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[April 12. IC.)
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April 12. 1876
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OY} ) and Or
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toWanda. June 20. 1874.
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[EAU. 3 ' Pee. 4.../E179.
COODRICH ft HITCHCOCK, Publishers.
enever, with reverent footsteps,
I I pass through the mystic door
'Or memory's stately pa/ape,
Where dwell the dap Or yore,
One scene, like a lovely 'vision,
Comes ti) me o'er and o'er.
Ms a dim, flre•ilghted chamber;
There are pictures on the Wall, ,
'And around them dance the shadows -
Grotesque and weird and tall,
As the flames on the storied hearthstone,
Wavering, rise and fall.
An ancient cabinet stands there,
That came from beyond tile seas,
With a breath of spicy adore
- Caught from the Indian breeze ;
And Its fluted &ion and moldings
l Are dark with mysteries.
;Theresa an old arm-chair In the corner,
Straight-backed and tall and quaint;
Alt I many a generation—
Sinner and sage and Inlnt
It . hath bald In Its ample bosom
With murmur nor complaint
In the glow of thr fire-light playing,
A tiny, blithesome pair, • '
With the music of their laughter,
Flll all the tranquil air—
A rosy, brnutveyed ‘ lusts,
A boy serenely tattr.
A woman sits in the ebadinr.
Welching the child en twain,
With a joy so deep and tender
In Its near akin thistin.
And di smile and tear Wend aoftly
Sunshine land April rain
Her heart keeps tithe to the rythut
Of love's unuttered prayer,
As, with sill! hands lightly folded,
She listens unaware,
Through all the children's laughter,
For a footfall oil the stair. •
Feb 27, •79
I know the woman who antihero ;
Time barb been kind to her,
Awl the years have brought her treasures
Of frankincense and myrrh
Richer. perhaps, and rarer, -
Thattl.ift's young roses were.
But I doilt r It ever her spirit i
Bath known, or yet shall know,
The bllsi of a happier hoUr,
As the swift years come and go,
Than this In the ahadtiwy chamber
Lit by hearth-fire's glow
Paris Under the Co
[Hon. E. 8.1 Waallnutuir., ex-Minister
to France, de4ered a lecture in Brooklyn
before the Loy Island Historical Society,
the subject of which was the " Siege and
the Uprising of the Commune of Paris,"
in which the terrible scenes of '7l were
described in picturesque language. We
publish that part of the ad(iress which
vividly portrays the exciting events of
th 6 bloody period.]
I was at Carlsbad iti Bohemia when
the news of the "declaration of war
. by France against Germany was re
ceived, and 1 hastened back to Paris
as my post of duty. Reaching there
late in the evening I found the great
masses of people, naturally so excita
ble and turbulent, and always dis
liking the Germane, had been mad
dened by the false news so skilfully
disseminated that King William had
insulted the French nation through
its Ambassador. The streets and
boulevards and avenues were filled
with people in the greatest enthusi-
asm and . exultation. The Champs
Elysees with the brilliant and flash-
ing , gaslights, and all UK open air
concerts were encumbered with a
multitude who filled the air with the
cry of " To Berlin in eight days!"
and their hearts were Set on fire by
the terrible refrain of the Marseillaise,
the hymn 'of France.
At this time there were estimated'
to be 30,000 or 40,000 Germans in
Paris, who had come to France to
live as good citizens under' the pro
tection of the laws: The German
Ambassador and all his Legation
being obliged to leave Paris immedi
ately, it became necessary that this
vast German' population should have
protection, and Prince Bismarck ap
plied to our Minister to afford them
this protection and to take possession
of the archives of the German Lega
tion.• Our Government agreed to do
so provided the French should agree.
From that time the Ainerican Minis- '
ter became practically the German
Ambassador to Paris, and so contin
ued for a pei iod of ten months. There
was no precedent for such action
where great nations were , involved.
It was a task of delicacy and respon
sibility for the Minister ot a neutral
power to become the Minister for
another nation at war with a neigh
boring nation. It becamC necessary
to allay the fright and terror of this
vast German population when they
felt themselves expelled from France.
A nd4lie labor in giving thesC peorle
passports add securing means to send
out dispatches was very great, 'indeed.
Advising the German Government
of the frightful situation in which its
people were in Paris, in, thirty-six
hours, with a promptness. and liber
ality which will be forever an honor
to the German Government, it placed
60,000 thi►lers to the credit of the
American Minister, with the Roth
childs. It was sent but ,a very -few
days before the gates of Paris were
shut. Many of the Germans could
not get away, as some were in prison
and some without work, and there
was danger that they would fall back
into the hands of the Legation in
case of a siege.
the I sti of: September, and all-com
,munication with the outside world
iwas cut off. The American Minister,
being also the German Minister, was
the only than .permitted to have in
tercourse with the outside world. He
had to send out his dispatches in the
Government pouches under a flag of
truce, and necked in the same man
his correspondence, newspapers,
etc., from Washington and London,
although he was sometimes without
any intelligence whatever for three
or four weeks. The balloon 'service
was established soon after the corn
mencement of the siege, and this be
came one means the people of Paris
had of communicating with those
outside. But While full information
was. going out Of. Paris in the bal
loons, and the *orld wan advised-Or
N. N. BETTS, Cashier
—Drs. Julia Dorr
THE DECLARATION OF WAR.
PARIS SHUT IN FROM THE WORLD
The gates were closed on Sunday,
what was going on in the inside, the
insiders could get nothing from the
outside. The carrier-pigeon : service
was utilized to receive dispatches,
but it was uncertain and unreliable,
and it scarcely amounted to anything.
Gambetta with the old Govern
ment remained, s ith the exception of
three of its members who bad gone
to Tours before the siege commenced.
It was necessary to have that outside
delegation reinforced, and Gambetta
was elected as the member of the
Government to gO'Out, which he did
in a balloon. It was a hazardous
undertaking, but it was a success.
Arriving safely at Tours he seized
the helm of the Government, and
with his soul on fire, with his indom
itable purpose, - his pauseless energy,
his magnetism and enthusiasm; he at
once subordinated his colleagues to
his own imperious will. His enemies
were right for once when they called
'him the." Dictator of France." That
Dictatorship is one of the most inter-
esting episodes of French history,
and Gambetts lived to have tun pls.'
tic° done him for the valuable and
unselfish services he rendered to his
country under the most trying cir
cumstances in which a great 'nation
was ever found.
Chamber of Deputies put in operation
all the machinery of a parliamentary
inquisition in the hope of staining
his reputation, soiling his honor and
destroying him in the public estima
tion.. They pursued him for months,
tracking him with spies and pimps
to find a spot upon his good name.
With the absolute control of un
counted and untold millions, they
found his record clean, and his baud
unstained by public plunder ap
plause]; a bright example— ap
plause]--a bright example to pu lic
men everywhere, and which can be
followed with so_much advantage in
other countries than France. [Re
newed applause.] •
THE REVOLUTION OP OCTOBER 31, 1871.
I have not time to speak of the
sufferings, patient endurance, and the
noble sacrifices of the French people
during the siege of Paris. I witnessed
some• of the iemarkable scenes of
that frightful time. The most extra-
ordinary event during the siege was
the Revolution on the 31st of Octo
ber, a sort of ilipe:,ritim imperio,
of which little is really known.
There was great discontent . at this
period 'Among the National Guard;
it had become - muti4ous and insubor-
dinate, and only waited for the op•
portunity to make 'a: demonstration
against the Government of l National
Defence. They seized the time when
the news came inteParis of the sur
render of Bazaine. On these tidings
the excitement 'if the people became
intense beyond all description, and a
part-of the National Guard marched
to the Hotel de Vile, surrounded it,
and after a feeble opposition the
members of the Government were
seized in the great hall of delibera
tion and held as close prisoners, and .
then commenced measures for their
final and complete overthrow. The
( most violent of the invaders entered
the room where the members of the
Government were assembled, and de
manded their abdication with threats
of violence and assassination. The
news of this coup d'tat spread like
wildfire over the whole city, produc
ing terror aud consternation among
all the orderly people. It seemed as
if the Government of the National
Defence was to be overthrown, and
the red flag displayed, and the revo•
lutionary,government installed in its
The news reached the Legation
about 5:30 in the afternoon, and I
immediately went to the Hotel di
Ville to see for myself the actual sit
nation, and a more exciting and tur:
bulent scene cannot well be conceived
than that which I then beheld. Here
were armed men in the magnificent
palace under the light of gas, which
was everywhere brilliantly lighted.
The whole Wilding was filled with a
mass of people in sympathy with
revolt, and , all treated the overthrow
of the existing Government as a fixed
fact. Silo Wing my card, I was per
mitted to enter, and I mingled freely
with the crowd and heard the conver
sations and their plans. Everybody
was in the utmost good humor, and
in all of the rooms were little knots
of men making up their lists of the
new Government. Each knot handed
me their list as a vote distributor
would give a ballot on an election
day. They felt assured that the Gov
ernment would abdicate, and if nut,
they had the force to hold the mem
bers as prisoriers. The situation to
me seemed' perilous, and 1 was im
pressed with the danger which im
pended over the city.
Returning to my Legation late in
the evening, I found thestreets and
boulevards filled with excited people,
all breathing hostility to the Govern
ment of the National Defence. The
loyal and patriotic people, filled with
fright and terror, had_cetired to their
houses, and brood ed? over their
threatened danger. Soon the tocsin
rang out in all the streets, and at; 11 .
o'clock at night I heard from under
my window that dreadful sound,
which in the first Revolution had so
often froze every heart with horror.
It was one of the most fearful nights
ever experienced in that devoted.city.
' Fortunately in the confusion and
tumult attending the arrest of the
Government, one of the members, M.
Ernest Picard, Minister of Finance,
escaped and immediately devoted
to the organization of a loyal
',force to release his colleagues. This .
'was made apparently easy; the revo
lutionists, from their certainty of:
success and their deep potations of
wine, had become careless; and in,
the latter part of the, night sleepy.
A loyal regiment w as introduced
into the Hotel de Vile by a subter
ranean way, and almost before the
mob and National Guard knew it,
they were driven bead and heels out
of the building, and the Government
was saved.. [Applause.]
The Parisians held out until the
whole city was literally exhausted.
All the horses were killed for food.
Everything eatable was-at an enor
mous price. On Christmas Eve,
passing by a little meat-shop in Rue
/,mare, I ventured to step iu and in
TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, PA., THURSDAY WREN, FEBRUARY 19, 11380.
quire the price of a middling•sised
turkey for a Christmas dinner the
next day, and the proprietor, with
all the politeness of a Frenchman,
said that, seeing it was me, I might
have it for $25. All the 'Wild animals
in the Jardm des Plantes, with one
exception the largest in the world,
-were killed and sold for foodf There
was then no meat to be had but horse
meat. had no occasion, however,
myself to eat horse meat,tut I did
eat mule meat, and I must say, to
the credit of that useful and forbear-
ing animal, I found him . quite good.
[Laughter.] My secretary, Colonel
Hoffman, ate the meats of• all the
wild animals in the
Plantes, in order - to judge -which was
the best,-and after a fair trial he de
clared that,the elephant. was the best
of all. [Laughter.)
But the time had come rote the sar•
render of Paris and a portion of the
city to be occupied by 30 1 000 Ger
man troops until the treaty should
be ratified by the National Aosembly.
It is impossible to deticribe the pro-
found impression that this matter
made upon the Parasians. Thit there
were no resources left, for never was
there a city so thoroughly exhausted
in every respect. In many parts of
the town the streets were not lighted
at night. The people kept indoors.
The shutters were all closed, and so
After the 'War was
enemies in the
completely were some parts of the
town deserted that they seemed like
places of the dead. A terrible day
was the Ist of March, 1871, to the
Parisians. It was a day of unuttera-
ble sadness, humiliation and despair.
The treaty having been. ratified
according to its stipulation, the Ger
man troops commenced moving out
on Friday morning at 8 o'clock,•hav
ing occupied a portion of the city for
two days. Marching up the Champs
Elysees, they passed under the Arc
de Triomphe, amidst the most vocif
erous cheering, and at 11 o'clock pre
cisely the last German soldier passed
out, and Paris once more breathed
free. It 'must be said, to the honor
of the German troops, that the ut
most order prevailed, and that there
was no violence against persons or
property. No sooner were the troops
fairly on their way out of the city
than the closed stores, - restaurants
and hotels threw open their doers.
The grand avenue of the Champs
Elysees was swept and sprinkled,
and the magnificent fountains of the
Place de la Concorde began to play.
At 3 o'clock in the afternoon the day
was splendid; all Oat part of the
city whiCh had )3eeii so long under
the guise of a funeral pall, presented
a - gay and cheerful appearance, and
the people for the first time seemed
happy after so many long, dreary,
suffering and eventful months. Pro
visions immediately began to pour
is for the relief of the starving peo
ple. With unbounded generosity
England and the United States
stretched forth the hand of charity.
THE OUTBREAK OP THE COMMUNE
After the siege, the Commune of
Paris. It was on the 18th day of
March,lB7l, that the insurrectionary
National Guard, numbering nearly
150,000 men, well armed and
equipped v drove the government of
which M. Thiers was ,the .chief or
executive power, out of Paris and
took poisession of the city. This was
not like the Commune of Paris of
the first Revolution. That was in
theory the local government of that
revolutionary and turbulent city,
convulsed by the elements born of
that great historic period,' when
thrones crumbled and dynasties fell.
This old Commune was in subordi
nation to the National Convention
of France, that terrible body which
seized all the branches of the govern
ment, legislative, executive and judi
cial. This old Commune of Paris
was the power behind the throne,
greater than the throne itself, but at .
that time there was an organized
government of France, which was
the National Convention itself, com
posed of one of .the mostimposing
bodies of men the world has ever
known. ThCre was the execution of
law in all of the ordinary forms, and
the horrible cruelties, oppressions
and murders were under the forms of
law. But in the Commune 'of Paris
of 1871 it was simply the government
of a city of two millions of people by
a lawless mob, where justice and law
and order were all trampled under
foot, and there was no law but that
of absolute force, wielded by the
wort men that ever reached power
in any country.
AN ORGY OF BLOOD AND CRIME.
-When the National Guard became
mutinous, unfortunately the Govern-
Ment did not act at once and disarm
it at whatever cost. It took no res
olute steps in that direction, and the
spirit of insubordination grew up by
what, it fed'on.. Its presence encour
aged all the elements" of discontent,
and 80011 the National Guard defied
all authority find took possession.,of
and fortified the Heights of Mont
martre. The time, however, soon
came when ',the Government was
obliged to try titles with that rebell
The insurrection of the 18th of
March, 1871, was the commencement
of an orgy of blood and crime, incen
diarism, cruelty, ruin and desolation,
in the presence of which the world
stands aghast. 1.,,a was on the morn
ing of the 18th r March that the
Government had Attempted to get
possession of the Heights of Mont
martre and re-tak the cannon' which
were in the possession of the National
Guard ; but, ;gat movement utterly
failed, for as soon as the National
Guard and the Government troops
came within sight of each other the
Government troops fraternized with
the Guard and refused to fire` upon
them. By four o'clock in the after
noon the insurrectionary forces prac
tically controlled the whole city.
They had seized two gentlemen, Gen
eral Clement Thomas and Lecomte,
bringing them to a mock court-mar
tial in a little room. They were con
demned to death,cand immediately
shot in an adjoining garden. The
Government, seeing the desperate
situation, without any means of de
fence, immediately left Paris for
Versailles, leaving, the sational
) 4 1 . ~4 .
i :, y; ,
REGARDLESS OF DENDNOLLTION FROM ANY QUARTER: , _
Guard in absolute control of the city.
It was to them "an embarrassment
of riches." They saw at their feet
one of the richest, 'most beautiful
and most productive cities in the
world, with its wealth, splendor, re
finement, intelligence, with all its
:departments of government—the
Treasury, the War, the Navy, the
Interior, the Police and the Hotel de
Ville; that city with all its historic
associations, its splendid public edi
fices, its palatial residences ; that
city of luxury, taste, elegance and
refinement,e which had attracted the
whole world for centuries gone by—
all, all in their hands l i They tram-
pled underfuot all law and authority,
and with nd restraint and amenable
to no power, the position of the new
Jard in des
rulers was something never before
Louis Blanc, .in speaking of the
frightful epoch of the French Bev°.
lution, says that the Terror by its
excess had made another revolution
impossible; and that its violence had
assured to the future of France trim.
qui' destiny. Alas, it was in, the near
future that was to iilustrite - to the
distinguished historian how he had
misjudged-the capacity of his coun-
trymen under the influence of a
storm of excitement' for the most
The men 'put in power by the Corn
mime had neither honesty, ability,
nor executive capacity. There' was
no weight to be given to the talk of
tbese men that thy were fighting
for their liberty and Municipal rights.
It was a fight merely for power
and plunder, and to free themselves
from the restraints of law. Governed
by no principle and having no regard
for public right, they bawled for a
Republic; but their first act was to
murder General Clement Thomas, a
Republican all his life, driven out of
France as such by Napoleon at the
coup d' slat of-1851, and only return
ing to his native land after eighteen
years of exile to offer his sword to
his country in the hour of her direst
need. The - reign of the Commune
was tne force of desperate and wicked
men, unlimited, unchecked, unre
strained by any human power.
VIE LEADER OF THE COMMUNE.
In approaching the history of this
period, we early confront one of the
most hideous figures in history, and
we shudder at the murders, cruelties,
assassinations and persecutions. Per
haps the man to be considered most
of a leader of these frightful da)s,
was Raoul Rigault i who bore the
title of Procureur to the Commune.
He' was a young man. of not more
than twenty-five years,
by profession, highly educated and
accomplished, of 'genteel appearance
and manners, always dressed with
the most , scrupulous taste and neat
ness ; and yet under a plausible ex
terior he' concealed the heart of a.
tiger. Bold, energetic, desperate,
cynical, he was consumed by the
most deadly hatred of society and
the most intense thirst for blood.
All his associate assassins bowed-be
fore his despotic will. None opposed
him, for his gesture was the signal of
death. He held in his hand the life
of every man in. Paris, and he
wrought his vengeance on every man
to whom be took a dislike. He organ
ized murder, and regulated robbery
and incendiarism. It was he who
imprisoned the Archbishop of Paris,
and Abbe Deguerry and the Chid
Justice Bonjean, and at the last mo
ment,.before the city was recaptured
from the mob, ordered their assassina
It, was Rigault also who sought
out Chaudey, and murdend him
under circumstances, the narration of
which chills the blood. Chaudey
was a distinguished lawyer of wealth
And position, a well-known Republi
can, connected with one of, the influ
ential Republican journals of Paris.
One of the last letters he ever wrote
was addressed to me, seeking my in
tervention to save his life. But, alas!
it was too late, anti Rigault had him
shot down like a dog. He went at
the dead of night to Chaudey's cell,
and said to him : " Chaudey, your
hour has come." Chaudey respond-,
ed : " Would you execute me with
out judgment? You have known
me, Rigault; for a long time. You
know I haye alWays done my duty as
a Republican, a good citizen, and as
an honest man. I have a wife and
child." Here his voice was drowned
by the blasphemies of Rigault. The
assassin guard was called and Chaud
ey was dragged to the prison-yard.
A dim lantern was hung upon the
wall. The unfortunate man was
ordered to stand up betide it. The
guard, with loaded pieces, stood
in front o: him. Recovering all his
'self . possession in that supreme mo
ment; with a firm voice lie cried :
" Vie la Republique •! Fire." Chaud
ey fell, bathed in his - own blood.
In the same way Rigault went to
the prison of the Chief-Justice, Bon
jean, whom he found sleeping on his
prison pallet' of straw. _ "Get up,
old man," cried out Rigalt,,ferocions
ly, " for to-morrow we will cut your
throat." "Young man," ,answered
the 'venerable Chief-Justice mildly,
" It is wrong that you should come
and insult me thns. I am your pris
oner. You see that I am an old man.,
Leave me." The next night the yen
erable.man fell in the prison yard of
La Roquette, pierced by the bullets
Time would fail to recount all the
dreadful and monstrous horrors of
this time, increasing in madness and'
fury as the Government troops were
coming nearer and nearer upoh the
heels of Riga*, he giving his most
ferocious orders amid the sound
of. the approaching cannon, and
when the lurid flames were licking up
the, great monuments of Paris. But
his' days were numbered. - He was
shot hiniself, like a wild beast, in the
street—a fitting end of one of tfie
great leaderei of the Paris Commune,
the architect ofinurder, incendiarism
and pillage—not linking, even one
virtue -to a thousand crimes, but
"leaving a name at which'the world
grows pale, tci point a moral and
adorn a tale."
The most, infamous and-bloody de
crees were issued by the Commune.
Fortune, business, public and private,
every industry, labor, financial enter
prise, were all buried in one common
grave, and there was everywhere de
vastation, desolation,and ruin. There
was the commission of every outrage,
plunder, imprisonment, robbery and
every species of persecution. Every
German that was found Paris, was
immediately seized and thrown into
prison, only to be released on my'
peremptory demand. Never' was
there any demand 'by the American
Minister, who acted as'the protector
of `the Germans in France, which
was not instantly granted, except the
release of the Archbishop of Paris.
[Applause.] And it must ever be a
prowl recollection for Americans
that during all of this reign of crime
and of blood, the starry ensign of
our own Republic was everywhere
the regis of, protection awl safety.
[A pplause.] -
The governing power during this
period was a body Calling itself the
Commune of Paris, and the members
were the most desperate and debauch
ed scoundrels in all the purlieus of
the city, but many of them highly
educated and cultivated men. They
were far more infamous than, the
same clais of men in the worst days
of the Roman Empire, whose names
have been consigned to eternal in
famy by the ren of Tacitus. The
Orders of this body were instantly*
and summarily executed by the Na
tional Guard, fed, pampered_ and cor
rupted, ever ready to carry out its
infernal behests, restrained by no
fear of the laws of God or man, and
with appetites whetted for plunder
and blood, murder, burning, impris
onment and torture. They burned
down the Tuileries and the house of
Thiers; they burned the Hotel de
Ville and the buildings of the Minis
try of Finance and Police and the
Legion of Honor, the great palace of
the - Court of Caismion, and over
turned the Column Vendome and at
lost endeavored to burn the whole
And what was the aspect of the
city during the days of the /Im
mune? It was always the same Paris.
All the little shops were open, and
the wares displayed were of that ex
quisite taste • which captivates the
foreigner. The streets and boule
vards were filled with crowds of gay
people taking no thought of the mor
row. The theatres were ull open and
crowded, and the 'artists were neter
more superb. Every Sunday after
noon concerts were given at the Pal
ace of the Tuileries, and the great
mob wandered at its ease through all
the gorgeous rooms, and gazed upon
the pictures and splendid furniture
still intact. They passed up the same
staircase washed by the blood of the
Swiss Guard in the Contest of the
first Revolution, and looked on the
spot where Louis XVlth had been
It was a time of free recreation
and unlimited sensation. There were.
,weddings among the bourgeoise and
funerals and fetes and balls. All
titles were prohibited—it was only
"citizen". and "ciloyenne i " and the
birth of lawlessness was welcomed
by immense masses of the people,
who in the greatest good nature, hail
ed this new millennium with in
THE MORO= OF 'PRE ARCHBISHOP.
But the blackest of all crimes
which stained the bloody reign of the
Commune was the imprisonment and
murder of Archbishop Darboy. He
was arrested and thrown into prison
to be. held as. a hostage. He had
every opportunity to leave the city,
but he declined to go. In the face of
all,danger he thought it his duty to
remain with his people. I offered
him my services officially, but un
fortunately in a fruitless 'endeavor to
save the life of that illustrious pre
late. I visited him many times in
.prison. I told him, the news of ;the
- day, and took to him the newspapers
and some (vine. I was deeply touch
ed by the appearance of the. Arch
bishop. His slender person, his form
somewhat bent, his beard long and
his face haggard from illness, his
sweet and gentle manner could not
have failed to touch the most indif
ferent. observer He was one of the
most charming and agreeable of men
and was beloved alike-by the rich
and by the poor, for he had spent his
money in acts of benevolence and
charity, and was particularly distin
guished for his liberal views and
catholic spirit. The cruelty of - his
position and his prescience of his
coming fate did not change, the sweet
ness of his disposition, nor - the seren
ity of his temper. No words of bit
terness toward his persecutors es
caped his lips, but he scarred rather
to find excuse for the people of Paris,
to whom he had been allied ,by so
many ties of sympathy during his
whole life. He saizi he was patient
ly awaiting the logic of events, and
praying that Providence might find a
solution of the terrible troubles then
desolating France without the shed
ding of any more blood, and he add
ea in a tone of melancholy, the ac
cents of which will never, never, be
effaced from my memory, "I have no,
fear of death. It costs but little, to
die. , I am ready 1"
The last time I saw him was in the
prison, two days before his murder.
The jailors, who had been before very
polite, refused to let me see him in
the cell, and brought him into the
corridor. Alas I I had no good news
to tell him. I could only say that
I thought my presence might cheer
him in that; frightful moment. He
was oppressed by the condition' of
things around him and his usual
cheerfulness - had fled. Finding the
jailor impatient, I was soon obliged
to take my leave of him, and it was
the lait time that I ever grasped that
friendly hand. ' Two days afterward
he was removed to the Prison La
Roquette, and at 8 o'clock that night
in the company of Chief-Justice Bon
jean, the Abbe Deguerry and other
victims were foully murdered by
company of the National Guard in
the yard of the prition. His body
was thrown , intn a -cart and buried
with Others in ditch, but was ea
burned in a few Idays.'' All Paris
hastened to do honor t.c.hia memory,
and the people wept over the remains
of him.whom WI been their kingest,
. .. . . .
. . .
2 i : : '''' '-•:.:-: i:•,- ',.: _'`- 1 " ' • -:: . --• , • ; f4 • ... , ;
_.--'., -: ' ,
. 1t... , ... -.-.. 1 1:•,. , , . V
their most devoted and their most
steadfast friend. The,marder of the
priests did not stop with that of the
Archbishop. Others fell victims to
the diabolism of Raoul Rigault, and
his associate assassins, and were de
ENTRY OP TUE GOVERNMENT TROOPS.
The Commune made the most des
perate efforts for the defence of the
city. Everywhere was displayed the
red flag—that hideous ensign of an
archy and blood—and the Govern
ment troops, after ten weeks of fight
ing, entered Paris. Madness, fury,
hate took possession of all the Com
munists and desperation seized on,
all their souls. The advance of the.
Goverment troops was ?slow, but'ulti
mate success was certain. The bOirizi
bardment of the insurrectionary part
of the city for weeks, night and day,
was something awful. All that"part
of the city nearest the Fort MoaLt
Valerien was laid in ruins and asheia.,
I remained in. Paris most of my
time as my services were needed
there the most. It was on the morn-
ing of the lst of May, 1 1 871, that,the
Government troops finally entered
the•city, and the tri-colored flag float
ed on the Arc de Triomphe. Soon
after was beard the booming of the
cannon and the sharp crack of the
chassepcit. The National Guard And
the Insurrectionists engaged in bat
tle with the invaders - to whom they
opposed a madness, fury and despera
tion never before heard of. The
Commune was thoroughly wild, and
had issued ordErs to burn and de-
strop the city.; The battle raged
fiercely all day Monday and all day
Tuesday, and on the night of Tues
day fires began to break out in the
part of the city in the possession of
the / insurrectionists, showing that the
threats of a general conflagration
had commenced to be carried out. It
was at 'o'clock Wednesday morning
that I was awakened by a friend, who
told me that the Palace of the Tuile
ries was all in flames. I hurried to a
position from which 1 had a complete
view of the fire. It was a starlight
night', calm and beautiful. The con
tinued roar of the cannon, the rattle
of the mitrailleuse, and the sharp
:c'rack of the musketry fell / upon the
ear, and the whole scene was one of
terrible grandeur. If the ;entry of
the troops had been delayed much'
longer, nothing ,would have prevent
ed the Communards from burning
( After weeks of desperate fighting
the. Government troops got possess
ion of the entire city. The insur
gents contested every inch of ground,
building formidable and deadly bAr-•
riFades. As the French army moved
slowly forward overcoming all resist
ance and securing the city square by
square, the whole aspect presented
was something without a parallel:
There were the barricades which had
been captured, blocking the streets
up with debris ; the avenues were en
cumbered with baggage wagons; the
artillery had severed the branches of
the trees, and the buildings were
everywhere riddled by bullets; there
were to be seen the dead bodies of
the • Communists killed during the
siege, and a general wreck of matter
rarely beheld. 'The insurgents mak
ing their headquarters at the Hotel
de Ville, finding themselves hemnied
in, gave up the cause without a fight,
but applied the torch to the wonder
ful pile so interwoven with history of
Paris and France, the pride of all
Frenchmen for so many centuries.
Outside the National guard and
the.insurrectionary part oithe popu
lace, there was unbounded joy
amongst the people of the city at
their deliverance from the monstrous
oppression of a mob for nearly ten
weeks. This mob had held them in
terror, murdering them and imprison
ing them, and making their lives one
continued torment. Then came the
reaction, when the orderly and peace
ful citizens, released from the fearful
and shocking tyranny of the Com
mune, got the upper hand. They
were inspired by a spirit of rage and
madness impossible to be con
trolled ; and then followed the great
work of arresting the.mass of incen
diaries and murderers and despera
does of every description whot had
so long made a beautiful city a per
fect pandemonium. In the Most in
surrectionary parts of the city the
people were arrested en masse by the
militiry—the guilty and innocent
being alike included.
There is no time to recount all the
frightful incidents which followed
the Capture of Paris within the scope
of my present purpose; No less than
50,000 insurgents were arrested; how
many were summarily executed 'will
never be known. Thousands and
thousands were brought to the mili
tary courts-martial, and great num
bers Condemned to death and shot.
Still, large 'numblrs were sen
tenced to imprisonment for life,;
and many were departed to the.
French penal settlements in New
Caledonia. Not speaking of the im
mense sacrifices bf human life in the.,
suppression of the Commune, the
,is estimated at near
ly $2,000,000: 'But to the American
Minister it, was a satisfaction to know
that not sl,oo of German and Ameri
can property, was destroyed.'
Such is a hurried and imperfect
glance at some of the events and in
cidents connected with the-Siege'and
Commune of Paris. It is impossible
for me to speak further on the sub=
jest, and I must close by thanking
you all for your kind attention you
have given me, and all the kind in
terest you have been pleased to mani
fest in my subject. [Applause.]
PONTRY AND PaOsx.—A young Man,
dressed in the height of fashion, and
with a poetic turn of mind, was driv
ing along a country road, and, upon
gazing at the pond which skirted the
. : "Oh, hOw I would
like to lave my heated head in those
cooling wat4rs 1" An Irishman, over
hearing the ; exclamation, immediate
.ly replied : f‘tedad, you might lave
it there and it would not sink."
—Burlington Hatakeye. •
A VERMONT girl married a rich man in
order to get a sealskin sack, and the vet) ,
day she got it she eloped with her poor
love; Aso hadn't even iv spring overcoat !
91.00 per Annum In Advance.
K WINDY EVENING.
Wild storm that beat the bases to earth,
And lett the forest stripped and bare,
Mathias In your balf-savage mirth,
Earth's beauty mocks at your despair.
She rises In ibe evening Ught,
Tbat yellow radiance of the West—
A Iltaness of meted might, '
With Sleep enfolded on her breast.
Beck stand the trees In silhouette,
- With roadway pools of crystal clear,
DiaMonde 'titbit' a ring of jet •
Flashing ski-:olon far and near.
!low gently heaves the dusky lane •
To where her robe Is floating far;
That purple garment. sheer as flame,
Clasped sweetly by the evening star
The windabare torn the veil Of mist,
And scourged It with tbelr wings away
Into the formica,. voice abyss/ -
Where night shall send reluctant Day.
Some tatters strew the Vault 4.hi g h,
• 'And stream-like torches far and wide,
,But they will fall like spares and die,
Veil as the windy tempest died:
Aod still, 0, Titaness, thine eyes;
Like Well' of being uncreate,
Beam ever through the crystal skies,
And draw me with the hand of fate
Within thy Karmen. ample. wide,
All eriednees seek sheltering fold
The lion to Its savage Pride,
The little nestling two hours old.
Save the eby.creaturea of the wood,
For all the tirold-have . st car.;
Protecting mother, grand and good,
My heart, yearns toward thee with a prayer;
For once upon thy friendly knees
I played when still a thoughtless child,
After long tossing over seas, • •
• Give me thy blessing sweet and mild.
- —From the ECiruing Post
HE WOULD'NT BE BEAT.—Yester
day, when a man from the neighbor
hood of Bucksnort satron the.edge of
the sidewalk, spitting blood, a police
man approached . him amt asked :
" Got a hemorrhage, have you ? "
" No;" said the Buchsnort man, look
ing up till blood ran from the corners
of his mouth. "Somebody hit you
in the 'mouth?" "No," bending
over and turning lobse a mouthful.of
blood. "Mule kick you ?" " No."
Cowbook you ?" No, sir. It is
a business transaction." "But here,
I am an officer of this city, and it's
my duty to investigate such a bloody
transaction " " I don't' belong -to
.My name's Alf Hobbs,
and I live - down nigh Bucksnort.
tell you all about this transaction.
Some time"ago I came up to this
town with a lot of .meal, and :a cow
and calf, and a mule. Well, after
looking• around awhile, I sold. - the
cow and calf and mule to a dentist.
He told me to come back in a day or
two, and he'd pay me. I came bick,
and he still didn't pay me, but sug
gested that I could take it out in
trade. I didn't want any trade, as
there warnt a bad tooth in my head ;
but, thinks I to myself, I'll try yoti.
So I sits right down, and said pull
'em out.rt Pull what out ?' says he.
My teeth,' says I, the last one of
them.' So t sot there and he lifted
the last one. I hated to lose 'em,
but I had to have my pay: But I
ain't done yit. When Igo home I'm
gwine to send up the old woman` and
the children, and hate the last tooth
drawed out of 'em. Then, if that
don't square the bill, I'm going to
send up my brother in-law, and have
his teeth pulled out. I won't be beat
by a man that belongs to the Little
' , Rock,ting. I'm . a Bucksnort man,
and I eat hog sassage."---Arkansas
UNLOADING THE Gism-4n a corner
grocery in -the western part of the
city the other day a boy was buying
shot and getting ready to go hunting.
His old gun was lying around, rather
loose, and the grocer nervously re
marked : " Boy, I wish you'd take
care of that: gun, I'm afraid of an
accident." The boy 'stood it np
against a 'barrel and went on telling
how many rabits himeant to pepper,
and pretty soon-it came near falling.
- to the floor. " I tell you that infernal
Thing will hurt some of 'us yet!" ex
claimed the grocer as he jumped
aside, and the boy leaned it against
the counter-and said he'd never take
a back Seat for a bear—never. As l he
reached over to look at some buk,k
shot down tumbled the gun and off
went the charge, sending about forty
duckshot into a ten-gallon oil can. in
'range. There she goes ! there she
goes !" yelled the grocer as he d laced
around.! " Didn't I tell you that in
fernal gun would go off!" " And did
deny:ft?" promptly retorted the
boy.' ".;Do .you 'tipose I'm fool 'nuff
to go out•to hunt rabbits with brass
knuckles or a bean-shooter?"
A SHOERLACK'S SERMON.-A -little
allo,eblack called at the residence of
a clergyman Of this city and solicited
a piece of bread and some water.
The servant was 'dire • ed to give the
child bread from t - c r umb basket,
'and as the little f low was walking
slowly away and sifting the gift bea
tween his fingers yen a piece large
enough to chew , the minister called
litro back and ask , him if he had
ever learned to pri -. 'On receiving
a negative answer he irected him to
say,. " Our father," but he could not
answer the familiarity. "Is it our
father—yoUr father— my father? "
-" Why, certainly2l The boy looked,
at him for awhile,. and corm - am:iced'
crying, at the same time holding up
his crust of .bread, - -
between his sobs
your father is my fad
ashamed- - to give yi
such Stuff to eat why
so many good thin,
WHAT Ma. BAIINUICIB RESPONSBLE
Fos.--The Rev. Mr. Pogson, ; of
Bridgeport, is the - father of a tojr,
who will probably distinguish him
self. The evening before- the last
circus in-that city the, reverend gen.
tleman was talking to his son about
the beauties of heaven, when .the
child suddenly observed, " Papa, let's
drop heaven and talk circus."—Dan
"I erdered.a dozen oysters." :'.said the
blonde young manwrith the helmet hat ;
"and here am only eleven. Will you
kit dly elucidate?" ' I will," replied the
obliging restaurateur: "There is a cer
tain superstition prevalent in good socie
ty against thirteen at table ; mid sp—you
Children's Fancies and Sayings.
EsTnt - 3f., (five yews '
platively, having successfully Iftruggled
through "twice one an two :" Mother,
when I have finished learning .the tables
must I begin the chairs?" .
"Kum% " said little FlaiSy,
ing on sitting down to breakfast, shali .
I put the salt on the table?" Why,"
replied mamma. " Because I thought
you might ask me to have an egg." .
A z.trriz boy (fiveLyears old) having
been at a children's evening rty, was
told that he chose the higg , girl to
dance with. His father asked hi "Row '
old was she?" He said : "I onld not
be so rude as to ask_ber:',
A zarrus buy, (aged ids), on- seeing a
dirty beggar pass the.window, asked his
aunt if she thought _it likely be would_ go
to /leaven, and on being answered in the
affirmative be said : Then if be does I
Alan ask God not to let me sit nest
A CHILD of pis years of age, having the
story of the fall explained to her, medi
tated for a dorusiderable time on it, when
she suddenly broke out : "Aunty, when
Adam and EVII disobeyed God, :why did
he not kill them and make snails pair?"
ItrsALE . (aged eight _years and two
months) is very ill. Auntie speaks :
"Ithale (pet name,) my dear boy, you
really must take your medicine, or you'll
never get well. Do take it, th at's a dar
ling. You will have to, sooner or later."
Rhale speaks : "Oh auntie, then I'll take
EnXzer (aged six)—" Bilk . Mother,
dear; is it really true the world was made
iu six days?" Mamma—"Yee, Ern ie,
and if God bad pleased. He could have
made it in two days." Ernest, after a
moment's consideration-7 Oh, mother,
, that would never have_dene, you know ;
why, we should have had Sunday every
• . A LITTLa-girl, between two and three
years old, was receiving from her mother j
an arithntetie lesson on the object prinei-
ple. Her mother gave her an app le ,
lug her : "How many?" "One. Then I -
gave her another. How many?"
"One." ' " T,hen,. you lee one end one I
-make?" After some' consideration
and'gazing at the . apples :=" Ttecrit! said
she. Her mother then gave her at third
apple, saying : "And what would - 'tat
make !" "Oh, mamma, " was the instant
" ihatWould ma ke me sick'!"
_Fact and Faceti'm.
CO,ll-NION sense makes no parade.
: No WISE man ever wished - tolke younger.
SELF-RELIANCE is distinct from
. WHAT maintains vice would brink. , lap
Ir is a . good thing to learn caution by
the misfortune of others. ._
NOTHING is more dangerous than a
friend without discretion..
• WE band ' folks. over to God's mercy,
but - show none ourselves.
TIIEBLI are calumnies' against -fifaicl4
even innocence losescourake.-
LET - no an presume to give advice to
others that has not first given good coun
sel to himself. .
• WHEN a man, has no design but to
speak plain truth, he may say a great deal
in a very narrow compass. -
To err is human, -but to refuse to drop
into thii collection basket the leaden nick
le with which you have been stuciii is di
vine. . • f
THE small boy who reached "up, the
chimney for another Christmas resent,
said-he i found something there t t soot
ed •- -
- WE are at best but stewards of what
we falsely call our own ;
.yet avarice is so.
insatiable that it is not in the power of
liberality to content it.
DISTRACTED mother—"lf you Children
make such a.uoise Lshall go out! of -my.
mind." " - Go.on, mother; Tll.mind the
young runs, while you are gone."l
FORMERLY, when great fortunes were
madtionly in War, war - was a business ;
but now, when: great fortunes are - only
made - by business, business is war.
A SENTIMENTAL young man thus -feel
ingly expresses himself : "-Even as nature
benevolently Ku'ards the rose - with thorns,
so does she endow women with pins."
WRAY qUantities of dried grasses you-,
keep here, Miss Stebbins Nice room for
a donkey to get into." "Make yoUrself at
home," she responded,: with a sweet gra
POPE says that beauty draws - us, with a
single hair. They don't - now-a-days._
When a beauty gets so bald headed. that
she has, but one hair left, she don't draw
A 'NEWLY converted gambler, in an im,
passioned exhortation, said, in describing _
the millennium, there would be so many
trumps that' a little child should lead
" Does a bad egg look like a 'good -
one?" asks a correspondent. It does,, it
does. Unless you look at with your nose.
Then you will perceive a scents-sible dif- -
- TUE demure damsel with large feet ,
walked two blocks searching for a clean
crossing, but she who weareth •No. VA
elevateth,her drapery and-sails over the
first cross walk. -
WHEN you deprive a boy_of the privi
lege of taking off psis coat and vest togeth
er at one pull, and leaving his - boots -in
the middle of the [floor, what do you ex
pect ho has to live.for? - -
SOME crusty ? stg, fusty, musty, dus
curmddgeon o a man, gave the follow
ing toast at a Olebration.: " our fire-en
gines, may duty be hke our., old maids-- -
ever ready, but never !manta"
- : .NO snow, no ice, no skates, no sled, no
nOthing but a great chunk of August
fooling around in Oanuary trying to, in
duce-inankind td ``,cast off flannels, - take
cold and.pass on to angelic realms.
"DEAR Locise.,"- -- ffonis let the men
come too near you, when wading."
"Oh, no, dear ma.
.When Charles is here
we always have one chair between us."
Mother_thinks the answer „is rather ank
Tits style for this year. Young lady
.of the period—" Governor, $lO, if you
please, I am going to lake a gentleman to
the party to-night and want a carriage."
Of course she gets it. The little darling.
Somt one of society's smart ornaments
to a . lady friend : "This is leap year, and
I suppose you will-be asking_ some one to
marry you?" "Oh, no," was the reply,-
," My finances wont - permit, me to sup
"You love me," echoed the, fair young
creature, as r pretty head oiled the col
lar of his SU er suit. "Yes ," he said
'tenderly, "yo are my• own and only-L.."
" Hush !" she interrupted, "don't say
that—be original: That sounds too much
like Barnum's show bills." r. -
A GENTLEMAN in a draper's shop hid
the misfortune to tread on a lady's skirt.
She turned, round; her faCe flushed with
anger, but seeing the gentleman was _a
stranger, she smiled complacently, say
ing : "I beg, pardon, sir ;I was going to
be iu a dreadful passion. I thought it
was my huiband.'
ABOUT these days theAocal Politician
reaps his reward. He marches proudly
to the common council chamber, is sworn
in, and in_the name of humanity, justice
lauds that a new
igh his fatherrin-
a _Yankee auction
" if my father and
where you stand,
gant stowpan going at $l-4 should feel
it my bounden duty as a son to tell bath
of them they were , false to their count*
and false to themselves."
IT swells the manly bosom to hear
Lovewell say, "The men have such large,
noble hearts I cannot but admire thew !"
But when she turns, to Mri, L., a slabsid.
ed, watery-eyeit Speckinen lot fourth-rate
genus how, and adds, "Pod you; dar
ling Alfred, are the noblekt, the largest
hearted man," the manly bosom some
how shrivels up like a last year's bean
♦ bie eaw oat In tit6sucnJ jar
By a boy wa blithe and young,
Who laughed and screamed without wean
And would nothold h 4 toogue.. t .
The scene It changed; with sob and shriek
The vault of heaven root;
And homeward flew the bee so =eel.
While the smallboy held
—Naralhere /wive/Wog, _