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Chnst , The drift of the noblest and purest
Icivilixation ii palpably adverse to a usage
Khich so distinctly subordinates mind to
a- Austin Phelps.
4 BAPTIST BEOTHEE SPEAKS.
He Bays Tobacco and Bom Aro Twin
Snnshtera of Baton.
It is neither better nor worse in the tight o f
God for clergymen to smoke tobacco than it
for other men to do this. I bare so ex-
Rerience on this subject, Having never tasted
tobacco in any form. In early life A read
fxnany essays on the subject, from the ablest
pens, all shoving that ita effects upon the
animal and mental nature were injurious,
sand so I eschewed it forever. There is
fsoniething so unclean, morbid, and adverse
ffto tbe daiiv life of the Lord Jesus in the
practice oi smoking, chewing, or snuffing
tobacco, that the very thought of associating
Ithe Son of God therewith would be scouted
bv the slares of these practices as savoring
ot blasphemy. And yet many or .tns
-ambassadors quite excuse themselves
ton, preachmcr His Gospel irom
rtmouths and throats saturated with this
, -filthy product. As a rule, ministers will
palliate their conduct in the use oi toDacco
bv-some semi-solemn or even comic joke,
- -which may suffice to hoodwink themselves
U the evils or the onensive practice, ouc
such trash never hoodwinks either the holy
"God or sensible men. This is a mere
mockery of their own shame. Adam Clark
severely reproved two of his brethren for
their smoking. "Yes, doctor," they said.
'we are burning our idols." "Brethren,
replied the indignant commentator, "if you
want to please the devil better than by
burning your idols, offer him, I pray yon, a
roast piir stuffed with your tobacco, it will
vbe the most delicious sacrifice that you can
devote to him." There are plenty of
Christian men, and I fear clergymen, too,
who spend more money every year in ruin
ing their health by tobacco than thevde
Tote to the spread of the gospel by Bible
distribution and by missionary work.
Tobacco and rum are twin daughters of
Satan, and it is of but little use to pray,
"Thy kingdom come," while we tamper
with either of these deadly poisons.
New York. Thomas Aeuixa ok
HEBEE KEWTOK IS PEEJDD1CED.
Ho Cannot Smoke Himself and Don't Think
I fear that my judgment concerning the
useof tobacco by clergymen is not a disin
terested one. I am one of that by no means
inconsiderable numbers of unfortunate, it
not guilty beings who cannot smoke them
selves, and cannot endure the smoke of
others, and are always in a fix between
their courtesy to smokers and their regard
for their own wretched nerves. To me, thus
Tjreiudiced. perhaps, the case is a clear one.
The sedentary habits of the parson and the
. frequent overweight upon his nervous
energies make the seductions of this habit
peculiarly subtle, and at the same
' time render its evil effects physically
peculiarly serious. Moreover, to a
prejudiced eye like my own, it seems a very
offensive habit for a ''man of the spirit." I
can scarcely fancy myself seeking spiritual
consolation from lips whence issue the odious
fumes of nicotine. The smoking habit
.seems so clear a luxury, and withal a more
or less poisonous one, that the physical of
fensiveness of the smoker's presence is re
enforced by a certain moral oBcnsiveness. I
And smokers, as a rnle, utterly inconsiderate
of the discomforts that their luxury inflicts
on others a by no means clerical frame of
mind. But! confess tobeine prejudiced.
t and since some of the sweetest and best min
isters x Know are uauuuai smokers, can
only respect my own judgment. .
I.VB e w Jtor. Jt. JinBEB Ji EffTOjr.
EOBERT COLLIEE LIKES A CIGAB
(And Thinks Clergymen Should Smoke If
' Tbev Want To.
Should clergymen smoke? "Well, thev
'should if they want to. The question ot
clergymen smoking depends mainly upon
the cigars they use, in my opinion. If I
want to smoke I do smoke, and it is nobody's
'business except perhaps my physician's.
And I do not think that the use of tobacco
has ever hurt my health physically, and I
much enjoy a good cigar. However, I think
that the question of clergymen smoking is
a very foolish one. A great trouble with
modern society is that we are hemmed in
and around by too many barriers. The
.question of clergymen using cigars is not
one that can concern the Church at large, or
Bocietyat large. If a clergyman wants to
smoke it is nobody's business so long as he
can afford it, provided it does not hurt his
constitution and he smokes good cigars. I
enjoy good cigars, and intend to smoke them
as often as I please. However, if the use of
tobacco affected mv health, of conr T
f- Woald drop cigars instantly.
,Xew XorlC JiOBEBT COLLTEB.
4 DE. BUECHAED AN OLD SMOKES.
3B Has Consented One Cigar a Day for
There is no special law to regulate the
doings of clergymen. In habits or acts not
positively sinful they must be governed by
4 the law oi expediency. Smoking is such an
act If the habit is found to injure the
health of the one who thus indulges, ob
scures his intellect, or leads others to excess,
then he should abstain. If, however, he
finds that smoking tranquilizes the nerves,
lessens the jar and the friction of life, aids
''digestion, then he may quietly indulge.
Those reformers go to an extreme who put
smoking on a parallel line with the use of
intoxicants. They lead to Tery different re
sults. Even the excessive use of the one
does not end in poverty, violence, misery,
an utter abandonment of all that is manly,
virtuous, and good. Over the evils of the
flatter an ancel mieht ween. For the rplipf
tot an early infirmity I have indulged in the
fuse of one cigar a day for more than SO
'Wears, and have experienced no evil effects.
t-fKejw York. S. D. Bubchauti
BIS PIEST EMOKE SETTLED IT.
fl r.. VT-ll r.-. rf- n r, -- .- .
a.cmumu u.ii VGicruviviEruu 1 00.10101
. Fbegan to smoke at 8 years of age and
,left off tbe same day. The cane cut from
..the hedge made me sick, and all my experi
ence since has made me more sick of what I
regard a dirty, costly, tyrannical and un
healthy habit Excuse may be made for
elderly afflicted smokers, but the practice
should be specially avoided by ministers.
There are in every church some who will be
pained by such an example, some who will
be injured by following it Smokers are
liable to become daves to the habit, so that
ifs indulgence gets to be a necessity of life.
They are uncomlortable without it; they lie
s' come recEiess oi me couiiort oi outers; they
3 must smoke in the street, in the car, in the
house, in the bedroom. "It oiten leads to
' nnttnir vsefM tim end mct ......-..
,-."""hl .. .., ...... w.m UiUUCJ
wnicn is neeaea lor oetier onjecu.
r i iiondon. i bwjian hit.t.
THE ELDEE BEECHEE PEOTESTS
. -At the Greet Extent of Smoking; Amonc
V Jfy deepest feeling is excited by the great
extent to which ministers ot tbe gospel are
involved in the sin of usinir tobacco.
pL7tuotinIy injures them physically, but
nffigainst unanswerable evidence of its
widespread evils, physical, intellectual and
ixneral. they subject themselves to a habit of
..ruinous self-indulgence, and do all that ex-
'vara pie can do to induce others to do the
Sesame. Then of what avail is it for tbem to
'prtach to men to deny -ungodliness and every
JkWblle ministers of the gospel oppose one
tfithiyivid eloquence, they advocate the
'other by example, and are ft rampart to de
fend it against all assaults.
Brooklyn. EDWABD Be&CXXS.
WISHES BE DID SMOKE.
Bev. a B. Frotblnshnra Woali Ufce Is If
X am not a smoker, but wish I were.
There is some constitutional obstacle. The
habit is not in my family. I smoked & little
in college, but not from the pleasure of it.
Later in life I gave it up entirely. The
clerical life is one of much nervous excite
ment which needs quieting, and at the same
time of moral restraint which insures moder
ation. A cigar is a solace and a companion.
The student craves both. If these circum
stances were known and considered, the
smoking clergyman's example would be
harmless, but as it is, in the present passion
for exhilaration and injurious narcotics by
people wbo do not require tbem, I am in
clined to think thehabit should be dispensed
with by those who aim at elevating moral
sentiment O. B. FbothikqHAW.
BISHOP COIE TALKS PLAINLI.
He Holds That the Habit Is Onensive, Ex
pensive and Disgusting.
I know so many men far belter than my
self who enjoy the rank weed that it'Seems
in bad taste for me to rebuke a habit to
which I am not tempted personally. But it
is an expensive habit; and they who make
appeals for hundreds of good and needy ob
jects might save for charity what does no
good to anybody.
It is a bad example of waste to the young.
I asked a youth to save for buying books
every dollar he usually expended for cigars,
and in a very short time he showed me an
admirable little library saved irom smoke.
It is an offensive habit to innumerable
persons whom we are commanded to love as
ourselves. A lady who entertained aworthy
clergyman once objected to receiving him
again. Said she: "It took a week's airing
and some scrubbing to pet the nauseous
smell out of my guest-chamber and out of
clothes that hung in one of its closets."
It is a social habit that leads to the soci
ety of men who waste time In puffing smoke
and telling anecdotes not alwavs the most
likely to "minister grace to the nearer."
A lady once said "her pastor came to
pray with her as she lay sick and expecting
to die, but tbe smell of tobacco which he
brought into the room with him nauseated
her and spoiled all his heavenly exhorta
tions." A young man once said to me that "he
hadobeved bis mother and given up the
habit, when "he saw a reverend D. D. smoc
ing and joking in a publio place, but this
so digusted him that he obeyed his mother
better than eer."
A. Cleveland Coxe.
Buffalo, N. Y.
AN ATJXILIAET OP TEMPERANCE..
Dr. Fnrnest Believes Thnt Smoking Prevents
I have been a smoker from my youth up.
It has not prevented me from reaching my
SSth year without anyofthe usual infirmities
of old age, save a certain stiffness in stooping
to pick up a pin. It is said that smoking
leads to drinking. I think it is a mistake.
It takes the place of drinking. Were
smoking abolished, I believe there would be
ten drunkards where there is now only one.
I have no faith in doing things for example's
sake. Tbev mnst be done for their own sake;
then only is the example good and influential.
"Williaii Hexby Fcbness.
PEEACHEES MUST BE TEACHEBS.
Smoking ministers Set a Bad Example to
Hore than one important religions de
nomination, notably the Methodist, now
regularly makes inquiry of candidates for
the ministry as to their habits concerning
the use of tobacco. A large number ot Con
ferences refuse to accept habitual smokers'
as preachers. I believe there should be a
reform in this matter of smoking among
young men, but nothing prevents it so much
as the practice of a lew distinguished
preachers, whose habits in other respects are
exemplary, but who, in regard to smoking,
set a bad example to the young.
Boston. Joseph Cook.
THOMAS BEECHEE SAYS DOST.
Tobacco Has Its Uses, bnt It Is Dangeroas to
Tobacco? Yes, it has done me damage; it
has brought me benefit Slight excess, I
think, of damage. If consulted, I should re
ply: "Don't" If asked, "Why not?"
should answer, "Why?" To use anything
without a good reasonls at best an experi
ment, and experiments are risky. Abstain
until nature call for help. Then take advice
or experiment cautiously very cautiously.
A good servant may prove a most cruel mas
ter. Tobacco has its uses, no doubt. He is
a rare man who learns to use it usefully.
Elmira, N. Y. Thomas K. Beecheb.
DR. 5T0BES IS A SMOKER.
He Finds a Cigar la Material Aid to
Either "Yes" or "No," may be easily
written, but any satisfactory answer to the
question of whether clergymen should smoke
would require more time than I have at
command. The general Christian rule is
plainly one of self-restraint, and the avoid
ance of offense. Each man who feels him
self responsible to tbe Master mnst judge
for himsel', I think, in applying the rnle
to the particulars of conduct
For myself, I find material help from a
cigar when engrossed in study.
Brooklyn. BlCHABD S. Stobes.
THE AUTHOR OP "aHEEICA"
Bears Testimony Against the Use of To.
bncco by Ministers.
I am glad to bear my testimony against
the evil practice to the ure of tobacco by
ministers of the gospel. They are often
called to visit in the chambers of the sick
whose sensitive frames are pained and dis
gusted by the ill-savored odors jarried in
the breath or in the clothing of visitors.
Intimate conversations of sympathy with
the afflicted, or of advice to the troubled and
to inquirers all alike demanding proxim
ity, will often be unwholesome and dis
tressing, not to say impossible.
Samdel Fbancis Smith.
.Newton uentre, .Mass.
CANON FAERAR'S OPINION.
He Thinks Man is Foolish to Create Arti
I have never been a smoker, never having
felt the smallest need to adopt the practice,
or the smallest attraction toward it
Whether smoking is injurious to the health
of lull-grown men ornot I am unable to
say, but many wbo begin by smoking in
moderation-go on to smoke in excess, and
there they injure their health very seriously.
It seems to me that when man has so many
natural wants it is not desirable to add to
them anotherwant, which can only be re
garded as artificial.
London. Fbedebio "W. Fabbab,
SHOKING 18 A TICE.
Dr. W.Alger Thinks That Clergymen Sfconld
It is the duty of a. clergyman by precept
and example to teach other men their duties.
Therefore, no clergyman ought to smoke, be
cause smoking is a vice. It js a vice be
cause it is a master of labor, tisae, attention
and health. I believe, that intoxicating
nquor ana tooacco are we two efli-et ene
mies or the buss ree.
j.1 siimn, vaore-
lsW U4Q jL . )
fere, as clear a site wh'ln heaven that no
clergyman-can be held-gailtless who does
not set a personal example la opposition to
Boston. William It. Aloeb.
THE BLIND CHAPLAIN'S IDBA.
tittle Faith In tho Talae
As to the habit of smoking tobacco, every
minister should he fully persuaded in his
own mind; careful to observe its effects upon
his health and likewise his disposition and
capacity for work. Without doubt it is
injurious to many persons, but not to all nor
even a majority. If all the ministers of the
United States were to abandon the habit I
do not believe that tbe number of smokers
would be lessened except by their count;
the matter of example, therefore, goes for
little. W. H. Mtlbubn.
Washington, D. C.
HOWAED CEOSBI'S VIEWS.
He la Willing to Leave the Tobacco Qnes.
tlon to the Individual.
The question is one for each individual
minister to decide. Of course I cannot say
whether my brother clergyman should or
should not use tobacco. It is out or the
question for any man to dictate in this re
spect toward another; and, after all, the
question oi smoking does not enter into
one's moral life. The kingdom of God is a
kingdom of righteousness, and not a king
dom ot what we eat or drink.
New York. Howabd Cbosbt.
A 3LETH0DIST TOICE
Is Boised Against the Smoking Habit
Clergymen certainly should not smoke.
No clergyman should do anything he does
not expect and wish the young men in his
congregation and Sabbath school to do.
How can a man reprove boys for smoking
if he does it himself? No, save us from
clergymen who smoke! I am glad the
Methodist Church has decided not to admit
young men to her ministry who are
addicted to the practice.
(Chaplain) C. C. McCabe.
DR. CUTLER NEFER SMOKED.
Ho Foars That Some Talnnblo Lives Hare
Ended In Smoke.
X never siuoked a cigar or a pipe in xny
life, and never expect to do so. It is a mat
ter to be left to every minister's conscience
and common sense. I fear that some valua
ble lives have ended in smoke; and there
are times when a cigar in a minister's mouth
does not help the gospel that comes out of it
and is not a wholesome "ensample to the
flock." Thbodobb L. Cuylkb.
Equal Bights for Clergymen.
I see not why clergymen should not
smoke if men of any sort or other profes
sions do. I have never been a smoker my
self, bnt it seems to me to be the same ques
tion mentally and physically for nil persons
alike, and the example of a smoking clergy
man, if hurtful, is equally so by men of
other sets. C.A. BABTOL.
Wonld Smoko If He Wonted To.
One cannot say whether clergymen as a
class should or should not use tobacco. It is
-nobody's business, except in his own indi
vidual case. I do not use tobacco myself,
but if I wanted to I should do so.
New York. Moboan DlX.
From Venerable Dr. BleCosh.
-Smoking will be put down when young
ladies declare that they will not look with
favor on a young man who smokes, and
.when congregations declare that they will
not take a minister who smofcej.
Princeton, N. J. James McCosh.
Bishop Potter's dnggestlon.
I do not think that clergymen are under
any obligation to smoke. Whether they
ought not to smoke is a question concerning
which I would suggest that you obtain the
views of the Eev. Mr. Spurgeon.
New York. Henex C Potteb.
Sot His Brother's Keeper.
I hare no wisdom to impart on the ques
tion whether clergymen should smoke. I
do not smoke myself, nor do I judge those
who do. Washington Gladden.
TAE1PP BEFORM WASTED
Missouri Man Who Married Wealth i
and Insisted He W&s Happy.
nnrino his weent tariff camnaiVn In Mis. ,
souri Congressman Dockery adopted camp
meeting methods, according to the St. Louis
Republic. " After exhausting the argument
and showing bow consumers are taxed
without return, he would call on any Be
publican farmer in the crowd who felt satis
fled with his condition to hold up his hand.
There were fewer responses than the Con
gressman desired, for he could always use
his catechism to good advantage. Such oc
casion always afforded him opportunities he
could not otherwise have, and the presump
tuous individual always retired in confu
sion. At Nevada, however, he met a map
who resolutely refused to become dissatis
fied. He held up his hand-in response to
tbe call -with a broad and complacent grim
on bis features which had evidently come
there to stay.
When the Congressman asked bim why
he was satisfied he couldn't tell. He didn't
know a tariff from a buzz saw, and couldn't
tell the cost of raising a bushel of wheat.
Bnt he was as happy as a big sunflower, and
all the Congressman's eloquence and powers
as a cross-examiner couldn't drive the grin
off his phiz. At last Mr. Dockery gave him
7 t. t j 7
made some inquiries about him. He learned
that the happy BepubUcan'was a ne'er-do-'
well. who. after vears of impecunious bache
lorhood, had latelymarried a lady of fortune
and got into clover.
ud, saia jur. uocKery, no wonaer ne s .
happy. He's a consumer who don't pay tts
taxes. . I'll bet his wife thinks she has p.iid
too much tans to bulla ud a home indus
try." THIRTEEN LUCKY, OR RETERSE?
That Number or Governors of tbe Original
States to Hold Confab.
Baltimore American, i
Governor Jackson has written to Governor
Lee, proposing a meeting between tbem, in
Washington, next Tuesday, and that they
be accompanied by Attorneys General
Whyte and Blair, for a full and friendly
talk in regard to the situation of Hog Is
land. He also called on Attorney General
Whyte yesterday and told him of his letter
to Governor Lee, and if (he proposition is an
agreeable one to the Virginia Governor, tbe
four gentlemen will meet in Washington on
There will be a meeting on Tuesday, in
Washington, of the Governors of tbe 13
original States, in reference to tbe erection
of a monument In Pairmount Park, Phila
delphia, to commemorate the one hundredth
anniversary of the adoption of the Federal
Constitution, and Governor Jackson consid
ered it an opportune time for the meeting,
Governor Jackson will tro to Annanolis this i
morning. He has not yet issued his procla- ,
matlon for the temporary suspension of tbe
one issued some-time zo. declaring the
Hog Island fiats open to dredgers of both
To be in the fashion ana attractive you
Bast Me some perfumery. I can advise
.tioee x&Oielady.lita slua Asfctuson's. elthftr
iwhmbM tc SMInss.
" nw .. 4 z.
Is Dipped Into oy Clara Belle, Who
Succeeds la Bringing Oat
A. BUDGET OP AMUSING GOSSlP.
Koisy Society People Soundly lissed at
an Opera House.
A FBJLOSOFBEB AND FLIRT TALKS
icoxnxsroftsxircx or sits sxsmtch.i
New Yobk, December 7. On with the
dance! McAllister savs so, and "society"
responds with an assent. Most Of the femi
nine talk in Filth avenue homes this week
is abort the forthcoming New Year's ball,
when the ranks of the ITour Hundred will
be extended to three times that number, and
a high old modish time is expected. There
is one truth in this subject, however, which
will be read with greater satisfaction at a
distance from Murray Hill than in the
neighborhood. It is that the ball 'will not
have a beautiful New York debutante. No,
not one. Several ot the noted beauties of
previous seasons will be there, of course,
but o! the Gotham girls who will on that
occasion make their first appearance at a
ball not one instance of more than tolerable
good looks will be manifest. Of .course,
youth requires only a moderate degree of
comeliness to be charming, and so the
youngsters will be admirable; but I am now
aiscussing positive oeauiy. J. uavc gone
through the names of the maidens who are
in their first season and will be at the ball;
I have seen every one of them; and I declare
that to make a crucial test no one in the
lot will be considered even pretty at the age
of 30. The clique of families who deem
themselves "New York society" do not yield
beauty prolifically, and their output of
debutantes this winter is uncommonly de
void of facial loveliness.
SOME HEW BEAXJTIE3.
However, there will be several new bean
ties at the New Year's ball, although we
have had to bring them from other cities.
They will compete for the award of the an
nual beauty prize, and I name Julia
Scbreiner as the most probable winner. It
has long been a practice with our wealthy
and fashionable matrons to seek here, there
and everywhere for superlatively lovely
girls, and, having found rare specimens, to
bring them to Gotham for exploitation.
Por example, Mrs. William Astor's judg
ment contradicts mine, and she declares
that Lulu Williams, whom she .has im
ported from Boston to chaperone at the ball,
is the most beautiful young woman she has
Miss Schreiner is brought out by Mrs.
Heyward Cutting, who was herself a great
beauty during her earlier years. It was she
wbo led the cotillon with the Prince of
Wales at the famous ball given in his honor
away back in 1860. A veteran beau-nrith a
vivid memory tells me that when Lydia
Mason that was her maiden name was led
out by the then youthful and somewhat
handsome Prince, she was the most acutely
envied creature on the face of the earth.
There had been much deliberation and con
troversy over the choice of a partner for the '.
royai visitor, ana juies .mason was cnosen,
not so much for her social eligibility, as for
her personal beauty. She became a widoft
ten years ago, and afterward resided in
Paris, but now she has returned to New
York, established herself in a Fifth avenue
home and has determined noon a resump
tion or her old-time importance in the
Astor-Vanderbilt circles. Conscious by her
own experience of the potency of youthful
loveliness in stylish sociability, she has
brought Miss Schreiner from Paris as a guest
for the winter, and depends confidently upon
her to make the Cutting house a center of
regard. Thus we have the almost dominant
Mrs. Astor and the freshly-ambitious Mrs.
Cutting pitted against each other for the
New Year's ball, each with a beauty to
chaperone, and each professedly sure that
she will win tbe prize for her protege.
THE AST0B3 HISSED.
The Astor family is of German origin, as
everybody knows, 'and it is hardly beyond
the recollection of our ojdest inhabitants
when tbe original John Jacob was an im
poverished beginner at American iortune
making. But at present the Astors are a;
war with a portion of the German popula
tion of New York City. Singular battles
are waged, and the circles of wealth and of
musical culture are alike disturbed by the
conflicts. There were a number of engage
ments last winter, the Metropolitan Opera
House being the battle ground, and now,
since the commencement of the present
opera season, the warfare has been renewed.
Box 9 is in what we call the parterre cirele
a wo jueirorwiiiaii, .uu m ouwu memos
'conspicuous in tne nouse. William Astor
is its owner, aud Mrs. Astor is probably the
most potent and popular woman in our "best
society." She is noted for excellent deport
inent,good common sense, and a respect for
the conventionalities of fasbionabie life.
Nevertheless, she fills her box every opera
night with women and girls who talc as in
cessantly and loudly as though they were
assembled in a drawing room not only be
tween acts, when everybody chatters, but
during tbe stage performance, when the ma
jority of the audience desire" really to be
auditors of tbe opera itself. Once last win
ter a gentleman stood up in the parquet,
about 20 feet distant from this Astor box,
and said in a loud tone:
"Will the persons in that box please
hush? The rest of us want to hear the
The silence which ensued seemed to be
due to shock only, and noon a recovery of
vivacity the offenders talked as disturbingly
as before. On other occasions they were
roundly hissed, but nothing subdued them.
This year they are again in full force and
undiminished volubility. Now, the parquet
is filled to a considerable extent by music
loving Germans and others who pay $4
apiece for their seats, and the German ele
ment seems to have resolved positively that
tbe Astors snail stop taming, xne Astors
nre evidently quite as determined to talk,
On tbe opening night of the season tbe first
voiley of hisses was fired at the box, bnt it
tool: no effect whatever, and repetitions of
sucn a demonstration nave not nnsned a
single Astor voice. That is the
present. It will be interesting to see what
the winter will bring forth.
A NEW BEATJTT PEESEBVATIVB.
To preserve their beautv, women in olden
time used to wear masks In winter to shield
their satin skin from the cold. If our
fashionable belles of to-day seem less pru
dent, and show their charming faces more
freely, tbev nevertheless wear a protecting
mask, although it is invisible. A timely
application oi cream is the talisman used to
checkmate the com wmas, wnicn are so
likely to mix up the roses and lilies of one's
complexion. But December has brought a
new and drinkable help to tbe maintenance
of a good complexion. At least, so the
matrons and maidens of Nobiown believe.
On returning home from a chilly walk or
drive, and particularly from a horseback
ride, they refresh themselves with a strength
ening cordial. Here is the recipe: Take
half a glass of boiling water, two lumps of
sugar, a glass of claret and a very small
amount of cocoa. This delightful and re
storing compound at once brings color to the
cheeks, brilliancy to tbe eyes and inde
fatigable readiness for pleasure.
0, we have whimsical palates, I assure
you. At tbe time when tbe Esthetic erase
was in full swing, and tbe American humor
ist was emptying tne viais or his sarcasm
unon the heads of its votaries, we used to
hear a- good deal about lilies as the daily
food oi those who wished to be regarded as
utterly too-too. In a lecture to a eirls' as-
semblage, not long ago. Prof. Amer, of
Columbia College, said that iasoae parts
of India the lily is actaally used as an arti
cle of diet. It Mi bees feoad by. tie botan
ists to be a hlehlv BSteitioat article ofiood.
beisg 'peculiarly risk la I4ssom wm-
jBBftV JTW'jBistolwItf 'wtttotiy
"considers the lilies" fre s gastronomical
point of view, eithereats them as a vegeta
ble or kneads" them with dough and makes
them Into cakes. In either form tbey are
declared to afford a most substantial and
nourishing repast, and tbe esthetes of ten
vears ago, when accused of "living on
lilies," would certainly have been enabled
to turn the laugh against their tormentors if
tbey had known the culinary attributes or
their cherished flower. Mark tbe result of
the professor's information. At a stylish
luncheon yesterday, given by an enterpris
ing belle, stewed lilies were one of the novel
dishes. Tbey tasted like an amalgam of
spinacn ana caDoage, and were not very
dainty, but tbey are bound to have vogue
for awhile, anyhow.
The season of fashionable charities has
begun. Philanthropy, with a very hie P.
is one of our boasted characteristics. It is
even a pastime. Long ago we made up our
minds to take the poor under onr wing and
"learn the luxury of doing good." Why,
what woman among us with any social pre
tensions has not some pet philanthropic
scheme on hand? Are we not forever or
ganizing entertainments and bazaars and
meetings? Is it not. to Fifth avenue that
Avenue A looks for sympathy, and would
not the eloquent appeals we make from
time to time on behalf ofour unfortunate
brethren nil many volumes? Yes, truly,
there is a great deal of philanthropy about,
and increaie of appetite doth grow by what
it feeds on, lor there is no more comfortable
and consolatory delusion than the fashiona
ble method of doing good to others which
we call by that high-sounding name. It is
a balm to our own consciences, and a very
excellent social advertisement.
Every stylish church in town has its pet
charities and missions. But I am sorely
afraid the poor arc little the better for it
The fact of the matter is, we talk a great
deal too much abont wbat we and other peo
ple ought to do. We know and feel that
these poor creatures cannot help themselves,
and there is a decidedly keen pleasure iu
realizing that we are the strong reeds upon
which they leau, but we are strangely obliv
ious of the fact that sympathy to be of real
service must be practical. It is not mnch
use to put on a stylish frock to go and dis
cuss unsanitary dwellings in Lady Bonnti
ful's drawing room, and then forpet all
about our dependents in the slums till our
engagement card reminds us that we are due
at another charitable meeting. It is all very
well to descant upon the starvation wages of
women workers in our metropolis, and to
shudderingly urge tbe drawbacks in living
in damp, dark hovels, half a dozen feet high
and ten feet square, while we live in an
atmosphere of violets. But this form of
sympathy does not efiect many reforms or
nelp to nn empty stomaens, and while we
play at philanthropy in swelldom, starva
tion, crime and disease play havoc in Para
dise Park. Having thus preached my little
sermon, let me happily add that we tend to
ward practical charities. The Vanderbilt
ladies capitalize a societyfor lending money
to poor folks, the Astors back one which
cares for babies whose mothers have to go
out to work, the Bonners and others of Dr.
Hall's church conduct a bureau for estab
lishing deserving widows as mistresses of
mechanics' boarding houses, and there are
a score of enterprises for giving summer
outings to poor children. Of course, we
shall load our Christmas trees, and nrovide
our Christmas dinners, this year as usual;
and on the whole, we mean well and do
A PHILOSOPHIC FLIBT.
Lately I gave a few plain but necessarily
piquant directions to girls in the matter of
flirtation, and now a pile ot letters from
readers is on my table, commending and
contradicting, suggesting and asserting.
There is one which, being from a man, is
unique. He calls himself a "philosopher
and a flirt," and poses as an expert, so we
may take for granted he is right when he
says mat -tne nirt is sometnmg of a
fisychologist;" also, that "the greatest or
iving psychologists (who is he?) is popu
larly reported to be an adept in the noble
art" Goethe, most "psychological i'of
artists," he calls;"the greatest historic flirt"
j. tnougnt uoetne went beyond nutation.
comparing love and flirtation, onr pnilos -
opher truly says: "In love a genius is of
no more account than a dullard. Butin
flirtation the eyes are wide open an awk
ward jest, a neglected opnortunity, and the
game is up." Farther on he writes: "The
presence of this intellectual element in
flirtation suggests that the most effective
flirts are men. The flirtation of a raw,
green girl will be a raw, green thing." Mar
ried women have the calm that comes from
settled interests, and flirtation, frivolons as
it seems to the frivolous, "requires as cool
and clear a head as mathematics." Then
he adds: "To be an effective flirt, one
should be an effective talker; and bow many
unmarried girls are good talkers?" An
other aphorism is equally good: "The ar
tist in flirtation has a temperate pulse and
a sweet digestion, and, if no ascetic ancestor
be quick within him, he ma have the
pleasure of a good conscience as welL" As
I read this letter.I felt assured that a philos
opher and flirt had really been addressing
me, and giving the ripe fruit of much ex
perience. But dominance in flirtation
should and shall be maintained by my own
sex. Claba Belle.
TWO GOOD SHEEP STORIES.
At Follow Sly Lender Gnmo That Was
From the FortlandOresqnlan.
Several "sheep men" from the Inland
Empire were gathered around the stove at
one of the hotels yesterday discussing the
prospects for mutton this winter and wool
next spring and the profits to be made by
driving sheep to the Willamette to winter,
and at last they got to telling stories about
One told about the capttin of a schooner
who had a band of sheep on the deck ot his
vessel. As he'was turning and twisting the
wheel to keep the Bchooner on her course
the old ram who headed the flock, taking
umbrage at his motions, came up behind
bim, and at one fell swoop butted him over
the wheel. The enraged captain seized his
woolly assailant and threw him overboard,
when, presto! away went the whole flock,
popping over the rail, one after another,
into the sea. Boats were lowered, and
with much labor a portion of the flock was
Another told a story which illustrated
the same follow-my-leader trait in the char
acter ol sheep. At a port on the Sound one
evening just after the deck hands had got
all the lreight stowed away, there came
down COO sheep to be put on board. AH
hands were vexed because of the delay and
trouble connected With shipping them, but
finally a pen was made'&f hurdles between
decks and a gangway rigged, and iu the
dusk all was ready to take the sheep on
board, and they were started down the
gangway. The first one, as he struck
the deck, saw an opening in
the other side of the boat, across
which a hurdle had been placed. Instead
of going along to the corral prepared, this
sheep made a running jump, cleared the
hurdle and landed in the salt chuck along
side. Every one of the band followed suit,
and in a short time COO sheep were strug
gling in the water. The Captain, having
seen the last one go down the plank, yelled
out: "All right down there?" An answer
came back: "All right, Sir; send them
down." "Send them down," roared the
Captain, "haven't you the sheep down
there?" "Not a sheep, sir." was the reply,
and investigation showed that there was not
a sheep on the boat. The Captain could not
delay any longer and so steamed away, and
only a small number ot the sheep ever got
Dress Reform In Earnest.
The influence of the Jenness Miller teach
ings is beginning to tell. Yesterday a lady
had her little niece with her out shopping.
When the lady asked for a corset the little
one exclaimed in a horrified tone: "Ob,
Auntie, are jou really going fa bay one of
those things when everybody else is giving
THE, popular verdkt, Dr.
ByruB Jfl.IS Mot.,
AN ALBICAN COIOMI.
Bow the Congo State Was first Or
ganized and is-fiow Governed.
FIGHTING THE SLAVE HUBTER8.
to be Discussed by tie
A LIST Of THE DELEGATES PEE6EST
(conaxsromisncx or tot dispatch.
Brussels, November 18. L'Etat In
dependant du Congo is the legitimate suc
cessor of L' Association Internationale du
Congo. During the second week of Sep
tember, 1876, His Majesty Leopold n, King
of the Belgians, invited a number of dis
tinguished African travelers to meet at his
place in Brussel. Germany, Austro-Hun-gary,
Belgiums, Prance, Great Britain,
Italy and Bussia had eminent representa
tives in this conference. The question sub
mitted to these gentlemen was, What are
the best methods of opening equatorial
Africa to civilization? After a free inter
change of views, these eminent African
travelers separated. On June 20 and 21,
1877, a Congress was called at Brussels, in
wbicb Belgium, Prance, Germany, Spain,
Switzerland, the Netherlands and the
United States were represented. This
Congress organized the African
International Association of the Congo.
An executive committee was appointed,
consisting of three delegates of the English
speaking, Germanic and Latin races Dr.
Natchtigal, of Berlin; Monsieur de Quatre
fages, of the Institute of Paris, and the
Hon. Henry S. Sanford, of Plorida, United
States of America. The work of this com
mittee was difficult, since its plan contem
plated tbe establishment ot scientific
stations along the banks of the Congo river.
To do this a large corps of hardy, resolute
and faithful pioneers, nnder the leadership
of Mr. Henry M. Stanley, had to be organ-
izea ana seni into tne valley of the Congo.
Land had to be secured from native chiefs
by purchase and by treaty; a temporary
government bad to be organized to maintain
order and to protect life and property; and
a flag was adopted a gold star in a field of
blue; and thelave trade had to be grappled
with. This work went steadily forward
under the direction of tbe intrepid Stanley,
until the chiefs of 450 independent tribes
had given in their allegiance to the associa
tion under carefully drawn treaty stipula
tions. UNCLE SAM TO THE BESCXTE.
This growing African State soon turned
to the masters of European diplomacy for
recognition, but this was promptly denied
it At length the bands of this tottering,
helpless child" wereTstretched out pleadingly
to the Government of the United States, and
on April 10, 1884, the Senate,of the United
States passed a resolution recognizing the
flag of the association as that of a friendly
Government. On April 22, 1884, President
Chester A. Arthur directed his Secretary of
State to issue aa order requiring all army
and navy officers to recognize lhe flag of tbe
Association Internationale du Congo" as
the flag of k friendly Government. This ac
tion had a most salutary effect upon the
Governments of Europe, and on November
15, 1884, Prince Bismarck called the Berlin
Conference on the Congo State to order,
which consisted of 19 delegates, representing
14 Powers. Three propositions were sub
mitted for the consideration of the confer
ence, viz : Pint, the free navigation, with
free trade, on the Biver Congo; second, the
free navigation of the Biver Niger; third,
the formalities to be observed for valid an
nexation; of territory in future on the Afri-cao-Continent.
Theeessions of the Conference vera fc11
- )jtu..tueiJerman Chancellor's palace on Wil
helmstrasse, in the same room where the
Berlin Congress of 1878 bad met. Including
brief adjournments the deliberations of the
conference occupied three and one-half
months, and its work embraced the follow
L A declaration relative to tbe freedom of
trade in tbe basin of tbe Congo, Its mouths and
circumjacent districts, with certain arrange
ments connected therewith. 2. A declaration
concerning the slave trade and tbe operations
on land and sea which supply the slaves for tbe
trade. 8, A declaration relative to tbe neutral
ity of the territories comprised in tbe said basin
of the Congo. 4. An act as to the navigation of
the Congo which takes Into consideration the
local circumstances affecting tbe river, its af
fluents and tbe waters tbat are similar to tbem;
tbe general principles set forth Ip tbe articles 103
10 no oi tne nnai act oi tne uongress oi v lenna.
and intended to regulata between tbeslgnatory
powers to that act-ihe free navigation uf navi
gable water courses that separate or traverse
several States principles that have once been
generally applied to tbe rivers ol Europe and
America, and notably to tbe Danube, with tbe
modifications foreseen by tbe treaties of Paris
of 1858, of Berlin of 1S78, of London of 1871. and
of 1883. 5. An act for tbe navigation of
the Niger, which also takes into consideration
the Hical circumstances affecting this river and
its affluents, on tbe same principles set forth In
articles 108 to 118 of tbe final act of tbe Con
gress of Vienna. 6. A declaration intro
ducing into international relations uniform
rules with regard to annexations which may
take place in the lature, on tbo African Conti
nent. Two million lour hundred thousand
square miles of African territory were passed
upon, and the great conference, havine duly
rocngmzed tbe nork of the "Association Inter
nationale du Congo,'' adjourned on February
CBOWNINO A KINO.
The work which had been undertaken by
the association had increased to such pro
portions as to require larger methods to
carry it forward successfully. Accordingly
the promoters of tbe enterprise determined
to found a State on the Airican Continent,
and requested His Majesty, King Leopold
II, to become the head of the new Govern,
ment. But there was a constitutional diffi
culty in the way of the consummation of
tnis desire ot tne promoters of the associa
tion. Article LXII of the Belgian Consti
tution says: "The King cannot be at the
sime time chief of another State without
the consent of the two Chambers. Neither
of the two Chambers can discuss this subject
unless two-thirds at least of the members
composing it be present, and the resolution
can only be passed providing it is supported
by two-thirds of the votes." On April 28,
in the Chamber of Representatives, and on
April 30, 1885, in the Senate, tbe following
resolution was passed: "His Majesty, Leo
pold II, King of the Belgians, is authorized
to become the bead of the State founded in
Africa by the 'Association Internationale !u
Congo.' The union between Belgium and
tbe new State shall be exclusively personal."
His Majesty signalized his entrance into
this new office by the appointment, on May
6, 1885, of three Administrators General, to
be the heads of three ministerial depart
ments, viz: A Home Department, or De
partment of Interior, Financial Department
and Department of Foreign Affairs, includ
ing Judicial Affairs. On August 1, 1885,
the King caused the Administrator General
of Foreign Affairs to notify the Powers that
in tbe future tbe possessions ot the "Associa
tion Internationale du Congo" would con
stitute "L'Etat Independant du Congo;"
that His Majesty, in accordance
with the wish of the association,
would assume the title of sovereign
of the Etat Independant du Congo: and
that the union between Belgium and this
State would be exclusively personal. On
the same date tbe Independent State of
Congo was declared perpetually neutral in
accordance with tbe principles laid down in
Chapter III of the General Act of the Con
ference of Berlin. This declaration was
mads to the powers by tbe Administrator
General of tbe Department of Foreign Af
fairs. The frontiers and limits of this new
State were defined in this declaration of
neutrality; and between August 22 and
January 2, 1886, 17 Powers and Pope Leo
XIII sent favorable responses, and thai the
Independent State of Congo waa duly or
ganized and recognised throughout the
AX ABSOLUT IfOXAltCXT.
Ts Ckx Mai ss m i
AM MMr.HsksM k Nw XksjL at Ms 1
:k "Svereigft Head, of the Indtpeadent
State of Congo." All ihe-lawi are, passed by
tfce sovereign upon tbe recommendation of
his Cabinet Ministers, wbo constitute a
"Council of Administrators General."
When the head of one or the departments
requires a new law, he drafts it and sub
mits it to tbe sovereign, who, if he approve
it, issues his royal decree carrying it into
force. It has been found expedient, how
ever, for the Sovereign Bead of this State to
delegate his legislative authority to the
Governor General of tbe Congo State in
Africa; but bis ordinances must be ratified
by the sovereign witbiu six months, other
wise they become void.
The funds for tbe maintenance of the In
dependent State of Congo are furnished
from the private- fortune of the Sovereign
Head. In a period of about 10 years this
ruler has expended the magnificent fortune
of 25.000,000 francs (55,000,000) in an effort
to civilize and Christianize the natives of
the Valley of the Congo; but, as he has re
peatedly assured me within tbe last month,
he is not tired ot spending, since be con
siders himsel fin the discharge of a Christian
duty. The finances may be divided into
three sections: 1 The interest on a fund of
20,000,000 francs (54,000,000). 2 The reve
nue from taxes except duties, land taxes
and postal receipts. 3 Tbe mousy supplied
by the Sovereign Head to meet any deficit
that might come from an insufficiency of
The government of the State of Coneo is
not temporary, bnt permanent. Within the
next four years the Congo Bailway will be
completed, and it is confidently hoped that
within six years this, youthful State will be
self-sustaining. And while the government
will not change ita character, it will doubt
less be expanded to meet the wants ot its
subjects wbo are constantly being infused
with new ana Better ideas. The conndence
and hope of the Belgian people themselves
are daily growing firmer and brighter; and
their splendid King, who entered a lonely
path upon a difficult mission without
friends or supporters, now finds bis Belgian
subjects among the most ardent advo
cates of the State of Congo. He has fur
nished the world with both an argument and
a demonstration that Africa and the African
will kindly yield to the methods of tbe mod
ern Christian civilization. "Pint the blade,
then the ear, after that the full coru in the
ear." The foundations of this new State
have been carefully laid by a king with a
wide and wise range of vision, wbo has
studied human history with deep religious
and philosophic insight. And the civilized
world will sincerely entertain the hope and
indulge the belief that the Independent
State of Congo may fulfill the most lofty
expectations of its illustrious Southern
THE ANTI-SLAVERY CONFERENCE.
Now that the time for the convening of
the Anti-Slavery Conference of the Powers
draws near there is great activity In the va
rious sjreign Offices on the Continent.
From the text of the call it may be properly
inferred that but one question of importance
will be passed upon: The best means for
the abatement of the slave trade on the
African continent. The slave trade is one
question, and slavery is another. Whether
the conference will care to discuss both oi
these questions cannot be known in advance
or its meeting. But no great European
Power can afford to be indifferent to' tbe fate
of the hapless victims of domestic servitude
or of the slave trade itself as they now exist
in Africa. Slavery has been driven from
tbe seas, but not from tbe land. There are,
however, several other questions that
may unfortunately be forced upon
tho consideration of tbe con
ference, questions that are purely
political in their nature, involving ancient
national grudges, and the priority of con
flicting territorial claims upon the African
continent To admit political questions
would be to provoke a fierce struggle be
tween some of the most brilliant diplomats
in the world, and would prolong the sessions
of the conference indefinitely.
The first question for the consideration of
the conference win De wueioer iu sessions
shall be secret or public; and upon this de
cision depends the character of its delibera-
6rpolUical. If its sessions are open there
will be no danger of the discussion of
political questions; if they are held with
closed doors, political questions will, in all
probability, overshadow every considera
tion of a strictly humanitarian phase.
The following is an official list or the del e
gates present, and plenipotentiaries as well:
as well: Germany, M. d'Alvenslehen, M.
la Dr. Arendt; Austro-Hungary, M. le
Comte Khevenhuller; Belgium, Baron
Lanibermont, M. E. Banning, Leon Arendt;
Denmark, F. G. Schack de Brockdori;
Spain, Gutierrez Aquera; Independent
State of Congo, M. Pirmez, M. Tan Eetvelde
Capitalne Coquilbat, M. Deschamps Divid,
Lieutenant Liebrechts, United States of
America, M. E. Terrell; France, M. Bouree,
M. Cogordan, M. Ballay, M. Deloucle.
K.V I -AAt ASiAA UBltHln T Awl YTf M2--- S?f
Mi MW.U, visa.jjik.iutiAI(U V 1T1HU, air
John Kirk, Sir Arthur Havelock, Captain
Arthur Moore, Everard Wylde, Esq.; Italy,
Baron de Eenzis, M. Catalim; the Nether
lands, Baron Gericke de Herwynen, M.de la
Fountaine Verwey; Persia, Nazare Aga;
Portugal, M. Henrique de Macedo, M.
Hermenegildo Augusto Capello;M. Augusto
de Castillio, M. Jayme Batalha Beis;
Bussia. Prince Ouroussoff, M. de Martens,
Capitaine Bimsky Korsakoff; Sweden and
Norway, M. de Burenstam; Turkey, Cara
Geobqe W. Williams.
AUTHORS WHO ANSWER LETTEES.
A Few of lbs Literary Guild Who Are Rind
As there are those of the literary guild
who ignore the public epistles' which come
to them through the mails, there are others
who answer each letter as if it were the only
one they receive in a single post. No au
thor is more amiable as a correspondent,
for example, than, is Oliver Wendell
Holmes, who answers, in some way or other,
almost every letter tbat finds its way to his
desk. Lew Wallace is likewise inclined to
answer all letters. Donald G Mitchell de
rives pleasure from bis correspondence, and,
with the assistance of an energetic wile, re
plies in every case. F. Marion Crawford
and Henry James are both agreeable and
ready letter Writers. George William Cur
tis is both prompt and graceful
in his responses to all. Among
women,- Mrs. Burnett, perhaps the
busiest, is one of the most satis
fying of correspondents. The two women
generally mentioned in one breath why, no
one know; Mrs. Humphry Ward and
Margaret Deland, are kindly to their un
known letter writers. Mrs. Alexander and
"The Duchess," the two English popular
novelists, invariably respond even to the
most trivial letters. Scholarly Amelia B.
Edwards is brier but certain in her corres
pondence. Marion Harland Is another
whose pen is always af the command of
those who write her. Mrs. Caster regards it
as a duty to respond to letters. Harriet
Prescott Spofibrd's affability of manner ex
tends to her correspondence. Bider Hag
gard answers nearly all letters by the tvee-
writer, while Max O'Bell devotes two hoars I
of each day to his mall. Dumas and Jules
Verne employ secretaries, and by their
assistance quickly diminish the mail which
comes to them. Taken as a class, authors
are more burdened with letters than almost
any other professional men and women, yet
few are more cordial as correspondents,
KILL THE BALD-HEADED BACILLI.
Esropeaa Physicians Find the Cause T
A well known European, physician pro
fesses to have discovered the bacillus which
causes baldness. These bacilli, according
to Dr. Gaymonne, invade the hair follicles,
and make tbem so brittle that they break
off. If the mischief has not gone too iar
the bacilli ssy be exterminated by smear
iBg the hair or tbe spot where the hair had
bees ia happier days with a arixtare eon
slstlagofeod liver oil and tbe jaiceof
oaioM. Dr. GaytoMM tboaghtfaliy ft- j
Btwrss hsm um nsHar ts smmubms 4
SfcsBssasssssjV sW sssyjsss"sPs tsTP ssarpj ssssasssWKSr,
How the Swiss Postoffice AccomSfF
dates the Pahliiv
THE CHEERY LETTER
Who Eetnrm- Borrowed Umhrdlas-ffer,
Honest Feasants. rM.
AN OFFICIAL WHO IS 50T OTERPAIDT."
Bebhese Obeblajtd, November l&V-$-'
There-Is no doubt about It, our letter carrieri $.
is a character. "When nature made him she'' f
stamped on him In clear characters that ollV j
may read: "Look on this man and laugh,' 3
and most people unconsciously obey her.5! la '
other times and another clime he might
have been a king's favorite jester, but in our
day he is an independent Swiss' fa the
service of his country. Not that he is st
habitual joker; oh, no. I never heard, hiza.
say anything extraordinarily amusing Hut
his whole appearance, his carriage, the very
turn of his bead is a joke. Prom seeing so
many laughing faces all bis life his counte
nance has taken on a broad smile, and bis
eyes a jolly twinkle. What a. rTir. !,
he has! It echoes down the road on a stormy
night, when he passes, carrying a small
lantern that looks like a wandering star.
As he goes by the irate be calls out: "Noth
ing for you to-night, Marianne, lebet wohlP
and his farewell seems a benediction.
Our postman lives in a little chalet, whoso
age is betrayed by the tiny bits of glass set
in lead in the small windows. It is built
flush with the stony road, and, when you
have climbed the hill that leads to it, you
are glad to sit down on one of the benches
that are hospitably nailed to the front ot the
house. Above one of them hangs a green
post bdr, ornamented by a small red square,
on which is painted the white cross oi Swit
zerland. There is a fine view from tho
postman's house that is, from the back of
it, or from the atone wail that fences tha
field off from the road. Out across the
meadows you see the blue waters of tbe lake,
and at the end of it the city of Thus, and
beyond the Jura Mountains.
AK HONEST PEA3ANTBT.
T was often amused after a sudden shower
of a Sunday afternoon to see the postman,
with a number of umbrellas. Thsy were
evidently those that bad been lent to city
folks caught in the rain in their Sunday
best. And as the Swiss is proverbially hon
est, he even takes the trouble to send back:
borrowed umbrellas promptly. It is no. joke
to carry a peasant's umbrella. I borrowed
one myself once from the postman when I
was caught in a' thunder shower at the post
office, and before I was half way home t
wished that I had asked him to come and,
carry it for me. They are built to last sev
eral generations, and to shelter a whole
When he reaches the postoffice the carrier
passes in all the letters to have the time of
arrival stamped, and then proceeds to sort
them. He is supposed to be through at 930,
but is often an hour later. The letters in
the village he delivers at once, the others ha
puts in his bag to be attended to at bis con-'
venienee. On his way home to dinner he
leaves tbe mail at a few favored honses, ours
among them. After he has eaten be goes to
work at his farming, and I doubt not he
gets through a lot of work in the morning
beore he starts. TJp at 4, he could easily
get a field half mown before he leaves on his
In tbe afternoon all the letters that are to
go must be at the office at a quarter before 5,
and some time between then and half-past
B the postman takes them; but woe betide
you. If you should reckon on hisr beins late.
for tbat day ha will appear in time and your
letter will be left.
Somewhere about 8 p. n. he returns with
the mall. I wonder if he ever lingers) to "
watoh the Alpine glow on these wonderful J -,
snow peaks of the 33lraborn, AlteJsrandjAyijr
Blumlisalp. But no, it must be too old P s
story for him, it is much more likely that ha V.
stops for a chat on politics, or a bit of gossip
uy iub roausme.
SENDING TBTOK3 BT POST.
One day some American friends arrived.
We w.-nt to meet them, and found only a
small trunk fastened to the back of a car
riage by innumerable cords.
"Where Is your Saratoga trunk?" we ex-
claimed in surprise.
"Ob, that's all right, it's coming after
"But howl not by the pest?"
"x"es. of course. Our last landlord said
that was tbe best way to get it here, and he
promised to attend to it for us." We looked
at each other irith wide open eyes, and ex
claimed simultaneously, "But the post
man!" and struck by another idea. "And the
bundle of blankets ordered from England,
they ore sure to come the same day." We
never quite knew how the big trunk reached
the house. We were away at the time. Oca
day we had a letter from the owner, in
which she wrote, "I heard last night that
tbe Saratoga had got as far as the village,"
and when we got back the next day there it
was in the bonse.
On his rounds early and late, in storm
and sunshine, in deep snow and cuttfnr
winds, summer and winter, up and down
mat steep pain, trudges the postman, and I
think no one wilt venture to deny that he
earns his pay, 160 a year. M. G
' Life on the Ocean Wnif.
A San Francisco reporter who inspected a
private locker belonging to a sea captain
found two revolver, a bowie-knife, a slung
shot, a pair of brass knuckles, a box of
strychnine and a stick of dynamite. 'It was
his usual outfit to make life on. the wave
happy for the common sailor.
A Forfnna In Cabbages.
Twenty years ago a man near Cincinnati
secured two acres of ground and began
raising cabbage. That has been his crop
every year, whether cabbage was up or
down, and tbe other day he owned up to
being worth $15,000 in cash and a good
house and lot.
18 Nature's effort to expel foreign sub
stances from the bronchial passages.
Frequently, this causes Inflammation
and the need ot an anodyne. No other
expectorant or anodyne is equal to
Ayers Cherry Pectoral. It assists
Nature in ejecting the mucus, allays
irritation, induces repose, and is the
most popular of all cough cures.
"Of the many preparations before the
tmblio for the cure of colds, coughs,
bronchitis, and kindred diseases, there
is none, within the range ot my experi
ence, so reliable as Ayer's Cherry Pec
toral. For years I was subject to colds,
followed by terrible coughs. About four
years ago, when so afflicted, I was ad
vised to try Ayer's Cherry Pectoral and
to lay all other remedies aside. I did
sofand within a week was welL of my
cold and cough. Since then I have
always kept this preparation In the
house, and feel comparatively secure."
juts. u. oj. mown, uenmarK, juiss.
"A few years ago I took a severe cold
Tvhich a'ffected hi lunsrs. I had a ter
rible cough, and passed night after.
nigm witnous sleep. The doctors gavo
mo up. I tried Ayer's Cherry Pectoral,
which relieved my lnngs, induced sleep,
and afforded the rest necessary for the
recovery of my strength. By the con
tinual use ot the Pectoral, a permanent
cure was effected." Horace Faixbrother,
Ayw's Cherry Pectcrai,
M4. C. A-stf Co., Lew,
I .asMirVPLV rlwl MK sWWt tJWsl
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