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ALVORD & HITCHCOCK, Publishers. .
TERNS OP PUBLICATION.
Tba ikaapesino Ricroutza h published every
Thursday horning by d. W. ALVOVID and J. r..
HIMICoCIL, at Two Dollars per annum, in Ad.
arAdvertlalng In all eases exclusive of• ante
acrlptlon to the paper. '
fI'ECIAL NO rtc ESlnserted et TeX-VIVITO per
Rae for Ark Insertion. and PIT& perllge for
each tmb.egosot InserttOn.
LOCAL. NOrinK 4 . ciorrn a Cne.
ADVERTISEMENTS Ell be Ineertedaelordlng
to the followlag table of rates:
ILw I 4w- Itml am 4wir I 17r.
AO I VAC 1110. 0 0 1111.011
wakes ou I cool 10.00 1 16.(4) lvtcTo
$ Inches j 2.141 7.00 I IR.Ori I 11.90 1:0.00
4 inates 1 3.00 1 8.50 1 14.00 1 1ti.15 1 1:6.611 1 34.00
11.00 111.1", - 110 -- A10 . 1 :CO 1' 48.1.41
1 , 1 4 - corn a
4 - 6148113 . 1 - 41 . .00 j 00.00 171.003 133.00 I 60.00 73.00
1 eq)umn 20 00 f 4).0u I 64).00 I 3 . 0.00 I 100.00 1110,00
Administrator's and Executor's Notices.
Auditor's Notices. #2.id ; Rumness Cards, eve lines,
(per year) IS, idditlotial lines #1 each.
Yearly advertisers are entitled' to quarterly
hanges. - Transient advertised:lents utast-lie paid
for Gs adrifnee.
-All resolutions of associations; twmmunicatlotls
.14 limited or Individual interest, and no• lees Of
marriages or deaths, exceeding dye lines are charge
.ed Tate CIiNTS per line.
The RiaroWritit having a Rirger circulation than
Any other paper In the county. makes It the hest
zdvertislog medium in Northern Pennsylvania. •
' JOB PRINTING of every kind, in plain and
dancy colors. done with neatness and dispatch.
Idandbills. Blanks, Cards, Pamphlets: . Billheads,
ilklAtementr, de., of every varlet; and style. printed
.at the shortest pollen. Tll3 itEroitTlin •44nee to
well sapp!led -Tr nth pOwor presses, a fop() a.ksorte
uncut or now type, and everything In the pristine
'line can he executed In the most artistic- manner
ssnd at the lowest rates TERMS INVARIABLY
C . S. RUSSELL'S
ATIOUNLY-AT-LAW AND JrFTICE OF rEACIt
TOWANDA, PA. •
Tuot I FSI ItANCU IN 1/ELIABLEfOSIF.ANIIC 3 .
Office ov^r Da!ytt;n'a - harneaThtore. Nov. 21, '7B.
lINSItRAN i CE ; AGENCY.
Riad ABLE . AND,. FIRE TRIED
L 11,110 M E, SI ERCH ANTS,
/larch' Lk '74 0. 11. 14L ACIK
D: PAYNE, M. D.,
PHYSICIAN •NO SURGEON
Cotßee over Moutanyes' Store. Office boors from Ip
, to 12, A. M., and from 2 to 4, r. M. Special attention
Siren to Utreabes of the F.ye and Far.-0tt.19.'76 tf.
W. R 1 AN,
Dies day Isst Saturday of each month, over Turner
& Gordon'. Dru . g. Store, Towanda, Pa.
Towanda, June 20. UM.
ELSBI:EE• & SON,
ATTORKLYS-AT-LAW -- ,
W. C. Etsnitga
PORTRAITS AN!) LA knsr prAt
Painted to onler at any price , roni 11.1 to tit*.
011 Paint ingerite-rainted. Ite-Touched. or changes
made as d..sired.
All work done In the highest style of tyke Art.
JOHANN F. BEN Elt.
Towanda; Pa.. April Is, Ibt'S
Employed with H, liendetrnan for the past four
years. begs leave' to announce to Ills friends and
she pupae generally that br has ranioved to the
,liostort 7.t-Cedt Store, one door south of the First
FY...la:tonal Haut. and upened.a shop for Jile repair
;of Watches. Clocks. Jewelry, !tr. All uork war
-ranted to give entire satisfaction. ApurTtl,
ATV , ItN 1.1", AT-LAW,
Ofac. l —ilecond door south of the First National
Bank Main tit., up stairs.
once—Tfoom, formerly occuplod by Y. M. C. A
Tft , ora: • • fimu.St-fri.
ILLIAMS Sz ANGLE
OFFlCE.—Formerly iiccupl.•lby Win. Watkirm.
Diet :Ifni Brad. Co
31ASON 8 HEAP,
Towand3.lPa. Officc ovrr Bartlett St Tracy, Maln-ft.
' G. F.llAsns. [a9'77 . ; A ItTll Ira IC LA D.
ATT , ..01. CV-AT-LANC,
TOW A N DA, PA.
A TIOR N LY-A
M .in Si ,-, et (4 doors numb of tiara l)onwe). To
is auda, Pa
AT . LAW, WY A iusING. PA: 111 attend
t.. all lynilness entru,ted to his care In Bradford,
tztr:llrau and Wyoming Counties. Office with Esq.
kJ.fl L. LAMB,
A TTGVN ET AT.L•If,
g.Mlleettons promptly attended to,
TAMS W. MIX,
ATTORNEY-AT-LAW.AND U. S. C.OII.3IISSIONER.
TOW AND A., PA.
OffieeNorin Side Public square.
D IVIES k CARNOQIAN,
S AITT 1 SlIsF: Of if Al D II il. - SE.
Dee 2•445. . TOWA 'DA. trA...
s. M. WOODBURN, \hysi
z. Jcialk Ind Surgeon. Ofece Over 0. A. Black's
CrO , kery '
Towatit4, May I, 111113"..
. 11AD11,1 4 k CALIFF, •
ATTOR NETS-AT-L A W,
TOWANDA. PA. ~
Oincl 1n W. o 4's knock. first door south of the Pleat
at bank, upstairs.
IL I. NI lan LL. tjan4-731y1 J. N. CALIF F.
GRIDLEY & PAYNE-,
6outh aide Merenr Mock frooMs formerly oeenpled
C. IOULL I : Darter (2m.n°chan)'
TO A N DA,
TOW AIWA. PA.
OV,ERTO\• & MERCUR,
• Oflite firer Cron 4 Nont Store, two doors no
barren. k Long, Towanda, Pa. May be cons
in °Mafia. (Apra 12, 16.3"
OVERTOP & SANDERSON,
E. °TALTON, JR. JOBS F. SAlinsasoi.
Nv- B. KELLY, DEN•rier:Ofßco
over W. E. Itosendeld.s, Towanda. ra;
Teeth, inserted on Gold. Rubber and Al-
GISMO* base. Teeth extracted without fahx;
DR. T. - B. JOIfNSOISI, -
PHYSICLAN API) St l llollol l l.
Office aver Dr. Porter a Sony Drug Store s Towanda.
FrOWANDA INSURANCE AGENCY.
Mai* Strut oppositt Corr Eldest.
FIRST NATIONAL BANS,
CAPITAL PAID IN:.
Thiv Bank offers unusual facilities fortbe trios-
action of a general banking business.
JOS, POWELL, Freedom. •
Feb. 14. Ism
This well-known house has been ihoroughly.eell
novated Ind repaired throughout, and the proprie
tor is now prepared to otter firs:-class aer,tninolla
lions to the publie, on the moat reasonable terms.
E. A. JENNI!.iOS.
Towanda, Pa., May 2;1878.
CORNER MAIN lk WASHINGTON STREETS
This large, commodious mud elegantly-furnished
Ease has Jost been opened to the traveling
The proprietor has sparod neither painstiorespense
In making his hotel first-crass In all its appoint
ments, autittespertfully selleits a share or public
patronage. 'HEALS AT ALL EWERS. Terms
to suit the times. T.arge stable attached.
Towanda,.June 7, 77-if
rfillE CENTRAL HOTEL,
The tuallerslgned having taken pussesalon
of the above, hotel, respectfully :toilette the patron.
age of hls ohl friends and the public generally.
auglB-tf.. If, A. Vitt-REST.
QEELII;Y'S. OYSTER BAY AND
EERt/PEAN. MOUSE.—A few doors southof
thl Means Ifouse. Board by the day or week on
reasonable terms. Warm meals tented at all hours
Oysters at wholesale and retail. fehl•f7.
GREAT 'BARGAINS !
GOODS JU . ARRIVED.
Wool Diego Is '
ONERCOATINGS, OVERCOA. NOS,
In great variety, mad,' to order, at the
07) E. J. £NGLE
'LACIEL MATALASSZ CLOAKING-S.
• Colored Hose,
AT An Inspect
• J. DOTTRICII. . •I
1 112 Street, Towat: . d o a ti Pa.
hated Oct. I. ISTP.
FAOTS FOR, T . PEOPLE.
4. $ 20,000
TWENTY THOUSAND DOLLARS ? ORTII
GENTS FURNISHING GOODS.
Jan. 1, 1375
TO BrSOLD AT COST,
BETWEEN NOW AND JANUARY Ist, 11179
As I Intend to taste a. change In my hivdneu. 1
therefore olY.r my entire stock AT OS r, h log
he largest and best Seloct,dolock 10 northern
I\ansylranla. . ,
• The..l\ owlnic greiat bargains are offered:
Men!' Black tlp-top Overcoats 515 53.50 ind up
!ten's first-clas s
\ rey Ovcreoits :. ra 52.00 and up
Mors all wool Sults \ 0 $8.50 and up
Boys Snits for S yrs oldhsod up I 451r3.10 and up
And everything equally as\eap. Includltrralents
FurulArtnir Ovv , dv. ilafirital Caps; &e.
A ful line o
UNDE R,AV B\A It
both for men • and temp,— TRUNKS,
Ulf URELLAS, ate., &c.
Th«abote Moen most and shall be sold by'Jm.
Ist. 1479. Every one should take advantage of the
present low primes •quoied. and buy tbetr winter
31. E. lit,i4E3i FIELD.
Math Scree. Tuwauda f Pa.
MULLOCK k RUNDELL
Beg leave to thank the people of TOWANDA, for
their very generous patronage extended to them
heretofore, and respectfully solicit a continuance
of the same. We shall at alt times keep stud sup.
FISH AND orsrgus IN THE SEASON.
eg-All goods delivered tree of charge.
lIULLACK k iBUSIA%ELL.
Towanda, Pis., Sept. 18711. list
N. N. DETTS,Cashler
(.01:T11 split PLIII.IC SQ.I-AUL.)
(O TUIr trizorrAx-c1...Ax,)
Opposite Park, TOW A 1.11) A, PA
VERY LOWEST PRICE
GENTS FURNISHING GOODS,
at reduced prices
From VI 1u32 In !,:ze
u of tor Klock will cottelnee the
Hats, Caps, I:c.,
M. E. ROSNFIELD'S,
THIS IS NO HUMBUG.
FRESH AND SALT MEATS.
We atom keep a good assortment of
GARDEN VEGETARLES. FRUIT. be.
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WHAT BODIED PARKES BitOWl.
ET JOUX 111..TATIP.
wife, the end has come at last Old farmer
:Brown is dead! -
The neighbors found him in his house, stretched
cold and stiff in bed ; •
'Beneath the rags that covered hint, held arm, in a
• death-bug, . .
They found, with every drop drained out, his old
• • brows' !tasty Jug.
froursad to live a lire like his ; how sad like him to
Alone; in a deserted house, no friends or kindred
To stagger down from - manhood to the gloomy rt.
The 'mildness of earth and bearqn a &seance to
drink. - '
And what rail farmer Brown. dear wife, a -few
- short years ago? -
An honest, Milting , sober man ; kind both to friend
There was nu potter farm than Lls tu all this neigh-
Well fenced. well watered. anti welt. tilled ; the
barns and Mres.good.
Ills wife was hippy and content, -singing from .
morn 1111 night,
For everything up a, the fawn and lu the house
Until - the tempter came and said, "You hare much
goods in store ;
Now Ott, and di Ink, rich fatmer Drown lettoillog
days ihe o'er." .
He listened to the tempter, and that Was his great
He hired teen to sow the seed and r.ip the harvest
H•t left elf following the plow; 6e gave all work a
And, bite/11:4 up his finest horse, &urn often to
Ilea put hem up fur other,atl taught him all thy.
That constitute. a scholar In the r.•liool of polities;
This brought him often to ilia bar where whisky is
And another strong thiPah fell victim to a, sling.
prom that date things went downsavd, as by •
u biz •In l's m,
And Brown was soon a drunkard upon a ruined
The retiree down ; a lesky house ; uo crops to gath
er to ; - '
No goals to store for tutors want, In spattous barn
' and bin.
One cord and dreary autumn, srben the leaves were
Ills n Ito died broken hearted and was burled by
'Tin well there Is an after-life made up of perfect
For broken-hearted, weary wives, who And ao Joy
Ana the end.has come at last, as It doth quickly
to all who bind upon themselves the cruel chains
He left hls-work tkothers,.for the ha-rroom In tt.•e
Aud that. dest wife, weasurely what ruined farm
THE DARK DAL
Of all the won•!erful stories that
my grandmother used to tell my
mother when she was a little .girl,
the most wonderful was the dark day in
New England, Friday, May 19, 1 - ;84.
This was (luring our Revolution, you
will remember, and the same year in
which the traitor, Benedict Arnold,
attempted to betray his country to its
For several days before the' nine
teenth, the air was full of vapors, as
we often seen it when fires areirag
ing in_the woods near us, and the sun
and the moon appear red, and their
usual clear light did not reach us,
especially when rising and sitting
The winds blew ch;efly from - the
sougi-west and the north-east,' and
the weather was cool and clear. Thtt
" , c , of the -• eta h was cloudy
Ce it did not
over the al
tic in the
fields tittered strange cries lid leap
ed the stone fences to g,ltin the stalls
arid the sheep all huddled to,, .ther
bleating piteously. •
Color - which You know depent
upon tlklight of the sun, filled many
with astonishment by its - unusual 'sp.
pearenee, for the clouds were in some
places of a light red, yellow and
brown ; the leaves on the trees and
the grass in the meadows were of the
,deepest green, verging on indigo, the
brightest silver seem& tarnisn, and
everything. that is white in. the sun=
tight bore a deep yellow hue.
The shadows, which before noon
to-the weStward after noon to the
`lrd, were Observed _to fall in
ra I 1
east • 1 ,
every ( ' ection.
ether rain, ..,
to Wonderin r ,
tubs and barre • ,
on it resembling i
ting a sooty smell, ~
stance was seen on AI •.
especially on the Me • ~
lay four or five inches thi.l
miles along the shore.
Another 'peculieritY weal 'vapor;
in many localities it descende o the
earth .from high in the Atmosp re;
but at one point a gentleman saw be
vapors, at nine o'clock, rising from,
the springs and low lands ; one col
umn he particulary noticed rapidly
.ascending far above the- highest hills,
then. it spread into a large white
cloud and sailed off to the westward,
a secound cloud formed in the same
way from -the same spring, but did
not rise as high as the first, and a
in, also, was unlike any
-nd it set all the people
's they dipped ii, from
1; for a smith formed
burnt leaves, emit-
Ind the same sub
',.atns and rivers
lc, for many.
third formed fifteen minutes after
wsrds.• At a quarter of ten the upper;
Most cloud was of a reddish hue, the
second- was green, indigo and blue,
and the third was almost White.
So unwholesmite was the vapor
that small birds were suffocated in it,
ad many of them were so frightened
anll\stupetled that they flew into .the
lions adding to the fears of igno
rant ople, who considered it a bad
sign for bird-to enter a dwelling.
The co mencement of the dark
ness was ween ten and eleven in
the forenOon when the men were
busy in the fi and offices and
work-shops, tbe\women spinning,
.weaving and prepaKing dinner, and
the children at schOol, or helping
their fatheis and . mot ers at home)e
and it continued until t e middle of
the following night; but ie degree
of darkness varied ; in: so e places
the disk of the sun was sect when
the darkness was the most de ,
TOWMIDA, B:.1 izi ih : hntii; • ARY 9, 1879.
Lights wete seen burning in all the
houses,a44 the people who passed out
of doors carried torchee.and lanterns
which we're curiously redected on the
overhanging clouds. -.—
Thousands of people were sure
that the end of the world had come,
many dropped their work and fell on
their knees* to pray, others confessed '
..to their fellows the wrongs they had
done and endeavored to make resti,
Lotion. . ' ,
The meeting houses were crowded
and neighborhood priiiermeetings
were formed, and the' ministers and
old church members prayed long
prayers, mentioning the nations and
individuals of Bible times whii had
been destroyed on account of 'their
sins, and begging that as flod, spared
thti great city of Ninevali when it re-.
permed,- so lie would: forgive them,
cheer theth again by the light of the
sun and give victory to their grinies.
It is said that the - Connectient leg
islatpre being in session s ,the-membera
became terrified ihen they could . not
see each other's faces, and a motion
.was made to adjourn, when Mr. Da-,
irenport arose and said :
"Mr. speaker, it is either the illy
of judgement or it is not. if it is not:
there is no need oriuljourning. If it
is, I desire that candles be brought,
and that we proceed to business."
All the shivering, frightened
people began now to look forward , to
:evening, hoping that, as the moon
rose full at nine o'clock, her light
w6uld perletrate the glom;, but all
the 'children coated
,to_ Sit up and -
see- her, grew very sleepy, their
strained eyes. were not rewarded by
her beautiful beams, for at eight: in
the evening the darkness was total ;
one could not distiguish between the,
earth and the - Leaveue, and it - was
impossible to see a• hind before one'-'
faCe. • •
Then all the weary children, we,re
sent to. bed after the most honest
prayeti that they had ever prayed,
- andthe older people sat up to watch
for the light that never had appear
ed so glorious.
And never dawned a fairer morn=
ing than the twentieth of May, for
the•sun that -opened the flowers and
mirrored itself in • the dew-drops,
brought, the color, again in the-chil
dren'ti Was, and filled, every heart
The birds sing Joyously, the.ca.
tle returned to their pastures, the
places of „business were opened, and
everyone went abDut his work more
gentle towari 'man sod more 'grate
ful toward God.
After the darkness was : passed,
Several persons • traveled' ationt to
gather, all possible information con
cerning this memorable day, and Dr,,
Tenny wrote an account on what lie
learned ona journey from -he east
to Itiinsylvania. lie says the deep
est darkness was.in Essex County,
•Massachusetts, the lower part of new
New Hampshire, and -the eastern
. of Maine (where my great
grand mother lived.) In Rhode
land and Connecticut it was not so
great; in New Jersey peculiar-clouds
were observed, but - the darkness was
not uncommon, and in the 'ewer
parts of Pennsylvania • nothing un
usual was observed. •
It extended as far north as the
American settlements and westward
to Albany, but its exact limits could
not be ascertained.
In Boson the darkness continued
fourteen or fifteen hours, varying in
duration at other places.
As it was inipossible to attribute
the darkness to an eclipse, the wise
people - formed many theories respect
ing* being convinced that it was
due to immense fires in the woods,
winds blowing in opposite directions
and to the condition of the vapor 4;
but Herschel says:." The day iii
northern Amet ice was one- of those
wonderful phenornena of nature
which will always' be- read of with
interest, but whiell. philosophy is at
a loss to explain.", --.Si. Aic holas.
OFARTYR LAMB ON THE CURSE OF
Charles Lamb was not a sot.
IT little liquor sufficed to:upset the
, ilibrium of his delicate nerves.
he was fiu fllei ent I y addicted to
• have eiperieneed the, sensa-.
All physical- - and mental;
4 from the practice: Read
`• from 'his' Confessions
tions, b t
which ' resO t
the followin e , .
of- a Drunker( •
- I have seen,a Hilt- after Corrigio,
in which three%a-4e ,figures are
ministering to a m i who sits fast
bound-at the root of tree. Sensu
ality is soothing him. 'oil Habit is
nailing him to . a, branch, d Reptig-.
nance, at the same instant of time,
is applying'a snake to- his si e. In
his face. is- feeble delight, the ecol
leetion of past rather than the er
eeption of present pleasnreS, tango 4
otijciyment of evil, with - Utter •iinbe-'
4ility to good, a. sybaritic effeminacy,
a submission to bondage, the springs
of the will pine down like's broken
clock, the sin and the suffering co-in
-stantaneous; or the latter forerunningv
the foriner, remorse preceding action;
all this presented irr one point• - of
time. When I saw this,.l admired
he wonderful skill of the painter,
1)1 t When
.1 Went away I wept; be-,
cau e I thought of my own condition i ,
Of th t Which there is no hope ,that
it sho d ever change. The waters
have go • over me. But out of the
black. dep is, could I be heard, I
would cry ti to all those who have
but -set foot 14 the perilous itiod.
Could the youth, to whom the, flavor.
of his first wine . i delicious : as the
opening scenes of li . or the entering
upon -some newly di- overed para
dise, look into my tleso . Lion, and be
.made -to understand wh •t a dreary
thing it is when a man steal feel him
selfe going' down a pri•cipie with
eyes open and-a passive will— see
his destruction and have no powe to
stop it,,and yet to-feel it all the w y
emanating from. himself ; to perceive\
all goodness emptied out of him, - and
yet not to be able to forget a
when it 'was otherwise, to bear about
the piteous spectacle of his own self
ruin: - Could he see my fevered eye,:
feverish With last night's drinking,
and feverish looking fatr this night's
.repetition 'of the, folly ; could he- feel
the body of the death, out of whiehl
cry hourly. with feebler and feebler
, - --be delivered—lt . were
enough . to make him desk the spark -
REGARDLESS OF 'DENUNCIATION FROM ANT QUARTER.;
link beverage to the earth' in all the
pride of its mantling temptation ; to
make him clasp his teeth, "ind' not
undo 'em, to suffer wet damnation to
run, through 'em."
OROATE BEIVRE. A JURY.
lii.jury trials his: main nbject -was
toinfluenee the wills of lthe twelve
men before him. • He addressed their
understandiggs; he -fascinated their
imaginations; he , stirred their feel- ,
ings,; - ,but alter used all , his
power which dwelt in his.
individuality,, by which he subdued
then], bringing on that part of their
being which uttered its relnetant .
"yea "or "-no" thd-pressur,l of a
stronger naeure as well as of-a larger.
nand. As-an, advocate he thorough
ly. understood that men in the aggre
gate ilreiot reasonable beings, but
men with their capacity of being oc
casionally' made reasonable, if their
prejiidiees'are once blown atviiy . by a
superior force. of blended reason and
eindtion=in other words, by force of
beiag..- His, triumphs at the bar were
due to the fact that he seas a'mNer
fat Man, victorious over Other . men
because lie bad 'a stronger manhood,
a stronger selfhood than Anybody on
• the jiiry he addressed. ;.On one occa
sioa. I happened to be, a' witness in a
case - where ‘a trader was prosecuted
for obtaining goads under false
tenees: , Mr. Choate took the ground
that the seeming knavery 'of ,the
casco was, due to the eimitilistanee
that belied a deficient businesa intel
ligenee,in Short, he unconsciously
rated all his geese-as swans. lie was
right in his views. The. foreman \ of
the Jury, however,._ was a hurl-head , .
ed4ractical man, it, molel of busi
ness intellect and integrity, bat with
an incapacity of understanding any
intellect or conscience radically dif:
&ring from his own. . Clioate'a
argument, as far as the facla and the
law: were conuerned, was through
an hour. h l Still* went on spntking.
Hour after hOur passed, and yet he
contjnuo to speak with consiiteirtly
increasing eloquence, repeating and
reCapitulating; without_ any seeming
reason, facts which
. he had already
stated and arguments whip h se had
alrkady.argued.. The truth was, as I
gradually learned, that he was engag
ed in . :I—hand-to-hand—or rather, in a,
brain-to-briin and a heart-to-heart—
contest with the foiemin, wkose re
sistance he was determined - to break
down, but who. confronted him for
three hours with defiance observable,
in every rigid line of his honest coun
tenance. " You fool !" was the bur
den Of Vie advocate'S ingenions . advo-.
cate; "you rascal 1" Was the phrase
legibly printed . on the foremen's in
credulous face. But at last the fea
aures of .the foreman began to relas:,
and at the end of the stern lines
melted acquiescence with the (pinion
'of the idVocate, who had been storm
ing at the defences of his mind,, his i,,
heart .and his conscience far five
hours, and had now entered as victor.
He compelled the foreman to- admit
the unpleasant fact that, there were
existing human beings whose'mental
and moral•constitution differed from
. his own, and who were yet as honest
in inteation- as he was, but lacked.
_his clear perception and sound judg
anent. The verdict was," notuilty."
It was a just verdict, but it -wls mer
cilessly j assailed by merchants who
lost money by the prisoner, and who
were hounding him down as ;an ene
my to - the human race, - as anOlher in
stance of Choate'S.lack of mental and
moral honesty in the defence lit' per,
sons accused of crime. ThelfNet th:it
the foreman of the jury that returned
the verdict belonged to the clays that
vehemently attacked Choate was suf
ficient of itself to disprove •sueli alle
gations._ As I listened to-Chate's ar
gument in • this - case, I felt assured
that he would go on speakiu until
he'dropped dead on the floor -rather
ban have reUnquished his ehitch on
the soul of the one than on the jury
whom he 'knew would control the
opinion of the others.
A NEVADA SUPHEEDE.3B.
J. C. Martin,'Jirri McKnight, Bii
111ra - fend others hate lately - come in
from a prospecting tour north and
east from Virginia. While search.'
ing for a hithlto ledge over tho hiEs,
some five miles north of the Badger
mine, they. came. upon a veritable
shepherdess 'among the foot-hills.
There was no fairy .creature with her
crook, "tending her father-7a - flocks;'
but a "woman, wrinkled and wry,"
and of three score years, leading
from 2.5 to 300 goats.
She was chid plainly,lf not , neatly,
in an apron
_like a schoOlgirls, arm
less' and open - in front, "simply this
and nothing more." She wis mak
ing headquarters within the enclos
ure of three rough stone, walls, five'
'et high, with an old wagon over.
th top, the front being wanting.
Ilex oueli was half a blanker, and a
sack 1 wool for a pillow. The food
on ham consisted ofp pould and a
halrof fl o r,. which she used by mix
.with , ater and drinking it in
the place OA and coffee. She had
also two •dried- ip slapjack;i, on one
of whiCh she wa nibbling.. Shipd--
ded . to,. these luau 's such portions
of the flesh of her lit s killed by the
coyotes as she was : le to recover.
But the boys appear
,to are caught
the aged shepherdess • a ay from
her home. She told them 'iereshe
lived 'and invited them to c• I. It
was tiVe , Miles, over the moan -tins:
In A. 136 course of their •:wantleri as
they found the place and pccepte
the inVitation . accordingly -4 although
the mistress was not at Mom. They
foundi there about eight pounds of
liehnit - Land 'about as many or bacon, ;
eight.,chiekens;, and nary a rooster,
among them. She ixplained . thia to
them on their return. She got hun
gry in tote spring and killed the rops
ter,'"as the hens were laying and she
id, not' care to eat them up. They
1 :0 foand thi:re a sort of dress'and
' , Cher halt' of the; old lady's Ulan
,- he refused .:to,„ talk - much of
A,I ry lor tell•lher name. ,She
i.....ver, ahe :f=ed to keep the
- ,'other - side of th. - : desert.
f the' 'Reese Liver.ex
usband . left tier, and
n: hits gave.. 'She
\ Dildine, brit, he
.`her, taking 21
house on th
At the time
she has -nev6' s n
then lived with"S
had gone o 8 and le
head of her cattle, and , she • %lot
know where hei or her,kinewer , -
SP° started in as a shepherd , s,
with one goat of her own ' and tw
others which were .given her, and
from these had sprung in six years
her entire herd, besides all w hich
hall died anti been killed by coyetes.
is', a somewhat- .
amongsts what may, perhaps, well be
called the f‘dissatisfied class" of la
borers, As well as amongst .some peo
ple supposed to be -intelligent, that
touch of the piesent trouble is caus
ed, by the extensive Use of mriehinery.
Recently there have been 'riotous
demonstrations against agricultural
machinery, espeCially against,har
.vesters and eelf.binders. The iea is
that for every machine an equivalent
number of laborers are displaced
and redUced to enforced idleness. It
is a very plausible idea, but to show
its utter untrnth'is kr.frorndifficult.
The facts which exist
prOye its faliity; Without 'entering
into any argument or discussion, we
may just now.r. , fer to a few pertinent
facts which are so plain, apparent,
and widely known, that nobody can
teny them. -
Itis well known that There,is more
machinery used in Osery depaiiment
of labor or - industry in the United
Sates than in any, other country.
People even go upstairs by machine
ry (elevators); barbers brush- their
customers' hair by machinery; - there
are type:writers to save labor in
copying, as well as all sorts of h.bor-.
saving machinery ; and from these
\ light labors up to the mavy Rork of
hoisting ships' sails and anchors,
puddling iron, drilling rocks, and
mining, liiimAn labor is OisPlac , cl by
machines. For human labor, every
where it is possible we tire horse-la
and \ horses, in' their -turn. are
pushed wide -by steam. Indeed,
steam itself \ is probably on 'the -eve
• of displacement by some cheaper and
more effeetiv4ower, and, if ever
this happens, we\ may be sure it will
sbegin in this cotin s try. •At the same
time there is no other country, in the
world where wages and, in fact,the
rewards for all
higher than here; , noris there any
. place in the world where there exists
more comfort and ease in .the circum
stances of'the people. ••
Now - let look f at the re‘7se of
this. In China everything is knie by
manual labor. Horse labor, Oen is
unknown . . 'MO \ carry the ehests \ of
tea from the interior to the sea-boark
over mountains and \ vallep;, for hun
dreds of miles,. frequently ocen pying
three months in a
.j . ouriry,,the chests
being balanced in pairs upon the ends
of long poles, which arOuspended
upon men's shoulders, in the way so
commonly figured in Chinese draw.
ings end upon the old-fashioned delf
ware. Passengers are •earl ied in \ cast
doges slung . upon poles, in a 'sinidar,
fashion. Men pull the boats .upon
the rivers or pole them along slowly
and laboriously. In short, machine
•ty of any kind is unknown, and its
use forbidden, lest it,might displace
manual labor. In fact, en . exPerT:
mental railroad Ras recently torn up
and destroyed as soon as it was built
for : this reason. There a man em-
ploys a hundred days in a work which
we. would finish in . a.few hours in a
lathe. There. a man' supports him
self and family fora month in emu-
fort for two dolhirs, - and labor is
worth from three to seven cents a
dad•. • -
Let us take an intermediate exam-
ple. In England most. of the agri
culturallabor is done by hand. The
traveler will see men, women and
children at work in . the fields, weed-
Ing, , hoeing, planting, sowing, reap
ing, mowing, raking hay," and doing
all tho4e things which 'we do here-by
machinery, by hand labor for a wage
of two and a half to three dollars a
week for men ; a dollar a week for
women, and twenty-five cents for
'boys and girls. A few sears..aao a
mowing=machine could not be seen in
England, and even now'reapers are .
rarelyseen ; in fact, many farmers
dare not use them lest their barns
and stacks might be burned by s en,
raged and jealous laborers. Men la.:
borers were thought well paid at less
than two dollars a week,' and it is
only since machines have come into
use that farm2wages . and the value. of
'horses have risen to nearly double
former rates: Do not these facts
.trittli - so plain than any
man can undiTstand it who is not
blinded by ignorance or prejudice?
Facts . are Stubborn things - ;' and
these are too stubborn to be twisted
or turned in any way 'from.-the pur- -
port which tl r icy should 'carry to a
mind gifted viith, the
.most - ordinary
Measure of intelligence. It may
sceni to be strange that this should
ba thus, but it seems equally strange
to one ignorant of .the.faets, that the
sun is stationary and, does not rotate
around us; 'and yet we all believe it,
because othe evidences of it which
Appgai_.to reason and contradict our
- very sight.—Rura: New Yor/Ler.
Tug SENSE OF SmEL . L.T he marked'
superiority of women over men is , on
poitits.more remarkable than in
their superior powers' of smelling
and tasting. A woman will detect
the faintest odor of tobacdo When a
mail, even though a non,amoker,.of
ten fails to discover any symptom of;
it. Women. are wonderfully acute
and fastidious in the manner of
sauces 'and all flavoring ingredients.
The faculty has been recogniied in a
ost pleasing *manner by. the compo
si.kon of the jury , who decided.
in 1 ris on .the Merits of mustards
of va ious nations.- The Mustard
'Congre s consisted of twelve gen
tlemen a d .number of.
' The 'arrangement, it is stated
'was owing t a* suggestion that the
. palatei of men re vitiated, by smok
ing, whereas vio en, who- do not, as
a - rtile, indulge i .that pernicious
:habit,-dre likely to ,better qualified
ty fbrni a correct, opiU'on On the mer
its of condiments.
Tun that wealth- is: healtb.• ~..4Vkness is
poor spirited abd cannot' servo a iy one ;
it must husband its moureestolia • . But
healthfulness atriwers its own. ends, :and
bast° spare, ruts over and inundates • e
creek of other. men's necessities,
- • - \
BUN yes , slip your skein in! Kitty,
O'er my bands and-wind and wind, ,
All the while with lilbe pity, . '
Tanglitqr, tangling hearts and mind;
Kitty, eyes upon the Wool!. - •
Not on me, my beautiful I . '
you droop your eyes completely,
. Tirtuding, winding &vanity;
Wherefore, wherefore smite so sweetly
' • On a I hMg that cannot see?
' If you tonst.antlie, smile tuts way,
I will bear It I may.
- . ! . •
--- li h! the rosebud%
Merl' flitting e
fl . wifiabout the c lured ball I- '''
How my heart beats 4'e while Sitting; . .
iltill I try to bear It al •
*lily, do yon know or car
in my heart yo windlu4 there i 1 ' '
.-. ' • .
4101.1 am In arston
All thr.world to mist doth die
Only in an air ICly',lan, •
Little fairy Angers By;
Barely. If they Bit to ti near,
I shall catch and kls,s`thent, dear
Tangled ! pout not, frowi .not Witty I
Though I gladly bear the tkain ;
For your anger is so pretty ".
it may wake me In again.
There ? 11 well. Now wind and wind,
Tangling further heart and
Now done: The lan thread lingers
Sadly from .me, sin x to part; •
Cau•at their see that In my fingers .
.1 ant holding up.tuy heart?
Wind and wind Ido not care
Smile or frown; and I will bear
in fast antfitutek you wind it ; •
no tnord i•an keep It mine;
. Do yoti wonder that you tied It
Throbbing now, dose, dose to thine?
Tangled, tangled are titedwain
* k iss, kiss. kiss them free again t
—Ro6rrt Buchanan. •
He was born rich, and of course he
should always be rich. That his
father's great wealth could ever take
wings and ily away, never'
his be . Therefore he saw no par
tieula reason for hard- work in any
direction. ' ' -
le must. go to, school and make,
some show of learning, because that
Was. the . fashion. Everybody went
to school. 'Twas useless, of course,
to pore over . books as other fellows
did who would be obliged to work
for a living. '
lie had money, and "was, : much
fonder of play than work and : so die
played before school, and after 'school, -
and in the school, and was generally.
late and always a dunce.. Ile peeped
intot his book at recitations, and hired
his companions with his favors to do
his sums and write his compositions.
Where were his teachers? Why,
teachers. can't make boys learn if
'.hey are' determined not to learn. '•
The nominative ease was too hard
a case for him, and a proposition
governing the objectNe case was a
conundrum that might be solved by
ahyone who 'cared for such brain
taSking things. Ile could talk well ,
enough without bothering his head
Whatt once asked by a scpoolmate
Why he alWays made use of little "i's"
in writing4e replied that "he Wasn't
half so stuck up because he had
money as thel'ellows seemed to think.
A little I was tgli .for him.".
Arrived at r twenty-one,
this - young rr fashionable.
Slightly disa rer good-look
ing gentlemt withstanding
his lack of t. ras admitted
to the \ so-called best sueiry. •
Then \ a great crash came; and his
father's "millions were swept away.
- Friends gathered round to. s helP, but
what could\friendship do for a4oung
man .who had, no education ? There
were coupling, rooms waiting for
book-keepers_ and corresponderda,
fainilies Wanting itttorp, schools want
ing teacheys t but. no \ chance for a many
who Could neither add, subtract nor
Tcio delicately reared to handle a
pickax or a shovel, there, was 'loth
itlff left fur him -but to live on the
Charity of the few . who.. pitied him;
then, cut hy those who formerly
toadied to' him • 'on •account "Of his
0 - ealtli,he took to drinking, and is
now a confirmed 'drunkard..
The only use he can be put to 'i
this. world is to furnish, by hiS bloat
ed face and bleared eyes, a warning
to boys who think because they have
money there is no need of. study.
This picture is-a sad otie—it la not
an uncommon one. 'I he photograph
may be recognized in scores of cases
in every large - town, and hum'aeds
and thousands of cases in every large
l'ouihs' Companion. .
ABOUT TI N•
There are in Chicago no less than
twenty large- tinware - factories, sup
plying the whole West with kitchen
*are • one of thein even exports cer
tain' of tin goods to -Europe,
from whence. the tin comes, and' gives
occupation to many hundreds of
hands. But it is all.a.inistake. The
ware called' tin is only a wash of tin
over sheet iron. As well - might we
speak of plated ware as being silver.
We learned something novel recently
about tin while lookingin -at a metal
store and listening to the courteous
salesmha. We learned .that, while
our extensive country *duces near
ly all. metals, from gold to lead, there
has never yet . been :discoVered a tin.
misn: Should one be found, may, we'
be there to See, and take. a few shares'
in it.. 'tin is used for various pur
poses other than .for Britannia ware.
The fine black cloths we get ; from
France are colored by a sole'
tin, : The most beautiful red colors
in carpets are made by. a chernical
.. Process. ; which requires pure tiri-in
- the composition. The best and most
-,reliable tin, is imported from the
Dutch East India Island of. Bann.
it is--taken from Banca - to Rotterdam
and there sold by auction tit semi
annual sales, and there finds its way
to all -parts of the civilized world.
Next in quality' is 11.daecaror Straits
tin, BO - named because it, reaches
us through .the Straits of Maliicea.'
A small quantity comes from China,
but the Celestials have so many.ways•
of-cheating that their tin is very un
pbpular. Our English neighbors
_send us peat quantities of — their
Cornwall tin, and they pronounce it
Superior to all other; but while it is
pure, it is not so soft as Banes, and
Brother Jonathan prefers- the latter.
, From • South America •we receive
'small supplies but its quality is in
terior and very drossy. Our imports
of-tin and tin plates, during the, ast
fiscal year amounted to $l2, 1032 4
•while in 1873 they were $ u,tis3.
The complete analysis. of -potable
water requires much mechanical skill,
but - the - more common . impurities
may be .detected by coMparatively
simple tests. ' Certaie deleterious
salts-may thus be recognized. Among
these are the nitrates, whose presence
PS chiefikt \ dgnificant as shoWingthit
qrganic. wager-has been acted upon
and maybe present.. The Clinger is
not in the'salts
_themselves, but in
their...source which should, if posable
he . ascertained. "To examine
for nitrates, put a Small quaUtity of
it in a' test tube ; add an equal (pan
tit); of sulphuric aqku-ing COrl'EO
that. the fluids shall.not\mix', to this
add :carefully a few . drok of a satu
rated solution of sulphate \ of iron.
The -stratum wherti the two fluids
meet will, if., nitric acid - be I)resent
lipW 'a purple, afcerwards a •brown
c or. If the nitric acid be in mincite
qua Lilies, a reddish color will result.
The sence of ammonia, if in ex \
cess, c:f%b determined by treating .
the - wat With' a small quantity of
potassic hydrate. Ammonia;-if pro
sent., will be \\ iberated, and may he
r.cagnized by •is odor, or by- the
white futes of cldoride of ammOn-,
ium when a. ghss\ rod wet with'
muriatic 'acid is Pissed .over the
mouth of . the test tub \ lf chlorine
- is present in any form in water used
for drinking, it is evident_: at sewer- -
age contamination in some fO s rm ei
ists:. The: presence and auio nt of
Chlorine may be ascertained by the,
ftillowing simple method: Take 8
trains of nitrate of silver, chemical- , ;
'ly pure, and disolve in 200 units(Say
cubic centimetres) of diStilled , water.
One unit of the sol.iion will repze
sent I.looth of a grain of chlorine.
Take small measured quantity of the
water to be - examined and put in a
glasvveasel ,more than large enough'
to•ludd it. • Add to the water a small
quantity of the solution; if chlorine .
be present a white 'precipitate will
result. Repeat er the addition ; after
11160 intervals, until no' precipitate
results. The units of the solution
used will. determine the litt i ndredthi
of a grain.of the chlorine present. if
more than a grain of .cllorinc in
gallon be piesent,
.reject - the water,
uniess it can be clearly deterinined
that the excess does; not come from
sewerage. The waterhunld be slight
ly acidulated with nAtrie acid before
the • test •is applied 4 Several years
ago. the Journal of elwinidry de
scribed and commended lleich's
sugar test for the presence of dati
gerousi organic matter, ':but it is
worth repeating in this. connection,
being at once simple and trustworthy.
Place aquantity of water in a clear
glass-stoppered bottle ; 'add. a few
grains of pure sugar and'.expose it to
the light in a window .of warm
room. If the Water becomes torpid
even after exposeure for a week, re
ject it; if it remains clear it is Baca.
Pride is rnining:the young men in
this broad land of ours by the thous
.ands. It is. snapping tre'very found
ation- of society, nine tenths of the
people you meet being afflicted more.
or less,, in some way or other, by this
serious malady. It keeps youpg men
out of business , and calling that might
prove to be lucrative. 'Many young
men wittp start out on their own hook
take : more „pride. than . Money, and
after wandering about it, few months
come back: with all the pride they
started with and no money. A young
man who " works for his board," no
:Matter what hOnest work he does has
no-reason for :shame. While on the
other hand, a young man who - cuts
the\bread of idleness; no Matter how
much \ money he has, is 'disa b raced.
Therels always something for will
ing hands to do. . Young men start
ing in life ought to'- aim' of all,
: to find . where they. can earn their
bre.ld and \butter, with hoe, axe,
spade, :wheelbarrow, • woodsaw--no
matter, so it is \honorable.. Indepen
denee first. Del endent_mortals ere
"the veriest slave \ s \ on top of earth.
They go at the bidding_ and come at
the calling. of. their benefactors, .and
find \ themselves powerleSs to remove
the shackles that keep 'them vassals.
The bread and butter question once
Settled, let ;the young maa \ - perform
his duty so faithfully as• to \ attract
attention, 'and let him constantly
keep his-eyes \ open for a ehanee do
better. If he\ does :the best h\can
under the eircunstances, is. faithful
to his;trust, the opportunity to goop•
higher will come'round after awhile'
PerhaPs not quite as,soon as was ex
pected, but merit Will \ not go long un
rewarded. About half the poor; proud
young- men, and two-thirdi of the
poor, discOuraged young; \ men, are
always out of work. Whenever. you
run across a man who is aceumulat-•
ing wealth or
fame, you will find. that he is an in
cessant worker. lie 'pockets \his
pride, carries an upper lip as stiff "as
a east iron door step scraper, frown*
upon discouragement end mattes life
• STORMS or LIFE —Dark an
gry clouds overspread the sky, illu
minated at intervals by vivid flashes
peals of ,tlinuder" rent
the air like . the voices of angry gods;
while the-trees and flowerS fell before
thik.heavy gusti of wind and rain like
grain before a sickle.
The awful grandeur of the scene
struck terror - to hearts • heretofore
unknown to fear. For more -than au
hour the storm raged ou till it had
spent its fury, when the wind and
•raidabated; end . here and there tiny
rifts appe 4 ared in the clouds, 'growing
larger . and' still larger, till the. sun
broke forth in - glorious effulgence.
brightening the face- or Nature with
dazzling brilliancy. :Myriads of dia
monds hung in the trees and glisten
-ed on the grass and . flowers. Never
was the sunshine morebeautiful.
The terrific storm;so . fearful in its
wrath, purilied . and washed the whole
earth and decked it in the beautiful
jewels which . a shower alone can-give,
and.though in.the east a light rain
was falling, it only enhanced '.the
I beauty of the scene • for- the cloud
;was spanned by a .beautiful.bow—
: heAutiful neit only on account of - its
-lovely coinbination of Colors, but as
'a sign of a glorious promise-made by
Itiim *be ruleth the storm by his in.
SIMPLE WATER TESTS.
caper-r Annum in Advance"
Human life has its storms. Ad
versity, temptation and sorrows
sweep over the soul, filling it with -
fear and dread. But, after a time,
tiny rifts of - God's mercy pierce the '
clouds around us, and if we in, pa•.
tience wait, the entire sunshine of
His l4ve will break-in- beauty over
and spanning the clouds a
at are drifting away from us,
re shall lee ra'nbows of precious
HOW _PHIL. SHERMAN DISOBEYED
The recent_ gathering of militaiy ... •
inqii in our, city, and the . recital of - - -'.
reminiscences of the war which gave . • - • .-.
occasion for the organization of the • .. '.--
Army of the Tennessee, reealls.an in- - ' ...
1 cident in the military experience of - -- ._-.
.General Phil.. Sheridan which is not
- genera* known, and which • has ' . •
doubtless - been . forgotten by many •
who were personally cognizant, Of it . -
\at the time, driven from their minds .
by the contemplation of the glorious
aebivements which have -made the
' nanie \ of Sherdian loved and honored , •
throughout the. land. At the begin- .
fling of\the war he was a - Captain in ' . ...
the regular-army, having graduated
at West Point in 53. ' In the fall of
18ii1 he was \ appointed Quartermaster ' -
of the Army Of the South West under .
command of General Curtis,
,with'• ' '
headquarters at Springfield, 310: An, -
expedition was organized, arid- Gen
• - .•.._
eral Curtis headed . it.in person. 'The • ' -
march of the army W , as harassed - by _
attacks by bushwhackers. and guer-
rdlas, and there
_was great 'need of,
hoses. to meet - and repulse these r- : .
classed of combatadts. . G or al Cur-
-tis dispatehed acurier fro m,Timber - '
Hollow ..9 Sheridan with instructions -
..to forward-'immediately all the horses _ -
he could- procure; if there - wa r no .
money on hah4 with which to pur
to go.out\and press. them into '
the service. In those earlydays the .
war was not carried \ into Africa, so . .'
to speak; as' in latter ''roes, and Sher-
if lan refused to run any-risks by such .
-an irregtilar.. procceilinA: and sent
back word to Curtiei that\he would
send no horses for which. lic\kacl not ,
receipts, and having no funds oia \ hand:
hz could not procure them: General
Curtis was furious at the presump- ,
•tioa of the Quartermaster, and or '
tiered the contuniacionsollicei to for-
ward his sword to the General'-and - -- ,
report to General "Halloek, in coin- .
mend of. the department, at St. Louis
under arrest. • .
Sheridan left - SpringilJd in put-.
seance of these orders, and that was
the last heard of him in the Army of
the southwest. In the spring of 1862
he appeared again as Colonel of the
2 1 Michigan Cavalry, after which
tithe his progress was rapid and bril
liant,and known to the whole country. ,
How be got out of the trouble with.
General Curtis the archive's of the
War Department may be able to tell,
but it is not known to' those. who
were associated with him in.MiSsouri.
The stirring - events of that period
left but little time to
_look up the.re
' cord§ of individuals, however famous.
• The bpisode was the making of Philip
thpugh. Had he not disobeyed or
ders,rhe might anti would, in aliprob
ability, have served throtiglithe war
rising no higher . than a brierade or
division Q uartermaster.—glia nap
oFis Veeni;)g News...
FACTS OR TEMPERANCE TALKER'S
• We spend annually for liquor four
times as rnuch.as all, the-church prop
erty of the nation.is worth. •
Prof. Liebi,,ff says, "It can be pro
yen with mathematical certainty that
as much tlouror meat'as would lie.ou•
the point of a table knife is more nu
tritious than nine foarts,of the best
,Bavarian beer." - • •
it is estimated that nearly fifteen.
hundred millions of. dollars are di
rectly and indirectlylspent annually.
for intoxicating drinks" in this coun
try. Of such a waste of wealth Rev.
Dr.". Hamilton - says "14 it not a fear
ful infatuation ? .1s it not our na
tional madness to spend so much
wealth in shattering. our nerves ex
ploding - our characters and
our souls ? "
General Neal Dow says," The jail
in Portland was so full that plans for
a new one • were- under d6cussion.'
Four - months after.the passage of the
no-lieense.law it : contained live.priS
oners, and three of thign wrere • liquor
sellers. The house of Correction
was entirely empty. In four great
counties the jails were-entirely emp
ty,one bearing on the door the inset ip
tion 'to let.' Afterwards the law
was not,so enforced and the
case •was not so favorable, but it
shows what the-law can do."
Seventy millions or bushels -of -
g„ , rain . are consumed annually ; in the
breweries- and distilleries of this
-country. or such wicked grinding
of the golden grain a leading 'Eng
lish:Journal say*" There is soare-,_
thing exceedingly irritating that a
great part of the harvest, raised with
infinite care and pains, instead of ad
ding to the national - wealth, and
bringing rich retUrns, is poured in
the shale of• liquid , fire, down' the
throatSspf the nation that produced
it, and instead of leaving them-better .
and wiser;„tends to impoverish them
by . viselous• and debilitating indul.•
Fi%4 - hundre d and fifty. thousand
persons are eni4Tiged in making and
se!ling ardent7spirits in the United
States. TO keeP\ - tl;e persons em
ploy ed and make alittle - revenue,' an
army .of hunAred thousand'
men are'cin the marcii\to drunkard's..
graves, two hundred thousand orph
ans are .annnallY made;, jails - areo
crowded, crime stalks abroad', thO
incendiary's torch . - is lighted, the
peace of thousands of honies destrOy
4A, man is debauched, woman is
prostituted, childhood outraged,
fancy . desOlated, heavoi robbed, and
hell peopled-viith immortal souls. s.
CARLYLE Says that one cannot move a
step without meeting a duty, and that the
effect of mutual hopelessness is proved by
the:very fact of one's existence. No lima
liveth to himself and no man dieth ;to
" Lotto, who shall abide in thy taberna
cle? Who shall dwell in thy holy bill?
lie that backbiteth not with his tongue,
nor doeth evil to his neighbor. nor taketh
up a reproach against bia neighbor,",