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NEWS FROM ALL NATIONS.
—So successfully does the money order
office work that it is to be greatly enlarged. One
hundred and thirty-nine offices were established
on the first of November last. On the first of
June 280 more .rill be established. The amount
of money orders issued last quarter was $588,462-
24, on which Government received about $5,000.
There are about $40,000 constantly lying in the
hands of postmasters, subject to cali.
—A delegation of Congressmen, with
the Hon. James M. Ashley at their head, called on
the President the 16th for the purpose of protesting
against any action on the part of the Government,
which shall extend the rights of prisoners of war
to those officers and privates in the late Bebel ser
vice who have consented to the murder and star
vation of our men when prisoners of war. There
is a great deal of feeling on the point in Ohio and
throughout the West, which sections claim to have
had an undue proportion of the unfortunate blacks
who have been butchered in United States uni
form, and of the whites who have been reduced to
skeletons by the barbarians of the now collapsed
Confederacy. It is understood that President
Johnson agreed with the delegation, and will pro
ceed to act upon their representations by direc
ting that testimony be immediately taked upon the
—We learn from Fortress Monroe that
the farmers are returning to their plantations, now
that the war is over, and are making strenuous ef
forts to produce good harvests. Large numbers of
contrabands are being thrown out of employment
bj- the order of retrenchment in the government
expenditure. Many northern farmers, tempted by
the liberal inducements of the government, have
purchased tracks of land in the neighborhood of
—The Galvaston News says that the
com crop is good, but that the sugar crop will be
very short. At New Orleans the holders of cotton
were demanding an advance, and exchange on New
York was a half per cent premium.
—A prize fight for $5,000 took place at
Port Jervis .yesterday, between two men named
Dunn and Davis. The fight lasted one hour and
five minutes, during which forty-three rounds were
fought, resulting in Dunn winning.
—The Internal Revenue Department has
decided ; That a manufacture is entitled to deduct
all taxes paid by him as a manufacturer, either as
taxes, or under the head of expense of business, in
his estimation of income.
—George D. Prentice of the Louisville
Journal, is lying very sick at the St. Cloud Hotel,
Nashville. Clarence D. Prentice, his son, lately
a rebel officer, has taken the oath of allegiance to
the Federal Government.
The Portuguees Cortes have joined the
other Governments of Europe in passing resolu
tions of sympathy with the American people on
the occasion of the death of President Lincoln.
Accounts of public meetings and resolutions of
sympathy continued to pour jn from all parts of
England. In both Houses of Parliament, on
March 4, the reply to the Queen to the addresses
in reference to the assassination was read. The
Queen declares that she entirely participates in the
sentiments addressed to her by the Parlament on
—The Spanish Government has issued a
decree ordering the evacuation of San Domingo.
—lt is now extremely probable that the
review will take the shape of the troops through
Pennsylvania-avenue, the President and General
Grant reviewing the columns from suitable point.
This will gratify everybody, and afford spectators a
—The Nashville Press learns that Gen.
Forrest was killed by Capt. Walker of the Rebel
army, in revenge for shooting his son.
—There is in the Patent office at \Y ash
jngton a model of a steamboat invented by Abra
ham Lincoln. It was patented.
-Mr. Develin, counsel for the United
.States, apprized the Montreal court having cog
nizance of the eases of the St. Albans raiders on
the 12th, that he was instructed to give the infor
mation that no further demand would be made by
our Government for their extradition.
—The schooner Mailer, of Union, N. J.,
caughQflre jn the Potomac near Alexandria, on
Monday, and was burned to the water's edge.
—Charles D. Norton has been appointed
Collector of the port of Buffalo, viae Metz, de
—Sr. Fernando de la Cuesta, many years
Consual of the Mexican Government in Philadel
phia, died on the 14th at his residence in that city.
—The Rebel Gen. Early, is said, died re
cently otjLynchburg. Previous accounts had letj
him there suffering from rheumatism in the stom
—President Johnson has recently had
his life insured for SIO,OOO. His late illness arose
from vertigo, to which he has always been subject.
—lsac N. Arnold, member of Congress
from Illinois, is said to be preparing an account of
President Lincoln's life and administration.
-—The delegation from the Argentine Re
public to the United States are in New York.
—Nearly 5,000 emigrants reached X. Y.,
-luring Last week.
—The President is said to be engaged
on an Amnesty Proclamation.
—lt is said that the counsel for the pris
oners in the assassination trial are to be paid, if
■at all. by money raised in Baltimore for that pur
—An unsuccessful attempt was made on
the 16th by ronie rascal to obtain possession of
Gen. Grout's two most valuable harses.
—Gen. Halleck has offered a reward of
$25,000 for the arrest of Extra-Billy Smith. " Reb
el Governor of Virginia."
—lt is now stated that the paper found
•on the person of Booth, implicating Jeff Davis in
the crime of the former, was in cypher, and that
it was read by means of another document writ
ten in a similar character found in Davis' house in
—Dispatches say that the Rebel leaders
Gut.-.sM,;od and Cluuue Ferguson are committing
great depredations on the defenceless people of
• —Large numbers of the paroled prison
ers of Lee's and Johnston's arm-y are travelling
through East Tennessee, robbing and plundering
the people generally.
—The camp for musfbring-out the troops
of the central section of the State of Pennsylvania,
will be located in York or Cumberland counties.
--Twepty-four hundred Rebel prisoners
it Camp Chase, Ohio, have taken the oath of alle
giance, and been discharged.
Basil Duke, and several of Davis's
officers, have surruudered to our forces at Agusta.
—The Navy Department has received in
formation of the capture, on the lltb instant, of
th* Rebel sloop Florida, with a cargo of cotton,
and the Rebel sloop Annie, with a cargo of loose
cotton, off Crystal River, Florida, by the I nited
States schooner Sea Bird, tender to the United
States steamer Hebiscus.
—Three burglars attempted to enter the
house of Isaac Causer, a farmer of Berks Co., Pa.
on Wednesday night, but were driven off and one
of their number —a desperate character from Read
Towanda, Thursday, May 25,1865.
THE LESSON AND THE DUTY OP THE HOUR.
It is the part of wisdom to learn from
experience, and the duty of all to bow sub
missively to the inflections of Providence.
These appear generally to be designed for
our good ! and often, in the midst of tears
we are allowed to see whereby affliction
profiteth us, making joy of our sorrow.
Accepting therefore, the terrible deatli of
our beloved, and lamented President, as
designed for the nation's good, we propose
to make an application. As we understand
the nation's condition, and necessities, any
man in it could have been better spared
than ABRAHAM LINCOLN, ane this seems to
be the judgment of the whole people ; and
if it had been asked, at any time since the
4th of March last, whose sudden death
would cause the greatest alarm, and the
deepest lamentation in the land, the undi
vided answer would have been, ABRAHAM
LINCOLN ; yet, with all this unanimity of
sentiment on this head, it is meet that he
should go hence. It will hardly be conten
ded that his own fame required his death,
for He " who doetli all things well," could
as easily have preserved the one as the
other ; and it is equally out of the range
of probability, that either his life or his
fame were paramount to the interests of
this whole nation. But the most reason
able supposition is, that the cause of free
dom required this great sacrifice, as it re
quired many others
A retrospective glance at some of the
more prominent events of the first years of
the war, may be instructive, and may throw
light on our present peculiar surroundings.
The first battle of Bull Run was a fear
ful blow to the Northern States. All then
saw that disaster to our arms must prolong
the war a year, if not lor years ; and, as a
sequence, the national heart was filled with
gloomy forbodings. But in the renewed ef
forts called forth to prepare further for the
contest, new hope sprang up, and our first
discomfiture was measurably forgotten in
the promise we had in the future. Great
preparations were made, and unbounded
Itopes were excited by McClellau's vast as
surances of certain triumph. He declared
that such an army as he had the South
could not resist, and we all believed him.
What else could we do ? He was our Gen
eral, and therefore, it was presumed he
knew, and he was said to be a second Na
poleon. Then how could we help believing
him ? Besides too, we wanted it to be as
he said—poor blind mortals —an odditional
motive for trust.
But this great army, and greater general,
and all the accompanying bright hopes,
came to naught. Crippled and broken, we
were driven from before Richmond, and the
second humiliation was greater than the
first. Then followed close on its heels the
second Bull Run defeat, more disgraceful,
and more discouraging than all the rest,
because brought about by the treachery of
some of our generals. Besides these, we
had, as intermediate comforts, as ghastly
interludes to our depressed spirits, and be
wildered vision, such massacres of our
poor soldiers as took place at Great Bethel,
at Ball's Bluff, and Boedlcis Mill, Ac., to
reflect over. When all these things came
upon us, as they did during the two first
j'ears of the war, our hearts nearly sank
within us. All was gloom and dispondency:
aud whilst these disasters, in a measure,
discouraged us, they did uot defeat us, nor
was this their design. We were to he
schooled by them for greater duty, and
much greater realizations than the most
sanguine amongst us had dreamed of. But
this was not their only purpose, and per
haps the least part of them. It now seems
manifest that the success of the rebels in
the early part of the struggle, were ne
cessary to lead them into the full, and dis
tinctive exhaustion, which has since fol
lowed, and without this exhaustion, our vic
tories would not have been so complete,
and God's purpose not so well worked out.
For who does not see, that if we had been
successful at Bull Run, on the James Pe
ninsula, at Fredericksburg, and Cliancelor
ville, that the. rebels would have had to
succumb ; and if they had yielded then,
their darling institution would have been
saved, and they could now be back again
in the Union with all their insolence, quar
rclsoinness and bravado—perhaps been in
power again to-day. Then our work would
not only have been unfinished, hut our im
mense losses, our sons, our brothers, our
fathers, and our load of debt, would have
been an entire sacrifice. No grin could be
counted on our side. Now, however, it is
different, we have great losses, but also
great gains • and this is owing to our de
feats, and to rebel successes in the begiun
ning. It now appears, what was net so
clear at first, that by this rebellion the Al
mighty designed to free the blacks, to rid
this nation of the curse of slavery, the
darkest, the foulest blot that ever stained
the escutcheon of any Nation. All the
signs we see point in this direction. All
the visible indications have been bearing,
and all the writing this interpretation.
God knew what was necessary to cary out
tliis purpose. We did not. He knew that
a half-whipped slave-holder would not give
up the victim of his power, and his lust.
He knew what a desperate character slave
ry had created, and what a fearful power
he had acquired ; and that the means nc
ccssary to his destruction must be commen
When the Isrealites were led from bond
age, fearful indeed, was the tenacity with
which the rapacious and glutted Egyptians
| clung to their victims. The plagues of
vermin, reptiles, and blood, which tortured
this poor, besotted nation, could not make
them let go the bond-man a|ul the bond
woman ; and " Pharaoh, and his host"—
the proud, the rich, the lordly slave-holder
of Egypt —had to be destroyed before the
oppressed brick-maker could be free. How
overwhelming must be that passion which
so infatuates its subject as to yield it up
only with death. This great Jewish re
demption is but a type of the African re
demption here as developed through this
rebellion. There, tlie muster yielded his
slave with his life. Here, the master
throws up all in defence of his slave. There
the master rushed to his ruin, and his end,
and his bondman " still lives." Here, the
master blindly strikes at the constitution,
and by it severs the chain which held his
But the last throes, and desperate strug
gles of tin; rebellion had begun to excite
sympathy for the deluded, erring, wicked
rebels, and there was danger of this mis
leading us. Pity fur Lee, he who is no
traitor's second in enormous criminality,
and who, in turning against his govern
ment, adds the great sin of ingratitude to
that of treason, for he was educated at the
public expense, that he might be a help in
time of need, and by receiving her bounty
he agreed to defend the government. But
this he cast to the dogs, and with hands
dripping with the blood of an hundred
thousand devoted loyal men, either of
whom was a thousand fold better than he.
Yet sympathy goes up for this accursed
rebel, the least deserving and most con
demned of all. We hear it said along the
streets of Towauda that the heroic Lee, the
great general, and line gentleman, should
not be hung. Why ? because he has been
more successful in slaughtering the Union
soldiers ? Why ? because, by means of
superior gepius, and greater opportunities,
lie lias been able to do our cause, and our
country, more damage? We can bang all
the Bealls, and bis class of offenders we
can take, and these are only the instru
ments of the great leader, and infinitely
less culpable ; but Lee, and bis compeers
must have pity. It is out of place here,
and unfits us for duty. We already seethe
I fruits of the leniency granted to Lee and
his army, in the aping, and weaker gen
erals, who consented to give a safe con
duct, and protection to a rebel legislature,
and rebel magnates, to come together to
consult for their own safety, and coucoet
new schemes of trouble for us, and .Sher
man—l grieve to say it—attempted to imi
tate Georges, falling from his high position
| as a general, to become a huckster for a
\ copperhead nomination for the Presidency,
I just as if the latter could rank him, even
if successful to his utmost wish, where he
stood when before Goldboro. What rank
folly. And all this error and blundering,
comes from clemency ; and had it not been
arrested it would have led us to ruin.
In this hour of our great weakness, in
the midst of this deep danger, the Almighty
takes our leader from us—our Moses is
is taken hence, and Johnson is placed in the
lead, because better filled for that position
of the great work of our redemption,which
is yet to be carried out. The genial spirit,
the boundless humanity, the lofty earnest
ness, and enlarged, and winning nobleness
of Abraham Lincoln were necessary to
lead us through the Red Sea, and over the
wasting wilderness, the trials, and suffer
ings of the Israelites not inaptly typifying
our own struggle. Now however, men of
sterner mould, of strong sinews, of broader
boldness, are called for to meet the exigen
cies of the hour. Ask, if this is uot the
true interpretation of our apparent alllie
tion, why is it, that the only members of
our administration, that were known to be
leaning to full forgiveness to the rebels, a
full pardon for their crimes, were stricken
down ? The rest were in as great danger,
but were saved. And why? we can not
tell God's workings, only as they become
visible to our vision. Then, it is our priv
ilege, as it is our duty, to understand them
aright; and this is the inference we draw
from this late severe dispensation. That
there is good designed by it, can not be
doubted. Throughout this whole war, Mr.
Seward has been the embodiment of len
iency towards the rebels. He has had con
fidence in kind words, in persuasion, and
returning reason. His power in this line
is admitted to he unsurpassed, and whilst
he did us no harm at home, his peculiar
gift in diplomacy, was of infinite advan
tage, and may continue to he of vast use
to us in our affairs with foreign nations.
And may not his attempted assassination
by those whom he has labored so hard to
befriend, be intended to cure him of an
error, by teaching him further the fiendish
desperation which slavery engenders, and
the wonderful danger there is in trifling
Looking then, upon Mr. Lincoln's admin
istration as the first period, or step, in
freedom's upward, and humanity's advanc
ing strides, we come to the beginning of
the second period, when we are to cross
the Jordon, under a new leadership, and
when we are to go into the full possession
of our national heritage, when graver and :
more melancholy duties may exact our ho
mage, and try our faith,
Now is this aspect of the case in any !
way changed inyicw of the re-election of;
President Lincoln. That election was one ,
of the leading measures which led to our 1
flpal triumph. Without it, we were really
in danger of being defeated, and it is our j
belief would have been. That election was !
just as potent in our success, and just as
necessary, as were the great armies of
Grant, Sherman, Sheridan and Thomas all
combined, and a simultanious victory by
each division would have been a less pow
erful anxilary ip crushing the rebellion,
than was the re-election of Abraham Lin
coln. That election gave us the first great
victory, and his death the second and final i
triumph over traitors and the cause of
slavery. The first was a lesson to the!
rebel mind, and the last a lesson to the free j
mind of the North, and knowing our lesson
let us heed it.
J9The large rewards for the capture
of Booth and fjarrojd are to he distributed
at the discretion of the Secretary of Way
upon the completion of the trials.
TRIAL OF THE ASSASSINS.
PROCEEDINGS OF TUESDAY.
WASHINGTON, Tuesday, May 16.
In accordance with a suggestion made
yesterday, by the Judge-Advocate, the com
mission repaired to FORD'S Theatre, this
morning, at half-past nine o'clock, to exam
ine the premises, with a view to a more
inteligent understanding of the testimony.
A large crowd collected in front of the
theatre, but none were admitted save the
members of the commission, the official
reporters, the several representatives of
the press, and two or three Senators.
Everything remains undisturbed inside
the building, just as it was at the time of
the assassination, except that the chair in
which Mr. LINCOLN sat when he was shot
has been taken away, and the blue Hag,
which hung in front of the box, and in which
BOOTH'S spur caught, has been removed
We found upon examination that the dis
tance the assassin ran in order to get out
of the building after he fell upon the stage,
was about ninety feet, two-thirds of this be
ing the distance from the box in which the
President was seated, to the passage-way
leading to (lie rear door, through which
BOOTH escaped from the theatre. This
passage-way is about six feet wide, entire
ly unobstructed, and is on a level with the
ground in the rear of the building, so that
the assassin had no steps or stairs to as
cend or decend in taking his flight.
There is a narrow hall leading from the
stage, on the south side of the theatre, on
Tenth-street, on which the building fronts.
It was at the front door of this hall that
Booth, Spangler and another man whose
name is not yet in evidence, were engaged
in the mysterious whispering and ma
noeuvering which attracted the attention
of Sergt. Joseph M. Dye, as detailed by
him in his testimony yesterday.
The examination of the building elicited
no other features worthy of special mention.
At about 10:30 o'clock the commission
arrived at the- court-room, and resumed
the hearing of the case. Some three hours
were consumed ,in reading and revising
the journal of yesterday's proceedings, and
at 2 o'clock a witness was called to the
stand and the hearing progressed until
near 7 o'clock, when the commission ad
journed until to-morrow at 10 o'clock.
Among the witnesses called to the stand
this afternoon was Col. 11. 11. Wells, now
Provost-Marshal of Alexandria. Col. Wells
is a (lawyer, 'formerly of Detroit. His tes
timony was clear and comprehensive, and
fixed the guilt of Dr. Mudd as an accomplice
of Booth beyond a doubt.
It disturbed the defendant, upon whom it
weighs heavily, more than anything that
has occured during the trial. Mudd winced
manifestly as Col. Wells detailed the defen
dant's prevarication and evasion, and his
final acknowledgement of damaging facts.
It now comes out that it is to Col. Wells,
probably, more than to any other person
engaged in unraveling the mystery of the
assassination, that we are indebted for
biinging the offenders to trial and throwing
light upon the dark plot. lie it was who
detected and caused the arrest of Payne,
Mrs. Surratt, Atzeroth, Arnold, O'Laughlin,
Spangler and Mudd, and discovered and
followed the trail of Booth and Ilarrold
down into Lower Maryland, and finally tele
graphed to the War Department the infor
mation which led to their capture.
The shadow deepens as to O'Laughlin,
and the additional testimony to-day by
Maj.'s Knox and Hatter, showing the pres
ence of accused at Mr. Stanton's house on
the night of the 13th of April, under suspi
cious circumstances, exercised O'Laughlin
painfully. His facial demonstrations of
mental suffering and misery during the
rendering of this evidence, were generally
remarked The prisoner is much changed
to-day. He came into the room this morn
ing looking very pale and dejected.
The prisoners' platform and railing has
been extended across the entire width of
the room, and Mrs. Surratt now sits upon
one end of it, two or three feet apart from
the other accused. This miserable creature
is looking stronger and apparently more
reconciled, as in fact do all the prisoners
save Dr. Mudd and O'Laughlin.
There is great anxiety to get a look at
the defendants and to gain admission to
the court-room, but the permits are granted
sparingly. Among the visitors to-day were
Bishop Mclllvaine, of Ohio, several Con
gressmen and the judges of the supreme
court of this District
WASHINGTON, Wednesday, May 17, 1805.
The trial of the conspirators was pro
ceeded with to-day, Atzerdot coming in for
a principal share of attention
Considerable interesting testimony was
taken, bearing mainly on the final scene at
Garrett's barn. Sergt. Boston Corbett gave
his statement of the killing of Booth with
a modesty of manner and a straightfor
wardness of detail that made a most fa
vorable impression. He testified that he
offered to go in the barn and clinch Booth,
so that the rest might take him alive du
ring the struggle, Corbett being willing to
risk his own life in the venture. He re
frained from shooting Booth until he seem
ed about to shoot one of our own men,
when he thought it his duty r to fire. When
sworn by the Judge Advocate-General,
Corbett added, "I solemnly affirm," deem
ing that form preferable.
Mr. Coyle of The Intelligencer was sutn
monod to-day, and informed that Booth,
during his dying moments, affirmed that
he had left with him a full and complete
statement of his motives for the assassina
tion. This Mr. Coyle denied.
Mrs. Surratt was quite melancholy all
day, averting her face or holding her head
down' most of the time, and paying no at
tention whatever to the proceedings.
Harrold was quite depressed also, hold
ing down his head, awl looking out through
Payne's day comes to-morrow, when the
the Sewards, and probably the Secretary
himself, will be present as witnesses.
All the testimony for the Government
will be submitted by Friday, as I onticipa
WASHINGTON, May 18, 1865.
The court room was crowded to-day in
anticipation of the trial of Payne and the
appearance of the Sewards as witnesses.
Unexpected obstacles, however, rendered
the trial very slow, and Payne's case was
Reverdy Johnson seems to have desert
ed Mrs. Surratt, not having appeared for
Mr. Doster Counsel for Atzerodt, made
himself unnecessarily offensive to-day by
his persistence in delayiug the business of
the Court, by all sorts of irrevelent and ab
surd questions, closing with the impudent
question to the witness, [" Judge Olin of
the Suprpme Coqrt of the LjigtpctJ "if the
civil courts of this District were organized
for the purpose of carrying out the will of
Gen. Grant?" Doster wag formerly a Maj
or in the 4tii Pennsylvania Cavalry, and la
ter Provost-Marshal of this Ristrict,
Proofs of Arnold's complicity were fur
nished to day, and also his confession, im
plicating Booth, Atzerodt, O'Laughlin and
Surratt. According to Homer's statement,
Arnold said that the part assigned to him
self in the kidnapping was to throw the
President out of the theater box after the
lights had been turned out so that the rest
could carry him off in a carriage. At this
statement the prisoners all relaxed into a
broad smile for the first time since the tri
A witness also testified that I)r. Mudd
told him two weeks before the assassina
tion that in a month Lincoln and his whole
Cabinet, and all the loyal people of Mary
land would be killed; but the statement
was as absurd, and the testimony so inco
herent, as not to be generally believed. The
witness made an unfavorable impression.
The document from the files of the Rebel
Congress providing for the burning of North
ern cities and the destruction of all North
ern commerce, which document bears the
approval and indorsement of "J. D.," was
read in court to-day, and the writing of the
indorsement identified as that of Jefferson
Mrs. Surratt paid no attention to any
thing going on to-day, while Harrold was
as thoughtless as usual.
Gov. Brown is to appear as a witness
against Jeff. Davis.
WASHINGTON, May 19, 1865.
The court room where the conspirators
are being Died was crowded to-day, and
the proceedings were of great interest.
Most of the testimony bore upon Payne,
though in the latter part of the afternoon
Dr. Mudd and Atzerodt were somewhat in
Maj. Seward, son of the Secretary, gave
his testimony with considerable emotion,
detailing the fearful scene of the attempted
murder of his father with a faltering voice
which affected the Court and the assembly,
lie thought the prisoner Payne was the
man, but could not swear positively to his
The manacles were taken off from Payne's
wrists, under the direction of Major-Gen.
Ilaitranft, and the coats and hat which he
wore in his assault on the Sewards were
j put on him, that he might he recognised.
The coats were of light grey material,
and the hat a soft felt. The prisoner seem
ed to enjoy the freedom of his arms keenly.
His fingers taper and his hands are finely
shaped, soft and white as a woman's.
When identified he would wrinkle his brow
and bite his nails nervously
The nurse and soldier, Robinson, who
saved Mr. Seward's life, was present, and
his recognition of the prisoner was instant
and complete. Nobody could forget that
face, he said, though he looks less fierce
and more natural.
The negro boy who attended the door on
that night also identified the prisoner with
a degree of terror which was quite amus
ing. "Yes, thats the man, thats him, 1
know liirn." At which Payne smiled.
"Thats him;" added the witness, "dont you
! see he knows me." At which Payne laugh
; od, and the Court joined.
The testimony of Capt. Wermerskritch,
; a German, was also particularly graphic
and edifying. He testified to having found
the photographs of Jeff. Davis, Lee, and
| others, in albums at Mrs. Surratt's house,
and also a photograph of Wilks Booth hid
den in the back of a little family picture.
Hereupon the lawyer for Mrs. Surratt
tried to prove that such likenesses were to
be found in the houses of loyal persons.—
After whispering to his cliant lie asked,
"Did you not find photographs of Union
To which the reply was, "No, sir, none;
there was one of McClellan." (Counsel, in
dignant.) "Well, sir, was not he a Union
General?" "I don't exactly know; I believe
lie was. employed on our side."
Again the witness said of Mrs. Surratt
when arrested, she requested, permission
to kneel down and pray. "Ah!" exclaimed
tho counsel, "then she knelt down and
prayed, did she?" Answer. "She knelt
down; don't know whether she prayed or
Considerable additional evidence has
been disclosed to the Judge-Advocate Gen
eral, which will prolong the trial well into
Davis will probably reach Fortress Mon
roe by Sunday.
The Government has definitely determin
ed to arrainge and try Jefferson Davis be
lore a civil tribunal—probably before a ju
ry in Baltimore, with Chief-Justice Chase
SURRENDER OF THE REBEL COMMO
WASHINGTON, May '2l. ISOIS.
The Navy Department this morning re
ceived a communication from Acting Rear-
Admiral Thatcher, under date of May fi, off
Mobile, in which he says:
" I have the honor to inform the Depart
ment that on the night of the 4th inst., I
received written propositions from Commo
dore Ebenezer Farrand, Commanding Con
federate forces in these waters, to surren
der to me all the Rebel naval forces, offi
cers, men, and public property yet afloat
under bis oommand, and now blockaded
by a portion of our naval forces in the Tom
bigbee River, and desiring a meeting with
me to arrange terms of surrender to the
United States. I cordingly met Commodore
Farrand at Citronville, a point about 25
miles above Mobile, and accepted his pro
posal on the same basis as granted to Gen.
Richard Taylor by Major-Gen. Canby, the
latter having taken place at the same point
and time. Gen. Canby not being present,
some days will claps before all the arrange
ments will be completed for the reception
of the Confederate officers, men, vessels,
and property, when further details, with
copies of all correspondence, and the writ?
ten agreement and obligations, will be -offi
cially made known to the Department."
JEFF. DAVIS AT FORTRESS MONROE
FORTRESS MONROE, Friday, May 19, 1865.
Jefferson Davis, late of the so-called
Southern Confederacy, with his family,
staff-officers, etc., captured by a portion of
Gen. Wilson's command in Georgia, arrived
here to-day at 12 o'clock, from Hilton Head,!
S. C., in the steamer William 11. Clyde, con- j
voyed by the United States gunboat Tus- j
carora, Commodore Frauley.
Col. Pritchard, of the Michigan Cavalry, 1
who made the capture of the important
prisoners, with a strong guard of his men,
accompanied the Rebel party on the steam
er Clyde northward to this place, and, on
reaching here, immediately telegraphed to
Washington for instructions regarding the
disposal of his charge.
At this writing, such is the strict secrecy
observed, not only as to the presence of the !
prisoners, but also as to their future move-!
ments, that it is impossible to form even an j
opinion regarding the intention of the Gov-J
The steamer Clyde still remains away '
out more than tlgee miles* from here seem- !
ingly anchored, and Col. Pritchard is pro- j
bably the only one who has yet oume ashore j
PARTICULARS OF HIS FLIGHT.
NAKHVILLK, Friday, May 19, 1865.
Through Confederate officers who have
just arrived, I get a full account of Jeff.
Davis's movements up to within a short
time of his capture.
Gen. Debrell, who commanded his es
cort, was engaged in the battle near Ra
leigh, N. C., when he received intelligence
of the surrender of Lee ; and at the same
time Wheeler got a dispatch from Jeff. Da
vis, dated at Greensboro, N. C., calling for
one thousand picked men, to escort him
and what remained of his government to
Debrell was accordingly dispatched with
the required force, and after a march of
three days reached Greensboro, at which
point he found Jeff. Davis with his family,
Juduh V. Benjamin, John C. Breckinridge,
Senator Burnett of Kentucky, J. II Rea
gan, Postmaster General Gustavus A.
Hums of Tennessee, and other Rebel offi
As soon as Gen. Debrell arrived the par
ty prepared to march, and they set sail i n
the following day. Jeff. Davis and the
Rebel officials rode in front, followed by
ambulances containing the women and chil
dren and the specie, which was currently
I reported among the officers to amount to
| eleven millions of dollars. It was put up
| in heavy iron-bound kegs and boxes, and
! had a guard of one thousand men led by
| Gen. Debrell, which followed this train.
At a point about five miles from Greens
| borough they camped. Jeff Davis and
I family taking up their quarters in a house
in the vicinity. Here the rank and file first
learned the object of their mission, and it
was discussed with all tire surmises which
! it naturally excited, the men being ex
ceedingly anxious to know the destination
j of their government.
On the following day Jeff. Davis visited
| the boys and made a soul-stirring speech,
i adverting to the disasters that had over-
I taken their beloved Confederacy, but giv
ing them every assurance that they were
j not irrevocably lost—that all that was ne
! cessary to ultimate success was confidence
j in their Government, and the undaunted
| bravery which had characterized the Con-
I federate Army during its past career.
| Upon taking up the line of march, they
; rode in the same order, Jeff. Davis having
! by his side young Col. Johnston, son of
j Gen. Albert Sydney Johnston, in whom he
| evidently reposed the most implicit confi
They reached Charlotte, X. C.. where
1 they again camped, and Davis harangued
| the men again, inspiring confidence in them
j and dealing in glowing words of Rebel pa
triotism He appeared happy and cheerful.
' took the boys by the hand, and entered in
to cheerful conversation with them. He
would praise their valor in the presence of
i the ladies, and call them the faithful tliou
! sand, the flower of the Confederacy, and
j paid other pretty but not substantial com
At this point they were joined by Basil
| Duke, Fergusion and Vaugher, with their
I brigades, which increased the escort to the
j magnificent proportion of 50UU men
After the new comers had mingled with
j the others they soon learned the condition
of tilings, and they too had their surmises.
Like a pack of hungry wolves they were
| suddenly reminded that the Government
was slightly indebted to them, and as the
I treasure was near at hand the idea of pre
senting their bills suggested itself to them.
The meg would congregate in groups,
and their low mutterings boded no good to
the Government. Jeff found it necessary
to redouble his efforts to conciliate, but his
eloquence was wated now. The men obey
ed their marching orders and followed Jeff
into South Carolina to Abbeville, where
j they again halted, very much fatigued and
On the Bth things began to assume a
| new desperate feature, and Jeff found it
! politic to inspire his brave boys with soine
j thing more substantial than words. The
i treasure was opened, and the division of
| Gen. Debrell. with the brigades of Duke,
j Ferenson and Vaughn, were formed in line,
and the soldiers were paid off. Some of
the men were paid S4O, some S2B, and oth
ers S2O. They were paid in gold and sil
ver, the coin being chiefly Mexican dollars,
with few United States ; but few of them
In the evening Duke sent his Adjutant-
General, C'apt. Davis, to notify all his men
who wished to go west of the Mississippi
River, to report at 11 o'clock on the follow
ing day. At the appointed time all the
men reported, but Duke refused to take
i those who were without arms, and taking
j only those who were armed, and left the
i others to shift for themselves.
"1 hey heaped curses on Duke, and with
heavy hearts went to Washoe, Ga,, where
they surrendered themselves to Gen. Wil
son, together with the brigades of Fergu
son and Vaughn.
The command of Gen. Debrell escorted
Jeff Davis to Vienna Valley, on the west
bank of the Savannah River, about 20
miles from Washington, when the grand
dissolution took place on the 9th.
At this point Benjamin, Breckinridge, I
Burnett and several others took a last fare-1
well of Jeflf. Davis and his family. At the
hour named Jeff Davis and suite crossed '
the river, and the other portion of the
government galloped oft' to Washington,
their pocket-handkerchiefs in mourning.—
The command was apprised of the lact
that they were now left to follow the bent J
of their own inclinations. Benjamin and j
Breckinridge, with their friends, no doubt j
reached the west bank of the Mississippi.
THE REBEL GEX. BEN. HILL GIVES UP j
HIS COMMAND—THE MEN PA ROLLED. !
LOUISVILLE, Friday, May 19, 1865.
Mr. MeGrath was shot and killed in Shel-1
byville this morning by a negro soldier of
Capt. Kirt's company. MeGrath and two
or three others violently objected to the oc- j
cupancy bj the negro troops of the Uuited
States of the rendezvous, and in this alter
cation the shooting occurred.
The Nashville I'nion savs the Rebel Gen
eral Ben. Hill has turned over all his men—
some 100 in number, with their arms and !
and horses—to the United States authori
ties. The men were parolled.
piRST NATIONAL BANK OF ATHENS
TKBASURY DKPARTMENT, )
UKKICK OK COMPTROLLER OK THE CURRENCY V
. WASHINGTON, May 1,1865. )
WHKKEAS, by satisfactory evidence presented to the
undersigned, it has been made to appear that the "First
National Bank of Athens,in the borough of Athens
in the county of Bradiord aud, State OL Pennsylvania, j
has been duly organized under and according to the re
quirements of the Act of Congress, entitled an " Act to
provide a National Currency, secured by a pledge of
united States Bonds, and to provide for the circulation
and redemption thereof'-' approved June 3, 1804, and i
uas complied with all the provisions of said Act re
quired to be complied with, before commencing the'BU.
smess of hanking under said ACT.
Now. therefore I. FBKEMAN CLARKE. Comptroller
of the CVrcucy, do hereby certify that •• The First Na- ;
ttonal Bank ot ATHENS, in the borough of Athens in '
the county of Bradford, in the Shite of Pennsylvania is
authorized to commence the business of Banking under !
the Act aforesaid.
In testimony whereof, witness my hand and seal of of- '
[L. S.] tice. this first day of May, 1865.
Comptroller of the Currency, J
rpilE EMPORIUM OF FASHION. | I
J. W. TAYLOR,
Is now receiving one of the finest assortments ~ „
nery aud Fancy Goods ever brought in the mail;,.,
Misting of all the newest styios o| Bonnet p..
Caps the new Fanthon Bonnet, the Faust g \
and Coburg Bats. Misses and Infants Hat- and s. . '
Caps. All the new colors OR Bonnet Ribbons, JJ (/
the Lake, the new shades of Green, Purple ;
A large stock of Ribbons, Trimmings and lire . j
ming.s All styles of Hoop Skirts, Duplex. Mull
and Corset Skirt. Silk Umbre.las and Paras 1,.
Linen, Hem Stitched and Embroidered Handkee
Chenelle Head Dresses and Silk Nets. A Fiue Sv .
mcnt of Kid Gloves, French Corsets, Plain Lin.,. ,
broidered and Valencia Collars, Linen Thread
Smyrna Edging, Dimity Band, and Baffling, Emir
ing and Tucked Edgings. A good assortment oi i,
and Hosiery. Black Silk Mitts. Yankee Notions, v.
Beits and Belt Buckles, Hair aud Clothes Brush.. \
and Fancy Combs. All colors Zephyrs. "
Bonnets and Ha's trimmed in the very lait-t v
York styles. Millinery Work done on short not
warranted to please. Bonnets and Hats shaped ii.
New Style, Ac.
N. B.—l have added to my stock a nine liner,; , £
j Goods. Prints, Delaines, Cballis, Black ami Co
j Alapaccas. All Wool Delaines, Gingham Bleached V
lin. Plain and Plaid Nansook, Jaconets. A full
| Swiss, Mull, Bobinett I .aces, Black and White!',.
Lace, Black, Black and White Dolled Lace, and a.
many olhoi things too numerous to mention,one .
| north of t'owics A L'o.'s Book Store, and iippou.
Court House, Towanda. May 1, K
gPR IX G ! SPRIN G ! KPRIV
180 5 .
I'll ICES N O IF 't TIII A
TU E RE A C// O E A L
T R A C Y A M 0 0 R E,
Are now opening a
FINE STOCK OF SPRING GOoL
Incltiding a handsome variety of
DRESS GOODS, SPRING SHAWL
FAN CY GOODS A X 0 TIO X -
A Good Stock ot
PRINTS, DOMESTICS, CARPETIW.a
LADIES' AXI) GENT S H ATS
GROCERIES, BOOTS AND SHOE-,
April 10. CROCKERY, HARDWARE. A
; TILLAGE PROPERTY FOR -
The subscriber oilers for sale his house an 1 I t '
ted on the corner of Second and Elizabeth str> '
boiough of Towanda. The House is a large • s
house, with basement, near Iv new and in con:; .re
pair. It would answer admirably for two iamiiif. .
lot is a corner one, well fenced, htviug a large
of thrifty fruit trees upon it. There is uiu,
j ises a tine well of soft water. This property it
j the most eligible in the borough. Term, m.i i
March 25. 1*65. PHILIP SEEBh :
jPOR RE X T !
A good Country Tavern stand, with ale '
five acres of land attached, is being fitted up::,
order and will he re.ftly to occupy by the in
the improvements will he so far advanced a:•>
parties to live in the bouse by he first of April- 1
is two nrcharns, and two barns ou the pia e. -
for the rent required.
For terms apply to the subscriber, box lsp . 1'
phia, or P. D. Morrow Esq., Towanda.Bradt-ri -'
March 20, 1865. E. REF.D MY
I"y ALU ABLE FARM FOR SALE!
; The undersigned offers his Farm for sale, .
about 110 acres; about 70 acres improved : iais"
good state ot cultivation ; large Dwelling 11 .-e •
J tenement houses ; barns, and outhouses oi.ill's-- .
saw mill, wagon shop, tannery and tobacco factor* )
in good repair. Situate in Wyalusing town-hip
W yaliising creek, one mile from the river. Cfciit.tr
and schools close by. For terms, Ac., enquiu
owner, J. T. STALKOUII, on the farm, or to
H. B. M'KKt>•
March 27. 18C5. Towanda. ft
P O R S A L E !
A good Dwellin House and Barn, situate i i
Borough, enquire ot
Towanda. March 20. '65. JOHN X. CALL'
JgAGLE HOTEL IN TOWANDA,
Location, on the south side of the Square, bv the Pre
terian Church. Apply to W. A. PECK, office 1
Block, north side of Square. May I s . 1-
Business STAND, HOUSES A
FOR SALE.—The subscriber otters for -ah the
lowing property, located in Wyalusiug. on the
stage route leading to Towanda, Montrose and Timk
noon, and about one mile from the Canal, consist:!'.'
lots containing about six acres of good land,with t; i in
valuable fruit trees growing upon the same. t 0
ing houses, one barn, and a commodins wagon -
sufficiently large for carrying on the branches ot 1 -
riagc Making. The stand is a good one for the io.it. 1
ture and sale of Carriage work. As a place ot rc
the situation of this property is desirable, t* n•-
venient to good schools and churches, and in the
of a flouisbing community. Said property cau • •
on reasonable terms. For farther particulars esil
the subscriber on the premises or by letter.
H. S. CLARK
Wyalusing. Bradford Co., May 3, 1565.
TRAVELLERS i RSURA NCE < jompast
Hartford, Conn. Capital. 500.000. Insures**<
Accidents of every description. General Accident 1' ■
cies tor five hntdred dollars, with #3 per week nipt
sation. can he had tor $3 per annum or any nth- E5
between SSOO and slo,oooat proportionate rites
Ten Dollars Premium secures' a policy for s2.o;' u
$lO per week compensation for all and every d<- n;-'
of accident—traveling or otherwise—under a tlrW*
Accident Policy, at the Ordinary Rate.
Thirty Dollars Premium secures a full IK'!: ), '
$5,Q00 or, $25 per week compensation, as above,at
FOHEION RlSKS —Policies issued for Foreign. WK
dies, aud California Travel. Bates can be learuN 1
application to the Office or agencies.
SHORT TIMK TICXF.TS.— Arrangements are in n ,ur<
completion by which the traveler will be aide to f : ,
chase, at any Railway Ticket Office, Insurance Tutf
tor one or thirty days' travel. Ten cents will buya '
et for one day's travel, insuring $2,000, or sls ■
compensation. Ticket Policies inav he had lor J," 4 '
12 months in the same manner. . u
Hazardous Risks taken at Hazardous Rate-. ,
ical Examination required. Policies written bj-
policies for SIO,OOO, and for 5 years can be had by
plication to the Home Office " u
DIRECTORS. —Gustavos F. Davis, \V. H. D. CaqO. 11 .
Jas. L. Howard, Thomas Belknap. Jr., Charles "n-
Cornelius B.Erwin. Hugh Harrison, George 'Y jA
Jonathan B. Bunco, Geo. VV. Moore. Marshall •" 1
Ebenezer Rolierts. . ,
J. G. BATTEKSON. Pre-'v"'"
RODNEY DENNIS, Secretary.
G. F. DAVIS. Vice Psesident. .
HENRY A. DYER. General Ace"-
<9"C. S. RUSSELL, Agent, Towanda. Pa