Newspaper Page Text
Timms or rOIItICVTION.
•• Tastuusaross. 'ILEIOSSEs p .. siblishol
Th.. rasing 17S. *mow pis
Do.. pert pi s
Do la all_ ems smeasslss et subscdr.
tiVo n , r Ona c r icit i . • • •
Inserted *I susums corrs par
• ti n aims pas Wars
L NOTICES, lams owe as mew 1•111se.
sons • Sas
sOvENTUMNTS will be inserted 1000t&D‘ to
t following table of rates:
2m, I ,Illa Itat I Ire
lw I Mr
tlitt - ij 01.501 11.00 1 LOO 1 11.00.1 MO 1 5 15
1.001 5.001 8.00110.00 115.00 MOO
. the" I
100 8.50 I 1(00 I 111.25 I WOO 11100
50T11.00 I MOO I 22A0 10.00 IMOD
, • limn I
Cpitrain I /0.00 I 201 1 0 30.3)0 I ate IGLOO I WOO
Olumn 20.001 40..1)0I 4040 I 80.001 $lOO $llO
' Administrator% iwid teseuttiesihstken, SI; guide
t wit Nona.. 11 50 ; Business Canis, am linen. wee
y $5, additional UMW each.
Sealy advertisers medalled to quarteitychanges.
Tr:o2l6mA stiverttreinceteimibe paid ftri/11 adeansee.
, 1 01 Renolutlons of kaileadota t Cannatidationti
of ignited or Ludividual Intearsia and makes of 'Her
r:thee and loathe. waxvidiag five lima. gimbaled
TRI criers per line.
The Raworrin twang a larger eirculatiai than all
ttA vipers in the county combined. mans it the best
iertidns medlam in Northern ANDIWIEda M
.10A PRI a . if Horevery Wait as and ay
e doldi with neatnessanddl lP nkis. Madan..
BIWA'. Cards. Thinsphlsgs,slMhenft fltdesswatg.ko.
or e , ery variety and style. printed at ths shortest
Tb• Timor= Once well supplied with
Poker Presses. good assortment or new type. with
etklthirtit the ranting line cm be executed lin
• he most addle 1112/212er and at the lowest raga.
W . WALLACE REELER,
UOUIL 111.GN AND FRESCO PAINTER,.
Tosimds. 9ept. l llS. 18764?
n A.Y,HUDDFILL & SANDEBSON
1-" T Inners art 4 Ffirrpero of tie
s i rttivioir ANTITRACITE COAIL,
mir.lil • . . Towandii, Pa._
ACH. MORGAN, dealer in Real
Iry Estate. lots tr. ra $lOO upwards. Office over
the liato B. S. Russell k Co.'s Banking Nouse.
T 1 W. D 111740013.; Dealer „iit all
IJo kinds of Rooting Slates. Towanda.' Pa. MI
cr6ra for Booting promptly atleudeel to. Particular
rttciit;on ci*en to C.ottage and Proud' Roofing.
kiT/ORESS.Try Mrs. FEssen
work 'and prices. .Shop In Ant etlerw
between Ward 1:10nge and Bakeri. oppowlte
1.041-Offtee. Towands'Oct. 22. 11471.—Cniqp
• FOWLER. REAL ESTATE R* DEALER, Wo. 218 Smith Water Street. Ctd
raro, Illinole. - eel Estate purchased and wild. In
vestments ma eand Money loaned.
May 10,'70. •
Base .POwELTA, SON. k CO.
, haw , leasAl the 'Barber Frhop ow. door west of
Ihr Hanse, and -respectfully ask a idiare - of
public patronage. } t • inar.2ol2
0. HUFF', AUCTIONEER,
•• M cbeerrally atten4 all Wes of real estate
and personal property. All'oniers by mail or other
wiFe will hemromotly attended to In any partrof the
erninty; Post-office Ad.:lmm fitandlng Stone eta
31vi rfnnm. Bradford Pa. inar.2o'l.2
GAYLORD BROS., General >Fire
and We Insurance Agency. Policies covering
lo.a and damage caused by liglitningl' 4-n Wyoming.
and other reliable companion, istabont additional
charges. IT. E. GAYLORD,
Wyalosing. May 23, .71. ' S. C. GAYLORD.
TORN DUNFEE, 8L...4CK53f1771,
NIONROETON. PA.; pays particular attention to
ironing Buggies, Wagons. 'ffleighs. /he. Tire set and
repairing done on short notice. Work, and charges
guaranteed satisfactory. 12,15,69.
A3IOS - PENNYPACKETI, HAS
' , Wain established himself in the TAILORING
sn;FsS. Shop over Rockwell's Store. Work of
'very description done in the latest styles.
Towanda, April 21, 1870.—tf
ERAYSVILLE WOOLEN MILL
The undersigned would respectfully announce to
the,pnblie that he keeps constantly on hand Woolen
r'loths. Cmsimeres. Flannels. Yarns, and all kinds at
whOlosale and retail. HAIGII k BROAGLET.
S. D. TIIOIII'SuN, Prol‘r
19.,u,but4 at the Depot free for t`le lion ?I ,
ttrcb G. 1g72-Gm
INSURANCE AGENC Y,
y 23 70- tt
tir, UNDERSIGNED ARGEII.-
TECT AND BUILDER. wibbeA to inform the
VLF of Towanda and vicinity. that be will give
:cular attention to drawing plsns, designs and
itications for all manner of buildings, private
public. Superintendence given for reasonable
pensation. °dice at residence N. E. corner of
l ud and Elizabethstreds.
J. F.. FLEMMING.
Lox Sri. Towanda. Pa.
EW PARLOR OF FASHION.
CFI - ZING, • •
SE.Y.II.PGIINti, .and HAIR DYEING
in the Latest Style. Also particular pains
'l4 in Cutting Ladies' and Children's Hair, sham
ng. Curling and Frizzing.
to GAESAIYAY S LINCLICOME, cAer the
, onal Hotel; Main Street. Towanda, I'a.
ch 6, 1872. _
1 . ?
' IF •
'EAL. - EST:STE, LITE, FIRE, k AECIDn'T
ilfue, corner of Main :ma State Street'',
QASH DOORS, AND BLINDS.
am prepared to furnish Elln-dried 'Doors, Sun
atT3linds of any style. 'size, or tlaleltness. on abort
not ee. Band in your orders. ten days before you
want to use the articles, and be sure that you will
get doors that will not shrink or swell. Terme cub
T wands. July 0. 1871. GEO. P. CASIL
• YTO,N & BROTH-ER,
WOOL, HIDES, PELTS, CALF
For laliich the bigliest cash price to paid at all tithes.
Mee in SE E. Roscufleld'a Store,,lain-at.,
6.1 A. DAYTON,
1. E. narron.l nor.la.'7o TerWANDA . PA.
THE ILNDERSIGSED HAVE.
i. opeoed a Banking House in Towanda, tinderthe
name of O. F. MASON , k COI
They are prepared to draw/Bills of Exchange. and
make collections in New Yotk, 111Welplaia, and all
portions of the United States. as also England. Ger
unui‘*. and France. To Mit:money. reoetre deposits,
eni Ito do a generall3,alikint business.
G.' F. Mason was one 4 t elate Arm of Laporte,
Mason A: Co., orFoa-anda, Pa., and his knowledge of
he business men of Bradford and adjoining counties
In lbaving been In the banking business for about
rift elm sears, maks tills house a desirable ono through
ichilli to mate collections. G. F. MASON,
T. 1 wands, Oct. 1,48C,11. _ ' A. G. MAWS.
X' EWFIR 31!
\'Ell' GOODS, LOW PPICES!
TRACY & HOL.LON,
• Dealers In Groceries and Provisions. Drags
and Medicines, Reroasne Oil, Lamps, Chimneys.
Sta ica,'Dye Stuffs. Paints. Oils. Varnish, Yqnkee Ro
tor,. Tobacco, Cigars and Snuff. pure Wines and
Llvicita. /if the beet quality, for nfedicinal purposes
euly,' All Gouda sold at the very lowest prices. Pre-
It..rll+tions carefully compounded at-all hours of the'
,:zyrzni rlrht. Give us a call.
TRACY & ROLLO'S.
- "t: ,tr June 24.
REAP PASSAGE FROM OR TO
lIIELA.ND OR ENGLAND.
a LINE or STEASMIIIPS FHOX OR. TO
QrElnigTOW'S OR LIVERPOOL.
Union's old .• Black Star Lino" of LIT.
.)i Packets, sidling every week.
:wilw.tall Line of Packets from or to London,
r•R twice. a month.
— .ll:teanoe9 to•lin ß walyd, Ireland Ind Scotland pay
;r rnrtUer particulars. apply to Willlaras & Onion,
roadway, New York, or
G. F. SLASON & C 41., Bankers,
gHARLES F. DAYTON,
• successor to Humphrey' Bros"
ii.lllN ‘- ES"g ,MAKER,
Our Moody's Store.
. on hand s' full assortment of DOUBLE aid
bI OLE tialll la. and all other goods Is Idadlno
. I, Puring and coanufacturtng done to order. •
Ganda, ka.,^nat 23, Mt.
:.T 4 . c oas,
Ilas removal His
MPLE OF .FASHION
. - 0 2 Patton's Block, Mna street, emend door
stun. Bridge street, . •
can atxay7 bo fotto4 s compile:in Mock of
EN'S AND BOYS' CLOTHING,
HATS AX D. CAPS..
goods wirriated, sna cola at the lowest rates.
18 tl. •
S. W. Air...vcolEtn, Publisher.
:MVO:MOS ST Law, Tome% Pa.
1110111i1NRI Y PEET, ATTORNEY AT
J.l. Lim. ?animas. Pa inns Tr.
FoyriE, ATTORNEY AT
LAW, Towanda,- P... 011144 with Ellumut
Smith, south side XereeteaSkick. April 14, 70
SMITH k MONTANYE, ATTO
inns AT Irv. Olitoe—cerner or Wan and
Pine Streets, opposite Parties Dreg Store.
TIE. FL WESTON, DENTIST.-
Siam In Patlon's Mock. aver eon Jan 1. s
DR. T. B. JOHNSON, PIYBICIAN AND
Srucisos. once Over Dr. R. C. Potter Bon
& Co..' Drug Store.
DR. C. K.. LADD, PHYSICIAN
and Burgeon, Towanda, Pa. Office one door
north of Day. Sudden a fiandervoe's coal Mee.
. ATTORNEY AT LAW, TOWANDA. -
South side of Nercuee New Block.,up stairs.
April 21, '7O—U.
TI B. McKEA N,. A ORNEY
■ AND COMIZITAn AT L►w. Towanda. Ps. Par.
litciihir attention paid to business in the Orphans'
Mind. ..Ittly 20. 'BB.
WELL! & STANLEY, Dmins.
Office over Wickham k Black's Store r Towan
da. Pa. Gas for crtractios teeth.
W. B. KELLY. linar.2ol2J C. N. fkrawrar.
vir H. CARNOCHAIS ATTOR
• wzr AT Law (fiistrlet Attorney for Brad
remitted. rd7), Troy, Pa. Collectlons made b
T &D. C. DElvir.V, Attorzievjg-(il
e, • Law, Towanda. Pc. basing fortnad a oa-Pizt
nership, tender their professional vendee, to the
public. Special attention given to EVERY DEPART.
KENT of the business, at the county sett or else?
D. CLINTON DzWITT.
TocesNns, Ps.. Dec. 12, 1870.
JOHN N. CALIFF, ATTORNEY
Xi Law. Towanda, Pa. PlUtiCtillir attention giv.
en to Orphans' Court biusinesa. Conveyancing and
Collections. VP °Mee in Wood's new block, south
of the First National-Bank, up stairs.
Feb. 1. 1871.
H. WARNER, Physician and
C• Surgeon, Leßayarille, Bradford Co.. Pa. All
calls promptly attended to. Orncit first door south
of Leltaysville Hance.
Sept. 15, 1870.-yr
gres AT LAW, Towanda, Pa., having entered
Into copartnership. offer their professional services
to the public. Special attention given to business
in the Orphan's and Register's Courts. apll4'7o
E. OVERTON. N. C. LIAM=
ATERCUR & DAMES, A.TTOR
IF a_ wria at Law. Towanda. Pa. The tmderaigned
having associated themselves together in the practice
of Law, offer their professional services to the public.
ULYSSES IlEftetit. W. T. DAVIES.
'March 9. 1870.
& B. M. PECK'S LAW
v • OFFICE.
.trr6 opi)oalte trie . Court Eiouee. To - .cuala. Pa.
AA. KEENEY, COUNTY SU
• PERTNTEISPENT, Towanda, Pa. Office with
B. M. Peek, second door below the Ward Holum.
Will be at the al& the last Saturday of each month
and at all other timea when not called away on boat
nese connected with the Snperitendency. All letters
should hereafter be addressed as - above. dec.1.70
DR. J. W. LYMN, -
PIiTTCICLAN AND firriptcrs.
021ce one door cart of Reporter building Res
deuce. corner Pine end 2nd street.
Towanda. dune 22. 1871.
JOHN W. 31:Et; ATTORNEY AT
LAW, Towanda. Bradford Co., P.
GMCIatAL nzsIMANCE AD T.
Particular attention paid to Collections and Orphans'
Court business. o.llce-3ferctu's New Block, north
side Public Square. spr. 1. 'O.
DOCTOR 0. LEWIS, A GRADII
ate of the College of ..Physicians and Surgeons."
New York city, Class 1813-IL, giros exclusive attention
to the practice of his profession. Office and residence
on the e4.•stcrn dope of Orwell nil% adjoining Henry
DR. D. D. SMITH, Dentlgt, has
prchased G. H. Mood's property, bet Ween
Ilercur's Block and the Elwell House, where he has
located hil office. Teeth extracted without pain by
nee of pas. • ' Towand., Oct-Ro;lB7o.—yr.
IN CONNECTION WITH THE lIAXEBT,
Near the Court House.
We are prepared to feed the tinny,* at all times of
the day and evening. Oysters and Ice Cream in
their seasons. •
March 30. 1870. D. W. SCOTT fr. CO.
prawELL HOUSE, TOIVANDA;
- JOHN C. WILSON
Having ear this House. Is haw ready to accommo
date the I.r . 4elling public. No pains nor expense will
be spared to glee satisfactlon.to those who May give
him a call.
CT North side of the public square, east of lifer-
cut's new block.
RIDIILERITELD CREEK )10-
!laving purchased and thoroughly refitted this old
and well-known stand, formerly kept by Sheriff 'atil
t*, at the mouth of raimmerfield Creek. is ready to
give good accommodations and satisfactory treatment
to all who may favor him with a call.
Doe. 23, 868-41
I\TEA.NS HOUSE, • TOWANDA, -
COIL SIAM AND =nun sTX.F.Erg.
The Tforses, names& .!:c. of all guests of this
house, insured against loss by Fire, without any ex
A superior quality of 014 English Ra.sa Ale, just
received. T. R. JORDAN,
Towanda, Jan. 24.'71. Proprietor.
BRADFORD HOTEL, •
TOWANDA. PA. •
The subscriber havitig leased and lately fitted up
the above Hotel, lately kept by him as a saloon and
boarding house, on the south aide of BRIDGE
'STUMP, next to the rall-road, is now prepared to
ententain the public with good &cumulations on mu.
&enable charges. 1 4 70 trouble or expense will be
spared to acommodate those calling on him. His
bar will be furnished with choice brands of Cigars,
Liquors. Ales, &c.
Gocst &tabling attached. WM. REFRY.
Towanda. June 1,187L0t 1 May 72 Proprietor.
W A R,D li CYL" SE ,
BRADFORD COVV. TT, PMNICA.
This popular bowie, recently leased by Messrs.
ifoon t Wawa, and haringbeen completely refitted.
remodeled, and refurnished, affords to the public
all the comforts and modern cc atens of a first
class Hotel . Situate opposite the Park on %lain
Street. it is eminently masonic t for persons TWA
lug Towanda. either for plc/wader loudness.
sep6ll KOOS & KELM. Proprietors.
W. W. 111i0V15ING, PROMICIOIL
This House is conducted in strictly Temperance
Principles. Every effort will be made to make
guests comfortable. Good rooms and the table will
always be supplied with' the best the market af
fords. Nor. 1, 1871.
N ENV FIRM
AND NEW GOObS! _
THOS. IVII.TIFL St Co.
respectitar announce to the public in general, that
they line opened a large and choice stock of '
GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS
Ia the store formerly occupied by John lterideth,
comer Win and nardilin streets,- Towands,.which
they will sell ag cheap u the cheapest tar
Yon will always and Tow Idiom= Item hut as
happy u cur, to wait upon all old easterners and as
many new ones as will firror them with a call.
71102. zirrta. / THOS. Mtita t OG.
Taos. 31:11411:1311. /
0 K E!
The 'BEM most DESIRABLE._ and most ECO
1401 W SL "PEEL for aglow imsrattsdoring sum
m&. roc Ws by the
Twelve 'ends pee bau St gee Pim Ibeefe. er*&
.(''.--- ' , i - :•:- .
-7. (........ I ,
; I :, I 1 • • .
I ) .: V 1 1 ''.•'-, .
A VIM TO TUE . OBATZTARD.
DY souls scnrum.
Airedioiaately Dedicated to My Mothe•.' ;
To-day I wandered to the spot
Where seven slabs appear,- •
Which mark the Anal resting place
Of friends to ns most dear.
Arida* beside the lowly bed
I stood in mem'sy's gleam,
The present faded into sleep,
The past into a dream.
Again within the dear old home
I met those loved ones there, ,e
Who've slept so long beneath the sod,
Unconscious of a care.
Again viitb brothers, sisters, dear,
1 frolicked free from care ;
A loving father, gone before,
• Was vvith yes, happy, there.
Again we made the old, old horn; ,
All jubilaut with song,
And hours that 'pass so slow and drew,
Were no more dull and long.
But oh how quick those cherished scenes ] ,
Were withered; passed, and gone ;
For soon, too soon, beside their grave
I found myself alone.
[ror the Itt:porrrn]
A TRIP ACROSS THE WATER.
"HO was not of an Age, but for all Time,
And all the Muses still were in their prime,
When like Apollo, he came forth to warm .
Onr ears, or like a Mercury, to charm.
Nature, herself, was proud of his designs,
And joy'd to wear the dressing of his lines."
Jon on on Shakspea re.
(EuRAT.s..—No. NISI. Ai connected with
Brund,xead TuAltits TuNsi.r...instead of Thom
as Tunnel. The iron bridge across MenaiStriuts
was built, not by Geo. Eitevent,on as stated, bat
by his son Robert.] .
Warwickshire i 3 nearly the geo
graphical centre of England, and lies
about midway between its great com
mercial cities, Liverpool and London.
Few if any of the fifty or more coun
ties into which the Kingdom is divid
ed, present to the traveler more of
interest within their borders, than
this famous old Shire, which gave its
name to a proud and powerful line
of Earls, among whom was Gaey or
Watwicz, whose well known boast it
was that ho could make or unmake
England's Kings at hia pleasure. The
great manufacturing city of Birming
ham is on its borders, and among
other points of interest within them,
are the old historic towns of Coven
try, Warwick' and Banbury,— the
Castle of Warwick with it lovely
surroundings and treasures of art-
Newstead Abbey, the home of Byron
—the stately ruins of Kenelwortli+
Leamington Spa, and STILMOILD LI
ON AVON, the birthplace of Shak- .
speare;-all within easy4ccess of each
other, and of the great central lino of
thoroughfare. Over this I passed, in
a sufficiently rapid and uninteresting
way, from Liverpool to London, in
July; but on my return, some three
months subsequently; I resolved to
digress for the sake of observation ;
and some of the results may perhaps
as well here be inflicted upon the
It was on a tine October morning,
that I left London by an early- train
upon the Great Western. The curse
of greatness is said to be isolation:
so he who enters a first-class c.►rriage
on a British railway must often ride
alone. As we swept onward at a fu-
rious rate, I concluded to make the
most of the 'situation by considering
the train a special one for my own
accommodation; not by any means a
difficult fancy, as its other inmates
were almost wholly out of sight and
hearing, and but one or two brief
stoppages made for the 80 miles to
Rugby, in Warwickshire, my propos
ed point of digression.
A manes not an elephant that he
should necessarily carry his trunk
with him, wherever ho goes : and
mine I resolved to send on direct to
Liverpool, that my personal devia.a
tions from the main route might be
the less encumbered. But, though
holding a through ticket over the
same road, I found that such a thing
es checking baggage was unknown:
nor can the traveler in such a case;
obtain a receipt or any voucher of
the kind. He must even cast his
bread upon the waters, to find it, if
possible, after many days. It might
not be proper to state whether I
thought to stretgthen my chances by
a doicceur to the baggagemaster, nor
,whether it was received in the same
kindly and disinterested spirit in
which it was offered; inasmuch as by
public notice at the railway stations,
employes of the road are forbidden
under pain of dismissal, to accept
any compensation froin travelers. I
will here mention that on arriving in
Liverpool a week afterwards, I found
my ‘• baggage " all right, at the Lime
Street Station, and that my mere
claim and simple order for its remo
val to my lodgings was unquestiona
ble. Such is a specimen of what
with us would be regarded as the
" charming simplicity ' of railway
arrangements in England. One can
not bat be delighted with the plan,
on account of the pleasing .satisfac
feels on finding
again his own—heightened, mean
while, by whatever little anxieties he
may hare experienced lest some other
party, more ingenious than ingenu
ous, should chance to forestall him in
this unchecked selection of ba e lgage.
From Rugby—celebrated not only
for its school, but also as being the
Mugby function of one of Dickens'
stories—l soon proceeded to Leam
ington, a town of about 14,000 inhab
itants, very attractive in its general
appearance and surroundings as well
as from the high repute-of its miner- .
al waters. Many of the wealthy men
of Birmingham and other cities re=
side here for a portion of the year;
and during our recent civil troubles,
as I was informed, some four hun
dred Americans, principally from the
Southern States, made it their home.
The more modern watering place of
Chattenhs.m,.is its rival, being not
It is less than an hour's ride from
Leamington to Stratford upon Avon
—a qniet, - pleasant old Rngiish town.
situated in the midst of s level and
heeniiiial region. The winding Avon
" 4 =1,10 , 41 ,
is but a small stream s & branch of the
Severn, which flows south-westward
ly into Bristol Channel. Crossing a
bridge near the railway station, and
entering the antiquated streets, my.
attention was attracted by the out
of the taws, who after a pro
longed tintinnabulation, was rehears
ing the viirions articles of some shop
keeper's stock, to be sold next day at
auction. Scotch snuff; red-herrings,
brimstone and cheese, with many
other interesting and desirable items,
were strangely mixed ukr in his
drawling enumeration; which having
gone through with, he proceeded to
some other corner of the street, to
commence anew his ringing and his
oratory.. This manner of advertising,
.no doubt older, than Shakspesre's
time, is still practiced in many of the
old English towns.
On the left hand side of Henley
Street, as one passes northward,
stands the old building believed to
be that where the great poet first
saw the light, on the 26th of April,
1564, as appears by the parish regis
ter. At least, tradition makes it such,
and from deeds still on record, the
property was purchased by John
Shakspeare, his father, for the sum
of forty pounds, and passed at his
death to William. Bat the events of
Shakspeare's earlier as well as later
life seem enveloped for the most part
in a cloud of obscurity, through
which not a great number of facts,
absolutely established by record, are
, tlt, t . 1
In its earlier days, the property
seems to have consisted of three ten
ements, all under the same roof, each
with its gable in front. But the ga
bles, the porch, dormer and bay win
dows, which once lent it dignity,
have all now disappeared. The oak
timbers of the framework, filled in
between, with plaster or brick, are
visible on the outside, like those of
many English dwellings of past cen
turies. Notwithstanding its illustri
ous early associations, it seems to
have passed, at a later period, into
ignoble uses; a portion having been
occupied as a low public house and
even the central mansion, Shak
sPeare's early home, used for a long
time and at no distant period, as a
butcher's shop. As au evidence of
rough usage, its original flag-stone
floor is broken up into a stange mo
saic: An individual who liad passed
his three score years and ten in Strat
ford, told me there that only within
his own recollection had the old
house received any particular care or
attention. Within that period, thro'
the influence of the poet'ii special ad
mirers, it became the property of the
British nation, for the sum of £3,000;
and a collateral descendant, it is said,
purChased the dwellings adjacent,
and removed them in order to guard
against its destruction by fire. At
this time, no fires or lights are allow
ed within it, and much precaution is
taken against the pillaging, of relic
hunters, by whom otherwise every
particle of its stone, wood and mortar
would probably ere -this have been
carried away. One can plainly see
where, it is said, an - enthusiastic
young lady, years ago, succeeded in
sawing out and abstracting a large
piece from the oaken mantel in the
chamber, while her companion occu
pied below stairs, the attention of
the person in charge.
An intelligent old lady shows visi
tors thrOugh the premises, and (to
her credit be it said) without claim.;
ing that the various antique articles
of furniture and other relics to be
seen here, actually belonged to Shak
speare's time—not even- the ancient
chair that stands within the wide
fire-place, or " ingle-side " of the rear
room or kitchen, and which is occu
pied by so many in turn, that it has
to be new-bottomed every- three
years, as it is said. _ In this room,
over the solid beam of oak - which
constitutes the mantel tree, is - the
memorial left by Lucien Bonaparte
on his visit here—the only Bonapar-;
lean poetry I remember to hive ever
seen or heard of :
" The eye of Genius glistens to admire [lyre, 1
flow Memory hails the sound of Bhakspeare's
Due tear 111 shed—to forms crystal &ring)
For all that's grand, immortal. or Divine."
On the same scrap of paper is a
line by Ratazzi, distinguished in the
political affairs of Italy.
A narrow stairway, of most anti
quated appearance, leads to two
apartments above: the front one be
ing pointed out as the room where,
Shakspeare was born. This plain I
and very plainly furnished old cham
ber, is of course the principal shrine
of enthusiasm• ' and among its chief
curiosities, is the immense number
of names, more or less distinguished
and distinguishable, written with
pen, pencil or diamond, upon every,
available point of walls and windows,
and giving to the whole interior the
appearance of being covered with a
wilderness of spider webs. I discov
ered plainly, upon the window, the
autograph of Sir. Walter Scott; not
so readily' distinguished, but 'still
here, are those of Byron and Wash
ington Irving. I thought it more
proper to record my own name in
the register now kept for visitors.
The various impromptu stanzas there
to be seen, are thus commented on
by one of the number :
l'Ah Ilhakapeare. when we read the votive
With which well nican;ng folks de face these
And while we seek in rain some kicky hit
Amid the -lines whose nonsense nonsense
We 13nit, unlike thy Falstaff in his wit,
Thou art not here the cause of witin others!"
Near the entrance to this room is
a door leading to the attic ; through
which one may readily suppose Shalt
spear°, when a boy, often to have
sought the scene of his "dr um
Night Dreams." In the of the
horse is a small garden, w orna
mented with pleasant bbery
once, no doubt, the place here the
young poet cultivated his green corn
and summer squashes.
The street on which the old domi
-cil stands, soon passes into the main
avenue of the town, High Street; the
shop windows of which afford an
abundant display of photographs
and various articles ornamented with
Shakspearean designs. This street
leads towards the old church, where
the poet found his final resting 011ie,
at perhaps a furlong's distance Ironi
his IxOtoocYs boom Om the - we.
TOWANDA, BRADFORD. COUNTY, PA., MARCH 28,1872.
thither is to be seen the old Grin
mar School -- a long low braiding
with $ turret at the' erbernity, where
he obtained what he termed his
" small Latin and less Greek." It
was built in the reign of Edward IV.;
many changes have been made; both
in exterior and interior; while a desk
(selected, it is probable, from a num
ber of others as being particularly
ancient and dilapidated), still bears
a traditional connection with ilhak
speare's studies. Upon this street,
too, formerly stood the house pur
chased by the poet in 1597, and
which was probably his home from
the time of his return to Stratford
until his death. Some time in the
last century it was owned by a W.
Gastrell, who; it is said, being much
annoyed by visitors wishing to see
the old mulberry tree beneath whose
shade Shakspeare had often sat, with
such friends as Macklin and Garrick,
ruthleardy cut it down in 1756. As
may well be supposed, he became ex
ceedingly unpopular and resided
there but seldom; and taxes being
assessed upon the house, although
unoccupied, he declared finally in a
fit of ill humor, that it should never
be taxed again, ordered it to be pull
ed down, and sold the materials; af
fording thus a heroic precedent for
Beneath the shade of majestic
elms, and close upon the banks of
the Avon, stands th 3 old church- of
Stratford. its tower is said to have
stood since A. D. 1140: the remain
derrof the edifice having been since
th 4 time renewed. I was told by
my aged informant, before alluded
to, that within his recollection the
stream had encroached to such an
extent upon the adjacent churchyard,
that the bones of the dead were often
exposed and borne away by the cur
rent. Many of the tombstones bear
a date of over 300 years, and the ages
of some who were buried there, are
recorded, as I noticed, at over 100
I found the church closed on my
arrival, but the sexton was 'soon at
hand to afford admission. Advanc
ing towards the altar, one secs in a
niche on the left hand wall, the 'half
length et a of Shakspeare, sur
mounted by his coat of arms, in
which of course, the spear is predomi
nant. On each Bidets a cherub, one
with a spade. the other with a skull
and inverted torch. The poet is re
presented as writing upon a cushion,
and below is the following inscrip
"Judido Pyltttru, Gent) *looniest:, Arte Maro
Terra trait, Populust murret. Olympus b.abet."
"Stay, passenger! why gocst thou ao rut?
Dead, if thou mist, whom envious Death bath
Within this Monument:.Su mirEARE, with
Quick N ature dide: whose name sloth dock ye
Far more than cost ; sittrall yt be hvtli 'mitt
Leaves. living Art bat page to serve his sin.
This bust has received much notice
as having been executed by Gerard
Johnson, from nature; probably from
a cast of the poet's features - after
death; and by many is considero
the most reliable likeness extant—if
not the original of all others- It is
said to stand a good test phrenologi
cally, as if specially adapted to the
poet. But with' its breadth of visage
and good humored, rather than intel
lectual expression, it seemed the like
ness of some sturdy English yeoman
or fox-hunter, rather than_ of an in
spired genius, and corresponded bet
ter to one's idea of the man in his
early and vigorous manhood—at the
time, perchance, when he was ar
raigned, ea it is said, before Sir
Thomas Lucy, for taking a deer, than
to a later period. For my part, I
could trace no strong resemblance to
his ordinary likeness, so well known '
and' marked in its features as to be
almost as readily recognized -as that
of Washington or Lincoln.-
Its coloring was originally after
I nature: the eyes being of a light ha
zel, the hair and beard auburn; the
dress a scarlet doublet slashed in the
breast, over which was a black gown
without sleeves. Ward, the grand
father of the Kembles, caused the
tomb. to be repaired and the original
colors 'restored in 1748, from the
profits of the performance of 011iello.
But in 1793 some unlucky genius ob
tained permission to cover the whole
with a coat of white paint. The
white mantle of that charity which
endureth all things, has not however
in Jun been accorded to a deed,
since stigmatized as one of "unscru
pulous insolence."' 1
The gravestones 44 the Shakspeare
by constitutea Part of the mar
oor fronting the altar. That of
Anne Hathairay, the wife of Shak
speare:s ' , oath, who died at the age
of 67, is immediately below the mon
ument above described. pert is that
of Shakspeare himself, with the fol
lowing inscription :
"Good Frend, for Jesus' sake forbeere,
- To , digg the Dust enclosed here ;
' Blest° be ye man y 1 spares these stone*,
And curet be he ,yt moves my bones."
A traclitiOnary story of 1693 relates
that his wife and daughters did earn- .
estly desire to be laid in the same
grave with him, but that " not one for
feariof the curse abr.ve said, dare
touch his gravestone." Near by are
the memorials of Susanna, the poet's
daughter, and her husband, Dr. Hall;
also of their daughter, ( wife of Thom
as Nash, and - subsequently Lady
Barnard), at whose death in 1670,
the direct line of Shakapeare's issue
terminated : -
"Witty above her seS.e— bat that's not all,
Wise to salvation was god) Mattis Hall ;
Something If Shakspeare was in that—but this
Wholly of Him with whome she's now in Mime.
Then, passenger, but ne're a tears
To weep with her that wept with all? ,
That wept, vet set besselfe to ebere I •
Them up with comfort's cordial,.
Her love shall live, her mercy Spread°,
When thou hest ne're s tear to shed."
An ancient field-path, no doubt of
ton trod by Shalospeare in his earlier
days; leads fr om Stratford to the
tle himle of Shottery, smile distant..
Sui t sten the cottag e . where lived
Aim way, previous to her
marriage to 'the poet It is a long, I
thatched tenement, with a floor of
square slabs of stone, eharacteristie
of Warwickshire cottages, and to be.
seen, as berate stated, m Studuilieue 4
. • . -pLre. : This is, of course, sea
. - OS stirktiVe as postible, by
MIE4I LIT QtrAISSa•
" Oblit An0.D0i.1616.
Aetnt, r M. The 23 Apr."
v.. - rY:"i~~-..y.'.^:c•rs~'..'il..`-_`xf4=~.5`i, s:+'SCS:"r`,d~i>`.:.'W';.F: ^r>: ..,~:;Lr _'-T•-!P,!^, ..`.~Z+~ s.:~r-s-.:.llAr:.yA'~St`::+~~.'~'+~:•'C
the display of real or fancied relics
to the unto:. An appeal to the po
etic taste of Americans has been re.
cently:Oesented, by a notice of its
Proposed-sale in journals on this side
Common Ho= and its:park ad
joining, near Stratford, are famous
as being the scene of Shakepeare's
deer otealing adventure, and the resi
dence of Sir Thomas Lncy„ the=g
lobate before whom be was brought
to answer the charge. Against such
an offence public opimon m those
days seems not to have been very
strong. An ancient ballad says :
"We Nod our books, we swag cm song,
We stolen deer ; who thought it wrong?
To oat a purse drums but hanging—
To steal a deer deserves bat banging."
Sir 'Thomas may have gone beyond
the current ideas of the times in the
Severity of his judgment, yet his rec
ord is that of a worthy and high
minded man; and it appears that in
attic days he and Shakapeare were
On terms of friendship.
In:eonnection with the ill-omened
exploit .alluded to, lb _ may well be
"Strange are event; ; and stranger still
• Results and consequences."
Certainly not of a character where
on to build up a fair fam7it was for
this offense, or rather th 4ear of its
penalty, that thakspeare left Strat
ford for London, where his connec
tion with the drama, led to moderate
fortune and high renown. Otherwise
might have failed of its destiny, the
pen which adorns so bright and en
during a page in the world's philo.
sophic and poetic literature..
C. C. P.
WHERE DID THE INDIANS 0011 E
The latest intelligence from the
Pacific coast reports that a Japanese
„junk had come ashore on one of the
:elands of Alaska, with the living
Japanese on board. The vessel had
been disabled in a storm off Japan,
and had drifted two thousand five
hundred miles in nine months, twen-
ty-three of the crew perishing from
hunger and exposure. The striking
occurrence is by no means unparal
led. Just forty years ago, a Japan
ese vessel with living men on board,
came ashore near the mouth of the
Columbia river in Oregon. It had a
cargo of rice, and the crew cons a
quently had enough to eat, though
their only drink was water from ,oc
casional rains. Such occurrences
assist, greatly in explainingi how
America was peopled a question
very perplexing to our ancestors,
though late geographical and -ethno
logical researches show clearly that
there is very little mystery about it.
The Japanese are evidently of the
Same race with our:lndiana their
language being to .some extent simi
lar to those of our tnlies; and it is
not at all unlikely- that, during the
thousands of years to which Japan
history goes back, many vessels have
floated from their shores to Ours,
bearing living persons of both sexes.
Bat, even if it were impossible for
them to cross the ocean, it is certain
that Asiatics could easily make their
way to America across Behring's
Straits, or the Aleutian Islands, the
distances between which would be
an easy voyage for a canoe. Ten or
twelve years ago the AppletonB pub
lished an account of a voyage lilown
the Amoor, by Perry lifcDoitough
Collins, the first American who ever
descended that river. In his journal,
he constantly spoke of the wild tribes
on the banks as "Indiana" We re
member asking him at the time why
he called them such, and he replie d,
"because they. are Indiana." He was
familiar, by long personal observa
tion, with the tribes in Oregon and
California, and declared he, could see I
no material difference bet Ween them
and the tribes on the Amoor. He is
a man of plain common sense, with a
mind not obfusticated - by ethnologi
cal or antiquaries' studies; - ' and the
idea had apparently never entered
his head that the Amoor tribes were
not Indians. Their 'appearance,their
garments, their mode of life, and the
lodges in which they dwelt, he said,
were all similar to thoie of the na
tives of Oregon. Their langinge,also;
seemed to him very much the same,
though, of course, he had no critical
knowledge of their dialects. Taking
this resemblance for granted, there
fore, and there being no great diffi.
culty in crossing the ocean by way
of the Aleutian Islands, even in ca
noes, there is no longer any . mystery
about the peopling of America. Dr.
Le Plongeon, a learned gentleman,
now in our city, hi fict, maintains,
after long study of Peruvian antiqui
ties,that civi li zation and population
originated on this continent, and
the arts, customs, manners and re
ligions of the Chinese, the Asaytians
and Egyptians are only developed
imitations of Peruvian or i?inals! It
is well known that:according to Ag
'min and other eminent geologists,
this continent was the first land that
rose above the ocean that formerly
covered the whole surface of the
Wmcu ?—A glass of whisky is man
ufactured from seventy grains of corn,
the value of wEielk is too small to be
estimated. A. glass of this mixture
sells fora dime, and if a good brand,
is considered worth the money. It
is drank in a.minute or two. It fires
the brain, deranges and weakens the
physical sYstera. On the same side
board on which the deleterious bev
erage is served lies a newspaper: It
is covered with halls million of type--
it brings intelligence from every land:
The newspaper coati; less than a glass
of grog, yet there are many people
who think corn nice and news
papers dear.,— Christian.
- —.vow* . I
A Fle—An Irishmati being an-
noyed by a howling dog in the night,
jumped out of ,bed to dislodge the
offender. It was is the month of
qiumary, when the snow was three
feet deep. He not retaining, his
wife run out to see what was the
matter}, There she foiled her, hus
band in his night-suit, his teeth chat
teeing his whole body almoit
paralysed With cold, holdinglthe dog
by tha tail. "Italy mother,fainaid
she, "what-wad , ye bo aftliar doinr
"gualso u llitifi lie,"don't Ye see? '
ftlia!"-O e !SOO" -
Inf D. "1',.111110r11.FLZ.,.
When, first, thy winning gram I found;
When, after, grace with lore was crowned ;
When, later, love was marriage-bound;
I was all thine, Sweetheart.
By all the Joys that love has grown . ; -
By all the comforts home his shown ;
By all the happiness we've known.;
I am all thins. Sweetheart.
While love shall be istir dailJ s c an;
While hand in baud our work i. done;
While life Shall hold tu still u one;
Pil be all thine, Sweetheart.
77 Scribrzer's flu• April.
wan DYE IS mosOosv.
On Easter Eve Moscow becomes
quiet very early. By nine „o'clock
the streets are empty, and there is
hardly an ismtchik to be had at
double the usual price. The night
is perfectly dark, and few lights are
seen m the windows, as we start out
about half-past eleven for the Krem
lin. In the great square between
the cathedrals we find a mass of peo
ple waiting. Inside the churches,
which are also fall, a prayer or two
is said,-and then all is still. •We as-
cend the tower of Ivan Veliki to get
a better view of - the scene, groping
our way up the winding staircase. A
few minutes more.. and -the clock
: strikes twelie. A violent trembling
of the tower tells us that the great
bell is struck, though we bear no
sound. Instantly- every bell of the
four hundred churches of Moscow
begins to ring. joyfully and rapidly;
a hundred cannon boom out from
the Tainitzky tower. As if bymagic
every spire and dome is illuminated,
a circle of lights is seen about every
church, and the lines of light along
every street make Moscow, in a blaze.
At the same moment a Priicession of
clergy and torchbearers in their
most brilliant gold and silver, robes,
with choirs, incense, and banners,
make the circuit of every church,
walking over biraiichea of evergreen
that have been strewn in the way,
and singing the Easter hymn:—
"Quist is arises, is arisen from the dead."
The square of the Kremlin is now
as light as day, and we see the Met
ropolitan—a hearty, hale old man,
long time a missionary bishop in Si
beria and Alaska,—in his magnifi
cent robes, with his train-bearers,
his cross of crystal, and incense and
candles, as he goes_ about the Cathe
-dral of the Assumption: At the
nearest churches we can also dis
tinctly see the processions, but.in the
distance they seem merely a train of
glimmering, sparks. - We . descend
again to the square, and .every one
rushes into the church , to light his
candle, and his neighbor three
times, saying Chrislos roikres—Christ
is arisen; to which the reply is re
turned, fro istfue tvatres—He is aria
en indeed. In "the Cathedral there
is now no service but matins, the
Grand Mass being at seven in the
morning, so we hasten throtigh the
illuminated streets to some other
church- where Mass will follow the
matins immediately. Small earthen
dishes containing .a lighted wick
floating in melted tallow are placed
on each of the low posts which are
the detestable substitues for-curb
stones in the Moscow streets, so that
the shadows are all cast upwards,
producing a singular bat beautiful
effect. The smoke and smell are dis
agreeable. The churches are full,
and all around them- an servants
with - dishes of eggs 'and other eata
bles peculiar to Easter, waiting to
have them blessed. The . bells are
everywhere ringing violently and joy
fully, and the farther we get from
the liremlin,the louder are the tones
of the "Assumption" or great bell.
It was curious that when we stood in
the Kremlin square. and 'saw the bell
struck, we did not hear separate di- '
vided strokes. There was a low,
deep, united sound, not at, all disa
greeable, which seemed to serve as a
background for all the other bells.
This bell weighs sixty-four tons, and
is the largest in the world. -
The most fashionable. churches on
great Occasions are the University,
the private chapels,and thoeS belong
ing to the Palace and to the pnbhc
institutions. We go to the Widows'
Home, which is just now the rendez
vous of the most select aristocracy.
The matins have already began, and
'the saloons—for the chapel is small,
and few are there beside the widows
—are full of ladies and - gentlemen in
full evening dress, all holding can
dles, while the priest and deacon
make a tour of all the rooms,exclaim
ing Chrislos ostsbream, to which the
congregation reply. Every time they
come from the simenary they hate
on new ro of a different color,and
the choir-bo s
.sing continually the
Easter Hy ,, n. When the matins,
are over th ; candles are blown out,
and hand • . to the boy who comes . to`
receive • , mon a silver 'salver, and
every o e kisses and- congratulates
his 1 , , •ily and friends. There is but
a b • ef- intermission and the - .mass
elides, • tho Ugh the' crowds in
the ' saloons continue lairghing and
t. as if they were at a rout. We
stay . ere till we have congratulated
all acquaintances.' and then go
to the private chapel of one of the
richer nobles.—Eugene Schuyler, in
*rifiner'sfor . April.
a way his early-advantages, and be-
Came an abandoned profligate; but
the testa' , and hynins his mother had
fixed in Iris mind in his - infancy and
childhood were never -effaced, and
finally fasterfed to the Cross. Cecil
tells us that the days.of his vanity,
though be withstood so many pious
endeavors he never could' resist his
mother'' tears. Wilson late Bishop
of Calcutta, in his narr ative of inter
course with Bellingham the assassin,
says he could make him feel nothing
till he mentioned his mother, and them
he broke into a ' flood of tears. "In
the morning sow thy seed, and in the
evening-withhold not thy band."
No Thermertoa.—Daring the late
bathing season a pompons individu
al walked up to the office Of a sea
side hotel, and with considerable
flomist signed - the book, and in a
load void 0: orerini en: "1 int lieu"
tenant _governor - . of "That
doesn't make any difference," said
the landlord; "you'll be treated just
as well as the otheri." -
On per Annum in AdvancO.
Jim Stewart, sometimes called the
"Colinodore," is the most noted
darkey in - Etie. He is a good natur
ed, Arad soot of a fellow,scnnewhit
addicted to doing business now and
then on the Jeremy Diddler style, as
the following incident will_ testify:
Living near the residence of the
Hon. Morrow C. Lowry, he was fre
quently employed by the latter to do
odd jobs around the house and in
the garden.. One .day Mrs. Lowry
oencluded that the peccadilloes of a
worthless tom cat, long an attache of
the family, were awl as demanded
the infliction of capital punishment,
and Jim was called upon to play, the
part of executioner. After a long
chase the victim was captured and
put in a basket, over which an old
shawl was securely fastened. „ The
next move was, how to dispose of the
,prisoner., Mrs. L. suggested drown
ing, but, Jim, with tears in his eyes,
protested =that he could no snore
".drown that cat " than he could
drown . '" hisself;" that were he to do
so, his` conscience, acting on a natur
tender heart, would trouble him
so much at nights that he was sure
he' would never sleep a wink there
'lifter. Not wishing to 'ruin Jim's
peace of mind, Mrs. L. compromised
the matter by giving him a dollar,
and directing him to dispose.of it in
any way he pleased, so that she
should never see it again. Patting
the dollar in his Tocket and the bas
ket on his arm, Jim shrted down '
town.. He had not got out of sight
,of the house when he met Morrow,
walking leisurely toward, is home,
and the following colloquy caned:
Morrow—Hello,. Jim, what have
you got there? -
Jim—One ob de celebrited Rocky
Mountain cats, sah.
Morrow—A Rocky Mountain cat!
Why, Jim, where did, you get him,
and what are you going to do with
Jhn—l golly, soh ! Didn't you
heah oh de big bunch .ob dem cats
cum to town yesterday from Kalifor
ny, sah? Bes mousers in de warl,
sah, and dia is de biggist and bes
one ob de lot, .sah. Dey are gwine
to give me foah dollars for him at de
Reed house, sal.
Morrow (recollecting the ".general
cussedness" of the family cat)—Jinx,
we want a good cat up home, and .I
guess I'll take this fellow, but—but
—don't you think four dollars is
steep for a,ciit?- -
Jim—Why, all de res sold for five
This decided Morrow, so he paid
Jim the price asked, and told him to
carry the "Rocky Mointain cat' up
to Mrs. Lowry. Jim had, however,
very important business elsewhere,
and. begged Morrow to - take the bas
ket himself, 'ich the latter consent
ed to do. Arriving at home, he took
his,prize into the sitting room, care
fully closed the doors, slightly lifting
the basket covering; addTsmiling be
nevolently at Mrs. L.'s appaient as
"My dear, I've brought you a
Rocky Mountain cat—the best mons
At this moment the eat jumped
out of thebasket, and commenced
rubbing himself against his master's
legs. , Morrow stopped short, while
his wife broke in impatiently:
"La, me Morrow ! Why, that's
the same old cat I gave - Jim Stewart
a dollar to &own, not more than ten
What followed we know not, but a
few minutes later the Hon. Morrow
B. Lowry might:, have been noticed
on the streets of Erie, armed with a
walking stick, and wondering "*hy
a man can never find that , nigger
when he wants to see him badly.'
COLD WEATHER IN EUROPE.
The recent cold weather in, Europa
has called forth the following . facts;
which appeared in the Journal des
_ In 35J A.D ,the Engine was frozen
,508 the rivers of England - were
frozen over for two months.
In 558 the Black Sea was. covered
with ice for twenty days, and .in 763
the ice was 80 feet thick. -
In S2l the Elbe, . the Danube and
the Seine %Tie frozen during four
In 1323 the Mediterranean w•as en
In 1405 Tamerlane made an incur
sion into China, and lost his men,
horses and camels by theexcessive
In 1420 Paris eiperiencad so great
cold that, the city was depopulated,
and - animals - fed on corpsest in the
In 1433 p at Paris, snow fell during
forty dap and forty nights inces
In 1469, in. France and Germany,
wine was frozen so hard that it was
cut in blocks and sold by weight.
In 1570 the intense cold lasted
three months, and all the fruit - trees
of Provence: and Languedoc were
• In 1607 provisions and fuel became
so scarce on account of cold in' Paris
that a small bundle of kindling-brush
cost forty.. cents: The cattle froze
in their stalls, and the Seine could le
crossed by heavy carts.
The year 1709 was one of intense
cold all over Enrope, and mass could
not be said for mark) , weeks in cer
tain provincee because the wine could
not be kept in .a fluid state. -
In 1735, in: Chinese Tartary, the
thermometer fell ninety-sveven de
grees below zero7--Farenheit • *;
1740 Rasa winter of such rigor is
Russia that an ice palace was con=
structed at St. Petasburg fifty-one
feet long and seventeen feet wide. .
Six ice caution were mounted on the
walls, and two mortars for bombs.
The cannon held balls of , six pounds
weight, were, charged with powder
and discharged, so &it the ban
pierced-a-board two inches thick
a distance of sixty feet. The cannon
did not burs., - though its wall were
less than ten - Inches in thickness.
1765 was a year intense cold;
also 17 88 . . -Since that . plir the cold
heinsierbeert so great in-Paris un
tki thia low year_ of for
the . lust time iri a century,- dick
k% - cargo again to the tune of
twoutpoue degrees below zero—ten-
LOWRY% OAT. ,
Di' the Greek West, _there is :AO
more interesting and Antinatinklo
eality than that of Salt - Um, in
At the 'first glance,~ it seems so
strange to find a sea, whose waters
are even _mire salt than' the waters
of the Atlantic .or Paci4, -sway up
'there, at an ,elevation of nearly-five
thousand feet;-and night hundred
Miles from We.. nearest sea-coast
prom. Bil 4 when we-know its his
tory—which .we now only suipeet-,
it may; not-seem tmnaturtd, though
Then is every indication, that. Salt
Lake is a mere remnant of-What was
once a mighty seal - •
It appears to be gradually drying
up. We will not see theprbcess com
pleted in our day, however, as it is a
considerable body of water:. haviiig a
length of one hundred , and twenty
miles, and an average breadth of
about forty miles. At aome points
its depth is very great. -
I have stated that Salt Like con- -
tains a greater proportion of salt than
the two great oceans, which is an ey
idenee that evaporation has been- one
agent in reducing a great ocean to
the more modest dimensions of it•
lake. . Evaporation, eruptions and—
drainage have accomplished the vast
work. This -amounts to little more
than speculaticin,• at present, but, in
time science will prove it as cleirly
as the boundaries of seas and conti
nents are marked as they
Salt Lake bears all the marks of a
body of water that. is shrinking and
drying up. Lt has a great, "smooth
margin, at some points many, miles
in width, that, is one'rast plain of
alkali, white as snow,and baked and
cracked like. the muddy bottom of a
pond that has been 4eked dry by the
burning sun fluting . a slimmer
Around Salt Lake, where the land
rises a little higher,is one of the most
fertile regions on the continent. - It
is a Petted oasis, indeed ; for on the
west stretch out barren plains bun
'dreds of miles, and on the east loom
up rugged mountains, capped with
snow, and so 'rocky as to offer _hnt•
poor encouragement to tree sate-bush.
But the level lands, betvOen the
mountains and•tlaii lake's margin,ard'
the paradise of the husbandman; and
Salt Lake City Is the nucleus of a
perfect garden spot. The soil
wealth itself,and its vegetation. ri 'TWA
that of the tropics in its richness and
Whatever may be its political des-.-
tiny, the Salt Lake region has a
bright future before it as a farming
countrj ;. and with its.beanty,. its
wild surroundings,its !winging his
tory, it is ; one of Heaven's richest
FROM FATHER TO EON.
One. day a young man ~entered
merchant's office in Boston, and With
a pale add 'careworn face, said:- -
"Sir, I afn in need of help.:lihavo
been unable . to meet Oertaitioy4 =
'Meats, because cutaiti parties.ll4ve,
not done as they agreed by. non, Sp rid
would like to have $10,00.0. , came
to yon because you werc..n friend to
- my- father, and Might be aT friend to'
.:":Come in,'.' said the old.mercinnt,
"come in and bare a g1v.:; . :4 • of wine."
"No," saidm Ihe young - an, -•'
don't dr i nk ." • , . -
"Have a, cigar,- then - ?'‘ - ..". - •
4 NO, I never smoke." '
" Well," - said tbe ,old,gentleni....E.
"I would like to accbmmodatc , - yoti
but-I don't think I- can." '
"Very we 11,7 said the young' mat:,
as he was about to leave .the room.
"I thought perhaps you might.
•" Good day, sir."
Hold.. on,' said they, uwrcbaut,
" Ton don't drink ?" .
"Nor gamble, nor anything'of that
-"No, sir, I am, superintendent of
the— Sunday-schOol l
" Well,"_ said the merchant,
shall have it, and three times the
amount if you wish. Your father let
me have $5,000 once ; and -asked me
the same questions. He trusted pee,
and I will trust you: No thanks-1
owe it to you for yourfather's trust."
HOW DEDIKDIG OAUSES APOPLEXY.
It is the,, essential. nature of all
wines and spirits to send an increased
amount of blood to the brain. The
first effect of taking a glais of wine
or stronger form of ale.ohol, is to send
the blood there faster than eommon,
hence it.gnickens the circulation that
gives the . red face., It increases the
activity of the brain, and it- works
.faster; and so doe the tongue. Bnt
as the blood goes to the brain faster
than common, it, rettuits - faster, and
no special permanent harm results.
But suppose a man keeps on drink
ing, the blood is sent - to the brain so
fast, in such large gnantities, that in
order to make room for it the arte
ries have to enlarge theinselves; they
increase in size, and in so doing they
press against; the) more yielding flae;
cad veins which carry the blood out
of the brain and thus diminish their
size, their lbores,thei result . being that
the blood is.inot only'carried - to the
arteries of the -brain faster than is
natural or healthful but it is prevent
ed from - leaving it as f.. - 4• as usual
hence,n double set of causes of death
areset in operation. Hence, a rand'
may drink enough brandy or other
spirits in a few hours, or even ilia
rites, to bring on a fatal attack of
apoplexy. This is literally being dead
TUA . VELING STOMI.--41EILly of our
readers'have doubtless heard of the
famous traveling stone of Australia.
Simillar curiosities have recently -
been found. in Ni.vada,. which are
described as almost perfectly round,
the majority of them as- large as a
wahiut, and of - an - irony nature.
When distributed about upon the
floor, table or other level surface,
within two or three feet of each other;
they immediately began traveling
toward a common centre-, and there
huddled up in a bunch like a lot.of
eggs in a nest. A single stone, re
moved to the distance of three and a •
half feet, being released,t once star
ted off, with wonderful aild somewhat
comical celerity. to' join its fellows;
taken away four or five. feet. it re
mained motionless. They aro'found
in a regip that is comparatively lev
el, and is nothing . but bare , rock.
Scattered, over this barren region-are
little bash* from a foot-to a rod in
dituneteri and it is in the .bottom of
thehe that the 'rolling atones Ore
found. 'they are from the size of a
pea to five or six inchta in diTnefer.
The cause, of these, stones rolling ttr
goithtf is-diiut"sisja fotmd ir 4
the instead Of Vhielz they are don
oied,whichappsars to be leadatone
or magnetic iron ore. 'Bolling atones
- athe no ;4985."--EklesbiK