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pO LIKES AMERICA.
The Pope Believes This Country is
Mnnri Roffar Thnn Itnlv.
muvu -"-" v
'HIS PLEA FOR TEMPORAL POWER.
'-' Progress of the Influenza Epidemic
'" ? Thronglpnt Europe.
IBAL1SBURY ONE OF THE LATE VICTIMS.
SjPsrnell's Irish Friends Eetiin Full Con-denee lin
S-.'i Their leader.
'The Pope is pleased -with the growth of
fr -H--1?-: .. A A.!nn nd the Inws of
this countrv. He makes a strong appeal
i43 ; i .1 " . i;,-,f Vi Italian
- ? 1 A T : C.licTlllPtt llflfl A R0-
uovernineu jrreuiiei wo.-..j
vere attack of the infloenia
Bome. December 3L The Pope, at the
Consistory, said he was rejoiced at the
jbuilding of Catholic nniversities at Wash
Yington, Ottawa and Fribourg. Catholicism,
he said, propercd under the favorable laws
of America, and the equity of the men who
administered them in that country. His
joy at this prosperity rendered the grief
Italy caused him more striking by contrast.
The Italian adversaries of the church per
sistently contend their way against it, as
made evident by the recent utterances of
persons in public positions acquainted with
the intentions regarding the church of the
rulers of Italy. Among other recent insults
to the Church was the demonstration in
honor of Giordano BruncThe Italian Gov
ernment, seeking to detach the people from
the Church, opposed the action of the Pope
in every way.
TIIE TEMPORAL POWER.
His Holiness referred to the temporal
power as necessary to the independence and
liberty of the Pope in the exercise of his
mission, and declared that he did not claim
the restoration of the temporal power from
human motives. It was his right, and he
was required to preserve it intact and trans
ait it to his successor as one of the un
alienable treasures of the Christian faith.
The new Italian penal code, just coming
into operation, also attacked the just liberty
of the clergy, and hindered their work with
new obstacles. An additional wound was
about to be inflicted upon the church by the
law regarding charitable trusts, which had
recently been enacted with unseemly haste.
This was a fresh step in the endeavor to ef
face every vestige of religion from civil in
stitutions. By this law all pious establishments were
to be suppressed or transformed.especially
those for the dowering of girls without por
tions, those regarding girls entering eon
vepts, and those by which it was provided
that masses should be said for the souls of
thedead. This law violated the wishes of
the founders of all those charities.
SO TKUE CHARITY.
Priests were excluded from the benefits of
charitable institutions, and women were ad
mitted to such benefits. It was argued that
chanty should be secular in order that it
might be more acceptable. But indeed, the
unfortunate are too proud sometimes to ac
"cept Christian charity, and outside the
church there is no true charity.
Other blows have been leveled at the
church by the invasions of the civil power
lorcing itself into sacred things. For a time
all these things might embarrass the church,
but they can never definitely change its
The Riforma says the violence or the lan
guage used in the Pope's allocution will not
prevent Italy from being governed inhar-
,. niony with the necessities ot progress ana
the aspirations of her people.
THE LATLST FKOH BRAZIL.
Considerable- Discontent With ibe Conlinn
ntion of the Jlllltnry Hulr.
ililSBON, December 31. Letters and
papers from Brazil under date of
"December 12, say that the Gov
ernment has urged all political parties
to constitute immediately some kind
- of representation 'or the d'fferent States in
view of the rapidly increasing disorganiza
tion and the prevailing discontent with
the military dictatorship. The advent of
the Bepublic will be celebrated on April 7.
Some citizens of Bio Janeiro are forming
a society to assure Dom Pedro an annuity
"equivalent to the interest on 6,000 contos.
An inventory on his property gives its value
as 30 contos.
FULL FAITH IN FARXELL.
The IrUfa Nntlonnl Leasee Denounces the
Attnclc Made Upon Him.
l' , Dublin, December 31. At the League's
meeting held here, the speakers denounced
the attack made upon the private character
I ' of Mr. Parnell. and said no method was so
dishonest, but it might be tried in the
'hope to injure the Irish cause, but that
nothing; could shake the love and trust of
j the Irish people for their leader.
, Mr. Leamy, member of Parliament, said
they who thought they could induce the
people to forget the services already ren
dered by Mr. Parnell, thoroughly failed to
'understand the Irish race.
THE STRIKERS ON TOP.
Even the Government Hallways Cannot
f Secare SnOlclent Coal.
Brussels, December 31. The miners at
iCharleroi are unable to fulfill their contract
with the Government to supply 30,000 tons
for the State, and the stock in hand for use
on the railways is nearly exhausted. Ami
cable overtures made to the strikers have
"had no good results.
Notices are placarded at Mons in which
the miners insist upon. the increase of 15 per
cent in their wages with a minimum ot 88
cents a day for any day, and the recognition
of nine hours as a day's work.
WITH REGAL HONORS.
( h The Remains of the Ex-Empress Will be
Hi ffi , Laid to Kest.
$&" Opobto, December 31. Prince Don Al-
tV ilfohso has arrived here to arrange for the
XfnnCral OT tha ITmmvca TlftYw Paj3w.
1$ attended mass to-day in the mortuary cham
berS. He wept profusely.
- The coffin is oak-lined, with purple vel
vet end with a crystal light The funeral
will'be held with regal honors, and will be
at the Church of San Vincent.
A Cfanncre in Name Only.
.Berlin; December 31. The Military
Gazette publishes an imperial order that the
Jregiment of dragoons, entitled the Queen ot
England's Uegiment, will henceforth be
called the Queen of Great Britain and Ire
vjf Not n Tfmo for Delay.
jIkJIiOSDOK', December 31. Mr. Lewis, on
tbeTialf of Mrs. O'Shea, has written to Cap
tain O'Shea's solicitor, asking him to serve
tthe citation in the divorce case without de-
A Penally for the Priests.
Pasts, December 31. The Government
I intends to enforce the legal penalty against
SOO'prieiU convicted of meddling with the
Generous, Thoqgli Unknown.
".London, December 31. An unknown
philanthropist has given 100,000 to found
lyj.o.p.t-1 for convalescent in London.
SALISBURY IS SICK.
The Premier Is SoQcrlnc Prom a Severe
Attack of the Influenza A Dozen
Notables Have Succumbed at
the French Capital.
London, December 3L The Marquis of
Salisbury has the grip in a severe form.
He was taken on the 21th, but, as the obser
vation of the strictest secrecy is enjoined
upon all the persons in the Marquis' house
hold as to facts relating to his health, it was
not known that he was ill until Thursday,
when he was threatened with col
lapse. The Queen had sent Sir William
Jenner to attend him. He was then kept in
bed three days, and has been kept in his
room ever since. Pneumonia is appre
hended, and the Marquis is physicaljy un
fitted to struggle with a very severe disease.
He will certainly be kept housed for a fort
night. He abstains from business as far as
The Berlin Taqeblatt says: "The nearer
the epidemic in Berlin appears to be draw
ing toward a close, the greater is the tend
ency to various complications, mostly that
of pneumonia, which itself seems to have
become a veritable epidemic. Other com
plications are diseases of the ear and neu
ralgia. In the city of Frankfort scarcely a
single house has escaped the visitation."
The influenza is increasing in Vienna.
The Board of Health has ordered that the
schools be closed until January 7. The
hospitals have become so crowded that it
has been found necessary to erect a special
structure for those suffering from the dis
ease. At Lucerne and Lausanne thcin
flaenza is serious among railway officials
and scholars. The deaths from influenza in
Paris yesterday included a dozen small
ODE MARY TO MARRY.
Why America's Leading: Actress Has De
cided to Abandon the Smite.
I BT CABLE TO THE DISPATCH.!
Nice, December 31. Mary Andersbn re
ceived The Dispatch correspondent to
day at the Hotel Mediterranean, and said:
"I want the report denied that I am about
to play in The Tempest.' I wish it dis
tinctly understood that I have no intention
of returning to the stage, at least for an in
Mrs. A. De Navarro and her son, of New
York, with whom Miss Anderson is travel
ing, are the only persons enjoying the
companionship of the actress. Great inti
macy has arisen between them, and it is
generally understood this intimacy bas de
veloped into an engagement between yonng
De Navarro and Miss Anderson. If this is
so, it explains the recent changes in Mary's
Death From a Pistol Bnllct Called Acute
Congestion by Some Tbe DIcGInty
Joke nt llio Bottom of
New York, December 31. A sensation
was caused in Westchester village to-day
when it became known that the body of
John Bnsk, the young man who was shot on
the night of December 19 at Throgg's Neck,
ns alleged, by l Thomas Hart, had
been disinterred at St, Peter's Epis
copal churchyard in Westchester.
On Saturday last Coroner Matthews
concluded the inquest in the case, and the
jury surprised everybody by Tendering the
following verdict: "We find that John
Busk came to his death from acute conges
tion and cdemia of the lungs, this verdict
being rendered on the evidence of Dr. Mac
Nichol and E. A. Williamson. We, the
jurors, having no evidence from the testi
mony taken from the witnesses before us to
prove that Thomas Hart shot John Busk,
therefore it is our duty to exonerate the said
Hart from the affair or of being the cauBe of
John Busk's death."
Immediately after the inquest. Coroner
Matthews went to the White Plains jail
and in'ormed Sheriff Schlrmer of the ver
dict found by the jury, ntrd 'suggested that
Hart be released on bail. The Sheriff said
that be had no authority to discharge Hart,
and that the letter would remain in jail
unless the Court ordered his release. Dis
trict Attorney Baker was not satisfied with
the Coroner's inquest, and decided to make
an investigation on his own account He
accordingly employed Isaac Butler, the
sexton of SL Peter's Church, to disinter the
remains of Busk.
This was done to-day, and Drs. Louis
Livingston Seaman, of New York, and E.
W. Lyon.of New Bochelle.held an autopsy.
They found that Rusk, instead of dying of
congestion of the lungs, died of a pistol
shot wound, the,, bullet having penetrated
the intestines. The sworn statements of
Drs. Seaman and Lyon will be presented to
the grand jury which meets in February,
when the case will be thoroughly investi
gated. In the meantime Hart will be kept
in the county jail. District Attorney
Baker's term will expire at 12 o'clock to
night, but his successor, Wm. P. Piatt, will
take up the case and secure all the evidence
possible for the grand jury. The shooting
of Busk, it is alleged, was the outcome of
the "McGinty" joke. ,
LOYE COtfQUEBS ALL.
Senator Test's Son the nero of a Roman
tic Courtship He Mnrrlcs the Girl
of His Choice After Five
IFrrCLU. TO THE DISPATCH.!
St. Louis, December 31. Alexander
Vest, son of Senator George G. Vest, is the
hero of a romantic courtship that has ex
tended over five years, and which to-day ter
minated in a marriage. At noon he obtained
a license to marry Katherine Servis, a
social star and an heiress. The news
caused much surprise. It was very gener
ally believed that the engagement between
them had been broken oft forever, when
j Miss Servis, nearly a year ago, jilted Vest,
a few days before the date set lor their mar
riage. The match met with violent opposition on
the part ot the young lady's mother. A
number of Miss Servis' friends advised her
against the marriage, asserting that young
Vest was not settled enongh to make
a good husband. It was reported
a lew months later that Vest was to marry a
young lady in Montana whom he had known
and loved years before in Missouri when
both were very young. While this
story was told by some of his
most intimate friends, others said that there
was no truth in it, and that they had private
letters from him denying it.
Early in October last, Miss Servis re
turned from Europe and went to preside at
her mother's home in the suburos. She
seemed to have lost all de
sire for society, and since she
has been sent back, has rarely been
seen out. She bas retired almost com
pletely from society. The fact was re
marked by her friends, and conjectures as
to the cause were frequently made. That
she and Vest corresponding does not
appear to have been known to a soul except
themselves, but the securing of a marriage
license by tbem to-day is conclusive evi
dence that tbey have been.
It is the old story of true love breaking
through bolts and bars. No doubt Vest
came to the city on her promise to wed him,
and alter all their trials and tribulations,
they are finally married.
A FAITHFUL OFFICER'S REWARD,
A Mekei-PIated Cerolrer Presented to no
Officer Edward Milligan, of the Alle
gheny force, was presented with a handsome
Smith & Wesson nickel-plated, h&mmerless
revolver last evening bv the merchants and
residents living on his beat. Boddy's
jewelry store, at 48 Ohio street, was the
scene of the -presentation, and 'the gift was
presented to the officer by Librarian Benney
oa behalf of the donors.
ENFORCING THE LAW.
StaleTactory Inspector Martin Abont
Beady to Begin His Work.
HE HAS VISITED OTHER STATES
And Seen How Exactly Similar Laws Are
Therein in Operation.
CIRCDLAES SEKT TO MANUFACTURERS
Callls. Their Attention to the Child Labor Laws to be
State Inspector of Factories William H.
Martin ;s now prepared to enforce the law
passed last May in regard to the employ
ment of child labor in factories. He fur
nishes a Dispatch representative copies of
the sections of the law he expects to enforce
within a few weeks.
1 rEFECIAL TXLXOKAM TO TBS PUPATC-M
Philadelphia, December 3L Will
iam H. Martin, Inspector of Factories for
the State, was visited at his home in Ches
ter, Delaware county, to-day and inter
viewed in reference to a publication in The
D ispatck on the 29th instant, showing how
little children have been and are employed
in factories in violation of law, an abuse
which Mr. Martin's office was created to
remedy. In answer to questions Mr. Mar
I was appointed by Governor Beaver Factory
Inspector on the 1st of last November. The
office, being a new one in this State, required
some experience. For this purpose I have vis
ited since that time New York, Massachusetts
and Connecticut, in order to become familiar
with the system of factory inspection jn opera
tion In those States. After my return I estab
lished my office in Harrisburg, which will be
tbe headquarters ot the Factory Inspector and
bis deputies. In the firBt week of December I
selected my first deputy, who is at present act
ing as clerk in the main office at tbe capital.
Daring tbe past few weeks I bave been busily
engaged in getting out the necessary blanks,
pamphlets and notices which are to be sent to
the different factories, manufacturers and
mercantile bouses throughont tbe State.
THE FIRST STEPS.
Before taking any action the law required
that we sbmld first notify and place before tne
heads ot tbe different firms tbe act of last May,
which regulates the employment and provides
for the safety of women and children in mer
cantile industries and manufacturing estab
lishments. The matter is now through the
hands of the printers, and we will begin to mail
the documents and notices right away. Dur
ing tbe coming ten days I will appoint my
other five deputies. One-half of these shall be
females. Tbey all shall beknowp as Deputy
Factory Inspectors. Tbe powers of tbe depu
ties shall be the same as tba powers of tbe
Factory Inspector, subject, however, to his
supervision. The male deputies will visit all
factories and manufacturing and mercantile
bouses wherever men and boys are employed.
Tbe duties of the female inspectors shall be to
visit and inspect all similar establishments
where women and girls are employed. The
Stato will be divided into three districts, and a
male and female deputy appointed to each.
Ibe Inspector, of course, shall bave tbe power
to remove a deputy at any time.
In the New England States which I bave vis
ited tbe law is strictly enforced, especially in
New York and Massachusetts. The latter
State bas twenty factory inspectors, and tbe
manufacturers and beads of tbe different firms
are well satisfied. In many of tbe New Eng
land States tbey have also a compulsory edu
cation law, wnich we bave not in Pennsylvania.
Do you think there are many Instances
where children are employed under age in this
Yes, there are hundreds of factories, where
thousands of children are employed under age,
and in places dangerous "and prejudicial to
health and morality. Tbe blanks which I am
now forwarding require the name of the firm,
location, number employed, agn of each, name
of parents or guardians. It shall also be the
duty of the owner nr superintendent ot each
firm to report to tbe inspector of factories ail
fatal accidents or serious injury done to any
person employed within forty-eight hours, stat
ing as fully as possible the cause of such In
jury. With tbe blanks are inclosed the fol
Office of Factory In spectok,
Habkisbukg, Pa., January 1, 18D0. j
Inclosed you will find a copy of an act to regu
late tbe employment and provide for the safety of
women and children In mercantile Industrie! and
manufacturing establishments, and to provide for
the appointment of Inspectors to enforce the same,
and otner acts providing for the safety or regu
lating tbe employment of said persons, approved
tbe 2lth day of May, A. I). lo8"J, as well as sucb
blank forms as will enable you to comply ith
said act. bbould your place of business require
additional copies of the act or blanks tbey will be
furnished bv making application to tbls depart
ment. Very respectfully, w. H. Martin.
Do you believe that the act of last May will
be carried out?
ARTICLES TO BE ENFORCED.
Yes, within a few weeks the following articles
will be strictly enforced:
Section. No child under 12 years of age shall
be employed in any factory, manufacturing or
mercantile establishment within tbls State. It
shall be the duty of every person so employing
children to keep a register in which shall be re
corded the name, birthplace, age and place of
residence of every person so employed byblm
under the age of 16 years. And it shall be unlaw
ful Tor any factory, manufacturing or mercantile
establishment to hire or employ any child under
the age of 18 years, without there is first provided
and placed on file an affidavit, made bv tbe Daren t
or guardian, stating the age, date and place of
birth of said chila. If said child bave no parent
or guardian, then such affidavit shall be made by
the child, which affidavit shall be kept on file by
the employer, and which said register anil affi
davit shall be produced for Inspection on demand
by tbe inspector, or any of the deputies appointed
under this act.
Section 3 Every person, firm or corporation
employing women or children, or either. In any
factory, manufacturing or mercantile establish
ment, shall post and keep posted In a conspicuous
place in every room where such help Is employed
a printed notice stating the number of hours per
day for each day of the week required of sucb per
sons, and In every room where children under 16
years of age are employed, a list of their names,
with their age. .
WHAT A FACTORY IS.
Section 4 No person, firm or corporation em
ploying less than ten persons who are women or
children shall be deemed a factory, manufactur
ing or mercantile establishment within the mean
ing of this act.
Section 7-It shall be the duty of the owner,
agent or lessee of any such factory, manufactur
ing or mercantile establishment where hoisting
shafts or well-holes are used, to cause the same to
be properly and substantially Inclosed or secured.
ir. In the opinion of the Inspector, It Is necessary
to protect the life or limbs of those employed In
such establishments. It shall be tbe duty of the
owners, ae-ent or lessee to provide or cause to be
provided such proper trap or automatic doors, so
fastened In or at all elevator ways, as to form a
substantial surface when closed, and so con
structed as to open and close by action of tbe ele
vator In its passage, either ascending or descend
ing. Section 8-It .shall also be the doty of tbe owner
of sucb factory, mercantile industry or manufac
turing establishment, or his agent, superintend
ent or other person In charge of the same, to fur
nish and supply or eau6e to be furnished and sup
plied, in the discretion of the Inspector where
dangerous machinery la in use, automatic
shifters or otber mechanical contrivances for the
purpose of throwing on or off belts on pulleys.
And no minor under IB years of age shall be al
lowed to clean machinery while In motion. All
gearing and belting shall be provided with proper
bectlon 10 provides separate wash rooms, etc.,
for females employed In xactorles, etc.
TIME FOR DINNER.
bectlon 11 Not less than 45 minutes shall be al
lowed for the noonday meal In any manufacturing
establishment in this State.
Section IS That If the Inspector of Factories
finds that the beating, lighting, ventilation or '
sanitary arrangement of any shop or factory Is
such as to be. Injurious to the health of persons
employed therein, or that tbe means of egress in
case of fire or other disaster is not sufficient or In
accordance with all the requirements of law, or
that the belting, shafting, gearing, elevators,
drums and machinery In shops and factories are
located so as to be dangerous to employes, and
not sufficiently guarded, or that the vats, pans or
structures, filled with molten metal or hot
liquid are not surrounded with proper safe
guard for preventing accident or Injury
to those employed at or near them, he
shall notify the proprietor of such factory or
workshop to mate the alterations or additions
necessary, within 60 days, and If such alterations
or additions are not made within EOdavs from the
date or snch notice, or within such time as said
alterations can be made with nroper diligence
upon tbe part of said proprietors, said proprietors
or agents shall be deemed guilty of violating the
provisions of this act.
Section 17 Any person who violates any of tbe
provisions or this act, or who suffers or permits
anv child or female to beimntnvi1 In v1filtf,n nr
' its provisions, shall be deemed guilty of a mli-
ucuicauutt kuu uu cuuvicuun suaii oepanis-tu
by a sine of not more than tooo,
SIIh CnsRck In McKrrsporl.
Miss Cusack, the "Nun of Kenmare,"
will speak in Bine Eibbon Hall, McKees
port, to-morrow evening. There are ex
pectation, of a very large attendance.
DISPATCH, - WEDNESDAY,
A WAE ON COLOMBIA.
Continued from Jirst Page.
it was not filled in, and it is not ordinarily
the custom for captains to fill this blank.
Collectors are empowered to detain any ves
sel manifestly built or equipped for such a
The right of a vessel to go out armed and
equipped-as is the Whitford has, however,
been pretty clearly established by the State
and Treasury Departments. The United
States Consul at Apia, in 1877, seized the
schooner Peerless because she was armed
precisely as is the Whitford. The matter
was referred to Washington, and this con
struction of the law was made by the Secre
tary of State, and concurred in by the Secre
tary of the Treasury:
X RULING ONCE MADE.
I am not aware of any international prohibi
tion or of any treaty provision which would
prevent a vessel trading amid tbe
groups of islands of tbe South Sea
from carrying a conple of guns and
arms for the proper and necessary protec
tion of tbe vessel against violence on tbe part
ot lawless and partially civilized communities,
or of tbe piratical crews which are represented
to occasionally frequent tbose waters; pro
vided always, tbat the vessel carrying such
guns and arms itself be on a lawful voyage,
and be engaged in none other than peaceful
commerce, and tbat snch guns and arms be
intended solely for the purpose of defense and
In the opinion of the authorities at the
Custom House best posted in such matters,
the Whitford is Tnlly justified in going pre
pared for self-defense, and would have a
perfect right to resist capture if she first
complies with all tne requirements of the
law. C. Calderon, Consul General
of the United States of Colombia, in this
city, construes the law precisely as do the
New York merchants engaged in the trade.
"I do not understand the new construction
put upon the law in Carthagens," said the
consul, to-day. "I hare not been notified
by the Government of any change in its reg
ulations, and I have written to both Colon
and Carthagens to find out what it means.
No replies have come to me yet."
NO DOUBT ABOUT IT.
Additional Testa Prove Tbat Electricity Is
Sure to Kill Even Scientific Besus-
citnting Apparatus Proves
of no Avnll.
Auburn, N. Y., December 31. The
commission appointed to inquire into tbe
subject of electrical execution was here to
day. The commission desired to test the
machine upon animals, and an old
horse and a fouf-weeks-old calf
were procured and taken into the
prison. Beporters were not allowed
to witness the tests, but this evening Dr.
McDonald announced that the calf and the
horse had been put to death with a sndden
ness that was highly gratifying to the com
mission. A current of about 1,000 volts was
used. The horse was killed first. The wires
were attached to his head and to one of his
hind feet just below tbe gambril joint
The animal was instantly killed, the time
of the contact being less than half a minute.
The horse made no straggle and there was no
evidence that he suffered. This experiment
on the horse confirmedvan experiment which
Drs. MacDonald and Eockwell had had at
the Edison laboratory last summer. The
horse which was killed then made no strug
gle. In the experiment on the calf the time
of the contact was less than 10
seconds. As soon as the calf fell
over and the current was shut off. Dr. Fell
performed the operation of tracheotomy
(opening the wind-pipe) and applied his
patent resuscitating apparatus, maintaining
an artificial respiration for half an hour, but
the call was beyond the help of science. In
this case there was no suspended animation.
The current had done its duty so effectively
tbat death was instantaneous.
Dr. Fell, who is professor of physiology
in the Buffalo Medical College, has used
his resuscitating apparatus successfully in
five cases when an attempt to take life had
been made by the use of poison or by cutting
the throat. In these cases an artificial
respiration had been kept up for several
hours and the patients had recovered. The
apparatus consists of a tube and bellows,
and some delicate mechanical contrivances
to control its workings. The members of
the commission had him come to Auburn
expressly to attempt to restore the lives of
the animals operated upon, and his inability
to do so they think demonstrates that the
electrical current is sure death every time.
NO TREATY NEEDED.
One Man Who Does Not Believe In Reci
procity With Canadn New England
Fishermen Will Furnish a Naval
Nsw York, December 31. Mr. Ellis
H. Boberts, sub-Treasurer of the United
States, was the first witness called before
the Canadian Committee to-day. The wit
ness gave it as his opinion that the present
commercial relations with Canada were ad
vantageou' to the United States. Bex
stricted trade, as it is now, Mr. Boberts be-)
lieved would act materially toward the an-;
nexation of Canada to the United States.
If the United States permitted Canada to
bring her products to this market free of
dnty and dispose of them, Canada would
have no desire to become annexed to this
country. She would then have gained all
Bhe desired. We pay better wages here and
have a better market, and it would be inad
visable to throw such a field open to Can
ada. The wages paid on this side are from
25 to 33J4 per cent 'higher than those in
Er-stus Wiman, who had been present at
the hearing, when asked by tbe Chairman
of the committee if he was an American
citizen, replied that he was a Canadian
subject of Her Majesty. The reason he did
not seek the glories of American citizenship
was only due to the fact that it would de
stroy his influence in Canada.
Charles H. Few, of Gloucester, testified
that his firm was engaged in fitting out fish
ing vessels. Each vessel averaged about 15
men. Owners supplied the outfit and the
crew worked tbe vessel on shares.
The cruise sometimes lasted six
months. Fishermen often had $300 apiece
at the end of the season as their share. There
had been seasons worth $1,000 to each. Sen
ator Hoar asked witness for his views as "to
the value of crews of fishing vessels of
Gloucester for service in the navy in the
event of war. Mr. Pew replied that the
fishermen were always eagerly sought after
to serve in the navy. About one-seventh of
the population of Gloucester took active
part in the late war. Their calling as fish
ermen necessarily made them brave. A
naval reserve could be found among them.
The committee adjourned to meet in
MEW I0KK RECOGNIZES TOE GRIP.
Tbe Fnshlonnblo Complnlnt Acknowledged
by Two Ill.h Authorities.
fKPirlAt. IX-BORAM TO TUB DISPATCH. I
New York, January 31. The grip was
recognized officially in this town to-day for
the first time. The recognition came from
two sources. The Board of Health issued a
bulletin of advice, and the New York County
Medical Society announced the result ot
the meeting of a special committee, hefd
the night before. The Board of Health
was careful to refer to the prevailing dis
order as influenza. The medical society
talked about "the erip."
Tbe upshot of the whole thing is that old
and sick people are warned by tbe Board of
Health to call a doctor tbe moment they
catch cold, and the doctors of the town are
going to meet together next Saturday, and
discuss the influenza from top to bottom,and
An Immrn.e Amount of Dollars'.
NEW YORK, December 31. The Equit
able Life Assurance Society renorts for the
year a new business ot $175,000,000, the
largest business written by any company in
1889, The outstanding assurances of the
society now exceed $625,000,000; the assets
are 105,000,000, and its surplus f 22,oXX).000.
JANUARY 1, 1890.
NEW MEN MAY QUIT.
The Imported Gripmen Said to Feel
ALLEGATIONS OP DECEPTIONMADE.
A Supplemental Strike Now Considered a
THE ROAD IN OPERATION AS USUAL
An Information Against the Principal, and a Witness
An employment agency is charged with
a ghastly practical joke. The two men
killed on the Lake Erie road yesterday are
said to have been sent there on a wild goose
chase by Geisler, the employment agent.
The police authorities have taken a hand.
They promise serious results to the practical
There were few new developments in the
strike of the Fifth avenue traction employes
yesterday. The company ran the usual
number of cars. A great many of the
patrons of the line who live not a great dis
tance from tbe Court House walked to their
homes last evening owing to the crowded
condition of tbe cars.
The Penn avenue line took off 12 of their
cars from the Butler street branch and put
them on the East Liberty loop, to accommo
date the people. The Pennsylvania Bail
road also got back a great many of their old
patrons, who did not care to ride on the
cable cars with green men.
The strikers were quiet and orderly all
day, and made no attempt at violence.
Considerable excitement was caused by tbe
report that one of the strikers had attacked
a non-union conductor on his car at the
corner of Wylie and Fifth avenues. At
Oakland the leaders of the strike would not
believe thereport, and said they would not
countenance any such action.
Conductor Walsh, of car 17, was attacked
at the above place, but not by a striker. A
passenger, who lives in Oakland, and
against whom an information will be made
to-day, had a few words about "moving up."
The passenger stood in the doorway and, it
is 'said, obstructed the passage of other
passengers. When the conductor insisted
upon his getting inside the car, he "was
pushed in the face," to use the expression of
a newsbov who saw the performance.
Chief Engineer Davis stated last evening
to a Dispatch reporter that he had a num
ber or letters from persons who wanted posi
sitions on the road. Some of tbe applica
tions were from strikers. He will pick out
the best among them, and offer them posi
tions. As soon as he gets the full list made
out he will let the other strikers shift for
STB1KEBS HOT 'WANTED.
He says the company will have nothing
lnrther to do with them. In summing up
his work for the day, last evening he said:
"I am very well satisfied with the results,
and we get along about as I expected. The
strike was settled yesterday. We run the full
complement of cars to-day, and, although
the time made was not up to the standard, it
was as good as could be done under the cir
cumstances. Many of the strikers are ap
plying for their jobs, but a great many of
them will whistle before they get them. We
will run the last car at the usual time to
night and do not fear any trouble. Yes, we
will be able to handle the large crowds to
morrow." President Elkins, of the company, said:
"We have no strike on our road now. The
thing was settled yesterday. I do not know
what the men meant by striking, as tbey
had no object in view. We wanted to run
our road ourselves, and took the steps we
did to prevent any trouble. You can see
that the cars are running" all right, and the
strikers have evidently found out that they
A committee of the strikers asked that
The Dispatch correct a statement made
in an afternoon paper tbat Superintendent
McDowell made. It was to the efiect that
the discharged men were not on hand in the
morning to take out their cars. They
stated that they were always on hand, but
had to give way to his favorites, who were
always given the preference on straight
Chief Engineer Davis tried his
hand at running a car last night. The grip
man of car 22 wanted to be relieved, but as
the car had a load going to the city it could
not be taken off. Without waiting to get a
man the chief engineer jnmped into tbe cab,
and run the car into town himself. He ran
it out again, and placed it in the shed.
A number of slight blockades occurred
last evening about 6 o'clock at Smithfield
street caused by the cars sticking on the
hill. The police officials say this crossing
will be a dangerous place to-day on account
of the large number of people tbat will be
on the streets.'
ATTEMPT TO SETTLE.
A meeting of the strikers will be held
this evening in Knights of Labor hall to
take some action on tbe strike. A commit
tee will wait on President Elkins in the
meantime to try to settle tbe trouble.
An official of an organized association of
workers said last night:
"Great dissatisfaction seems to exist among
the new men with regard to their positions.
A number of them said to-day that had they
known they were brought here to take the
place of men who were discharged, or
obliged to leave the employment of the com
pany, because they had simply joined a labor
organization, that they would not have
come. As far as I can learn the feeling
among them is so strong tbat they will
throw up their work, and either return
whence they came, or take work on one or
other of the roads. The company claims to
have won this strike, but I don't think the
matter has at all reached the end. The united
labor conizations of the city and county
have ye?o take a hand in it, and such a
development may ensue as is not at present
The Pennsylvania Bailroad officials re
port a much increased traffic during the last
two days. They have noticed an unusual
number of tbe working element among pass
engers, but they are unable to say whether
the increase of traffic is due to the difficulty
on the Oakland line or to tbe usual increase
of traffic at the beginning of the year.
0NLI AN ATT0RNEI PAYS.
TIow a Knneas Iirpl.lator Account, for1 a
Choree of Bribery.
Abilene, Kan., December 31. J. B.
Burton, who was charged by Secretary
Fuller, of the Topek.i Insurance Company,
with having accepted money from the com
pany to "influence legislation" in favor of
the company, admits he received the amount
stated, but indignantly denies that they
were in the nature ol a bribe. They were
received by him, he says, after the adjourn
ment of the Legislature and were in payment
of his services as the company's attorney.
Een Vnnilergrlft Belter.
The many friends of Ben Vandergrift
were alarmed yesterday afternoon by a re
port that he was growing seriously ill 'at
Hot Springs. Many telegrams of inquiry
were sent About 10" o'clock last night there
came a message to nis lather's honse saying
that he was much better.
Snndnll Club Offlcrrs.
A meeting will be held to-morrow even-
ing of the Bandalt Club, at which the new
officers will be installed by, the President
elect. Frank J. Weixel, who is down for an
address. The retiring President, Mr. J
T 1 Wt I 1 .( J t
xressiy j: ueimug, is oufc in caru luauMug
the members of the club for past favors.
AIMED AT ARMSTRONG.
Tbat Han Who Defended tbe Allegheny
Taller Route Wake, the Echoes A
Legislator's Reply to Him.
The following letter from Hon. Hartford
P. Brown, member of the Legislature from
Beaver county, was received last evening,
and is self-explanatory:.
To the Editor of Tbe Dispatch:
Tbe remarkable letter of the gentleman from
Armstrong connty in relation to tbe route ol
tbe proposed sbip canal, mention of which Is
made in this Issue of The Dispatch, is an'lll
timed effort in favor of bis own particular
locality. If correctly quoted, tbe gentleman
seems to have come to tbe conclusion tbat Gov.
ernor Beaver, tbe members ol the Ship Canal
Commission, and tbe "Heaver county man who
introduced the bill In tbe Legislature, the lull
intent of wblcb would cost tbe nation many
millions of dollars." are all in collusion to de
fraud otber sections ot tbe State conspiring,
a: it were, to bave tbat money expended in
How sublimely ridiculous! The writer, who
bad tbe temerity, as well as the good fortune,
to introdnce tbe joint resolution in tbe legisla
ture, by the terms ot whlcb this commission
was created, bas heretofore asserted tbat,
while he naturally prefers the Beaver Valley
route, and Is willing to use allbonorable means
to bave this route selected, yet he will rejoice
as much in tbe selection and recommendation
of any route declared to De feasible lor the
construction of tbis great public work, which
promises sneb vast benefits to tbe indnitrlal in
terests of Pennsylvania, as will ar.y otber citi
zen who has thoso interestsatbearc
Tbe object ot this act of legislation is to as
certain whether tbe idea of conn-ctlne tbe
waters of Lake Erie with the Ohio river by
means of a ship canal is feasible: and, II so, to
determine tbe most practical route. Under
authority of tbls act Governor Beaver ap
pointed a commission, composed of gentlemen
well known throughout tbe State, the integrity
of whose characters is beyond reproach. They
have begun the task with an earnestness of
purpose which indicates their ability to grasp
Intelligently tbe entire scope of tbe work be
fore tbem. Tbe systematic manner in which
they propose to accomplish their labors of In
specting1 not only the route of tbe Beaver, but
also tbat of tbe Allegheny, bas inspired a pub
lic confldence in their honestnessol purpose.
It seems to ill-befit tbe times for a citizen of
Armstrong or any other connty In tbe State to
jomp at a conclusion, and charge those in con
nection with this work with duplicity. There
bas emanated from tbe commission nothlne
official as to tbe probable outcome of their ex
amination of the routes proposed for this great
The report of tbe commission, will follow as
a remit of tbelr investigation. Then some of
us wbo take pride in locality may be disap
pointed; but let us not permit disappointment
to breed dissension in onr ranks; but let ns
rather stand together for the accomplishment
of tbe work, and with a united front press for
ward to success. Bespectfnlly,
HABTFOBD P. BBOW2T.
Rochester, Pa., December 3L
WHAT HORSE RACING COSTS.
Seven Tracks Near New York Absorb About
88,000,000 a Yenr. ,
Mew JTork Commercial Advertiser.!
A certain sage who lived long ago is
credited with having said tbat for every wise
man in the world there were ten full-fledged
fools. Since then the proportion may have
been increased somewhat. If the story told
by a professional gambler last evening is
true, the percentage of foolish persons has
certainly not decreased any since the days of
"How much do you suppose it costs New
Yorkers by that I mean New York City
and vicinity men for horse racing every
year?" said the gambler.
"Well, I've been figuring it up," he
added, "and, as near as I can estimate, it
costs to support seven race tracks, hundreds
of horses, jockeys, stable boys, trainers,
bookmakers and all other expenses of racing,
at least $8,000,000 a year. It costs about
250,000 to keep seven race tracks in order
alone. These are the Westchester track, or
Morris Park, Monmonth, Sbeepshead and
Brighton, tbe summer tracks, and Elizabeth,
Clitton and Guttenberg, the winter tracks.
Then there are small expenses like printing,
advertising, say $50,000, salaries of judges
and starters, somewhere about fj0;000or
$60,000 more, and endless otber expenses.
Now add to this the expense of feeding,
sheltering and taking care of COO horses, to
say nothing of jockeys' fees, and the sum
goes far into the millions.
"Do the owners of stables pay these ex
penses? Not much. All of the big stables
come out ahead every year, so qo tbe racing
associations, jockeys, stablemen, trainers,
starters and emphatically bookmakers. The
public pay for everything."
ELECTRIC LIGHT WIRES.
Experts Expre.s Tbcmselre a Opposed
to the TJndergronod Sy.tem.
NewYobk, December 31. The Electric
Age, of this city, in its issue of to-morrow
will contain the beginning of a series of in
terviews with prominent electrical experts
in the United States on the question of
making electric light wires safe and harm
less to life and property. The persons inter
viewed represent the various systems of
electric lighting and other departments of
electrical work. The general opinion is that
overhead electric light wires can be rendered
-reliably safe at all times by propel construc
tion and tne use ot proper insulating mate
rial, aud,that placing electric light wires un
derground by the usual method would in
crease rather than diminish the danger.
The dangers, however, of nnderground
wires could be overcome by constructing tbe
wireconduits themselves ol insulating mate
rial. The present system of underground con
duits of iron isgenerally condemned. In refer
ence to the protection of buildings against
fire in case of derangement of electric light
wires, the opinion is unanimous that all
danger would be removed by the use of au
tomatic cut outs and fuses ou the outside ot
TWO SETS OF SENATORS.'
Both Parties In Montana Are Preparing to
Elect Tbelr Candidate!.
Helena, Mont., December 31. In the
Senate to-day W. F. Sanders, Bepublican,
received 7 out of 8 votes for United States
Senator. The Senate adjourned without a
choice fox second Senator, until to-morrow
morning. In the Bepublican House San
ders received all the votes. Matle, Power,
Carpenter and Knowles were put in nomi
nation for second Senator, but without bal
loting tbe House adjourned until to-morrow
At a caucus of the Republicans to-nignt,
Power was said to be in the lead, with the
prospect that a dark hoTse would get away
with the prize to-morrc. The Demo
crats of the House and Senate were in cau
cus to-night, and it is understood that W.
A. Clark, of Butte, was -one of the nomi
nees, with Martin McGinnis and S. T.
Hanser running close together for second
THE PAINTERS' SCALE.
They Declare for n Nlne-Ilonr Day and
Sllpnlale for Overtime.
The painters unions of Allegheny county
yesterday presented the scale for the present
year to their employers. They claim that
53 hours shall constitute the week's work.
and shall be paid for at the rate of 33J4
cents perhonr for nine hours for the first
five days of the week and 37 cents for
eight hours work on Saturday. The scale
includes provision for overtime at 50 cents
per hour, work on Sundays and holidays at
$1 per hour, journeymen painters working
tor other than boss painters at a rate of
$3 50 per day. and other provisions with re
gard to apprentices.
William Wenke Dead.
William A. Wenke, son of Daniel
Wenke, the well-known Southsider, died
yesterdav, in the 30th year of his age, alter
a lingering illness. The funeral will take
place to-morrow from the residence of Mr.
John Phillips, on Southern avenue.
Movements of the Big Steamships.
Steamship. Arrived t From
Spain New York. Liverpool.
Ar.-.ina London.. New Tork.
caBrF-rls. Qaeenstown New York.
Ac.j--tn Hew York ....Loudon.
Clare. ... London ..MewOrleaBs.
MB. MILLS, OF TEXAS,
U.L.t. n T IfMn CnaaMi in. 'Pni.IrF Pa-
jnaaeo a umio uyctuu iu luiui u
rnrmpra nf New Kno-l!in(i.
CLEYELAHD TilB PATRON SAIS?
11? Thft.A WT,r ,'iv.fl Pfttfiflnrw JttM.fnaf V
HARRISON COMPARED TO KING GEORGE,
Frtsldtat Eliot, of Hamr. College; Oie of tia Promb
Tbrsnn-al dinner of Xa--ebnrtt
Tariff Belorra Xae vat givea last wn
ing. Soger Q. Milk t-s th orator too
oecasion. He referred to Orovsr Cleveland
as the leader in theirtvtk. on the protectivo
syster-u Other iptaiew echoed this sentW
Bostox, DeensfW 31. MemDers of the)
Mastaehnsttti Tariff Berarm League gath
ered tbis evening, the occasion being tha
annual dinner of tha organization. Hon.
Henry L. Pierce presided, and iro2 those;
present were Hon Boger Q. MiUt, f trexasj
Hon. Thomas G. Shearcua, el New York
Edward Atkinson. Pmiieai C. W. Miqf,.
of Harvard College; C-nulea Srxiciji
Adams, Hon. John F. Andrew, Hua. Sob
ert Treat Paine, Hon. P. A. ColIhaancS
others. President Pierce, in jpeningttfcb
after-dinner exercises, employed thesa
Politicians of the protectionist school, fore
seeing tbat either tbe duties upon raw mate
rials must be given up, or tbat tbe Industries
tbns taxed must go the wall, intimate
willinirnes3 to let one of the moss
important of them die out if IS
should be fonnd necessary to do so in order to
placate tbe ironmasters and coal barons of
Pennsylvania. Batbertban break with tbem
these politicians, in the interest of tbe party
which tbey serve, are ready to look on and sea
tbe iron works of Hew England shut up for
ever. A tribute to gbovee.
In the light of what bas been presented, is it
not reasonable to conclude tbat tbe leaders of
tbe political party, whose corner-stone is pro
tection, are ready, in its Interest, to sacrifice
one industry after another, and aa many indus
tries as may be necessary, to cement tba
alliance which tb-y bave formed with tba
wool growers, iron masters and coal barons o
tbe country? It is no small advantage tbat in.
tbe struggle before us we have for onr leader a
man of moral courage, sterling bonesty and
straightforwardness, the most interesting per
sonality in American life Grover Cleveland.
Hon. Boger Q. Mills felicitated himself
upon being able to touch elbows with New
England ou the subject that bad gathered
them together, and he thought it a fitting
place for agitation of tariff reform in tha
old town that once made a teapot of its
harbor. Among his utterances were these:
History repeats itself, and we- are here to
night remonstrating witb our Government for
its wrongful interference witb our private
business, depressing onr industries, paralyz
ing onr labor, impoverishing onr people and
cutting off our foreign trade. And to-night wa
say to Mr. Harrison and Mr. Blaine,
as onr fathers said to King Georpo
and Lord North, you bave no right to
close our ports.
A FIGTJEE OF SPEECH.
Grover Cleveland at tbe head of tha Mo.
hawks in December 18S7. threw the tea over
board and called on tbe battle for the vindica
tion of tbe right. We had our Lexington and
Bnnker Hill in 1888. W e had our Saratoga in
1889. We shall have our Yorktown in
18!), If restricting tbe purchase and sale of
our prodncts to American markets stimulates
industry, cheapens production and increases
wealth and wages, why wonld it not be a wise
policy to apply tbe principle to each one Stater
if it Is productive of good to
42 States, it ought to be good to each of them.
It is a question of political economy, not one oC
fiatriotic sentiment. It tbe principle is correct,
t will apply to a small community as well as a
Why not carry it out to its logical conclusion
and bave a Chinese wall aronnd each State,
and stimulate it to build its industries, increase
its wealth and give better employment and
higher wazes to Its own people. Let Massa
chusetts go to raising coffee and tea and
cotton and oranges, lemons and ground peas.
And what wonld be still better, let eacb connty
wall itself In and foster and encourage the de
velopment of all branches of industry and be
independent and self-sustaining. Let
the people within eacb township trade among
themselves and bring the home market home.
Tbe perfection of the principle wonld be to
wall every man into himself, and thus foster
and encourage him to develop his own re
sources. THE THEORY OP DEW.
AH the Pretty Fancies of Facts Upset by
It is now held by the best physicists that,
instead of falling from above, the dew arises
from the earth, says a writer in Good Words.
The generally received opinion that the dew
is formed of vapor existing at the time in
the atmosphere must be given up for the es
tablished fact that the vapor which arises
from the heated earth is trapped by tbe cold
surface earth. Beside, when we imagine
that, on a cool evening after a sultry day in
summer, our feet are being wet by the dew
on the grass, we make a grave mistake. For
that moisture on the grass is not dew at all.
It is false dew in reality the transpired
humor of the plants. The drops at the tips,
which glisten "diamond-like, are not dew;
close examination shows tbat these crystal
line spheres are all situated at the points
where the veins of the leaves cut the outer
edges. These drops only give evidence of
the vitality of the plant.
The difference between the true dew on the
grass and the exuded drops through the veins
from within the grass can be easily distin
guished, for the former is distributed all
over the blade in a moist film; whereas the
latter are of some size, and are situated near
the tip of the blade. Alteied, then, is the
meaning of the line: "Ilka blade u' grass
kepsits ain drap o dew," for those brilliant
globul.es on tbe petal, shaking to the same
sweet air, and often "gliding at once all
fragrant into one," are no dewdrops, but are
exudations of the healthy plants. They give
evidence of the elixir vita; of vegetation;
whereas, tbe true dew is the pearly lustre,,
varnished in filmy humidity over the blades
by that wondrous alchemy which transforms
the water vapor rising from the ground into
the plant refreshing dew.
A SHREWD POLITICAL MOTE.
Frank Jones, ol New Hampshire, WorklaK
lo Succeed beaator Blair.
IMICIAI. TB-EOKAX TO Til- DISFATCn. J
Portsmouth, N. H., December 31.
There was a shrewd political move at the
meeting ol the Boston and Maine Bailroad
Directors, in Boston, to-day. It resultedja
the election, as President, of Hou. Frank.
Jones, of Portsmouth, N. H., who has long
been working to throw the influence of the
extensive Boston and Maine system in favor
of the Democratic party of New Hamp
shire, and to-day he succeeded in his first
It is everywhere admitted that Mr. Jones
will now tafee his coat off to secure the Gov
ernorship of the Granite State for his son-in-law,
Charles A. Sinclair, and with the big
railroad corporation at his back, tbe chances
of his success are very bright. Frank Jones
also hoDes to succeed Henrv W. Blair as
"United States Senator in 1891, nndarrv
.Bingham to succeed w .iiu unanaierin ioho,
or vice versa ,
Not Prepared far a Blizzard.
A Solon. Kent county, young man, witb.
more zeal than sense, has pawned bis over-,
coat to get money to get married. The warm
congratulations of his friends won't keep
the-goose flesh ofThis back when a Manitoba ,
wave comes sliding down the Kent connty
Crashed at tbe Olaek Diamond.
James Smith, employed at the Black
Diamond Steel Works, had his leg crushed
yesterday afternoon by a casting falling on
it. He was reaoved to his home on Char