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MERiNIS lip PifIJCATIOA►
:ns In:aprons , Itmoirin le published every
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to the paper.
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n 5.00 I 12..00 I 18.00 1 22.0030.00 1 45.00
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I :n mi.-trator's and Execulcir's Notices, ; Audi-
Satires. $2 Sn ; 'Business Cards, an linen, (per
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iv advert i Acre are entitled to quarterly changes.
rut a tvertisements must be paid for in adrance.
Re,olutions of Associations ; Communications
,:ntel or individual int)rest. and notices of Mar.'
Pelths, exam:ling five !Mee, are charged
e e , er , . per line.
Rr.roarrn haring a largor eircniation than all
.e-s in the county combined. makes it the best
. r t.,mg medium in Northern Pennsylvania.
RINTING of every kind. in Plain and Fancy
dme with neatness and dispatch. Handbills.
s. Cards. Pamphlets. liillheads. Statements, ite.
• very variety and style. printed at the shortest,
The Rums - reit Office is well lupplied with
• r Presses. a g00d.% cPsortm6nt of new type. and
rrthing in the Printing line can be executed in
artistic manner and at the lowest rates.
ots INVARIABLY CASH.
zusnuiss CARDS. .
- BLACK,' General Fire, Life,
. nn.t ,terNentht insurnn , Agent. Ornm at J.
not.a, Wyttlusina. Pa. inn2.'7o-4m
H YES! OH TES!-AUCTION!
A. L. MOE, Licenred Auctioneer. ).
callg promptly nttouded to and satisfaction
-toot. ran or addro4a, A. R. 3for, )lourocton.
,r.t omity. Pa. ort.2it, nn.
RATSVILLE MILLS t
pnrehased the T.Rayscillo
the,Farne in Fond order, is now
I to work, and to give renend Fntia
- M. J. rEtrIVIIEY.
at-,tllo. Sept. 22.
ENTS' COATS, VESTS. ANTI)
t. niPn Boys' and Phildron's
roa , rrlothina and Drers , ft made
,ty,%tsrril M., , r,,tr'F, 11lock. ',rood door
t:•.• 1 - 1,, , 1! Foti.enetion friarantred.
TI 7 FORD'S NATIONAL PAIN
nml life 03, nr; The Great Family
ihm find n nvoleome in rtery home as a
ilelinoly for more of the common ilia of
to me other toNliclne in the market. Sold
• 1 iTn 71 ,,, 1,ein.• generally. ITannfartnred
61F1 -0 111 , Chien•m, ill., amt 141 Main at,
••:1•! T.•WiT.T.F.. N. Y. 3farch In. '7ll--.l*
S . : RUSSELL'S
7? A N CR AGENCY,
P. ICF. LIST-CASCADE MILLS.
e. , t ga•dity - , per Park.—
•• hundred 1b5........... 4 CO
.. •• •• barra 8 CD
visually done at once„ns the ca.
f chc mill is Fullicient for a lan•n :unonnt of
11. IL INGII.UI.
- TIES. ELY & TRACEY, associate
i.raetitioners. permapently loeateillturlington,
Dradford rounty. Pa.
- FIR. DUSENBERRY, would an-
SJ that In compliance with the regneet
his numerous friends. he Ia new preored . to adraln
biter isliticus Oxide. or Laughing Gas, for the pain
!cgs extraetion ot teeth:
mus. MARY A. WAGESF.II, I Lr,itaysville, May 9,1870.—1 y
Dee. '2O. 160. Agent.
) THE LADIES AND CHILD
REN OF Amr.Ns.
.11IL LINER)" ND DRESS' . V!) CLOAK
rOFt Ofike—Mm. lioyt•s old stand
LA CriSIIITHE . Ci !
e.l my rein brick shop. near my
em ~inn-street. I ant lIIIW prepared to do
,! I,anches. Particular attention paid
• ie , n, and edge tooia. tinning spent ninny
•• Co e. , nonunity. in rids bllSitleSA, I trust
guarantee of my ',vets tug a liticr
tnt ~f rite public patronage.
IVE!Zti;ITSIZ - G MILLS!
nrer 1nv.:11, , .% in their
1:i:-;"I' (21:.U.FTY at the trastWlLO
.-4 an 1 naeltwhaat Flour, trul I've(' con
, I for Kale at tnart,t tatr a.
r flaant:ty of Glti )17.ND PI.A511:11 of
'l,lllll' tr , lll/ V., old Y+parr, unto.
24..41% M rEll .1: FM/ST.
td.os thiA no itio.l.ni ic.f.wininn the
slot vieinity that he has opened
lit in Col. :\lr.trizil new build-
L. his tsm. 51:,13 as eI.F-kNING
. I 1:. 11.1111, ant oil the mast
I i : terr,4. tier RDe a rail ant my
T• NI_)EIiSIGNED HAVE
a Itankin‘z 11. m., in TwvarvLs, tin•lrr the
are tratottrtal to Orate LIMA of F.aritautza. and
ut NI a t Yitrlt, ual all
••• 1' d 1•,. Gil'-
Fr., a. T.
a 11. :al .. : . 1 , 1,411,g.
t .11 t,v, of H.,• lat.• firm of Laia,..to,
••a . an-1 of
.-.1 rola a.ljmiling
• oat, 1n , •• 1 ,, . Oa•Orahltt tine
1.1 Ina', (i. 31
t. I. I •11.1. ', 7.1 t.St
i; ADF DIZ D CDT,' NT Y
r''l" %II: iLT'Y
1:::7,‘ 117 S,GtNT
Jr' prrt.r . City and Town
1.,r ,V.r• :1114 It to tor
.• 11. r .4 t ko or tie trtal
t I. tt.•• r.cy. nr.• crln,taltly
.t.l It. It. N1 , 1 . :1:',N,
"..;•on I;.. TO, 044.11.
I:„ - 1' 1 It
Particular attention paid to jobbing In the
coontry. emit 9. 'Ot.
TOHN DUNFEE; //LA C K 5.3.1 VT
MONROETON. PA.. pays particular attention to
trlininz 111,:giro. Rayons. Sleighs. &a. Tire set and
repairing clone on short notice. Korb and charges
guar.intlical satisfactory. - 12.15,69.
TR. DIM . MICK D. SMITH, Sur
f,' , 71 trot 11.11fi,t. Dr. Sarni would respectful
ly inform the inhabitants of Towanda and vicinity,
that be hag permanently located himself here. where
he cc Al It , happy to serve all who may stand in need
~f his professional services. Dr. Smith has recently
ngroieed from the-city of Philadelphia. where he has
'hail a city and country praidice former twenty years
e. hi4t lie thinks will enable him to do the Iciest dllll
- work in his line of business. Teeth inserted,
frolll one to a foil set, en ell kinds of material used
in the profession. Syctal attention given to the gav
ial, of the natural teeth Teeth extracted without
Dr. Smith administers Nitrous Oxide Gus,
ciloroform, Ether and the Freezing process. Give
lama cell. Dr. Smith extracts the natural teeth and
iuerrte notAleial get for tavinty dollars. Rooms op.
I..n.ite McCabe At Mix's ~tore, Main street.
1. ::d I - aid out h °than I pay- I Towanda. April 21. 1:470.—tf
)( )I:Pc .1.17) 1.011".1'1:1(' ES !
1 . 1 ..ro• - er .•= Jr,,
t0:• ,, ,1it• (PI. /.:17:ip , .
F.i.nt%. \ Yank.,
Situfr. P - ari• Winvs ° and
Ow Li,: ,1111.11 t, for Inelltvtual purpoFes
C01n1kL,1111,%.1 t 0.1 hours or the
.licno 21. ISO,---,y.
!:.11' I'AssIGE FIZOM. O 1 TO
.- N: 4 (11.1 Atl: of I
t.l" 1 - I , it-tF •. t 0 L 0,1,111
t St., .1 InOTICI.
:+arti 111,, niy:y to W:t1.111:15 ili.lll
r.•.ltraF. NulY 1: ,, r k.
G. F. Pank , ra,
sTI:I:IIT..tWAVEIiLY, N. Y.
dentee r t, :tv.l rapers
a1 , .1 properly t
the Pnt - En STA:7I. cud
cIIARGES 1 - N,MN . ENSIT'L
No .111,!INEVE5 t'}::: 'l'U L'AY rSTII. PATF-NT
vc. sTr.l-E-..\-s,COUNTY SL 11-
, ,„ ; Imo. Ilrailf•o,1 tb.. T.t.
' •• ; ••••• n•ployels for loti-t piaroniii:e, would
• nil c:i.i.ions of liriollord County
• •V • I•io lo ov ' , oil in MR lino of bumf
- • ,t • •;., lino. Those. linvinp
v:11.1 wed to Late cwir rroperty
ptt 14 01, alloWinZ th 1•111,% .4 fi.
• • ii L. ~
t:•••:r neighleirs. All u , ;rk warrr.at
•.t. • • 1,, naturo !tin 'a ill per
. • 1.- ni• .1 atioiol..l to ns t ,, on as
a. 0. IV. STEVENS. •
U. 11. InjhAtfs Vcc, s u:cn Fact..ry
NI LI, PLINN".I
:.I , LIII \ L
l. 11.,1:aute aLki
II t I
,• 0 .; 41.+1i 1.11:1:1' TIME.
• I 1 of this watil• power.
• 11 3..0.1. of th4‘ 3,ar and $5 , 011
t:5 , 5 uith tLI rulamill c o 145.
51 11.111,5•1 to onlyr.
STr.W.kl;l' 11 , ,SW01:1 . 11.
111 FiZUITS OPAL',
e. IL PATCH'S.
\ I. I I;: .` ,- :it)IZI . I%IENT
4 1 NI, sTocti . CHROMOS
i ' ,lii ,
MEI) AND AIL'AL
A.V .7 AV011,.E1 & OCA.USON, - Ptibliashergt.
JAMES WOOD;.:: ki4iinNEy
EP • COUNSELLOR AT LAW. Towanda, Pa.
HENRY PEET, ATTORNEY AT
.11 LAW, Towanda, Pa. inns 27, '66.
WM. FOYLE, ATTORNEY AT
L:11V, Towanda, Pa.. Office ielth Marian
Smith, south Bide Mercuee Block.. April 14, 70
GEORGE; D. MONTANYE,
TOM - KT-AT !am Cnilee--eorner of Main and
Pine Streets, opposite Porter's Drum Store.
t n t r A. PECK, ATTORNEY AT
• Law, Towanda, Pa. Oftlee'over the Ba.
kery. south of the Ward Saner, and opposite the
Court House. nov 3. '6B.
L 'WILLISTON. •
. ATTORNEY AT LAW. TOWANDA.
South side of Mercer's New Block, up stairs
-NAT H. CARNOCHAN, ATTOR
• 24:T AT LAW (Phitrict Attorney for Brad
ford Comity), Troy, Pa. Cotlectiona made and prompt
ly remitted. feb 25, ,69-e,
JOHN N. CA_LIFF, ATTORNEY
.yr LAW. 'Pon - ands, 114. Particular attention 'sir
en to Orphans' Court business, Conreyanetne: and
Collections. ca.-Office at tho Register and Recor- -
der's oilier. south of the Court ROOSe.
Dec. 1.1664 .
TIVERTON aELSBREE, Arron-
NEVA AT LAW, Towanda. Pa., having
into copsrtnerahlp, offer thelr professional services
to the public. Special attention given to, bnainera
in the Orphan's and Register's Courta. 7ap114'70
OVERTON. :11.. X. c. zr.smuk.
BENJ.,M. PECK, ATTORNEY
.vr LAW.; Towanda, Pa. All busineen entrusted
to hie earn will receive prompt attention. Office in
the office lately ocenpled by Merenr k Morrow, month
of Ward House. up stairs.' jnly '6B.
IVrEIIO7R & DAVIES, • ATI'OM
114_ wgrt AT Law, Towanda. Pa. The undersigned
having aEsoelated thenwelyea together in the practice
of Law, offer their rirofeestenal Beni Ma to the public.
russEs MERCtilt. W. T. DAVIES.
,March 9. 1870.
TORN W. MIX . , ATTORNEY AT
LAW. Towar.'da, Bradford Co., Pa.
GENEP.AL INSURANCE AGFIVT.-
Partieular attention paid to Collections end Orphans'
Cunrt business. Oilice—Alercar's New Block, north
side Puddle Square. apr. 1, 'O.
B. McKE A N, ATTORNEY
• AND Cot NSET.LOa AT LAW, Towanda, Pa. Par
ticular attention paid to business in liar , Orphans'
Conrt. . July2o,'6B.
WB. KELLY, DENTIST. OF
• fici. over Wicthain S . : Black's, Totranda, Pa.
eII. TLNGLEY, Licensed Alic
. llomo, Pa. All calls promptly attend
to. May 9.1870
TAP.TAP, H. WESTON, DENTIST.-
In Patton's Mock, over Gore's Drng and
ClImo!cal Store. Jan 1. 'CS.
TIR H. A. BARTLETT, I'll
.11—/ and Surgeon, Sugar Run. Bradford I
Office at rt,aidence formerly occupiod by
I_ issi 108 - PENNYPACKEI3
a.zsin established himself in the 1
Shop over Itoektvell's Store,
every U , ,ripti,n duo° in the latest tlylt s.
T,ortnr.ht, April 21. 1070 —tf
U. BEACH, M. D., Physician
../• a 71,1 Sui..geat. Towanda, Ps; Particular atten
tion paid to-ail Chronic. Distiasms, and DiaCaSe9 Of
I , ..inates. Office at his residence on Weston area,
east of Overton's. n0v.11,60.
TOCTOR 0. LEWIS, A GRADIT
ate of the College of -Physicians and Surgeons,"
'New York city, Class 1413-4. gives exeirutive attention
to the pr a, bee of his profession. :Office and residence
on th,• eat h rn stop, of Orwell HA!, adjoining Henry
Howes. jan 11, 'ln).
CIAMP t. V :. VINCENT, iNSITIUNCE
Ao formerly oetipl.d by Xittre'ur
Morrow. one door south of Ward Hines.
Si. a. VINCENT.
T 1: NV IS Fas/tio)table
Tdil e. Rooms over Aspinvrall's Store. Towan
da, l'l. oet.A,
1. ) E V l'; L N } i R i 0 I NN ` -E .,h l t i n stre. ESTATEbe
and WellsChina g o, Illinois.
ptireliasvd and sold. Investments male and Loaned. lqay 10.'70.
DRESS. - MAKING, PATTERN
uTTING AND EPPINC, in all fashionable
sty , e)bn short mrtice. ROOMS in Merehr'N.New
Mnu.st.. over Porter fc. Kirby's bra e Store.
/ MRS. H. E. O.I.ICYTN.
,wands. Pa.. April it. 1470.
- u B. HOLLETT, MONItOETON,
• Pa.. aaent for the Hubbard Mower, Empire
,)rd!, Itl.aca Wheel Rake, and Broadcast Sower for
Pla , ler and oil finds of Grain. Send for ear
,liann to 11. 11. Iltn.Lnyr, Mouroetna, Bradford Co.,
Pa. lone '69-Iy.
T_TAIR WOK.K OF ALL KINDS,
.11111 a. SWITCH - 1:S, CURLS. mums, FltIZ-
Errs. kr. , Ina,h., In the bent manner and latent style,
nt the Ward Ilonseletarber Shop. Terms reasonable,
Towanda. I rev. 1, ISCO.
T i IIaNCIS E. POST, PAINTER,
T,,watia. Pa.. with ten years exporienee, ie con
ilent he , an t:ive the best Satisfaction in Painting,
(training. Staining. Glazing, Papering,. ke.
weu-kunwu house, having rervully been rkt
tt.i.a,ol, supplied with new furnitnre, :yin be found a
rartat for bleasure PeeL , Ts. Board by the
or mouth on tvaotiabl, ten",
, E. W. NEAL. Proper.
April 20. Inn.— tr.
WARD HOUSE, TOWANDA, PA
On Main Street, nor tin court Home.
O. T. SMITH. Proprietur
net a, mtn.
r E FPER IN CE ; HOTEL --Si t Eta-
Lei en the northoreet corner of Main alld
eitKrots, orroAlte nrynitrx Carriage Factory.
Jurymen and others attending court will cepeci
any find it to their aarantago to patrnuize the Tem
p,•rance lintel. S. M. IJJIOtVN, Propr.
Townvtla, Jan. 12. IS7o.—ly,
IN CON'SECTION WITH THE DAKF.EL
Near the Court House.
'We are prermad to tend the hungry at all times of
the thy and evenill. oysters and Ice Cream In
Mareh 30. InTO. IL W. SCOTT k CO.
- FLWELL HOUSE, TOWANDA,
JOHN C. WILSON'
Having leased this Hinds •, ix now ready to-am-ammo-
MO the travelling imWh Nopainx nor expeuen will
epat.•d to give xatiafactlon to those who may give
him a rail.
te" North side of the public sinus:, cat :der
enr's new block.
1 . ? um3fERFTELD .CREEK HO
Racing purchasud and thoroughly ralltted this old
and ~,11-known stand, formerly kept by Sheriff Grif
;la. at the mouth of lintainiereld Creek, is ready to
N accommo,lations and satl4actory treatment
I. wi.o may favor hlm with a call. -
E_INS t iOUSE, DI,
JOI:PAN S Ifunros. eprieloin.l This
lletel having been iLoroughly fittedtrt,l re.
pg.f; and furnished througholit.with In•W d ele
gant Furniture, will he, open for the rexption of
iite-sts. un SATMIDAY• MUT 1, 1869. Neither expense
no: mins hairliten soared in rendering this lionso
a nosh - 1 hotel in- all its arrangements. A superior
finality 01,1 Burton Me, for invalids, Just regcl.,ted.
114 ' • 1 1S11 SHAD.II.ACKAIIELL,
Cofltioth. k,-.. al
Ilarcli 1, '7O. W. A. ROCK WE1J.,13.
THE DZADTIFUL LAND.
There's a beautiful land by the molier nntrod,
Ilisc!ended by sorrow or care ;
It is lighted alone by tho presence of God,
Whose throne and temple aro there ;
Its crystalino streams witka mtirmurona flow
Meander, hrough valleys of green,
And its mountains of jasper are bright in the
Of a splendor no man bath even. ,
And throngs of glad . singers with Jubilant
Make the air with their melodies rife ;
And'ono known on the earth as the angel of
Shines here as an angel of life
An infinite tenderness beams from his eyes,
On his brow is a heavenly calm,
And his voice, as it thrills through the depth of
Is as sweet as the seraphim's . psalm.
Throtv.;h the mnsical groves of this beautiful
Walk the souls which were faithful In this,
And their pure white foreheads by zepliyrs are .
That evermore murmur of bliss ;
They taste the rich fritage that hangs from
And breathe, the sweet odor of flowers
More fragrant than ever were kissed by the
In Araby's loveliest bowers.
Old prophets, whose words were a spirit of dame
Blazing out o'er the darkness-of time,
And martyrs, whose courago no torture could
Nor turn from their purpose sublime;
And saints and confessors, a numberless throng
Who were loyal to truth and to right,
And left as they walked through the darkness
Their foot-prints encircled with light.
Acid the dear little children who went to their
lire their lives had been sullied by sin,
While the angel of morning still tarried a guest
The spirit's pure temple - within—
All aro there, all are thero—hi the beautiful
The laud by the spoiler nntrod,
And tiler radiant foreheads by breezes aro
That blew from the gardens of tied.
Sfi snail bath looked in through the gateway of
On the city all 'tared with pure gold,
And heard the "sweet flow of its . murmurous
As through the green valleys.tbny rolled;
And though it still waits on this deSolate strand
A pilgtitu•and straugi•r on earth,
Yet it knew, in that glimpse of the beautiful .
That it gazed on the home of its birth.
DOUGLAS AS A DUELIST.
AN INTERESTING ACCOUNT OF AN OLD PO-
UTICA L QPARREL
Washington Corresponclenee of the Chicago
" Did you over hear of Tom Haw
kins?" said a man of politics to me
yesterday. " Tom Hawkins is one of
the greatest duelists. in Kentucky.
He is now Governor Stevenson's to
bacco inspector at Louisville—a hand
some manAsith a black mustache, and
large, glaring black eyes, which sel
dom or never wink, but look out like
tiger's, with . silent ferocity. He is
perhaps fifty years of ago now, but
one of the best shots in Kentucky,
and he has fixed up more quarrels,
and been a second on more fields,
than . any man alive. Nrsonally, he
is a gentle, truthful, faithful fellow,
but he is deadly when be has made
up his Mind to eat soinebpdy. , Tom
is one of the best in hi4class, the fin
ished duelist of the South, always
nice upon points of honor, and prompt
to advise anybody to fight whom he
thinks has been injured.
" People who know him, send for
Tom in case of a duel, just as you
send for a physician and the .preaeh
er when you are sick. He was wound
ed at Buena Vista, and he was with
Henderson, Crittenden, Lopez and
the rest when they invaded Cuba.
,During the war he was on Breekin- .
ridge's staff, and the affairs of private
blood in which he has been engaged
are innumerable. For instance, he
was Ben Johnson's second when ho
killed Tom Whiter Did you ever
hear of that ?"
"Oh ! Torn' Hawkins had to leave
the State for some years after that
duel. Old man White was there when
Ben shot his son, and he went on aw
fully. The papers raised a- howling
row about that duel. Torn White and
Ben Johnson had a fuss over cards,
both pretty full, and a challenge pass
ed. The women and families on both
sides took big interest in it, and Ben's
mother moulded the balls with her
own hands. She was all up and alive
about it. I reckon she'd shot Ben
herself if lie hadn't went to the field.
Ben was crippled up with the rheu
matism, and they had to set him up
and hand him his gun. They fought
with sh6t guns loaded with ball.
There was old man White, haTAinti
iu the field about points of honor, the,
terms of apology . etederee etreleri,
when ' pop' went the guns, and, his
soh laid dead at the old nian's feet,
with a hole right through his fore
head. They say it was dreadful to
hear him , vo on. I don't know what
became of Ben Johnson.
" Oh! bless your soul! Tom Haw
kins scared John Pope most dead
once. They were , at old General
Wool's table, when Pope impugned
the coura g e of General ; and
Tom Hawkins just glanced ,at him
and opened out. John Pope had to
" Tom was 13eclunpdge s second
when the challenge passed between
John and Cutting. There Tom show
ed the generalship of Alesander the
Great. Cutting's second was old
President Monroe's son, of the 'min
lar army, and Torn iturned him in
side out. He put him on the defen
:sive, thundered at him, and 'got John
Breckinridge off with all the honors.
"Tom HaWkins is a terrible fellow.
If he looks at you ; with his Wide open
eyes, full of ferocity, yon are half
gone up already. When they tried
Henderson in New Orleans; and Ju
dah Benjamin was employed by' the
Spanish Government to assist in the
prosecution, Tom, whose trial was to
follow, saw .what a terrible tongue
Benjamin had, and followed him out
of the court room and said :
Look hem, Mr. Joy, I want-to
tell you something. if, when my
trial ooines off, you say one - word
against my character, I'll kill you in
"Benjamin saw those big oyesready
to jump out of Tom's head, and he
"`_Mr. Hawkins, I shall not want
to have any difilimlty with von
" I reckon you never heard of Torn
Hawkins's connection with the Fitch.
and Stephen A. Douglas trial; did
you? That has never been publish
ed, to my knowledge:; but it was a
remarkable episode in the preface of
the rebellion. Yon see it - was com
ing on toward the political conven
tion of 1860, and Douglas had all the
strength, so that it was hard on to a
certainty that he would be nominat
ed, and crowd out the Bucluumn par
ty. I got sure information of the
nightly caucuses of Slidell, Jesse D.
Bright, Howell Cobb, Benjamin, and
that faction in Washington—for they
'met at Cobb's house chiefly—and one
day it came tome straight as a wire
that they had determmed to force
Douglasinto. a fight, and that it had
been proposed that Slidell should in
sult Douglas in the drinking saloon
of the Senate, and if he resented it,
shoot him down. I wrote to Doug
las at once, btit knowing his.habit so
well of leaving letters unripened for
days and weeks together, I sent the
letter to a friend, and commanding
him to make Douglas open` and pe
ruse it, that he might be prepared.
Andin this letter I said : If you
are pushed to the wall, send for Tom
Hawkins, of Louisville.'
" Well, I came from the South soon
after that; and went up with George
Pugh to see Douglas. There we
found nobody to pay much attention
to us. Douglas seemed absorbed
with something else, and looking out
of his library across the hall; I saw
ItogerfA. Pryor and Albert G. Brown
of Mississippi, step into another room.
I asked uo questions, but came away,
and soon afterward started for New
York. When I got to the Relay
House, there was about three min
utes' delay, as the Western - train had
just come in ; I saw got out of it and
step toward the Washington train r —
Who= but Tom Hawkins?
"Tom !" I cried, " whit are you do
ing here ?"
"What are you doing away; from
Washington ?" said Tom.
" Going to New York."
"New York, what? Do you. get
me here and Then rthi off to New
York ? Douglas has sent for me.
The fight's on !"
" I'll get off my baggage. at Balti
more," said I,'" and return to Wash
" And with that the trains steamed
"I found out the matter at Wash
ington that same evening. The con
spirators had arranged to farce an
insult upon Douglas, and then, if he
challenged, he would lose the vote of
the. North. If he refused, nobody in
the South would touch him. The
creator of the conspirators to insult
Douglas;was G. N. Fitch,- of Indiana
--still alive, I believe—and he did it,
in executive session, the day before I
readied the city. . Douglas had de
manded a retraction or a fight,. and
Tom Hawkins had been sent for.
" I found the Douglas household
all warm for the dud. Mrs.
las and .the C'uttses and evekybody
were bound to see Stephhn out. .His
wife said he `might lose the Presi
dency or anything before he should
be beaten by Jesse Bright and old
Buck's myrmidons. The billet does
had been passing all day between the
Buchanan headquarters, in the Vice
President's room of the Capitol, and
one of the committee rooms where
the Douglas men sat in council. The
messenger for Douglas for Roger A.
Pryor, and for Fitch, Judah P. Ben
" The Fitch gang were Slidell, who
was the arch conspirator, and blood
thirsty as a hat ; Bright, who was
jealous of Douglas and despised him;
Cobb, 4:c. When Judah P.. Benja
min; the second day, came into the
committee room with another letter,.
and among Richardson, of Illinois,
Pugh, Pryor, Brown, and the rest,
saw Tom Hawkins glancing at him,
they say he shrank back and. turned
pale. Their he put out his band in a
sycophantish way, and said :
" Why, Mr. Hawkins; I'm very
glad to..see you."
"We all met that night, and Tom
went in place of Pryor, to arrange
the particulars, and force a fight or a
peace. We knCar by his look that
things were serious. They knew that
it was coming to Le blood, by Tom's
big.eyes. And they wrote n .retrac
tion: He had it in ten minutes. •
"We arranged .to try Douglas's
courage by telling him that the duel
was to come off next morning. Tom,
who was a simple hearted fellow,
raised an objection to this, and re
fused to have anything to do with it.
We entered Douglas' library, and
there stood, withlis pleasant a smile
as ever I saw, waiting to hear the
" Mr. Douglas," said I, " how do
"Very well; what is the rifts?"
"Yea :tre to go to the-field to-mor
row morning, at 5 o'clock, and fight
with shot guns."
‘!Welooked at him piercingly, to
see how he stood it.
"Very well," said he "make all the
". We watched him again, and he•
was as quiet as .I. ever saw him, al
most cheerful. Tom Hawkins could
stand it no longer. He said:
• "-Mr. Douglas, they have
-:. ".D,ouglas drew - a sigh, whether of
relietor regret Ido not know. Ho
was a splendid shot with the fowling
piece, and he would have. fought his
weight in wild eats, rather than be
crowded out of the path of his ambi
tion: He was the greatest leader
any party ever had, to my mind. Do.
you want to be introduced to Tom
"No," without thinking about it.
If it isn't offensive, I prefer not to
know Tom Hawkins 1"
Tana: is One good thing about the
presenesiate of the weather; pe . pie stand - in
no danger of getting the "cold's} ouldern from
acquaintances and friends.
TQWANillA,: . AßAptop ,. coiJ TY,:'.,f4.. JULY;'. 28 ; 100, ,
REG espueseor DmantaumoN. ritolkt ANY QI7A3ITRi
, [For the Itzportiza. ]
LETTER PROM kAisea..,
12ink.svmscr., July 12,1870.
On a warm afternoon in the latter
part of Tune we took the cars for Co.;
lumbus, some distance south of Scott
on the. Cherokee Neutral Lands.
These are some of the landsthat Joy,
the railroad king of the West, is
swindling the settlers out of by :vir
tue of a treaty obtained in the days
of Andrew Johnson. - It would be
amusing to , have some of , our old
Bradford county farmers, - who have
sPent the best part of their days
clearing the bare hills of Northern
Pennsylvania and sharpening sheep's
noses, stand upon a car plat form , and
look away in the distance, with noth
ing to obstruct the view but a ten or
twelve oz team breaking the prairie,
and here and there a settler's cabin.
Reaching Columbus, we started for
the 11031 and witnessed a fight and
a couple of mustang . teams attempt
to run after licking themselves loose
from the wagon, which caused some
anxiety in regard to a trunk. See
ing the trunk safe, we moved on up
n reet of small unpainted and un
pleasant buildings with a.victim; of
the ague in every third or fourth one.
Supper, hotel and town made an im
pression anything but pleasant, from
which we concluded that the farther
West we went the poorer the towns
Mounting the top of thel stage; we
rode oat upon the prairie with the
slowly gathering folds of night as
she was taking the broad expanse in
her embrace. Those who have not
lived upon the prairies can little. Ap
preciate the happy quiet and beauty
of summer evenings in Southern Kan
sas. The roads were lair and all
wont smoothly, until coming up an
'embankment after fording a stream
something gave way. The night
growing dark the lamps were lit, and
now and then a sudden lurch - of the
stage brought the idea of a brOken
arm and a braised body. The worst
place upon the road was the. Neosho
ford, which. is, full of holes and the
current rapid. The driver's arm was
lame from a recent upsei, and a pas
senger who had lately broken down
in the middle of the stream said any
thing bat Ei oothing words. We got
through safely, walked up the bill
from the river, and arrived at Oswe
go: late at night.
The. breakfast was good, 'but the
day must be spent in the . town, as
stages only left tri-weekly for Inde
pendence. How should it be passed
-was more trouble than the Neosho
-ford. The Missouri; Texas & Kan
sas Railroad, commencinn. at Junc
tion City, runs southeasterly through
this place to the Indian Territory,
and is as big a swindle as even Pome
. roy, the Massachusetts Senator from
Kansas, himself could devise. The
people were excited over an east-and
west road, ready to: vote more bonds
than they have property and prove
to you that the city ik a natural rail
road centre. There is not a place to
be found in Kansas where the mail is
changed, that is not one of these
eternal railroad centres, and the peo
ple willing to back it with any amount
of bonds. We found another dele
gate froth Bradford here, disputing
his claim with the town company who
are attempting to "get, away with it."
The day wore heavily away, and
again mounting the box turned our
backs upon the rising sun. , The sun,
crowded stage and unpleasant scat
intimated a warm time of it. All
day long we rode, until our hands
were sunburned and feet almost blis
tered. Nothing to be seen except
the herdsman dashing away in the
distance, the cabin of the settler or
the emigrant's tent, yet the prairie
breeze made us far more comfortable
than the same ride in a hot day would
be in the east. The roads over -the
prairie are now quite crooked, as one
has to keep going around newly set- :
tied claims. At times the driver
would shout to those inside to look
out while he drove into a mire bole.
Once at the edge, a little swearing,
called ".knid talk " here,' a right
smart of lashing, and we go reeling
and lurching to the opposite side.
Thirsty, tired 'rind forlorn, We drove
into the waters of the Verdigris, up
on which Independence is built, and
as we came out peered over the banks
to see the place of our destination.
A year ago there was a log cabin up
on this side of the river, and few in
' deed were the white men here. There
is not a good ,claim in the county that
can be taken irow,,--houses are going
up and towns being rapidly built.
The Osages, upon whose lands we
are, are compelled to keep close quar
ters, and their rights, if Indians have
any, are lightly treated by those who
are upon the reservation which the
nation has pledged to them.
j is said to be one of
the most beautiful fertile coun
ties in Kansas. - Looking out upon
the prairie from the place where we
write, u scene is piesented, "fair as
the gin den of the Lord." . NO
mate can rival this. The heat of
noonday is tempered by the continu
al and refreshing breezes that blow
all day long, subsiding as evening
clear and pleasant approaches, and
growing sleeping cool as the night
advances toward the little hours.
Wheat averages 30 bushels to the
acre, and the tall prairie grass and
corn fields are the only foreits we
have to clear. Water is good, and
fruit seems to hold a carnival in its
luxuriant way of living. Peanuts,
pecans, figs, immense hickory nuts,
walnuts, cotton, tobacco, .apricots,
sweet potatoes andmelons large and
luscious, teach us to overlook our
present hardships and hopefully wait
until our vineyard is again an Eden
and restored to fallen man:
From Galveston roads are pushing
rapidly north. Wo are at the doors
of the Indian nation, impatiently
waiting to build ours south. Then
we will have all of the tropical fruits,
fish and oysters frail and direct, lay
ing before us all that the stomach
Who 'silould not live in Southern
Kansas Olen ? Perhaps March winds
are severe and kill exposed stock,
perhaps people are dissatisfied with
the necessarily - rough way of living,
the future of Kansas is a future worth
living for, and will be all that man
can make of it, if ho is half willing
to assist and direct the rich and im-
patient forces of nature. The Com
missioner of Agriculture . Ems that
two hrindrea and fifty kinds of pile
and papers eau • be made from pro
ducts. which can- be grown in this
State, that are now manufactured Lin
China. Already W®. have returned
from the.Pomological Fair
delphia with the palm. In the words
of a noted writer, speaking of Au
trans, " Yon have only to. tickle _the
SOH with the hoe, and it mill .latigh
with the harvest." Gipsy.
- THE STOW RIIBL '
' We find in Chamber's London
Journal an account of the mode in
which a famous collection of , precious
stones recovered a stolen ruby. The
I calla this morning on a certain
well known gem-collector, who was
so good as to show me the contents
of his cabinet. After the first half
dozen specimens, my attention began
to wander, for a very little of that
sort of thing goes a great way with
"Mat is that little bottle you've
among your gems ?" inquired I.
"That is my Queen Eleanor's Mix-
ture," said he, laughing. "But for
it, I should not be in possession of
yonder ruby, the value of 'which is
over a thousand pounds."
" What ?" cried I, "DO you mean
to say it is artificial ? Lthoaght that
that notion of manufacturing gems
was-a popular superstition."
• "So it is," said ho, " but , neverthe
less, I am indebted to • the mixture
for that ruby. The fact is this: my
collection is too well known by half.
I dont mind shOwing it to an old
friend like you, and of 'course I am
proud of all these things, but I have,.
in a general way, to keep too sharp
an. eye upon my visitors to make the
ebhibition pleasant!, • People whom
I know nothing about call upon me,
and present a card of some friend of
mine and say, Mr. So-and-so assur
ed me you would be so kind as to let
me' see your gems.' Two men came
together upon one °coil:shin with the
purpose' (as afterward appeared) of
what they call' potting the jug' on
me-that means garrote and robbery;
hut I did not like their looks, and
declined to show • them anything
without a letter of introduction.
They .had, as it afterward turned out
stolen the card of a Professor of Min
eralogy,. I am not, however, afraid
of a single visitor, because I always
keep this handy," and my friend pro
duced a pretty little pistol, cocked,
and I have no doubt, loadect -- ;.- .
" But the bottle," said I, " what is
the use of that?" • •
"That is the- supplement ,to the
pistol, Thus, only yesterday, a very
ill-looking" fellow—a foreigner:. all
hair and false jeWelry; and a' very
foolish thing it was of Min to come
to me with paste-diamonds in his
shirt-front--brought a letter of intro
duction with him from a friend of
mine ,in Dresden. The letter was
genuine, but I had - my doubts from
e first, as to whether this was the
gentleman to whom it referred.
However, I brought him in hero to
show him the gems. He made some
very commonplace observations
which convinced me that he knew
nothing of the subject, and after
thanking me, in a somewhat servile
manner, for my comtesy, turned to
go. I slipped behind him and the
door, and locked it in a second. "My
ruby," said I, "if you please, or your
a dead man." And I put the pistol
to his . forehead. That little stone,
which 'I have said is valued at above
a thousand pounds, was missing. In
stead of being indignant, my gentle
man merely answered:• ' Indeed you
are mistaken, sir. You may call your
servant and examine every pocket.'
" I know that,. you' scoundrel," re=
turned I. " You have swallowed the
ruby; now drink this, or die:" I held
the - weapon in my hand, and the mix
ture, which is an emetic, in the other.
The situation was Very disagreeable
for hint, I have no doubt, but did
not seem to be at all embarassin e ft.
He shrank from the pistol (or at'
least the police station, which was its
alternative) and took the physic like
a lamb, while I stood,over him with
the weapon and the bowl (that little
white bason yonder,) exactly as
Queen Eleanor "stood -over Fair Rosa
mond. That's why I call it Elean
or's Mixture; a decoction without
which no gem cabinet, of any value,
can be pronounced complete. When
I miss a specimen - I always know
that some visitor has swallowed it,
and then, you know, he has to swal
low lit is.
As Irishman being invited by a
deacon to accompany him to church
complied with great alacrity. His
pious friend seated Pat in his 'pew,
and with pious visage and 'austere
aspect, awaited the commencement
of services. Pat looked about him,
and observing none of the parapher
nalia belonging to his peculiar mode
of worship, whispered inquiringly of
the deacon: •
" Is this a heretic church ?"
" Be still, my good man, don't dis
turb the meeting," replied the urbane
but severe minister.
" Faith, an' I'll do that same."
Presently the elder commenced his
prayer, which so excited the ..deacon,
that ho shouted in the fervor of his
heart, " Glory to God !"
"Howid yer whist," cried the in
The worthy preacher stopped, and
looked around for the cause his dis
turbance'. Seeing no one, he began
Suddenly the Deacon cried out,
"Will ye be quiet ye theft) of the
world, and not be disturbing tho
people?" giving him a dig in the
The minister again - stopped, -and
requested some one to remove the
" Bedad, an' I will," suiting the
action to the word, he collared the
offending but innocent worshipper,
and pitched him-out of the vestibule.
Returning with considerable. pride,
ho addressed the minister:
"There, plaza yer riverenee, I've
put the blackguard out, bad case to
BREAD is said to be the "staff o
Life",—strange that wow "Isay"
A ME)** DAYS
Sunshine over the meadow larids, l -
! Slain; the crinison clover, •
And sunshine hainting the lily cups -
That the rend* bees hang over;
And sunshine over the hazy hilts,
Andover the dimpling river, -
And I wished that the inn and summer day
Might slam and last forever
Wo walked down by the meadew path,
The broad highway forsaking, I
For the quiet of that lovely spot
Seemed better for our love-Taking; -
And I was silent and she was shy, • • .
wo walked down 'through the clover,
But we thcmght,it the sweetest swum , r day
• That ever the sun shone over.
We heard thebirds in the Waving tginss,
• As they twittered to each other -
About the Mitts they had hidden away,
And the coo of each glad bird-mother ;
And wo.thCmght, as wo walked that summer
Through the clover blooms together,
That at last the world was in.perfect tune,
the glad, bright summer weather.
I cannot tell what I said to her
As we walked knee-deep in clover; e
lint I know that the robins merrily sang
Their sweetest of sweet songs over. .
And down in my heart love's own bird sang
A song that was gladder, sweeter,
And its echo joined with the world's sweet
And made the day completer. .
And when we came up the meadow path.
Our hearts sang over and over :
"O sweet, glad day for blossom and bird,
And for every blithe piing lover!"
And yet I knoiv not the words she said,
Or whethershe spoke at all; .
But of all sweet days, that summer day
I count as the best of all.
THE CAWKER CITY COLONY.
Below we give quite a full descrip
tion of the Soloman Rivet. country,
Kansas. A colony is, being• formed
to be comprised of settler, .from
Bradford, Sullivan and other coun
Cawker ii;ity is located in Mitchell
county, Kansas, just below the forks
of the Solomon River, in. the centre
of one of the richest valleys .in the
world. It is 45 miles from the Kan
sas Pacific road at' its nearest point,
but travelers generally leave the rail
road at Solomon City, as the stage
and mail rcafee runs from there.
After having traveled through near
ly every Western and many of the
Eastern States, we have yet to find a
mpre beautifuLcountry than the Sol
omon Valley.. This valley-extends a
distance of nearly two hundred miles,
the. first hundred and fifty miles be
ing,from three to ten miles, in,width.
The' Solomon River (along whoSe
banks grow timber) courses its way
through this vast valley; and along
either side a vast scope of bottom
land spreads its mighty wings. Im-.
mediately adjoining these richest of
lands a gentle sloping prairie forum
the.:extension and with. now a tine
farming land and then a blufiy
rolling farinto violet-like vistas, now
and then relieved by mirages, it gives
the country a scenic aspect 'seldom
This valley is well drained, and
consequently well adapted to the
raising of grain and fruit.
It is generally conceded -that next
to health, the quality of the soil is
most important to a farming district,
and we cannot be too particular in
our inquiries respecting this feature.
And knowing this to be a very essen
tial element to secure success and
prosperity to the taking.up of lands,
we have spared no - pains in making
a thorough investig,atkin. of the soil
and its producing power: We arc
therefore prepared to state that- the
soil is very rich, and will produce as
fine wheat, corn, oats; barley and all
kinds of vegetables as any in Ameri
ca. The surface soil averages on the
first bottom about six and the second .
bottom about four feet in depth, then
comes a formation of a gravelly and
clayey nature (no hard pan) and be
low this another layer of rich loam.
Thus you perceive that the soil is
well adapted to withstand the effects
of excessive rains and consequently
not as subject to drought us, a more
shallow soil and a hard pan subsoil.
The cost of building
.will be but
little higher than in a pine. country,
there lacing fine stone and plenty of
lime all through this country. Lam-:
ber, of course, is higher at present,
but will as soon' as communications
with the Colorado Pine country is
opened, be about as cheap as in ei
ther New York dr Pennsylvania.
Wood can be purchased about the
same as in Wisconsin or Pennsyl
vania, and coal is being found in
many places close by, anewill.beyona
a doubt be mined as 'soon as the
country needs it for fuel. Taking
into consideration the mildness of
the climate, it will scarcely cost as
Much fur fuel here as in the Eastern
Those persons who have been and,
are desirous of making stock raising
a specialty can find no better coun
try than this, for here cattle will live
all winter with scarcely any hay ;- in
deed, we have seen droves of cattle
which have never eaten a spear of
hafduring winter, which - will be in
a fine condition and some of them fit
toidil in February and March. Cat
tle always bring good prices and a
-ready market. Horses
. can be pur
chased quite reasonably—but Kansas
is sadly in need of good horse raisers.
The climate of Kansas cannot be
beat; her mild and voluptuous
eprinn l' s, her bright and healthy SlM
iners,her glorious autumns te_emin e :
with golden fruits, and her clear, dry
and invigorating winters are all un
surpassed by her sister states. Of
the autumns one writ,er 8378 : " Her
autumn is indeed a glorious one.
Beautiful as Biomes was, when elo:-
quent writers wrote the.praises of her
virgin valleys and prairies, she is
doubly so to-day. Teeming with
population, happy in prosperity, fa
mous the Union over, fruitful, beau
tiful Kansas is proud - of her great
triumph.' The deep tinted autumn
leaves are garlands for the 'brow of a
r YßOrermacEB9. •
As already stated, Kansas is a very
,fL y t 4 .1
:: ,-_, L . _.- * -., - '''..•
0 r per'Anntun in Advance.
productive State. Ad it may well
be said of her, that she is the home
of Cores, that in her fields she loves y
to roam, and in belts:Ming . her •
decked bosom she rejoices iii the
mess of her heart.
Bnt to be brief, we will 'cite some
of the statistics in support of the
aforesaid. Yield of •1869. "All the
samples on exhibition were veryfine.':
The best sample of .white winter
wheat possessed an unusually plump
berry and weighed fiLYTY-EIGIIT romms
TO 'ME UNITED I:ITATES BUSHEL. TUE
YIELD was roarx 7 rive IMSUELB I'Elt
" The samples of Spring wheat were
equal if not superior to the best ' Am
ber -Oho saipple . represented
11:yield Of TORTY-31f I.lL'tillEth TO THE
ACHE. and weigheq sttry-Two rouidis
TO TIM ausurr.. •
".kelaster of corn-stalks nieasured'
FOUBTEEN feet iii length, and bore
huge ears at the height of eight feet,"
Statement..froin the e " Star"
" Wheat froth .25
.to. 45 bushels per
acre corn froth 70 to 90 ; oats from
40 to 70, and -barley.49 to .80 bushels
per acre. --Pofitoes from 150 to 100
But you must not conclude - that,
the above statistics. show the. great
est yields only.. Foi.such fa conclu
sion would- be erroneous. For we
have positive proof 4if yields where
corn gave over 100 bushels and wheat
4.51 bushels to the acre.
-To say that a soil and climate, with
seasons like those of Kansas, produce
vegetables of great size and finc quali
ty, is scarcely necessary. Aii,cl yet we
cannot pass' by this ..subjEct without
a few remarks. •
This most essential element of the
culinary department grows exceed
ingly large in this part of the, State,
and pOssesses a flavor not even sur
passed by those grown in the "hem
lock soil." • The " Late Irish," "Ear
ly Rime," land many other • varieties
have done remarkably well this sea-
' This :is the - . natural soil of sweet
potatoeS, aMfthey grow to enormous
dimensions. Cabbage's, pumpkins,
melonS, beets, &c., can be raised with
the slightest effort.
We have now reached the subject
whereon volumes might, be written in
order• to fully-lay this subject before
you. You will lioWever form some
idea of . the ability: of this State to .
produce fruit, when ..rn are informed
that this "INFANT " ciii?red away the
GREAT PRIZE GOLDEN MEDAL, from the
Pomological Exhibition at Philadel
The Npw York 7rihum' say's : " At
the late Pom-Ological Convention at
Philadelphia ; KANsAs apples were not
equaled by specimens from any oth
The New York It says : " Kan
sas has done herself honor in the ex
hibition of fruitS. - There are no finer
apples or :pears than those on the
largo table above which the name of
Kansas' is wrought in evergreen. ,
The 'pears are richly colored - , as
well . as,large; and the apples! well,
if yOu could see the .' Gloria Mundi '
spechnen, you'd think of ordering a
few .dozen- for' winter supply. -
" The peaches are models of beau
ty, dusky red, evenly shaded, and the
white ones are a *standing, temptation
to people who know the delicate
sweetness under those sunless com
• " Kansas can go in on the, fruit
- "The pearS are exhausting to look
• Without quoting any_ more from
the numerous presses in the cast, we
will add that Kansas is rapidly be
coMing a greatlrnit and vine grow
ing country ; grapes do exceedingly
411. • .
The advantages which you enjoy
by joining this colony are so multi
farious that we will mention a few
1. As already 'stated, the Cawker
City Cplony is located in one of the
finest valleys in the world, and notion
has already been taken to build a
railroad passing, up this valley, which
railroad will 'cominunicate with the
Union Pacific, aild in time a number
of railroads as well
. as private roads
must inevitably come to this point.
' It is the opinion of nearly every.
man that this railroad will be com
pleted in the course of the nest threq
years. One thing is pertain, and that,
is, that it will pay any company tO
run a railroad through this rich val
ley, and this 'is cell known to the ri
val companies both east and west.
And in consequenee thereot.the road
will be built much sooner than it
would actually reqnire it,.
This'much for railroads.- At pres
ent there are many private roads
leading 'to this point. .
2. Arrangements have been or are_
being - made-for the building of saw
mills, wagon and blacksmith shops,
shoe, boot, and tailor shops ; ,also for
.the erection of agrist mill, as soon
as the settlement requires it. Pie
sides these we shall have dry go'bds,
hrocery and drug stores and a gbod
otel. We have, in short, every ele=
menu to start, ono of the finest settle
ments.in. the West.
We shall have no idling elomdnt,
nor will* the loafing fraternity be! in
the-lenst -tolerated. ' What we have.
and what we. want: aro sturdy men..
Good farmers, good Mechanics and
good business men:
Now it is a well known fact that all
good lands aro - being rapidly taken
up throughout the West (and espe
cially is the case m Kansas). Mon
eyed men are purchasing all the - real
estate they can .get hold of—for by
so doing they realize from one to two
hundred per cont in. It is, there
fore, gratifying to know that the land
in Solomon Valley is not in market,
and that it cannot be obtained except
by homesteading and pro-empting.
And it is for this reason that; ihis
valley will become more rapidly and
thickly popoulated than any other
scope of country—for here one man
has just as , - good * chance' as his
neighbor, rich or poor. The United
States Government treats them all
able. Aid it is, 'farther, for this
seine reason that thi'is hind will *Km
al be (=Vied, and.oonsequently it
is most important to homestead at
once. Were this_ and fair sale to-day
every acre would bring at least' five
dollars, and mnch could -be sold ,for
ton to fifteen dollarsper acre. '
The price of land is overyihere in
creasing in valle, and - at-t 4 rapid
rate, but still more. so is thiithe case
where a number of familieadoette at
once, and where immigration is brisk.
-The advantages might be slimmed
up something as follows: ' -
Ist.—.-Yqa locate in a choice piece.
of land selected with great care, in a
fine neighborhood and havera healthy.
2d.—You, by locating here, do not
subject yekirself to 'the hardships of
the lonely pioneer mho lives miles
from any habitation, without the fa
ilities of obtaining groceries, dry
goods, flour, or any other commodity
On the' contrary, , you are, as - it
were, in a well settled country. . You
have mills, stone, &c., &c. "
You enjoy the benefit of first class
society, the advantages" of 'good
schook and churches to educate and
direct the morals of your family;
Added to. this a good market for your
products and ready sale for your cat
tle. You _cannot for a ruomeht fail
to see the great ndiantage that, we
as a new settlement possess over
most newly ideated places and over
many old ones. -
- A hirge nuMbei% of families hate
already joined us from Pennsylvania
Wisconsin, &c. All of them are men
of integrity and honor, men of enter
and such as never fail to' enrich
a country- with their labor and talent.
Haring been to great expense in.
looking for and selecting a ,location
and as we are constantly ,expending.
money in the advancement , of this
settlement in making the necessary
arrangements for transportationsand
for, the settling of the -parties , who
join us, in paying fees and commis
sions to the United States Land Of
fice, in being obliged to go to and
from, to attend to 'the locating of
homestead, dc., Se., -and- expenses
attending same and obtaining trans
portation, we, after making . a careful
calculation, find that a payment of
seventy-five dollars from each person
for whom we; enter a 'homestead or
preempt land—will defray our ex-.
penses. Bry No MOAT..
We; therefore, require seventy-five
dollars from every man for whom we
Setting aside .n.ll- the advantages
which have been' above mentioned,
you are, by !,paying the aforesaid
amount of rrioney,istill the gainer -by
by large sums.
- For suppose you wish to settle iu
either of the Western State, you must
,go and examine the land your
self before moving west, or you must
move with your family and hunt. for
afterwards. In first
case, if you make a careful search,
your expenses will' be at least , two
hundred dollars. Arid in the• second
place they will bp full as ranch more
as you will in nine cases out of ten
be forced to pay exorbiant prices for
,board and rent.
As above stated, you pay about
two hundred dollars,:tio find a loca
tion, but your facilities fot s 6 locat
ing are quite limited and the chances
are that your location is much jnferi;
Or to the one sele.ete'd byus.
Although you .have already paid
quite a : sum of money--you have, as
yet, not settled, and you will, in the
nest place, have to add the railroad
fare of your family, and,. after that,.
the,fees and commissions of the U. S.
Land Office. Now; in the mutter of
railroad fare you save a heavy-Ter
cent., beeause we make agreements
with the Railroad companies to car - -
ry you over their lines at a_consider
able deduction from the regular fare.
You cannot 'fail to. see that you
save money in every respect; besides,
we take all necessary precautions to
prevent the colonist from bein',g
posed upon by sharpers who f are al
ways ready -to take advantaga of the
immigrant. Adding to this the rap
id increase of your propeity,l which
is owing to so many settling in a
neighborhood at -once, you - aro the
gainer in every instance.
Tlie,law governing homesteads, &c,
being somewhat lengthy—we will .re
fer you to those parties on whom you
may call to make arragements—for
necessary -information. One thing
we will however embody here, and
that is, you can homestead a hun
dred and sixty acres tivd preempt
the same .ntimlier, and, in case of
homesteading, can make your appli
cation and wait six months before
you need to move on the homiestead;
but yen- must move on it in that
time, else },'our r.honiestead becomes
forfeited and the land reverts to . thp
Government. In the case of filing a
preemption, you must be-on the spot
at once, or your claim can be contest
ed) For those who desire to our
chase additional lands, chances are
constantly offered, . as Uteri) - are
always some. men who preempt and
are unable to pay fot the land and
*ill sell out for small consideration.
To the many inquiring..whether
this Colony is an organization of mu
tuality or communism, we answer,
not in the general acceptation of the
term, as we clo not believe in such
institutions. les, however, a settle
ment of persons to obtain homes,
and these homes belong to them ex
clusively.; that is, every man takes his
160neres, It is mutual in so far
that every mdii will do his utmost to
promote, the welfars of the commun
ity, cultivate charity, mutuality,
Christianity, educational institutions,
and, in short, do all. in their, power
to promote the welfare of each and
every settler. For any further par
Address: J. J. HIICEELL,
TOWANDA, Bradford Co., Pa.
THE Hedts HEART.—It i 8 stated
that Prof. Hsughton, of Dublin, has
calculated that the ventricles alone
of the human heart perform the total
daily work of 124,208 foot torus. For
every ounce of weight of the- heart,
that organ, it is asserted, performs
50,576 foot pounds of work per min
ute, and on the supposition "that it
were to expand its entire force in
lifting its own weight Vertically,- it is
calculated that the heart would raise
itself 19,754 feet in an hour, that., is
329 feet in a minute; in comparing
those figures with the more fiuniliar,
it may be interesting to remember
that a " horse power," according to
Watt's calculation, consists in _the
force that-working eight hours a day
raises 33,000 pounds one foot high
in one minute. - From Prof. Haugh
ton' statement it will be seen that the
heart exercises a fo;ce that would
raise 193,212 pounds ono foot high
in a min_uto
sclloot, of In vention----Tecial re
v. ter.. villeva in Altshington.