Newspaper Page Text
01E DOLLAR PER ANNUM, INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE.
fcljjrs&iin fttorninn, December 10, 1830.
V, M; MI N'S REPUBLICAN Ci.rn.— Pnrsnnnt
t.t eel!, the Young Men's Fremont and Dayton
flub met at the Club room on Monday even
jp.r Nov. 24, for the purpose of re-organizing
a* i Republican Club, with reference to future
(Ml ,tests. The committee on permanent officers
reported the following, who were unanimously
President K V. PARSON'S.
lire /'residents —li. H. Woon. VV. R. DoWiS. \V. 11. H.
TN R.K. W. lit' 1.1. . A.l. KISOSBEBV.
Ilreonlin* See-re tar/ —I. V. Goiffrr.
T Seerelaiy-— l*. L>. MWV.
}' r, entire I'ommittir- .fere Ciitp, O. 11. I.yon. G. Brit
ton! Wm. Marshall. H. Bowman.
The Club then adiourned to meet at the
fourt House, Monday evening, Dec. 1.
Mosi'.vv EVENING. Ileceniltcr I.
The Young Men's Republican Club of To
w .iula borough, met at the Court House, pur
suant t" adjournment, and was called to order
! v the President, K. A. PARSONS ; after which
o chairman of the Committee on Resolutions,
On- M. WEBB, Esq., reported the following:
Wntrris: The election of James Buchanan, on the
, - • V vender lat. to the Chief Magistracy of the
■ States mn*t le retarded as an emlnr-ement. by
■ „• h..' ca-t their suffrages for the platform which
. np hi* identity, of the measure- and policy of
; -• | - -cut \ iministration. a policy which Mr. Buchanan
- ; v. no. if true t.- those at who-e hands he receiv
... ; : i, ; and whereas, we believe a continuance
> . an-! a repetition of the outrages that have
upon the citizens of Kansas fur the la-t
Mli-. with the sanction of the Executive, and
. .■ • ;.v Federal Arms, mu-t tend to weaken, and fi
i -t: \ the bonds which hold together the states of
K'i re Th.it the members of the •' Yonng Men's Re
.■ . . of Towanda Borough." and the Republi-
Rr.df rd t'onrty. undaunted by our recent tera
vvu. do thi* inglt renew our v>.w . of eternal
• iij lex tion t > the cause of Human Freedom :
i u.• rv pledge ourselves to each other, and to our
t'-r • gtmut the whole country, to -taud fast to
• t-r • ies promiilgated at the People"* Convention at
• i. in June la-t. until their triumph is secure.
N', • That we hatr. a< freemen only can hate, ty
■ s form- ; that bestowing U|H>II it the con
• • • Peinoeracv " t aunot chance it- nature or
•- c-n-etj'ieiices : and that we nil! tight it while we
t ci ;' t ,;:rath to those who are to succeed us. a ha
' .! e nulled only bv our own.
K- of. That all honor is due to our noble -tand.ird
the recent election—Fremont and li.iyton.—
-,cd the standard of Freedom in ls.it> - may
arrv i: to a triumphant victory in I*£o.
0 motion, the resolutions were unanimous
adopted. After which the Hon. D. Wii.-
v r entertained the nudience with an eloquent
-•'ss. in which the aims and tendency of
: -calicd democratic doctrines were fully
Tic following resolution was then read by
• IV M '\TAS\F, and unanimously adopted :
' red. That the ' ontinned and unwarranted alm-c
:~r per-uiat an.l priv etc character o r n;r e-t -ned
iv-citizen, the H 11. t>vid Wiluiot. t>y an h.rcling
of thi* county, and by contemptible itinerantch tr
ies* demagogues, paid for the inl mous wt rk by th >-e
• ' "ear his bold and m tnly indejienden -e in the cau-e
>m. meet* with the ur,i)ua!ilied condemnatioii of
.- ii mass of the people of thi- county that iu t-\c
-h:i"n he ha.* their entire cor.tidence aud r--ject.
On motion, adjonrnetl.
URADKORD COUNTY TKAOIIKK'S ASSOCIATION.
F annual meeting of the Bradford count}
" :K>r*' Association was held at the Colle
lu*titute in this place on the 13th. 14th,
:. nit. There were present during the ses
-0 ''the Association about fifty members,
•■•the <ii*cussions and deliberations were cou-
Willi great earnestness and goo*! feel
: were well fitted to promote the great ob-
Jtvt of the Association.
T •• X'.ooiation met on Thursday the 13th
at 11 o'clock A. M .and va< called toor
• v W DAY IKS. one of the Vice I'rev
- iui was ojH-ned with prayer by Rev. L
T nut-* of the last meeting were read
u . approved.
2 *r* Col-urn, Barnes ami Phelps, and
' ~- I M C.>e and E. Matthews were aj>-
I ' '.t*i a committee to prepare and rej>ort a
f the business and exercises of
\ ' - awcin;:.
V 11 iyer. Nichols and Ludwig. and
I ' •> C* k and Butier were appointed '
- tire to nominate officers for the next
" RI T
1 1 "tourer* report was j*peseted and no
~-<xi ** *iti*factory. The Business Commit
" at the la<t meeting, presented a
" ii was accepted and adopted
.it; u theu adjonrned till half past
* opening of the afternoon session the
~ ropmrt a programme of the buri
"" a rqmrt which was a^Ncp'ed.
* - i** - ;. 4 'i,> o then took up the following
r. a , n was unanimously adopted :
I "*' s" iiUti<* of tb<
1-1 . i-.iui iSAnts of th* district, v a m-**t
1 ""c-| ;.f i.h arii-csi< nt in-t Ihit *' carnc-t
I uacnU to paint*, ditvenw* and
I the mWb to riU and axwnp
I '• ?s ** taaj 1* In their power.
j . " v 'tion tlien took up the ronsidera
'" ' win® resolution :
I '"***? V T*
; *■*' '• **di'*ahle. and in tlir opinksti of
■ .1" "i p ;r •• Bare M;r *b<M->i- k<-pt ope* oo
I *v>,j 1 week Uu contiour ia x-*eo<-a ix
I ou this subject wa carried on
IGties, Vosborg. Gayer, Pbetps.
I - * tad Barnes ; the discussioo was arres
ti;. - 0 f when the members
L. on engaged in an exercise on
! * ' F vaUouarv Chart, conducted bv
'■B v '
THE BRADFORD REPORTER.
The Teachers' class in the Normal Depart
ment of the Collegiate Institute were drilled
in intellectual Arithmetic by Prof. Coburn.
After music by the choir of the Institute,
adjourned till half past 6, P. M.
On meeting in the evening, the discussion,
which had been suspended in the afternoon,
was resumed and continued by Messrs. Vos
i burg, Coburn, Rev. D. Cook, and Mr. Pavies,
when on motion the subject was postponed in
It was observed in the remarks made on this
resolution, that according to the School Law
in Pennsylvania and New-York, school is re
quired to be taught five days and a half in
the week, and according to general usage, six
hours a day. In favor of the resolution it was
j urged that such weekly recess wus needed in
order to secure the interest of pupils in study,
and to prevent school exercises from becoming
irksome and distasteful ; that it was demand
ed by a due regard to physical development
and general health ; and especially in the case
of many teachers who have been accustomed
to hard labor in the field, in view of the pecu
liarly exhausting nature of school duties, they
need such periodical recess to repair the waste
of health and secure that clearness of niiud
and vigor of bodily health which were needed
in conducting with ability the work of educa
tion. On the other side of the question it was
argued that ranch of such reasoning was inaj>-
plicuble to the circumstances of schools in ru
ral districts, although it might perhaps have
some force in the case of schools kept on con
tinuously for 9 or 10 months in the year : but
as appeared from authentic statistics the schools
in this county were in ojieiatiou on an average
only 4 12 months, and throughout the State,
excepting Philadelphia and a few special lo
calities. only 5 1-8 mouths. It was argued
that physical exercise was amply provided for
from the distances most scholars had to walk
in going to and returning from school ; that
there was no harm arising from the present
system ; teachers had equal opportunities for
recreation and self-improvement with those en
caged in other avocations and occupations of
life ; while some testified that the weeks ou
which they taught on Saturday, had been
weeks of greatest profit ; —while on the other
hand, after an interval of two dnvs. schools
were often in a condition of coufusion. and
teachers had frequently trouble in restoring
order and studiousncss in their pupils.
An essay was read by Miss Laura M Cook,
ou the " Teacher's influence on Society." The
subject was clearly stated an J forcibly and
happily illustrated The thanks of the Asso
ciation were tendered to Miss Cook for her
The following resolution was then taken up :
Reto/rtd. Th.it |T ; .z<** -houM given pnpil-. in our
' caramon *chool* for ext't-ltcDce in scholarship.
Messrs Colt. I.tidwig. Barnes and Coburn
spoke on the subject, and pending the depate,
the association adjourned till Friday morning,
at 9 o'clock.
Friday morning met pursuant to adjourn
ment—opened with prayer and singing.
The committee on nominations rejorted and
their report was accepted.
The following were offered and unanimously
Rend rf 1. That irmrnlir attendance nf nopils in any
M-hi">l i- en evil of steal magnitude, inasmuch *. it pre
vrtts their own pr-t:rv-. and *eriou>h incommodes the
'2. That it t- a doty whi h parents owe to themselves,
their children, their country, and their ton. to ali"w
their children sufficient time to attend SOHJI. and U> ea
f->rre their constant and punctual attendance.
3d. That teachers should strive to awaken a desire for
kn. o iedce in th<*ir pupils, nuke study a pleasure. and
thus secure pnuupt attendance.
Prof. Colt addressed the association on the
subject of Reading, accompanying and illustra
ting the principles laid clow n on the subject by
selected and appropriate exercises of a Read
An election officers for the ensuing year was
held, which resulted in the choice of
Oscar F. Young. of Rome, President.
H. Barnes, of Warren, Ist Vice President.
C. H. Phelps, of Smithfieid 2d
C F. Nichols, of Burlington 3d
James M William. Treasurer and Recording
C. K Coburn. Corresponding Secretary
Mr. Young then took the Chair, and the
association resumed the discussion of the sub
ject of prizes. and after the discussion had been
continued at some length by P. I>. Morrow,
Esq , CoD. Lodwig. Barnes. Colmro. \ osburg.
and Cook, the subject was laid over till next
The subject was first discussed under a mo
tion approving of giving prizes. and subsequent
ly under a resohitiou '* That the recognition of
excellence in stwly and deportment is ad visa-
Me, while the holding ont of rewards for sue
cess in stodv is evil and deleterious, the great
motive being that virtue is its own reward "
Tiie natural jiriuciple of emulation wasappeab
ed to. as a foundation for tlie practice of offer
ing prizes. It was maintained that this pnn
ciplc might he so controlled and directed as to
be made >ultservicnt to the great porjoses of
educatioo That our prevailing system of edu
cation appealed to the natural souse of fear by
rnratte of inirft lf jcnt but ou—lckcd the wore
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY AT TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, PA., BY E. O'MEARA GOODRICH.
" REGARDLESS OF DENUNCIATION RROM *#Y QUARTER."
generous influence that might be exerted by
awakening the hope of reward. It was main
tained that this principle was recognized in the
State as in the instance of the copy-right pri
vilege, which was in a measure a literary prize:
that this system had long prevailed in the lit
erary institutions of the Old World ; and that
its influence had been to produce an enthusi
asm iu study and to stimulate the indolent to
excel. On the other hand it was contended,
that the principle of emulation ought uottobe
fostered and indulged : that while this system
might have been of advantage in stimulating
a few, it has been greatly detrimental to oth
ers ; that at best it presents an unworthy mo
tive ; that competitors can seldom be on a fair
and equal footing—and so mere excellence can
not always be a true standard of comparative
merit. That where this policy has been ndop
ted, it has had no evident tendency to diffuse
education, and that it is a stimulus only to
those who need no stimulus, and who become
in many instances victims to this ambitious de
sire to excel.
Miss F. O. Andrews read an essay on a sub
ject assigued at the last meeting—"The right
mode of giving instruction in orthography from
the incipient lessons of the abecedarian to the
jterfect speller." The essayist very justly vin
dicated the importance of her subject, though
often in disparagement spoken of as nothing
but " fore part of the spelling book," it was
shown to be the first and essential stepping
stone to accurate scholarship, a department of
an educational course which it required tnlent
and ability to conduct with success. She then
sketched a plan for teaching the alphabet and
spelling, the results of her own observation,
and showing much practical discermneut on the
subject. Ihe subject of elementary sounds,
and the nature and utility of the Klocutiouary
Chart, were fully illustrated. The thank* of
the Association were tendered to Miss An
drews for her essay, and a copy requested for
publication in the School Journal.
Dr. Bliss, the President of the Association
for the pa.*t year, theu delivered an address ou
the subject of " ( Sortrnment ." The subject
was introduced by a clear statement of the
truth that the mind acts according to establish
ed*laws ; that these laws are uniformiv the
same ; that the power to govern is chiefly de
pendent on a knowledge of these laws of the
human mind. This principle was strikingly
brought out by a very pertinent analogy : as :a
civil goveruuient, it is an indispensable qualifi
cation in the executive or judicial offin-r, that
he he acquainted with the laws of the State •
that he be learned in the laws of the country;
so he who would govern the mind must know
its laws. It is tios that places government ou
its proper foundation. The connection of mind
with a physical organization was stated and
illustrated, and then by a nice and philosophi
cal analysis, the following laws or attributes of
the mind were traced—attention, social affec
tion, love of society, appreciation of |>ower, de
sire for certainty, reason and conscience. It
was maintained that the mind is susceptible of
moral culture, agd demanded special moral
training at a very early period. Tiie speaker
concluded his address with an extended illus
tration of the application of these principles to
the educating of early childhood, eloquently
sustaining the |>osition that Government is of
divine origiu, designed to promote human dig
nity ; that its principles constitute a well de
fined and dstrnified science, ami a* such, a pro
j>or subject of *tuuy.
It was resolved that the thanks of the asso
ciation be tendered to Dr Bliss for hi?, address,
and that a copy !e requested for publication
in the Pennsylvania School Journal.
It was al*o resolved, that the next meeting
of the a*.*ociatiou be held iu Terrjrtown on the
second Friday of February next, at 11 o'clock,
A M. After music, the association adjourn
ed till half past d, P. M
The evening session was opened with music,
after which a resolution was offered, recom
mending that singing be taught in common
schools, and that as soon as it can be done,
that it be made an indispen*ible qualification
in teachers that they be able to teach music.
Messrs. Ludwig and Vosborg spoke on this
subject, stating the usage in this matter exist
ing in Germany, advocating it from the fact
of an almost universally prevailing fondness for
music, and the various beneficial influences
flowing from it. The subject was laid over
till next meeting, and Prof. Ludwig was ai
pointed to prepare a report on the introduction
of mnsic into common schools, to be presented
at next meeting.
The committee appointed to prejiare an ad
dress to the teachers of this county, was con
tinued, and the committee were directed and
anthorized in behalf of the association to pub
lish the address.
The association then attended to the drill of
a class in iutellectua! algebra, hy Prof. Co
An address was then delivered before the
association by J. Macfariaue. E<q.. on the sub
ject of Elocution. The address was highly
scientific and }>ractical, as well as *ea.*onablc :
I the element* am! the iaip-r?auct --f good read
ing and speaking were detailed ; the prevail
ing inaccuracies iu reading, the general defi
ci<*ocy of public speakers, the delinquency of
teachers, the imperfection of our educational
systems touching this mutter, were subjects
severally exhibited, aud in a pertinent and live
ly manner illustrated.
The thanks of the association were tendered
to Mr. Macfarlane for his address, and a copy
requested for publication in the School Jour
The association then adjourned till to-mor
row morning at 8 1-2 o'clock.
The members of the association and the
friends of education present, then withdrew to
the parlor of the Institute where they in a very
agreeable aud profitable manner spent auhour
iu the pleasantry and familiarity of social in
Saturday morning the association met, and
was ojiened with prayer by the Rev. D. Cook.
1 lie President announced the appointment of
Dr. T. J. Ingham as lecturer for the next meet
iug, aud Washington Strong alternate. Miss
L M. Cue for Essayist, and Miss Julia Hor
toa alternate. For business committee, Dr.
G. F. Horton, E Guyer and Thomas B.
Young, and Misses Mary Lewis and Emilv
The subject of Teachers' Institutes was ta
ken up, and after a short discussion of the sub
ject, it was laid over until next meeting.
Messrs. Guyer, Cook, T. B. Young, Colt,
Coburn and Davies spoke on the subject. Tiie
County Su|>crinteudent earnestly advocated the
utility and desirableness of Teachers' Institutes,
although after much effort on the subject, no
thing had been accomplished in this couutv.—
In Orwell and Leßoy a respectable number of
teachers had come forward to form Institutes.
In the course of the discussion, the expediency
of Institutes was called in question, on the
ground that Teachers are together but for a
short time, and that the results are superficial
and transient ; and that with organized asso
ciations, efficient, and holding frequent periodi
cal meetings, with a permanent county snperin
tendency. and normal schools, Institutes are
not needed and not desirable. On the other
hand it was maintained that their object was
not to give extended and systematic instruc
tion, but to give general directions and infor
mation on the snbject of teaching, to point out
tlie necessity of in >re thorough training in
teacher*, and to in*pire them with a ju*t sense
of that responsibility. Tiie couutv superintend
ent* throughout the State had in convention
decided with almost eutire unanimity, that
Teachers' I:.*titutes in the several counties
ere absolutely indispensable. Iu New-York,
they were required by law, and supported and
countenanced by State appropriation. Many
teachers had obtained their first ideas of the
nature and dignity of their work from these In
.Ntitutes, and in this way many of the recent
improvements iu education had become gener
erally known and been generally introduced.
l'rof. Coburn then gave iu an exteuded and
verbal rqaarf, the out-'ine of a gool dav's
work in school. Tiie remarks were eminently
practical, the result of long experience, and
such as could not fail to be of great value and
usefulness to younger teachers There must
be a plan, without followiug douly the plan of
another ; —teachers should l>c at school early,
and never allow the school-room to be opcued
until they are there : see that every thing in
the school-room is ueat and in order ; and es
peciallr on the first Jay of school should iu a
kind and friendly manner meet the pupils at
the door. Teachers should take care that pu
p:!s enter the school-room in a proper and quiet
manner, and prohibit all playing in the school
rouji during recess or before the opening of
school—a prevailing evil in the schools of this
county. School should commence precisely at
the apjioiiited hour ; the reading of a portion
of the S* riptures at the opening was recom
mended. For several reasons, recitations in
mathematics *hould come fir.-t, and arrange
ments should le such that each class should
have its proper siiare of time, allowing two mi
nute? between each recitation, and fifteen mi
nutes for a general exercise. Classes should
lie called and dismissed precisely at the time
fixed, and perfect stillness required during re
citations. Pupils should fully understand that
lessons given out are to be studied
and prepared lefore coming to recitations.—
Teachers should never attempt to do tw o things
at once, nor allow themselves in any case to be
teased into an acquiescence with the requests
of scholars. No whispering -honld be allowed
in school, unless at the change of cla-*es
Rules should !e brief, comprehensive and easi
ly understood. Recitations should lie so con
ducted that it would be impossible for pujals
to go through them without learning—if they
have not capacity enough to Icam. they ought
not to be in the class. An important princi
ple, Mr. Coburn in conclusion, prominently
heh! up and enforced, that scholars should al
ways understand that the teacher means what
It was resolved, that the thank* of the as
sociation be tendered to the inhabitants of
Tewa-rD who bar- k id'y an J b p'tabb cs
tertained the members of the Association du
ring these sessions ; and to Prof. Ludwig and
the Choir of the Collegiate Institute for the
sweet music which has so greatly enlivened the
exercises aud discussions of this meeting 1 .
Atter prayer by the Rev. Mr. Foster, the
Association adjourned to meet in Terrytown,
on Friday, Febrnary 13, 1857.
*@-A man named BALDWIN*, while hauling
logs on the railroad leading to Nichols' steam
mill, in Franklin township, some days since,
was fatally injured by his horses becoming
frightened, throwing him off in front of the
cars, which passed over him, injuring him so
that he died in a few hours.
COURT PROCEEDINGS. —The December Term
and Sessions of the Courts of this County com
menced on Monday, the Ist inst., HON. DAVID
YV i[.MOT presiding. The commissions of Hon.
AARON CHUBBCCK and Hon. JOHN F. LONG,
elected Associate Judges in October, were read
in Court, and those gentlemen took their seats.
PAUL D. MORROW, Esq., was qualified as Dis
trict Attorney, and entered upon the discharge
of the duties of his office.
The first day was occupied in the usual pre
liminary business, receiviug Constable's returns,
htaring motions, Ac.
Was sworn Monday afternoon, and having fin
ished the business laid before them, was dis
charged Thursday afternoon. The following
jurors were in attendance :
West Burlington—Frederick'TowandaDoro— W Keeler.2d
Johnson. Perry B Pratt.Pike—Ahner Wood.
Sprinjrtitld—S J Wheeler. jDnrell—J Cole. Joshua
Shesbequin—J Tompkins, A| Kilmer.
Bidlenian. Wm Campbell. jCranville—Lnman Putnam.
Wells—James Mitchell, R R Litchfield—Hiram Bodgers.
Beckwith jSmithfield— Hez'h Crowell.
Orwell—Harry I„ P; rks. Athens twp.—Constant iln-
M onroe tp—,l M Ulriejrs. thewson.
War.'c tanorinan. ,Ridgbery—Hiram Dewey.
LCMAN PUTNAM, Esq., was appointed Fore
man. The following is the business done :
Com. vs. Margaret McXart/iy. —Charged
with assault and battery uj>on Margaret Ber
nard Grand Jury return, not a true bill, but
the County pay the costs.
Con. r s. Tsicis Bull.— lndictment for as
sault and battery upon Dennis Lynch, on the
30th of October. True bill.
Con. vs. Ruhard M' Kail. —lndictment for
assault upon Bridget and Mary M'Kail, on the
23d of November last. True bill.
COM. VS. Janes Sureet and Reed Smaller. —
Indictment for assault and battery on Charles
Mead, on the 20th of September last. True
COM. VS. Jesse R. CotreU. — Indictment for
assault aud battery upon Olive L. Elliott, on
the 4th of October last. True bill.
Com. vs. Charles H*. Belding and William
Ferris. —lndictment for larceny and receiving
stolen goods True bill.
Com. vs. Joseph 11. Wells. —lndictment for
fornication and adultery. True bill.
Com. vs. Xrlson Olmsted. —lndictment for
malicious mischief in destroying certain goods
and chattels of Philip P. Sweet. True bill.
Com. vs. Hiram II" Cox. —lndictment for
fornication and bastardy. True bill.
C'• m vs. Sheffield Wilcox. — Indictment for
selliug liquor without obtaining a license, con
trary to the law of 1556. True bill.
Com. vs. Darnel M. Moore. —lndictment for
selling liquor to miuors. True bill.
Com. vs. X. D. Snyder. —lndictment for
selling liquors to minors. Not a true bill and
County to pay the costs.
Com. vs. E. S. Bailey. —lndictment for sel
ling liquor without obtaining a license. True
Com. rs. Edtrard Bouse, Silos Bouse ami
Cornelius lie-use. —lndictment for a=?ault aud
battery upon Nelson and Ulysses Moody, and
for disturbing the elections at Durell JHJIIS OU
the 4th day of November last. True bill.
IN" THE QUARTER SESSIONS.
The first trial in which a jury was iinpan
Com. vs. Il"*. Ferris and Ck>irl*s TI". Bel
ding.—The defendants were indicted in Lu
zerne county for the larceny of a black mare
the property of Wm. Vanonnan. An indict
ment was found against the defendants at the
present term of our Court, and Ferris put uj
on his trial. It appeared that Bchling had
dokn the marc, and sold her to Ferris, the
latter being ignorant of the fact. He was
accordingly acquitted by the jury.
t7*. vs. Sarah C' Je. —The defendant W3
indicted at September sessions for conspiring to
abduct the minor children of Ulysses Moodv,
of Siuithfield. It appeared from the evidence
that Moody and his wife had separated, their
two girls remaining in the charge of the fa
ther. It i alleged that Mrs- Cole, who is an
aunt id Mrs. Moody, conspired to procure the
custody of the children, and aided in their
elopement with their mother on the 30th of
May last. The jury found the <lefendant not
guilty, and the County to pay the costs.
For the Commonwealth, LVMAN. ELWEU,
and PIERCE : for the defeudant, ADAMS, MER
cnt, and DtErntcc.
E. S Bailey, indicted at the present term
for selling liquor with oat obtaining a license.
I CourL plead gg-"feereup-
VOL. XVII. XO, 27.
on the court sentenced him to pay & fine of
sls, and the costs of prosecution.
Com. vs. John RfltcUe.. —-Dcftnlant enters in
to recoguizauce to appear at next term.
Com. rs. Aaron L Scrirms. —lndicted Mfi/
session for selling liquor to persons of known
intemperate habits. Defendant appears and
MWSet inside for farther Court Proceeding.
POST OFFICE AFFAIRS. —The Postmaster Ge
neral has mnde the following changes : Alan
sou Stone, Postmaster at East Derrick, Brad
ford County, vice J. C. Barnes ; Jas. Metier,
Postmaster at Canton, vice John Vandyke, Jr.
B. B. Tuttle, Postmaster at East S-iithfiekl,
vice M. B. Gerould, moved away.
We understand that the Post Office Depart
ment is very anxiously engaged in purifying
the Post Offices in this county of all pestilent
Republicans. In spite of its spies and infor
mers, several heretics are yet retaiued, owing
to the difficulty of finding any proper person
to accept the office. As no regard is paid to
public convenience, the office being in several
instances removed to out-of-the-way places, we
have no doubt that in time the last free-soiler
will come under the gnillotiue. The immense
importance of this movement may be estimated
from the receipts of our country post offices,
which will average from twelre shillings to
twelve dollar*, per quarter !
ABSTRACT OF TIIE REPORT OF THF. SECRETARY
OF THF. INTERIOR.— Wushingtrm, Da. 2. —The
Secretary of the Interior's Report states, that
the quantity of land surveyed since the last re
port, and up to the 30th of September last, is
16,873,699 acres, exclusive of the Salem sec
tions. The execution of the Graduation Act
has raised many grave questions which call for
the interposition of Congress. He says it is
an important matter, and should be promptly
disposed of. cither by sanctioning and affirming
the action of the Land Office, or directing the
patents to be issued without further require
The quantity of lands sold for cash during
the fiscal year amounted to over nine and a
quarter million acre*, and the receipts therefor
are $8,821,114. The total amount of ia.r.J
dis>po>ed of is over thirty-nina millions of
He suggests the necessity of further power
being granted to the Commissioner of Pension®
to sosjieud, diminish ana discontinue pensions,
when the reason for granting them has wholiv
or partially ceased.
The number of patents issued nithin the
year will probably reach 2.50y.
The report -ays that daring the present ad
ministration 52 Indian treaties have teen ne
gotiated. 20 of which remain to be acted upon
by the Senate By these treaties the Intl.an
title has been extinguished to ceariv 175.000,-
000 acres. The aggregate of money considera
tion paid therefor is $11,184,203 80. The
Indians within our borders are supposed to
number about 300.000.
The process of the colonization of the In
dians has already been attended with the Lan
pie>t result®, and gives promise of steadv - re
gress in the amelioration of their pbv-'.cai aud
ABSTRACT OF THE REPORT OF THI S. :RETARY
OK THE NAVY.— TMr. 2. —The re
port of the Secretary of the Navv gives a de
tailed view of the operations of the Xuvy dur
ing the last year, and its present strength
Among his recommendations are. for another
squadron in the Pacific, rendered necessarv bv
our extending commerce : for the adoption of
the English and French system of gunn rv on
Practice ships, and f>>r the despatch of
steamers to survey the Guano I-land®, on w eh
Commodore Merviue made an unsatisfactorY
report. The Secretary regard®" the cor.®trac
tion of the six war steamers as inauruiating H
new era "in the naval service, ami repeated hi®
former recommendations for bu'iding sfam
sloop® of war of small draft. The sai ling out
of seamen to relieve di®tont crew® L® ®[<oken of
as an experiment, and will be continued if it
shall work well. The Secretary likewl-e re
commends the employment of assi-tant pursers
with moderate compensations.
fcj?" A servant girl, writing a letter, a-ked
lor ma®ter if the next month had come in vet.
He laughed. " Well." said she, " what I mean
is—has the last month gone out vet "
fcST An Ir '! i auctioneer, whil®t expatiat
ing on the merit® of a telescope. sagely observ
ed, " How often ha® the widow"? heart leajjed
for joy when she ha.® beheld her hu-band at a
distance brought near to her by snch an in
strument as this 1"
fes?* A profes®or of magic, who recentiv
gave an entertainment in an English seaport,
was bragging pretty largely of his sleight-of
hand feat? in the public room of one of the ho
tels, after hi.® }<crfonranee was over. A gen
tleman present offer d to bet him that he would
make everything on the table disappear in less
than a minute. The professor at once boakei
the wager, when the other screwed cut the gas.
The disappearance was complete, and the pro
fessor confessed himt*lf ' .-old."
fta?* A Schenectady editor e'es-ribing the
effect of a squall upon a canal boat, says :
Wlien the gale was at it? highest, the unfor
tunatc craft keeled to larboard, and the cap
tain and another <a?k of whtskey roiled over
HOKBT WORTH —Many flowers arc expres
sive of the roost delicate sentiment, but which
of ibern has the heart of a cabbage ?
FCIR A lit cly conponioe the jumping v >•