Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884, May 15, 1852, Image 1

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gdutte morning, illaa.l3, 1832.
Original Votirii.
For the Bradford Reporter.
Some fancy the highlands for pureness of air,
Some choose the great vallies as pleasant And fair;
Give me Susquehanna, abounding with hills,
With evergreen mountains, and pore running rills.
Tho' 'Long Crooked River' her true Indian name,
Her soils, all productive. have raised her to fame;
Hera farmers can toil on, and never complain,
Their labors well paid in the richest of grain.
Her wavy upheaviugs, like great Ocean's roll,
Has hoed np her mountains with purest of coal;
The shores of her rivers with min'rals abound,
And iron in abundance is everywhere found;
And forests are standing, not yet marr'd by time,
Where grows the old oak, the hemlock and pine;
And all her great rivers, at each rising flood,
Are covered with goats of the choicest of wood,
Where bOld rugged raftmen are tugging the oar,
And singing the songs of the days of old yure.
Each year when the rallies are clothed in their green
Most beautiful landscapes are everywhere seen,
Where waters are rising trim springs on the hill,
And shaping their courses to brooks, runs or rills;
Beside the green meadows are viewed in the sight,
The farmer's neat dwelling, his mansion of white;
And by the cascade, as it jets from the hi:l,
The libm of o facery, or clack of a, mill ;
„Where business most centres, a village is seen.
'With rows of white houses arid shutters of green ;
With wide streets and alleys congenial to health,
Where mercantile freemen are toiling for wealth;
Where !Wring mechanics are Vy tits; their tools,
And•pedagogoes busy instructing their schools.
Behold Me broad mountains, which miners control,
And dig from their depths the anthracite coal ;
Where tuns counting millions are raised from the
And sent off to market to more distant climes ;[roines
Where thousands of lab'rers find daily employ,
And go to their,labors with hearts full of joy.
1,o! down in yon valley, see smoke there arise,
And curling and whirling like clouds in the skies,
Ascending from Faciries, and driven by fire, --
From ores that are smelting as workmen desire
The noisy old hammer repeating its sound :
A pound makes a penny, a penny each pound.
Near by the canal boat descends to the seas,
Where shippers take lading wherever they please
-These scenes all delightful besides many more,
The traeler will meet on the Long Crooked shore.
Monroe ton, Pa. • E. MASON.
3 Visit to flit (firanatigas ttt
The public hate had reeent des:nation of Pompeii. The
To/lowingletter from Mr. IV ZED. editor of the Altiany Even
ing Journal. who is now travelling in Italy. shows the No
rrevs which Ras been made in the excavations, and wilt be
found exceedingly interesting;
The day chosen for our visit to the long buried
city of Pompeii proved auspicious. We had the
benefit of a bright sun and a balmy atmosphere.—
To us it was a day of deep, absorbing interest. We
lingered for six hours about
,the now solitary edifi
ces and silent streets, which, two thousand years
ago, teeiwith a dense population.
It is.twelveThiles from Naples to Pompeii. The
road runs airing the Bay shore at the toot of Vesu
vius fur ten miles, and then turns to ihe south-east
through a valley and near the river Sarno, which
is supposed to have been its ancient boundary, dm'
therejs now a fertile valley a mile in extent be
tween the city and the river. In going to Pompeii
)ou pass thrcr Portici and Terni del Greco, towns
that have bee'n built upon lava foundations, and are
sure to be destroyed when Vesuvius discharges it
self in this direction ; and yet the inhabitants live
on is lode concerned as we are with the idea that
'be world us. at some future period. to be destroyed
by fire--an idea, by the way, which finds strong
corroborate evidence in the fact that external fires
are rending mountains and upheaving seas through
out a region hundred of miles in extent.
Th e ancient city of Pompeii is plainly indicated
bt• ,
ridge or modud ettending from the .base of
Velume to its excavated amphitheatre, which is
routed at its eastern extremity Not mock if any
more than one-third of the city has been excavated
—and most of this was d r one by the French, though
the work has been progressing moderately under
the Neapolitan Government. The task is hercule
an, for the city lies buried under volcanic earth horn
ten to twenty feet deep, and as the roofs of the
buildings were all emitted . , thri — dprArtments were
et co3rFe filled with solid earth.
Volcanic soil is very fertile. The unexcavated
portions of Pompeii are highly cultivated. What
ever is planted or sown here produces abundantly.
Extensive and beautiful vineyards gnaw and beer
'zzurrantly. These vineyards give_ps the Lagrime
Carats and Falemian wines, which. 'though most
4eheiotte*, are heating and fiery, as may well be in
ferred from the nature of the soil which produces
the 54/ape.
Them are about fifty laborers engaged now in
a.e excavations. We were allowed to use the pick
bet not to take away any of the spoils, though like
other risitors, we did obtain-a few specimens,
al / 7 °n; which were fragments of stucco and Etrus
canware Whenever a sovereign visits Naples,
the event is signalized ,by developing, in his pre.
more, the contents of a house, and these are given
by the King to his royal guest. Everything valua
ble found at Pompeii has been carefully preserved
here in the museum, to which, well uto Porn
strangers have free admission.
The excavations display streets, institotions, drops
dwelhng,s, bre , &c., in a much more perfect condi.
non than I hail supposed. These are al!.4 atisfacto
my identified. There is neither doubt nor obscuri•
ty as to the Pantheon, the Tribunal, the Temples of
he, Bacchus, Jupiter, Hercules; the theatres, the
twits, the houses of Diomede, Panza, kr.c /km 'Not
only the walls of these buildings, bat their dale/.
ent comparants, with, in some instances, elaborate
fresco paintings, are 'seen. Entire streets have been
excavated and renumbered. Wine and oil stores
were identified by the jars and other vessels in
witch these liquids were kept, and which are still
use here. In a large bake-horse, the ovens of
'hid, are perfect, bread, .pith the name of the ma
ker stamped on each log, was found. In Diomede 's
W ille vault, tire wine jute are still standing against
Or!! Lq•A 'll'l6' -1°
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1 V,/ 1
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. -
• • •
11, "1.14
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wall, close to which,sereml skeletons were found,
one of which was supposed to be either the wile or
daughter, from the rich necklace, bracelet and ear.
rings that adorned the person of the sufferer. Near
the gate of the city leading tcrAferculaneum,
skeletal of a soldier, who perished on duty, with
his armor on and his semi by his side, was found.
The sentry-box in which this soldier was found is
The amphitheatre was a noble structure. The
seats were of marble. Near the arena are dens or
cells in which the wild beasts with which the gla
diators contended, were caged. In one of these
the skeleton of a lion was f..untl. In this amphi
theatre it is said , that 20,000 spectators could be
The streets were paved with large stones of ir
regular size and shape, but with a flat surface, in
which were cavities evidently caused by the wheels
of vehicles. The sidewalks are liaised like pars,
and handsomely paved with pebbles, and at r ennif
temples. Ste. with mosaic In front of the A:estate
there is a fine mosaic pavement, with the word
Salve " (welcome) on the sill at its entrance. In
one of the largest and most elegant —.sea ere
marble dining tables.
The King keeps intelligent guides at Pompeii
for the tvro-fold purpose of showing visitors through
the city and protecting its. treasures. We were for
tunate, in addition to the information given by the
guide, to having Mr. Morris, our representative to
this govermnent, who knows Pompeii as he knows
his own city of Philadelphia, with us. Having
wandered for three hoots, which took us about two
thirds through the city, we eat down .upon the bro
ken wall at the Tribunal, in view of the Pantheon,
the Theatre, 8.c., to our lunch, moistening our bread
with Falerian wine, distilled from vineyards grow
ing over a city, whose inhabitants; eighteen centu
ries ago, held this beverage as fit for their gods.—
flaving discussed onr viands,we resumed and com
pleted our pilgrimage, passing out of the city at a
gate which opened upon Appian Way that led to
Rome, on either side of which for some distance,
were tombs. I wish it were possible to impart to
friends even a faint idea of the impressiveness and
and solemnity of Pompeii. Though walking liter.
ally among the tombs, all the aspects - of Pompeii
are cheerful. The streets are clean, and all around
you is a stillness in harmony with the 'scene and
its associations. YOu look upon smoking Vesuvius,
- down which the burning lava ran, making for itself
channels which still remain.
Haring thus explored Pompeii, we repaired to
the Museum, where its recovered treasures are de.
posited; and here again, mingled amazement and
admiration, with even increased intensity, were
.awakened. These treasures, (belonging in part to
Herculaneum,) fill eight spacious halls, each devo
ted to classified aricles. The room we vlttited first
contains kitchen furniture of every conceivable de
scription, mostly in bronze, and bearing a strong
resemblance to those now in use. In this depart
ment of domestic life the Pompeiians we riot tie
hind those of our day. Sri adjoining room is de
voted to Etruscan vases of beautiful torm. In this
room, also, are several magnificent mosaics. Then
comes a room devoted to glass in various colors,
and for nearly all the purposes for which it is now
.used. And yet, while this knowledge belonged to
the buried inhabitants of Pompeii neatly two thou
sand years ago, its uses and existence was comps.-
ratively unknown in England a thousand years af
terwards' Another, room is devoted to sacrificial
vases and other appendages of heathen worship,
among which are vessels for incense, idols, deities
&c Then cOmes a room devoted to weights, mea.
sures, scales, lamps, candelabras, &e. &c., among
which are steelyard; with the name of Augustus
inscribed under figures of Romulus Remus. These
articles show a higher state of civilizatipn in this
respect, than existed in England thningflhe reign
of Elizabeth, and prove that the ages that 'Succeeded
were indeed dark ones Two rooms are devoted
to miscellaneous articles, including iron stocks found
in front of a prison, agricultural implements, vases,
essence bottles : leen] in the bath houses, a helmet
with bas-relief representing the conflagration of
Troy; bells of various descriptions, and those for
cattle prnisely such as are used now ; flat irons
similar to our own ; letters for stamping bread, so
like type that the art of printing ought not to have
been a comparatively modern discovery; mitrore,
opera tickets, numbered to correspond with the
seats, musical instruments, dice, pins, nails, locks,
keys, bits freed in the mouth of a skeleton horse,
Paints, illeludieg rouge, &c. In another room is a
vast c,yltec.trn of memorials belonging to the amuse
ments, revels. &c., of the Pompiiians Those in
dicate a very great fondness for festivals, masque
rades and kindred amusements, Among the di
vinities to which they sacrificed, it is quite evident
that Beeches and Venus were most popular.
" The Cabinets of Gems are in a rourn_in which
visitors, ladies especially, linger longest. This
room is floored with Mosiao taken from Pompeii.
There, carefully preserved in glass cases, are . gold
necklaces, bracelets, pins, ear and
. finger rings,
chains, kw., similar to those now worn, together
with a great variety of golden ornaments. There
are, also, silver cups, plates, spoons, salvers, 8:c.
Here, too, are loaves ot, bread, hor.ey, grain, soap ,
oil and wine in flasks, and eggs, unbroken and but
slightly -discolored. Here, too, are bits of wearing
apparel, of wool and linen, and skeins ol sewing
The statuary, arranged in rooms of great magni-,
tuUe upon the ground floor, presents objects of pro=
found admiration. In looking at these marble and
bronze presentments you eanne idoubtfor a moment
that you have the face, head, features and expres.
sion of illustrious persons who sat for them In
many instances these heads indicate clearly the
qualities, good or bad, noble or ignoble, for which
the originals were distinguished. And in this des
cription of art, Pompeii and Herculaneum were far
in advance of an age which supposes itself immea
surably in advance of . the ancients. Even the sta
tuary 01 the palmiest days of Rome fails to surpass
I . pmewunaft s iablt ANY QUADTn."
that which has been 'elicited from the rains - of thyse
buried cities. And the extent and variety of these
works of art - is truly amazing. There wu more fine
statuary buried in these two small cities' than has
been produced throughout the world, during the MI
lea centuries: ,
Among so many hundred statuary gems chal.
tenging admiration, it is difficult to discriminate;
though there are some figures that fasten them.
selveampon your attention and memory. Such for
example, as the " Wounded Gladiators," "The
Mother of Nero" Titus," " Caligula," "' Claudi
us," "Cresar," " Marcus Aurelius," " TherHunter,"
" A Fawn reposing on a Skin of Wine," " Angus
ms," " Infant Hercules strangling Serpents," " Al.
wander the Great, mounted on Bucephals, whose
trappings are of Silver," ".Si otos," "Cicero,"" Ho.
mer," &a. But the head which, for the last two
or three years has arrested the atttention of Ameri
cans the moment they enter the room, is that of Se
neca,whose strong, mocked and clearly defined re
semblance to Gen. Taylor is most remarkable.—
Those who loved Gen. Taylor and revere the mem+
ory of that truly great and good man, recognize this
striking likeness of him in the head and features
of one ol the Sages of Antiquity, with deep emo,
tion. W.
RZCIEIPI von WILING Tarr, eas.—A corespon
dent has famished us with the following receipe for
making tartlets, a very troublesome class in every
community, and should it meet the eyes of any to
whose case it applies,the author's object willdoubt
less be attained, if it has the appropriate effect:
Take one handfull of the vine called Runabout,
the same quantity of the root called Nimble-tongue,
asprig of the herb called Back-bite, (cut either be
fore or after the dog days,) a table spoonful of Don't
you tell of, six drachms of Malice ; and a few drops
•of envy—which can be purchased in any quantity
at the shops of Miss Tabitha Tea-table and Miss
Nancy Nightwalker. Stir them wall together and
simmer them for half an hour over the fire of di._
content, kindle with a little Jealousy—then steam
it through the cloth of Misconstruction, and cork it
up in a bottle of Malevolence, hang it up with a
skein of Street yarn, shake it occasionally for two or
three days, and it will be fit for use. Let a few
drops be taken just before walking out and the sub
ject will be enabled to spread all manner of evil
and that continually.
N. B. Should a neighborhood at any time be
troubled with too much tattleing, let them admin-
ister a small quantity of•you-would-be-done.
by, and the operation will instantly cease.
EXPANDING TIM Cnesz.—Thuse in easy circum
stances, or who pursue sedentary employment with
in doors, use their rungs but little, breathe but little
air into the chest, and thus, independently of posi
tions, contract a wretchedly small chest, and lay
the foundation of the loss of health and beauty
All this can be perfectly obviated by a little atten
tion to the manner of breathing. Recollect the
lungs are like a bladder in their structure, and can
be stretched open to double the size with perfect
safety, giving a noble chest and perfect immunity
from consumption.
The agent, and only agent required is the com
mon air we breathe,, supposing, however, that no
obstacle exists, external to thb cheat, such as tying
it around with stays, or having the shouklers lie
upon it. On rising from the bed in the morning,
place yourself in an erect posture, with your chest
thrown back, and the shoulders thrown entirely off
the chest; now inhale all the air you can, so as to
fill your chest to the very bottom of it, so that no
more can be gm in; now hold your breath and
throuryour arms oft behind—hold your breath as
lon_t" as possible. Repeat those long breaths as
long as you please. Done in a cold room is much
better, because the air is so much denser, and will
act much more powerfully in expanding the chest.
Exercising the chest in this manner, it will become
inflexible and expansive, and will enlarge the ca
pacity and size of the lungs —ScientAfic American
bath is God's special present to t h e workingmen,
and one of its chief objects is to prolong his life, and
preserve efficient his working tone. In the vital
system, it acts like a compensation-pond—it replen
ishes the spirits, the elasticity and vigor, which the
last six days have drained away, and supplies the
force which is to fill the six days succeeding; and
in.the economy ol'existence, it answers the same
purpose as, in the economy of income, is answer.
ed by a savings bank.
The frugal man, who puts aside a pound to-day
and another neat month, and who in a quiet way
it 'always putting by his stated pound from time to
time, when he grows old and trail, gets not only
the same pounds back again, but a good many
pounds beside.
And the commenter= man,• who husbands one
day of his existence every week—who, instead of
allowing the Sabbath to be trampled and loin in the
hurry and scramble of life, treasures it devoutly tip
—the Lord of me Sabbath keeps it farrhirn, and in
the length of days and a hale old age, gives it back
with usury. The saving bank of human existence
is the weekly Sabbath.
o* A friend of ours says that helms been with:
out money so lone, that his head aches, " ready to
split" when he tries to recollect how a silver dollar
looks. Eh says that the notion that we live in a
world of change' is a real:Wary.
An Irishman, being in church where the collec
tion apparatus resembled election boxes, on its be
ing handed to him whispered in the camera ear
that he sins not naturalised, and could not vote.
Kostarrir's Sisters are atilt in confinement in Aits•
trig ; the Gonna' loss to know atria to do
with the relation :He. The t amily is in
great distress, an: material aid."
A LADY being asked her .•'pion about tuoustach.
•+ replied," 1 alWaye erlt m lace spinet Ihere.'t
The Great Geyser la Iceland.
Alter waiting sill the secood day of my sojourn
at the Geiser, the keg desired explosion look place
collie Mb diens, a halfreftine in the ntont,
ing. The peasant, wit° came twice a day ,to -en
quire if I had yet seen an minion, Was -with me
when the Sat doll sounds which announced the
event were heard. We hurried to the ispoti and as
the waters belled over ai need, and the noise died
away, Lthooght I was doomed to disappointment
again; but the last tones i were expiring when the
explosion suddenly took place. Utave really no
words to do justice to ibis magnificent spectacle,,
which once to behold in a lifetime is enough.
It infinitely aorpasied all my expectations. Tbe
waters were spouted with great power and volume;
column rising above column, as if each were bent
on outstripping the others. Ater T bad rec.orered
in some degree from my first astonishment, I look
ed round at the tent ; how small, how diminutive
it seemed, compared to those pillars of water I And
yet it was twenty feet high ; it was lying rather
lower, it is true than the basin of the Geiser ; but
tent might have been piled on tent; yes, by my
reckoning, which may not have been pellet:oy ac
curate, however, five or six, one above, the other,
mould not have reached the elevation of these jets,
the largest of which I think I can affirm, without
any exaggeration to have risen, at least, to the
height of a hundred feet, and to have been three or
four feet in diameter.
Fortunately I had looked at my watch when the
first rumbling was beard, for l should certainly
have forgotten to do so during the explosion, and
by the calculation 1 made when it anus over, I
found that it lasted nearly font minutes; the actual
outbreak occupying more than half that time.
When this wonderfuLscenewas ended, the peas
ant went with me to examine the basin and cald
ron ; we could approach very near them without
the least danger; but There was nothing farther to
be seen. The waters had entirely disappeared from
the basin, into which we entered, and walked close
up to the caldron, where they had also sunk to the
dep:b of seven weight feet, ihough they ware still
boiling and bubbling with great violence.
I broke off a tew pieces of crust from the interi
or of the basin and caldron with a hammer; those
from the first were white, and the others brown.—
I tasted the water, which had no unpleasant flavor
and can contain but little eniphur; the steam isalso
tree from any sulphurous smell.
In order to ascertain how long it would be before
the basin and caldron were full again, I returned to
the spot every thirty minutes, and found 'hat for
the first hour I could still stand within the basin ;
but at my, next visit, the caldron was completely
filled and on the point of running over. As long
as the water remained in the caldron it boiled fu
riously, but the ebullition subsided as it flowed into
the basin, and when the latter, was lull there was
only an occasional bubble to be seen.
After the expiration of two hours, it was precise
ly twelve o'clock; the basin was full to the brim,
and I was standing near it, when the waters became
violently agitated again, and the rumblings were
once more herud. I had barely time to spring
back, when the jets burst forth ; they continued to
play as long as the sounds lasted, and were fuller
than those of the former evlosion, which was per
in consequence of their height being rather
less—it was hardly more than forty or fifty feet.—.
After the eruption, the basin.end caldron were about
as tun as they were before.
had now witnessed two explosions of theGei
ser, and left amply compensated for all my watch
fulness. But I was so fortunate as to see two other
outbreaks, which varied a little from the former
ones. At seven in the evening, the jets rose again
to a greater height than at noon, throwing up some
stones which looked like black specks in the frothy
waters; and on the third night the basin was filled
with waves which tossed wildly over each other,
but did not spoat up any streams into the air. The
waters overflowed the margin, and an immense
mass of steam arose, vvhich was driven by the
wind towards The spot where I stood, and wrapped
me in a thick cloud, which prevented my seeing
more than a few feet before me. I could perceive
no odor, and felt no other inconvenience than a
slight degree of heat from the steam.
Gernsamsne —Lieut Lynch of the V. S. t xplo
ring Expedition to the River Jordan and the Red
Sea in 1848, visited the garden ofGethsemane about
the middle of May. He says :
The clover upon the ground was in bloom, and
altogether, the garden in its aspects and associa
tions, was better calculated than any place I know
to soothe a trouble spirit. Eight venerable trees,
isolated from the smaller and fees imposing ones
which skirt the pass of the Mount of Olives, foist a
consecrated grove. High above on either hand,
towers a very lofty mountain, with the deep yawn
ing chasm of Jehosaphat between then'. Crown.
one of them is Jerusalem, a living day ; on the
slope of the other is the great Jewish Cemetry, a
city. of the dead.
Each tree in this grove, clinkered and gnarled,
and furrowed by age, yen beautiful and impressive
in its decay, is a living monument of the affecting
scenes that have taken place beneath and ground
it. The olive perpetuates itself, and from the root
of the dying parent stern, the young tree springs
into existence. Thole are accounted one thousand
years old. Under those of the preceding growth,
therefore, the Savior Was wont to rest ;And one of
the present may mark the very spot where he knelt
and prayed and wept. No caviling doubt can find
entrance here. The gecqpiiphical boundarieS are
too distinct and clear ter an ,Instatit's hesitation.--
Here, the Christian, forgetful of ifiet present, andsib
sorbed in die past, can resign himself to sad yet
soothing meditation. The law purple anderimsto
Rowers, growing about the roots of the trees, - will
give ample 0308 for Oontettiplatitie, for
,thestell o
the suffer_ing, awl *entwined death of the Re,
-r .: ~ 'f.
(.41, -s
. ,
Yesiezineilto - iliiii ago, it 'Yonne 111,, elevieti •
lean sige;-Who l livid in Parie,'ettenipfed Mur- ,
'der her mother, Sister; ied'rnany'of het playmate*
purpose of driiiiiing'their,, blood `Mier a
earelul examination c witii';ll%• -
:ertiro she"Wae'sitlieet'te
Ible'ininita'oftienithaitierii; th Atkibe
{ young,
alfrinledajdoepect of 'eine. will remember
'the case of the Sergeant'Who 'upia'at midnight= o
!nye his quarterh - and - dig Ili bodies in Pere. La
Chalie, which he subsequently 'devoured., Thie
unfortunate man is now
_cured, and hi bat thirty
years'of age. He Preserves, Of the various'
sodes - of his past life, only a'confused
'mdr4tar'y, like
the recollections of a painful dreim. hi other days,
science feared to approach ihese sufferers. • '
In 1779, a young man Feriage, tinder
the influence of his malady, sinyenly'left hie ttein
panions, Said surrendered himself to this horrible
propensity. He selected as his retreat it caVere
near, the top of one of Ifie mountains of Aare,
whence he used to descend, like a beast of prey,
into the cbamPaign country:Lipner II thewoMen;
he could eat nothing else, and was constantly seen
toil= as if in wait for :an opportunity to seize
prey. He never Went abroad without a doublehai- .
relied gun, a belt full of pistols; and a 'dagger. Sci
great was the tensor he inspired, that he used fre
quently to come into towns for food and -ammini
tion,, without any molestation.
A peasant, whom fie suspected of a design on
him, had his house burned' over his head. He
used to decoy any muleteers he chained to disco..
er in the woods, to his den, where they were uni
formly murdered. A large reward was offered for
his capture, in vain, until a bold peasant insinuated
himself into his confidence, and captured him.—
This beast of prey?, for such lie was, was executed
on the 12th of Dec., 1792. He was broken alive
on the wheel. For four years be bad lived exelu
sively as a cannibal.
Mate Paisvi—/i. paint has been op the Contin
ent of Europe with success, made irom milk and
lime, 'bat dries quicker than oil paint and has no
smell, it is thus made. Take fresh curds, and
bruin the lumps on the grinding stone, or is an
earthen pan, or mode', with a spatula or a strong
spoon : Then put them into .a pot with an equal
quantity of lime, well slacked with water, to make
it just thick enough to be. kneaded. Stir this mix
ture without adding more water,,and a white color
el fluid will soon be obtained, which will serve as
a paint. It may be laid on with a brush with as
much ease as a varnish, and it dries very speedily.
It must, however, be used the same day it it made,
for if kept tilt the next day be toothick ; con
aequently no more must be made at one time than
can be laid on in a day. Any ctdor, red or yellow
ochre, may be mixed with it in any proportion.—
Prussian blue is changed by the lime. Two coats
of this paint is sufficient, and when dry, it may be
pcilished with a woolen cloth, or similar sulltance,
and it will become bright as varnish. It is only
for inside work but it will last very long if varnish
ed over with the white of an egg after it has been
DEATHS IN PeNNSTLVANIA,-The census exhib
ite a vast differencein the number of deaths in the
diflerent counties, proportioLed to their population.
In Eastern and Western Pennsylvania, the popula
tion is nearly equal—that of the east exceettlng
abciut ten per cent.; the whole number of deaths in
the State in the census year being 28 ; 318. Of this
number the eastern divi,ion furnishes 17.661, arid
the western 10,811. That is, in Eastern Pennsyl
vania there was one death
i to every 69 and in the
Western, one in every 100. The average is one to
every 82, The caunties shoW a great discrepaney.
In Philadelphia city and county it gives une to 60 .
In Berks one to 98. But as Berkscontains all the
dead and absent on business on the election tally
statistics, her account cannot be wholly depended on.
Lancaster gives one to 55. Allegheny had 1836
deaths out of 138,290, which gives one to 75. Arm
strong, with 29,560, has 217 deaths, which is or.t.
to 136. But other counties leave these far behind,
unlesi they never bury their dead. .Venango, with
28.310 has 73 deaths, which is one to 241 ; and
Wyoming, with 10,625, has but 39 deaths, which
is one to 272 and she looms up as the bragvounty
against the terror king.
Art farina SvearfuoAT.—The first steamboat that
entered the Columbia river was a small one be
longing to the Hiatt:tuts Say Company. When the
Indians saw it they were very much astrinished,
and called it the fire land. As soon as they could
get on board- they examined the machinery, and
bound that by some means the boiling of water
would make the wheels go round.
In a day of two, the ofrrcent of the boat were as
much astonished as the Indians had treth, lo see
coming from the a 'veritable • steam-boat, the
wheels tumintrunnd, steam whizzing, and a dense
smoke issuing from the smote-pipe. At lasi she
came along siee, and the mystery was solved.
The Indians had taken one of their largest ea%
noes, and in the centre had built a fire-place of
stone, in thith was firmly set a large' iron pot,
with the lid pettedly tight, a piece of : old Ftove-pipe,
which they had picked up during soma of their
trades with the Company, served to carry off the
smoke, and the motive power was given by two
Indians, who lay on their baeksin the tklntilii hi the
boat, and turned the trank end, wheels! When
they wished to stop,they threw a. bucket of water,
on the fire, and another an-the Indians, who; In
this case, were operating as engines:- The 'irrita
tive power of the Indians on the Coast ie , Xerygresit
and in fact they poeseis a bar greater degree of in :
teilectthan the diggers of the interior. They can
cane very well in , stone. At Shelton's Museum
may be seen a pipe carved' tMln a ipecieli'cif
representing a inn' of . 1%064 min aritl woifien Fit
hug down by the bowl of the pipe, which rem.
tents the common cneking utensils of the Irdiana
4 ‘.l.
.dll , o44.Blllmmilm
• ,V 1.4
4 e r
,a 6 7511.7 .1-.!:;t17-C6 '2O .11
ii i'o_o-:y.,•4l4:kitr-A-:
have beenwell,foresay. Hunt ;to ..basereornmuted
the.eotrw ,
orGlitrailig;Whe has . ll44ljiintiliniii m
to intOkftatt.W_ EFit , an„pt,
'vefinin.cme avert,rfitWjorkir;
0 %semi, ckies • thee - lor me t'Paig l o!
youth ofunisatiehaSe hie:heaitta .!
logs hattbeets.olleyek ne t :-
Why, Seth,' answered- she, r we are command:
edioloie Oita aeothet, ariere no iP- ei
i Ay, Martha, tint . doris race retard nie*ith thin
feeling that the *Odd toii
I hardly knew whit to tell:thee, Seth. I has"
greatly feared thin my heart wie an' siring 'one: I
hive tiled tir Wistote !Ay 'lo* on all; ben r miry
hate strinetintiOhciiight; perhaps thee well getting
,rather more &tit thy
A . ti than waiinterrogated the - Oitlf Sun= :
Jay .. by a friend , who
. 10 jest seen tarn at
chorph, but, whom he now found swallowing" ease
of brandy and water , at a. public barrOpm.
you In Church ;hie interring listeningxery attentively
to a discourse upon righteousness arty temperance s
how cornea it that! noir seri you here drinking!"
f Always thirst alter riencoasnese," '4 . 4 the
answer. .
• " DULA way for a hindependeol wOleri" said 1.1
matt a recent election at New Orleans. .‘ Wk
my good Man,' said the Cletki. , iii not an limits
fume yon depoaked youu vote . st. this very
knows it, I knows it,' sics the iudependeut rut.
er, 4 .. but thaiair was the Desuogratia ticket but
this'ere is the Whig. 4g . But if you arias to vote
twine I shalt have you arrested." "Non will, Will
you t" shouted the son oftheraotrering people; then
I say -if I'm denied the right of voting for the
Whip, after goin' the whole ticket /In. the Demo•
crater y there aim no universal suflerage,
It's a darn one sided business, take it all around."
A SAILOR in the pit of a theater, looking cmsrdre
play bill, wrath "Art interval of neenty.fiveliskus
occurs between the first and ser.und acts." At the
end - of the first act he put on his old tarpaolad, and
left the , house, saying. a Few of these people will
live to see the end melt."
A good bit of wit once transpired in the Legisla:
tare of Louisiana, says the Picaytme, which per
haps has not yet appeased in print:
"Sir," said the Member from Assumption ; "
am here the proud representative' of inycrmstittit
entu; Vam here, for the parish of AssuMption, and
While I stand iipon this floor, I and Anomption are
of a piece." '
de Veep said en honorable member opposite;
and you are the greatest piecenf assumption I sr•
er beard of!" •
TEMPER/MCI JOTS-4 GOOD osia.—.loe Harris was
a whole-souled, merry fellow, and very fonff of a
glass. After living in New Orleans for many Yuri
he came to the conclusion of visiting an 91d oncle,
away up in Massachusetts, whom he bad tot sees
for years. Now, there is a difference between
New Orleans and Massachusetts, in regard to the
use of ardent spirits, and orteri.foistfirivietf there and
found ail the people ran mad about temperance, hi
felt bad, thinking with the tilt! Bong, that " keep:
ins the eptriti up by potiring fhe spirits dorrn" - iiiii
r y
one of the best ways to make time , and be d ,
gan to tear indeed , that he was in dp' kle. Bit‘ Oit
the morning after his arrival, the 'old ma n and his
sous beiug out ca work, his sun e tO tit ea
"Joe, yon have been living in the South, and tit)
doubt, are in the habit of taking a little something
drink about II o'clok. Now I keep some here (or
medical purposes, but let no one know it, as myfuts
band watts to set the boys a good example."
See promised, and thinking he would get !writers
that day, took as he expressed " a buster." M.
ter that he walked out to the stable, Cid *lifttahocid
he meet but his cnole. •
“ Well Joe,” says he, is I expect you are aeons.
tom( d to drink som e thing in New Orleans, but you
find wall temperance here, and for the sake Maly
eons, I don't fel them know that I hare any brandy
'about ; brit I just keep a little out here for My thee
,matims. Wilt yea .eecept tt little 1 .7
Joe s ig nified his readiness, and took ahother big
horn. Then continuing his walk, he caste to attars
the boys were muling res. After eoirverstnr,
awhile, one of the cousins said=
le dile; I expect you would like to hare a drink,
and as the old folks are down on liquor, we keep
some out here to help us along With air wort!"
Oat some the bottle, and dow they set, and he
says that by the time he went heme to dinner, ha
was as tight as he could well be, and all kir visit
ing a temperance amity: •
town! in. Maine, a tearer was time& Mime
a justice (hi being erunk in ibe street•-the fine be
ing one dollar for each (dente. The Ate be paid,
and was arraigned again thermal - clay. 44 No you
milt, lodge!" said he, "1 1 kniiw the hivir—one dol
lar for each oflence,and this is the ian'te itld drunk."
(Wat tut thdd today! what
grief is. frownirts o'er thy heart I Why doss thou
droop and turn away, and vrhy do tears unbidden
ttatt! W`nen-first I viooed thee in thine Isle—zttry
- Erin, einertla or the deep—l saw thee, sweetest,
only smite , not even thought that thou tiontitst
weep. - The *cm 1-ghta the earth, the
aephyr's kiss isolt thy Cheek ; all nature cans thil
back to M irth:'then be net, " prythee,
_hive, to
weak." While f- liplike, my bosoars queen,
one deep, fend gland kiim me ilealhig, rtiatitb
e 4, n se jabera, but you're green! Its onion', Urn.,
"Fool ohi General Debility exclaimed
rattni,gton; " it is Purim ising how long he lives,
Ariik what
_sympathy !lie excites—the papers ye 101 l
oitemedies for "
Suocittba eschargoi pallet eircumlocuUsi the
following f* Colinnbribus.."
as Miss Sissippi in a Tory unbecoming pa
shim F' Because she has eletmed her -it Foote')
to /wheat