Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, November 04, 1854, Image 1

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SaturiMD Riorums, Jioocmbtr 5, 1834.
Stletltlt llottqr.
When man first traversed Southern seas,
Which wash the cold antarctic pole,
And spread (he sail to favoring breeze
Where the Pacific's blue waves roll,
From unknown wastes he turned bis eye
To the blue ocean, hung above,
And saw upon the star-lit sky
The symbol of a SAVIOR'S love.
'The Cross ! the Cross !' burst from each lip,
As gazing with delighted view,
Thev pressed the deck of their lone ship,
And crossed themselves, believers true.
The wanderers, filled with doubt and fear,
Beheld upon the Heaven's broad dome,
Far in that Southern Hemisphere,
The emblem of the Church at Home !
The hardened sailor's gaze was turned,
Amid the lightning's lurid glare,
To where the holy emblem burned,
And courage triumphed o'er despair:
He saw no more the polar star ;
Another guide to him was given ;
The {Southern Cross, that beamed afar,
Symbol of home, and hope, and Heaven !
Ye brightest stars on Night's pale brow,
Flooding the sea with silver rays,
Before the INFINITE I bow,
Upon whose throne thy glories blaze!
Thus shall j-e shadow to the soul
A cross inwrought on Heaven's bright floor,
While ages' noiseless surges roll
Upon Eternity's dim shore.
Ye altar-fires! whose watch-towers stand
Upon the confines of those spheres.
Where through the galaxy's broad band,
A glimpse of unknown worlds appears ;
Stars of the Cross ! where man may trace,
Upon the temple of the skv,
An emblem of redeeming grace.
Whose holy light shall never die !
I'rom tlie Hostoii Traveller ot Monday.
Tea in China.
HONG KONO, Tuesday, May 23, 1954.
MY DEAR BROTHER: II is pretty difficult to find
out anything by the Chinese about the culture or
manufacture of tea. They seem to think that it is
against their interest to allow foreigners to know
an) thing of their arts ; therefore they use all means
to prevent them from obtaining any information
You ak them questions, arid it is one chance in
fifty, if they do not tell you a lie in every answer
they give you, and if ifiey cannot tell the lie, they
v ill purposely mislead you in some way. As long
as they do not consider lying to be a vice, you may
easily judge of the extent to which they may be
capable ot lying. I believe they consider it a tal
ent or a fine accomplishment, to be able to tell a
lie that cannot be detected—the only disgrace in it
being the detection. You ask one of them about
teas, ar.d he tells you this and that, but you do not
know if he is telling the truth or not. You ask
another in order to ascerlain if the statement iicor
rect, and you get an answer different from his; and
the third man perhaps gives an explanation differ
ent from the other two. So you may go on, and
get information from them, and when yon come to
observe for yourself, you will find that you must
dispossess yourself ol (hat, and adopt something
eie. 1 would not say that they always lies, but I
do believe they lie oftener than they tell the truth
Whenever a Chinaman tells me anything that I
have before known about, I do not take it into full
belief until it is confirmed in some other way.—
You will think this, perhaps, ra'her a severe com
ment upon the Chinese; bnt I did not adopt the
opinion until I had 6een the fact verified many
times. It is just the reverse with the European
I always believe them, until something appears
which is inconsistent wfh the belief; it is only then
that I change my opinion ;so that I think there is
no prejudice in it.
But you will say, I know, thai you do not con
fine yourself to your subject. Well, I admit it, and
will endeavor to keep frem running off the track
for the luture.
Tea is raised now, you know, in other places
beside China. Whether it is generally a*good as
China tea I cannot say. That in Java, Sumatra,
Hindostan, &c. ; was, of course, originally from
China. In Java, I have drank lea which they said
was raised there, and which I could not distinguish
from China lea. They have, at all these places,
Chinamen to overlook the raising and curing, so
that il the soil or climate has no peculiar effect, it
ought to be quite as good.
I saw a notice in a paper that a trial was to be
made in America. 1 think they will there Jail,
there is so much difference in the price of labor.—
Probably it would grow and flourish as well there
a ' in China, say no lurther north than New-York,
though it would no doubt do well in Massachu
setts. it raised as far north as Japan, the same
latitude of Connecticut and Massachusetts. But to
cultivate lea in America with the expectation ola
remuneration for expenses, is, I think, out of the
question, until the population shall have so increas
ed that labor can be had from one to ten cents a
Iho tea-plant is a pretty shrub, growing from
'wo to six feet high, though if not molested, I think,
u *Uains to the height of even thirty feet. The
height to which I have seen it growing in the island
Chusan and back in the country from Ningpoo,
"1# latitude ot 30° north, in which the greater part
8 ows, is two und three feet, and in Java four and
Bl *- But it is cropped down every 6eaßon, tor the
reason that from the new sprouts a greater quantity
cf ieaves are produced. One shrub, 1 think will
."eld, upon average, Irom five to ten ounces It
1 r'at'ed to'h in rows lue hedges, and in hills
like corn. The blossoms look and smell like the ap
ple blossoms, though the odor is quite light
The view of a large field, where you see thousands
of these little hedges stretching along for a milt
parallel to each other, is very interestiag. But
small farmera also cultivate patches of tea, selling
the produce to the dealers.
There is hardly any person among the Chinese
trom the beggar to the rich man, but who will have
tea to drink in some shape or other. The rich of
course, have the best; the poor man will buy the
large coarse leaves, and will even sleep them over
the second or third lime; the beggar will drink tea
made from the stems, and the refuse leaves thrown
away from the manufactories. I have tasted, trom
curiosity, some sickening infusions of tea If a
Chinaman wishes to be polite to a person in his
house, he will offer him tea to Jrink. Once, on an
excursion back about fifty miles in the country, I
went up to a quarry where were some stone-cut
ters at work. Passing soon alter, one of their
: houses, and it commencing to rain, the man asked
me in. Alter sitting a short time he offered me
some tea. It was made in an earthen bowl, hold
ing several quarts, and from which he frequently
dippej out and drank himself. It was ofa yellow,
turbid color, and to the taste was warm, like water
that has been standing in the sun, and nauseous.—
j Had it been in an apothecary's shop, I should have
| laken it for an infusion ofsenna. Notwithstanding
I did drink a little from lime to time, but was glad
when it had stopped raining, that I could leave.—
The man however, drank it as if it had been the
best of lea; in fact, they will not drink water as
long as they can have their teapot by thern. That
is from a curious notion they have, that on account
of the stomach being warm, and the water cold,
| the two coming in contact will produce a conflict
and make them sick.
The quality of all teas depends upon the time
when the leaves are gathered, and the manner and
success of preparing. To produce the best quali
ties. the leaves must be gathered early in the sea
son, properly and thoroughly diied, and securely
packed. The young leaves have the strongest and
riches! flavor, and according as they are gathered,
sooner or later, will be the quality of the tea; and
if they are no! well dried, so that no moislure islelt
in them and so put up that no air comes to them, i
the quality will be affected, i! not spoiled.
There are not, in reali'y, so many species of tea \
as we should, fiom the number of their names, in
ter. lam told that the plant is the same through
all China, Iherefore it can only differ slightly by
the variety of location, by the soil and ciimate, or
some analogue cause. The leaveß do not differ
from each other more than those of the rose tree
do. The kinds are two, the greeo and the black,
and arise from the different periods of gathering,
that is, early or later in the season And the va
rieties are many, and arise mostly from the differ
ences in manufacturing or preparing—a few varie
ties only from mixing and scenting. •
Under these two heads or kinds may be arrang
ed all the other varieties. In America, we are
apt to suppose that Hyson, Green, Black and Sou
chong are so many distinct species. The following
are the principal variefies of the two kinds :
Green Trm. Btaek Teas.
Hyson, or Young Hyson, Souchong,
Hyson Skin, or Old Hyson, Powchong,
Chulan, or Imperial Pecco,
Gunpowder, Orange Pecco,
Twankay, Congou,
Ning Yong,
Then there are some other unimportant varieties
and only known by name as " Lolus Kernal,"
" Princess' Eye Brows," " Carnation Hair," " Spar
row's Tongue," " Dragoon's Whiskers," fcc. The
names have been collected mostly by Mr YVIL-
I.IAMS. The names seem to be given without re
gard to system, something as our apples and pears
are named at home.
Hyson tea is so called from the Chinese word
" Hyson," which signifies " belore the rains."—
Therefore, being gathered before the rain if is also
in the early part of the season, and being the gath
ering, while the leaves are very small, it is called
Young Hyson. Old Hyson,or Hyson Skin,is mere
ly that which is left, after selecting the smallest
and best leaves for Young Hyson. This, therefore,
from the skin or refuse, is called Old Hyson, or Hy
son Skin.
Chulati lea is green tea scented with Chalan
flowers. It is called also, Imperial lea.
Twankay is green tea, but cemes from a partic
ular location, I believe from the banks ofa river
ol that namo.
Gunpowder tea is also green lea, and is so nam
ed because the form of the leal, aller it is prepared,
resembles ihe kernels of gunpowder.
Ol ihe Black teas, Souchong comes first, as be
ing a principal variety of black lea—then I'ow
chona—then Fecco —then Orange Pecco, which is
Pecco scented wiih orange flower. Congou and
Ning-young I understand as having but little differ
ence in the variety.
Pecco is so called from the Chinese word pevco,
which signifies "white down." At a particular
stage ol the growth, a white down forms on the
leaves, when the leaves are immediately gathered
—the down indicates ihe proper time for gathering
If the leaves arc not gathered al that particular
lime, the white down falls off, and the leaves mwt
go lor one ol the other varieties of black tea.
Oolong i? a black lea, flavored like green tea. —
How is is flavored Ido not know; it may be given
by a particular firing, or it may be scented after it
is dried. It is likely that the Souchong scented
would make the Oolong. A vety Utile will make
a difference, and it will then become a new vari
Ningyong is a black tea, so called from the place
where it grows. It is considered one of the finest
varieties. It may have a flavor, differing from the
other#, which gives it sometimes the preference.
Bohea, a black tea, is so called trom the Chinese
becauM it is raised on two hills, called Bohea h:!!s
The difference between this and other black ieas ;
is from its being gathered very late in the seasons;
that is, alter the rains. The leaves are large and
coarse, and it is, therefore, the poorest quality ot
tea. I have understood that spurious green tea ha?
been manufactured from these leaves, by cutting
them to about the size of green tea leaves, drying
and coloring them.
The time for gathering the lea leaves depends
upon the particular kind of lea to be manufactured.
The season is between March and August, and in
cludes four periods,that for"tle green teas is March,
April or May, and that fur the black teas is in the
months of June, July and August; immediately fol
Mandarin tea, I had almost torgotlen. This is
a kind rarely seen, (and I think I have heard that
it is forbidden to be made.) It has a green color
and is twisted up, something like email skeins ol
silk twist. I sent home a sample ol it. I had an
opportunity of trying some of it at Mr. Bush's. It
was nice, but not more so than that I sent you in
the little canister?. It is very expensive, four and
five dollars a pound, and is called Mandarin, be
cause the Mandarins usually or often drink it. Mr.
William? ha?spoken of a kind of tea that cos's, I
think, from ten to a hundred dollars a pound. That
is from a supposed particular virtue in the place or
soil in which it grows.
In some parts of China they make tea cakes
These are made by pressing the leaves very hard,
while green, into the form of a brick, and then dry
ing them. This is tor the convenience of persons
who are traveling. A L. B.
CAN'T ANSWER. —Jim Wilson was a lazy scamp,
was never known to do a day's woik in his lile,
and Nobody could ever find out how Jim succeed
ed in the world, though many are of the opinion
that he does a little stealing.occasionally. Jim was
well known to the old police, and so was never ar
rested, being allowed the freedom of the city. But
the new police coining into office, like the new
Pharaoh, they knew not Jim. and so yesterday he
was" pulled," by one of the recently appointed of
ficers, a? a dangerous and suspicious character.—
Being brought before the Recorder, the first ques
tion the " oIJ man" asked, " What do you Jo lor
a living]" rather startled Jim : for be it known,
that question had never been propounded to him
before; however, af'er a moment's reflection, no h
ing daunted, boldly replied Jim. "Ifyour honor
pleases, I can't answer that question."
" Why so asked his honor.
" Because, as how you see, I can't answer it
without criminating myself and the constitution of
the United States expressly de "
"Nevermind what the constitution declares, it
has nothing to do with the vagrant act: I shall
send you down for thirty days, James Wilson, and
may the Lord have mercy on your soul " —N. O.
THE SERF? OF RUSSIA —In many parts of Russia
the peasants believe themselves to belong to the
soil a condition of existence which appears to
them natural. Not untrequently, when about to be
sold, they send a deputation to some fu-ofl"maMer,
of whose character for kindness reports have rea
died them, imploring hiin to buy them, their lands,
their children, their cattle. And if this lord, so
celebrated for his gentleness, be without money,
they provide him with it, to be sare of belonging
only to him. In consideration, he exempts them
from taxes lor a certain number of years, and thus
indemnifies them for the price of their bodies,
which they have paid to him in advance, by fur
nishing the sum that represents the value of the
domains to which they belong, and to which they
obliged liirn to be their proprietor. The greatest
mislortune than can happen to these vegetating
men, is to see their native fields sold. They are
always sold with the glebe, arid the only advan
tage they have hitherto derived from the modern
ameliortion of the law is, that they cannot now be
sold without "The fortune of a wealthy man is com
puted by the heads of his peasants. The serf is
coined, and is equivalent, on an average, to ten ru
bles a year to his proprietor, who is called free, be
cause he is owner of serfs.— Marquis de Custine.
ANECDOTE OF TOM CORWIN. —Some years ago,
when Tom Corwin and Tom.Ewing were on a po
litical pilgrimage to the northern part of the state,
they were invited to tarry over night with a distin
guished local politician. The guests arrived rather
late, and the lady of the mansion being absent, a
niece undertook to preside on the occassion. She
had never seen great men, and supposed they were
elephantine altogether, and all talked in great lan-'
guage. "Mr. Ewing, will you take condiments in
your tea, sir," inquired the young lady. " Ye*,
mis, it you please," replied the qnon.lotn salt
boiler. Corwin's eye KvinkUd—here was fun for
him. Gratified with the apparent success of her
first trial at talking with big men, the young lady
addressed Mr. Corwin in the same manner: " Will
you take conJiments in your tea." " Pepper and
salt, but no mustard," was the prompt reply of the
facetious Tom. Ot course, nature must out, anil
Ewing and the entertainer roared in spite of them
selves. Corwin essayed to mend the matter, and
was voluble in compliment, anecdote and wit.—
Bnt the wound was immedicable. The young lady
to this day declares that Tom Corwin is a coarse,
vulgar, disagreeable man.— Toledo Blade.
PI.ANT TREES. —This is the season for planting
fiuit and ornamental trees ; and who that has the
ground would be without either? What so profita
ble to the pocket as a tree laden with good fruit,
or what is beautiful to the eye, or so grateful to the
sweltering brow in midsummer as the silver-ting
ed and wide-spreading branches of the maple, or
some other tree of ornament or shade?- Nothing.
See to rt, then, and plant them.
A NEW RE Arms —The Boston Herald favors us
with the following new reading ofShakepere:
" When Dutch .mee: Dutch, then comes the—
lager bier. '
Tbe Fate of Sir John Franklin.
The reported discovery of the remains of Frank
liri's unfortunate Arctic expedition, seems to be
confirmed by the despatches from Mr. Rae to Sir
George Simpson, of the Hudson's Bay Company-
Mr. Rae went out in June, 1853, on a land expedi
tion lo find some evidences of tho fate of Franklin.
He returned in August last to York Factory, bring
ing certain information that the expedition lost
their ships by being crushed in the ice, while mak
ing their way to Fish'river, one of the tributaries of
the Back river, near the outlet of which the parties
appear to have perished. The place designated is
in about latitude 68, and longitude 95 west from
Greenwich. It is nearly seven degrees ol latitude
south of Wellington channel, where the last traces
of Franklin were found four ypars ago, in the
graves of several of his men, buried in 1845-46.
It was through this Channel that Sir John was sup
posed to have forced his way North into the Polar
Sea. Nearly all the various expeditions filled out,
hare, under this belief, explored regions too far
North The land expedition which went out in 1848
was too far west, having followed the Mackenzie
river from the same Like which the Back river
starts from running east. Capt. Auslin, who inves
tigated the region of Lancaster Sound in 1859, co
ncluded that the missing expedition had not been to
the southward and westward of Wellington Chan
nel. Yet at this very time Franklin's party were
suffering the pangs of starvation some 7° sou-h of
Lancaster Sound, having probably been carried
down Prince Regent's Inlet past Lancaster Sound
by the ice. The evidences of the destruction of
Sir John Franklin are said to be certain, as
the natives had in their possession various arti
cles belonging to the expedition, including silver
spoort3 and'foiks, with the commanders initial up
on them. Death by starva'ion is the fate that has
been generally predicted of the party, though it was
not believed that they had perished so early.
The expedition left Sheerness, England, on the
25 h of May, 1845, with a full complement of 13S
men. The firt expedition which went in search
of it was in 1848. It was in three divisions; one
westward by Behring's Straits, under Capt. Kelle't ;
anil Lieut. Moorp, which surveyed from Point Bar- ■
row to the Mackenzie river. Another, the eastern t
division, under Sir John Ross, reached Liverpool i
harbor, mouth of Prince Regent'? Inlet, where it I
wintered. The succeeding spring it was drifted
out by ice through Laricas'er Sound into Baffin's
Bay. The third division was a boat expedition, i
under Lieut John Richardson, which followed the j
course of the rivers and lakes through the Hudson
Bay territories, and penetrated to the mouth ot
Mackenzie rivpr. Mr. John Rae, who has made
the recent discovery of the lemains of the expedi
tion. was engaged lor three successive years in ex
ploring the lands and Islands north of Coppermine
river, lurther west.
Captains Collins and McClure was despatched
in 1850 to Behring's Straits. McClure was trozen
in near Baring's Island, and compelled to abandon
his ship. Kellelt, who had become attached lo
another expedition, reached Melville Island, hav
ing penetrated by Davis' Straits. There a travel
ling party from Kellett's ship discovered McClure (
jnsl as he was about to abandon his vessel. It was
this expedition which demonstrated that the long!
sought for northwest passage was no delusion. j
In the same year, (1850 ) an expedition sailed j
of four vessels, two steamers and two sailing ves
sels, under Captain Austin, who investigated the ,
region round and beyond Lancaster Sound. Two!
other vessels left the same time, under Captain j
Penny, on the same expedition. Simultaneously j
with th#?e, three o her expeditions, fitted out by !
private enterprise, entered Lancaster Sound. One j
was the American expedi ion, sent out by Mr. |
Grinnell; the second a vessel under Sir John Ross j
—the third one, exquipped by Lady Franklin, un- i
tier Capt. Forsyth. The next expedition (1852)
was ol five vessels, fitted out under ihe impression
that Franklin had passed through Wellington Chan
nel. The Prince Albert was also spnl to explore
Prince Regent's Inlet, as half way down that inlet
a large depot of provisions had been stored for
Franklin, and it wassnpposej he might have gono
down for provisions. Tl\p Albert was drifted into
Barrow's Strait, bm land expeditions wete made
south anJ west without accomplishing any discov
ery. Four other expeditions sailed in 1853; but
dissensions among the officers rau-ed one to return
to England. The second, the Kane expedition is
still pursuing i s investigations ; the third returned
lo England with despatches hotn McClure; and
the fourth, under Mr. Rae, which was despatched
to make investigations on the North American
coast, in the neighborhood of the Isthmus of 800
thea, has there made the inteicsting discovery of
the unfortunate fate ol the long missing expedition
Ihe cost of the various searching expeditions lias
been over four millions of dollars.
THE TERM "BENDER." —The term "going on
a bender" was found lo be an axiom and is in the
cars of all,lamiliar as a household—in many house
holds 100 familiar—made most plain by the tact of
its members indulging in practices that correspond
! with the received measures. The term bender i
derived horn the line of Shakspere that describes
a procedure, as "going of it," according to the
modern vocabulaiiy to the " lop of the beril," hence
" bender," the derivation from " bent," the repre
sentative of the " going of it," the synonyme ol
A NEW COMMANDMENT —Thou shall not carry
off the editor's exchanges unless thou art sure he is
done wnh them, neither shall thou talk to him
when he is writing or reading " prool," lest he get
angry and kick thee out of hi? sanctum.
Beautiful is the love, and sweet the kiss of
a sister ; but if you haven't a sister handy, try your
cousin; it isn't much worse.
N. B—!! you haven't a cousin o.' your owr, fy
somebody else's; there is no difference.
From the Detroit Advertiier, September 2C.
Doc-slicks Goes to Church in Kew
Having seen the Opera with detestation, the
Theatres with approbation, George Christy with
cachinnation, and No. 2 Dey street with affi
listion; having visited Castle Garden, the Model
Artists and the American Museum, in fact, know
ing something of almost all the other places ol
amusement in the city, I resolved to complete and
crown my knowledge by going to Church, and I
hoped I may receive due credit lor my pursuit of
amusement under difficulties. I made known my
heroic determination to my new lound friends, and
they instantly resolved to bear me company—Bull
Doggo byway of variety and Damphool from force
of habit—(Bull Dogge seldom goes to church, and
Damphool always does ) Sunday morning came,
and the aforesaid individuals presented themsel
ves— B. D. looking pugnacious and pugilistic, and
D.imphool perfectly marvellous—in fact, majestic
as this latter-named personagehad ever borne him
self, arid importantly huge as he had ever appear
ed—his coat tails were now so wonderlully short,
his collar so enviably large, and so independently
upright, and his hat so ■nusnally and magnificently
lofty—that he certainly looked a bigger Damphool
than ever before.
Passing up Broadway through a crowd ol people
of all sorts, sizes, colors and complexions; coun
trymen running over evpry third man they met;
New Yorkers threading their way through appar
ently un-get through-able crowds without ruffling
their tempers or their shirt collars (By the way, I
have discovered that no one but a genuine New
Yorker born and tied can cross Broadway upon a
dignified walk ) Firemen in red shirts and their
coats over their arms; newsboys with a very scanty
allowance of shirt and no coats at a!!; Dutch emi
grants, with dirty face*, nasty breeches, and long
loppy look ing pipes; Irish emigrants, with dirtier
faces, nastier breeches, and short, stubbier pipe
spruce looking darkies and wenches arrayed in
rainbow colored habiliments—we at last reached
the dnor ol the church. Everything looked sogran
dly ginserbready, that I hesi'aie.l about going in
Little boy in the corner (barefooted, with a letter in '
the poatoffice ) told rs to " go m," and called us
" Lemons'' Did not perceive the force of hie po
mologicai remark, but ''went in" nevertheless
Man in a white cravat showed us to a pew ; floor j
covered with carpel and sat core-red withdamak, |
with littlo stools to kneel down upon—(Bull Dog- |
ge says so the faithful will not dirty their panta- j
loons ")
Pretty soon, music—organ—sometimes grand '
and solemn, but generally fast and lively enough
for a contra dance. (B D. said the player got a
big salary to show off the organ, and draw a big
house ) He commenced to play Old Hundred,
(Damphool suggests Ancient Century ) At first,
majestic a* it should be, but soon his left hand be
gan to get unruly among the bass notes, then the
right cup up a few monkey shines in the treble ;
left threw in a l uge assortment of quavers, rigid
Ic I off with a grand flourish and a few Jozen va
nations; left struggled manfully lo keep tip, but
soon gave ou', dead beat, and after that went back
to first principle?, and hammered away religiously
at Old Hundred in spite of the antics of its fellow ;
right s'rnck up a march, marched into a quick s*ep,
quickened into a gallop ■ left still kept at Old Hun
dred ; right put in al! sorts of lantatic extras, lo
entice the left from its sense of propriety ; left still
unmoved ; right put in a few bars ola popular waltz; j
left wavers a little ; right strikes up fvorite polka ; I
left evidently yieldir g ; right dashes into a jig ; left j
now fairly deserts i's colors goes over to the ene- j
my, and both commence an animated hornpipe,
leaving poor Old Humlied to take care of itself
At length with a crash, a squeak, a tush, a loar, a
rumble and an expiring groan, the overture con
cluded and service began.
First, a prayer; then a response; prayer ; re
sponse by the priest and people alternately, like the
layers of bread and butter and ham and mustard in
a sandwich ; then a little sing, anil then a little
preach, then more petitions and tnore responses. —
Damphool read the entire service, minister's cues
included, and sun™ all ihe hymns I noticed that
801 l Dogge gave all the responses with a great deal
of energy and vigor. Ho said he always liked to
come to this kind of chntch, because when they
jawed religion lo him. he could jiw back.
Kepi as cool as I could, but could trot help
looking round now and then to see the show
Klderlv lady on my right, ve-y devout, gilt-edged
prayer book, gold-covered fail, leathers in her b#tt
net, rings on tier fingers, and for a I I know, " bells
on her toes." Antiquated gentleman in same slip,
well preserved but somewhat wrinkled, smells ol
Wall street, gold spectacles, gold headed cane, put
three cents in the plate. Fashionable liitle girl on
the left—two flounces on her pantalctts, ar.d a dia
mond ring er her glove.
Young America looking boy, four years old, pa
tent leather boots, standing collar, gloves, cane,
and cigar ca>e in his pocket. Foppish young man
adolescent moustache, pumps, legs a la spermaceti
candles, shir! fiont embroiJeied a la 2 40 race
horse, cravat a la Jullien, vast a la pumpkin pie,
hair a la soft soap, coat-tails a la boot jack, which
when parted discovered a view of Ihe Crystal Fa
lace by gas light, on the rear of his p-intaloons
wristbands a la stove pipe, hat a la wild Irishman
cane to correspond : total effect a la Shanghai.
Artificial young lady, extreme of fashion, can't
properly describe her, but here goes: whalebone,
cotlon, paint and whitewash : slippers a la Ellsler,
feet ala Ja( anese, dress a la Parts, shawl a la
eleven hundred dollar, parasol a la mushroom,
ringlets a la corkscrew, arms a la broomstick,
bonnet a la Bowery gal, (Bull Dogge says the
boy without buitons on him brought it in a teaspoon
fifteen minutes after she entered the house.) neck
a !a scrag of mutton, boaom a la barebones, com
plexion a !a moiher of pear!, (Damphool say# she
oongfi; it a; Pnaiof.'e,) appearance generally nam-
bug. (Bull Dogge oflers to bet his hat she don't
know a cabbage from a new cheese, and can't tell
whether a sitloin steak is beet, chicken, flesh or
fish )
At length, with another variette upon the organ,
and all the concentrated praise and thanksgiving ol
the congregation, sung by four people up stairs, the
service concluded. I thought from the manner of
this last perfomnnee, each member of the choir im
agined the songs of praise would never get to hea
ven if he didn't give them a personal boost, in the
shape ol an extra yell.
Left the church with a confused idea that the
only way to attain eternal bliss, is to go to church
every Sunday, and to give liberally to the foreign
missionary cause.
Bull Dogge tried to convince me that one-halfthe
people present thought that Filth avenue runs
( straight into Heaven, and that their through tickets
are insured, their front seats reserved and that
when they are obliged to leave this world they will
find a coach and four and two servants in livery
ready to take thern right through to the other side
of Jordan.
Yours, reverentially,
HAD A WINNING WAY.—A wayward son ol the
KmeralJ Isle " left the bed and board" which he
and Margaret had occupied lor a long while, and
spent his time around rum shops, where he was
always on hand to count himself " in," whenever
anybody should " s'anJ treat." Margaret was dis
satisfied with this state of things, and endeavored
to get her husband home again. We shall see how
she succeeded ;
" Now, Patrick, me honey,will ye come back V'
" No Margaret, I won't come back."
" An' won't ye come back for the love of the
children ?"
" Not for the love of the children, Margaret "
" Will ye come for the love of meself?"
" Niver, at all. 'Way wid ve."
" An' Patrick, won't the love olthe church bring
ye back ?"
" The church to the divil, and then I won'tcorne
back "
Margaret thought she would try some other in
ducement Taking a pint bottle of whiskey from
her pocket, and holding it up to her truant hus
band, she saij : " Will ye come lor the drap of
whiskey ?"'
" Ah, me darlint," answered Patrick, unable to
withstand such a temptation, " it's yourself that'll
always bring me home again—ye has such a win
ning tray wid ye. I'll come home, Margaret!"
Margaret declares that Patrick was" reclaimed''
by moral suasion !
DERIVITIVES.— Dr. Gibbons, an eminent physic
ian in the latter end of the seventeenth century,
had a brother, a sea captain, who was the first that
brought from the West Indies some mahogany logs
to London in ballast. The doctor was then building
him a house in Covent Garden, and his brother,
the captain, thought they might be ol service to
him ; hut the carpenters found the wood too hard
for their tools, and it was laid aside as useless.—
Soon after, Mr. Gibbons wanted a candle-box, and
got a cabinet maker to make it oql ol the useless
wood lying in the garden. The box was made,
and the doctor was so pleasedjwith it, that he got a
cabinet maker to make him a bureau of it. ftsfino
color and polish induced him to invite a great num
ber of his friends to see if, and among them the
Duchess of Buckingham. Her grace begged the
doctor for some ol the wood, and got Walloston,
the cabinet maker, to make her a burean also, on
which the fame of mahogany and Walloston were
much raised, and it became the rage for grand fur
niture. No other wood excels it.
UNDER THE ROSE. —A floating paragraph ex.
plains the origin of this expression :—The term un
der the rose implies secrecy, and had its origin dur
ing the year B C. 418, at which time Pausanias,
the commander ol "the confederate fleet, was en
gaged in an intrigue with Xerxes, for the marriage
of his daughter and the subjugation of Greece to
the Medean rule. Their negotiations were carried
ou in a building attached to the Temple of Miner
va. called the Braren House, the roof of which was
a garment forming a bower of roses ; so that the
plot, which was conducted with the utmost secre
cy, was literally matured under the rose. It was
discovered, however, by a slave, and as the sancti
ty of the place forbade the Athenians to force him
out or kill him there, they finally walled him in,
and left him to die of starvation. It finally grew to
be a cufom among the Athenians to wear roses in
their hair when ever they wished to communicate
to another a secret which they wished to keep in
viola'e. Hence the saying sub rosa among them,
and now among almost all Christian nations.
A Soi. EMN THOUGHT —It lias been observed with
much significance that every morning— this Mon
day morning, it you please—we enter upon anew
day, carrying still an unknown future in Its bosom.
How pregnant and stirring the reflection! Thoughts
may be born to-day which never die. Feelings
may be awakened to day which may never be ex
tinguished. Acts may be performeJ to day which
may not be reaped till eternity.
MISTAKES. —To suppose a clock strikes with its
That a tissue of falsehood may be puiChased at
so much per yard.
And that the cloak of Hypocrisy is made of a
manufactured texture!
(&- An old lady being late at church, entered
as the congregation were rising for prayer; " La! '
! S a.d she, courtesying,' don't get upon my account.'
THE homely phrase, " Foot, hog, or die," IS
now rendered as follows Penetrate the soil, my
porcine friend, or early expoei an obituary nonce
on your untimely dtmi6e."