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Zow to liskr Coffee.
"' Much has been written on the mak
ing of coffee, and patent coffee-T.obl
and other apparatus, of more or less
intricate construction, have been
deviled for the preparation of the
iopular_bevers,ge; and yet it must be
confesied that a really good cup of
Coffee is rather the exception thin
the 'rule.- The problem is not so
simple ea it seems at first thought.
The virtue of the coffee berry con
sists in its volatile aroma and its fixed
extractive matter. To prevent the
former from escaping into the air
and- the latter from remaining in the
groundsls the desideratum, but the
ordinary methods of doing the One
interfere with doing the other. By
the French, plan of ,filtering boiling
water through the ground coffee, the
aroma is readily extracted, but the
fixed matter is mostly-left behind.
On the other hand, by the common
Yankee plan of boiling the grounds
for a long time in water, the
extractive matter is utilized, but the
aroma ' flies off - with the steam.
Prof. C-. - A. Seeley has contrived 'a
very sensible process of killing both
birds with one stone, which he thus
`l. take rather more than the usual
amount-of coffee, and pour on it hot
-water when it is ready to be used; in
other words 4 l. make French coffee.
The gronnda from this' operatiPnl
leave to soak in the pot till the.next
day, when I becin coffee making tcy
pouring, hot water on these grounds,
which hot water I use according to
the French plan in making coffee
from fresh ground coffee. The pro
cess-is now in full operation, .and
.every time coffee is wanted, the
manipulations of the second morning
' are repeated. I thus extract all the
solnble and-nseftd matter of roasted
coffee, and waste nothing. ,Tw put,
the art in the most practical form, I
- have found it 'necessary to modify
the coffee-pot. Perhaps the simplest
apparatus is the most ordinary *ppt
provided with two strainers. The
strainers tare of cup form, and fit into
tlach other and into the top of the
Pot. For use I set a strainer on, the.
trop of-the pot, and in the strainer I
plane fresh, ground coffee ; over this
I use the second strainer, containing
the 'grounds of the last operation:
: Now hot water is poured into the
upper strainer, and percolates down
into the pot, Carrying, with it all the'
gwdnes_s remaining. in, the grounds,
and the aroma and much of the
emtractire of the fresh ground
coffee. When the water has pEuss.ed
down,l throw away the now useless
contents 'of the upper strainer,' and
ups - et the contents of the lower
strainerinto the pot."
- PREV I ENTING WATER PIPES mini
following plan for
the prevention of the bursting of
water pipes during frosty weather
has been •invented in England. It
`is well known that when water
freezes it expands, and that the
force exerted is so enormous that no
pipe can resist it. This 'invention is
intended to give the water a chance
to expand without bursting the pipe
It attempts this by eecmring in the
...inside of the_ metal pipe a Brice
equal -to the -difference of volume
between water and ice, so that when
tfie- , water freczes it occupies the
- space reserved for it, instead lof
ev.ertipg its force on the pipe and
hfirsting it. This is practically car
ried - out by paccing through tho
water pipe a small- India rubber
tube, especially made for the par
pose, and of mai a diameter that
the space inside it; is a little ,morp
t'ian equal to the increase in vol
t rime of the ice [ The India rnbher
tube is. always kept full of air, , an
that when the water freezes it finds
_ the neicessary pace for 'expansion, 'for
' • compressing the air tube it dis
places the - air and takes its place.
When 'the ice melts the. tube again
expands, becomes filled with air, and
is ready for another frost, and so on
for any nnmher of times without
WAD XI FOOD AN I D TEPID WATEIL-4.
Wilkinson writes to the German
town Telegraph as follows :—I have
I untie numerous careful experiments
'-with feeding cows, when dry, with
- warm food-and by taking the chill
from their water, and have always'
,f?orid it very profitable and ptis
factory. - I formerly • advocated
steamin a- sf alks, straw, and course
hny for cows, but my late expri
ments Ni•ith boiling a, thin slop with
propef proportions of corn meal, or
olk. cake meal and bran, using steam
- cooking it,) and• applying the hot
, slop to, such chopped forage and
allowing it to steep for twelve hours
b6fore feeding, have satisfied , me
that it is much leas t expensive and
more profitable. I have also learned
that it is better to supply the cow
rock salt 'at all times and to put none
in the food nor in the mows. I have
known an excessive quantity of salt
in the food, .which is very „liable to
occur, to canse_such.excessive thirst
that the cow gorged herself with cold
water to that degree thatae did not
recover to a, normal condition for
several weeks. •
How TO MAKE HEICI3 likv.L—Aii ex
change mentions a very_ sucessfal
troilncr of poultry and eggs 'whose.
bens la regularly the year round.
The bens are of various breeds ; and
their ptoflt is credited to the Man
' ter orfeeding, as follows. Not one
parecle.of meat or scraps is given,
and but the veriest trifle of vege
tabl4 food is fed in the shape of new,
, boiled potatoes, about once a week.
abundance i of grain is allowed, of,
variona sorts, ground or unground,
or hut never cobked, and plenty of
unburnfoyster shell 'pounded, are. at
all times accessible. They, have a
1 pailful of skimmed'-milk every day,
so, that they can help themselves to
all,they want, no other drink being
provided., . •
JcLARD7IMILFING Cows.—A dairynien
says, the milking, easy or hard of
cows is franSmitted from mother to
offspring, and even through the bull
tts heifers of his stock; for they will
be easy or hard milkers as his dam
was, unless counteracted by the Cow
he mates with-, in short; this is
hereditary, just the same as good
milking qualities or in respect and to'
quantity and quality of milk
STrrrED CAMIA Mi.—Take a large
r-sli cabbage aud.cat cint the heart,
fill the place with ai stuffing made of
coOked chicken or veal, chopped very
fine and highly seasoned, and roll
into balls with yolk of eggs. Then
tie the cabbage firmly together and
boil in a covered kettle for two hotars
This makes a delicious dish, and*
nseful for using emsll piet:6l of cold
C0100:7 110 S or meow= xDITOIIB :
E. QCTIKLAN, - W. H. Taolescrs,
a.C. Catwrosa, E. L. Err.us,
A. A. K2=tr.
Our School System.
Paper' read by 'E- E. QC'lnten, lorturipel of the
litniagnehanna cod:initiate Institute, before the 'Era&
ford County Teaches' association at its timid see:
Con in Ttriends.
The sehoidu of Peassylvanbi may be readily di.
aided into two couplets—Coneges and meadentive,
!kraal 13de:tots-and Compri Soho*. The former
independent of the Bute to regard to government
and rerenue ; Mel letter chieflyittrerdized Ey the
State and directly under the supervidai6 of. the
school tiorthorities of the . Slate. The former sup
poked by the voluntary cantributions of the people
in:the way of endowments Sad WO= fel*: the la
ter by • direct tax upon the property of 4be Stater:
The former designed to St men for the special a,
cationcof life- to advanei the individual man, sid
'meekly incidentally through.the men ; this-latter to
Alt the citizen to dlicharge the high duty of Olizeti
ship. and In - this Intelligent mercies of this , preroo=
ilia to ward off that sruirebY end =PI
'lnevitably follow the ignorant and irresponsible use
of the band. that each of these Is 4n *spent*.
his unit In Ann economy of our edneational system.
no sane person can deny ; but that two ghould be
entabnabed, fostered and -supported by 'tie - State,
arid the other two not even recognized by : legislative
eniehnent as occupying 'a place in our educational
aystern, is strange, to say the least. Says a prowl-.
newt Penn's educator, .peaking of the Academies
and Seminaries, w Institutions of this kind now et.
feting would enter upon • new and more vigorous
life and new ones would spring up In uzions places,
it, while not encroaching upon ttudr individuality or
denominational predelections. the Shale, , Instead of
frowning upon them.: 'would. publicly. encourage
them as co-workers In the great cause of the atoms
tionfof the people."
:Let me illustrate by referring to a single State ad.
jicent to our rArn. In New Yin* every Academy
and Nigh 13choorintbject to the Regents, receives
dollar from tht State for every dotter raised by indl•
effort for library, and. I think, the same for
apparatus. The name clue of schools receive from
the State a sum of shoat fifteen dollars per scholar
for every student passing the examination prepared
by the Negenta and forwarded to the above schools
tet. the State, thereby not only recognizing the dad
r tinier!, Seminaries, and II gh Schools,:hut at the
Same time placing a premium on high er-holarship
and affording material aid in earning on the good
work in these schools. Nor does she'. stop hers.
Shine a small peicent. of the teachers ever find their
Way to the Normal school, she annually distributes
to the above clams of schools an amountendlcient to
pa, the tuition of twenty teachers for s'Period vary.
fag from fourteen to twenty weeks; thus directly
Siding the common schcrds through the higher, and
really encouraging both.
We now pass to the &rut division of our Sated.
lest in our general remarks we antlelpatethe Second.
Since adrancement In educational facilities hay
elways commenced at oar 'superior schools, or col
leges. and gradually warked:downward 'to Our els
mentary or common schools, I shall endeavor to fol
low the same order in :this poor effort to due=
this great subject. .
let. That an educated people begin' to recognize
the importance of technical schoobt and colleges, Is
seen from the murificent`gifts to such - lasiltutions.
The donations of kle•Zomell, Mr. Pardee, Mr. Var
ier, and scores of others,, and the public recogni
tion which they have received as public benefactor%
ehowponclusively Dow strong -a bold universities
end colleges of high grade have taken upon the per
Ple. Indeed, bow ciM it he otherwise? If we
wish ministers to preach the Gospel 'pits entirety,
to combat the atheistic tendencies of the times, we
intud educate them. If we wish thorough physi
cians rather then'quacka. learned and honest law-
Yens instead of pettifoggers, cultured and disciplined
men in every ?edition, we must edecate. for
ihohld we confine a collegiate 'education to the
learned.puleasions 'above. There ii a crying de-
Mend for skilled, &attested men in tke machine
shop, the workshop, the him; and in 'every other
lawful vocation; and in no place more than fa the
public press of our land, in Veer of the great awl'.
increasingly great influence it exerts upon t'..e pee-..
,Indeed, the efficiency of our academies, nor
mal and elementary instruction, depends In a large
uieunre upon the kind of work done In these rape.
riot schools4enephon, in his model gc:vernment
described in his cyropedia„ opens the civil offices
only to those who have secured a thorough 'educe
lion by - passing through tne room/sire grades of
schools. In Prussia and other nations of continental
'Europe, the civil affairs are open only to those who
have gained * thorough education in the nnivendty
or gymnasia. Although our own fife Republic can
;not limit itself In this particular as can monarchial
. governments without doing violence to the freedom
aft/ Issayrawasampo /111- relohree-, enngnten•
ed public opinion L rapidly discovering that the
thoroughly disciplined minds from our colleges are
those which are filling positions of public trust
with the greatest acceptance. What gives New Eng
land her prominence in the Eaton to-day, but the
influences reziia%ug from her many and excellent
colleges? But yet the 'maned President of Harvard
tells us that the great want of New England to-day
le preparatory schools to All these colleges; I Will
quote his words as an introduction to the second
division of our subject.
" , Acantiar_ri, 03 Secostunr ScnOole.—Theni le
a gap between priniary and secondary instruction in
this country. How shall it be Ailed? 'What is, the
experience of Massachusetts? Her High Schools do
not fill her Cellegea. f_have caused statistics to be
made for years. Men in other institutionittell me
the same. We In Massachtwils' have got through
this experience, and got to something better. Me
are endowing academies, not to take .the place of
the high schools but to suppiemene them. There is
a growing skepticism in Massachusetts as to the
Justice of even - body paylogpr the advanced edema
tion of somebodies' child. The blicksmith, the
mechanic, the weaver. say: 'Why should I pay for
the professional education of the laWyer's or the
minister's son? The community dace not provide
my ion with his forge oriloom. Why should it stip•
ply the tawyer'S son with the tools of his trade? ' I
speak not of the rea sonableness, but of the fact--a
fact which contributes to make our public schools
lets adapted to - At young men forcollege."
President McCosh, of Princeton, speaking of the
same antlect. says: 1. The great educational want of
American the present time is a "juidcianaly scatter
ed body of secondary schools, to carry our bright
est youth from what h e been ao'well commenced
In the primary and may be so- well finished in our
better colleges: How are young men to mount fr - an
the lower to the higher platform? Seery one has
beard of the man who built a Anehonse of two
stories, each large and commodious, brit who neg
lected to put a et:airway between them. It appears
to me a like mistake has been committed in roost of
the States of the Union. - We need a set of interme
diate schools to enable the abler youths of America
to take advantage of the education provided iii our
colleges. The amount of all this is, that there- is a
vast amount of talent lost to the country In bright
boys fitted to do good in the higher Walks of bfe—
in literature, in statesmanship, or in the church,—
hi being obliged to .devote their ilveitto inenistneu.
cupations. I hold that the secondary,schoc.le are
the main means of calling forth talent in every
country." President Tipple, of Ohio; says that not
" one-tenth of mat college students come from the
pubUc schools. They rarely glee classical instruc
tion, except in a few of the They de alit
pretend to. Their work is a different one.' I have
chosen that others than myself ebould discuss this.
the seconddivision oDentesabject„ end those others
the most enlightened educators is oar land. - Did
time permit I might multiply these quotations from
distlegidshed a ources,
Te provision made by most of thetetadas for the
, establiabroant tad supped , of Itinmal Schools. Is
undoubtedly • wise one. While erverilooy of mtg.,
lion and perseverance could work hie war to the
academy, from the academy to the cOPege, and from
the college to • tgh poaltkaa and spiry
. as a
teacher. to the yonnVivomdri a attend
ed with more deeltOg .. blllie' prekthe, of tal
ent was ci,l;',..ottitto kb* individual
and the-Public. In it , the) DeCcosities of ow
schools demanded that the teachers WWI have a
'ovonitaional knowledge of their his non. That
there lea great need - of this there can be no raaaan.
able doubt. Ims as a Matter of fact that Normal
acbools coma far In.ort of Impacting it, is a froth
deserving of our serious enrkeigaration: whey, youn g
men from our wilco*, whose COriC4lll/1n of stagy
Le not prepared with any regard to the 'rein work
of teaching—with little or no experience is tachins.
comm•nd readily from one to two- thousand per
year, while many of those graduating from Normal
schools, whose apec'el work Is (or should be) to pro
ws candidates for teaching. ars ch'igoil to take':
humble places and low salaries, it is time our people
ask for what Li their money being expanded.
Oar County Superintendent says that scarcely -
on‘idrisenth of oar teachers come from our !cr.
mal ecnoslii. and recently be Mated at Troy that the
standard of successful application of many iippli!
cants In at least ottelorraur Normal schools, was lit;
tie if any above the:examinatiou record of those op;
plying for certificates tn way leollitios of our Co.;
and that some were below. Yy own experience with
Normal graduates. as far as it estends• would had
me to a like coracle on. And yet our State ie anon
ally epeading $1,000.000 more or less in 111 or eight
favored loco/rites to do this work that being Cone
as well in cur academies and higher public schools.
and le leaving a large part of our tochers with no
assistanc• to, ltd them in a tmworstioli far thrir
work. Our commercial cottages hies irSis scrag
goal to giving prang sues • theoretical Itaavanks
at business, but they hen dons au tethethas ausenuri
of awns to sitmenttattbs Unit ON Ibsen is s tont
rasit lo Imantsw—lnsitss ci SONO woe% stall, of
isseislissotni seg astute *vial isms S roe
men a Iniedeey gad pentS, oe. Igmeyarligeg Men
toed Oe byOdlittgileMllll4.llirdi •ielltaimegnet ell
'hem - The Mori tenetllllllll
needs ee f or Brod shoots. They epee tab
Untrammelled Illiniiiiiiii is.
streams and anotsinle ilea% or Me et Mllia•-
ties tObkethe rem at het pees of dleelpitne Mg
dig breotkee. DUelgillse et Wed eta 'got be w
eird le s tor Weeks. in elineigkili tvii OM!: be
obi MMI trybruFsomr rasa Weis ' - ",- - ..,
The ides that nottakirs ma be tuna eat randy.
sonde-to two or three teems, is Mae and reisehen
am /leery effpra having this in view itelstrbmitol
to the mum/ o ednottion. , Inadente oils lean
good home advietages be attend moral schools.
with the espeebd on that s kw tenothr attendance
at normal edited VIII Mira that AI State °atilt
and exempt them frame terror eateektatorg by
County Barturierootr, end, yet with seen
higherettette secured eitteibere, to obtain the
came dipir ma li requires long pen of imommtful
teach int. and almost endleme feartalitlea Since
edue-ation is edncerain. and disc phut diecipUns. ao
matter ibere obtained.'out with uy molt Ore*
ism saleat by whiebo rot lure et ewerl
school will, Is the primal sprit, more than cam*
the highest attenosents obtained eleserbees: or a
long and roseate' entwines In another Rate.
Thu let our Brea lid ivory ' Usage who is pre•
paring himselffor his work. ' Let the standard of
graduation be plao -U so high In our normal exbeete.
the drill in the tut of learldng and in timpresaibed
trachea so through. that a Obis diptemm May
maim sometldagg. • That the best poeiticits Stay be
Ailed. not by ootlege.bred men and themes:he have
worked their way up by merit, boot Is s large pert
by those whose education has bees especially pre
paratory to teaching. Ptaally..let the examinations
be open to all who have had a required moor of
**drum. and let the Brats diplomas Implement en
the 'solid hese of merit. When our normal schools
raise the standard of examinations, both entrance
and itivlnstiand devote their best miergies to
their iegi work, leaving elementary. high
school. snitscattenoc watt where it hekmge, then
will our normal schools be a credit to oar cemorms
wraith and sea' lly elevate the standard asthmatics
in our common schools. Then will the prorate*
demand and obtain normal cries in every calmly
to aid ix local teachers and those who wish to pre.
mare for the ncmnel school pour, and thi -Bate
will make such provision for the elementary educe.
tire of these tractor, that morel than two per cent
of the tescberel, of Bradford will be beneetted by the
$15,000 now appropriated to this diattict.
I now vpprotich the fourth ant lest division Of
our subjects, Elementary Schools, the one which I
believe to he tie most important of an. I 'pyre*
this subject reth hesitation. . knowing. however be.
moms my roicticur of whet is the tree policy
of our public Schools, I em liable to inimmiceptkar
In regard to Motive. burins the rebellion. and lbw
few years eutrqunt. ail trod many pan of grog. ,
rem in abe years. Tbe occitemett engeadeted by
that fiery ordeal. caused the warm blood to else&
lir through Lbe body politic with frightfulrapidifi.
We became Ueastorned to meting the public trees.
or need without stint. Railroads. stemushipa. qv
:tetanus! eoli t gee, were ertheid zed. hinalli, it was
proposed to aubeidtze • National tralvandly, and
Vart it fult riged. with one minion per • ••••
tram the peso is traumry to keep its machinery in
order. I h tats to bring my somewhat rage ideas
in collision di this wonder.ul revolution In public
opinion. ' 1 .
l olls drA place, I had that our public
schools shmild be distinctly American . . That
as far as possible they should be in sympathy
with-the genius of our American institutions,
that we shoO not try to ape in every particiu,
lac the system of Prussia or any other despcitie
government! When, in the words of anotber,_,
"in every rule, system and method of its be aitol
ed system ie to be traced the finger ,of an fin-
riotui 'government, resolute to control and
btu all forjnative Instrumentalities of mind
and-character; so that they shall train up its
youth not eel much . to become men uto be
come Prosaism; some to officer the armies, to
hold positiOn of trust and honer; others to
constitute the ignoble rank and Ale in the
mph" and elsewhere. Bather, In the words of
President Elliott, ' , I LA us cling fast to the
German-AMerican method—the old lifessachu
lett§ methodi—of public instruction. The essential
features of that system are local tuns for minimal
elementary instruction. voted by the classes them
selves. local elective beards to spend the money
flied by button and Control the schools, and for
the higher Odes of 'instruction permanent endow.
meats admioldered by Incorporated bolles of
trustees. This le the American voluntary system
in sharp contrast with the milituy, despotic organ
ization of paint Instruction which prevails in
Prussia and other States of Continental Illittrops.
Both having peculiar advantages, the crowning ad
vantage of the American system being thesis breeds
For the earne reason that it• is a curie to any
young man to have a rich, indolgint tither, willing
to supply "Tiny want, who in his tenderness, dra
truss arras 14imial. of thaszona.... a.*
ante. is It destructive to the fon:dancs iof liberty
to teach a people to look to the, government for
further *ld than that which proteds the Individual,
and the Btatektoomth the individual, • The aloud
that the State should give the individual for her
own protertiln4 I will nod now attempt to disci^
but will only lay down the general nib, that further
than the public good deniands, the Etats should
serer help the citizei•to what he can help himself,
especially since in the mead of ednatiot, when
the State attempts to help the few. it is at the ex-
pense of the !many--llitelledrsuy as 'well as Ansa
dilly. Even now the cry comae up from a great
metropolis, ttemplalninr that in the effort to besent
the few, Lop:Uttos Is being done the many in lack of
thorongtuzesis in these branches which the Mats
deems essential. This question. how good and
thorough work may be done, and the bounty of the
State requittil IN a serious on.. In our towns and
villages this 'omit= hes ' been pretty thoroughly
met in moat ' and the pubic are rasping
the benent. a Lln our rural districts much nmtains
to be done long as our rural friends Judge that
an education can be procured for nothing, that
teachers can Sort for a pittenm. Bo long as the ft
moneration remains low, the tear-here attaliments
will be ordinary. No Inducement is held out to
him to make them otherwise. His stay in the busi
ness will be abort; other kinds of employment hold
out greater rellanteges. The responsibility is great;
the labor, If lalthfullypertormed. is equally great.
The pay should be corresponding. ,In a neighbor-
ing county local talent was scarce. The direetars
offered large ;wages, and the promising "youth from.
Bradford and otbir counties poured •in then - until
the demand was raved, and one hundred and
Arty were left unemployed. The cznsseqtdince wu
that the Sup l erinteadent was enabled to select only
those beat qitalilled. A Arrest mistake la made in
the pay of the County Superintendent. Tbs great
interests entrusted to this officer, ahoild demand
the best taieitt in the . county, and the beet pay,
Nor is it possible In a county like Bradford; for any
one man to discharge the duties of the dike setts
ladorilY The closer and mare frequent the in
spection. thii better the schools. The Irish system
is said to lea the best. I quote their method: "First.
there is an Educational Board in Dublin, with two
high clam inspectors, ready to visit any school in
Ireland in which =catty arises. There' Is a head
inspector /leery county, a highly educated man.
paid at a h bee
ees rds than the professors in our
Aizatilcsn and there are trained sub-In
spectors In every district. It Is the business of
each of cosi, anb-inenectors to visit every school fa
his district lead care in the half year . and It pos.
aitde one the quarter, and in doing se to see
that the schdare are property mgaisized to dames;
to examine every class and every pupil. taking down
In his book the designation of every dam and
the name of every pupil, marking tb• Maio as
which niatimase and pupil is, and to have la •
boob for the bonen of Meal managers sad teachers,
his monde of the school, particularly reentionlag
its exadiezdes and defects. When a defect is
pointed out in the organization, or la arrylmitice
lar deputtioSnt, such as arithmetic or grammar, the
taster or local manager Is bound to see it remedi.
ed. 'lf this is not done by the time el his neat visit
the ease Is reported to the board. which Minim pin%
=story emirs, which must be attended to at the
peril of the aslary being withdrawn." And what
may seem strange to us we ere laid that this la
apectlon ts !far from obnoxious to the teachers:
They get meny valuable hints. • Their giesitioa sad
work are not ignored. It moon Bade , the better
teachers end puts them 'ln the way of promotioa..
In concluden, then. = been that in edmetkos as
la religion, one essential Winn to be taught is the
habit of contributing freely of our time " and mesas
is the good_Scat. I believe a want of liberality.' •
desire of getting something without porn( its
equivalent. stands in the way of educational prog-
mu to Bradford coonty. mot Man any one Wag.
There m ay be mead* exceptkout. but as 11 general
th,.... jai what we ply for. Lei ns. then.
Tembera o 7
Bradford, , bavtog Mowed onzselma
well for were. !lithe to it car best energfae. and
then. wanner tanning nor cringing before direetaes.
demand of llama. la a sooner of right oufffbk COS'
permation. ...Ma laborer learostbg of Ida ldre."
A LAXI3I7IIY young man is to-stand
a snit for breach of promise, having
said he would take a young lady to
Barnum's and failed to do it.. .
Tan Chinese labbrers in Cuba ob
ject to being paid in paper. They
say it is , too thin.
GEZAIr minds are easy in prosperi
ty and iriiet in adversity.
Ha who 'serves well. need not be
afraid to ask for hfs wages.
ri4olonss man rides a hats
Suss swsy with ava. ,
4CONI 'V.A.Ig!/M5 t.
are on hand :11largeiillOrtaallg oI
Than say ether establininnent in the
WAGONS AND COWL=
Of 7 ameeption amauf"tared
to order on idiat nohow
%malls. Itirdk 11. lilt
TAYLOR k CO.,
AIM ominui Tun mar, moos no or
GOODS. 7011 111
Our•assortcoest of both Staple sitd lusty Goods
Is slaw etssplsts. snot raving
stspo ld r=so , '
O .II P R . I C E
We gal a - mildest that we cot *Mir
7 3 / 4 :.0 . . . BTO OUR OUBTO •: •
Please give na a call.
TAYLOR k CO.
Towanda Ps.. Ds& $. 12171,
WE INSURE ALL KINDE . ; OF
MAIER LOllll as DAMAGI liT
FIRE AND' LIGHTNING.
V. wend air itily =Hose 010121.
• Old MOM sail Ram Oompsaiss.
nratesume AID pars no= am
MiAL OMANI= a 2111
' 10111111:D MRS.
, ACCIDENT INSURANCE
now Gm my aim
NOBLE .41; VINCENT.
Pal. is Uris
0 meant *rift -
R. it. wiaLics.
Mane. Ph.. -
Melts. Same. NiefA aant ski, at Omit
WHOLIIILLI MID MAIL J)IAL*I AXD
Mots. llsoldasoi Ram tames sot Thslosasso.
WWI Wm; raga Ikrwors Gists Ilsoluiro Sq
Totion. Looprolbis owl lOW Pim. Ctrillantors,
Thlll Woo Ilsos. after Winsaalroisitag 1111 s.
Laos sporsok TA sa gismo aim Maras
Nan anus mom cs sus !onto. !MI ,
sitisital sottsins: So.. so.
amob~ sal dissattptto. Mostiotiol FOAM eh
mom fimillol se =AM tops to 01l tiotionts.
E IrlD cost Da Wes nets to sod foe sttestirs
Mb. 1 ,
ItimeressfasisSUsaita.esit soil us lis.
Israel L IL WILL 1118:
, ndasb" la farm in
1 MMus WO.. Mug 2g sines frost Mrs DOI%
mad a mass from Waved:. Coststas 154 acres. of
*rasa LIS Era Is pus and rats. A data at 25
oars Ms base 41.1 11, sad Mire is hummat
tiablias Ore thsimmborili alms si watts Wear
Dos to the south. WI is wink Won lap& u win
hs maim as& possudos stves tamodisids.
Malin IL D. DIM. Lairs. T.
. ' • I. DU% oaths '
AM OM ',kat JAI. "141. • wer.
/ U s )titiliffit'S NOME.—
to as Olaf .t 1 Leh:, We el Aglaia.
Migiallsil •Is asks .tiamilialle
=6 " 11 4 11: 1 = 1" S lij i r t 4 %IL=
THE BE N
The XllllBlniroo 111501111Mias
tsW4. tato firm as ponswastlribeleoado.
al (OW 11111Elltr: Light rosabig.iroolk.
Delialese. Mid. dumb* ulthpeefatt Lock Elateb.
P a Stuattle leseldrie. irtfli /Mow& Dtv
zaznieroll No. L
Yarblas ! at tgr s year
wm.t wit °C nf . aan an =Kids, on the =Mt
• . •
A Kerlin. for sarragt sad tinily nu
palediasi a li nd very o d rdy wr J k. las' IM%mvrenye,
irk I=lo or wortabop.
GOOD AGENTS WANTED!
seta for etivraars to
821:111NGTON SCWISG . MACBMco, ILIOI
E. saatecerros als BON& _
BEIGNOTOS SEWING IL CO., unto& y;
MIZMIBOTON AO% CO..
281 k 283 Broadway N. Y.. Anna.
Madison Sq.. W. Y., Saving Machine&
Chicago. 237 State St.. B. Itaeldniis and Ants.
Boston. 339 WaahingtonBL. Sawing illachises.
Cinartinatt, 181. ,Weat ath Bt. 8. Machines.
Mica. 129 Genesee St.. towing Machines.
Atlanta. Os.. Dadiatea Opera Howe. Marietta
r Bt.. Sewing Machines
Washltiltoz. 19 C.. 5217th Bt., 8. Iffactilnes.
In 0 A L' ! .13 0 A L •
OLD TOWANDA COAL YARD
PIERCE . 1 / 4 SCOTT
Take &snare in announcing be their friend* and
the m ita, g enerally. that they sis m o w ed So 'W
alsh any of the following named Coals to q uantities
to omit purchasers. thorou g hly screened end slated.
and at as low Islas se at anylard ht Tconmde. We
Bane :othehm beat Coals from the Pittston and Wilkes.
SULLIVAN ANTHRACITE COAL,
All Mmes, from minas in Sullivan County.
BARCLA A 1 (00/I.IITH AND STOVE . .
Prom the old Burlap mines. We are fkile Agents.
We keep on hand the
Bast quality. Alto, ,
COPLAT CEMENT !
Afl orders left at the stores of Load & '
Z. Caiklaa. Norton's. Kirby's Drug Store. or at out
Coal cdceowner of River and Ellisabeth's streets,
will relates prompt attention. Please give Us a MI.
PIRSOL Ws. 80 017
Tomcods. Ps., September 211,1874:
The gamut winter Mein of Oda Institution IrM (Ken
menace MONDAY, January 23. 1375,tw1th the lot
lowing hat of experienced teachers:
EDWIN Z. QUINLAN. Planorm.,
J'Andent Lanstapa, Math and Nauglialt Branches
L. BMUS, A.
11188 itsair & =Baru, paixmirses.
counikon aid Mew taslish.
3116138 YlaY L MASON,
Oonui3on and Insber English. -
,ILLLI!. J. IsQl7llll,
heneb, Dniwing and Pasting.
WEB YEN= 0. 80W123.
Instrumental Mode. •
There will be the customary classifications of
students and such new classes elll be organized as
the needs of students may demand. Among other
studies classes will probably .!emaience Rhetoric,
Physiology and Cheniltdry during the tem.
Especial attention given to the preparation of
young men for business or college.
Regular Instruction In Droving and Vocal Music,
free of charge. Excellent advantages in Lustru
mental Music and Voice culture.
Expenses per term, for board, tuition, fuel, light.
washing, etc., from UT to $53.
The rooms for dormitories have recently been sr.
ranged in suits—sitting.rooms with ateening.rooms
ailjacerit--newly carpeted...lid furnished with new
beatings, the arrangements being all that
ciould be desired for conduit, convenience and
• Tuition for day 'indents from $4 to glimer terni.
For circulars or farther Information, address or
all open the Prlidpal. E. E. QTLELLSS, at To.
For, Preid. Board of Trustees.
TO OUR PATRONS.
GE O. H. WOOD & 00.,
Grateful for the generous patronage of the
past jeer, would inform all • wanting Pictures
that we are still adding to our establishment
NEW AND nipaovir.D
And adopting tried and sprained modes of
printing and retouching In order to secure -
made outside of the cities, and that we make
its specialty to enlarge all kinds of Pictures to
any also desired, and anlsh in Water Oolong
India Ink, or In OD, in the
MT STYLES AND PERT LOW PRIOIDL
We also cadmic'r to . cake all the time posit ,
Ms 111 makhts children, pictures, so as to sa
curs the best results. .
We are cazurtantly siglag to our stock of '
All new patterns' and tasteful styles. *WI tor
-111E11U:tem at a usual advance from cost prices.
Usj i l4, 1873.
AT THZ REST WARD BMW.
MR& MARY E. KITTIUMGE
Raving purchased the stock and fixtures of n. A.
Codes' askerf has refitted the establishment and
parallelled an austral - .
NEW STOCK ,OF GOODS,
Baited to the trade, =eh
Osocnizo. Tsu. pans; Dino PsiTre, Cau
BnoCtrrrs. Itimr.. BOLL. ta t Du .T.
A .it sa4 attractir•
' _ICE CREAM SALOON
Wine opened mn eennectlon with Ms setablish
sunk where ladies and gentlemen can always find
the best cream and other delicacies of tbs session.
TEE DINI,N , G BOOM
Ku been rerarnbitted, and wills* all Umes to.rap
plied witd sabehiatial eatables, laic/tont be sawed
at rsascaable rates. Tamers and others vlsitioa
tows will lad this a toareideat place to sappy the
mats of the laser man.
MARI E. =TWO&
Tomas* April 311. 1414 L
JLAMotice hand* glean that all person. Indebted
to the estate ot Martin Ir; TiogorOcr.
of Moons ,deommaed; mar readasied to
maks tannediate plamtnent. and all memo having
&am whist maid setae nnud !theca
amthentleated for mattlamant. _
114110111 L. Vilna asematorm.
• A. V
A DMINISTRATOWS NOTICE.-
..A Mee fa berabigfien nude persona Indebted
to the etiata of Samna Battey, daaesalmt. fats
of abasbequin Twp,. Bradford Ofs...,are wolowded_
to MU Imataillne payment„vall 01111tniona au'
fag dahlia opium sus astat• mad poloist them
dor sallwailioated far aettlamaat..
lye. Men • • Mal it, ll 156
.wouse is hereby Was that all penal% indebted,
to th e ootato of Jersitdali Skiler, tats of Agiam.:
dm% must make Inunedlate parnent, an 4 all M
ims toistag claims said estate isnot present
boa &fly tor oottloment.
• • • • •
NEW YORE BOOT AHD SHOE
na £1303 aosunrisnomuismaiit
reesiv' big one of the largest and
best stock of BOOTS & SHOES ever
brought in Towanda, which - he is
offmtlg at the Tay lowest prices for
Oash, consisting of aeons Off, Hir
& &TOGA, Bon Caw Boom , Lams,
Mn sas and emummes Shoes of- all
kinds, all bought direct from the
limusfseturers, and hand made, all
mt warrantad. A TOLL nom or
AID Fm etas
Thankful for past favors, I solicit
a °optimism* of the lama
NEW OABRTAGE FACTORY
=awasos to Ida Molds and patrols.
vlyire a..m azutsOlykesp Oa hand tall aooeM
TOP AND OPEN BUGGIES,
IMOTITNG 81:1LACTIlw AND 111132XCORE4
Made of the best material end aidshed In the beet
dty style. Ms long ergotism, In dty Carrlage
restarts. gives him • deoidot advantage over *Mire
of bls Moms.. All Mors &aka Is an
INSPECTION OF KM WORK
AZZ, WORE WARRANTED TO GIVE PERFECT
Thanttal for the Mani patrons., lornserly ex
tended and tiepactteltr ask a ecogannance of the
TO'Wanda. Jan. 11. IrM.—tt
FOUNDF;BY & MACHINE SHOP.
cbe undandgued haring purchased the Foundry
and Maetam bop lately owed by John Darman.
are prepared to do all kinde °. work appertaining to
their %maims,. with ProzaPille 4 a and-disPitrl6
OIRCRLAR SAW MILLS:,
Of the Watt sad most Improved kind. manufectared
and kept =WNW" oa baud ready for nee.
CULTIVATORS, CORN PLOUGHS
Os an buds. and the latest ltnprimenents kept
constinUy on hand. .
FILM AND SLEIGH SHOES,
BLOOD & CO.,
sun =throe o mannfictare their celebrated
HOBSE POWPBS & = mum,
ad Will sell I better machine, fo; lees money than
an be bad elsewhere in the world. We obi= for
oar machines that they will do as mock or more,
thin any other. end are acre durably bunt. we
pereenelly seperbeetea our work end see that It is
well down. We will send '
of ear noddnee, on allfastiftl,
ONE AND TWO HORSE POWERS ;
One! Ago Hort* 179t1ESHIL7t r smiaroas.
„ - nrisimsa Gila c.r.twoluzs.
maocatie Ain Imo saw =Lk
SAW MID MUST ME LL wort done l to order.
Give tie a call before purchasing elsewhere.
'Pd `DO auoactiva Vialuv
`do o v aOO 'I
Au. A 1861,
EN lOWA AND NEBRASKA,
For axle by
Taz suurNoroNa, IHSSOUBI RIVER R. B. Co
On 10 years' credit at 6 pee cent. Interest.
One million acres hl lowa and Sonthent Nebiaska.
The finest country in the world to combine turn.
tug and Mock raising. The soil is rich and easily
'inalthsted; climate warm; seasons long; taxes low,
end education Ms. No payments requited on grin.
dial till dith year, sad then only onasetenth each
Isar until maid.
- LIND ILEPLODINO Twarrs •
sold as important stations on the Chicago, Ewan&
ten and faults, Dail Road, and cost of same re.
tanSed when land I. bought. •
Half ihre to families of purchasers. Ind low
freights on household goods and farm stoat. •
Wr=n n a t t i Wend= to eultirattoe.
for cian within one, two and
Product' trill pact for lend improrements long be
tore the tolacipai becomes due. •
• " Ttm InmeW destitution in Nehreatm lies in the
ter western region. beyondtbe lends of the B. is
' toretroulare that , VD describe My these lands,
and the teems of Mb. app to /AND CONNIN.,
aIoNEN,„ Darlington, lowa, for lowa Lands, or WI.,
cola, Nob., for Nebraska lam% or apply to
A. J. NOBLE & Co.,
Lve,111.74-tra. - Tairanda, pa.
1.4 to hereby $f that all Indobtol to
the estate of Thoodatr San, Its of Tuscarora,
and deed, aro requested to soaks Immallats I,
persona having dame NOM . estate,
must mons then dal/ authostuaatol to: catty.
arid. WU. 11. HALL.
Climmite this new Jait
E3lOl 01BILLM1111 FACITOILL
Finish, Style and EhArability
HILL IRO .N S
BLADE TO OHOWL
:QM ea DAB t 4 VA at
And all work warranted to ere aatiaticiton.
PLOUGH I S.
LBOX AND WOODEN BEAMS
or an kind&
LARGZ AND SMALL SIZI.
UWE IRON Lerma
I And all kinds of castings furnished to
XECNR k ROCKWELL.
1 1 141170
Idoo -- ABR I EDWARDS,
Wboireio sad RsW/ 'Was to
3030171111 taw =oar. TCrffiltDa. PPA.
w. do sot as It amass* ts sassorsto on taa
altsrest setlthis skas,. (taz sesoettesst ts
t'l. :ss)' I
We sell Rondos bat
FIRST CLASS GOODS.
Odott pea for Pumas ibisoftes.
Kink 1.1/70. WIL EDWAEDIt.
NEW STEAM FLOIIItING KILL
TM =base* &atm to givo node* that 64 aim
STEAM FLOTRING Diaz
DIM in norearafal °parades. and that bi la pro.
pared to do ad work in ida line on abort notion. ,
ri144i8)!(:):114.1t.i(110:5).4 ta).3l.4:liljr.Vt •Jnj
TEAT. IT 18 8.0:11//nP.
Must. Backwhast and Bye Rau, Corn Meal,
Nod. Bean.• &e-. slims an band Ind for sale at
Wart a -
parnourAl icaries:•..Persois things on the
west side of the sins desiring to patronize lay null,
sill bars their feeryage paid both wars, abort they
hews grists of ton bushais and upwards.
apLeti P. E ATER&
C B. PATCH,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
GROCERIES AND PROVISION%
The beit brends of
ALWAYS. ON RAND.
The highest price paid for all kinds of
COUNTRY P`RO DUCE,
BUTTER,. POULTRY AND GAKE,
Especial attention paid to Ailing orders, Goode
delivered free of charge anywhere in the Borough.
C. B. PATCH.'
Twist:ids. Jan 14. MU
BARGAINS IN STOVESI_ .
IRON min NAILS,
&e., ste., &c., &e.,
Given to all parehasers for Cash, at
H„T. JUNE'S - •
lirAn. 17. !19. •
AND SILVER WARE!
'Dealer In fine Americanand Swiss
GOLD AND SILVER WATCHES,
STERLING SIL V E:R,
SILVER PLATED WARE;
?BOY THE CHEAPEST TO THE '
GOLD. SILVER. AND STEEL
SPECTACLES A-ND EYE GLASSES.
One door North of Dr. H. C. Por
ter & Son's Drug Store, Main Street'
Towanda, Jut. e, 187$
N ORTHERN CENTRAL RAIL.
WhY.—Direct rout* North Id _South to Bat.
Untrue. WuMasten. Philadelphia aid all point.
&with.; also to sutra% Niagara Palle. Ktuipanakna
Mdse. Roetteanw, Syracuse and all points Nast
and Wed on the New Trak °antral Railroad. and
the Canada.. ea- Oa and altar Sunday. Nor. 93.
OM trains will leave ELMULt as follows :
Northern Ennuis. f
eclaibmi / 1 ./ 4 , 11 . 08 pa
I U east
mi. Northern lisprese meth and lonthent Ix
wee eon% sze Unruh helms between Iteeheetar
aid patuatora ; the Nersher sad lumina aOOOlll.
Jai:dation see* mom M Oanandalipui with tabu
Iliathatair enit the Pella
.. 10 20 pm
•12 00 m
?". 655 pm
pumas roa az,
104419 4 .14');.M; 41
aumalsatly frouldog. is MIPS** Ile Ida kip
easi el Jorge,. - ,
!Mk (*OLD MI6
a 4 t 1 M,
ti,.,u,, :t•,• ~.7J
GOLD miD SILn!:E, WATCHES,
GOLD, Avis ix* erzEr, ISPID7TACLER,
SILVER um PLATED
BING 3 Asp MUMS.
Of an deeeryttme et the Unreel
WATCH. CtOCT. and TZWZLET repel/leg dame
is the beet =seiner, and loscritated.
Moak@ f r.llDcral palzonNr• sadjhopita merit
a eoutisnaseie of the nom
Tomas's. in. 12, '73.
0, AL BLACK
CROCKERY OF VARIOUS PAT
And se low u the lowest
° TABLE CUTLERY,
SEINER PLATED WARE,
I would say to - tha public that on any goods kept
stock I will not oci niadersold.l
Towiada. Feb .19. 1874.
TIT A. CHAMBERLAIN,
p I A 'At 0 D S
. FINE JEWELRY, •
WATCHES AND CLOCKS,
Jane 2. 1874-
SELLING . OFF AT COST !
500 Men Lind , Boys
CAN SECURE GREAT BARGAINS
GENTS' FURNISHING GOADS
AT JULIUS OLF'S CLOTHL'ig 110113 E,
Cor.latainAnd Pine 'Ste.,
(Ono door Sop!.h of tor.' Porteee,Drn Store,)
It will pay yon, o come 50 miles
to bay: a supply of Winter Clothing
at the prices we shall offer it at.
YOU WILL SAVE MONEY
by examining our goods before pnr
Tolma*, Deo. t 16*
HENRY KINGSBITRY'S LIMES
,110134&S, No. 2, ARCADE
....AL two,. ton - -
4: 4 47 doitestd HOIIBE. LOT. BARN. act. for
Lin LOMB AND'SVELDIitGEI lizastoiras.
Located *a NEM leiitn eine; Towanda., Pa. Tor
fort or Iportkoduit enquiri of the Tudor nod.
r7Braccv a (,30B13:
Lam zing% izaw "an
COOATED riz r a ro maas, WO, 11711:M3,
DYE MIFFS, 1111:4410ti .ques
sr= ammo allogsmozoolor,
PURE VIM AND` LIQUORS
TOBACCO SNUFF Clailf3
POPULAR PATENT YEDICIIN'ES
TOILET. AND PANT 000bs:
Mere then' the swag can tad Stitifitint gives le
CteePeffeldbet ef Pmeartpflous Opaw lbeadfcre
from e'ekek,s.m.to-1 pat. DINES pus. toT pal
Dr. sliftztmosa be eoesalted et. Ule 11611211 se Oft
ardai of efth week. 11.4 Iterstaorai.
w. a. so=nar,
Towanda, itiy 7. lint
FEST NATIONAL BANK
Omura ; .$125,000. '
Stran.us Ft= 40,000.
, This BMA Offers VNUIIGAI 40111M3111 tor Ike
tzsranctios of s ' , •
GENERAL BAX 1E1 4 70 RUSENZILS
trizEuma. AID %MOGI= T
SPZ/SAL CASeGITICS SO Zia COUP Ras M IMO
Parties nisbins to - ssin Nom to any part at lie
United States. IMsdeed. Ireland. Booths& or Os peia
(Apia ettiee and towns of Europe; ma km preens*
drafts for that purpose.
; ; 1
, • t
To or fr om the old ktustry. by sat steams •ee sat F
big Innis. "brays on hand.
Into_ mss nitoptice aims kt altiscom
Higiat Price paid for U.. 3 X 440, Geld and Wee
Jos. pOWELL, PrsaideaL N. N. , DEM 7s
December 1. 1869. , rkluer.
is reapeethally informed that the Book•Binteri,
. been removed ter the ..Beportee!, Building;. third eta. where .will be done : t
1: , . , • .
In a ll its various branches, on tennis as reaansaile
as ..thi times" will allow. Tho Itindari writ be na y
der the charge of • I .
An esperienced Bin dm., and all work win be promptly
done in a 'style and manner which anutot be escallst.
Music, idaguines, Newsmen", Old Book*,
bound in every variety of style, Partictdm
Lion will he paid to trio Bailing and Binding of
To any 'desired pattern, which in quality gal drea.` .
billty witl be warranted.
All work will be ready for delivery wrier' promised;
The patronage of the public .14 scanted, and pee,
fact satisfaction g - aaramteed.l
Towanda,. August 2. 1245&—t1
0. A. BLACK.
In order to make rooks for the LA.ROIIII2
AEST stock of
Ever opened in this market, for the
REGARDLESS OF CO
It is nostecessary for me to say that roy goods ais
And are'only ofreted et greatlyiedneed prices rath
er than ferry them over to next season. it_
Towanda; Jnly 29; 1674
PLACE TO BUY YOUR
;: N 3 AND HOME I'NESAL4
Ia at C. TKYTONII, in the store lately oecapirti n
by Jc iss Vold as a' Clothing Store. Raring it.
a Cr*Po agr - -, tabliabinent to more otanincslioas isd
matters I r•speceully Invite mY oid
ett_ t m • 4, •id an fn want of ;Within is the / 113 . 6t
HAI4EB3,,SADDLID3, NETS, ILANEETB, watx
&a., he., to give ma feeding satisfied that fries
the fecilitiea.l possess -for purchasing stock.l on
do a hotter job, at a lower pries, than an other es.
tablfahmont in the county. •
DO Nti roßarr THE PLAOE DOOR BF
LOW T4IE. FOX & =sutra 8 CORY. ,
' May 2 1 . O. P. DAITON.,
,pYOU ynsll TO BUY
. . ,
BrIELLIPROPEETT,, or it you'r. ish to lend or borrtiw
money on Real Estate or other security for a shod.
term r& term of years, or it you vial
ItrEN-TS OF HO USES,
Or tth 't ProPert7 collected and paid, we oSer sti •
p , GO. 'ect4tlee for the prompt .tratuttruoo of rata
De , 2111 4. ,
, • 41Ye DOW I tin* list of wesperty for tee, and
ib• DO liek4te .
LL-: ESTATE Etsi7ESTMESTS
In either town or rOrtnq, ilriddo wail to call on Or
r ' ,
4. 4. NOBLE k CO..
Real East* Ind Loan Aroma.
Mon MOW street, opaoatto *nit Boobs. Ib.
wands: ria," I ' -
81Q W. .tvil. -
At the rite this work 'snow selling, it will lin'
NE 4IINDRE.D THOUSAND
Copies botch* the canvass; is complete. Pm:byte
eon mittsters without chat e . of those to ill heilth
who wish to regain it by 'open air exercises, teach
ers, students, laymen, and othsrs libO desire to ot: , -
tainJnoratt•re employment In • most respestsMe oe•
cupatloh, are solicited to ant, for an agency to Belt
.orrus •Itimost or sus' Vitunirrimiks cur sot
I t TITUOU6R9DT Tali iyosts,b.7
A botgtjiul large octavo ,tralume. illastrateclfut .
steel and wool slittrayinesswbl.:ll every,Pret .
tangly *ill! want to pons's. appMtton
dusty* Winery. etc., should be made at ones.
Adtnige ,VJI WITI Q. WM TA eo., ilru'
oD Sl' ,
L 7 %Imam ions "ma.
DRUG G I T 8 1
for Nediedital lisposs.
Asa s pine Asecniatist of
H. C. warrarea,'
NEXT SIXTY - DAYS
OFF'EIt MY sum3rEs CLOPELIIO
HOUSES, nilitS, LOTS OR;