Newspaper Page Text
Winter Management of Sheep.
The chief object, when wintering sheep
el any kind, is to keep store animals from
growing poor, and those designed for mut
ton next spring, improving a little during
the foddering season. It is not to be ex
pected that the choicest quality of mutton
will be made by the majority of those who
feed sheep in winter, although it can be and
often is done. 'The most profitable way to
make mutton is to feed grain moderately
during the winter, aud " finish up " the fat
tening process by allowing the animals to
graze for ten or fifteen days.
Sheep of all kinds dislike wet apartments,
as much as a cat dislikes a wet floor. There
is nothing worse for sheep than exposure
to cold, wot storms, or to the drippiugs of
cold water through the leaky roofs of their
sheds, or foul, wet and uncomfortable
places to stand or lie down in. Sheep will
endure intense cold with little inconven
ience, so long as their fleeces are kept dry
and they have a dry yard. When they are
required to stand in the snow all day, and
make it their bed at night, and be covered
with a crust of snow and ice attached to
their wool for several successive days—aU
of which Is common with multitudes of
good flocks all over the country—they can
not thrive, even >vhen well fed. It will
never do to keep sheep of any kind in such
When a farmer has no shelters and no
straw for his sheep, it will be far more eco
nomical to build a skeleton frame with
rails, and cover the top with a portion of
their hay, and fill the sides between two
courses of rails with hay and manure, thai,
to allow the sheep to be exposed to dliv
Another consideration is, suitable feed
ing racks. Sheep should always be fed in
good racks, whether they are furnished
with roots, grain unthrashed, hay or straw.
They will always waste more or less feed,
when fed on the ground, even when there is
clean snow beneath their feet. But when
the snow has disappeared, and the fodder
must be scattered in the manure yard or on
the ground, quite one-half of it will be
soiled by their running over it, and they
will endure extreme hunger before they will
eat the soiled feed.
An excellent farmer communicated to us
the dimensions of a superior sheep rack of
his own make, well adapted to straw, corn
stalks, unthrashed grain, roots of any kiud,
or thrashed grain. It is portable, quickly
and cheaply made, and sheep cau waste no
feed. We herewith give a description of it.
It is what is called a box rack, two and
a half feet wide, two feet nine inches high,
and of indefinite length. At the corners
ire pieces of scantling two inches square,
to which the side boards are nailed. The
bottom boards should be twelve inches
wide for old sheep For lambs, ten inches
wide. If the boards are rough they should
l.e planed, to prevent the slivers pullieg
out the wool. The top board may be five
or six inches wide. Short strips of boards
five or six inches wide, are then nailed
across the opening from tiie top, to the bot
tom board. Every sheep will occupy from
ten to twelve inches space. A trough is
formed of the bottom boards, so that grain,
roots, or hay will lay within reach of the
sheep. A loose partition made of narrow
pieces of boards occupies the inside of the
rack, inclining at an angle of about forty
five degrees, from the bottom of one side
to the top of the opposite side. The sheep
thrust their heads between the outside
slats, and draw the fodder down between
the slats of this partition.
When ranking such racks use hard wood
for the corner posts, and fence nails, as
fence nails are stronger. If annealed, they
will not break when the racks are moved
from place to place.
Tla- best way to anneal cut nails is to
I lit them in the lire when there is a bed of
coals, and let them remain until the fire
cues out. This will make them tougher
than most wrought nails. If the boards lie
hard wood, holes must be bored for the
nails, or it will be difficult to drive them.
If the corner posts be of soft wood, it will
be necessary to employ longer nails for
securing the side-boards to them. It is
better to make them in sections, 12 to 14
feet long, so that they will not be so heavy
Another important tiling for sheep is wa
ter. They need it just as much as neat cat
tle and horses, although they will suffer far
less inconvenience, when deprived of it,
than horses or neat cattle. No farmer
should think that his animals are well cared
for when they do not have constant and
convenient access to pure water.
Another thing which is of great import
ance, though usually neglected, is access
to a tub of salt at all times. All herbi
vorous animals need it more than carnivor
ous, and it is better to allow them to take
what their feed requires, separately, than
to mingle salt with their feed.
if it were not for the losses that occur in
the winter season, honey bees would soon
increase so rapidly, that they would die of
starvation, not being able to gather food
enough in the summer to last even during
the fall months.
How to winter bees best in a cold cli
mate, is one <,f the questions that has never
been decided, and probably never will he ;
as different apiarians have different meth
ods of wintering theui ; but a few princi
ples may be laid down that all will admit
t<> he correct, as follows :
Ist. To keep them in art even tempera
ture. cool but not cold enough to eßuse the
dampness of hives to congeal to frost.
2d To keep them as quiet as possible,
and if placed in a room, or winter bee
house, to be in complete darkness.
3d To afford them a free ventilation of
pure air under all circumstances.
These rules, we contend, cannot be con
troverted ; and the question is, how are the
conditions to be carried out in the most
successful manner ? To keep them quiet,
it is necessary to keep bees either in total
darkness, or approximating to darkness,
with the temperature of the atmosphere so
cool as not to cause them to desire to leave
their hives. Darkness will not keep bees
quiet, unless they are kept cool at the same
time-; and bee-keepers who place their bees
in dark winter bee-houses, frequently have
to open the doors, and throw in snow or ice,
when the weather becomes quite mild in
winter, in order to lower the temperature
of the air within, and calm the aroused
Ventilation is as essentiai to bees as
pure air is to men. A dozen hives of bees
placed in a close room, ten or twelve feet
square, would destroy the purity of the air
in a few days—so much so, that a lighted
candle would go out on being placed there
in, provided that no pure air can enter such
room All rooms, or winter bee-houses,
should therefore lie ventilated in some man
ner, without admitting light.
Bees that are kept all winter upon their
stands, in tin- open air, require no other
ventilation than what can in- afforded un
der their hives. The plan some bee-keep
ers have of making holes near the tops of
hives, as a method of ventilation, we con
sider erroneous in practice, as we have
wintered bees successfully 30 years, with
out any such ventilation, the hives stand
ing out upon their summer stands, but pro
tected by stuffing hay or straw around
them, so as to*keep the bees sufficiently
warm, and by raising the hives about One
sixteenth of an inch from their stands, suf
ficient pure air is admitted to keep the
Our hives are set upon stands near a
close board fence, made a few inches high
er than the tops of the hives, when resting
upon stands only six inches above a plat
form of boards resting upon the ground,
hives have an open space between each of
about six inches only, and the hay (rowen
hay is best) is easily packed arouud all
sides, except in front, against which we set
pieces of wide boards, reaching from the
ground to the tops of the hives, close to
gether, and a narrow strip over the cracks,
so as to darken the passages of the hives,
and also as a protection to the front sides
of the hives.
On the tops of the hives, we also place a
layer of hay, and cover all with boards, so
laid as to keep the hay dry, and carry off
the rains and melted snows of winter with
out wetting the hives.
On this system, the bees are kept suffi
ciently dark, and have 110 desire to leave
their hives, except in very mild, sunny
weather : and when we see the bees try
ing to escape from their hives, we throw
down the boards set up before them, and
let them come out, when there is 110 snow
upon the ground, and when there is snow
we bank up the hives with it in front, be
fore many bees have come out, and replace
the boards, which so cools the bees that
they are quieted thereby.
CULTIVATION OF EIOE
Rice was first introduced into this coun
try by Sir William Berkely, of Virginia, in
1047, who received a half bushel of the
seed, from which he is said to have raised
the first year sixteen bushels of excellent
rice, and thus the cultivation of it was com
menced and carried on. It has been raised
to some extent in Virginia ever since, but
the amount has been very small compared
with that raised in some other Southern
States,aud especially South Carolina,which
has produced 75 per cent, of the rice crop
of all the States. The production of the
whole country in 1860 was 215,313,098 lbs.
The rice from South Carolina and Georgia
is the finest raised in any part of the world.
At the great Industrial Exhibition at Lon
don, in 1851, the rice from South Carolina,
exhibited by F. J. Heriot, received a prize
medal and was pronounced by the jury to
be "magnificent in size,color and clearness,"
and the American was regarded as much
the finest in quality of any on exhibition.
The mode of cultivation adopted on the
rice plantations where the overflowing of
the land is resorted to, is as follows : The
land selected is that which is above the
reach of tide or salt water, aud which is
not liable to the heavy freshets that flood
the country on the upper part of the rivers,
as the irrigation must be completely under
control. The land is prepared by the erec
tion of dykes and digging of ditches, and
divided into as many separate fields as can
be separately attended,in the various opera
tions required, in a single da"y, each field
capable of being shut off from all the rest.
The fields are ploughed in the fall or early
winter,and overflowed when the weather is
warm. In March the land is drained and
kept dry, and when in a proper state to
work it is harrowed or hoed, and trenches
for the seed are madel2 or 15 inches apart,
and running at right angles with the drains
or ditches. The seed is sown in the trench
es in April, and covered lightly with soil,
and then the water is let in upon it through
the gates and suffered to stand from four
to six days, until the grain begins to swell.
The water is let in a second time when the
blade is just above the ground, and allow
ed to remain about the same length of time,
when it is thoroughly drained. In about
five or six weeks the first hoeing takes
place, and a second about ten later,
when 'the long water," as it is called, is
let 011 for two weeks, deep for four days
and gradualh' diminishing until it is drain
ed again. When the field becomes dry it
is hoed again On the appearance of a
joint it has another hoeing and the "joint
water" is put on, which remains until the
grain is matured, a period it may be of two
months. A lew dajs before cutting, the
water is drawn off for the last time. The
rice is cut with a sickle, and after threshing
another important operation is to be gone
through, the removal of the husk or shell
which closely envelopes the kernel, and to
which it adheres with great tenacity. This
was formerly accomplished by braying it in
a mortar, and the same course is now pur
sued to some extent, but mills are construc
ted in which it is partially ground, without
destroying the kernel altogether. The whole
is then run through a graduated cylindrical
sieve,similar to the screens by which coal
is assorted, and the hulled rice comes out
in three separate parcels or grades, first
the flour and fine pieces which have been
abraded by milling, then the "middling,"
aud after that the "prime" rice, which con
sists of kernels nearly or quite whole. The
prime rice is subjected to still another pro
cess, which is called polishing or brushing,
and which is effected by running'it through
a rapidly revolving wire screen, lined in
part with shreds of sheepskin. This re
moves the flour adhering to the surface ot
the kernels, and the rice is then ready for
the market.— Jour, of Com.
How to make both ends Meet
John Johnson says that he has noticed
that those farmers who have most difficulty
to make both end.-' meet, always plough most
and keep most stock Now these men take
the true plan to keep themselves always
poor, because their stock and crops are al
ways poor and bring little. It is a good
profit to raise three hundred bushels of
wheat from ten acres ; but when it takes
thirty acres to raise that amount, it is rais
ed at a loss. So it is with cattle and sheep.
You will see the thinking farmer making
four-year-old steers worth from S6O to SBO
each, and his neighbors, at the same age,
not worth over $25 or S4O. If his land is
exhausted—and a great many farms are—
then he should plough no more than he can
thoroughly manure. Seed with clover and
grass, and let it rest for even two years,and
that field will not only pay well for tillage
but will furnish manure(if lightly managed)
to make another field of the same richness
also. It is bad policy, when a field is once
highly manured, to continue cropping it
with grain until the manure is used up. —
The latter end of that land will be worse
than the first. But let that land lay in clo
ver, even one year, but two is better, after
it is manured, and 111011 it will stand per
haps six good crops before it requires ma
nuring ; if clay subsoil it certainly will.
PICK OVER YOUR APPLES.- \pples should
be occasionally "pickep over;" all rotten or
partially decayed ones taken away ; all
damp ones wiped dry, and laid again care
fully into the barrel or bin. A little care
at this time will often save your fruit.
Look at your apples at once.
gO L OM ON ft SON,
Have made additions to their
STOCK OF WINTER CLOTHING FOR
Men and Boys' wear.
Consisting of all the litest styles, such an
PA NTS and VESTS,
GLOVES and MITTENS,
and HATS ft CAPS.
Which we are offering at Croat Reduced Prices. We
would solicit an early call and examination ol our as
sortment. Call and get the worth of your money at
SOLOMON & SON,
eo ' ' No. 2 Patton's Block
T T E N T 1 O N A Tl
No. :t PATTON'S BLOCK
The Cheapest aud
VERY BEST CLOTHING IN TOWN
Is now offered at
GREATLY REDUCED PRICES,
A T (4 E 0 It G E W. C O O N ft GO'S.,
One door South of Bat-stow A Core's Drug Store
Dec. 12. 1865.
Q-OOD NEWS. REBELLION ENDED!
TKK PRICK OK CLOTHING
GONE D 0 W N W IT H G OLD!
The best stock of good, well made Clothing ever
brought to this market is now open for inspection at the
STOKE OF R. W. EDDY,
Bought since the fall ol Gold and the Rebellion, which
will enable him to give his customers the bene!it of very
low figures, tnd the decline in prices. My goads as usu
al are stylish, and a la mode. No second rate shoddy
goods, every article guaranteed as represented or no
sale. My goods are all
THE LATEST FASHIONS,
And equal to the best city custom made, and lit to a T.
As usual the best quality all wool
Black Frock Coats,
Black Doe Pants and Vests,
Linen Coats, Dusters, and Pants,
The Latest Style Fine Silk Hats, Soft,
Straw, Panama and Cloth Hats, White and
Negligee Shirts. Collars Neck Ties, Gloves, Sus
penders. Under Shirts and Drawers. Best quality
English Haii Hose. Over Alls, Over Shirts, Linen Hand
kerchiefs, Ladies Fine Mcrocco Travelling Bags.
In fact everything usually found in a First Class
Gentleman's Furnishing Store. My motto is good
Goods at a fair price are cheaper than poor goods at any
price. All goods sold at one price, no bantering nor
teasing to make an offer, but every one gets the
same goods at the same price, which is the
bottom ol the market. All old goods
marked down to the gold base, and
will be sold regardlessjof sacri
fice. If you want good
goods at a fair price,
go to EDDY'S,
where you will find
him ready to show his goods
and sell them too at the lowest fig
ure to correspond with Gold. Bear in
mind the place to hcv good, well made, reliable
Clothing is at R. W. EDDY'S, next door to Powell A Co.
R. W. EDDY.
Towanda, Jan. 7. 1865.
CHEAPNESS, STYLE AND BEAUTY.
NOW IS YOKli TIME TO
YOUR CLOTHING CITEAY AT YOUR OWN PRICES.
PROCLAIM IT TO THE PEOPLE,
Just received—a large stock of Fall and Winter Cloth
ing at J CORN'S Elmira Branch Clothing Store, fit
Says coolly, boldly ami deliberately, that he tak
foremost of the Clothing Merchants 01 Towanda.
Eigtheen hundred and sixty-one has come, and the
light and beauty ot Spring shines upon us, with all it
radiaut splendor. I shall continue to sell Clothing, to;
Cash, cheaper than any other man, as ruy goods are a!
bought cheap for cash, and they will he sold cheap tot
My goods are all manufactured in Elmira, therefori
can warrant them well made. Enough for me to say
itave everything in the line of
CLOTHING, GENTS FURNISHING GOODS. H.aTS
CAPS, AC., AC.
That is kept in any other Store in town.
This is a free country ; therefore it is tree lor all to dc
their trading where they can do the best, regardless o<
the cross and sour looks of old fogy merchants. I inviti
you to come and see me—country as well as the city art
invited—every person, rich or poor, high or low. bond <-r
ree are invited to call.
At JOHN SHI.AM'S Clothing Store, next door to H. 8
Mercur's I)rj (foods Store. Main Street, Towanda, Pa.
N. B—We wish to he understood, that we are not to be
undersold by any man, or combination of men.
*3" No charge tor showing our Goods.
Towanda, March 12. 18621 J. CORN.
V"EW FIRM. GREAT INDUCEMENTS
FELLOWS, CRANDALL A CO.,
Successors to Reynolds, Fellows A- Co., are now offering
and prepared to furnish on short notice, Wagons, Car
riages and Sleighs, of all descriptions and of the iate-t
and most approved style and ot the best material, at the
old stand opposite the Union House, in the cer.tr il part
ol Alba Borough, Bradford County, Pa.
Tiie public are assured that the reputation the shop
has acquired during the last six years under the super
intendence o J. H. Fellows, will be more than inait -
taiued, as he will superintend the work as heretofore,
he having long been and having had much experience as
a Carriage and Sleigh Builder, would assure the public
that no pains will be spared by the above firm to nuk
the establishment worthy ot their patronage. Thank
ful as one of the old firm lot the patronage thus far ex
tended, we hope to merit a continuance of the same.
N B.—We, the tiudeisigned, being pr ctic.il mechan
ics can manufacture and offer to the public at prices
that will dety competition.
JAMES H. FELLOWS
D. W. C. CRANDALL,
J. G. MERITr.
Alba Borongh, March 30, 1865.
E\Y P L A N I N G M ILL.
The undersigned having built a large and coram idious
Mill in the Borough ot Towanda, and tilled it with "the
most modern and improved machinery, for the manufac
WINDOW SASH. Jc BLINDS,
are prepared to fill orders, whether large or small, upon
the shortest notice, have also a large vairetv o.
MOULDINGS, ot the latest style and pattern, which we
can furnish much cheaper an they can lie worked by
and all other work pertaining to Joinery, will be done to
suit our customers.
Persons building, and not living more than twelve or
fourteen miles distant, will find it largely for their inter
est to buy of us, or bring their lumber and have if
worked by our machinery. Bring your grist of Floor
ing. or other lumber, and while your team is feediug
have it ground out and take it home with you.
We will pay CASH for PINE A HEMLOCK LUMBER
delivered at our lumberyard. Come and see us, or i
you can't come, write.
, „ L. B. RODGEKH A CO.
Towanda, Feb. 8. 1864.
gEW IN G MACHI NE 8 I
Having taken the Agency of the Iwo bet Machines
WHEELER ft WILSON, AND SINGER.
We are now ready to supply all.
WMACHfNES SOLD AT NEW YORK PRICES *6*
AST No mistake—the above makes ARE THE BEST "&A
Tbe work of these Machines is alike on both sides
and tcill not ravtl. just come and try it.~£
**" Silks. Thread. Oil. Soap, Needles. Oil Cans, Needle
Cases, and extras kept on hand at our r tore.'6*
tUTWe sell the thing that always pleases.
Call and see our samples and get our prices
WICKIIAM A BLACK,
Nov. 20, 186a. Towanda. Pa.
Drugs anb fllcbitiucs.
gARSTOW & GORE'S DRUG STORE ! j
NEW FIRM. NEW GOODS,;
AND NEW PRICES !
The undersigned having formed a co-partnership in
the Drug business under the name of BARsTOW A
GORE, at the old stand No. 4, Ration's Block, where
they are daily receiving additions to their stock, from
the most reliable importers and manufacturers, respect
fully ask for a libera! -bare of public patronage. A
large stock ol
F R E S H DRUGS A N D M E0 1 C 1 N K S
Has just been meived.aml we are now prepared to sup
WANTS <F THE PUBLIC Willi ALL ARTICLES
BELONGING To THE TKAIIE.
RE WINKs AND LIQUORS, FOR MEDICAL USE
'NI.V . A U LI. ASSoK'fMKNT OK CONCENTRATED
; TANK ECLECTIC AND HOMtEPATIIIC MEDI
ALL THE POl'l LAR PATENT MEDICINES.
CAINtB, OIL. VAKNISU,
j FAINT AND VARNISH BRUSHES,
DVn-sTfFFS AND GLASS.
F.\N( V AND TOILET ARTICLES OF EVERY KIND.
M.I'KN S ALCOHOLIC ANTL FLI'LD EXTRACTS,
J 1. h A 1. OI H AX It RESIXO 1 It S .
All the Be-1 Trusses,
A B D O M 1 X A L S U P P<) ft T K it;S ,
BREAST PUMPS, NIPPLE SHELLS, AND SHIELDS.
Nursing Bottles. Syringes and Cathcti rs.
A LARGE ASS IKTMENT OF RAZORS, STKOPS, POCKET KNIVES,
SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS OF LATE STYLE
AND BEST <J< ALITV.
A large supply Brushes for the Hat and Hair. Also for
the Teeth and Nails, Tooth Powder- and Pastes.
, i Oils, Perfumery, Soaps. Combs, Hair Dye. ln
vigorators.Ae.. ' erosene. Kerosene Lamps
Shade-. Chimney a. Wicks, Ac. all ol
. ; the latest styles.
' : CHOICE CIGARS. TOBACCO AND SNUFF.
its- Physicians supplied at reasonable rates. .lleui
i eines and Pieseriptious caielully and accurately com
poutided and prepaied y competent persons at ail hours
\ ol the day ana night. Sunday hours from !' to 10 o"
' ' clock in the forenoon, 1 to 2 in the ulteNioon.
" D. 11. BARSTOW. W. 11. H". GORE.
i j Towanda. Aug. 1. I-G5.
TjH PORTER'S OLD 'DRUG STORE.
A Iready admitted to be
I he largest,safest and most approved
DRUG HOUSE IN NORTHERN PENNSYLVANIA,
An established reputation for keeping the best medicine
, In its facilities and apparatus for compounding and pre
MEDICINE AND PRESCRIPTIONS,
Conducted by thoroughly competent persons, wit ..it vo
the most careful attention, pay the strictest regard
to accuracy, and use only selected arti
cles, and medicines of unques
tioned purity, has become
THE CASH DRUG STORE
With prices revised to correspond with the market.
W II O L E S A L E A N I) Ii ET A I L.
ALI ARTICLES WARRANTED AS REPRESENTED.
By recent arrangements with, the Manufacturers, Irapor
ters or First Holders of Goods and Cash Purcha
ses.the prices will always be at thclow
est point lor Prime Goods.
LOWER FIGURES THAN EVER IN
PAINTS. OII.S. VARNISHES, GLASS. DRUGS AND
Everything in this extensive stork trill he sold
Cheap for Cash !
PRICES REDF C K D . VIZ:
OF SOAPS PERFUMERY, BRUSHES. COMBS.
POCKET KNIVES AND K AZolt-,
L A M P S A X D M A T E R I A I, S FOR I. I G 11 T.
TRUSSES & SUPPORTERS,
; WIN IS AND I.IQUORS, ONLY F'R MEDICINE.
TO'.tACCO AND SNUKI.
' j ALL THE POPULAR PATENT MEDICINES,
TOOTH, SKIN AND HAIR PREPARATIONS
' FANCY .ARTICLES OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS.
; Ec/erlir, Botanic ana Homeopathic. Mtdixines
Spiree, Bird Seed. Lamp Shades u (J, „ Seed*.
< j FISH TACKLE. AMMUNITION, Ac.
! Constituting the most complete assortment, embracing
, ; the great wants of the People, reduced in Price,
and revised for the Cash --ysi.-m.
DR. PORTER'S COAL OIL.
DR. PORTER'S CA.MPHENE!
DR. POUTERS ALCOHOL!
DR. PORTER S BURNING FLUID I
I Are Fresh, daily prepared, and unrivalled by any in tin
,: D R P O RTKK'S PR EPARA T I O X S
. J FOR FAMILY L"SE.
i Known a- Safe and Reliable Remedies,are warranted 1 ,
what they are intended to give satisfaction,
■ !)r Porter's Pectora! Syrup price 50 cents
1 ! Dr Porter's Family Embrocation ' 1 •'
| Dr Porter's Tonic Elixer •* 100
■ Dr I lifter's Worm Syrup " r.o
ii r Porter's c imp. Syr. !Iypopho.-phitp/i.. " 100
iDr Porter's Uterine Tonic " 150 "
Dr Porter's Rlaeklierry I! Isam " <■
: Dr Porter's Tooth Ache Drops •* •
■ Dr Porter's Cephalic Snuff •• 25
; Dr Porter's Tooth Powder •< ,- ; y
Dr Porter's Tricogene * ,-,y • "
IDr Porter's Trieophile " ;,(j • ■
Dr Porter's Shampoo • <<
: Dr Porter's Horse and Cattle Lotion " 50
1 Dr Porter's Horse and Cattle Powder '• 33
I Dr Porter's Bed Bug Poison. " 35
1 Dr Porter s Black Ink : <• 25
•Dr Porter's Cleansing Fluid ." " 374
| Dr Porter's Rat and Mice Poison " 35" ••
jDr Porter's Citrate Magnesia •• 35
IDr Porter's Worm Wafers 35 ■<
! i MEDICAL ADVICE GIVEN GRATUITOUSLY AT
. ! THE OFFICE.
Charging only for Medicine.
•a" lhankf.il for pa-t li'neral patronage would respect
1 fully announce to his friends and the public thatno pain
I hall be spared to satisfy and merit the continuance of
• i iheircoutideiice and patronage, at the
C A S H D R U G ST O B E !
Corner of Main and Pine streets.
QNV D E R H(> US E
W A V K K L V, N. V.
The Snyder House is a four story bri-k edifice with
i large, airy rooms, elegant pnr.ors and well furnished, is
1 near the depot and the general Stage ~tp.-e nt
WAVERLY, N. Y.
■ It is open lor passengers iit all trains 011 the Erie
■ railway—time going east is 2:5, 5:5. H:43, 11:1:; a. in
! and 5.22 p. m ; going west is 5:2!t, 8:20, a. m. ami 1:44
i 3:43, 5:25,10:20 p. m.
TICKETS F f> It S A I, E
Ist 2d and 3d class to all principal points west; also,
by Steamers on Lakes Ruiou ~Michigan ;ud Superior at
Aug. 14. IB6L C. WARFORD.
PHE PROPRIETOR OF THE ROYSE
Beg- leave to inu.rm Kis old customeis ami the travel
ing public, that he has tboro igliiv repair I r.<l renova
ted his Mouse, and it is now in good condition to accom
modate guests in a satisfactory manner.
L. T. ROYSE,
Burlington, June 2<i, 18P,5. Proprietor.
J O N i S i(lu S E !
C'aner of Market Square ami Mar'a t St.
HARRIS BURG, PENN'A.
The subscriber, having disposed ol hi- in'ere-t in the
Locheil House, will devote his entire a tention to the
And lor the very libera! patronage extended to it for the
past year, he returns his thanks and solicits a continu
ance of favors. H. MANN,
June 26, 185 Proprietor. '
tJAHDWARE. CODDING & RUSSELL |
LARGE AND WKI.I, SELECTED STOCK OK GOODS.
To which additions are daily being made, which they
offer cheap for Cash. A large assortment of
Among the many desirable and beautiful patterns is 'lie
This tieautifui stove is unsurpassed for economy in
iuel ;is a perfect baker; is the best COOK STOVE in
ihe market. Among their heating Stoves may Ire found
u great variety suitable for every place where stoves are
STOVE PIPE AND SHEET IRON WORK.
Always on hand and made to order.
TFXWA It R ,
A large stock mans, fact tired irom lb'* very best material
ind by experienced workmen. A very I'u! assortment o i
IRON, NIALS AND STEEL.
At New York prices.
HOUSE AND CARRIAGE TRIMMINGS,
TOOLS FOR THE FARMER,
Tools for the House Joiner and Carpenter—Tools foi
Blacksmiths'—Tools for everybody.
WINDOW SASH AND GLASS. PAINTS, OILS AN
VARS'IsnES, MACHINE OIL AST) BENZOLE,
KI'ROSEN E OIL. LAMPS. WICKS AND CHIMNEYS
BELTING, TABLE AND POCKET CCTLKRV,
HBITMNNIA AND PLATED WARE,
Pumps, Lend Pipe, ' hain Pumps, IVatrr
Pipes, Grindstones and fixtures,
K E R O S K N E L A N T E R N S ,
JOB WORK done with dispatch. Lamps repaired.
Fluid I.amp-and Lanterns altered and fitted to burn Ke
Grain, Old Iron, Casting and Wrought Scraps, Copper,
Brass. Brittannia, Beeswax, Feathers and Rags taken in
exchange for goods.
Highest price in cash paid for Sheep Pelts and Furs.
flfi-OUR GOODS have been purchased on the pay
down system and will be sold for READY PAY.
tons- A. CODDING, I CODDING k RUSSELL.
0. S. KCBSKLL. 1
Towanda. March 10. ls(;.;
*y| A Ii S H Ah U H K < T H K Ii S !
il A li |) W \ Ii I'. !
TIN, COPI'KR, -lIKLT IRON. I- •
HOUSE KU RN IS II IN <i (iOOHS,
TOWANDA. PI.NX \.
Store uiiv door south of Do Dost Ojfi 1 ■>'.
R. T. MARSHALL. .V.K.MARSHALL.
I jyj A Its HAL Ii BIiOTII E R S
W'M\ to coll thenttent.on of ' ;e pulilic to their new
' Stock of
BLACK SMITHS' TOOLS,
and CARPENTERS' TOOLS.
i Also, a large assortment of
Window Gla*>, Paints, Oils,
Putty, Varnishes, and Paint
and Varnish Brushes
! of all kinds, which will he s-dd ! ,r the lowest. Cash price.
Also, e. fiine assortment ot
K EHOS E X B LA M P S
' of every style and pattern to suit the pulilic.
Lamps repai: • 1 and chang d from Oil and Fluid sO
Particular attention j • id to the luanufacluring of uii
i kinds Ot
T I X VV A it K .
iOItB I N O PUO 31 P "I. V ATTENDED TO .
We have on -band a fine article of
G LASS FK U I T J A RS .
with improved self-sealing corks, and
H ERMETICAL SEALING i' AXH .
I which is one of the best cans used.
1 June 20, 18K, 1 ).
iITE X R Y MERC U S K A CO..
Have on hand and are opening at
LOW K S T M A I! K t 1 P RIC E S
A superior stock ol
BOOTS & SHOES,
Towanda, March 21, lsfia.
jnR E A T ATT K A (.' TI 0 N
M-0 NjT ANY E ' S STO R K !
Every vaaiety ol
IjA DIES' OI.OTII,
F A NCY I) R KS S GOO I) S
Goods Ii r Gentlemen ot
tml all the,l'.to.wn styles to -c.it this Market, which
will Ik- sold at
WHO LE SA LE OR RETAIL
T Os u i T CUS T O M KR S
At prices that cannot but please.
Returning thanks for pa-t favors, we invite attention .
to our Large Stock of Goods.
June 6. lKfiS. MOX TAN YE & CO. i
rPHOMAS J. INGHAM, ATTORNEY
X A'i LA IV, UAPOBTh, Sullivan County, i'a.
DR.E. 11. MASON, Pll Y SIC 1A A ANL
Sl/litl L OJK ,otte rs his profession;;. .. •iv i<es to the
peoplt-ol TowaAda and vicinity. Office at hi residence
on i'mc.street, where Lt can always in inuud wion not
VI T A. PECK, Attorney al Law Towautla
it • Pa.—Office over Means' Stoic, formerly oi i
pied by N. N. Uetts. Dec 1,1864.
/ 1 EORGE I). MONTANYE. ATTOL-
U XKY AT LA lE—Office in l'. ..• k.t .rn.ti
ly occupied by J as . M ACEAKLAN s.
\\J T. DAVIES, Attorney at Law, *!'-
T • '.vai.ua, Pit. Office with Win. WulkinH, K ij.
Parti iar attention paid to Orphan.-' Court business
and sett!etneitt o! decedent- estate.-. 25-42.
\j EKLTK A MORROW, J//or/iry* a/ Lux-,
ITJL Towanda, Penn'a,
') he undersigned having a -ociati d th. . i--lv at (gath
er in the practice ol latw. offer their prolc.-sional sci
vict - to tlie puiilic.
I .VSHES MEKCUH. i'. it. MO it ROW.
h f, IMS. ™
J I ARD T. ELLIOTT, Attorney at Loir,.
V inda, Pa.,. Re " Office oue d >i south oi
: tv; .i ,i stains, over the room I n lat.rly occupied foi
0 Ith: di Ofli e. Match 2, IM.'.').
5,- '.. ANl* RI S, Licensed Auctioneer,
& *' Canton. RradiorJ county. Pa., having h i much
experience, offers bis servo- - to th Addres
by letter or otherwise.
Canton, July Ist. |sus.
j AW CO-PA KTN EKSII I J'.
JA Tile undersigned have formed a < , ; :11r-hip in
la.v business under the name o! Adams 4" I'ki.T. Partic
uiai attention paid to business in the Orphans out.
J c AC '.MS.
Towanda, January 33, lsdo. !i. pi-: IT.
| OATRICK K PECK, ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
A Offices :—ln Unit n Block, Towanda, i'.t.. I trimrly
occupied by lion. Writ, dwell, atid in Pali irk'a bloek.
Athens, Pa. They may be ron-ultt dat citt'er place.
11. IV. I'ATKH'K, apll3 V,. I'ECK.
TMcKEAN & PAYNE.- A TTOJINE YS
.Ai A.V/a t'OVXSELLOItS AT I.A If,T..w, n la,
Penn'a. Pirticniar attention paid to basins- the Or
H. U. >1 k; AN. - u. I' ,YNF..
j A eg. 2H. lsM.
W H. CARNOCHAN, ATTORNEY
* t AT /..tit, t'ruy. Pa. special attention given
■t. i- d'ectiog i i tiins against the Gover. lyent lor Bounty,
iij' i. Pay and Pensions. Office with E. IS. Parsons, Es.j.
J line 12,1 si;,).
OVERTON Jr., Ador.w,/ at
f J t.'iw, Tnwsnda, Pa. Office in Montaiijes Block,
' over Krost store, July 13th, 1865
JOHN N. i 'ALOT, ATTORNEY AT
♦ LA W. Towanda. i'.t. Also Government ,\ t
1 : th< l ih ,-t. not Pension- Hack Pay ami Bounty.
*' Nn charge unless successful, office ovei
P ; Oiiicc 'in! N( A.-. U < an. Dec I, Ist!.
/V ih Si ILL>, M. If, I'hi/fician <£■ Sure/rem.
*_/• Warren Centre Bradl>rd County, Pa.
Office formerly occupied by Dr. KcKee Visits madi
wi . proi .pti.e Pai'icu'ar attecti ti given t i: ■
treatment ot • brook eases, and Diseases Incident to le
males and children. Office terms Cash. .
Dr. Stiles is a graduate of the "Philadelphia Univer
sity ul Medieine and Surgery," >1 re lie site del two
full courses of Lectures, be also attended the clinical
lectures ot tie* "Blockiey ito-pitil" inr two winters ami
took a-p. rial course n Bandaging, operative oil n.
not surgi" y.
Dec. 20. DGS.
D cutest in.
tfWVENTY-FIVE YEARS EXRERIENCE
A l.\ DENTISTRY.—J. S SMITH, M. D , would re
spi-vtiolly intorni ti;- inhabit;;:.:- <•(' Bmtjlotd (' ity
tb.,t lie is permanently locs ted in Waverly. N.Y.. where
lie has been it. tLe pi act ice oi his profession for the pa
tear ye-, rs. He vs-a d say that from his long ami-;. -
cessti.l practice ... 25 years dur.iti ,:i. he is familiar with
, all the different styles of work dope in : nv and all Dn
tal e.-t.ibii-huteti! • in city • r c i.intry, and" i- .etter pie
par.-il than itiy other Denial operator la t!te vicinitv to
; dowoiktle- b'.-t adapted to tie many and .iiiie,,nt
1 case that piescnt tin nrelves nll. titin: - U> the in
i as he understands ttie art o' making In- own ariiti-ri I
i teeth, and has facilities tor doing the same. '!•> those
! i; quiring under -ft.- ot teeth he would eall nttcnti u to
iiis new kind ot wmk which consist.- ol porcelain tor
lioth plate and teeth, and orniing a continuous gum. It
is ot n* durable, more natural in appearance. and mm h
in ttcr adapt! d to the gain than any other kind of wmk.
; Th -e in need oi the same are invited to call and ex un
j iue specimens. Teeth idled P. l.i-t inr >. ir-and 0:',.-u
t men for lite, i'kloru o<m, ether, and "2V trout oxide"
I administered with perfect salety, as over t'tur hundred
; pal i.-nt- within the I.;-1 tour y i s c.i'i tc-t ' .
Nov '27. t.-iio. e.m
DR. H. WESTON, DENTIST Office
u Putton's Block, over Barstaw & Gore's D up
and Chemical s < rs. IjanCfi
CM !TII & TAYLOR, D ENTIS Ts,
Respectful ly annonuceto the pohlic that tbey have
' opened a Dental eflice in John P. Means' Bock i' tb<
n mils lormeriy occupied by Dr <>. ii. Wo, dnitf. (dec'.;)
where they are prepared to do all kiuds ol w- ;k in the
very best style Kiins nasonahle and all work war
ranted t > give perlect - itislacli ni. A share ot the pub
lic • atrou.igc is resp; ctful!-. solicited
K. F. SMITH. WM.K. TAVLOE.
Nov. 27, l>Gj.—ti
npOWANDA INSURANCE AGENCY.
H. B. JI'KEAX
Agent tor the following well known and reliable Insur
ance Coin pa Dies :
NEW KNGI.ANTI IN-i uam eCO Hartford, Con .
ASETTS 244,078 !3
Kensinoton INSPKANCE Co. Philadelphia.
WYOMING INSI'UANCE COMPANY.
Wilke -B irre, Penn'a.
Capital unit SuipOis $150,000
Stock not c.,Pi din ... $50,000
Bills receivable - • 40 liltt)
U. S. 5-20 Bonds - - - ... . 25,000
i T.-miiorary and call I oan O.tKto
: 105 shaiv- Wyi.juing li.i Sunk • - - .'..i-o
5n shaics Pir-t Nat. Bank al \Vbkc.--H rro - ;,'IMO
;TO •• Sc. . •• . . p'ot o
| • -hates Wilks-Barre Biidge Stock -o
ileal Estate . 1 SI;-
■ .dgui"iit.s - • - . . . |(,2
j Due from Agents and others . . 7,iU
i a Ii in hand and in Bank
: in k::i roiis.
M !! lleEliack, 1.. f>. Shoemaker.
D. Lacoe, John Billiards,
n > lloyt. Chilies A. Miner,
j Sam tel W idhama, o. Collins,
>:i .ar Pierce, I'has. liorrnnce,
.vlll. s. Boss, G M Harding.
G. M. HOLLKNBACK, President.
E. . SnoKiiAKi u, \'ir< ■ Picsiitent.
R. SMITH Sep;,.
H. B. M'KKAN. Agent. Towanda, i'...
I UZEItXE INSURANCE AG. NCY.
.ETNA ix CHANCE Co— liaitford,
ASSKIS. $3,00. ,000
Fi'lton INSDIIANCE Co.—.Vrio STh/.-,
CASH CAIHTEA ..$300,000
MrTKorot.iTan ISSCKANCK CO..
. I,'oYAL INSCHANCE CO.,
IVEUPCUL Ji EONHI'N INS. CO.,
CAPITA i $5,000,000
IB EE INSUR tNCE—CoNNKCTici T MI'TI AI,.
ASSETS sj.i 00.000
CAT Policies issued for the aEtua, Euil in and Sletre
pnliliu. and orders received ior iusurinee iiinui iavoia-
Ue terms. R C. Mini, \g,.,!.
Wilkes-Barre . Pa.
ii. B. KE.\\, Agent, ior th • :c ve C..m; uic- ul
C.G GRIDI.' Y. Agent, Orwell. Pa.
\ RE YOU IN SURED ?
SOUTH AMERICAN TtIANSIT INSI RAXCE COMPANY.
No. 021 Chestnut St.. Philadelphia.
It. 11. M'h'L'A.X. Agent.
INSURES AiA IN >T AM, ACCIDENTS.
Gentru 1 Accident Policies lor SSOO with $3 per week
compensation, may be obtained lor $3 per annum : or
any other amount between SSOO and $5,000 at proportion
Ten Dollars Premium will buy a Policy for $2 (100,
and $1 I weekly cnmpeiisaii >n, insuiing against accident
o! every dt seription, traveling or nlhei wise.
Twenty-five Dollars secuits a lull Policy for $>.140,
and $2.3 weekley eompensalitin.
si:.a I 'linn Policies,— f.'t.OliO for 10 Cents !
Travelers may procure of H. 15. M'Kean or at tin-
Gin ial Office. '.1'21 ( licsiuui St., or at the Ticket Office*
of the Pen n a Bail Road, and elsewhere. Ticket Policies
Inr one day or three months, seeming from ease ol death
trom accident. $5,000, and in ease ol injury. si'> pet
week. ln<uie at o.ice.
I.EH IS L. HOUPT,President.
EI.WIS E. HOPPT . late Gen'l Ticket Agent Pa. R. B. Co.
>AMPEI, t .J'Al.MEK.Cashier Coiiinieieial Nalional Bank
llicii ALII W in.i>, tiiin Wood, Maish ,Y 1! vivaid. No. Jo'.i
J. M. ( oNi Al>. firm C< liwid A Wa1t0n,N0.625 Market st
J. S. KIMJSLEY, Continental Hotel.
11. G. I.KISKNRIM; 237 ana 25a Dock St,
G. MAKTIN, film Muriin, Toy A Co.. No. 322 Chestnut st.
Dec. 20, I&Hs—3t
Vr E W AR & ANO EM E \T<
\ MAMMOTH I-l iiNiTI ill.
TOW.A Nil A BK.ADrOIM) <•H VI y j;; N
WITII KfcOL'CK!) I'Kli j...
JAMES (). FRo.s'i
Would respectfully announce tg i i;
ford sad tin* adjoining countic-, the; in . '
the Store, on the .- .nth .side of the l'i,,,
inorly occupied by ( llhr-TKU V Ki. ..- :
: Store <.n Main stre t, tonnerly <> copied byj \y w
as a (irocery Store, and having conm .nt! e
n<w the largest and b.-t Furnituic :■ •
found this -ide of the ■ ity of .V 1 orl .
furthermore aunoutiee liiat lie ha.- ,* t!. (
est and best Mm k of Furniture ever ofe.
ket, 01 to he found in North* rn I em
couslant addition-will be to.-ide ii :i. i • ' ■
Koches.ter and various other place- : . ni ;,.
lion all ot which will he sold a lotvu pn .
otb- r dealer ths side •IX< w uric
quality of g od-.
My stock couhi-ts in part ol
MARBLE and AA r (M;D Tup i : -1 gg ,
MARBLE and V.'OOB TOP II \!.' ♦
DINING arid EXTEN-I ~\ . ..
l;l"RE ■ I-..:-,.
Chairs of every variety and styh
cheapest and good as the best.
Enameled Chamber .Set-, al o <>..., ~
Walnut. Parlor -cts in Hair, t lot!
and Keps, ul price:, which dely eoii.j, ...
EASY CHAIRS, and ROCKEBfe,
CAMP CHAIRS ami .-TOOLS.
tvnAi NO rs,
IRON BEDsTK •
HAIR ar-d HUSK MAT TRESS I.
Children'- < ;
LOOKING GLASS PI.ATK- .
SI EE! ENGRAVINGS
In fait everything in : line usually to la
first el* s Futnituie Storr. I shuli also emit
ul i- ::.i< V::, r . d a id vari .■:/ 11,.
tor them. ; 'v< r t itn -* >. it <•:, Main s: •
V >t • . S. , m- tto i-. :. c
Ready made ( ..Sins. Burial C.H- t
if.die.-, together with r very thing in
I -king constantly or: hand, wit , two c-a _•
Funerals attended willlia a Cll nit : 2.1
una! le tei in-.
i iw aid Pa., June 20. 1.-'i". JA'I sn
,n i j,i. w ai; i. i.'i •*. -
.1 AMES MAKIXKOX 'till • c- t
still CollfihliCs to ID !*'; * ' ; .*•<!
u. i Uncut ■:
c A IJ Ix E X !• cit n m
E.a . T e !es, I). •: t s> .•
every disruption which wdibeu
tine s wi dinii.
Re .Jy nana.- C
Aug ia. i-l5.
Crsji:j-:n.\\NA < ji.ijj
TOWAXDA, ISHAIiFOIIi) CO
Re V. JAM ES Mc WIL LI AM. Pri n,
eient languages. and Men'. .'
JOHN HEWITT, A. B. Pt f r i Hat
and Natural Science.
JOHN W CRAWFORD, T< icher ol V
Mi-- CLAitA A. SUK vWEI.L, P:
Mi-s JULIA SI EVENS A— .' I
M-''-AN 0. Wool'. To. !• •.
1.1. I'M Ell H.t O TT. Stewaid, Mis .
The Winter Term commences TPii-i
2, ami will continue H we: ic-.
TUITION, PER TEUg .
[Payable invariably in advance, i . ..
the schooßand one-halt at i h -. ; •
and contingencies included.]
" - ■id ... ••
Higher, Ist and 2ad year, per term
ill '.a .. ■•d -. i .r. f i *• :
N. 15. Pupils will be classed by the m
branch they respectively pm
fuel and contingents.
EXTRA . XT
I! ltd iii the In-titme p. . -.\ .
A'ashing, per d -zen
Use ot Euiuitore in rcorns. •: r fcrji:
Hie Col';.sic year is divided ;.to
weeks cat*lt* The AUBivcr.-.:ry X:
the close o: tic. Spring ten .
of protrai ted i'ine.-sof nv:; tw . i
Boarder- will In ni-elve-iind
case-, arr tnpcim • t:
furnish them. Where bcddiim -:. ;
.Wtrnia! llepiitmcnt —Spe.-i..) t \
without .. tii irg. l. i Gc ■-
.:- I'e.ichcrs ot C uiiiu : i .
No pains -.,-id -; :rt '. on t!,- .
ami I rii.-u-es in sn.-'iciiue the hci'i i
tution ha-hither. ■ c j .yi-d, and
worthy ■ t future p.r gt-ami >-,
■ '.:KS Mcwii. .
Jan. 1 1-
13 oo K -13 iiiii c rji -
i} OC) K -!: iN i KV !
13 rc-pei tfully iuh rtiu-.l ii.i ! ;• B- ■
c-i.d li-h.'d in c.mnt -t with • -
llradiord Rep. . ter." wht ic
! OOK- BI N !V 1
In ail ils vari :s brail lie-.
'• the time-" will allow, file Bmf.'-vy
the (■!• ii uc . !
H. 0 Will i ARE"
An experienced Binder, and all w.-r;
d i e. in : sty le aim manner-vh.
Music. Magazines. Newspapers,
bo did in evei \ vai dv m
BLANK 800-v -
To any disii-cd -. ..tier:., which in •
-ii a IT.-Hit J.
At! work will . ii .lv ' . "■ v
lhe patron.ig.- < : the pa
-at. -1 i.i-i gnar.a ced
K'uder , laitci I-: Di-cca
" Re pi i; ,er " Building (tj.-wt :
Public Si j arc lon a tlda .P .
wOMETII ix (; N E i
GEORGE 11. W( id' ~
I'll OTOG RAI' U 1C <■ VEI- h
He has the pleasure of iuic.rminu :• * is
patrons, that lie ia now prepared to mat
beautilul style ol
OEM FK!'* " i. - Kr
mounted on caids very cheap.
Also, Melaiut.types for L* ktds I ■---
well a all kinds ol
I' HOTO (i II A!' H ~
AS Bld OUR !>
i !' B EST - T Y I E <
View- taken of Hdoaea on abort n< ticc
liorvi N 0 D O N E T 0 t,: '
In tow d v.-.
ALL AV OK K AI! B A '
AH.UIILS kent on hand and will
(5. B- * '
Dec. i; 1 -ot.
1 MPORTAX r TO DIS( HAHGEG J
JL ded Soldieni. Fathers, Mothers, AA
Siaters, audOrpban chtldnsu of dnw
nil peraons that haw ctainffP , .
in any ot the Departnicnts at A',.,- m l --
s mie promptly collected, by oallinK ® ; . g, - v
go" Office over Jin.d.ny- -til
March 20, isy>.