his road, so
that the Government could be supplied with
Two matters very much concern Mr.
Garrett, a road to Washington for members
of Congress and the prosperity of the city of
Pittsburgh and Western Pennsylvania.
Concertung his great desire to eonnect com
mercially southwestern Pennsylvania,
with ;Maryland, he says, speaking of the
rescinding of the chaster of the Pittsburgh
and Connellsrille road for the neglected and
virtually abandoned portion of its line:
"The Baltimore and Ohio Company, and
those associated with it are prepared to
complete that short line Of Pittsburgh. and
thus by its improved route reduce the dis
tance to Washington from that central point
In the West seventy-two miles. Whilst
the great,national interests of the vast popu
lations of the States of the Northwest are
identified with this enterprise, as well as
their great agricultural interests, which
would thus secure a shorter and more eco
nontical route to the seaboard; the city of
Pittsburgh and Western Pennsylvania are
still more deeply and thoroughly interested.
in the prosecution of this enterprise.
"Almost as one man the merchants and
the manufacturers, the capitalists and the
peopleiof that city, and of Western Pennsyl
vania, demand - the construction of this
work, and well they may, with this line
completed and a direct outletto Washington
and Baltimore thus effected, the city of
Pittsburgh has in its future a position scarcely
secondary to Philadelphia itself. With its
vast mineral resources and with its advan
tages of water power, it is already the Man
chester of America, and with this double
and powerful outlet thus opened for its peo..
ple, a concentration of trade and increase of
manufacturing wealth and progress in all
that makes communities great and prospe
rous is before that city of an unparalleled
"In this connection it is proper to state
that :the distinguished gentlemen from
England who recently visited this country
in rethtion to American railway interests,
were struck with the absolute necessity, as
well as the great importance of this line, and
that eminent, sagacious and able gentle
man, Sir Morton Peto, on behalf of the At
lantic and Great Western Railway' Com
pany, stated that in connection with the
construction of the roads from Point of
Rocks to Washington, and from Connells
vine to Cumberland, capital would be
promptly furnished, and 'vigorous measures
taken to complete the road connecting Cleve
land, by the way, of Youngstown, with
Pittsburg, and thus furnish to members of
Congress, and all other parties visiting the
Capitol of the United States, a line from
Cleveland, and the whole region of the lakes
and nbrthwest, eighty-four miles shorter
than any existing line."
Mr. Garrett cajoles Pittsburgh. One ob
ject in building 'the Baltimore and Ohio
Railroad was to divert the traffic of the Ohio
river from Pittsburgh, its natural head, to
Baltimore by tapping it at Wheeling. Now,
Mr. Garrett would-further advance - the in
terests of :Pittsburgh by taking the trade of
the Monongahela region' from it. That is, if
-" the shorter route - to the sea," which in
includes 200 miles of inland navigation, is to
be effective.'
The . road from the Point of Rocks to Wash
ington is a step in the continuation of the
route to Norfolk, the natural terminus,
which, without doubt, would find favor with
Sir Moiton: In this event the deflection of
. road fiom the Potomac to Baltimore
would become a mere branch of secondary
imporMnce. Is the ild,elity of Mr. Garrett to
Baltimore•really dublomif
The "prompt furnishing of capital" will
not conflict in the least with Sir Morton's
Londoo speech, as the unfinished part of
the road- from Cleveland via Youngstown
to Pittsburgh, is now under contract, local
capital furnishing the means.
So wa have endeavored to present what
appears to us to be the Anglo-American
railway, movement towards the, concentra
tion, of trade, rather than internal improve
ment.—:American .acchange and Review.
mond, the contractor for carrying . the mail
from ILYnchburg to. l'ittsylvanut Court
House; 77a.;: has thrown up the contract foe'
the reason that he could not 'take the
quired ostli. It would be a nice piece of
casuistry to determine whether Mr. Driltllj
mond's honesty or his obstinacy led to the
throwing up of the -contract.
Latest Official News from Presiden
Juarez---He is Pursued by the Im
perialists Towardal Paso---They
Decline to Attack---Juarez Ap
peals to Americans for Aid
---Escobado's Original
Plan of Campaign on
the RioDrande---
Railroad and
WASHINGTON, January 28, 1566.—Official'
news up to the 29th of December has been:
received here from El Paso, the present seat' :
of the MexiCan Government. After the oc-`
cupation of Chihuahua by the French, they
sent an expedition to El Paso against Presi-,
dent Juarez, who Collected at that place
Gen. Ferraga'S division, and made other,
preparations to resist 'the invaders. with'
every chance of success. When the French
heard of this they marched back to Chihua
hua, thini abandoning the idea of attacking
El Paso. The news from the interior is
represented as quite encouraging. The im-i
pressi on prevailed in the whole country that
the French would soon abandon Mexico.
MESILLA, Dec. gO, MlSS.—Juarez is in El
Paso. Mexico, fifty miles from this place. ,
He has with him about thirty officers and
not many more men. The French drove
him out of Chihuahua, and followed him -to:
within forty miles of where he is now, and
then turned back. Juarea expected a fight
in El Paso, and made some preparation, but
none- came off: He has several guns, six,
twelve and twenty-four -pounders but no
men to manage them. He wanted twenty-four-pounders,
ricans from our side to go over and take
charge of the guns, and I think several
would have accepted the invitation had the
French continued to advance.
General Mexican News.
Letters from Escobado, recently inter
cepted, show the plan of campaign devised
by him, and is sketched forth in the follow
ing terms in a communication addressed by
him to the Juarist Governor of Tamaulipas;
We will remain in the States of Nuevo
Leon, Tamaulipas and San Luis so as to
occupy the attention of the imperialists, in
accordance with the wish of his Excellency
the President and Commander-in -Chief.
General Cortina saw fit to separate from
us this side of Reinosa, as that brave patriot
did not concur in our views. Gen. Cortina
does not suppose that there is any practi
cable base of operations beyond Matamoras.
But I regret to inform you that the popu
larity of the cause has declined at Mata
moras. That city has experienced a great
reaction in favor of the traitors, caused evi
dently by the influence of foreign gold.
Our failure at Matamoros was not caused as
much by the defeat of our forces as by the
acts of paid traitors.
Your plans had met with the approval of
Gen. N. Cortina. The city—which was sup
posed to be most difficult, if not impossible,
to capture—would have been delivered to
us by those valiant citizens 'who still pre
serve in their hearts the name and traditions
of their invaded country; but, unfortu
nately, Mejia was apprised of our plans by
his informal secret police, the existence of
which no one suspected at the time, and so
our valiant freinds were hanged or shot
without form or trial.
I shall shortly arrive at Aqueloros by the
Alamo road, and, in order to carry out the
plan conceived by his Excellency President
Juarez, I shall request the aid of Generals
Mendez and Aguire. Generals Patoni,
Covnia and Villagra, who are operating in
Durango, could have joined me in Coahuila.
We could have dashed into Nuevo Leon by
way of the mountains, sweeping from there
like a hurricane upon Revilla, on the Rio
Bravo. Thence to Camargo, we might have
followed the Rio Grande, leaving Monterey
on our right. On the river, lam indebted
in considerable amounts to Americans who
have furnished materials, such as tar, salt
petre and sulphur, received directly from
hicily, and landed on the ceast by the
American brig Hope.
General Cortina is better acquainted than.
we are with those Americans disposed to
aid us.
You, doubtless, know that the few shells
I was able to secure while the trains were
passing from Linares, came from Browns
ville, where he got them by means of some
faithful Mexicans residing there.
The Emperor Maximilian hasissued a de
cree granting to Don Ramon Zangrouiz the
exclusive privilegeto construct and run,
for the period of seveiity-five years, a rail
road between Vera Cruz and Puebla, pass
ing through. Jalapa and Perote.
, company has been formed in Florence,
'with a capital of one million francs, for the
purpose of colonizing lands in the depart
ment of Vera Cruz. The amount hitherto
subscribed has already bin forwarded to
that city to be devoted to the purchase of
land. Amcdg the subscribers are some of
the leading men of Italy.
The Accident on the Hudson River Rail
way. -Extraordinary Preservation of
On Saturday morning, about 61 o'clock, as
the Lincinnati express train of the Hudson
River Railroad was on its way to this 'City,
when about a mile this side of Croton, it en
countered an obstruction of an unavoidable
character. It appears that more than half
the cars composing the train lihd passed the
spot which furnished the cause of the disas
ter. The train, according to the reports in
the Sunday papers, was going at full
speed, when a rail on the ;left side of
the track snapped - and sprang upward,
raising with it one or two sleepers.
The last two cars, of course, got off the
track, and tha protruding rail and the now
erect sleepers- came in contact with the upper
side of the first of them, smashing the cor
ner which contained the water closet, and
tearing the side of the car open about half
way. The jarring motion caused by the
sudden abandonment of the track by the
cars, broke down all the apparatus on them
both, so as to render their being brought to
this city impracticable. In consequence of
this;both cars were left at Sing Sing, one
being in gdod condition, with the exceptionof
theuseless,brakes; and the other dreadfully
torn, although not by any means a "total.
wreck." The floor in both these cars was
left corriplete. •
No person was killed, as was reported in
the city on Saturday, although it is one of
the most on,
thingt- connected 'with
'the occurrence that there was. not a great
loss of life.
A nutribel'Of persons were more or`lesi
bruised • and some were slightly out, Mr.
and Mrs. McEwen t on their way from Utica,
were among the injured, the former having
had his leg badly fractured, and the latter
injured in the side and one hand.
Mrs. tcEwen reports that she lost a gold
watch and $l2O in money, at the time of the
accident. As the car in which she was
riding at the time did not beconte a total
Wreck, it is probable that, in the terrible
Moment when the admonition to do well'
ought to have been strongest, some person
of reckless character, under pretence of
helping the lady, may have assisted them
selves to her watch and money.
lowing is the statement, at Ponghkeepsie,of
the engineer of the train which met with the
accident nn the Hudsen' River Railroad, on
Am engineer of the train which ran on:to a
brolien.rail on the Hudson River Railroad,
near Croton, on Saturday; my train at the
time was running at the rate of twenty-five
miles an hour; I think that the train which
preceded me broke the rail; the first notice
I had of the accident waS a violent swaying
of my -engine to the east side of the track,
the - fireman being hurled from his seat
and one of the spring hands under the
engine striking violently against the
boiler, the patent brakes were imme
diately sprung from the engine, the train
running hardly 80 rods further; the two rear
cars were thrown from the track; the 'one
next to the extreme rear turned over on its
side and was dragged' some distance, corn
' ing in contact with a bridge, the timbers of
which crashed into the side of the car injur
ing a number of passengers; the extreme
rear ear did not upset until the train had
nearly stopped, when it raised and stood on
end: there - were four passenger - cars in' the
train, including two sleeping cars.
In addition to those 'mentioned as having
been injured is the name of Charles Nichols,
of Ponghkeepsie, both hands badly cat.-
1. Tribune.
THE USE OF A GAS STOVE.—A fatal acci
dent occurred at St. Louis last Saturday, by
which Colonel Christopher A. Morgan, in
spector general of that department, lost his
life. He lived in the house of Gen. Pone,
on Chauteau avenue, and not coming t 4:::
breakfast at the usual hour, the General
waited until 9 o'clock, and then called him..
Kot receiving an answer, he proceeded to
the Colonel's room and found him dead in
bed, having been smothered by the fumes
from the stove, which is one of a new kind
for burning coal gas. A physician was at
once sent for, and he pronounced that death
had ensued about two hours before. It is
supposed that deceased arose early in the
morning, turned on the gas, and retired to
bed, where he again fell asleep. Reentered
the service early in the war, as a captain in
an Ohio regiment, but, four years ago was
transferred to Pope's staff and has remained
with him ever since. He was about 40
years of age, and the son of wealthy pa
rents, who are still living in Hamilton
county, Ohio.
YEAH& OLn.—On the • 28th ult., the eight
hundredth anniversary of the dedication of
Westminster Abbey was celebrated with
great formality. The dean, sub-dean and
canons occupied Their stalls, and the choir
and transepts were filled in every corner.
Dr. Stanley, the dean, in the course of his
sermon gave'the history of the abbey,which
was originally built in Anglo-Saxon times,
although as it now appeared it was doubt
less the work of the reign of Henry 111. To
Edward the Confessor the abbey was prin
cipally indebted for its celebrity and splen
dor; but in the reign of Henry 111. the
greater part of the present edifice was re
built in its present lofty and elegant stvle.
In 1540 the abbey church was, by letters
patent of Henry VIII., constituted a cathe
, dral, and thus Westminster was first raised
to the dignity of a city. The Thnes, record
ing the ceremonies of the celebration, says
the whole of the music was selected
composers who, either in the past or present
were connected ' with the Abbey.
yille (Pa.) Republican says --The citizens of
Corry are much exercised over the dis
covery that there is a disputed title to the
ground on which the town is built. The
facts are about as follows : In 1860 the land
in dispute was purchased at.sherifrs sale by
H. D. Francis and King, and was in the
sale denominated as "wild land." It was
purchased for a mere trifle. In 1862, the
owners being in arrears for taxes, the land
was again disposed of at treasurer's sale,
and was bought in by.-Messrs. Frisbee and
Cooper, of - Union, by payment of the taxes.
The parties secured it bye deed, which was
duly recorded. By law, the original owners
could within a certain time, two years, we
think, resume possession, by making good
the taxes and costs, and, probably intend
ing to do this, parceled the land (ninety
two acres) into building lots and disposed
of them, The two years having expired,
Messrs. Cooper and Frisbee now claim the
it.land, and, it is said, the improvements with
SOLEMNIZE MARRIAGE. - The statutes of
Massachusetts provide that "marriages may
be solemnized by any minister of the gospel
ordained according to the usage of his de
nomination," and continually makes use of
the pronoun "he" whenever any reference
is made to the word "minister." It was the
continued use of the masculine pronoun.
which occasioned the doubt in the minds of
some as to the legal capacity of Miss Olympia
Brown, who resides at Wymouth Landing,
and is settled over a church there, to so
lemnize marriage. To settle the m atter, an
order was introduced. ; into -the , House of
Representatives last eek, by which the
committee on the judiciary were instructed
to consider whether any legislation is ne
cessary upon the subject. The committee
have now reported that no legislation Is
necessary, being unanimously of opinion
that a woman regularlyordained can t lander
our statutes, legally solemnize marriage.—
Boston Herald.
Dayton (Ohio) Joulitat.--Saturday morning
we noticed the fact that a few days previous
Mr. Benjamin MUnday, Jr., had ran a
rusty nail into his foot, and that the wound ,
had caused lockjaw. When the injury was;:.,
inflicted Mr. M. thought nothing of it, and s
continued his work without' applying any
remedy to the wound. ' But on Tuesday
last the injured foot pained him considera- =
bly, and on Wednesday, we learn, be de
sisted from work, and . applied remedieslo.
the wound. But the pain increasedi and
the unfortunate man was . taken , with,loak
kW. • A number of physicians were palled
to his aid, but it seems thakon,acoonnt of
his not knowing exactly , what Was thexatit
ter with him, medicaraid came too late c and •
after a lengthy period Aif , terrible ernrezing,
death came' to his relief;yesterday
. -
• THE Beam:len or thee_i_V tailway in Oki •
cago last year were $ 650 ,M; tigmbereflAtt
'Bollgera 13,01X400047,