Newspaper Page Text
NEWS PROM ALL NATIONS,
The MbanV Evetiing Journal tell the fol
lowing story of Ben Wood. He began a suit against
a creditor in California. The defendant's counsel
moved that, before the court proceeded further,
Wood, under the laws of the State, should be re
quired to take the oath of allegiance. The notice
was sent to him, but be indignantly refused to
take the oath, and the suit was thrown out of ocurt.
—At a ball at Konigsberg, in Prussia,
recently, a young lady suddenly fainted, and it was
afterwards assertained by the doctor who was called
upon to render aid, that lier indisposition arose
from the presence of arsenic in some green orna
ments in her hair, and in the trimmings of her
dress, which were of the same eolor.
—Commissioner Lewis decides that when
the acknowledgment of a sum of money or a
debt due is contained in a letter, snch letter is a
valid legal receipt for the money, and if the amount
exceeds S2O, it requires a stamp of two cents.
—Sorghum is now cultivated to a con
siderable extent in Orange county, New York. The
best cultivated plants yielded about three hun
dred gallons of syrup per acre, worth now $1 25
—lt is stated that loyal members of the
Presbyterian Church in New Orleans, La., have de
termined upoojthe appointment of pastors who are
in connection with the church north.
—A Federal force of cavalry and infantry
is reported to he moving up the Chowan river, in
North Carolina, in the direction of Wilmington.
—The rebel gunboats have all returned
up the James river. There is now gunboat and
iron-clad force sufficient to take care of a repetition
of the expedition.
—At Savannah a public meeting has
called by the city government, to give expression
to the thanks of the community for the liberality
shown them by their northern friends. General
I Irover succeeds General Geary in command of the
—The steamer Eclipse exploded her boil
er oft' Jobnsonville, Tenn., on Friday morning.—
Thirty-six persons were killed, or are missing, and
sixty-nine were wounded.
—Valley Station, X. T., was attacked on
Saturday by a band of Indians, who ran off 650
head of cattle and burned a hundred tons of gov
ernment hay. Twelve Indians were killed in a
three hours' engagement with a party of C. S.
Salvador and Nicaragua are greatly of
fended at Costa Rica for hating given Gen.
Barrios, ex-President of Salvador, an asylum, and
have entered protests against the act.
—Aii order was issued by Major General
Meade, on the 24 th inst., providing for furloughs
to such enlisted men as distinguished themselves
by soldierly conduct.
Rebel papers of the 2i)th contain par
ticulars of the raid attempted by the vessels in the
James river, which accord substantially with pre
vious reports. They state that measures are being
taken to burn the cotton in North and South Car
olina and Georgia, which may be in danger of cap
ture. They report that the fleet has left Wilming
ton. and that some of the troops have disappeared.
Fort Anderson is thought to he threatened.
—The blockade runner Blenheim, with a
valuable cargo, was captured on the night of the
21th. in Cape Fear "river, from Nassau.
—Eleven thousand dollars have already
been subscribed in Boston for a monument to Ed
—A disease of an unusual character pre
vails in Lykenstown and Wiconisco. Dauphin coun
ty, Pa. Thus far every case has baffled the phy
sicians, and it seems they do not fully understand
how to treat the patients, who, being seized with
convulsions, generally die in less than twenty-four
hours. Kpottd fever is the term used by the peo
ple in speaking of the disease, but this may not be
the proper title.
—A correspondent of the Montreal Ga
zette says that the ports of ( ; ana<lu are in a state
of blockade. Windsor, Toronto, Hamilton, Kings
ton aiul Montreal. areas effectually blockaded by
tht passport system of President Lincoln as they
possibly could be by the gunboat system, should
those gunboats ever be built.
• —As some workmen were engaged on
Friday in the old Indian Queen Hotel, on First st.,
south Boston, the full skeleton of a man was found
secreted in a panelled closet. The Indian Queen
was formerly a celebrated place for fish suppers in
the summer time.
—The gift of fifty-one thousand dollars
in government bonds to Vice Admiral l'arvagut has
been completed by placing the bonds in his hands,
and transmitting to him the letter of presentation,
inclosed in a beautiful morocco ease.
—A convention of publishers, the pur
pose of which is to take measures for securing the
ii peal of the duty on paper, has been called to
meet in Harrishnrg on the '.Hli of February.
—The Vice President elect, Andy John
son. will leave Nashville for the National Capitol
at the beginning of February, and on his tour, visit
some of the Western. Middle and Eastern states.
—Gen. Butler has humorously suggested
an epitajdi for himself, as follows: "Died, at
Fortress .Monroe, on the 17th inst., the military
career ot Major General 15. F. Butler, of malignant
attack of the regular army."
—Mr. Andrew Shuman, formerly of Lan
caster. Pa., and now editor of the. Chicago Journal,
has been sent to the Illinois State Penitentiary rs
A telegraph message was sent, a few
since, from City Point to Chattanooga with hut a
single repetition, and that at Pittsbiu'g. The dis
tance is ulrout two thousand miles.
In the Canadian Parliament, 011 Wed
nesday night, a bill for the prevention and suppres
sion-of outrages on the frontier, and the manufac
ture and shipment of arms for unlawful purposes,
A young lady named Mary Harris, of
Chicago, deliberately shot one of the clerks in the
Treasury Department, for alleged betrayal. She
was arrested. The clerk's name was Burrows.
—A motion was made in Congress to in
crease the pay of member* from S3OOO to SSOOO
per annum. Our State Legislature is also consid
ering the increase of member's salaries front £7 to
*l-J per diem."
-It is said that there is a pretty lively
♦ migration of noted llebels from Montreal, in con
sequence of tlie course of the Canadian (Vovern
ment in regard to raids.
—The bonds stolen from the Crawford
(Pa.) County Bank have been recovered, and the
thief is in custody.
—Since 18n2, the French Government
has expended $45,000,000 upon public improve
ments iu Paris.
The Goiioes Falls are itow covered with
a solid sheet of ice, and present a very beautiful
—A Roanoke Island letter states that a
large number of Union prisoners have been added
io those at SaLsbnrv, where the brutal treatment
and starvation are increasing.
—The reports of the complete disorgan
ization of Price's army are continued by authentic
tialveston advice* received at Cincinnati. It is
without clothing, arm*, food and forage. HWKIS
arm \ is believed to be in I*o little better condition.
To wanda, Thursday, February 9, 1865.
PKACE NKCiOTI I I lOVS.
The country has been agitated, during
the past week, by the arrival of Rebel En
voys at Fortress Monroe, and their confer
| once with Secretary SEWARD and President
LINCOLN. This conference does not appear
to have produced any results looking tow
ards Peace, but only the confirmation of the
belief already entertained by the country
that the only road to a suppression of the
Rebellion lies in a vigorous prosecution of
In another column, will be found several
despatches in regard to the matter, and al
! so articles from the Tribune and the Wash
| ington Chronicle.
In the X. Y. Tribune of .Tan. 3d. the fid
lowing is published :
| "In other words :We believe that our govern
ment might, by paying $100,000,000 as premiums
! on loans, have saved double the amount in the
| shape of inflated priees for the flour, corn, pork,
; beef, ships, locomotives, &c., A*c.. required for the
; prosecution of the war.
"Can we he mistaken on this point? Would it
| not be better to sell short Five jar cents at 00, or
i even 80, and pay $5 per barrel for corn meal, $H to
; $0 for flour. sls to S2O per ton for hay, than sell
j those same bonds at par, and pay 25 to 50 per cent, i
: more for every thing eaten, worn, or otherwise con- j
! sumcd by our soldiers and sailors ?
" The only objection we have seen or can iniag- ;
! ine to this view of the ease, imports that capital- !
I ists and bond-holders, lack the requisite discern- j
ment to perceive that sloo,l*oo of Ten-Forties, sel- >
ling at 30 with gold at a premium of 30, are of j
greater actual value, than the same amount selling ■
at 103 with gold at a premium of 90 to 120. it ;
capitalists are idiots, or infants, then it may be |
well to amuse them with rattles and Chinese masks ; j
hut if they are rational Wings let us treat them ae- ;
Now, it is very certain that capitalists, |
generally, are shrewd men ; that of all nth- j
er classes they are the fartherest removed j
from idiocy and infancy. And another
thing is equally certain* and that is, that
this class of people seldom allow a chance
to slip by unimproved, that is calculated to
enhance the value of the property they hold.
In view then of these two considerations,
why is it that the government, capitalists
and bond-holders, do not adopt the Tribune's
expedient? For, it is very certain that if
this project will work, the government,cap
italists, and bond-holders, will realize mil
lions by carrying it into effect. Why then,
we repeat, is it not done? The Tribune j
says, because they are idiots or infants.— j
But no one believes that the managers of
our finances, the capitalists and bond-hold
ers of the country, are any such thing.—
What then is the inference ? Why, that
the Tribune's scheme is a vagary.
To us it appears absurd to suppose that
a premium of any amount given by the gov
ernment on the sale of bonds, would bring I
about a specie standard in the price of com
modities. Yet this is the assumption the j
Tribune speculates on. Does the writer of j
this article presume to say, that dealers in
jroverimient securities will buy them, and i
. , |
pay in gold at a price below the market j
value of that article? In other words : j
Will A. buy government bonds and pay
eighty cents in gold for them, when he will I
have to give one dollar and sixty cents for !
the eighty cents in gold, merely because
the government gives him twenty cents pre- j
niiiim ? On each dollar's worth purchased j
in this way A. loses sixty cents—quite a i
temptation for a capitalist—and yet the j
Tribune sets him down as an idiot or an in- j
fant, if he does not do it. Marvelous finan- j
eial reasoning this. If the Tribune has any :
plan by which it can sell one hundred mil
lions of dollar's worth of government bonds ;
at the rate of eighty cents in gold, why !
does it not give the modus operandi. It'
will secure tin lasting gratitude of the
American people by telling how flour, corn, !
pork, beef, clothing, horses, wagons, loco-!
motives, ships, in short, all commodities, '
which the government,and people consume, j
can be had at one-fourth, or one-half less |
than their present value. Or, why does !
not the writer of this article operate upon
the scheme? He can make himself tire
richest man in America in a short time,if he
knows a process by which a specie valua
tion can be reached for all commodities, by
giving twenty cents premium on each dol
lar's worth of government bonds sold. But
the whole thing is too preposterous to en
tertain, and we are surprised that a sheet
of so rruch reputation, should be guilty of
uttering such nonsense
We have but one object in view in notic
ing tiiis attack of the Tribune on the finan
cial policy of the administration, and that
was to put the friends of the government j
on their guard. In conducting a heavy, and
a long war, a government generally fails j
first in her finances, and ours has been al
ready severely tried in this particular. And
we have too, many journals, writers, and
orators, who, from a wanton purpose to in
jure, are eternally harping over the bad
management of the federal finances. T
bear up against this is enough,without hav
ing those pretending to be friendly, jibing
it on this score, into the bargain. Besides,
the Tribune claims to be guided by intelli
gence on this, as on other subjects. But,
in the present instance there is a wonder
ful absence of this quality. Indeed, so
much so, that rankling bitterness is made
but too apparent, as being at the bottom of
this bungling assault upon the government
financial policy ; and it is this which com
pletely destroys its efforts.
The crew of the rebel pirate Florida, seiz
ed in Bahia Bay by thel'nited States steam
er Wachusett, and accidentally sunk in
James river, Virginia, have been released
by the government from eonfinment in Fort
Warren, Boston harbor. They number
abuijt thirty men. They were taken from
the fot and placed on board the British
steamer Canada, on which they sailed for
Halifax or Liverpool on last Wednesday.
A Union gunboat lately made a reconnois
sance up the Bed River as far as the month
of Black River, and dispersed a Rebel camp,
the only force of the enemy discovered.
Our writers on tlu; eunviicy contend tlt.U
I the government can borrow money on fail'
I terms so long as we can raise taxes suffi
-1 cient to inert accruing interest, but that she
: cannot issue Treasury Notes without innn•-
1 ring ruin. This has always been an inex
plicable anomaly to us. For any sensible
I man will ask.what is the difference between
| borrowing money from the people, and ask
! ing these same people to take Treasury
1 Notes on trust? Or, in other words : Why
I should giving notes, ruin a man sooner,than
borrowing to the same extent ?
The proof which is relied on to sustain
j this positive contradiction, is drawn, first,
' from the failure of our Continental currency,
! secondly, from the failure of the Assignats
and Mandates of the French republic, and
thirdly, from the failure of the Confederate
issues. But the surroundings of these meas
ures were so entirely different from the cir
cumstances which attend the issue of our
Treasury Notes, that there fails to be any
i resemblance between them. The proverbial
' poverty of the I nited Colonies, when they
were forced to create paper money, to meet
the immediate, pressing expenses incident
to the Revolutionary struggle, made it pal
i pahle that they could not be redeemed; and
J owing, partly to the inadequacy of the Ar
ticles of Confederation, and partly to the
unwilligness of the people to be taxed, this
usual way of meeting a nation's indebted
ness, could not be resorted to. Besides, as
a confederation no money had been coined,
and the paper issued was to be redeemed
by Spanish milled dollars, and how could
these be imported in sufficient, qualities,
with our limited exports, and when the
trilling commerce we had, was driven from
the ocean by the English ? Our own peo
ple had little money to lend to the govern
ment, and we were so despised, and our
cause was so hated in Europe by the 111011-
i ied influence, that we could borrow none
I there. The trilling loans affected by Dr.
J FRANK i.ix, in Holland and Paris, was done
j through the French King, who became se
' euritv for their re payment; and he did this,
not of good will towards us, but from a
wish to injure England. The Continental
Currency, therefore, was issued because
we were too poor to borrow, and as a se
quence, was worthless from the same cause.
That too, which had a preponderating effect
' in weakening us before the eyes of the
world, and destroying any credit we might
have had, was the great uncertainty of the
contest we were engaged in with the strong
est. military power then extant. We were
too weak to excite even a hope of success
away from our own immediate borders,anil
how could the paper, or bills of credit emit
ted in such an apparent hopeless conflict,be
worth anything ? ilow then, does this state
of things compare with the circumstances
under which our present Treasury Notes
are put forth ? We are stable enough as i
government, we are rich enough, and in
good credit enough, to borrow all we need;
and for this very reason, we urge, strong
enough to issue Treasury Notes to the
whole amount of our present, and expected
And how was it with the Assignats and
Mandates of the French Revolution? France
was bankrupt to the last degree, and un
able longer to borrow, issqed this paper to
meet pressing exigencies ; and whilst it is
known that this paper did pass, and the ar
mies were equipped and sustained, and
even France delivered by t, yet, looking
at it now, il is amazing that they could lie
circulated to any extent among a business
community. For the face of them indicates
fraud. They read thus : " National Do
mains—Assignat of one hundred francs."
Does this bill of one hundred francs, pro
pose to pay to any body anything? Cer
tainly not. And still, marvelous to relate, I
forty thousand millions of this fraudulent
paper and three thousand millions of the j
Mandates, were put out. 'flie latter had
no more intrinsic value than the former,and
sank to utter worthlessness much sooner.
It was'the arbitrary violence of Robespierre
which forced this money upon the community.
Nothing less than this could possibly have
induced the French people to-receive it in
exchange for goods, and other property.—
When we look at the almost fabulous
amount of this issue of paper money, and
the condition of the country whence iteine
nated, it seems singular that any one in
any way familiar with the condition of our
country, should attempt a comparison, and
infer an argument from it in favor of bor
rowing money, and against issuing Treas
ury Notes. Our whole present public debt
is less than one-fourth of the amount of the
Assignats and -Mandates of the French re
public ; and at the time of the first issue of
this paper, France was without credit at
home and abroad, even under its King, and
the government which followed, the most
abhorent, despised, and feared, of all earth's
wicked despotisms, had no means left but
to create worthless paper and force the peo
ple to take it. To compare this fraudulent
money, with that issued by our government,
is like comparing the warrant which the
captain of free-hooters issued to give to
their men, to authorize them to lob and
plunder, in some localities,with a promising
note of STEPHEN GIRAUD. The most infamous
and lawless desperadoes mankind ever
heard of, took possession of the French gov
ernment, and the political fabric which
they created was as destitute of character,
of integrity, of stability, as its authors were
of reason and humanity, and because the
paper money emenating from this combina
tion of vile cut-tin oats,was worthless,there
fore, that issued by the United States, a
government of more character, more abun
dant resources, and a more thrifty, and a
better population, than any now on the
globe, must also prove worthless. \\ ell. if
this is not a strange method of reasoning,
we are at a loss to conceive what is.
Then how mijel. better in the phases it
presents as a nationality, haying for its ob
ject the elevation, and amelioration of the
human race, by civilizing and humanitaririi
processes, is the Rebel Confederacy above I
the French republic? If the former has
an_\ advantages orbr the latter, in any par
ticitlar, we fail to recognize them. hi one
particular the French adventurers had a de
. i cided advautagc. and thill ws in their mil
. itary career ; and inasniuch as both de
pended on their armies for national exis
tence, ROBESPIERRE and his gang were ahead
of JEFFERSON* Davis and his coadjutors. Why
then should the paper money issued by the
one be any better that that emenatingfrom
< the other '( Both, were from the beginning,
alike destitute of public confidence, the
soul of national existence. Both were
without commerce, the right arm of a mi
llion's bulwark. Both were without inter
nal, and external, resources, the arteries
through which a nation's life pulsates. Both
resorted to the most execrable means to de
stroy an old government, with the view of
erecting on its ruins, a new ore. The one
! failed signally, and the other is giving 0111-
i inous tokens of coming dissolution. What
then should make the paper money of the
' Rebel Confederacy any better than that of
the French republic? It is no better, and
both are alike worthless as illustrations of
the inutility of national paper money. More
\ \ ATH KM I MA IS AV A Tll A.
Among the votes in favor of the Consti
tutional Amendment in the House,were the
names of .Messrs. MCAI.MSTKR and ' OFKROTII,
of this State. I lie I'alf iol <///</ L nina, thus
howls with rage at the recreancy of these
two Democratic Congressmen. Our readers
may see in this article, what that paper
considers as falling away from the Demo
cratic faith :
In the proceedings of the touted States House
of Representatives yesterday, we find the following
brief report the Slavery Constitutional Amend
ment being under discussion :
••Air. McAllister (Pa. Democrat) said on a for
mer occasion lie voted against the measure. Sat
isfied that the Southerners will he satisfied with
nothing short of independence, he should now vote
for it, and declare eternal war against the enemies
of his country.
"Mr. Coffroth (Pa.) spoke in favor of the amend
ment. and argued the powerof Congress. He gave
his vote as a Democrat, and would consistently
stand l>y the organization of his party.'
We me astounded at this -not so much, however,
in the ease of Archibald McAllister -as in that of
Alexander H. Coffroth ; the former having been,
from his first induction into legislative honors, of a
milk-and-water consistency politically, and who has
so long see-sawed between two opinions that the
poor creature probably scarcely knows what he is.
where he came from, or what he is at present doing,
And yet we ought not to lie astonished at the po
litical defection of Coffroth, either ; more especi
ally as several days ago it was intimated in our
Washington correspondence that the stool-pigeon
was wavering on Ins perch, ready at any moment
to take his anxious flight to the well filled feed
troughs of the shoddy dovecote. The Democratic
constituency of Bedford, Fulton and Somerset,
thus betrayed, and the public in general, will need
but little explanation of Cotfroth's treason to the
principles upon which he was elevated beyond his
merits. He is involved in a contest for a second
term in the seat which he has disgraced, and it de
pends upon the shoddy membership whether lie
shall lie successful. It needs no casuist to show
that, to secure another term in Congress, he has
sold himself and betrayed his party and its princi
ples. To help his cause in that contest We have
devoted time and space in his service. We hope
(tod and Democracy will forgive us for that mis
take—ay. that almost eriiiie! We did not know nor
suspect that he was clutching his price in his hand,
or the party that now owns him might have settled
the dispute between its cormorants and stool-pig
eons for all we should have eared.
We have not yet seen a report of Cotfroth's
"speech'' on this occasion. When we do, we
shall have more to say on the subject. It will be
seen that "he gave his vote as a Democrat, and
would consistently stand by the organization.
, This has been the cant of every scoundrel who has
sold himself to shoddy siuee the war commenced.
It is not for such mediocre men as Aleck Cofl'rotli
to make landmarks and form principles for the
Democratic party. When sueli as he get out of the
beaten track, tiny are out—not the party. He gave
his vote to shoddy "as a Democrat!'" I 'ray, how
does a democrat cast a shoddy vote? He "would
consistently stand by the organization of his par
ty." Ifis party is now the shoddy party 110 other.
If he means to stand by that, let him stand, and
draw his pay, and roll in corruption, and cover
himself with everlasting infamy to his everlasting
gratification ; but let him never essay to claim fra
ternity with the Democratic organization, to whose
principles he has dealt this most insidious and
cowardly blow. Democracy will not claim him :
his constituency will scorn hiin ; the lovers of the
Constitution will class him among the base traitors
to T'nion, fo constitutional guarantees, and to the
great, best interests of the poor white masses of
the North. Do to, thou vainest, frailest and most
deceitful of time-servers!
TIIK ( OASTITI TIOA AMKVOMKNT.
Tlie exciting; scenes occurring' upon t lit*
passage of the bill providing for the amend
ment of the constitution, forever wiping
out the foul disgrace of Slavery, are graph
ically portrayed in the letter of our Wash
ington correspondent. The country rejoices
in the prospect of its regeneration from the
incubus which has so heavily weighed up
on its prosperity
It will require tlie assent of twenty-sev
en States to ratify the Constitutional amend
ment prohibiting Slavery within the Tinted
States. States not voting as effectively
negative the amendment as if they voted
against it, so that the fact that certain
States are in rebellion does not alter the
result. We require the absolute assent of
three-fourths of all the States. The States
that may be counted <>n as certainly voting
for the amendment are the following names:
New Hampshire Michigan,
Rhode Island, Missouri,
New York, Kansas,
Maryland. . Oregon,
Indiana. West Virginia.
In all twenty-two. New Jersey, Dela
ware and Kentucky are doubtful. We
think, however, that both New Jersey and
Kentucky will finally give their consent.—
If the present Legislature of Delaware re
fuses to do so, as it possibly will, the peo
ple will next year elect those who will do
it. The vote of the reconstructed States
of Tennessee, Arkansas and Louisiana may
be counted on with certainty, and will set
tle tlie question. No time is fixed by the
Constitution within which the ratification
must take place, the votes of the States
being valid whenever east.
FORTRESS MONROE, Februarys. -The steam
er Governor Chase arrived here last even
ing from Fort Fisher, North Carolina, with
the mails and despatches from our army
operating against Wilmington, North Car
olina. Nothing new had occured in the
movements of Major-General Terry's army.
The steamer George Leara,Captain Item
ing-, arrived here to-day from Hilton Head,
S.C., with Major Anderson, bearer of impor
tant despatches from Major-General Sher
Sherman's forces were still advancing
victoriously into the very heart of South
Carolina, with every prospect of striking a
disastrous blow on the rebel forces concen
trated in the vicinity of Charleston, S. C.
Fit 0 M WA SH TNG TON.
WASHINGTON, C., Jan. :ti, iSC>S.
I'll! ('onstitntioual Amendment, abolishing Shi
veiy evermore in ILtix government, passed the House
of Representatives this afternoon at 4 o'clock.
„ It having been several days since announced
that the final vote would lie taken to-day, an eager
throng of spectators assembled early, and filled the
galleries to overflowing, and an unusual number
were admitted through courtesy, to the floor of the
; House ; and before the final vote was taken, both
I the Hall of the House, and the galleries became
literally packed. Among the throng on tin 1 floor
of the House, I saw members of the Cabinet.
Judges of the Supreme Court, and Court of Claims,
many of the Senators, and a number of the new
members elect to the next Congress. The member
elect to the next Congress from your District, Hon.
1 . AD.RC T'LI, 1 noticed was present, watching the
proceedings with intense interest?
\\ lull the final question " Shall the joint resolu
tion now pass was announced by the Steakcr as
the issue, the Clerk proceeded to call the roll amid
almost breathless stillness, only broken by the re
i spouse of the members, and the result was as fol
i lows :
Alloy, rep. of Mass. King, opp., of Mo.
Allison, rep. of lowa. Knox, rep., of Mo.
Ames, rep., of Mass. Littlejohn, rep., of X. V.
Anderson, rep., of Kv. Loan, rep., of Mo.
Arnold, rep., of 111. Longyear, rep., of Mich.
, Ashley, rep., of Ohio. Marvin, rep., of N. Y.
Bailey. opp., of Pa. McAllister, opp., of Pa.
Baldwin, A.('.,opp. Mieh.Mcßride, lep., of Oregon.
Baldwin, J. D.,rep., Mass.McClurg, rep., of Mo.
Baxter, rep., of Vt. Melndoe, rep., of Wis.
Beaman, rep., of Mich. Miller', repp., of N. V.
Blame, rep., of Me. Moon-head, rep., of Pa.
Blair, rep., of W. Ya. Morrill. Ilep., of Vt.
Blow, rep., of Mo. Morris, rep., of N. Y.
. Bout well, rep., of Mass. Mycin, A., rep., of Pa.
Boyd, rep., of Mo. Myers, L., rep,, of Pa.
Braudegei-.rep.,of Conn. Nelson, opp., ofN. V.
Broomnil, rep., of Pa. Norton, rep., of 111.
Brown, rep., of W. Ya. Odell. opp., N. Y.
Clark, A.W., rep. N. Y. O'Neill, rep., of Pa.
Clarke,Freeman,rep.N.Y.Orth, rep., of Ind.
Cobb, reji., Wis. Patterson, rep., ofN. IJ.
Cofl'rotli, opp., of Pa. Pcrham, rep., of Me.
' Colfax, rep., of Ind. like, rep., of Me.
Cole, rep., ofCuL Pomeroy, rep., ofN. Y.
Creswcl], rep., of Md. Price, rep., of lowa.
Davis, 11. W. lep., Aid. Radford, opp., ofN. Y.
Davis, T. T., rep., X. Randall, rep., of Kv.
Dawes, rep., of Mass. Rice, A. 11., rep., Mass.
Doming, rep., of Colin. Rice, J. 11., rep., Me.
Dixon, rep., of K. I. Rollins, E. H., rep., N. H.
Donnelly, rep., of Minn. Rollins, J. S., opp., Mo.
Driggs. rep., of Mich. Kolienek, rep., of Ohio.
Diunont, r<-p., of Ind. Schofield, rep., of Pa.
Bi-kley, reji., of Ohio. Shannon, rep., of Cal.
Eliot, rep., of Mass. Sloan, rep., of Wis.
English, opp., of Conn. Smith, rep., of Kv.
Farnsworth, rep., of 111. Smitliers. rep., of Del.
Frank, rep., of N. Y. Spaulding, rep., of Oliio.
Oanson, opp., ol N. V. Starr, lep., ofN. J.
Garfield, lej)., of Ohio. Sreele, opp., ofN. Y.
Gooeh. rep., of Alass. Stevens, rep., of Pa.
Grinnell, rep., of lowa. Thayer, rep., of Pa.
Griswold, opji., ofN. V. Thomas, rep., of Md.
Hale, lep., of Pa. Traey, rep., of Pa.
Herriek, e]>]->., of N. A . 1 jison, rep., of Alicli.
Iligbv. reji.. of Cal. Van Vnlkeiiburg, rep., of
Hooper, rep., of Alass, N. A'.
Ilotehkiss, rep., ofN. Y. Washbnrne, rep., of I'll.
Hubbard. A. \\ ..rep.lowa. W ashburn, lep.,. Muss.
Hubbard.J. 11.. rep. .Conn. AVebster, rep., of Md.
Hulburd, n j)., ofN. Y. AVlialey, rep.. West Ya.
Hutehins. opp., ot Ohio. Wheeler, opp.. of Wis.
Ingersoll. re])., of 111. Williams, rep., of Pa.
Jeuekes, rep., of 11. I. Wilder, rep., of Kansas.
Julian, rep., of Ind. Wilson, rep., of lowa.
Kassou, rep., of lowa. AViudom, re])., of Minn.
Kellev, rep., ot Pa. Wood bridge, raj)., of Vt.
Kellogg,l-. \\ ..rep.. Aiieli. Wortliington. re p., Nev.
Kellogg, (>.. rep., N. A. Aeuman, opp,, of Ky.
Allen. J. opp„ ot 111. Law, opp.. of Ind.
Allen. W. J., opj)..of 111. Long, opp., of Ohio.
Aneona, opp., of Pa. Alallory. opp., Kv.
Bliss, opp., ot Ohio. Miller, AY. 11., op]).. Pa.
Brook's, opp., ofN. V. Morris, -t. E., rep., Ohio.
Brown. J. S., >])]).. Wis. Morrison, opp.. of 111.
Ciiatiler. o])]).. ofN. A". Noble. <>pp., of Ohio.
Clay, rej).. of Ky. O'Neill, J., opp., Ohio.
Ci-\. opp., pf Ohio. Tendlcton, opp.. Ohio.
Cravens, opp., of Tud. Perry, opj).. ofN. J.
Dawson, oppr. of Pa. Pruyn, t ■])]., ot'N. Y.
P. unison, opp.. of Pa. Randall. S. J., opp., I'a.
Eden, opp., of 111. Robinson, opj)., of 111.
Edgerton. opp., of Ind. Boss, opp., of 111.
Eldiidge, . f>j>.. .-f Wi -. Seott, opp.. of Mo.
Finek. o])]>.. of Ohio. Steele, AY. G., opp., N.J.
Glider. o[ip., of Ky. Stib-s. o]ip.. of j'a.
Hull, ojip., of AIo. Strouse, opp., of Pa.
Harding, opp., of Ky. Stuart, opp., oi 111.
Harrington, opp., of Iml. Sweat, opp., of Ale.
Harris, B. G.. opp.. Md, Town send. opp.. ofN.A".
Harris, ('. Al.. < pp.. ill. AYadsworth, opp., of Ky.
Holman, op])., of Ind. Ward. opp.. ofN. A'.
Johnson. I'., opp.. I'a. White, C. A., opp., Ohio.
Johnson. AY., opp., Ohio. White, J.W., opj)., Ohio.
Kalbfleisch, opp... N. A'. AYinfield. opj).. ot'N. A".
Kernnu. o]>p., N. Y. • Wood. Ben., opp., N. Y.
Kuapp, <•])]>., of 111. Wood. F., opp.. ofN. A".
. NOT VOTING.
Lazear, "Pp., Pa. MeKinney, "pp., of Ohio.
Le Blond, opp.. Ohio. Miildleton, opp.. of X". J.
.Many, opp., of X. H. Rogers, opp.. ofN. J.
McDowell, opp., of Ind Yooihees. opp., of Ind.
Total present. .. 1H:1
For amendment Hit
Against amendment . At!
Not voting S
Two-thirds of the whole Moose 122
THE VOTE IN THE SENATE.
This amendment was passed by the present Sen
ate on Friday. April s. INIPI. by a vote of 38 to <>.
The Speaker then announced in cT.ar, ringing
tones, "that on the passage of the joint resolution
to amend the Constitution of the United States, the
ayes are 1 in. the nays 5(1. The Constitutional ma
jority of two-thirds having voted iu the affirmative,
the joint resolution has passed.''
After momentary quiet, tin exultant shouts of
the vast multitude broke forth, as by an electric
shock. Language fails to depict the scene. Shout
upon shout, and cheer after c-heer. from the friends
ot free dom rung through the Hall. Never before
lias such an outburst of popular enthusiasm been
manifested on any occasion in this c ountry. The |
throng of ladies in the galleries waved their hand
kerchiefs and joined in loud huzzas. Aleii grap- 1
pled hands and congratulated one another over
this triumph of freedom.
This happy event will thrill the hi art of a nation
of freemen. Tie State Legislatures will beyond)
question, ratify this action of the representatives
of the people. AVlien this people will become a
nation of freemen by virtue of the organic law of
Truly, - Aline e yes have seen the glory of tlis
coming ot the lord. His truth is marching on.
While no member of the Union party voted with
the opposition, yet the vote cannot be considered
strictly a party one. A numla-r of Democrats lost
sight of party in their devotion to their country,
and gave their vote in favor of the Amendment :
their names are as follows :
Joseph Daily, I'eiin'a.: Augustus C. Baldwin.
Alich.; Alex. H. Coflroth, I'eiin'a.; James E. En
glish, Conn.; John Ganson, N. Y.; John A. Gris
wonhl, N. A'.: Anson Herriek. N. A'.; Wells A.
Hutehins. Ohio : J. .McAllister, lYnn'a.; Homer A.
Nelson. N. Y.; Aloses F. Odell, N. A'. ; AVm. Ead
lord, X. A.; James S. Rollins. AIo.: John B. Steel.
X". A . . Ezra Wheeler, Wis.; George 11. Yt-wium, Ky.
These men will ever be held in proud and grate
ful remembrance for tlie record they have this day
made, in contributing to make this Government
evermore a sisterhood of free Commonwealths.
ANNIVERSARY EXERCISES OF THE V. S. CHRISTIAN COM
I c annot close my letter without giving your rea
ders a short account of the Anniversary Exercises
ot the I nited States Christian Commission, which
took place in the Hall of the House of Represen
tatives on the 'ifith inst. There was present, not
less than five thousand persons : earnest, union
loving. patriotie. devoted supporters of tin* Gov
The exercises were of the most interesting char
acter, presided over by Hon. WM. H. SEWARD,'Sec
retary of State, and were commenced by the sing
ing of Bellini's Anthem " Alighty Jehovah" by the
Washington, Handel and Hayden societv.
Then followed the reading of the 2.id and 24tli
Psalms, by Rev. H. H. GRAY, of Philadelphia. Du
ring the reading, and just as the Rev. gentleman
had pronounced the 7tli verse of the 24th Pslam,
which is in these words : "Lift up your heads, O
ye gates : and be ye lifted up ye: everlasting doors ;
ami the King of glory shall come in," the Presi
dent entered the Hall at the door at the left of the j
Speakers desk, and was most cordially greeted by
I the audience by the clapping of lunula, alnl wanes
sorted to a front scat. As noon ah the audience be
came quiet, the clergyman resumed, reading the
Bth verse as follows : " Who is this King of glory •
( The land strong and mighty, the Lord mighty in
'battle." Of course this little episode was purely
accidental, but it nevertheless mused a demonstra
tion of suppressed applause on the part of the au
After the reading of the scriptures, a fervent
prayer was offered up by the Rev. S. H. <'ox. I). I),
of New York.
The presiding otii'-er, Sect, REWARD, delivered a
j short, able address, at the close of which, the
; Chairman of the Commission, GEORGE 11. SWART,
Esq., arose and gave a comprehensive statement of
the operations of the Commission. He statet! that
it Wiis represented by ministers of all the Chris
tion Churches in the United States; that, thus or
ganized, their purpose was to distribute hospital
stores, religions books, newspapers, and in fact,
everything that might be needful and useful to the
soldiers and prisoners of the armies of the Cnited
States, in the field and in the hospital. He presen
ted the following general summary of receipts and
. values for 18(14. with amounts for 1862 and 1863 ;
Cash receipts of central and branch
offices, for 18(14 $1,2'.(7.750 28
Hospital stores donated central and
branch offices, for 18(14 1,169,508 27
Publications presented central and
branch offices, for 1864. 1111,084 118
liibies and Testaments donated by
tin American llible Society. . 72.114 811
Value of volunteer delegates' service 1(10,'.120 00
Value of railroad, steamboat, and
other transportation facilities . . 10(1.7(15 00
Value of telegraph facilities, from
Maine to California 20,45(1 oo
Value of rents of warehouses and of
fices donated to the Commission 0,750 00
Fatal value for 1864 >2,882,1147 80
Total values received by the Commis
sion in 180:1 010.837 do
Total values received by the Commis
sion in 1802 . 231.250 20
Total values for 1802, 1803. 1804 . >4,030,441 80
'GENERAL SUMMARY OK WORK AND DISTRIBI TION Kol:
Boxes of hospital stores and publica
tions distributed during the year 47 103
Value of stores distributed 5i.714,201 85
Value of publications distributed. 140,574 20
Value- of stationery distributed . 24,834 71
Value of 205 chapels and chapel tents
erected during the last winter and
the present, iii the various armies 114.805 78
Copies of Bibles and Testaments and
portions of Scriptures distributed
during the year 500.50s
Copies of Hvmn and Psalm Books
distributed during the year. . 480.247
Copies of Hymn and Psalm Books
distributed during the year 4,320,070
Copies of bound library books distri
buted during the year 03,872
Copies of Magazines and pamphlets
distributed during the year ,340.530
Copies of l ,-ligi'jus, weekly, *ni
monthly newspapers distributed
during the year 7,390,758
('opes of pages of tracts 13,018,342
Copies of ••Silent Comforters," &<■ 3.001
Itch-gates commissioned duri.g the
Aggregate number of days of dele
gate service 78,809
Average number of delegates con
stantly in field during the year . . 217
Number of delegates now in field . 270
Space will not permit IUJ to give in detail the in
-1 teresting exercises of t is benevolent cliristiou or
ganization. It Could not fail to make glad the
heart of every patriot who listened to the accounts
given bv the speakers, of the good work of the
agents of the Commission, who followed like min
istering augelt in the track of the armies of the
Union, in their onward match against the rebel de
stroyers, ever present like the good Samaritan in
field tiid in hospital, to attend to those borne
wounded from the field of battle.
The exercises weir diversified, interspersed with
-. oca' an.l instrumental inusic, and many amusing
and interesting anecdotes were related by the va
rious speakers,!- iul< ring the occasion both pleasing
and entertaining, and did not close until half- last
eleven o'clock in the night. The audience lingei -
gering to that late hour perfectly delight.-d with
what they saw and heard.
My left* i is now too long, and 1 must therefore
defer other matters until -xt week.
Yours truly. < 'O.MB.
FI!0 .V // A /,' RIS B(' li G.
HAUBISBITBG, Feb. 2. 1865.
Mr. EDITOR : - The glorious news from the Na
tional Capital was received here with unconcealed
joy by all the members of one party and I have
reason to believe by at least a respectable minority
of the other, although when the ratification of the
constitutional amendment as passed by both branch
es of Congress, came in for consideration in the
Senate the democrats threw all the obstael- s in tlu
wav of their consideration they could, by appeal
ing from the decisions of the chair and arguing
long upon the points to be decided, by calls for
yeas and nays on every vote, bind by calls to or
I have no right to say or think that they were
not honest in their opposition to the decisions of
the Speaker, lint it appeared a little singular that
upon every question everv one upon that side of
the chamber voted the same way. If it wi re sim
ply a matter of opinion upon orders and rules, with
nothing back of what appeared to a bystander it
looked very strange, that every one of'the party
should think precisely as every other one of the
party thought upon all the points that were brought
II was well 1 think that points of order were dis
cussed before that grave question was to he acted
upon by the Senah. The question whether this
shall hereafter be, by its constitution, a Slave or
fn-e Nation. A question, more important in its
consequences and far reaching in its results than
any other question that has ever before been pre
sented to the Legislature of this Commonwealth.—
It was well then that every thing connected with
the action of the Legislature be strictly legal and
according to established order, so that when it is
finally done there can be no question raised as to
its legality. This appeared to be the desire of all
the members of the Senate so far as an outsider
could see and this is the most charitable way to ac
count for the votes and speeches of the democrat
ic members. We shall see how they vote when the
resolution comes up on the final passage. The bill
requiring the State to pay a bounty to volunteers
instead of having the local bounties, has called out
considerable debate which has not been of a party
Mr. DONAVAN, from Philadelphia, introduced.
Feb. 1, a resolution calling upon the Governor to
inform the Senate how much of the money receiv
ed at the Sanitary Fair, in that city, last summer,
had been given to our State troops in the service of
the Federal Government, and how much to color
ed soldiers. I suppose the Governor knows as
much about tin matter as the (juet n of England.
It does not come under his jurisdiction, neither is
he in any way authorized or required to know any
thing about how the "funds belonging to that com
mission were expended. I think any one can see
why snch a resolution was offered. There was a
motion made to indefinitely postpone the question,
the votes against the motion were all democratic
and nil democrats voted NO.
The House speut the whole session to-day in
considering the amendments, having commenced
an hour earlier than usual, for the purpose of get
ting the matter through before adjourning over till
Tuesday next. It was known the night before that
this question would be r.p at nine in the morning,
and at up early hour the Hall was well filled. The
debate was opened by Mr. BROWN, of Warren, in a
short speech in favor of the resolution ratifying
the amendments. He did not pretend to argue
the question of Slavery, but took it for granted that
all considered it a great evil and would rejoice to
know that it was abolished. His remarks were
well toned and eloquent. I will not pretend to give j
evyn a synopsis of any of the speeches, for 1 took
no notes and did not even set my mind to remem
ber the phraseology, Mr. BROWN was followed on i
the satire side by ft Well written Spec- b
WELLS, of Susquehanna, Mr. COCHRAN, of P N
Mr. MANLY, of Lycoming, and Mr. THOMAS, ofl'j,,
1 adelphia, also addressed the house on the
side. These speeches were all short. Mr. SEABIGMT
of Fayette, made the first speech ill opjHisition
the resolution, his remarks were most inh-um
( democratic according to tlm modern accoptuti ,u
: that word, but int- -rarely ftiitn-deinocratie in r<Mi-
Messrs. ROSE, of Green, BOWMAN of Cumberland
PURITY, of Northumberland, and PEBHHI.NO, of <
brin, spoke in opposition. Messrs. KHENK, of Lan
caster, ALLAM.VN, of Dauphin, GUBNSEY, of Ti
and MOOI.UBK, of Franklin, in favor of the renol
M< CI.I RK s speech was listened to by a crowd' ,
audience with almost breathless silence, except i,
two occasions, when they broke ant in applsn
j Mr. PT'RDY, on the other side, made as good
! speech as could have been expected with such a
bad cause to support. PERSUING, who usually
' speaks with great force did riot conn- up t" the e
( peetation of those who were desirous of healing
'him. He accounted for this in the opening of his
speech, by saying that he was suffering from sick
j ncss. Thf speeches ot the occasion were those of
| blows- and MCCI.I-RK, on the Republican side, and
I i RT>Y and PERSHING, on the Democratic side of the
; house, J lie discussion almost inevitably assumed
| a political turn and crimination and reoriniinati- i
! were the order of the day. No votes were mad
either for or against the resolution, for when th
! vote was taken c-verv democrat voted NO. and > v.-i
I republican voted i/cv. So the record is made
i and will stand upon the hooks of the Coniinoi,
! wealth forever, that the democrats as a body did i
1865 vote against the amendments of the eon--
ti- >ii of the United States abolishing Slav i v
think my childr en will have occasion to thank <.
: that no such record stands against my nam. \
PHE PEACE MOVEMENT.
Arrival of Rebel Envoys—lnterview with S-
Seward and Prtsident Lincoln.
The Conference an Entire Failure'
HoqEs. ARMY or THE POTOMAC. Feb. 1, 1M:
Tin; announcement that the Rebel !'•:
j Commissioners had arrived within our ii -
and had gone to Washington, although pre
mature, was not without foundation in far:
On Sunday a flag of truce appeared on t!
line near the centre, and being answer, j •
was found to be a request in pursuance .
|an understanding with Mr. Blair and G
Grant for permission to the following nam.-
gentlemen to pass to Gen.Grant's headqu. i
ters, viz : Lieut.-Col. Hatch, Asst. Ad
General and Exchange Commissioner : A!
under 11. Stephens. R. M. T. Hunter and .i
Ctl Samuel Ilarriiiiaii, th<
Ist Brigade of the Ist Division of the
: Corps, received the communication and t<>r
-1 warded it to the headquarters. Owing t >
'ion. Grunt's ahsenee from City Point i
! reply could be sent immediately, but tho
matter was referred to \\ ashington, and
after several communications had pass ( d
; between our authorities and the Commis
sioners, the permission was granted, and a
deputation consisting of Col. Babcock of
Hen. Grant's staff, Col Harriman, Col. Lydge
of Cen. Barker's staff, and Capt. Brackett
of Cen. \\ ileox's stall", were appointed t •
meet the gentlemen and escort them within
our lines. The deputation reached the a
| pointed place just before sunset yesterday
aud were soon joined by Mr. Stephens a:
his companions ; aud after a few minutes
spent in the interchange of civilities, il.t
party came within our lines, at which r. -
went the troops on both sides united in a
simultaneous cheer, which seemed to co
them greater confidence titan they had I -
They were escorted to the railroad in . -
riages, where a special train was in wait
tn convey them to City I'oint. A hug--
crowd of soldiers was here assembled, anx
ious to got a glimpse of the strangers, and
when the train started, 1 uid cheers agv
greeted them. On arriving at City Pnini
tliey were taken to Gen. Grant's headqn.
ters, where they spent the night.
Messrs. Stephens and Campbell lu'.k,
; inucli emaciated ami care-worn, but Mi
Hunter appeared to be hale and hearty,
did Col. Hatch The latter conducted the n
gotiations in his usual agreeable and ha;.;
The only allusion made to our difficult--
j was the hope expressed by Mr. Stephens '
Col. llarr iman, on bidding him good in.
that tliey would soon meet under happic
The following article is from the \Yai.
ington Chronicle of Feb. .*!d. It is suppose
to have particular significance from th
friendly relations of FORNEY with the l'rcsi
dent, and the seini-oflicial character of tin
It is a fact that, whenever occasion offers
the two armies, Union and Confederal'',
fraternize with peculiar enthusiasm. Wh\
lis this? Is it not because they are of tin
same blood ? Is it not because they havi
fouulit on the same battle-fields? Ami -■
not this manifestation an e.rhibition of thr,
mutual th'rot ton to thr old Hag I Thus w>
find in Thr Rwhmuntl Senlinat, of the 31s:
of January, that "when Messrs, Stephen-.
Hunter and Campbell passed through our
lines on their way to Washington, tin
shouting along the lines was prolonged and
enthusiastic." And again: "Once before
the acclamations of the army were united.
W hen they lay confronted at Frederick
burg, a fine military baud played, in succes
sion, ankee Hoodie," "Dixie," and othr.
national airs. These were appropriately
responded to by the two armies alternately
but when the band struck up 'Home. Sweet
Home,' the opposing camps forgot theii
hostilities, and united in vociferous tribut*
to the common sentiment." And what i
tliis common sentiment ? It is a common
sentiment of remembrance and veneration
for the glorious past. It is a common sen
timent to be respected in tbis significant
Imur. Yesterday it was announced that tin
President of the United States had started
for Fortress Monroe. The mere rutnoi
caused a thrill in every loyal American
heart. It suggested that, in his sovereign
capacity, lie had gone there for the purpose
of concluding peace with the Confederate
authorities ; that Mr. Seward had proceed
ed with these authorities was sufficiently
known. We have been overwhelmed with
telegrams and letters from friends who are
anxious to know whether these efforts to
secure peace between the established Gov
ernment of the baited States and the un
fortunate and misguided people assailing
it, have any foundation. In rephj, we hare
to satt that uv hope these efforts, whether not
ing from private intlieittuols or public
sons, mot/ sueeet'tf. FOR (H K OWN PARK
SLAVERY BEING PRACTICALLY AND
CONSTITUTIONALLY ABOLISHED \VK
ARE READY TO CONCEDE EVERY
THING ELSE TO REC.MiL Ol'R ERRIN< ;
BRETHREN. On the subject of confisca
tion, who does not know that many of tin
leading Republicans in Congress objected
to the law, which has been partially and
ineffectively enforced ? Who does not know
! that those who have purchased under this
law in the City of Washington anil else
where, admit that they have the frailest "1
titles ? Why not. then, at once give up a