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7 - LILUSE II, NM/I0
WEDNESDAY. MARCH 24, 1847
(From the Kniekerboater.]
Wegtall't True Glory.
Ism no more a child ; the days Sr. gone,
The lowly days, which distance brightens now,
When fondness cl4stered round my being's dawn,
And read the future on my amoother brow,
And shielded me from harm, I knew . and reeked not how
None stand between me and the cold, cold world !
I've launched me out upon a treacherous sea,
Besides the one I love, and closely furled
Our little span of snowy sail must be,
To meet the bitter blasts of rude adversity.
He whom I lose stands ever at the helm:
Erect sot firm, farlooking' to descry
If mountain wave be tolling on to whelm
Our fragile bark, where softly cradled lie
Ho dearest ones, this little boy and I.
o when the skies are blue,.the water calm,
"We ger;tly sail, beneath his watchful care.
D..lighted with the breeze that breathes like balm,
.And teyeTh with the soft and curling hair .
Around thy brow my darling bold and fair
But when the storm arises, and the spray
wails moss vexed and billowy sea of life
Filleth the air, I may not turn away,
And hide me from tho fury and the strife,
For I am standing forth, a Mother and a Wife!
ad I must fold my baby to my breast,
And ehelter him u others sheltered me;
ni .t my husband's sideiinshakeri rest,
To bear our lot, whatelr that lot may be,
*lth 'ahem hope and high serenity.
Z . ,Ch' is a W. , M111 . 11 duty and her aim
Mould be to find in this her joy and pride,. ,
t.m may n.,tlaslc die uncertain breath of Fame
To scatter her poor deeds afar and wide: ~
A quern ',Ulnin the circle of her home,
There let bet reign, and never wish to roam.
thlress of the Democratic Convention.
1.1.(1‘V CITIZENS OF PENNSFLFANIA
11.3rinv. fulfilled the important trusts commit
-d by t uti to our charge, in nominating can
oes to be sut+ported fur Governor of the
tnmunucalth, and Canal Commissioner, in
if toter next, we respectfully- submit to your
es,,,htnalionj the considerations that have guid
ed us iii:ourseleetion, and which we respect
iallt may have some influence in
tour decision. We are fully convinced that
the essential wel,"are and liberty of the people
of this Republic are in the keeping of the De
m,raiic Republican party of this Union—and
not xhenevet the day shall arrive, that that
pony a lindlly overthrown, and the power in
if;,• country passes into the hands of its antago
i,ts, the cause of national liberty will be ex
here. Impressed with the conviction, we
ruisi,ler it our duty, and the duty of:every
INC liton.,erat and friend to liberty, to - devote
his best thoughts and his most faithful -exertions
ti ret.on and continue power in the hands of
v,e people, and to make every reasonable sac
rifice to support that cause, to establish and
cam winch, our fathers periled " their lives,
fortunes, and their sacred honor." If
'here be any truth that should be written in
I tters of burning light, and be kept always be
lle the eyes of a people that would be free, it
!Ins; " that , the price of liberty is eternal
T.gilance."- It is an important truth, ven6ed
frequently in the short history of this. yet
`acted country, that whenever the enemies of
't Democratic cause have succeeded to power,
"%Py have impressed some palpable wrong up.
our country—inflicted some violence upon
lopular rights,or left some blot upon our in
!,;tainnis that years of prudent and just admin-
nation could not efface.
The cruel wrong done to the soldiers and
ltnots of our Revolution, by the iniquitous
nting sytent of 1789, the alien and sedition
I,lr of 1798, and the appointment of the mid.
n chi judzest—the . esiabliihment of the United
Mates Bank in 1816. which has retarded the
natural prosperity of our country, and particu
iarly that of Pennsylvania. for at least fifty
'Para; for it wai upon her that the chief ca.
gay I H. and spread a moral blight over our
onntry, !lore perniciobs in its consequences
' , ta u the taste of the forbidden manna—and
•: last 1101 1t261 " in the catalogue, passing over
natty other instances of flagrant abuses which
s Would he tedious and painful to recount, the
la`3age of the nefarious Bankrupt act of 1842,
110151 stupendous fraud that was ever so-
Idenled by a legislative enictinent, and which
'wick at the vitals of morality and good faith
'man men. These are some of the bitter
r ousequenees of the imprtidence of a free and
rtional people, in permitting the rule of their
deminy to fall into the bands of those who
hold in contempt the sacred principles of equal
Pennsylvania 14s had a dear bought experi
ence in lesson s olpolitical prudence. It now
falls to, m lot of the emocratic party, and
the present generation, to repair the ravages and
waste of many yearsor insane, wild and prodi•
Eat ode. In order to do this it will require
many years of the most patient endurance of
the burdens of taxation and serf-denial by the
;inane yeomanry, and many years of prosi
est and prudent administration, under - the gui
dlnce of the most rigid integrity, aided by wise
l e gislstion, to redeem our great and good State
from her embarrassments. But discouraging
el her condition may be, vet by a steady per
ett - ranee in ',the policy adopted under the pre
irnt Governor, the Commonwealth can be re
deemed, and restored to her former prosperity.
Rigid prudence, sound judgment and anyiel4l-
g Integrity, are what are imperatively de
handed an the guidance of our affairs, in the
Present condition of our State. These ging
tm d istinguish, in an eminent degree, the pre
°:.nt Chief Magistlate of our Commonwealth.
the name of FRANIS R. Slitnsit is intimately
l uociated in the opinions of the people of Penn
sylvania, *ith the idea of moral and political
honesty. The rutin:dents of his political faith
and morals were acquired under the auspices
of the pure-minded and virtuous Simon Sny
der; and forty years of faithful public service
have proved the fidelity with which he has ad
hered to the sound doctrines, item patriotism
and rigid integrity of that great and good man.
In Franzie It. Shook we see renewed the ad
mirable virtues of that truly excellent magis
trate, who for nine years, through a most stor
my and trying period of our history, wielded
the Executive destinies of our State without
giving occasion to awaken tlie least suspicion
of his integrity—wounding id : the slightest de
gree the ptusperity of the - State, or sullying the
lustre of his own pure fame. -
In these- stormy days when the good ship
Pennsylvania is loaded down with a debt of
forty millions of dollars, and while her people
are embarrassed with a burdensome system of
taxation—and while selfish interests are seek
ing to embarrass her still more by eluding the
common burdens and casting them upon the
shoulders of the tedusirious yeomanry, who
already are made to bear an unequal share of
the public load, it is the more necessary that
we should have a steady and skillful hand at
the helm, to guide her safely through ' the
Again, our country is at war with a'foreign
power, and hence it becomes neceintiary that
the combined energy of the whole Union should
be exerted to sustain the honor and integrity
of the Republic, and bring the war, by vigor
ous prosecution, to an honorable and prosper
ous termination. But since it is too apparent
not to admit the humiliating fact, that there is
still an infatuated party who are willing "to
rise as our country sinks." if they must " sink
as our country rises "—and instead of that
combined action of all hearts and all hands in
the common cause, faction has reared its odious
front, to cripple our energies, encourage the
foe, and paralyze the arm of.government, it be
comes eminently necessary that we should have
at the head of our Commonwealth—that Com
monwealth which has been, is now, and ever
will be; while the Union shall last. the chief
bulwark of the Republic—a man whose patriot
ism cannot be doubted—a man :whose attach.
ment to the independence. security and glory
of the Union. is too strong to be disturbed by
any calculations of political preferment by the
wanton sacrifice of the blood and treasure of
the American people, to pave the way to the
goal of an unworthy ambition. Such is Fran
cis R. Shrink, whose conduct in responding
with alacrity to the call of the Executive of
the Union. and taking the - most vigorous mea:
sures to furnish the double quota of troops re
quired of Pennsylvania, is worthy of all com
When the present Governor-first assumed
the Executive chair of Pennsylvania, her finan
ces were deranged and all her fiscal faculties
were diseased and paralyzed. Immediately
her resources were examined—her means
economized—a state of encouragement and
confidence was re-established, and credit re
stored. The public works have been kept in
the most efficient conditior to facilitate trans
portation and awaken the energies of trad.e—
showing a lively interest on the part of the
public agents. impelled by the example and
promptitude of the Executive. to afford every
aid tollie people in their exertions to retrieve
the waste of former years, and to relieve them
selves and-the State from the embarrassments
that rested an both. The interest on the pub
he debt, which had been suffered to accumulate
for many years. rolling up by a compound ra
tio, and swelling the principal to the enor
mous amount of about 42.000.000 of dol
lars. has been regularly paid with a small de
duction—and this too accomplished through
the most exemplary promptitude and economy,
aided mainly by that healthy confidence exist
ing between the Executive and the people.
In the meantime, the prevent Executive has
vigilantly watched over the rights of the peo
ple, resisting all such measures, legislative or
otherwise„ as were calculated to encroach upon
the common welfare, and to build up the par
tial and private interests of the few, at the sac
rifice of the legitimate interests of the many.—
The wisdom, prudence. and fidelity evinced by
the past acts of our excellent Governor, are the
surest guarantee for the correctness of his fu
ture course. Resides, the people of Pennsyl
vania owe it to themselves—to their character.
fir a just appreciation of merit, as wellto what
is due to a faithful public servant, to Manifest
their decided apptobation by re-electing him to
the station he has filled with so much honor to
himself and benefit to the Commonwealth.—
This mark ofthe approbation of a virtumis pet,-
plefor the Faithful discharge of public duties,
is the rit:hest and most desirable reward that
an honest man can receive. 'fake away this
impulse to virtuous action and you weaken--
nay. sever, the strongest bond that binds man
to his duty. It is the province of freemen, it
is the mission of liberty, to reward fidelity and
rebuke the unfaithful.
The delegates to this Convention were deep
ly impressed with the importance of ►he re
sponsible duty they had to perform in the se
lection of a suitable candidate for the office of
Canal Commissioner. To this office is en
trusted the high and'onerous charge of manag.
ing and directing the public works of the Com
monwealth, connected with an extensive offi
cial patronage, and the trust of disbUrsing a
large amount of public money. The efficient
and faithful management 01 this branch of the
publienadmintstration for the last three or four
years. has contributed in no small degree to
sustain the public credit. and - it is due to the
people that this important duty should be
confided to men of capacity and undoubted in
The candidate selected by the Convention,
is MORRIS Loxaerramr, of Montgomery coun
ty. He is well known as an unwavering ad.
vocate and supporter of the principles of De.
niociacy—possesses the requisite experience
and capacity, add is recommended to yoursup
port by his acknowledged firmness of purpnse
and strict integrity.,, We trust. therefore, that
the candidates now presented to the Democra-
PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY, AT TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, PA., BY E..S. GOODRICH . it SON.
REGARDLESS OF DENI7NCIATION FROM "ANT CIIVART6.I."
ey of Pennsylvania. will receive, on the second
Tuesday of October next, its undivided sup
port. Parties must necessarily exist in a free
government, end freedom cannot be long sus
tained without the effective organization of its
supporters. It has been truly said that where
there f a nu liberty they may be exempt front
party strife." We conceive it to be the right.
as well as the duty, of every freeman, to=avow
his sentiments as to the distinctive principles
which guide the two great vitae., into which
the people of this country are divided. The
Democratic party has implicit confidence in
the virtue and intelligence of the people, and
in the efficacy and security of the popular
As you valim the great truths of Democracy.
as essential to the preservation of our liberties,
it is your ditty, fellow-citizens, in oppose an
undivided front to your enemies in the approach:
ing political contest, and to feel and exhibit that
steady confidence and zeal that a just cause
cannot fail to in.pire, to ensure the triumph of
your candidates and your principles.
It is very apparent that the Federal Whig
party are exceedingly anxious to bring the De.
mocratic party of Pennsylvania in hostile col
lision with the Democracy of the Union, upon
certain points of policy, not yet, perhaps, well
undersipod by all, and the imprudent agitation
of which might be fatal to the; general harmo
ny. The object of this exceeding anxiety to
bring about thii collision, is too apparent to
need further explanation. Pennsylvania has
no true interest inconsistent with the genuine
interests of her sister States.
Our glorious old Commonwealth has no le
gitimate interest which should place her in a
hostile attitude towards the great Democratic
family of the Union ; but on the contrary. it
is respectfully believed that it is the true policy
of the Democracy of Pennsylvania. to com
mune and harmonize with the Democracy of
the whole Union, as a measure of common
prudence and common safety ; and we have a
right to distrust whoever would inculcate a
Through some slight errors in policy, Penn
sylvania has not assumed the rank in the con
federacy that she deserves. Yet her purposes
have ever been patriotic. By adopting a mag
nanimous and elevated code of politics in re
gard-to the Union; she would occupy that high
and commending position, to which her pow
er. her population, and her resources, give her
a title. - She would sit as the-great Arbitress
among the American sisterhood, poising aloft
the scales of justice, quieting their minds and
calming their passions—suprorting the humble
and humbling the proud. and commanding the
homage otzli by her impartiality.
"The virtue sr advessity is forlitude."—Baum
At all periods of life we are subject to rever
ses and troubles, some of which we can partly
or wholly obviate by prudent management,
while others are entirely beyond our control.
Schemes-planned with the most vigilant care,
are frustrated by some unforseen casualty ;
hopes dear to the heart are crushed and blight
ed ; beings that impart to the soul its purest
solace are taken from us, end the lights that
Eirst so warmly upon the heart are ex
To such. and to many other misfortunes, are
we constantly exposed, yet we should never
forg. t that all affliction is susceptible of being
increased or diminished by the manner in which
we receive it. The reverses of life have their
strength in the weakness by which they are
met. Do not yield to misfortunes," say the
maxims. •• but go the more daringly against
them." Life may. be said to be a great battle.
in which the cowards are cut down inglorious
ly in the fight. Much depends upon courage.
There are menial as well as physical Water
loos. Every individual - has his battle grounds
They are the mirrors of his character. The
way in which man fights in life's great battle
shows what virtue there is in him.
Adversity brings forth the mind. There is
much beauty in that remark of Seneca's, " the
good things of prosperity are to
. be wished,
those of adversity to be admired."
Fortitude is the nobility of intellect. It
raises the mind above the keenness of reverse.
It is an intellectual greatness, placing man up
on a lofty pedestal. where he may stand, firm
and unshaken, looking with calmness upon the
adversities of life as they dash in all their wild
fury around him.
To the young, who from their ardent and
effervescent character, front their eagerness for
accomplishments. are not apt to have much
power of endurance, or patient waiting, let it
be said that in general much must be done.
long delay must be endured, before they can
accomplish - what they desire. There is no
" open sesame," no mystic wand, as they may
imagine, to make the portals of prosperity fly
opon to Them. Fortune must be wooed with
solicitude and patience. Reputation can only
be gained by a long course of rectitude, and
the attainment of eminence requires a firm, un
Gems or Tnovonr.—Men. like books. have
at each end a blank leaf--childhood and old age.
Esteem is the mother oflove. but the (laugh.
ter is often older than the mother.
Graves are but the prints of tht footsteps of
the angel of eternal life.
Peace is the evening star of the soul. u vir
tue is its sun, and the two ire never apart.
-The gifts that circumstances makes is our
character, we are apt to regard as its native
He who dreads giving light, to the people.
is like a man who builds a house Without win•
dows for fear of lightning.
Our sorrows are like thunder clouds, which
seem black in the distance, but grow lighter u
A HANDSOME COMPLIMENT.-. 4. young lady
who had not received as much attention from
the beaux as her`female associates, said to her
lover.'" I told them 1 would wait until the
chaff had blown off, and then'l would pick op
Boblts of various Whom
Homer, it is said, lie] such an aversion to
natural music, that he could never be prevailed
on to walk; along the banks of a murmuring
brook ; nevertheless, he sang his own ballads,
though not in the character of a mendicant, as
recorded by Zoilus.
Virgil was so fond of salt, that he seldom
went without a box full in his pocket, which he
made use of Trum time to time. as men of the
present day .ise tobacco.
&roaster. it is .aid. though the most pro
roomd philosopher of his time theoretically.
was very easily put out of temper. He once
carried his ' ' ability so far as to break a mar
ble table to pieces with a hammer, b cause he
chanced to stumble over it in the dark.
Shakespeare, though one of the most gor-
geous of men, was a great Niggler. He was
often known to dispute with a shopkeeper for
half an hour on a quarter of a penny. He
gives Hotspur credit for a portion of his own
disposition, when he makes him say, •• 1 would
cavil - on the ninth part of a hair."
Peter Corneille. the greatest wit of his time.
so far as concerns hie works, was remarkably
stupid in conversation. as was also Addison,
who is acknowledged to have been one of the
most elegant writers that ever lived.
Samuel Rogers is an inveterate punster, al.
beit from hie poetry, one might suppose him
to be the greatest writer in Cl • ndom. He
has one peculiarity that distinguishes him from
all poets, past, present and to come, i. e. three
hundred thousand pounds.
Young wrote his " - Night Thoughts" with
a scull and a candle in it before him. His own
scull was luckily in the room, or very little aid
would 'have been yielded by the other.
Dryden, it is said, was'always cupped and
physickei preiious to a grand effort at tragedy.
Ilembo had a desk of forty divisions, through
which his sonnets passed in succession, before
they were published.
Milton used to sit leaning hack obliquely in
an easy choir, with his legs flung over the el
bow' of it. He frequently composed lying itt
bed in the morning; but when he could not
sleep, and was awake, whole nights, not one
verse could he make ; at other times• his un
precedented effusions were easy with certain
impetus and cestrum as he himself used to be
lieve. Then, whatever the hour, he rang for
bis daughter to commit ihem to paper. lie
would sometimes dictate forty lines in a breath,
and then reduce them to half that number.—
These may appear trifles ; but such trifles as
sume a sort of greatness when related of what
GUILTY there be one part of life
on which the curse spoken at Eden rests in
double darkness ; if there be one part of life
on which is heaped the gathered 'wretchedness
of years. it is the time when guilty love has
burnt itself out. ane the heart sees crowd
around those vain regrets that deep remorse.
whose voices are never heard but in the silence
of indifference. Who ever repented or regret
ted durirg the reign of that sweet madness
when one beloved object was more , aye a thou
sand times more, than the world forgotten for
its sake 1 But when the, silver cord of affection
is loosened.and the golden bowl of iptusicating
passion broken—when that change which pas
sea over all the earth's lovliest has passed, too.
over the heart ; when that etep which was
once our sweetest music fall. on the ear a fear,
not a hope ; when-we know that we love no
more the past, which yields but a terrible re
pentance. ana hope turns sickening from a fu
ture. which is her grave ; if there be a part of
life where misery and wariness contend to
gether, till the, agony is greater than wo can
bear, this is the time.
FLIRTING.—Some writer says t-- r .` It is too
frequently the practice of young ladies, by
way teazing their lovers, for fun. to neglect
them while in company, and to laughs and flirt
with other men. How many haveparted from
circumstances like this ; many who were at
tached to each other, who could, and in all pro
bability would have made each other happy ;
and for the gratification of an idle and repre
hensible whim,, many a female has lost her po
sition in the heart of him she really loved.—
Does she think that a man. having once suffer.
ed for her fun. could ever place dependence
on her afterwards 1 Did ever any woman find
a man who loved her enough to be jealous. re
pose the same cofidence in her which he had
previous to her 'Hemp' to create doubts in him.
Let woman understand, that if it be worth
while to have a man's affections, there is no
I fen on earth worth while to shake his faith,in
MARMAGE.—Nature Sc Nature's God smiles
upon the union that is sweetened b.• love and
sanctioned by law. The sphere of our affec
tion is enlarged and our pleasure takes a wider
range. We become more important and re
spected among men, and existence itself is
doubly enjoyed with this our softer self. Mis
fortune loses hell of its anguish beneath the
soothing influence-or her smiles, and triumph
becomes more triumphant, when shared with
her. Without her, what is man t- A roving
and restless being; driven at pleasure by roi
mantic speculation, and cheated into misery by
futile hopes-.:the mad victim of untamed pas
sions, and the disappointed pursuer of fruitless
joys. Bat with her he awakens to a new life.
lie fbllows a path—wider and noblei than the
narrow road to self•aggrandiftement-..that is
scattered with more fragrant flowers, and illu.
minated by a clearer light.
APnoMmts.—No persons are so extravagant
as those who live on other people's Money.
Think much, speak little, and write less.
Without atriend, the world is s vrilderneser.
A man may as well expect to best ease with
oat wealth, as happy without virtue. •
A hypocrite pays tribute to God, Mai he may
impose on men. -
Education begins a gentleman, converwton
completes him. . )
Great minds are easy in prosperity, and quiet
Report on our Foreign Relations.
A very interesting report from the Commit
tee on Foreign Affairs was presented to the
House of Congress on Thursday by Mr. C. J.
Ingersoll. It relates to the war with Mexico.
and we present it entire to our readers.
The committee on Foreign affairs, to whom
the President's War Message of the 1 3th
inst. has been in part referred, respectfully
report thereupon :
That while, in a country so free at ours, di
versity of sentiment must prevail on every
topic of national concern. especially one so ex
citing as war, and is like bracing airs of salu
tary influence. yet the large preponderance of
votes, approaching to unanimity, in Congress.
declaring war with Mexico. the corree,.onding
unanimity with which ¶ll required supplies for
it have been granted by Congress. and the al
most equally unanimous popular zeal for wag
ing and sharing its operations. remove all
doubt of the national resolution to presecute
it as originally declared, vigorously, to the on
ly end of just war, a speedy an d honorable
Complaints of the resort .to territorial con
quest from Mexico. are disarmed of reproach
by the undeniable facts that Mexico by war.
constrains the United States to take by con
queet. what, ever since Mexican indepen - deuce,
every American administration has been striving
to get by purchase, and that the Executive or
ders, and military and wal execution of them.
for the achievment of conquest. have conformed
not merely to the long established policy of our
own government, but wise principles of self
preservationindispensable to all provident go
1 he war has been one constant 'career of
success.with never-ceasing solicitation'of peace,
without further hostility, if Mexico will accept
peace on fair, generous and lasting terms. and
your committee cheerfully leave it to the judg
ment of all considerate persons. One imputa
tion cast, among ourselves,' upon the Execu•
rive of the United States, involving the country
with him in illegality and aggr.•asion, yuur
committee think proper briefly to refute ; that
which charges the President with producing or
beginning the war by orders to the army in
Texas to pass Mexican boundaries.
Mexico never made boundary a question.-=
'Pile issue she took was the annexation of Tex
as, out the boundary. As soon as annexation
was resolved by Congress. the Mexican min
ister here, Ali:mine; demanded his passports.'
having previously removed from Washington
while that question was even considered, and
went indignantly home to make war. En
couraged by the erroneous assertion of many
of our respectable citizens, that annexation of
Texas would be war with Mexico, and by the
then threatened rupture between the United
States and England, which was reckoned Mex
ican reliance, Mexico openly prepared for
war—openly declared and began it. President
Polk's minister of peace, Mr. Slidell, was re
jected ; not on any plea of boundary, but be
cause Texas was not altogether relinquished.
Mexican troops were sent to the Texan front
ier. who crossed the boundary river ,Grande,
and attacked the American forces on this side
of that river. Stationed at Corpus-ghriati. on
the west side of the Nueces, at the instance of
Texas. for its protection from invasion, the
American commander, without orders from the
President, would have had no alternative but
to let his Mexican assailants choose the place,
time, and manner of invasion, or by advanc
ing into the more northern pan of the State he
was ordered to occupy and protect, make a
proper selection of the ground on which to de
It was Gen. Taylor's duty as a soldier, with
out orders, and the President's right as com
manderrin.chief, to order Gen. Taylor to repel
the threatened invasion in progress to subdue
Texas. If, by remaining inactive at Corpua
Christi. he had allowed an tiverpoweriag force
to subdue him there, as was the Mexican de
sign, or leaving him idle there, to penetrate
further north into the heart of Texas. the gen
eral and President would have been justly con
demned for the commencement of hostilities
fatal to us by hostile occupation of our territo
ry, instead of successfully frustrating the host
de Mexican attempt. An intimation in Con
gress lately that the Mexican geteral gave it
to he understood that he would remain west'
of the Colorado creek—a small stream between
the Nueces and the Grande—if our troops
Would remain east of that stream, your com
mittee, after inquiry. learn to be groundless.—
If any such communication was authorized, it
was a mere Mexican contrivance to lull our
commander into false security at Corpus Chris
ti. till Mexican troops could be assembled
strong enough to cross and attack him there,
as was the Mexican design ; for Corpus Chris
ti. on the west of the Nueces, was as much
* Mexican soil as any other part of the territory
west of that river, and Gen. Taylor's encamp
ment at first was an invasion of Mexico. if he
ever Invaded Mexico at all,
The unauthentic and irresponsible intimation
of that overture Was received at Washington
the Bth of NoveMber, 1845, just whiti l / 4 ,51r.
Black's advice' arrived o( the willingness of
Herrera's, government to receive a minister ;
and Mr, Slidell was thereupon forthwith des
patched, Gen. Taylor's army being kept at
Corpus Christi till tidings
_were received of
Mr. Slidell's rejection, lierrera's overthrow,
end Nudes' presidency, on the prociaimed
determination to retake Texas by force from
the. United, States. General Taylor-'s orders
to march from Corpus Christi did not leave
Washington till the 18th of January. ISO ;
nor did he March till more -than two months
afterwards, and then to station his troops wher
ever he thought best for protecting Texas from
Mexican invasion, without any order from the
President is to the precise place where he was
to station his forcer. Always west of the Nue
res from the moment of hie entry into
Texas. Gen. Taylor planted his standard on
theGramle apposite to Matamoros. as his own
milit.ry selection of the most eligible station
for defending, Texas.
No part of the ground hrtween the Nueces
aid the - Grande ever was Mexican soil. L3n
-1..13115, by all ant lent. acknowledged. and un
questionable boundaries, extended to the
Grande. Such was the boundary of that pro
vtnt•e ar all times, till transferred in 1800, by
Spain, to France and in 1803 by France to the
United States. In 1819. when the United
S toes transferred Texas to Spain, the western
limit was the Grande—as well known as that
the Sabine was the eastern limit. In 1824.
when Mexican independence wag established.
the boundaries Of Texas reinainetbilie same.—
In 1835. when Santa Aniii . Uras foiled in his
attempt to subjugate Texas, and Texas was
constrained to conquer independence, its west
ern boundary was the Grande, as theretofore.
„time or occasion can be mentioned when
the Mexican eastern limit was the Nueees.—
Accordingly, all the acts, records. and prOceed
ings of the Republic of Texas treat the Grande
as its southwestern boundary. Numerous evi
dences of this have been known which your
committee will not recapitulate, bet superadd
some more not yet generally known. The lo
rat land office at San Antonia, the chief place
of the country of Bezar,regularly issued grants
of land located beyond the Nueces, and to the
Grande. The present chief justice of Texas,
on his circuit several years ago in that country.
charged the grand jury to present all inhabi
tants beyond the Nueces. as far as the Grande.
as Texan citizens, for any offences they might
he guilty of. A grant of land to an English
subject, named Beals, bounded expressly by
the Grande, became the subject of official cnr
respondence between the' Texan and British
governments, the latter recognizing that river
as the Texan boundary. The custom house
at Corpus Christi, on the west side of the Nue
ces, was a source of considerable revenue to
the Texan government. That government. at
considerable expense, kept up a body of troops
to range that region and prevent Indian depre
dations there. In short, all their public acts
of Texas. and all their public transactions, pre
dicated their right to the Grande.
The wilderness between the Nueces and the
Grande would be the haunt and holio , g place -
of wages, smugglers, marauders, and robbers.
if die Rio Grande were not the boundaky, and
the settlement east of it, throughout that wil
derness, under Texan jurisdiction. No Mexi
cans have ever been there but as temporary in
vadors. Gen. Wool's provl,mation at Mier.
the 20th 0f1844, is official proof that
the Mexican'fgovernrnent acknowledged the
Grande as its eastern limit. Finally, when
Mexico. under British and French influence.
offered Texas independence on condition that
she should not annex herself to the United
States; Mexico herself acknowledged the
Grande as the boundary while the attempted
condition was null and void. Nor is there
any contrary Mexican assertion to be - found at
any time from, the Jate of Mr. Poinsett's dec
laration to Mr. Alaman in the city of Mexico,
the 20th of September, 1825, that he did not
intend to yield one square inch.of ground east
of the Grande as American ground in 1803.
Fur sixteen years, from 1803 to 1819, that
river was the undisputed southwestern boon
3ary of the United States. From 1819 to 1821
it was Spanish. From February, 1821. when
the Mexican revolution broke out, till 1835, it
was Mexican by We're title ; but, from 1835
till now Texan by right and occupation. culti
vation and jurisdiction. Not a single foothold,
by actual possession, had Mexico ever there,
except by Texan accounts.
In this brief summary of proofs that the ter
ritory beyond the Nueces, and between that
river and the Grande,was not Mexican ground,
your committee have pretermitted all acts and
assertions of the United States to that effect.
Looking to original French and Spanish title.
its independent Texan jurisdiction, to English
recognition, and finally Mexican acknowledge
ment, it cannot be preceived how Preskent
Polk could withhold the order to Gen. Taylor
to advance from Corpus Christi - further north
into Texas in order to repel approaching inva
-61011. A chief magistrate whose dtity it is to
execute the laW would have been culpably re
miss if he had failed to do so, not only as
bound by the laws of this country. but be eve
ry consideration of military foresight an d geo
graphical knowledge. Texas, a State of this
Union, called on him to protect her soil from
invasion. and he would have been delinquent
if not impeachable, if failing to do so.
Confining title brief report to that single
point, your committee will not extend it to the
many circumstances posterior to hostilities
enconrage the prosecution of the wartcs,„
speedy peace. The United States suffer - feed
of war's ordinary calamiti'es. Never were
they more prosperoue,and flourishing. In a
single campaign the freemen of this country
have proved ih Mexico what a people are
worth when vindicating their rights by volun
tary embodiment. In the midst of war the
burden. of the American people have been re
duced far beyond the weight 3f any debt which
war may cost. The wealth of the United
States has actually been increased to an unex
ampled amount ; a new and admirable system
of finance is the creation of this war. alone
worth more than all its charges ; and if, by
vigoroiiii stroke of a belligerent force, it he
brought to a successful termination. as there
is every reason to believe, all its temporary
inconveniences will soon be compensated, and
the two great republics of this hemisphere um.
ted in perpetual peace.
POUSHING STOVES.—Make A WiPak alum
water. and mix your littlish Lustre" with it
—.perhaps two tea*pnnnsfull of • lustre" to a
gill of alum water. Let your stove be petfect
ly cold : brush it over with the mixture...then
take a dry brush and dry "lustre." commence
where you began first, and rub the stove ti:l it
is perfectly . dry : should any part become so\
dry, before polishing as to look grey. moisten
it with the wet brush, and proceed ea above.
A Fr vE BLIT-WASR FOR WALLS.—rO two
gallons of-white %vash, add one pnnnd of Mud
vitriol dissolved in hot water, and one pound of
flour, well mixed.