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Free r SOU,- Free- Speech; Free Men
Freedom for Frei'Terrifeorg.
E 0. GOODRICH, EDITOR.
Towanda, Saturday, June 12, 1552.
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GEN. FRANKLIN PIERCE,
OP PEW ZIAPIPSIIIITE.
Ton TICE rrtscinvrr,
WILLIAM R. KING,
TOR CAN&L CONNISSJONZEI.
WM. SEARIGUT, of Fayette County.
The Baltimore Convention.
Our space-this week is occupied by the proceed.
tn,g,s of the Democratic National Convention. The
names of the candidates pot in nomination by that
Convention have already been proclaimed through.
met the country. That the Convention have acted
t'r wisely is demonstrated by the enthusiasm with
,Larshich theirchoice is hailed. A.; we have no room
this week foftlie remarks which naturally suggest
themselves,' we copy tha following paragraphs from
the Evening - Post :
Tho , :tioutination of Franklin Pierce, of New
Ilaitt.Pshite,'as the Democratic candidate for the
/ftSfeecy,eppeais to diffuse general satisfaction
the party., It is a far more an
; itOiotts'norrii'Ortiion for the success of the derno.
party,ln the approaching, competition, than
..;4.,icerfeared- would' . be made. More than once, it
;.f . gliettieti to the - miss of observers that the Conien.
71:cn-Nrita on the eve ot making ;hi choice from a
class of candidates so iiiircirfonately connected - with
past dissensions in the party, or so suspiciously as
sociated with particular interests, as to make their
nomination unacceptable to a considerable 'portion
of the democratic party in varions Parts of !he
try. it seemed, also, as if we could hardly hope
. that any man would be nominated who had not ta
ken some pains to court the favor of particular lac-
Lions of interests, or Incaliiies, by sacrificing his
own independence of feeling and opinion. We
confess that it is not without a certain satisfaction
that we see those who have stooped to these means
jolt! as successful as they deserve to be. They and
their works have been swept aside at last by the
Convention, with an appearance of impatient dis
gust at the defective claims of the very candidates
for whom they had - been so strennousty contending,
and a man who did not thick it worth his while to
answer Robert G. Scott's letter, adopted with a sort
Of enthusiasm indcheirsplace.
Instead of taking a candidate front among those
who have been sedulously patching and piecing,
taking in and letting out, their political creed to suit
the fashion of the day, like an economical , house
wife with a twice-turned gown, we have a man
who has done nothing to purchase the Presidency,
retired for the present from political life, and un
committed on the questions which for the last three
or lour years have divided the democratic party—
The two-thirds rule, though not in itself, even on
the majority of occasions, a rule which we can com
mend, appears to have done good service in this
Mr. Pierce is a man of excellent personal char
acter, the supporter of an economical administra
tion of public affairs, of respectatle talents, of labo
rious habits and modest, unaffected manners, and
of a degree of firmness and decision on which we
may reasonably tound the hope that he will riot be
easily persuaded into any measure against his sense
of right. Already the remark is commonly made,
by those who know...his strict integrity, that under
his administration there will be none of those dep
redations upon the treasury, those acts of pillage on
a scale worthy of the most splendid and corrupt of
monarchies, of which we have had so much of late
years. The times demand such a man—a man
who possesses some tincture of the old-fashioned
honesty and old-fashioned stubbornness in regard to
in regard to the Compromise measures, we take
for granted that they have the general approval of
Mr. Pierce. We never for a moment supposed that
the Convention would nominate allybody who was
of a contrary opinion. With the majintity of both
political parties it is the fashion to speA civilly of
the Compromise, and each party might have been
xpected to present, as its candidate for the Chiel
agistracy, one who, on this point, was found in
ormity with, the majority. It is one thing, how
e to accept the Compromise, and another to
Pie the influence, authority and patronage of the
Chte lagistracy to accomplish the political des
tructio f those by whom the measure which pass
by that a were disapproved. Mr. Pierce did
nor, like eral Scott, if we may believe the boasts
- which Scott so fond of publicly making, procure
the passage 0 e Compromise by Congress. lie
has none of the artialities of paternity to induce
him to employ th 'nfluence of his office to put
down freedom of sp ch on this topic.
k ._With regard to w ie ca'led the pla brm
adtipted by the ConventiOn,we have but a kw words
to say. Some part of h is excellent—thal which
refers to the resolutions of ninety-eig,ht is worthy of
all commendation, in as much as it re-adopts Close
principles of construction which the legislative au•
thority is hegining to disregard. That portion which
relateito' FOgitive Slave law, founded on a
doribtful.Fortstruction of the constitution would tp.
pearl° many to he in direct contradiction with this,
to eatAothi s ng, the inhuman provisions of the 14w
itself,on - which, however, the resolution expressed
tut opinion. But whether the' resolutions are good,
or brai,Wiregard as a matter of very little moment.l
They tindotibtedly: speak the sense ofthe committee;
who framed them, bat in no respect ..can they 'Nal
uonsklernd as ap!aking th senee of the Conventiort.'
Themenhuictisswire not adopted by , those
nentiMidekthe 4andidate.. - They were not put till
a,littipertinritiir oldie weathers had withdrawn
they. were not debated, not considereA r tiM even
hiard; a - considerable number of the meinbert
present voted against them, and those who said
nye ir did , :not know;to . Whin they' were giving , their
applause.: The pretence of #assliaireaolutions, of
adopt plarforrh of politica! ,belief,. undir such
circumcances, lithe merest Curial:l, the. worl4—a
proceeding as deititute of moral force, as if the res,
olutiori had Veen adopted by . a dozenchance - triVel:.
lers on bord a steamboat.
- -To rotOrn , to'lhe tomination. Sinbe we betiait'
this aiticle, the testimonialsorits popularity thicken
upon us. Alr. Pierce, it alive on the fourth of next
'Match will be Prebident of the United &Mee.— The
approbation, the . .enthusitiern.„.,.the feeling of - con?.
fidence:wi h which d.e democrats everywhere
ceive the nevi s:_ot his nomination, are, faro proot
of his bUt seas in thO election".
Dbmoccatio National Cotivnntlen.
ry We present, in the following Otos, all the bal
loting! for Presidential and Vice-Presidential can•
didates in the Baltimore Convention
to 0 z F Q. t•••
g g .
1 - ua 773 ua
T•: 8 :
1....116 '93 "20 27 2 8 3 13 1 --
2....118 95 23 27 I 6 3 13 •1 --
3-.119 94 21 26 1 '7 3- 13 1 .-
4.-115 89 31 25 I 7 3 13 1 --
5....114 88 31 28 I 8 3 13 1
6....114 88 34 26' 1 8 3 13 1 --
7-.113 89 31 28 : 1 9 3 13 1 --
8.-113 88 34 28 1 9 3 13 1 --
9....112 87 39 21 I 8 -- 13 I --
10....111 86 49 27 I 8 -- 14 1 --
11,...101 87 50 27 1 8 -- 13 f
N..., 98 88 61 27 1 9 -- 1 3 1 --
13.... 98 88 51 26 1 -10 -- 1 3 1 -
P4.....99 87 51 26 1 10 -- 1 3 1 --
15.... 99 87 61 26 1 10 -- 1 3 I --
16.... 99 87 51 26 1 10 -- 1 3 1 --
17.... 99 87 60 26 1 11 -- 1 3 1 --
18.... 96 85 58 25 1 11 -- 13 1
89 85 63 26 1 10 -- 13 .1
20.... 81 92 64 26 1 10 -- 13 I --
21.... 60 102 64 26 13 9 -- 13 1 --
22.... 53 104 77 26 15 9 13 --
23.... 37 103 78 26 19 II -- 13 1
24.... 33 103 80 28 23 9 -- .13' ; --
25.... 34 101 81 26 24. 9 : --
26.... 33 101 80 28 24 10 -- 13 ; --
27.... 32 98 85 26 24 .0 -- 13
28.... 28 96 88 26 25 11 12
29.... 27 93 91 20 25 12 " 13
30.... 33 91 92 Ifil 20 1 2 18 1 '
31c.;'... 64 79 92 28 18 . 10 —_ I --
22. .08 "74 80 26 1 •—• 1 --
33...423 72 .60 ; 25 2 a 1 --
34...430 49 63 23 1 6 -- 1 --
35. —l3l 39 52 44 1 6 -- 16 --
33....122 28 43. 58 1 5 -- 1 1 5
37....120 28 37 70 1 5 -- -- 1 30
38....107 28 33 8% 1 6 I 2 9
39.-106 28 33 85 I 5 1 29
40.. .106 27 33' 85 1 5 -- 1 29
41....107 27 33 85 1 5 —= 1 29
42....101 27 33 91 1 5 1 29
43. ..101 27 33 91 1 . 5 1 29
44 ...101 27 33 91 1 5 1 29
45.... 96 27 32 97 1 '5 29
46.... 78 28- 32 97 1 5 -- 1 44
'47.... 75 28 33 95 1 ' 1 49
48.... 73 28 33 90 1 1 55
49.... 2 2 2 -- 282
•Linn Boyd, and Ingersoll each received one vote,
and Weller received four.
First Ballot. Second Ballot.
Wm. K. King of Alabama. 126 277
Gideon J. 'Pillow, of Tennessee. 25 -,
David R. Atchison, of Missouri. 25 —
Thomas J. Rusk, of Texas. 12
Jefferson Davis, of Mississippi. 2 1
Wm. 0. Buller, of Kentucky, 27
Robert Strange, of Nardi Carolina 23
Solomon W. Downs, of Louisiana 30 ..k, 44".....
John B. Weller, of California. 28 os•• - • 's-.—.
Howell Cobb, of Georgia. 2 'I ,
thammoar, Tuesday, une 1, 1 :..
The Convention assembled in th& large Hal cif
the Maryland Institute, at 12 o'ciciok- '
In consequence of the immense number of dele
gates present, considerable delay and confusion oc
curred in organizing.
During the preliminary arrangements a small
brass cannon before the door fired a national salute,
in presence of thousands who were congregated in
the vicinitland were unable to gain admission to
After a greater portion of the delegates were-seat
ed and order was somewhat restored, Hon. ißenja
mine F. Hallett, of Massachusetts, read the call of
After the call was read. Hon. Senator'
Bright of Indranaonoved that Hon. Bornulous
Saunders, of North Carolina, be chosen President
The motion was carried unanimously, and Mr
Saunders.then took the chair.
- Messrd. M. R. Stewart of Indiana. Day, of Ms.
sissippi, Edward C. West of New York, and Col.
Vesbass, of Tennessee, Were chosen Secretaries of
The Rev. J Campbell White most eloquently ad
dressed the Throne of Grace, and. beseeched that the
members may so conduct themselves as to be most
beneficial to this our blessed Union.
On motion, a committee of one from each state
was appointed to-nominate permanent officers for
There being an immense crowd upon the plat
form a resolution was offered to exclude all Irons
the same except Delegates and members of the
The resolution was carried.
On motion, a committee of one from each state,
on er edeni la Is was appointed.
The committee were instructed to report the num
ber of votes each delegate was entitled to.
On motion an adjournment was carried until five
roams° TESSTON-TIWST DAT,
The chairman in calling the Convention to order
said, I have been requested by the Committee of
arrangements to state that they have not been able
to do anything during the recess, but they propose
to extend the platform still further as they hope for
the accommodation of all the members. This an
nouncement was followed by applause.
Then followed a long interval. Members coming
in and finding some difficulty in getting seated,
there was much confusion prevalent.
The chairman inquired whether any of the com
mittees were prepared to report.
Mr. Harris, bof Illinois, as a member of the Com
mittee on organization said be-had been requested
to say that they were not yet ready to make their
Mr. Thomson of Mts., said the committee on Cre
dentials met immediately after the recess, and pro.
4-eded to discharge their duty. Their report was
not yet complete in consequence of -a misapprehen
sioh as to whether the subject of the rules was re
ferred to them ; this, however, was not .the case,
and he moved to take up that resolution for adopt
The Secretary then read as follows :
Resolved,-That the committee report rules for the
government of the Convention. aeries of louder,
loader Let the Secretary take a place in the mid.
die of the room.] •
The chairmen said— ft is simply a resolution to
authorize the committee to report rules for the gov
ernment of the" Contention. [Renew .
We can% hear; it is Interly impossible.4]
The resolution-was, however finally a:
half the. ,Convention , seeming to , node:
parif9rt ! 3 — _ 4
A !lotion was here manta adjourn tic
row snorting at 10 , o'cloeC,Deirealni
ineltdcinikwas the negative 501an4.040001
:received and was followed by kesultled
lodged laughter. SO dense waisihe crow:
gate', that twits- next 'to impossible tele;
, . •
senger to aseertaia the names of all the speaker".
It was suggested that the committee on Organi
zation zooid make a-partial report, when Mr. Wise
said that thenomination of officers was notvoniple.
ted; and before tiding so it was necessary:to soup
Voicesha':resolution was ' adopted. It Was.
'Mr. Witte then requested the Cotimittee tq
and said they would report back almost intitsynly
and the committee on Organization 'likeinse
After a short interval Mr. Jacob. ThalaPWA- 4 0'''
turned with the Committee onOrgitututtionandustb.
milted the following report: ' -
Vies Pnitsinsaxs—John Irwin; Alabama; Sam'
net C. Rowe, - ArkanaastHenryLyoria, Califortila
James :T.' , Fralt,l Connettlent-; Charlei Wright.
Delawate, Johi,Bratich, Florida,. Joseph partlat
James B. Foley, Li; Dr. Charles Johnson; Illinois;
lialetnkOilletPiejowait Levi Taylor, Kf; - Emilie
Lepier, Lonsiana • Amos W. Roberts, Maine ; Ed.
ward Floyd, Maryland ; Henry IL Childs, Mass ; E
Farnsworth, Mich ; John R. Nevitt; Mississippi- - ; V
A. James, Missouri ; Samuel Thorn, N. H ; David
S. Craig, New Jersey ; Zadock Pritt, , ,New York;
Weldon N. Edwards, North Carolina; William
Medi'', Ohio ; David Lynch, Pennsylvatiia;
come B. Bayles, Rhode Island': Cave. Johnson,
Tennessee ; Ashtiell Smith, Texas ; David A.Bmal
ley, Vermont; Charles Vancey,.Va ; Wilioniki
ey, Wisconsin. r .
Sacurasnixs—Edmund C. West, N. Y t 0. Par
ratt, Te t E. Barksdale; Miss ; Wm. Stewart,'lnd ;
Patrick Crittendon, Ct ; .Wm. A., Hooker. ;
Edward B. Bartalett, Ky; Lucius X. Lusk, La; S.
H. Ayre, N. H ; Olytcs S. Dewey, N.O ; Samuel
D. Patterson, Pa ; D. Pryor, Va ; David Noggles,
Resolved, That the Rules of the House ofßepre.
sentatitres, as far as applicable for the governmen of
the bonvention be adopted as the rules of the con
Resolved, That twathirds of the whole number
of votes given shall be necessary to a nomination
of eandidates for President and Vice-President of
the United States by this Convention.
Resolved, That in voting upon any question which
may arise in the proceedings of this Convention,
the vote shall be taken by States at the request of
any one State each state to be entitled to the num
ber of votes to which each State is entitled in the
next Electoral College, without regard to, the number,
of delegatei in attendance. the manner in which the
said vyte is to be cast to be decided by 'the delega
tion of each State by itself.
After the reading of the report, all of it, with the
exception of that portion relative to the two third
rule, was, on motion of Mr. Alberstim coneurred
Mr. Pratt, of Ohio, said that this rule was adopt
10:AtPlitlilittlfemocratic Convention and it is now ,
it upon this Convention in dero.
galtitiOtttitt - tight that the majority shall rule. AS
long.'he , slid.*as we have the two-thirds rule,*.
minority can play round unit! they force tilt ma
jority into their views. Fur this reason I made the
mutton to reject it.
A motion wag made and carried to lay the mo.
Lion of the gentleman from Ohio upon the table,
and the two-thip!s rule was then adopted. This
WAS succeeded by long continued applause and
In pursuance of a motion that a committee be art
pointed to wait upon the President of the conven
tion, to inform him of his election, the chair ap
pointed the following gentlemen for that purpose,
- ftlesitra,Steri&is of Kentucky ;'Vise of Virgi•
nia and Thomson, of Mississippi. They quickly
discharged their duty, and DR* having reached the
platform he was received with demonstration of ap
Mr. Davis spoke as follows :
Gentlemen of the convention—l return you my
sincere and cordial acknowledgements for the hon
or conferred by calling me to preside over your de
liberations. Although not altogether unused to
the duties of the Chair, 1 approach it on this occa
sion with great deubts as to my success in presi.
sling over so large an assembly ; but in my attempt
to discharge the arduous duties, I ask you to bear
jn mind thatgood old maxim, ' " Order is Heaven's
first (Applause.] " libel! call largely for your
forbearance. May i lkipot ask for the exercise of a
higher and purer ClOrstian virtue called forgive
ness—not only toward the chair but toward each
other t I ask, also, and conjure you, as fellow
democrats, embaritcrlm, the great cause of demon
•-y, to remember the obligations which rest upon
yOlt s a party* promote harmony and concilia
tion and compromise 'everything for'principle, noth
ing for men. ',Nair' thi* you. gentlemen.
The President".-If it i s your pleasure the same
committee will. on the Vice Presidents and
conduct them IisTIRTi - places.
htacob Thomson said, the Vice Presidents
will - pase present themselves—it is impossible to
find Mem out, there are so many of them. Langh.
Antid much confusitut. the Vice• Presidents wen , -
ded theirlsay,through the dense crowd, and at last
,got anugty seated upon the platform.
, „Mr. Creighton moved. a reconsideration on the
;irote;,by snitch the two.thirds rule was adopted.
' A motion was made to lay that motion upon the
The President stated the result—Yeas. 283, Nays
13. There were renewed demonstratitins of joy.
A motion was made and carried that a committee
of bre he appointed to act in conjunction with the
Committee of Arrangements with a view to the bet.
ter accommodation of delegates. and in pursuance
of the resolution the President appointed Messrs.
Hallett, Van Dyge, Bayles, Pratt and Welch, of Pa.
The Convention, at 7 o'clock adjourned until
Wednesday morning at 10 o'clock.
SECOND DAY-MOWN° SESSION.
The Convention was finally called to order by
the President, Hon. John Davis, when prtn.er Was
offered op by the Rev. Dr. Plummer, of the Pres
The immense hall was crowded almost to Buffo,
cation with spectators, and the members of the Con
re' lion who had delayed coming, found great
dtfhculty in obtaining their seats.
At eleven o'clock the entire delegation from four
states were not in the hall.
Ho 1. Mr. Burrows, of Arkansas, offered a resolu;
ion to appoint a,corn m hien 1 . 3 , 1 one from each state.
n report resolutions comporting the democratic plat.;
some ore debate here arose, and finally the mo•'
lion was laid on the table for the present.
On motion, it was ordered to appoint acommittee
nl one from-each slate to desighate the Demodratic
Naiio..al Committee. .
.This motion also gave rise to a brief debate r rind
the 'appointment of the committee was deferred on•
liLthe afternoon session.
Mr. Phillips, of Alabama, submitted I pleamble
and resolution, endorsing the Compromtse meas•
The document was laid on the table t arid ordered
ed to be printed.
, Mr. Charlick, of New York, submired a remlo•
tion saying it was the duty of theclineral Govern•
ment to secure the rigid enforeemenl oldie Fugitive
Laid on the table.
The resolution of Mr.nur;titil was then taken up,
when great confusion took place.
Several motions were, made to adjourned until
this afternoon, but lost.
Mr.'itirivn, of Tenneisee, submitted a substitute,
to raisei r is eiommitteelirf the same manner, to whom
all resolutions'ofloted in the Convention shall be
submitted without debate.
Thoftsubstituter was fine% adopted. ,
Mr. Brent' of Indiana, °flared a resolution strong.
Vas of the 411—
desired i l ,
Ogist - _
The President assure/Hiegentlemen that sci far
as the Chair wait concettied, thedifficulty Should be
remedied. • '
Mr Hallett,- on - behalf-of the'Committee chaiged
with making arrangements in the-hall, explained
the action: pf the_cortiniitteri.4..With the' desire to
'affirrirthe necessary' accommodations, they were
in session until 12 'o'clock' lint eight they caused'
. tickets to be issu,eil,to the delegates, to be distribu.
ted by the respectiSo chairmen et the, delegations.
,Mr:` White delivered -th2clteds; j loz.Vrhith- he took
receipt.' and it was inn befit Onifie doM.keepei
not to admit any bui.thbse who have' tickets. 05
Seats..were provided. In conclusion, he moved
that members ofCongreds,„ and members of the
Maryland Legislature now in attendance, be ad.
'mined to neut. The questbuVeras taken, and de-
cided. in: the negative. - 1 ..
The, Convention then proceinlail to appoint -the
committee as provided by the Solutions, in tale-,1
lion to the creed or the platfoint - o? the democratic,
Mr. Degro; offered the Ibllowing reitolaticin
Resolved, That in our opinion, thepublic domain
belongs to the people of the United States, and that
Congress has power to dispose of it for the benefit
oldie people. We, therefore,lrelieie that it would
conduce to the common Welfare of the people t and
of the government, to.giiielliniited portions to every
actual settler to be enjoyed.
This was referiedlifthe CoMmitiee on desolu
tions•Without debate,- in accordance with the reso•
lution authorizing the appointment of a committee
on the democratic creed or platform. ,
Mr. Nabers, blest the sense of the Convention,
offered the following resolution :
Resolved, That this Convention tilt not go into
a nomination for President and V.ce President, un
til the platform of the party is laid down. (Ap
plause ) .
The President said that under the resolution pro
viding the Committee on the democratic creed, this
would go to it v ithout debate. (This decision was
succeeded by applause ) •
There being much collusion, the President loud
ly called, and rapped loudly, to order.
Mr:liTabers---;“ Do I understand that resolutions,
whatever their eharacter, go to that committee, pro.
cludi-g all debate 1"
The President remarked that the subject was not
Jr.IN Nabers replied that he did not %inn( to de
After some conversation between several gentle
men, the President reversed his decision, and said
that the resolution of Mr. Nabers did not come un
der the resolution adopted this morning.
A delegate from Ohio demanded, in the name of
that state, that a vote on the resolution be taken by
After considerable debate as to the propriety of
laying down a platform, before proceeding to a
nomination the resolutions of Mr. Nabers was then
laid on the table by the following vote:
Yeas—Maine,New Hampshire, Vermont, Mas
sachuvetts, Rhoe Wand, Connecticut, New Jersey,
Delaware, Maryland. Ntississippi. Louisiana, Mich
igan, Florida, lowa, Wisconsin, Tennessee and Illi
NAYS,—Penns)lvania, Virginia, North Carolina,
Alabama, Kentucky, Indiana, Missouri, Arkansas,
Texas, and California.
Georgia not voting.
The following states were gSkjed :—New York,
24 yeas to 11 nays; Ohio, 17 yeas to 5 nays.
Result—Yeas 155; nays, 123. So Mr. Natters'
resolution was laid upon the table.
Mr. Burke trom N. H, from the Committee on
Credentials, made a report, saying that in coming to
a conclusion the committee were not unanimous.
The report says, that all the states have elec'ed del
egates with the exception of South Carolina. As
to the contested seats from Georgia, the committee
recommended that the two sets of delegates unite,
and thus cast
vote ol the state They decide
that George P. Moore is entitled to the seat for the
third district of Maine, and not J. S. Dickinson; and.
from the second district of Massachusetts. N. J. Lord.
and not Robert Rantoul, Jr.: from the first district
of Vermont, 51erlitt Clark is entitled to the seat in
the Conven ion. In relation to South Carolina, the
committee say that document- were presented to
them, showing the proceeding. of filly citizens of
that state who sent hither General James M. Corn
wander as a delegate. (I..at ; hter.y
Now, it did not appear that he represented any dis
trict of the stale The committee decided that the
paper was not such a document as entitles General
Commander to a seat in the convention.
Gen. Nye, of New York, as a member of the
Committee on Credentials, made a minority report,
which-was read. It sustains the claims of .Mr.
Rantoul as against the decision of the majority re
port, and closed with this resolution :
R.isolved, That Robert Rantoul, Jr., be admitted
to a seat in this convention to represent the Second
Congressional District of Massachasetts.
There were so many delegates upoh their feet,
that it was a difficult matter to see the laces of the
speakers, much less learn their names. A noisy
discussion continued en the matter involved be:
tween the parties, until, upon a question of order, a
motion to postpone the further consideration of the
subject ontil to morrow, and to print the report, was
submitted by Gen. Nye and agrecd to.
Mr. Rover of Virginia, offered a resolution to the
effect that the two tle'e.T t' ations representing the two
divisions Irani Georgia be allowed to unite and cast
the vote of the state.
The moss inconceivable state of confusion prevail
ed. A debate ensued, but nothing definite could
be understood ; and to add to this state of things,
darkness began to pervade the hall.
Amid the greatest confusion, an adjournment took
place at 7 o'clock until to-morrow morning at 9.
The Convention was called to order at 9 o'clock.
The hall and gallery was crowded to excess. r —
After order was somewhat restored, prayer was of
fared up by the Rev. G. Campbell White.
The report of the Cominitte on Credentials, rela
tive to the Georgia delegation, was adopted after a
It admits both sets of delegates, by whom the
vole of the state shall be cast.
Cave Johnson submitted a resolution to go into a
ballot for President and Vice President this after
noon at 4 o'clock.
A motion was made to amend by going into a
Roth propositions were laid on the table.
The majority report of "the Committee on Cre
dentials, giving Mr. Lord the seat trom Massachu
setts, was adopted by yeas 194, nays 83.
A motion was made to reconsider, and Mr. Nye
addressed the Convention in favor of the same.
Upon the conclusion of Mr. Nye's speech ' the
motion to reconsider was laid upon-the table.
Gen. Commander then rose and moved to recon
sider so much of the report of the Committee on'
Credentials as relates to South Carolina. The re
port entirely excludes that state from the floor of
The chair deckled that General Commander was
not a member of the Convention, and theretdre, not
entitled to make any motion.
The motion of Cave Johnson, to go into ballot for
President and Vice President, was amended so as
to proceed at once with the balloting, and then
~ ,The Convention then -proceeded te . 7.oteler:.a
candidate for the-PreSide , , _
Clerk bfgan Iffikr)o4:„43
Of the various •I'velyilolt*
ledleiyilid'fiein., - ;the Wends , peetk
—itt4i:l- a • i 'Vhfrtel*erei also loud nue% ,
-1 4.11**tly,gaVeNtint!tti'l,,V 7:``7
40— 111 40.4. 1 1 0 14 11 -PPg'sibieezci- i vOi•
. -• • ;..••
thieaghiiii the piaceediitie: ibe =vote
m the first ballot warettommeed as tollows, amid
i - ;- - - •
Alabama, - ' - - 9
Arkansas, - - - 4 -- .... --
:California, - • - —— -
Connecticut, - - 2 - - 2 1
Delaware, , - - - 3 ,
Florida, - - . -,- 2 • ---
•Dcorgitl,• ' - - -'4 10 .
1111inois; , . - .
lowa, . 2 •••• 2
Kentucky, -.-• - • 12
• Louisiana, -. , : . 8 --
Maine,_. •. • - 5 3 --
-Mnryland, ; `;'.... . - 8
-'llompachureua;J 1 ., ; ,- : •,-..: :9: -- 1 2
- , -....it ' ' 4 , ?.. 13r:, •__.
, Michigan, - - : . 7.-. ''' o ' -- • -.-
Kilit#9l6ippi, . • • • 7 -- --
Missouri, ' - ' - 10 —.—
New. Hampshire, - . 4 --
New-Jersey, - - - 'i -- ---
New-York, < • - - I'l -- 24
Korth Carolina,. - . -...-:• 10 --
.• - - -
, 2 --•
Peimsylsania, . . —. . iT . . -
Rhcide Island, .• •-- 3'
,-' ...=' — 1
Terinesitee, - ', — 1 '•-•"- -:If , e,
, I:, - . . ..... at •s, *prim.
Verinont, - ' . 5 --
Wisconsin, - • 2 —' ---
Weller recalled 4 votes from Califoniiii;4lous•
ton 1 from Connecticut, 1 trorn. Mar.,sachusetts, 2
.from Ohio, and 4 from Texas, Line had 13 from
"Indiana Dickinson had 1 from Florida ; Dodge
had 3 - from Wisconsiii.
WWI Otinber of votes 288
Neeesil4.to'S'eliolce [two thirds] 192
The Convention then Warmed seventeenfimes,
with but very fittle variation in the votes of the can.;.
didates, and adjourned at Wo'clock.
FOURTH D'AY'S PROCEEDING!:
The rain of last night and this:morning, has cool.
ed the temperature considerably, and afforded a
very grateful relief to the oppressive heat of yeiter
- The President called the Convention to order at
a quarter past 9 o'clock, but a greatzurnber of Del
egates had not arrived. . i"
Prayer was offered by Rev. Mr. Plummer.
The reading of the journal . was dispensed with;
and the voting was immediately resumed,: the
Clerk calling the roll of States by rote.
[The first ballot on Friday morning was the
Eighteenth from the commencement, and during
the day sixteen ballots were had, making thirty
three in all.
On the lirghteenth ballot, Rhode Island went for
On the Nineteenth, Massachusetts gave Douglas
seven votes. The Virginia Delegation asked for
time to consult.
The Chair announced' that he was authorized by
the Kentucky Delegates to say that they inlende Ito
present $5O toward the completion of the Washing
ton Nlonemeni, and a similar sum to the Jackson
Nlonuinent Association. This announcement was
received with load cheers.
A member of the Georgia Delegation reqnested
that they b 3 Willed to tw•o members on the Corn.
minee to form a Democratic plailorm. The Con
vention refused to assent.
The Chair requested that the seT)eral Delegations
would send to the Secretaries the names of individ
uals appointed by the Committees for nomination
for the Democratic Committee of the United
Mr. Qeeder , of Pennsylvania, stated that he had
come irito possession of certain documenfir,lie sup
posed by mistake, proposing to buy any quantity of
pipe named, and as the Whig Convention met on
the Itlttf inst., for whom, he supposed it was inter'.
ded;fierrioved the appointment of a special com
mittee-to deliver them over to their charge and diS
Mr. Brown, of Maryland, moved that Vir
ginia be passed over, mid allowed to record h'er
vote WC:eater, rEnd.dhat the Convention immediate
ly prorieidr to another ballot. The Convention re•
PP* to do so. .
The Virginia Delegation having returned, the
Conveption then priter' sede.l to the Twentieth ballot
upon whieh;Cass (nit? . in New Jersey, I in Ten
nessee, and in Fewa.
Maryland charged her vote upon the above bal.
lot, arid threw five for Cass and three for Buchanan
This announcement clused grsku disapprobation,
and members were insulted by blackguards in the
•Mr Keitiewell, Chairman of the Committee of
Arrangements of the Democracy of Baltimore, ask
ed leave to he heard
He eaiJ that there « r r P persons in the gallery
besides the cinzern. nt 13a kirnore. 'and hecinped by
making a strong appeal to the Democrats of Bah
more io act like gentlemen and bide by the issue
A member also rose and asked that the galleries
be cleared, or otherwise the Democratic Conven
tion ehnuld never again sit in Baltimore.
On the 22d ballot Louisiana cast her-vole for
Douglas--she had before voted for Cass.
When Delaware was called, on the Twenty-third
ballot, the delegation voted 2 for Caps and t for
Douglas. At the previbue ballot, all her. votes were
thrown for Cass.
Mr. Worrell, a member from Delaware, proteit
ed indig,nantly against the vote for Mr. Butler, and
said that Delaware was unanimously for Cass ; that
a member who voted for Butler was recreant to his
The speech produced an immense sensation and
excitement, and many members sprang to their feet
w rh cries of" order" " order."
Quiet was finally restored, and the Convention
proceeded amid much excitement as far as the 26th
ballot, when they adjourned to 4 o'clock P. M .
During the afternoon session, after the Twenty
ninth ballot, there was considerable quarrelling
among the Louisiana Delegates, on account of the
majority of that Delegation casting one vote for
Douglas, contrary to instructions.
Virginia still recorded her fifteen for_fluchanan,
though nearly half of her Delegation are for Doug
On the Thirty : first ballot, Indiana, for the first
lime, flinched, and the thirteen votes before given
to Eie were thrown for Cass.
Tennessee also, at first divided between .Cass
and Buchanan, now gave 11 for Case and 1 for
The Convention then, at 7 o'clock, adjourned to
V o'clock to-murrow morning.
FIFTH DAY - -MORNING SESSION
The excitement was raised to the highest pitch
this morning, and at an early hour immense crowds
gathered around the Convention hall.
The Convention was called to order at twenty
minutes past nine o'clock, when the Rec . % J. Camp.
bell White delivered a prayer.
Gen. Irwin, the first Vice-President, occupied the
chair during the realer part of the morning.
The reading of the journal was dispensed with
when the Convention proceeded to the - thirty-fourth
ballot for a Presidential candidate.
When the Clerk caned the name of Massacusetts,
he was requested to pass over the State for a mo
ment. The word" pass" was misunderstood, and
the Clerk announced the tote of Massachusetts for
Casa: It was not until after the deafeningospplause
subsided that the error was corrected. This occas.
toned considerable laughter.
result of the thirty-fourth ballot was then
nudes ~ , ,
Mr . Brawn :of Tennessee, said that the Commit
tee:isn't-a Creeitor Platform were now relay to
report, If it wins thrfgood - pleasure of the convention
- to hear. it.. -• • _
tl7 73' 20 27
, No? , c: No." " Let
vole." &c. ea
Ot proceeding to the ihirty-filth ro'e,
Thompson said that the Mississippi doe,
here to get a' Northern statesmen, and'
the next chief magistrate. They had
chanan, but the Northern men had
t hem. We now go for the distingoirl
Wm. L. Marcy, and cast our votes aceadt
On the Thirty-fith ballot. Rhode Isl and
to Oise, which wax received with •
pious° nom the galleries.
Miesissippi,changed her eote, and
Georgia voted for Doo2lu. (Me ni,
of that Delegation protested aga,nst it, a ,
the voice of the Union Democrats°, th r
The Virginia Delegation retired for
and during the time, the Chairmen an.
conim , iiee of one from,each Siam t o ,ct
Ilona, Democratic committee.
The Virginia Delegates re °mei, and
vote for Franklin Pierce, of New ilamp,,. LE
created much sensation.
Alabama changed her vole for Man
went up to thirty on the litti44tvh
the result had tteclarecl, much confusegi
sometime elapsed before order .
On thirty-seventh ballot, Pierce
thirty-lour. On the succeeding vote he l c
ly-nine, at which- point he remained emit
sixth ballot, when he ran up to torty-one.
During the forty-second ballot, th e
Delegation were absent from the hall halt
for consultation; they voted—Marcy 24,
Pending the forty.sixth ballot, the dei,
Kentucky retired for consultation ; Were
minutes, and upon coming in east thei
Pierce. This put the friends of Franklin
On the same ballot Wm. R. King recei
Kentucky voted Piercgt.„• •
On the forty-seventhtatiot motion au
Mr. Delany, of Wifonsin, to adjourn
each State to Make* owe, nonatnatton
tion was not entertained,
There being no choice on the forty-eight
Contention proceeded to the 49th ballot
.The endiu-tasm had in some measun
IWO belote the result was announced,
Pierce received an unanimous vo , e, tip
and eighty-two in number, of all ihe State
ed, except Ohio. Six of those of State
for Butler, one for Cass, two for Douglas,
Long, lootl, terrific, violent hozzas, anti
ner of demonstrations of delight succeet
amid the confusionlsis adjournment was 011
caried,until 4 o'cloOk. • •
The tnioning of a cannon Watt heard re
joyous were the faces.and exultant the vo,
Democracy, at the result of the forty moth
A FTERNOON SESSION
The Convention having been called toot;
Brown of Tennessee, from the Committe
Democratic Platform, stated that he 'Ku m
to make report.
Cries—" A greel" " agreed" ' Object,"
Mr. Brown said that he merely wished to'
the report. It might lie upon the table
Convention should be pleased to take it at
Mr. Richardson, of Illinois, objected to'
tton of any report, resolution, or anything.
til the Convention shall have presented both
candidates anti placed them on the platform.
Mr. Brown moved a suspension of them
asked that the vote upon the question be
States, so that he might know who to
have a platform, and who is not.
Mr. Richardson said that he was as read,
gentleman from Tennessee to hare a plait:
had stood on a platform as long as any
Convention. The Convention agreed at
not to lay down a platform until the canditli
elected. Let the Convention adhere to tin
M. Dean, of New York, moved to 1.
Brown'e motion upon the table.
"Mr. Richardson asked whe . her he ondet
gen . lemari horn Tennessee that he mere
to make the report and let it lay over for
ent ? If so he had no objection.
Mr Brown replied in the affirmative
port however, wao not presented, and the
tion proceeded to vote for a nominee for Vi
The annotificement was made of
result of the first ballot liar Vice-president:
Wm. R. King, Ala., 116' Wm. 0. Butler, Hy.
Giti'n J. Pillow, Tenn 2.slllobert Strane, N.
David R. Atchison, Mo. 2518ormn W. Dot,
Tho's J. Reek, Texas, 121.1uhn B. WOler..
Jefferson Davis, Miss. .„.Af-loyiell Cobb;
.MrII B. Wright m ove di that Wm
unanimously nominated as the Democratic
date for the Vice Presidency.
Ot.j , ctions were made, and so the Cann
proceeded to another vote, wi:h the result at
The eleven votes of Illinois were given io Jer
Mr. Kina was announced as havin2 heath , '
the hernmee for !he Vice-Presidency—and vs
then declared the Unanimous choice of the Coco
Franklin Fierce was also declared theunannes
choice of the Convention as the candidate lot tY
Repeated cheers wert op for them, with ohe
demonstrations of joy.
The Committee on the Platform then sobteof
titer report, through Mr. Brown,of Tenneee, at(
Chairman, which was read by lajor French.
Directly the reading was completed, Mr. Wm
of N. C. moved the adoption of the pla:form, d
demanded the previous question.
A similar motion was made by Mr. Wilder, 11
A division of the question on the resolution ird
called for by one of the New Yolk Delegation.
Mr. Saunders said : " There's no use for 'di* .
ion—we're all united. Go ahead—take the gap
The demand for the previous question scas
onded, and there were loud and impatient ends
" take the vote."
The vote was accordingly taken, and the Pi'
form was adopted with but few dissenting ma
Terrific applause again broke forth, and coal*
ed several minutes.
The Committee on Resolutions made the folks'
ing report, namely :
Voted, That the next Democratic National Co
vention be held at Cinc [matt, in the Sta e of Oho;
Voted, That, in constituting the future Nangla
Convention, the Democratic Committee, in etig
to secure the respective rights of the States al
Stale shall be entitled to twice the number of Deo
gates it has in the 'Electoral College, and no nisei
and the Democratic Committees, in making mulct
mews for the rest Democratic Convention, progds .
such number of seats, and secure the same to
It was also resolved 'hat the lime of holdingte
said Convention be decimated by the Den olll.4 ,
National Committee, and that in their call
above be inserted, as the rule to be observed gr
Great contusion prevailed and many of the Dele.
The resolution was both advocated and opp;
Mr. Richardson said that they had had harmony la
concord, and now they were getting upcontealt
when there was nothing to quarrel about. a•
question really involved no principle.
• A motion was the made that the last ressiegir e
be laid upon the table.
;This was decided in the negative, by leas Igy
After a further sqnabblina, the report was adopt
ed, by Yeas 161, 'to Nays 97.
On motion of Mr.- Pratt in behalf of the N it
York Delegation, it
Resolved, That the nkof this Conventiolt
and they hereby are given to the Mechanics! mai
..11110 for the me of their hall to the Comm'