Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, November 26, 1853, Image 1

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TOW-A NI -i-A;:'
Olorniftp, November 20.
.stittitb Votfrl•
ty T. B. RIAD
Ancient mad, that windest deserted
Through the level of the vale,
Sweeping toward the crowded market
Like a atrearn without a sail;
Standing by thee; I look backward,
And. as in the light of dreams,
See the years descend and vanish,
Like thy whitely tented teams.,--
Here I stroll along the village.
As In youth's departed morn ;
But I miss the crowded coaches.
And the driver's bugle horn—
Miss the crowd of jovial teamsters,
Filling buck is at the wells,
With their warns from Conestoga.
And their orchestra of bells.
To•the mossy wayside tavern
Comes the noisy throng no more.
And the faded sign, complaining,
Swings unnoticed at the door;
While the old decrepid
Waiting for the few who pass,
Reads the melancholy story
la the thickly springing grass.
Ancient highway, thou art vanquished ;
The usurper of the vale
Rolls in fiery. iron rattle,
'Donations on the gale.
Thou art vanquished and neglected ;
But the good which thou hast done,
Though by man it be forgotten,
Shall be deathless as the sun.
Though neglected, gray and grassy,
Sun I pray that my decline
May be through as vernal valley*
And as blest a calm as thine.
,:usquetainta cdalltv.
•America is the tomb of the Red man. • • His
wry is, to some extent, our history ; and we turn
mh inietteetual refreshment from the thread-bare
saes of Europe." • • (From an address of
loss Scnoot.casrr, Esq., before the Was-aft-ho
I.7the last number of the series of articles of this
the narrative of Mrs. Jane Whittaker was giv
!until her arrival at Niagara, in company with
:any other cap•ives from the Susquehanna, in the
nron of 1778; Her mother and all the members
.ier father's family, with the exception of him
ill were among the number, as has been previous
.sated. When they arri‘ed at the fort, cold wea
xr approaching, and for a lack of clothing
sible to the season, and other comforts, their
L:ccon was becoming pitable. At this juncture,
tioyalist, by the name of Herkimer, an extensive
'`tiler at that point, showed himself a true friend,
rY oily supplying each one of the family with the
- : , ainng which they then required, but anticipating
:sir probable wants for the appioaching winter, by
Lxral donationi. This man was torn near Cal
-1 CU, and had been the school mate and early
of the narrator's father. Having espoused
rt cause of the crown, be removed to the point
t".sle, to fortunately for the captives, he was at
aaume board. He coupled his substantial and
ral.timed proofs of."a generous friendship, with
to hid: avowal, that although his friend had be
ems', a rebel," he could not forget that " they
I lid been boys together ;" but that he would have
tied him better, if he had remained loyal, and
`homed the king."
Each instances of chivalrous friendship deserve
aration, but require no comment
Remaining a few weeks at the fort, the captives
tee then sent down the Lake to Duck's Islabd, in
tatighsh vessel. From that point, they were
In' in batreaux down the river to St. John's, not
r from Montreal, their place of destination. Be
are reaching that point, winter overtook them,
The weather had become distressingly cold.
'.sey Were frequently compelled to clear away
teinon , upon the bank of the river, for the por
of spreading their customary bed of hemlock
it St. Johns the captives remained nearly two
Mry, when they were sent still further down the
k Lawrence, to Michiche, near Three Rivers.—
&III) atter, by die earnest application of the then
C4i ft o r, tHaltlimand,) they were permitted to
'''''No the vicinity of Montreal. Arriving there
...i'Llt of May, 1780, they remained until the Bu
tts of that year, at which time, in company with ,
a?otit three handled other captives, consisting of
+gad men ; women and children, they set Out for
tome wader English escort, by the way of St. Johns
!end Crown Point to Skenesborough, now White-
AL There were no able-bodied men among the
timber, she slates, unless they had treviously en
wieil themselves to a discharge by taking an oath
4 to bearlirms against the King.
From Wlii!eltell, the captives were sent in such
tehicles as could be there procured, to their vari
homes. T party to which Mrs. W. belong
rete sent Albany, as their place of destina
by the w .of Saratoga. At the last named
i, an inci ent occurred of deep interest to the
wes. It will be recollected that Mr. Strop,
had at this time been separated from his lami
id relatives during, their captivity, for more
two years, was on his way to Wyoraitig at the
of the capture, iuld thus escaped. Upon his
aunt, he foimditir hUlieen "before stated, the
ktiletnent at Wysoiliridwasteiadesolate - fire-sidi,
•Ilitneither wife nor child, nor living creature shit
Ws drop of blood in Ins veins, to welcome ins
Ba behind the clouds the sun still shone.
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Tbmwing aside the,greattriell which was. then
pressing upon him, be presented himself at Wyo-
ming, for enrolment with the other solo: 'seen for
ite protection;' and With' commendable liirOlom
foght 'shoulder to Shotilder With them' filhirinemO.,
rOlet 3 battle, 91 juli; 1778, vrhieti , preciwAea the
Thick coming tears may have obscrued his-aim;
as he thought of his family, but-his heart was in the
laot'Ofiiia, lie stirviied to do
hie country still Initheietivice a in soyeral of the
severest engagements of the war. For triple than
two years he lived ,w ithoot knowing-definitely .the
ate of his family and relativert,and they alike °doubt- .
ng as to his. At first they heard he had fallen at
Wyoming, and mourned for him as dead. Aher•
wards a rum - or readied them that 'he was saved,
and again, subsequently, that he was slain. Hope
was still kept alive, although with doubt and appre-
hengion their hearts had sickened
The news soon spread throughout the .country
hat the three hundred captiires, as before detailed.
were returning to their homes by the way of Stre•
nesborigh. Mr.Strope made his way to Albany,
for the purpose of ascertaining whether his family
and friends might not be of the number. Upon an
examination of the list which had been forwarded
to that point in advance of the captives, be found
their names. Pushing on at once towards §kenes
borough, he met them at Saratoga, including al
who had been captured at Wysoz—his aged father
and mother, wife and relatives, down to hts little
daughter, whose narrative has been &is summari
ly given. Any effort to picture.such a meeting in
words, would be tame indeed.
The restored captives prooeeded at once to Alba
ny, where Mr. Swope took charge of his family dnil
relatives, taking them to Catskill, the point from
• ' .;•
_ - V. 9 . ”. •
. • .1?- - . ' `1. • ,. 6•1 • '•:1 1-: - ' 1 '' ? ' 1' '., " ' • _ I "i!it zr.Ul'"f,
Heroic hcarts to noble deeds beat time, •
And over dark misfortunes rifle kab,tinte-
Having better fortune than the most of that gal.
which they had originally emigrated. There they
remained until the war was over.
In the spring of the next year after the ratification
of peace ) Mr. Strope, with a brother and uncle,
came on to IVyscrx. Upon reaching there, they
found, as-they expected, everything had been burn
ed that could be fired, and the cattle, sheep, and
all el-e of value as boo'y, plundered. Log cabins
were again constructed, and corn planted, in anti
cipanon of the return nt their own and other lam
lies to the settlement, in the autumn at the same
pear. Under the protection of the young but free
floating banner of the infant.Repbblic, they looked
forward with hope, "sure and . steadlast," with flW'
prophetic vision of the undaunted pioneer, to a glo
rious fruition, when the wilderness should disap
pear, and
The wand of enterprise to queenly States
Give wundcrous being.
The first husband of Mrs. %Vhittaker was Jere
miah White, with whom, soon after her marriage,
she emigrated from Wysox to this vicinity, making
a permanent settlement on the west side of the
Owego Creek, within the present limits of the town
of Tioga This was in the year 1787, at which
time she states that Amos Draper, an emigrant from
Wyoming, and a man of great influence with the
Susquehanna Indians, was living with his family
at this place, (Owego,) his be:rig the first and the
only white family then living here.
Mrs. Whittaker, in the course of her narrative,
states many facts of interest connected with the ap
pearance, manners and residence of Queen Esther ;
a notable personage in the valley of the Susque
henna, whose possessions were on the west side of
that river, opposite to and extending some distanch
below Tioga Point, and not far from what was thin
called She•she•quin.
This lady, it is generally supposed, had been ta
ken eaptive at an early age, from the French set
dements in Canada, upon some one of those hos
tile incursions made; ))y the Iroquois into that
country, in retaliation for the hostilities of Tle La
Barre, Count Frontenac, and other French Gover
Front the description given of her, she was pro-
bably at French and Indian extraction.
Mre. W. narrates that previous to her captivity
she had often seen Queen Esther at her father's
house, where she was always a welcome visitor,
and hospitably' received; that she talked English
but poorly, yet making herself understood upon
ordinary subjects. She boasted, however, that
there was another language with which shit was
quite as familiar as with the Indian. Although it
was not so stated by the narrator, this was probably .
the French. 1' -
Mrs. W. describes her as tall, but rather slight in
form; cheek bones not high; complexion not as
dark as that of the Indian ; hair black, but soli and
fine, unlike the heavy black hair of the squaw ; her
form erect and commanding, and her appearance
and manners agreeable. A sister lived witb tier
by the name of Mary, who Was tall, and resembled
the Queen in personal appearance, except that she
was much heavier. Both of them had been often
at the house of Mr. Strops, and were on friendly
terms with hie family. They were reputed to be
of French and Indian parentage.
' Queen Esther's influence with the natives was
unbounded. When she appeared-among them she
was treated with the nimorit deference. Her cos•
tome was rich at.d showy, with a profusion of glit
tering ornaments, and comported well with her
claims to deference and queenly dignity. She wore
necklace of pure white beads, from which was
suspended a cross made of stone or silver. If there
was no other badge of her probable French extrac.
tracheal, the cross, alone, Would afford, a fair pre
sumption that some portion of her early life hid
been passed inane of the Canadas, (then - French
Colanies,) and that her early religions'impirssions
had' been formed . nntleilestiii"tiolipiCes.' Sinne
traditionarlitacirents ieiieiliiiit'Atiniaterbil of which
it was formed to have been silver,: While Mt. W.
thinks itlad , been-neady•and atnatiddy carried nit
of a whitistrettinei,' and-iid'4Cquired a poljebed
suttees by long continued use.
Upon One decaoioniitiii:tikiordedidat *slam=
visited l'hilattelphinito,conipolii *Ma doliitatidn
-of Iroquois Chirsksibtarartmated midi MOW
attention by many' rispenuiblulanillicitof thataity.
• hospitablredtertahuni, easeetned
td rs
ciprocite.ibetiadlykelings that: , w at e:eliched ,ja
her favor. . .t! • ;1.:,,
Afier her capture, Mrs. W.reetrivedMany marb
of kindness from the: forest Queer:. Durintthit
preparation for the attack upon,Wyoutingdhe
dy of Mr. Strope were detained arTiogs-Point; as
has been before stated. - At - ibis - time they were tie.
iced in simony: wiry - by their °ld !Mid-Queen &dr
er, who !shouted themma!ka of , kindness.—
On one bncesion, when about io refurn hotn., 911 e
desired to have the little capti!e accompany_ her to
her castle, for a visitond although the distance was
riot geai, Mrs. Strope !declined the profrared civili
ty. The refusal did not seen' to make,
,her, angry,
for she acquiesced in it , atter discovering the teloc.
lance of the mother to be parted, even temporarily
from her child. • Afterward, in company with her
mother, Mrs. W. crossed the river, and rambled
over the premises of the Queen. The plains upon
which the so called castle 'stood; was on the West
aide of the Susquehanna, near the mouth of the
Chemung, not far from and in full triew date Point
et the confluence of the two rivers. The main
building was a long tow edifice, irregolar in shape
built of hewn logs and planks, but neatly done
with a porch at the door way, of,somearchilectora
pretension, and surrounded• by , quite a nutriber of
other buildings.
Mr. Miner, in his History of Wyoming, cites a
paragraph from a Journal of one of General Huth
van's officers:—" August 10th, 1779: Afiergelvanc.
ing about a mile through a rich bottom, covered
iiith strong and stately timber, which shut oat the
sun ; and shed acool and agreeable twilight, we an
expectedly were introduced into ti plain as large
as; he Sheshukonali,(Sne-she-gain,) called " Queen
Father's Plantation." It was in the plaids, near the
banks at the Susquehanna, that Esther, Queen of
the Seneca tribe, dwelt irr retirettent and sullen
majesty. The rains of her palace ire still to be
seen. In what we suppose to be the chapel, was
found an idol, which might well be worshipped
without violating the third (second) commandment,
on account of its likeness to any thing either in
Heaven or Earth. About sunrise, the General gave
ordera:for the town to be illuminated, and aecor-
Jingly we had a glorious bonfire of upwanis of thir
ty buildings at once."
This woman was not the same person whom Mr.
Stone. in his life of Thanendanegea calls Catharine
Montour, although by having confounded thei two
he leads us to infer that he believed them identical.
Mrs. Whittaker stales that on one occasion when
Queen Esther visited the settlement of .Wystor, she
was accompanied by a half-breed woman called
Catharine, who, it was believed was her sister. It
is more than probable that she was the Catharine
Montour, whose name and partial history have
been given by Mr. Stone. Her residence was re•
puted at that time to be about another ilay's journey
westerly from the mouth of the Chemung. Mrs .
W. states further, that when the captives were or,
their way to Fort Niagara, they remained, before
crossing to the Conbocton, for a week or two, at
Catharines. That while there the ' Mur again the
same woman. She was probably the true Catha
rine Montour, found at that place by Gen. Sullivan,
the following year, (1779) at the time of the Vl4
Ilion of the Indian country, and from whom the two
Catharines, at the head of Seneca Lake, has receiv:
ed its name. Among other events that occurred
while Mrs. W. was detained at that place, a great
dance, with imposing ceremony, was held by the
natives. It was doubtless the harvest dance or fes
The season of the year when the captives reach
ed that point corresponds with the time when that
festisal annually occurred.
Mrs. W., among other particulars connoted with
the Wyoming expedition, states that before embark.
ing in their war-canoes for that ill haled place, the
Indians streaked their forces with a I , yellowish
red" paint, varied with black. When folly ready,
they stood op in their boats and sang their war.
songs. She recollects distinctly to have heard of
the ceremony ofsacrificing the white dog, and thinks
it was performed both before and after the Wyom
ing, battle. She wi noised the singular and cruel
custom of prisoners running the gauntlet, at Tioga
Point and °gunge. Female poisoners wore never
snhjectei to the ordeal, and, by the interposition of
Queen Esther, the male relatives of Mos. W , be
longed tmthe captive party, escaped the infliction.
Alter her return to Wysox, subsequent to the war,
she often saw Pike, who was known throughout the
border wartare of the Susquehanna, as " the Indian
killer." The thrilling adventure of his capture and
escape, with Capt. Van Campen, Rogers and Spence
is well authenticated. Their captors, numbering
ten, had ascended the east bank of the Susquehan
na, from the vicinity of Tunkhannock, with their
lour prisoners, to a place within about filteeq miles
of Tioga Point—as some accounts give the distance
—where they encamped for the night. The arms
of the prisoners were bound, securely as their cap
tors thought, but in the night, Van Campen luckily
'freeing himself, and with 'noiselessly un
binding the arms bribe - other, theyross upon their
sleeping foes. So suddenly and: rapidly Aid they
shower their well aimed 'blows, that • but two or
three of their ten captors eiesped. 'This heroic
achievement, in matter:of history, and the precise
spot Where* occurred is , worthy of mention.
Mrs. Whittaker states that she becarne acquaint.
ed with Pike after the-wary and hu seen him point
out the place ot encampment, oporr:ihat memora
ble night, ander' a large elm tree, Upon her fatfier'C
farm at , "
Ao incident occtirieri3OpiriMeSusquebarma Aar:
ing the joorseyieg oishisciptives front Tioga Paint 1
to Unadillai which mat be ipir*ialilY"thetigtie; ;
tid:' tdrii by bikini. - or hiiiiloo6o
reeideect; before the - war, liad,be i mrul MOM*"
of Wysos, and with whom the family of Mr. Strops
. - It , - , : ,'' 1 ',,, : : • ~,:: '''''''' 4c r ::'1:!I. 1 i.; I, 1 1 , : , . ~. -
.:., , ~ ..1. .1,:l. . ' .I% ' '' ' :....t -dX, a , t.i ..-i r-
. '''''' ' ''
' i '''." ' . 4 41 1 *Alaittit ' Oe angtittcpvriort tame , QuAssza.
- -
hid 09: 1 414 1 :11:*;40iiiiiiii. to hie tong
.fristadealld Israitele, : ywn#thi: ll- oeassion !hen vale
iniitWatiO4 . ;4olip .
P4 1411 0 111 ..'4 0, 40 , 0•P0 t t e d tohiFO c i ra -PIT!'
lion for her ebildretrand4elatives; whoat the-time
vreresufferingfroma want of food. He refused to
grant ina,kny. l yotinrizian not arrived
at manhood, Standing by, endeitvoredicsprevaitop;
otittim taint atote justly, insisting that Mrs.Stropos
was not in faulif libel husband - wits 4 1 ,11 rebel ;"
but , neithee entreaties Oar Inguilect weseavailing.
The soni bewares, without , the:knowledge of 4iis
father, supplied the immediate wants of the.lcaptive
After the taiification of - peace, both lather and son
name limn-Niagara krfeleartie their residence in the
vicinity of Wysoz, at &point in the valley called by
Mrs. Whittaker.‘." Franklin& Flats." , Her father
heard of his intentions, and, preparing himself with
a heavy whip, sought an interview. Atter remind
ing him, in no measured leans, of his unmanly
conduct towards the captives, he inflicted upon him
a severe but welldeserved - whipping, and threaten.
ed a repetition of it it he attempted to settle in the
Sword abandoned the settlement after so
plain " a notice to quit ;" but his son remained, and
was always treated t y the people of the neighbor.
hood with great cordiality. He had acted, it was
known, in conceit with his fattiest in his adherence
to this Crown, but ne had sought every opportunity
to .mitigate the rigors of Indian - eaptivity, by merci
ful interposition, which in the incident just related,
it is gratifying to observe, was appreciated and re. ,
membered ;. p roving itself, in substantial, as well
as poetic , justice, " twice blessed."
At Tioga Point, Manghantowano, Owego, Cho
-1 co-nut, Oquaga, Unatljlls, and other points, in the
valley, the captives found the/hats nlong the river
cleared, and corn, beans, cud:, growing inconsider
able abundance. Apple and peachtrees were often
seen, some of them appatently f having been many
years planted. Berries; of various kinds, were
abundant, and Contributed much to the subsistence
of the' captives during the season. Fish from the
brooks and river, and wild game from the woods
were supplied to them in the greatest profusion.—
Salt was obtained whenever wanted, but from what
quarter the narrator was not apprised. It could not
have been distant however, es she states, that the
lediane would set out in the morning for the pur
pose of getting a supply, and returned before night
with all that was desired. She recollects, distinct
ly, that this was done while the party was remain
ing at Manghantowano and Choconut.
As to the treatment which the captives received
from the squaws, she Pays they oever.seemed dis
posed to harm us; on the contrary, at times,,ae in
the case of Queen Esther, they seemed friendly;
but, to use her own language, "they generally kept
on their side of the fire and we on ours."
In her narrative this venerable lady related many
other facts, some of them of minor importance, but
all of them evincing the great clearness and accura
cy with which iihe called to mind the events oftier
captivity and early years. Although very interes
ting, they ate too minute and would require too
much space for chapters as limited as those of this
series must necessarily be;
Newseseeas.—There is hardly anything so much
needed in a family as a newspaper, and yet com
paratively speaking, is esteemed of so little value.
Every one who will make a fair trial, and ob
serve the influence of reading over his family, will
find at the end of the year, that he is not a cent
poorer for having been a subscriber to a good news
paper, He will have accumulated more real in ,
telligence of the every day concerns of file and the
movements of nations—we - take it for granted that
he has perused eves) , number with avidity—than
he would have done in a series of years deprived
in the sight thereof. His wife will have picked up
much information relative to the government of
children, many useful lessons of household econo
my, and no small share of instruction suited to her
station. In (mei, a good, virtuous and well conduc
ted newspaper in a family, is the beat economist of
time and money, and the aptest instructor of the
Bovs.—Boys are admonished by a sensible wri
ter, to beware of the following description of com
pany, if they would avoid becoming like those with
whome they associate:
1. Those who ridicule their parents or disobey
their commands.
3. Those who use profane or filthy language.
4. Those who are unfaithful, play truant and
waste their time in idleness.
5. Those who are of a quarrelsome temper, and
are apt to get in difficultiei with others.
6. Those who are addicted to lying and stealing.
7. Those who take pleasure in torturing animals
and insects.
Otr A young man having preached fbr Dr. Ern
mons one day, was anxious to get a word of ap
plause forhis labor of lore. The grave Doctor,
however, did not introduce the subject, and the
younger brother was obliged to bait the book for
I hope, sir, [did not weary your people bytie
2. Those who profane the Sabbath or scoff at re
lengtkof enteermon to-day."
Ne fir 'llOl ; nor by the tieptA either."
• 0:r"1 do not wish to ay :anything against that
individual in question/ 0 said 4 t t.
would mereltoimaikoo the linpuoi'uf 14' '1;
tbri . 101 14: ( 1 11 4 ,10,0 11 14% Armailer
..r-, ~.
'*l o -0340 1 qt k 11 0 69,
W a gi ri mi k o ki : oo o4o t h w t om o mpg
wan! ti'tioefoutee : mck . allear
inns our support—our mos their iiiihitt.tell i
—men, fall in."
y..., el-
- rt~ . ,:
Wasilittistoutiuratevrtin fo ht3'Arm3•.
it3ati by tyrents , conquered - be,.
• ' And &Veda& 'fintro Mitt rid Shrtd,
Suchas:Colteintrin ilinNifise,arrherl-she '
..• , Bprting-fortha Prillasi Itintd-and - tilt defined I
Oestustsuch . Wilda be nourished in/ the wild..
rilespin.the onprenedibiesia, mitiO-theavar
Of Cataracts, whertioursing nature weilect
..;:Oninfant.Washiegtoet MIS earth-ad-mare - ti
Such seed within her breastor Busopenosoeh littoral
TherfettO !nen was over. Li cit I ett i rs o
kitfeeitsed; and the warrior. , ,Wqe now to 1 /Pari!e
forever, turning their weapons kilo, plooghshates,
and their camps' into workshoptt.. • The'epeetacle,
though a sublime and glorious ode; was yet attend'.
with'etotiowfu,l)eeling,s ;for alasl inthe f!riutins
of that gantlet army, cd patriot soldiers, now.abeut
'to disband without pay,' without support, stalked
poverty and disease. -The century had not the
Mesh's to be gratelpl.
The details of the condition of many of ; the Offi
cers and soldiers at that period, according to Meta
ty and oral tradition, were 'Melancholy In the' ex"-
treme. Possessing no means of patrimonial intreri- I
lance to fall back' upotithrown out of even pie
petilbus support Of the soldier, at the commence- i
ment of winter, amthartlly fit for any other duty
than'thal of the camp—their situation can be as well
imagined as described.•
- A single instance, as a sample of the situation of
many of the officers, as related of Baron Stephen,
may not be amiss. „When the main body ol the
army was disbanded at Newburgh, and the veteran
soldiers were bidding a parting farewell to each
other, Lieut. Col Cochran, an aged soldier of the
N. Hampshire line, remarked with tears in his eyes,
tut be shook _hands with the Baron :-
41 For myself, I could stand it ; but my wile and
daughters are in the garret of that wretched tavern,
and I have no means of removing Mena."
‘t Come, come," said the Baron, " don% give way
thus. I will pay my respects to Mrs. Coctoamand
her daughters."
When the good old soldier left them, their coun
tenances were warm with, gratitude—fur he, left
there all he had.
In one of the Rhode Island Regiments were se
veral companies of black troops who had served
through the whole war, and their bravery and ilia
white were unsurpassed. The Baron observed
one of these_ poor negroes on the wharf at New
burgh, apparently in great distreea.. .
ti What is the matter brother soldier?"
Wy, master Baron, I want a dollar to gethome
with, now that Congress has no further use for
The Earon was absent for a lew momentotp, and
then returned with a silver duller which he had
. .
borrowed. -
• " Then, its alll could get. Take it."
The tregro received it with joy, hailed a_sloop
which was passing down- the river to New York,
and as he reached the dock, took oil his hat and
a God bless you, Master Baron !" •
These are only single illustrations of the condi
tion of the army at the close of the war. Indeed,
Washington had this view at the close of his fare
well address to the army at Ruck Rill, in Novem•
ber, 1783:
" And being now about to conclude these, his
last public orders, to take his chimera leave in a
short time of the military character, and to 'bid a
final adieu to the armies he has so long had the
hoT to command, he can only again offer, in their
beh hi.• recommendations to their country, and
his prayer to the God of aimies."
"IMay ample justice be done them here, and
may the choicest of heaven's .favors,, both here and
hereafter, attend those who, tinder divine ans.
pices, hare secured innumerable biessim for,
" With diem wi- he., and this benediction, the
Commantler.iii-Chit is -about to retire from ser•
vice; Theeurtain 01 veparation will'sonn be drittirn
and the military f•ceites will be closed to him for-
The diming of the " m th•ary Kenett . ' I am about
to relate.
New Yolk had been occupied by %Vashington ,
on the 25 it of Nriverriber A few days afterward,
he notified The President of body
was then in seSsitin at Annapolis, in Maryland—
that as the war had now closed, he should consider
it his duly to proceed thence and surrender` to that
body the commission which he had received from
them seven years before.
The morning of the sit of December, 4783, was
a sail and heavy one-to the remnant of the A'meti•
can army in the city of New York.
,The boon of
that day was to witness the firtewell of Washing
ton—..he was to bid adieu to hicinilitary comrades
forever. The officers who had been with him in
solemn conned, the privates who had fought and
bled in the " haitly light," under his orders o were
to hear his commands no longer. The manly
form and dignified countenance of the "great
captain," was henceforth to lire in their memo
As the hour of noon approached, the whole gar
at the request of Washington immtelf, was
put in Motion,. and marched ilnwt, f 3: nay' street fb
Francis' tavern, his head ~narters. kf u wittbed It►
take leave of ptivato soldiers skim 41 A ill & O m L a
oas t and bid them all adieu His favorite light
infantry Were drawn np in the line (tieing thviards;
thrbughPOrl.sireet, tvoie fCtoi,of %t hf'ehali,r t t here
a barge was, in Readiness to convey hen to Pnwlela
Within thwdiffint, Wolff of the f•viflof *Op
farewell 4 ' .%
Amemtriedriutteorere lineur,-,creen, Clintonp
Sloatam,Garadrand ., otbeesorpholiaLl 'entit i edi *jib'
hinfl a Vi i " t4 l " ' !li nt Wila
wißlontoulalal iallthlllo-2-710it.liateattiurr i :
bled kr** 'moil loan Varmi&l 49rotini/lOodt"
.gmievy had. Yielded ups Int "Arun
fell at Danbury, Woodhull was barbarouely mur-
,eO. ,
:is lAI
:1 , , "14 1:*: •fl
P,1:1 •
4 a:T; ( 4o>qm; AM
, 11 41- //1.631l q!lit'l4l . l
r 1 I: . ' frn::
)) z-2
, 4
^ $11.34:: 4 4 •
, .
4erea ik'Pygeoliersal be tattle pr Lon g stand',
walderfierftill raronalll avorrodadialtrineettat ;160
rell' tik ir-ohlia iri
••,;•eut ind
;uII fi LPTF,ccni,
u a trilbag,abirmiskja:SitatboCiAlibla.v.iba
bui r l 41 1 °S . PlPPickt..lnf i f% l PPli f q.
PainarifOjkir l a belpleixodlip,lwinkonnciind upon
the•basEol-siekinniii. --Indeedvthe•baulefiell and
tirntolua 4hinbia`tb-oir
in diet conflict' ot A ----
Wd.thingtiltileriii*kl the rooftilAiiolsl3?"o6lA
cation tiati,e(!nin:, ( : * AO h, tOr0(1 hil.,4*ant l l4lo.
e 4 on the tacep,o(pm assitabled,Aiemi Coursed
down his cheek, and hboroicii was , tremulous as
heealoted them " Nor Was 'he tien" al=
belt unused to the melting metaid,* shirctif arotind
him, Whose uplifted htinde - eittrettheirlirtfies,
told that the ' ear, whichiheiltiiein Vitempiell
conceal, bespoke the anguish the,y,eould, n99iide.
After a Moment's eonversation, Washingtou.nall.
ed for a glass of wine. It was broughuhim: Turin ,
lug o hav'thys addrelsed Then,
With a bears full .of bye and gratitude, I note
takenty final leave of yen. 'I Most devotedly wish
i your latter may be as preserous and happy
as your. rimer one liavebeen glorious and honorer
ble." He then raised the glass to his , hps,lindald.
1 " I cannot come to each :c4. you to. take my
leave, but-shall be obliged to you it each of you will
take me by the kanifi" -
Generel Knox, who stool nearest, burst into
tears, and advanced, incapable of utterance. Wash.
inglon grasped him by the hand; and embraced
1 him. The officers came up successively and took
an affectionate leaoe. No' words , were spoken,
but all was the " ,dent eloquence ef tears.”—
What wens, 'Mere words at such a speiie Notip
ins. It was the feeling of the heart—thrilling tho'.
When the last officer had embraced him, Wash
ington left the worn, followed by his `ccira4dee,
and passed through the lines of light infantry. Hie
step was slow and measured, his head uncoveted,
and tears flowing thick and fast, as he looked from
Bide to side at the veteransrl i , o whom he no* bid
adieti forever. Shortly ariNevent occurred more
touching than all the rest. A gigantic soldier who
had stood by his side at Trenton, stepped forth Iron
the ranks and extended his hand-.
" Farewell, my beloved General, farewell."
Washingtoirgrasped his hand, in convulsive-emo
tion, in both of hig. All discipline was now at an
end. The officers could not estrin the men as
they rushed forward to - take hington by the
hand, and the violent sobs and tea of the soldiers
told how deeply engraven upon theirafiectionswas
the love of their commander. ' •
At length Washington reached the barge at White:
hall, and entered it. At - the first stroke if the oars
he rose, and 'tinning to the companions of hisglory,
by waving r lds hat, bade them a silent adieu. Theis
answer was only in tears rand the otficersand men,
'with glistening eyes watched the, receding- boat. Jill
the form of their noble commander was lost sight
of in the distance. - -
1 Contrast the farewell of Washington to his arm's
at Whitehall, in 1783, and the farewell of Napole-
on to his army at Fontainbleu, la 1815. The one
had accomplished every wish of his bean. Wenn
ble exertion had achieved the independence of bib
; country, and :he longed :to retire to the •bosom of
his home.' His ambition was satisfied. He fought
tor no crown, no scepire, but for equality and the
mutual happiness of his fellow beings. No taint of
tyranyon breath of slander, no whisper of duplici,
ty, warred the fair proportions of his public or pa
vane life ; but, .
" He was a man, lake him for all in alt,
We ne'er shall look upon his like again." ''
The otheilgreat soldier was the disciple of selfish
ambition. He raised the iron weapon of War to
crush, enly that he might rule. What Whim were
the cries of the widows and orphans! He passed to
a throne by making dead bodies of their protectors
his stepping stones. Ambition, self, were the gods
of his idolatry, and to them he Sacrificed hecatitroba
of his fellow men for the aggrandizement of per
sonal glory. Enthusiasm points, with fearful won-'
der to the name of Napoleon „whilst justice, bene
volence, freedom, and ail the concomitants which
constitute the true happiness of man, sheds almost
a divine halo around the name and character ut
George Washington.
It The late Judge Pease, of the Supreme
'Court of Ohio, was a noted,wag. A young lawyer,
was once making his first effort before him, atirk
having thrown himself on the wings of his imagina
lion into the clouillatid, was preparing for asttill
higher ascent, when the judge struck his ruler on
the desk, and exclaiined to the astonished orator::
" Hold on ; hold on, my dear sir! Don't go any
higher; you are already out of the jurisdiction of
this court."
BAD COMPANY.--!Ceep out of bail company : —
The companion's of fools shall be destroyed." If
others watite.then time in folly and sin, avoid them.
They may be mart, but they will do you no good,
anti they may do yctu much harm. Bad company
is the ruin of many, even of those older than you.
Keep sway-from iillera, 'liars, swearers and Sab
bath breaker,. Even ! 1 . one
,airiner desuoyeth much
gßed.". geeP away—douoh not the unclean thing.
A.Hitentian epitaph 4eads as follow,: it-is
ia,%es Irmo the old,tiburch yard at Belturbet, Ire
land:-- -
'' pare father
their passage hem America."
, /here-bean burs.
.1117, A,beehehir fr,ieodol oars evolve! he wag
etiernlitert to make otaktint one speechsa okOtnSel,t
end thert.o4 pout rk r 5004. :wee Itheentitet moos
-I,igittltight, and. lu might isav'hitid -, ari
ra r
tepliecknole.' tt
weEfi Oidi
br a fortnight, and then a fellow was toadies her
with molasses and ginget cake at a circus.
- 1.14(
, .
, :a041,111 Irrap