Newspaper Page Text
Bucha iau Deserted for Breckinridge
Within the last week the Presidential can
vass ha- assumed ft new mid quite uticxpfctcd
phase. The report is that Dousglas mid his
iiicnds have lost faith in Buchanan, and arc
intriguing for the elevation of Breckinridge in
hi- place, in away which we will presently ex
It has been quite apparent for some time,
to Mr. Buchanan s northern friends, that it. was
impossible for him to succeed on what Col.
Benton so significantly termed the "ipecac
platform"prescribed for him at Cincinnati.
To hold some portion of the northern democra
cy, if possible, the "Sage of Wheatland " has
been gradually casing upon the slavery sub
ject, in various ways, until the Douglas men
begin to think he means, after all, to stand
where he stood in 1848—upon the prineiphs
of the Missouri Compromise. Col. Benton's
course in supporting Buchanan, while denounc
ing the Convention which nominated him, and
the platform it laid down, first put them upon
suspicion. Then disposition manifested in Bu
chanan's letter accepting the Cincinnati nom
ination, to qualify the position he had previous
ly taken in his speech to the committee,increas
ed their alarm.
But the heaviest blow which has been given
to the confidence of the Kansas party was
strufli the other day in Congress, by Barclay
of Pennsylvania, in voting for the admission
Kansas into the Union as a free state, under
the Topeka constitution. Mr. Barclay is well
known to be a fast friend of Buchanan, and
his defection, attended as it was with such crit
ical results, has spread consternation among
Mr. Buchanan's bondsmen in the Cincinnati
Convention. They do not disguise their belief
that lie is ratting, and that he will be as readv
now to betray the South as lie has always
been when public sentiment ran in the opposite
direction, to betray the North.
Inspired by this new and unexpected dan
ger, the pro-slavery leaders have hit upon a
new plan securing power by deceiving the peo
ple. The most they hope or desire now for
Buchanan is that he may have votes enough
to defeat an election at the polls. In that ease J
the election goes to the House of Representa
tives, whose duty is tlin- prescribed by Art. 12
of See. 1 of the Constitution.
" Akt. 12. Sec. I.—The ELC'tor* f-liall meet in their
respective states, and vote hy Billot for Piv-i<lcnt and
Viee-President, one of whom, at least. sh:ili not he an in
habitant of the same state with themselves, they-hall
name in their ballots the persons voted tor as president,
and in distinct ballots the person voted lor a- Viee-Presi
dent : and they shall make distinet lists of all persons
voted for as \ ice President, and of the noiul>er ol votes
(or each, whieh list they shall sign and i ertify. and trans
mit sealed to the government of the United States direct
ed to the I'residentof the Senate, the President of the Sen
a'e shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of
Representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes j
shall then bt counted; the person having the greatest nuin- '
her ui votes tar pre-ident. shall be the president if such i
numl-i la- a majority of the whole number of the elector- i
appointed : and if no person have such a tnajoritv, then i
from the persons having the highest number not exce- i
ding three OU the list ol those voted for us President, the
i! "i-e of Repre-entativrs'shall ohe.o-e immediate! v hv bal- i
lot the''President. Hut in choosing the Presideut,the votes '
shall he taken by states, the representation from each
state having one vote : a quorum for this pnrpo-e shall j
consist of a member or ineirther* front two thirds) of the 1
st ates, and a majority of ail the states shall In- neeessarv i
to a choice. And if the House of Representatives sliail 1
not choose a President whenever the right of choice !
-hall devolve upon them before the fourth day of March '
no a following, then the Vice President shall act as l'res
ld -at, as in ease of the death or other constitutional dis
ability of the President."
1 lie three highest candidates before llicllouse,
in ease ola defeat of the popular choice, will
doubtless be hremorit, Buchanan ami Fillmore.
Each state then will cast but one vote. Rhode !
Island or Delaware has just as much weight in
that election as New \ork or Pennsylvania.
Neither party in the j loose has, according to
present party divisions, a clear majority. The
Republicans have majorities in and control the
delegations from Maine, New Hampshire, Ver
mont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connect icut,
New Jersey, New lurk, Pennsylvania, Ohio,
Michigan. Indiana, and Wisconsin—tbirtceu
slates. 'I he democrats are represented by ma
jorities in Alabama, Arkansas, Virginia, Illi
nois, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia,
Louisiana, Mississippi, Florida, and Culioruiu,
—elelven states. The American ]artv num
ders a majority in Maryland, Kentucky, Ten
nessee, Missouri, and Delaware—live states.
lowa preseuts a tic—one republican and one
democrat, as also does Texas, represented by
one democrat and one American.
I lie Republican candidate, having but thir
teen states, would thus lack three of a majority.
California, Illinois and lowa are the three
States from which the required aid would be
most naturally expected.
'llic Kansas party, now disgusted with Bu
chanan, are laying their plans not onlv to de
feat an election by the people, but" by the
House of Representatives. In the event of
the House not choosing the President before
the fourth day of March next, should the
choice devolve upon it, then the Vice-President
becomes the Presideut <lc facto. Who the
Vice President would be in that event is not
it doubtful. The Senate has the power of
choosing the Yiee-Presideut from the two can
didates having the highest vote for that office
in the electoral college, and the strong demo
cratic majority in the Senate would insure the
immediate choice of Mr. Breckinridge, the fuc
tofiun of Mr. Douglas in securing the passage
of Kansas-Nebraska bill, and one of the most
thoroughgoing believers in slavery jure duitw,
in the T'nited States.
To make Mr. Breckinridge President by the
vote of the Senate ; to defeat the popular
choice ; to take from the popular branch of
< engross u constituioual pcrogativc and trans
fer it to the Senate—these are the plans which
are just now said to engross the whole inge
nuity ol the pro slavery leaders. Tills is the
consummation towards which Mr. Fillmore
and his friends are laboring, some ignorantlv
and some designedly, with all their might.
Deeply as wc should deplore such a result,
wo have no commiseration for Mr. Buchanan.
His subservience to the south, and his faith
lessness to all his political convictions, time
and again, entitle him no better fate. The
man who, in his position and all his years, J
would make himself the organ of the barbarous
creed proclaimed at Cincinnati, deserves to be
betrayed.— K mi ing Post.
AN 1T.1.Y ( VSTOMF.R. — Mr. Burlingame, while
waiting fur .Mr. Brooks to accompany him to
Canada to settle a little affair between tliein,
WjQjppd his leisure hours by trying liis rifle in a
shooting gallery in New York, lie "rang the
bell" five times out of nine, and the other four
!>alls came in very uncomfortable proximity to
the exact center. Burlingame's skill with a
lifle is equal to that of Brooks with a bludg
A JIMMY Since Mr. Buchanan has been
' ouiinatud for President, at the Baltimore mar
hit. and other places a ten cent piece is called
a diiuniv, 11 being the price for a day's la*
>or tiiat he said would spread blcj. itig and
'' n> lit, over the coiw'rv
E. (). GOODRICH. KMTOH.
TOW AjS O A.:
t£!prsdiin lUormnn, -Hiiln <3l, 183b.
-JOHN C\ KHI:MONT.
FOR VICE PRESIDENT,
AVM. Hi. DAYTON.
Union State Ticket.
FOR CANAI. COMMISSIONER,
THOMAS E. COCHRAN, or Yokk Co.
FOR A EDITOR GENERAL,
DARWIN E. PHELPS, of Armstrong Co.
FOR SURVEYOR GENERA!.,
BARTHOL. LAPORTE, OK Bkaoford CO.
TERMS Oe Dollar per annum, invariably in advance—
I'our weeks prtriou* to the expiration of a subscription,
Holier u-ill be given by a jo inted ir rapper, and if not re
newed, the paper will in all casts be stopped.
Ci.rr.r.ivij -The Reporter will be sent to Clubs at the fob
lowing extremely low rates :
ll copies for $. 01) |1 < copies for . sl2 00
10 Copies for Sooj 20 copies for.. .. 15 00
Akvertisements For a square of ten lines or less. One
Dollar for three or less insertions, and twenty five cents
for each subsequent insertion.
JIM Wokk Executed with accuracy and despatch. anil a
reasonable prices with rrery facility for taring Hooks,
!Hanks. Hand-bills, Hall tickets, fyc.
Money may be sent by mail, at our risk enclosed in an
envelope, and properly directed, toe will be responsible
for il< safe delivery.
rriJE REPUBLICAN CO. COMMITTEE
I will nu-<-t at the Court House in the borough of To
wanila. on S XTI'ItDAV, the 2d day of AUdl'STnext, at
2 o'clock. P. M. The following named persons compose
-aid Committee : Allen M'Kean. K. •>. lioudrich.Wm. C.
Itoeart. (J. F. Mason, J. 11.11. Balwock. Kugene Keeler.
John A. Codding. Win. 11. Vandyke, V. S. Vincent. Sam'l
l)avid-'HI, E. C. Kellogg, C. F. Nichols, Ira C. Bullock.
.lulv2l. ls-,0. A1.1.F.N M'KF.AN, Chairman.
MR. BUCHANAN AT THE SOUTH.
The friends of Mr. BUCHANAN in this region,
claim that he is opposed to the extension of
Slavery—that it elected he would not be a
parly to tlie designs of the South in their pur
poses of propagating and perpetuating slavery,
but would rather favor the cause of Freedom.
That these assumptions arc false are illustrated
by the public career of the Cincinnati candi
date. Amongst all our Northern men, there
is not one who has descended lower to propi
tiate Southern feelings and support than BU
Wc propose to show our readers how Mr.
BUCHANAN" is regarded iu the South, by those
who have especial charge of the plan for
strengthening the peculiar institution. We have
before us- the Richmond Rvqnirer, of July 15,
1856, which contains a long leading editorial
article headed "BUCHANAN ON SLAVERY—A
Record Without a JJlcuiish'' —devoted to the
task of illustrating, from the record, by Mr.
BUCHANAN'S votes and speeches and acts how
true he lias been to the interests of Slavery.—
The Enquirer is confessedly the leading paper
of the pro-slavery party. It is the organ of
the Virginia and South Carolina clique of poli
ticians which regulates the affairs of the De
mocratic party,makes it- platforms and indicates
and nominates its candidates. From FOLK'S
to the present Administration, this same clique
has virtually controlled the foreign and domes
tie policy of the Government. It obtains com
plete control of the l'rcsidcnt, and distributes
the offices and the patronage of the govern
ment. It has but one object—viz : to uphold
and strengthen the institution of domestic sla
very, to make the traffic in lnunan chatties
profitable, and to secure political power thro'
the interest l ; of that great aristocracy. It i<
this same clique that speaks through the ltir/i
--iwinl Enquirer, which nominated Mr. Bern AX
AX at Cincinnati, llad not Virginia been
steadfast to him he would never have been u
candidate for the suffrages of the people.
Owing his nomination to Virginia, is there
any question but that Mr. BUCHANAN, if he is
not already in the hands of the junta of which
we have spoken, would, as President, succumb
to the powerful iuflucnccs they bring to bear,
as readily as did FOLK, and TVI.F.R, and FILL
MORE, and FIERCE ? Mr. BUCHANAN if elected
President, will owe his success almost entirely
to Southern votes, as he does his nomination
to Southern influence. He cannot fail, under
the circumstances, to become the supple tool
of the power behind the throne—more power
ful than the throne. His advisers, the chief
support for his administration, would be the
nullifiers and disuniouists of the South, and
and their most mercenary and debased North
ern adjuncts. The Free North will be virtu
ally outlawed and prostrated. The arrogant
and prescriptive spirit of Slavery-propagandism
will have full sway. The schemes of extension
and aggrandizement which the popular expres
sion of the North has checked for the last two
years, will be fully consummated, and slavery
having achieved the preponderance, and bro
ken down the last barier against its spread,
will obliterate all the safeguards of Freedom,
and diffuse its baleful influence over the entire
We propose, by the extracts we shall make,
to show how Mr. BUCHANAN is regarded by
the Richmond Enquirer, and the men who
have surrounded and controlled the four last
Administrations. The editor opens his article
by an announcement, that the " slavery ques
tion is the paramount of the canvass,''
us follows :■ —
'• A. the lavcry in it- various relations,!,
thi JMI tniomit 1.-..UC ot the tare .1 .iti- t v ciMi.il dhcvt
all things distinctly to ascertain the opinions and public
course of the candidates on this vital subject, that the
coulideuce of the South tuay u<>t be la traved to it- liiturc
shitne aud irreparable injury. - We propose in thisartn le
to present u suOcinet but complete statement of Mi. liu
eh man's words and aet- in relation to Southertl flu very
and its constitutional guarantees, not tor any purpose ol
apology or defence, hut in order that the people may aji
pCcciate hi- fidelity and applaud his patriotism.''
The record is then examined, and it is shown
that in 183<i Mr. BUCHANAN supported a lill
to prohibit the cireulation of Abolition papers
through tlie mails ; in the same year lie pro
posed and voted for the adiuissiuu of Arkan
sas ; and in 1831 he denounced and voted !<•
reject petitions for the abolition of Slavery in
the District of Columbia.
In 1837, Mr. ('AI.IIOI N presented his famous
resolutions, defining the rights of the* Slates,
' and the limits of federal authority, aud affirm
ing it to be the duty of the general government
to protect and uphold the institutions of the
South. Mr. BUCHANAN supported these reso
lutions, while his colleague, General M'IVKAN.
opposed them. In reference to his action on
the resolutions the Enquirtr says :
'• This statement exhibits three things: Ist. That Mr.
Buchanan supported no amendment which materially inn
dilied the substance of any resolution. 2nd. That he sup
ported < lily such amendments as were acceptable to South
ern men. lid. That he votid for the entire series of reso
lutions, in company with Calhoun, Roane, Sevier, and
the Southern Senators. In the progress of the debate ou
the resolutions, Mr. Calhoun said with emplia-is : •• Mr.
Huchanan hud habitually indicated correct ft flings on thin
dangtrini* quest ion." (slavery.) In supporting the Cal
houn resolutions, Mr. Buchanan not only pledged liiin-clf
against any interference with the domestic institutions of
the South, but declared it to be the duty of the govern
ment to strengthen aud uphold them."
l'lie course of Mr. 11. is further followed by
the editor :
" The next great occasion on which abolitionism dis
played itself in Congress during the service of Mr. Buch
anan, was in opposition to the annexation of Texas, ot
this measure, from its first inception to its successful con
summation. Mr. Buchanan was tlie steadfast, aide and
zealous advocate. He helped it forward bv speech, vote,
and every sort of personal effort. On the last night of
the session ot Is' 44, he entertained tne Senate with a mas
terly argument in support of the admission of Texas -
urging us a paramount consideration that " Texas would
become a dependency of Kiiglaml. unless it should he an
nexed to the United States ; ami that through the ato-nrv
of Knglish Abolitionists, a servile war would be lighted
up. endangering the existence of the Southern States."
This declaration of motive, of anxious concern for the in
terests of the South, imparts additional significance to his
support of a measure, which restored the equilibrium of
tlie Union, and secured tlie annexation of an immense
'• For the next four years Mr. Buchanan was a member
of tlie executive branch ot the Covcriinieut u- Secretary
of State; but though removed from Congress, he was not
silent or inactive 011 the issues ot slavery. It was during
this period that the Wiliuot Proviso was conceived and
introduced into Congress a- an instrument of aggression
upon tlie South. To defeat this measure, the friends ot
the South rallied ill support of the extension of the Mis
souri Compromise to the Pacific Ocean. Mr. Buchanan
was with them heart and hand being utterh opposed to
the t\ ilniot Proviso and in favor of securing full develop
ment for slavery South of the line 3t' 0 ."id'. For proof wc
cite his Harvest Home Letter, of October, I*l7.''
In regard to Mr. BUCHANAN'S offer to ex
tend the Missouri Compromise line to tlie Pa
" Mr. Buchanan's plan of settlement was. to extend tlie
line ot the Missouri Compromise to tlie Pacific Ocean,
which measure was regarded, at the time, as extreme con
cession to tlie just demands of the South."
Mr. BUCHANAN'S adhesion to the Repeal of
the Missouri Compromise also meets the appro
bation of the Enquirer :
" The next conflict between Abolitionism and Slavery,
in the national arena, was brought <ui by the attempt to
repeal the Missouri restriction. The South bad reluctant
ly acquiesced in tlie settlement of the Missouri Compro
mise—well knowing how inconsistent it was with their
rights and dignity under the Constitution. Defeated in
every endeavor to carry tlii- compromise to its legitimate
conclusion, they at last resolved to repudiate patch-work
expedients, to tali hack upon principle, ajid to recover
the equality which wie sacrificed by the enactment of the
Missouri restriction. With this view the Kansas-Nebras
ka bill was introduced, and alter a struggle of unexampled
intensity and duration, was carried through Congress
Meanwhile, Mr. Buchanan was abroad in the public ser
vice, but he lost no time, alter his return to tlie country,
iu avowing his hearty concurrence iu the Kansas-Nebras
ka bill, and approval of tlie recovered principles of State
.'sovereignty and State equality. IDs letter of acceptance
fully redeem the pledges of his past course, and auswers
the expectations of the South."
Lint tlie most signal service rendered to the
.South, is in the attempt to acquire Cuba for
the Slaveholding interest. Mr. B while Sec
retary of State labored for its acquisition, and
in his famous Ostend circular promulgated
" the highwaymen's plea" that showed his dc
votedness to the South. It is somewhat amus
ing to sec the stress which the Enquirer places
upon the assertion that the attempt was to ac
quire Cuba " lu honorable and on/if by honora
ble means." The Ostend circular declares,
" The Union can never enjoy repo.-o, nor possess relia
ble security, as long as • 'uba is not embraced within its
'• Considerations exi-t which renders delav in the acqui
sition of this island exceedingly dangerous to the United
" Culm lias thus become to us an unceasing danger and
a permanent cause of anxiety and alarm.
And then having demonstrated that a ne
cessity already exists for the acquisition of
Cuba, proceeds to say :
" Our jaist history forbids that we should acquire the
Island of 4 oba wit lout the consent of Spain, unless justi
fied by the great law of self-pro creation.
" Alter we shall have offered Spain a price for Cuba far
beyond it- present value, and this shall have been refused,
it will then tie time to consider the question, does < 'uba in
the posse-siou ot Spain seriously endanger our internal
peace and the existence of our cherished Uniou ?
Should this question be answered in the affirmative,
then by every law. human aud divine, we shall be justifi
ed in wresting it from Span, if we possess the power. -
And tliis njion tlie very same principle that would justify
an individual in tearing down the burning house of his
neighbor ii there was no other means ol preventing the
Humes from destroying his own house."
The whole .spirit and meaning 1 of the Ostcnd
Circular is of the filibustering character. Mr.
BICIIAVAN stands pledged, whenever the South
shall sav that they eonsider its acquisition ne
cessary for their interests, to wret the Island
of Cuba, by violence from Spain, involving us
in a war with that nation, and probablv with
the whole of Europe. Are the Freemen of
the North willing to endorse such a piratical
scheme ?. Are they ready to involve the conn
try in the horrors of such a war, merely to
strengthen and aggrandize Slavery ?
How long will it be after UICHANAN shall i
be elected, and slavery planted iu Kansas, be
fore the Southern slaveholders will begin to
clamor for Cuba, and demand from him the !
fulfillment of his pledges contained in the Os- i
tend Circular ? According to that paper, a
necessity already exists for its immediate pos-!
session, and the Slaveholders only wait a favor- 1
able moment to secure by violence the rich
prize which they so anxiously covet. The al
lusion to Mr. Br< HANAN\S attempt to acquire J
Cuba, is as follows :
" Wc have yet to mention Mr. Buchanan's most signal
service to the South. It was a service only m purpose
and endeavor, l.ut stilt more than any other and all other I
:wls ot liin hie, it attests his lift long ampliations tor tin*
legitimate aggrandizement ot the South. We allndt to
hi* ettoris to compass the aoipHMtion ot Heron |
iti't'Mliedo vhik i • ictarv ot St ate. id it,, '
policy in hi- famous despatch to Mr. Saunders, and urged
its accomplishment by all the arts of diplomacy. There
was nothing dishonorable in his plan -it was simply ■
plan of voluntary cession and fair purchase for sufficient
remuneration, lie was defeated by the ob-tiuicy ol Spain
and tin-intrigues of the despots of Kurope ; but lie did
not abandon his purpose.it-Again, while Minister to Kn
gland, in the famous Ostend Conference, (so ignorant! v
md so falsely reproached, a< we intend to -how hereaf
ti r.) Mr. Btilunaii repealed the attempt to acquire CIIII.I
by honorable and unit/ by lioiiorahj"' means, lie was nil
successful ; hut he did enongh to demonstrate his undi
minished attachment to the interests ol the South. The
H->|uisition of Cuha would aggrandize the slave interest
U-yond computation, uud would consolidate the indepen
dence and sovereignty of the South. It is the greate-t
scheme of Southern development and conquest : and it i
emphatically a scheme of Mr. Buchanan's conception and
promotion. It< failure detracts nothing from his merit
or our gratitude."
The Enquirer then proceeds to speak of Mr.
BUCHANAN'S private acts, and finally recapitu
lates the points of the artieie :
" In private as well as in public, Mr. Buchanan has al
ways stood on the side of the South. The citizen and the
statesman are one and the same individual. He support
cd the rights of the South when in office : lie vindicated
and maintained those rights when ont of oflice. He not
only voted for all measures of justice to the S'lUlh, but he
; endeavored to earrv theni into effect. His is not a dead
| record of votes, but a living record of acts, which vindi
i cate the honesty of the votes. Thus, Mr. Buchanan cx
| liorted the North to a faithful and clicertul fnltillnielit ol
the obligations of the Fugitive Slave laiw. lie prote-ted
i aguiust the prohibition ol the jails in IVnnsyivaniatofed-
I era! officers for the confinement of captured slaves. He
I denounced the Wilmol Proviso. He approved the Clay
ton t Compromise of I -47. And. to sum up in a single sen
: fence, he has at all times and in all places eren ted the au
j lliority of his high character and great talents to uphold
I the I num. defend the Constitution and protect the .South.
I To recapitulate :
j 1. In isaii. Mr. Buchanan supported a bill to prohibit
- the circulation of Abolition papers through the mail-.
2. in the same year lie proposed and voted for the ad
j mission of Arkansas.
■ A. In 1 sP! 7. he denounced, and voted to reject petitions
for the abolition of slavery in the District ol Columbia.
4. In I*4l, he voted for Air. Calhoun's famous Resolu
tions. defining tlie rights of the States and tlie limits of
Federal authority, and affirming it to tie the duty of the
government to protect and uphold the institutions of the
| A. iii lsib s ft and'4o. he invariably voted with South
ern Senators against the consideration of anti-slavery pe
o. In 1M j 1 f, be advocated and voted for the annexation
i 7. In 1-.47, lie .sustained the Clayton Compromise.
s. in ls,-,0. In- proposed and urged tlie extension of the
Missouri Compromise to tlie Pacific Ocean.
lint, he promptly acquiesced in the Com prom i-e of
AO, and employed all his influence in favor of tin faithful
execution of the Fugitive Slave Law.
10. In 1851. lie remonstrated against an enactment of
the Pennsylvania Legislature for obstructing the arrest
and return of fugitive slaves.
11. In lsA4. he negotiated for the aeqni-ition of Culm.
12. in I*AU, h< approves the repeal of the Missouri re
striction. and supports tlie principles ol' the Kausus-Ne
; bra-ka Aet.
13. lie never gave n vote against the intere-ts of slave
ry, and never uttered a word which could paiu the most
j sensitive Southern heart.
j Tlie prominent facts of Mr. Buchanan's record tom bing
slavery are thus grouped into a single view : so that the
pi l'soii of the lea-t patience in research, may ascertain at
a glance, how the Democratic candidate stands in rc-peet
to the great issue ot tin: cauva-s. In this succinct state
ment, we give no detached passages and isolated acts;
but we bring the w hole history of a long life, to bear upon
; tlie pojml.tr mind with the irresi-tible force of truth. This
rapid retrospect discloses a consistency and an i tlieieuey
of service to the South, which flattery can claim for no
| other living man. Mr. Buchanan is iiot only vindicated
j from calumny : he i- not simply shown to Is'exempt from
just reproach and worthy of confidence ; lie is promoted
i to his proper po-dtion, in advance of any and every states
man of the North, in tlie confidence am! affection of tlie
people of the South. He demand- not a mere recognition
of hi- attachment to the constitution, but unbounded ap
plause for such service in the interest of the South as no
other man can boa.t. Against the caj.tioiw criticism ot
a desperate adversary, refining iijcuitei finical distinctions
ami skulking among quibbles, the Democracvopjiosethis
ineontestioie attestation of their candidate's fidelity
To prevent all cavil as to the correctness of
our quotations, and that the paragraphs are
neither distorted nor perverted front their ori
ginal meaning, we will cheerfully submit to the
inspection of the curious the Enquirer contain
ing the article entire.
Fellow citizens, we have shown you by high
Son titer u authority, Mr. Buchanan's antece
dents and feeling in regard to the que.stiou of
i Slavery. Is there an intelligent man who will
allow himself to question what hi*course would
be if elected I'resident ! Is there not every
reason to believe that all the influences that
would surround and control his Administration
would be of the most ultra pro-Slavery charac
ter '. \\ hut could be hoped front the man who
would put forth such a document as the Ostend
Circular, when Slavery pressed its demands up
on him ?
There is no remedy for the evils of the pre-
J sent day, but in the election of JOHN C. FKK
MONT to the Presidency. A\ c must bring back
the Government to the sound National policy
of our forefathers, or what shall be the end
; If the power and patronage of the General
Government is to be employed in carrying out
schemes for the extension of Slavery who can
prophesy our future. The country needs an
. Administration that will respect the rights of
; the Slayeholding States, but at the same time
will divorce the government from the rule of
Slavery, and pav some regard to the rights of
Freemen. We need a President to administer
the affairs of the country, as Speaker BANKS
' presides over the llote-e of Representatives.—
Such an Administration would betrulv Nation
al—looking to the interests of the whole na
tion, and recognizing the constitutional rights
, of all sections.
ACQUITTAL OK IIKKBKRT.—The trial of Her
j bert for the murder of Keating lias resulted in
, a verdict of acquittal. We are told that an
intense excitement exists amongst the Irish
population of Washington, and that Herbert
; has left the eitv.
I* roin what we have seen of the testimony
in this ease, we consider it an unwarranted
and unrighteous verdict. It serves to show
the state of public morals in the District of
( olumbia. So long as Congressmen are allow
ed to beat editors and assault Senators with
| impunity, and arc rewarded by the applause of
' '' ie males and the embraces of the females,
who can wonder that it is regarded as u mere
bagatelle to shoot an Irish waiter whoissomc
; what dilatory in providing a breakfast.
The spirit of Slavery rules the district. To
| a slaveholder, a servant is no better than a
| slave, though he may happen to be white, and
tit only to be the recipient, of the indignities
: his testy humor may dictate.
AOJOURNMLNT OK CONORKSS.—The members
of Congress are beginning to think souaewlmt
seriously of a final adjournment iu a few weeks,
a tact that will, no doubt, be hailed with sntis
fai tion throughout the country. The House,
on Tuesday amended and passed the Senate's
resolution, for the purpose, fixing upon the
18th of August. Subsequently the Senate eon- i
ourred with the action of the House, and tlie !
adjourment will accordingly take place on that j
A CURIOUS REVELATION
Governor RHHIOK, appointed Governor of
Kansas Territory bv President PIKKCI, was
afterwards removed from that office by him,
professedly because lie had engaged iu unlaw
ful and improper real estate speculations. Kv
cry man of ordinary political sagacity knew at
the time that this was a mere pretext ; and
that Gov. KK.KIIKK'S removal was really effect
ed by the Border Ruffians of Missouri, because
the course he had taken interfered with the
accomplishment of their plans. The authen
tic history of this transaction, and which is
-worn to by Gov. UKKOKR himself, upon exami
nation, before the Congressional Committee
appointed to investigate the aliairs of Kansas,
and which is now published, having been sub
mitted to President PIK.KCI: that he might an
swer if he sawproper. He has not taken any
notice of it. It is a curious chapter of the se
cret political history of the times.
From this statement it appears that Presi
dent PIHIU'K in Conned Gov. RKKIIKK, in a per
sonal interview in the Spring of lifon, that
the most urgent demands, had been made for
his removal—and that " (Jen. ATettisox press
ed it in the uio-t excited manner, and would
listen to no reasoning at all." 11c fui titer as
sured him, after full explanations had been
made, that he was perfectly satisfied that his
purchases of town lots were all right, aud that
all his proceedings in Kansas met his entire
approbation. At subsequent interviews be
repeated these assurances, —declaring his con
viction that his whole course had been per
fectly proper, and that the complaint* brought
against liiiu were wholly without foundation j
But, at the same time, in consequence of the
pressure UJIOII him from (Jen. ATCHISON and
others, he desired Gov. REK.OF.I: to resign his
office. He endeavored to work upon his fears.
—saying that it would be umofe for him to
return to Kansas, —that his life might be ta
ken. and that the whole North would he in
flamed. Finding these hints ineffectual, and
that Gov. RKKUKU would not resign, he then
proposed to remove, him, in away to obviate
all his objections,—-asking him to send him a
memorial upon the subject and promising, in
his letter of removal, to place it entirely upon
ground- of expediency, to exonerate him from
all blame, to express the most unqualified ap
probation of his official conduct, and to give
him the i\li<sii>n to ('huio Finding that this
last engagement cutild not be kept, iu conse
quence of Mr. MCLANT.'S intention not to re
turn, he promised to give him some other of-
I flee, equally or more desirable. A good deal
of time was consumed in these negotiations,—
the Bresideut himself preparing drafts of let
ters which he wished Gov. RKF.DER to sign,
' and the latter declining to sign them because
tlioy were evidently intended to put liiin in the
. attitude of consenting to his own removal.—
The result of the whole was a declaration, on
the part of the Bresideut, that if he removed
him it would be, not on account of his official
I action, but of his land speculations,—those
very acts of which he had previously express
ed bis entire approval.
Iu ail this Bresideut PIERCE was endeavor
ing to obtain a colorable pretext for doing an
act, which his own judgment condemned, but
which the Bin Slavery propaganda required at
his hands. Mr. ATCHISON had demanded
KEEPER'S removal ; —the President had pro
mised it and the next question was, how it
could best be done. He sought to intimidate,
—then to eoax, and finally to bribe Governor
RKF.DKU into consenting to his own removal.
This is but one of a thousand instances where
the patronage of the Government has been
[ used directly to promote 1 lie designs of the
| slaveholding interest. The disclosures made
iu this testimony of Governor KEEPER convict
President PIERCE of a degree of pusillanimous
subserviency and of unprincipled treachery of
which even his best friends hitherto have not
deemed him capable.
THE BKRI.INGAME AND BROOKS AFFAIR.—
Mr. Bnrlinganie, having learned that in cer
tain quarters, a construction was put upon his
explanation of his speech, not iutended by him,
published a card, in which he withdraws all
explanation, ami allows his speech to interpret
itself. The consequence was a message from
BROOKS, by his friend Col. LANE. Mr. Biu-
I.INGAMK, by his friend Mr. Campbell, of Ohio,
! at once acceded to a meeting and named the
Clifton House, at Niagara Falls, as the place,
and immediately set out for Canada.
Air. Brooks, however, does not fancy going
to Canada, and still less being a target for ri
fle practice, so lie concludes not to follow him,
| and contrives to get arrested, and put under
bonds to keep the peace. Mr. Burlingaiue be
ing telegraphed at New York, returned to
Air. Brooks publishes a card, in which lie
gives his reasons for refusing to follow Air.
Burlingaiue to Canuda—seven hundred miles
!he says, through the enemy's country, which
he could not pass without running the gaunt
let of mobs and assassins, prisons and peni
tentiaries, bailiff- and constables.
Air. Burlingaiue also publishes a card, in
which lie states that he did not intend to re
tract anything in his card. Air. Camplnll
takes all the responsibility of naming the place
of meeting, and -ays that Air. Burlingamc was
willing to meet Brooks anywhere, even in
South Carolina, and moreover says that Brook
would have been as secure anywhere North of
Alaaon & Dixon's line as South of it.
tteyTlie Coroner's jury have rendered a ver
dict attributing the calamity on the North
Pennsylvania railroad to the criminal negli
gence of Condnctor lloppcl, of the excursion
train and censuring flic lotup.iuv for defective
WHO IS TO BE CHEATED I
It is asserted by the supporters of p,, „
AS in thfcs region that he is opposed to t|„.
tension of Slavery, that if elected Pre ,j
he would favor the cause of Freedom 'j . .
though the Sooth may support him I, .
they think IIMU favorable to the inter, t
Slavery, yet they will be disappointed.' j!,
plain words, the South is to be cheated in q
event of Mr, BICHANAX'S election \,,
apart from the want of morality i„ SU) ' )(
assumption, we submit if the North i- iM '
more danger of being cheated in hU ,.|, ai|
than the South. Docs not the past political
history of the country prove that the South
can bring an influence to l,ear t J.
President in the struggle between Slavery ,1
Freedom, which secures him for the former'
Can any Freeman,who excepts to the Cineinnuti
platform and to Mr lit. HAMS'- unseemly i mM ,
to place himself thereon, but who still "intemb
to support him in hopes that the South i- t, )1
cheated, tind anything in the past t 0 UaJ rav
such a conclusion ?
Those who support Mr. Buchanan and at
the same time are really opposed to the ag
gressions of Slavery (if there be any mrli.ajv
they who are certain to be cheated. Tiie i„.
fluences surrounding the Administratis, are
all Pro-Slaverv. Mr. BIVHAXAX must
to the South for support fur his Admiuistra
tiou ? his advisers must necessarily he -uri,
men as lb I I.KU, SOFI.K, BROOKS, Doi M.AS, A:l ,|
others of the same ( lass, who have only in
view the extension ami aggrandizement of >| u .
very. Will he bring into his Admiuistrati,.,,
a single man more favorable to Freedom, ti Wl ,
thedicpie who now manageand control PIHR. '
Is there any reason to hope for better in,i
more libera! counsels ?
The men who surround PIERCE, an] U
support his measures in (he Senate and House
are the men who w ill surround Btyij vx.w and
to whose dictation he must yield. 1- t|,,. r .. a
single intelligent reader who believes, ~; i
were lie so inclined, that lie would refuse to
lend the influence ami power of the govern
incut for the purpose of carrying out plans. a t
the ri-k of their denunciation and opposition''
The idea is preposterous. If the p'"p!e f
this Republic will sanction the infraction „f
national laitn. tne aggressions o! Siavepv t]|.
outrages upon the rights and por-on- of f n
men, perpetrated during the past two rear-,
by electing the candidate nominated and -.ip
pol'ted by those who have conceived and cu..
lll'tted these excesses, how can thev li)>e tk.il
the policy of that candidate will he different
from that of the present Admiuistrati, Hl.
Bt CHANAX must uccessarily be a more -up.
pie und willing ally of Slavery than l'mxe
has ever been. The latter was elect, si by the
North, as well as the South. lie \va- im
pl dged, and anxious, we are willing to lieliew,
to do justice to all sections, Bui lie could
not stand up against the powerful influences
brought to bear upon him. How iniirli bet
ter was his position to preserve integritv, tii.iu
tliat in which Buchanan lias vuliiutarik phmol
himself, who is especially the eamlidate ol tlie
South, aud if elected will owe his success to
the votes of Slavery extensionists. lb .-tan-Is
too, upon a platform const rueted to ju - , •note
Southern interests, pledged to carry out tho
most ultra schemes of Slaverv aggrandizement,
and to seize upon Cuba, whenever the South
shall declare it necessary for their interests.
How dishonest, how idle, it i- to talk of tie
probability of such a man (heating the N>< wn'
We prefer rather to trust the candidate "itiie
Republican party, in whose election. noldy
will be cheated, but all sections will '• treat
ed with consideration, and the government ad
ministered as it was in the days u! Jm.ti;-o
It is said that the Buclninier- are mak
ing arrangements to flood the town of K
bery with Van Buren's late letter, for the pur
pose of persuading the Freemen of that
Democratic town to support the -lavrrycxteii
sion candidates. It will not avail. The v • iters
of that town are too intelligent and indepen
dent to follow the lead of any man, especiai y
when he disregards and repudiates priii<'i['i'->
he once professed, and how.- down at the feel
of the Slave Power. They afe opposed to tie
propagation of Slavery, to the outrage- w
Kansas, and in favor of making Kansas a free
state, and will testify their devotion t -> princi
ple, we have every confidence, at the i u
Iter"- Dn our outside will be found an 11
tion delivered at. Terrytown, on the fourtu
stant, by T. J. Ingham. The strueg-'
Freedom in I77ti, and the present coiite-t
tween Right and Krror, are vividly and ht •
fully portrayed. Mr. I von VM'S address !„O
it nothing of a partizan character, and i' • 1
single sentiment which should iv>t limlaiio
iu the breast of every freeman. It will r<-1
repay a perusal.
CONTKSTFP SKATS I>I: IPK.O - TI,E IToiise
Representatives on Wedue.-day dcciih d ha l '
tcted seat of the delegate from New X
bv turning out Mr. (tallego-and putting
Otero. The contested-oat from Illinois -
fcrred back to the people, and Mr Ar'hvr •'
lowed mileage and per diem. Chapman
confirmed as delegate from Nebraska, :il; 1
contestant, Mr. Bennett, allowed mileayc a-'
Advices from Kansas report ta'- 1
Lane crossed the Missouri into Kan-o
Mouday, with 600 men animd witii >
rifles, revolvers and bowie knives Ato ■ '
sing, Pol Lane returned, saving I ha' H
force his way up 'lie Mi : <>un i" :