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DISEASES OF THE HORSE,
This disease, also called sand-crack, oc
curs only in the hoof that is dry, hard, brit
tle and contracted. The hoof in a natural,
elastic condition can be bruised, but not split
up if double the force that splits th - dry,
contracted hoof is applied. This crack oc
curs most generally at the quarters, and al
most. always in the fore feet, they being al
most alone subject to contraction. If the
crack extends through the hoof it causes
very painful lameness.
For treatment, the foot mustfirst be care
fully examined, to see that no dirt has worked
in under the hoof; the loose parts of the
born must be cut away ; a pledget of tow,
saturated with sulphate of chloride of zinc,
or tincture of myrrh, should be applied, and
;i bandage carefully put on to keep it in
place and keep out the dirt. As soon as the
new horn has grown down a little, draw a
line across the top of the crack with a draw
ing knife or firing-iron, and apply a little tar
or hoof ointment. If the crack is at the toe,
a shoe with the band running across from
the heels to a little below the coronet in
front, and united by two screws, will often
be ail that is required, and the horse may
be kept at work ; but in quarter crack it is
unsafe to use the animal, particularly if it
extends through the soft parts. If the frog
is in a health}* condition, which is rarely the
case, a bar shoe, eased at the quarter, will
lit- found beneficial.
SOLE BLU'ISE AXII GRAVEL.
Accidents frequently occur to the feet of
horses from their striking them forcibly upon
stones and other hard substances. Pres
sure of the shoe upon the sole is the occa
sional cause of bruises of that part, of the
foot ; and tender heels more frequently arise
from bruises than from any other cause.
For treatment, if pus is secreted within
the hoof—which may be discovered by the
acute pain caused by a light tap of the
hammer on the part of the hoof under which
the matter is situated—the hoof must- be
cut through, that the matter may escape, as
il will gradually work its way upward ami
make its appearance at the top of the hoof,
thus rendering the treatment more difficult.
After the matter escapes through the open
ing so made, throw in an injection of sul
phate of zinc in solution, one drachm to a
pint of water For llie- treatment will be
the same as recommended in quitter. Gravel
s.imctimes works into these wounds, which
must always be removed, and the parts care
Founder, or laminitis, is an inflammatory
condition of the latnitue of the feet, which
are tlie most sensitive parts of these impor
tant appendage--. Founder is said to be
produced by various causes, such as hard
driving, watering when warm, standing in
a draught of air, or upon plank floors, and
The author, however, views it in a diff
erent light, attributing its existence princi
pally to one general cause, namely, contrac
tion of the hoof, the causes before named
being the immediate or exciting causes.
This view is sustained by many facts. Foun
der does not occur in one case out of fifty
in a lieulty, open foot : nor or the hind feet
often involved, as they are rarely in a con
l'lie symptoms are a full, ipiiek pulse,
from sixty upwards ; accelerated respira
tion ; (he fore feet are hot and tender, the
animal for rebel throwing his body back
up -il the hind legs, extending the fore legs
until lie rests upon the heels, and sometimes
lying down, particularly are the hind feet are
involved: flit-animal also manifests much
If (he animal is in full condition, two
quarts of Idood should be taken from each
of the fore feet ; an active purging ball
should be given, followed by one drachm
doses of belladonna made info pills every
foiir hours; pbultices of flaxseed meal
should be applied to the feet for several
days ; injections of soap and water, also,
ought not to be neglected. By this treat
ment the animal is usually well again in a
week, or even less ; but if the disease is
neglected until it becomes chronic, the ani
mal will ever after remain unsound, though
lie may be rendered useful. From the al
teration or disorganization of structure that
takes place, there can be little done in the
chronic stage except careful shoeing, which
tin- smith should understand.
THE BEST MANNER OF PLOWING WET
Since a farmer cannot be expected to drain
iiis entire farm—especially when laborers
are scarce as they are at the present time—
it is very important to understand how wet
soils may be managed with reference to
winter plowing, iti order to be benefited to
to a limited extent by fall plowing. This
may be done by plowing* such fields in nar
row lands, or hack furrows, which is prac
ticed to a great extent iti many of the grain
growing regions of this state.
\\ hen a held is plowed in this manner it
is very important that the ridges and dead
furrows should run in sueii a direction that
they Yvill carry off the water that settles
into them. If the middle furrows run across
the slope, for example, the shrplus water,
instead of being carried away in them, will
percolate from the furrow through the soil,
and but little or no advantage will be prc
i-rived from the plowing. But if the ridges
run up and down the slope, and if the mid
tile furrows be cleaned out, a great portion
of the surplus water will be carried away,
and the frost and rain will accomplish much
inward thorough pulverization.
Such fields should be plowed with the
furrows running in such a direction as to
carry off the water to the best advantage,
whether the direction is diagonal to the
sides ot the field, or parallel with them ; and
if tiie mi< tile furrows run across shallow
\ alleys, where the water will stand and
p< ictdate across the ridges, a deep middle
lin a. al vc should he cut acri iss the ridges and
kept tipen, clean, by throwing oat all the
loose earth with shovels, at least six inches
below the surface of tlie subsoil. Labor
bestowed in tins manner at any tine be
tween December ami April will be well re
munerated by a large increase in the amount
of grain which will be produced on those
fields. The main consideration in plowing
sm h wet fields is to make the ridges not
mole than twelve or sixteen feet apart ; to
cut narrow furrow slices and deep furrows,
and make deep and clean middle furroVVs
that will cany off the water as fast as ii
settles into them.—j t'oanlrg (leitUemaii.
TW-BAKK roit J'OTATOKH.—A gardener at
Troves, "having observed that evervhodv
living in the quarter of the town occupied
by tanners, escaped the cholera, determined
to try the virtue of tan when planting po
tatoes. For this purpose he placed a shovol
>i ful of tan in the trench under the seed in a
G -ii'iiart of the field, and planted the remainder
i ■ili ilif w Lp. ~ 1 . ~
.i n ,i>MiM"oA"'dinary way. On digging out the
i, hh 'juwdc<mj tut found that those which were
%v '. r " l '!"< tly sound,
while the others were diseased, lie found,
""QltrfoPvJiUteA^ttMoifskverepreservt d in the
. of the
storehouses." ■ i M ,■ -tai ■
The first requirement of road manners is
good nature and an accommodating spirit.
Do to others as you would have them do to
you. Always be willing to yield more than
half the space, then you will he pretty sure
to he equally treated. They who exact
inches will have inches exacted of them.
If your neighbor has a heavy load, consult
his convenience as far as possible ; you
may some time be loaded. It has become
a practical rule of courtesy to turn out for
wood and logs, and for other heavy teams
in winter ; for theT say, " we often cannot
turn out, and never safely : so if you want
wood, accomodate us which we are very
willing to do. But remember it was a fa
vor —not your right ; and you have a re
ciprocal duty to perform —one which, 1 am
sorry to observe,is not always borne in mind.
When you have unloaded, and are return
ing empty, just recollect that you had the
whole road.in the morning, and it is no more
than fair that you should be particularly
obliging to those whom yon meet now, and
give them their full share of the path.
One word in relation to teams going the
same way, in which case many seem to
think there is neither law nor manners.—
\\ hen a team comes up behind you, which
desires to proceed faster than you do, that
team has a right to responsible space and
opportunity to pass in—in fact i<> half the
road for that purpose ; and your obstruc
ting him in bis lawful desire is both bad
manners and bad law. If your load is
heavier, do the best you can. In most
cases the very least that can be asked is
that you should stop. This is particularly
so in winter, when it is a heavy tax on any
team to force into a trot in deep snow—
made necessary by continuing at a walk.
My remark above, in relation to the empty
wood sled, applies here ; and if one wishes
to pass you, remember that while loaded
you had the whole road.— Exeli.
A WASH FOR OUT-DOOR GRAPEVINES.
Just at this time is the most critical pe
riod of the out-door grapevine. As soon as
the fruit buds begin to expand and before
blooming, the dark green bug is pursuing
its destructive depredations. It nearly de
stroyed our crop of Concords and Dianas '
last season. When too late we applied
with a sponge a wash prepared from whale
oil soap, say about a quarter of a pound to
a gallon of water. What remained of the
bug instantly disappeared upon the appli
cation of the wash. About a week ago, it
made its iirst appearance for the season,
when we at once applied the wash and dis
lodge it. Those that fell to the ground
were crushed, and those that remained on
the vine died from the eff'eiis of the wash.
We would recommend its use promptly,
wherever this bug makes its appearance.
Otherwise it soon inflicts serious damage
upon the fruit buds, then deposits eggs,
which the wash may not destroy, and by
the time the leaf becomes expanded hun
dreds of brown worms about an eight of an
inch in length, from these eggs, are found
preying upon the leaf, pretty much finish
ing the remaining portion of tlie crop left
by the bug. Of course the application
should be repeated once or twice, as there
may be occasion.
We have found this wash effectual to ex
pel the striped bug and other depredators
from the melon vines.
This soap can be purchased at the agri
cultural stores, and at some of our best
grocery stores. AH druggists ought to keep
it on band.— (lermantown Telegraph.
! have oiig iound that in all heavy farm- >
ing operations, oxen are most useful, and
am convinced every farmer with one hun
dred acres oi land, could work one or two
pair to great advantage ; for deep plowing
i>.\< 11 will'draw greater weights ami are as
<|iiiek as horses. In lighter operations the
horse surpasses them in speed, but every
improvement in agriculture now tends to
deep, consequently slow, work, and until
steam is adapted to drawing our imple
ments, oxen will be most useful. They
cost much less to keep, and improve daily
in value ; they are easily broken in, maybe ;
worked for a few months during a busy
season of the year and then fed off. The
application of steam to our thrashing ma
chines, turnip and chad" cutters, and the
railways lessening the distances at which
many deliver their grain, has diminished the
winter work of many farmers' horses. Ox
en would, in these eases, prove very bene-;
fieia! in summer. I know one large occu
pier who commonly buys every spring four .
or six pairs of oxen, uses thein until all
the turnips are sown and cleaned, and then
feeds tlu-ni off in his stalls ; and by this
course lias his work done at two-thirds less
cost than by keeping a large number of
horses, As a practical farmer, I should be
very sorry to be without some oxen as
auxiliaries to my horse teams.—E. IU. 117/-
niott, itiJhe London Hardener (throne tie.
To KEEI" TIRES ox WHEELS. —IIear what a
practical man says on this subject : " I
ironed a wagon some years ago, for my own
use, and before putting on the tires 1 filled
the fellies with linseed oil; and the tires
have worn out and were never loose. I
ironed a buggy for my own use seven years
ago, and the tires are now as tight as when
put on. My method of filling the felloes
with oil as follows : I use a large cast-iron
: oil heater, made for the purpose ; the oil is
brought to a boiling beat, the wheel is
placed on a stick, so as to bang in the oil,
each felhe an hour, for a common sized fel
lcie. The timber should be dry, as green
timber will not take oil. (.'are should be
taken that the oil be not made hotter than
boiling heat, in order that the timber be
not burnt Timber filled with oil is not sus
ceptible to water, and the timber is much
more durable. I was amused some years
ago, when I told a blacksmith how to keep
the tires tight on wheels, by his telling un
it was a profitable business to tighten tires,
and the wagon maker will make and repair
wheels—but what will the farmer, who sup
ports tin- wheelwright and smith, say ?"
I'm MM; IN Atrnix.—Pruning in autumn
answers well where the severity of winters
is not great. It won! ibe safer perhaps to
leave the entire work til! spring, as all trees
are made somewhat tenderer by cutting the
branches. Should a mild winter follow,
probably no bad effect would result, but a
severe one might do material injury. Bear
in mind that no pruning, unless for check
ing growth should be performed after the
buds have begun to swell in spring, and
• specially after growth Iris commenced.
POTATO CAKES. —Take two pounds of very
mealy boiled potatoes, niasli them very fine
with a lit tie salt, mix them with t wo pounds
of flour, add milk enough to make this into
dough, beating it up with a spoon, and put
in a little yeast. * Set it before the fire to
rise, and when it has risen divide it into
cakes the siz.e of a muffin, and bake them.
I hose cakes may lie cut open and buttered
hot. I hey are particularly nicn. 1
A lady who sings in the choir, says
she will marry a small man, because snort
metre liims are the easiest to get along I
with. ° ° |
QPRING AND SUMMER OLOTHTNG !
In great variety, tor
MEN'S and BOYS W|]All,
C H E A I' AXII P A 8 II I () N A B I. E
Also, constantly on hand a full line of
(IENTS FURNISHING GOODS !
Consisting oi SHIRTS, COLLARS,
NEOK TIES. CLOVES, SUSPENDERS, HDK PS.
And a large assortment of ARMY SHIRTS,
Which I otter to sell at prices CHEAPER than
ANY OTHER ESTABLISHMENT IN TOWN.
REMEMBER THE PLACE, AT
M. E. SOLOMON'S, No. 2 Pat ton's Block.
/CHEAPNESS, STYLE AND BEAUTY.
NOW IS YOKII THUS TO
YOUR CLOTHING CHEAY XT YOUR OWN PRICES.
TKOCI.AIM IT TO TIIE PEOPLE,
Just received—a large stock of Pall and Winter Cloth
ing at J CORN'S Klmir.i Branch Clothing Store, lie
Says coolly, boldly and deliberately, that lie tak > • e
foremost of the Clothing Merchants or Towanda.
Eigtlieen hundred and sixty-one has come, and tlie
light and beauty of Spring shin-s upon us, with all its
radiant splendor. I shall continue to sell Clothing, for
Cash, cheaper than any other man, as my.goods are ail
bought cheap lor cash, and they will be sold cheap for
My goods are all manufactured in Elmira, therefore I
cau warrant them well pnade. Enough for me to say
have everything in the line of
CLOTHING. GENTS FURNISHING GOODS. H.tTS,
CAPS, AC.. AC
That is kept in any other Store in town
This is a free country ; therefore it is iree for all to do
their trading where they can do the best, regardless ut
the cross and sour looks of old fogy merchants. I inviu
you to come and see me—country as well as the city art
invited —every person, rich or poor, high or low, bond m
pee are invited to call.
Come one, come all, and stop your speed.
We've Goods enough for all in need,
The boys, themselves, are at their posts.
And they alone can supply a host.
O'er other dealers in this town.
These same hoys have won renown.
For selling the cheapest and the best,
And selling more than all the rest!
Hurrah ! hurrah : o'er hill a >d plain,
Accept our thanks, and call again,
Among our assortments you'll always lind,
Goods to lit, and please the mind.
We're on hand and always willing,
To sell our Go ds, and earn a shilling !
So hold your horses, and come this way,
We shall be glad to see you any day,
At JOHN SHLAM'S Clothing Store, next door to H. S
Mercur's Dry Goods Store, Main Street, Towanda, Pa.
N. B—We wish to be understood, that we are not to he
undersold by any man, or combination of men.
AW No charge lor showing our Goods.
Towanda, March I'.', 1862. J. CORN.
FALL AND WINTER GOODS !
II \V. EDDY,
Has a large stock ot fresh WINTER GOODS, and
would only say to those in want of (food, well-made
Clothing, which he will sell to the public at a lair price,
and gurantee every article as represented, leaving the
customers to choose between good goods at a fair price
and poor goods at a high price—believing in the doc
trine that '• one man's money is as good as another-*."
We sell to all alike. His stock, as usual, consists in
GOOD WELL MADE CLOTHING,
HATS A CAPS, SHIRTS.COLLARS, UNDER SHIRTS
DRAWERS, SCSPENDKRS, GLOVES HO
SIERY. NECK TIES, TRAVEL
ING BAGS, PUR CAPS
and the best assortment of tine SOFT HATS in tow: .
We ask an inspection of our (foods, believing we c, n
sa'isfy- all as to quality and price.
Towanda, Dec. 1, 1-64. R. W. EDDY
7i> a I'II'ID,TIT.
JJARDWARE. GODDING A IM'SSEU.
LARGE AND WELL SELECTED STOCK OF GOODS.
To which additions are daily being made, which they
offer cheap lor Cash. A large assortment ot
COOKING STOVES, . .
Among the many desirable and beautiful patterns is the
C E LKC RATE I) AM E RIC AN.
This beautiful stove is unsurpassed for economy in
fuel: is a pei lect baker; is the best COOK STOVE in
the market. Among their heating Stoves may he found
a great variety suitable for overy place where stoves are
STOVE PIPE AND SHEET IRON WORK.
Always on hand and made to order.
TIXWA it K ,
A large stock manufactured from the very best materials
and by experienced workmen. A very till assortment ot
IRON, XIALS AND STEEL,
At New York prices.
HOUSE AND CARRIAGE TRIMMINGS,
TOOLS FOR THE FARMER,
Tools tor the House Joiner and Carpenter—Tools for
Blacksmiths' Tools tor everybody.
WINDOW SASH AND GLASS, PAINTS. OILS AND
VAITXISIIES, MACHINE OIL ANI> UEXXOLK,
KDROSENE OIL, LAMPS. WICKS AND CHIMNEY'S
BKLTINO, TABLE AND L-OCKET CL TLMTV,
lIRI I'TANNIA AND PLATED WARE,
Pumps, Lead Pipe, 'ha in Pumps, Water
Pipes, Grindstones and fixtures,
K E It O S E X E I. A N T E R.N S ,
JOB M'ORK done with dispatch. Lamps repaired.
Fluid Lamps aml lanterns altered and tilted to burn Ke
Grain, Old Iron. Casting and Wrought Scraps, Copper,
Brass. Brittannia, Beeswax, Feathers and Rags taken in
exchange for goods.
Highest price in cash paid for Sheep Pelts and Furs.
KW OUR GOODS have been purchased on the pay
down system and will be sold for READY PAY.
c° U s N
Towanda. March 10, 1863
"VTEW METROPOLITAN HARDWARE
S.N. BRONSOX, just removing into the new quar
ters, where may be seen the most complete variety of
Ac., Ac., Ac.
The renowned HUBB ARD MOWER. Horse Hay Forks,
and vu-t amount of FARM IXC It AVISO TOOLS.
Also, TIN EKING and JOBBING, of which the pub
ic are invited to investigate. Especially the
II I' R / A II ft M O ir E R .
Ma y 18, 1804.
USTRA Y.—('nine into the enclosure of the
AA subscriber, in Litchfield, twp.. on or about Nov. Ist
1864, a Deep Red Y cal ling Bull. The owner is requested
to come forward prove propeity, pay charges, and take
him away. ' WM. COTTON.
Nov. IT Isi;4.
/2.REAT TRUNK LINE from the North
YY and North-west lor Philadelphia, New Y'ork. Read
ing', Pottsville, Lebanon, Allentown, Easton, Ac.,
Trains leave Harrisborg for Phi!a4eipeia, New Y'ork.
Reading. Pottsville, ami all intermediate Stations, at K
a. m.. and "J p m.
New York Express leaves Harrisbnrg at 6:30 a. m.,
arriving at New York at I-4T the same day.
A special Accommodation Passenger train leaves
Reading at 7:15 a. m.. and returuo from Harrisburg al
5 p. in.
Fares from Harrisburg : To New York $5 15 ; to
Philadelphia 43 35 and $2 SO. Baggage checked
Returning, leave New York at (i a. m„ 12 noon, and
7 p. m., (Pittsburg Express arriving at Harrisburg at 2
t. m.) Leave Philadelphia, at K:ls a. rn., and 3:30 p. m.
Sleeping cars in the New York Express Trains,
through to and from Pittsburg, without charge.
Passengers by the Cattanissa Rail Road leave Tama
pia at 8:50 a. in., and 2:10 p. m. lor Philadelphia, New
link, and all Way Points.
Trains leave Pottsville at 0:15 a. m.. and 2:30 p. m.,
lor Philadelphia. Harrisburg and New Y'ork.
An accommodation Passenger train leaves Reading at
I.'OO a. in., and returns from Philadelphia at 5:00 p.Tti.
AW All the above trains run daily, Sundays ex
A Sunday train leaves Pottsville at 7:30 a. m..aud
I'lnludcJsiljia at 3:15 p. m.
Commutation. Mileage. Season, and Excursion Tick
ets at reduced rates to and from ail points,
so Pounds Baggage allowed each Passmger.
G. A. NICOLLS.
lunr 1 I*o4. Gen. Supt.
P A S 1! P A I D F(> R II Y E. A T
Yz* W. A. ROCKWELLS.
<J RICHARD I'A V XE, A TTORNEY A'l
O* LA IV, Towunda. l'a. Where he will transact all
business entrusted Ui him with promptness ami care.
Office with C. I. Ward, Esq , 3d street. Towanda.
Sept. 12, 1864.
JOHN CALIFF, ATTORNEY AT
I.AIV. Towauda, l'a. Also, Government Agent
; or the collection ol Pensions. Hack Pay and Bounty.
Uir So charge unless successful. office over the
Post Office and News Knnm- Dec. I, 1564.
1011N W. MIX, — Attorney ai' Luw l <!• Ao
*) lury Public Towauda, Pa.
BACK PAY, BOUNTY AMI PENSIONS, COLI.KCTKD.
Office, with J. C. Adams, Attorney at l.aw.
July 2ft, ls(14.
I\kLOri ROCKWELL, Attorney A Conn
J-/ rtlloi at IMW, Troy, Bradford County, Pa. N. B,
Special attention given to collecting Soldiers' hack pay
and bouuly money, Ac. decls.
OH WOODRUFF, Dentist, periuurieut
• ly located in Towauda. Office—No. 3, Brick How
over K. W. Eddy's Store. Entrance one door south of
Powell's Keystone Store. Dec. 1, 1864.
\\T A PECK, Attorney at IMW Towaodii
' T • Pa.—Office over Means' Store, formerly ne .-n
pied hy N.N. Belts. Dec. 1, 18ti4.
| \XT T. DA VIES ATTORNEY AT
I T T • LA IV. Towauda Pa. Office with WM. WAT
I K INS, Esq. Especial attention given to Military Claims
and to preparing papers relating to Exemption front the
1 halt. Dee 1,1804.
rniIOMAS J. INGHAM, ATTORNEY
JL A T t.A IV, f-A PORTE, Sullivan Conuty, Pa.
DR.K. 11. MASON, PH Y SIC IA N A Nl>
SURGEON, offers- his professional services to the
people of Towauda and vicinity. Office at his residence
on Pine street, where he can always be found when not
MR MCKEAN A TTORNEY AT
• t.A IV —TOWANDA. PA —Having seen service,
.Military business of all kinds attended to.
air Office over Mimtanyes' Store. April 21, 1863.
PDWARD T ELLIOTT, ATTORNEY
Yj AT LA IV, Towanda, Pa. ttflice over Pat-hs'
store. Towanda,July 23,1864.
t'EORGE I>. MONT AN VE. A TTO/l-
L NE i* A T LA IV— Office in Union Block,fornter
[ ly occupied hy J AS. MACKAKI.ANE.
: ] J NEWELL, COUNTY SUR VP. Y
* I • OR Orwell, Bradford County, Penn'a. will prompt
i ly attend to all business in his line. Particular atte-n
--j tion uivrn to running and establishing old or disputed
i lines. Also to the surveying of all unpatented lands as
j so n as warrants are obtained. Orwell, June 17, 1863.
Drufis vV jfttttofrfurs.
ROUTER'S OLD DRUG STORE.
Already admitted to be
The largest,safest and most approved
DRUG HOUSE IN NORTHERN PENXSYLVANIA,
Auestablished reputation for keeping the best medicine
| In its facilities and apparatus for compounding and pre
MEDICINE AND PRESCRIPTIONS,
; Conducted by tboronghlv competent persons, whodt vo
the most careful attent ion,pay the strictest regard
to accuracy, and use only selected arti
cles, and medicines of unques
tioned purity, has become
THE CASH DRUG STORE
With prices revised to correspond with the market.
WIIOLE SA L E AND RE TAI L,
ALL ARTICLES WARRANTED AS REPRESENTED.
By recent arrangements with the Manufacturers, Impor
ters or First Holders of floods andCasli Purcha
ses,the prices will always be atthelow
est point for Prime-floods.
LOWER FIGURES THAN EVER IN
PAINTS, OILS, VARNISHES, GLASS, DRUGS AND
Everything in this extensive stork will he sold
Oheop J'or Cosh !
THICKS KKDI7 CK D , VIZI
OF SOAPS. PERFUMERY, BRUSHES, COMBS.
TOCKKT KNIVES ANI) RAZORS,
L A M P S A N 1) M A T E R I A L S FOR L 1 G II T
TRUSSES & SUPPORTERS,
WINES AND LIQUORS. ONLY FOR MEDICINE.
TOBACCO AND SNL'KK.
ALL THE POPULAR PATENT MEDICINES,
TOOTH, SKIN AND HAIR TRET A RATIONS,
FANCY ARTICLES OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS,
Eclectic, Botanic and Ilometopalhic Medicines
Sjiiccs, lli.tl Sent. I.nmji Shailes and Garden Suits.
FISH TACKLE, AMMUNITION, Ac.
Constituting the most complete assortment, embracing
the great wants of the People, reduced in Price,
and revised for the Cash System.
DR. PORTER'S COAL OIL.
DR. PORTER'S CAMPHEXE!
1)11. PORTER'S ALCOHOL!
DR. PORTER'S BURNING FLUID!
Are Fresh, daily prepared, and unrivalled by any in the
It I! . PORTE It ' S PR KPAI! A T IONS
FOR FAMILY USE
Known as Sa fc and Reliable Remedies aire warranted to
what they are intended to give satisfaction,
Or Porter's Pectoral Syrup price AO cents
Dr Porter's Family Embrocation •' :!,j "
Dr Porter's Tonic Elixer '• 100 "
Dr Porter's Worm Syrup " 50
Dr Porter's Cump. Syr. Hypophospbites.. " 100 "
Dr Porter's Uterine Tonic " 150 "
Dr Porter's Blackberry Balsam " 35 "
Dr Porter's Tooth Ache Drops " 25 "
Dr Porter's Cephalic Snuff • 25 "
Dr Porter's Tooth Powder •' 50 "
Dr Porter's Tricogene " 50 "
Dr Porter's Tricophile " 50 "
Dr Porter's Shampoo " 59 '•
Dr Porter's Horse and Cattle Lotion " 50 "
Dr Porter's Horse and Cattle Powder " 35 "
Dr Porter's Bed Bug Poison " 35 "
Dr Porter's Blaek Ink " 25 "
Dr Porter's Cleansing Fluid 14 37J ''
Dr Porter's Rat and Mice Poison 44 35" 44
Dr Porter's Citrate Magnesia 44 35 14
Dr Porter's Worm Wafers 44 3 5 4 4
MEDICAL ADVICE GIVEN GRATUITOUSLY AT
Charging only for Medicine.
49~Thunkful for past liberal patronage would respect
fully announce to his friends and the public tbatno pain
shall be spared to satisfy and merit the continuance ot
thcircontidence and patronage, at the
C A S II I) II U G R T ORE!
Corner of Main and Pine streets.
Hi). Qrs. PKNNSYSVAMA MILITIA, HOSPITAL DKP'T. }
HARKISIIITKG , Nov. 10. 18(14. f
The State Medical Board, ct Pennsylvania is now in
session iu this ci'y, and will continue until further no
tice, to examine candidates for the post ol Medical Offi
cers in Pennsylvania Regiments.
The appointment ot a number of Assistant Surgeons
i will be required immediately to till vacancies now exist
ling, as well as for others constantly occurring.
Physicians of Pennsylvania, in good health furnish
ing prop.-r testimonials as to moral character, Ac., will
l be admitted to the examination.
By order ot the Governor.
JOSEPH A. PHILLIPS.
Surgeon General, I'enna.
! TJUBLIC AUCTIONEER. -Tho undersign-
JL cd having been licensed by the United States, as a
i Public Auctioneer tor Bradtord County, tenders his ser
vices as such, to those having real or personal property
to sell at auction in any part ot the County.
All Letters addressed to him at l owatida will receive j
prompt attention. JOSEPH <•!. PATTON. !
Towanda, Sept. 29th, 18(14.
"VTOTICK IS HKiIKUV GIVEN TO ALE
; l_i persons whom it may ccncein, that I gave a note
of hand with E Meeks as security, to Thomas Johnston
dated Feb. is lst;4. lor $20.92. This is therefore to can- ' .
tion all persons against purchasing of the same as I have
not received any value for the same. And lam deter- j
mined not to ay the amount unless com elied accord
' iug to law.
M. C. SHOEMAKER, I
| Nov, 14 1564 !
HOGS. CAME UI'OX THE !
JU premises ot the subscriber, two white Shoats. The
owner is requested to prove property, pay damages and I
take them away, or they will be disposed ol according !
to law. G. P. CASH. ,1
Towauda, Nov. 30 18(14.
"VTEVV PHOTOGRAPH GALLERY.—The I'
Al undersigned having opened a gallery in Towanda i
one door north ot the New National Bank, is prepared j
to take Photograph Pictures in the latest style. Hav- '
iug spent some time under instructions of F. GUTE | -
KL'NST one of the most eminent Photographers in Phil j 3
adelpbia, he feeis confident he can take as good picture j &
as can be made. WM. A. MASON. c
Towand", April 25, lkti4.
QCTOBER, 1864. GOL& H AS FALLEN !
GREAT REDUCTION IN PRICES!
TRACV& M 0 O R K,
Are now offering a
SPLENDTD STOCK OF GOODS
Bought since the
I) EC L INK J X GO L D !
And which they are selling at
GREA TL Y 11E I) UCE 1) RAT ES,
Stock embraces a good assortment of
DOMESTICS AND FANCY GOODS,
Including a tine variety of
DRESS GOODS AND TRIMMINGS !
FHAWLSf CLOAKS, Ac.
Latest style Ladies and Gents Hats and Caps,
BOOTS AND SHOES,
CROCKERY, HARDWARE GROCERIES,
October 27, 1804
/J RE A T ATTRA CTI O X
MOXT AX Y E S S T O R E !
A F I'LL A SSOItT ME N T lb
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC DRESS GOODS,
Purchased at the late decline in the market and will be
REDUCTIO X F R 0 M F 0 It M Elt V It i 0 K S.
Returning thanks for past favors they now invite the
public to an examination of their very
LARGE STOCK OF ALL KINDS OF
MER('HA X D I / E ,
SUITED TO THE VARIOUS WANTS OF THE
CITIZENS OF BRADFORD
And adjoining counties.
Oct. 11, 1864.
J^EAD! READ!! READ!!!
WICK HAM & BLACK,
Are now opening a Large Stock ot .
NEW GOODS for
SUMMER TRADE. •
DR ESS GOODS and
SHAWLS & SKIRTS,
HATS k CAPS,
BOOTS A SHOES,
WICK HAM & BLACK'S
Is tlic place to fret
CASSI MERES, and
all the Laic Styles of
TAILORING doiic to order, at
WICK HAM & BLACK'S
yy ARD HOUSE. TOWANDA, PA.
Jlti'i'i'th/ <>/>] istfo tin' Court Ifituso !
<: K X E R .4 L S T A G E O F F I 0E ,
Waverly,Tun kin'n nock .Canton, Troy .Montrose, and other
lines of stages, Also general and particular attention
paid to forwarding and delivering
Placed in our charge. We remain, as ever.
POWELL A SMITH.
yys L L M A N ' S M E A T MARK E r l\
(One door North of the Ward House,)
STILL IN OPERATION!!
npilE undcrsifeucd would inform liis old
JL friends and the public generally thht lie is still
to be found at his old stand, one door north ol the
the Ward House, where he keeps constantly on hand A
No. 1, Meats ol all kinds, which he sells at a low figure.
In their season may be found Sausages, Corned Iteef,
Sugar Cured Hams, fresh from the Smoke House, Ac., all
prepared in the finest manner. BOLOGNA SAUSAGE
always on hand.
Thanking his old customers for their generous pat
ronage, he solicits a continuance of their favors.
Towanda,Jan. 1864. WM. WELLMNA.
fIOAL, LIME, CEMENT, FIRE BRICK
U Ac., Ac.
There is a Lime Kiln at the Barclav Company's Basin
a Towanda, where, is kept constantly tor sale, Fresh
hunt White Lime Stone, at 40 cts. per bushel, and 18
ents per bushel for slacked Lime. Also, Syracuse Wa
-i' Lime at two dollars per barrel, and Fire Brick, at 8
ents each. Drain Tiles 2,3 and 4 iuch., at 2, 3 and 4
en s per toot.
KKI-Ail. PIIIUK OF BARCLAY COAL AT TOWANDA.
AT YARD. DEI.IYKKKD.
nmp $5.00 | Lump Coal $5,50
tun of Mines 4,50 Ruu ot Mines, 500
'ine Coal 4,00) Fine Coal 450
All the above for sale at the office ot Barclay Coa;
Towanda, May, 18, 1884.
MONEI rO LOAN. —Money ti> losn in
large or smallsums.for a long or short term of years,
on good securities.
Money advanced upon Claims against the United
Persons having money to lend will find it to their ad
vantage to notify me of the fact.
Sales of Real Estate negotiated aud Conveyancing.i
Those who have farms or dwellings to let, and thos
desiring to rent the same will consult their interest
calling on me.
Abstracts of title, without which no owner of real
estate should suffer himself to be, prepared with the ut
Sales ol property attended to, and responsible agents
found forthe transaction ot business in other States.
Particulor attentiou paid to matters in the Orphan's
Court. References given when required.
WW, Office in the Room formerly occupied by Tele
[EDWARD T. ELLIOTT,
Towanda, Jan. 1, 1864. Att'y A Counsellor at Law,
IpSTRAY. — Came into the enclosure of the
J subsc liber, on or about the 10th of Sept. last, two
young cattle—yearlings .- a brown heifer and a red
steer. The owner is requested to prove property pay
charges and take them away. URIAH BRAUND.
Asylum, Oct. 4th, 1864. "
rp HE INSURANCE COMPANY OF
1 NORTH AMKBICA.
Office No. 242 Walnut Street, Philadelphia,
i This Company are now prosecuting the business of
Insurance from loss or damage by FIRE on Building*,
i Merchandise, Furniture, 4c.. throughout the State ot j
; Pennsylvania, on Liberal Terms, for long or short peri- I
uls ; or permanently on Buildings, by a deposit of Pre- i
! in in in.
The prompt payment of claims for losses duriug the j
i period of nearly Seventy Years that the Company ha* J
' >een in existence, entitles them to the confidence ot the
DIRECTORS.—Arthur G. Coffin, Samuel W. Sones, John
j A. Brown. Charles Taylor. Ambrose white, John R. Nefl', i
! Richard I>. Wood. William Welsh, William E. Bowen, ,
j James N. Dickson, S. Morris Wain, John Mason, Ceo
: L, Aarrisoti. Francis It. Cope, Edward H. Trotter. Ed- .
i ward S. Clarke, William Cummings.—AßTHUß C. COF \
I HK. President.
B. S. RUSSELL, Agent, Towanda
WYOMING INSURANCE COMPANY,
Office over the' Wyoming Bank,
CAPITAL AND SURPLUS...'. $115,000.
Will Insure against IXJSS or Damage by Fire on proper
ty in Town or Country, at reasonable rates.
" DIRECTORS :—O. M. Hallenhaclt, John Richard, Ram'l
Wailhains, L. D. Shoemaker, D. C. Dresbach, it. C. Smith
I!. D. Lacoe, Geo. P Steele, W. W. Ketcham, Charles
Dorrance, Wm. S. Boss, G. M. Harding.
G. M. HOLLENBACK, President.
L. D. SHOEMAKER. Vige Presid't.
R. C. SMITH, Sec'y.
W. G. STERLING, Treasurer.
HOMER CAMP, Agent.
Application for Insurance in the following Companies
zEtna Insurance Company, Hallord, Assets. $2,265,175
Fui'.on Insurance Company, New York, Cash
Royal insurance Company, Capital $10,000,000
Liverpool 4 London lusurauce Company,
<5 rocrrt cs.
ROCERIES CUE A P .
E. T. FOX, has just received the finest assortment of
Groceries ever offered for sale in Towanda, To my old
customers, 1 would say.
You shall have GOOD, FRESH AND FIRST CLASS
GOODS at the lowest price.
To any one who will favor us with a call, we think we
can offer INDUCEMENTS seldom found in this vicinity
We take pleasure in showing Goods, and will try and
make it to the interest of all to buy. Our motto is
GOOD GOODS AT LOW HATE, AND
January 1804 E. T. EOX.
I WO I'M) rail attention to our Stock of
J. TEA, which we offer for sale cherp by the chest oi
retail : every sale warranted to give satisfaction or the
money lefundeil. at " FOX'S.
JUST RECEIVED FROM NEW YORK,
A First Rate Assortment of A No. 1,
the subscribers offer to the citizens of Bradford
Lowest prices, and guarantee everything sold of the
BEST QUALITY OR NO SALE.
Wanted, FARMERS' PRODUCE,
For which the highest price, in CASH, will he paid.
C. R. PATCH 4 Co.*
Towanda, Jan. 28, 1804.
And CODFISH. g to
F " L! |
TEAS. SUGARS,; and COFFEES,
CIGARS, 4c., go to
jrj. L ORG E S T E V L N S ,
IN GROCERIES, PROVISIONS, GRATN
BeulUmat l'S lilorl,, turner of Main 4 /JWi/ge Street a,
Would respectfully announce that he is prepared to
exhibit a tine assortment of
GIIOCE R I E S ,
Which are now offering at the lowest possible prices for
CASH OR COUNTRY PRODUCE.
He would invite the public to an examination of his
stock, which is entirely new and has been carefully se
lected wilh especial reference to the wants oi this mar
He isalso prepared to paycash for all kinds of Coun
try Produce. Towanda. April 25, 1864.—1y.
FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF TOW
DESIGNATED DEPOSITORY OK THE V. S.
Capital SIOO,OOO ,
G. F. MASON, j E. 11. SMITH, I Jos. POWELL,
C. S. RUSSELL, JE. T. Fcx, GEO. STEVENS,
J. D. MONTANYE, 10. I). BAKTLETT, | E. \V. HALE,
THIS BANK oft'ers its services for the
transaction of a general Banking, Exchange and
Deposits received and interest allowed according to
agreement at time of deposit. Back pay and Bounty
Certificates cashed. Pensions collected. Drafts on
London, Dublin and the principal cities of Europe, for
sale. It is also Agent for the well known Black Bail line
ot Liverpool and New York Packets, so that persons
wishing to bring their friends from the old country can
procure passage tickets here at the lowest rates.
It is the authorized government agent for the sde of
the 5 per cent, two years Legal Tender Treasury Notes,
and will deal iu all kind of United States Seeniities—
Interest Coupons of of 5-20 and 7-30 U. S. Bonds pur
X N. BEITS, Jr., Cashier G. F. MASON, Prest.
Towanda, Feb. 15. Istil.
UVKAM INATIONS.—The animal Exaini. 9
JLi nations of Teachers for the several districts ofthj. m
countyf will beheld as follows :
Windham. Oct 28, at the Kuykendall school house.
Warren, Oct 29, at the Brown school house.
Orwell. Nov 5, at the Orwell Hill school honse.
| Towanda. Ncrth 4 Boro ! Nov 4, at the Borough J
house. r "?
Monroe twp.. A lairo' Nov U, at the ts.ro" school hou
1 Albany A Overtoil Nov 10. at the Brown school hoi. jfl
; Burlington West 4 Borough, Nov 15, at the I
; school bouse.
j Sinithfield, Ncv 10, at the Center school house,
i Ridgbury, Nov 17. at the Burnuin school house,
South Creek, Nov 18 at GiJlet school house.
1 Wells, Nov 19. at Reckwith school house.
■ Columbia, Nov 21.at Atistinviile school bouse.
Springfield. Nov 22. at Center sebool house
I Troy twp..4 horn' Nov 23, atia.ro' school bouse
For the convenience of such as may be prevented *3
sickness, or absence from the county, from attend, .. $9
ot the above, special public examinations will la- j, e 1
at Orwell, Saturday. December 3d,and at Towanda,p. iM
imfi. Examinations to commence at ti o'clock.n,
None admitted alter Id o'clock, utiles* unavoidub'. -
Teachers must invariably procure certificates b. t M
I commencing school.
Old certificates will not be renewed without r. .
nation, nor will those from abroad fie indorsed. >(,,
any one expecting to teac-li in the county, lie una:,].- ■ ,Jj
attend one of these examinations, let him commum, at, ™
with me by letter.
Private exammatiors will be granted only ic ease. J
positive necessity,- upon the request in writing •
least four members ot the board desiring to em doy
teacher in whose behalf it. is made.
Each candidate will provide himself with pen, ink J
Directors are requested to lie present during the i
whole time of the examination."
O.J. CHUB BUCK,
I Orwell, Sept. ff, 1*64. Co. Bup't. tfl
OrSQUEHANNA COLLEGIATE I\ST|. '
TUIVANI)A, BRADFORD CO., FA.
Rev. JAMES McWlLLlAM,Principal. Professor ot A:.
cienl Languages, and Mental and Moral Sciem <■- i
SAMUEL L. FISLER, A. B. Professor of Matheiiiaii ,
and Natural Science.
M:ss MAI'Y SHERMAN, Preceptress.
— Assistant Preceptress.
Miss ANNIE 1". SHAW, Teacher it the Primary He m
Miss E. GLEASON, Teacherol Vocal Music
J. F. WILLIAMS, Steward. Mrs WILLIAMS, Mali n
The Fall Term commences WEDNESDAY, SEPT.
14 .and will continue 14 weeks.
TCITION, PER TERM :
1 Payable invariably in advance,or one-halt onenterin
the school, and one-hall at the middle oi tlie term liir
and contingencies included.]
Primary, perjterm f 1
Higher, Ist year, per term s , 1
Higher, 2d and 3d year, per term I
Collegiate, ]| MI 1
N. B. Pupils will be classed by the most udva;. •
branch they respectively pursue.
Pupils using scholarships are charged $2 pert rm l r (1
fuel and contingents.
French $:! •
Drawing 3 n
Board in the Institute per week, including fuel
and lig.it 2 7
Use of Furniture in rooms, per term 1
For fuel in student's rooms, per term 1 • ,
The Collegiaie year is divided into three terms m ; • "S
weeks each. The Anniversary exercises will be held
the close ot the .Spring term.
No deduction will be made for absence, except in cj-t *
ol protracted illness of over two weeks.
Pupils boardiug in the Hall will furnish their own to*
els, 4c., and the table silver at their option.
It is strongly recommended that students from abroad 8|
should board in the Institution, as better opportune i>
for advancement in study are thereby secured.
Normal Department --Special exercises are arranged
without extra charge tor those preparing themselves "
as Teachers of Common Schools.
No pains will be spared, on the part of the Fa.
aud Trustees iu sustaining the high reputation the in?-'
tut ion has hitherto enjoyed, and in rendering it i
worthy of future patronage and support.
JAMES McWILLIAM, Principa
I July 28, 1864.
T OWELL'S COMMERCIAL COLLECL
J-j BIKGHAMTON, N. Y.—This institution i- undi ti.e
sole management and direction ot Prot. D. W. LOWELL
so long Principal ol the
BIXGHAMTOX COMMERCIAL COLLEGE.
The Course of Instruction embraces all the reqi;:--: , ~
of a THOROUGH PRACTICAL BUSINESS KDL'GATION, and La
been lately extended by the introduction ot an A •
Business Course, in which the Student engages i:;
routine of business transactions, exemplified and :
i iarized by means of a store, (in which the actual fan
net* ot buying and selling goods is carried on by • ,
Student), and Business Offices, viz Banks of Issue - ;
Deposit, Rail-Bonding aud Steam-Boating, Put
Telegraph, 4c.. Ac.
The Primrietor has spared no time oi expense ia |
king this Course the most thorough and complete
ever presented to the public, and feels lullya-suii
alter having been himself engaged in actual bu-iio—...
having had many years'experience in teaching the -
enoe ot Accounts, and being aided by a tuliand e!: •'
corps of t< acliers, he will be enabled to make t '
ana successful graduates of all who may place -1
selves under his charge.
/' E N M A N S HIP'
In this essential branch of business education ncr !• k
lege offers lietter faciluies to the learner. The So, er
! ian system will he taught iu all its varieties by the
; skilltuil masters ol the art. Specimens ol W firing
this Institution bavi received the highest em, mi *
; from the press.
For general iuforinnt ion, terms. 4c., a dress tor i'
lege Monthly, which will be mailed fre ; for Specin.i -
1 of Penmanship enclose twe three cent, stamp-
Address I). W. LOWELL, I'riucip 1
Lowell's Commercial College, Biughamtou, N. Y.
P. S.—One of Ritur 4 Duncan's No. 1 highly li:,
line, perfect point, quil-spring Gold Pens, with hoi
and case warrented lor one year and to suit will he -, i ' i
free of charge to any one who will remit $3,50 to :! j
QOWLLS A CD'S NEW ROOK STORK.
NEWS ROOM AND EXPRESS OFFICE,
are all in the Post Office building, on Main street, <lii
ly opposite the Court House. They have tfie large*:
and most elegant assortment ot
BOOKS, STATIONERY, MAGAZINES, PERIODICA I *
SINGING BOOKS, SHEET MUSIC, LITHO
GRAPHS, PHOTOGRAPHS, PHOTO
GRAPH ALBUMS. DIARIES.
FOR 1864, AC., AC.,
to lie found anywhere in the country. They are con
stantly receiving, from New York and Philadelphia,
the late and most popular publications of the day. din :
from the press, such as Harper's Monthly, Ech-
Magnzine, Rebellion Record, Oodev's Lady's Book. i'
terson's Magazine. Scientific American. Gleasou'*
ary Companion, Dime Novels, Song Books. Comic Al
manacs. and New- Papers: also the Daily Tribune, |
Times, Herald, Journal of Commerce, Sun, Ledger, M
cury, Clipper, Boston Pilot, 4c.. Ac.
On their counter may be found the following late and
highly popular works just issued from the Press, G>
BUTLER in New Orleans ; Beyond the lines, or a 1
kee prisoner loose in Dixie ; Soundings from the Atlan
tic, by Oliver Wendal Holmes: Triumphs of the Bild<
■ by Tulledge ; Roundabout l'asers by Thackery ; Tin-
Amber Gods, by Prescott; Shoulder Straps, by Mortm ~ :
Freedom and War, by Henry Ward Beecner ; The Rea
son Why ; Leafiets ot Masouic Biography : Our Home—,
by Hawthorn ; Three years iu Japan ; Stories ol the
; Old and New Testament ; Social Condition of the Eng
lish People ; The Sioux War and Massacres of 1862 arid
, 1863 ; Letters to the Jone's.by Titeomb ; Alice ot Moii
i mouth ; Lessons in Life, by Titcomli; Recreations of a
• Country Parson ; My Southern Friends, by Kirk :
Among the Pines, by Kirk ; Journal of residence on a
Georgia Plantation ; Canoe and the Saddle by Winthrop.
hi the Show Case may be found the finest assortment
1 of superior
ever brought to this market ; Beads, for the Lidies, ot
all sizes and colors : Port Monnies. Pocket Diaries for
1864 ; Bank Note Reporter's and Description Lists, de
scribing all the counterfeits and broken batik notes now
afloat iu the country.—-every man should have one.—
They also have the largest stock of School Books ever
brought to this market, which they offer at a very low
figure for cash.
Our Express runs to Waverly every morning (Sundays
excepted) and returns every evening, carrying Express
Goods. The hour for starting from Towanda is 64 in
the morning, and returning leaves Waverly at 5 o'clock,
p.m.. on the arrival of the Express from New York.
Any Books or other matter published can be ordered
through us promptly.
We pay special attention in sending and receiving
Soldier s packages to and from the arm v.
A. F. C iWLES 4 CO.
Towanda, Dec. 3,1863.
E W 1 L A N I N G M ILL.
The undersigned having built a large aud com in -dions
Mill iu the Borough of Towanda, and filled it with 'the
most modern and improved machinery, tor the inanuta
WINDOW SASH, 4 BLINDS,
are prepared to fill orders, whether large or small, upon
the shortest notice. We have also a large variety ot
MOULDINGS, ot the latest style and pattern, which *>
can furnish much cheaper than they can he worked by
and all other work pertaining to Joinery, will be done to
snit our customers.
Persons building, and not living more than twelve or
fourteen miles distant, will find it largely for their intei
est to buy of us, or bring their lumber and have it
worked by our machinery. Bring your grist of Floor
lag. or other lumber, and while your team is feed in--,
have it ground out and take it home with you.
We will pay CASH for PINE 4 HEMLOCK LUMBER
delivered at our lumber yard. Come and see us, or H
you cau't come, write.
L. B. RODOERS 4 CO.
Towanda, Feb. 8, lsfi-L