Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, March 07, 1872, Image 1

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    TIMIS 111,!_11711141.041,1011.
TEE Sanwa= ligrosgsmW. W pablished Miry
noted/1y Waning - by ft ean el Two
Dalian per annum In advance.
grAdvertlsins in all oxen esclustre Of enbeettP.
Um to the paper.
SPECIAENOTICES Inserted at stritce came per
lice &rend Insertion. and Env cams per line for
subsequent Insertions.'
LOCAL NOTICES, same tom. s reading mitten
ADTERTMENENTII will be ingested according to
the following table of ratan
11' em I. 2m Isml Om
1 Inch I $1.601 8.00 I 6.001 6.00 I 10.001 $l5
Inches =I 100 6.00 1 1 5.00 j L moo 1 10.00
a Inches . I 2.501 1.00 110.00 i 15. 00 1 20.00130.01
4trichei 7 l s . 6o 1 $3 - .1!101 144/01 11135 1 25.001 115.00
eota 1171 5.00 112.001 115.00122.00 I 30.001 45.00
. .• - .s•toinmn: fio:oo I 20,00 1 50.00 I
-40.00.1 55.00115.00
colomn I 20.00 1 40.00 I 00.901_ 80.001 $lOO 2150
- Administrator's and Executor's. Notices. $2; Audi
tor!. Notices. $2 50 ; Business Cards, ilv. lines. (Per
2 • lAttional tine. $1 each. •
- Yearly glivrtimerig are entitled to quarterly changes.
trar.sisut advertisements mnat be paid forts Mesas.
.Ailßmentirmig of It worviitioni t Conamnnications
r.f tlmitel or individual Intorest. and notices of Mar
riszos lo Paltba. , exresollag five lines, are chirped
r.r line.
-eh" itseoerre. having a larqs-i. circulation than all
ewers In the eonntv combined males It the best
yo.rertisino medium to Northern Penneylvania.
TO rrtrytTga of ere', tend. in Plain and Panel'
r nrot. Anne With neatness and dispatch.
1;11 nlcs. Cara.. Pimplitete,Rlllbeisia. Mato/Bents. ke.
or•ery variety and etvle printed at the shortest
The Perturryta, Ofilee is well supplied with
rower 'DTP Para. a revel assortment of new tyre. and
Pv. , rthinff in the Pristine line ran be exeented in
hr. , rtitie ann er m and at the lowest rates.
Trr•ta iu-osuravEt
susiMS CARD .
Towsadt; Rept IS. IV7II-yr
Ana Shippers of the
=lx.] '7l Tewends.
_ _
,4olvcrg. , --Offlre formerly orrorvio , l 'by ',Terror
',Tommie. one ant": Prmtb of War‘l Ammo.
p.r OTP. 0-'7O _ R. crNerwr.
T TITIrITOr'N. 11(s11Ar in nll
of ttnonrry Wiritpet. Tnl,llllB. Pn. AT ,
rr.irrA fnr nnfanr , pr.T*o - O,IY ”I'^^lea t n . V" r t" 1 "
ntt ' , Won , Tirrn tn rrrttnze ana Vmrch
1 :11 •nr Nn. 1l Swith Rt-rpt.
r4Ato pnrelo.Nl and sold. In
v.,ctmrnto mndeand (Toney Loaned.
Ony 10.•7n.
CkYTHOMD riPnoral FirP
1r and hire Inrqraner arneu. PnIiCIPA covering
toss -rd,claiort , c ~ i nFori to 112110 - Ong in Wyoming.
nrd other ' , elinble comp:mica. ''ithont• additional
ellttrgep. R. R. CONTORT).
Wvalnalni!, May 23. '7l. S. C. GAYLORD.
NiONIMETON. PA.. pars partienlar, attention to
ironinq Tinoiden. Wazmna Sleioha. ke. Tire pet and
rcpairlng, done on abort notice. Work and charges:
'gnFar.tepd aatignet , my. _ 12.15.0.
eetn-blisbeil himself in the TAITIMTNO
"T'SINF,SS. Shop over Tioetwell's Store. Work of
deteriptinn done in the late!t rtrke.
Towanda. April
. ..
TI, onderatimed would respectfully annonnos to
the ouldic that he keeps constantly on hand Woolen
ri , th. ra.imeres:Flannel*. yarns. and all kinds at
w boit,ale and retaf.l , 11.0..1G1T d: B110111)LEY,
.I, rietor.
. :
G. :`CEIL kl
1:y srnAA CE AGENCY.
bra' ;9"7 c
TF.,'T k.NL) 1:1111...DEP. wiriliek to inform tie
To arida nod vicinity. that he will giVP
htf ,. 7ltloll to drawing pLins. dv.igns and
incat.dns for all manner of Imilding,at private
Snperinten.lell , e civ,a for rt aLnuablP
comp , nsation 7
.t residence S. E. corner of
Elizabeth street=.
.1 ainilrepa.e , l to furnish Biln.dried Doors, tiaro
and Blinds of any style, FiZA, or thickness. on short
Band in:your orders _ten days before you to 11F , P the art!cles. and tsd sure that you %OH
7, t doors that grill not shrink' or Terms cash
T,Aranda, July It. IR7I. GEO. P. CARII.
open , -41 a Banking llonse is Towanda, nr.der the
name of O. F. MASON A CO.
They are p'repared to draw Bills of Eadhange, and
rar,k, volleetions in New York. Philadeltibia. and .all
portions of thetuited States. as also Eiklaxid. Ger
many. and France. To 'loan money. receive deposits
and to do a geal.ral Banking business.
U. Mar.on was OW. , f the late firm of Laporte
Masrn A Co.. of Towanda. Pa.. and his knOwledge 01
he Misir.ess men of Bradford and adjoining Bounties
and having been in the banking business for about
fiftr-n years. maks this house a desirable one througi
whieli to make collectiods. G. F. MASON.
Towanda, 1566. A. G. MASON.
TEAT • F I 11 ! •
. Retail Dealers . lia GrocerieS and Provisions. trues
and liedietnes. Kerossne Oil. Lamps. Chimneys
Shades, Dye Stuffs. Paints. Oils. Varnish. Yankee No ,
Lions, Tobacco. Cigars and Snuff. Purr _ Wines and
Liquors. of the best quality. for medicinal purposes
only. All Goods sold at the very lowest prices Pre
scrqdions carefully compounded at all honris of the
day and niabt.' Give-us-a call.
Vonrnutoil. Pa.. June 21.
W.llisms ,a Ouion's old Black Star Line" of Liv.
repoll'acUcts. sailing evrry week.
Swallow-tail Line of - Packets iron or to London
sailing twice a month.
lt , •mittancea to tan:land, Ireland and Scotland pay
auh' on demand.
For further particulars. apply to Williams .t Gnion
•29' Broadway New York. or
G. F- MASON dr. CII.. Bankers,
Towanda, Pa-
IN Slitill.r.QUlN,.
The suhe.tib de3tree to tti'.o notice that his pew
la now in anecessf . nl operation. and that be is pre
parLd to chi all won; in his lino on:abort notice.
^WL'.t; flu,k44..teat ami Ilye Front, Corn Meal
L'ran..• aiwa2.9 on band and for sale at
~ 1- ---
4.... ,,
• P 1!::1LCVL %It NOTl,'"l......Persons Jivitige on the
w, - ,s:t ell, nf the river dr intut to patronise my mill.
w.n•liar.. Vex ferryage sid both • ways, when they
hr.;:._ , grogs )t,i.ou bushels mid ,niiivarils. , -
i . 1.1'71. . F. S. 44,1T1t9•
liarcessor ' to Humphrey Droa:,
Over Moody 'g Store.
..n hand a fn.ll assortment of DOUBLE and
;I.EHAI:NE:IS. and all othee goods In his line
I , ...z,airmg and manufecturing done to oidcr.
• T , ,,anda. Aliont4 11471. •
br. W. IS. KELLY oh thie place and Dr. C. N. STAN
LEY of AtheL.4, hate tor - J..o_4a cr,pirtneralaip for the
A rlsnay 1:e tonna at the oflice of tr. Kelly, over
4i ve!aatn Atillach's s:oro in Tow - ands. prepared at
CO ton, to treat patlents in a rirstAlaisa manner.
All w,rk Wa.rratited aei'represented.
T-etl, eatracte•d without pain.- by the nee. of
:ZUrous °tale Gas
Staniry w1;1 I,e ta Lis o f
11 :' , 11y ar3 :11 ,, roluys mail fa!
11. J A C 013 S,
llca remora d his
T, 2 PrAtou's 'gain street, seem,' door
abore. Driaz,-e .Trt.rxt. can u!,:cays be fou"d s compieto tttock of
Alii;ocr3A warranted, and sold at the lowest rates
t •*-1
Iti;s:T. Tot LEsiIIABLE.. 22. d. Itingt E 0
NollicAL FULI. roi eulinsry purposes drulug sum
tutr. r ).r 149112 ty the
Torrlre cents per bushel at the Gal Berner. 01 firr.
eCa relate (1011 - rrot UtsIMP,I" • 1
• AT Law, Towsudii. Pa.
11 Law, Towanda, in= 21. 'IA
`"'• - , - irreicum
Sranzon Mee 'orer Dr. IL C. Pinter So l d
Co.'s Drng Store» •
LAW, Towanda, PA., Officie with Eltums
Smith, - south side Merano& Block. Apra 14. 70
Nzys AT LAW. Ode.--occuer of Main an
Pine Streets, opposite Porter's Drug Store.
• flee over 'SVlctham & Black's, Towanda, T
My 2d, "70.
Chem ical Office
Stare. in ranee. Block. orer Gore
j Drag
- ai •611.
and Surgeon. Towanda. P. Office one doo
north of Pay, amide! it Sanderiton's coal cram
11• I..TD COIITETLLOtt AT Law, TOWarda, P. Pan
ticular attention paid to buaintaa to the Orphastai
Court. $11420.1511.
South ,sitle of ?demur's New Block, up attire
April 21. 10—tf.
• ICET AT LAW (Diaria IMMIX, for Brad.i
cord Connts). Troy, Pa. Collect:Was male aad prompt,'
ly 'emitted. Ceti 15,'69—tr.
T &D. C. DEwrrf, Altorneyg-al
•I •Law, nexanda, Pa.. having formed I co-part.
nerabip. tender" their prefeasional - aervires to the
public. Special attention given to EVERT, DEPART
-STF:NT of the bpainess, at She county meld or else
where. JACOB DrWITT.
D. CLOiTOI4 Dif.l7/TT.
• TOWANDA. Pa.. Dec.l2. 1810.
*AT law, Towanda, Pa. Partletilse attention g t..
en to Orphans' Court Maims& Conytrincing and
reflections. W Mice in Wood', new block., south
of the First National' Bank, upstairs.
Feb. 1, 1871.
H. WARNER, Physician and
C• Surgeon. Leßayelille, Bradford Co., Ps. AU
rang promptly attended to. Office first door south
of Leßrtynolle House.
Sept. 15, 1A70.-pr
TIVERTON & 'UMBER, herros-
NTT'S AT LAW. Towanda, Pa., hart= entered
into copartnership. offer their professional cervices
to the public. Special attention given to basineu
in the Orphan's and Iteester's Cotuta. apl 14'70
E. bratrroa. In. . c. stastuer..
I NET. AT LAW. Towanda, Ps. The undersigned
haiina associated themselves together}n the practice
of Law. offer their pmtestdonal services to the public.
March 9. 1970. •
A. Sr, B. M. P
‘4lll Ftree opposite the Court H 9
het. 27;70
• PERINTDENT, Towanda. Pa. Office with
D. M. Perk. second door below the. Ward Horiae.i
Will be at the netce the hint Saturday of each moat
and at all other tlinea when riot called away on bual
nc.s connected with the Snperitenclency. All lette
ihnuld hereafter be addrepakt ac dec.1.70
flf2ce one door call. -of Reporter builihn7, Reg
d.inre. corner Pine and'2nil street.
Towanda. Jnne 22. 1871.
11. - m 511. Towanda. Pa
• L. Towanda, DrWord CO.. P.
Particular attention paid to Collections and Orphan. I
COurt tmxiaePsr Office—Mercer's New Bloch, n
ate of the College of **Physicians and Snrgeona,:i
`Ci,v York city. Cla.s gives exelniiire attentio
t the practice of his pmfesaion. Mike and reahlenc4
ob the easkrn elope of Orwell Mil. adjoining Hen
ffros Ws. jan 14. '69.
DR. D. D. SMITH, Dent 1, ha:
purchased, G. 11. Wooil'a• prorwrty, betwee
Nt.•renr'e Meek and the Elwell noose. where he, •
loaated hie office. Teeth extracted wtthnnt pale b
•0••• of can. Towand • 0ct.20. 11470.—yr.
INING :R005.15
. Near the Court 'House. _
We are prepared to feed the hungry at all times ,f
the day and eTeuinp. Oysters and lee Cream
their seasons.
March 30, 11. 1 7 , ). D. W. SCOTT &- CO.
[Taring leased this tiouse. in now may toaccomm -
Intr. the travelling public. No pains norespense w
tie spared tri give Ilatisfsclion to those who may - gi
iiim n call.
p4-north side of the reline !eraare, cast of die
car's new..blooL
PETER LAiIq..3I:ESSER„ hidden mysteries of God, and deals
flawing purebaaml and thoroughly refitted this o il
,nd well-known stand. formerly kept by Sheriff fl , f • round the land OD each
Se. et the month of Rummerfield Creek. is ready In --who falls below his own peculiar
rive good acconamodations and satisfactory tre.afane t
to ell who may favor him with a call. prejudices. _,.,
Dec. 23, BGS—tf. The great poet writes ;
" non catu'st not to thy place by accident,
It is the very place Godpeant for thee,
And tools rush in where angels dare not tread."
We have had much to observe
within the year past. Neither Ho:
.garth nor- Shakspeare were capable
of adeVately depicting it. It has
furnished food and fees for lawyers
and judges, sheriffs and constables.
It has sounded through all our
streets and avenues, and invaded the
country. It has furnished gossiPfor
tea tables and shops. Editors have
written about it, and many sage apo
theoas have slipped from the pen.
as warnings to fast young men; and
all this while hearts have bled, anti
tears have flowed, sad prayers have
ascended that men might learn mercy
and practice - the charity that cover
eth sin; and - hopes have been broken,
and peace made an alien and a stran-
This rk,pulai house. recently leased by Ifeitse'er in an otherwise happy home.
'"`" and'''"l having been completely ref3 P • "What matters all that ' " we hear tilre
remodeled. and refurniithed, affords to the pu to
all the comforts and modern conveniences of sr d I- B—on
p ded, " compared with a great
4.13. Rotel. Situate opposite the Park on M n
Street. it is eminently convenient for persons vi t- d u t y,.,a public duty." " Let justice
ing Towanda, either'for pleasure or business. b , done 'though the heavens fall."
BOON ik 31E158 ' Prd;)rictdr6 I BELIEVE 'THIS ACT or WIRD ' S ENT.STEN ,
in Athena on Sat-
Cher notice.
Liu TEL.
The Ilorece, ITarnerc J:a of all gnosis of • ■
h'ouee, insured against loaf' by Fire, without any e -
int charge.
A anpenor quality of Old English Base Ale. Pi ,
received. T. R. JORDAN,—
Towanda. Jan. 21.11. Proprietor
, TOW emA. ra.
The subveriber having felfleil and lately etted p
the above Hotel. lately by him u a - saloon
hording honge. on the south aide of BRIM
next to the rail-road. Is now' prepared
eutentain the public with good accomadations on •
Sociable charges.'trouble or expense will .
'pared to arommOdate those calling on him. •is
bar will be furnished with choice brands of eigaris,
Ales, die. '
G 0741 Stabling attached.
Towarids. June 1,11471.5te1 lfsy72
W. W. iinOt7NLS'G, raoPatrr. •
This House is conducted in strictly Tempe
Princsples . Every effort Will be made to o
karcsts comfortable. Good rooms and the table
always be supplied with the best the Market
fords. Nor.l. 1871
Respectfully announce to the public in generid,
they have opened a large and choice stock of
In the store formerly occnpled by John Merl&
corner Stain and Frinkbn greets. Towanda, w
they will Bel as claesp as the chearcat for
Yon will always end Ton Ifiattnrrn there, jna as
kappy as ever, to wait upon all old customers and as
many new ones as will favor them with a calL
TElott. urin.
Dcalt^* in
sitms, rcrts.
for artick the alabeercanit price la paid at all •
Moe Itoceuleld's store. Main-at..
IL A. oitITON,
r. L Eto - rcir • wiv./ 4 • 10 TQwwaxi,
A husbandman who for many years, •-
Had plowed his field and sown in tears,
Grew weary with its doubts and fears.
I 'l toll in vain! These rocks and sands
Will yield_rio harvest to my hands; -
The best seeds rot-in barren lands.
"uy drooping vine is slithezing ;I
No promised grapes its blossoms.bring ;
No birds among its brandies sing:
" My flock is dying on the plain,
-The heavens are brass, they do rain,
The - carth iron—ltoil In PAW"
While yet be spake,* breatlibiZ stirred
ILs drooping vine, like wing Di bird,
And from its leaves a voice he heard_
"The germs of fruit and life must be
Foroier hid-in mystery, ' •
Yet none can tail in 'rain for Me,
" A mightier hand, more skilled than thir.e,
That bang the cluster on the tine,
And make the fields with harrest shine.
"Ilan can tint wiul : God can create ;
But they who work and witch and wiut,
Hare their reward, though it come late.
"Look up to heaven ! behold and hear
The clouds and thundering in thine eai,
An answcr to thy doubts and fear."
Ile looked, and lu f a elenl-draped car,
With trailing smote arid names ear,
Was rushing from a distant star.
And every .liiraty rock and plain
Was rising up, to meet the rain,
That time to clothe the ficlde RitL 2;rain.;
And in the clouds he saw again
The covenant of God with men,
ne-written with Ms rainbow pen
"Seed-time and harvest shall not fail,
And though the gates of liell assail,
My truth,and promise shall prevail."
The above words were the first
Harry Ward was heard-to speak, of
ter the discharge of the pistol which
terminated Wesley E. hader's life.
That circumstance and the legal in
vestigation which has followed, has
aroused 'more feeling . and caused
more animadversion, than has occur
red in this vicinity for many years.
Every one, almost, has es ressed au
opinion, and lam sorry o say, the
opinions have as a gc eral thing,
been adverse to Ward. *.or myself,
having had nothing to do with the
investigation, _ and being neither
judge, jurytnan, nor advocate, I have
calmly held my peace, wondering all
the while at the facility with which
people worry others, when they are
at ease themselves, their own - good
names being unscathed. '
I believe Harry Ward guiltle* of
any intentional wrong in that trans
action. He may have been careless,
reckless if you pleas; unthinking,
unconscious, but never criminal, un
less you call carelessness crime, and
if you come to that, how• few of ti!.-
who are complacently hugging the
idea of our own merit and blameless
ness, would escape the punishment
meted out to Ward ? His act of care
lessness has been fatal to the life of a
fellow being, while yours as hurt
uo one, not even yoUrself, and your
act of carelessness was as great, as
thoughtless and in - a peculiar combi
nation of circumstances might have
destroyed even a liuman life.- Acci
dents are common to us all. They
belong to our weak human nature.'
No one so orders his life that he may
defy them and believe himself inde
;.cadent of their occurrence. We
may reason upon them as we will,
the fact remains that accidents will
happen, are happening every day.,
and he who undertakes an ell:oh:ma ;
tion by some rule which renders a
fellow creature responsible to his own
narrow sense of justice, arrogates to
hinnielf the right to deal with the
use, Towanda, Pa
spr. 1. '59
Proprietor I
Ist. /t was tcjibout a. motive. The
whole transaction, from first to last,
reveals no motive. If a man is plun
dered after being shot, or made away
with we•` see a motive. So, if a
quarrel has arisen, and a man
is shot after it, you may say the
motive was Revenge. Here, there
was no quarrel, for you cannot call
their scuffle a quarrel. Shader, him-
self, in his dying dselaratiori, says it
was rough fun. Before, and after
t the scuffle, 'they were talking, laugh
ing, boasting, eating, drinking, walk
ing in the ya rd, handling the pistols,
boxing, playing, and planning rides.
Does this look like a, quarrel-? Has
it the least appearance of a quarrel?
Do men quarrel in such a way ?
Never! It is an insult to common
sense to say they quarreled, and we
see fiem the magnifying of this sim
ple souffle into a quarrel, how the
prosecution was troubled to sustain
itself. It must contrive out a quar
rel, or there would be no revenge to
furnish a motive for a murder. How
perfectly ridiculous all this appears
in the light of common sense.
Let candid men read Shader's
inz Declaration, and see how slender
ground the prosecution had to make
a quarrel out of,- and thou reflect
T110_ , 9. Ift•lßstis
itucieb tottm.
that the Whole case against Ward,
stood upon this fictitious quarrel,'
and than wonder at, and admire the
intelligence of juries, or rather of
this Tunkbannock jury, which' with
:eyes and ears open found a verdict'
upon a supposfd . existence of a- fact,
which the dying declaration told
them never bad an existence. Fail
ing to establish the existence of a
quarrel between these two men, the
motive for the intention failed, there
fore; there could be no feloniotiii kill
ing; therefore, the killing not being
intentional, was accidentaL If the
'ury did not draw this logical infer
•nce, it should have teen instructed
by the. Court, and the hearts which
have been torn, the bosoms which
have been laCerated, the sympathies
which have been trampled on, wianld
have been healed. Alas I alas! with
no word of instruction, that jury
were permitted to infer that a guar-'
rel began in play; culminated in play,
and ended in play, and as a play
which is all the time a fight, ought
to have some termination; and as no
witness could tell of its beginning
ncir Pnd, having never heard of it as
a fight before, that jury, but for the
solemn surroundings; might conceive
it still in progress.
Was it a quarrel, when according
to the dying declaration they had
scuffled in the -same way before?
andif so, how comes it that these
two meet in such amity on this day ?
In every light in all the lights
which shine on this transaction, in
no sense in which it may_ be consid
ered,:,can a reasonable, upright mind
call this boy-scuffie a quarrel, and all
that is built upon it of motive, re
rise, intention', deliberation,' mur
der, falls to the ground, to the dire
confusion of the builders of the fab
ric. Did Shader, the wounded, dying
man, think it a quarrel, when, on the
night of February 22d, a few hours
after the shooting ~ occurred, and
when all the facts were fresh in his
mind, neither obsctired by suffering,
nor lapse of time, when asked by
Wm. C. Bogart,..- Had there been
any difficulty ornitereation between
Mr.. Ward and you ?" " Not any,
sir," was the
_instant reply. Under
this accumulation of evidence, all of
it, every syllable 'of it, disproving a
quarrel on . that day, the gentleman
from Ne;# York betrays a singular
disposition to deny the truth of the
,witness, whom he affects to credit in
his dying declaration ; and worst of
all to manifest an atrocity of princi
ple. a destructiveness of purpose,
which a high minded, intelligent-ad
vacate would . cast from him with
loathing and scorn, the moment the
devil inspired him with a desire to
use it. Lawyers have no 'right nor
license to overslau ; ,h a fair and legit.-
imate inference from facts and words,
as they appear upon the record, and
especially to print and publish to the
world a calumny which his own vile
heart has , conceived. .sawyers are
entirely inexcusable for prolonging
a prejudice to wind,' they have given
birth, and a verdict of thirty thous
and or even of a hundred thousand
dollars will be ashes to the lips if
gained by such means.
there are always two, verdicts ren
dered at the close of an investigation
ike this : one is that of the Jury—
the other that of the Great Pubic.
Sooner or later errors of judgment
are corrected, and the public inind
recants them. Wherever it has been
imposed upon by passion, prejudice,
and misconception; the light of plain,
unvarnished truth at last enters, and
men stand appalled at their -folly. If
individuals have been active in in
flaming the public mind, in spread
ing a delusion, in -giving a false col
oritig,.and in suppressing facts which
favor the" best side of our weak hu
man nature, then, they will soon un
derstand the true significance of the
word Retribution. They cannot es
cape it. And the public demands it
in the exact measure and degree of
the difficulty of making it. Still it
must be made. Not only human,
but Divine Law exacts it. All the
powers of heaven and earth are
pledged to its rendition. It is the
cry of outraged, inexorable justice,
wounded, writhing iti its own house,
surrounded by its own agents and
ministers. I declare, I would rather
be the victim of an investigation like
this, than its acting controlling agent.
Revert to the first words Ward
spoke, •` God only knows how it was
Reasoning is inferring conclusions
from a basis, or' a supposed basis.
Tho theory of the prosecution is,
that there was a quarrel, and that
the quarrel begat a motive of revenge
in the mind of Ward, and that in de.
liberating upon this motive, he form
ed the intention to murder_ Shader.
The quarrel, we see, is the supposed
`starting point, and 'without it we
have no starting point—it is like a
journey starting from no where, and
going no where. I defy the common
sense of the world to believe in the
occurrence of a quarrel there; and
then all that train of reasoning fails,
the deliberation; the intention to
murder, fails with it. It all— the
reasoning, deliberation, intention,
had no existence but in the imagina
tion of the advocate, stimulated by
the hope of a fee, and intent on in
stilling into the minds of an i ,, norant
jury, a diabolical prejudice. To de
liberate is to compare . opposite infer
ences and conclusions: It is a men
tal process, which requires time for
its performance. An intention which
binds one to its ultimate results,
must be founded on deliberation, and
that must be preceded by a
.chain of
mental phenomena which presents to
the mind-all the considerations which
should influence human conduct ;
otherwise, it is not a legal intention;
'otherwise, it is not a prem ilitated
intention; otherwise. it is but an im
pulse, which has no characteristic of
intention, and for which the law
wisely provides. It is a sudden, rash,
instankaneons impulse. which by its
force and startling rapidity. has over
leaped the ordinary channels i,f con
duction, which has dislocated all the
links in the 'ordinary chain of
thought, and thrust the uninformed,
immature will into tbe place of de
liberation and reason, and made - the
will the master instead of the In-'
I" r )
! ...,..
If the reason has not investi
' itted the Matter, what can we ex
pect of theiwill,' which is the execu
tive faculty of the soul ? It is
Primer to.say, what should have been
sak: before, it is well known- that
Ward did not leave the room to
search for his 'pistol, as has been
charged from time to time. He had
no such time and opportunity to pre
modiiate a murder. It has been said,
rePeatedly, that he ran up stairs for;
it; "ran out of-the room for it,"- ran',
to got it; all the "while _ intending to'
shoot Shader with it.'-' All these al-
legations are false, and have preju- I
diced the public mind against him.
They were used for that 'purpose by
the aspiring gentleman who has pub
lished his speech, but they are falsi
fications of facts, and this we .
him to arrange with- Ward himself,
when that gentleman has the oppor
tunity 'to attend I to it- • -
It is a common presumption that
men arm intentions suddenly, as
suddenly as they receive impressions'
and ideas. Intention, as we have
remarked, is a result of reasoning.
deliberating choosing. Mr. Locke
says. "Intention is where the mind'
with great earnestness, and of choice.
fixes"its view on any idea, considers
it on every side." But was that jury
told by the legal gentleman who is
so intent on carrying off the honors
of that prosecution, that hepriblishes
his speech, that such *as its defini
tion ? Not once. On the contrary,' .
that case went to that jury 'while it
(the jury) believed that an impulse, I
an unconscious nnreasoning impulse,
constituted a legal intention.
And nowJ I desire to call the at
tention of the imblic tole speech of a
certain Mr. Decker for ithe prosecu
tion, who hails from the great -State
of New York, and, who, yielding to
the desire pt his' friends, (stereotyp
ed phrase; they are many, no doubt,
and are ranch interested) has had the
kindness to write out and publish his
speech, and give it to an impatient
public, quite oblivious of that trite,
homely, old, worn out adage, " never
to leek a gift horse in the month."
This sag ? production, having Daniel
Webster 's great argument in the case
of the Commowealth of Massachu
setts VS. the Xnapps, as a model.
overflows with law, argument, wit
and eloquence, and did we not so
reterence'great names, we might, in
the exuberance 'of our admiration,
declare it surpassed its great erignal
He tells us page 18 of his publish
ed speech, that " the dying declara
tions are made the central' point of
his argument" against Ward. In his
own opinion they are all that is ne
celery to convict. Ward of murder.
What is strange in regard to this dy
ing declaration making so great a
part of the prosecution, is, that the'
defense no where denies it, and what
is still strange; is, that the defense
relies upon it to, prove the killing ac
cidental. Look on page 19 of the
-speech and see these words from the
dying declaration : "I don't want- it
considered he had any intention, as
I • believe, to murder me." Whiit
words, what form of words, could
give a clearer impression to him who
nears or reads them, that Shader,
the victim of this accident, who
knew all the preceding facts and cir
cumstances of that Iday, fully acquit
ted Ward of intentional wrong, and
-when Hannah Cranmer, Clark B.
Porter and wife, William C. Bogart,
George D. Montanye, Jacob DeWitt,
Nathan Tidd, John Knox, and many
other?, whose names it is unnecessary
to mention, have laity confirmed us,
in the .Ortaitity of Shader's opinion,
how can we doubt respecting the ani
nius of the shooting. Are we author
lied to. cast ,away the evidence -of
these most respectable people, when
it adds a certainty to the dying dec
laration? By what rule of construc
tion does Mr. Decker insist on the
truth of the other facts in the dying
declaration, and deny this which ac
quits Ward. It is a moral apothegm
that a falsity in one counts, works a
falsity in all the counts, "false in one,
false in all."
Will the gentleman commit a legal
suicide,_ and murder his own case ?'
The defence takes the dying declara
tion just as it stands, and insists the
prosecution shall do the same. Bead
what this lawyer has said on page
35 : " These dying declarations, if
truthful, furnish a detailed history of
the tragedy, and leave no part envel
oped in mystery and doubt." Pre
cisely so, my learned commentator,
they leave no doubt about the fun,
frolic, good feeling, • good nature,
recklessness, in which both these
merry gentlemen- indulged during
the whole day; and they show too, -
how false to probabilities, how for
eign to a true interpretation of hu-
Man conduct in such cases, how dia
bolical is the attempt to appropriate
all there is which by a forced con
struction favors his theory of feloni
ous intention, and then, on the other
hand, reject the same declarations
when they explain all that happened.
Is there a court in Christendom that
would not have pointed out the soph
istry ? Is there another jury upon
earth that would not have felt its
dignity insulted? Is there a lawyer
to the manor born, that would, vol
untarily, have taken a position, in
its nature quite as felonious .as that
he charges upon Ward. WO hope
not, we believe not. It was reserved
to an alien, a stranger to our juris
prudence, and to the morale of our
conrts, - to stultify himself by an act
so derogatory to judicial honor.
There has been a time in the his
tory of oaf race, when a woroan,how
ever, humble and •defenseless, was an
object of respect and regard, in the
breast of every high minded, 'c ' '
ric gentlemen. In that day, n one
insulted her with impunity, an eve
ry man felt bound to, defen er,
since she had not the physical eh' y
to defend herself. And in this day,
she receiVes due courtesy and defer
ence from every man, save one. The
exception is the half-bred lawyer,who
riots in his power to insult, outrage,
and trample on all the sacred sensi
bilities of womanhood,4;n4 who rare
ly dismisses a woman froin_ the wit
ness stand, until he has wounded her
innate deli ,b 7 ungentlemanly in
quiries and, Mkt/110118, or by what is
more in his nature brutal and cra
bs:wing manners and address.' The
words *rend written with Any_ sliti.
, .
mac an qvasna.
Bien to this gentleman, for we believe
he examined no witnesses, but they
are intended to apply only to those
guilty of the sin we condemn.
'Now in the speech which our legal
gentleman insists we shall read,what
appears kith° testimony of Hannah
Creamer to justify the ungentleman
ly langunge he has used in reference
to her? Why this abortive attempt
at wit? Why this comparison of the
plain modest unsophisticated elderly
woman, with the - "chaste Lucretia
and Ctesars wife? Is the comparison
apt, or unapt? Appropriate or inap
propriate? Be' it which it may, it is
terribly suggestive, and it suggests
just that, which no decent man ever
yet hinted respecting a woman, with
out incurring. the 'danger of being
kicked into the street,by a near male
relative. Has'this high minded, im
ported, Websterian, advocate never
.yet seen a modest woman that -he
does not know one,when he sees her?
What class of females does he atso
ciate with, at home?
Hannah Cranmer ia. a plain, sensi,
ble, discreet woman. She has never
associated with that description of
the sex, to which the advocates pru
rient imagination - likens her, but, fir
humble unvarnished qualities which
tommand the respect of the world,
she is as good as the best. That low
allusion to insane and idiotic asylums
though it tickled his self-complacen
cy vastly, finds no toleration here,
and is considered by Ward's enemies;
as a very great blunder, and by his
friends, as characteristic of the whole
line of attack, and in perfect accord
with this strange effort to give a
transaction, in all its features acci
dental and fortuitous, the appearance
of crime. There is nothing in her
testimony nor in her manner a thing,
which bore any the least resemblance
to deception nor untruthfulness; nor
idiocy, nor insanity. Who so apt to
suspect idiocy and insanity; and be
who is afflicted himself? Let the
public judge between Hannah Cran
mer, and her assailant.
Why does any one question her ev
idence when it is confirmed by the
dying declaration, and by the long
array of evidence following, by the
four or five letters ho , dictated and
had sent to friends and people con
nected with him in business, in some
of which he declared it an accident.
Has he lied, and have all others lied
too, who now swear in this court to
hearing' him absolve Ward from
blame? I know not that courts in ,
these days ever send juries back to
the jury room, telling them their ver
dict is not in accord with evidence,
but I know such things have been
done, and I think it to have been the
manifest, binding duty,--One EIO ira
perioUs, constraining, overwhelming
in fact, as not to be gainsaid, to have
reminded this jury to their room till
ing them to return with a verdict
more agreeable to absolute fact.
But why, we were about inquire,
was Mrs. Cranmer singled out for a
raid, only because she seems most
<helpless and defenseless? "A lone
woman with no one to take her part.
I can make her my target, I can de,
molish her with my scathing sarcasm:
I can cover her all over with my rid:
kill°, my keen cutting wit will 'flash
all around the old woman,and before
I have done with her, that jury will
think that Lucretia and Casar's wift ,
(God bless the latter how often she
does good duty for orators like mc)
eciere.a couple of nulls," What chiv
alry, what magnanimous generosity !
It is the act of a huge cowardly bully
and lout,, who pitches into the weak
est, scrawniest boy-in the street, and
flogs hie, because he can.
The reason why he pretends-to be-.
lieve Hannah Cranmer'eoath a fabri
cation is, that when he (Shader) told
her it was an accident, be (Shader)
was so over come by the shock, and
so faint, as not to be able to speak at
all. The surgeon coming in a few
minutes later, found the wounded
man insensible, therefore,Shader was
unable to say it was an accident as
she swears he did, and from this,froin
just this,and from no more than this,
a woman, unspotted in her relations
in lifejs held up to the scorn of -the
comintinity, and.ttade the subject of
odious' comparisons. Which of these
two, witness or witemerges from this
tirade of malicious aspersion, the
most besmirched, which the dirtiest,
which the iflinaliest?
And yet it is very natural, that
Shader should have beeu able to
speak to the woman, RS he did at the
time, and a few minutes later, had
been unable to speak to the surgeon.
The shock did not deprive him of
reason and consciousness and power
to articulate, for it is not disputed
that almost in the same' hreath, be
said, " I am dying." The reason why
he could speak when_ Mrs. Cranmer
yas present, was because the shock'
was insufficient to deprive him of
sense and speech, at thornomentancl
the reason why he could •not speak
ten or fifteen minutes later, when the
doctor arrived to the scene, was be
cause the hemorrhage had induced a
fainting. The - bullet wounded no
large blood vessel, but it did wound
a great , many small- ones, and the
slow escape of the vital fluid brought
on the. faintness in thirty o r
_ forty
minutes, and abOut that time, the
doctor was there first. Shock to un
consciousness and insensibility,is not
the inevitable resultof gunshot wounds
through the body. Hundreds, thous
ands of instances might be collected,
where it was inconsiderable. Offi
cers have ridden miles,, soldiers have
marched to camp with, Bullet holes
through them, and then fainted from
slow; leaking,exhausting hemorrhage.
This is a plain, simple, natural ex
planation of all that seems difficult
in Mrs. Cranmer'S evidence, and it is
so reasonable that at the first' look,
we wonder why the - jury and the
public could not correct it themselves,
and it seems a waste of time and
words to press them in the service of
discovering a, so prominent
and palpable, that no art can conceal
Most of us have heard the inquiry
raised, "Why did Ward .wish to car
ry that revolver with him that night?"
.Now, my good friend, ,yon who in
quite, I mean, before you infer a
murderous intent, just satisfy your
own mind that he did wish to carry
it: You have no evidence that, he
143 4 4 Mu= vo Milignot act
_...... r ;~:x:bßti":~~F3YlS7P\;7~'~..:'t~i-~'.~. .-:. _.._.... .=,. k 1• 'i'
, .
_ ,
words of his which make it a fair in
ference. .He did not runup stairs to
bring it down, as you have been told
time after time. . He did not go out for it. No one will hay
he did, no one tint the redoubtable
Decker, who heaths .so complaintly
on 3frs. Cranmer, and who infers
that while he (Nara) was hurrying
from roo t) to room for his pistol, he
was in the thioes' of ungovernable
passion, bursting with -desire for 7
venge and deliberating u n murder.
Fallacy, assumption,r.stsEn VD/ What
a strange, sudden, con ail-- five
minutes before, all smiles, jocidarity,
friendliness, pleasantry, and.then the
rage of a demon from the pit! Oh,
it is monstrous to . think it. But if
Ward had wished to take his pistol,
with him, what more natural? Ward
has-traveled a good deal recently,and
there are few_ travelers who - do not
carry vistols in - all their journies.
Very few, perhaps none; and these
men think it no more strange to car
ry a pistol than a watch.
, Will any one explain why it was,
that if Ward intended to shoot Sha
der, he did not shoot s him up stairs,
when they were handling tho revolv
ers that were lying oni the bureau be
fore them ? , This was after the scuf
fle, and Ward must hay,: • been as
mad-so soon after as he co.ild
been some hours later.• Here was
the time and place to kill, if killing
was his intention, for here -ho could
have done it ii.,.•ince, and •so thor
oughly-that Shader,would never have
opened his lips with "dying decla
ration." But Ward lot the opportu
nity pass, (evidently ho knows noth;
ing.about murder as a finesart) had
his vi c tim down stairs in thadining
room, has all : his servants about,7in
fling into the room and out ofthe:
room, sets all the doors open, talk\
with a voice so loud that all his con-.
versation could be heard.
And' there is another circumstance
that seems a little strange on the
theory of felonious-- intention, and
that is, that Ward should have shot
him in the stomach, when be might
have shot him through the heart or
head. It is not denied that wounded
whore he was, his (Shader's death. I
was certain, but there was the dead
certainty of a dying . declaration, to
tell the world all about it. Now on
the supposition that Ward intended
to kill, aro tve not driven to infer,
that haplanned to be detected in the
killing? That - to make the detection
easy, he hailed.hini down stairs into
the dining-room, and there when all
was prepared and ready for the trag
edy and he (Ward) standing but
three feet in , advance of his victim,
and a good 'marksman shoots him i in
the stomach, so thathe dies a linger
ing death,and his the necessary time
to make a dying declaration? Are
we not forced -to believe - something
like this, when we know that Ward
.might have shot him dead, on the in
stant, and have closed his mouth for:-
ever . ?
liesderi ho who writes these words
believes as much as he helices in his
own existence, `that' Harry Ward is
..tiltless of felonious intention in the
tragedy which terminated the life of
Wesley E. Shader. He believes that
Ward,in his first examination of Sur
prise and Horror, gave to the world
all it can ever know, or ever will
know, why Shade fell 4ounded,
bleeding, dying; at the feet 'of him,
whom he believes was the unconscious
instrument of his death, and so be
lieving, he cannot withhold this fear
less expression of his convictions.
The expression he knows. can, do no
good -to-day. The blow has. fallen
Hearts that quivered in apprehension
and fear on the one hand. and rallied
in hope and anticipated justice on the
other, are rigid and dumb now,-be
lieves that_ a single grain of. that
charity which every man owes tois
neighbor; and which the neighb r
has a right to demand as his du ,
would have saved all the wounds onr,
social life'has felt.,That an investi
gation should be ad it was natural
to expect,
.and also, men should with s
hold their opinion of guilt or inno
cence, until acts were considered by
an intelligent, jury. If our system of
jury trial is ever. brought into disre
pute, it will be by verdicts like this,
in the'case of Ward. There are hun
dreds of men,-I believe, who,.. if they
will preserve the evidence; just as it
was elicited on the trial, and one
year from to-day read it over, will
say, that Harry Ward was convicted
on nnsufficient grounds. They will
say precisely that Ward said at first.
•.‘ God only knows how it' was done."
It was said above that it was pre
sumed that an inquiry would be in
stituted into the cause and manner
of the death. Such inquiry was only
reasonable And one could take no ex
ceptiens. And here the public ought
to have engaged in it without prep
dice,, and disposed togive all parties
the _benefit, of that maiim of law,
which holds every one innoeent- of
crime until proved , guilty.. Ndw was
this fundamental rule of jurispru
dence honored hero? I ask the just;
the candid, the ~unprejudiced, those
who love their country, and take:.a
just pride in her institutions, those
who value our 'social "fabric which
undertakes to guard individual , as
well as public right, if 'Ward's case.
was not prejudged days before the
finding of the coroner's jury. ' •
There are a thousand acts of our
every day life' aria reader you and I
are in the daily peiformance of them,
and they differ from this of Harry
Ward only,lhat they are not follow
ed by such deplorable consequences.
His act was without consciousness,'
reason, and intention, so are ours, in
those cases to which reference .. .is
made now. Do you, in walking along
the street, think, reason, intend, and
will, at each successive step?. Do
you in playing a tune on the violin
or piano, think, reason, will, and in=
tend at each time your finger strikes
the key or the chord, and yet your
music is perfect, and you, have un
consciously to yourself, evoked from
your instrument, a succession of har
monies in the - highest style of the art,
and you have done it, too, without
the exercise, 'The expenditure, of a
single faculty of tLe soul, 'necessary
td the formation of a legal intention,
and had a killing beeninteijuted in
to that train of Merited associations,
you would have been guilds!**evs l
AS Ward isouall yet! weld Fry wi ts
*2 per Anmun in Advance.
'Harry, " God only knows how it was
done.": We all remember the case of
Vallandighata of Ohio. Ile couldto
more account for the exphision of the
pistol he careless in his hand,
than could, Ward for the explosion
of the one be held. , Suppose- some
zealous conservator of the public
peace bad thought it a duty to in
quire into the manner of his death,
how easy it would have been to alarm
the country with vague speculations
of foul play, perhaps of quarrel's and
premeditated violence, and is to be
supposed that his constant, persist
ent, solemn' naservations of the ac
cidental character of the shooting
would haie calmed. the troubled wa
- ters any more thqn did the same
emn asservations repeatedly express
ed, even sworn to, of Shader, in this
case? Both Vallandigham and Ward
have - been made victims of accidental
shooting, end both innocent 'of .erini:
inal intention. V allandigham , went
down to the grave and no voice was
raised to lift the burden of imputed
crime, if crime was ever alleged, but
from the portals of eternity r welear
one, announcing in reference' to
Ward, "I don't want it considered
he had any intention, as I believe, to
murder me," and these imperiect
strictures of a remarkable speech and
trial, may be closed for the present
quoting 1 1 . , ard's words''' " God only
knows how it was done."
Some of the inqt conspicuous
Whig,s in Congress, becoming discon
tented with , 31r.) Clay's imperious
bearing and his determinatiOn to ,
push extreme measures, agreed to
meet at General Scott's rooms at the
Hope Club for consultation. Mr.
Clay was not invited to attend, nor.
Was he apprised that the meeting was
to h\held; butt late in the evening
the fact eame to his knowledge. - - Re
turning from a whist party at Bodis-•
cots, he knocked at Scott's quarters,
and was -ushered into, the* . room
where the gentlemen were sitting. &
hawk inn dove-cot could not have
created greater consternation. He
remained standing, declining a prof
fered chair. Glancing from one part
of the room to the other, and glow,
ering at everybody present, ho ex
claimed,. iu a loud - voice, " Treason!
treason' and in' the middle of the
night. Play fair, Scott; play fair."
And he stalked away, paying no at
tention to the attempts at explana
tion 'or the denials that anything se
cret or nnfaix was intended. Subse
quently he was perSuaded that the
only object of the 'meeting was to
consult upon the situation; and see if
anything could be decided to pro
mote harmony in the party and avert
the peril impending. s , _
Mr. Clay never forgave the gentle
men who weir instrumental in pra ,
curing the nomination of Harrison.
He was confident that he.could have
been elected by, a large majority, and
always distrusted the fidelity 'of such
of-his friends as had acquiesced in
the selection of his rival. Ho was
Bore toward Scott,. and often express
ed himself in terms of contempt and
derision_ when the General's name
was mentioned. - A card_ party given
by Gen. Macomb was largely attend
ed hy the most distinguished gentle
men in Washington. air. Clay onthe
in at a late hour, leaning on the arm
of Senator 31angum: As he entered
the room his attention was attracted
to a whist table that happened to be
made up of politicians understood to
be,especially friendly to. Webster and
Scott mung, them were .Edward
Curtis, George Evans, and Ogden
- Hoffman. Mn Clay had been dining
with n party of friends, and was. not
in the most placid frame of. mind.
Approaching these -gentlemen, he
broke out upon them as- follows :
" Yon manufacturers Of 'public opin
on—yon makers of 'presidents, who
assume to control all mankind—what
Mischief are you now hatching?" He
spoke ifi a loud tone, and was heard
all over the room. Gen. Scott came
up at the moment, and Mr. .Clay
turned upon him, - accosting him in a
sneering and insulting tone: "And
here's the redoubtable general him
self. He was fool enough tO suppose
"that he could be made President of
'the United States: at the same time
putting his hand not: in the most
gentle manner' on. Scott's shoulder.
Tile General, quite perturbed, shrank
from the 'contact, remarking, "You
forgot that is iny wotinded arm."
" You are rotten all over," was the
reply. Mr.' Mangum led Mr. Clay
from the room, and there the affair
ended for the time. Some corms
pondence ensued, and serious conse
quences were apprehended. But
friends interposed, and Mr. Clay,
who . was capable of magnaniinclus
concession when conscious of being
in tho wrong, - raade a satisfactory
apology.—" Suggestion's of the Past, "
in` the Galaxy for March. - •
Du NOT Wens—Some people have
an idea that-they comfort the afflicted
in proportion as they groan. over
them. There are times when such .
a one would give a thousand dollars
to see a cheerful face. But everybody
who comes looks so doleful. Do not
whine over an afflicted soul. Better
tell the promises of God's grace to
him in a firm voice,if you can master
a . firm voice. Don't be a ashamed to
Don't drive a hearse through
the man's soul. Don't tell him the
thing was "foreordained." It was
foreordained, but this is not the truth:
that is now presented to him. When
you bind up a 'broken bone the
soul, and you want splints, don,t
make them out of cast-iron.—De Witt
Talmage. - -
" Vl= some men come to‘you it.
is like sunrise. Everything seems to
take new life, and shines. Other
men bring night them. The chill
shadow of their sobriety falls upon
every.innocent gaiety, and your feel
ings, like birds at evening, atop sing
ing and go to their roost. Away
with these fellows who go owling
through life, all the while passing
for birds of. paradise! He that can
not laugh and be gay should look
well`toottimself. He should fast and
Roil until hia face b_,lsOm forth /SAO
JUST ; icE.
_ .
As men con ' fie to shave and to
be shaved (a practice which - some re
gard 1111 unnatural and undesirable),
we treader to our ...columns the fol
lowing brief essay' - upon- shaving, .
which ix; from the pen of sueelebrated
an authority as Mfr. Neck:
, "Never fail to well wash your-beard
with soap and water„ and to rnb it
, immediately before you apply
the lather, of whiCh the more you
use,. and the thicker it is, the easier
you will shave.
"Never:nee warm water,, which
_makes a tender face In cold weath
ea place your closed razor in your_
c.let or under your arm-to warm it.
The moment - you leave your bed (or
bath)is the best time to sh.ave,:-
"Always, wipe your razor clean and
strap, it before putting it away, and
always pnt l your shaving-brush away
with the lather on it.
"The razor , (being only a iek7 l i ne
saw) should be moved in a sloping or=
sawing direction, and held nearly flat
to your face, care being taken to draw '
the skin as tight as possible with the
left hand; soati to preseht an eve
surface, and to throw. out the beard.
"The practice , of pressing on the
edge of a razor' in stropping it soon
rounds it; the pressure should-bo di- 1
rected to the back, which should nev
er be raised from the strop. If you _
shave from heel to point of the razor,
strop it from-point to heel; but if you
begin with the point in saving,
strop it from heel to point.- . •
If you once
. put ,- away your razor
without stropp ing; or other Wise per
fectly cleaning the edge, you must no
longer expect to shave well and easy,-
the soap and damp so soon rust. the
fine teeth and edge. -
"A piece of soft plate leather should
always be I;ept with razors, to -wipe . -
them with."
FRUIT f rgrrA.—L-Tsj make fiuit trees
bare largely for many years in suc
cession; the soil' under them should
not be cultivated, should be plough
ed summer and fall,_ and manure('
every year . ; it is said that the, best
manure for bushes and trees is their
leaves - and twigs ; - these should
be gathered together every autumn,
Mixing =therewith some 'barn yard
manure, to be dampened occasional
ly, to keep the I leaves from getting
dry and beingt blown away ; then
Spread .but the sprifig ; in addi
tion,a' bushel of lime mixed
two or three bushels Of wood ashes,
spread under each tree once a year,
would add greatly to &di fruitful:.
ness. - I
The reasdn, fruit treesdie in a felt'
years, of begin 'to bear less fruit and,
of infericir is- because the
trees, notbeing maimed, exhaust
the quality of the soil -about • them,
necessary for their stistenance. .
worth In;:ioNi,how to stop.'
bleeding, froth the nose when it-be
comes, excessive. . If, the finger is
pressed. finery upon the little artery,
which supplies blood to, the side of
the face affected,,thc result is at'd.
plished- TwoTsmall arteries, branch
ing up from - the main arteries on
each side of the neck, and passing
over the outside of the-jaw-bOne,sup
ply the face with blood. If4he nose
bleeds from the right nostril; for ex
ample; pass the finger 'along the edge
of the right jaw
.tillthe beating of the
artery is felt.. • Press. hard upon it,
and the bleeding will cease. Con
thine the; prcAsuie five minutes, nu
'til the ruptured i - cisel in the nose;
has time to contract. :
There ii. no situitiOn in
high that, does. not owe its'
slightest enjoyments to feelings with -
which mind is connected; there is
none so low which may not be 6eer
ed and refined frbra the same source.
Independent of Worldly considera
tions, mental pursuits invariably be
stow a rich reward oit their votary,
in the delight attendant upon *heir
cultivation, and the temporary Obliv
ion at lead of all anxious cares, in
the abstraction they requires.
LAN DLORD recently going, round
to Collect his rent sent a servant
ahead to prepare his ;tenants for the
visit. On reaching the first. booze,
and seeing his servant apparently
endeavoring to gain admittance, he
inquired, "What is the matter,John ?
Is the door bolted? " E g I don't blow
sir;" replied Jot:11 - f." but the tenant
evidently has. "
" MAY it please your. honor, " said
a lawyer,addressing one of the &Rig,:
es, " I 'brought the prisoner from
goal on a habeas corpus." "Well,"
said'a farmer-in an undertone, N4hip
stood at the back of the - court.
" These lawyers will say anything. I
saw the man get out of a cab at the
court door. " ~f
"TILT fellow's got into the wrong
grave," said one gentleman to anoth
er in a cemetery.-- "How so r "Be- •'
cause I knew himlte be forger and
a thief, and yet, look upon that epi- '
taph." Be careful," said the other,
" how you speak, for 'none of us can
live up to our epitaphs. " ' •
A C0y,.. -- Ec-ricur Demixrat . - sent - his
son to lk.Tew York to complete his ed
ucation. After a short time his. sou
wrote to his father that he was stud
ying "Horace. " On: learning - this,
the paternal parent-replied, "Come
home; I dou't want, Greeley to make
a Republican of-my son."
Miss KANE, of Baltiinore, set out
to write a list of the wrongs of wo
men,but found so many of them that
she was driven to the conclusion that
women suffer a wrong in being born
at all. This disposes of the whole
question in a nutshell.
"Tim penalty for walking on a
railroad track in England is ten
pounds," said one, while discussing
the numerous fatal accidents on a
railroad. "Pooh!" replied Uncle
Jerry- "4s that all? The penalty in
this country is death."
AN EngliShman h:x ~ `' .g paid au
Irish shoeblack with denim, was
thus accused by the z. • y urchin :
a My honey, all the polish you 12:-.0
is upon yourhoots, and I guy you
-ANy two apples are alike i it they
aro pared. , 4
"HAVE a snake?" is the Sati Fran
cisco interrogation for drinks. .
A mama his no 'right to pull the
ears of his corn. It is unkind.
How to prevent milk turning into
cream—Buy it of a city trauma • -
Lin is a malady which , sleep eases
every twenty-four hears. '
A "EBY slender man asked . a friend
Irnlc character he harbeter assume at a um.
wed°, and wae whited to braid bit broyadi
WPM is iibtplatu .