Newspaper Page Text
"V I I::
7 '4.° 'a D s
EDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1846
PENN'. Leer, C merge CO,
August 17. 1846, -
GENTLEMEN :Allow me to thank you most
heartily, for the zeal 'and ability your paper
displays in behalf of the Farmer. and Mechan
ic and Day Laborer. In these latter days. judg
ing by the tone of the Whig. press, and from
the Whig speeches in Congress, it would seem
that the Manufacturing interest is the only in
terest'worthy of the careatnd protection of go
vernment.. Such was not the judgment of the
Republic ; and 1 am rejoiced that you, as a
good Democrat ought to do. are determined to
adhere to the ancient landmarks of the Demo
cratic faith—claiming equal and exact justice
to all men, and denyinl exclusive privileges to
any. We have housed a full crop this season.
for the first in many years. and it is likely that
it will not sell for a living price—but who cares
for the Farmer ?--tehom do you hear crying
out for protthion to him from the government?
As I before said, wi.have, for years, had poor
prices, and oftentimes poor pay : during this
time, we had, to twist and turn—lop off one ex
pense here, and deny ourselves of many com
forts, 'in order to makeboth ends meet. Now.
how was it with the Iron men in our region ?
their business was brisk ; they bought produce
low, very low. got good 'prices. and had the
biggest kind, of protection from the govern
ment. They were realizing fifty, sixty and
seventy per cent; while lye. who toiled through
heat and cold, rain and shine, by using the
greatest economy, could scarcely meet our ob
ligations. Now, is this right ? Is the Manu
facturer better than the Farmer ? In what
does it consist ? It certainly cannot be because
the one toils himself, and, the other procures
men to toil for him. If any distinction is made,
it should be in favor of the laborer.
I happened to be in conversation, a few days
ago. with one of our wealthiest manufacturers,
and was astonished at the bitterness he mani
fested towerde the late action of Coneress.—
Ile could not but admit that the Tariff of 1842
could be reduced without injuriously affecting
iron men; and vet he proclaimed that he could
live, but he would reduce the price of labor.-- .
He said the Democrats had determined to re
duce free labor in the north to the level of slave ,
labor ; and that, so far as lie was concerned. I
they might now realize it. I just thought to
myself that, whatever may be said of slave la
bor. I am sure we have slavery enough already
about our manufacturing concerns. I have seen
something of southern slavery. and I must say
that I have never seen worse slavery in the
south than f have in the north ; and I appeal
hi any candid man, who has observed the fate
of the poor men about our manufactunea, to
sustain the assertion. Their bUsiness. gener
ally. prevents them from - attending church :
they have no recreation: toil, toil, constant
is their lot. Witness our elections !In the The New Haven Register says the tariff of
contest of 1844. did these men vote as they 1842 put only a duty of five cents on the coar
desired ! Let the disgraceful manner in which sec article, and a outy of three rents per lb. and
they were marched to the polls. and furred to 20 per cent, ad valorem on the finer qualities—
vote the federal ticket, answer! It, therefore, of which there were only 388,148 . 1b5. import
comes with an ill grace from these lordly aria- ed last year—while of the cheep kind, at only
toerats to t a lk about slavery, when they are 5 per cent., there was unportrd more than twen
daily and hourly enslaving their White breth- j ty-three million pounds!—the only article of the
ten ! I farmer which required any protection!
Let government be just. Let its protection. But the whigs will ray that all this wool
like the dews of heaven, fall equally upon all costing under seven cents abrund r is coarse stuff.
--equally guard all the interests of the country?' such as we do not produce. and that it does not,
He who follows the plough, swings the axe: therefore, come in competition with wool of
the plane, wields the sledge or digs the inestic growth. Those who make the assertion
earth, contributes more to the wealth of the know, or ought to know, beletr. Much, in
n:rim] than the lordliest aristocrats who con. , deed the greater part of this cheap foreign wool
trails millions of dollars : athillw here. I ask, is , L of fair quality, makes go o d cloths, and enter;
the Democracy in gramma governinent protec- j into general use. The Largest portion of it is
lion to the latter, and withholding it from the suitable for all purposes that the wool raised in
former The Manufacturer SIN'S he must be this country is tit for.' his worked into satinets.
protected, or else he cannot go on with his husi_ cassimeres. Kentucky jeens, as well as Ca; pets.
ness, and yet ¢:efails to furnish any evidence blankets, and other coarser uses. The whole
of it. But take the case of the Farmer You amaunt of wool raised in the United States in
k0.)%r.& everybody knows, that he can miira 1841, as estimated by the fAirnintssioner of
wheat for less than one dollar a layhrl ; now Patents, was about 35.000.000, the importation
he gencr illy gets from seventy-tire to sixty- iof foreign wool would be equal to one-half the
two and a half cents upon every bushel Why docnestic product. or the foret4n article would
not give him thirty per cent ? I call upon my i amount to one-third our whole consumption. ,
brother farmers to look at this outrage. and What wonder, then, that wool here is low.
tr-at with proper contempt the insult offered when it can be purchased for seven cents or.
to their rights and to their judament, by t h ose tinder, and brought here, pavin g a d u ty o f one
who seek to deceive them, and delude them in- third-of a cent per pound ! Wheat and pork
to a false position.' are low, because we have a vast e surplus, and
A TILLER OF TEE SOIL. no fores
loign counter is
us in reater want of them.—
Wool iw. not becae we have a large S'
Isnrsrer Aso IsatoerrY.There is noth- plus to spare. but because a flood of foreign
ing possible to man which industry and inter.- , wool is let is upon us at a nominal duty, filling
city - will not acctnplish.. The polar hoy of rester- ' our land to the extent of one 'third of our con-
Jay. so poor that a dollar was a mtracle in his sumption, and taking the place of American wool
vision. houseless, shoeless and breadless. corn- frem five to twenty percent. Whitt') party pro
pelled to wander no foot from village to village, tects the farmer ?—Hartford Mats.
with his bundle ert his back; in order to pro- '
cure labor, and the means of schststence. has I Rcevors.—We take the following brief state-
of t‘• ai.trict is the estk fay-man ment front the Brooklyn Eagle. It serves to
•become the talented and honorab'e young
i show the nature of the sarrifie to which Amen
- " I " ''' ul...ustru `" aus a ""`" out to `" e ! of today, by the power of his good . right arm.
v: , rient orPorteranei" in Cote 1 and the potent influence of his pure principles, can industry will be doomed by the policy
I° '''''' .7 ‘""d the 6,4 v ordeal with unflinchingunflinchingfirmly held and prepetualli maintained. W hen ',whit& does away with the heavy rertrictions
imposed upon our ebromercial intercourse with
as therrawd and an over f poverty. and what the world calls disgrace,
It the ctimine elect a Pro Per sP• varell
him in the rice, he shuddered JIM, but England by the tariff of 1842
rice hr his cocstitachts pressed onward and exulted most in high and •• ESGLAND as a Ccsronen.—The amount
Se ar ;,,., we aka recognise amid great exertion. in the midst of accumulating of the following articles esP"ite' l to England
• r aze,: the ti e-; ex:Ed/vet. As attire disaster and calamities. Let this young from New york, in one week. shows the ex
-. tte, ; .-,., he i s a h a a a . a n 7 be cherished, for he honors his countty and t fent of the trade to that country : 17.424 bar
et.rels of flour ; 22,377 bushels of wheat ; 300
Klrrey or of this County for dignifies his race.
't- ege of e interests and views barrels of eons meal ; 31.360 pounds of tobac;
rid th '
,i Moss •• Rces."--Sixty three bouneing, ro- eo ; 172.492 pounds of cheese; 12.152 pounds
core l' a2l6° ' ~ ` leleetian ' sr -checked
country girls:recently engaged at ; attains ; 108.682 onands of lard ; 350 tierces
I the North by an event of the Cabbotviile Mills. I beef ; 64.72 S pounds of butter. and over 2000
Ma.s.,, passed through our cityEtis-day on their bales of cotton. -
wzy to their new homes. This certainly does -
not look much like the realization of the pre- i Toe Cnn.o or ills HOPE.—FIere are beau
dieted-• ruin" to our manufactories !—Troy tiful sentences from the pen. of Coleridge.—
paper, I Nothing can be more elocinent—nothing more
!true :—•• Call not that man wretched who,
A Y xar LARGE Asco t. —The Koran sacs •
"rs. ' LtEE--A VermoOt editor advises !whatever else he suffers, a. to pain inflicted or
11 '! , ” td t he s to abandon • Mahomet, in one of his visions. saw - an angel
1 1 pleasure denied.• has a child (or whom he
mal l eea in in the third heaven. so laree, that his eyes were •
of dom.! uyi hopeS, and on whom he Joats. Poverty may
•••,•-ete , i seventy thousand days journey apart.
recommends . ttils -sum- grind him to the dust, obscurity may east her
w y ou b- ii a Man b eau t h ey darkest mantle over himm, his voice may be un-
Dents from s letter dated Pottsville Sept. 18, 1846.1
- The Cost panic, too, is blowing over.—" Stop my
his changed into " why don't you push forward
,Y out.' Meantime the agricultural interest is improv.
Floar; grain, meat, all are getting up. Money.
unJer the, new prospects, has become plenty—and
blots find themselves in a condition of perfect sem-
ra much for Whig clamor about ruin.
lc addition to this, we have intelligence by the last
rn,la arrival, that "Flour still continue to advance.=
`.e Liverpool grain market had an animated appearance,
prcef, had advanced considerably."
much for want of a market, for the produce of the
'u: the Whig presses still continue the cry of ruin,
3Jcke the farmers not to be deceimi by false
„ rinr ,s„ 'We think it will appear well enough to
trawr when he Gulfs ready Kale and ready pay for
Enlace, and prices continually advancing.
For the Bradford Reporter.]
Br not Deceived.
"Atm' over an Organ of the Whig party. puo-
rt Ei:m_a. N. V. a leer days since, our attention
by an article in reference to an alleged di-
af the Democratic party in Lycoming county, and
,tmc the commotion of opposing candidates by
I , ‘ ..,.vrat, of that distract, under denomination of
Nese z;ch,ol Democracy.
a,hert to the articqe in question, to warn
ot!. s ; -lin•it the aztful soilistry of our op
; anion the outset• deny that demooricy is, or
is t!len a t!e:n.,craey .1' Our invaluable Bill of
• :It,: to tts a trua etposztion; and upon which is
.-ast P.l.tab;te. " All men are created free
cud endowi.,l by the Creator yenta certain in-
%VIII a guarantee to protect
trlrl,urel... or men,-therefore, cot conforming to
prinrti le, hare no more affinity to Detnocra
I.4i.Hiritoril , Concention had to patriotism.
r: in OM: rommuriieiatioll is to protest against
I,dlit-orser kind. Ours is the demo:racy
Li. immortal rwtjtikled and we admit
Tho,c who are not with' us are
We est) respect the holiest opinions of
dre: xv:th us, and who or-nly avow them
tts..t,a; but we bltkily protest azalea
e they p - rafess our.name, stand ready to
7 p,..\kti!3r prriu.iscv that will minister to their
Ilia: there arc tho-eamonz us of eats class,
Be it-our elject to disdain any con
.% :arm. But the %Via:, ptrly base no ad-.
Tet cs'in thi. respect, to cause any exultation,
;ve tuFu- , y sci:lsuilicieutly prose
have stood the test of time. *Da ahat
an expenment at the commencement of
r—irnel.:, has now grown into an ercoblished
Tfiat :he Cll-..S of the people are fnlly•capahle
...eroriera :** ace that republicanism is the only
a ction for the prosperity tui3 bappirexs of al
rd he-self a Repub:ie, and her greatetetwh.w
t,roe of the Historian. But she W.ll
Ihe ‘i:1! rinCiple, which Its democrat., we
Invio:4te, sitthts of
Ficr,e her doo'nfa!l. We ct-ouli there-
orp,:tion L - every ciessure that has a
•'e th, , po rlghLs
. .... for our orponents,to assume ell(
,•• 01, ,:r! their duclanes. I: ts but
,— e xt.Tederalt,su its.uate-.1
...rry Hea ern to ferve the Doeil
Ls the iiiie of Mr crt:.:7,7,2`Se Whig.
apron which this division of the
ea‹, i 3 that of the TAritT. But to
n e a, v aznin— Be not deceived ! An ex a:hi.
the %V higv,
as Dem x-rau• we hsTe always CA)11.
e.hich the will of the people was so,
-e'en? throunh the ballot - Ka to 1644. in
..rtioi.iieneintr.ata.3 the Father of this
cictleted only to ixteteiit the capitalist *ad the
r. the expense, aini by the °net -salon of the
2!sin--4 not deceived ! Apply the tor.eh
- del:lx-27 to this system, and you still re
cf r ir.ta tr'zuse hands were et:ants:el the
b.a,e betrayed that trust.
ht the retsp3mairily rest- We are
al the pecir:le remain asztttsged upon this
•. then, we sly again—be not &:ebrail
•• the WRY art:-
oPp.77.ent.a. the eirtaideer‘ you hare
rrce h 1[11.1.13 that 3 . °C 5. co* .
. v. - ' ll. e g l3l - ? den are like bug ~te mote ....... tney 1 s'----- ,
---,_-, 1 ,. F., -t_ ---,at Is when he proposes heeded by those with whocnche dwells. add his
contain, the further you can hear them. La-
'•-•.,-, l .,,, r , ; '"'''Y Your head or etreet face may be unknown to his neighbors ; even
' ' dies are like tulips. the more modest and re
-,.....„, I: ,_ e ;7 to Pa. or ask Aim for more I tie i ng they appe , t. w e b ou „ you l„ e . w oo ,. pain' may rack his joints , and-sleep flee from
_,, t „ ,t 7 t. _ n n ttk .. ..s are understood now— ; • - 1 his pillow ; but he has a gem with which he
~, .' i 7 _ ,-!t in the face , give him a s i Place not thy happiness in stores of gold and ! would not part for wealth defying computation.
'' lth tutu as an without delay silver ; but in all the dealings preserve thy - I for fame filling a world's ear, for the sweetest
; co: - ..s-jrnce undefilel t sleep 'hat ever fell on mortars eye.
~F ...‘ •,• .•_•
[Correspondence of the Pennsylvanian.]
A Letter from a Farmer.
PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY, AT TOWANDA, BRADFORD COUNTY, PA., BY E. 0. k II P. GOODRICH.
REGARDLEAS OF DENIM . CIATIMA 'FROM ANY QUARTER."
hope for dollatutito Coale
A gentleman who read in our paper the article
from the Newburvport Herald respecting Nova
Scotia coal, has kindly 'handed us the annexed
memorandum of an experiment which throws
much light on the subject, and peach that the
anthracites of Pennsylvania are not likely to be
so promptly superseded by the bitumens of
Nova Scotia, as some people have imagined.—
The experiment was Made in 1843 by the great
sugar refining company of Boston, for the
ptirprose of directing their own interests. it
was made ,under the superimendence of the
presidynt of the company, and the burning of
each kind of coal was continued for about
week. The following was the result. The
left hand column indicates the quantity of coal,
used, and the right hand column the quantity of
water evaporated—both in pounds.
Lbs. of coal. Lbs. of water evaporated
17,610 Beaver Meadow
1 8,6(5 Lackawanna ......
21,902 Sydney and Pinion
From which it appears that
-110. Lehigh evaporated 9 52-100 lbs. water
1 lb. Beaver Ateadoti 9,09 do.
1 lb. Lackawanna 8,93 do.
1 lb. Sydney and Pictoo . 4,47 do.
This experiment proves that the anthracites
are worth more than double the same weightof
Nova Soon? coal for generating steam, and there
fore that the difference in price. if any, is no
compensation fur the difference in value. The
great superiority of the anthrarites results not
entirely, if chiefly, from the superior quantity
of heat which they produce ; but in part at leaht,
from the superior facility with n hick the heat
of the anthracites is brought into action. The
vast quantity of smoke and gas which are emitt
ed from bituminous coal curry off with them
a great quantity of heat, and require the fire to
be placed at a greater distance from the boiler.
by which a larger volume of air is is brought
between the fire and the boiler; and as air is
a nomeonductur, this circumstance embarrasses
the heat which remains.
These facts are full of importance. They
account is some measure for the superior speed
of American steamers over those of other na
tons. We are told that this thing has had one
most remarkable test. A steamboat was built
in Canada. after the model of our South AMeri
ca. The builders were disappointed to find.
after all, that she would run but two-thirds as
fast as the South America. Nothing ' would
cure the disparity. until Lackawanna coal was
taken to her help. and this brought up her speed
to the desired point of equality with the patern
boat. if the same change should be effected by
the introduction of the same fuel to Atlantic navi
gation. another new era would astouish the
.., ~r~_ .., •_,~~+ r 5 .,-.,.,.~~a~ c r~,+K ~,~°+g.-;x~!~;.cr~9c'Yr.2X7~s' `s['.T^'~~4M"9`t'.`:=:43~~.a_!'!«e:`~".rq''vy~+~p''-."g..~.~-~;~r?-i
The federalists say the new tariff diserimin
ates against the country." This is nut ihe ton.-
We. They think it discriminates against the
trurnty'acturts—that is the - trouble. '
Do you happen to know, , iny demi Sir, how
much of this good country of ours is composed
of these . manufacturers, who make so much
fuss ? We will tell vou.
Number 'u,persons engagedin agricultural,
mercantile, and manufacturing pursuits' in
the Uni!ed States, acCording to the most re-
cent returns. given.
-By the census of 1840, there were engaged in Agricul
Do. navigating ocean
Engaged in nianotictures
You see. by this, that of the 3.234,114 per
sons engaged in agricultural, mercantile, and
manufacturing. You can alio, see ho w many
must submit to be taxed in order to enhance
the profits 01 one of those men. To pay noth
ing of some three million of agriculturists who
must bow to the deck of the semen hundred
thousand, there are some twelve millions . of
what they call " poor periple," who produce
nothing, but buy everything—who annually
pay an enormous tax from their hard earnings
on what they eat, think. and o ear, for the sole
purruise of protecting the few thousands engag
ed to manufactures, and to swell their profits
to swell their profits to 30. 40. and 50 dollars
on every one hundred they invest in their bus-
Now the real trouble with the new tariff is.
that it cuts down the unheard of profits of the
manufacturers, and lowers the tax on all that
the poor min" are compelled to buy. Their
salt, their spices. cottons and woollens. &c..
are all taxed less by the new tariff and the
few thousand manufacturers, and such of their
papers as are under their thumb—the Vermon
1 1 1 achman, &e.—are terribly mad about it.?
Beautiful and consistent friends of the poor
men t! , ese federalists are : satisfied enouoi When
a tariff discriminates - in favor of their purse
proud mastm., bet the moment diterimination
is made for the poor people the world is on fire,
and ruin at hand.— rervi.gnf Pat -jot.
11 freckles he deemed an embellishment to
tulip, cowslips, and the fair flowers which may
be termed God's earth-written poetry. how can
they be a disfigurement to a pretty - girl, the
fairest flower of humanity, and God's [icing
." Those be rubies--fairy favors;
In their freckles lire their shirrs."
So was it thought in Shakespeares time: and
if we can no longer 35Slatl these natural beau
ty-spots to the exploded lames, we may still
maintain them to be love tokens left by the
kisses of the enamoured son, the only kisses
ever received, perchance. by their modest
hibitors ! This phologentic blazonry. this !
implanted in the breast of man, he would have
galaxy that decorates the roses of the cheek ; running
for which to live, nothing to induce
and the lilies of the forehead. what are its en
smelling stars hut relics of sunshine, soul en- hits todrag out a miserable existence. Never
is hope so wild and imaginative. and, we may
livening memorials of bright days, and of plea- sav, so deceitful as in youth; never so sober.
sant excursions with smiling companions be
neath a smiling sky. Co prevent the printing i
. i ,
so true. so stable, as in age. Although hope
often delusive, vet, in the greatest misery.
of these celestial mementos. by veils and pars- i
sols. is to suppress - a delightful register of past i the least flickering rriv of sunshine peering into
the caverns of the heart, revives the drooping
"S aler "' as
well as to lose a moraltzi so ' soul, and excites action, as when some precious
stimulant to gratitude: - fir what 'i damsel can
fall to think of heaven when she traces its gem, under the sun's beam, flashes its radiance
round the darkened cell. and springs into multi
hand writing upon her face ! Strange ! that t pl i e d ex i stence , Hope is an eternal principle.
spots of rou-t plaster should once have been Tho' in the last strait. man never eeases to hope;
thought an ornament, and the tiny cirelem when the spark of life departs. it flies heaven
stamped by the great circle of 'the sun. should.„‘„,iird. and is rekindled upon the altar of eternity !
ever trace been considered unbecoming. When ,`i
pagans armed that Daphne and othor beauti- , fl Worms vs. luess.—Dean Swift says the
In! damsels were beloved by Apo!lo. they mere- , .
moron fluency ni ..
speech. in most men and
Iv meant-to say that they were freckled.
i nit women is owing to a scarcity of words ;
•• for whoever is master of language and bath
a mind full of ideas, will be apt. in speaking to
' hesitate upon the choice of both : whereas,
common speakes have only one set of ideas.
aid one Eet of words to clothe them in, and
these are;always ready at the month ; so peo
ple come, faster out of church when it is al
most empty then when a crowd is at the
TEMPERANCE FABLE.—The rats once assem
bled in a large cella:, to devise - some method
of safely gelling the bait front a small steel trap
which lay near, hating seen numbers of their
friends and tat:ions snatched from them by
its merciless jaw. After many. long speeches.
and the proposal of many elaborate but fruitful
less plans, a happy wit, standing erect. said.—
'• It is my opiniru that. if with one paw we
keep down the spring. we can safely take the
food from the trap with -the other." Ail the
rats present loodty squealed assent. and slap
ped their tails in applause. The meeting ad
journed. and the tats retired to their homes;
but the devastations of the tray being by no
means, diminished, the rats were kneed to - rail
another convention." The elders had just
assembled, and had commenced the deliberation
when all were startled by a faint voice. anti
a poor rat with only three legs. limping into
the ring. smolt up to speak. Ali were instant
ly- silent, when stretching out the bleeding re
mains of his leg, he said, my friends, I base
tried the method you proposed, and you see the
result ! Now let me suggest a Plan to escape
the trap—Da not tauch itr
MORE RCIN.—The editor of that spnghtly
little sheet, the Providence , Sentinel. Eire' DS
another endear* of the deplorable A . effects"
of the new Tariff set. Hear tum The new
Tariff is,,death on the huckleberry trade. An
old lady with a wagon load of the ante e. got
as far as Olneyscille towards our city on Thurs
day morning, when slat- happened to see three
or four men-with their heads together talking
about sornethine. She rude up to. ihem, and
enquired what was the news. The Tariff'
bill has passed.” said one of them.
•• The taritTpass.sed Lord p`rnasay, r said
the old lad • then I might es well go home
with mY iuckleberries r And turning
horse hornet/3rd. she rode sorrowfully off,
muttering oceasionsl eurses against the Tariff
and the Loeoforoi. and wondering what to
the world would become of her huckleberries.
• 'tariff Fallacies-
Under Mir , title. we find in the New York
Eiening Post the first of a - series of short pa
pers, which. jndge by this first specimen. pro
mise to well worth an attentive perusal':
TARIFF FALLACIES. No. I.—Coal is an ai
ode alelged ' to be very much' affected by the 1
new tartfl. We have had more moaning from
those who hate Pennsylvania andhier polities I
than that which spread through Egypt at the,
Oath of the first born. - But it never seemed !
to enter the brains of the friends or foes of pro- I
tectioo, that it was utterly impossible that coal.
to any great extent. could be introduced into
the-United States. from foreign nations. A few
facts will settle this, question. • The whole I
amount of foreign tonnage entered, exclusive
of steamboats and vessels on the - lakes, is I
about two millions of tons. The amount of
coal raided in Pennsylvania will this year equal 1
probably two millions and a half tons. If. I
therefore. all the vessels of the United States I
and foreign nations were to set themselves at
work. they could not bring as much coal- into
the country as is mined in one State. The Read-
Mg railroad brings weekly to market nearly i
half as much as is brought irom the British :
North American American colonies in a whole •
year. and more than was last year imported
from England. Ptctou coal, under the new ;
duty. cannot be imported as tow as anthracite
is now quoted by the ton. Yet Congress has
has this year rung with the. ridiculous cry of
danger to the coal trade. Coal cannot profits- I
bly be imported as_ fret„ ht from Egland.
only comes as bal;a.t to any extent. The mo
went the importation of it should drive out oth fl
er. goods the freight would be so high as to
subject the importer to a great loss.
How much would it cost to change all the
coal grates in the city of New York now adap
ted to burning. anthracite coal, su as to fit them
for burning bituminous ? So moeh certainly
as to forever prevent the use of the latter.—
The stoves in which bituminous coal is not
used. consume none than bee times all the
importation of the article.
Ptctnu coal is now selling. according to all
the •• prices current." at et; to SO 50 per chat
dron ; while anthracite. nu the same authority,
is wi;rth at from ss'to S 6 per toil. diG
teremie in duty under the net' act will he about
a dollar. So that according m all authorities
there can be no competition, as the anthracite,
for almost all purposes. is worth about one- .
sixth more on an average than the bituminous
coal. an the amount of beat it gives out, and for
the ordinary porpuses of consumption.
What, then. becomes of the harangue of
Nlr. Webster to the Senate, and thethousands
of petitions from Pennsylvania whit 'which
Concress was flooded on this subject—having
their origin in the main in ignorance—utter
ignorance of the matter ? Or at' least is it not
charitable to believe that ignorance was the
basis of these idle clamors.
HOPE. •% ETERNAL PRINEIPLF..—Hope is the
eodectino link between the past and the future.
It is a constant prAphet, save that it always
dresses out events to come in a gaudy hue.
which fades and Wickens when the wheels of
time bring us no the consummation. Were it
not lot this earnest of the future. this principle
3lonEsty.—An ancient reel - relates that the
flowers once had. a grand muster and jasper
non before Juno. who was to deride which
was most beautiful. Tl.e violet hid herself
among the green grass. and did not offer to
contend, when the grand procession of beauties
were filing along before the goddess. the vici!et.
peeped out furtively furu wet y. sayi tie to herself.
•• I'll just look at them pa.s." She - was seen
hr the Celestial Queen. and crowned the fairest
of the lair. Sorb is the fire of modesty.
A young man having . attended a silent Qua
kermeeting, was asked by one of the Frientic:
" How didst thou bt the meeting !" To
trhirh he petishly replied:
"Like it! why I - can see no tense in itfto
go and sit for whole haunt together without
speaking a word, It ts enough to kill the
lea: my friend."' rrj;Uneti the Quaker
that jchq;grfizt we want.".
iNsqrs.—A Western paper. hard run for in
item. gives the following double acrostic: -
Nothing new from the Nosh. •
Every thing tranquil in the East.
Wooten are scarce in the west.
Something may be expected from the South.
A lawyer once said. to a hore who. had sat
about two hours in his office—
I wish you would do a.+ my fire is doinr..."
•• How is that r said the other.
.• Viir. sir it I. orrtr" millet! tits
Farewell! farewell! is often beard
• F,rorn the bps of those who part; ••••
'Tts a whispered tone—'tgs a gentie word,
flat it sprinismoi from the bout: •-•
It may serve for the lover's closing Lay,
To be sung "ae:stb a summer. sky - :
But give me the gctiveriogdips that say
The honest words-- 4 400d bye!"}
Adieu! adieu - , may greet the ear.
In the guise of eourtly,speech
But when . we leave the kind and dm;
not what the soul would teach.
Whene'er we grasp the hand of those
We would have forever nigh,
,The flame of friendidgp bouts, and 00.117,,...
In the warm, frank words—" Good bye !"
The mother sending fOtth her child
To meet with cares and strife, .
Breathes through her tears, her doubts acid his
for the loved one's future life. •
Diu cold adieu," no "farewell" lives
Within her closing sigh ;
But the deepest sob of anguish .•
`• God Miss thee, boy ! Good bye r'
Go watch the pale and dying owe.
_glance has lost its beam—
When the brow is and as the marble stone.
And the world a tossing dream;
And the latest pressure of the bats,.
The loot of the clewing eye.
Yield what the heart most ;washstand,
A long—a last "Good bye!"
A &dual Tidbit.
The Union is amusing its readers by giving
a choice selection of federal panic items. which
present such a conglomeration of things awful
and dire. as completely caste in the shade the
Gorgons and the terrible head of Medusa. of
mythological memory. It really - makes us
shake in our shoes to glance over this list, in
which are pictured forth in glowing Woofs,
and prophetic warnings, the terrible- conse,-
quei.ces that are to ensue on account of the
passage of that naughty bill, which actually in
cre. 5.6 the tax on luxuries and reduces the du
ties on articles of general use among the com
moner classes—to bad 1 . We give below a
few additioiial items, to complete this calen
dar of e.ils, which may serve the nett genera
tion. as a story book, in place.of "Tales of the
Rcrs.—A new woolen factory has just gone
into operation at Waterloo. New York. • About
1200 lbs. of wool are used per day. and 189
men employed. The proprietors are now
about greatly to enlarge their operations.
;dotty ov rt.—We understand, says the Lu
cerne Demi)trat. that Henry B. Renwick of
New York, has recently purchased OE our fel
low citizen. Moses Wood. Sen., of Wilkes
barre, a lot of land situate on the northwest side
of the canal in Woodville. and immediately
above the Hazleton road. and on whic4i it is
understood, he is preparing to erect a splendid
Furnace. Mr. R., has already commenced op
erations and expects to have his works in mo
tion within about two months.
Woes *co! Woess.—The proprietor piths
Glenlion Iron Works, above South Easton.bse
Largely increased his business since the pas
age of the new tariff. Why is it that the own
er of there works does not complain for the
want of protection ? During a conversation
with the chief agent the other day, We were
told that they did not fear the new tariff, and
would receive no injury from its.effects, un
less perhaps through the foolish and ridiculous
panic which some few are trying to raise in
PILE oN Tns AnoNT.—The Newburyport
Herald of the sth inst..'says : The stock
holders of the Globe and Ocean Mills meet to
motrow. to take measures for the increase of
their capital stock."
The Great Falls Manufacturing company
hare added 50 per cent, to their capital stock;
and the new stock of the Amoskeag Menthe
boring company now sells at 20 per cent. ad
Sim-Km: !—A large manufacturer in this
"city told us on Saturday. says the New Haven
Regierr, that the prospects for a good fall busi
ness was never better than it now is and that
so far from discharging his hands, he eooldnot
set as many a. he aranteit.
TALE BEARING —Never repeal a story unless
you are • swain it is correct. and even not then.
unless something is to be gained, either of
terest to yourself, or for the good of the per
son concerned. If yon have no good to say
of your neighbor, never reprivach her ehmseter
br telling- that which is false. She who .tells
von the 'faults' of others , intends to tell other/i
-d route faults. and so the dish (sinews is baser;
ed from one to another, tinul the rimy becomes
GOOO.—W hen we see a wan kirk * harpy.
says the Boston S un.
. we say at arse. that - he
never nerd to come to court our daughter. f
he should not have her if be was wont a mil*
T.4tia o —is a entire of Mexico and South
:Vrictica. One species has Ipt-ly been &scr
ewed in N Holland—tobacco was est ear
r im to P o , Eland from North Carolina by Sit
Pirte-Apple- , -This grows in the Went Indies,
and other warm chorales,
RFt-7—Originated Tarry and Sibesta.
Goon towNErts are the blossoms of good
sense. and. it may bead,!ed. of trod feeling
ton for if the law of kindness be written in
the heart. it lelas to that disinterestedneits In
tittle s s veil as in vett things—that devise to
oblige. and attention t.tbe Plvtifteation etf oth
ers. whieh inwankbly is the foundation of rod
manners.. • _
Titri Drrnmos.—" A outllitti:' says alak.
po r itania Advertiser. •- is em► ebn tinsivraveit
preten.ione to live like 3 gent'eman, Ivy d -
in ; ue
r ~~ if