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Resources of Farm Manure.
This subject is always in order among
farmers whose soil has been long under
Cultivation, and its fertility partially ex
hausted. Western farmers occupy a vir
gin soil, who a few years since thought
there was no use for it, and moved their
barns to get out of the way of its accumu
lation, begin to see the utility of saving
ar.d applying it ; they find that better
crops are raised with it. 1 shall not at
tempt to suggest anything new,for it would
seem impossible after all that has been
said and written on the subject : but a fre
quent reiteration of similar precepts may
induce some one to adopt a better system
of saving and applying his manure. Does
the reader make the most of his resources ?
Is there nothing left that can be converted
into fertilizing material ? When every re
source is exhausted, then it is time to re
sort to commercial fertilizers. How is it
with the hog-pen ? Is that well supplied
with good material to absorb the liquid as
well as ammonia ? A free supply will tend
to keep 'he hogs clean and furnish a quan
tity of rich mauure.
Then there is the privy, which is too fre
quently allowed to waste its ammonia, in
stead of having absorbents supplied to fix
it. A tight vault, into which dry muck,
plaster, loam, Ac., may be introduced and
mixed, will supp.y several loads of pou
drette, superior to what the market affords,
with little labor. The hen-roost will sup
ply several barrels oi good guano,the qual
ity < f which there is no question, when
home-manufactured,by supplying dry loam,
plaster, &c\, with frequent overhauling.—
A pit so constructed that it may receive all
the slops and wash from the house with
out waste, will, by filling in loam, muck,
fine coal dust, Ac., give several loads of
rich material suitable to be applied to any
garden or field crop. Wood ashes, com
posted with dry muck, or loam, bones bro
ken aud mixed in a cask with fine loom and
kept constantly wet with urine will disolve
and make good bone phosphate. Then of
tentimes animals die from accident or dis
ease, which may be converted into manure
by being cut up and composted with some
of the various absorbents to be found 011
every farm. Urine of all kinds is the most
valuable of manures, and should be saved
by having absorbents applied as bedding ;
when it is convenient stables should be so
arranged as to be drained into pits or tanks.
Were every farmer to save what is at pres
ent wasted, the inquiry "Where shall I get
fertilizers for my ground, that 1 may have
the wherewith to grow good crops ?" would
be less frequently heard. — Boston Cultiva
In my own experience—not a short one
—I have found a great majority of the
faults or vices of cows to arise from the
wyrse faults or vices of those who rear and
usfe them. Kindness to all dumb animals,
should be the first law of their government;
and when kindness and good management
fail to make the cow, indisposition,be what
she ought, her case may as well be given
up, and herself consigned to the shambles.
I have reared a great many heifers into
milking cows—hundreds of them—and sel
dom had a failure, not only in a good milk
er, but in a kind-tempered, orderly animal.
More co%vs are spoiled with their first ' com
ing in" than at any other age. To make
the matter plain, 1 will give my own meth
od of treatment.
After the creature is past a year old, at
her second wintering, my heifers are tied ;
regularly in the stable, as are the milking
cows. This accustoms them to handling,
and the familiarity of the herdsman, and
where they can be daily examined for every
ail that may occur to them. When they j
begin to "spring bag" for calving they
should be closely looked after, to see that ;
the udder is coming into right shape and
condition tree from inflamation, "cake," or
other disorder ; and if such occur,the prop
er remedy—as sotting and annoinling with
fresh butter, oil, salt and water, or other
emolient—should be applied, so as to keep
it always in a pliant and healthy condition.
Sometimes the flow of milk into the udder
ot the young h iter before calving will be
so free, that it is necessary to draw it oflt
daily for days before slie drops the calf, or
otherwise the bag would inflame and spoil.
All these difficulties cause pain, irritation
and fret fulness in the young animal, from
which she is only relieved by these atten
tions ; and which, if not relieved of them,
spoil her outright. If thus properly trea
ted, the young creature comes in with her
first calf a fine, amiable, kindly, useful cow.
The herdsman having done his duty, there
is usually little difficulty thereafter.
My cov s arc dways in summer, as well
as winter, driven into and it their usual
stalls in the night and morning, for
milking : the reason for this is, that they
are thus aheays\under control; no fright,
no jumping, and ruuniog away, with a milk
ing stool vengefully thrown after them by
the exasperated milker, and a muss, per
haps, with half the other cows before the
offending animal is brought to her duty.
But this one would kick with all sorts of
treatment, though never chastised with
more than a few strokes of a light switch
when the most soothing efiorts were expen
ded in vain. We finally tried another way.
1 bought what an English herdsman calls
"a pair of bull dogs." It is an instrument
frequently found in the agricultural stores
for holding cattle by the nose on the prin
ciple of a pair of pincers, the short handles
of which are kept apart by spiral wire
springs, causing the pincer points to press
near together when claping the thin mem
brane of the nostril behind the nose. These
points are rounded into the size of a com
mon musket ball, being of east iron, and
the whole weighing scarcely half a pound.
The extreme) ies of the handles are perfo
rated,so as to let a small rope pass through
them : and when once inserted into the
nostril, the points press closely, hut not
painfully, by the spring keeping apart the
Thus the cow becomes entirely under
control, so far as the head is concerned.
Into these handles a rope is fixed,and thrown
over a pole, or bit of scantling placed over
the manger, the nose raised to nearly a
horizontal line with the horns, and fasten
ed. The whole operation does not take a
minute. In this position she cannot kick,
if she tries. She may lift her feet, and
whisk her tail, and fret a little,but kick she
can't. She has never kicked, so secured—
although, if let loose, both pail and milker
would soon be on the other side of the sta
ble. She is so tractable with this long
continued discipline that the moment the
the milker approaches with his "hull-dogs"
she holds out her nose as kindly as if to re
ceive a caress or a favor, and yields her
bountiful flow of milk as graciously as the
kindest cow in the stable. A rope around
the horns, running d iwu and made a slip
noose over the nose, will answer the same
It may he *aid this is a peculiar case.
Try it. Any cow can thus he deprived of
the power of kicking An/ creature, in or
der to kick, must hold its head low or iu a
natural position, Kicking is an unusual
effort of the animal, and that the heel may
be raised for such put-nose,requires a strong
effort of the spine, tl rear of which must
be somewhat elevated—and, to make that
effort, the head and neck must be towered ;
but the nose lifted to this horizontal posi
tion, the power to kick ceases.— AX OI.D
FARMER, in N. Y. Observer.
Manureing and Cultivating Trees.
The difference between quackery and reg
ular treatment is, the former applies reme
dies indiscriminately, while the latter ad
ministers according to certain and specific
wants, When the farmer breaks his wag
on the quick would proceed by driving
nails here and there all over it, hoping ac
cidentally somewhere to reach the fracture.
The regular repairer first ascertains where
the difficulty lies,and then proceeds at once
to correct it.
It is somewhat thus in the cultivation of
ot fruit trees, particularly with those sorts
like the dwarf pear, which will not flourish
under neglect. We often see directions on
the precise amount of manure which should
be applied to the dwarf orchard—some de
manding even as much as an annual coat
ing of three or four inches around the tree
to be worked into the soil,while others suc
ceed with a very moderate application.
Others, again, find, as they suppose, that
manure is entirely unnecessary or detrim
ental. One man appears to succeed as well
with his apple orchard kept in grass close
ly grazed by sheep "or swine, with only
the top-dressing which these animals give,
as another does with constant and mellow
cultivation. These differences of treatment
must depend much upon the character and
natural fertility of the soil ; and to give
precise directions that are require ! to be
followed out in all cases, would be like is
suing general instructions stating how
many strokes of the whip must be given to
i a horse in order to get a day's labor out of
j him, without reference to his character for
spirit or stupidity ; or like the orders of a
j railway manager to apply the brakes every
I fifteen minutes, without regard to an up
| ward or a descending grade.
We often receive inquiries as to the
j amount of manure to be applied to trees.
: The answer must be. Act according to cir
| cumstances. The question a ain recurs,
i Aow shall e know what our soils need ?
j The answer is, Observe the results of
| growth. An examination or analysis of
i the soil will be of little use. But the trees
: will tell their own story. If the soil is so
rich that the trees make annual shoots of
two or three feet or more in length,without
any cultivation of manuring at all, (which,
however, is hardly a supposable case,)then
it will be needless to give additional care.
The annual growth is the best guide to
treatment. There are very few apple or
other orchards which,after reaching a good
bearing state, throw out annual shoots
more than a foot or a foot and a half long,
and many not half this length. The owner
may lay it down as an unalterable rule that
when his trees do not grow one foot annual
ly, they reed more manuring or cultivation,
or both. By observing the growth he can
answer all questions of the kind referred to
Perhaps it may be useful to remark on
the different means of degrees for increas
ing the vigor of trees : Ist. The weakest
or most inefficient means is digging small
circles with the spade around the foot of
the stem, either with or without the addi
tion of manure ; because the roots of a tree
being at least equal each way to its height,
reach out on all sides far beyond these cir
cles ; and often not a fifteenth part of them
are effected 2d. Better than the last
named mode, is keeping the grass grazed
short by swine or sheep—protecting the
stems from injury with boxes or thorny
brush—give annually in autumn a thin top
dressing of manure. 3d. Where this treat
ment does not impart sufficient vigor, then
I the third remedy must be resorted to, viz.,
keeping the whole surface in a clean, mel
low condition. It the soil is rich enough,it
will d to raise beans or root crops,or even
Indian corn —otherwise it should be left
perfectly clean, and manure added annual
ly if necessary. Thick dressings of manure
applied in autumn and spaded under in
spring, are only required for dwarf pears
which have become stunted, in connection
with free pruning, until shoots at least two
or three feet are obtained Meadows or
sowed grain should never be allowed in
any orchard whatever. Country Gentle
WHIPI-ED CREAM OR SILLABUB.— Put good
cream, sweetened and flavored,into a pitch
er,and whip it briskly with a whisk or egg
beater. As fast as the frosts form, take it
off and lay it into a glass bowl. IT should
be accompanied by jelly,small fruit or sweet
STEAMED DUMPLINGS. —Two cups sour milk,
one of cream, teaspoonful soda, thoroughly
dissolved ; turn into flour and mix as you
would biscut ; roll out and spread on what
ever fruit you wish, then'rool it together
and put in a cloth and stpam one hour.—
Serve with sweetened cream.
MILK RAISING BREAD. —Take two cups of
boiling water, two cups of new rnilk, and
one teaspoonful of saleratus—making a hat
ter of it, and put it in a tin pail to rise.
Keep the water a little more than luke
warm. The cause of its turning acid is
not being kept warm enough, and letting it
stand to long.
SAGO AND APPLE PUDDING.— Take six oun
ces of sago, previously washed and picked,
five large, rich apples, peeled, quartered
and cored, and one teacupful of sugar.
Pour boiling water on the sago ; let it stand
till cold ; then mix in the apples and sugar,
and bake about one hour.
Bon. ED INDIAN PUDDING.— TWO coffee cups
of sour milk, one cup of molasses, two cups
of Indian meal, one cup of flour, one of suet
chopped fine,saleratus to sweeten the milk ;
salt to the taste Boil or steam four or five
hours. Serve with liquid sauce.
GRAHAM BREAD.— Take half a pint salt
raising, one quart warm water, one teas
poonful each of salt and soda, half cup of
molasses, thicken with graham flour as
thick as can be stirred convienently ; put
into pans to rise. When light bake one
hour with moderate fire.
BISCUT.— Two-thirds pint buttermilk, half
a pint sour cream, one teaspoonful soda or
saleratus : dissolve the soda in a little milk
and stir into the buttermilk and cream till
it foams, then mix into a soft dough. Bake
fifteen miuutes in a quick oven.
PLAIN PUDDING. —A good batter of wheat
en flour, with o- without fruit mixed in it,
boiled, is very good. The pudding-bag
should be always loose, also wet, aud the
inside floured to prevent water getting to
PEARL BARI.EV PUDDING. —Pick and wash
half a pound of pearl barley ; soak it in
fresh water over night ; pour off the water ;
add one quart of new milk and a teacupful
of sugar, and bake one hour in a slow r
JJARDWARE. CODDING & RUSSELL
LARGE AND WI LL SELECTED STOCK OF GOODS,
To which additions are daily being made, which they
offer cheap for Cash. A large assortment of
Among the many desirable and beautiful patterns is the
This beautiful stove is unsurpassed for economy in ]
fuel; is a pei feet baker ; is the best COOK STOVE in 1
the market. Among their heating Stoves may be found j
a great variety suitable for every place where stoves are I
STOVE PIPE AND SHEET IRON WORK,
Always on hand and made to order.
A large stock manufactured from the very best material
and by experienced workmen. A very ful assortment o
IRON, NIALB AND STEEL,
At New York prices.
HOUSE AND CARRIAGE TRIMMINGS,
TOOLS FOR TUB FARMER,
Tools lor the House Joiner and Carpenter—Tools for
Blacksmiths'—Tools for everybody.
WINDOW SASH AND GLASS, PAINTS, OILS AND
VARNISHES, MACHINE OIL AND BENZOLE,
KDKOSENE OIL, LAMPS. WICKS AND CHIMNEYS
BELTING, TABLE AND POCKET CUTLERV,
BRITTANNIA AND PLATED WARE,
Pumps, Lead, ripe, 1 hniu Pumps, Wate
Pipes, Grindstones and fixtures,
JOB WORK done with dispatch. Lamps repaired, j
Fluid Lamps and Lanterns altered and fitted to burn Ke- |
Grain, Old Iron, Casting and Wrought Scraps, Copper,
Brass, Brittannia, Beeswax, Feathers and Rags taken in ;
exchange for goods.
Highest price in cash paid for Sheep Pelts and Fnrs.
*9- OUR GOODS have been purchased on the pay 1
down system and will be sold for READY PAY.
J< T ™* 0 ' J CODDING & RUSSELL.
C. s. Rl StsKl.L. J
Towanda, March I®, 1863
* £ C
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t$ ' = 5 * 2
I f | E 2
MARSHA L L BR 0 T HERS
Wish to call the attention ot tin public to their new
BLACK SMITHS' TOOLS,
aud CARPENTERS' TOOLS.
Also, a large assortment of
Window Glass, Sash, Paints, Oils,
Putty, Varnishes, and Paint
and Varnish Brushes
of all kinds, which will be sold lor the lowest Cash price.
Also, a fiine assortment of
of every style and pattern to suit the public-
Lamps repaired and changed from Oil aud Fluid to
Particular attention paid to the manufacturing of ail
JOBBIKI FROHfTLI ATTENDED TO.
We have on hand a fine article of,
GLASS FRUIT JARS,
with improved self- sealing corks, and
HERMETICAL SEAI/IN6 CANS,
which is one of the best cans used.
June 20. 1865.
gOMET II IN G NE W A T
GEORGE H. WOOD S
He has the pleasure of informing his old friends and
patrons, that lie is now prepared to make the new and
beautiful style of
GE M FERR 0T Y PES,
mounted on cards very cheap.
Also, Melainotypes for Lockets, Cases, or Frames, as
well as all kinds ot
PHOTOG R A P II S
AS BEFOKE IN
T H BEST STYLE OF ART.
Views taken of Houses on short notice.
COPYING DONE TO ORDER
In a few days.
ALL WORK WARRANTED.
Albums kept on hand and will be sold cheap.
G. H. WOOD.
pIIOTOG RAP H I C GALL ER Y
D. W. HUGHES
Informs the public that he has removed his Photograph
ic Gallery, to Montanye's lot, east side of Main St., two
doors below Beidleman's Block, where lie is now pre
pared to take Photographic Likenesses in the highest
style of the art.
Ambrotypes, Melainotypes, and Fereotypes, in Cards,
taken in a superior manner.
A good assortment of Photograph Albums. every
style, kept constantly on hand. Also Photographs
distinguished public men, military and civil, tor sale.
Being now prepared to take Likenesses in the best
manner, be is confident that he can give satisfaction to
all who may call.
Towanda, April 3; 1806.
E W P L A N I N G M ILL.
The undersigned having built a largs and commodious
Mill in the Borough of Towanda, and filled it with 'the
most modern and improved machinery, for the manufac
WINDOW SASR, A BLINDS,
are prepared to till orders, whether large or small, upon
the shortest notice. We have also a large variety ot
MOULDINGS, ot the latest style and pattern, which we
can furnish much cheaper than they can be worked by
and all ether work pertaining to Joinery, will be done to
suit our customers.
Persons building, and not living more than twelve or
fourteen miles distant, will find it largely for their inter
est to buy of us, or bring their lumber and have it
worked by our machinery. Bring your grist of Floor
ing. or other lumber, and while your team is feeding,
have it ground out and take it home with you.
We will pay CASH for PINE A HEMLOCK LUMBER
delivered at our lumber yard. Come, and see us, or if
yon can't come, write.
L. B. RODGERS A CO.
Towanda, Feb. ?, 1 sC4.
Q SWING MACHINES!
J Having taken the Agency of the /toe bent Machines
j yet made.
' WHEELER & WILSON, AND SINGER.
We are now ready to supply all.
JS-MACHINES SOLD AT NEW YORK PRICES-®*
; snr No mistake—the above makes AKE THE BEST
*#"" The work of these Machines is alike on both sides
and will not ravel, just come and try it."®*
Silks, Thread, Oil, Soap, Needles, Oil Cans, Needle
Cases, and extras kept on hand at our tore."®*
*®-We sell the thing that always pleases. "®#
Call aud sea our samples and get our prices.
WICKHAM A BLACK,
Nov. '2O. IMS. Towanda, Pa.
FOR SALE —The undersigned offers for
sale ii s HOUSE and LOT situated on Main street,
|it the souta end of the borough of Towanda. Terms
j made known by calling on the subscriber,
I G. H. DRAKE.
I Towanda, March 28, 1866.
rjIOWANDA INSURANCE AG.ACY.
H. B. M'KEAN
Agent for the following well known and rel D ole Insur
ance Companies :
NEW ENGLAND INSURANCE Co.—Hartford, Conn.
ASKTTS 244,078 15
KENSINGTON INSURANCE Co.— Philadelphia.
WYOMING INSURANCE COMPANY.
Capital and Surplus $150,000
Stock not called in ..... $50,000 .
Bills receivable 40,000
U. R. 5-20 Bonds ...... 25,000 j
Temporary aud call Ixians .... 0,000 j
103 shares Wyoming Bank Stock - - - 0,180 j
50 shares Pirst Nat. Bank at Wilkes-Barre, - 5,000 !
70 " Sec. " " " - - 7,000
4G shares Wilks-Barre Bridge Stock - - 2,580
Real Estate 1,519
Due from Agents and others - • - 7,414
Cash in hand and in Bank .... 1,842
G. M. Hollenback, L. D. Shoemaker,
R. D. Lacoc, John Richards,
H. M. Hoyt, Charles A. Miner,
Samuel Wadhams, O. Collins,
Stewart Pierce, Chas. Dorrance,
Wm. S. Ross, 1 G. M. Harding.
G. M. HOLLENBACK, Resident.
1,. I'. SUOEMAKEK, Vice-President.
R. C- SMITH , Sec'y.
11. B. M'KEAN. Agent. Towanda, Pa.
LUZERNE INSURANCE AGENCY.
/ETNA INSURANCE Co — Hartford,
FULTON INSURANCE Co.— Neto York,
CASH CAPITLA $300,000
METROPOLITAN INSURANCE CO.,
ROYAL INSURANCE CO.,
LIVERPOOL & LONDON INS. CO.,
LIFE INSUIt VNUK— CONNECTICUT MUTUAL.
Policies issued for the /Etna, Fulton and Metre-
Eolitan, and orders received lor Insurance upon favoia
le terms. R.C. -MITH, Agent,
H. B. M'KEAN, Agent, for the above Companies at
HOMER CAMP, Agent, Camptown, Pa.
EUKi; LIFE, and ACCIDENTAL INFER
OVER SEVENTEEN MILLION DOLLARS
C. S. RUSSELL, Agent,
FOR THE FOLLOWING NAMED RELIABLE COMPANYS :
GIUAKD FIRE & MARINE INSUKANCBCOMPANY 1
v Capital and surplus, over $350,000
HOME INSUKANCE COMPANY. I
Of New- York. I
Capital and surplus,over $3,750,000
INSURANCE COMEANY OF NORTH AMERICA, I
Philadelphia. ) .
Capital and surplus, over $1,700,000
MANHATTAN INSURANCE COMPANY, (
Of New-York. f
Capital and surplus, over $900,000
ENTERPRISE INSURANCE COMPANY, 1
Of Philadelphia. f
Capital aud surplus, over $350,000
AUTIC INSURANCE COMPANY, I
Of New■ York. j
Capital and surplus, over $750,000
PUTNAM INSURANCE COMPANY, I
Of Hartford, Conn. )
Capital and surplus, over $704,000
MUTUAL LICE INSURANCE COMPANY, f
Of New-York. j
Capital and surplus,over $8,000,000
TRAVELLERS INSURANCE COMPANY,
Of Hartford, Conn. j
Capital and surplus, over $600,000
Risks taken on all kinds of Property, at as low rates
as by any other reliable Companies.
tsr Policies issued and Losses, il any, adjusted at
this Agency, thereby saving the trouble and expense of
going elsewhere tor settlement.
Office at the Hardwhere Store ol Codding A
Russell C. S. RUSSELL.
Towanda, Feb..7, 1866. tf
mOWANDA INSURANCE AGENCY!
Policies issued,jLossesadjusted and promptly paid, by
11. It. M'KEAN, A Kent,
Of the following well known and reliable Companies.
Office Montanye's Block.
Aggregate Amount of Capital, $17,000,080
/EETNA INSURANCE COMPANY, 1
Hartford, Conn., (
NIAGARA INSURANCE COMPANY, )
New York, )
Sitw ENGLAND INSURANCE COMPANY,
WYOMING INSURANCE COMPANY, i
Witkes-Bari e, Pa., f
Capital . $150,000
NORTH AMERICAN TRANSIT INSURANCE CO., i
CONNECTICUT MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE Co., 1
Hartford, Conn., f
KENSINTON FIRE INSURANCE CO., I
Towanda, Feb. 20,1866 tl
fp II E INSURANCE COMPANY OP
1 NORTH AMERICA.
Office No. 242 Walnut Street. Philadelphia.
This Company are now prosecuting the bu-iness of
Insurance from loss or damage by FlilE on Buildings,
Merchandise, Furniture, &c., throughout the State ol
Pennsylvania, on liberal terms,for long or short periods;
or permanently of Buildings, by a deposit of Premium.
The prompt payment of claims for losses during the
period ot nearly 70 years that the Company has been 111
esistence. entitles them to the confidence of the pnblic.
DIRECTORS. —Arthur G. Coffin, Samuel W. Jones, John
A Brown, Charles Taylor, Ambrose White, Jno. It. Neff,
Richard D. Wood, Wm. Welsh, Wm. E. Bowen, James
N. Dickson, S.Morris Wain, John Mason, Geo. L. Aar
rison, Francis R. Cope. Edward H. Trotter. Edward S.
Clarke, Win. Cummiugs. ARTHUR G. COFFIN, Fres'nt.
C. S. RUBSHLL, Agent, Towanda.
I FARMERS MUTUAL FIRE INSURANCE
OF MIDDLE PENNSYLVANIA,
Otlice ii Danville, Montour County, Penn'a.
Capital .... $357,000 00
The Farmers Mutual Fire Insurance Company of Mid
dle Pennsylvania was incorporated by the Pennsylvania
legislature, in the year 1859, for the Mutual Insurance
of Conntry property only, and immediately thereafter
commenced its operations on that principle, which has
been strictly adhered to since.
All losses have been promptly paid out of the Premi
ums collected on application for insurance without mak
ing any assessments.
The Insurance of Country proper y only, the low rates
charged tor Insurance,and the prompt payment of losses
are deemed-a sufficient recommendation of the Farmers
Mutual Fire Insurance Company ot Middle Penns lva
nia, to all owners cf sate class country property.
P. JOHNSON, Sec'y, WM. FULMER, I'res t.
C. M. MANVILLE.
March 5, '66. Ageut, Towanda, Pa.
WARD HOUSE, TOWANDA, PENN'A
JOHN O. WARD
Respectfully informs the public that he has purchased
this well-known Hotel.aud taken possession of the same.
The Ward House will be thoroughly r- paired and re
furnished, and no labor nor expense will be spared to
give satisfaction to guests.
The traveling public and persons visiting Towanda,
are requested to continue the lilieral patronage which
the Ward House has hitherto employed. Having had
considerable experience in the business, he is confident
that with a strong determination to please, and with
strict attention to the House, he can satisfy the requir
meots of those Stopping at the House. " 30dec65-tf
TTNION CARRIAGE SHOP,
AT ALBA, PENN'A.
I The undersigned respectfully informs the citizens 0:
Western Bradford that he has commenced the Carriage
and Wagon manufacturing business, in ail its various
branches in Alba borough, in the shop north of the
Union Hotel. His foreman in the wood-shop will be N.
M. REYNOLDS, who is well known to the people of
this vicinity, having been in the business tor the last 16
years. He will manufacture to order, and keep constant
ly on hand the latest styles of Maggys, both top and
open, Platform, Democrat and Skeleton Wagons, Sleighs,
Cutters. Ac. His work will be done by the most ex
perienced workmen, and great care will be taken in pro
curing the best timber, and the most substantial ma
terials . He intends that, the work turned out at his shop
for style, durability and cheapness, lie excelled
in the County. REPAIRING of ail kinds done with des
patch , in a subtautial manner 011 reasonable terms
Give usa call. JAMES McINTYRE,
Alba, Bradford County, Pa., Feb. 20, 1866.—1y
Drugs anil UUtorints.
JJARSTOW & GORE'S DRUG STORE ! (
NJE W FIRM, NEW GOODS,!
AliD NEW PRICES I
Tlic undersigned having formed a co-partnership in j
the Drug business, uuder the name of BARSTOW A
GORE, at the old stand No. 4, Patton's Block, where
they are daily receiving additions to their stock, trom
the most reliable importers and manufacturers, respect
fully ask for a liberal share of public patronage. A
large stock of
FRESH DRUGS AN D M EDI C I N k S
Has just'been received,and we are now prepared to sup
WANTS3OF THE PUBLIC WITH ALL ARTICLES
BELONG ISO TO TUB TRADE.
V HE WINEs AND LIQUORS, FOR MEDICAL USE
9MLY. A FULL ASSORTMENT OF CONCENTRATED
BOTANIC. ECLECTIC AND HOMfEPATHIC MEDI
ALL THE POPULAR PATENT MEDICINES.
PAINTS, OIL, VARNISH,
PAINT AND VARNISH BRUSHES,
DYE-STUFFS AND GLASS.
FANCY AND TOILET ARTICLES OF EVERY KIND.
TILDEN's ALCOHOLIC AND FLUID EXTRACTS,
A LA'AL O 1 D A V D RES IN OlI) S
All the Best Trusses,
AB D O B.INAL SUPPORT E R 4 S ,
BREAST PUMPS, NIPPLE SHELLS, AND SHIELDS,
Nursing Bottles, Syringes and Catheters.
A LARGE ASSORTMENT OF RAZORS, STROPS, POCKET KNIVES,
SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS OF LATE STYLE
AND LKST QUALITY.
A large supply Brushes for the Hat and Hair. Also for
the Teeth and Nails, Tooth Powders and Pastes,
Oils, Perfumery, Soaps, Combs, Hair Dye, In
vigorators,Ac., Kerosene. Kerosene Lamps,
Shades, Chimneys, Wicks, Ac., all ot
the latest styles.
CHOICE CIGARS, TOBACCO AND SNUFF.
OSf Physicians supplied at reasonable rates. Medi
cines and Prescriptions carefully aud accurately com
nounded and prepared by competent persons at all hours
of the day and night. Sunday hours from 9 to 10 o'-
clock in the forenoon, I to 2 in the afternoon.
D. H. BARSTOW. W. H. H. GORE.
Towanda. Aug.l, 1865.
TYR. PORTER'S OLD DRUG STORE.
Already admitted to be
The largest,safest and most approved
DRUG HOUSE IN NORTHERN PENNSYLVANIA,
Anostablished reputation for keeping the best medicine
In its facilities aud apparatus for compounding and pre
MEDICINE AND PRESCRIPTIONS,
Conducted by thoroughly competent persons, wbodc vo
the most careful attention,pay the strictest regard
to accuracy, aud use only selected arti
cles. and medicines of unques
tioned purity, has bo---o ;
THE CASH DRUG STORE
With prices revised to correspond with the market.
W II 0 LE S A L E A N D RETAIL,
ALL ARTICLES WARRANTED AS REPRESENTED.
By recent arrangements with the Manufacturers, Impor
ters or First Holders of Goods and Cash Purcha
ses,the prices will always he atthelow
est point for Prime Goods.
LOWER FIGURES THAN EVER IN
PAINTS, OILS, VARNISHES, GLASS, DRUGS AND
E eery thing in this er ten sire stock will be sold
Cheap for Cash !
PRICES REDUCED, VIZ:
OF SOAPS. PERFUMERY, BRUSHES, COMBS.
POCKET KNIVES AND RAZORS,
L A M P S A N D MATERI A I. S FOR LIGHT.
TRUSSES k SUPPORTERS,
WINES AND LIQUORS, ONLY FOR MEDICINE.
TOKACCO AND SNUFF. •
ALL THE POPULAR PATENT MEDICINES,
TOOTH, SKIN AND lIAIK PREPARATIONS.
FANCY ARTICLES OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS,
Eclectic, Botanic and Homctopathic Medicines
Spices, Bird Seed, Lump Shades and Garden Seeds.
FISH TACKLE, AMMUNITION, Ac.
Constituting the most complete assortment, embracing
the great wants of the People, reduced in Price,
and revised for the Cash System.
DR. PORTER'S COAL OIL.
DR. PORTER'S CAMPHENE!
DR. PORTER'S ALCOHOL!
DR. PORTER S BURNING FLUID !
Are Fresh, daily prepared, and unrivalled by any in the
DR. PORTER'S PREPARATIONS
FOR FAMILY USE.
Known as Sate and Reliable Remedies,arc warranted fo
what they are intended to give satisfaction,
Dr Porter's Pectoral Syrup price 50 cents
Dr Porter's Family Embrocation •' 35 "
Dr Porter's Tonic Elixer " 100 "
Dr Porter's Worm Syrep " 50 "
Dr Porter's Coiap. Syr. Ilypophosphites.. "100 "
Dr Porter's Uterine Tonic " 150 "
Dr Porter's Blackberry Balsam " 35 "
Dr Porter's Tooth Ache Drops " 25 "
Dr Porter's Cephalic Snuff. " 25 "
Dr Porter's Tooth Powder " 50 "
Dr PortersTricogene " 50 "
Dr Porter's Tricophile " 50 "
Dr Porter's Shampoo " 50 "
Df Porters Horse and Cattle Lotion " 50 "
Dr Porters Horse and Cattle Powder " 35 "
Dr Porter's Bed Bug Poison " 35 "
Dr Porter s Black Ink •• 25 '•
Dr Porter's Cleansing Fluid "
Dr Porter's Rat and Mice Poison " 35 "
Dr Porter's Citrate Magnesia " 35 "
Dr Porter's Worm Wafers " 35 ••
MEDICAL ADVICE GIVEN GRATUITOUSLY AT
Charging only for Medicine.
AS~Thankful for past liberal patronage would respect
fully announce to his friends and the public thatno pain
shall be spared to satisfy and merit the continuance of
theireontidence and patronage, at the
CASH DRUG STORE!
Corner of Main and Pine streets.
HP WENT Y-FI-VE YEARS EXPERIENCE
A IN DENTISTRY.—J. S. SMITH, M. D. F would re
spectfully inform the inhabitants of Bradford County
that he is permanantly located in Waverly, N.Y., wliere
he lias been in tiie practice of his profession for the past
four years. He would say that from his long and snc
cessfnl practice of 25 years duration, he is familiar with
nil 'he different styles of work done in any and all Den
tal establishments in city or country, and is better pre
pared than any other Dental operator in the vicinity to
do work the best adapted to the many aud different
cases that present themselves oftentimes to the Dentist,
as he understands the art ol making his own artificial
teeth, and has facilities lor doing the same. To those
requiring uuder sets of teeth he would call attention to
his new kind of work which consists of porcelain for
both plate and teeth, and forming a continuous gum. It
is more durable, more natural in appearance, and much
better adapted to the gum than any other kind of work.
Those in need of the same are invited to call and exam
ine specimens. Teeth filled to last for years and often
t mes for life. Chloroform, ether, and "Nitrous oxide''
administered with perfect safety, as over lour hundred
patients within the last four years can testify.
I will be in Tmvanda from the 15th to 30th of every
mon 111, at the office of W.K. TAYLOR, (formerly oc
cupiru by Dr. O. H. Woodruff. ) Having made arrange
ment.-, with Mr. Taylor, I am prepared to do ail work in
the very best style, at his office.
Nov. 27,1895. 6 ra
DR. 11. WESTON, DENTIST. Office
in Patton's Block, over Barstow A Gore's Diug
anu Chemical Slors. ljauG6
| M PORTA NT TO DISCHARGED WOUN
JL ded Soldiers. Fathers, Mothers,Widows,Brothers and
Sisters, and Orphan children of deceased soldiers, and
al! persons that have claims against the United States,
in any of the Departments at Washington, can have the
same promptly collected, by calling on
H. B. McKEAN,
Office over Montanye's Store, Main Street
March 20. 1905.
MAY SI'AL E S KO R SAL E ~!
1 A. [Patent Applied For.]
The Sul scriber having spent time and money in per
fecting a New, Simple, Cheap, and Durable Hay Scale,
warranted correct for five years or longev, now offers it
to the public, on the following terms :
One 12 leet platform Hay Scale, weighing 4,000 lbs.
(the purchaser furnisning end framing timbers) SIOO 00
One 13 It. platform, weighing 5,000 lbs 113 00
One 14 " " " 6,000 " 125 00
Address, G. W. JACKSON,
Jan. 25, 'GC—tf Wyalusing, Bradford Co. Pa,
TIIOiMAS J. INGHAM, ATTORNEY
A T LA W, LAPORTE, SullivanConnty.Pa.
I YR.E. 11. MASON, PHYSICIAN AND
J J SURGE ON, offers his professional servicesto the
people of Towanda and vicinity. Office at his resident*
on Pine street, where he can always be found when not
CiEORGE I). MONTANYE, ATTOR
-1" NEY A T LA IV— Office in Union Block,former
ly occupied by JAB- MACYARLANE.
WT. DAVIES, Attorney at Law, To
• wanda, Pa. Office with Wm. Watkins, Esq.
Particular attention paid to Orphans' Court business
and settlement of decedents estates. 25-42.
\f ERCUR A M ORRO Yf, Attorneys al Law,
J-fX Towanda, Penn'a,
The undersigned having associated themselves togeth
er in the practice of Law, offer their prolessional ser
vices to the public.
ULYSSES MERCUR, P. D. MORROW.
1,1 L. ANDKUS, Licensed Auctioneer,
LP Canton, Bradford county, Pa., having had much
experience, offers his services to the public. Address
by letter, or otherwise.
Canton, July 18, 1865.
PATRICK & PECK, ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Offices In Union Block, Towanda, I'a., formerly
occupied by Hon. Wm. Elwell, and iu Patrick s block,
Athens, Pa. They may he consulted at either place.
D. w. TATRICK, apll3 w. A. PKCK.^
McKKAN A PAYNE.— ATTORNEYS
. ANO COUNSELLORS AT LA IV, To wanda,
Penn'a. Particular attention paid to businss in the Or
H. B. UK KAN. 8. R. PAYNE.
A ig. 28. 1865.
WII. CARNOCHAN, A TTORNEY
• AT LA IV, Troy, Pa. Special attention given
to collecting claims against the Government for Bounty,
Back Pay and Pensions. Office with E. B. Parsons, Esq.
June 12, 1865.
OVERTON Jr., Attorney at
J /.aw, Towauda, Pa. Office in Moutauyes Block,
over Frost's Store. July 13th, 1865
HENRY A. RECORD, M. I), Physician
and Surgeon, having permanantly located in To
wanda. would respectfully offer his professional services
to the citizens of the place a vioinity. Office, at J. A.
Record's Store. Jan. 30, '66.
101 IN N. CALIFF, ATTORNEY AT
I.AIV, Towanda, Pa. Also, Government Agent
or the collection ot Pensions, Back Pay and Bounty.
No charge unless successful. Office over the
Post Office and News Room. Dec. 1. 1864.
0 1). STILES, M. I)., Physician <1- Surgeon.
• Warren Centre, Bradford County, Pa.
Office formerly occupied by Dr. McKee Visits made
with promptness. Particular attenti n given to the
treatment of Chronic cases, and Diseases Incident to fe
males and children. Office terms Cash.
Dr. Stiles is a graduate of the "Philadelphia Univer
sity of Medicine and Surgery," where he attended two
full courses of Lectures, he also attended the clinical
lectures of the "Blockley Hospital" for two winters and
took a special course ou.Bandaging, operative and mi
Dec. 20, 1865.
Ipi\Y AIM# -M EEKS— Ai; C HONKER.-
J All letters addressed to him at Sugar Run, Brad
lord Co., Pa., will receive prompt attention. May7'66tf,
f FRANCIS E. POST, Painter, Towanda,
Pa, with 10 years experience, is confident he can
give the best satisfaction iu Painting, Graining, Stain
ing. Glazing, Papering, Ac. tar Particular attention
paid to Jobbing iu the country. April 9, '66.
E W A R A NGEMEN'T!
j A MAMMOTH FURNITURE STORE,
TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, PENN'A.,
WITH REDUCED PRICES.
JAM E S 0. FROST
Would respectfully announce to the people of Brad
ford and the adjoining counties, that he has purchased
the Store, on the south side of the Public Square, for
merly occupied by CHESTER WELLS ; and also the
Store on Main Street, formerly occupied by J. W. Means
as a Grocery Store, and having connected the same, has
now the largest aud best Furniture Ware Room to be
found this side of the city of New York. And he would
furthermore announce that he has in the same the larg
est and best stock of Furniture ever offered in this Mar
ket, or to be found in Northern Pennsylvania, to which
constant additions will be made from Boston, New-York
Rochester and various other places to numerous to men
tion all of which will be sold at lower prices than any
other dealer this side of New York, will sell the same
quajity of gnods.
My stock consists in part ot
MARBLE and WOOD TOP CENTRE TABLES,
MARBLE and WOOD TOP HALL STANDS,
DINING and EXTENSION TABLES
BUREAUS, STANDS, BEDSTEADS. Jtc.,ic
Chairs of every variety and style, as cheap as the
cheapest and good as the best.
Enameled Chamber Sets, also Oak, Chestnut and
Walnut. Parlor sets in Hair, Cloth, Damask, Moreen,
aud Reps, at prices which defy competition. Also
EASY CHAIRS, and ROCKERS,
CAMP CHAIRS and STOOLS,
HAIR and HUSK MATTRESSES,
Children's Cradles and Cribs
LOOKING GLASS PLATES,
CORDS and TASSELS,
In fact every thing in the line usually to be found in a
first class Futniture Store. I shali also continue to man
utacture furniture as usual aud warrant the same to give
satisfaction. The public are invited to call aud examine
for themselves, at the store, on Main street, two doors
south of Montanyes. My motto is, quick sales and small
Ready made Coffins. Burial Cases Coffin Plates and
Handles, together with everything in the line of under
taking constantly on hand, with two elegant Hearses.—
Funerals attended within a circuit of 25 miles on reas
Towanda, Pa., June '20,1865. JAMES 0. FROST.
JWRNITURE WARE-ROOMS I
JAMES MAKINSON announces to the public that he
still continues to manufacture and keep on hand a large
Bureaus, Tables. Bedsteads. Stands, Chairs, Ac., of
every descriniior which will be made of the best mater i
als, and in he most workmanlike wanner.
1 invite the inection oi the public to my work, which
shall uc be surpssed in durability, at auy shop in the
count- y, and my prices will be found to be as low as the
time will admit.
Rjady-made Coffins constantly on hand or made to or
der. A good Hearse will be furnished when desired.
Aug. 15, 1865.
| E W FURNITURE STORE !
Having rented the Furniture Ware-rooms formerly oc
cupied by F. N. Page, Athens, Pa., would now say to
the patrons of the old Establishment that I have a com
plete Stock of Goods, just received, embracing every
thing in the
My goods are new and well selected, and for
Will not be undersold by any. Call and examine my
stock bef ore purchasing. I retain the Workmen of the
old establishment, and
MR. N. I. HART
Will have chaage of the business and Manufacturing. In
short we have the finest Stock of Goods in onr line west
of New York, consisting of
Chamber-Setts, Sofas, Bureaus, Marble-top
Centre Tables, Extension
and Dining Tables, Chairs, Bedsteads,
Mirrors, Picture Frames,
Photograph Ovals, Cord and Tassels,
Oil Curtins, Toilet Stands, Work-Boxes,
COFFINS AND BURIAL CASES.
Our Undertakes Department will at all times be
well supplied with everything in that line. We have
In this section, not evceptiug anything west of New
York, and will attend Funerals within a circuit of
7Uunty Miles, on reasonable terms.
G. H. VOORDIS.
N. I. HART, Agent.
Athens, Jan. 25, 1866.—1y
A T T E N T I "o 7~"T t
No. 3 PATTON'S BI.OCI
The Cheapest and
VERY BEST CLOTHING IN TOWY
Is now offered at
GREATLY REDUCED PRICES
AT GEORGE W. COON & Co' <
One door South of Bars tow A Gore's Drug Store
QOOD NEWS. REBELLION ENDEIT,
TH PRICE OP CLOTHING
GONE DOWN WITH GO Lb'
The best stock of good, well made Clothin®
brought to this market is now open for inspections^
STORE OF R. W. EDDY,
Bought since the fall of Gold and the Rebellion
will enable him to give his customers the benefit'*?
low figures, and the decline in prices. Mvaottl.* terj
al are stylish, and a la mode. No second rate T~'
goods, every article guaranteed as represented' y
sale. My goods are all 01 s<* 5 <*
THE LATEST FASHION'S,
And equal to the best city custom made and fit i, ,
As usual the best quality all wool ' "•
Black Frock Coats,
Black Doe Pants and Vests
Linen Coats, Dusters, and Pants.
The Latest Style Fine Silk Hats Soft
Straw, Panama and Cloth Hats, White and
Negligee Shirts, Collars Neck Ties, Gloves Su
penders, Under Shirts and Drawers. Ke,t' n „,iL
English Half Hose, Over Alls, Over Shirts Linen H
kerchiefs, Ladies Fine Morocco Travelling Bav
In fact everything usually found iu a First Cli'
Gentleman's Furnishing Store. My motto is ®-7?
Goods at a fair price are cheaper than poor goods aw ■
price. All goods sold at one price, no bantering no
teasing to make an offer, but every one gets tin
same goods st the same price, which is the"
bottom of the market. All old good,
marked down to the gold base, and
will be sold regardlesslof sacri
fice. If you want good
goods at a lair price,
go to EDDY S,
where you will find
him ready to show his goods
and sell them too at the lowest fig
ure to correspond with Gold, ilea* in
mind the place to bey good, well made reliab'e
Clothing is at R. W. EDDY'S, next door to Powell i Co
Towauda, Jan. 7, 1865.
QLOTHING I CLOTHING !
READY MADE AND MADE TO ORDER.
J. M. COLLINS,
Ist door South of Codding A Russell's, has just receive
from New York a large and atractive assortment o
NEW WINTER CLOTHING.
Our stock comprises every article worn by men i
PILOT AND BEAVER OVERCOATb, kEST OL'i
lIY BUSINESS SUITS OF ALL STYLE-,
COATS, PANTS. VESTS. SHIRTS '
COLLARS, N'K TIES, WRAP- '
. ERS, DRAWERS Ac.
GENTS FURNISHING GOODS
Of every description.
Especial attention is called to our stock sf
CIOTHS, CASSIMERES AND VEST IKG S
Whic we will make up to order on short notice
A nice line of Fancy Cassimers for Pant? and Coats
Latest style Hats and Caps. Gents Fur Collars.
Cutting done to order on short notice.
Bear in mind if you wish to bay Clothing CHEAP,
and as good as represented, call at
Terms Cash. COI.LLW
Towanda, Dec. 7. 1865.
QHEAPNESS, STYLE AND BEAUTY
NOW IS YOUR TIME TO
YOUR CLOTHING CHEAY AT YOUBOWS PRICES.
PROCLAIM IT TO TUB PSOPLE,
Just received—a large stock of Fall and Winter dat
ing at J. CORN'S Elmira Branch Clothing Store. Ht
Says coolly, boldly and deliberately, that be tat-.. :e
foremost of the Clothing Merchants ot Towanda.
Eigtheen hundred and sixty-one has come, end lit
light and beanty of Spring shines upon us, with t. a
radiant splendor. 1 shall continue to sell Clothing ftt
Cash, cheaper than any other man, as my.gooasarea
bought cheap for cash, and they will be sold cheap hi
My goods are all manufactured in Elmira, thereto i
can warrant them well made. Enough for mi t.
have everything in the line of
CLOTHING, GENTS FURNISHING GOODS H.Tr
CAPS, AC.. AC.
That is kept in any other Store in town
This is a free country ; therefore it is free for id tadc
their trading where they can do the best, regaru.c* ■
the cross and sour looks of old fogy merchant.-. I
you to come and see me—country as well as the city irt
invited—every person, rich or poor, high or low. bow'
ree are invited to call.
At JOHN SHLAM'S Clothing Store, next do--' ;,, 8 -
Mercur's Dry Goods Store, Main Street, Towanda.
N. B.—We wish to be understood, that we are nor* a
undersold by any man, or combination of men.
No charge lor showing our Goods.
Towanda, March 12,1862. J. COM
QR E A T REDUCTION
In prices of
SPRING AND SUMMER CLOTHING
For Men and Boys wear.
Most of these goods are manufactured Expre;;;
Having just returned from the Eastern ana Ww-
Markets with one of the
LARGEST STOCKS EVER OFFERED.
We solicit an early call and examination oi ' "
sortment, which cannot be beat in in price,
STYLE AND QUALITY
Our stock of HATS are of the latest sty
WHITE & SPANISH LINEN SHIRft
COLLARS, TIES, SUSPEND
GLOVES, „, rr;
WRAPPERS, „. rN
LINEN & PAPER CUFFS,
Which will be sold at low prices.
Those wishing to buy, will find it to thetr
to call before buying elsewhere. Remember - •
No. 1. rations#-" 1
Towanda, May 1.'68. --
PUBLIC DRAY.—The jobscriber
purchased a good Dray, der-nr. °. in ;" rB * f ' w ort J
lie that he is fully prepared to do a.„"
his line. His services can be secured ' hf4P ;v &
m., to 6 o'clock p.m. He can transpo • c
expeditiously all kinds of Household
dize, 4c.. to any point desired, and respeci •.
a share of public patronage. , _ sUI f.
Stand in front of Marshall's Hardware
door to the Post Office, where he can a'*®'
when not engaged. Orders left at Marsnsi
store, will te promptly attended to. tßC®®
Towanda Dec. 7,1865. —tf. __—
rpHE NEW 4 RUNN GRIST Ml^
X Camptown is in operation, furnmliw l sa j fc.ftf
with the most complete, thoroughly tesl v"' it -
approved machinery and fixtures, now
United States ; uninterrupted by
HIGH OR LOW WATER
Flour, Feed and Meal, always on baud a'- I'
responding to the cost of Gram.