Newspaper Page Text
J3LLAR PER ANNUM INVARIABLY IN AOVANCE.
Thursday Morning, April 3, 1862.^
THE WREATH OF THE BRAVE.
BY J RODMAN DRAKE.
When the bright star of peace from my county was
Hope fondly presaged it would soon re appear,
Ba t still, dark in gloom the horizon is shrouded,
And the beacon of war blazes dreadfully near :
And QeJ are the charms which the heart once de.igbted;
wot the eny.jmenta tranquility gave- !
V.rerv iow'ret U withered, each blossom isbligh.ed
Uultke wreath that encircles the brow of the brave.
fijt spurned be the soul, to true feeling a stranger,
That refuses to valor the meed it has won ;
lisa prize dearly earned amid peril and danger,
Aud shall bloom till eternity's march is begun.
Be the arms ever hallowed tor Freedom uoutending
Where the star adorned banners o! Liberty wave,
For the Heaven-blest cause which that arm is deleoding
Makes sacred the wreath which encircles the brave.
Though delightful that wreath to the votary of glory,
Who soars on the pinions of victory to fame ;
Though each patriot's bosom beats high at the story
That emblazons * itk houor America's name ;
Yet 'tis only in blood that the laurels can nourish,
'Tis Horror's red trophy, tis plucked honi the giavc,
And the tears of the widow and < rpkan must nourish
The wreath tiiat euciicles the brow of the brave.
yet blame not the bard that, with human aversion.
He shuddering turns wheu the battie storm lowers,
ADd exults that the aim of the patriot's exertion,
Peace, sanctioned by Honor, ere long shall be ours
Then the warrior shall sheathe, with a smile o! devotion.
His sword that he wielied his county to save,
AuJ the wreath they have won on the held and the
Immortal shaft bloom on the brow of the brave.
The Fugitive Lieutenant.
It was while the American army was freez
ing am] sturv.ng at Valley Forge, und the
Jjnlisli army were rioting und luxuriating in
frnliuklphi't, that a lame, dirty, beggarly
looking fellow, walking with a crutch, ap
proached the northern outpost of the royal
torces, uud, with a simple, idiotic laugh and
leer ttunouuf d It s intention of entering the
c,\v, aud lak ug the British General prisoner.
"lndeid I then I shall he under the incessi
ry 0/arresting you," said a young subaltern,
winking at siime of his companions, and as
Mining a Seiic-us air.
"lie I he ! ho !" laughed the idiot ; "just
yon try it —that's all."
" Why, uiy good fellow, what would you
"Do !" exclaimed the other, drawing hini
si'lf up with an air of dt-fi mce— " why, I'd tell
the great General Washington."
"Then, I'm a!:aid to e: tcrnpori your arrest,
m pass on ; you will (Uohahly fiud General
Howe prepared to receive you"
The idiot suddenly looked troubled, glancing
about hiui wearily and suspiciously, us if he
feared he might meet the Generai lie was so
boldly going to capture, hut finally hobbled
off tow aid the ci y. With some >uJ silly
dialogue he got past the different sentries, who
seemed to give him no thought beyond the
aiiiusem lit of the time. By niglit lie was
fairly within the town, and kept on his way,
soiu -'.hues liu „uiing snatches of old songs, and,
in geneial, not much noticed by any Through
one street after another, he continued to bob
ble forward, until he came to one of great
length, containing a block of three story re
fpttiaiiie looking houses, which might have
ken occupied l>y persons in midule ciicum
iUnccS. This street was not lighted, and ap
peared deserted, so thai when lie stopped he
re o-ire the dwellings fee was not perceived.
He knocked at tiic door A woman's head
appeared at tiie second story window,
i " Won't you give me something to eat,
pa'uiu '( lam nearly starved,*'said the idiot.
" Yes, poor fellow !" icplied I lie woman, in
r kindly tone ; " in u minute I will hand you
| kutuetliing "
Soon after a lower shutter was pushed back,
*:KI a hand containing some bread and meal
*as thrust out.
"Mother," said a low voice.
"Gracious heaven !" exclaimed the female
•itliiu, in an agitated tone.
" Uujli !" reiurued the beggar in a guarded
A moment after the door was thrown open.
" Ye-, ma'am—thank you—don't cure if I
asif ui answer to an invitation to come
u LWtbe same time crossing th- threshold
* I J R'i uppearauce of deep humiliation.
Lie moment the door closed behind him the
ma " topped Lis crutch, and flung his arms
nrour.d (Ac other, lairly sobbing—
Mother! dear, dear mother I"
William i" exclaimed the other, pressing
-.ie -rugged medicuiit lo her heart; "oh my
- ar, dear William ? what is the meaning uf
a li how is it that 1 find you in tins sad
1 have passed the British hues in this dis-
P playing the fool to the sentries. But
uie bow yjn are, dear mother, iyid how
7 u lure in these troublesome times ?"
l'ldifferentlv well, my son. The British
sr eour masters liere ; but so lar I have little
13 complain of iu the way of personal treat
u'!;t- Provisions are very scarce and high,
& - only by the Etrictest economy shall I be
1 ' ,e 10 live tlirough, if they continue to retain
IJ>s es-ion of the city any considerable time.—
r sist er Mary is at your uncle's in Dela
and will deeply regret that she missed
"ppoi tunity of heeiog you."
Are you alone, mother ?'*
-\'o ; two English gentlemen are boarding
*ith iue." °
Bo they belong to the army ?" inquired
*Joimg man, quickly, uneasily ; " and are
tht J i; the house ?"
lbe J a PP ear t0 private gentlemeo
>oue tn p an, a ,ri neither is within &t present
But you looked troubled ; bave YOU anything
to fear, my son ?"
" If detected, I may be hung as a spy."
" Good heavens !" exclaimed the mother, in
alarm ; "you terrify me. Are you here with
out permission ? without a pass ?"
" Yes —did I not say I played the fool to
the sentries, and got past thein V
" But 1 thought that was for your own
amusement. Oh, William, if you should be
discovered. Why did you venture in this des
perate manner ?"
" I could not get a pas, nr.d I was so anx
ious to see you and Mary, that I resolved to
'• Quick, then, come up stairs, and let us
fix a hiding place at once, before anything
happens. Oh, William, Inm so alarmed."
Both hastened to the third story, nnd after
considering several places, decided that the
loft, close under the roof, might be the best
place for concealment, as the trap door lead
ing to it, could tie fustened underneath, which
would tend to blind the search ; while the
young man, if (tressed, could escape to the roof,
and try means of a long rope, fastened to the
chimney could lower himself either into the
street or yard. This would not inure his
escape, but it was the best plan the two could
think of, and served to render both less fear
ful of detection Hud the serious consequences.
Having provided the r tpe, the mother hasten
ed to bring up large quantities of food, which
he soon began to devour with a ravenous appe
tite, which showed he had told no u truth
when in ihu character of a beggar, he had de
clared himself in a state bordering on starva
While he was eating, his mother (died him
with questions concerning the annv at Valley
Forge, in which he bad a Lieutenant's com
1 mission, nnd which be luid left on a furlough,
and the answers of the young soldii-r depicted
astute of destitution and suffering that caused
bis bearer to weep for very sympathy. Three
thousand soldiers were down on the sick list
at one time, and without the common neces
| snries of life, had perished by hundreds ; while
' those capable of doing duty, scarcely any had
a blanket to cover liirn at night, or food
enough to keep soul and body together. I'ale,
emaciated, ragged and dirty, many wiili their
bare feet upon the frozen earth, they walked
shivering through the camp by day, and crowd
td themselves together t-y night, to get what
little warmth they could from each other's
bodies—the most forlorn ai d wretched set ol
beings that ever a nation called to arms.
"God help us !" ejaculated the mother, in
a dej cted tone. " i suppose, after all our
hardships, we shall tie compelled to succumb
to our tyianuicul foes."
" Never !'* cried the young officer, "while
there is a thousand uicu left in our country to
make a desperate stand. We can only be
conquered by annihilation ; and if it is God's
w ill that a tyrant should rule over this broad
continent, not a single true heart will live to
feel the oppression and d sgruce. Ere that
time, dear mother, I shall be beyond the reach
if earihly nionarchs?"
" God bless you, William !" cried the mother,
enthusiastically grasping his hand. "Your
father's spirit speaks in you. He died on the
battle field with those sentiments in los heart ;
and 1 freely give you—my only son and hope
—to the glorious cause which his blood and
that of thousands of others has hallowed "
For several d-ys the intrepid young officer
remained beneath his mother's roof, supposing
his presence to be known only to themselves.
But, one evening at the end of his furlough,
when lie was le.-ginsii: g to think about prepar
ing for bis secret departure, an officer and six
men appeared ut tin dour, aud sai lie had
orders to art est one William liturgies, sup
posed to be somewhere in the dwelling,
i " Why, that is my son, - ' said Hie widow, in
great tii pidation.
" So much more likely that he should be
here, then," was the unfeeling reply,
"And lor what would you arrest him, and
what will tie do e with him if found ?"
" We shall take hiin for a spy, and if found
guilty, ho will lie hung, of course, as every
euised rebel should be. Here, ynu. Bent and
Walters, begin the search ; and you, Jones
i and Johnson, remain where you uie. Sharp,
now, all of you ! Let the fellow lie taker,
alive, it possible—but, alive or dead, let liim
jbe taken. Now, good woman, if In; is iu the
; house, of which we nie strongly assured, let
hiru uppear, and save youiaelt much trouble ;
j otherwise, the consequences be on your own
! head "
" Jf you think my son is in the house, search
to your heatl's content !" returned iho UiOlber,
externally calui, internally suffering.
And forthwith the search begun.
Meantime, the young Lieutenant, who had
heard enough to comprehend his danger, had
set about effecting ins escape, but not alto
gether in the manner first intended, lie wont
on the roof, it is true, and tied ttie long tope
to the chimney, casting one end of it down
toward the street, but this only for a blind.—
lie had seen that the bucks of the dividing
wail, between the houses occupied by his
mother and one of two adjoining buildings,
had been loosely put up under the ridge-pole,
and his present design was to remove a few of
these, crowd through into the loft of the other
house and then replace. This purpose he
fected before the soldiers searching for him
came up near enough to hear the little noise
lie was eotupeiled to make. Ttie open trap
door of the roof, and the rope uround the
chimney, served to mislead them as he had
hoped, and it was with intense satisfaction that
he heard litem announce the manner of iiis
escape. Immediately after, the whole party
left 1(1 haste, first threatening Mrs. Haggles
with subsequent vengeance, for harboring, con
cealing, und conniving at the escape ot a rubtl
spy, even though the muti were her son.
When fully satisfied that the soldiers had
gone, toung Haggles attempted to return into
Ins mother's dwelling by the way he had left,
but iu again displacing the bricks for this pur
pose, out- them slipped and went dowu through
an opeo trap door, upon the floor below, mak
ing a loud ooise. Immediately after a light
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY AT TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, PA., BY E. 0. GOODRICH.
flashed up through the opening, and a timid
female voice demanded who was there t
Here was a dilemma. Should the young
soldier reply, he would be exposed; and should
he keep silence, a search would be made which
might prove more serious in its consequences
What WHS to be done ? A sudden inspiration
seized iiim. It was a woman's voice, and wo
men are seldom steeled to pity. He would
make himself known to her, appeal to her sym
pathies, nnd throw himself upon her mercy.
" Lady," he began, in a gentle tone, calcu
lated to reassure his fair hearer, "be not
uianned. I am a friend in distress, the son
of your next neighbor. lam hunted as a spy
by British soldiers, and if found my life will be
forfeited If you cannot pity me, for God's
sake, pity my poor mother, and ussist me for
her sake !"
lie represented himself at the opening to
ttie ioit, nnd boldly descended the loft leading
down from it directly before the ladv, a sweet
beautiful girl of eighteen, who stood with a
light in her hand, and seemed dumb and mo
tionless, with a commingling of fear, surprise
and curiosity. The young man continued to
speak as be descended, and hurriedly went on
to narrate all that hud occurred, concluding
with the search of the soldiers, and his escape
into the loft above.
" Thank God, it is in my power to aid you,
sir !'* were the first words of the girl, spoken
with a look and a feeling of sympathy that
made the heart of the young soldier bouud
with strange emotions.
She then went on to tell him that a cousin
from Xew Jersey, about his s ze and build, and
locking not unlike him, was then on a visit to
the* family, having a pass from General Howe
This piss she had been iooki g at, aud, by
accident, it was in her posse-sion, the cousin
having gone out with the rest of tiie family
und forgotten it. #
" Take it and flv, and may God preserve
you," she said ;"I can arrange it with my
kinsman. 1 can have lost it, and he can easily
She hurried him down stairs, throwing a
cloak on his shoulders on the way, which she
insisted upon his wearing, saying that it had
belonged to a deceased brother, and lie could
return it at any future time. She then has
tened to get the pass, which she placed iu his
hand, and urged him to go at once.
"If 1 could but see mother for a momont,"
" No, no—lenve nil tome—l will explain
all t>> her—go while you can, before it is too
" God in heaven bless yon, sweet lady !" he
said, impnlstivelv seizing her hand, and touch
in/ it 10 his lips ; " I will never forget you."
The next minute he was gone. He escaped
Aud true to his declaration, he never did for
get the sweet gul who befriended him in his
hour of peril. Years after, the honorable wife
of General Haggles Was many 11 time heard to
tell of her first romantic meeting with him she
loved, then a hunted fugitive fiota the Conti
Elopement of Nantucket Wives.
On Saturday evening last our usually quiet
community got somewhat exci cd to hear
that ut least a dozeu of our goods citizens,
who for years hud enjoyed the bliss of matri
mony, found themselves deserted by those who
had promised to sustain them in sickness and
in health, aud be to them obedient aud utfac
tionate wives. Many a fcrlorn husband sat
choking and silent ut the supper table. Some
had to swallow their grief and undress the lit
tle ones woo were sobtiug at tiie absence
of there maternal guardian. Lots of backs,
unused to bending, had to be bowed over the
wa li-tub and bulling tubs, to prepare Young
America lor a Saturday night bed. Some
fumed, some grumbled,and some sat and silent
ly dangled their wuicbkevs und chain, aud
s iue went stalking about by moonlight to
ti id if possible their absconded half, und lead
I her by tbe ear home to duty and dish washing.
Lsnt it was all no go. Saturday night rolled
away, and Sunday and Monday, and houses
were still wifeless, and husbands still moody
Alter a while i'. leaked out that the ladies
were on "toot" by themselves,and making good
a tin eat they had otten pronounced to their
belter halves lo prove to them that women
could keep a secret, and Had skill enough to
hide am' have a good time where their wotider
lul wiseacres of husbands could not Und them.
They succeeded. Although every nook und
corner of the town was starched wherever a
dozen pretty young wives could hide them
selves, and fed themselves, and etjoyed them
selves,while their anxious husbands were pass
ing and repa-singrofteii within a few feet of
them, and none the . iser in regard to their
vicinity. We are informed that they made
the cuiidy, aud worked it, aud ate in peace;
und whether any portion of the " sweetness
long drawn out" was reserved to appease the
wrath aud disappointment of their tired aud
turbulent husbands, we are not posted. The
sequel, however, is yet to come.
The gay and good humored ladies are to
have a turkey supuer as a penally from their
obtuse husbands who went poking around with
hand lanterns and pootly trained terriers to
look out or smell out the hiding-place of a lot
of women who could keep a secret. They have
got them now safely at home, and have prom
ised the dear creatures if thej will not serve
them so again they will no more " go to lodge"
when it is not lodge, nor go dowo lo " meet a
man" whose name they cannot tell, nor have
" writing to do," when they should be with
their wives and little ones. — Nantucket En
An old lady down East, haviog kept
a hired man on liver nearly a -month, said to
him one Uay, " Why John, I don't think you
like liver. Oh yes, said John, " I like it very
well for fifty or sixty uieals, but I don't think
I'd like it us a steady diet." The old lady
cooked something else for the next meal.
VST A Demist is not necessarily mad be
cause he shows his teetb.
"REGARDLESS OF DENUNCIATION FROM ANY QUARTER."
Wot Beyond the Power of Love.
Mr. Gough, in one of his recent lecturer
proceeded to confute the idea that drunkards
are so far brutes as to be beyond the power
of Christian love, saying : "Mo, tbey are not
brutes. I have labored for eighteen years
among them, and I have never found a brute.
I have had men to swear at me ; I have had
a man dance around me as if possessed of
a devil, and spit his fonra in my face ; but I
never found a man that I would give up. It
may take a long time to reach his manhood,
but he is not a brute. I thiuk it is Charles
Dickens who says, " Away up a great many
pair of Etairs, in a very remote corner, easily
passed by, there is a door, and on that door
is written ' Womau '" And so in the heart
of the vilest cuicast, away up a great many
paiis of stairs, in a remote corner, easily pass
ed by, there is a door upon which is written,
llere is oar business—to find that door. It
may take a long time ; but beirin and knock
Don't get tired; but remember God's long ful
lering for us, and keep knocking a long time
if need be. Don't get weary if there is no an
swer ; remember Him whose locks were wet
with the dew. Knock on—just try it —YOU
try it ; and just so sure, bv and by, will the
quivering lip und starting tears tell you, you
have been knocking at the heart of a man,
and not a brute. It is because these poor
wretches are men, and not brute?, that we
have hopes for them.
1 once picked up a man io the market
place. Tiiey said "He is a brute—let him
alone." I took him home with me, and kept
the " brute" fourteen days and nights through
bis delirium, and lie nearly frightened my wife
out of her wits, one night chasing her all about
the bouse with a boot in his Lund. But she
recovered her wits and be recovered his.
He said to me : " You would'ut think I
had a wife und child, would you ?"
" Well, I shouldn't "
" I have, and—God bless her little heart
—my little Mary is as pretty a little thing us
ever stepped." said the " brute."
I asked, " Where do you live ?"
" Two miles from here."
" When did you see them last ?"
'' Two years ago."
Then he told me bis 9ad story. I said:—
" You must go back again."
" I cant go back. My wife is better with
out me. I bave struck her and kicked her,
and abused her. Can Igo back again ?"
I went with him to his house. 1 knocked
at the door, and his wife opened it.
" Js this Mrs. Richardson ?''
" Yes, sir."
" Well, that is Mr. Richardson ; and, Mr.
Richardson, this is Mrs. Richardson. Now
come into the hou<e."
They weut iu. The wife sat on side of the
room and the " brute'' on the other. I wait
ed to see who wo Id speak fir>t, and it was
the woman. But before she spoke she fidget
ed a good deal She pulled up her apron tiil
she got hold of a hem, and then she pulled it
all down again Then she folded it up close
and jerked it through her fingers an inch at a
time, and she spread it all down again ; and
then she looked all about the room and thtn
" Well, William."
" The ' brute' said, " Well, Mary."
lie bad a large handkerchief urouod his
nrek, and his wile said, " Y>u had better
fake the handkerchief (ff, William ; you'll
need it when you go out."
He began to fumble about it, the knot was
large enough ; he could have untied it it he
like (J ; but he said : "Will you untie it, Ma
She worked away at it, but her fingers
were too clumsy, too, and she could not get
While thus occupied their eyes met. The
love-light was not all quenched. She opened
her arm-* gently and he fell into them.
If jou had seen those white arms clasped
about his neck, and he sobbing on her breast,
and the child looking iu wonder ; first at one
and then at the other, you would have said,
"It is not u 'brute' but a man with a great,
big, warm heart iu his bosom."
WINE MORE DEADLY THAN CANNON —Wen
dell Philips, in his late address at the Music
Hall, said :
" I know a soldier in the army of the Poto
mac who was picked up in the streets of Phil
adelphia one year ago u complete wreck, a
confirmed inebriate, but who was by the love
of a sister and the charity of a Boston home
placed once more on his feet He was at Ball's
Bluif, and three times with unloaded tnusket
charged upon the enemy. He was one of the
six who heroically defended and brought away
the body of the fallen lender of th t bloody
fight. The captain of the company to which
he belonged died iu his arms, receiving the
last words of consolation from his lips. He
was afterwards conspicuous in the conflict until
the orders were given for each one to seek his
own safety. Removing some of his apparel
he plunged into the inhospitable river, and af
ter great exertion landed on the opposite
bank, seven miles below the encampment.—
Nearly exhausted, chilled, half clad, half-starv
ed, he finally reached the camp. The captain
of tiie next company to which he belonged,
kindly said to him,pouring out a glass of wine,
" Let me give you this ; yon will perish with
out it." " I thauk you, sir," said the soldier,
"but I would sooner tace nil the cannon of the
enemy than taste that giass of wine."
Cash helps courting along amazingly.
It is astonitbing what oysters, suburbad sides,
aad bells will do towards expanding the fem
inine heart and getting into the parson's
SS?* A Detroit paper mentions the arrest
of a woman in that city, "with DOthing on
her person but a hve letter and an ainbro
tvpe." Rather a ' poetical' aDd ' picturesque'
The Wandering Jew.
We have often smiled at the strange legend
of the " Wandering Jew," accursed for hav
ing shown himself without pity for the Son of
Man when he was on the point of death ; who
was coudemued to a never-eudiug march over
the surface of the globe, with his white beard,
his piteous air, aod his last remaining coins al
ways renewed in his purse. All this is certainly
very absurd. But when, in this singular le
gend, you recognize the impression that the
middle age had formed of the Jewish people,
always in motion, always chased from country
to country, everywhere prostrated under the
malediction which it anciently invoked upon
itself, and yet at the same time iodustractible,
resisting all evils, gaining money even in pla
ces where no one else would have known how
to find a penny, always miserable, and yet al
ways knowing how to extricate itseif from its
troubles—do we not recognize in this legend
matter for reflection, and see how wisdom is
often found in the mouths of children ?
That the above view is the real sense of the
legend of the Wandering Jew is shewn by the
very different form under which it appears io
the East. There the Jew is not a " Wander
er," he is " undying," and hence, doubtless, his
German appellation, drr cwigtJuilt. He struck
Jesus when he was going forth from from Pi
late'S place, and said to him, " GOOD, Jesus,
on more quickly, what delays you ?" Where
upon the Saviour replied, "I go, but you shall
wait until my return." In consequence, he
could not die, and every time that he was on
the poiut of falling beuealh the weight of old
age, new vigor seemed to reanimate his limbs,
and restores him to the age of thirty, which
was his age at the time of crucifictiou. He
remained in Armenia, where he lived an ascet
ic life, in the hopes of obtaining his pardon.—
We here see clearly that in the East, where
the people of Israel have long been dispersed
and tolerated, the imagination has not been
struck as in the West by its unchangeable
identity, nmid all religions and |R">htical revo
lutions, that the Eastern legend expresses.—
That the Jewish propU canuot die, is a truth
which all nations have discerned. But if it
survives abased in its remorse in the East, it
is constantly icavdtrivg in the West. It is
evideut that in both forms it is the historic
destiny of this people that has served as the
basis of the legend. For this reason we can
not accept the more modern interpretations
which those have given who have wished to
regard the legend as the personification of an
ti Christian doubt, always unquite, and uever
arriving at repose.— Lt Lion.
JTFFVISTERIVG ANGELS. —The beautiful • hare
gone with their bloom from the gaze of hu
man eyes. Soft eyes that maile it spring time
iri our hearts ore seeu uouiore. We have loved
the 1 ght of many a smile that has faded from
us now, and in onr hearts have lingerd sweat
voices that now are hushed in the silence of
death. Seats are left vacant in our earthly
homes, which none again can fill. Kindred
and friends, loved ones, tfave passed away one
by one ; our hearts are left desolate ; we are
lonely without them. They have pussed with
their love to " that la'd, from whose bourne
no traveller returns." bhall we never see
them again ? Memory turus with lingering
regret to call those smiles and the loved tones
of those dear familiar voices. ID fancy they
are often by our side, bat their homes is on a
brighter shore. They visit us in our dreams,
floating over our memory like shudows over
moonlit waters. When the heart is weary
with anguish, and the soil is bowed with
grief, do they not come and whisper thoughts
of comfort and hope ? Yes, sweet memory
brings tbeui to us, and the love we bore them
lifts the heart from earthly aspirations and
we long to join them in that better land.—
They hover round os, the ethereal, dear, de
parted ones loving and the loved, they watch
with eyes that slumber not. When gentle
dreams are wandering to the angel land, in
whispers wake the hymning strains of that
bright and happy choir, revealing many a talc
of hope, and bliss, und tenderness, and love.
They tell of sunny realms, ne'er viewed by
mortal eye—of forms arrayed in fadeless beau
ty—and lofty anthems to their great Creator's
praise are sounded forth in sweat, seraphic
numbers. And this bright vision of the blest
dissolves the tumult of life's jarring scenes ;
they fade in air, and ttien we glory in the
thought that we are heirs of immortality. And
why is it that we regard with such deep re
verence and IOVP, those bright, celestial beings
of another sphere ? Ah, it is because they
take an interest in our welfare, and joy over
our success in the great bahie of iife. Toey are
not selfish iu their happiness, but fain would
have us share it with them.
GENIUS AND LUBOR. —Alexander Hamilton
once said to an intimate friend :—" Men give
rue some credit for genius All the genius I
have lies just in this: when I have a subject in
hand I study it profoundly. Day and night it
is before me. My mind becomes pervaded
with it. Then the effort which I make the
people are pleased to call the fruit of genius.
It is the fruit of labor and thought."
Mr. Webster once replied to a gentleman
who pressed him to speak on a subject of
great importance :
" The subject interests me deeply, but I
have not time. There, sir," pointing to a huge
pile of letters on the table, "is a pile of un
answered letters to which I must reply before
the close of the session, (which was then three
days.) I have no time to master the subject so
as to do it justice."
" But, Mr. Webster, a few words from you
would do much to awaken public attention
" If there be so much weight in my words as
you represent, is it because I do not allow my
self to speak of any subject until my mind is
imbued with it."
Demosthenes was once urged to speak on
a great and sudden cmergeuey. "I am not
prepared," 6aid he, and obstinately refused.
The law of labor is equally binding in genias
VOL. XXIT. —KO. 44.
[For the Bradford Reporter.]
I hope it will not be deemed impertinent in
me to suy to you that this is a land and age or
common schools and common semi*. This is a
country of genera! knowledge among the popu
lation. It is impossible that any system of
Science or Art can stand, in this country,flood
ed us it is with intellectual licht, sustained
any but real claims to the respect and confi
dence of the public.
The Science, or Art, that "0. J. C."is try
ing to prove, under " The Science of Teach
ing," iu your paper of March 6, 1862, is stat
ed thus ; " The instincts, the inclinations, the
seotimeuts, the intellectual faculties, the dis
tinctive characters of humanity owe tbeir exis
tauce and their modifications solely to the
brain." The principal difference of opinion
that no* exist, with iefertnce to this subject,
turns upon the queKtiou whether we have proof
that the organs of intellect aud of physical phe
nomena in general are many in uumber, accord
ing to his doctrine, or ought rather, iu the de
fect of such evidence, slid to regard the brain
as performing its office with one energy aud
undivided action ; the continuity of structure
rendering this opinion more probable, miles#
anything can be proved to the contrary. It
is vain to tell the phrenologist that bis doctrine
is at variance with the moral sentiments of
mankind. This appeal is not to sentiments but
to lines and measurements.
He has the whole of the braiu at his dispo
sal. Whenever a new fact presents inself iu
the intellectual or moral constitution of men,
ho finds space enough where to locate the new
claiment, and furnish it with & domicile and
suitable neighborhood. Nor can any one rea
sonably object to this mode of sharing out hia
domain, or pit ad with effect that such, or such,
or such a piece of medullary matter is too small
to be competent to a wish or a volition, lo
the cerebellum he locates the sexual system.—
The cerebellum is found to lessen rapidly in its
proportional developments as we descend in
the scale of animate beings, without any cor
rcsopoding dimunition, and perhaps even with
iucreasc iu the propensity. How remarkably
powerful is this instinct iu birds, and yet bow
small is the cerebellum in these compared with
its sire in the human species Again, injuries
of the posterior part of the htai are observed
to be followed by stupor and loss of memory,
indicating the fuuctiou of the cerebellum to bo
connected with the exercise of the mental fac
ulties rather than of animal propensity. Still
the advocates of this doctrine will probably
rest ou his alleged experience of uniform coin
cidences in iht human specits between qualities
of mind and the amplitude of cerebral parts,
and within this sphere the phenomena would
establish his inference if they were decidedly
in his favor. If proportional amplitude iu a
given region of the braiu Were always coinci
dent with a giv' D quality of mind, the constant
counectiou would prove a relation between tho
two phenomena. The phrenologist need not
go beyond the human species in order to es
tablish his doctrines on the busis of experience;
but then this experience must be uuiform and
unquestionable. It is not enough to have a
few chosen coincidences brought forward by
xeaioos partizans who go about in search of
such facts in favor of this doctrine, and pasa
by, or really cannot perceive the evidence that
ought to be placed in the opposite scale. The
application of the main principle of the system
ought to hold throughout. This, however, is
uot preteuded by the phrenologists, who
aware of numerous and striking exceptions,
elude their evidence by asserting that when a
certain portion of the cranium and braiu is
crreatly developed, while the faculty there
lodged has never been remarkably distinguished,
it nevertheless existed by nature, though the
innate taleut, through the want of cultivation,
has failed to be displayed ; the predominant
organic power bestowed by nature was never
discovered by the owner, thofigh according to
the fundamental principle of the doctrine, the
natural preponderance of talent and propens
ity is alone sufficient to determine the habi
tudes of the individual and communicates of
itself a strange impulse to particular pursuits.
What has all this to do with the science uf
teaching ? What has Xo. 3 to do with the
science of teaching ?
A SCHOOI. DIRECTOR OFTEBRT.
IRI>H CUT EN ESS. —One of the sharpest tricks
we have heard of being played in these parts
was that of an Irishman of our acquuiut&uce.
It certainly relieves the Yankees from the
odium of driving ail the hard bargains.
Pat took the job from a prominent parson
of filling up a portion of his grounds with earth.
Pat was to receive six dollars a day for the
service of himself, horse and cart, till the job
was completed,and the parson agreed to furnish
las sou to help. Well, Pat tried the experi
ment of killing two biids with one stone. He
took a cellar to dig in another part of the towu
and was to receive six dollars a day for him
self, horse and cart in doing the job. But the
cream of the joke is, Pat hired the parson's
sou out the cellar owner at two dollars and a
half a day pocketed the money himself. Pat,
thus bad a mighty 14 fat take," he dog the cel
lar aud filled the parson's lot at the same time,
making twelve dollars a day, and then added
two fifty for the labor of the son. If the peo
ple don't 4 ' let up " on the Yankees now there's
no justice in the world.
TFRRIBI.E WARNING.—We se? it stated in
an English paper that Miss Burt, of Glasgow,
recently broke htr neck in resistiog the at
tempt of a young man to kiss her. This is a
fearful waruin<r to yoong ladies, especially
jpretty ones. Why will girls peril their deli
cate necks in absurd endeavors to avoid the
application of that delicious and soothing
44 two lip" salve, which is a universal correct
ive of chapped lip*, and will ultimately cure
the worst form of palpitation of the heart.—
Xo ladies of taste or sense will conduct them
selves in a manner so reprehensible and fraught
with so much danger. Besides, they well know
that kissing, like charity, blesses both alike.
,' 4 lt blesses ht that gives, and her that